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Arts Management

To be completed by Examiner. Student Name: TUNG ZHIWEN JOHN Student ID Number: 11511 Title of Assessed Work: Pollock’s No.5, 1948 Learning Outcomes: o o o

Programme: Arts Management Module/ Component: AM 1101 (History of Visual Arts)

an understanding of the historical and contemporary context of the arts and its definitions; with knowledge of music, theatre, dance and visual arts history across different periods and regions. a working vocabulary of artistic and management terminology. the ability to find, select and use information on visual materials in their historical contexts. the knowledge and understanding of self-awareness, openness and sensitivity to diversity in terms of people and cultures. Submission Date: Total Marks (100%)


Deadline: 29 October 2009 Weightage: Examiner’s Name: Jeffrey Say Criteria (based on assignment brief) Content and strucrure: Research evidence, use of written and visual sources, relevance, structure and flow of information, introduction/conclusion Style and language Clarity, grammar, language and spelling Referencing Footnoting, bibliography Presentation Quality of visuals, layout, formatting Attendance & Participation Bonus for regular attendance + active class participation (Up to a maximum of 5 marks) To be considered at the end of the semester/year TOTAL Please underline where appropriate: %

Mark /100

Mark (%)




10 10

Irregular Attendance below 70%/ Late Submissions/ Resubmission (If any of the above has been underlined, the maximum mark for the assignment will be capped at 40 marks) All marks are provisional and subject to confirmation by the examination board Signature: Date: Verified by Programme Coordinator/Manager (Name/ Signature)

Jackson Pollock began his study of painting under the mentoring of the Regionalist painter Thomas Hart Benton in 1929 and hence working with the Regionalist style during the period of the 1930s with influence from Mexican muralist painters namely Orozco. a wealthy Filipino. Alfonso Ossorio.1 His experimentation with this entire avantgarde style of painting would lead to the creation of Full Fathom Five (refer to index of images) in the same year. many still view No. 5. the most expensive painting ever sold. 1999. Articles and Reviews.5. in present times. Rivera and Siqueiros. JOHN AM3A 11511 29TH October 2009 VISUAL ARTS RESEARCH PAPER Pollock’s No. 1948 (refer to index of images) with no knowledge whatsoever that the painting would become. In spite of this. . 5. Although also being influenced by the surrealist styles. it was not until the mid 1940s that he started working in a completely abstract manner. 1948 to be akin to a dense bird’s nest. A first in what 1 Jackson Pollock: Key Interviews. The “drip and splash” style of painting would only emerge with much abruptness in 1947 when Pollock wanted to see if his pouring method could carry a painting on its own. New York: The Museum Of Modern Art. 1948 – More Than a Dense Bird’s Nest In 1948.TUNG ZHIWEN. abstract expressionist artist and friend of Jackson Pollock would purchase No.

00. by covering the fiber board to ensure no identifiable parts or points of emphasis." Monday.would be a series of paintings bearing his signature “pour technique”.http://www. Feb. His unique style of painting would later on lead to his moniker – Jack the Dripper. 5 . The application of layer upon layer of paint creates a sense of depth and volume in the was a composition of oil. Pollock’s name became 2 "2.9171.html (accessed 29/10/09).com/biography2. Pollock is believed to have incorporated Carl Jung’s philosophy into his paintings. His struggles with alcoholism and troubled marriage to Lee Krasner would lead to psychoanalysis by Jungian psychiatrists. 20.html (accessed 29/10/09). 1948. Being familiar with the writings of Jung as well. 3 http://www. The size of the image can be considered immense in size though he had paintings of even larger scales. enamel and aluminum paints on a fiber board. The lines of brown applied and finally fine trails of yellow that stand out strongly from the background of earthy colours. . Famed for saying “the problem isn’t painting.time.”3 Pollock died as a result of an alcohol related driving accident on the 11th of August 1956. Furthermore. No. it’s what to do when you aren’t painting. The painting bears base layers of black and grays followed by fine lines of white drizzled over the fiberboard.jackson-pollock. 1956. The painting in question.2 Pollock can be considered one of the most influential and controversial artists of the 20th century with his paintings as iconic as his fits of rage and alcoholism.

shtml (accessed 29/10/09). Hans. Jackson Pollock: An American Saga.synonymous with the introduction of the All-over style of painting.4 This broke Pollock away from traditional ideas on composition and relation between parts in a painting. Like his other post-1947 works. To Pollock. Woodward/White. Furthermore. allowing him to work from all sides and Pollock used a combination of his pour technique in combination with his style of action painting so as to create No. Bruno Alfieri made the following statement about Pollock’s works in general: “chaos/absolute lack of harmony/complete lack of structural organization/total absence of technique. To do so. Pollock would first lay out the fiber board on the floor of his studio before he begun to drip and splash paint upon it. however rudimentary/once again. incorporate himself better into the painting. Skira . not all were pleased with Pollock’s style. While this style of painting was remarkably received by the press6 due to the challenge it posed towards traditional perceptions of painting. Pollock Painting.Bruno. Jackson Pollock: The Irascibles and the New York School .Steven.jacksonpollock.”5 Pollock felt that changing times required the emergence of new techniques to encapsulate accurately the spirit of the contemporary times.”7 4 5 Wyo. Narration spoken by Jackson Pollock. 2002 7 Naifeh. http://www. Namuth. 5 . Cody. this “method of painting was a natural growth out of need” arising from his desire to “express his feelings rather than to illustrate them. 1951. his motion was less restricted. 1948. . 3 ed. 6 Alfieri. chaos. by laying the board on the ground.

1998. The same is also true for the prized No. Studies have shown that Pollock’s work progressively becomes more fractal-like along with Pollock’s career. Micolich and Jonas from the University of New South Wales Australia have determined that the chaos as perceived by Alfieri was created with mathematical precision. 5. the similarities are astounding.Yet despite Alfieri’s condemnation of Pollock’s work deeming it chaos. 1950 As seen in figure one. (Left) Section of snow on ground (Centre) Section of forest (Right) Section of Pollock’s One: Number 31. exploration into the nature of Pollock’s work has determined that some of the works displayed properties of mathematical fractals – in short. . To assume Pollock’s awareness of chaotic motion Incorporated. Fig 1. While the study of chaos theory in mathematics emerged only more than ten years after the death of Pollock. breaking down nature’s very own blueprint and using it as a basis to create his own art – Fig 1. studies by physicians Taylor. 1948.

(accessed October 28. http://www. 2009). 2009). "Fractal Expressionism Can Science Be Used To Further Our Understanding Of Art? Physics World (1999). . the process of painting was as crucial in its artistry as was the end!/FRACTAL_EXPRESSIONIS M/fractal_taylor. http://www. 9 Sept.phys. 8 9 To Pollock. 2008.may not be far fetched at all.hinduonnet. In fact. His style of action painting was crucial in depicting the subconscious and bring the conscious mind to awareness of how it is shaped – a goal of Jungian _5_1948.unsw.gogeometry. Pollock was also believed to have incorporated various visual symbols indentified by Jung which are thought to connect individuals in accordance to Jung’s principle of the “collective unconscious”. the style of action painting in which Pollock moves around the canvas is reminiscent of Native American sand painting traditions where sand is trickled in thin lines to make a design on a horizontal surface. the term 8 Taylor.htm. Since Jung believed that the primitive man was more connected to this “collective unconscious” as compared to the “civilized” man.html (accessed 29/10/09). 10 (accessed October 28. his manipulation of Jung’s symbols to be incorporated into his art may have been a mode in which Pollock was attempting to understand himself in a Jungian way. 14. Hans V. "Pollock In PerspectiveFrontline 16.10 This is further substantiated by the fact that Pollack himself did not label any of his techniques and styles himself.http://www. Richard.. Hence from here it can be established that while Pollock’s work may have no meaning as a stand-alone.html. 14 (1999).edu.

To A Violent Grave: An Oral Biography of Jackson Pollock.P. “It doesn’t make much difference how the paint is put on as long as something has been said.” The work was returned to Pollack for repair and when Ossorio saw it once more three weeks later.Harold.jackson-pollock. Technique is just a means of arriving at a statement.”12 When Ossorio first received the painting he noticed that a 6-by9-inch portion of the painting had slid leaving what was described by Ossorio as a “non-descript smear amidst the surrounding linear clarity.11 Pollack himself had said. Pollack’s touch up of the piece may be viewed as solely to please 11 12 Rosenberg. in complete contradiction to the sentiments of Alfieri.” Pollack’s careful reconstruction of the painting had not only left the original concept entirely intact but re-affirmed it with greater complexity and “linear interplay”. New York: G. Ossorio dubbed the work “a masterful display of control and disciplined vision. The Tradition of the New. Puntnam's Sons.”13 Yet. In light of this.“action painting” was coined by American art critic Harold Rosenberg in Furthermore. Ossorio’s statement pertaining to the touchup being “a wonderful example of an artist having a second chance”14 may be considered inaccurate according to Harold Rosenberg’s definition of the genre. Ossorio failed to realize that his purchase was merely the by-product of Pollack’s art which is the very action of painting No.. Carol C. Jackson Pollock: Response As Dialogue. 1948 itself rather than the completed artwork. 14 Potter. 13 Mancusi-Ungaro.html (accessed 28/10/09). New York: Horizon Press. he found “new qualities of richness and depth… a result of thorough but subtle overpainting. 1959 "The Technique of Action Painting in Jackson Pollock Paintings. 5. 1985." http://www. . Jeffrey.

an esteemed publishing morgul. 1948 would be at present the world’s most expensive painting overtaking Gustav Klimt’s Adele Bloch-Bauer I which was sold at a price of $135 million. "A Pollock Is Sold.9171. a Mexican financier.nytimes.16 It is thus evident that the understanding and appreciation of Jackson Pollock’s work has increased greatly over time and even though the works of the abstract expressionist painter may still hold mysteries to be solved. the painting has passed through many a different collector/museum including Samuel Irving Newhouse Jr.. While the deal was believed to be brokered by Sotheby’s auctioneer Tobias Meyer for $140 million dollars to Martinez.00. 1948 to Ossorio in 1948.html (accessed 29/10/09). Rosenberg would spend the next two decades redefining the art as an act as opposed to an object. . the Museum of Modern Art. 15 "2. The most recent transaction of the painting is believed to be between David Geffen. Internet. 1956. Martinez claims no ownership of the painting presently.808194-2. should this deal be factual. continued study into his artworks would shed greater light on the human condition. amongst others. 20. Carol.time. accessed 28 October Pollack’s No." Monday.the buyer. founder of Geffen Records and David Martinez. Possibly for a Record Price. Feb." New York 16 Vogel. Available from http://www. 15 Since the sale of No. Yet while the present owner of the painting remains a mystery. 5.html? _r=1&adxnnl=1&ref=arts&adxnnlx=1163031599-revbGMuaIhdTP4qLonq8BA.http://www. 5.

Bruno. Namuth. "2. 1999. Wyo.Steven. Skira . Pollock Painting. Articles and Reviews." Monday.00. Jackson Pollock: The Irascibles and the New York School . New York: The Museum Of Modern Art. Cody. 1951. Narration spoken by Jackson 1956.html (accessed 29/10/09). Hans. Taylor. 20. 1998. Jackson Pollock: An American Saga. "Fractal Expressionism Can Science Be Used To Further Our . Woodward/White.html (accessed 29/10/09).http://www. Incorporated.9171.jacksonpollock. Feb. 2002 Naifeh.Works Cited Jackson Pollock: Key Interviews.jackson-pollock. http://www. 3 ed. http://www. Alfieri.shtml (accessed 29/10/09).com/biography2.

20. 14 (1999)." Monday.. 2008.html (accessed 29/10/09). Available from http://www. "A Pollock Is Sold. "2.P.. 14. 2009).html (accessed 29/10/09). New York: G. Potter." New York Times. "The Technique of Action Painting in Jackson Pollock Of Art? Physics World (1999).unsw. Jeffrey. 1959. Puntnam's Sons. accessed 28 October 2009. Mathews.phys. Carol.html? _r=1&adxnnl=1&ref=arts&adxnnlx=1163031599-revbGMuaIhdTP4qLonq8BA. "Pollock In PerspectiveFrontline 16.nytimes. Hans V. Carol 2009). (accessed October 28.time. _5_1948.jackson-pollock.html (accessed 28/10/09).com/2006/11/02/arts/design/02drip. Possibly for a Record!/FRACTAL_EXPRESSIONIS M/fractal_taylor.00.808194-2. New York: Horizon Press. The Tradition of the New.gogeometry. 1985. (accessed October 28. http://www. Mancusi-Ungaro.htm. http://www.http://www. Vogel.hinduonnet. Rosenberg.9171. .http://www. To A Violent Grave: An Oral Biography of Jackson Pollock.Harold." http://www. Sept. Jackson Pollock: Response As Dialogue.

Index of Images 1. .

5. 1948 Jackson Pollock (1948) Oil.No. Enamel and Aluminum Paint on Fiber board 2. .

tacks. coins. buttons.Full Fathom Five Jackson Pollock (1947) First painting to utilize pour technique. cigarettes. etc . Oil on canvas with nails.