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The Official Newsletter of Division 19 of the APA

Volume 22 Number 1 Winter/Spring 2006

(Printed in the U.S.A.)

Presidents Message ....................................................................................................................... 3 In Memorium: COL Robert S. Nichols ............................................................................................. 4 Division 19 Executive Committee Meeting (Outgoing) August 18, 2005.................................... 7 Division 19 Annual Business Meeting August 18, 2005 ............................................................. 9 Division 19 Executive Committee Meeting (Incoming) August 21, 2005.................................. 10 Joint Div 19 and Div 44 Follow On Task Force on Sexual Orientation and Military Service......... 13 Army Research Psychologists: Improving Lives with Psychological Science ............................... 14 Call for 2006 Division 19 Award Nominations ............................................................................... 17 Call for 2006 Division 19 Student Award Nominations.................................................................. 18 Division 19 Student Awards Presented in 2005 ............................................................................ 19 Nominations for Division 19 Executive Committee........................................................................ 20 Join the Rays Race and Walk at the APA Convention ................................................................. 25 The 47th International Military Testing Association (IMTA) Conference ........................................ 27 ISAP 2007 Call For Proposals....................................................................................................... 27 2006 Midyear Symposium, March 2-3, 2006................................................................................. 28 DoD HFE TAG addresses Network Centric Warfare..................................................................... 29 Spotlight on the Services............................................................................................................... 31 Membership Committee Report Winter 2006 ................................................................................ 33 Video Review................................................................................................................................. 34 Notes and News from the World of Military Psychology................................................................ 34 Division 19 Membership Application Form .................................................................................... 35


President BG Dana H. Born Dean of Faculty, U.S. Air Force Academy HQ USAFA/DF 2354 Fairchild Hall, Suite 6F10 USAFA, CO 80840-6200 Michael G. Rumsey Selection and Assignments Research Unit U.S. Army Research Institute Alexandria, VA 22304-4841 W. Brad Johnson Department of Leadership, Ethics, & Law U.S. Naval Academy, Luce Hall, Stop 7B Annapolis, MD 21402 Bill Strickland HumRRO Alexandria, VA 22314-5606 Hendrick W. Ruck AFRL/HE 2610 Seventh Street Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 Steve Sellman Vice President & Director for Public Policy Issues, HumRRO Alexandria, VA 22314-1591 Debra L. Dunivin 1411 Belcastle Court Reston, VA 20194-1245 Thomas A. Kolditz Head, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership U.S. Military Academy West Point, NY 10996 Armando Estrada WSUVPsychology 14204 NE Salmon Creek Ave Vancouver, VA 98686-9600 O/719-333-4270 (DSN 333) E/


O/703-617-8275 F/703-617-5461 E/ O/410-293-6545 F/410-293-4896 E/ O/703-706-5655 E/ O/937-255-0215 F/937-656-7616 E/ O/703-706-5606 F/703-548-5574 E/ O/202-782-0065 F/202-782-6175 E/ O/845-938-3206 F/845-938-2236 E/ O/360-546-9716 F/360-546-9038 E/

Past President



Representative to APA Council






I first want to say thank you to all members for your dedication to the Society for Military Psychology (SMP) and service to enhance the profession of arms the people and mission! I also thank you for your confidence and trust in me to lead our American Psychological Association (APA) Division 19: Society for Military Psychology (SMP) for the Aug 2005 Aug 2006 term. The highlight of this honor is the opportunity to work closely with a very talented and committed team of leaders on our Executive Committee (EXCOM) leadership team to steer our course.

Past-president Brad Johnson raised the bar of excellence within SMP and APA with his Field of Dreams vision, State of the Division updates, positive exposure, and personal and professional touch leadership with a heart! He is mentoring me and chairing our Awards Committee (see Brads call for Award Nominees). He also just published a book on mentoring I and many of you know hes an expert on the subject and lives mentoring. President-Elect Mike Rumsey has stepped up to the plate to run our Nominations Committee (See his call in issue). As our past Secretary you have read his minutes and know he is a capable and committed member of our Division and kept us all on the same sheet of music (oops minutes) for the past several years. Thank you! Past-past-past-president Hank Taylor guides our Task Force on Sexual Orientation and Military Service (SOMS). This year, Hank is leading this very timely effort this year with the help of Steve Sellman, Will Wilson, and Division 44s Robin Buhrke. You will hear of the many developments of this ongoing and innovative collaborative effort later this year stay tuned! Division Secretary, Bill Strickland, is taking on the reigns for a year to keep us all organized and up-to-date he hasnt missed a beat in the music (oops minutes). Henk Ruck continues to keep us solvent and growing (note in the Treasurers report we are fit-to-fight in our fiduciary health. Your members-at-large are Debra Dunivin, Tom Kolditz and Armando Estrada and are representing your interests and poised for more - on the executive committee. Armando has already taken on working our Strategic Plan more to follow in next issue. A critical and stellar link between our Division and APA is Steve Sellman. He serves officially as our Council Representative and most eloquently keeps us in alignment with APA. Our Membership Committee has the model for succession planning! LT Kathryn Lindsey graduated from the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences (USUHS) and has volunteered to Chair the Membership Committee from her new base in Italy! LT Angie DeMoncada succeeds Kathryn at USUHS and is now leading the Student Affairs Committee. Mike Matthews (and his exceptional teammate Gretchen Matthews) are not only the ones who put together this wonderful newsletter, but also have taken on the mid-year Division 19/21 conference! The Annual Convention Program is in the able hands of Tonia Heffner and her program committee is currently hard at work reviewing proposals for the conference. Please set aside 10-13 August 2006 and join us in New Orleans the area will benefit from our continued

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support. And if you are a clinician, please also set aside 9 August in New Orleans and attend our second PDI (sponsored by Division 12) full-day C.E. workshop on the topic of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Will Wilson and the Clinical Practice Committee are working to make this an A+ event to honor the founder of first program last year, Bob Nichols. On a more somber note, we lost our friend and colleague, Bob Nichols, as he succumbed to a battle with cancer on 4 October 2005. He has leaves behind a legacy of excellence of service! Finally, some key leaders who take on some of the most intense and visible duties in our Division: Janice Laurence serves as our Editor for Military Psychology, one of the finest Divisional Journals in APA. In addition, many of you have seen the wonderful upgrades to our SMP webpage. Many thanks to Steve Shenouda. Please check it out at and pass on any additional edits ideas to him at Cordially, Dana Born President, 2005-2006




Council from 1983 through 1986. In his lifes work, Bob was truly dedicated to improving the lot of those people who choose to serve our nation in the military. He was a tireless advocate of military psychology, focusing his numerous efforts first within the U.S. Army, and then after Army retirement, as an active, prominent spokesperson for our profession within the APA. Bob earned his B.A. at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, PA in 1950; his Ph.D. in clinical psychology at the University of Rochester in 1956. He obtained his S.M. in hygiene from the Harvard School of Public Health in 1963. He graduated from the U.S. Armys Medical Field Service School at Ft. Sam Houston, from the Armys Command and General Staff College in 1969, and at the Army War College, in 1973. Bob did his psychology internship at Walter Reed, then served as a staff psychologist at Fitzsimons Hospital in Denver, and as the chief psychologist in the mental hygiene consultation service at Womack Army Hospital at Ft. Bragg. From 1964-68 Bob served as the chief psychologist in the psychiatry department at the Army Hospital in Stuttgart, Germany where he supervised

Colonel Robert S. Nichols, one of APA Division 19s most beloved members, died of cancer in October. After a distinguished 30-year active duty career as an Army clinical psychologist, Bob served as President of APA Division 19 in 1982-83, and as Div. 19s representative to the APA

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those providing mental health services to 50,000 military and dependents throughout southwest Germany, and served as regional mental health consultant to commanders, chaplains, dependent schools and medical agencies. From 1969-73 he served as chief of the mental hygiene consultation service at the Armys Silas B. Hays Hospital at Ft. Ord, CA where he directed 35 members of a multidisciplinary staff providing community mental health services to 100,000 active duty and retired personnel and their families. While also serving as Chief Psychologist and Director of Training (1970-73) Bob founded and developed the Armys new community-oriented clinical psychology internship program and then shepherded it through full accreditation by APA in 1971. COL Bob Nichols was indeed a very unique military psychologist. From 1973-78 he was director of human resources development and of curricular research and was director of American studies at the U.S. Army War College at Carlisle, PA. There he taught high level command and management, national and international security studies including political, economic, socialpsychological and military analyses of U.S. and foreign nations, and special applications of military psychology. As Assistant Dean for Academic Support at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences in Bethesda, MD, in 1978-79, COL Nichols directed admissions and registrar support for the new military medical school; he also was an assistant professor of medical psychology and medical education. As chief of the Health Education and Training Division at the Army Medical Department (AMEDD) Personnel Support Agency in Washington, DC, from 1979-81 he supervised all Army medical healthrelated education, formulating policy, funding, training, educational and administrative procedures for a $50M annual program that served 45,000 AMEDD students per year. Bob completed his distinguished 30-year military career by serving two years as the Psychology Consultant to the Surgeon General where he supervised recruitment, education, career development and professional practice of 150 commissioned Army psychologists and

50 psychology graduate student officers. For senior leaders in the Pentagon, Bob provided cogent advice on psychological aspects of a wide variety of military operations. Colonel Nichols retired from the U.S. Army in December 1982. Bob worked from 1983-94 as the Director of Mental Health Programs, Policy, and Planning for the Fairfax-Falls Church, Virginia Community Services Board, where he directed a large community mental health program with a budget of over $24M and a staff of nearly 500 providing clinical and community services to 17,000 clients per year. In his retirement years, Bob did much volunteer work, such as representing the Association for the Advancement of Psychology (AAP) in the Washington-based Mental Health Liaison Group. For the benefit of all of us in Division 19, Bob continued to teach and to advocate, making significant progress on the important issues that were the hallmark of his active duty career, stressing: social and psychological aspects of the military experience in Vietnam; dealing with ineffective military personnel; equal opportunity and drugalcohol abuse problems; understanding womens changing roles in the military and society; prevalence and nature of race relations; concerns over acceptance of gays and lesbians in the uniformed service of our nation; provision of clinical psychology and social services for military families; and pushing for improvements in community organizational psychology and mental health programs. For several decades Bob became our principal spokesperson and advocate for ensuring the broader membership of the APA understood and recognized the significant accomplishments of deserving military psychologists. Bob served for years on the APA Div. 19 Fellows committee. One recollection of Bob in action was watching him educate the APA Membership Committee as to why deserving uniformed clinical psychologists ought to be recognized as APA Fellows for their numerous contributions in caring for our troops, their leaders, and their families in the military theater and on deployments overseas to harsh environments. He patiently explained

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that such noteworthy assignments simply are not conducive to producing published articles in referred journals, but the impact of providing cogent consultation and advice to field commanders on preservation of the health, performance, and the morale of thousands of troops in a combat zone were critically important to accomplishment of the military mission; and that is what military psychologists are about. The eye-opening insights into the career of uniformed psychologists was much appreciated by our APA psychologist colleagues as most of them have too little grasp of what we do for a living. Bob served long and well as the Chairman of Div. 19s Clinical Practice Committee. There was within APA during Bobs tenure, somewhat of a rift between the APA membership at large, represented by outspoken members of the APA Council, and those of us who called ourselves military psychologists. During the years of friction over DoD policies regarding gays and lesbians in the military, Bob worked ardently within the APA to help resolve those contentions and to regain recognition of the importance of decades of good work by military psychologists. He was a key member of APAs Division 19/44 Task Force on Sexual Orientation and Military Service. The groundbreaking work of this Task Force led to a number of forward-looking recommendations and resulted in rescinding APAs restrictive ban on DoD recruitment advertising in APA publications. Bob spearheaded the effort to convince the APA Council that APA was long overdue to properly recognize and honor those uniformed psychologists who made numerous contributions during the Vietnam conflict over three decades ago. Through Bobs considerable efforts, the APA

President and the Council, at the 2001 Convention in Chicago, gave formal recognition and presidential citations for their contributions to all psychologists who served in the Vietnam War. COL Bartone, past President of Div. 19, recalled the moving moments when the APA Council members gave a spontaneous standing ovation to those veteran psychologists as being a turning point in the modern era of the APA, for it helped restore the rightful recognition of the contributions and role of military psychology. In 2002, Div. 19 awarded Colonel Nichols the John C. Flanagan Award for Lifetime Achievements in Military Psychology. During his last year with us, Bob organized our first annual workshop for military clinical psychologists Psychological Services for Warriors during Combat and CombatRelated Missions. It was a grand success at the APA Convention this past year, and we hope to continue that effort in Bobs memory. At the August 2005 APA convention in Washington, DC, BG Dana Born and COL Paul Bartone recognized Bob Nichols with a special APA Division 19 award for his many contributions to Military Psychology over the past several decades. Bobs ever present and ever supportive wife, Rose Ann, was at his side, as she always has been in Bobs numerous APA activities. Paul pointed out that Bobs life exemplified service, and that he continually worked for the ethical and humane applications of psychology within the military. Bob Nichols worked vigorously within the APA and Division 19 to advance military psychology, always with the clear goal of helping those who serve.
by Gerald P. Krueger APA Div. 19 President 1995-96

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BILL STRICKLAND Attendees (in alphabetical order): Paul Bartone, Dana Born, Angie DeMoncada, Jarle Eid, Armando Estrada, Stephen Goldberg, Jared Jobe, Brad Johnson, Tom Kolditz, Kathryn T. Lindsey, Mike Matthews, Bob Nichols, Henk Ruck, Mike Rumsey, Steve Sellman, Bill Strickland, Hank Taylor, Will Wilson, Marty Wiskoff Welcome. Brad Johnson led an introduction of new and old members and commented on the success of the pre-convention workshop on clinical practice. Secretarys Report. Mike Rumsey reported that the mid-year Executive Committee minutes had been circulated for approval. A motion accepting these minutes passed. Treasurers Report. Henk Ruck reported that Division 19 income for 2005 of $26K was ahead of last years pace. Update: SOMS Task Force. Hank Taylor summarized the accomplishments of the Divisions 19 and 44 APA Task Force. The Task Force has completed a final report which describes steps taken to implement recommendations made and approved earlier. Activities include: a workshop to address gay and lesbian issues to take place next year, several professional publications, and a public service information brochure. Steps are being taken to continue the Task Force for an additional year. A vote on Division 19 support of this Task Force was held over for the Incoming Executive Committee meeting. Council Representatives Report. Steve Sellman noted that a bill to rescind the dont ask, dont tell policy was pending in Congress. APA continues to maintain a budget surplus. APA dues will rise by $8 in 2006. APA will receive a substantial real estate tax abatement in exchange for holding its convention in Washington, DC every third year. A controversial advertisement dealing with torture and proposed by the group Physicians for Human Rights submitted to the APA Monitor has been pulled following a recommendation by the APA Board of Directors. Brad Johnson had written to protest the proposed ad on behalf of Division 19. The report by the Task Force on Psychological Ethics and National Security, which provided guidance to psychologists connected with interrogation activities, was approved by the Board. A proposal presented to Council by the Division of Peace Psychology, Division 48, was considered to contain implications that allegations of psychologists involvement in coercive interrogations was true, and also recommended that APA initiate an investigation into interrogation activities at Guantanamo Bay and Iraq. With the support of incoming APA President Gerald Koocher, the Division 48 proposal was defeated. One follow-up activity relating to this Task Force involves developing recommendations concerning further research relevant to national security. Members-at Large Reports. Tom Kolditz noted that the decision not to run the torture ad in the APA Monitor will be helpful in encouraging veterans to seek treatment by mental health professionals. Marty Wiskoff discussed activities related to a book proposal by George Mastroianni on Psychology for the 21st Century Soldier. Nominations and Elections Committee. The following were elected for the coming term: President-elect: Mike Rumsey Member-at-Large: Armando Estrada As president-elect, Mike will no longer be able to serve as secretary. Bill Strickland will serve for one year while the full-term secretary position is being filled.

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Update: APA Science Directorate. Heather Kelly continues to work in support of legislation favorable to military research. Recently, she has been involved in staffing the Task Force on Ethics and Security and in follow-up actions relating to this groups activities. She discussed the Meecham bill to rescind dont ask, dont tell, congressional funding of military research, congressional briefings, and science fellowships. International Military Psychology. Merry Bullock, Senior Director of APAs Office of International Affairs, encouraged participation by Division 19. Jarle Eid is the new Division 19 international representative. Student Affairs Committee. Kathryn Lindsey is completing a distinguished 3 year stint as chair of this committee. Her successor is Angie DeMoncada. Kathryn announced two awards: a Student Research Award ($1500) to Kathryn Appolonio and a Student Travel Award ($500) to Jane Matthiesen. Parliamentarian. Jared Jobe reported having sent out a Division 19 handbook, which has now been revised. A motion that it be filed was passed. Awards Committee. Paul Bartone announced that awards would be presented during the social hour. A description of the awards and the recipients can be found in the most recent (Summer/Fall 2005) Division 19 newsletter.

Membership Committee. Because of his election as Member-at-Large, Armando Estrada completed his outstanding term as Chair of the Membership Committee at this meeting. He handed out an outline of his plans for a Strategic Planning Committee. Kathryn Lindsey will be the new chair of the Membership Committee. Newsletter, Public Relations, and Outreach. Mike Matthews announced that the Division 19 newsletter had been published and was going out in the mail. Division 19 is co-sponsoring Rays Run this year. Also, Mike would like to establish a military positive psychology network. Program Committee, 2005 Mid-Year Meeting. Mike Matthews announced that this years meeting went well and next years meeting is in the planning stages. Fellows Committee. Steve Goldberg announced the need for a clinical psychologist to replace Bob Nichols, who is retiring from this committee for health reasons. All Division 19 fellows candidates this year were approved by the APA membership committee. Candidates for fellows to be considered next year were discussed. Practice Committee. Bob Nichols is retiring as chair after a long period of distinguished service. His contributions were recognized during the awards presentation at the social hour.

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Welcome. Brad Johnson called the meeting to order at 1400. He expressed his pleasure at having served as Division 19 president and thanked Executive Committee members and Committee Chairs for their support during the year. Brad noted the outstanding attendance at this years pre-convention workshop (75 attendees), and thanked Bob Nichols for coordinating that event with Division 12. Secretarys Report. Mike Rumsey noted that the minutes from the 2004 Business Meeting had been circulated. Mike Rumsey moved that the 2004 minutes be approved as published. Jared Jobe seconded. The motion was approved unanimously.

been appointed as the Membership Committee Chair for 2005-2006. Student Affairs Committee. Kathryn Lindsey presented a $500 travel award to Jane Matthiesen and a $1,500 student research award to Kathryn Kanzler Appolonio. She also noted that Angie DeMoncada had been appointed as the Committee Chair for 2005-2006. Military Psychology Awards Committee. Brad Johnson and Paul Bartone presented an appreciation award to Kathryn Lindsey for her work as Student Affairs Committee Chair. Paul noted that the following Division Awards would be presented at the social hour following the business meeting. Arthur W. Melton Early Achievement Award: Terence Andre Charles S. Gersoni Outstanding Contributions Award: Bob Roland Flanagan Lifetime Achievement Awards: Patrick DeLeon and Rick Manning Yerkes Award for Contributions to Military Psychology by a Non-Psychologist: Paul Hogan Fellows Committee. Steve Goldberg reported that the APA Membership Committee had approved five new Fellows for Division 19: Dana Born, Henk Ruck, Deirdre Knapp, Gary Klein, and Bob Bray. In addition, the Fellows Committee and the Executive Committee had approved five current APA Fellows for Fellowship status in Division 19: Wally Borman, John Campbell, Jim Driskill, Eva Baker, and Chris Hartel. Steve Goldberg asked for a vote on all ten proposed Fellows by those Division 19 Fellows present at the meeting. All proposed Fellows were approved unanimously.

Because of his election as President-Elect for the Division, Mike Rumsey submitted his resignation as Secretary, effective at the close of the Business Meeting. Hank Taylor moved that Mikes resignation be accepted. Steve Goldberg seconded. The motion was approved unanimously.

Brad Johnson noted that the Executive Committee had appointed Bill Strickland as the Division Secretary to fill the last year of Mikes term. Bill accepted the appointment. Treasurers Report/Elections Committee Report. Reports given at the Division 19 Outgoing Executive Committee (see minutes) were summarized. Program Committee. Brad Johnson announced that Tonia Heffner had been appointed as Program Committee Chair for the New Orleans Convention. Membership Committee. Armando Estrada noted that overall membership has been stable at around 500, with an increasing number of student members this year. He noted that Kathryn Lindsey had

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Parliamentarian. Jared Jobe reported that the Handbook for Division 19 Officers and Committee Chairs had been revised and presented to the Executive Committee. Jared Jobe moved that the Division accept the Handbook. Hank Taylor seconded. The motion was approved unanimously.

contributors to the Division 19 Members List-Serv. Conclusion. The meeting concluded with Brad Johnson introducing Dana Born as the new Division 19 President. Dana presented a Division 19 Appreciation Award to Brad, and thanked him for his many contributions during the year. She adjourned the Business Meeting and invited everyone present to reconvene for Brad Johnsons Presidential Address.

New Business. Dana Born provided an update on a new book on Military Psychology. Marty Wiskoff has agreed to be the Division 19 liaison to the editor and publisher. Marty will send a call for


BILL STRICKLAND Attendees, in alphabetical order: Paul Bartone, Dana Born, Angie DeMoncada, Armando Estrada, Steve Goldberg, Jared Jobe, Brad Johnson, Heather Kelly, Janice Laurence, Mike Matthews, Bob Nichols, Mike Rumsey, Steve Sellman, Bill Strickland, Hank Taylor, Will Wilson Treasurers Report. Henk Ruck had delivered his report at both the Outgoing Executive Committee meeting and the Business meeting, so no additional report was required. Hank Taylor noted that it is possible that the Task Force on Sexual Orientation and Military Service will slightly overspend its budget. Paul Bartone noted that Division 21 reported a profit for Division 19 from the joint mid-year conference. Bill Strickland read a note from Wink Bennett regarding sources for new Division coins and patches. There was a general discussion of Division dues. Although APA will be raising dues this year, Division 19 will keep its current dues structure ($25 for Members and Fellows, $19 for dues-exempt members and students). Secretarys Report. Bill Strickland presented the Secretarys Report. He noted that he will prepare minutes from the Business meeting and the Incoming Executive Committee meeting, while Mike Rumsey will prepare the minutes from the Outgoing Executive Committee meeting. Council Representatives Report. Steve Sellman presented the Council Representatives Report. Steve noted that the report of the Task Force on Ethics and National Security will be a topic at the consolidated meetings in September. The Division has liaisons to the Board of Professional Affairs and the Board of Scientific Affairs, and Steve suggested that President Born appoint a liaison to APAs Office of Ethics.


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Nominations and Elections Committee. Mike Rumsey submitted the elections report. He noted that we will have four positions to fill in the upcoming elections cycle: President-Elect, Secretary, Council Representative, and Member-at-Large. Report of Task Force on Sexual Orientation and Military Service. Hank Taylor provided a status update on the Task Force. He reported that the Task Force report recommended continuing the Task Force for an additional year, with a $6,000 budget to be provided from the Board of Directors and Divisions 19 and 44. Hank asked that Executive Committee members read the report. Hank moved that he, Steve Sellman, and Will Wilson be appointed as Division representatives to the Task Force for 2005-2006. Paul Bartone seconded. The motion was approved unanimously. President Born subsequently appointed Hank as the Division 19 Chair of the Task Force. (Division 44 will also appoint a Chair.) Hank moved that the Division allocate $1,500 as our share of Task Force funding for 2005-2006. Paul Bartone seconded. The motion was approved unanimously.

Membership Committee. Armando Estrada noted that Division 19 membership continues to grow. He noted that Kathryn Lindsey is the new committee chair. Brad Johnson moved that the Division provide up to $2,000 to the committee to compile and distribute a 2006 membership directory. Paul Bartone seconded. The motion was approved unanimously. President Born subsequently directed that the membership application be revised to provide a means for applicants to approve (or not) the use of some personal information in a division membership directory.

Fellows Committee. Steve Goldberg noted the Divisions success in getting five new Fellows approved by the APA Membership Committee (subject to Councils approval), and in getting five current APA Fellows to apply for Fellow status in Division 19. He encouraged nominations for next year. Steve Goldberg moved that the Division provide up to $500 for him to design, produce, and distribute an appropriate certificate to all Division 19 Fellows. Jared Jobe seconded. The motion was approved unanimously.

Military Psychology Awards Committee. Brad Johnson acknowledged Paul Bartones outstanding job as Awards Committee Chair, and solicited nominees for this year. Award nominations will be due in April. APA Science Directorate Update. Heather Kelly from the APA Science Public Policy Office discussed the Task Force on Psychologists in National Security and the Task Force on Sexual Orientation and Military Service. She agreed to approach the Director of APAs Ethics Office about the possibility of a Division 19 liaison to that office. She also noted that shell be looking for members to deliver APAs testimony during the Congressional appropriations cycle next spring.

Student Affairs Committee. Angie DeMoncada was welcomed as the new chair. Brad Johnson suggested that the committee work on a symposium for next years convention addressing early careers in military psychology. He suggested that the incoming APA President (Gerry Koocher) be approached to chair the symposium, as it would relate directly to one of his presidential themes. Practice Committee. Bob Nichols acknowledged Will Wilsons stepping up to this responsibility. Journal of Military Psychology. Janice Laurence observed that the Journals backlog was growingnow approaching 2 years. There are a number of special issues in the process of being prepared, along with a supplemental issue focusing on international military psychology. Janice requested administrative help on the

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manuscript coordination and review process, and a number of Executive Committee members volunteered to seek out a willing graduate student who might be interested. The availability of specialized software to manage the manuscript review process was also discussed. Newsletter, Public Relations and Outreach. Mike Matthews noted that he has been reviewing newsletters from other divisions; he circulated a sample of one of the best (as nominated by APA Division Services).

Strategic Plan. Armando Estrada discussed progress toward a Division 19 Strategic Plan. The Executive Committee acknowledged the significant progress that has been made. President Born charged the Members-at-Large with continuing the process, and encouraged Armando to solicit interested Division members (via the Member List-Serv) to supplement the strategic planning committee. The Executive Committee asked for a progress report at the mid-year meeting.

U.S. Army Has Immediate Openings for Research Psychologists

Want to make a difference? The U.S. Army is currently seeking research psychologists to work in multiple areas, all aimed at protecting and enhancing the health, well-being and readiness of military personnel. A Ph.D. in psychology is required. Specialties include personality/social, lifespan developmental, cognitive, neurophysiology, organizational, and health psychology. Army research psychologists design and conduct studies in a variety of field and laboratory settings. Results frequently have direct utility and immediate positive applications. The successful applicant will be granted an officers direct commission in the Medical Service Corps in the rank of Captain, with a generous pay and benefits package. Make a difference in the lives of real people! Be an Army research psychologist. Interested individuals please contact: Major Amy Black US Army Recruiting Command Ft. Knox, Kentucky Colonel Paul T. Bartone, Ph.D. National Defense University Washington, DC


While parts of New Orleans suffered devastating damage as a result of Hurricane Katrina, those parts of the city most frequented by convention attendees the Convention Center area, French Quarter, and Garden District were not flooded and received significantly less storm damage. These areas are well on their way to a full recovery and will play host to a number of large organizational meetings before the APA meeting in August. Frequently asked questions about the New Orleans recovery are available at: Join us in New Orleans and be sure to join us in the Division 19 hospitality suite. Information about the suite and the Division 19 schedule will be available at the Division Services booth during the convention.


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In 1993, Congress passed a Federal law (Title X, United States Code, Section 654) that allows gay and lesbian persons to enter and serve in the military if they do not engage in overt homosexual behavior and/or call attention to such conductthe so called Dont Ask, Dont Tell rule. This law replaced a Department of Defense policy that stated homosexuality was incompatible with military service. During the ensuing decade, Dont Ask, Dont Tell has often been considered unfair and ineffective. It appears to have done little to ameliorate the problem of discrimination by the Department of Defense (DoD) against gays, lesbians, and bisexuals. At its July 2004 meeting, the Council of Representatives adopted a new policy resolution on sexual orientation and military service. The new policy resolution reaffirmed existing APA policy on lesbian, gay, and bisexual issues; updated, elaborated, and strengthened APA policy on sexual orientation and military service; and eliminated APAs prohibition on advertisements from the Department of Defense. This resolution was developed by the Board of Directors Task Force on Sexual Orientation and Military Service, which the Board established in October 2003. The Board charged the Task Force to consider issues of common concern between the Society of Military Psychology (Division 19) and the Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Issues (Division 44). With the resolution formally approved by Council, the next step is the development and implementation of a plan for bringing the Council resolution to fruition. This joint Division 19 and 44 strategic plan, including milestones, will serve as a blueprint for APA implementation of the resolution. Implementation will require consultation within APA as it takes a leadership role in working with Congress to modify current

DoD policy regarding gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) personnel, as well as development of training workshops and materials for military clinical psychologists, and military personnel broadly. Division 19 and Division 44 established a follow on task force and charged the Committee to develop a strategic plan for implementing the resolution and psycho educational and professional training materials for military psychologists. The development of such materials was one of the recommendations of the Task Force on Sexual Orientation and Military Service, in addition to its recommendation that APA adopt the Resolution on Sexual Orientation and Military Service. The work of the follow on task force in 2005 was funded by grant from the Committee on Division/APA Relations, (CODAPAR), by the Board of Directors 2005 discretionary funds, and by matching funds form Divisions 19 and 44 to support implementation of the APA Resolution on Sexual Orientation and Military Service. The Division 19 and Division 44 Task Force, composed of three members form each division, was co-chaired by Robin Buhrke, Division 44 and Henry L. Taylor, Division 19. The other Division 44 members are Kimberly Balsam and Gerg Hereck and the Division 19 members are Steve Sellman and Robert Nichols (now deceased and replaced by Will Wilson). The Task Force had 2 one day meetings chosen to minimize cost: the first just before the mid year meeting of Division 19, and the second prior to the 2005 APA convention in Washington, DC. APA professional staff from the Practice Directorate, Clinton Anderson, and Heather Kelly of the Science Directorate, have met as part of the Task Force. As a result of the Task Force work in 2005 a final report and strategic plan were completed August 16, 2005 and submitted to CODAPAR, the APA Board of Directors

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and to the Executive Committees of Divisions 19 and 44. The strategic planning document was submitted to APA as a blueprint for implementing the July 2004

Council of Representatives resolution. The document is written so as to be relevant for many years. A summary of the outcomes of the 2005 work follows:


This strategic planning document is submitted to APA as a blueprint for implementing the July 2004 Council of Representatives resolution. A workshop for military clinical psychologists designed to highlight appropriate and ethical strategies for addressing the needs of GLB clients in military settings has been planned. The workshop blueprint will be made available to others to facilitate a broader impact. Several professional publications (at least one practitioner-oriented article, and at least one serving as a contemporary research review of sexual orientation and military service) have been prepared. Public service information for military personnel bearing on sexual orientation, current federal law in this area, resources for advocacy, support, and clinical assistance will be developed and distributed.

The Task Force recommended to Divisions 19 and 44 that the Task Force be continued for at least one additional year. The Executive Committees of both Divisions 19 and 44 have agreed to support the Task Force activities for one additional and they approved requesting the Board of Directors for matching funds of $3000 to support the Task Force. The Task Force is scheduled to meet prior to the mid-year meeting of Division 19, February 28, 2006 and prior to the APA convention in New Orleans. A full copy of the final report to the Board of Directors can be found as the Division 19 liaison report to Division 44 in the minutes of the Division 44 mid-year meeting and on the Division 44 web. Henry L. Taylor Division 19 Liaison to Division 44


PAUL T. BARTONE, PH.D., COLONEL, U.S. ARMY A small but influential specialty within the U.S. Armys Medical Service Corps, Army research psychologists (71Fs) conduct research studies on a range of topics, all aimed at protecting the health and effectiveness of our military personnel. For example, three 71Fs (CPT Oscar Cabrera, MAJ Jeff Thomas, and LTC Paul Bliese) recently served in Iraq as part of the third and latest Army Surgeon Generals Mental Health Advisory Team MHAT-III. Army research psychologists provide the MHAT with critical research skills, including extensive experience in conducting behavioral research in the field. This allows the MHATs to rapidly identify critical trends and factors affecting soldier morale, wellbeing and mental readiness, and then to provide data-based recommendations for strategies to preserve and enhance the mental resiliency of the troops. Previous MHATs included 71Fs CPT Dave Cotting, MAJ Dennis McGurk, and LTC Carl Castro. At the U.S. Army Research Institute for Environmental Medicine - USARIEM, in Natick, Massachusetts, MAJ Gina Adam is


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investigating the effects of increased cognitive demands on multiple task performance in soldiers, research that makes use of USARIEMs state-of-the-art marksmanship simulator. MAJ Adams research also aims to explain why some soldiers experience performance decrements under increased cognitive load, while others do not. Understanding of these individual differences will lead to better training programs to maximize warfighter performance under a variety of high-stress conditions. Other studies that MAJ Adam is involved with are yielding new insights into the effects of extreme cold, food and water deprivation on the warfighters cognitive and military task performance. At USARIEMs field lab in Fort Bragg, North Carolina, MAJ Lolita Burrell is conducting a critical study addressing the challenge of understanding and reducing serious injuries among military vehicle maintenance workers. Together with her colleagues at Ft. Bragg, MAJ Burrells research aims to: 1) Identify injury rates in this soldier population; 2) Quantify how injuries relate to physical fitness and performance; and 3) Develop new and effective injury prevention tools and strategies. MAJ Burrell is also conducting several investigations aimed at improving physical fitness and optimal weight maintenance in military personnel. Army research psychologists are also active in critical training, prevention and education efforts around the world. For example, MAJ Sandra Escobas of USAMDAs Force Health Protection Branch (Ft. Detrick, Maryland), recently led a team of Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) on a mission to the 121st General Hospital (GH) in Seoul, Republic of South Korea to train personnel in the use of Force Health Protection (FHP) contingency protocols. Similar training missions were conducted in Landstuhl, Germany, and are planned for other key facilities. As a result of this training, military medical personnel there can now apply state-of-the-art technologies to treat and prevent a range of medical threats including Smallpox, Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome, Smallpox Vaccine Adverse Events, Botulism intoxication, and various adverse reactions to Vaccinia Virus. MAJ Escobas work in this area highlights the versatility of the 71F series, and our expertise in translating new medical knowledge into

training programs that are maximally effective in human populations. MAJ Escobas is the Product Manager in Force Health Protection Branch of USAMMDA, helping to prepare the Department of Defense to respond effectively to possible biological warfare and terrorist attacks involving agents such as smallpox, anthrax, botulism and hemorrhagic fever. At the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) in Forest Glen, Maryland, 71F LTC Sharon McBride is conducting a study to evaluate the cognitive and motor functioning of individuals under various dosage levels of IV ketamine. This effort is part of the U.S. Army Medical and Materiel Command Combat Casualty Care Directorate (RAD 2) research program. Nasally delivered ketamine may be an excellent battlefield alternative to morphine for battlefield pain control, with a number of important advantages over morphine. LTC McBrides study will evaluate possible cognitive effects of proposed field doses of ketamine. Research volunteers will receive the ketamine in doses that are close to those proposed for fielding, and then complete a detailed battery of cognitive tests including immediate and delayed memory tests, learning tests, spatial planning, visuospatial ability, reaction time and motor coordination tests. Results will have a direct and significant impact on the Army Medical Departments ability to care for traumatic casualties on the battlefield. Also at WRAIR, MAJ Scott Kilgore is working with LTC McBride on the ketamine and cognitive functioning study. In addition, MAJ Kilgore is conducting other important and relevant research including studies of sleep deprivation and cognitive functioning in Army aviators in Iraq, and of the effects of several stimulant drugs on reaction time and decisionmaking ability. Based upon these and other research contributions that benefit the troops, MAJ Kilgore was awarded the coveted WRAIR Edward L Buescher Award for Excellence in Research by a Young Scientist for 2005. LTC Carl Castro continues to head-up one of the largest studies ever done of soldier stress, health and adaptation, dubbed the WRAIR Land Combat Study. This ambitious project has many aspects, and is yielding new insights into how to keep the warfighter healthy under battlefield stress conditions.

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Other key 71Fs in this project are CPT Dave Cotting, MAJ Dennis McGurk, MAJ Jeff Thomas, and CPT Oscar Cabrera. Multiple reports from this study were presented at the April 2005 Convention of the International Applied Military Psychology Symposium in Washington DC, also organized and hosted by the WRAIR. Published reports have appeared in several journals including Military Medicine, and the influential New England Journal of Medicine. Other 71Fs further demonstrate our ready adaptability and flexibility, bringing their talents to serve our troops in a wide variety of ways. 71F MAJ Melba Stetz, last years winner of the American Psychological Associations prestigious Arthur Melton Award in Military Psychology, is now at Fort Rucker, Alabama serving as Detachment Commander for the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory. MAJ Stetz also continues her research activities, as reflected for example in a recent (July, 2005) article in the journal Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, on Psychiatric diagnoses as a cause of medical evacuation in OEF and OIF. MAJ Maurice Sipos at the Army Physical Fitness Research Institute, Army War College, Carlisle, PA, has played an instrumental role in developing a new, automated assessment package that integrates physical health indicators with leadership and personality measures, providing current and future generations of Army leaders with an extremely valuable tool for self development and enhanced leader effectiveness. At the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, LTC Jim Ness is leading similar efforts to bring scientifically-based tools and assessment strategies to the business of developing future Army leaders. By applying their research skills and knowledge in the schoolhouse environment, these 71Fs are helping to optimize the future effectiveness of thousands of Army, Joint and interagency leaders. LTC Ross Pastel continues his important research into psychological aspects of bioterrorism, while also serving as Deputy Commander for Safety, Biosurety, Operations, Plans and Security at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Disease (USAMRIID) at Ft. Detrick. LTC Charles A. Salter of the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research

Institute (AFRRI), Bethesda, Maryland, also served this year as Vice-Chair of an important NATO Research Task Group (RTG) 099, on Radiation Bioeffects and Countermeasures. And LTC Mark Vaitkus continues to provide a critical bridge between the Armys Medical Research and Materiel Command, Ft. Detrick and the Future Force Warrior acquisitions program, as the Deputy Technology Program Manager for the PM Soldier Warrior program. In this key role, LTC Vaitkus brings his extensive research and organizational acumen to the task of moving promising new technologies and products from the idea stage to actual fielded products that benefit the warfighter. At the U.S. Army Research Institute for Chemical Defense (ICD) in Aberdeen, Maryland, CPT Matt Clark is currently Chief of the Neurobehavioral Toxicology Branch, where he leads a team conducting cuttingedge neurobehavioral toxicology research. Their research is yielding a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms and effects of various chemicals that might be used as weapons against our troops, and is also helping to generate new and more effective protective measures. This research also has major homeland security implications for protecting civilian populations against possible terrorist attacks. In addition, CPT Clark heads ICDs new Collaborative Research Program, which coordinates a number of collaborative research projects involving other government agencies such as the National Institutes of Health, and various private industry groups. The work of the Collaborative Research Program represents a new level of cooperation across government and non-government research agencies, and promises to yield new and better medical countermeasures that can be used to protect entire populations from terrorist chemical attacks. This is just a sampling of what Army 71F Research Psychologists are currently up to. What an impressive array of officer/scientists, engaged in a broad range of activities, united by a powerful commitment to apply the science of psychology toward protecting and improving the health, effectiveness, and resilience of military personnel.


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Each year, Division 19 solicits nominations for a series of distinguished awards. To make a nomination, please submit a brief statement (300-500 words) that identifies the award and describes those aspects of the nominees work that support the nomination. In addition, please provide a brief biography of the nominee. Nominations should be submitted no later than April 15, 2006 to Brad Johnson (see contact information below). Awards will be presented at the 2006 APA Convention in New Orleans.

SOCIETY FOR MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY AWARDS Robert M. Yerkes Award: This award is given for significant contributions to military psychology by a non-psychologist. The award is named for Robert M. Yerkes, the Founding Father of military psychology. Yerkes (18761956) had a distinguished career as a comparative psychologist first at Harvard, and later at Yale. He studied chimpanzee behavior extensively, and together with John D. Dodson developed the Yerkes-Dodson Law, relating arousal and motivation to performance. As the President of APA in 1917, Yerkes led in the application of psychology to the demands of World War I. Also serving as chief of the Psychology Division in the Surgeon General's Office during World War I, Yerkes led in the development and use of the Army Alpha and Beta Tests, the first large-scale application of psychological testing. This program established the value of psychological testing for screening and placement purposes. Previous recipients of the Yerkes Award include General Max Thurman, Senator Daniel Inouye, and Ms. Elizabeth Dole. John C. Flanagan Lifetime Achievement Award: This award recognizes career-long achievements in military psychology. These contributions may be in the form of excellence in research, service, product development, or administration that clearly reflects advancement of the profession of military psychology, improved effectiveness of military psychology systems, or service on behalf of the welfare of military personnel. This award is named for John C. Flanagan (1906-1996), who served as Division 19 President from 1961-1962. Flanagan received his Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard in 1934 and then worked for the Cooperative Test Service of the American Council on Education. He joined the Army Air Corps in 1941, where he established the Aviation Psychology Program. This is considered a milestone in the history of psychology, as it was one of the most successful applied psychology programs ever. His work for the Army Air Corps resulted in new and more effective selection procedures for flight personnel, paving the way for the use of sophisticated psychological selection tools in military and civilian settings. After leaving the Air Corps in 1946, Flanagan created the American Institutes for Research, where for the next 20 years he carried on an innovative research program to improve tests and measurements for education and job selection applications. In 1976 Flanagan was awarded APAs Distinguished Professional Contribution Award. Charles S. Gersoni Military Psychology Award: This award is for outstanding contributions to military psychology. The award is made for excellence in research, service, product development, or administration that clearly reflects advancement of the profession of military psychology, improved effectiveness of military psychology systems, or service on behalf of the welfare of military personnel. Awardees may be individuals or a group of individuals whose contributions merit special recognition by Division 19. Charles S. Gersoni received his Ph.D. in psychology from New York University in 1937, and joined the Army in 1941 where he served as a clinical psychologist through World War II. After the war and following a brief stint with the Veterans Administration, he returned to the Army and worked to establish a career force of uniformed clinical psychologists, becoming the first Clinical Psychology Consultant to the Army Surgeon General in 1947 (through 1951). The clinical psychology training program developed by Gersoni was launched by the Army in 1949, and later became a model for similar programs in the Navy and Air Force. At Gersonis urging, the Army was the first military agency to insist upon doctorate

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level training for psychologists. Gersoni also served as Chief of Psychology Service at Walter Reed Army Hospital (1951-53), as Deputy Chief of the Department of Physical Standards Research, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (1957-59), and as Commander of the Army Personnel Research Office (later named the Army Research Institute) from 1962-1965. He retired from the Army in 1965, and after that served in a variety of positions at the APA including Associate Executive Officer. Gersoni was the editor of the American Psychologist when it became the first journal to adopt anonymous peer review in 1972. He was a Fellow of Division 19, and throughout his professional life Division 19 was the only APA division that he chose to belong to. Gersoni died in 1981 and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Arthur W. Melton Early Achievement Award: This award is to recognize early career achievements in military psychology, normally within 5-10 years of entry into the field. These contributions may be in the form of excellence in research, service, product development, or administration that clearly reflects advancement of the profession of military psychology, improved effectiveness of military psychology systems, or service on behalf of the welfare of military personnel. The award is named in honor of Arthur W. Melton (1906-1978), a distinguished

psychologist who served as the second President of Division 19, from 1948-1950. After earning his Ph.D. from Yale University, Melton served at various times on the faculty at Yale, University of Missouri, Ohio State University, and the University of Michigan. When World War II came, he entered the Army Air Corps as Chief of the Department of Psychology at the School of Aviation Medicine at Randolph Field, Texas. His war time research focused on using psychomotor tests to predict aptitude for flying. Colonel Melton left military service in 1946 to return to academia at Ohio State. While there, he continued his involvement with applied military psychology by promoting research and initiating an extension graduate program at Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio. Meltons significant contributions to applied military psychology led to his election to the National Academy of Sciences in 1969. He was also awarded the Gold Medal of the American Psychological Foundation in 1976 in recognition of his many scholarly accomplishments.
Submit nominations to: W. Brad Johnson Department of Leadership, Ethics & Law United States Naval Academy Luce Hall, Stop 7B Annapolis, MD 21402 O/410-293-6545 F/410-293-4896


ANGELIQUE C. DEMONCADA The Society for Military Psychology is offering its annual Military Psychology Research and Travel Awards competition to recognize the contribution of students in the field of military psychology. Division 19 is dedicated to the promotion of research and its application to military problems. We believe that student contributions to the field of military psychology are valuable in furthering these efforts and should be recognized. The purpose of the Military Psychology Research Award is to assist graduate and undergraduate students of psychology with costs associated with conducting research. Proposals in any area of psychology related to the advancement of military psychology will be considered. The purpose of the Military Psychology Travel Award is to provide funding for student travel to professional conferences to present their already completed (or work in progress) research. This award is intended to help defray travel expenses for conference attendance. The award(s) will be presented to a student(s) whose research reflects excellence in military psychology. The deadline for entries is 1 May 2006. Instructions and application materials are available on the Division 19 website.
Submit nominations by 1 May 2006 to: Angelique C. DeMoncada, M.S.C.P. Dept of Medical and Clinical Psychology (MPS) Uniformed Services Univ of the Health Sciences 4301 Jones Bridge Road Bethesda, MD 20814-4799


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Each year, Division 19 takes great pride in recognizing exceptional students who are conducting research to enhance and improve Military Psychology. The division student awards program consists of two categories of awards: a Student Research Award and Student Travel Awards. The purpose of the Military Psychology Research Grant program is to assist graduate and undergraduate students of psychology with costs associated with conducting research. The Student Travel Award program was created to assist graduate and undergraduate students of psychology with costs associated with travel to present research projects at professional psychological conferences. In 2005, we are please to announce the awarding of $2,000 to two student affiliates who are conducting exemplary research in furtherance of Military Psychology. This years applications were exceptional, making the selection process difficult. Therefore, we would like to offer hearty congratulations to all the award winners! In addition, we would like to thank all of those students who submitted applications for this years awards, and encourage you to submit your applications again next year. All student affiliates with research proposals in the psychological realm are encouraged to apply for the 2006 Student Research Award. Those students already executing psychologically-related research may also make application for the 2006 Student Travel Awards.

Student Research Award Winner Kathryn K. Appolonio Postpartum Depression Within a Military Population La Salle University, Philadelphia, PA

Student Travel Award Winner Jane K. Matthiesen Studying the Effects of Transience: The Case of the Royal Air Force Aston University, Birmingham, UK

A doctoral student in the Clinical Psychology program at La Salle University, Kathryn has focused on the application of empirically supported treatments and hopes to contribute to this research. She has conducted research on the relationship between birth order and leadership style, medical student evaluations, and perceived disease severity among type 2 diabetic patients and plans to conduct a study cognitive and personality factors in oncology patients. Her dissertation seeks to understand psychosocial and demographic variables that may increase the risk of postpartum depression in active duty military mothers. Her aspirations include becoming a clinical psychologist working with military service members and their families as a military officer and earn a postdoctoral fellowship in clinical health psychology.

A doctoral student in the Work and Organizational Psychology Research Group at Aston University, Jane focuses on the influence of individuals and family factors on organizational outcome variables, relocation, quality of life, and stress and health. Her current research aims to identify the effects that relocation has on the quality of life of Royal Air Force service members and their families. To this end, she hopes that her research will allow her to make recommendations for quality of life improvements for military personnel, thereby positively influencing national (and international) security. In the future, Jane aspires to continue doing scientific research within defence settings, specifically the Ministry of Defence and comparable Western government agencies, and to continue teaching and researching at an academic level.

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MICHAEL RUMSEY The following Division members have agreed to become candidates for open positions on the Division 19 Executive Committee. As you will see, they bring a diverse range of talents, experiences, and specialties to our division. Each of them is an outstanding psychologist. The 2005-2006 nominations committee is delighted to recommend them for elected service to the Division.


Robert M. Bray, Ph.D Michael D. Matthews, Ph.D. Joseph Pstoka, Ph.D. Robert M. Bray, Ph.D. Robert M. Bray is a Senior Program Director at RTI International, a non-profit research organization, with over 30 years of experience as a research psychologist. His research interests focus on the epidemiology of substance use and other health behaviors in military and civilian populations with an emphasis on understanding the prevalence, causes, correlates, and consequences of these behaviors. He has been the principal investigator of eight comprehensive worldwide DoD Surveys of military personnel that comprise the most widely cited data on substance use and health behaviors in the military. He is currently leading two longitudinal studies of alcohol and tobacco use among junior enlisted personnel in the Army, Navy, and Air Force. He received his Ph.D degree from University of Illinois at Urbana in Social Psychology in 1974 and has published widely in the area of substance use and health behaviors. He has been active in Division 19 for many years and serves as a member of the Editorial Board for Military Psychology. He received the Division 19 Gersoni Award in 2004 for his contributions to military psychology. Thanks to the dedication and efforts of excellent leaders over the past few years, Division 19 has become energized and revitalized and is an increasingly important voice and influence within APA and a comfortable home for military psychologists. Although the Division has made notable progress, much remains to be done to move us to the next level which I believe includes developing and implementing a strategic plan for the growth and continued vitality of the Division. My goals as president will be to work with the members to orchestrate such a plan that will focus on expanding our membership, broadening and improving communications, increasing the quantity and quality of applications for papers and presentations at the annual meeting and facilitating and broadening the representation of members across the committees. It would be an honor to serve you. Michael D. Matthews, Ph.D. Dr. Michael D. Matthews is Professor of Engineering Psychology and Director of the Engineering Psychology Program at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He holds a Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the State University of New York at Binghamton (1983), and has been actively involved in military psychology for over 25 years. A former Air Force Officer, Dr. Matthews has served as a research psychologist with the Air Force Human Resources Laboratory (1980-83) and the U.S. Army Research Institute, Infantry Forces Research Unit (1998-2000). In addition to his position at West Point, he has held faculty appointments at the U.S. Air Force Academy (1983-1986) and Drury University (19861998). He is an active contributor to Division 19, chairing the annual Midyear meeting, editing the Military Psychologist, and serving as an associate editor of Military Psychology. A Fellow of the Division, he has authored over 120 scholarly articles and presentations. Dr. Matthews has broad interests in applied psychology, and works extensively with DoD laboratories, Universities, and foreign governments on projects of interest to the


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Division. Most recently, Dr. Matthews was selected as a Templeton Foundation Senior Research Fellow, and worked in residence with the Medici II group at the University of Pennsylvania in support of a comprehensive project on Positive Psychology. I am honored to be considered as President of the Society for Military Psychology. We are a unique division in that we represent all manner of psychologists, from clinical to experimental, united by a common bond of interest in improving the lives of our military personnel and their families. My work in Positive Psychology exemplifies a unifying approach to our discipline. If elected to represent the membership of the Division as President, my overriding goal is to unite our membership and enhance the role that psychologists play in military affairs. We are at an important place in the development of our Division, and are poised to make significant gains in application, research and policy. I pledge to work actively with the membership of the Division, the Executive Committee and the APA at large to achieve our common goals.

Joseph Psotka, Ph.D. Joe is a Psychologist researcher and research manager at U. S. Army Research Institute (ARI) for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, serving since 1982 in training, basic research, and now leadership. He received his doctorate in cognitive psychology from Yale University and a master's from Harvard. He has authored or co-authored over 100 publications, and two volumes, in memory and perception, human factors, learning and instruction, psychometrics, and leadership. He has created and chaired special interest groups in AI, Education, and VR Simulation. He originated Division 19's web site and has served as Program Chair for the last two years. The Society for Military Psychology can be proud of its recent accomplishments, bringing greater accord to the broad APA policies that affect all psychologists' lives. The integrity, honor, and respect that the President's office derives from the unique status of our members creates a strong platform for influencing APA decisions that reflect broadly on us all. My goal will be to harness the outstanding wisdom of our membership to make this the pre-eminent division, if not in size, in influence for the good of Psychology.


Nathan D. Ainspan, Ph.D. Jeffery L. Thomas, Ph.D. Nathan D. Ainspan, Ph.D. Nathan D. Ainspan is the Research Analyst with the Office of Disability Employment Policy. He received his doctorate from Cornell University's School of Industrial and Labor Relations with research interests in the self-identification of employees and behaviors generated by these roles. In addition to conducting research on the employment of people with disabilities, he is also spearheading the effort to evaluate ODEP's grant activity through the collection of qualitative and quantitative data from all of its grantees across the United States. Ainspan is also involved with conducting research on the psychology of soldiers and veterans, particularly in the area of employment for veterans returning from conflicts with physical and psychological disabilities. He is editing a volume to be used by researchers and practitioners working with returning veterans with disabilities. Ainspan has spoken at many conferences, has been quoted and published in numerous publications, and consulted with business and cultural organizations. I would be honored to serve as a member-atlarge for Division 19.During my time with the Division, I have gained so much from it that I am eager for the chance to give back to it and help it grow and develop even further. I have been impressed with the camaraderie, the dedication, and the resources of the Division and have seen as it exposes me to more ideas, opens up more aspects of the literature to me, and alerts me to more opportunities while expanding the network that I draw upon virtually every day. I thus

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want to insure that more people will have access to these benefits regularly and even more benefits in the future. I have been active with the APA and have organized panels focusing on military and veterans issues, including one Presidential panel that will bring senior commanders and field psychologists from the Israeli Army and Police to discuss how they effectively used psychology to reduce the conflict surrounding the disengagement from Gaza. I welcome the chance to serve the APA and the Division as a Member-At-Large. MAJ Jeffrey L. Thomas, Ph.D. Jeff Thomas is an active duty Major and senior research psychologist in the Department of Military Psychiatry at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research where he conducts research in support of deployed Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines. MAJ Thomas received his B.S. in 1994 from Lincoln University, where he was a ROTC scholarship-contracted cadet. MAJ Thomas completed his M.A. in 1998 and Ph.D. in 1999 in Social Psychology from Wayne State University in Detroit, MI and started his active career as an Army research psychologist in 1999. MAJ Thomas has had assignments at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, the US Army Medical Research Unit-Europe in Heidelberg, Germany, the Pentagon, and Multi-National Forces-Iraq where he deployed in 2005. MAJ Thomas research has focused primarily on Soldier and unit mental health and well-being throughout the

deployment cycle. He is a member of the Military Psychology and Evaluations, Statistics and Measurement Divisions of the American Psychological Association as well as the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. MAJ Thomas has authored 14 peer-reviewed publications, 4 book chapters, and 14 technical reports. He has chaired two conference symposia and presented over 40 conference papers or posters. MAJ Thomas has also served as an ad-hoc reviewer for Military Psychology and the Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. I am honored to have been nominated as the Society of Military Psychologys Memberat-Large. I have been conducting research with military personnel since I conducted my masters thesis and dissertation. The betterment of the lives of Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines continues to be and always will be my focus as a research psychologist. Throughout my career I have been blessed with superb mentorship, the wisdom and experience of wonderful colleagues, and the incredible support of dedicated research support personnel. As Member-at-Large, my goal will be to serve the Societys membership conscientiously and judiciously in advocating research for Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines. The DOD is transforming and it is doing so while we are at war. Thus, the work of this Society has never been more important than it is today.


Tonia Heffner, Ph.D. Kathryn T. Lindsey, Ph.D. Melba Stetz, Ph.D. Tonia S. Heffner, Ph.D Tonia is a senior research psychologist and team leader in the Selection and Assignment Research Unit at the U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences. She earned a B.S. in psychology in 1989 and a M.S. in human factors and industrial/organizational psychology in 1992 from Wright State University, Dayton, OH. She earned a Ph.D. in industrial/organizational psychology from Pennsylvania State University in 1997. Her primary research interests focus on the selection, classification, and promotion of Soldiers and Noncommissioned Officers (NCOs) for the current and future U.S. Army. She is currently conducting research on the feasibility of promotion testing for Army NCOs and she has also established an informal joint service working group to exchange ideas and technologies related to enlisted testing and promotion. She is a


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member of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, the American Psychological Association, and APA Division 19, Military Psychology. Tonia has presented scientific papers at several military and psychological conferences and has published a number of technical reports and articles in peer-reviewed journals including Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Vocational Behavior, and Military Psychology. She also serves as an ad hoc reviewer for these journals. Dr. Heffner currently is serving as the Division 19 Program Chair for the American Psychological Association 2006 Annual meeting in New Orleans. I welcome the opportunity to serve as Division Secretary. As a member of Division 19, I have learned greatly from other members. The vast array of knowledge, willingness to collaborate, and mentorship provided to Division 19 members has been invaluable. As Division Secretary, I would like the opportunity to continue this tradition of service to others. Kathryn T. Lindsey Kathryn T. Lindsey is an active duty Navy Lieutenant currently stationed at U.S. Naval Hospital Naples, Italy, as the Director of the Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Program (SARP). Dr. Lindsey also works as a Behavioral Health Consultant in the Primary Care Clinic and as an outpatient psychotherapist in the Behavioral Health Services Department. She has been on active duty for over 17 years, serving 12 of those years as a Line Officer in the Navy. She received her first masters degree at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California in Management, followed by both a masters and a doctorate in Clinical Psychology at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Maryland. She has co-authored several articles on Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Seasonal Affective Disorder and given numerous poster and paper presentations at professional conferences, including chairing a panel on Psychology

internships and careers in the Air Force, Army, and Navy. Dr. Lindsey has been active in Division 19 since 2000 and has served as the Graduate Student Issues Chairman and is currently serving as the division Membership Chair. I am honored by the nomination to serve as the Society for Military Psychology Secretary. The time I have spent working with the division has been professionally invaluable and personally rewarding. My diverse experiences and military background, both operational and clinical, will allow me to bring a unique perspective to the division. The exceptional individuals I have worked with across the division embody the spirit of integrity and commitment to the advancement of research and all the military services. My personal goal will be to positively influence internal and external communications in support of the societys vision for the future. Melba Stetz Dr. Stetz has made remarkable contributions to military psychology. Upon completing her Ph.D. in Industrial/Organizational psychology and obtaining the psychology license, she continued in the Army as a Research Psychologist. While at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, she conducted combat stress studies from 9/11 to OEF and OIF missions. Later on, she worked as a research budget manager supporting many research efforts, specially, on combat stress. MAJ Stetz is currently working at the US Army Aeromedical Research lab as the Detachment Commander and Adjutant. Additionally, she is starting a research study to inoculate deploying Warfighters against stress. Dr. Stetz has been supporting Division 19 for a few years and continuously present during the APA (Div 19) conferences. She has also published in our Newsletter and Military Psychology Journal. She maintained our Division 19 web site until recently and would like to continue supporting this division as needed.

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Stephen Goldberg, Ph.D. William J. Strickland, Ph.D. Stephen Goldberg, Ph.D. Steve is the Chief of the US Army Research Institutes Simulator Systems Research Unit in Orlando, Florida. He has over 30 years experience leading and conducting training and Soldier performance research. He received a Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the State University of New York at Buffalo. He has authored numerous technical reports, book chapters, and conference presentations. He recently completed a five year term as Chair of the multi-nation Training Technology Panel of The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP). He is also US National Leader and co-chair of a NATO Research Study Group investigating human factors issues in the military uses of Virtual and Augmented Reality technology. Steve has served the Society for Military Psychology as Newsletter Editor, Program Chair, Secretary, and President. During his presidency he arranged the first cosponsored a mid-year symposium with Division 21. He currently serves as Chair of the Fellows Committee. He is also an Associate Editor of Military Psychology, the societys journal. Representing our society on APAs Council can be a challenging experience. The APA advertising ban and recent allegations regarding the ethical conduct of military psychologists participating in interrogations were emotional issues that required carefully thought-out and coordinated responses. Whatever the next hot button issue might be our representative will need to be able to present our societys position with the same level of skill demonstrated by our recent council reps Steve Sellman and Hank Taylor. Our council representative is the communication channel between the larger APA and the society. The rep informs the Society about the important issues before the association and presents the Societys positions to the association. We are a small division that can easily get lost within APA governance. We need to maintain visibility by keeping well informed about relevant issues before council, maintaining our alliances with other divisions and, when appropriate, forming new ones. I appreciate the opportunity to continue to serve military psychology. If elected I will do my best to further the Society of Military Psychologys interests on council. William J. Strickland, Ph.D. Bill Strickland is a Vice President at the Human Resources Research Organization (HumRRO) in Alexandria, Virginia, where he directs HumRROs Workforce Analysis and Training Systems Division. In addition to his executive responsibilities at HumRRO, Bill maintains an active research role in military psychology, directing projects supporting the Army, the Air Force, and the Defense Manpower Data Center. He recently completed a 5-year appointment on the National Academy of Sciences Committee on the Youth Population and Military Recruiting. Before arriving at HumRRO, Bill spent 26 years as an active-duty behavioral scientist, staff officer, and commander in the Air Force, retiring as a Colonel. For his last 4 years on active duty, Bill was the Director of Air Force Human Resources Research in what was then called the Armstrong Laboratory. Active in Division 19 for over 20 years, Bill is a Past President of the Division; in addition, he twice chaired the Divisions APA Program Committee, chaired the Divisions ad hoc Science Committee, and served as Member at Large to the Executive Committee. Bill currently serves as Division Liaison to APAs Board of Scientific Affairs and is the Division Secretary. A Fellow of APA, Bill graduated from the United States Air Force Academy and completed his Ph.D. in Industrial and Organizational Psychology at The Ohio State University. I would be honored to serve as the Societys representative to APA Council. Im constantly impressed with the competence of APA staff, and constantly frustrated with APAs governance structure. Ive represented APA in testifying before Congress three times, completed APAs Science Advocacy Workshop, and made Congressional office visits on behalf of APAwith significant staff help each time. Now, Id like to continue in Hank Taylors and Steve Sellmans footsteps by keeping the Council focused on issues of importance to our members.


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Division 19 is proud to once again co-sponsor the annual Rays Race and Walk with Division 47.

Division 47: Exercise and Sport Psychology Presents

The 28th Annual Running Psychologists APA 5K Rays Race and Walk Run for Resilience Saturday, August 12, 2006
The annual race and walk at the 2006 New Orleans Convention of APA will be held on Saturday, August 12, in Audubon Park at 7AM. The Audubon Park is approximately 4 miles from most of the major hotels. Buses will transport participants to and from the race. Maps to the race site and details regarding bus pick up will be available at the Division Services Booth at the convention. Awards with a special New Orleans theme will be given to the overall mens and women's winners and to the top three in each 5 year age group, from under 25 to over 75. The top three male and female finishers who hold membership in Division 47 will receive awards. The top three finishers who are current or past Psi Chi or National Psi Chi Council members also will receive awards. To honor the exhibitors at our meeting who provide excellent raffle prizes for us, a special award also will be given to the highest finishing male and female exhibitor. Pre-registration will run until July 31st - which means that the entry form and fee must be received by that date. Please give us all the requested information including age and gender so that the race numbers can be labeled and results tabulated accurately. THE ENTRY FEE FOR PRE-REGISTERED RUNNERS (who are not Div. 47 members) IS $20.00, which includes a commemorative shirt, raffle chance, and post-race refreshments. PAST July 31st, CONVENTION AND DAY-OF-RACE REGISTRATION FEE IS $25.00. Pre-registration for students is $15.00 and convention student registration is $25.00. PLEASE pre-register to help us avoid too many convention and day-of-race registrations and to assure that you receive a t-shirt. Shirts only guaranteed to those who pre-register. Make your check payable to: Running Psychologists. Division 47 members receive a discounted pre-registration entry of $15 as a value-added benefit of division membership. If you are an APA member and wish to apply for division membership with this entry form, check the block on the form below and remit the discounted entry fee ($15) plus the Division dues ($24 for members, $14 for associates, $10 for student affiliates). We will forward your application to APA for processing. You may pick up your race number and shirt at the business meeting of Running Psychologists on Friday morning at 8AM (see the program for room number) or at the APA Division Services booth in the main Convention Area, beginning Thursday morning. The Annual Pre-Race Pasta Dinner will be held on Friday evening, August 11th. Please visit Division Services Booth at the convention for details regarding exact time and location. Mark your entry form to reserve a place at the dinner or sign up at the convention. Awards and t-shirts will be created by local artists and $1 of each participants race fee will be donated to a local charity.
Pictured above: Gretchen Matthews, Mike Matthews, and Dana Born, after the 2005 Rays Run

APA Insurance Trust Psi Chi American Psychological Association - Divisions 47, 19, 38 & 50
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APA Member_____ Student____ Friend/Dependent____Sponsor_____Exhibitor____ NAME: ______________________________________________________________________ ADDRESS: ___________________________________________________________________ CITY: __________________________________________ STATE: _______ ZIP: ______ EMAIL: ______________________________________ TELEPHONE: _______________ PASTA DINNER? Y / N HOW MANY? ____ SHIRT SIZE: S M L XL XXL AGE ON Aug 12_______ BIRTHDATE: ______________ GENDER: M___F___Walker?______________ CURRENT DIVISION 47 MEMBER? Y__N__ SPONSOR OR EXHIBITOR ORG. NAME:________________________ PSI CHI MEMBER? Y / N PAST OR CURRENT PSI CHI NATIONAL COUNCIL MEMBER? Y / N I WANT TO JOIN DIVISION 47: Y/ N APA Status: Member___ Fellow___ Assoc___ Stud. Affiliate___ APA Member # _____ I assume all risks associated with running in this event including, but not limited to: falls, contact with other participants, the effects of the weather, including high heat and/or humidity, traffic and the conditions of the road, all such risks being known and appreciated by me. Having read this waiver and knowing these facts and in consideration of you accepting my entry, I, for myself and anyone entitled to act on my behalf, waive and release the Running Psychologists, Division 47 and the American Psychological Association, the City of New Orleans, their representatives and successors from all claims or liabilities of any kind arising out of my participation in this event even though that liability may arise out of negligence or carelessness on the part of the persons named in this waiver. I grant permission to all of the foregoing to use any photographs, motion pictures, and recording, or any other record of this event for any legitimate purpose. I HAVE READ THE ABOVE RELEASE AND UNDERSTAND THAT I AM ENTERING THIS EVENT AT MY OWN RISK. ______________________________________________________ Signature/Date Make Check payable to: Running Psychologists . Receipt before July 31st: $20; Students and Div.47: $15. On-site/Convention race registration: $25 for all participants. Please return to: Ethan Gologor, 353 E. 78th St. Apt. 15A, NY, NY, 10021. Email:


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7 10 NOV 2005, PAN PACIFIC HOTEL, SINGAPORE For the first time, the IMTA annual conference was convened in Asia. The Applied Behavioural Sciences Department and other partnering agencies from Singapores Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces hosted the conference for over 200 military and civilian researchers, practitioners and commanders from more than 20 countries. The theme was Supporting military transformation and operations in a changing world, and the intense 4-day programme featured pre-conference workshops, keynote addresses, symposia and over 100 presentations across 3 tracks, as well as a slew of social activities (traditional beer tasting reception, visit to Tri-Service Military Institute and banquet dinner). Internationally renowned researchers at the conference included Professors Walter Borman, David Chan, Steve Kozlowski, Bill McKelvey, Robert Ployhart, and Micha Popper. Originally formed by the armed services of the United States to exchange knowledge on testing and evaluation, the conference has grown in membership and scope of interest. Today, the IMTA is an international affiliation of military and civilian researchers/practitioners who meet to exchange ideas over a broad range of issues, including occupational analysis, recruitment, selection, strategic HR, training technologies, leadership development, organisational development, human performance and operations support. The upcoming IMTA annual conference will be held in Kingston, Canada, from 35 October 2006. More information is available at the IMTAs website: Do come for an intellectually stimulating experience in an informal and friendly setting! Lt-Col Star Soh, Ph.D. Head Applied Behavioural Sciences Dept, Ministry of Defence


You are invited to participate in the continuation of the International Symposium on Aviation Psychology to be held in Dayton OH April, 22-26, 2007. The theme for this Symposium is Airspace as a Cognitive System. Proposals are sought for papers, sessions, workshops, panels or posters to be presented in this and any of the major topics in the field including, cockpit and air traffic control design, air traffic management, crew management, cognitive processes, physiological factors, stress and fatigue, communication, cultural factors, simulation, pilot selection and/or training, etc. We are also interested in proposals for a few sessions directed at human performance in domains other than aviation, to the extent that generalizations from or to the aviation domain are relevant (e.g., medicine, highway safety, supervisory control, etc.) One-page proposals describing your presentation should be emailed to Richard Jensen, Program Chair at Panel or full session proposals should include a one-page description, plus a list of potential contributors and the email address for each. Your proposal must include the title, your name, full postal address, phone number, and email address (and that of all authors). Please check our website at for the exact format for proposals. The deadline for proposals is July 31, 2006. Richard Jensen, ISAP 2007 Program Chair 5329 Van Fossen Road Johnstown OH 43031 Ph: 740-967-4030

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BUILDING A BETTER WORLD: IMPROVING LIVES AND PRODUCTIVITY The annual Division 19 Midyear meeting, co-hosted by Division 21 and the Potomac Chapter of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, was held at George Mason University on March 2nd and 3rd. There were 45 papers and posters on the program, and the keynote speaker was Dr. Richard Gilson, University of Central Florida. Once again, our friends at George Mason University did a great job of putting on the conference. We especially thank Debbie Boehm-Davis and Deborah Kranz, as well as the students who volunteered to assist with registration and other issues, for their efforts in making this happen so successfully. Plans for the 2007 meeting are underway. We encourage you to participate in the 2007 meeting. For information on attending or submitting a paper, contact Mike Matthews at, or call at 845-938-3696. We anticipate publishing a call for papers in October 2006, with a deadline for submission early in January 2007. We welcome submissions from all areas of interest within military psychology, but are particularly interested in program proposals from our clinical and applied psychology members. Consult the Division 19 Web Site next fall for further information.


Every year, Division 19 takes great pride in recognizing students who are conducting research to enhance and improve Military Psychology. The division student awards program recognizes noteworthy papers and posters presented at the annual Division 19/Division 21 Midyear symposium held in the Washington D.C. metro area. This years applications were exceptional, making the selection process difficult. Therefore, we would like to give hearty congratulations to all the award winners! In addition, we would like to thank all of those students who participated in the annual mid year symposium, and encourage you to submit your applications again next year. In 2006, we are pleased to announce the four student affiliate award winners who are conducting exemplary research in furtherance of Military Psychology. 2006 Graduate Student Paper Award Winner: Shawn Stafford The Effects of 360 Degree Tactile Versus Auditory Cueing on Target Shooting in a Simulated Environment University of Central Florida 2006 Undergraduate Student Paper Award Winner: Hudson Graham and Jenny Coker Eye-tracking of Non-verbal Picture-in-picture United States Air Force Academy 2006 Graduate Student Poster Award Winner: Laura N Mullin Interactive Navigational Learning in a Virtual Environment: Cognitive, Physical, and Attentional Components The Catholic University of America 2006 Undergraduate Student Poster Award Winner: Seth Gulsby, Brandon Kennedy, and Alexis Williams Detection of Personnel Wearing the New Army Camouflage Pattern in a Woodland Environment United States Military Academy


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GERALD P. KRUEGER AND STEVE MERRIMAN The Department of Defense Human Factors Engineering Technical Advisory Group (DoD HFE TAG) meets every May and November. About 125 people attended the 54th meeting of the TAG, hosted by the U.S. Army in Baltimore, MD, Nov. 7-10th, 2005. The theme was HFE in Network Centric Warfare (NCW), and the 3+ days of meetings invoked numerous military human factors and engineering psychology applications for design and development of user-friendly, electronically augmented, and supported materiel systems for our Defense forces, as well as for select NASA and FAA applications. Dr. Robin Keesee, Deputy to the Armys CG, Research, Development, and Engineering Command (RDECOM) contrasted the current and planned Army situation by describing todays Soldier as one who is expected to repeatedly carry about 100+ lbs of personal equipment, while armored tanks weigh about 70+ tons each, and most battle command tasks are conducted while stationary; whereas in design of its future force, the Army strives to reduce the Soldiers load to 40 lbs, to acquire much more deployable armored vehicle weights on the order of 20 tons each, and wants to be able to conduct Battle Command tasks on-the-move using Network Centric operations. Some important soldier-centric technology development programs at RDECOM include: long-life batteries, improved C4ISR, and inexpensive and reliable position tracking and navigation systems to enable constant Situational Awareness (SA) for everyone, and human control of robotic vehicles. Dr. Keesee said the rigor of our current human factors analysis techniques must be raised; and that to be relevant to fast moving technological developments, our human factors tools must clearly link to performance, cost, and schedule. Additionally, our study results must apply to both our current legacy systems, and to anticipated newer force modernization systems. While frequently invoking Karl von Clausewitzs On War, Dr. Alfred Kaufman, of the Institute for Defense Analysis, pointed out that Network Centric Warfare operational doctrine does not accommodate well for human capabilities and constraints. It needs to be human centered warfare. He cautions not to accelerate information technologies without closely examining past usage of information in wars wherein much of the information available, or provided, was false, contradictory, vague, and unreliable. He says that data can be shared easily but information understanding is often not easily shared. To be perceived as reliable, data / information must be interpreted in a similar way by all members of a team. Being inundated with data may witness human nature getting in the way of proper use of the information -- that is, seeing so much data on a computer screen may lead operators to put their judgment to sleep. Network Centric operations doctrine will accentuate the need for adept leaders who can cope with, interpret, and act upon voluminous information sources. Dr. Robert Foster, Director of Bio-Systems in the DoD Chief of Technology Office (OUSD S&T) underscored the impact of human operations on C4ISR. He reminded attendees to read closely the DoD 5000series acquisition documents, pointing out the Human Systems Integration (HSI) portions of them; and to examine again the Army MANPRINT, Navy SEAPRINT, and the USAF equivalent of AIRPRINT foundations. Dr. Foster also recommends reading the intent of congress to humanize our weapon systems by reviewing the 2005 House Armed Services Committee Report 108-491 (page 146) which recommended adding $11.5M to the Presidents budget for HSI work, calls for HSI applications early in materiel development cycles, and directs DoD to conduct a comprehensive review of HSI programs and report back to the HASC. Dr. Foster said the DoD is continuing investment in: personnel selection and classification, personnel protection, training

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systems and instructional tools, and command and control design issues. He said DoD will increase investments in manpower reduction initiatives, leadership training, net-centric operations and agile command and control, distributed team training, and cognitive and behavioral modeling. Additional human factors issues of great interest include: HSI design support systems, language translation both verbal and non-verbal, cultural knowledge and understanding, adaptive interfaces, rapid team cohesion, and interoperability. LTC John Graham, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership at the USMA at West Point, called for more intense study of the human factors in Network Centric Warfare (NCW) operations. He said the technologist sees NCW as: having perfect knowledge of friendly (blue) forces, rapid updating of enemy (red) forces, seamless integration of information, just in time information, and commander-centric battle command. On the other hand, the behavioral scientist sees NCW as: operations at the edge of chaos, not commander-centric, wherein ad hoc team formation overrides traditional military structure, and decision processes are morphed by proactive performers. Other behavioral observations include: sleep patterns are different in Network Centric operations, as participants do not obtain much sleep; while the commander seems constantly needed for major decisions; commander and staff roles change with high workloads; the commander over time tends to lose the mental picture of what is going on (SA); there is a huge need for individual and shared team situation understanding; and the commander must work hard to maintain SA of both enemy and friendly forces. LTCOL Steven Waller of the USAF Warfighting Integration Program Managers Office, spoke on the importance of connectivity to warfighting ability. He pointed out that in NCW the Warfighter needs simplification -- fewer applications, ease of use, chat, more integrated Graphic User Interface (GUI), and cognitive assistance. NCW exists to optimize human performance, but many of its features tend to work against this objective. These are

issues human factors specialists engineering psychologists can work on for the three military services. Dr. Kristen Liggett described the recent reestablishment (Sept. 2005) of the Human Systems Integration Information Analysis Center (HSI IAC) located at WrightPatterson AFB, Ohio. The HSIIAC assists in dissemination of HSI information across the defense community, and promotes and services a strong HSI community of practice across DoD, other Federal agencies and industry. She described the HSIIAC free market model, based on providing market advantage worth investing in. Many of the old products of the previous IAC will be maintained (e.g. Gateway, SOARs) while new products are being added. Most of the HFE TAG sub-groups held halfday meetings in Baltimore as well. These included meetings on HFE in training, personnel screening and selection, modeling and simulation, sustained and continuous operations, in extreme environments, usercomputer interaction, systems safety and health, standardization, test and evaluation, etc. For more details on the TAG, including links to some PowerPoint presentations at the most recent meetings, see the TAG web site at: Or, contact Jerry Krueger at The next DoD HFE TAG meeting will be hosted by the US Air Force at Las Vegas, NV, May 15-18, 2006. The theme for that meeting will be: Enabling Decision Superiority with HSI. Grateful acknowledgement is made to Stephen C. Merriman, at the Boeing Co. in Richardson, TX for sharing his copious note taking at the TAG and contributing to this report. Gerald P. Krueger, Ph.D., CPE Krueger Ergonomics Consultants, Alexandria, VA, and Director, Human Factors, Ergonomics and Medical Research The Wexford Group International


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LT Joseph Cohn, USN publishes this Service Spotlight article to highlight contributions that uniformed military psychologists are making around the world in various contexts. If you would like your work included in a future issue, or want to recommend someone for this spotlight, please contact the Newsletter editor.

by Roy Stripling The US Military has a long history of pursuing and supporting technology advancement. Over the past few decades, this focus has both encouraged and benefited from the rapid advances in computer technologies and lead to, among other things, multiple generations of simulator and virtual environment (VE) training systems. Simulators and VEs have grown in popularity within the training community because they offer some specific advantages including safer, logistically simpler, and generally less expensive training opportunities. While simulator and VE training systems have benefited tremendously from the exponential growth in computing power over the past few decades, this rapid advance has come at a cost as well. The pace of new system development and deployment often exceeds the rate at which these systems can be evaluated for their training effectiveness. Consequently, too many training systems developed and purchased by the military remain unused by the training community. Even those systems that are accepted as useful by this community would likely have been even better had they been subjected to training effectiveness assessments during their development. Realistically, however, slowing the pace of system development so that more evaluations can take place is not an acceptable solution to this problem. Neither is it reasonable, for budgetary reasons, to expect that a sufficient numbers of laboratories to test and evaluate all of these systems will be established. An alternative solution being pursued by the Warfighter Human-Systems Integration Laboratory (located at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, DC) and our collaborators is to accept these limitations and instead focus on the one component of the training system that does not change over time: the human. Based on current scientific data, it is fair to say that human perceptual and motor processes have remained essentially unchanged for tens of thousands of years. Whatever the training tool or technology being developed, information must flow to the trainee through the same set of senses, and information flowing from the trainee remains limited to essentially the same set of motor actions. If we can identify those sensory and motor components that are most important for learning a given task, then training systems developed based on this understanding will have a greater likelihood of being effective and accepted. One example of this approach in our lab is evaluations being conducted on VEs designed to train dismounted infantrymen. Several competing VE systems currently exist and are already being marketed for military and police training. In addition to the variety of commercial products on the market, there is also variability in the basic types of locomotion interfaces that are being brought to bear on this problem (Fig. 1). VEs for dismounted infantry may make use of handheld controllers such as joysticks and gamepads, they may involve optically tracking body movements as the user walks across a monitored space or as they walk in place, or they may involve allowing the user to walk naturally across a moving platform (examples of these include the OmniDirectional treadmill and the VirtuSphere). Rather than test all of these interfaces and all of the commercial systems that make use

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of them, we are sampling a cross section of these locomotion interfaces and evaluating them while users undertake the same set of tasks.

move more accurately and precisely when visual information is reduced?), of the relative ability of these interfaces to support mental map development (do users learn the layout of a building faster with an of these types of interface?), and of the relative ability of these interfaces to support complex skill acquisition (do users learning to conduct infantry room-clearing tasks acquire this skill set faster with any of these types of interface?). In some cases, the results of these experiments have been mundane (once mastered, users seem to be able to achieve the same level of precision and accuracy with any of these interfaces), or fairly narrow in scope (proprioceptive/kinesthetic feedback for locomotion is relatively unimportant EXCEPT where visibility is poor AND the users movement in this portion of the VE will include rotations). Other results are still pending. Although the number of unique locomotion interfaces means that the number of experiments needed are still relatively large, the hope is that this approach with reduce the need to evaluate each and every system. Once general principles are extracted, purchasers of new systems will be able to make reasonable assessments of the likelihood that a system will meet their training needs. This experimental approach should also be useful for evaluations of visual and auditory interfaces as well. Increases in screen resolution, field of view, refresh rates, and reduction in lag are likely to continue in the ensuing years, however, by following this human-centric approach, the assessment of training systems should provide developers, buyers, and users with a better sense of which new developments will make a difference and which ones will not. Roy Stripling Head, Warfighter Human-Systems Integration Laboratory Naval Research Laboratory Washington, DC

Figure 1: Diversity of locomotion interfaces for Virtual Environments These experiments are seeking answers to a range of questions intended to provide insight into the needs of the trainee. These include questions of usability (can the users move through the environment with essentially the same precision and accuracy using each of these interfaces?), of the value of proprioceptive and kinesthetic information (do any of these interfaces, which differ in the value of perceptual-motor information they provide, permit users to


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ARMANDO X. ESTRADA Greetings from the Chair of the Membership Committee! And, Welcome to a new membership year! This is the last report that I will be providing as the membership chair. I will be stepping down and Kathryn Lindsey will be assuming the role of the Chair. I encourage each of you to contact Kathryn if you have ideas/questions or concerns. She may be reached via email at Welcome Kathryn! Included with this report are the final membership figures for 2005 and a comparison of figures for the month of December 2004 and December 2005. The good news is that we continue to grow! There was an increase of 33 paid memberships in 2005 as compared with 2004. The increases observed are primarily from members, student members and dues exempt members. We appear to be heading in the right direction as we start the new membership year. Let me encourage you to get the word out to potential members and help us to continue to grow. Do your part and invite interested colleagues and students to contact Kathryn Lindsey [ ] to learn about our society or refer them to our website ( As we move on to the New Year, I hope that you find some time and energy to get involved in the leadership of the division. Finally, I would like to take this opportunity to thank the members of the executive committee for their enthusiastic support for the various activities that were undertaken during my tenure. I would also like to thank the members of this terrific society, for remaining steady supporters of military psychology. I leave the membership committee in the able of hands of Kathryn Lindsey, the in-coming Membership Chair. Welcome Kathryn!


Membership Category Dues Paid Fellows Members* Associates Dues Exempt** Affiliates*** Student Total Dues Paid Other Life Status/Dues Exempt**** Total Members NA 413 51 505 59 517 56 567 56 567 43 587 23 233 10 37 35 75 413 26 256 11 34 32 95 454 26 243 6 26 47 110 458 33 261 6 25 60 126 511 33 261 6 25 60 126 511 36 275 6 33 59 135 544 2001 2002 2003 2004 Dec 2004 Dec 2005

Note: NA= Not Available. *Figure includes continuing and new memberships. **Figure includes Dues Exempt members who paid journal subscription fee. ***Figure includes Affiliates and International Affiliates. ****Figure includes Dues Exempt members who did not pay the journal subscription fee.

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Produced by Peter Raymont and Lindalee Tracey, 2004 (Canada); 91 minutes Director: Peter Raymont Distributed by California Newsreel (

In the documentary Shake Hands with the Devil, The Journey of Romo Dallaire, there are several pertinent educational points relevant for todays future Army officer. Through interviews and insights from LTG Dallaire and a few of his subordinate officers, we learn of their capable leadership abilities, yet inability to accomplish their peacekeeping mission due to a host of factors including an absolute deprivation of UN resources and reinforcements. Despite the task forces (and specifically LTG Dalliares) valiant leadership efforts, the attempts to stifle the unrest and the resulting genocide are unsuccessful. Especially poignant is LTG Dalliares account of the worlds indifference (specifically the American medias obsession with the OJ Simpson trial) to the growing atrocities occurring in Rwanda. He specifically poses the question, Is one human life worth more than another? Other themes throughout the film include LTG Dalliares struggle with combat fatigue during the months in Africa and his resulting difficulty in issuing orders under these circumstances. His Post Traumatic Stress Disorder after returning to Canada is discussed in detail, to include several suicide attempts. The documentary captures this mans struggle with and recount of the ghastly sensory experiences he perceived that forever changed his life. Another important lesson is his failed use of the media in an attempt to grasp the worlds attention to the events in Rwanda (One reporter with an INMARSAT is worth 100 troops). This inability to gain worldwide attention and support caused a failure to build a cohesive UN task force, and ultimately led to each country with troops in Rwanda to withdraw individually after the first UN casualties occur. There are frequent references throughout the documentary to the urgency of understanding the psychology of groups, tribes, and cultures. The complexity of society which has lost its humanity, is leading to erratic and difficult to diagnose and correct collapses of all the basic mechanisms of survival. General Dallaire's recount is not about Rwanda it is about us and what will happen to us if we persist in being obtuse about our world. Perhaps the strongest message of this documentary lies in learning lessons from the genocide in Rwanda and understanding the forces that could, if properly implemented, permit billions to survive in peace.
MAJ Jennifer Bower is an instructor of Engineering Psychology at the U.S. Military Academy.


Please email the Newsletter editor ( with your news, such as promotions, changes in jobs, retirements, and other important transitions. Tonia Heffner chaired the program committee for the 2006 Division 19 Program at the annual APA meeting. She thanks the following members for their help in reviewing proposals: Lisa Boyce, Carl Castro, Anthony Doran, Lisa Mills, Jackie Mottern, Henk Ruck, and Michelle Wisecarver. Paul Bartone will spend part of next year in Norway as a Fulbright Scholar, conducting crosscultural research on stress and resiliency in operational settings. Congratulations Paul!


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Application for the Society for Military Psychology (Division 19) of the American Psychological Association Full Name Title (circle one): Mailing Address Dr. Ms. Mr. Mrs. Other Date

Phone (w) Position Title Organization Division status you you are applying for: Member ($25)




Present APA status: Member Associate Fellow Student Affiliate Non-member

If you belong to APA, please list your APA member number

Student Affiliate ($10) Affiliate ($30) Dues Exempt ($19)

and other division memberships:

Note: Only paid APA members/associates/fellows can be Division 19 Members, and only full time students are eligible to be student affiliates. All others can join as Affiliate Members. College or University Degree Date Field

Please indicate your research or practice interests/specialties: Return this form along with a check made payable to Division 19" to our membership chair: Kathryn T. Lindsey NAVHOSP Naples, Italy - SARP PSC 817, Box 59 FPO AE 09622

AUGUST 2005 AUGUST 2006 Fellows Awards Membership Nominations Editor, Journal of Military Psychology Newsletter Editor [Technical Editor] 2006 Convention Program 2006 Mid-Year Meeting Program Practice Military Psychology History Women and Minorities in the Military Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society International Military Psychology Web Page Student Affairs Reserve Component Affairs Parliamentarian Steve Goldberg, Gerald Krueger, Paul Gade W. Brad Johnson, Dana Born, Paul Bartone Kathryn T. Lindsey, Armando Estrada, Anthony Doran, Dennis Scholl Michael Rumsey, Armando Estrada, Thomas Kolditz, Debra Dunivin Janice Laurence Michael Matthews [Gretchen Matthews] See Executive Committee NAVHOSP Naples, Italy - SARP PSC 817, Box 59 FPO AE 09622 See Executive Committee 8706 Chippendale Ct. Annandale, VA 22003 BS&L U.S. Military Academy West Point, NY 10996 0/011-39-081-568-5500 0/407-384-3980 F/407-384-3999

Tonia Heffner, Lisa Boyce, Carl Castro, Anthony Doran, Lisa Mills, Jackie Mottern, Henk Ruck, Michelle Wisecarver Michael Matthews See Newsletter Editor Will Wilson Paul Gade Janice Laurence, Melba Stetz, Pat Thomas, Alma Steinberg, Ray Wood, Dana Born Paul Bartone Robert Roland, Jarle Eid, Bjorn Helge Johnson Steve Shenouda Angelique C. DeMoncada James Griffith Jared B. Jobe PO Box 1510 Blowing Rock, NC 28605 1733 N. Danville Street Arlington, VA 22201 See Journal Editor
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Box 27 Ft. Belvoir, VA 22060-0027 University of Miami PO Box 248766 Coral Gables, FL, 33124 USUHS, Dept. of Medical & Clinical Psych (MPS), 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814-4799 Natl Center for Education Statistics, 1990 K Street, NW, Room 8005, Washington, DC 20006 Behavioral Medicine Research Group, Natl Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892

O/202-685-4215 F/202-685-4175 O/888-704-0702 H/703-704-0702

O/202-502-7387 O/301-435-0407 F/301-480-1773