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LTPD245A/B/F/G, LTPD345A/B/F/G

THERMAL PRINTER MECHANISM


TECHNICAL REFERENCE
U00111642601
CONFIDENTIAL
LTPD245A/B/F/G, LTPD345A/B/F/G THERMAL PRINTER MECHANISM TECHNICAL REFERENCE

Document Number U00111642601

First Edition June 2008
Second Edition April 2009












Copyright 2008, 2009 by Seiko Instruments Inc.
All rights reserved.

Seiko Instruments Inc. (hereinafter referred to as SII) has prepared this technical reference for use by SII
personnel, licensees, and customers. The information contained herein is the property of SII and shall not be
reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written approval of SII.

SII reserves the right to make changes without notice to the specifications and materials contained herein and
shall not be responsible for any damages (including consequential) caused by reliance on the materials
presented, including but not limited to typographical, arithmetic, or listing errors.


is a trademark of Seiko Instruments Inc.





CONFIDENTIAL
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PREFACE
This technical reference describes the specifications and basic operating procedures for the
LTPD245A/B/F/G and LTPD345A/B/F/G thermal printer mechanism (hereinafter referred to as printer).
The printers have the following models.
LTPD245A-384-E
LTPD245B-384-E
LTPD245F-384-E
LTPD245G-384-E
LTPD345A-576-E
LTPD345B-576-E
LTPD345F-576-E
LTPD345G-576-E
If described as LTPD245 and LTPD345, this technical reference usually describes information common to
each series printer unless otherwise specified. If the information is different depending on models, specific
model names are mentioned clearly.
Chapter 1 Precautions describes safety, design, and handling precautions. Read it thoroughly before
designing so that you are able to use the product properly.
SII has not investigated the intellectual property rights of the sample circuits included in this technical
reference. Fully investigate the intellectual property rights of these circuits before using.
The printer complies with EU RoHS Directive (2002/95/EC)
The printer contains Pb, the details are described below.
Printer mechanisma particular copper alloy parts, a particular component in glass of the
electronic parts
*Lead-containing items listed above are exempt from RoHS (2002/95/EC).

Identifying the parts of the printer as follows.
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The following describes identifying the parts of the LTPD245A and LTPD345A as an example of the
LTPD245A.



The following describes identifying the parts of the LTPD245B and LTPD345B as an example of the
LTPD245B.

Printer Mechanism
Printer main body
Platen gear
Platen
Platen block
Motor
Platen release lever
Thermal head
Connecting terminal



Printer main body
Printer Mechanism
Platen Thermal head
Platen release lever
Motor
Connecting terminal
Platen gear
Platen block
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The following describes identifying the parts of the LTPD245Fand LTPD345F as an example of the
LTPD245F.



The following describes identifying the parts of the LTPD245G and LTPD345G as an example of the
LTPD245G.



Platen
Platen unit
Platen gear
Connecting terminal
Motor
Platen release lever
Thermal head
Printer Mechanism
Printer main body

Printer Mechanism
Printer main body
Platen gear
Platen
Platen unit
Motor
Platen release lever
Thermal head
Connecting terminal
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section Page

CHAPTER 1
PRECAUTIONS

1.1 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ............................................................................................................... 1-2
1.2 DESIGN AND HANDLING PRECAUTIONS................................................................................... 1-3
1.2.1 Design Precautions................................................................................................................ 1-3
1.2.2 Handling Precautions............................................................................................................. 1-4
1.2.3 Precautions on Discarding..................................................................................................... 1-5

CHAPTER 2
FEATURES


CHAPTER 3
SPECIFICATIONS

3.1 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS........................................................................................................ 3-1
3.2 PRINT CONFIGURATION .............................................................................................................. 3-4
3.3 STEP MOTOR................................................................................................................................. 3-5
3.3.1 General Specifications ........................................................................................................... 3-5
3.3.2 Sample Drive Circuit .............................................................................................................. 3-6
3.3.3 Excitation Sequence .............................................................................................................. 3-7
3.3.4 Motor Start/Stop Method........................................................................................................ 3-8
3.3.5 Motor Drive Method................................................................................................................ 3-9
3.3.6 Motor Drive Precautions....................................................................................................... 3-17
3.4 THERMAL HEAD.......................................................................................................................... 3-18
3.4.1 Structure of the Thermal Head............................................................................................. 3-18
3.4.2 Print Position of the Data ..................................................................................................... 3-19
3.4.3 Electrical Characteristics of Thermal Head.......................................................................... 3-20
3.4.4 Timing Chart......................................................................................................................... 3-22
3.4.5 Thermal Head Heat Element Resistance ............................................................................ 3-22
3.4.6 Maximum Current Consumption .......................................................................................... 3-23
3.5 CONTROLLING THE ACTIVATION PULSE WIDTH FOR THERMAL HEAD ............................. 3-24
3.5.1 Calculation of Activation Pulse Width .................................................................................. 3-24
3.5.2 Calculation of Printing Energy.............................................................................................. 3-24
3.5.3 Adjustment of Thermal Head Resistance ............................................................................ 3-25
3.5.4 Adjustment of Thermal Head Drive Voltage......................................................................... 3-26
3.5.5 Setting of Activation Pause Time......................................................................................... 3-26
3.5.6 Adjustment by Thermal Head Activation Pulse Cycle.......................................................... 3-26
3.5.7 Calculation Sample for the Activation Pulse Width.............................................................. 3-27
3.5.8 Temperature Characteristics of Thermistor ......................................................................... 3-29
3.5.9 Detecting Abnormal Temperature of the Thermal Head...................................................... 3-31
3.6 OUT-OF-PAPER SENSOR........................................................................................................... 3-32
3.7 PLATEN POSITION SENSOR...................................................................................................... 3-33
3.7.1 General Specifications ......................................................................................................... 3-33
3.7.2 Precautions for the Platen Position Sensor ......................................................................... 3-33


CHAPTER 4
CONNECTING TERMINALS

4.1 RECOMMENDED CONNECTOR FOR EXTERNAL CIRCUITS.................................................... 4-1
4.2 CONNECTING TERMINALS .......................................................................................................... 4-1

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Section Page

CHAPTER 5
PRINT DRIVE METHOD

5.1 MOTOR AND THERMAL HEAD DRIVE METHOD........................................................................ 5-1
5.2 THERMAL HEAD DIVISION DRIVE METHOD............................................................................... 5-4
5.3 PRECAUTIONS FOR PRINT DRIVE.............................................................................................. 5-5


CHAPTER 6
OUTER CASE DESIGN GUIDE

6.1 SECURING THE PRINTER MAIN BODY....................................................................................... 6-1
6.1.1 How to Mount the Printer Main Body ..................................................................................... 6-1
6.1.2 Recommended Screws.......................................................................................................... 6-4
6.1.3 Precautions for Securing the Printer Main Body.................................................................... 6-4
6.2 SECURING THE PLATEN BLOCK (LTPD245A/B, LTPD345A/B) ................................................. 6-5
6.2.1 How to Mount the Platen Block.............................................................................................. 6-5
6.2.2 Recommended Screw............................................................................................................ 6-6
6.2.3 Precautions for Securing the Platen Block ............................................................................ 6-6
6.3 SECURING THE PLATEN UNIT (LTPD245F/G, LTPD345F/G) .................................................... 6-7
6.3.1 Recommended Shape of the Platen Holder .......................................................................... 6-7
6.3.2 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Platen Holder ................................................. 6-9
6.3.3 Precautions for Securing the Platen Holder......................................................................... 6-10
6.4 CONNECT THE PRINTER TO FRAME GROUND (FG) .............................................................. 6-11
6.4.1 How to Connect the Printer to Frame Ground (FG)............................................................. 6-11
6.5 DESIGN THE PLATEN RELEASE LEVER................................................................................... 6-12
6.6 LAYOUT OF THE PRINTER MECHANISM AND THE THERMAL PAPER................................. 6-13
6.7 WHERE TO MOUNT THE PAPER HOLDER............................................................................... 6-14
6.8 DESIGN PAPER EXIT .................................................................................................................. 6-15
6.8.1 Design the Shape of the Paper Exit ..................................................................................... 6-15
6.8.2 Mount the Paper Cutter........................................................................................................ 6-16
6.9 PRECAUTIONS FOR DESIGNING THE OUTER CASE.............................................................. 6-17


CHAPTER 7
EXTERNAL DIMENSIONS


CHAPTER 8
HANDLING METHOD

8.1 PROCEDURES FOR INSTALLING/UNINSTALLING THE THERMAL PAPER............................. 8-1
8.1.1 Procedures for Installing/Uninstalling the Thermal Paper ..................................................... 8-1
8.1.2 Precautions for Installing/Uninstalling the Thermal Paper ..................................................... 8-2
8.2 CLEANING THE THERMAL HEAD ................................................................................................ 8-3
8.2.1 Procedures for Cleaning the Thermal Head .......................................................................... 8-3
8.2.2 Precautions for Cleaning the Thermal Head.......................................................................... 8-3
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TABLES

Table Page

Table 3-1 General Specifications.............................................................................................. 3-1
Table 3-2 General Specifications of the Step Motor ................................................................. 3-5
Table 3-3 Excitation Sequence ................................................................................................. 3-7
Table 3-4 Maximum Motor Drive Pulse Rate ............................................................................ 3-9
Table 3-5 Acceleration Steps (LTPD245) (1).......................................................................... 3-11
Table 3-6 Acceleration Steps (LTPD245) (2).......................................................................... 3-12
Table 3-7 Acceleration Steps (LTPD345) ............................................................................... 3-14
Table 3-8 Acceleration Steps (When temperature is out of the standard ambient temperature
range (-10 to 50C) : LTPD245 and/or LTPD345) .................................................. 3-15
Table 3-9 Maximum Drive Time and Drive Ratio.................................................................... 3-16
Table 3-10 Maximum Drive Time and Drive Ratio (Ambient Temperature 50C or Higher) .... 3-16
Table 3-11 DST Terminals and Heating Elements (LTPD245)................................................. 3-19
Table 3-12 DST Terminals and Heating Elements (LTPD345)................................................. 3-19
Table 3-13 Electrical Characteristics of Thermal Head (LTPD245).......................................... 3-20
Table 3-14 Electrical Characteristics of Thermal Head (LTPD345).......................................... 3-21
Table 3-15 Thermal Head Heat Element Resistance ............................................................... 3-22
Table 3-16 Standard Printing Energy and Temperature Coefficient......................................... 3-25
Table 3-17 Activation Pulse Width ............................................................................................ 3-27
Table 3-18 Temperature Characteristics of the Thermistor ...................................................... 3-30
Table 3-19 Out-of-paper Sensor ............................................................................................... 3-32
Table 3-20 General Specifications of Platen Position Sensor .................................................. 3-33

Table 4-1 Recommended Connectors ...................................................................................... 4-1
Table 4-2 Terminal Assignments of the Connecting Terminal (LTPD245) ............................... 4-2
Table 4-3 Terminal Assignments of the Connecting Terminal (LTPD345) ............................... 4-4

Table 6-1 Allowable Dimensions............................................................................................... 6-5
Table 6-2 Allowable Dimensions............................................................................................... 6-9

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vii

FIGURES

Figure Page

Figure 3-1 Print Dot Pitch ........................................................................................................... 3-4
Figure 3-2 Print Area .................................................................................................................. 3-4
Figure 3-3 Sample Drive Circuit ................................................................................................. 3-6
Figure 3-4 Input Voltage Waveforms for the Sample Drive Circuit ............................................ 3-7
Figure 3-5 Motor Start/Stop Timing Chart .................................................................................. 3-8
Figure 3-6 Thermal Head Block Diagram (LTPD245) .............................................................. 3-18
Figure 3-7 Print Position of the Data (LTPD245) ..................................................................... 3-19
Figure 3-8 Thermal Head Drive Timing Chart .......................................................................... 3-22
Figure 3-9 Temperature Characteristics of the Thermistor ...................................................... 3-29
Figure 3-10 Sample External Circuit of the Out-of-paper Sensor .............................................. 3-32
Figure 3-11 Sample External Circuit of the Platen Position Sensor........................................... 3-33

Figure 4-1 Connecting Terminals............................................................................................... 4-1

Figure 5-1 Timing Chart for Driving Using Six Divisions (LTPD245) ......................................... 5-2
Figure 5-2 Timing Chart for Driving Using One Division (LTPD245) ......................................... 5-2

Figure 6-1 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Printer Main Body (LTPD245A/F)..... 6-2
Figure 6-2 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Printer Main Body (LTPD245B/G) .... 6-2
Figure 6-3 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Printer Main Body (LTPD345A/F)..... 6-3
Figure 6-4 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Printer Main Body (LTPD345B/G) .... 6-3
Figure 6-5 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Platen Block...................................... 6-5
Figure 6-6 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Platen Unit (LTPD245F/G) ............... 6-7
Figure 6-7 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Platen Unit (LTPD345F/G) ............... 6-8
Figure 6-8 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Platen Holder .................................... 6-9
Figure 6-9 External Dimensions and Motion of the Platen Release Lever .............................. 6-12
Figure 6-10 Layout of the Printer Mechanism and the Thermal Paper ...................................... 6-13
Figure 6-11 Recommended Paper Holder Dimensions ............................................................. 6-14
Figure 6-12 Paper Path .............................................................................................................. 6-15
Figure 6-13 Blade Edge.............................................................................................................. 6-16

Figure 7-1 External Dimensions of the Platen Block (LTPD245A/B) ......................................... 7-2
Figure 7-2 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD245A)................................... 7-3
Figure 7-3 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD245B)................................... 7-4
Figure 7-4 External Dimensions of the Platen Unit (LTPD245F/G) ........................................... 7-5
Figure 7-5 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD245F)................................... 7-6
Figure 7-6 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD245G) .................................. 7-7
Figure 7-7 External Dimensions of the Platen Block (LTPD345A/B) ......................................... 7-8
Figure 7-8 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD345A)................................... 7-9
Figure 7-9 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD345B)................................. 7-10
Figure 7-10 External Dimensions of the Platen Unit (LTPD345F/G) ......................................... 7-11
Figure 7-11 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD345F)................................. 7-12
Figure 7-12 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD345G) ................................ 7-13

Figure 8-1 Loading the Thermal Paper (1) ................................................................................. 8-1
Figure 8-2 Loading the Thermal Paper (2) ................................................................................. 8-2
Figure 8-3 Cleaning Position of the Thermal Head.................................................................... 8-3

CONFIDENTIAL

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CHAPTER 1
PRECAUTIONS
Read through this technical reference to design a product and to operate the printer properly. Pay special
attention to the precautions noted in each section for details. Information contained in this technical reference
is subject to change without notice.
For the latest information, contact our sales representative.
Sufficient evaluation and confirmation should be performed with the designed outer case mounted, to ensure
proper use of the printer.
SII shall not be liable for any damages and/or loss that are caused by improper handling of the printer, any use
not contained in this technical reference or that result from the outer case, unless such damages and/or loss
originate from the printer itself.
SII has not investigated the intellectual property rights of the sample circuits included in this technical reference.
Fully investigate the intellectual property rights of these circuits before using.
The printer is designed and manufactured to be mounted onto general electronic equipment. If high reliability
is required of the printer in respect to hazardous influences on the body or life and loss to property, redundant
design of the entire system should be carried out and verify the performance with your actual device before
commercialization. And our sales representative should be informed as such in advance.
Follow the precautions listed below when designing your product for using safely. Include any necessary
precautions into your operation manual to ensure safe operation of your product by users.
CONFIDENTIAL

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1.1 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Follow the precautions listed below when designing your product for using safely. Include any necessary
precautions into your operation manual and attach warning labels to your products to ensure safe operation.
Precautions to prevent the thermal head from overheating
When the thermal head heat elements are continuously activated by a CPU or other malfunction, the
thermal head may overheat and may cause smoke and fire. Follow the method described in
Chapter 3 Detecting abnormal temperatures by hardware to monitor the temperature of the thermal
head to prevent overheating. Turn the printer off immediately if any abnormal conditions occur.
Precautions for rising temperatures of the thermal head
Temperature of the thermal head and its peripherals rises very high during and immediately after
printing. Be sure to design the outer case to prevent users from burn injuries by touching them.
Place warning labels to warn users to ensure safe operation. As for thermal head cleaning, warn
users to allow the thermal head to cool before cleaning. In order to allow cooling, secure clearance
between the thermal head and the outer case when designing the outer case.
Precautions for rising temperatures of the motor
Temperature of the motor and its peripherals rises very high during and immediately after printing.
Be sure to design the outer case to prevent users from burn injuries by touching them. Place
warning labels to warn users to ensure safe operation. In order to allow cooling, secure clearance
between the motor and the outer case when designing the outer case.
Precautions for sharp edges of the printer
The printer may have some sharp edges and cutting surfaces of the metal parts. Be sure to design
the outer case to prevent the users from injuring himself/herself by touching the sharp edges and
place warning labels to warn users to ensure safe operation.
Precautions for motor drive
The hair may get caught in the exposed platen and the gears. Control the motor not to drive when
the outer case and the platen block, or the platen unit are in open state. Also, make sure to design
the outer case so as not to touch the platen and the gears and also prevent any objects from getting
caught. Place warning labels to warn users to ensure safe operation.
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1-3
1.2 DESIGN AND HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
To maintain the primary performance of the printer and to prevent future problems from occurring, follow the
precautions below.
1.2.1 Design Precautions
Apply power in the following manner:
At power on : 1) V
dd
2) V
P

At shut down : 1) V
P
2) V
dd

A surge voltage between V
P
and GND should not exceed 10V.
For noise countermeasure, connect a 0.1F capacitor between V
dd
and GND pins near the
connector.
Make the wire resistance between the power supply (V
P
and GND) and the printer (connecting
terminals) as small as possible (below 50m). Keep distance from signal lines to reduce electrical
interference.
Keep the V
P
power off during not printing in order to prevent the thermal head from electrolytic
corrosion. In addition, design the product so that the Signal Ground (SG) of the thermal head and
the Frame Ground (FG) of the printer become the same electric potential.
Use C-MOS IC chips for CLK, LAT , DI and DST signals of the thermal head.
When turning the power on or off, or during not printing, always disable the DST terminals.
To prevent the thermal head from being damaged by static electricity:
Connect on the printer main body to the Frame Ground (FG) of the outer case.
See Chapter 6 OUTER CASE DESIGN GUIDE for details.
Verify the performance with your actual device.
Always detect the outputs of the platen position sensor and out-of-paper sensor. Never activate the
thermal head when the platen block is in open state, the platen unit is in open state and when there is
no thermal paper. Incorrect activation of the thermal head may reduce the life of the thermal head
and the platen and may damage them.
A pause time between thermal head activations of the same heat element shall be secured more than
0.5ms. Pay attention to when using one division printing or when a thermal head activation time
becomes longer. If activating for a long time without the pause time, the thermal head may become
damaged.
If too much energy is applied to the thermal head, it may overheat and become damaged. Always
use the printer with the specified amount of energy shown in Chapter 3 CONTROLLING THE
ACTIVATION PULSE WIDTH FOR THERMAL HEAD.
Operation sound and vibration during printing vary depending on the motor pulse rate. Verify the
performance with your actual device.
Paper feed force can be decreased depending on the motor pulse rate. Verify the performance with
your actual device.
Do not perform continuous printing to prevent the motor from overheating. Refer to Chapter 3
Motor Drive Method to set a pause time.
Paper feeding may be confused with several dot lines when printing is started from waiting status.
When printing and paper feeding are interrupted and then started printing, as this may cause the
paper feeding be confused. It especially affects printing of bit images. Always feed the thermal
paper for more than 48 steps at start up or do not interrupt printing.
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To prevent degradation in the print quality due to the backlash of the paper drive system, feed the
thermal paper for 48 steps or more at the initialization, at a time after setting/releasing the platen
block or the platen unit, and a time after cutting with a paper cutter.
Do not feed the thermal paper backwards no more than 9mm. Surface of thermal paper may get
scratched by backward feed. The backward feed may cause paper skew and jams depending on
paper roll layout and designing of paper holder. Be sure to confirm performance with your product
before using the backward feed.
If printing at a high print ratio for longer length, non-printing area may be colored due to an
accumulation of heat. Verify the performance with your actual device.
Design the platen holder to avoid contact with the thermal head for LTPD245F/G and LTPD345 F/G.
It is recommended that the door is guided by part of the outer case for LTPD245A/B and
LTPD345A/B, when the platen block is set into the printer main body. If the rotation fulcrum of the
rotation system of the door is configured to the component mounting the printer main body, could
design with high accuracy.
A door on the outer case that holds the platen block or the platen unit must be set by pushing the
center of the platen block or the platen unit. If only one end of the platen block or the platen unit is
set, a print defect, and/or a paper jam will occur. Verify the performance with your actual device. In
order to be pushed the center of the platen to set it, put an indication to do so.
If the printer main body and the platen block or the platen unit are not placed in proper position, the
print defect and the paper jam may occur. Therefore, pay special attention to it when designing the
outer case.
For the position relation between the printer main body and the platen block or the platen unit, see
Chapter 6 OUTER CASE DESIGN GUIDE.
Design the rotation system of the door and the outer case strong enough to keep the allowable
dimensions because stress is applied to them when setting and releasing the platen block for
LTPD245A/B and LTPD345A/B. The rotation center for the rotation system of the door should be
designed to fit the rotational shaft into the shaft hole so that the platen block should be stable when it
is in the close state.
Design the platen holder with special care to its intensity so that it can withstand the force caused by
opening/closing the printer main body and the platen unit for LTPD245F/G and LTPD345F/G.
Do not use materials such as metal for the platen holder of LTPD245F/G and LTPD345F/G. If using,
the platen unit cannot be set into the platen holder. Verify the performance with your actual device.
Design the outer case to ensure enough space to allow the users to handle the platen release lever
easily with fingers. Otherwise the printer will be inoperable.
If designing the outer case with a structure to bring the platen block or the platen unit up automatically
using a spring property after released, make sure not to apply more than enough force to bring the
platen block or the platen unit up. If designing a structure that the only one side of the outer case is
brought up, the position relation between the printer main body and the platen block, or the platen
unit will be improperly and will result in the print defect. Verify the performance with your actual
device.
Design the thermal paper supply system in accordance with Chapter 6 OUTER CASE DESIGN
GUIDE. When the thermal paper supply position is improper, print difficulty or paper detection
difficulty will be caused and the surface of thermal paper may get scratched. Verify the performance
with your actual device.
Do not use labeling paper, 2-ply thermal paper, and thermal paper with thickness of 86m or thicker.
Design the product so that a tension force is not applied to the FPC. The FPC could be moved by
setting/releasing the platen block or the platen unit, so design the product so that the FPC has
enough play after connected it. The tension force may cause some print problems and may damage
the FPC.
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1-5
Metal parts may become discolored and rusted due to the operational environment. Consider these
factors regarding appearance.
1.2.2 Handling Precautions
Incorrect handling may reduce the efficiency of the printer and cause damage. Handle the printer with the
following precautions.
Also, include any necessary precautions so that users handle the printer with care.
Using anything other than the specified thermal paper does not guarantee print quality and life of the
thermal head.
The followings are examples of trouble:
(1) Poor printing quality due to low thermal sensitivity
(2) Abrasion of the thermal head due to paper surface roughness
(3) Printing stuck and unusual noise due to sticking the thermal layer of the thermal paper
to the thermal head
(4) Printing fade due to low preservability of the thermal paper
(5) Electrolytic corrosion of the thermal head due to inferior paper
After the printer has been left not in use for long period of time, the platen could be deformed and
resulted in print quality deteriorated. In this case, feed thermal paper for a while to recover
deformation of the platen. If the thermal head is remained in contact with the platen without thermal
paper for a long time, the platen and the thermal head may be stuck together and cause paper feed
difficulty. If facing this problem, release the platen block or the platen unit, and set it back again
before starting printing.
Never loosen the screws that fasten respective parts of the printer. Loosened screws may reduce
the efficiency of the performance of the printer mechanism.
Do not release the platen block or the platen unit during printing; otherwise this may reduce the
efficiency of the printer and may cause damage.
Do not apply stress to the platen block or the platen unit during printing. The print defect may occur.
When setting the platen block or the platen unit, the reduction gear may interfere with the platen gear
and may cause the platen block or the platen unit to not be set. In such a case, release the platen
block or the platen unit and set it again.
Never pull out the thermal paper while the platen block or the platen unit is set. The printer
mechanism may become damaged.
When handling the printer, make sure to use antistatic clothing and to ground yourself to prevent the
thermal head from damaged by static electricity. Especially take care of the thermal head heat
element and the connecting terminal.
Do not hit or scratch the surface of the thermal head with any sharp or hard object. This could
damage the thermal head.
When printing at a high print ratio in a low temperature or high humidity environment, the vapor from
the thermal paper during printing may cause condensation to form on the printer and soil the thermal
paper itself. Prevent the thermal head from a drop of water. It may cause electrolytic corrosion of
the thermal head. If condensed, do not activate electricity until dried.
Connect or disconnect the connecting terminal after turn off the power.
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1-6
Do not apply stress to the FPC while connecting and disconnecting them. Otherwise the FPC may
become damaged.
Warn the users not to pull the thermal paper and to change an angle of the thermal paper coming out
during printing and cutting. Otherwise, the paper jam or the cut failure may occur.
In order to prevent the thermal head from damage and to avoid the print defect, warn the users not to
touch the thermal head and the sensor directly when handling the printer like replacing thermal
paper.
Do not use the paper roll with glued end or folded end. In case of using such paper roll, replace to a
new one before the end of the paper roll is shown up.
The printer is not waterproof and drip proof. Prevent contact with water and do not operate with wet
hands as it may damage the printer or may cause a short circuit or fire.
The printer is not dust proof. Never use the printer in a dusty place, as it may damage the thermal
head and paper drive system.
Do not use the printer in corrosive gas and siloxane atmosphere as it may cause the contact failure.
1.2.3 Precautions on Discarding
When discarding used printers, discard them according to the disposal regulations and rules of each
respective district.
CONFIDENTIAL
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CHAPTER 2
FEATURES
The printer is a compact printer that adopts a thermal line dot printing method. It can be used with measuring
instruments and analyzer, a POS, a communication terminal device, or a data terminal device.
The printer has the following features:
High resolution printing
A high-density print head of 8 dots/mm produces clear and precise printing.
Compact
LTPD245A/B realize reduction in size and mass.
LTPD245A : Dimensions : W69.0mm x D30.0mm x H15.0mm
LTPD245B : Dimensions : W69.0mm x D15.0mm x H30.0mm
LTPD245A/B : Mass : approx. 40 g

LTPD345A/B realize reduction in size and mass.
LTPD345A : Dimensions : W91.0mm x D30.0mm x H15.0mm
LTPD345B : Dimensions : W91.0mm x D15.0mm x H30.0mm
LTPD345A/B : Mass : approx. 58 g

LTPD245F/G realize reduction in size and mass.
LTPD245F : Dimensions : W69.0mm x D30.0mm x H15.0mm
LTPD245G : Dimensions : W69.0mm x D15.0mm x H30.0mm
LTPD245F/G : Mass : approx. 38 g

LTPD345F/G realize reduction in size and mass.
LTPD345F : Dimensions : W91.0mm x D30.0mm x H15.0mm
LTPD345G : Dimensions : W91.0mm x D15.0mm x H30.0mm
LTPD345F/G : Mass : approx. 56 g
High print speed
*

LTPD245 : Maximum 100mm/s print is available.
LTPD345 : Maximum 80mm/s print is available.
Easy operation
Platen block or platen unit open mechanism provides easy paper installation.
Maintenance Free
No cleaning and no maintenance required.
Low noise
Thermal printing technology realizes low-noise print.
* Print speed differs depending on working conditions.
CONFIDENTIAL
3-1
CHAPTER 3
SPECIFICATIONS
3.1 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Table 3-1 lists the general specifications of the printer.
Table 3-1 General Specifications
(1/3)
Specifications
Items
LTPD245A/F LTPD245B/G LTPD345A/F LTPD345B/G
Printing method Thermal dot line printing
Total dots per line 384 dots 576 dots
Printable dots per line 384 dots 576 dots
Simultaneously activated dots 96 dots 96 dots *
1

Resolution W8 dots/mm H16 dots/mm
Paper feed pitch 0.03125mm
Maximum print speed *
2
100mm/s *
2
80mm/s *
2

Print width 48mm 72mm
Paper width mm 58
0
1
mm 80
0
1

Thermal head temperature detection Thermistor
Platen position detection Mechanical switch
Out-of-paper detection Reflection type photo interrupter
Operating voltage range
V
P
line
V
dd
line

4.75 to 9.5V *
3

2.7 to 3.6V, 4.75 to 5.25V

5.49A max. (at 9.5V) *
4


5.40A max. (at 9.5V) *
4

Current consumption
V
P
line Thermal head drive
Motor drive
V
dd
line Thermal head logic
0.60A max.
0.10A max.

CONFIDENTIAL
3-2

(2/3)
Specifications
Items
LTPD245A/F LTPD245B/G LTPD345A/F LTPD345B/G
Operating temperature and
humidity range
(Non condensing) *
5

-10 to 50C Standard ambient temperature

Temperature(
R
e
l
a
t
i
v
e

H
u
m
i
d
i
t
y

%
R
H

5052%RH
4564%RH
4085%RH
0 10 20 30 40 50
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

-30 to 70C Wide ambient temperature *
6


Temperature (C)
R
e
l
a
t
i
v
e

H
u
m
i
d
i
t
y

(
%
R
H
)

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
40C85%RH
50C52%RH
70C22%RH

Storage temperature range -35 to75C (Non condensing)
Activation pulse
resistance
100 million pulses or more *
7
Life span
(at 25C and
rated energy)
Abrasion
resistance
50km or more
(excluding damage caused by dust and foreign materials)
Paper feed force 0.49N (50gf) or more
Paper hold force 0.78N (80gf) or more
Dimensions
(excluding convex part)
W69.0mm
D30.0mm
H15.0mm
W69.0mm
D15.0mm
H30.0mm
W91.0mm
D30.0mm
H15.0mm
W91.0mm
D15.0mm
H30.0mm
Mass
LTPD245A/B: approx. 40g
LTPD245F/G: approx. 38g
LTPD345A/B: approx. 58g
LTPD345F/G: approx. 56g

CONFIDENTIAL
3-3

(3/3)
Specifications
Items
LTPD245A/F LTPD245B/G LTPD345A/F LTPD345B/G
Specified thermal paper *
8

Nippon Paper


Oji Paper

Mitsubishi Paper mills limited
Jujo Thermal

Mitsubishi Hi-Tech Paper

Papierfabrik August Koehler AG
KSP




KANZAN

Appleton
TF50KS-E2D
TP50KJ-R
TL69KS-LH
PD160R-63
PD160R-N
P220VBB-1
AP50KS-D
AF50KS-E
F5041
P5045
KT55F20
P300
P350
P350-2.0
KIP370
KIP470
KF50
KPR440
Alpha900-3.4
Specified thermal paper *
9
Jujo Thermal AP50KS-FZ

*1 : Up to 128 dots are available if the V
P
is 7.9 or lower.
*2 : Print speed changes according to the processing speed of the controller and print pulse width.
Maximum print speed is 32.5mm/s, when temperature is out of the standard ambient temperature range (-10 to 50C).
*3 : Operating voltage is 5.5 to 9.5V, when temperature is out of the standard ambient temperature range (-10 to 50C).
*4 : The value when the number of simultaneously activated dots is 96 dots.
*5 : Ambient temperature differs according to the specified thermal paper.
*6 : When the printer mechanism is used in out of the standard ambient temperature range (-10 to 50C), ambient temperature should be
detected by other than the thermistor of thermal head.
Due to the heating of thermal head, a large gap between the thermistor detection temperature as mentioned above and ambient
temperature causes beyond the reasonable control.
Available printing in out of the standard ambient temperature range (-10 to 50C) is 24 dots font only.
When ambient temperature is less than -10C, using LTPD345 that print ratio of one dot line is lower than 75%.
*7 : Excluded when the same dots are printed continuously.
*8 : The specified thermal paper can be used when temperature of the printer mechanism is in the standard ambient temperature range
(-10 to 50C).
*9 : The specified thermal paper can be used when temperature of the printer mechanism is in the wide ambient temperature range (-30
to 70C).
CONFIDENTIAL
3-4
3.2 PRINT CONFIGURATION
Figure 3-1 shows print dot pitch. Figure 3-2 shows print area.




Figure 3-1 Print Dot Pitch

58
0
-1 mm(Paper Width)
5 mm 48 mm(Printing Width) 5 mm



Figure 3-2 Print Area

0
.
0
6
2
5
m
m
0.125mm 0.125mm
48mm (384dot)
A mm (B dots)
LTPD245 (A: 48, B: 384)
LTPD345 (A: 72, B: 576)
DDOTBlo
LTPD245 (A:48, C:58, D:5)
LTPD345 (A:72, C:80, D:4)
D mm
A D mm
C
CONFIDENTIAL
3-5
3.3 STEP MOTOR
3.3.1 General Specifications
Table 3-2 shows general specifications of the step motor.
Table 3-2 General Specifications of the Step Motor
Specifications
Item
LTPD245 LTPD345
Type PM type step motor
Drive method Bi-polar chopper
Excitation 1-2 phase
Winding resistance per phase 12/phase 10%
Motor drive voltage V
P
: 4.75 to 9.5V *
1

Motor controlled current 300 mA/phase
Drive pulse rate 3200pps max. *
2
2560pps max. *
2

*1 : Motor drive voltage is 5.5 to 9.5V, when temperature is out of the standard ambient temperature range
(-10 to 50C).
*2 : Drive pulse rate is 1040pps max., when temperature is out of the standard ambient temperature range
(-10 to 50C).

CONFIDENTIAL
3-6
3.3.2 Sample Drive Circuit
Figure 3-3 shows a sample drive circuit.


Printer
Connecting
Terminals
PH1
PH2
PH3
PH4
MCL1



BD6380EFV
BD6382EFV




IN1A OUT1A
IN2A OUT2A
IN1B OUT1B
IN2B OUT2B
PS
VREF RNF1
SENSE1
VLIM1
VLIM2 RNF2
SENSE2

CR1 CR2


NC NC
14
10
+
47F
25V
Vp
4
18
2
47k
FUSE
1A
15
11
19
7
6
24
1
Vdd

16
9
23
3
5 20
12 0.5 1%
0.125W
21
13 0.5 1%
0.125W
18k
18k
680pF 680pF
22
49
48
47
50
A
B
A
B
0.1F
8 17
9.1k1%
1.6k1%
0.1F
Vdd
GND
VM1
VM2

*: Recommended motor driver : BD6380EFV (ROHM, Correspond to within standard ambient temperature range only)
BD6382EFV (ROHM, Correspond to wide ambient temperature range)
Figure 3-3 Sample Drive Circuit
CONFIDENTIAL
3-7
3.3.3 Excitation Sequence
Drive the motor with 1-2 phase excitation. One step of the motor drive signal feeds the paper 0.03125 mm.
One dot line is consisted of 4 steps. When the voltage signal shown in Figure 3-4 is input to the motor drive
circuit shown in Figure 3-3, the printer feeds the paper in the normal direction when the motor is excited in
order of step 1, step 2, step 3, step 4, step 5, step 6, step7, step 8, step 1, step 2, . . . . , as shown in Table
3-3.

*: Set MCL1 to High while the motor is driven.
Figure 3-4 Input Voltage Waveforms for the Sample Drive Circuit

Table 3-3 Excitation Sequence
Input signal Output signal

PH1 PH2 PH3 PH4 A B A B
Step1 H L L L H OPEN L OPEN
Step2 H H L L H H L L
Step3 L H L L OPEN H OPEN L
Step4 L H H L L H H L
Step5 L L H L L OPEN H OPEN
Step6 L L H H L L H H
Step7 L L L H OPEN L OPEN H
Step8 H L L H H L L H


PH3
PH4
H
L
H
L
START STEP STEP1 STEP2 STEP3
PH1
PH2
H
L
H
L
H
L
MCL1
*

STEP4
1 dot line
1st
STEP
2nd
STEP
3rd
STEP
4th
STEP
CONFIDENTIAL
3-8
3.3.4 Motor Start/Stop Method
Refer to the timing chart in Figure 3-5 when designing the control circuit or software for starting and stopping
the motor. Also note the following precautions:
(1) Start step
To start the motor from the pause (no excitation) state, shift the motor to the sequence of print step after
exciting the same phase as that of the stop step for the first acceleration step time of the acceleration
step.
To restart the motor from the stop step, immediately shift the motor to the sequence of print step.
(2) Stop step
To stop the motor, excite the same phase as the last one in the printing step for 20ms.
(3) Pause state
In the pause state, do not excite the motor to prevent to the motor from overheating. Even when the
motor is not excited, holding torque of the motor prevents the thermal paper from moving.
Input signals for a sample drive circuit are shown in Figure 3-5.
PH1
PH2
PH3
PH4
MCL1
Print step Stop Print step
step
1 dot line
Pause Start
step
H
H
H
H
H
L
L
L
L
L

Figure 3-5 Motor Start/Stop Timing Chart
CONFIDENTIAL
3-9
3.3.5 Motor Drive Method
Drive the motor by the following methods.
(1) Motor drive pulse rate
During paper feeding, the motor should be driven lower than the value obtained by equation (1).
Equation (1):
LTPD245: 1399 - 534 V P
P M
= (pps)
LTPD345: 840 - 400 V P
P M
= (pps)
P
M
: Maximum motor drive pulse rate at V
P
(pps)
However, LTPD245: 3200pps max. and LTPD345: 2560pps max.
When temperature is out of the standard ambient temperature range (-10 to
50C), both maximum motor drive pulse rates are 1040pps max.
V
P
: Motor drive voltage (V)
Table 3-4 Maximum Motor Drive Pulse Rate
Maximum motor drive pulse rate
Vp
LTPD245 LTPD345
4.75 V 1198 pps 1060 pps
5.5 V 1598 pps 1360 pps
6.0 V 1865 pps 1560 pps
7.2 V 2506 pps 2040 pps
8.0 V 2933 pps 2360 pps
8.5 V 3200 pps 2560 pps
9.5 V 3200 pps 2560 pps

CONFIDENTIAL
3-10

(2) Motor speed control
When driving the motor, the acceleration control is required to maintain the paper feed force of start up.
If acceleration of the motor does not perform correctly, the motor may not be able to rotate normally if it
has a heavy workload. Accelerate the speed sequentially up to the maximum motor drive pulse rate P
M

according to the Table 3-5, Table 3-6 and Table 3-7 Acceleration Steps.
Acceleration should be performed by the acceleration step time below, that is output the phase.
1. Drive the start step as same as acceleration step time at Start acceleration step.
2. Drive the first step as same as acceleration step time at 1st acceleration step.
3. Drive the second step as same as acceleration step time at 2nd acceleration step.
4. Hereinafter, drive the "n"th step as same as acceleration step time at "n"th acceleration step.
5. After accelerating up to the maximum motor drive pulse rate P
M
, drive the motor at a constant speed.
Available to print during acceleration.
The activation time of the thermal head may be longer than the motor step time depending on the type of
the thermal paper, content of the printing and use conditions. In this case, drive the printer drive motor
so that the motor driving composition of 1st and 2nd step of the half dot line divides the thermal head
activation time equally.
Follow the procedures below if :
Unable to accelerate the speed for the reasons above even if following the Table 3-5, Table 3-6 and Table
3-7.
The speed has been reduced at a certain speed and then accelerates the speed again.
The next step time after reducing the speed is the nearest acceleration step time, which should be
shorter than the previous acceleration step time and longest.
(ex) In the case of Figure 3-5, if the previous step time is 900us, the next step should be the 10th acceleration step (880us).

Hereinafter, accelerate the speed sequentially up to the maximum motor drive pulse rate P
M
according to
Table 3-5, Table 3-6, Table 3-7 and Table 3-9. The recommended acceleration table of the LTPD245
depends on the thermal paper in use. The recommended acceleration table is different when
temperature is out of the standard ambient temperature range (-10 to 50C).
CONFIDENTIAL
3-11
Table 3-5 Acceleration Steps (LTPD245) (1)
Number of
Steps
Speed
(pps)
Step Time
(us)
Number of
Steps
Speed
(pps)
Step Time
(us)
Start - 5000 37 2274 440
1 270 3707 38 2305 434
2 436 2291 39 2337 428
3 565 1769 40 2367 422
4 673 1485 41 2398 417
5 768 1302 42 2428 412
6 853 1172 43 2457 407
7 931 1074 44 2487 402
8 1004 996 45 2515 398
9 1072 933 46 2544 393
10 1136 880 47 2572 389
11 1197 836 48 2600 385
12 1255 797 49 2628 381
13 1310 763 50 2655 377
14 1364 733 51 2683 373
15 1415 707 52 2709 369
16 1465 683 53 2736 365
17 1513 661 54 2762 362
18 1560 641 55 2788 359
19 1605 623 56 2814 355
20 1649 606 57 2840 352
21 1692 591 58 2865 349
22 1734 577 59 2891 346
23 1775 563 60 2916 343
24 1815 551 61 2940 340
25 1854 539 62 2965 337
26 1893 528 63 2989 335
27 1930 518 64 3013 332
28 1967 508 65 3037 329
29 2004 499 66 3061 327
30 2039 490 67 3085 324
31 2075 482 68 3108 322
32 2109 474 69 3131 319
33 2143 467 70 3154 317
34 2176 459 71 3177 315
35 2209 453 72 3200 313
36 2242 446 - - -

CONFIDENTIAL
3-12
Table 3-6 Acceleration Steps (LTPD245) (2)
Object thermal paper :
The paper with thickness of 80m or thicker (TL69KS-LH, KIP370, KIP470, Alpha900-3.4)
(1/2)
Number of
Steps
Speed
(pps)
Step Time
(us)
Number of
Steps
Speed
(pps)
Step Time
(us)
Start - 5000 31 1600 625
1 208 4805 32 1627 615
2 337 2970 33 1653 605
3 436 2293 34 1679 596
4 519 1925 35 1704 587
5 593 1688 36 1729 578
6 658 1519 37 1754 570
7 719 1392 38 1778 562
8 774 1291 39 1802 555
9 827 1209 40 1826 548
10 876 1141 41 1850 541
11 923 1083 42 1873 534
12 968 1033 43 1896 528
13 1011 989 44 1918 521
14 1052 951 45 1940 515
15 1092 916 46 1963 510
16 1130 885 47 1984 504
17 1167 857 48 2006 499
18 1203 831 49 2027 493
19 1238 808 50 2048 488
20 1272 786 51 2069 483
21 1305 766 52 2090 478
22 1338 748 53 2111 474
23 1369 730 54 2131 469
24 1400 714 55 2151 465
25 1430 699 56 2171 461
26 1460 685 57 2191 456
27 1489 671 58 2210 452
28 1518 659 59 2230 448
29 1546 647 60 2249 445
30 1573 636 - - -
CONFIDENTIAL
3-13

(2/2)
Number of
Steps
Speed
(pps)
Step Time
(us)
Number of
Steps
Speed
(pps)
Step Time
(us)
61 2268 441 91 2781 360
62 2287 437 92 2797 358
63 2306 434 93 2812 356
64 2325 430 94 2827 354
65 2343 427 95 2842 352
66 2361 423 96 2858 350
67 2380 420 97 2873 348
68 2398 417 98 2888 346
69 2416 414 99 2903 345
70 2433 411 100 2917 343
71 2451 408 101 2932 341
72 2469 405 102 2947 339
73 2486 402 103 2962 338
74 2503 399 104 2976 336
75 2520 397 105 2991 334
76 2538 394 106 3005 333
77 2554 391 107 3019 331
78 2571 389 108 3034 330
79 2588 386 109 3048 328
80 2605 384 110 3062 327
81 2621 382 111 3076 325
82 2638 379 112 3090 324
83 2654 377 113 3104 322
84 2670 375 114 3118 321
85 2686 372 115 3132 319
86 2702 370 116 3146 318
87 2718 368 117 3159 317
88 2734 366 118 3173 315
89 2750 364 119 3186 314
90 2765 362 120 3200 313

CONFIDENTIAL
3-14
Table 3-7 Acceleration Steps (LTPD345)
Number of
Steps
Speed
(pps)
Step Time
(us)
Number of
Steps
Speed
(pps)
Step Time
(us)
Start - 5000 37 1819 550
1 216 4634 38 1844 542
2 349 2864 39 1869 535
3 452 2211 40 1894 528
4 539 1856 41 1918 521
5 614 1627 42 1942 515
6 683 1465 43 1966 509
7 745 1342 44 1989 503
8 803 1245 45 2012 497
9 857 1166 46 2035 491
10 909 1100 47 2058 486
11 957 1044 48 2080 481
12 1004 996 49 2102 476
13 1048 954 50 2124 471
14 1091 917 51 2146 466
15 1132 883 52 2168 461
16 1172 853 53 2189 457
17 1210 826 54 2210 453
18 1248 802 55 2231 448
19 1284 779 56 2251 444
20 1319 758 57 2272 440
21 1354 739 58 2292 436
22 1387 721 59 2312 432
23 1420 704 60 2332 429
24 1452 689 61 2352 425
25 1483 674 62 2372 422
26 1514 660 63 2391 418
27 1544 648 64 2411 415
28 1574 635 65 2430 412
29 1603 624 66 2449 408
30 1632 613 67 2468 405
31 1660 603 68 2486 402
32 1687 593 69 2505 399
33 1714 583 70 2523 396
34 1741 574 71 2542 393
35 1768 566 72 2560 391
36 1793 558 - - -

CONFIDENTIAL
3-15

Table 3-8 Acceleration Steps
(When temperature is out of the standard ambient temperature range (-10 to 50C) :
LTPD245 and/or LTPD345)
Number of Steps
Speed
(pps)
Step Time
(us)
Number of Steps
Speed
(pps)
Step Time
(us)
Start - 11406 37 739 1353
1 88 11406 38 749 1335
2 142 7049 39 759 1317
3 184 5444 40 769 1300
4 219 4570 41 779 1283
5 250 4006 42 789 1267
6 277 3606 43 799 1252
7 303 3303 44 808 1237
8 326 3065 45 818 1223
9 348 2871 46 827 1209
10 369 2709 47 836 1196
11 389 2571 48 845 1183
12 408 2452 49 854 1171
13 426 2348 50 863 1159
14 443 2256 51 872 1147
15 460 2174 52 881 1136
16 476 2101 53 889 1125
17 492 2034 54 898 1114
18 507 1973 55 906 1103
19 522 1917 56 915 1093
20 536 1866 57 923 1083
21 550 1818 58 931 1074
22 564 1774 59 939 1064
23 577 1733 60 948 1055
24 590 1695 61 956 1046
25 603 1659 62 964 1038
26 615 1626 63 971 1029
27 627 1594 64 979 1021
28 639 1564 65 987 1013
29 651 1536 66 995 1005
30 663 1509 67 1003 998
31 674 1483 68 1010 990
32 685 1459 69 1018 983
33 696 1436 70 1025 975
34 707 1414 71 1033 968
35 718 1393 72 1040 962
36 729 1372 - - -

CONFIDENTIAL
3-16
(3) Preventing Overheat
To prevent the motor from overheating, the maximum continuous drive time and drive ratio are limited.
Table 3-9 shows the maximum continuous drive time and drive ratio of the motor. And Table 3-10 shows
the maximum continuous drive time and drive ratio when ambient temperature is 50C or higher.
Follow Table 3-9 or Table 3-10 shown below to set drive time and a pause time of the motor.
Temperature rise of the motor is different according to the use conditions. (ambient temperature,
designing the outer case etc.) Keep the temperature of the motor outer case, 100C or lower. Verify
the performance with your actual device.
Table 3-9 Maximum Drive Time and Drive Ratio
Motor drive voltage Vp (V)
9.5V V
P
>8.5V 8.5V V
P
>7.5V 7.5V V
P
>6.5V 6.5V V
P
>5.5V 5.5V V
P
4.75V
Drive pulse rate
(pps)
Maximum
continuous
drive time
(s)
Drive ratio Drive ratio Drive ratio Drive ratio Drive ratio
320 to 560 450 85% 85% 85% 85% 90%
560 to 800 450 85% 85% 85% 90% 90%
800 to 1040 450 85% 85% 85% 90% 95%
1040 to 1280 450 85% 85% 90% 95% 100%
1280 to 1520 450 85% 90% 90% 100% 100%
1520 to 1760 450 85% 90% 95% 100% 100%
1760 to 2000 455 85% 90% 100% 100%
2000 to 2240 465 85% 95% 100% 100%
2240 to 2480 485 90% 100% 100%
2480 to 2720 515 90% 100% 100%
2720 to 2960 575 95% 100%
2960 to 3200 665 95% 100%
3200 1445 95% 100%
: Unusable

Table 3-10 Maximum Drive Time and Drive Ratio (Ambient Temperature 50C or Higher)
Motor drive voltage V
P
(V)
9.5 V
P
> 8.5V 8.5 V
P
> 7.5V 7.5 V
P
> 6.5V 6.5 V
P
> 5.5V 5.5 V
P
4.75V
Drive pulse rate
(pps)
Maximum
continuous
drive time
(s)
Drive ratio Drive ratio Drive ratio Drive ratio Drive ratio
320 to 560 100 20% 20% 20% 20% 20%
560 to 800 57 20% 20% 25% 25% 25%
800 to 1040 40 25% 25% 25% 25% 25%

( ) (%) 100
Time Pause + Time Drive
Time Drive
= % Ratio Drive
CONFIDENTIAL
3-17
3.3.6 Motor Drive Precautions
- Using the motor drive circuit other than the circuit shown in "Section 3.3.2 Sample Drive Circuit" may
not ensure the specified efficiency.
- To prevent degradation in the print quality due to the backlash of the paper drive system, feed the
paper for 48 steps or more at the initialization, at a time after setting/releasing the platen block or the
platen unit, and a time after cutting with a paper cutter. During this time, drive the motor with
constant speed at the 1st acceleration step.
- When printing, change the motor drive pulse rate depending on the operational conditions such as
voltage, temperature, and the number of activated dots. (See Chapter 5 PRINT DRIVE METHOD
for details)
- When printing, change the motor drive pulse rate so that the activation pulse width of the thermal
head does not exceed the sum of the two-step times of the motor. (See Chapter 5 PRINT DRIVE
METHOD for details).
- Do not feed the thermal paper backwards no more than 9mm. Surface of thermal paper may get
scratched by backward feed. The backward feed may cause paper skew and jams depending on
paper roll layout and designing of paper holder. Be sure to confirm performance with your product
before using the backward feed.
- Do not print intermittently (Do not repeat printing and stopping in a short interval.)
If doing so, print quality may be decreased due to unevenness of the paper feed pitch.
- Always perform the start and the stop steps for both character print and bit image print.
- For the motor stop, a minimum one dot line of motor feed is required from the step that thermal head
was activated. If the motor is stopped at the step that the thermal head has been activated, paper
feed difficulty may be caused due to sticking of the thermal paper to the thermal head.
- Sound and vibration during printing vary depending on the motor drive pulse rate. Verify the
performance with your actual device.
CONFIDENTIAL
3-18
3.4 THERMAL HEAD
The thermal head consists of heat elements and a thermal head driver that drives and controls the heat
elements.
The data from the DI terminal is transferred to the shift register at the rising edge of the CLK signal.
The data is stored into the latch register by making LAT signal "Low" after one line data is transferred. The
heat elements are activated by making DST signal "High" in accordance with the stored print data.
In the LTPD245, a division printing by 6 blocks is available. Each block has 64 dots heat elements.
In the LTPD345 at 7.9V or lower, a division printing by 64 dots in 1 block and 128 dots in 4 blocks each are
available. The divided printing is effective for a high print ratio printing because the peak current can be cut
down with the reduction of the average print speed.
3.4.1 Structure of the Thermal Head
Figure 3-6 shows the thermal head block diagram when driving the LTPD245.
Table 3-11 and Table 3-12 show the relationship between DST terminals and activated heating elements.


D I

CL K

L A T
DST 6
DST 5
DST 2
DST 1
Vdd
GND
V p
Shift Register
LAT Register
Output Driver
Heating Element
D
O
T

3
8
4

D
O
T

3
2
1

D
O
T

3
2
0

D
O
T

2
5
7

D
O
T

2
5
6

D
O
T

1
2
9

D
O
T

1
2
8

D
O
T

6
5

D
O
T

6
4

D
O
T

1

Block6 Block5 Blcok2 Block1
TH
Thermistor
TH

Figure 3-6 Thermal Head Block Diagram (LTPD245)
CONFIDENTIAL
3-19
Table 3-11 DST Terminals and Heating Elements (LTPD245)
Block DST Number
Heating Element
Number
Dots/DST
1 DST 1 1 to 64 64
2 DST 2 65 to 128 64
3 DST 3 129 to 192 64
4 DST 4 193 to 256 64
5 DST 5 257 to 320 64
6 DST 6 321 to 384 64

Table 3-12 DST Terminals and Heating Elements (LTPD345)
Block DST Number
Heating Element
Number
Dots/DST
1 DST 1 1 to 128 128
2 DST 2 129 to 256 128
3 DST 3 257 to 320 64
4 DST 4 321 to 448 128
5 DST 5 449 to 576 128

3.4.2 Print Position of the Data
384-bit data (#1 to #384) transferred through DI terminals are printed when driving the LTPD245 as shown in
Figure 3-7.
Data in
Paper feed direction
Paper
Print surface
Data
1 2 3 4 5 6 382 383 384
Printer mechanism
Data input sequence 1 2 3 4 5 6 382 383 384

Figure 3-7 Print Position of the Data (LTPD245)
CONFIDENTIAL
3-20
3.4.3 Electrical Characteristics of Thermal Head
Table 3-13 and Table 3-14 show electrical characteristics of thermal head.
Table 3-13 Electrical Characteristics of Thermal Head (LTPD245)
(at 25 C )
Rated value
Item Symbol Conditions
MIN TYP MAX
Unit
Thermal head
heat element resistance
R
H
166.0 173.0 180.0
Thermal head
drive voltage
VP

4.75 - 9.5 V
Thermal head
drive current
I
P
The number of simultaneously activated dots = 96 - - 5.49 A
2.7 3.3 3.6
Logic voltage V
dd

4.75 5 5.25
V
Logic current I
dd
f
DI
=1/2f
CLK
- - 36 mA
High V
IH

CLK, DI,
LAT
, DST
0.8V
dd
- V
dd
V
Input voltage
Low V
IL

CLK, DI,
LAT
, DST
0 - 0.2V
dd
V
High I
IH
DI V
IH
= V
dd
- - 0.5 uA
DI input
current
Low I
IL
DI V
IL
= 0V - - -0.5 uA
High I
IH
DST V
dd
= 5V, V
IH
= V
dd
- - 55 uA
DST input
current
Low I
IL
DST V
IL
= 0V - - -0.5 uA
High I
IH
CLK V
IH
= V
dd
- - 1.0 uA
CLK input
current
Low I
IL
CLK V
IL
= 0V - - -1.0 uA
High
I
IH
LAT
V
IH
= V
dd
- - 1.0 uA
LAT
input
current
Low
I
IL
LAT
V
IL
= 0V - - -1.0 uA
2.7VV
dd
<3.0V - - 5 MHz
3.0VV
dd
3.6V - - 8 MHz CLK frequency f
CLK

4.75VV
dd
5.25V - - 8 MHz
2.7VV
dd
<3.0V 50 - - ns
3.0VV
dd
3.6V 30 - - ns CLK pulse width t1 See the timing chart.
4.75VV
dd
5.25V 30 - - ns
2.7VV
dd
<3.0V 70 - - ns
3.0VV
dd
3.6V 30 - - ns DI setup-time t2 See the timing chart.
4.75VV
dd
5.25V 30 - - ns
2.7VV
dd
<3.0V 40 - - ns
3.0VV
dd
3.6V 30 - - ns DI hold time t3 See the timing chart.
4.75VV
dd
5.25V 30 - - ns
LAT
setup time
t4 See the timing chart. 100 - - ns
LAT
pulse width
t5 See the timing chart. 100 - - ns
LAT
hold time
t6 See the timing chart. 50 - - ns
DST setup time t7 See the timing chart. 300 - - ns
2.7VV
dd
<3.0V 36 - - s
3.0VV
dd
3.6V 30 - - s LAT
wait time
t8 * See the timing chart.
4.75VV
dd
5.25V 30 - - s
*: If MIN at " LAT wait time" in the table cannot be secured, it may cause V
p
voltage fluctuations.
CONFIDENTIAL
3-21
Table 3-14 Electrical Characteristics of Thermal Head (LTPD345)
(at 25 C )
Rated value
Item Symbol Conditions
MIN TYP MAX
Unit
Thermal head
heat element resistance
R
H
168.9 176.0 183.1
Thermal head
drive voltage
VP

4.75 - 9.5 V
Thermal head
drive current
I
P
The number of simultaneously activated dots = 96 - - 5.4 A
2.7 3.3 3.6
Logic voltage V
dd

4.75 5 5.25
V
Logic current I
dd
f
DI
=1/2f
CLK
- - 54 mA
High V
IH
CLK, DI, LAT , DST 0.8V
dd
- V
dd
V
Input voltage
Low V
IL
CLK, DI, LAT , DST 0 - 0.2V
dd
V
High I
IH
DI V
IH
= V
dd
- - 0.5 uA
DI input
current
Low I
IL
DI V
IL
= 0V - - -0.5 uA
High I
IH
DST V
dd
= 5V, V
IH
= V
dd
- - 110 uA
DST input
current
Low I
IL
DST V
IL
= 0V - - -1.0 uA
High I
IH
CLK V
IH
= V
dd
- - 1.5 uA
CLK input
current
Low I
IL
CLK V
IL
= 0V - - -1.5 uA
High
I
IH
LAT
V
IH
= V
dd
- - 1.5 uA
LAT input
current
Low
I
IL
LAT
V
IL
= 0V - - -1.5 uA
2.7VV
dd
<3.0V - - 5 MHz
3.0VV
dd
3.6V - - 8 MHz CLK frequency f
CLK

4.75VV
dd
5.25V - - 8 MHz
2.7VV
dd
<3.0V 50 - - ns
3.0VV
dd
3.6V 30 - - ns CLK pulse width t1 See the timing chart.
4.75VV
dd
5.25V 30 - - ns
2.7VV
dd
<3.0V 70 - - ns
3.0VV
dd
3.6V 30 - - ns DI setup-time t2 See the timing chart.
4.75VV
dd
5.25V 30 - - ns
2.7VV
dd
<3.0V 40 - - ns
3.0VV
dd
3.6V 30 - - ns DI hold time t3 See the timing chart.
4.75VV
dd
5.25V 30 - - ns
LAT setup time
t4 See the timing chart. 100 - - ns
LAT pulse width
t5 See the timing chart. 100 - - ns
LAT hold time
t6 See the timing chart. 50 - - ns
DST setup time t7 See the timing chart. 300 - - ns
2.7VV
dd
<3.0V 36 - - s
3.0VV
dd
3.6V 30 - - s
LAT wait time
t8 * See the timing chart.
4.75VV
dd
5.25V 30 - - s
*: If MIN at " LAT wait time" in the table cannot be secured, it may cause V
p
voltage fluctuations.

CONFIDENTIAL
3-22
3.4.4 Timing Chart
Figure 3-8 shows a thermal head drive timing chart.
t1
t6
t2 t3
t4
t7
CLK
DI
LAT
DST
1/f
CLK
t5
t8

Figure 3-8 Thermal Head Drive Timing Chart

3.4.5 Thermal Head Heat Element Resistance
Table 3-15 shows resistance of the thermal head heat element of the printer.
Table 3-15 Thermal Head Heat Element Resistance
Thermal Head Heat Element Resistance
LTPD245 LTPD345
166.0 to 180.0 168.9 to 183.1

CONFIDENTIAL
3-23
3.4.6 Maximum Current Consumption
Since the maximum current consumption may reach the values calculated using equation (2) when the
thermal head is driven, the number of simultaneously activated dots should be determined not to exceed
power supply capacity. Also, allowable current for the cable material and the voltage drop on the cable
should be cared well.
Equation (2):
min H
P SA
P
R
V N
= I

I
P
: Maximum current consumption (A)
N
SA
: Number of simultaneously activated dots
V
P
: Thermal head drive voltage (V)
R
H min
: Minimum thermal head heat element resistance
166.0 () (LTPD245)
168.9 () (LTPD345)

CONFIDENTIAL
3-24
3.5 CONTROLLING THE ACTIVATION PULSE WIDTH FOR THERMAL HEAD
To execute high quality printing using the printer, the activation pulse width according to printer use condition
must be used. Control printing with the activation pulse width calculated by the following sequence.
Printing at too high voltage or too long activation pulse width may shorten the life of the thermal head.
3.5.1 Calculation of Activation Pulse Width
Each value can be calculated according to the steps in Section 3.5.2 to 3.5.6 and the activation pulse width t
can be calculated by substituting each value into the equation (3).
Equation (3):
C
V
R E
t
2

=

t : Thermal head activation pulse width (ms)
E : Printing energy (mJ) See section 3.5.2
R : Adjusted resistance () See section 3.5.3
V : Adjusted voltage (V) See section 3.5.4
C : Thermal head activation pulse cycle coefficient See section 3.5.6

3.5.2 Calculation of Printing Energy
The printing energy E can be calculated using equation (4) as the appropriate printing energy is different
depending on each specified thermal paper and the temperature of the thermal head.
Equation (4):
( ) 25 T T E = E
X C 25


E
25
: Standard printing energy See Table 3-16
T
C
: Temperature coefficient See Table 3-16
T
X
: Temperature detected by thermistor (C) *
*: Measure the temperature using the resistance of the built-in thermistor on the thermal head.
For the thermistor resistance value at T
X
(C), see Section 3.5.8.
CONFIDENTIAL
3-25
Table 3-16 Standard Printing Energy and Temperature Coefficient
Thermal paper
Standard printing
energy (mJ)
Temperature
coefficient
TF50KS-E2D 0.2489 0.002885
TP50KJ-R 0.2745 0.002950
Nippon Paper
TL69KS-LH 0.3286 0.002341
PD160R-63 0.2393 0.001678
Oji Paper
PD160R-N 0.3068 0.003668
Mitsubishi Paper mills limited P220VBB-1 0.2864 0.003028
25C or higher 0.2796 0.003093
AP50KS-D
Less than 25C 0.2798 0.002085
AF50KS-E 0.2651 0.002981
Jujo Thermal
AP50KS-FZ 0.2934 0.002707
F5041 0.2576 0.002847
Mitsubishi Hi-Tech Paper
P5045 0.3262 0.003601
Papierfabrik August Koehler AG KT55F20 0.3068 0.003668
P300 0.2703 0.002797
P350 0.2462 0.002723
P350-2.0 0.2347 0.002778
KIP370 0.3206 0.002328
KSP
KIP470 0.2759 0.003447
KF50 0.2774 0.002183
KANZAN
KPR440 0.2966 0.001951
Appleton Alpha900-3.4 0.2476 0.003539

3.5.3 Adjustment of Thermal Head Resistance
The adjusted resistance R can be calculated using equation (5) to adjust the thermal head resistance as a
voltage drop is caused by wiring resistance.
Equation (5):
H
2
SA c C i H
R
) N ) r + (R + R + (R
= R

R
H
: Thermal head heat element resistance 173.0 ()(LTPD245)
176.0 ()(LTPD345)
R
i
: Wiring resistance in the thermal head 9 ()
*1

R
C
: Common terminal wiring resistance
in the thermal head 0.20 ()
r
C
: Wiring resistance between V
p
and GND ()
*2

*1 : V
dd
is 5.0V. Ri is 13() if V
dd
is 3.0 or 3.3V
*2 : The resistance is a serial resistance of the wire and switching circuit of relay between control terminal and power supply.
CONFIDENTIAL
3-26
3.5.4 Adjustment of Thermal Head Drive Voltage
The adjusted voltage V can be calculated using equation (6) as the printing density changes by the
difference of the thermal head drive voltage.
Equation (6):
2.800 V 1.368 V
P
=

1.076 V 1.055 V
P
= (KIP470, Alpha900-3.4)
V
P
: Thermal head drive voltage (V)
3.5.5 Setting of Activation Pause Time
In order to protect the thermal head heat elements, when the same heat element dots are activated
continuously on the successive dot line, determine the activation pulse cycle (the time from the start of the
preceding activation to the start of the current activation) which meets equation (7) to secure the pause time.
Equation (7):
( ) s 500 + t W >

W : The activation cycle (s)*
*: The activation cycle W is the driving time of the printer drive motor for 2 steps (one-half
dot line).
3.5.6 Adjustment by Thermal Head Activation Pulse Cycle
The thermal head activation pulse cycle coefficient C can be calculated using equations (8) as the printing
density varies by the thermal head activation pulse cycle (equivalent for motor drive pulse rate).
Equation (8):
1920 1350) (W 3.55) (V
1650 V 1020
1 C
p
p
+ +

=

CONFIDENTIAL
3-27
3.5.7 Calculation Sample for the Activation Pulse Width
Table 3-17 lists the calculation samples of the activation pulse width calculated using equation (3) and the
values obtained using equations (4) to (8).
Table 3-17 Activation Pulse Width
(1/2)
Unit : ms

Motor drive pulse rate [pps] Vp
[V]
Tx
[C]
400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200
10 3.977 3.446 3.059 2.764 2.531
0 3.649 3.162 2.806 2.536 2.323
10 3.321 2.878 2.554 2.308 2.114
20 2.994 2.594 2.302 2.080 1.905
30 2.666 2.310 2.050 1.852 1.696
40 2.338 2.025 1.798 1.624 1.488
50 2.010 1.741 1.545 1.396 1.279
60 1.682 1.457 1.293 1.168 1.070
70 1.354 1.173 1.041 0.941 0.862
4.75
80 1.026 0.889 0.789 0.713 0.653
-10 2.650 2.352 2.126 1.948 1.805 1.687 1.589
0 2.432 2.158 1.950 1.787 1.656 1.548 1.458
10 2.213 1.964 1.775 1.627 1.507 1.409 1.327
20 1.995 1.770 1.600 1.466 1.358 1.270 1.196
30 1.776 1.576 1.424 1.305 1.210 1.131 1.065
40 1.558 1.382 1.249 1.145 1.061 0.992 0.934
50 1.339 1.188 1.074 0.984 0.912 0.852 0.803
60 1.121 0.994 0.899 0.824 0.763 0.713 0.672
70 0.902 0.800 0.723 0.663 0.614 0.574 0.541
5.5
80 0.683 0.606 0.548 0.502 0.465 0.435 0.410
-10 2.081 1.863 1.696 1.562 1.454 1.364 1.289 1.224
0 1.910 1.710 1.556 1.433 1.334 1.252 1.182 1.123
10 1.738 1.556 1.416 1.305 1.214 1.139 1.076 1.022
20 1.567 1.402 1.276 1.176 1.094 1.027 0.970 0.921
30 1.395 1.249 1.136 1.047 0.974 0.914 0.864 0.820
40 1.223 1.095 0.996 0.918 0.855 0.802 0.757 0.719
50 1.052 0.941 0.857 0.789 0.735 0.689 0.651 0.619
60 0.880 0.788 0.717 0.661 0.615 0.577 0.545 0.518
70 0.708 0.634 0.577 0.532 0.495 0.464 0.439 0.417
6.0
80 0.537 0.481 0.437 0.403 0.375 0.352 0.332 0.316
-10 1.273 1.153 1.059 0.984 0.921 0.869 0.825 0.786 0.753 0.724 0.698
0 1.168 1.058 0.972 0.902 0.845 0.797 0.757 0.722 0.691 0.664 0.641
10 1.063 0.963 0.885 0.821 0.769 0.726 0.689 0.657 0.629 0.605 0.583
20 0.958 0.868 0.797 0.740 0.693 0.654 0.621 0.592 0.567 0.545 0.526
30 0.853 0.773 0.710 0.659 0.617 0.582 0.553 0.527 0.505 0.485 0.468
40 0.748 0.678 0.623 0.578 0.541 0.511 0.485 0.462 0.443 0.426 0.410
50 0.643 0.583 0.535 0.497 0.465 0.439 0.417 0.397 0.381 0.366 0.353
60 0.538 0.488 0.448 0.416 0.389 0.367 0.349 0.332 0.318 0.306 0.295
70 0.433 0.392 0.360 0.335 0.314 0.296 0.281 0.268 0.256 0.246 0.238
7.2
80 0.328 0.297 0.273 0.254 0.238 0.224 0.213 0.203 0.194 0.187 0.180
-10 0.967 0.881 0.812 0.756 0.710 0.671 0.638 0.610 0.585 0.563 0.543 0.526 0.510
0 0.888 0.808 0.745 0.694 0.652 0.616 0.586 0.559 0.536 0.516 0.499 0.483 0.468
10 0.808 0.735 0.678 0.631 0.593 0.561 0.533 0.509 0.488 0.470 0.454 0.439 0.426
20 0.728 0.663 0.611 0.569 0.534 0.505 0.480 0.459 0.440 0.424 0.409 0.396 0.384
30 0.648 0.590 0.544 0.507 0.476 0.450 0.428 0.409 0.392 0.377 0.364 0.352 0.342
40 0.568 0.518 0.477 0.444 0.417 0.395 0.375 0.358 0.344 0.331 0.319 0.309 0.300
50 0.489 0.445 0.410 0.382 0.359 0.339 0.322 0.308 0.295 0.284 0.275 0.266 0.258
60 0.409 0.372 0.343 0.320 0.300 0.284 0.270 0.258 0.247 0.238 0.230 0.222 0.216
70 0.329 0.300 0.276 0.257 0.242 0.228 0.217 0.207 0.199 0.192 0.185 0.179 0.174
8.0
80 0.249 0.227 0.209 0.195 0.183 0.173 0.165 0.157 0.151 0.145 0.140 0.136 0.132

CONFIDENTIAL
3-28

(2/2)
Unit : ms
Motor drive pulse rate [pps] Vp
[V]
Tx
[C]
400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200
-10 0.829 0.756 0.698 0.651 0.612 0.580 0.551 0.527 0.506 0.487 0.471 0.456 0.443 0.431 0.420
0 0.760 0.694 0.641 0.598 0.562 0.532 0.506 0.484 0.464 0.447 0.432 0.418 0.406 0.395 0.385
10 0.692 0.631 0.583 0.544 0.511 0.484 0.460 0.440 0.423 0.407 0.393 0.381 0.370 0.360 0.350
20 0.624 0.569 0.526 0.490 0.461 0.436 0.415 0.397 0.381 0.367 0.354 0.343 0.333 0.324 0.316
30 0.555 0.507 0.468 0.437 0.410 0.388 0.370 0.353 0.339 0.327 0.315 0.306 0.297 0.289 0.281
40 0.487 0.444 0.410 0.383 0.360 0.341 0.324 0.310 0.297 0.286 0.277 0.268 0.260 0.253 0.247
50 0.419 0.382 0.353 0.329 0.309 0.293 0.279 0.266 0.256 0.246 0.238 0.230 0.224 0.218 0.212
60 0.350 0.320 0.295 0.275 0.259 0.245 0.233 0.223 0.214 0.206 0.199 0.193 0.187 0.182 0.177
70 0.282 0.257 0.238 0.222 0.208 0.197 0.188 0.179 0.172 0.166 0.160 0.155 0.151 0.147 0.143
8.5
80 0.214 0.195 0.180 0.168 0.158 0.149 0.142 0.136 0.130 0.126 0.121 0.118 0.114 0.111 0.108
-10 0.628 0.574 0.532 0.497 0.468 0.444 0.423 0.405 0.389 0.375 0.363 0.351 0.341 0.332 0.324
0 0.576 0.527 0.488 0.456 0.430 0.407 0.388 0.372 0.357 0.344 0.333 0.322 0.313 0.305 0.297
10 0.524 0.480 0.444 0.415 0.391 0.371 0.353 0.338 0.325 0.313 0.303 0.294 0.285 0.278 0.271
20 0.472 0.432 0.400 0.374 0.353 0.334 0.318 0.305 0.293 0.282 0.273 0.265 0.257 0.250 0.244
30 0.421 0.385 0.357 0.333 0.314 0.298 0.284 0.271 0.261 0.251 0.243 0.236 0.229 0.223 0.217
40 0.369 0.338 0.313 0.292 0.275 0.261 0.249 0.238 0.229 0.220 0.213 0.207 0.201 0.195 0.190
50 0.317 0.290 0.269 0.251 0.237 0.224 0.214 0.205 0.197 0.189 0.183 0.178 0.173 0.168 0.164
60 0.265 0.243 0.225 0.210 0.198 0.188 0.179 0.171 0.164 0.159 0.153 0.149 0.144 0.141 0.137
70 0.214 0.196 0.181 0.169 0.159 0.151 0.144 0.138 0.132 0.128 0.123 0.120 0.116 0.113 0.110
9.5
80 0.162 0.148 0.137 0.128 0.121 0.115 0.109 0.104 0.100 0.097 0.094 0.091 0.088 0.086 0.084
X : Unusable
(Note) The table above is applicable under the following condition:
Use of thermal paper TF50KS-E2D
V
p
and GND wiring resistance : r
c
= 0
The number of simultaneously activated dots : N
SA
= 96
CONFIDENTIAL
3-29
3.5.8 Temperature Characteristics of Thermistor
Calculate the resistance of the thermistor (R
X
) at the operating temperature T
X
(C) using the following
equation (9). Variation of resistance by temperature is shown in Figure 3-9 and Table 3-18.
Equation (9):
{ ( ) }
298
1
T + 273
1
B EXP R = R
X
25 X


R
X
: Resistance at T
X
C ()
R
25
: Resistance at 25 C 30k 5%
B : B value 3950K 2%
T
X
: Temperature detected by thermistor (C)
EXP (A) : The "A" th power of natural logarithm e (2.71828)

1
10
100
1000
-20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100
()


(
k

)

Figure 3-9 Temperature Characteristics of the Thermistor
Temperature()
R
e
s
i
s
t
a
n
c
e

(
k

)

CONFIDENTIAL
3-30

Table 3-18 Temperature Characteristics of the Thermistor
Temperature (C)
Thermistor
Resistance
(k)
-35 847.93
-30 602.63
-25 434.23
-20 316.97
-15 234.22
-10 175.07
-5 132.29
0 100.99
5 77.85
10 60.57
15 47.53
20 37.61
25 30.00
30 24.11
35 19.51
40 15.89
45 13.03
50 10.75
55 8.92
60 7.45
65 6.25
70 5.27
75 4.47
80 3.80
85 3.25
90 2.79
95 2.41
100 2.09

CONFIDENTIAL
3-31
3.5.9 Detecting Abnormal Temperature of the Thermal Head
To protect the thermal head and to ensure personal safety, abnormal temperature of the thermal head must
be detected by both hardware and software as follows:
(1) Detecting abnormal temperatures by software
Design software that will deactivate the heat elements if the thermal head thermistor (TH) detects a
temperature higher than 85C (thermistor resistance R
TH
3.25 kO), and reactivate the heat elements
when a temperature lower than 60C (R
TH
7.45 kO) is detected. If the thermal head continues to be
activated at a temperature higher than 85C, the life of the thermal head may be shortened significantly.
(2) Detecting abnormal temperatures by hardware
If the thermal head continues to be activated by malfunction of the control unit (CPU), the software for
detecting abnormal temperatures may not function properly, resulting in overheating of the thermal head.
Overheating of the thermal head not only may damage the thermal head but also may cause smoke, fire
and burn injuries. Always use hardware together with software for detecting abnormal temperatures to
ensure personal safety. (If the control unit malfunctions, it may be impossible to prevent damage on the
thermal head even if an abnormal temperature is detected by hardware.).
Using a window comparator circuit or similar sensor, design hardware that detects the following abnormal
conditions:
(a) Overheating of the thermal head
(approximately 100C or higher (R
TH
2.09 kO) )
(b) Faulty thermistor connection (the thermistor may be open or short-circuited).
If abnormal condition is detected, immediately turn off the power supply. Reactivate the heat elements
after they have returned to normal.
CONFIDENTIAL
3-32
3.6 OUT-OF-PAPER SENSOR
The printer has a built-in out-of-paper sensor (reflection type photo interrupter) to detect whether paper is
present or not. An external circuit should be designed so that it detects output from the out-of-paper sensor
and does not activate the thermal head and motor when there is no paper. Doing not so may cause damage
to the thermal head or platen roller or shorten the life of the thermal head significantly. If the motor is driven
when there is no paper, a load is put on the paper drive system and the life of the printer may be shortened
significantly.
Table 3-19 shows about the out-of-paper sensor used for this printer.
Table 3-19 Out-of-paper Sensor
Item Specification
Type NJL5902R (Rank B)
Manufacturer New Japan Radio Co.,Ltd.

Figure 3-10 shows sample external circuit of the out-of-paper sensor.

PS
Vps
GND
GND
Vdd Vdd
Out-of-paper sensor

V
dd


V
dd


36k at V
dd
=3.3V or
51k at V
dd
=5.0V
300 at V
dd
=3.3V or
560 at V
dd
=5.0V
74HC14

CPU

470pF

GND

PS
V
PS

GND

*: The PS signal is High when there is no paper.
Figure 3-10 Sample External Circuit of the Out-of-paper Sensor
CONFIDENTIAL
3-33
3.7 PLATEN POSITION SENSOR
The printer has a built-in platen position sensor for detecting whether the platen block or the platen unit is set.
This sensor is a mechanical switch which is designed to be ON when the platen block or the platen unit is set
and to be OFF when it is released.
The external circuit should be designed to detect output from the platen position sensor and output from the
out-of-paper sensor described in 3.6. If the platen block or the platen unit is released and no paper are
detected, the external circuit should not activate the thermal head. Otherwise, the thermal head may become
damaged or its life may be shortened significantly.
Activate the thermal head when the platen is set by detecting the output from the platen position sensor, and
in the paper state by detecting the output from the out-of-paper sensor.
3.7.1 General Specifications
Table 3-20 shows about the general specification.
Table 3-20 General Specifications of Platen Position Sensor
Item Specification
Rated voltage DC5.0V
Rated current 1mA
Contact resistance 3 max.

Figure 3-11 shows sample external circuit of the platen position sensor.

Platen position sensor
GND
V
dd

47k
HS
GND
0.1F
300
CPU
Printer

*: The HS signal is High when the platen is in OPENED state.

Figure 3-11 Sample External Circuit of the Platen Position Sensor

3.7.2 Precautions for the Platen Position Sensor
- Be sure that there is a time lag between the time when the thermal head is set and the time when
the platen position sensor actually starts detecting.
- Always use the capacitor shown in Figure 3-11 to prevent the switch from malfunctioning due to
chattering.
CONFIDENTIAL
4-1
CHAPTER 4
CONNECTING TERMINALS
4.1 RECOMMENDED CONNECTOR FOR EXTERNAL CIRCUITS
Use the recommended connectors listed in Table 4-1 to connect the printer connecting terminals firmly to the
external circuits.
Table 4-1 Recommended Connectors
Number of
Terminals
Recommended Connectors
50
MOLEX INC:
0541045031 (Right angle type : Top contact, Gold plated)

4.2 CONNECTING TERMINALS
Figure 4-1 shows the terminal configuration of the connecting terminals and Table 4-2 and Table 4-3 show
terminal assignments of the connecting terminals.
1 50

Figure 4-1 Connecting Terminals
CONFIDENTIAL
4-2
Table 4-2 Terminal Assignments of the Connecting Terminal (LTPD245)
1/2
Terminal
No.
Signal
Name
Function
1 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
2 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
3 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
4 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
5 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
6 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
7 DI Print data input (serial input)
8 CLK Synchronizing signal for print data transfer
9 GND GND
10 GND GND
11 GND GND
12 GND GND
13 GND GND
14 GND GND
15 DST6 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#6 block)
16 DST5 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#5 block)
17 DST4 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#4 block)
18 V
dd
Logic power supply
19 TH2 Thermistor (the one is used for GND)
20 TH1 Thermistor (same as connecting terminal #21)
21 TH1 Thermistor (same as connecting terminal #20)
22 DST3 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#3 block)
23 DST2 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#2 block)
24 DST1 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#1 block)
25 GND GND
26 GND GND
27 GND GND
28 GND GND
29 GND GND
30 GND GND
CONFIDENTIAL
4-3

(2/2)
Terminal
No.
Signal
Name
Function
31
LAT
Print data latch (memory storage) signal
32 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
33 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
34 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
35 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
36 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
37 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
38 N.C. No connection
39 PS Output signal of the out-of-paper sensor (Photo-transistor collector)
40
VPS
Power supply of the out-of-paper sensor (LED anode)
41 GND
GND of the out-of-paper sensor (LED cathode, photo-transistor emitter)
Platen position sensor GND
42 HS Platen position sensor output
43 N.C. No connection
44 FG FG
45 FG FG
46 N.C. No connection
47
A
Motor drive signal
48 B Motor drive signal
49 A Motor drive signal
50
B
Motor drive signal

CONFIDENTIAL
4-4
Table 4-3 Terminal Assignments of the Connecting Terminal (LTPD345)
1/2
Terminal
No.
Signal
Name
Function
1 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
2 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
3 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
4 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
5 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
6 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
7 DI Print data input (serial input)
8 CLK Synchronizing signal for print data transfer
9 GND GND
10 GND GND
11 GND GND
12 GND GND
13 GND GND
14 GND GND
15 N.C. No connection
16 DST5 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#5 block)
17 DST4 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#4 block)
18 V
dd
Logic power supply
19 TH2 Thermistor (the one is used for GND)
20 TH1 Thermistor (same as connecting terminal #21)
21 TH1 Thermistor (same as connecting terminal #20)
22 DST3 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#3 block)
23 DST2 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#2 block)
24 DST1 Thermal head print activation instruction signal (#1 block)
25 GND GND
26 GND GND
27 GND GND
28 GND GND
29 GND GND
30 GND GND
CONFIDENTIAL
4-5

2/2
Terminal
No.
Signal
Name
Function
31
LAT
Print data latch (memory storage) signal
32 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
33 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
34 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
35 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
36 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
37 V
P
Thermal head drive power supply
38 N.C. No connection
39 PS Output signal of the out-of-paper sensor (Photo-transistor collector)
40
VPS
Power supply of the out-of-paper sensor (LED anode)
41 GND
GND of the out-of-paper sensor (LED cathode, photo-transistor emitter)
Platen position sensor GND
42 HS Platen position sensor output
43 N.C. No connection
44 FG FG
45 FG FG
46 N.C. No connection
47
A
Motor drive signal
48 B Motor drive signal
49 A Motor drive signal
50
B
Motor drive signal

CONFIDENTIAL
CHAPTER 5
PRINT DRIVE METHOD
5.1 MOTOR AND THERMAL HEAD DRIVE METHOD
The motor and the thermal head must be driven at the same time for printing.
The printer uses the thermal head with heat elements which size is a half-dot size of the feed direction. One
dot is, therefore, composed of two of the half dots. The motor feeds the thermal paper for one dot line with
four steps. In order to print one dot line, feed the thermal paper for four steps and activate the thermal head
in every two step.
The following describes the drive method as an example of the LTPD245.
Figure 5-1 shows a timing chart for driving using six division printing.
Figure 5-2 shows a timing chart for driving using one division printing.
5-1
CONFIDENTIAL
CLK
Dl
LAT
DST1
DST2
DST3
DST4
DST5
DST6
MCL1
2nd dot line
4th step
1st dot line
4th step
2nd dot line
1st step
Pause
2nd dot line
2nd step
2nd dot line
3rd step
Start
1st dot line
1st step
1st dot line
3rd step
1st dot line
2nd step
PH1
PH2
PH3
PH4

Figure 5-1 Timing Chart for Driving Using Six Divisions (LTPD245)


CLK
Dl
LAT
DST1
DST2
DST3
DST4
DST5
DST6
MCL1
PH4
PH3
PH2
PH1
2
3
2
4
2
1
2
2

1
1
1
2
1
3
1
4
Pause Start
1st dot line
1st step
1st dot line
2nd step
1st dot line
3rd step
1st dot line
4th step
2nd dot line
1st step
2nd dot line
2nd step
2nd dot line
3rd step
2nd dot line
4th step

Figure 5-2 Timing Chart for Driving Using One Division (LTPD245)
5-2
CONFIDENTIAL

The drive method using six divisions is described below (See Figure 5-1):
(1) Pause state
Inactivate the motor and always make DST signal of the thermal head "Low".
(2) Start step
Excite the motor by the same phase which is output just before the motor stops.
(3) 1st dot line
Activate the thermal head once every 2 steps of the motor drive signal. Configure 1 dot line by
4 steps of the motor drive signal.
At the 1st step of the motor drive signal, start activation of the thermal head by synchronized the DST1
signal and printing the 1st half dot line at the 1st dot line by DST1 to DST6.
After 1 step of the motor drive signal is completed, input the 2nd step of the motor drive signal. (It is not
necessary to synchronize the activation of the thermal head.)
After printing the 1st half dot line at the 1st dot line, the 3rd step of the motor drive signal, start activation
of the thermal head by synchronized the DST1 signal and printing the 2nd half dot line at the 1st dot line
by DST1 to DST6.
After 3 step of the motor drive signal is completed, input the 4th step of the motor drive signal. (It is not
necessary to synchronize the activation of the thermal head.)
Input the DST signal previously, transfer the data which is printed into the SHIFT REGISTER in the
thermal head. And latch to LATCH REGISTER of the thermal head by inputting the LAT signal.
(4) Procedures that follows the 2nd dot line
Drive the motor in the same way as the way for the 1st dot line. Repeat the motor driving and thermal
head activation.
5-3
CONFIDENTIAL
5.2 THERMAL HEAD DIVISION DRIVE METHOD
In the thermal head of the printer, there are 6 blocks (every 64 dots) in 1 dot line for LTPD245. There are 5
blocks (4 blocks are divided every 128 dots and 1 block is divided 64dots) in 1 dot line for LTPD345. These
blocks are called physical blocks. DST signal is allocated to each physical block to activate it. To drive the
thermal head, physical blocks are activated in groups. The group of physical blocks is called a logical block.
The following two methods are available as thermal head division drive methods. Select one you desire.
(1) Fixed division method
Logical blocks (physical blocks to be driven at the same time) are predetermined for the fixed division
method.
In this method, high quality printing is available because the physical blocks are always driven in the
same order.
(2) Dynamic division method
Logical blocks are predetermined so that number of dots of the physical block does not exceed the
specified maximum number of the activating dots for every 1 dot line printing. Logical blocks are
predetermined for every 1 dot line printing.
The maximum current consumption can be controlled within a constant value.
Since the order of the printing block and print speed are changed in each dot line according to the
content of the print data, print quality in this method may be lower than that in fixed division method. If
print quality is regarded as important, printing in fixed division method is recommended.
5-4
CONFIDENTIAL
5-5
5.3 PRECAUTIONS FOR PRINT DRIVE
When using one division printing, a pause time between thermal head activations of the same heat
element shall be secured more than 0.5ms.
The number of the maximum thermal head division in a half dot line should be 6 or lower for
LTPD245 and 9 or lower for LTPD345 to maintain print quality. The number of the simultaneously
activated dots should be 96 dots or less. (Up to 128 dots are available if the V
P
is 7.9 or lower for
LTPD345.)
CONFIDENTIAL
6-1
CHAPTER 6
OUTER CASE DESIGN GUIDE
6.1 SECURING THE PRINTER MAIN BODY
6.1.1 How to Mount the Printer Main Body
Figure 6-1, Figure 6-2, Figure 6-3 and Figure 6-4 show dimensions for positioning and securing the printer
main body.
Holes #1 and #2 must be used for positioning the printer main body. Design bosses on the outer
case to position the printer main body for the positioning holes #1 and #2. The height of the bosses
on the outer case must be 1.5mm (Max.)
Secure by screw at the U shaped screwing position c.
Design the fixing hook to the part of a and b.
The motors of the LTPD245B/G and the LTPD345B/G locate at the bottom of the each printer.
In order to avoid interfering with the motor, the FPC and the outer case, secure enough clearance
around the motor shown in Figure 6-2 and Figure 6-4.
CONFIDENTIAL
6-2
25.7
1
2
.
7
2
O
2
.
3

0
.
0
5
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
O
3
O
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
29.75 0.5
2
3
.
7

0
.
5
1
.
5
6
8.15 Paper Center
a
b
c #1 #2
29.65 0.5 6
Outer case for printer main body mounting

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.1
Figure 6-1 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Printer Main Body (LTPD245A/F)
25.7
1
2
.
7
2
O
2
.
3

0
.
0
5
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
O
3
O
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
29.75 0.5
1
3
.
4

0
.
5
2
.
2
6
8.15 Paper center
b
#1 #2
a
c
16.15 Min.
30.75 Min.
5.1 Max.
4
.
8
M
i
n
.
1
2
.
2
M
i
n
.
Clearance secured for the motor
Outer case for printer main body mounting
29.65 0.5 6

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.1
Figure 6-2 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Printer Main Body (LTPD245B/G)
CONFIDENTIAL
6-3
2
1
2
.
7
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
O
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
O
2
.
3

0
.
0
5
O
3
2
3
.
7

0
.
5
1
.
5
19.15 Paper center
6
29.75 0.5
48
c #1 #2
b
a
Outer case for printer main body mouting
51.65 0.5 6

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.1
Figure 6-3 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Printer Main Body (LTPD345A/F)
2
1
2
.
7
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
O
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
O
2
.
3

0
.
0
5 O
3
1
3
.
4

0
.
5
2
.
2
19.15 Paper center
6
29.75 0.5
48
c #1 #2
b
a
Clearance secured for the motor
16.15 Min.
3.45 Max.
30.75 Min.
1
2
.
2
M
i
n
.
4
.
8
M
i
n
.
51.65 0.5 6
Outer case for printer main body mouting

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.1
Figure 6-4 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Printer Main Body (LTPD345B/G)
CONFIDENTIAL
6-4
6.1.2 Recommended Screws
M2 cross-recessed pan head screw
6.1.3 Precautions for Securing the Printer Main Body
Prevent from excessive stress, deformation, and torsion for securing the printer, otherwise poor
printing quality, paper skewing, paper jamming, and noise during printing may be caused.
The printer main body to be mounted on a flat surface and prevent from vibration.
Verify the intensity of the fixing hook with your actual device.
Pay attention not to damage on the FPC when securing the printer main body.
CONFIDENTIAL
6-5
6.2 SECURING THE PLATEN BLOCK (LTPD245A/B, LTPD345A/B)
6.2.1 How to Mount the Platen Block
Figure 6-5 shows the dimensions of an engagement position of the printer main body and platen block when
setting or releasing the platen block mounted on the door.
The hole #3 and #4 must be used for positioning the platen block. Design the bosses on the door to
position the platen block for the positioning holes #3 and #4. The height of the bosses on the door
must be 1.5mm (Max.)
Secure the platen block using the screw holes d and e.
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
O
3
2
-
O
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
B
9
.
5
(
Y

d
i
m
e
n
s
i
o
n

The shaded area is the position of Platen Block rotation center.


5.85 (X dimension
2
0
0

(
M
A
X
)
3
5
(
M
I
N
)
0
.
3
5
10.7
3
3
4.3
6
a
b
c #1 #2
e #4 #3 d
A


Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.1
Figure 6-5 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Platen Block

Table 6-1 Allowable Dimensions
Allowable X dimension Allowable Y dimension
5.65 to 6.05 9.3 to 9.7

LTPD245 (A:34, B:28)
LTPD345 (A:56, B:50)
CONFIDENTIAL
6-6
6.2.2 Recommended Screw
M2.5 cross-recessed pan head screw
6.2.3 Precautions for Securing the Platen Block
Design the door on which the platen block is mounted, rotation system of the door and mounting
position of the platen block on the door so that X and Y dimensions as shown in Figure 6-5 are
within the allowable dimensions as shown in Table 6-1.
It is recommended that the door and the outer case on which the printer main body is mounted are
designed so that the door is guided by part of the outer case when the platen block is set into the
printer main body.
Design the rotation system of the door so that the center of the rotation is in the shaded area as
shown in Figure 6-5
Design the outer case and the door so that the platen block mounting surface to be parallel
(tolerance : 2) to the printer main body mounting surface.
Design the outer case so that the parallelism of #1-#2 and #3-#4 are 0.2 or less.
Design the outer case so that the parallelism of the rotation center of the door to the printer main
body mounting surface is 0.2 or less.
Prevent from excessive stress, deformation, and torsion for securing the platen block.
Design the door and the outer case strong enough to keep the allowable dimensions because stress
is applied to them when setting and releasing the platen block. The rotation center of the door
should be designed to fit the rotational shaft into the shaft hole so that the platen block should be
stable when it is in the close state.
If the mounting position for the door, the rotation fulcrum of the rotation system of the door and the
platen block are inadequate position, so the printer main body and the platen block are not in
engagement position, the print defect and the paper jam may occur.
A door on the outer case that holds the platen block must be set by pushing the center of the platen
block. If only one end of the platen block is set, a print defect, and/or a paper jam will occur.
Verify the performance with your actual device. In order to be pushed the center of the platen block
to set it, put an indication to do so.
If designing the outer case with a structure to bring the platen block up automatically using a spring
property after released, make sure not to apply more than enough force to bring the platen block up.
If designing a structure that the only one side of the outer case is brought up, the position relation
between the printer main body with the movable blade unit and the platen block with the fixed blade
unit will be improperly and will result in the print defect or the cut failure. Verify the performance
with your actual device.
CONFIDENTIAL
6-7
6.3 SECURING THE PLATEN UNIT (LTPD245F/G, LTPD345F/G)
Design the platen holder at the outer case to mount the platen unit.
6.3.1 Recommended Shape of the Platen Holder
Figure 6-6 shows a recommended shape of the platen holder for LTPD245F and LTPD245G, Figure 6-7
shows a recommended shape of the platen holder for LTPD345F and LTPD345G.
Platen holder
Platen unit



Detail C
Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.1
General tolerance for angles : 1
Figure 6-6 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Platen Unit (LTPD245F/G)
Center of platen at setting position
4
+
0
.
1
+
0
.
0
5
4
0

3.1
1.5
1.05
R
0
.
5
R
0
.5
8
0

3
.
4
O
4
3.4
0
-0.1
R
0
.
5
3.2
A
A
Section A-A
1.6
54.7
1.5
57.7
5
.7

5
.7

1.5
11.8 3
C
CONFIDENTIAL
6-8
Platen holder
Platen unit


B
B
Section B-B
21.2 3
79.7
1.5
1.5
1.6
C
5
.7

5
.7

76.7
B
B
54 3


Center of platen at setting position
4
+
0
.
1
+
0
.
0
5
4
0

3.1
1.5
1.05
R
0
.
5
R
0
.5
8
0

3
.
4
O
4
3.4
0
-0.1
R
0
.
5
3.2

Detail C
Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.1
General tolerance for angles : 1
Figure 6-7 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Platen Unit (LTPD345F/G)
CONFIDENTIAL
6-9
6.3.2 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Platen Holder
Design the outer case and the platen holder within the dimensions shown in Figure 6-8.


3v 3v
2
0
0
(
M
A
X
)
3
5
(
M
I
N
)

10.7
X
#1

X dimension
The center of the platen holder
The shaded area is the position
of platen holder rotation center

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.1
Figure 6-8 Dimensions for Positioning and Securing the Platen Holder


Table 6-2 Allowable Dimensions
Allowable X dimension
LTPD245F/G 7.95 to 8.35
LTPD345F/G 18.95 to 19.35

CONFIDENTIAL
6-10
6.3.3 Precautions for Securing the Platen Holder
Design the platen holder to avoid contact with the thermal head.
Design the rotation system of the platen holder so that the center of the rotation is in the position as
shown in Figure 6-8, 3 degrees to horizontal to the center of the platen and 35 to 200mm away
from the center of the platen.
If the mounting position for the rotation center of the platen holder is inadequate position, so the
printer main body and the platen unit are not in engagement position, the print defect may occur.
Parallelism between the positioning holes #1-#2 and the center of platen holder rotation should be
0.2 or less.
Design the platen holder with special care to its intensity so that it can withstand the force caused by
opening/closing the printer main body and the platen unit.
Do not use materials such as metal for the platen holder. If using, the platen unit cannot be set into
the platen holder. Verify the performance with your actual device.
A door on the outer case that holds the platen unit must be set by pushing the center of the platen
unit. If only one end of the platen unit is set, a print defect, and/or a paper jam will occur. Verify
the performance with your actual device. In order to be pushed the center of the platen unit to set it,
put an indication to do so.
CONFIDENTIAL
6-11
6.4 CONNECT THE PRINTER TO FRAME GROUND (FG)
To prevent the thermal head from being damaged by static electricity, it is recommended that the printer is
connected to frame ground (FG).
6.4.1 How to Connect the Printer to Frame Ground (FG)
Connect the printer main body to the Frame Ground (FG) of the outer case with the printer
connecting terminals No.44 and 45 shown in Chapter 4, through the Frame Ground (FG) of the
circuit board.
When the printer main body is connected, make the shortest possible position of the printer
connecting terminals and the Frame Ground (FG) of the outer case. And those are not effect to the
control signal.
If using a sheet metal material for the door, the door should also be connected to the frame ground
(FG) of the interface board.
The electric potential of all the frame ground (FG) of the printer are equal.
Connect the signal ground (SG) to the frame ground (FG) using a 1M resistor so that the electric
potential of the signal ground (SG) of the thermal head and that of the frame ground (FG) of the
printer are equal.
CONFIDENTIAL
6-12
6.5 DESIGN THE PLATEN RELEASE LEVER
Figure 6-9 shows dimensions, the pressure area and its movement of the platen release lever when the
platen release lever is released.
When designing the button or the lever that will operate simultaneously with the platen release lever, follow
the precautions below.
Design a stopper in the outer case to prevent to exceed a 11 degree range of the platen release
levers motion and to be applied excessive force (29.4N (3kg)).
Design the button or the lever and its motion so that the platen release lever is pushed to an angle of
9 degrees of the released position.
Design the button or the lever so that no load is constantly applied to it while the platen block or the
platen unit is set.
7.3
#2
#1
The pressure area of Platen release lever
2
2
.
8
Platen open state
Platen set state
#1
13.75
1
1
.
7
8.5
The center of Lockarm rotation
Platen release position

5
.
1
1
.
5

1
1

Platen release lever


rotating position (max.)
2
.
7
Parallel to printer mounting surface

Figure 6-9 External Dimensions and Motion of the Platen Release Lever
CONFIDENTIAL
6-13
6.6 LAYOUT OF THE PRINTER MECHANISM AND THE THERMAL PAPER
The printer mechanism can be laid out as shown below.

Figure 6-10 Layout of the Printer Mechanism and the Thermal Paper
* The thermal paper feeding distance between the out-of-paper sensor and the heat element is approximately 8.3mm
Platen
Out-of-paper sensor
Paper roll
Thermal head
Printer mechanism
Printer mounting plate
Thermal head heat elements
CONFIDENTIAL
6-14
6.7 WHERE TO MOUNT THE PAPER HOLDER
When designing the layout of the paper holder, note the followings. The recommended configuration of the
paper holder is shown in Figure 6-11.
Design the paper holder and the paper guide so that the thermal paper will be straight to the paper
inlet port without any horizontal shifting and so that the center axis of the paper roll will be parallel to
the printer when using paper roll.
Design the paper holder so that the paper feed load should be 0.49N (50gf) or less. Be aware that
the printing problem and paper feed problem may occur in the following case even if it is below
0.49N. Design the paper holder so as not to make these conditions and verify the performance
with your actual device.
ex)
In case that the paper roll wobbles in the paper holder.
In case that tension of the thermal paper between the paper roll and the printer changes rapidly.
In addition, do not use following types of the paper roll:
Expanded paper roll
Deformed paper roll
Roll core is sticking out.
Width of the paper roll is out of spec
When the thermal paper feeds backwards, design the space for the thermal paper returns to the
paper holder side smoothly. Otherwise the backward feed may cause paper skew and jam.
Do not feed the thermal paper backwards no more than 9mm. However, the thermal paper is fed
backwards no more than 7mm after cutting end. If the thermal paper is out of the holding status
with the thermal head and the platen, the printer cannot feed.
21.35
+0.1
0

1.5 (MAX)
0.2
0
Printer main body mounting surface
Position bosses for Printer main body
Guide for the paper
Paper center
#1
#2 #1
B
e
t
w
e
e
n

#
1

a
n
d

e
d
g
e

o
f

s
l
o
p
e


5
.
5

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.1


Figure 6-11 Recommended Paper Holder Dimensions
LTPD245 (A:59)
LTPD345 (A:81)
CONFIDENTIAL
6-15
6.8 DESIGN PAPER EXIT
6.8.1 Design the Shape of the Paper Exit
When designing the shape of the paper exit, note the followings.
Design the shape of the paper exit so that stress is not applied to the thermal paper that comes out.
Design the paper exit of the outer case and the door so that the thermal paper coming out angle
must be within of 50 to 85 as shown in Figure 6-12. The paper exit design should not interfere
with the thermal paper coming out. Design the paper exit not to change thermal paper coming out
direction and not interfere with paper feeding.
1
0
.
7
O
7
.
9
5
0

8
5

0.35
#1
9
0

P
a
p
e
r

i
n
s
e
r
t

a
n
g
l
e
9
0

35
P
aper coming out direction

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.1
Figure 6-12 Paper Path
CONFIDENTIAL
6-16
6.8.2 Mount the Paper Cutter
Design paper cutter mounting position so the edge of the cutter blade does not touch with the platen
block or the platen unit when the platen block or the platen unit is set and released.
Use a well-cut cutter so that the thermal paper can be cut with less force than paper holding force.
Design the blade edge of the cutter as shown in the right figure of Figure 6-13 so that the blade edge
can guide the thermal paper edge after cutting. If designing the blade edge as shown in the left
figure, the paper edge may be caught by the blade edge and result in the thermal paper edge to be
caught inside of the cutter.
Set the paper cutter to a position that allows to feed the paper backwards up to 9mm.



Figure 6-13 Blade Edge
CONFIDENTIAL
6-17
6.9 PRECAUTIONS FOR DESIGNING THE OUTER CASE
The thermal paper with a small winding diameter may cause the paper jam in the printer main body
and a gap between the printer and the outer case. If using such a thermal paper with the small
diameter, verify the performance with your actual device.
Design the outer case to ensure enough space to allow the users to handle the platen release lever
easily with fingers.
See Chapter 8 PROCEDURES for INSTALLING/UNINSTALLING THERMAL PAPER for specific
procedures. Also, see 6.5 DESIGN THE PLATEN RELEASE LEVER for its motion.
Design the outer case so that it and parts for the outer case will not apply any load to the printer
main body and the platen block, or the platen unit. The load may affect printing, and also may
damage the printer mechanism. Secure 1.0mm (min.) space between the printer main body, the
platen block or the platen unit, and the outer case.
Temperature of the thermal head and its peripherals rises very high during and immediately after
printing. Be sure to design the outer case to prevent users from burn injuries by touching them.
Place warning labels to warn users to ensure safe operation. As for thermal head cleaning, warn
users to allow the thermal head to cool before cleaning. In order to allow cooling, secure clearance
between the thermal head and the outer case when designing the outer case.
Temperature of the motor and its peripherals rises very high during and immediately after printing.
Be sure to design the outer case to prevent users from burn injuries by touching them. Place
warning labels to warn users to ensure safe operation. In order to allow cooling, secure clearance
between the motor and the outer case when designing the outer case.
CONFIDENTIAL
7-1
CHAPTER 7
EXTERNAL DIMENSIONS
Figure 7-1 shows external dimensions of the platen block for LTPD245A/B, Figure 7-2 and Figure 7-3 show
external dimensions of the printer for LTPD245A and LTPD245B.
Figure 7-4 shows external dimensions of the platen unit for LTPD245F/G, Figure 7-5 and Figure 7-6 show
external dimensions of the printer for LTPD245F and LTPD245G.
Figure 7-7 shows external dimensions of the platen block for LTPD345A/B, Figure 7-8 and Figure 7-9 show
external dimensions of the printer for LTPD345A and LTPD345B.
Figure 7-10 shows external dimensions of the platen unit for LTPD345F/G, Figure 7-11 and Figure 7-12 show
external dimensions of the printer for LTPD345F and LTPD345G.

CONFIDENTIAL
7-2

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-1 External Dimensions of the Platen Block (LTPD245A/B)
6
2
.
1
1
7
.
0
5
3
4

0
.
1
2
8

0
.
1
6

0
.
1
1
4
.
8
5
2.1 0.05
O
3
O
3
2
-
6
.
3
5
7
.
7
6
6
.
3
1.5
(Range of platen motion)
4
.
3

0
.
1
1
.
5
1
2
.
5
2
8
O
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
8.8
CONFIDENTIAL
7-3
4
0

(P
a
p
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In
le
t
A
n
g
le
)
A A
2
5
.
7

0
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1
2
2
.
8
5
.
8
5

0
.
2
8
.
1
5

0
.
1
1.5 0.1 3.8 0.1
2.1 0.05
6

0
.
1
2
9
.
6
5
2
9
.
7
5
6

0
.
1
9.5 0.2
1.6 0.05
37 3 39.95
30
1

0
.
0
5
4.54
3
.
2
2
5
.
5
2
1

0
.
1
5
8
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3

0
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1
(
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0
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4
.
3

0
.
1
1
0
.
7

0
.
1
6
9
15
3
5
.
1
M2 burring
2
6
.
7
5

2
4.2 0.8 0.04 t=
O
7
.
9
3
.
8
(
P
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)
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3
O
2
.
3

0
.
0
5
O
2
O
2
.1

0
.0
5
1.48
(Paper Inlet position)
5
.
1
S
e
c
t
i
o
n

A
-
A
38.7
12.7 0.1
2
4
.
9
23.7 7.3
10.75
13.75
11.7
0.35
8.5
2
.
7

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-2 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD245A)
CONFIDENTIAL
7-4

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-3 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD245B)
4
0

(P
a
p
e
r In
le
t A
n
g
le
)
A A
2
5
.
7

0
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1
2
2
.
8
5
.
8
5

0
.
2
8
.
1
5

0
.
1
1.5 0.1 3.8 0.1
2.1 0.05
6

0
.
1
2
9
.
6
5
2
9
.
7
5
6

0
.
1
9.5 0.2
1.6 0.05
52 3
1

0
.
0
5
2
5
.
5
2
1

0
.
1
5
8
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3

0
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1
(
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0
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4
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3

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1
1
0
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7

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6
9
15
3
5
.
1
M2 burring
2
6
.
7
5

2
4.2 0.8 0.04 t=
O
7
.
9
3
.
8
(
P
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3
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2
.3

0
.0
5
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2
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2
.1

0
.0
5
1.48
(Paper Inlet position)
5
.
1
S
e
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A
-
A
12.7 0.1
2
4
.
9
13.4 7.3
10.75
13.75
11.7
0.35
8.5
2
.
7
23.7
24.95
15
3
0
CONFIDENTIAL
7-5

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-4 External Dimensions of the Platen Unit (LTPD245F/G)
O
8
.
2
6
3.8 54.65
63
66.4
4
0
-
0
.
1
O
4
0
-
0
.
1
O
7
.
9
O
CONFIDENTIAL
7-6
4
0

(P
a
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In
le
t
A
n
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)
A A
2
5
.
7

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1
2
2
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8
8
.
1
5

0
.
1
12.7 0.1
1.5 0.1 3.8 0.1
2.1 0.05
6

0
.
1
2
9
.
6
5
2
9
.
7
5
6

0
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1
1.6 0.05
37 3 39.95
30
1

0
.
0
5
4.54
3
.
2
2
5
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5
2
1

0
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1
5
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3

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7

0
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1
6
9
15
3
5
.
1
M2 burring
2
6
.
7
5

2
4.2 0.8 0.04 t=
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7
.
9
3
.
8
(
P
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3
O
2
.
3

0
.
0
5
O
2
O
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
1.48
(Paper Inlet position)
5
.
1
S
e
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A
-
A
7.3
13.75
10.75 23.7
2
4
.
9
0.35 0.1
8.5
2
.
7
11.7

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-5 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD245F)
CONFIDENTIAL
7-7

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-6 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD245G)
4
0

(P
a
p
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r In
le
t A
n
g
le
)
A A
2
5
.
7

0
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1
2
2
.
8
8
.
1
5

0
.
1
1.5 0.1 3.8 0.1
2.1 0.05
6

0
.
1
2
9
.
6
5
2
9
.
7
5
6

0
.
1
1.6 0.05
52 3
1

0
.
0
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2
5
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5
2
1

0
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1
5
8
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3

0
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1
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1

0
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0
5
1
0
.
7

0
.
1
6
9
15
3
5
.
1
M2 burring
2
6
.
7
5

2
4.2 0.8 0.04 t=
O
7
.
9
3
.
8
(
P
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)
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3
O
2
.
3

0
.
0
5
O
2
O
2
.1

0
.0
5
1.48
(Paper Inlet position)
5
.
1
S
e
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A
-
A
12.7 0.1
2
4
.
9
13.4 7.3
10.75
13.75
11.7
0.35
8.5
2
.
7
24.95
15
3
0
CONFIDENTIAL
7-8

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-7 External Dimensions of the Platen Block (LTPD345A/B)
1.5
(Range of platen motion)
8.8
4
.
3

0
.
1
1
.
5
1
2
.
5
2
8
6
.
3
7
9
.
7
8
8
.
3
O
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
8
2
.
1
1
6
.
0
5
5
6

0
.
1
5
0

0
.
1
6

0
.
1
1
4
.
8
5
2.1 0.05
O
3
O
3
2
-
CONFIDENTIAL
7-9
M2 burring
1.5 0.1
O
3
O
2
.3

0
.0
5
6

0
.
1
2.1 0.05
4
8

0
.
1
2
2
.
8
1
9
.
1
5

0
.
1
5
1
.
6
5
2
9
.
7
5
6

0
.
1
1.6 0.05
3.8 0.1
37 3 39.95
5
.
1
30
1

0
.
0
5
3
.
2
4.54
2
5
.
5
2
1

0
.
1
8
0
.
3

0
.
1
(
P
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)
9
1
5
.
1
3
0.8 0.04 t= 4.2
1

0
.
0
5
1
0
.
7

0
.
1
O
2
15
2
6
.
7
5

2
A A
O
7
.9
3
.
8
(
P
a
p
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r

I
n
l
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t

P
o
s
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t
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)
1.48
(Paper Inlet Position)
4
0

(P
ap
e
r In
le
t A
n
g
le
)
S
e
c
t
i
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n

A
-
A
O
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
11.7
2
4
.
9
10.75
13.75
7.3
23.7
12.7 0.1
2
.
7
8.5
0.35 0.1
5
.
8
5

0
.
2
9.5 0.2

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-8 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD345A)
CONFIDENTIAL
7-10

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-9 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD345B)
A A
1.5 15
1
9
.
1
5

0
.
1
2
2
.
8
4
8

0
.
1
2.1 0.05
3.8 0.1 O
3
5
.
8
5

0
.
2
3
1.6 0.05
4.3
2.65 17.2
6

0
.
1
2
9
.
7
5
5
1
.
6
5
6

0
.
1
3
0
1
1
.
7
15
1

0
.
0
5
23.7
24.95
8
0
.
3

0
.
1
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) 2
1

0
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1
2
5
.
5
1

0
.
0
5
4
.
3

0
.
1
1
0
.
7

0
.
1
15
9
1
5
.
1
3
0.8 0.04 t= 4.2
M2 burring
O
7
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3
.
8
(
P
a
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P
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1.48
(Paper Insert Position
O
2
.3

0
.
0
5
O
2
.1

0
.
0
5
52 3
2
6
.
7
5

2
4
0

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n
gle
)
S
e
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t
i
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A
-
A
9.5 0.2
O
2
CONFIDENTIAL
7-11

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-10 External Dimensions of the Platen Unit (LTPD345F/G)
O
8
.
2
6
76.55 3.8
84.9
88.3
4
0
-
0
.
1
O
4
0
-
0
.
1
O
7
.
9
O
CONFIDENTIAL
7-12
M2 burring
1.5 0.1
O
3
O
2
.
3

0
.
0
5
6

0
.
1
2.1 0.05
4
8

0
.
1
2
2
.
8
1
9
.
1
5

0
.
1
5
1
.
6
5
2
9
.
7
5
6

0
.
1
1.6 0.05
3.8 0.1
37 3 39.95
5
.
1
30
1

0
.
0
5
3
.
2
4.54
2
5
.
5
2
1

0
.
1
8
0
.
3

0
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1
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9
1
5
.
1
3
0.8 0.04 t= 4.2
1

0
.
0
5
1
0
.
7

0
.
1
O
2
15
2
6
.
7
5

2
A A
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7
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3
.
8
(
P
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I
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P
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t
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)
1.48
(Paper Inlet Position)
4
0

(P
ap
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r In
le
t A
n
gle
)
S
e
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A
-
A
O
2
.
1

0
.
0
5
11.7
2
4
.
9
10.75
13.75
7.3
23.7
12.7 0.1
2
.
7
8.5
0.35 0.1

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-11 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD345F)
CONFIDENTIAL
7-13

Unit : mm
General tolerance for dimensions : 0.5
Figure 7-12 External Dimensions of the Printer Mechanism (LTPD345G)
A A
1.5 0.1
1
9
.
1
5

0
.
1
4
8

0
.
1
2.1 0.05
3.8 0.1
O
3
1.6 0.05
6

0
.
1
5
1
.
6
5
6

0
.
1
3
0
15
1

0
.
0
5
8
0
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3

0
.
1
(
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2
1

0
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2
5
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5
1

0
.
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5
1
0
.
7

0
.
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CONFIDENTIAL
8-1
CHAPTER 8
HANDLING METHOD
8.1 PROCEDURES FOR INSTALLING/UNINSTALLING THE THERMAL PAPER
8.1.1 Procedures for Installing/Uninstalling the Thermal Paper
The following describes the procedure for installing/uninstalling the thermal paper as an example of the
LTPD245A. Replace the platen block with the platen unit in case of the LTPD245F/G and LTPD345F/G.
(a) Installing the thermal paper
Push the platen release lever in the direction of the arrow in the Figure 8-1.
Platen block
Platen release lever

Figure 8-1 Loading the Thermal Paper (1)
Pull up the platen block after making sure that the platen block is released from the printer main
body. (Release state)
Set the thermal paper straight to the printer and leave at least 5cm of the thermal paper come out
from the printer in the Figure 8-2.
CONFIDENTIAL
8-2

Figure 8-2 Loading the Thermal Paper (2)
Set the platen block after making sure that the thermal paper is set straight. (Set state)
(b) Uninstall the thermal paper
Uninstall the thermal paper in the same manner for installing the thermal paper.
(c) Clearing a paper jam
Uninstall the thermal paper in the same manner for installing the thermal paper.
8.1.2 Precautions for Installing/Uninstalling the Thermal Paper
Install the thermal paper with the paten block or the platen unit released. Auto-loading is not
allowed.
Set the thermal paper straight to the printer and leave at least 5 cm of the thermal paper come out
from the printer.
When setting the platen block or the platen unit, the reduction gear may interfere with the platen
gear and may cause the platen block or the platen unit to not be set. In such a case, release the
platen block or the platen unit, and set it again.
If the thermal paper is skewed, feed the thermal paper until the thermal paper becomes straight or
install the thermal paper again.
Remove the jamming paper with the platen block or the platen unit released. Do not pull the
thermal paper by force because severe damages may occur.
CONFIDENTIAL
8-3
8.2 CLEANING THE THERMAL HEAD
If the surface of the thermal head exposed to dirt, ensure to clean the thermal head to avoid a print defect.
8.2.1 Procedures for Cleaning the Thermal Head
Turn off the power before cleaning.
Push the platen release lever to the direction of the arrow in the Figure 8-1. Pull up the platen
block or the platen unit after making sure that the platen block or the platen unit is released from the
printer main body.
Clean the heat element shown in Figure 8-3 using a cotton swab dipped in ethyl alcohol or isopropyl
alcohol.
Set the platen block or the platen unit after the alcohol has dried completely.
Heat element
Platen release lever

Figure 8-3 Cleaning Position of the Thermal Head

8.2.2 Precautions for Cleaning the Thermal Head
Do not clean the thermal head immediately after printing because the temperature of the thermal
head and its peripherals rises very high during and immediately after printing.
Clean the thermal head with the platen block or the platen unit released.
Do not use sandpaper, a cutter knife and etc. for cleaning. They will damage the heat element.
CONFIDENTIAL