You are on page 1of 5

Bachelor's Degree Programme

ASSIGNMENT 2008-2009

School of Humanities Indira Gandhi National Open University Maidan Garhi, New Delhi-110 068

Progrrrmme: BDP Course Code: EEG-0412008-09

Dear Student, You will have one assignment for the Elective Course in English-04. This assignment is a Tutor Marked Assignment (TMA) 100 marks. It covers all the 8 blocks. Aims: The assignment is concerned mainly with assessing your appiication and your understanding of the course material. You are not required to reproduce chunks of information form the course material but to use the skills that you may have acquired during the course of your. study. The assignment aims to assess your performance as well as to teach.

Instructions: Before attempting the assignment please read the following instructions carefully:
1. 2.
Read the detailed instructions about the assignments given in the Programme guide for the Elective Courses. Write your Roll Number, Name, Full Address and Date on the top right comer of the first page of your response sheet(s). Write the Course Title , Assignnlerlt Number and the Name of the Study Centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s). Do not plan to take the terminal examination for the course if your have not done the assignments set for it first. You will not be permitted to do so.

3.
4.

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Roll No. ............................... Name: ....................... ........ Address.. ............................... Course Title: ......................... Assignwent No: ..................... Study Centre .........................

Date:

................................ ................................ ............................... ..............................

5. 6.
7. 8.

Use only foolscap size paper for your response and tag alt the pages carefully. Write the relevant question number with each answer. You should write in your own handwriting.

Submission: Remember to keep a copy of your assignment with you and to take a receipt from your Study Centre when you submit the assignment. The completed assignment should be sent to the Coordinator at the Study Centre allotted to you. Last Date for Submission of Assignment is:
For June Exam For December Exam

3 lS' March 3 0 Sept ~

Assignment-EEG-04
Programme: BDP Course Code: EEG-041TMAl2008-09

Max Marks: 100

Answer all questions.

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: TOKYO - A recent television special said it all: It showed a building in downtown Tokyo with preprogrammed office lights that that uniformly shut off at 10 p.m.; seconds later, virtually every light in the building came right back on. Despite such displays, the nation that has taken the sting out of the word 'workaholic', producing 10 percent of the world's exports with just 2 percent of its population, is suddenly obsessed with a deadly phenomenon known as karoshi. That's the Japanese word for 'death from overwork.' Tetsunojo Uehata, the medical authority who coined the word, defines karoshi as a 'condition in which psychologically unsound work processes are allowed to continue in a way that disrupts the worker's normal work and life rhythms, leading to a buildup of fatigue in the body and a chronic condition of overwork accompanied by a worsening of pre-existent high blood pressure and a hardening of the arteries and finally resulting'in a fatal breakdown.' Translation: All work and no play can really wreck one's health, even in Japan. Hardly a week goes by withoul: a grim report about some ovel.zealous worker in the prime of his life who could not just say no to overtime. Not long ago, a 39-year-old police sergeant, Hari~o Okada, captured headlines as a karoshi victim by working double shifts for a month during the enthronement ceremonies for the nation's new monarch. There are no reliable figures on the number of victims, but analysts believe that tens of thousands of Japanese become seriously ill or die fro111 overwork each year. Despite promises by the government to trim working hours, the average Japanese clocked 2,150 hours in 1989, compared with 1,924 hours for Americans and 1,634 hours for the French. Some Japanese want change. When a group of lawyers and doctors set up the nation's first knroslti hot line in 1988, 135 people phoned in on the first day. Since then, nearly 2,000 cases have been reported to the 42 hotlines across the nation, and an international call-in centre has been set up recently. To raise public awareness about the problem and to pressure the government and corporate Japan into action, a group of lawyers, doctors and victims' wives has published a book called 'karoshi: When the Corporate Warrior Dies,' which recounts numerous horror stories. Yet he government and most Japanese companies rarely acknowledge karoshi and provide no special compensation to survivors. As the Ministry of Labour defines it, overwork can only be considered a cause of death if a victim 'worked continuously for 24 hours preceding death,' or 'worked 16 hours a day for several consecutive days leading up to death.' Alas, the recent media attention probably won't slow down the production lines much. In a poll conducted by an insurance company, more than 40 percent of the employees the firm covered said they feared that overwork might kill them; few planned to do anything about it. All in all, it looks like another busy year for the folks at karoshi hot line.

la

Read the sentence 'A recent television special said it all: It showed a building in downtown Tokyo with preprogrammed office lights that uniforrrlly shut off at 10 p.m.; seconds later, virtually every light in the building came right back on.' What do you infer about the character of Japanese people from this sentence? 2 marks Who coined the word 'Karoshi'? What does it mean?
2 marks

Do you think this problem has reached alarming proportions in Japan? Why do you think so? 3 marks What is the attitude of the Corporates and the Government to the problem? Why?

d e f

2 marks
Give a suitable title to the passage.
1 mark

Write the meanings of the following words and use them in sentences of your own. Consult a dictionary. 10 marks i Workaholic ii Obsessed iii Disrupt iv Fatigue v Chronic vi Hotline vii Compensation viii Survivors ix Rarely x Proceeding Fill in the blanks in the following sentences using suitable prepositions: This wornail has been charged ................. the murder of her husband. The Prime Minister was accompanied .............. .,.his wife. We expect to come back I bought this pen

2
1

5 marks

ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix


X

.................a week. .................cold water.

.................two rupees.

At the age of 60, my mother still takes a bath

................. foot. She prefers coffee .................tea.


I go to my college

................. English. The Seminar on Rural Development will commence ................. Monday. The Minister showed concern ................. rising incidents of violence in the city. the
Applicants for this post must have a good command Fill each gap with one suitable word. Example: I I was walking through the park yesterday when I suddenly heard

5 marks
a loud scream.

...............waiting for my bus last night ...............a man drove up and asked me ...............long I'd ............... waiting. I told him I'd only been there ...............a few minutes. He then asked if I ................like a lift. When I ................he began to ............... angry, but just then the bus arrived and he drove ................ I ...........;..
very relieved.
4

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate form of the verb. (active or passive) Oil has shaped civilization since the ancient times. We

,...........(find) many interesting

10 marks

references connected with the early use of petroleum, especially oil and bitumen, in

ancient history. The 'eternal fires of Baku'.

..................(be) the result of the ignition


with bitumen. The Tower of Babel

of oil and natural gas from a seepage. The basket in which the baby Moses

...........................(hide) was made w$er-proof


.........................construct)

using bitumen as mortar. In the Far East oil

......,............( for lighting. Its mqdicinal properties .............................. use) (appreciate), and it ........................... (rub) into the coats of camels to cure them of mange. The North American Indians .......,........ (use) petroleum as a medicine. The Mexican Indians ........................ (valub) bitumen as chewing-gum. Christopher
Columbus ...................(use) bitumen to Nake his ship seaworthy. In the following sentences the linking words:and phrases are missing. Decide which of the words given would be possible, 5 marks We are writing to you a) to

5
i ii iii

......................... clarify certain confused points.


b) in order to c) for

Our reply has been delayed ................. recent postal strike. the a) because of b) for '4 by These matters are difficult to deal with in writing. it would be better for us to have a meeting. a) This is why b) That is why

............................... feel that we


c) This is because

iv

I am sending you my curriculum vitae, as well as other information, ...................... YOU will have a chance to study it before our interview. b) because c) since a) so that Unfortunately, your letter arrived after the final date for applications. cannot consider you for the post. a) As a result b) That is because c) Or

..................we

6
7
I

Write a memo of about 60 words to all the staff in your office, suggesting ways of economizing on the use of paper, electricity, water, etc. 10 marks You have been asked by the HRD head of your company to make a presentation to your sales force on 'The Importance of Communication'. Using the material from Block 8, Unit 34, write your presentation. Keep to the format suggested in Unit 39. 20 marks Look up a reference book or the Internet and find out how glass (any type) is made. Write out the process in your own words. 10 marks .

8
9

A recent survey showed that there are still many communities in India which d o not welcome the birth of a girl child. Can a country which does not give equal rights to all its citizens even dream of becoming great? Write an article giving your views on this issue and the steps we should take to solve this problem. (approx 200 words) 15 marks

Related Interests