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Abaqus/CAE (ver. 6.

9) Shell Tutorial
ProblemDescription
The aluminum arch shown below is completely clamped along the flat faces. The arch supports a downward pressure of 600 MPa.

In this example, we also practice how to mesh a portion of a geometry and how to avoid modeling unnecessary segments!

2010 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

AnalysisSteps
1. StartAbaqusandchoosetocreateanewmodeldatabase 2. InthemodeltreedoubleclickonthePartsnode(orrightclickonpartsandselectCreate)

3. IntheCreatePartdialogbox(shownabove)namethepartand a. Select3D b. SelectDeformable c. SelectShell d. SelectExtrusion e. Setapproximatesize=100 f. ClickContinue 4. Createthegeometryshownbelow(notdiscussedhere)

2010 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

a. ClickDone

b. SetDepth=10 c. ClickOK 5. DoubleclickontheMaterialsnodeinthemodeltree

a. Namethenewmaterialandgiveitadescription b. ClickontheMechanicaltab Elasticity Elastic c. DefineYoungsModulusandthePoissonsRatio(useSI(mm)units) i. WARNING:TherearenopredefinedsystemofunitswithinAbaqus,sotheuseris responsibleforensuringthatthecorrectvaluesarespecified ii. Seethetableofconsistentunitsbelow

Quantity Length Force Mass Time Stress Energy Density


d. ClickOK

SI m N kg s J kg/m
3

SI (mm) mm N tonne (10 kg) s mJ (103 J) tonne/mm


3 3

US Unit (ft) US Unit (inch) ft lbf slug s lbf/ft2 ft lbf slug/ft


3

in lbf lbf s2/in s psi (lbf/in2) in lbf lbf s2/in4

Pa (N/m2) MPa (N/mm2)

2010 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

6. DoubleclickontheSectionsnodeinthemodeltree a. NamethesectionShellPropertiesandselectShellforthecategoryandHomogeneousforthe type b. ClickContinue c. Selectthematerialcreatedabove(Steel)andsetthethicknessto0.1 d. Adjustthethicknessintegrationpointsifnecessary i. ForSimpsonintegrationthenumberofpointsmustbeoddandbetween3and15 ii. ForGaussintegrationthenumberofpointsmustbebetween2and15 e. ClickOK

2010 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

7. ExpandthePartsnodeinthemodeltree,expandthenodeofthepartjustcreated,anddoubleclickon SectionAssignments a. SelecttheentiregeometryintheviewportandpressDoneinthepromptarea b. Selectthesectioncreatedabove(ShellProperties). c. Specifyshelloffsetifnecessary(notusedinthisexample). d. ClickOK

8. InthetoolboxareaclickonthePartitionFace:Sketchicon a. SelectallfacesandclickDone b. Selectoneoftheflatfacesasthesketchplane c. SpecifyThroughAllfortheprojectiondistance.Notethearrowshouldencompasstheentirepart. d. SelectFlipifthearrowshowingtheprojectdirectionisincorrect,and/orpressOK e. Selectoneoftheedgesontheendofthepartastheverticalsketchdirection f. Createasketchthatwilldividethepartintoquarters

2010 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

g. SelectDone

9. ExpandtheAssemblynodeinthemodeltreeandthendoubleclickonInstances a. SelectDependentfortheinstancetype b. ClickOK

10. Savethemodel a. Thismodelwillbeusedasastartingplaceforfurthertutorials

11. DoubleclickontheStepsnodeinthemodeltree a. Namethestep,settheproceduretoGeneral,andselectStatic,General b. Givethestepadescription

2010 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

2010 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

12. ExpandtheFieldOutputRequestsnodeinthemodeltree,andthendoubleclickonFOutput1(FOutput1 wasautomaticallygeneratedwhencreatingthestep) a. UncheckthevariablesStrainsandContact

13. ExpandtheHistoryOutputRequestsnodeinthemodeltree,andthenrightclickonHOutput1(HOutput1 wasautomaticallygeneratedwhencreatingthestep)andselectDelete

14. Becausethepartissymmetricalandtheflatsurfacesarefullyrestrainedonlyaquarterofthearchneedsto bemodeled 15. Becausetheflatsurfacesareassumedtobefullyrestrainedwedonotneedtoincludethem,andcaninstead fixjusttheedge

2010 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

16. DoubleclickontheBCsnodeinthemodeltree a. NametheboundaryconditionedFixedandselectSymmetry/Antisymmetry/Encastreforthetype

b. SelecttheedgeshownbelowandclickDone

c. SelectENCASTREfortheboundaryconditionandclickOK

2010 Hormoz Zareh

Portland State University, Mechanical Engineering

17. DoubleclickontheBCsnodeinthemodeltree a. NametheboundaryconditionedZsymmandselectSymmetry/Antisymmetry/Encastreforthe type

b. SelecttheedgeshownbelowandclickDone

c. SelectZSYMMfortheboundarycondition

d. RepeatfortheotheredgeandselectXsymmtoapplyxdirsymmetrycondition. 18. DoubleclickontheLoadsnodeinthemodeltree

2010 Hormoz Zareh

10 Engineering

Portland State University, Mechanical

a. NametheloadPressureandselectPressureasthetype

b. Selectthequarterofthearchsurfacewiththeboundaryconditionsappliedtoit c. Selectthecolorcorrespondingtothetopsurface d. Forthemagnitudeenter600

2010 Hormoz Zareh

11 Engineering

Portland State University, Mechanical

19. InthemodeltreedoubleclickonMeshfortheArchpart,andinthetoolboxareaclickontheAssign ElementTypeicon a. Selecttheportionofthegeometryassociatedwiththeboundaryconditionsandload b. SelectStandardforelementtype c. SelectLinearforgeometricorder d. SelectShellforfamily e. Notethatthenameoftheelement(S4R)anditsdescriptionaregivenbelowtheelementcontrols f. SelectOK

20. InthetoolboxareaclickontheAssignMeshControlsicon a. Selecttheportionofthegeometryassociatedwiththeboundaryconditionsandload b. ChangetheelementshapetoQuad

2010 Hormoz Zareh

12 Engineering

Portland State University, Mechanical

21. InthetoolboxareaclickontheSeedEdge:ByNumbericon

a. Selecttheshorteredgesoftheportionofthegeometryassociatedwiththeboundaryconditionsand load i. Specify5seeds b. Selectthelongercurvededgesoftheportionofthegeometryassociatedwiththeboundary conditionsandload i. Specify10seeds

c. SelectDone 22. InthetoolboxareaclickontheMeshRegionicon

a. Selecttheportionofthegeometryassociatedwiththeboundaryconditionsandload b. SelectDone

2010 Hormoz Zareh

13 Engineering

Portland State University, Mechanical

23. InthemodeltreedoubleclickontheJobnode a. NamethejobArch_linear_static b. Givethejobadescription

2010 Hormoz Zareh

14 Engineering

Portland State University, Mechanical

24. Inthemodeltreerightclickonthejobjustcreated(Arch_linear_static)andselectSubmit a. Ignorethemessageaboutunmeshedportionsofthegeometry b. WhileAbaqusissolvingtheproblemrightclickonthejobsubmitted(Arch_linear_static),andselect Monitor

c. IntheMonitorwindowcheckthattherearenoerrorsorwarnings i. Ifthereareerrors,investigatethecause(s)beforeresolving ii. Iftherearewarnings,determineifthewarningsarerelevant,somewarningscanbesafely ignored

25. Inthemodeltreerightclickonthesubmittedandsuccessfullycompletedjob(Bracket),andselectResults

26. InthemenubarclickonViewport ViewportAnnotationsOptions a. UnchecktheShowcompassoption

2010 Hormoz Zareh

15 Engineering

Portland State University, Mechanical

b. ThelocationsofviewportitemscanbespecifiedonthecorrespondingtabintheViewport AnnotationsOptions

27. Displaythedeformedcontourofthe(Von)Misesstressoverlaidwiththeundeformedgeometry a. Inthetoolboxareaclickonthefollowingicons i. PlotContoursonDeformedShape ii. AllowMultiplePlotStates iii. PlotUndeformedShape

2010 Hormoz Zareh

16 Engineering

Portland State University, Mechanical

28. InthetoolboxareaclickontheCommonPlotOptionsicon a. SettheDeformationScaleFactorto10 b. ClickOK

29. Todeterminethestressvalues,fromthemenubarclickTools Query a. ChecktheboxeslabeledNodesandS,Mises b. Intheviewportmouseovertheelementofinterest c. NotethatAbaqusreportsstressvaluesfromtheintegrationpoints,whichmaydifferslightlyfromthe valuesdeterminedbyprojectingvaluesfromsurroundingintegrationpointstothenodes i. Theminimumandmaximumstressvaluescontainedinthelegendarefromthestresses projectedtothenodes d. ClickonanelementtostoreitintheSelectedProbeValuesportionofthedialoguebox

2010 Hormoz Zareh

17 Engineering

Portland State University, Mechanical

30. Tochangetheoutputbeingdisplayed,inthemenubarclickonResults FieldOutput a. ClickonSectionPoints i. Thelocation(top/bottom/etc.)oftheresultsbeingdisplayedcanbechanged b. Otheroutputvariables(suchasdisplacement,U)canbedisplayedbyselectingthemandspecifying theinvariant/component

2010 Hormoz Zareh

18 Engineering

Portland State University, Mechanical