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Almanzor, Sylvelyn Jo A.

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June 25, 2011 Annotated Bibliography

1. Agbulos, Jesse, et. al. Sikamin Lumad: Bagong Panitikan ng Katutubong Mindanaw.

Davao City, Philippines: Ateneo de Davao University Research and Publication Office, 2005. Print. This book is a collection of poems, myths, rituals, historical writings, essays, and narratives of people from Mindanao. It contains both the original texts and their Tagalog translations. This book is a successful project for an archival research especially since the topics of the selections reflect much about the life and identity of tribes in Mindanao. From straight-to-the-point texts to underlying messages on socio-environmental changes, this collection is a good eye-opener of the real issues faced by minorities in the Philippines.
2. Arquiza, Mucha-Shim Quiling. Philippine Ethnic and Muslim Minorities: Educating

Children the Traditional Way. International Mountain Society. 26.1 2006: 24-27. Print. Arquiza talks about Muslim education in her study. She details this information through the story of Nulkaisa. Her narrative describes how Muslim children are educated by elders about Muslim culture, way of living, and the Quran. Arquizas study also tells of community education which male adults are most likely to encounter and which are taught by a madrasa. Her framework of study is based on the fact that the Philippines have adopted the Education For All (EFA) framework of education and she checks if formal education is met by minorities most especially Muslims in Mindanao. She concludes that Muslims in Mindanao have retained the traditional form of education information passed on from generation to generation.
3. Basman, Taha M., et. al. Autonomy for Muslim Mindanao: The RCC Untold Story.

Philippines: B-lal Publishers, 1989. Print. Basman, Lalanto, and Madale wrote this book as their form of Jihad for the injustice to Muslims. They narrate the different events that happened in the perspective of Commissioners of the Regional Consultative Commission for Muslim Mindanao. This collection of writings essays, charts, and even legislative reviews is their form of protest writing. They straightforwardly address the countrys president to not just be aware of their situation but to take action in truly making the sole responsibility of RCC a possible one that which is to bring peace in the Mindanao problem.
4. Dale, Stephen Frederic. Religious Suicide in Islamic Asia: Anticolonial Terrorism in

India, Indonesia, and the Philippines. The Journal of Conflict Resolution. 32.1 1988:3759. Print. Dales study deals with a common denominator behind Muslim suicidal terrorism methods. He highlights the need to understand that not only do Middle Eastern terrorists use this method but Islam religion in general believes in the same idea. He does a

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comparative study between three countries that shared the same terrorist attack method and one of which was Philippines. This is a good point of reference for those who wish to know about sacrifice and battles through the Quran and the teaching behind this literary piece.
5. Erickson, John. Islam & Postcolonial Narrative. United Kingdom: Cambridge University

Press, 1998. Print. Erickson studies four different Muslim authors in this book. These four authors are known to have been products of postcolonialism and are scholars. He studies not just their works differences in form and content but he tries to unlock their colonized perspective on their colonizers. He focuses on how colonized Islamic citizens see their global world as well as the different Third World writers who also shared the same fate of being colonized. He wishes to see the perspective of those who were as he might have metaphorized under the heel of a giant who is also slowly shrinking.
6. Filipinas Foundation, Inc. An Anatomy of Philippine Muslim Affairs. Philippines:

Filipinas Foundation, Inc., 1971. Print. This book is an in-depth study of Muslims in the Philippines to address their misunderstood image in varied fields including that of literature. The study highlights the different Muslim tribes in the Philippines, the history of Islam in the Philippines, the beginning of democracy for the Muslims, the Muslim society and culture, a report on Muslim-Christian affairs, several Muslim problems, integration processes to address Muslim affairs, suggested prospects for Muslim participation in the economic development in Mindanao, and proposals for social change that will aid in unifying the country.
7. Frake, Charles O. Abu Sayyaf: Displays of Violence and the Proliferation of Contested

Identities among Philippine Muslims. American Anthropologist. 100.1 1998:41-54. Print. Frake studies the historical approach on understanding Abu Sayyaf terrorists, how the Muslims respond to different changes in the society, and other documentation of violence through reports. He analyzes their violent methods through different ideologies both Muslim and non-Muslim and he tries to rationalize their ways by trying to present their means. He specifically studies Muslims in the Philippines and their battle against the Christian Catholic majority. He does a detail study of the way of life of the Abu Sayyaf and continually extracts similarity in ideologies that of other world-known beliefs. He compares American battles then to the methods and reasons of the Abu Sayyaf. He ends his study by going back to the unifying agent of peace and the never ending search of attaining it.

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8. Khalidi, Jarif. The Muslim Jesus: Sayings and Stories in Islamic Literature. London,

England: Harvard University Press, 2003. Print. This book aims to aid Western readers about how the Islam religion view Jesus Christ. Khalidi does his study through collection of sayings and verses from the Quran itself that talked about Jesus. He then presents his image of the Muslim Jesus. He also gives information of how Muslims have revered Jesus but have neglected and rejected his divinity. He builds the rest of his book on this framework making it a useful tool not just for Western readers but to readers who wish to understand the Islamic perspective. For Filipinos who try to continue creating or reinforcing a unifying bond between Mindanao and the rest of the Philippine islands, this books perspective may come in handy.
9. Larkin, John A. Philippine History Reconsidered: A Socioeconomic Perspective. The

American Historical Review. 87.3 1982:595-628. Print. Larkins study is zeroed in on the history of Philippines through their geographical location. He discusses the many events that occurred in the three major islands Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao as well as a different sub-section for the National Capital Region. He discusses the history of the Muslims in Mindanao and their presence in Luzon and Visayas of how they arrived there. He talks about the thencivilations before the colonizers came to the country and of how Muslims were more likely dominant then even those areas no longer in Mindanao and of how Muslims are in the contemporary time what theyve lost through the years.
10. Larousse, William. Walking Together Seeking Peace: The Local Church of Mindanao-

Sulu Journeying in Dialogue with the Muslim Community. Quezon City, Philippines: Claretian Publications, Inc., 2001. Print. Fr. William Larousse discusses how the Christian Catholic Church tries to make Muslim relations possible through dialogues. He discusses in detail how he defines dialogue and how a dialogue is done as well as techniques of delivering dialogues. He talks about the Christian-Muslim connection by discussing their history and their battles. He also details the Muslim issues on liberation/autonomy. He then brings the topic towards cultural and political perspectives of using dialogues. He also discusses the Vatican teachings and other religious churches teachings. Historical in framework, he talks about different attempts and events of the Catholic Church in the Philippines that talked about unity and its importance.
11. Macatangay, Ma. Leilani. Preservation of Archival Materials (Muslim and Non-Muslim

Literatures II). Philippines: Literary History of the Philippines Project of the Department of Literature, 2000. Print. This archival material compiles an Islam-English side-by-side translation of the Quran or the Muslim bible. Apart from it, the proponent also includes Islamic poetry with English translations and essays on Tausug literature that are written in a mixture of

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English and Tausug. The selected poems are about the Islam religions belief or are proverbial in nature while the essays on Tausug literature focus on different myths and/or legends about the customs of the tribe and/or how the world came to be.
12. Mastura, Datu Michael O. Muslim Filipino Experience: A Collection of Essays. Quezon

City, Philippines: PDM Press, 1984. Print. Datu Michael Mastura, a Muslim lawyer, writes this book this collection of essays as a response to the need of attention towards Muslim affairs in the Philippines. He groups his essays to address history, policies, constitution, Islamic laws, and Islamic economics. His writings speak of the Muslim-Filipino affairs as well as Muslim-Muslim affairs in Mindanao and how these events have changed the outlook of people towards their minority. This book stands as a firm testimony of a Muslim who have seen and experienced what it was like to be in Mindanao during those beleaguered times. His writings call for attention from the Filipinos and from international eyes as well. An essay he included under the policies section deal with colonialism in Mindanao.
13. Quizon, Cherubim A. Costume, Kstyom, and Dress: Formulations of Bagbo Ethnic

Identity in Southern Mindanao. Ethnology. 46.4 2007:271-288. Print. Literature doesnt simply exist in the form of books. A text isnt bound by pages and words. In Quizons study, she deals with costumes and dances of a minority tribe in Mindanao and reads through these as a literary text. She learns that this minority take their group identity based from the material of cloth they use in their costumes. She also uncovers their description of an identity based on region and on the nation-state.
14. Sugbo, Victor. Tinuha: History in Philippine Literary Texts. Manila, Philippines: The

National Commission for Culture and the Arts, 2003. Print. The blurring between the binary opposition of history and fiction through historiography is the books focus as it tackles the history of the Philippines through the stories of Filipinos. This book includes an essay by Christine F. Gordinez-Ortega that talks about the nineteen (19) epics of Mindanao. In these nineteen epics, four (4) are actually Maranao in origin. She discusses in her essay the similarities or unifying themes/ideas found on all nineteen, the approaches she used in her study, the epics take on natural events such as marriage, and how she used the epics to understand the people from Mindanao.

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