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по дисциплине
для студентов 3-4 курсов Бизнес-колледжа отделения:
«Технология продукции общественного питания»

Махачкала – 2019
УДК 811.111
ББК 81.2 Англ ©

Составитель: Батырмурзаева Ума Мамашевна, к.ф.н., доцент кафедры

английского языка ДГУНХ.

Ахметилова Дженнет Магомедовна, к.ф.н., доцент кафедры

английского языка ДГУНХ.

Внутренний рецензент: Халипаева П.А, к.ф.н., доцент кафедры

английского языка ДГУНХ.

Внешний рецензент: Абдуллабекова Умсалимат Багаутиновна, к.ф.н.,

научный сотрудник ДФИЦ РАН.

Учебное пособие разработано в соответствии с требованиями

федерального государственного образовательного стандарта среднего
образования по специальности 19.02.10 Технология продукции
общественного питания, утвержденного приказом Министерства
образования и науки Российской Федерации от 22 апреля 2014г. №384, в
соответствии с приказом от 14 июня 2013г., №464 Министерства
образования и науки РФ.

Учебное пособие по дисциплине "Иностранный язык" размещено на

сайте www.dgunh.ru.
Ахметилова Д.М. Учебное пособие по дисциплине "Иностранный
язык" по специальности 19.02.10 Технология продукции общественного
питания - Махачкала, ДГУНХ, 2019г., 70 C.

Печатается по решению Учебно-методического совета

Дагестанского государственного университета народного хозяйства.
Lesson 1: Restaurants in London………………………………………………….5

An Englishman's meals……………………………………………………………..5

Lesson 2: Traditional American Food………………………………………...….12

Lesson 3: British Cuisine…………………………………………………..…......17

A new diet of Erica Stein...……………………………………………..…………17

Lesson 4: Food labeling too much to swallow………………………………....…21

Lesson 5: Tea in Great Britain…………………………………………….……...25

Lesson 6: Recipes……………...………………………………………………….29

Lesson 7: Dangerous food for health……………………………………………..32

Lesson 8: Healthy Food………………………………………………………......36

Lesson 9: Breakfast around the world ……………………………………………41

Lesson 10: Vegetarian food ………………………………………...……………45


Список использованной литературы…………………………………………...69

Данное учебное пособие предназначено для студентов 3-4 курсов
специальности 19.02.10 Технология продукции общественного питания.
Издание подготовлено в соответствии с целями и содержанием программы
по иностранным языкам в СПО и соответствует ФГОС. Пособие рассчитано
на работу с контингентом, имеющим базовое знание английского языка в
объёме программы средней школы или прошедшим специальный
коррективный курс.
Целями пособия являются: совершенствование коммуникативных
умений учащихся в четырёх основных видах деятельности (говорении,
аудировании, чтении, письме); овладение новыми языковыми средствами в
соответствии с отобранными темами и сферами общения; увеличение объёма
используемых лексических единиц; развитие навыков оперирования
языковыми средствами в коммуникативных целях.
Материал пособия организован таким образом, что позволяет регулярно
повторять основные активные лексико-грамматические структуры и
Учащимся предлагается участвовать в различных видах деятельности,
таких, как ролевая игра, чтение и различные виды работ с текстом,
интервьюирование однокурсников, создание проектов и их презентация. Вся
работа направленна на развитие языковых навыков, учебных умений и на
совершенствование навыков общения как в устной, так и в письменной
Пособие состоит из 10 уроков, включающих материал для работы в
аудитории и для самостоятельной работы обучающихся.

I. Задания для текущего контроля усвоения материала

Lesson 1.

Text 1
Restaurants in London

The British have taken good ideas from all over the world. You can eat
Chinese, Indian, Italian and Greek food in any big city. There is a fantastic variety
of restaurants.

The restaurants' best customers are business people, who meet in them to talk
business in a relaxed atmosphere away from the telephone. They can eat what they
like because the company pays the bill.

When a man and woman want to get to know each other better, they often go out to
a restaurant together. After all it's easier to talk in a quiet atmosphere with soft
music, wine and good food. Most British families only go to restaurants on special
occasions, like birthdays or wedding anniversaries.

For visitors to London, eating out can be fun. But if you want that special feeling
of London, go to the Ritz in Picadilly for tea any afternoon at about half past four.
And you'll see that the prices are very high.

Then you can try England's favourite food-fish and chips. Take it away and eat
where you like — in the park, on the bus or while you walk down the street. British
restaurants have not always been famous for their good food.

Too often, they offered only fried food and chips with everything. But now healthy
food is in fashion.

An Englishman’s meals
Four meals a day are served traditionally in Britain: breakfast, lunch, tea and
dinner. In many countries breakfast is a snack rather than a meal but the English
breakfast eaten at about eight o’ clock in the morning, is a full meal, much bigger
than continent. Some people begin with plateful of porridge but more often
cornflakes with milk and sugar. Then comes at least one substantial course, such as

kippers or bacon and eggs. Afterwards comes toast with butter and marmalade or
jam. The meal is “washed down” with tea or coffee.
Most British people no have such a full breakfast only on Sunday mornings.
On weekdays it is usually a quick meal: just cornflakes, toast and tea.
English lunch, which is usually eaten at one o clock, is based on plain, simply
cooked food. It starts with soup or fruit juice. English people sometimes say that
soup fills them up without leaving sufficient room for the more important course
which consists of meat, poultry or fish accompanied by plenty of vegetables.
Apple-pie is a favourite sweet and English puddings of which there are very
many, are an excellent ending to a meal especially in winter. Finally, a cup of
coffee – black or white.
Tea the third meal of the ay is taken between four and five o clock especially when
staying in a hotel when a pot of tea with a jug of milk and a bowl of sugar are
brought in biscuits and handed round.
At the weekend’s afternoon tea is a very sociable time. Friends and visitors
are often present. Some people like to have the co-called “high tea” which is
mixture of tea and supper – for example meat, cheese and fruit may be added to
bread and butter, pasties and tea.
Dinner is the most substantial meal of the day. The usual time is about seven
o’clock and all the members of the family sit down together. The first course might
be soup. Then comes the second course, fish or meat, perhaps the traditional roast
beef of old England. Then the dessert is served some kind of sweet. But whether a
person in fact gets such a meal depends on his housekeeping budget. Some people
in the towns and nearly all country people have dinner in the middle of the day
instead of lunch. They have tea a litter later between five and six o’clock when
they might have a light meal – an omelet, or sausages or fried fish and chips or
whatever they can afford.
Then before going to bed, they may have a light snack or supper – e.g. a cup
of hot milk with a sandwich or biscuit,

The evening meal as we have said already goes under various names tea, “high
tea”, dinner or supper depending upon its size and also the social standing of those
eating it.

1. bacon - бекон
2. biscuit – сухое печенье
3. bread – plate - хлебница
4. chips - чипсы
5. cornflakes – кукурузные хлопья
6. cream - сливки
7. fruit juice – фруктовый сок
8. jelly- желе; студень
9. jug – кувшин; тушить
10. marmalade – джем, конфитюр; повидло
11. mustard-pot - горчичница
12. napkin - салфетка
13. noodle soup –суп с лапшой
14. omelet – омлет, яичница
15. pastry – кондитерские изделия (пирожные, печенье и т.д.)
16. pepper-box – перечница, вест-индское пряное кушанье из мяса или
17. porridge - каша
18. poultry- домашняя птица
19. pudding - пудинг
20. roast beef – жареное говядина
21. salt- cellar - солонка
22. sauce – boat - соусник
23. snack – легкая закуска
24. sociable – общительный, дружеский
25. sour cream - сметана
26. starter – первое блюдо
27. stewed fruit - компот
28. sugar-basin - сахарница
29. table-cloth - скатерть
30.toast – ломтик хлеба, подрумяненный на огне; гренок; тост

1.Translate in English equivalents of the following.
Первый завтрак, каша, корнфлекс, бекон, тост, мармелад, сок, достаточный,
пудинг, компот; основательная еда, ростбиф, омлет, сосиски, сухое печенье.

2. Explain the meaning of the following phrases:

A full meal, plain food, a sociable time, a housekeeping budget, to go under
various names, social standing.

3 . Questions:
1. What meals do you know?
2. What can be boiled?
3. Do we fry meat or do we roast it?
4. What is an omelet made from?
5. What are cornflakes generally eaten with?
6. What is the difference between fried potatoes and chips?
7. What kind of fruit do you know?
8. Do we roast fish? What is the way to cook it?
9. Do you usually have a starter before dinner or do you do without it?

4.Act out the dialogue below:

Inviting someone out
S.: Hallo, Bill, have you got any plans for this evening?
B.: No, really, no.
S.: Well, would you like to have a meal with me?
B.: Oh, well, I’m not sure I can manage that.
S.: There’s a nice Chinese restaurant in town – the food’s very good there.
B.: Oh, that sounds very nice, thanks.
S.: I’ll call for you about 8, then.
B.: 8 o ‘clock. Fine, thanks.

5. Соотнесите каждое блюдо (а-d) с соответствующим рестораном (1-4)

на иллюстрации.

Track 1.
6.Послушайте как официант принимает заказ. Отметьте в меню,
что заказали клиенты.

Грамматика: Повторение пройденного материала (Articles.
Indefinite Tenses)
1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Indefinite.
1. My sister (to get) up at six o’clock. 3. She (to be) a schoolgirl. She (to go)
to school in the afternoon. 4. Jane (to be) fond of sports. She (to do) her morning
exercises every day. 5. For breakfast she (to have) two eggs, a sandwich and a
cup of tea. 6. After breakfast she (to go) to school. 7. It (to take) him two hours to
do his homework. 8. She (to speak) French well.

2. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глагол to be в Present

1. Как тебя зовут? –Меня зовут Майк. 2. Откуда ты родом (...
приехала)? - Я из Лондона. 3. Кто он (на фотографии)? - Это мой отец. 4.
Как его зовут? - Его зовут Джон. 5. Я Лена, а это Коля. Он мой брат. Ему 10
лет, а мне 12 лет. Мы из Петербурга. 6. Моя сестра на работе. Она врач. 7.
Он студент. 8. Вы студент? - Нет, я врач. 9. Моя сестра дома. 10. Мой брат -
ученик. Он в школе. 11. Ваша мама дома? - Нет, она на работе. Где она? 12.

Ваша сестра - учительница? - Нет, она студентка. Кто она? 13. Твой папа на
работе, - Нет, он дома. 14. Мой дедушка - ученый. 15. Моя мама - не
учительница. Она врач.

3. Вставьте необходимый артикль в каждом предложении.

1. She comes from …Moscow.
2. John stayed at home last night and listened to … radio.
3. Greg’s father is … engineer.
4. My elder brother is looking for … work.
5. Yesterday … sun was shining brightly.

4. Вставьте do или does.

1. ... you study in college? – Yes, I ... . 2. ... your brother play football? –
Yes, he ... . 3. What ... the teacher ask you to do? 4. ... Kitty and Ann read
English books? – Yes, they ... . 5. He ... not like coffee. 6. We ... not go to school
in summer.

5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple.

1. Alice (to have) a sister. 2. Her sister’s name (to be) Ann. 3. Ann (to be) a
student.4. She (to get) up at seven o'clock. 5. She (to go) to the institute in the
morning. 6. Jane (not to be) fond of sports. 7. She (to do) her morning exercises
every day. 8. For breakfast she (to have) two eggs, a sandwich and a cup of tea. 9.
After breakfast she (to go) to the institute. 10. Sometimes she (to take) a bus. 11. It
(to take) her an hour and a half to do her homework. 12. She (not to speak) English
well. 13. Her friends usually (to call) her at about 8 o’clock. 14. Ann (to take) a
shower before going to bed. 15. She (to go) to bed at 11 p. m.

6. Вставьте соответствующий артикль там, где он необходим.

1. This is … pen. That is … pencil. 2. This is … book. It is my … book. 3. Is
this your … pencil? – No, it isn’t my … pencil, it is my sister’s … pencil. 4. I have
… sister. My … sister is … engineer. My sister’s … husband is … doctor. They
have got two … children. 5. This is … girl. This … girl is their … daughter. Their
daughter’s … name is Vera. 6. That is … boy. That … boy is her … brother. Her
brother’s … name is Nick. 7. This is our … flat. 8. We have got … car. Our … car
is not very expensive but reliable. 9. I have no … pet. 10. My granny has got …
headache. She has no … idea what to do. 11. I have … friend. His … name is
Mike. My … friend is very good. 12. It’s … cat. Its … tail is long and bushy. It’s
Mike’s … cat.

Lesson 2.
Text 2
Traditional American Food

Americans eat a lot. They have three meals a day: breakfast, lunch and
Most of Americans don't eat home but prefer to go to restaurants. They can
choose from many kinds of restaurants. There is a great number of ethnic
restaurants in the United States. Italian, Chinese and Mexican food is very
popular. An American institution is the fast food restaurant, which is very
convenient but not very healthy.
However, there are some principles of American cuisine (if we may call it
so). Americans drink a lot of juices and soda, eat a lot of meat, fruits and
vegetables, not much bread. In the morning Americans have cereal or scrambled
eggs, milk or orange juice.
Chicken or fish, fried potatoes, vegetable salads, and desert: this is the most
common menu for lunch. Dinner is probably the most important meal of the
day, some people have family dinner, when all members of family have to be
For dinner Americans usually have meat, fried or baked potatoes with
ketchup or sour cream, corn, peas, sometimes macaroni and cheese or spaghetti;
ice-cream, fruit or cake may be for dessert.
Turkey, ham and apple pie are traditional for Christmas and Thanksgiving
Day dinners.


ethnic — этнический
healthy — здоровый, полезный
juice — сок

cereal — кукурузные хлопья
potatoes — картофель
salad — салат
ketchup — кетчуп
ice-cream — мороженое
apple pie — яблочный пирог
Christmas — Рождество

1. Answer the questions:
1. How many times a day do Americans eat?
2. Do Americans like to eat at home?
3. What kind of restaurants is popular in the US?
4. What do Americans eat for breakfast?
5. What is the most important meal of the day?
6. What is a family dinner?
7. What dishes are traditional for Christmas and Thanksgiving Day dinners?

2.Act out the dialogue below:

- Hi Jim! How are you?

- Hello! I am fine, thanks. How are things?
-Just fine, thank you. Where are Hubert and Margaret?
- They must come in.
- Look! There is a vacant table in the corner. Let’s sit down at the table.
-What would you like to order?
-I prefer the cake “Tiramisu”, some coffee with a bit whipped cream. And you?
-I rather want some banana strawberry pie, a cup of cappuccino with some ice-
cream. Oh, nice to meet you Hubert and Margaret! How have you been?
-М: I have been doing okay recently. Thanks.
- Н: Good, thank you. Have you already ordered some meal?
- Yes, we have. Sit down, please. What would you like to take?
- М: I will some cheesecake with a bit porous chocolate and a cup of Latte with
vanilla. And you, Hubert?
- Н: I want a glass of milk bilberry shake and a slice of fruit dessert.
- The order will be ready in a few minutes. I see, you have already eaten your
- Yes. It was delicious. But I am still hungry.
- You needed to order something more substantial.
- Yeah, I will order sandwiches right now.
- What sandwiches have you decided to take?
- Cheeseburger with some slices of ham, cucumber pickles and lettuce.
- I think I will order some sandwiches as well.
- Will you eat some cheeseburgers too?
- No, I want sandwiches with salmon and mayonnaise sauce.
- Oh, look, our orders are ready. Take them from the cash desk, please.
- This meal tastes good. I like it.

3. Прочитайте следующие высказывания и расположите их по порядку


Грамматика: Past Indefinite. Plural nouns.
1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глагол to be в Past Indefinite.
1. I (to be) in Moscow last week. 2. The weather (to be) terrible. 3. It (to be)
very cold and rainy. 4. The children (to be, not) at home. 5. The house (to be)
clean. 6. There (to be) nothing in the fridge. 7. My friend (to be) at the library two
hours ago. 8. She (to be) very tired and hungry yesterday. 9. I (to be) a pupil last
year. 10. Where (to be) you two years ago? – I (to be) in the country with my
2. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы вPast Indefinite.
1.Это было в мае. Погода была прекрасная. Я проснулась рано утром. 2.
Дети играли в саду. 3. Вечером мальчики слушали громкую музыку. 4. Мама
была на кухне. Она готовила обед. 5. Куда выходили вчера? 6. На автобусной
остановке мы встретили нашу тетю. 7. Она возвращалась с работы. 8. Ее муж
был дома, он не ходил на работу в тот день. 9. Онболел.10. Мы прекрасно
провели время вместе.

3. Поставьте всевозможные вопросы к следующим предложениям в Past

1. We wrote some letters to our friends at the last lesson.
2. He was in the park with his friends two years ago.
3. They had to translate this story into English.

4. Выберите правильный вариант образования мн.числа:

1. I bought two nice … (scarf, scarves, scavs).
2. The … of the houses need repairing (roofs, roves, roovs).
3. I have two bad … (tooth, teeth, tooths). I must have them filled.
4. Three … (days, dais, dayes) past, but Holmes didn’t appear.
5. I hate …. (flys, flies, flyes).
6. My friend’s cat caught two … (mouses, mouse, mice) last week.

5. Напишите предложения во множественном числе:

1. This is a clerk. 2. It’s a mechanics. 3. That is a teacher. 4. She is a schoolgirl. 5.
He is an agronomist. 6. I’m a student. 7. This is my note-book. 8. That is a driver.
9. It’s a copybook. 10. He is a pupil of the tenth form. 11. This is a nice picture. 12.
That is a very good student. 13. This man is a pensioner. 14. It’s my knife. 15. She
is sitting on the bench.

6. Переведите на английский язык следующий текст и перескажите

Петров заболел и пропустил пять лекций. Его друзья Смирнов и
Никитин пошли навестить его. На метро они доехали до его дома за 20
минут и провели у него несколько часов. Они вместе приготовили
уроки, поговорили по-английски и обсудили новые тексты из учебника.
Когда Петров почувствовал себя хорошо, он снова стал посещать
занятия, ему не пришлось просить своих преподавателей о помощи.

Lesson 3.

Text 3
British Cuisine

Some people criticize English food. They say it's unimaginable, boring,
tasteless, it's chips with everything and totally overcooked vegetables. The basic
ingredients, when fresh, are so full of flavour that British haven't had to invent
sauces to disguise their natural taste. What can compare with fresh peas or new
potatoes just boiled and served with butter? Why drown spring lamb in wine or
cream and spices, when with just one or two herbs it is absolutely delicious?

If you ask foreigners to name some typically English dishes, they will
probably say "Fish and chips" then stop. It is disappointing, but true that, there is
no tradition in England of eating in restaurants, because the food doesn't lend itself
to such preparation. English cooking is found at home. So, it is difficult to a good
English restaurant with a reasonable prices.

In most cities in Britain you'll find Indian, Chinese, French and Italian
restaurants. In London you'll also find Indonesian, Mexican, Greek... Cynics will
say that this is because English have no "cuisine" themselves, but this is not quite
the true.

A new diet of Erica Stein

I‘ve tried a lot of diets, but they never work. I lose a few kilos, and then I put it all
on again. But now I’ve found this new diet and it is really good.
Anyway, with this diet you eat a little, but often. I eat a small meal or snack every
four hours. You can eat a lot of fruit, vegetables, nuts; fish and olive oil, but you
can’t eat anything with a lot of sugar in – like chocolate, cakes or biscuits. And you
can’t eat things with a lot of carbohydrate, like white bread, baked potatoes and

Fish and meat are good, so you can eat as much as you like. You can eat cheese,
cream and butter, too, but only a little. And you can’t drink much alcohol or fruit
juice, because they contain a lot of sugar. I started the diet six weeks ago and I’ve
lost a couple of kilos. It’s very easy, but I really miss one thing – chocolate!

1. Read again and answer the questions.
1. Has Erica ever been on diet before?
2. How often does Erica eat?
3. When did she start this diet?
4. How much weight has she lost?
5. What does she miss?

2. Read the text. What is the basic rule of the diet?

Complete the chart.
She eats or drinks a lot of: fruit
She eats or drinks a little:
She doesn’t eat or drink:

3. Act out the dialogue below: In the dining-hall

- Let’s go to the dining-hall. We haven’t much time left, but we’ll manage it all
right if you hurry. You take a place in the queue and I’ll see what we can or dinner.
- All right. What is on the menu?
- Cabbage soup with meat, chicken soup with noodles and pea soup.
-I don’t know whether I’ll have any. What have they got for seconds?
- Fried fish and mashed potatoes, beefsteak, bacon and eggs.
- And for dessert?
- A lot of things. We can have stewed fruit or cranberry jelly or strawberries and
- Then, I’ll take cabbage soup with sour cream and…well, and what about some
starter? We’ve completely forgotten about it.
- As we are in hurry, I believe we can do without it. I never thought you were a big
- Neither did I. But I wouldn’t mind having something substantial now.
- So, we’ll take one cucumber salad and one tomato salad. That’ll do for the time
being. I think I can manage bit of fish-jelly as well and then chicken soup with
noodles. That’ll be fine.

4. Прочитайте жалобы клиентов ресторана TheCaptain’sTable и укажите,

кто из них, Джеймс (1), Келли
(2) илиМарк (3) согласен с
данными утверждениями (a- h).

Грамматика: Indefinite Tenses (Future Indefinite)
1.Раскройте скобки, употребляя глагол в нужной форме.
1. The candidate (to impress) many voters when she ran for governor last
2. Jane (to invite) her neighbours next Saturday.
3. The athlete (to train) with the college track team next month.
4. Last week we (to deliver) 150 newspapers.
5. When she was younger, my grandmother (to work) in a hospital.

2. Переведите предложения, употребляя глагол в нужной форме.

1. Если погода будет дождливая, мы останемся дома.
2. Когда мама придет, мы пообедаем.
3. Я помогу вам, если у меня будет время.
4. Мы будем знать англ. хорошо, если будем готовиться к каждому уроку.
5. Когда зима наступит, дни станут короче.

3.Переведите предложения на английский язык.

1. Я пойду в колледж на следующей неделе. 2. Вчера мы играли в
футбол. 3. Они не будут работать здесь. 4. Вы работаете? - Да. 5. Он работал
в прошлом году? - Нет. Он учился. 6. Мой брат не учится. Он работает. 7. Ты
будешь носить очки? 8. Вы поможете нам? 9. Он любил читать сказки? 10.
Она играет на пианино? 11. Моя сестра не читает книг. 12. Наша бабушка
будет спать на диване. 13. Вы любите отдыхать в кресле? 14. Мой брат не
любит читать газеты. 15. Мой дядя писал книги, когда он был молодым.

4.Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Indefinite.

2. What time Ann usually (to get) up? 3. When she (to catch) the bus? 4.
She (to take) a shower in the morning? 5. She (to go) home for lunch? 6. When

she (to go) swimming? 7. How she (to get) to the pool? 8. What she (to do) on
Saturday evenings? 9. My friend (not to go) to school on Saturday. 10. Where she
(to go) on this day?

5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple или Future

1. If I … (to be free) tomorrow night, I … (to go) to the concert.
2. He says he … (to look in) to see us before he … (to leave) our town.
3. Jane … (to stay) at home until she … (to feel) better.
4. When … you … (to visit) your grandma?
5. When my brother … (to finish) school he … (to go) to college.
6. I … (to tell) you as soon as I … (to know).
7. Give my love to Laura if you … (to see) her.
8. I … (not to know) when she … (to take) her exam.
9. Do not get off the train until it … (to stop).
10. I … (to wonder) if they … (to follow) our advice.

Lesson 4.
Text 4
Food labeling too much to swallow.
Genetically engineered food is in every meal we eat. Unless you’re a strictly
organic vegetarian, you have already ingested vast quantities of ordinary staples
(soya, potatoes, fruits and vegetables) juiced up with assorted viruses, bacteria
and other toxins that have never been tested for long- term safety.
True, you’re not actually chewing down on scorpions when some of their
genetic material has been cleverly introduced into a vegetable. But wouldn’t
you like to have a choice?
When you peer at the fine print while trying to shop conscientiously,
wouldn’t you appreciate knowing that the No fat! Condiment you’re about to
buy is loaded with extra sugar? Right now, the label doesn’t have to breathe a
word about any of the less desirable elements lurking in the food.
What a contrast to Britain, where a sizzling campaign by consumers has forced
major grocery chains and packagers to renounce genetically modified foods
entirely. Prompted by an outraged public, the European Union has already
rejected genetically altered crops from North America and insisted on
distinctive marking of gm package foods.
It is our turn now, if we care to take it. Maybe Canadians have finally
learned we can’t take public safety for granted. Two new campaigns are under
way: the alliance for food label reform is lobbying for compulsory nutrition
labeling, and the council of Canadians will soon begin a push to label all
genetically altered foods. Both organizations have rafts of persuasive evidence.
The alliance points out that 86 to 90 per cent of Canadians consistently tell
pollsters that they want clear nutritional labeling.
In the name of public health and disease prevention, the alliance wants easy-to-
read listing on most foods. None of that should be too daunting for an industry
that can tuck Mongolian fish genes into beets. By itself, truth in packaging has a
startling impact on what gets made and sold. The year after the U.S. began
compulsory labeling, sales of high –fat ice cream went flat, and 1, 5000 reduced
–fat products made their hasty debut. The council of Canadian, meanwhile,
points out that every one of us is an unwitting subject in the mass testing of
biotech foods. Maybe gm foods will bring us enormous health benefits in the
future. And maybe not.
Right now, the government is reviewing its labeling policies, and already the
big foot companies are lobbying against any change.


1. technology - технология
2. crop – урожай, посев, хлеб на корню
3. yield – сбор плодов, количество добытого продукта, выход (продукта)
4. consequence – последствие, выход, заключение, важность значение.
5. environment – окружающая среда
6. to sow - сеять
7. test crops – проверять урожай
8. regulations – устав; индукция, обязательные постановления
9. consumer - потребитель

1. Do you think food labeling is important? Why, why not?
2. Have there been any food scares in your country similar to the one in the
3. Why do you think governments have been slow to enforce food labelling?
4. Do people have enough knowledge to make decisions about food matters or
should we leave them to government expert?
5. Who has more power in your country – the farmers, or the shops that sell the
6. How much do you personally care about what you eat? Do you follow a
diet? Eat any special foods? Check food labels? Why, why not?
7. What’s your opinion on genetically modified foods?

Грамматика: Personal pronouns. The Present Perfect Tense.

1. Заполните пропуски личными местоимениями.

1.… lives in Kiev. 2. … do their homework in the evening. 3. Does …
play football with his friends? 4. … have our English lesson once a week. 5.
… doesn’t speak English to her teacher. 6. What do … usually do in the
evening? – We usually read books in the evening. 7. Children are playing in
the yard, aren’t …? 8. … am a student. 9. My friend and I don’t like coffee,
do …? 10. … are in our room now.
2. Заполните пропуски личными местоимениями в объектном падеже.
1. My sister knows English well. I always do my homework with …. 2.
Take this book and give … to me. 3. These are my friends. I met … at the
bus stop. 4. I don’t know …. What is his name? 5. I have a brother and a
sister. I like to spend my spare time with ….

3. Переведите предложения на английский язык.

1. Я студент колледжа. 2. Они мои друзья. 3. Я встречаюсь с ними
каждый день в колледже. 4. Это мои книги. Положите их на полку. 5. Это
наш преподаватель английского. Мы говорим с ним только на английском. 6.
Вечером я дома с родителями. Я помогаю им. 7. Они часто встречают меня
здесь. 8. Что вы думаете о ней? 9. Я купил эти цветы для нее. 10. Она не
любит говорить о нем, не так ли?

4. Выберите правильный вариант ответа:

1. Who is it? - “It’s …”(I, me, mine).
2. Have you met …( they, their, them) teacher?
3. Give this book to Frank; it’s …(his, him, he).
4. Moscow is famous for …(it’s, her its) historic sights.
5. I spoke to Mr. Brown yesterday. …( She, The, He) promised to call me.
6. Give this book to… . It is … .( I, my; me, my; me, mine).
7. His house is bigger than…(hers, she, her).

5. Заполните пропуски личными местоимениями в объектном падеже:

1. I like the picture, I like … 2. I know the girl, I know … 3. Give
me these books, give … to me. 4. Nobody except … knows where the key is
kept, and I won’t tell you.5.Ask your teacher about it, ask … .

6. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам:

1. My friend is a teacher (3). 2.This is a map (1).3. It’s a good map (1). 4.That’sa
bad cap (2). 5.It’shis cap (1). 6.The match is on the table (1). 7.Her name is Mary
(2). 8.Bess is a good pupil (2).

7. Ответьте на вопросы, обращая внимание на употребление
настоящего времени группы Perfect.

1. How many English books have you read this month?

2. When did you begin reading the last book?
3. Are you still reading it now?
4. What are you going to read next?
5. Have you seen any interesting films lately?
6. What did you see last (or did you last see)?
7. How did you like it?
8. When are you going to the cinema again?
9. Where’s your friend? Has he left Moscow?
10. When did he go?
11. Where is he living (does he live) now?
12. Have you had breakfast yet?
13. When did you have it?
14. Where did you have breakfast?
15. Have you ever been to Sochi?
16. How many times have you been there?
17. When did you go there last?
18. When did you do this exercise?
19.Were you there in the summer or in the winter?
20. Did you see much of it?

Lesson 5.
Text 5
Tea is the Most Popular Drink in Britain

Everyone knows that tea is the most popular drink in Britain. It's even more
popular than coffee, which is favoured throughout Europe and America.
The Dutch brought the first tea to Europe in 1610. But it was not until 1658
that the first advertisement for tea appeared in a London newspaper. At that time
a pound of the cheapest tea cost about one-third of a skilled worker's weekly
wages. Tea was guarded by the lady of the house and kept in special containers,
often with a lock and carefully doled out by the teaspoon.

By 1750 tea had become the principal drink of all the classes in Britain.
Later, tea-drinking developed into a fashionable social ritual. Tea parties were
popular at home and soon the ritual of "afternoon tea" was firmly established.
Nowadays, throughout the homes, tea shops and hotels of Britain, the custom
of tea-time continues. Tea in Britain is brewed in a teapot. Then the one
spoonful of tea per person and one for the pot is added.
Most people in Britain prefer a rich, strong cup of tea with milk, and sugar is
sometimes added to taste.


The Dutch — голландцы

advertisement — реклама
ritual — ритуал
custom -— обычай
to brew — заваривать

1. Answer the questions.
1. What is the most popular drink in Britain?
2. When did the Dutch bring first tea to Europe?
3. When did tea become the principal drink in Britain?
4. What is the way to brew tea in Britain?
5. And what drink do you like?

Track 2
2. Прослушайте разговор на вечернем приеме. Хозяин угощает гостей
закусками и напитками. Слушайте внимательно и заполните пропуски
словами, прозвучавшими в записи.
A: Eddie. Hi. (1) …… I …….. you ………. to drink?

B: Thanks. A glass of red wine, please.
A: Here you go. Samantha, nice to see you again. (2) ……. you …….. a glass of
C: Not for me, thanks. I’m driving.
A: (3) ………… …………. a soft drink?
C: No thanks. Not right now.
A: (4) Well, what ……… you ……… to something to eat? I made these
sandwiches myself.
C: That would be nice. Thanks.
A: Mike. (5) …….. you ……… a drink?
D: Thank you, I will. A Coke, please.
A: Crisps?
D: Thanks very much.
A: Alan, hi!
E: Hello, Sarah. Great party.
A: Thanks. (6) …………… …………..a drink and something to eat.
E: Lovely, thank you.
A: Mr Mulligan, hello. I’m so glad you could make it. (7) I …………. If I
………… …………. you a drink?

Грамматика: Pоssessive pronouns

1. Заполните пропуски притяжательными местоимениями.
1.I’m a student. … name is Ann. 2. Mike is a schoolboy. … marks are
good. 3. Jane and Ted are doctors. … son is a student. 4. What is … name? -
My name is Nick. 5. Is your mother’s name Jane? Yes, it is. … name is Jane.
6. They are my friends. … names are Ted and Jim. 7. I have a dog. … name
is Rex. 8. We live near … institute.

2. Употребите необходимую форму притяжательных

1. What colour is the car? – It is quite far, I can’t see (my, his, its) colour.
2. These sweets are very tasty. Could you give (it, them, they) to me, please?
3. It is a very good project, but (my,your, ours) is better.
4. This is his “Jaguar”, and this “Harley Davidson” is also (her, its, his).
5. The cat is eating (his,your, its) food with pleasure.
7. Their house is farther than (they, your, ours).
8. My picture is more beautiful than … (you, your, yours).

3. Выберите личные или притяжательные местоимения:

a) he b) she c) it d) they f) him g) her h) them
Children like to invent things and test … .Once my cousins made a
simple telephone. … made … from cups and wire. France found two good
paper cups. … tied … to a long wire. Caroline, his sister, talked softly into
one cup. … heard … through the other cup. Then Francis answered Caroline.
… heard … very clearly.

4. Выберите правильный вариант ответа:

1. Who is it? - “It’s …”(I, me, mine).
2. Have you met …( they, their, them)teacher?
3. Give this book to Frank; it’s …(his, him, he).
4. Moscow is famous for …(it’s, her, its) historic sights.
5. I spoke to Mr. Brown yesterday. …(She, The, He) promised to call me.
6. Give this book to… . It is … .( I, my; me, my; me, mine).
7. His house is bigger than…(hers, she, her).

5. В каждом вопросе выберите правильный вариант ответа.

1. No, this tree does not belong to you. This tree belongs to ___ because the roots
begin and end in our yard. However, you can trim the branches that fall onto your
side of the fence.( we, оurs, us)

2. Those kids should know better. ___ shouldn't tease that boy anymore.(We, Our,

3. Martha is an outstanding chef. ___ makes great food!(Hers, Her, She)

4. Why don't you come with ___? We're going to have a great time at the party.(
Us, our, you)

5. I really like these flowers. Do you like ___?(it, they, them)

6. This house is ___. It's not yours.(my, me, mine)

7. ___ am confused about this question. Can you help me?(mine, me, I, myself)

8. Did you see ___ at the movie theater yesterday? He was with another
woman.(his, he, him)

9. It's all ___ fault. He shouldn't have lied to his mother in the first place.(her, his,

10. Mount Rainier is a beautiful mountain. ___ peak is usually covered with
snow.(it’s, its, his, her)

6. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык.

1. Кто ваша подруга? – Катя моя подруга. – Кто она (по профессии)? – Она
преподавательница. 2. Где ваш преподаватель? – Он здесь. 3. Моя сестра
сейчас в Минске. Моя подруга тоже там. 4. Петр и Анна в Киеве? – Да, в
Киеве навещают своих друзей. – Их сын тоже в Киеве? – Нет, он сейчас
здесь. – Что он делает? 5. Кто это мальчик? – Он мой сын. 6. Кто эта
девушка? – Она инженер. 7. Этот человек врач? – Да. Как его фамилия? – Его
фамилия Петров. 8. Кто ваша жена? – Она инженер. 9 Кто этот человек? – Он
мой друг. 10. Кто он врач или инженер? 11. Кто эта девушка? Она ваша
сестра? 12. Кто эта девушка? Она студентка или преподавательница? 13.
Какого цвета те двери? - Они белые. 14. Чья это квартира? – Это их
квартира? 15. Какая это книга? – Это большая книга. 16. Какие это тетради?-
Это тонкие тетради. 17. Какая это комната? – Это большая комната.

Lesson 6.
Text 6
Jamie Oliver’s recipe.

Cajun rice & Turkey burrito.

Try this delicious burrito with spicy chicken or turkey. Based on a recipe by
celebrity chef Jamie Oliver. Recipe for two people.

 1 lemon
 2 cloves of garlic
 1 red chilly ( optional)
 1 cup of rice
 Salt and pepper
 300 grams of chicken or turkey
 4 spring onions
 A bottle of barbecue sauce
 100 grams of feta cheese (or any other type)
 Chilly sauce (optional)
 3 sticks of celery
 2 large tortillas
 Natural yoghurt
 1 red pepper
 A handful of coriander.

1. About an hour before you want to eat, cook the rice. Then, let it cool.
Alternatively, cook the rice, then rinse it in cold water.
2. Chop up all the vegetables: the celery, the spring onions, the chilly and the
red pepper. Also, cut up the coriander stalks (keep the leaves for later).
3. Add some olive oil into a pan. Once it’s hot, fry the vegetables. Add salt
and pepper.
4. Once they’re browned, add the cooked rice, some lemon zest and lemon
5. Heat some oil in a frying pan. Cut up the turkey or chicken into strips and
fry the meat until it’s brown. Add three tablespoons of the barbecue sauce
and stir. Cook for a minute or two.
6. For a fresh sauce, put four tablespoons of yoghurt onto a plate. Then, pour
a bit of the chilly sauce into the yoghurt and mix it together.
7. Heat up the tortillas. Once they’re warm, place on of them on a plate.
Spoon in half the rice, vegetables and meat. Sprinkle on some coriander
leaves, some feta cheese and some of the yoghurt sauce. Then, roll up the
tortilla and make your burrito!

A burrito –a tortilla with meat / vegetables / cheese in it
A clove – a “clove” of garlic is one of the sections of a garlic bulb
Barbecue sauce – a brown sauce with vinegar, tomatoes, sugar and spices.
It’s often used with meat.
Feta cheese – a white cheese from Greece that’s made from goats’ or sheep’s
A tortilla – a round, thin flat type of bread
A handful of – an amount of food that you take in your hand
To rinse – when you “rinse” something you wash it in water.

A stalk – the stalk of a flower, leaf or fruit is the thin part that joins it to the
plant or tree
To brown - if you “brown” meat, you cook it for a short time in hot oil
(often until it’s dark brown on the outside)
Zest – the skin of a lemon/orange, etc.
A tablespoon – a large spoon that’s used to eat soup
To stir – if you “stir” food, you move it with a spoon so it mixes.
To pour – to transfer/put liquid from one container to another.
To spoon in – if you “spoon’ food into a container, you put it there with a
To sprinkle- if you “sprinkle” food A over food B, you put an amount of
food A on top of food B

1. Соотнесите слова с картинками (A-F)

Track 3
2. Прослушайте запись. Повторите вслух следующие слова и
выражения. Обратите особое внимание на интонацию.

1. Beer?
2. Sandwich?
3. Would you like a piece of cake?
4. Can I offer you something to drink?
5. Will you have a bite to eat?
6. You must try this wine.
7. What would you say to a nice cup of tea?
8. Grab yourself a seat and make yourself at home.
9. I wonder if I might offer you a glass of champagne?

Lesson 7.
Text 7
Food can be dangerous for your health.

When you go to restaurant you often think that the food you are ordering is
good for you. But many restaurants serve healthy food, like fish or salad, with a
sauce or dressing that uses a lot of oil, fat, or sugar.
The British Food Standards Agency wants all restaurants to say in their
menus exactly what is each dish, how many calories, how many fat, and what
additives. They think that restaurants don’t give their customers enough
information, and that this new plan could help people to have a healthier diet.
But chefs are not happy with the Agency’s plan. One top chef said, “People are not
stupid. They know that many sauces have butter and cream in them. But if we put
on a menu that dish has 1,000 calories, nobody is going to order it”.
However, many doctors agree with the plan. Bruce Ward, Professor of Medicine,
said, “People know that cigarettes are bad for them, because it tells you on the
packet. But when they go to a restaurant, they go to a restaurant they often have no
idea if the food is healthy or not. Food products that have a lot of calories, fat, and
sugar need a health warning, exactly like cigarettes”.


dressing – приправа, подлива, соус

customer–клиент, покупатель
dish – тарелка, миска, посуда
calorie – калория

1. Read and translate.

Грамматика: Continuous tenses (Present and Past) .
1.Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous.
1. I (to sit) in the classroom now. 2. My friend (to read) an article from
today’s newspaper. 3. Look! Children (to play) in our garden. 4. A young
father (to stand) at the window and (to watch) his children in the yard. 5.
What she (to do) at this moment? – She (to brush) her teeth. 6. My mother (to
play) the piano, listen! 7. She (to speak) English or French now? 8. Wait! I
(to have) dinner. 9. Where they (to go) at this moment? 10 They (to go)
2. Раскройте скобки употребив время Present Indefinite или Present
1. The coffee … (to taste) delicious.
2. We … (to look for) someone who … (to want) to make money.
3. John … (to play) in the school team this season.
4. … you … (to see) that nice butterfly near the stream?
5. If you … (not to listen) to the radio, please … (to switch) it off.
6. I … (to hear) someone speaking in the next room.
7. We … (to see off) our grandparents this morning.
8. Do not disturb him. He … (to smell) flowers in the garden.

3. Переведите предложения на английский язык.

1. Когда мы пришли домой мама готовила обед. 2. Весь вечер дети
играли во дворе.3. Шел дождь когда мы вышли на прогулку. 4. Они ехали со
скоростью 180 км/ч когда полицейский остановил их. 5. Студенты повторяли
домашнее задание когда преподаватель вошел в класс.

4. Употребите глагол в нужной форме:

1. I (to write) just this exercise. 2. We (to go) to the cinema last week. 3. You ever
(to be) at that library? 4. No I never (to be) there. 5. Wait, I (to help) my mum to
cook dinner. 6. Where you usually (to spend) your holidays? 7. How you (to
spend) your spare time yesterday? 8. Next summer they (to go) to the camp. 9.
What she (to do) now? 10. Listen! She (to sing) a beautiful English song with her
5. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present

1.Мы пишем. 2. Они не читают. 3. Она не работаем. 4. Вы смотрите? 5.

Он не читает. 6. Они не играют на пианино. 7. Я не пеку торт. 8. Она не
поет. 9. Ее сестра не спит. 10. Бабушка не пьет чай? 11. Твои друзья пьют
кофе? 12. Она работает за столом. 13. Я пишу письмо. 14. Я делаю
упражнение. 15. Мальчики не плавают в бассейне. 16. Они играют в
футбол? 17. Моя сестра моет пол. 18. Моя подруга помогает своему
ребенку. 19. Ты помогаешь папе?20. Ученики читают интересную
историю.21. Они читают книгу. 21. Она идет в школу. 22. Они читают? 23.
Твоя бабушка кушает конфеты? 24. Джон готовит ужин. 25. Билл бегает в
парке. 26. Я читаю27.Он не пишет. 28.Мы не работаем. 29.Вы
читаете? 30.Папа пьет чай? 31.Моя сестра спит. 32.Кэйт играет на
рояле. 33.Она не поет.

6. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Past Simple или Past Continuous:

Dear Peter,
I’m writing to tell you about what happened to me last week while I 1) ___ my
aunt who lives by sea (visit). One afternoon I 2) ___ her dog for a walk by the
cliffs when I 3) ___ a girl who 4) ___ a tree by the edge of the cliff (take) / (notice)
/ (climb). As she 5) ___ there, the branch suddenly 6) ___ and the girl 7) ___ over
the edge (hang) / (break) / (fall). I 8) ___ to the edge, but although the girl 9) ___
for help, I 10) ___ see her (run) / (shout) / (not / be able to). 11) ___ about what to
do when a man 12) ___ the cliff path (think) / (come along). I 13) ___ what had
happened and while he 14) ___ for help I 15) ___ to the girl (explain) / (go)
/ (talk) . Well, everything 16) ___ happily (end). The girl was rescued and her
parents17) ___ me by giving me a large bunch of flowers (thank). The story 18)
___ in the newspaper too (be)! That’s all my news – write and tell me yours soon.

Lesson 8.

Text 8
Healthy Food

All food is made up of nutrients, which our bodies use. There are different
kinds of nutrients: carbohydrates, proteins, fats» vitamins and minerals. Different
foods contain different nutrients.
Before we cut down on fat, sugar and salt, we have to know a bit more about the
kind of food these things might be in. The biggest problem comes when these
things are hidden in other foods: biscuits, crisps, sausages, meat pies, soft drinks
and so on.
The best way is to get into the habit of checking the ingredients and
nutritional value on the sides of packets although this isn't always easy to do.
Another thing to know is, for example, that we do need fat to live, it's an essential
part of our diet and physically we couldn't exist without it.
But we all know that to eat much fat is bad for our health. The matter is that there
are different kinds of fat. There are fats that are good for us and fats that are bad
for us. Eating less of the bad ones and more of the good ones can actually help us
to live longer! Bad fats are the saturated fats, found in animal productions, like red
meat, butter and cheese.
Friendly fats are the unprocessed fats found naturally in foods like nuts and seeds,
olives, avocados and oily fish, including tuna.
One more thing to know is that when food is cooked, its structure changes. It
can change the vitamin and nutrient contents of food.
More and more people feel strongly about the way, their food is produced.
Nowadays so much of the basic food we eat — meat, fish, fruit and vegetables —
is grown using chemicals and additives.
Although fertilizers and pesticides have greatly increased the quantity of food and
helped to improve its appearance, there is a growing concern about the effects of
these chemicals in the food chain. This concern has led to a growth in the demand
for organically grown products.
Today there is another problem. It is modified food, which is cheaper that
ordinary one. There is a rumor that such food can cause cancer and other problems.
Nobody knows, either it is just an imagined fear or a real problem. This problem
could be solved and examined, but it will take some time.
The food we eat, depends on lots of things. Taste is a big factor. Culture, religion
and health also play a part in what food we eat. Advertising and social factors also
have a big influence.
Income is also an important factor. That is why not surprisingly, money,
rather than a lack of knowledge about how to eat well, is at the heart of the
Finally, there are three main messages to follow for healthy eating:
First, we should eat less fat, particularly saturated fat.
Secondly, we are to cut down on sugar and salt.
Thirdly, we must eat more fresh fruit and vegetables.

1. Подберитек каждому слову соответствующую иллюстрацию.

Track 4
2. Послушайте объяснения, как готовить простую пиццу. Во время
прослушивания к словам данным слева (1-10), подберите
соответствующее продолжение (a-j) справа.

1 Peel and crusha) it in a medium-hot oven for about 20 minutes.

2 Mix b) the cheese
3 Slice c) the herbs under a cold tap.
4 Spoon d) the herbs and red pepper into small pieces.
5 Spread e) the garlic.
6 Grate f) the bread in half lengthways.
7 Sprinkle g) it on top of the tomato sauce.
8 Rinse h) the tomato mixture over the bread.
9 Chop i) the tomato paste, garlic, salt and pepper
together in a bowl.
10 Bake j) the mixture evenly so that it covers the bread

Грамматика: The quantitative pronouns: a lot of, many, much, few, little.
1. Переведите на англ. язык словосочетания и выражения:

много снега, мало воды, много друзей, много хлеба, мало денег, мало
людей, много символов, немного участников, мало времени, немного света.

2. Вставьте: many, much, a lot of, few, little.

1.The boys have … money, so they can go to the cinema. 2. There is …

unemployment in our country. 3. We are late. We have very … time. 4. He spent
… money in this new shop. 5. There aren’t … chairs in this room. 6. People put …
chemicals into the seas. 7. There is … juice left. I must buy some. 8. She hasn’t got
… homework today. 9. He comes here … times a week because he has … free

3. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя количественные

местоимения: many, much, a lot of, few, a few, little, a little.

1.У него нет много друзей в этой группе. 2. Сколько воды в этом стакане?
Совсем мало. 3. На этом диске много важных программ. 4. Не кладите много
соли в этот суп. 5. В этой коробке нет много хорошего мела. 6. Я не смогу
купить это платье, у меня мало денег с собой. 7. Не пейте много кофе перед
сном. 8. Не покупайте много сыра. 9. В нашем классе много мальчиков, но
девочек совсем мало. 10. В этом городе не много современных красивых
4.Вставьте much или many.
1. I don’t eat ... mangoes. 2. Не does not eat ... fish. 3. She ate so ... dessert
that she is in bed today with a stomachache. 4. That man drank so ... wine, and he
smoked so ... cigarettes that he has a terrible headache today. 5. Маrу must not eat
too ... food because she has a weight problem. 6. My mot he says I eat too ...
French fries and drink too ... beer She wants me to be healthy. 7. There is not too
..space in my flat. 8. There are not ... pictures in this room. 9. There are so ...
teachers at our school, but not... of them are men. 10. Not... of these books are
new. 11. Thanks awfully for the books you sent m yesterday. — Don’t mention it,
it wasn’t ... bother. 12. ... of her advice was not useful at all. 13. He ha got so
...pairs of socks. 14. Please don’t put ... pep per on the meat. 15. There were too ...
plates on the table. 16.1 never eat... bread with soup. 17. Why did you eat so ... ice
cream? 18. She wrote us not very ... letters from the country. 19. ... of these student
don’t like to look up words in the dictionary. 20. E you drink ... coffee? — Yes, a
lot. Do you watch TV ...? — No, not... . 21. Not... of the answers were correct. 22.
How ... money did you spend last Friday 23. The students enjoyed the concert
very... .

5. Вставьте little или few.
1. He has got ... friends. 2. I drink ... coffee. I don’t like it. 3. We must hurry.
We’ve got very ... time. 4. This university offers very ... scholar ships. 5. The
Smiths have ... money. They aren’t rich. 6. The theatre was almost empty. There
were very ... people there. 7. There was ... lemonade in the bottle. There were ...
peaches in the basket. 8. I have ... time, so I can’t go with you.9. He has ... English
books. 10. There is ... juice in my glass. Have you got any juice? 11. There are ...
bears in the zoo. 12. Tom Canty was the son of poor parents and had very ...
clothes. 13. There is too ... soup in my soup plate. Give me some more, please.
14.The children returned from the wood very sad because they had found very ...
mushrooms. 15. There was too ... light in the room, and I could not read.

6. Выберите правильный вариант ответа:

1. She ate so … dessert that she is in bed today with a stomach (many, much,
2. That man drank so … wine, and he smoke so … cigarettes that he has a
terrible headache today (much/ many, many/ much, much/ few).
3. … of their answers were excellent (much, many, little).
4. There are … teachers at our school, and … of them are women (many,
much, little).
5.He has got … friends (much, little, few).
6.There is … ink in my pen. Have you got any ink? (much, little, many).
7. I have … time, so I can’t go with you (many, little, few).

7. Вставьте much, many, little илиfew.

1. Robert wrote so ... letters that he’s never going to write a letter again.
2. She ate so ... ice cream that she’s going to have a sore throat. 3. His father
didn’t earn ... money, but he enjoyed his job. He loved teaching English very
... . 4. There are ... cookies in the box. I should have bought them last
Monday. 5. Does your sister read ... ? — Yes, she does. And your brother? —
Oh, he doesn’t. He has so ... books, but he reads very ... . 6. Do you have ...
work to d today? — No, not very ... . 7. Walk quicker, please We have very
... time. 8. I am sorry to say, I have read very ... books by Walter Scott. 9. My
brother is a young teacher. Every day he spends too ... time preparing for his
lessons. 10. I know very ... about this writer. I is the first book I am reading.
11. The pupils of our class ask so ... questions at the lesson. They want to
know everything. 12. You do not make ... mistakes ' your spelling. Do you
work hard on it? — Oh, yes, I do I work very ... . 13. He is lazy. He’s done
very ... today. 14. Very ... people can afford to own a plane. 15. The is ...
traffic on the roads this morning. I’m so glad.

Lesson 9.

Text 9
Breakfast around the world
(by Christian Olive)

We asked several people what they have for breakfast and what it’s typical
to eat in their countries. Here’s what they told us.

“A typical Greek breakfast would be some cheese and black olives marinated in
olive oil, garlic and lemon. It’s a good start to the day, with a cup of black coffee
of course.” Zacharias, Greece

“A typical breakfast in Mexico is probably “huevos rancheros” (ranch-style eggs)

with fried eggs, tortillas, rice, beans and chilly sauce. I really like this kind of
breakfast but not every morning. Normally, I have scrambled eggs with tomatoes,
tortillas and frijol beans.” Carolina, Mexico

“Breakfast for me usually consist of banana and Greek yogurt, and sometimes I’ll
add oatmeal, oh, and I can’t function properly without a cup of coffee. When I go
to eat breakfast in a restaurant, I usually have eggs, toast and bacon, which is more
typical.” Roberto, USA

“I think most people from Spain have coffee, cereal or toast, or some biscuits or a
muffin for breakfast, but I don’t really have a big appetite in the morning because
I have to get up really early. So, I usually have some orange juice and cereal with
milk. It’s also typical here to have “churros” (fried sticks of dough).” Carmen,

“I’m from the Netherlands and a typical breakfast here is whole meal bread with
butter and Gouda cheese with a glass of milk. However, I usually have porridge
with soy milk and some cinnamon. I also have some fruit. On special occasions
we have croissants with jam, eggs, orange juice and some yoghurt with fresh fruit.”
Jochem, The Netherlands

“A typical breakfast here would be an English breakfast, with sausages, hash

browns, bacon, fried eggs and beans, but hardly anyone I know has that in the
morning. I usually start the day with some scrambled eggs and tomatoes and fresh
orange juice. We have a full English breakfast on special occasions, but we usually
go out for it as it’s too much hassle to make at home.” Cynthia, England

“Here in South Africa my Breakfast mostly consists of a cappuccino with some

oats, scrambled eggs and rye toast with peanut butter. On special occasions, we
have our own version of the English breakfast with scrambled eggs, rye bread, beef
sausages, mushrooms and tomatoes. We love a big breakfast!” Tom, South Africa

To marinate – if you “marinate” meat (for example), you keep it in a mixture of
oil, vinegar, spices, herbs, etc. before cooking it
Frijol (beans) – dried seeds from a bean plant that you can cook and eat
Greek yoghurt – a type of yoghurt that is thick and creamy. It has no whey (the
watery part) of sour milk
An appetite – if you have an “appetite”, you’re hungry
Churros – a type of breakfast food that consists of a stick of fried dough
Dough – a type of food made from flour, water, fat and sugar
Gouda cheese – a type of yellow cheese made from cow’s milk. It’s from the
Soy milk – milk that is made by soaking dry soybeans and mixing them with water
Cinnamon – a spice from the bark of a tree
A hassle – if something is a “hassle”, it’s difficult and involves problems
Cappuccino – coffee with froth (milk with air) and powdered chocolate on top
Rye – a cereal grown in cold countries. Its grains can be used to make flour or
Peanut butter – a brown paste made from peanuts. You can put it on bread.

1. Read the article once. Which breakfast sounds the most delicious? Why?
Which one would you like to try?

2. Read the article again. Then write a name next to each description of what
the person has for breakfast.

1. A banana and a Greek yoghurt.

2. Olives marinated in olive oil, garlic and lemon.
3. Scrambled eggs, tomatoes and orange juice.
4. Scrambled eggs with tomatoes, tortillas and “frijol” beans.
5. Porridge with soy milk and cinnamon.

3. What do you usually have for breakfast? Make a list of all the things you
eat or people generally eat or drink.

Грамматика: Степени сравнения прилагательных. Tail questions.

1. Напишите прилагательные в сравнительной и превосходной степенях:

long, large, short, good, fine, easy, hot, expensive, far, beautiful, dangerous, happy.

2. Выберите правильный вариант ответа:

1. As the day went on, the weather got…(bad, badder, worse).
2. That was…(the most memorable, the more memorable, memorable)day in my
3. Jane’s …(younger, the younger, youngerest)sister is still at school.
4. In my opinion, it’s …(the better, the best, the goodest) watch in the shop.
5. What is …(the most large, the largest, larger) city in your country?
6. Today’s test is …(the most difficult, more difficult, difficulter) than the one we
had last week.

3. Выберите правильный вариант:

1. He can play golf well, …? (doesn’t he, can he, can’t he).
2.You are the new secretary, …? (aren’t you, are you, don’t you).
3. I’m ill, …? (aren’t I, am not I, don’t I).
4. It’s a nice day, …? (does it, is it, isn’t it).
5.There isn’t a cloud in the sky, …? (is it, does it, is there).
6.Sam doesn’t work hard, …? (is he, don’t he, isn’t he).
7.There was nobody there, …? (was there, wasn’t there, were there).
8. Your son didn’t help you much, …? (did he, had he, does he).
9.There will be a nice film on TV tonight, …? (won’t there, will it, will there).
10.She had to stay at home with her sister, …? (didn’t she, hadn’t she, doesn’t
11. My brother studies at the institute, …? (isn’t he, doesn’t he, don’t he).

4. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам.

1. Не was in Kiev last week. (3) 2. My friend wrote to me very often last
year.(4) 3.They were at their office yesterday morning.(3) 4. Our students read a
lot of English books last year. (4) 5. He took his son out on Monday evening. (2)
6. Comrade Petrow spoke to us about the plan yesterday. (4) 7. The
students usually go home after classes. (3).

Lesson 10.

Text 10
Vegetarian burgers


1. 1 carrot
2. Kidney beans (one pot)
3. 1 onion
4. Cumin
5. Olive oil
6. Flour
7. Lettuce
8. 6 burger buns
9. Tomatoes


1. Cut up the onion and grate the carrot. Place in a frying pan and cook
gently with a little olive oil. Add some cumin to the mixture.
2. Open the pot of kidney beans and rinse the beans in cold water. Then, boil
them until they’re soft. Drain the water, then mash up the cooked beans into
a thick paste.
3. Add the onion, carrot and cumin mixture to the kidney bean paste and mix
it all together. If it isn’t sticky enough, you can add some flour.

4. Take a bit of the mixture and roll it into a ball. Then, flatten it to make a
patty. Do the same with the rest of the mixture until you’ve got about six
5. Fry the burgers in a little oil. Then, serve them in a bun with some lettuce
and tomato, as well as some ketchup or mustard if you want.


Cumin – a sweet-smelling spice that’s popular in Indian cooking

To grate – if you “grate” food, you move it many times over a “grater” (a
metal object with little holes that cuts food into very small pieces)
A frying pan – a metal object you use for cooking food in hot oil
To rinse – when you “rinse” food, you wash it in clean water
Soft – something that is “soft” changes shape easily when you press it
To drain–if you “drain” food (spaghetti, for example), you put it in a sieve (a
round object with little holes) so the water goes out
To mash up – if you “mash up” food, you put pressure on it so it becomes a
soft substance
A paste – a soft, wet substance
Sticky – a “sticky” substance is soft and has a bit of liquid in it. It can be
made into a shape.
To flatten – if you “flatten” something, you put pressure on it and make it
flat (smooth and even with no high areas)
A party – am amount of meat (for example) formed into a flat, round shape
A bun – small pieces of bread that are usually round in shape.

1. Put these words into two lists: fruit and vegetables, as in the example.

Beans pineapple grapes onions apple carrot garlic pear mushrooms


Грамматика: Модальные глаголы.

1. Заполните пропуски следующими модальными глаголами и

оборотами: can, could, beable (must, have to (have got to), needn't, shall в
соответствующей форме и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. I ... not go to the theatre with them last night, I ... revise the grammar rules
and the words for the test. 2. My friend lives a long way from his office and ... get
up early. 3. All of us ... be in time for classes. 4. When my friend has his English,
he ... stay at the office after work. He (not) ... stay at the office on Tuesday,
Thursday and Saturday and ... get home early. 5. ... you ... work hard to do well in
your English? 6. “... we discuss this question now?” “No, we ... . We ... do it
tomorrow after noon.” 7. I’m glad you ... come. 8. "... you ... come and have dinner
with us tomorrow?” “I’d love to.” 9. “Please send them this article.” “Oh, ... I do it
2. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя необходимый
модальный глагол:
1. Майк умеет играть на пианино, а ты? 2. Я не могла кататься на
коньках, когда была маленькой. 3. Нам нужно поторопиться, мы можем
опоздать. 4. Могли бы вы помочь мне с этой задачей? 5. Вам следует
оставаться в постели некоторое время. 6. Вам нужно подождать до звонка. 7.
Вам следовало бы уступить место вашей бабушке. 8. Мы должны выучить
этот рассказ на завтра. 9. Вы не должны кормить животных в зоопарке. 10.
Автобус должен прийти в 5 часов. 11.Вам не надо приходить завтра. 12.
Можно мне привести друга на твой день рождения? 13. Через год я смогу
говорить на английском хорошо.

3. Закончите этот текст, вставляя модальные глаголы: should, can,

ought, have, need.
How to be a friend of the Earth?
There are many simple things we … all do to stop the destruction of the
environment. First of all, we … not dump our rubbish without thinking which
things, such as bottles and paper, … be recycled. We … put objects that we …
recycle in recycling bins. Secondly, instead of taking our car wherever we go,
we… to leave it at home whenever possible, and go on foot or by public transport.
If there is something wrong with our car’s exhaust pipe, we … get it fixed
immediately. When we … to drive to the supermarket to do our shopping, we …
always remember to take our own bag, so that we don’t … to use the
supermarket’s plastic bags.


Составьте ситуации, используя данные изображения


1. It’s no use crying over spilt milk

Meaning: To waste time feeling sorry about an earlier mistake or problem that
cannot be changed.
(Слезами горю не поможешь)

2. Walk on eggshells

Meaning: To be very careful about how you behave with someone because they
are easily upset or made angry, or a situation where you have to be extremely
(Ходить на цыпочках)

3. Take something with a pinch (grain) of salt

Meaning: If you take what someone says with a pinch of salt, you do not
completely believe in it.
(относиться скептически, не верить)

4. Food for thought

Meaning: Something that makes you think carefully.

(Пища для размышления)

5.Have egg on your face

Meaning: If someone has egg on their face, they are made to look foolish or
(быть в неудобном положении)

6.Be a piece of cake

Meaning: If something is a piece of cake, it is very easy.

(пустяковое дело)


— Let’s eat out tonight. I’m too tired to cook. / Давай куда-нибудь сходим
поесть сегодня вечером. Я слишком устала, чтобы готовить.
— Sounds good to me! How about sushi? / Отличнаямысль! Как на-
счет суши?
— Great! There’s а sushi-bar just around the corner. / Здорово! За углом
есть суши-бар.

— Are you hungry? / Ты голоден?
— No, I’ve just had lunch. / Нет, я только что пообедал.
— Let’s go out and grab a coffee. / Давай сходим выпьем кофе.
— Sounds good. There’s a Starbuck’s across the road. / Отличная
мысль. Через дорогу есть «Старбакс».

• There’s a Starbuck’s across the road— здесь использован артикль a,
так как имеется в виду один из ресторанов сети Starbuck’s.

— I’m getting hungry. Let’s go out and grab a bite. / Что-то
я проголодалась. Давай сходим поедим.
— OK. Do you know any good restaurants in the area? / Хорошо. Ты
знаешь какие-нибудь рестораны поблизости?
— I know a nice place. They serve excellent seafood. Do you like
Sea food? / Я знаю одно неплохое местечко. Там прекрасно готовят
морепродукты. Ты любишь морепродукты?
— I love seafood. Let’s go there. / Обожаю морепродукты. Давай
пойдем туда.
— Have you eaten? / Ты ел?
— No! I’m starving! I’ve only had two cups of coffee in the morning. /
Нет! Умираю с голоду. Я только выпил две чашки кофе утром.
— Let’s go out and grab a bite. There’s a diner not far from here. They
Serve excellent burger sand fries. / Давай выйдем перекусим.Здесь
недалеко есть ресторанчик. У них очень вкусные гамбургеры с картошкой.
— Sounds good! / Хорошая мысль!

— I have my lunch-break until 2 p.m. Let’s go out for a meal. / У меня
перерыв на обед до 2 часов. Давай выйдем поедим.
— Let’s just order a pizza. / Давай просто закажем пиццу.
— How long will it take to get it delivered? / Сколько времени займет
— Around 10-15 minutes. The Pizza Hut is not far from here. / Пример-
но десять-пятнадцать минут. Пиццерия недалеко отсюда.

• I’m starving! / Умираю с голоду! Глагол starve означает очень хотеть
есть, голодать (в буквальном и переносном смысле).
• burger/ бургер, бутерброд с мясом, большой гамбургер
• fries/ жареный картофель, картофель фри, чипсы
• get it delivered. Грамматическая конструкция get something done на
русский язык обычно переводится по контексту, например:
1. Get it done by 5. / Сделай это к пяти часам.
2. I need to get my car repaired. There’s something wrong with the engine. /
Мне надо починить машину. Что-то не так с двигателем.

3. You look different. Did you get your hair cut? / Ты выглядишь как-то
по-другому. Ты подстригся?
В западном образе жизни распространено такое явление, как покупка еды
навынос, чтобы съесть ее дома или в офисе. Это называется take out/еда
навынос, еда с собой, Например:
Chinese take out/ еда из китайского ресторана, купленная навынос
Pizza for take out/ пицца с собой (навынос)
Sushi for take out/ суши с собой (навынос)
Предложение купить еду с собой может звучать так.
Let’s get some Chinese for takeout. / Давай купим китайской еды с собой.
Let’s get some Italian for take out. / Давай купим с собой какой-нибудь
итальянской еды.
Let’s get sushi for take out. / Давай купим суши с собой.
— It’s lunch time! I’m getting hungry. / Время обеда. Я проголодался.
— Let’s go out for lunch. / Давай выйдем пообедаем.
— No, I don’t want to sit around in a restaurant. Let’s just get some
Sushi for take out. / Нет, я не хочу сидеть в ресторане. Давай просто
купим суши с собой.
— OK. / Хорошо.

— What should I get for take out tonight? / Какую еду мне купить с собой
— Chicken rolls with lettuce and rice would be fine. / Куриные роллы
с салатом и рисом было бы неплохо.
— OK. How about a bottle of wine? / Хорошо. А как насчет бутылки
— Red wine is good idea. / Красное вино — неплохая идея.

— What do you prefer — eating out or cooking at home? / Что вы
предпочитаете — есть в ресторане или готовить дома?
— Eating out saves a lot of time, but it may be expensive if you do it
every day. How about you? What do you prefer? / Если ешь в ресторане,
то экономишь много времени, но это может быть очень дорого, если
делаешь это каждый день. Как насчет вас? Что вы предпочитаете?
— I prefer home-made meals. I think they are way better than restaurant
food. I like to cook. I have no problem with that. Eating out is fun, but
you still have to get food from the store for breakfast in any case. /
Я предпочитаю домашнюю еду. Я думаю, что она гораздо лучше, чем
ресторанная еда. Я люблю готовить. У меня с этим нет проблем.
в ресторане — это здорово, но в любом случае надо идти в магазин за
едой, чтобы было что съесть на завтрак.

• sit around in the restaurant/ сидеть в ресторане; здесь имеется в виду
проводить время в ресторане.
• lettuce/ зеленые листья салата
• Обратите внимание, что в выражении home-mademeals используется
слово meals, а в restaurant food используется слово food, в то время как на
русский в обоих случаях это будет переводиться еда.
• get food from the store/ покупать еду (продукты) в магазине;
обратите внимание, что английскому предлогу from будет
соответствовать русский предлог в. Слово food означает не только еда, но
еще и кухня.

— What’s your favorite food? / Какая ваша любимая еда? (Какую кухню
Вы предпочитаете?)
— Italian food is my favorite food. It’s delicious and easy to cook at
home. / Итальянская кухня — моя любимая. Она вкусная, и ее легко
готовить дома.
— Do you like Chinese food? / Вам нравится китайская кухня?
— I don’t really like Chinese food. I prefer Thai food. / Мне не очень
нравится китайская кухня. Я предпочитаю тайскую.

— You travel a lot and you try different kinds of food. What food do you
prefer? / Вы много путешествуете и пробуете различные кухни. Какую
кухню вы предпочитаете?
— I prefer regional food wherever I go. The best food in Thailand is
Thai food. The best food in the Middle East is Arabian food. The best
Food in Italy or Spain is Mediterranean food. / Я предпочитаю местную
кухню, где бы я ни бывал. Лучшая еда в Таиланде — это тайская
еда. Лучшая еда на Ближнем Востоке — это арабская кухня. Лучшая
в Италии или в Испании — это средиземноморская кухня.

Также можно встретить термин cuisine [kwizi:n] для обозначения кухни

как набора традиционных блюд какой-либо страны или народа.

— Do you sometimes eat fast food? / Ты когда-нибудь ешь фастфуд?
— All the time! Burgers and pizzas are my favorite food! How about
you? Do you like fast food? / Всевремя! Бургеры и пиццы — это моя
любимая еда. Аты? Ты любишь фаст фуд?
— I hate it. Fast food is not healthy and I try to eat healthy. / Я ненавижу
фаст фуд.Это вредная пища, а я стараюсь есть здоровую еду.

— You’re in good shape! What do you do to stay so fit? / Ты в хорошей
форме! Что ты делаешь, чтобы оставаться такой стройной?
— I watch my diet and exercise on a regular basis. I cut out cigarettes,
Beer and fatty foods. / Я слежу за питанием и регулярно занимаюсь
физкультурой. Я исключила сигареты, пиво и жирную еду.
— Do you eat carbs? / Ты ешь углеводы?
— I eat chocolate sometimes, but I have it under control. / Иногда я ем
шоколад, но я держу это под контролем.

— Do you eat bread? / Ты ешь хлеб?
— No, I’m trying to lose weight. I’m on a low-carb diet. / Нет, япытаюсь
похудеть (сбросить вес). Я на низкокалорийной диете.
— Do you exercise? / Ты занимаешься спортом?
— Sure! I work out in the gym and go swimming after my workouts. /
Конечно! Я занимаюсь в спортзале и плаваю после каждой


• eat healthy/ питаться здоровой едой; обратите внимание, чтов этой
фразе healthy является наречием, а слово food не требуется.
• cut out/ убрать, избавиться, исключить. Этот фразовый глагол также
используется в выражении Cut it out! / Хватит! Перестань!
• carbs/ углеводы; сокращение от carbohydrates.
• fatty foods/ жирная пища; обратите внимание, что в данной ситуации
слово food используется во множественном числе foods.

Word Bank

Are you hungry? / Хочешь есть?

I’m getting hungry. / Я не прочь поесть. Я проголодался.
Have you eaten? / Тыел?(Тыела?)
Let’s go out and grab a bite. / Давай сходим перекусим.
Let’s go out for a meal. / Давай сходим поедим.
Let’s go out and grab a coffee. / Давай выйдем выпьем кофейку.
Let’s go out for lunch (dinner). / Давай сходим пообедаем (поужинаем).
Let’s eat out tonight. I’m too tired to cook. / Давай сегодня поедим где-нибудь. Я
слишком устал, чтобы готовить.
I’m starving! / Умираю с голоду!
Do you know any good restaurants in the area? / Ты знаешь какие-нибудь
рестораны поблизости?
Let’s just order a pizza. / Давай просто закажем пиццу.
How long will it take to get it delivered? / Сколько времени займет доставка?
What should I get for takeout tonight? / Какую еду мне сегодня купить
На вынос?
Let’s get some sushi for takeout tonight. / Давай сегодня купим суши
They serve excellent sea food. / Там прекрасно готовят морепродукты.
We can get excellent burgers and fries there. / Там мы можем съесть
прекрасные гамбургеры с картошкой.
What’s your favorite food? / Какая еда ваша любимая?(Какую кухню вы
I watch my diet and exercise on a regular basis. / Я слежу за питанием
и занимаюсь спортом.
I’m on a low-carb diet. / Я на низкокалорийной диете.
I eat healthy. / Я ем здоровую еду.
I cut out cigarettes and beer. / Я исключил сигареты и пиво.


1) How many meals a day do you generally have?

2) How many courses do these meals consist of?
3) Do you eat out a lot? When do you mostly eat out?
4) Which food do you like most of all?
5) What is the most famous dish in your country?
6) Which national dish would you recommend to a visitor, and why?
7) Are any English dishes known in this country? If so, which?
8) Some people say that the best cooks in the world are men.
9) Eating at restaurants is a waste of money. Do you agree?
10) How often do you eat fast food?


1) Restaurants in London
2) An Englishman’s meals
3) Food labeling too much to swallow.
4) A new diet of Erica Stein
5) Traditional American FoodI
6) Tea is the Most Popular Drink in Britain
7) Cajun rice & Turkey burrito.
8) Food can be dangerous for your health.
9) Healthy Food
10) Breakfast around the world
11) Vegetarian burgers


1. It was … a nice day that we decided to go up the river by boat.
a) very
b) such
c) too
d) like
1. … and … people become Internet users because we can do so many things
a) many … many
b) more … more
c) the most … the most
d) little … little
2. Kate is … than Helen. She’s always ready to answer the teacher’s questions.
a) cleverer
b) the cleverest
c) more clever
d) the clever
3. You … go home when you have finished your compositions.
a) have to
b) may
c) must
d) need
4. I … at Dagestan Institute of National Economy two years ago.
a) study
b) studyed
c) studied
d) had studied
5. My watch …. Maybe there is something wrong with it.
a) stops
b) stopped
c) has stopped
d) stop
6. … people like TV news because they can see everything with their own
a) a lot of
b) much
c) few
d) little
7. … the way, where are my books?
a) from
b) by
c) at
d) with
8. Football is Britain’s national sport, … golf.
a) for example
b) in addition to
c) furthermore
d) although
9. … a nice park in our city two years ago.
a) there is
b) there are
c) there was
d) there were
10.Sometimes there is too … useful information on the Internet.
a) many
b) little
c) few
d) a lot of
11.Some languages, … French and Italian, are based on Latin.
a) as well as
b) such
c) such as
d) although
12.When you … immediate information about the latest world events, you
switch the TV on.
a) can
b) must
c) need
d) may
13.I’ve found my way around … places than this one.
a) bad
b) worse
c)the worst
d) a bad
14.Are there any letters … me?
a) at
b) till
c) of
d) for
15.Every day my brother wakes up early, but yesterday he … up very late.
a) waked
b) woke
c) woken
d) wake
16.Henry will not be able to attend the meeting tonight, because he will be
teaching a class.
a) yesterday
b) the day before
c) today
d) this evening
17.The monitor … text characters and graphics.
a) displays
b) display
d) showed
18.What did you … yesterday?
a) do
b) did
c) done
d) does
19.The policeman is running after … .
a) hers
b) our
c) his
d) him
20.… our car broke down, we were able to fix it ourselves.
a) because
b) either
c) in case
d) although
21.What time do you usually … breakfast?
a) have
b) have got
c) has got
d) has
22.… 25 pupils in our class last year.
a) there are
b) there was
c) there were
23.I … Peter since Monday.
a) do not meet
b) did not meet
c) has not met
d) have not met
24.Last Sunday we … to the Central park with our friends.
a) go
b) went
c) gone
d) goes
25.Be careful: you … spill the milk.
a) can
b) may
c) must
d) need
26.She … at home last evening; she … tennis.
a) is not; plays
b) was not; played
c) did not; play
d) does not; playing
27.Our garden was … in the village.
a) more beautiful
b) the most beautiful
c) the beautiful
d) beautifulest
28.If you can see … interesting there you can download it to your PC.
a) something
b) anybody
c) nothing
d) everybody
29.Supercomputers are different … ordinary computers.
a) from
b) of
c) off
d) to
30.Computers can be … into 3 broad categories: mainframe computers,
minicomputers, microcomputers.
a) divide
b) divided
c) have divided
d) was divide
31.The doctor is looking at ….
a) me
b) his
c) we
d) its
32.Microprocessor … control the entire computer.
a) doesn’t
b) didn’t
c) are not
d) is not
33.… people enjoyed the films, others did not like it at all.
a) some
b) any
c) no
d) every
34.This exercise is … difficult for me.
a) enough
b) such
c) too
d) no
35.The abbreviation PC … for microcomputers produced by IBM Corporation.
a) is used
b) was used
c) has used
d) were used
36.Do you want to go to the country?” my wife … me on Monday.
a) ask
b) asks
c) asked
d) has asked
37.This book was … than that one.
a) thinner
b) the thinnest
c) more thinner
d) the most thinnest
38.Children love … mothers, and their mothers love ….
a)their, they
b) there, them
c)their, them
d) their, theirs
39.So violence on TV … duly controlled.
a) can be
b) may be
c) need be
d) must be
40.When did you … breakfast yesterday? I … breakfast at nine in the morning.
a) have; have
b) have; had
c) had; have
d) had; had
41.This record shop … be a book shop a few years ago.
a) was
b) had
c) ought
d) used to
42.Mr. Smith woke up in the middle of the night. He could hear … in his
a) nobody
b) somebody
c) everywhere
d) anything
43.The children already ... the computer games.
a) played
b) are playing
c) have played
d) has played
44.There are too … websites on the Internet.
a) many
b) little
c) a lot
d) few
45.Two of our students … good marks in test-paper.
a) have
b) has
c) had
d) to have
46.In the past it … scientist and researchers a whole lifetime to make a few
thousand calculations.
a) take
b) took
c) taken
d) have taken
47.Have you got … questions?
a) some
b) any
c) no
d) one
48.You communicate … your computer … keyboard.
a) with … with
b) at … at
c) since … since
d) from … from
49.… you like to go to the cinema after dinner?
a) would
b) could
c) have
d) are
50.I have … money, that’s why I can’t be on the Internet.
a) little
b) few
c) a lot of
d) many
51.He … any sisters.
a) has got
b) haven’t got
c) have got
d) hasn’t got
52.Nowadays computers … pay wages, reserve seats on plane, compose music.
a) can
b) must
c) have to
d) need
53.He … a lot yesterday.
a) play
b) played
c) plaied
d) have played
54.The lesson will start … 8 o’clock.
a) at
b) in
c) on
d) by
55.I … this film this week. I liked very much.
a) see
b) saw
c) have seen
56.TV is only watched when something interesting ….
a) is heard
b) has heard
c) had heard
d) were heard
57.The days in winter are … than in summer.
a) shorter
b) the shortest
c) the short
d) more short
58.Each network … link tens, hundreds, or even thousands of computers.
a) may
b) must
c) have to
d) need
59.… some English books on the table now.
a) there is
b) there are
c) there was
d) there were
60.The Internet is composed of … interconnected computer networks.
a) many
b) any
c) few
d) little
61.How many boys and girls … in our class?
a) is there
b) are there
c) there are
d) there is
62.It is winter. There are … leaves on the trees.
a) some
b) any
c) no
d) many
63.Newspapers … react to events as quickly as TV.
a) don’t
b) doesn’t
c) are not
d) is not
64.I can’t go with you; I … help my mother today.
a) can
b) may
c) must
d) need
65.Don’t do many things … the same time.
a) in
b) on
c) upon
d) at
66.This river is … in the world.
a) long
b) longer
c) the longest
d) more long
67.What … text characters and graphics.
a) display
b) displays
c) displayed
d) has played
68.You … chat there, find job, pay bills, get music etc.
a) can
b) must
c) have to
d) need
69.What … the way to choose a good monitor?
a) is
b) does
c) did
d) were
70.How many mistakes … in your last dictation?
a) is there
b) are there
c) was there
d) were there
71.Do you often … colds?
a) catch
b) have got
c) has got
d) catches
72.You … talk at the lessons.
a) can not
b) may not
c) must not
d) need not
73.I never … to Washington
a) was
b) were
c) has been
d) have been
74.I saw … boys in the garden, but Mike was not among them.
a) some
b) any
c) no
d) much
75.I … poems since childhood.
a) wrote
b) have write
c) have written
d) has written
76.Books are … than films.
a) more interesting
b) the interesting
c) the most interesting
d) interesting
77.Look at my new dress! I … it myself.
a) make
b) made
c) have made
d) makes
78.Kate … speak English very well.
a) can
b) may
c) must
d) need
79.Which of you … children?
a) have
b) has
c) had
d) have had
80.There are lots of legends about the English king William I, who is known …
William the Conqueror.
a) for
b) to
c) at
d) as
81.It can … a lot of harm to their health unless they follow a few simple
a) do
b) does
c) did
d) done
82.Who … the first operation system?
a) invent
b) invents
c) invented
d) have invented
83.Did you know … foreign languages five years ago?
a) some
b) any
c) no
d) much
84.There is too … light, I can’t see anything.
b) few
c) much
d) many
85.There is an increasingly variety of computers … for different purposes.
a) design
b) designed
c) have designed
d) has designed
86.The house looked … than we thought.
a)more comfortable
b) the most comfortable
c) comfortable
d) comfortablest
87.We can’t say exactly which of the information is …
a) good
b) better
c) the best
d) nice
88.Which of the following verbs is never used in Continuous Tenses?
a) increase
b) get
c) believe
d) buy
89.Most computers use the floppy disks, …?
a) aren’t they
b) don’t they
c) didn’t it
d) doesn’t it
90.You … work hard at your English.
a) can
b) may
c) ought
d) must
91.A lot of British families switch … the TV early in the morning and only
switch it … when they go to bed.
a) on … off
b) off … on
c) on … out
d) out … on
92.Lighten pen … differences in reflected light.
a) detect
b) detects
c) detected
d) have detected
93.When did you … a dictation?
a) have
b) has
c) had
d) have had
94.There is … ink in my pen: I cannot write.
a) some
b) any
c) few
d) no
95.The watch is … in the shop.
a) expensive
b) more expensive
c) the most expensive
d) expensiver
96.I’d like to buy this sweater, but I haven’t … money.
b) many
c) some
d) no
97.It’s a small town in the south … England.
b) from
c) to
d) on
98.The sun … yet, but the sky in the east is getting lighter every minute.
a) rises
b) rose
c) has risen
d) rise
99.The BBC … in 1927 as independent public corporation.
a) founded
b) is founded
c) was founded
d) found
100.E-mail … users to send electronic messages to storage areas known as
a) allow
b) allows
c) allowed
d) has allowed
What is the noun form of “nation”?

Список использованной литературы:

1) Щербакова Н.И. Английский язык в сфере бытового обслуживания. М.:

Академия, 2012г. – 238с.

2) Батырмурзаева У.М. Методическое пособие по английскому языку для

самостоятельной работы студентов экономических факультетов. Махачкала,
ДГИНХ, 2012г. – 82с.

3) Ерофеева Л.А. Modern Englishin Conversation: учебное пособие по

современному разговорному английскому языку. М:. Флинта, 2011г. – 340с.

4) Жулидов С.Б. The Restaurant Business: учебное пособие М.: Юнити – Дана,
2012г. – 240с.

5) Черниховская Н.О. 200 диалогов на английском на все случаи жизни. М:.

Эксмо, 2014г. – 336с.

Перечень ресурсов информационно-телекоммуникационной сети

1) homeenglish.ru
2) englishlearner.ru
3) learnhotenglish.com


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