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MINOR PROJECT BIKE - SECURITY ALARM SESSION 2007-08

Guided by: Submitted by: Mr. SURENDRA SHARMA DEEPESH VERMA

Ms. SOPHIA SHAHID RAJORIA RATIM SINGHAL

ANKIT AP

INTRODUCTION

If anybody tries to steal your bike, this circuit turns on the horn of the bike to alert you of the impending theft. Usually, a handle lock is used on the handle bar for the safety of bikes, with the front mudguard in a slanted position. When the handle lock is freed, the front mudguard can be aligned with the body of the bike. This is the basic theme of the circuit. An IR LED is placed at the back of front mudguard and an IR receiver (TSOP) along the crash guard, near horn. Whenever you lock your bike, the front mudguard is in slanted position and the LED and the TSOP are not in the line of sight. Every time you lock your bike you will have to switch on this circuit. Now if anybody tries to take your bike (even if he has the keys) as soon as he unlocks the handle, the TSOP and IR LED comes in line of sight, the circuit is completed and the horn starts blowing .The blowing horn will not stop even if the thief again slants the handle. It will only take the owner of the bike to stop it. The whole circuitry can be kit up in the locker of the bike. Only the IR LED and the TSOP will be outside, hence only authorized person can access the circuit.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

LIST OF COMPONENTS
R1:________________5 , 2w Resistor. R2:________________15 k Resistor. R3:________________4.7 k Resistor. R4:________________2.2 k Resistor. R5:________________22 , 1w Resistor. R6:________________390 Resistor. R7:________________2.2 k Resistor. R8:________________1 k Resistor. R9:________________4.7 k Resistor. R10:_______________2.2 k Resistor. IC1:_______________7805 IC. IC2:_______________555 timer IC. IC3:_______________LM 311 IC. IC4:_______________7473 IC. C1:________________470 F, 40 v capacitor. C2:________________0.1 F capacitor. C3:________________0.001 F capacitor. C4:________________0.01 F capacitor. C5:________________100 F, 16 v capacitor. C6:________________1 F, 16 v capacitor. C7:________________100 F, 16 v capacitor. S1:________________ON/OFF switch. S2:________________Push to on switch. T1:________________BC547 NPN Transistor.

T2:________________SL100 NPN Transistor. D1:________________1N4001 Diode. RL1:_______________12 v, 200 1 C/O Relay. IRLED1:____________IR LED> IRX1:______________TSOP 1738.

WORKING
This circuit consists of transmitter and receiver sections. The transmitter (IR LED1) is fitted on the back end of the front mudguard and the receiver sensor (IRX1) is fitted on the central portion of the crash guard of the bike such that IR rays from the transmitter directly fall on the sensor when the front mudguard comes in line with the body of the bike. The transmitter section is built around timer 555 (IC2), which is wired as an astable multivibrator with a frequency of around 38 kHz. The output of IC2 is further amplified by transistor T1 and given to an infrared light-emitting diode (IR LED1), which continuously transmits the IR frequency. The receiver section uses IR receiver module TSOP 1738 (IRX1), which is normally used in TV receivers. The receiver module senses the IR modulated frequency transmitted by the IR LED. When no IR rays are incident on the sensor, its output is high. But the output of the IR sensor goes low when it senses the modulated IR signal. The output of the receiver module is given to a negative voltage comparator built around IC LM311 (IC3). The input voltage at pin 2 of IC3 is fixed by using the voltage-divider network comprising resistors R7 and R8. When IR rays are not incident on the IR receiver module, the voltage at pin 3 of IC3 is greater than the voltage at pin 2. As a result, the output of comparator IC3 is low. But when the receiver senses IR rays from IR LED1, the voltage at pin 3 of IC3 is lower than the voltage at pin 2. As a result, the output of the comparator goes high.

The output of the comparator is given to a latch made up of JK flip-flop (IC4). The low-to-high going pulse from the comparator makes the output of IC4 high until it is reset. The output of IC4 is latched and used to energies relay RL1 via transistor T2. The relay is connected to the negative terminal of the bikes horn, while the positive terminal of the horn is connected to the positive terminal of the battery via resistor R1. The energized relay drives the horn, which continues sounding until you press reset switch S2 momentarily. At night, lock your bike using the handle lock and switch on the circuit using switch S1. Since the IR transmitter (IR LED1) and the receiver (IRX1) will not be in line of sight, IR rays from IR LED1 will not be incident on the sensor. When anyone tries to move the bike away, the IR transmitter and the IR receiver will come in line of sight and the IR rays from the IR transmitter will be incident on the receiver. This will make the output of the Comparator (IC3) high. The pulse from the comparator will make the output of latch IC4 high and transistor T2 will conduct to sound the horn via relay RL1.