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# Code No: R05321904 Set No.

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III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS
(Electronics & Computer Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) Write the non recursive algorithm for finding the Fibonacci sequence and
derive its time complexity.
(b) Show that n3 logn is w(n3 ). [10+6]

2. (a) Write and explain the control abstraction for Divide and conquer.
(b) Suggest refinements to mergesort to make it in-place. [8+8]

3. (a) Prove that if the weights on the edges of a connected undirected graph are
distinct then there is a unique minimum spanning tree.
(b) Explain the general characteristics of Greedy method. [8+8]

## 4. (a) Explain matrix chain multiplication with an example.

(b) Solve the following 0/1 Knapsack problem using dynamic programming
P=(11,21,31,33), W=(2,11,22,15), C=40, n=4. [8+8]

## 5. (a) Explain the properties of strongly connected components.

(b) Write a non-recursive algorithm of In-order traversal of a tree and also analyze
its time complexity. [6+10]

6. (a) Draw and explain the portion of the tree for 4-queens problem that is generated
during backtracking.
(b) Explain the applications of Backtracking. [10+6]

7. (a) Describe problem state, solution state and answer state with an example.
(b) Explain the general method of Branch and Bound. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain the Clique problem and write the algorithm for the same.
(b) Differentiate between NP-complete and NP-Hard. [10+6]

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Code No: R05321904 Set No. 2
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS
(Electronics & Computer Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

R2 √
1. (a) Develop a probabilistic algorithm to find the value of the integral 4 − x2 dx
0
(b) Differentiate between priori analysis and posteriori analysis. [10+6]

2. (a) List some of the relative advantages and disadvantages of the partition algo-
rithm
(b) Write the Quicksort algorithm? Analize the time complexity in worst case.
[6+10]

3. (a) What is spanning tree? Explain the prim’s algorithm with an example.
(b) Explain the terms Feasible solution, optimal solution and objective function.
[10+6]

4. (a) Find one problem for which the principle of optimality does not hold. Explain
why the principle does not hold.
(b) Find the shortest path between all pairs of nodes in the following graph.
(Figure 4b) [8+8]

Figure 4b
5. (a) Write a pseudocode for finding the strongly connected components of directed
graph. Also analyze its time complexity.
(b) Explain the Inorder traversal of a tree with an example. [8+8]

6. (a) Draw the state space tree for m coloring when n=3 and m=3
(b) Write a recursive backtracking algorithm. [8+8]

7. (a) Write an algorithm to solve the Knapsack problem with the Branch and Bound
(b) Differentiate between Dynamic Knapsack and Branch and Bound Knapsack
problem. [10+6]

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Code No: R05321904 Set No. 2
8. (a) Explain the satisfiability problem and write the algorithm for the same.
(b) Differentiate between NP-complete and NP-Hard. [10+6]

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Code No: R05321904 Set No. 3
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS
(Electronics & Computer Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

## 1. (a) Explain the asymptotic notations used in algorithm analysis.

(b) Prove that f(n)=0(h(n)) where f(n)=0(g(n)) and g(n)=0(h(n)). [10+6]

2. (a) Write and explain the control abstraction for Divide and conquer.
(b) Suggest refinements to mergesort to make it in-place. [8+8]

## 3. (a) Write a greedy algorithm to the Job sequencing with deadlines.

(b) Prove that the edge with the smallest weight will be part of every minimum
spanning tree. [8+8]

4. Determine the cost and structure of an optimal Binary search tree for a set of
n=5keys with the following probabilities.
p1 = p2 = 0.125, p3 = p4 = 0.0625, P5 = 0.1875
q0 = 0, q1 = 0.1875, q2 = q3 = q4 = q5 = 0.0625
The keys are a1 < a2 < a3 < a4 < a5 . [16]

## 5. (a) Explain game tree with an example.

(b) Prove or disprove an undirected graph G=(V,E) is biconnected if and only if
for each pair of distinct vertices u and v there are two distinct paths from u
to v that have no vertex in common except u and v. [8+8]

6. (a) Draw and explain the portion of the tree for 4-queens problem that is generated
during backtracking.
(b) Explain the applications of Backtracking. [10+6]

7. (a) Write an algorithm to solve the Knapsack problem with the Branch and Bound
(b) Differentiate between Dynamic Knapsack and Branch and Bound Knapsack
problem. [10+6]

## 8. (a) Explain the classes of NP-hard and NP-complete.

(b) Describe clique decision problem and write the algorithm for the same. [8+8]

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Code No: R05321904 Set No. 4
III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS
(Electronics & Computer Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

R2 √
1. (a) Develop a probabilistic algorithm to find the value of the integral 4 − x2 dx
0

## (b) Differentiate between priori analysis and posteriori analysis. [10+6]

2. (a) Write and explain the control abstraction for Divide and conquer.
(b) Suggest refinements to mergesort to make it in-place. [8+8]

3. (a) Show that the greedy algorithm to minimize the mean completion time for
multiprocessor Job scheduling.
(b) Write an algorithm of Greedy Knapsack and Also analyze its time complexity.
[8+8]

## 4. (a) Explain matrix chain multiplication with an example.

(b) Solve the following 0/1 Knapsack problem using dynamic programming
P=(11,21,31,33), W=(2,11,22,15), C=40, n=4. [8+8]

5. Write an algorithm of Biconnected components and also analyze its time complex-
ity. [16]

## 6. Write the control abstraction of backtracking write backtracking algorithm for 8-

queen problem. [16]

## 7. (a) Explain the general method of Branch and Bound.

(b) Explain the principles of LIFO Branch and Bound. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain the satisfiability problem and write the algorithm for the same.
(b) Differentiate between NP-complete and NP-Hard. [10+6]

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