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Take Assessment - DsmbISP Final Exam - CCNA Discovery: Working at a Small-to-Medium Business or ISP (Version 4.1)

1

Which storage media type is most commonly selected if cost effectiveness, large capacity, and transportability are the key factors being considered during implementation of a backup scheme?

digital tape

solid-state storage

optical media discs

storage area networks

network-attached storage

2

For the assignment of permissions to files and folders, what does the "principle of least privilege" imply?

No user has more privileges than any other user.

No user has more privileges than any other user.

Permissions to files are given based on seniority.

Users only have access to resources that are necessary for their jobs.

Users should be given no access to computer resources until they ask.

3

 

Refer to the exhibit. Which type of link is supported by this interface module?

LAN

LAN

WAN

WLAN

VLAN

4

When customers use credit cards to make purchases at a small business, a modem is heard dialing a telephone number to transfer the transaction data to the central office. What type of WAN serial connection is in use?

leased line

leased line

packet switched

circuit switched

point-to-point

5

A building has experienced a power outage. When the power returns, none of the devices on one floor can access the Internet. The network administrator checks the switch in the IDF that these devices are connected to and notes that the SYST LED on the front of the switch is amber.

What is a possible cause of this problem?

The switch is functioning properly.

The switch is functioning properly.

The switch has failed POST.

The switch configuration file was not saved to NVRAM.

The connection between the switch and the server did not autonegotiate speed and duplex properly.

6

A user reports being unable to access the Internet. The help desk technician employs a bottom-up approach to troubleshooting. The technician first has the user check the patch cable connection from the PC to the wall, and then has the user verify that the NIC has a green link light. What will the technician have the user do next?

link light. What will the technician have the user do next? Enter an IP address into

Enter an IP address into the WWW browser address bar to see if DNS is at fault.

Use traceroute to identify the device along the path to the ISP that may be at fault.

Verify the IP address, subnet, and gateway settings using ipconfig on the PC.

Connect to the user home router to check firewall settings for blocked TCP ports. 7

Connect to the user home router to check firewall settings for blocked TCP ports.

7

A client complains to an ISP that the hosted web server seems slow and frequently cannot be reached. The technician suspects the special high performance server NIC might be the source of the problem. After checking with vendor support, it is verified that the NIC is causing framing errors and the firmware needs to be upgraded. With which layer of the OSI model is this problem associated?

Layer 1

Layer 1

Layer 2

Layer 4

Layer 7

8

 

Refer to the exhibit. Static routes have been configured on all routers in the network. PC2 can communicate with PC1 but not with PC3. What should be done to remedy the problem?

Reconfigure the first static route with the exit interface S0/0/0.

Reconfigure the first static route with the exit interface S0/0/0.

Reconfigure the second static route with the exit interface S0/0/1.

Reconfigure the first static route with the next hop address 172.16.3.1.

Reconfigure the second static route with the next hop address 172.16.3.1.

9

What routing protocol would be appropriate to use for exchanging routes between ISPs?

RIPv2

RIPv2

BGP

OSPF

EIGRP

10

What does the command RA(dhcp-config)# dns-server 10.10.64.221 10.10.64.222 accomplish?

allows RA to act as a DNS relay agent

allows RA to act as a DNS relay agent

allows RA to be configured as a DNS server

identifies the default gateway address that is used to reach the DNS servers

enables DHCP clients to use the specified IP addresses as DNS servers

11

How does an SNMP trap aid network monitoring and management?

It reports to the management station by responding to polls.

It reports to the management station by responding to polls.

It collects information for the management station by using polling devices.

It sends an alert message to the management station when a threshold is reached.

It flags attempts to begin a DoS attack on the network.

12

Which type of address is 192.168.17.111/28?

host address

host address

network address

broadcast address

multicast address

13

Which question provides troubleshooting information about a problem at Layer 1 or Layer 2 of the OSI model?

information about a problem at Layer 1 or Layer 2 of the OSI model? Can the

Can the server be reached through Telnet?

Is there a firewall that is configured on the PC? Is there a link light

Is

there a firewall that is configured on the PC?

Is

there a link light on the network card?

What addresses are configured in the TCP/IP settings?

14

What is the purpose of a DMZ?

It analyzes traffic for intrusion attempts and sends reports to management stations.

It

analyzes traffic for intrusion attempts and sends reports to management stations.

It

creates an encrypted and authenticated tunnel for remote hosts to access the internal network.

It

provides secure connectivity for clients that connect to the internal network through a wireless LAN.

allows external hosts to access specific company servers while maintaining the security restrictions for the internal network.

It

15

 

Refer to the exhibit. A user who is connected to RTA is trying to telnet to RTB, but the connection is failing. Based on the output of the show running-config command on router RTB, why is the Telnet session failing?

Telnet has not been configured on the console line.

Telnet has not been configured on the console line.

The login command has not been issued on the console line.

No password has been configured on the VTY lines.

A

session limit has not been configured for Telnet.

16

A network technician wants to restore a backup copy of the saved configuration file on a router from a TFTP server. After restoring the file from the TFTP server, the technician reloads the router and finds that it still has the old configuration file instead of the restored file. What could have caused this?

The technician entered the command delete flash: before reloading the router.

The technician entered the command delete flash: before reloading the router.

The technician entered the command boot system rom before reloading the router.

The technician entered the command erase startup-config before reloading the router.

The technician failed to enter the command copy running-config startup-config before reloading the router.

17

At which layer of the OSI model is the Ethernet family of technologies defined?

 

Layer 1

Layer 2

Layer 3

Layer 4

Layer 5

Layer 6

Layer 7

18

A network technician wants to load a configuration file from a TFTP server to a router. What must the technician know before initiating the transfer?

the IP address of the TFTP server and the name of the configuration file on

the IP address of the TFTP server and the name of the configuration file on the server

the operating system of the TFTP server and the IP address of the connected router interface

the IP address of the TFTP server and the name of the configuration file in NVRAM of the router

the name of the configuration file on the router and the IP address of the interface that is connected to the TFTP server

19

The command copy tftp running-config has been entered on the router. What will this command do?

tftp running-config has been entered on the router. What will this command do? copy the configuration

copy the configuration in RAM to a server

copy the configuration file from a server to RAM copy the configuration file in NVRAM

copy the configuration file from a server to RAM

copy the configuration file in NVRAM to RAM

copy the configuration file in NVRAM to a server

copy the configuration file from a server to NVRAM

20

 

Refer to the exhibit. R1 and R2 are connected over a WAN. PC A is connected to the fa0/0 port on R1 and PC B is connected to the fa0/5 port on SW1. Starting with PC A and ending with PC B, what cable types would be used to connect all the devices?

Link A - straight-through, Link B - crossover, Link C - serial, Link D -

Link A - straight-through, Link B - crossover, Link C - serial, Link D - straight-through.

Link A - crossover, Link B - serial, Link C - straight-through, Link D - straight-through.

Link A - straight-through, Link B - serial, Link C - crossover, Link D - straight-through.

Link A - crossover, Link B - crossover, Link C- serial, Link D - straight-through.

21

Which statement best describes HDLC encapsulation?

It is a bit-oriented data link layer protocol.

It is a bit-oriented data link layer protocol.

It is a circuit-switched network layer protocol.

It is a packet-switched network layer protocol.

It is a packet-switched data link layer protocol.

22

Which two terms are used to refer to cable connections that run between network distribution facilities? (Choose two.)

 

patch 

verticalnetwork distribution facilities? (Choose two.)   patch backbone horizontal crossover 23 Which two services are

backbonefacilities? (Choose two.)   patch vertical horizontal crossover 23 Which two services are required

horizontalfacilities? (Choose two.)   patch vertical backbone crossover 23 Which two services are required to enable

crossover(Choose two.)   patch vertical backbone horizontal 23 Which two services are required to enable a

23

Which two services are required to enable a computer to receive dynamic IP addresses and access the Internet using domain names? (Choose two.)

DNSand access the Internet using domain names? (Choose two.)   WINS   HTTP   DHCP SMTP

 

WINS 

 

HTTP 

 

DHCP 

SMTP(Choose two.) DNS   WINS   HTTP   DHCP 24 How many host addresses may be

24

How many host addresses may be assigned on each subnetwork when using the 130.68.0.0 network address with a subnet mask of 255.255.248.0?

30

256

2046

2048

4094

4096

25

Which protocol allows secure in-band management so that a network administrator can monitor and configure network devices without fear of any passwords being compromised?

SSH

SSH

HTTP

SNMP

Telnet

26

A network technician types the command ping 127.0.0.1 at the command prompt on a computer. What is the technician trying to accomplish?

The technician is checking the IP address on the network card.

The technician is checking the IP address on the network card.

The technician is testing the integrity of the TCP/IP stack on the local machine.

The technician is pinging a host computer that has the IP address 127.0.0.1 on the network.

The technician is tracing the path to a host computer on the network and the network has the IP address 127.0.0.1.

27

When a router learns two paths to the same destination network, which two factors determine the path that will be included in the routing table? (Choose two.)

route metricthat will be included in the routing table? (Choose two.) the MAC address of the neighboring

the MAC address of the neighboring routerbe included in the routing table? (Choose two.) route metric the source IP address in data

the source IP address in data packetstwo.) route metric the MAC address of the neighboring router the IP address of the next

the IP address of the next hop routerthe neighboring router the source IP address in data packets administrative distance 28   Refer to

administrative distancein data packets the IP address of the next hop router 28   Refer to the

28

 

Refer to the exhibit. R1 and R2 are configured with the commands that are displayed. All interfaces are properly configured, but neither router is receiving routing updates. What two things can be done to solve the problem? (Choose two.)

Configure the routing protocol on R1 for network 10.0.0.0.two things can be done to solve the problem? (Choose two.) Configure the routing protocol on

Configure the routing protocol on R2 for network 10.0.0.0.Configure the routing protocol on R1 for network 10.0.0.0. Configure the routing protocol on R1 for

Configure the routing protocol on R1 for network 192.168.4.0.Configure the routing protocol on R2 for network 10.0.0.0. Configure the routing protocol on R1 for

Configure the routing protocol on R1 for network 192.168.2.0.the routing protocol on R1 for network 192.168.4.0. Configure the routing protocol on R2 for network

Configure the routing protocol on R2 for network 192.168.1.0.the routing protocol on R1 for network 192.168.2.0. Configure the routing protocol on R2 for network

Configure the routing protocol on R2 for network 192.168.3.0.the routing protocol on R2 for network 192.168.1.0. 29 A network is spread across two buildings

29

A network is spread across two buildings that are separated by a distance of 500 feet (152 meters). An electrical transformer is installed near the cable route. Which type of cable should be used in this network?

STP

STP

UTP

coaxial

fiber-optic

30

In a structured cable system, what is the purpose of horizontal cabling?

cable system, what is the purpose of horizontal cabling? It connects an IDF to an IDF.

It connects an IDF to an IDF.

It connects an IDF to the MDF.

It connects wall jacks to an IDF.

It connects wall jacks to user workstations

31

What is the purpose of the routing process?

to encapsulate data that is used to communicate across a network

to select the paths that are used to direct traffic to destination networks

to convert a URL name into an IP address

to provide secure Internet file transfer

to forward traffic on the basis of MAC addresses

32

An organization has 50 traveling salespersons who must be able to connect to the company network from client sites and hotels. Which WAN connection will allow this access?

Frame Relay

Frame Relay

Cable

DSL

dialup

33

Which transport layer protocol will allow segments to be exchanged between two hosts with low overhead and no mechanism for retransmission?

IP

FTP

TCP

UDP

SMTP

34

Which statement is true about FTP implementations?

The protocol interpreter (PI) function engages once the data transfer process (DTP) function is complete.

The protocol interpreter (PI) function engages once the data transfer process (DTP) function is complete.

The DTP function is responsible for the login sequence.

FTP requires two connections, one for control and one for data.

Both the PI and the DTP close automatically when the transfer is complete.

35

 

Refer to the exhibit. Which command would an administrator use to configure the router name?

Router# ip hostname Boise

Router# hostname Boise

Router(config-line)# name Boise

Router(config)# hostname Boise

Router> ip hostname Boise

36

Which type of WAN connection uses packet-switched connections?

T1

T1

E1

ISDN

Frame Relay

37

Which cable type is used to interconnect the FastEthernet interfaces of two routers?

straight-through

straight-through

crossover console rollover 38 A customer reports connectivity problems to an ISP technician. Upon questioning

crossover

console

rollover

38

A customer reports connectivity problems to an ISP technician. Upon questioning the customer, the technician discovers that all network applications are functioning except for FTP. What should the technician suspect is the problem?

misconfigured firewall

bad port on switch or hub

misconfigured IP addressing on the customer's workstation

wrong DNS server configured on the customer's workstation

wrong default gateway configured on the customer's workstation

39

A network technician is using a network management station to gather data about the performance of devices and links within the ISP. Which application layer protocol makes this possible?

SNMP

SNMP

FTP

DHCP

SMTP

40

Refer to the exhibit. A network technician is configuring the WAN interface on the HQ router. Which set of commands correctly configures the WAN interface if the IP address that is assigned to the WAN link is 198.133.219.13/30 and router HQ is a DTE device? HQ(config-if)# ip address 198.133.219.13 255.255.255.248

the WAN link is 198.133.219.13/30 and router HQ is a DTE device? HQ(config-if)# ip address 198.133.219.13
the WAN link is 198.133.219.13/30 and router HQ is a DTE device? HQ(config-if)# ip address 198.133.219.13
the WAN link is 198.133.219.13/30 and router HQ is a DTE device? HQ(config-if)# ip address 198.133.219.13
the WAN link is 198.133.219.13/30 and router HQ is a DTE device? HQ(config-if)# ip address 198.133.219.13

HQ(config-if)# clock rate 64000 HQ(config-if)# no shutdown HQ(config-if)# ip address 198.133.219.13 255.255.255.252

HQ(config-if)# clock rate 64000 HQ(config-if)# no shutdown HQ(config-if)# ip address 198.133.219.13 255.255.255.248

HQ(config-if)# no shutdown HQ(config-if)# ip address 198.133.219.13 255.255.255.252 HQ(config-if)# no shutdown

41

A network engineer is asked to specify the type of cable for a new network installation. The engineer plans horizontal cable runs of less than 90 feet (27.4 meters) using cable that is not expensive and is easy to implement. It will be positioned away from electrically noisy areas to avoid EMI. Which cable should the engineer choose?

STP

STP

UTP

coaxial

fiber optic

42

A hacker attempts to reach confidential information that is stored on a server inside the corporate network. A network security solution inspects the entire packet, determines that it is a threat, and blocks the packet from entering the inside network. Which security measure protected the network?

packet from entering the inside network. Which security measure protected the network? an IDS an IPS

an IDS

an IPS

a host-based firewall

Anti-X software 43 Which statement is true about the reverse lookup DNS zone? It is

Anti-X software

43 Which statement is true about the reverse lookup DNS zone?

Which statement is true about the reverse lookup DNS zone? It is most commonly experienced when

It

is most commonly experienced when users are surfing the Internet.

It

is the backup for the forward lookup zone.

It

dynamically updates the resource records.

It

resolves an IP address to a fully qualified domain name.

44 How do port filtering and access lists help provide network security? They prevent specified types of traffic from reaching specified network destinations.

of traffic from reaching specified network destinations. They alert network administrators to various type of denial

They alert network administrators to various type of denial of service attacks as they occur.

They prevent viruses, worms, and Trojans from infecting host computers and servers.

They enable encryption and authentication of confidential data communications.

45 What can cause a problem at the data link layer?

45 What can cause a problem at the data link layer? a faulty network cable a

a faulty network cable

a firewall that is blocking all HTTP traffic

incorrectly configured device drivers

incorrectly configured subnet masks