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# Cairn Energy India PTY Ltd

CALCULATION

PROJECT NO.

## Stability Calculation 52893.03

24" Oil Pipeline (Empty) REF
03-P-2-003
No OF SHEETS

1 of 4
OFFICE CODE PROJECT No AREA DIS TYPE NUMBER
DOCUMENT No
05 5893 03 P 2 003

## 01 21.05.07 Issued For IDC PD JC PD BS CEIL

REV DATE DESCRIPTION BY CHK ENG PM Client
Cairn Energy India Limited
PIPELINE STABILITY CALCULATION
JP Kenny

## CLIENT Cairn Energy India Limited JOB NO. 52893.03 .

SUBJECT 24" Crude Oil Pipeline
DOC NO. 05 - 2893 - 03 - P - 2 - 003 REV NO. 0 .

## PRPD BY Paul Docherty CHKD BY Jateen Chohan APP'D BY P Docherty

DATE 5-May-07 DATE 21-May-07 DATE 21-May-07

1.0 INTRODUCTION
The aim of this calculation is to determine the stability of the pipeline through water course crossings.

2.0 METHOD
The method used to determine the stability of the pipeline through water courses is to calculate the
total weight of the pipeline and compare it with the weight of the external fluid (water) it would
displace. In order for the pipeline to be considered stable, the pipeline weight must be 10% greater
than the weight of the water displaced.

The above method is overly conservative as it considers a pipeline free floating in water. In reality the
pipeline lays in a trench covered by soil which will provide a hold down force to prevent floatation.
This force is calculated by determining the submerged weight of soil above the pipeline.

## 3.0 REFERENCE DATA

The reference data for this calculation has come from:
Reference 1: ASME B 31.4 Design and OISD - STD - 141 2001 API 5L
X65
Reference 2: Crude Pipeline Design Refer to Wall thickness Report 052893 - 03 - P - 3 - 020
and range of Calculations from 002 to 010

4.0 CALCULATIONS
4.1 Pipe Details
Nom. Pipe Outside Diameter OD = 0.610 m = 24 in
Specified Wall Thickness t = 0.018 m = 17.5 mm
Concrete Coating Thickness tc = 0.102 m = 102 mm

## 4.2 Coating and Insulation Details

Thickness of the outer coating tp = 0.008 m = 8.0 mm
3 3
Density of the outer coating Dp = 9771 N/m = 996 kg/m
Thickness of the Insulation ti = 0.100 m = 100.0 mm
3 3
Density of the insulation Di = 589 N/m = 60 kg/m

## 4.3 Density and Stability Factor

3 3
Density External Fluid (Water) De = 9810 N/m = 1000 kg/m
3 3
Density Pipe Contents (Empty) Di = 0 N/m = 0 kg/m
Density Pipe Steel Ds = 76420 N/m3 = 7790 kg/m3
3 3
Density Concrete Dc = 29921 N/m = 3050 kg/m
3 3
Density Soil Dg = 14862 N/m = 1515 kg/m
DL 3 3
Density of Liquified Soil = 12753 N/m = 1300 kg/m
Stability Requirement Sm = 1.1
Depth of Cover H = 1.0 m

## 21/05/2007 Page 2 of 4 Date...........................

Cairn Energy India Limited
PIPELINE STABILITY CALCULATION
JP Kenny
4.4 Weight of Pipeline
Cross-sectional area Steel As = pi()*(OD^2-(OD-2*t)^2)
4
2
= 0.033 m

= 2488 N/m

4
2
= 0.259 m

= 0 N/m

## 4.5 Insulation and Protective Coating

CSA Insulation Ain = pi()*(((2*ti)+OD)^2-(OD)^2)
4
2
= 0.223 m

## Weight of Insulation Win = Ain*Di

= 131 N/m
CSA Polyurathane Coating Ap = pi()*(((2*(tp+ti))+OD)^2-((2*ti)+OD)^2)
4
2
= 0.021 m

## Weight of Coating Wp = Ap*Dp

= 201 N/m

4.6 Concrete Coating ( Note: no consideration has been made for reinforcement)
Total Pipeline Outside Diam. ODT = OD + 2*(tp+ti+tc)
= 1.0296 m

4
2
= 0.297 m

= 8894 N/m

= 11713 N/m

## 4.7 Pipeline Buoyancy in Water

CSA Pipe+ Ins + coatings At = pi()*ODT^2
4
2
= 0.833 m

= 8168 N/m

= 8984 N/m

## 21/05/2007 Page 3 of 4 Date...........................

Cairn Energy India Limited
PIPELINE STABILITY CALCULATION
JP Kenny
Pipeline Buoyancy, open trench Bp = Wt-Br
= 2729 N/m

= 0.826 m2

= 4171 N/m

= 6900 N/m

## 4.8 Pipeline Buoyancy in Liquified Soils

Weight of displaced fluid Wm = At*DL
= 10618 N/m

= 11680 N/m

= 34 N/m

## 5.0 Summary of Results

The results of the stability calculations are detailed in the following table:

## Variable Value Required

Pipeline Buoyancy, open (N/m) 2728.9 0.0 OK
Pipeline Buoyancy, buried (N/m) 6899.9 0.0 OK
Pipeline Buoyancy, liq soil (N/m) 33.6 0.0 OK

The pipeline in an open trench will be stable through flooded water courses.
The buried pipeline will be stable through flooded water courses.
The pipeline will be stable through flooded water courses where soil liquification has occurred.