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. .

1976

53812
38
539.3

: . .


- . . . 3. .
. . . 3. . .
. .
17/IX75 .
. 11/1176 .
60X90'/ie
. . 2.
17 . . (. . . 17)
.-. . 17,44
. -238
26 000 .
82 .

( ) 1976 . 94
, -51, ., . 29/14,

8 , , ., 7. . 4020.

38

. .
. .
3-, . ., , 1976.

272 . .

.
;

.

, ,
, .

.
.
, ,
.

2 0 3 0 4

-'45
94-76
(001)0176
, 1976

538-12



, , .
, , .
, ,
. ,
,
.
. . . , , , ,
, , .
,
.
, .
. .




, ,

. , .
, ,
. , , .
,
, ,

.
,
- . . .
. . , . . , . . , . . .
. . .
. . . - . . ,
. ,
. -. . . .
, .
,
.



, , , , ,
.

,
, .
, , , , , .
1678 . , .
1821 .
-.
. -
,
-,
.
, ,
,
, .
.

.
. , .

] ,
.
, . .
, ,
, . .
, , , .

, .
,
. . ;
,
.
-
1, 2, 3 \ 2, 3,
JC*=JC*(JC I > 2,

3)

(k = \, 2, 3),

(1.1)

.
, xh 1
2
3
, , ,
, . (1.1) , (1.1)
3c*=Jc*(JC1, 2, 3)

(* = 1, 2, 3).

(1.2)

- , ,
. , , -

. , , (1.1) .
, oxix2x3 /'^'',
(1.1)

* 4 = 2 '

(=1,2,3),

(1.3)

=1

akn 0x1X2X3
(1.3)
, , =\ = 3.
, (&=1, 2, 3).
(1.3)
(1-4)

Xk = akax'n-

(1.4) .
1. ,

(=1, 2, 3) f(x\ 2, 3 ), xh {fix1, 2, 3); (1.1)
, , .
, .
, (=1, 2, 3)
_ , . (&=1, 2,
3) ; (1.2)

(1.5)

, . (1.4),
(1.5) , . ,
.
, (1.2)
i^

(1.6)

(1.6) (1.5) , dxn


.
, - -

(1.1)


, . ,
. , (1.4)
v-'

81

(1.4) (1.8)
. . r _ a * _ = c w

(1

_9)

, (1.5) (1.7) , . .

=.
(= 1, 2, 3) .
, Aih. (1.2) Aih
^ ^

(1.10)

, .
(1.10) (, =
= 1,2, 3).
^--^-.
(1.11)
*
.

'

(1.12)

. , (1.9) , . .
a. n k .

(1.13)

.
:
" _ > 0 tn=n
. ...
[, .
, 8, ,
;
, (1.12)

1*

m "

(1.14)

Sxk

'
die'
*
"

(1.15)

(1.1) (1.2),

(1.17),
_
'

"

,
(1.18)

- ^ - = 8?.

(1.18) (1.16) (1.15),


.
. , ,
_
r

'

"
*

dxs

27 Amns ( , ).
, . ,

= .

=,

(1.19)

. -


=~,
(1.20)
Anm=_Amnt
.

2. ,
.
) . , (. . ).
, ,

, , ,
, . ,
.
) .
.
, ,
. , . ,

( (#, ,
). i>s, ,
CT=AmnBrst.

(1.21)

( ,
).

.
) ( ). ;
. , ,
A"tmi
. = ,
Bst = Astn, ; /=1
=3. ,
. . ,
. , , .
Aftnr ,
, . , , -

s = m, ? = 2". ; , ,
= , CtAmtn.
Aftnr, ,
D"Am-
,
() / = / 2 = -"-
,,

.

,

' 2 2 )


() . ,
.
Bsrt;
, , : AmnBsmt,
AmnBsrn, ArnBsrt, AmtB\f
,
, , .
, - .
) . - , ,
k
A mn.
?,
wy.
a
A mn u v w-f,
, , (5, k ,
/ = AkmnumVwk.

(1.23)
?

, * .
AmnB" , ,
m , ,
(1.24)
, .
, .
, -

II

. ) :
1) , vn, Wh
(1.23) ,
;
2) (1.24)
, ;
3)
uk, .
1
, .

/=f, (1.23)
(1.5) (1.7) ,

ttM)

.
1

1 \ --
VPWi = 0.

? )

, v$ wy ,

Ale

jr_.ft

, .
2 (1.24) Dy,
f .
,

(1.10) (1.7)

12

'

*
*

77

, -

,
A\ Ak

*m

/lap f l m n

"

d*T \~RmnT)

"

\D
?

IJ-j

U.

Dy
jT _

"

"

?
.
3
uhvh+wh.

= Amnv v"

+ Amnw w

+ Amnv w"

-f
m n

AmnVw .

, Amnv v
Amnwmwn

Amnvmwn=Amnvnwm,
Amnvmwn . ,
1 vm wn ,
, .
3.
(\ 2, )
/4i(x^ + dx1, x2 + dx2, x%+dxz) .
dr,
. dr ds. ,

dr=dse.
(1.25)
(\ 2, ) ,
, , . ,
, ;
1

dr1=dx e1,

dr2=dx e2,

dr3=dx e3,

dr\, dr % drs " , , dr, . .


dr=dse=dxnen.
,

ds2={dxnen

(1.26)

dxkek)=gnkdxndx",

,
(1.27)

13

dxm gnh,
(1.28), (gnk=
= ghn). ,
gnk ,
.

, , h, . . ,
:
-* = ,

(1.29)

.

2 X

3 X

2=

(1.30)
(1.29) ,
2 3

3 X -

g\

el X

g\
l

g\
3

(1.31)

=e -{e*Xe ).

gl

, , .
, , , [. (1.30)
(1.31)] ,
, , .
e ft
en = Cnke

(k, = 1, 2, 3).

(1.28) (1.29), Cnk=gnh', , en = gnh ek.



= -=1,

(0).

(1.32)

Gnk ghn g.
(1.32) (1.29)
e*.ea=2&-=gn*.

(1.33)

gnh . (1.32)
(1.29), (ea-ej)gi*=gnjg>* = t*.
, g'k . gik

14

. gih
(1.33).

ghr ;
ghrAh, . ,
Ar = gkrA\

(1.34)

Ar = g*'Ak,

(1.35)

gk = gkng"r-

(1-36)

, (1.34) (1.35), . (1.34)


(1.35), . .
ghr . , gur . , (1.34), (1.35) (1.36)


Ah, gkm :
k = tn
, k .
\ >
ATh- , gmn
, . .

, ,
. ,

, , . , , ;
15


.

\ -dx-m
ds2=dx2m.
(1.38)

(1.38)

f=g^


ds2=gnbdx*dx>!.

(1-39)

(1.40/

, gnk
.
, .

* = const.

(1.41)

.
,
. * dr^,
dsh=

| drk | = 1

1 3. ,
h
x

, (1.39),

16

*.

(1.42)
A, * m ) = i = L = _ L _ i ^ .
dS

dk

,
( grad xk)
cos(e*. JCJ =

i- =
| grad Xk |

"xm

i-.

-i / , d;tft \

(1.43)

"xm

,
gnk 6 (1.10)
nk = *t 0

- .

( * ^2
_

(1-43)

cos(e*. *J=L_4^

(1-44)

4 /U, a . agt
. , =
= imam{t'm ),
(1.45)

a.=amcos(ek, xm)=-^=r^f-am,
1

aek = amcos{ek,

Qyk

xm) = _ = = - _
V

(1.46)

, (1.5) (1.7)
.*

"

(1.45) (1.46),
.=~=*2

(1-47)
\7

(1.48)

= -= .
k

Vg'

, (1.47) (1.48) k
. , h ,
dek=aek\ .
, ,
,

Hk .
(1.47) (1.48)
(1.49)
.
Xi ,

Pxixh, Aih, (1.10)
1

ik

(1.44) , ghh = Hk~2,

(1.13)

ik

u l!k

, A =g g Aik

11

==

= HT -Hk' Aik,
= Aik.


(1.50)

& ,
.

18


-={-)*=(*-*)={-")*={*-)\

A-B=gknA*Bn=g*AkBa

= A*Bk = AkBk.

(1.51)

,
= \A\\B\

cos,

(1.52)

= Y >

| | = ~ = YgknA*A* = Yg*AkAa

(1.53)

| |
(1.51) (1.53) (1.52),
.

(1.54)

=A*Bk

= AltB* = O.

(1.55)

4. .

(1.26)

(1.56)

, ,
, .

~~-.
, ,
.

, -

, . .
j^^TUj.

(1.57)

Pnft . , , ^1=0, ^.
19

(1.56) ,
_
*

(1.58)

(1.58) (1.57)
TJlkei =

T{nej,

,
./
pJ
'-nit hn-

/I KQ\
[l.OV)

. (1.57) (1.28),
"

(1.60) k (1.59),

(1.60) (1.61),

, . (1.58),

"
I r

' "

"

, (1.62)

^UJm=^

+^ - ^ r -

(1.63) gam
(1.36) (1.37)

(1-63)

, .
, :

" =_!>>.
'

20

(1.65)

"-=6,

,
__
"
"' '

(1.57),
"
"

'

" ..

,' 1 fi^i'l

"

I
*

(1.65'),
(1.65).
5.
,
, ,
, .

.
.
, . ,
.
f(s) (s ), f = f, ,
bs^O

As

-*

As

dj
ds

df
ds

,
.
6. .
21

, , s. , ,
. ,
. , .
Xh Ah,
. dam
, ,
= .

_

"

" '

s ,
ds

ds

"

ds

(1.66) ga? f-

(1.66)

1 3, (1.39) (1.37),
ds

ds

(1.39) , ,

dgnk _ 2 . ^

(1.67)

(168)

(1.68)
, k,
(1.68).
2

2
*"

dgna

dgak
"

dgkn

9
{

'

>

(1.69) (1.67),
ds

ds

= 0.

(1.70)

,

(1.70).
- .
&. -

22

, , ,
(1.70). ,

dA

ds

ds

dx"
'

(1.70)

(idL+rjU*)*^=o.
\ "

(1.71)

, (1.71) , , ,

gL

* = 0.

(1.72)

6. .
.
, -

. f
, xh. , xh (1.1),
/ = / . , (1.1),

dj _ df
(173)

'

\ >

,
df
- .

, .
s
(5 ) .
d

ds "

ds

dBR

ds

ds

(1.70) v\kAk^;

ds

ds

'

ds

ds
23

Jds L >

( l l < ds) ' .

(1.74)

\ ds

, $-
(1.74) , ,

^
.
(1.75) s
8s

dBa

Is

ds

-=

,.

TlnBk^-.

(1.76)
ds

, -

^ - = 0,

ds

(1.77)

. ( =0) (1.77)

ds

,
. , (1.77)
,
.
.
, (1.76), , (1.77),
s
8s

ds

ds

,
. - , ; (1.78)

dx"
ds

" ds

dx"

dx"

* ,

,
.

Bfn; . ,

r,*\

(1.79)


(1.80)

9.=^-1.

5.
.
, ",
. , .
, s

(

) - -

j A B

(1.70) ,
d

R r' \

ds

dA

I mn
V ds

"

d x t

ds

dx

*\ R r"
ds I

, ,
, .
.
55

Is

ds

ds

ds

.
- , 25

, (1.81) .
,
dAmn

__&_ dx?

ds

~~ ?

'

ds

(1.81)
8s

ds

, (1.82)

"

,
,
, ,
;
#. &, ,
,$==

/^' .

(l.oO)


. , , ,

vsi
, =


, . . (1.83) Br>s
dB

r,s
dx*

mr>

dx'dx

dx

St

" ~

s t . ,
Br,si-Br,ts

= R rstBv,

(1.85)

Rprst = - V - JL- + T7tTpms - TZTpmt.


a xs

(1.86)

ox'

(1.85)
;

24

, Rp Tst . Rp Tst> ,
gmn .
(1.85) ,
L

rt

gpm

p.ms * rsL

rs~Tx r

p,mti

p. ms

Y
1

dgmp ,

2i
1
/ dgmp

dxs

m ,pn

2 (

dgps

Ogms

'

dxm

dxp

dg'ms

dgps

dxp

dxm

dxs

dgmp
A

p,n ts\

m,ps'

,
s forp ) - ^ ^ -s = s y
dx
dx
dx

Tm,=

tr

-)
^prst

&

"p

~7 ~g~ prft
OX

-p

i_ " p p

~\ 7~ p>rs i~
OX

m,/7/

-Tm(V

+T

p"lp

m,ps'


TP,ms (1.64).
s r

dx dx

dxtdxp

(Tm,rsVn,pt-rm,rtrn,ps)-

(1-87)

:
(1-88)
, , Rprst
, s, t. (1.88), ,
81
Rnu, R\z\z, -^232> ^?i2i3. ^2123, -#3132-

, . , , -

27

, (1.87)
Rprst=0.

(1.89)

, (1.89) .
. ,
1, 2, , ds2 = gihdxixh . . , ,
.
, . , (1.89)

1313, 2323, 1213, 2123, 3132)

Rprst=Q(prst=1212,

(1.90)

, (1.90) .

.

, ,

~ -

dxk

(1.91)

, , 4 .
k
x

k
&. , Ak ,
%=^.
(1.92)
, Xh Ik.
,
Aknk = ablk.
(1.93)
, (1.91), (1.92) (1.93),

J A%dx = J A%dm.

28

to

(1.94)

.
ersi , ,
. , , erst : 0,
; + 1 , rst
1, 2, 3, 1 , rst 1, 2, 3.
\ars\.
, .
,

ars ] = + a[a{al.
i, j , k, 1, 2, 3,
. ,

eljkalaJ9a$

(i, j , k, a, p, Y = 1 , 2, 3).

, i, j , k ,

, -
. . ,

, , , . .
r
elflfllala*=
| a s | .
(1.95)
(1.95) aj=^zrr
!

U,

dxs

>

(1.96)

"


yl = y!(x1, 2, 3)

. (1.96)
eljk
s
dy

dy

'-

*
1

dys

dx

29


"ilk

dy

dx*

dx

dy

eijk

dxs

, &. \ \ .
k

( X ) = A ' e t (', X C ek) =

'

(1.97)


. , , . , XIX ,
.
, , . ,
, ,
;
.

, , , , ,
.
, ,
,
, ,
,
.

, .
7.
, :
1. ,
.
da dP,

^=

(2.1)

3\

, (. 1).
/2.
, , ,

* ">>,

(2.2)
(2.3)

; - .

. 2

. 1

, , .
2. ,
(. 2). dm=pdx,
dx , d Q. /*=
dQ

= ,
dm

.
/*,
dx

dm

(2.4)

,
,
^
(2.5)

32

(2.6)

\ .

.
, ,
,
(2.7)
8. .

.
- , ,
, . , . . , . .
,
. mm . , ,
(. 3). , ,
.
, , ,
. V, AL
,
mm .
,
.
,
,
->0

-<-0

.
, 1887 .,
, , , . ,
, ,
->-0

33

, , /2.
:
1, , , 2. ,
, , , (. 4).

. 3

. 4

,

, .
,

, , , .
, ,
, ,
dw' ', .

, , -
, (. 5).

"

,
1

34

"

* -

(2.8)

9.

.
, , ek , ( ),
(. 6).
. dcoi, da>2,
da3 da , ,

-
. 6

. 5

ABC. ,

, Thda>h {k=l, 2, 3) Tndw, I t

. ,
^ W)dx ( W ; ).


O.
(2.9)
k
1 3.
,
*.
(2.10)
\*\
, * ek=ghh
nnkeh
(tik ), (2.10)

35


Ygkknkdw.

du>k =
(2.9),

nkkn
* ft
6
^k

(
v*

\
" )

^^


ABC . ,
d x

U,
dti>

T^Vl^T^.

(2.11)

. , . .
=' %

(2.12)

(2.12) (2.11),
= *0.

(2.13)

, =, ,
7 ? = * *.

(2.14)

(2.13) k ,
(2.14) k.
(2.14) , ,
,
okm . ohm .
10.

,


.
, , , ,
, .
,
(
)
. 36

, . , .
pFdx,
dx, ., pWdx, , 7\ndco, da, , . .
^

(2.15)

^ ^ = 0 .
XTn)d>=0.

(2.16)

p(FW)dx v vp(F W)dx vTndd), (2.15)


Zvmd* = O.
(2.14)
(2.17)
j

$*?4mdx*.

(2.17)
(1.94),
(2.18)

(2.17),

, v m ,

= pWm.

(2.19)

, dx ,
m

7 + pF = O-

(2.20)

a ,* a ftm ;
k 1 3.
(2.19) (2.20),

*

37

, .
, , .
.
ry,p{FW)dx
v v-rXp(/ 7 W)dx,
rxTndti> - XTndu> -
=Vej,
(1.96) (2.16)
l

J eijkP(F -W )/Vrft + J e^/Vrfo. = 0.

(2.20')

(2.13) (1.94), (2.20')


e,7 f t , m =0* vfm = O, (2.20')

J fy*v* [ {Fl - Wl)ll+{*1),\ dx = 0.


a,-\-pFl = pW!,

/,} = 8}**, t

, & = ,

, '
2

( a 23_ a 32) v l_J_ (031 _ 013) v + (a 2 321) V = 0.


* eijh , ejj(,,m = O,
.
**

38

v , ,
=
9

(2.21)

, .
, , ,
.
11.
,

, ,
. ,
. , .
(. . 6),
ABC ,
.
(2.13) (2.14) ,
.
.
, ,
, , , ,
(2.19) (2.20) (2.14).
,
.
, , .
,
. , .
(. V) ,
.
12.

,
. -

39


, (1.55), (1.56),
, (2.14)
=
(2.22)
tut

TflR

Ttl

'

Tnh ,
, , ( , );
,
Okk ( )
;
()
.
:

, (. 7).
, (1.13)

/ 23)
0' 0

(a r m ).
, a 2 r s = l , a rs cti S =O ( r # j ) , s, (2.23)
, , , .
, ,
, (2.19)
(2.20),

(2.24)
(2.25)

(2.26)
40

,
div Tk-\-pFk=O
(2.27)
.
h=irOhr Xh const.
13.


.
F W

. 8

pFr, /"", pF3


Wr, Wy, W5,
,, ?, , , , (3 (. 8).
(1.49) (1.50) ,
3

13 _ ,

(2.28)

(1.84)
mk

dx"

(2.29)

, k= 1, (2.28),
ml

(1

-2

'l

j 3 )

_|_ p i

1] -pi

1}

I -,3

3/
41

(1.64),
111 =

-
-pi
i 13 = - I 21 =

-pi
31 =

1
12 =

-
-pi
-
23 = - I 23 = - I 33 =

/-v
U,

1
, 1 2 2 = .

'

' 3

*,

(2.19),

df

Z^

= 9W,.

(2-30)

^ ^ ^ ^
1

<1

2 .

1 <\ ,

pFr, pFv,
pF$, Wr, Wy, W$,
, ^, ^ , , ^^
(. 9).
gn Hi2=l;
g33=H22 = r2, g22=H32 =
= r2sin2\j), ^12=2 = ^1 = 0- ,
(1.49) (1.50)
pF

r sin

; W
r sin 4*
r
i
a33= J _
W

r sin ^

'

2 sin

,-2

(2.19), (1.64) (1.84)


sin </|

/ s i n ip

42

^>

d<p

(^

(^

/"

1^ + ) +

(2.31)

^ +

^ + (3

H7r=<p=W3 = 0 ^ = ^ = ^ = 0
(2.30) (2.31), .

. 9
14.

oXh. ,
rtfe=^cos ( , ),
arh, Orkfik
.

(2.32)
(2.32) . ,

=0.

(2.33)

, ;
<jj(/=l, 2, 3). : ai = ai + i$i
= , + .', (2.32).
,

43

qr, 1 3.
, 6rft,
Pi(WW* + 8,?,fc) = 0.

(2.34)

, , Qk
(2.34) , , ==. , (2.33) nkl,
(2.33),
. oi , 1 .
, /, , 1, , (2.32)
( * , - % ) ' = 0,

(2.35)

(*r-A,)r'=0.

(2.36)

I . (2.35) ?, (2.36) nhl, ,


, Ohr 5hr,

(*-<8*=.
1>,

,
.
(2.33) , ,
3
1 = 0 2) , , 1 , 2 .
, ,
, 3 ,
. , ,
,
.
(2.33)

_/12

/2_/==.

(2.37)

44

01

| + 10

0 .J

0
3

2
0 -


(2.33),
xh.
-
xh=xh {\ 2, 3).
(1.12)
i _-

die"
'


"

,i

=\\)\\=.\\ c ^ a j | = | | c'l \\blp\\ a)\=BCB-\


, .
,
\ab'j a'j\ = O
(2.38)

. , (2.37) ,
, . . . (2.38),


, Okr
() ; Oh-

15.
S,
( = 1 , 2, 3). ,

. 10

, , .
,
, .
, .
[1
&, ,
3 . S 123 .-
, , 0]023 eh (. 10). *'*2*3 ,
46

: , .
( (1.27)
S S
ds2=gnkdx"dxk,

ds2 = gnkdxndxk.

(3.1)

gnh, gnk S 5; dxn PQ,


Q , a dxn
PQ (. . 10), .

d s2 ds2=g^dx"dxk

gnkdxndxk.

(1.6)
d72 - ds2 = 2znkdxndxk,

(3.2)

,-

l^'^V

V*

"*

* = /

(3-4)

*
(3.2) ,
,
. = 0 , ds = ds
. dsn
, ,
__

dsn dsn

(1.40)
n

dx ,

nn

-,

(3.5)
n

(3.6)

dsn=V~gTndx .

(3.6) (3.5),
dsn dsn

_ -| /

gnn

gnn

, (3.3),

'- = ]/ l+f^-

(3-7)

;
, = 0 .

47

0 dsn
dsh,
, (1.54), (1.6) (3.6)
~ ' '
dsndsk

dxndxk

'

gnngkk

(3.4)

gnn'gpk

(3.3) gnh ,
cos ?*= . .

gnt + ^nk

(3

.8)

(3.7) (3.8) , , (3.3), , ,


, xh. ,
.

- . 10 ,

(3.9)

= + .

, ,
(1.26)

&

* = T V *=~7-

/9 im

(0)

"
"
(3.9)
? _
,

(3.10) ,

*?^=*

*
"
S S
48

(.)
V

(3.4),
(3.11)
\ ( , \

(3.12)

.]1-+---.
^

11

(3.12) (3.3),
1 /
,
=

\'

<

~~ '

~ I

/ '

k~)

,-,

'

i q

(. Id)


(3.14)

=*, = ,\

. ,
(1.57), (1.79), (1.65) (1.80),

=zti g

=:,

/i r \

(.15)

%, ,* ,
% = + , ' , ua,k=^
T&ia.
(3.16)
"
"
,
5.
(3.15) (3.13)

= (,* + +,*?)-

(3.17)

(3.17)

.

16.
( ),
( ,
), (3.17) , , .
enh- ,

|* = -5-( | *+*. ).

(3.18)

49

, , ,
, ., . .
Q , , a Q
. . 10 QQUi Q.
i
dxn (dxn PQ),
r

du Q

du=u*nekdxn.
du = dukek ,
duk=Ub,ndxn,

(3.19)

Uh,n .

**=(*, + ,*).
(3.20)
=(*, ,*),
(3.19)
(3.20) , , . ekndxn
,
u>hndxn .
17.
, (3.17)
(3.18), ,
. ,
. ,
,
S, 50

S , . .
"mnpq = = ^ A mnpq

(3.21)

Rmnpq-Rmnpll=o.

(1.87) (3.21),
g


- f . ?...)
i.nq*j.mp/

i2

d4

"
'

gU(T.

^jy?

mdxq

dx

Tjtmq TiinqTj<m

))

)0.

(3.22)

(3.3) , #1212, \, , >


^2123, ^3132, (3.22)

+ 2YTqmznpr

- 2Yrnqzmpr

"

- 2T'mptnqr=0,

" ~

dsrn
.=-

(3.23)

dtnp

1212, 1313, 2323, 1213, 2123, 3132.


, enft . ,
,
, S 5 .

18.

; ,
, ,
.
, (3.17)
xh
_

1 / dun
^~ I ~1

duk
1

dua

51

, g n n = l gnk = 0, (3.7) (3.8)


(3.25)
V
, , ,
.
(3.17) (3.24)
Xh
(3

*.=-+-!-)-

-26)

, (3.25)
( 2 ) 1 ^

cose, = 2, j 1 - -L 2( + 4k + 2 ) + } =*.2

, =
,

,

. 2 ,
,
.

cos \

= cos [90 - ( + ynk)] = sin (y n k + ykn) ^ ykn + ynk.

ykn ,
; ynk \
0Xfc

(.

11). , 2ekn
, . ().

oxh ,
'. , \ ,
52

(1.13) ehn'= e m r a m fta r n , ehh'=ehh, . . , , .


19.


(, , 3) , , 3, err, evv, 33, srv>, 3 ,
3. (1.49) (1.50)
=,

u2 = ruf,

3=3,
(3.28)

(3.20) (3.28)

1 9

"
df '
&
8

2 \ 3

(+
2 [ ^
"rV

3 j

'

1 /
(^-^

3
^

(3.30)
, = 0, 3;
(3.29), (3.30)

1 ,
53

dUr

- (

dU

= > = (


.
(, , \|) ur, uv, , , , ^, ^, ^. (1.49)
(1.50)
ul = ur, u2=ru9,
u3 = r sin <\,
(3.32)
(3.32) (3.20),

/-sin 4

1
-{{
ur-\

*>

di>

sin y

>

rv

^)=

, 1

irH u n

2 \

Of

(3.33)

/" sin 41

tg

2/- sin \ <?/

(U9S\

(r 9 sin4)

"

<*p

-|.

(3.34)

2 0 .

54

, ,
; V.
, (3.35)
,

I -*

I =0.

(3.37)

, ,
(3.37). , , 3, .
, ,
, , ,
;
, ,
. , .
(3.37)

1\, /2,
. ,

. ,
. , , dxk.
, ,
55

(\+eh)dXk. dx = dx\dx2dx3,

(l + e3)dx\dx2dx3=

(l+ei)

(l+e2)

(l+e3)dx.

, , 9,
.

dx-\ dx

dx

= ei + e2 + e3.

, 1\ = 1

=div,

(3.38)

. . 8 = /i .

,
{) ,
^.
2 1 .

( -)

,
, (3.23)
*.

*.

dxmdxq

dxndxq

(3.39)

mnpq: 1212, 1313, 2323, 1213, 2123, 3132.



-
(3.26).
- , , ^
.
,
.
, (3.28) (1.64)
56

(3.23);
1

_1_ _|_ J

, *

'

<^2 (re )

*3

(V2

a/

v 9> =

' /-2 ? 2

(52

.djc.
3

/ 1

0 ) ( 3 4 0 )

<?(/- < ? 3 )

()+
4

/- \ J '
d?<?/-

0>

<?

, 1 33( J_ ^ 3 L _ _ 2 _ J _ , j : r f L + ^ x

(JA: 2

*2

0_ I 2 ^ \ _ _ _

<?

dfdx3

22.


(3.26)
,
Uk (x\, 2, ). , , (3.26).
, ehn
, . ,
Xh,
.
uu, ,
, , ,
, .
, , .
, , ,
, .
, . (3.26)

57

(3.27)

{\, 2, 3)
. (3.41)
' ([, '2, '3)
'

* = * + f (eku + a>kn)dxa.

(3.42)

, " ' , ; ,
dxn=-d(x'n~xn).
(3.42);
'

'

=* + J ekndxn - j

JT1

*=*+ j ekndxn-mkn{x'n-Xn)\^o

'

(3.43)

.
(3.27)
<

I duk

2 [

1 /

dxk J

2 [

dxk

1 / ,
2 \\
^

(3.26),
<

'

(3.43),

' )
h

58

(3-44)

Uk '; , (xi, X2, 3)


(\', 2', xz') . :
2

&iem

&emr

= Q

(3 45)

mkrn: 1212, 1313, 2323, 1213, 2123, 3132.


, (3.45)
(3.26)
^
-, - (3.26). - (3.44) , .
, (3.44) ,
, , ,
.
, - Uk, (3.44), ,
.
' -
Uh , ,
. , ().= ().
.
.
.
, , .

IV

23.

, II III, , . ,
.

, .

,
.
.

, . . ,
,
, . . .
.
,
.
,
<>" = / " ( * ) .

(4.1)

"=<"(4-2)
, .
. \Vi, ^
,
(4.1) (4.2) 60

,
.

.
:
111
.
(4.3)
=
(4.3) ijkl jikl, ijlk, jilk;


&1 =

= 1^\

(4.4)

. ^ '
. ^, , (4.4) 36.
g$j . ,
1 =
0 ,
(4.3)
C'Wgkmgin ' , a eughmgln .
, (4.3)

(4.5)

= .

(4.3) = (
ciij = =,)
, .
= ].

(4.6)



' ,
,

'

; v .

6t

24.

pJF. dTn pdF.
du. dV pFnpn
= J 9Fkdukdx

, aw .
, =
, dV
dV = PFkdukdx + f - p - [pkTd4k) dx,
J
J oxr
Z

' '

"'

(4.7) k . -,

, 1 /

dV
\rdekrdx.

(4.8)


p f , ; , ,
dA = krdekr
(4.9)

25.
,
. ,
62

,
.
U, Q, A, S , , ,
,

(4.10)

d(J=dQ + dA, dQ--=TdS.

dU, dS

, ,
.
(4.10) dQ, (4.9)
(4.11)
rdekr
, ekr ( 5) ,
. . U
F=UTS
( ).
,
, . , . .
F=F{ekn

(4.12)

T).

(4.13)

F = U-TS.
(4.11),

(4.14)

dF=*hrdekT-SdT.
, (4.12)
dF =
dekr

dekr + d T.

(4.15)
v

-,
(4.14) (4.15),
dF

dF

* = , 5 = - - ,

..

(4.16)

= , elr = '2ekr, (k ).

(4.16) ,

63

. , . . ,

S, U=U(ekr, S)

(4.17)

-f-detr+%dS.

dS

(4.11) (4.17)

=-^,

(4.18)

T=*L,
6S

(4.18) ,
.
, . . dQ=Q, (4.10) , dA , . .
dA = dekr.
kr
, (4.9)
dA = okrdekr,

* = - ^ - -

(4-19)

( r = const),
(4.10) dQ,
dU, , , dS . ,
(4.10) , dA ,
.
^ 44

(4.20)

(4.19) (4.20),

dA=,krdekr

= -^-dekr

(4.21)

-, (4.6)


- - ,
64

J^-ekr=2A.
.
, , .
(4.22)

J=U-TS-akrekr,
Ohr ;
dJ=dakr

(4.23)

+ -^dT.

, (4.9), (4.11) (4.22)


dJ = - SdT - ehrdkr

(4.24)

(4.23) (4.24)

, , , (4.22)
. , Ohr
(4.26)

krekr-A.
(4.9)
dA = kTdekr=d{akrekr)

ekrdkr.

, ,
dA ,

d{A-okrekr)=-ekrdakT.
* _ d(akrekr~

A)

, OhTekr
.
-, Ohreur
= 2 (4.26) , , . ,
&=-1

(4.27)
65

- .
26.
-
;
(4.19). dA ,
- -.
(4.6) (4.9)
1
, / -
,
= -"?).

(4.28)

27.

, .
, ;
,
. .
.
. , , . ,
,
(
), ,
.
, ,
, .
.
.
66

- , ,
, ?}" = ^, 21.
, o*i*2-
* , , 3 2 * 3
, . (4.28) , 2, ei3 , . .
.-,13
,-,23
.-.22
^-,33
.
/-,23
,-,13
.-,31
,-,
= 11 = U 23 = 13 = 23 = 012 = 12 = 22 = U.

(4.29)

, , ,
13.
. o*i*2 *2*. *2 , ei2,
(4.29),

>12
=

f>,

<-> 12 =

f^&A

.old

(\

W 2 L. 32 =

U-

(4.30)

, ,
9 ;
0

0
0
,-,23
0 0 0 t-23 0

W1

22

22 22

0 0 0 0
,
, . .
, , , o*i *2, * 2 3 o*i * 3 ,
. . , 22, # ei2, 623, 631 , (4.29)
67

(4.30),
.-.11

.-,22

.-,33. .-.22

,-,33

.-.33.

.-.12

.13

.-.23

, , ,

11

= " - Ull + ^22 + ^) + (22 + ^33*11 + 11^2) +


1?

(4.32)

3 .
, ,
.
,
, .
, , , (4.28). , ,

, . .

( + ^22 + % ) 2 + Q (22 + e22e& + - \% - \ - e\i). (4.33)

, Q. , (4.20)
, .*{)
, (4.33)
, (4.33)

9 , .

2P + Q=X; - Q = 2[x,

(4.34)


(4.35)
1 .
, .
68

, (4.33) (4.34)
(4.36)

e.

k kr

k .
, (4.36) , [>0. , , =0, (4.36)
(>0.
, .
,
^12=1624 = 631 = 0, (4.35) ai2 = <J23=o'3i = 0,

. ; .
;
0,

22 = 12 = 23 = 31 = 33 = 0,

(4.35)
9 + 2| 1 = 1 , + 2|* = 0, -f 2 ^ 3 3 = 0 .

(4.37)

,
6=

+ 2
(4.38) (4.37),
.

(4.38)
'

4.39)

(4.39)
,

+ 2^) _
X +

(4.37) (4.38)
X _


S*i

Sit,
2(( + 2,)

(4.39)
69


22 = =.
(4.42)
(4.42) , v .
, ,
11

" 22 "~

33 ~~~

/* >

=2=31=0.
12

(4.43)

(4.43), (4.35)
\-\-2= ( = 1 , 2, 3).

(4.44)

(4.44),
(4.45)

(3\-\-2)=-.

-|,

(4.46)

, (4.45)
(4.47)

= -.

> 0 ; , (4.47) >0.


(4.40), (4.41) (4.46) X, v
=

(1 + v)(l 2v)

, = ?
2 (1 + v)

, =
3 (1 2v)

(4.48)
v

(4.48), , > 0 , |j.>0


/>0, 12v>0, l + v > 0 ,
-l<v<0,5.

(4.49)

,
. , ,
, (4.49)

0<v<0,5.
v
, . ,
(4.48) >0.
, (4.36) ,

70

, ,
.
(4.35)
ehr (4.48), .

--*

(4-50)

28.
,
. , , .

' = e22=e'zz = aT; e'i2=-e^ = e'3i=^Q.

(4.52)

. , , .
eh/
eh/', . .

e"kr = ekr e'kr.

(4.53)

- ,
,
/'
(4.54)
(4.52) (4.53)
0" = 6 - 3 7 \

(4.55)

(4.53) (4.55) (4.54),


(4.56)
(4.56), = (. + 2.),
. , (4.56),
Uh (3.26).

71

29.

,
pF.
= 0, ,
t.
dt
dt.
dt dR.

Tnk = Okrtir
,

,
1 .. .
( duk \ ,
= \
SdX-\- \ ak
[
)dX.

dt

dfi
dt
~J
dt \ dxr )

dR

. ,
? duh ,
\
=- dX =
dfi

dt

d 1 / \2 ,
dK
\ \ dX = dt

dt J 2

\ dt J


) ""'

\~dxT)

~~)

dt


, (4.19)

d
T

dt

J dekr

dt

dt

,
dt

dt

0 t , -

72

,
| / ,

(4.57)

J Adx ,

, .
; , . (4.57) , .
- ,
(4.36). ,
. (4.57)
.
, ,
(4.57)
R=^Adx.
(4.58)

30.
- (/;-, dj) {otj, eij).
'=7}',

(4.59)

"=?,.
(4-0)
''^, {4.59), e'tj, (4.60)
''=''.
(4.61)
,

.

31.
-
pF . Uh

73

Tnh = Ohrnr
,

(2.25) Gkr,

= - | - # -

(4-62)

(4.62) , . .

32.

(4.1), , (2.24), (3.26)
, .

)-

(5-2)

Oij . (3.26)
,.
(5.1) (5.2) , .
, (5.2)
_

dfjj

ffjgT

derk

dxLdxk

Uh .


t
. .
.
, (4.6),

, ,
, .
75

!L*J(l!ZLHZL\

dxt

(5-3)


(5.1),

^ ^ - .

(5.4)

,
,
. (5.4)

( 0 ) ,

(5.5)

(5.4), ij, /, ,
9 = d i v e . (5.4) (5.5)

(5.6)
O

(5.7)

, ,
. . /" , (5.6)

( + !*)--+> = 0.
OXj

(5-8)

'

(5.8) ) /.

,
.
(5.8),

, 6 = 0,
=0,
. . .
76

(4.50) ( r=k),

6=3^-^-,
(5.9)
, .
, (5.9) .
, , a Uj , ,
.
, (4.56), (5.1),
^ P - f - ^ O .

(5.10)


.
, X , , . , , % \i .
(5.10) , ; :
,
t. ,
; , i* . . (\, 2, \ t)

*tT+ --=,

(5.11)

dt

; , , a 2 = X*c-1Y~1; Q ,
, .
(5.11)

&=-.

(5.12)
77

=0,
(5.13)
. . .
,
. ,
. , , f(xh x2, 3), . .


T\a=T(xlt
2, 3; t)
(5.15)
/>0.

= q (xu x2, x3, t),

(5.16)

q , .
, ,

* ;
; k .

at

+ 62

at

div=.a
d i v .2 A7\

(5.18)

, ; .
(5.18)
(5.11) Q = 0

78

b2 div dt

. . . , 1871 . .


. , ,
, , ,
.
, , , ^2 ~^~ diva.

. , ^ 2 d i v ,
.
(2.30) (4.35)
(3.29), (3.30)

. :

b=err + ef9+e33=JLirur)+-L^

j ^ .

(5.20)

(2.31) (4.35) (3.33) (3.34)


. :

.in f

.
79

(>=err+ erf+ew =~%)

( ^ (, sin *) + ) . (5.22)

+~^

(5.19)
0,=0.
(5.23)
= 0, .
( = &) = 0
e

-T-f<-'+^<5-24>
Fr = F3 = 0, (5.23)
^

J L vf r ) - 0
dr

(5.25)

a / i

<? ,

0.

, (5.25) G.
(3.30) (5.24)

3 _ 2 )
f
3
dr
(5.25')

, (5.25) 380

' = 0 , /%=0,

s i n <\>

9 = - L J _ (2 )+ _ J _ JL (
2

sin

? = 0 , =(, 4) =

sin

(, 0).

33.
-
^

= ,

(5.26)

^ ^ .

(5.27)

(5.26) (5.27)

Uh, Ohr-

,
&
,
-. ,
(5.27) -;
, . ,
(5.26) , . ,
, . . \i .
, - .
(5.27) - (3.45),

+- \
\

" 2 11

2 22

3v

3v

1+v(

^
^1

dx

(5 28)
dXldx2

d20

23

dxi \

dxi

/529)
81

, (3.45). (5.26) \,
2, (3) ;
ja

l/AI

(/

' *

l/

(5.30) (5.28),
22)

<?2 ( + "22)

dxl
/ 2

3v

-L. " "

\ )

{ 3

1 I .

dxl
1

1
=

O + 22

'

6F2

V^

dFr

/ dFo

,
v

" + )

3
1 /1 ,

^ 22
^

3
\ djf2
1 /1 / dFi
3

dF2

\ 1

dF3\
3 I


(5.28).
,
1+ v

dFr

3 ( 1 v)

dxi

d^a

,. .

. dFo

dx

3(1 v )

'

;!> (5-33)

~
1+ v

(5.32)

dxr

(5.32) (5.31),
dx\

._ .

Qx3

(1 + v)

d/7.

& \L v)

ox r

.
(5.29). (5.26) 3, 2 ;
(5.29);

82

dx2dx3

\ dx2

dx3

.
,
1+
3

|
*dXdxl

+
3

3
" ' 23
2
V .
,

2
v

/ <^2

p H3 I

i-J

dF3\

,r- , , ,

(5.34)

. 1 + V /

, , ars , (5.33), (5.34)


-

, - .
, ,
3

=.

(.)

(4.50) (2.30), F r = F v =
= F5= Wr=W<s> Wz = 0, (3.40)

<?

1+ v

<?<2 j

-I
i
^ - = 0,
3
^
1+v ^ 1

(5.36)

1+v

dp

A2

83

(5.36)
2

- ,

(5.37)

+v

=0,

<?/-2

' 0*2

= = 0, a
.
34.
.

: 1) , ; 2)
; 3) ,
.
.

, , , (5.1) (5.2), :
a

srnr=^Tns{xv

-*2. *).

(5-38)

Tns ,
.
(5.1) (5.2),

ur = uT{xv

x2, 3),

(5.39)

.

(5.1) (5.2),
(5.38), (5.39).
84

, . .
, , , , (2.22)

3=
(5.10) (5.40) , , , , ,
pVT,
, .
.
. , .
,
: /, < ", aTh'' ,

(5.1), (5.2). uh
Orh (4.62)
J Tnrti,dw = 2 \Adx.

(5.41)

, , = 0,
(5.38) , .
, ,
, =0.
, 0, =0.
,
, . .

.

(5.42)
85

, ,
(5.42)
=0.
(4.36), , , = 0.
, .'=." ,
(4.35), .'="- ,
.
,
. , , (3.26),
=0. ,
, . ,
.
, (5.1), (5.2)

.
, , ,
.

35.

, ,
(5.4) .
,
,
& &
to, , . .
{, 2, 3; t)\t=(o=al(x1,

uk{xv

x2, x3; t)\t = it=vl(xlt

x2, 3),
x2, 3).

(5.43)
(5.44)

, (5.4) , (5.43),
(5.44).
, , .
86

, ,
, (5.4)
F ft = 0. :

J n = 0 *>fo;

= 0 t^t0 , , = 0 ;
= 0
t^to, = 0 t^t0, ,


= 0.

,
, . . t0

= = 0 .

(5.45)

, R,
t^to, . , (4.57)

\

(5.46)

Q.


, (5.46)

=0;

= 0

, ,

- ^ - = 0 ; erk=0

t^t0.

= ,

; erft = 0 , .
, . = 0, ,
. ,
.
36. -
( )

, - 1855
:
,

.
,

87

, , , .
, 1885 .
:
, , , , ,
.
- , , . , -

'///////////////////
. 12

. 13

- .
, ,
.

, ,
.

-. , . - , , ,
,
.
, . . 12
: ,
,
,
.

88


. ,
, . 13 .
34 .
-
.
, - : , , , , ,
.
37.
.
-
, , . (5.4),
Uk, (5.26) (5.33), (5.34),
.
, ,
.
,
, .
, ,
- . -
,
,
,
. . ,
, . -
.

38.


, ,
,
. , . .
1. .

(
). .
(3

U = a22 =

33=-/'.

12 = a23 = a31 = .

(5-47)

(2.25), .
, (5.47); (2.22)

-,

. . , , , . , .
(4.50)

=-^^-\

ekr=0 {).

(5.48)

, ,
,
, \ , , %
\2.
^ = 0

= U

==

= U

(.

3
2
(5.48) 3
(3.44)

(5.49), .
1

90

2V

,-

(5.50)

>\

, ,
.
2. .

. . ,
=

22= = 12 = 2 3 = = 3 1 = = 0 ,

<'==/7>

(5.51)

(2.25),
. , (5.51). (2.22) :
( 3 = 0)
(5.52)

1 = 2=3=0,

[cos(x3, j q ^ c o s ^ , X ) = 0; COS(X , -%)= + 1}


3

7^31=^32=0, 33=+.

(5.53)

(5.52) , , ,
. (5.53) ,
. . , -,
(5.51)
.
(4.50)

^11 = - >

^22 = - 3 3 3 .

^33 =jT

,
, ,
ak = 0, ^ L = = ^ 2 _ = ^ L = = 0
0_
(5-55)
2
3
3
(5.44) (3.44), (5.55)
i = j - ' i . !i=^*2> =--*.

(5.56)

(5.56) ,

91

2 .
(5.56) , . ,
.
3. .
) /,
, . .
,
,
, , ,
, 3, .

Fl=F2=Q,

F3=g.

-,
(5.57)

33=3-\-.

a, b .
;
,
= pg.


(5.57) , 3=0, , , , (2.22)

1=2=3=0.
,
, ,
.
3 = 1
.1 = 2=0,

3=1,

.
(2.22)

7^1 = 0, *2=0,
92

T*s=-Pgt+b,

b=pgl.

(5.58)
,
' = 0
7 = 7 ^ 2 = 0,
T%=-Pgl.
, , . , - (5.57)
.

e33 =

^12 = ^23 = % = -

(5-59)

(5.55) (5.59)
(3.44)

= ~ ~

[*+v (xl+xl) - 2lx3]

(5.60)

, ,
(5.60), .

, , , ,
(5.60), , .
) /,
, , . 3
. -,
,
/>

( ,
93

); , , .
4. .
,
, ;
(. 14); (Fk=0).
, , ,
. , -

7
. 14

-
=23,

2=13,

=0,

(5.61)

,
.
,
. (5.61)
(3.18),

^=xxv

(5.62)

= -\-33-\-=0.

(5.63)

31


(5.62), -
.
, (5.63), , (5.61)
(5.8).

94

11 = 22 = = 12 = 0 .

23 = t J ' t A : i

3i = ^ 2

(5.64)

,
.
(5.64) (2.22), , 3 = 0,
71 = 0. ,
, . , (5.64) (2.22)
(ni = n2 = 0, n3l),
, (5.61),
= + \>-2, 2=[>.1,

3 = 0.

, (5.61) ,
, (5.64).

V1 = \ Tnldu>= (it \
(

C
O

V2 = J Tn2du=\>.x j

x^dv,

= \ {Tn2Xx TnXX2) flfw = (IT j {x\ -f xl) flfu).

, \ 2 ,


1^ = 1^ = 0,

/,

/ ,

R .
(5.64) ,
- (5.64) ,
, . . ( ),
Lo, . .

.
5. .
oxs,
\ 2, \
(. 15).
, . ,

,
,

'
.

'
,
, ,
, ,
, ( 0x2), .
,
; \
, 03,
.
, . , ,
(5.65) .
(5.65) .
, 3 = 0,
(2.22) (5.65)

1=2=3=0.
,
, .
, cos (3, Xi)=cos (x3, 2) = 0 , cos (3,
3) = 1 , (2.22) (5.65)
7^=7^=0,
96

*=1.

(5.66)

(5.66) , , (5.66).

V3=

L1=\

j o33afco = a jATjdu),

<3321= \

L 2 = J <333x\dM =

xxx2d^,

\ Xidw.

, \ 2 , 0X2 \ 2 ,
L2=a.I,
/ 2.

(5.66) ; ,
-, ,

, ,
__
I

EI

'

, ,

97

(3.44) (5.67)

th=-^-x1xit

(5.68)

,=

,.

1 = 2 = 0 ,
(5.68), [3, ,

2 . . . . ,

i,
1 _

R~

EI '

,
. ,

.
, 3=const .

;

,
. , : ,
.

39.
,
, ,
.
, ,
[2,
ui = ul(x1,

2),

2=2(1,

2),

3 = 0.

(6-1)

(6.1) (3.26),
.

d a i


22

<2

^12

^12
oxi
2
, ,

d u i


2
\
2 \ 2

d u

"


fl

d u i

dx

dx2

2.

(6.3)
, , 99

, ,
\ 2. .
,
. , (6.3) (6.3),

33

(4.41)

33 = v K + *22).

(6-4)

(2.25)
\

oxi

=0, F3 = 0.

(6.5)

, ,
, %.
(5.6) ,

/^,

(6-6)

.
-,
, :

.

(6.7) (6.3) (6.5)
( + 322) = 0.
(6.8)
, (6.3)
(6.4)

toe

i r h ^ T ^ ]

(6 9)

, (6.5) F\ =
= F 2 = 0
I 222 __ _ 2 _ ^ ! ?

(6.10)

(6.9) (6.7), (6.10) (6.8),


.
(6.9), (6.7)
,

11

V.-11

tt/i

11

all

*.

(6.11)

0X10X2

,


. , ,
, , , 0 =
, , ,
, . , (6.5)
(6.3), , ( 35);
.
, (2.22),

22*2 =

7'ii2-

(62)

,
(6.12)
. ,

,
,
, .
, , -

101

, .
( .)
,
.
, ,
2i2=-|fH1"'

2=0,

2(0,3 = 0.

coi2 3
,
9
^

d"i

*
-2

,
| 2

'
\ -2


,
0X1

0X2

0
0X2
2

(6.6), 9i

Fi = F2 = 0,
d%i _ *
_ *

2 ' 2
\
* = - 3 .
X - 2.
, , *
.
40.
,
, , .
2h \2 (. 16).
(2.25)
(6.5).
= 0,

102

dxi

'

' 3 ) '

d^ 3

din

,

3

1x
2

22 '

(6.13)

| .2

, .2

3
2
3

'

-i

= 0,

= 0,

(6.14)

X* = -

, (6.13)
(6.3) X *.
(6.14) (5.6),
1

==-

. ' 1

(6.6) X I* .
,
,
, 3
.

,
, ,
.
,


;
. 16
103

, , .
41.

, 1h ,
;
.
, , , , ,

. ; .
, x3=h
(6.15)
7\i3 = 0, , F3 =

00,3

g32 ,

2 ^

3 ^

(6.15), x3=h

3
, x3=h
0, 3;
3
= 0 .
,
3
3,
3* 0- , U\ {\, % 3),
2 (\, 2, 3) ,
, 2 ,
ft

[=
I , 2 =
\ u2dx3.
(6.16)
-
-
(2.25) (2h)~ldx3 3
h +h; , (6.15),

-
2 J
h

104

1h

~h

'

l
1* )
^ -^7" UP23J
U.

fx

(, = 0, F3 = 0)

(6.18)

+
<?J:I

, .F2 .
,
" 2, , (22. 21 , cri3, . , *, (6.18)
.

- , ( , ),
7^,

(6.19)

+h

+h

-h

-h

(6.13),
, = 0,
2

'
(6


,
B

i=

'20)

-1
V-

(6.20)^ a*v a*2, a*2

105

\ 112, (6.3)
, X X*. (6.17)
(6.19), ,
22. 12 ,
(6.5) (6.12) . ,
, (6.6) (6.11), , X *.
, ,
.
42.
, , , ,
, -
. ,
.
. ,

.
(6.5)
dxi

6x2

dxi

= 0.

(6.21)

(6.21) , audx2
Q(x\, x2),
,

12= '

dQ
\

(6.22)

(F. '\

(\, 2) .

0Q __
106

, Pdxx + Qdxo (\, 2),

1x7

Q (6.22) (6.23),
12

(?2

\2

(6.24)

22

. {\, 2) .
, ,
(6.24),
(6.21) . ,
, ,
, ]2 , (6.8), . .
. 17

, (6.24)
,

22=-

()2

= .

dxi

, (6.25)
(6.26)

= ,

"

_1

\\

dxi

,
.
, ,
, .
, . , TnU Tn2, (6.12).

107

, , . .
, .
\ 2 \ 2 /,
. . 17

dl

(6.27)

dl

(6.24) (6.27) (6.12), Lr


(=0, 1, 2
)
<?2

,
1

dl

\2

^
2

2
dl

1'

dl

?
}

dl '

"2

dl

= -= -F-)=-Tia.
V 2 I
"' dl

(6.28)

JV LT

= .

(6.29)

, (6.28),

= \ n2dl;
= Br-\-\Tnldl.

(6.30)

.,
, ,
N
( )
2 \
,
. (6.30),

dx\

dl

dl

'

dx\

dx-2

dn

dxi

(6.31)

dl

2 dn

,
(6.30) (6.31)

2
/,

108

Mr-

N L

-,

N
N

- j" Tnxdl\\dl. (6.33)

(6.33) ,

, , (6.24), .
, Lo ,
. , ,
, -
,
.

, (6.30) (6.32),
\ 2

/

, .
,
.

(6.30), (6.33)

dxi

(6.35)

f*

\ 1 n2dl-\

dX2

-,
*

/ I

I 1 nlal\dl,

tf

ir*

QO\

(b.oo)

Vi V2
,
.
,

= - xlNV(6.36)
+ x
+ < {{
(6.37)
2
2NVx
- 21) dl,
xiN X2N N Lr, .
(6.37) ,
, .
(6.35) (6.37)

~j> ~i

109

~ , - g - ,
,
, ; , , , , - ^ - , - - *- ,
, .
^
v y
(6.26) ,
.
' ,
, ,
, . 18
(6.26)

= -i- a2x\ -f - b2xxx2+

2\.

(6.24)

, .
,
(. 18), , , = 1 ,
022= 1 * (6.12)

(6.26)

(6.24)
;

o22=a3xl-\-b3x2;

12=--2.

3 =3 = = 0, d3^0,
sn = d3x2, a22 = 0, = 0.

(6.33)

(6.39)

, Xi = O, xx = l.
(6.12) 2 *I=JO 32
Xj=L , ,

110

M=h

= b ^andx2=0,

dx2=

; 2 .
-
,
,
(6.39), , (6.39).
3, 22 = ,\.
3, 3 , ,
\2-
, , .
43. .

(2.30),
,

d<f

2__|

1
JL^

d<f

0.

(6.40)

, 1 2

2 df>2 '

<?2
2

=-!-- - J - - * * - ,
/2 df
r drdf

(6.41)

(, ) .
(6.41)
(6.25), ..

(3/ + ) = 0
(6.42)

2

'

2 cty2

, (6.41) (6.42),
\

,2 -

(6.43)


= \-\-2-\- Cr2-\-D.

(6.44)

(6.44) (6.41),

,- ,

(6-45)

= 0 , , (6.45), ,
, , .
(6.45),
= ,

=2

(6.46)

r = r2,

.
, , ,
(6.46), .

, Uq> <,
<.

112

1+ v

~
1 + v
/p2

+fi[(I-4v)+2(l-2v)lnr]+2C(l-2v)|,
1

1+ v


( l - 2 v ) l n r ] r +2C(l-2v)r) +
(6.47)

/() ng(r) .
, ;
/(<) = 0,

(6.48)

= 0.

(6.45), = 0,
(6.46)

/2

,
=

~Pl)r

C='1J"

(P2

0 0
/^2 ^i

'".

(6.49)

0 0
-^ (^o f\)

'

(6.49) (6.45),
'

\ 1 (2 Pi)

2 '

, rlpi r2p2

.
1

"

(6.50)

(6.49), (6.47)
E{r\-r\)

r
u,=g(r).

J
(6.51)

113

= 0, , ,

dg(r)
g{r)

dr
'

q .
,
.
, .
pFr=pai2r.
, , = 0 , - = 0. (3.29)
(2.30)
^^-^1.

dr
rf3

=,

+ 2==0.

"+--^^
dr

(6.52) (3.40),

1

d Is,

r dr \

(6.52)

de

(6.53)

ff\

der

dr I

dr

dr

'

dr

,
^ - ={
dr

"

V?J

(6.54)

'

(5.27) , = 0,
= (), = (() (6.54)
da,m

I + v

d<zrr

arrcw

-jEL=_-^l-(14-v)pu> 2 r.
114

dr

dr

(6.53),
(6.55)

(6.53) ,
d

dr \

dr J

dr

dr

(6.55) ,
dr

L r

dr

(6.56)

n = A+-l^-^r\
(6.53) (6.56)

1 + 3v

9 2



, = 0 = 2,
; = 0 = .

2
'2
^ ,

j
^

3 + r[i)2/ ,2^Q
8 ' 2

3+ V

2 2_Q

8
P W A l
?
~

'

~~

''

,
(6.57)

, Or = [2.
= \. (ri<C2)
, . . . (6.57)
max

3 + V

115

(ri=(0), = 0,


3 +V

,
,
.
,
r 2 ! r i ;
(6.57)

. 19
(.
19). , <,
(6.44).

-= 0

r=R2>

= 0

r =

= .

(6.45)

Ri

:
D

116


D =(/?? i^) 2 + 4R\R\ In2
,

. (4.50), (3.31)
&

17 1

1_

lv
1

+ (3-v) 5 + 2(1 -v)CJ,


1

<3

(6.58)

;
ur=

[ - ( l + v),4r
4
9 = " - /i (?) + /2 ().

(6.58),

r)+^/()

/I(?) + /l(?) = C, /2 () - () = - .

,
ttr = - ^ [ - ( l + v ^
+ 2(1
117

rt

P-

i sin - P 2 . c o s
2

Pi, P2
, , ,
, . .
=9 = = 0.


ur = [ - ( l + v ) ^ r
+ 2(l-v)Crj+P 1 cos t p ,

,
.
44.
,



, .

. . . . . .
.
32 , ,
,
;
J!!L+J!!L=0.
\

118

(6.59)

44 ^^ = 0,

(6.60)

dzdz

(6.59) z = x^ + ix2 z = X\ix2


\ ,

dz

\ [

. d \.

1(

); = dx )J
dz
!
2 \
2

2 \ dxi

dxx

, .
dx:

(6.60) , z

6

1=771'()+^'

(6 61)

'

() z.
(6.6) i , Fx=F2 = 0

,
dzdz

&\


dzdz

dz

I,

fr *<"' + *> +(X+t)6 1= T l (),

(6.62)

1 (z) z.
(6.62) ,

2? ^"'^+^^^)-

(6-63)

dz

(6.62) (6.63)
(1+ ,) +d(u1-iu2)l==2
/_ggi_+ _gg2_\ 2 e ( 6 6 4 )
2
+
+
(
V
dz

\
\
V
dz

\
\^
^1
1 -]
-]
119

(6.61),
A +(JL

Jz),

[9

(6.65)

) ^M4'{z)

9l(z =

+ icl

(6.66)

.
, (6.61) (6.62),

= x<p(z) z<f'{z) ty(z)-\-icz,

=
2 .

= 3 4v;

() -

+ |1

tcz, ,
-z<s'{z) <]>(z).

(6.67)


,
*,

, _ X* + 3. _ 3 v
~~

X* + (1 ~~ 1 + v

v<0,5, > 1 * > 1 .




(), 1|().
(6.3) :

=22 - =

- e u + 2iea)=

-2 - - [2(. ( - 2 )]. (6.68)

(6.61) (6.68) (6.67)


(6.68), ,
(.)

22 - "11 + 2^12 = 2

(6.67), (6.69) 120

, , .
(\, 2)
<p(z), t|)(z).
(6.24)
, ?
, .
, <?2

22- + 2^12 = 4 .
, (6.69),

, z,
2

_ =tp(

, ,

"

1 +

(6.70)

, (6.24)
,
cz + c0. (6.70)

, 0 .
Ci=0, c = 0 , = , ,

2 = 1(() + ^1) + (2) +


(S

).

(6.71)
(6.72)

121

Re ,
.
, (. 20), \2. (6.12) (6.24),

, ,

, = -

dl

,=

fl7

dx2

rf

dx\

dl

dl

(6.73)

X,

62

dx\

. 20

dl
_

dl

dl

dxi

,
.

dl

\ \

. .

(V\, V2) ,
, .

(
) , , .
(6.71), %'(z) =i|)(2)

, ,

(6.74)
Lo , ,
Lo=

122

, (6.73) ,
dxi

^ + (
2

(6.75)

/
. \]
,

R e \ z /[ i.
i \ - 2 R e L I\ ^zi [ i 2 I)
,
2
dx
, (6.71)
2

:. , , ,

| , ,

---*-=?(*)+*'(*)+'!(*)
\

0X2

(6.72) (6.75)

LQ = Re ( Z (z) - 2 (z) - z~zi (z))BA.
(6.76,
45.
,

, 0,
(?22, cTi2 q/(z)
ci, i|/(z) .
q>'(z), '() ,
0, 022, Oi2 (6.69);
(6-77)
22 - + 2/12 = 2 [ V () + <' (z)}.

(6.78)

q>\'(z), tyi'(z) ,
0, 022, 012
;

(6.79)
z)]-

(6-80)

(6.77) (6.79)
<p!(z)=<p'(z) + c/.
(6.78) (6.80)
;(2)='(2).

,
(6.81)
<|> 1 ()=()+',

(6.82)

, Y' , .
123

. <p(z) <$(z) +ciz + y, |(2) |()+',


.
(6.77) (6.78).
, , '. <p(z),
i|}(z) , (6.67);

-f 2) = ? ) -<' {)~

(z).

(6.83)

qp(z) ip(z) (6.81) (6.82)



ciz -fxy , ,
= 0, *Y Y' = 0.
(6.84)
,
Y. Y'-
Y, , '
<p(z0) = O, Im<p'(*o)=O!

() = ,

(6.85)

z0 . <p(z) ty(z).

Y Y'
<p(z0) = 0 y(zQ) = 0.

(6.86)


() i|}(z). , q>(z), |(), %{z)
. , q>(z), i|)(z), % (z) ,
(6.74), (6.76)
. . ,
, . , , ,
, <p(z) ij)(z)
.
. ,
;
. , (6.69),

124

, , ,
)-0,
(z9"(z)+./(z))i=0.

(6.87)
(6.88)

(6.87) , Req/(z)
. ,
<p'(z) ,
, - , cp'(z),
, ,
, <p'(z) ,
. ,
. , <p"(z) , . . . ,

(< (*)) = ( * > ) ) $ = 0 ,

(6.89)

(6.88)
( T ) i

( ( z ) ) i = 0,

(6.90)

. . ty'(z) .
(6.67)

Z(p"(z) +ty'(z) ( (6.69))


(ui + iu2)
dx

(6.87)

. . <p'(z) .
(6.91) (6.74), (6.76)

(6.92)
zh{k=\, 2,..., ) Lh,
Lo. <p(z) -

125

4-,

(6.93)

z0 .

, ,
Lh
2niAh, Ah, , ( 2ni ).
,
m

'()~^\(~)

(6.94)

ft 1

. ,
Lh Ah In (2Zk) 2niAh, ; <* (z) .
(6.94), (6.93)

*() . ,

,
() = 2

* I" ( - *) + v* (),

(6-96)

, |)*() .
(6.67) <p(z) |)();
Lh',
Lh, U\ + iu2

126

,

(6.97)

Q.

Ah ,
(6.74) , Lh';
(6.98)

Vlk + iV2k=-2n(Ak-Bk).

, {V\h, V2h) Lh'.


(6.97) (6.98),
-.2,

2(1+)

_^-2

2(1+*)

Ah (6.95) (6.96),

* =1

).

(6.101)

, , , ;

Lo . , L, ,

In(1z h z~ x ) L, ; (6.100)
(6.101)
<p(z)=
TV

i + lVz ing-f y **(z),


2(1+)
'T v ; '

nz-ff*(z),

(6.102)
'

(6.103)

(V b 2) ,
; cp**(z), \]p**(z), L, , ,
.

127

(6.102), (6.103) (6.69) ,

*)>

11

(604)

, ', , ; <po(z), i|>o(z)


, L, ,

(6.106)

(6.85), ,

= = ; 1 = 0.

1 . ,
.
(6.67) \ ix2, .


2 V !

2 )

2(

2/

(6.104) z-+oo

1, = - ^ = - .

(6.106')

1+
"2
CTi \\

128

22
1 2

ai

sin 2a.

Ha

(6.69)
(6.104), (6.105) (6.106), -

Rer=i-(a 1 +a 2 ),
(6.107)

'=L(3l^
, ,
.
(6.104) (6.105) (6.67),
\z\

+ "* 1(*

-f)z-T'z+

....

(6.108)

,
\z\.
, ;
, (V\, V2) , , , 1 = 0, . . .
, ,
ln(zz) =21nr.
46.


, , ( 34),
:
. ,
, L 5.
. , L.

129

. ,
,
.
5 ,
, . . Re ';
V\, V2, , '. , ,
, ;
;
. . .
(6.67), (6.77), (6.78) ,

cp(z) 1|)(2)>
S, L (p(z) i|;(z)
, - .
, L 5 ,
. , ,
L.
1. <p(z) ty(z)
S, L, (6.74)
=/i + ' / 2 + c -

(6.109)

t=X\ + ix2 L \ 2 ,
)dl,

(6.110)

, 2 , L.
(6.109)
<p(z) +2'() +\|?(2), , S, t L.

L. ( , (6.74) , , 5.
,
, L.)
2. <p(z) ty(z),
S,

130

(6.67) L
1 + 2),

(6.111)

\* 2* L.
, , (6.111)
*<p(z) z<?'(z) i|(z) z
,
*< (*) - V {) -if (*) =
, , uj 2
L.
3. S,
L,
() tyo(z), (6.109)
(6.104) (6.105),
*)= + 1/2 + -

(6-2)

(6.113)
t L , /1 + ^2, In t In t t(Vi-htV 2 ), 2/ +2ni,

f\ + ifa, , .

fi + i/ L.
4. S, L, q>o(z) |)(2) (6.111) (6.104) (6.105)

In (it)

2 < 1 +

1
7

<615>

(6.115), (6.114)
L , .

5.
(6.109) , , (6.111) , .
,
L 5

', cp(z) +zq>'(z) +op(z)


( L) .

. ,
<p(z), >'() o|)(z) L S;
,
.
<p(z), '() ty(z) ,
; <p(z), (f'(z)
H I | ) ( 2 ) .

47.

. cp(z) |;(2)
S (6.109), ,
<p(z), i|3(z), X \,
,

. , cp(z), ty(z),
. , q>(z), -ty(z), ,
, Lh, (6.100), (6.101),
.
.
, -

132

. ,
, .
,
,
.
.

.
48.
, L, | | < 1

= (),

(6.116)

, <(0)=0 (0)=
.
, ,
;
V\, V2, , '
(6.108) ;

. () i|)(z)
()
5, =.

(6.116) . 21

, (6.109), (6.111)
| .

(2) = (())=?1(),

() = ( ()) = 4i (),

(6.117)

, (pi(), i|)i() | | < 1 ; .


(, 6) ;
({, x2) 2; ,
= const 0 = const, .
z ( 2)

133

r=const 9 = const (. 21). , ,


\, 2 , , , . . 21
ar-\-iai=(al
cos a-\-a2 sin a)-\-i ( \ sin a-\-a2 cos )

(6.118)
, \ . eia 2 z + dz;
t,=reie
Z,+dt,,
dz = el*\dz\, ='||,
(6.116)
'()


-' = ! ' / )

(6.119)

(6.119) (6.118),
&--/# = :
'

(#i -j-tClo)'
I

(.

lzu)

/ /*\ I

+= ^

(1+

2)

(621)

'" -

(1.13) (k, I, r, s = l,2) , , , 022, cii2

'

(6.122)

.
(6.119)

( )
134

2 '()

(6.69), (6.116) (6.117), (6.122)

)],
(6.123)
/2.'()

1() = ? ' ( ) = (); 1()=+'() = ().


(6.109), (6.111)
(6.124)

'()

*( )],

(6.125)

"()=1(0,

2* = 2 ( 0

Y , >'() =#=(). q>i()> ^i()> (p(z),


TJ)(Z),

A= I

ft-0

ah &, , .
(6.124) (6.125)
.
, (^)
, ( . . ).
,
, .
49.
, ,
.
, ,

135

. ,
,
.
1. . f(z) , S, - L, S + L.
f(z) z<=S
L

L . , (6.126),
. z L,
/>-=0,
(6.127)
2" J
tz
L
f(t)/(tz)

S S + L.

Z.=Z.o"-r-r+ . . . -j-Lm', Lv - , L ( V = 1 , 2, ..., ) Lo. 2 L,


V

L / ( 0 dt=O.
2 J t

(6.129)

f(z),

S~, - L, , . . f()=Co,
S- + L.
)

( 6 3 0 )

z, L;
1

/(,

.,__,

( 3 1 )

z, L. (6.130) .

136

2. . f(t) - L ,

L-C / *

2
/

(6.132)

, L. (6.132)
, f(t)
,
,
t'


2/ J (<_ )+1

(633)


,
. /(/) , t
/(/) , . f(t) ,
, , \t2ti\
\f{h) / ( M l .
.
, , . ., , . . () = sup \f(h)
f(U)\,
t\ t2 L \t2 tl \ < 6 .
,
, . .
I f{h) f{t\)

1^2 ^1 -

(6.134)

f(t) L; tu t2
L; . , , 0 < ^ ' 1 .
(6.134) ( ),
f{t), , . , > 1 (6.134) ,
f'(t)=O, /(*)==const. = 1
.
ti t2
, ,
< ) . ,
. , .
3. . f(x) ,

137


,
f(x) ^/^ei +\^^:
,
ei<;*::+2
.
.

j f{x)dx\,

(6.135)

, f(x) . , , ,
, f(x)
[a, b].
, , . ,
,
, . .
^
(P<i).
(6.136)
\-\*
f (x) .
(6.132) z t0 L,

(6.137)

J-^-dt.

-/_,

/-

J t-t0

.)

t- t0

J t-t0

\f{t)-f(h)\<A\t-ta\*

t-t0

I \t-to\*

= 1 < 1 , , (6.136), .
ln(^to),
, \n(t)) In (z10), , , to . , L.
to L, ,

138

t\ h L (. 22).
(6.135),

t0

Hmln

t 10

t-k

- =Hmln

1*2 M = |*i*ol>

e-0
0 )

, In

=0.

. 22

. 23

/0* W2 (. 23),
,
lim In

-0

dt _ ,
=in.
tto

, , , (6.137) f(t), ,
(6.138)

<-<

4. . L
f(t); (6.132)

1

/-

i\

(6.139)

139

z-+U L

^MQf

+ -L f(t0)

tQ

(6.140)

2-v^o L.
1

fWdt

\ t_(

2.

(6.138). (6.139) (6.140),
, L,
1 f(t)dt _ F+ (t00) + F- (t00)
(6 14
2
2m JJ t-to
, ,
. ,
\ L (. 22).
S+, 5~; xt
S+, S-.
/(/)
t,
t /()
-voo. , f(t) /

'

>

'

, f(t)
/() t-*-+oo t->. /()^=0,

(6.143)

^\f^ f
t

z \, .
,

r [ f e
N'

N'

N'


(6.142) || |/|~'~\
, , .
N"

140

, ,
z N', N", ', " z
N' N" (. 24). , z ,
. N' N"
, +,
, a ln-^ ; , . , ON'= O N " =
= ON.
"

Nao

xz

In 1 = 0

'

N
lim

/()
t

X dt / ().

/'

(6.144)

/()=0, (6.143), , (6.142) .


,

JJQ_dt=lim
t

? /(<)<

- J

-N

,
(6.144). ,
f(t), F(z),
2

(6.145)

tz

, , 5+ S-.

t-tu

(6.146)
^-(')=^-/W>)+-~

dt.

141

F+(t0) F-(tQ) F(z) z-*-t0


.
50.
L . S+ , L, S~
, .
L S+, S~. L. ,
f

V)dt.=0

2/ J

z^

f(t) = 0 L.
2/ J
L

f(t) =const L.
/i(/) /(0> L,
2 e S + L f\{t)=fa{t) z e S ~ L
f\(t) = 0 +.
, L .
51.
L

z. , , L, .
,
, -
F(z) - ,
z, L, L
, , bk, ,

U-c|x
&, ; X
.
L G(t) /(/),
, G(t)^O L. - F(z), L
, , bk (

142

)
F+(t)-Q(t)F-(t)=f(t),

(6.147)

G(t) , a f(t)
. , L f(/)=0,
.
G(t) = 1
F+{t) F-{t)=f{t)

L.

(6.148)

- F(z) f(t) L.

F0(z) - , , ,
, L

^ ,
\z-c\x

(6.150)

Ff(t)-Fo(t)=f{t),

(6.151)

\F0(z)\<

, - , (6.149)
(6.148).
F(z)FQ(z)=F1,(z),
F(z)
(6.148). (6.148) (6.149) L

Ft{t)-F7(t)=0.
(6.152)
f*(z) L . , Ft(z) L ,
(6.150) , F* ()
. F* (z) =
=const , , F(z) =F0(z) +K

F [z)=--r -- +,
zsii

,) t
L

(6.153)

. , F(z)
,
/=0. , (6.148) - , ,

143

,
m

'

( 6 5 4 )

, ..., .
, G(t)=g, g
, .
L
(6.155)
. (6.155)

/ ^ =^

f(t)dt

4
2

X+(t){t-z)

+ X0(z)P(z),

(6.156)

/>()=0 + 1 + . . . +C m _ 1 *-i + ;

, \, ..., ; Xn(z)

() = ( - a k ) - i (z - 6)-1.

(6.157)

=1


Y =

!L!M,

0<arg<2n.

(6.158)

, L .

.
52.

t|)(z),
(0) = 0 i^(oo) = 0
. =0
2=0,
= 0 z = oo,
0)=0.
,
, ,
, .
<(), i|>() | | < 1 .
, <(), <'() '
.
144

) (6.124)
:
'()
(6.159)

(6.159)
1
2

da
'

, | | < 1 , .
2/ J

2/

2/ J ^777)

(6.160)

J
2

t
a

'

'()
2/ J to'()

2)1! J I

(6.159) (6.160) . , cpi (a) ipi () | | < 1 q>\(t,)


i|)i()> 1(), \pi () , | | < 1 ,

(a)

^ *
()

( 6 6 1 )

= .

(6.162)

(;

, ,
cpi (0) = 0 ( 1/(0) )
<pi(), i|3i().

145

) ,

2 J ' (0)
If
n7j

<P'l(0)

1 4

2/ ',)

2/

,
; .


2- ; .
53.

, : )
, ; ) . .
) =\ =2 , (6.100) (6.101) , cp(z) rp(z) (. 25). () ()
r =

+ 2

f{t1)

= i[ {Tll-{-iTn)dl=ir{ri

rv

(6.163)
=2,

f ( sin a-{-i cos a)da=iT1(tl


6

),


Ti 2

146

cp(z) i|)(z)

<()=,

(6.164)

()~.

(6.164) ,

b=-iTxr\.
,
2

(6.123),
/ + = 0;

2/ 9 = 2iTxr\

, (6.121)
(6.67)

. 25

) ,
. ) ,
=\ =2,
. (6.100) (6.101)
() ty(z) (6.163), f(ti), f(t2)
f{t1)=ip1r1

(cos a + i sin

a)da=
(6.165)

q>(z) \|)(z)
<?{z)=az;

(2

(6.166)
147

. ,
(6.164) (6.166) (6.163),
;

Pl

2a + b

(6.123) (6.121), ,
q 0 (6.50) (6.51).
.
L R
.
.
.
(6.69) (6.122)
()] 2 '".

(6.167)

(6.104) (6.105) (6.167), (6.106)


L

(6.168)
-iV2

t |

,(*\ _


- 0 ,

(6.169)

ak = -^UTnr

148

iTm)(Yde,

{k = 0, + 1 , + 2 , . . . ) . (6.170)

(6.169) (6.168)
. ,
t
R
, .
R
t

, on

R2 ~

*2

'

V\ + iV2

(1 + )

R3

Vx IV2

(6.171)
= 2, 3 , . . . ) .
ah 6^, (6.123) .
, = 2=const, 7*^=0 , . . = '=0, (6.170) (6.171)
, 1 = 2 =0,
=-2,
aft=0

aft = 0

(k= + 1, + 2 , . . . ) ,

^= 2/?2, = 0

(;=1, 2,...),

(* = 2, 3 , . . . ) .

,
9 = 0, = ==0
= ,
=0,

= 0, (k=l,

( = 1 , 2, 3,...),

b,= -pR2,


2,...),
44 = 0, (A = 2, 3 , . . . ) .

(6.50),
2, 2=0, \= rt = R.
149

54.

,
.
Im ,
; (6.107)
= ;

' = 0.

= ( 0 ( 0 = ^ ("1 + "):

>0,

(6.172)


0<<1

(6.173)

2 = 0 (1+),
{\) | | < 1 .
, , (6.104)
(6.105) (6.172)
? ( ) = - * - * + ?(*);

^f(z)=%(z).

(6.174)

(6.117) (6.173) (6.174)

<pl(C)=

.() *() , .
<pi() *|)i() (6.124), , .() .() , q>i(Q |3i(^))

<'()2

, /i*(a) =/*() = 0
= 0 ,

(6.161) (6.162)
q>i(t,), tyi(), fi(ff)+1/2(0") ( *(0)=0)
*()> *!>()> f(a)> T- 150

?() -1

2/

^ =

,)

flf=,

2/ J < o ' ( o ) ( o )

(6.175)

(6.176)

(6.173) (6.175),

(-|
T

*v

2/ J

a f m a2)fo L)

^4

2/ J L

9. ( a ).
(/2) * 1 - ^

C(m 2)
.

= }^, = ,
" /

, , t,
|| < 1 , (6.177),
,
<)=-pAmL
(6.178)
2

(6.174),
(6.176),

(6.175)
2

2/

(6.179)

2/ J

(I /ncj2)(<j )

(6.180)

2 + /

(l+w2)o
1-

151

< 1 , (6.180) a,

( 1 + m 2 ) a

q( 2 +

/w)

/2

1 /2

| | < 1 , /
, | | < 1 .
, ,
j| < 1 , (6.180)

(6.181)

(6.179) (6.181)
z, (6.173)

( (), z,
| | < 1 , ); , 22, 012 (6.121) (6.123).
55.

. () =( 2) +
-j-iv(xu x2) z, z.
() ,
() z, ,
() = ()

(6.182)

()= 1 (: 1 , x2)-\-ivl{xl,
i(^i. x2) = u{xv

x2); v^x^

x2),

x2)=v(x1,

x2).

(6.183)

, () S,
() S, ,
5 . , , () S; 5

152

=>

dv

dv

oxi

,p

[^

-,

(R) (6.183), S

\
2
2
\
, ( 2)
Vi(X[, 2) (R) S.
,
, . I m ( 2 ) ^ 0 , ,
oxi , S~, S+.
() S~, ()
S+, ~(0, t ;
(6.182) , +(/),

(6.184)

-)=~+{{).

S~ (),
) \.
(6.77), (6.78) (6.83) ;
() S+ . (6.77) (6.78) 5~
),

(6.185)

<'() = (), '/ (z) = W(z).


()=()-'()-(),

(6.186)

S+.
, (), (6.186), S+.
(6.186) z z, , z S-,
,
()=-()-'()-(),

(2)=-()-()-'()

(6.187)

(6.187) () 5-
(), .
Im = 0 (6.186) ( z-^t -

153

5+)
+(0= -~3>+(t)-'+{t)-+{t).

(6.188)

(6.185) Imz = O
22-,==

-(*)+'-('/-(+^-(.

(6-189)

, a22 cri2 = 0,
"(0= --(-^'~(0-^~(0(6.190)
(6.188) (6.190) (6.184) [ +(0 ^+(0].
+(*) = -(/).
(6.191)
, (), (6.186)
, (); , (), (6.186), -
, 1 2 = 0.
, (6.189),
^ ( z ) . (6.185) .
(6.187) (6.78) (6.185),
-()-()],

(6.192)

z) '(z).

(6.193)

(6.83).
S~ qp(z) S+ ,

() (6.186). ( ,

(), .)
(6.186),
5+
, S~
154

(6.83)
7 ) _ ( 2 _ ) ^ ( ) + .

(6.194)

, , , tk, () I m z = 0
, ,
11.'() = 0

(6.195)

, tk

(6.196)


, ,
, th , \z\ () W(z)
:
(6.197)
Y> Y' ; 0 ()
~ / 1 \I

, U <_
( | z \
|z|--oo). ,
| | :
(6.198)
^(z) = Y'ln2; + 0(l)+const,

I 0(1) | < ( ^ | \ ).
.
(VV, VV) , Imz = 0 S-.
(6.198) (6.74), , ,

', "
, 1 "-*-.
( W , VY) , * "-^
155

,
Y+?=0,

(6.199)

(Vi, V2) ,
( , ); ,
= n(?-Y).

(6.200)

(6.199) (6.200)
Y =

-^+^

Vl

, ?= ~f

(6.201)

1. .
L :
(t) (/) , Imz = 0, . , () =() =
= 0. (6.193) (6.195)
<b+{t)-<b-{t) = p{t) + ix{t).

(6.202)

(6.202) ,
- .
, ,
(6.149)
L r l Q +* W
tz

(6.203)

{), (6.192), (6.193) (6.194)


(, 022, a is)
(i, u2).
2. .
L
Ui=giV)>

2=2(0.

(6.204)

gi(t) g2{t) , , ,
, Ui(oo) = 2 () = 0 .

156

(6.194) /;
(6.204)
+(/) + -(0 = 2^[(^(0 + ^2(<)](6.205)
- , Q(z),
,
2() = () S~,
Q(z)=

- ( ) S+.

(6.206)

(6.205)

, -
;
.1

[g'^

+ [ie

t Z

^dt.

(6.207)

, (6.206)
(z)

5~

-xQ(z)
S+.
3. .
lmz=0
gi(t) g2(t), p(t) (/). . U, L".
, L" ;
, L" p(t) =
= (0=0.
,
u1 + iu2=g(t)-\-c(t) U,

(6.208)

/7(0=0,

(6.209)

(0 = 0

I " ,

g(t)=gi(t)+igs(t)
U . .
(6.208) c(t)
L', , , ,
. , (V\, V2) , U.

157

.
, c(t)=Ch ( ch - ), ,
, ,
, Ch .
, , , (Vik, V2h) , akbh .
, . = 1 , . (6.208) (6.205) U
).
(6.210)
(6.193), (6.195), (6.209) L"
<D+(i) =~(/), ()
, L'.
, .
, g' (t) U . (6.210), ,

X0(z) ,
(6.210), , L';

1( %)

. !

P(z) .
, ()
, P(z)
1;

, ..., Cn-i Pn-\{z)


. , c(t) = * cihbh,

(VXk, V2*)
. akbk, .
158

(6.202)
t0 U. , (6.210),
U
((0) = ^^-+(^)-^

(6.212)

g' (t0).

(6.211) ,

,.l{ta, (6.2,3,

{ia)P

+(*) (6.212),

X \ +

(/oJ-OiI roJ-

V'oj, I /V

(k=l, 2,

1 \(^n)"f"'T(Oldtn=

n)

,
Ch-i(k=l, 2, ..., ), .
, c(/)=const U (cx = c2= ... = ) ,
2{(1' + 2/) L" L. , ()
L", (6.194)
(6.211)

^ L"; [ = ^-;
2=^-.
\
\
, ..+\

( 19

; \\
15

(6.215),
1 & (k = 0, 1, ..., 1).
, (V\, V2) , U. (6.197) (6.201)

, (6.211), lim () =
>
= 0. ,
~

, 2, ..., -\ 1 , .
, g' (t) = 0, , Imz = 0, (6.211),
(6.213), (6.214) (6.215),
, .
56.

,
.
, .
1. f(x),
(, ),

7(5) = = - f f{x)e**dxt
V 2

(6.216)

g .
/ ( | )
, f(x) (, ).
f(x), *
,
* f(x) (, ) ,
,
, .
160

/ ( * ) = L r f /(De-'^dZ,

( - O O < J C < + OO),

(6.217)

f(x)
. (6.217)

, 0<<. (0, ),
)=]/

\ /5(<0s i n {te)dt; / s ( ) = | /

\ / (*) sin (*) rfx;


(6.218)

*'

/ g (, ).
. / ( | ) g (I)
f(x) g (x), . .

f f{x)e^dx;

J(5) = _ L -

/(^(1)
f(x) g(x). , , ,

f gf{x-\)d%= f ff(6)rf5_L-
O
O
oo
ltx
= f f(t)e~ dt^
g-(5)erf5=
J
"|/2 J
J

oo

' " oo

ltx

f(t)g(t)e~ dt.

o
o

oo
oo
" f(t)g(t)e-itxdt=
f g{\)f{x-\)dt.

(6.219)
161

. d f/dx r
f(x), (t|) ,
h
h
d f/dx -y0 ->- (k = 0, ..., rl), . .
d'f{x)

f(x)e4*dx.

(_

(6.220)


=
dr

'

^7..
d
*

(6.221)

(6.221) ,
1

L/2T i*-

dr-1f(x)/dxr-1^)

;->-,

(6.222)
(6.222) ,

* l dxT-2
, , dnf(x)/dxn-+0
, 1) --,

(n=\, 2, ...,

(6.221) (6.220).
3 . .
. , , f(xu
2 ) \ 2; f,

. * ) = - = \ f(x

x2)e^dxv

(6.523)

f(5i,x 2 ), 2
142

, = f 7(5i, *,)e''''rf*2.
/2 j

(6.224)

(6.223) (6.224) ,
}(

2) F(lu

%2)

"

+"'>

rf*id*2.

(6.225)

00 00

F(,u | 2 )
f(xu 2). (6.217) f(xu x2)
/(^ 2)
/(*,, 2) = l f f{\lt xje-'^db.

(6.226)

(6.224) ,

JC2) = 4 = f Ffo, \2)e~l^d\2.

(6.227)

(6.226) (6.227) ,

00

f(xv

x2)=^ j j F&, \2)e-l^*^*>4\xdx2.

(6.228)

00 00
.
f=f(xu ..., ), -

jr-

2 .

/(^i'--"

n)e

dxx...dxn.

(6.229)

f "

00 00
(6.228) f(xu x2) g(xu x2) , . .

00
oo oo
(6.225)

00
OO OO

OO OO

00

CO CO

OO

-- J j" 0(5,, yr'iw^.-'.i+w^-wi^


oo oo

(6.228),


f j / ( ^ I . h)g{Xi-tv

x2t2)dt1dt2

oo oo
oo oo

= j J F&> fe)Ui' )^-'"'*'-1-^*)^!^.

O
O
O
O

(6.230)

- (6.230)

l{llXl+

. . . , U ? ( ? . . . , \a)e~

l x )

'" " *

d^.. .d\a.

(6.231)

57. ,


pFi(xu x2), pF2(xu x2) 2->-
.
. (6.5) (6.11) exp i(|iXi + |2*2) -

1*4

\ 2 +.

(6.232)
2

[(l-v)$ 2 -v^

Fh(r, k=l, 2), (6.225)
ftr(5i> $ 2 ) = - ^ - \

\ akr(xv

^ 2 )[/(| 1 : 1

{-l2x2)]dx1dx2,


(6.232),

-22 =

.2 .2

(1 2v)

l 2
2

(i-v)
_4

, >
i \
(;if
, -\-lbyf i)

? + ,)

6162(^1-<Si^2)

( 6 > 2 3

( 6

4)

-235)

(6.228) (6.233)


, &/$+&)
xkj(x\-\-\). ,

00

"'

expi

2 J

\+\

165


*\elxAl

d x

2/ .

= "J

ix2) (x\ ix2)

1
2

^--,
00 00

, ^/(Si-b^l)
xk/(xi-\-xl)9 (6.230)

62)
J

61 + 6

- 1 1 '<-

= l , 2).

00 00

,

[
^
( \ ) , /5 ( l)/2
) ((+ )
[

(\ x\)l(x\-\-x%f

2
\1{\-{-1) \,

2(1 v )

( g b a 2 ) + (x 2 a 2 ) ^

J
"

(1 2v)

166

(ct b a 2 )

( ) (22)

22 =

[{22)

, a 2 )]

"


J J [(*i ai)2 + (-2 )2]2
00
-\-(x2~-a2)F2{av

1 2

a2)]da1da2;

= - ^ ^ f f (^-^-^-,) 2
CO OO

av

[(

a2)]da1da2

__

) F (

2)]


F .
, . ,
\.
(-*1> 2)=

8( 1 )8( 2 ); F2{xv x2) = 0.

6(xh) , : Xk=0,

= 0, . . 8(xft) = 0 0
b{xk)dxk=\.
00


4(1 )(:2 + 4)
4(1 )(\ + 1) \

!v)

1
] + :

(6.236)

, 3
(6.236) , ->-0
.
167

58.

, 42, (6.26).
, .
* i > 0 .
(6.26) exp i,x2 2
+,

(6.220) (6.237)
dx*

dx\

oo


zr

r'V

(
~'
>

(D./Oo)

&(*!, x2)d^x'-dx2.

(6.239)

(6.238)
(6.238)

C = D = 0,
Q = (A+Bx1)e-Mx>.
(6.240)
.
(6.217) (6.239)

j Q(x

168

\)e~l^d\.

(6.241)

, .
(6.24) exp il,x2
2 + ; (6.216), (6.220)
(6.239),

= ^=

f -^re^dx2=--^z?Q{xl,

).

.
,= _ _ ^ ! ^ ) .

(6.242)

(6-243)

(6>244)

(6.242), (6.243) (6.244)

(6.245)

~^2 J dx\

.
1. , . 2
\ . , Xi = 0 21 = 0 =(2) . , Xi--oo . (6.240)
7 ' = - ( 0 , 2) = {2),

2 1 = - 1 2 ( 0 , : 2 )=0.

exp i,x2
2, *i = 0

f a n (0,

V2n

[ W ' f d ? ( 5 )

(6.246)

169

(6.240)
(6.246)

(6.242)
(,

(6.244),
= ^

1 I .

(6.247)

(6.247) (6.240)
(6.245),

(6.248)
22

\ \

f |f

'4.////,

.Xi

. 26

, , Xi = 0 -^.%^ (. 26), (6.246)

l/~2~
P(Z) = =\'*! dx2=
~ - .
(6.249)
V 2 i e

*
(6.249) | , (6.248)

,, = J

* s i n () c o s

g~ Ui sin (\a) cos

170

- u , sin fta) sin (%x2) d\.


,
=-$- [2 (62 8^ + sin 29 sin 262],
22 = - ^ - [2 (02 6J sin 29j-}-sin 26J,
a

1 2

(6.250)

= (cos 292 cos 29J,

, . 26,

2. , .
(. 27), \ , .
(6.248), (6.249) , =_r T/2a
12
->0.
s i n

<)

,.

(6-251)

(6.251) (6.248),
2

*?

/"4

1
"

\\

/"4

,/

2 ,

\-2
"

,-4

*i--0, 2->-0
.
, -. , (. 27).
(1.13)

' __?Z1J^L

/-2

COS

22 = 0, Oi 2 r=0.
171

on^arr,
_

"

a 1 2 = a r e , o 2 2 = a e e ,

xi _

cos 6

'

x3

X2

an = cos 6 =

Xl

sin 6 ==
0

a 12

= sin

22

= cos
0

0
1

VII

59.



, . , ,
.
3 , \ 2 (. 28).


Okr, , , (2.25)
(4.35),
.
. 28


. -, ,
, , , ;
,
.
.
-, ,
. -

tt^

T.^2'^3

^2

U3=T<?{XV

2),

(7.1

, ,
( 2) , .

173

(7.1) , , , .
(4.35) (3.26)
Ohr, (7.1),
* - ' ( - * )

*-*(+*)

(7 2)

(7.2) (7.3) (2.25), , , ,

(7.4)

, ( 2), -, { 2 S,
. (7.1) , .
, 3, 3 = 0. (2.22),
(7.3), ; (2.22) L (7.2)
2

=0,

(7.5)

L S.
,
dxi

(7.5) L
..

-,

(7.6)

qp(*i, x2) , ,
. ,

. ,
?- dl = (Xjt 1 2) dl =

174

.
, + , (7.2), , (7.1), 3.

2

= --*2.

V 2

(7-7)

, (7.6), , , , . ,
J \

, (7.6), Vi = 0; , =.
, , , (. 28)

32, 031 (7.2),


M=Dx.

&

Mh=M=Dx,
X =

(7 9)

~D~'

175

; D .
(7.6),

2

) \

dxi )

dxi

.)

L
,
\ 4-1

4-,

^ rfto = 0.

.
(7.9),

, D>0.
ty{xi, x2), (: 2),
fo _. ty .

<? _

<

(7 10)

, $( 2),
(7.6), (7.10) (6.27).

2

dl

'

dxi

dl

dl

'

dl

-2 , 2

(7.11)

(7.2)
(7.10)

( 7 2 )

, ,
1>(*1, 2) . 176

,
.
ty(xi, x2) ( 2),
.
'

(7.12)

<74>

- - -=-"-&
(7.13), ,
\

^ _0>
\

(7.15)

=-2.

(7.11)
( x2)\L=C.
(7.16)
, ( 2) (7.15)
(7.16). (7.8) (7.14)

, Mk ,
. (7.17)

JL

,
=

[ ^ (xlnl-\-x2n2)dl-\-2}i.x
L

|^).

(7.18)

(7.16) , ,
( 2) , (7.14) (7.17), (7.18)

.

(7.19)

177

60.

, , =
= /1031+* 2032 (. 2) =
= const, . ,
( 2) =const

dl

dx\
dl

dx2

dx2

dl

(6.27) (7.14),
3

Tz-Ln.
( 2) = const
.
(\, x 2 ) = c o n s t , .
, 3 032
. , (7.14)
,
(7.15)
-^- = |* -? = 0,
2
2

, 031 032
.
, 3 ; : ,
. \'2 , 2, 3,
.
a/3i = 0, '2=0, .
032 , , .
, .
178

61.

, .
. (7.11)

C v ,
Lv,
.
;
3 = ( ). , ,
(7.10), , , ; , \|)

Lv, .

. , , (
, , , ), , |>, .
, (7.16), (' 2 ) , .
, ( 2) Lv
(^, J C 2 ) = C
(7.20)
, , . ( 2)
.
C v .
, \ 2

afco = 0

(7.21)

( , ,
).
(7.21) (7.14)
L = Lo + L\ + L2 +... + Lm,
179

V1 = <j> n2dl,

V 2 = - f jrf/.

(7.22)

f ^>n2dt,

L
Lm

\ /tirf/.
J

--1 - -

I .

(7.20)

J 4

^ 2 c//= ^ rfjCj = 0, <> 11-^1 =


Vi = V2 = 0, .
(7.14) . 28

_ ^ f ^(^ )

J V
)

d
+

W>\d<*

+ 2y.x [ ^ .

2 1

(7.23)

,
Mk = (J.T ^ ( ^ ! + -^2 2 ) ^ + 2 ^ j

(7-24)

, , L = L 0 + i-i + ... + Z-m

(7.25)
, ,
, ,
, (7.25)
180

(7.26)

(ov , L v (v = 0, 1, 2, ...).B (7.19).


62.

/ICT 3 I+ /20-32
/, ,
(7.27)
(7.2) (7.1),

d

j
(7.28)

dl

dto.
(

dl

(7.28)
= 2|-.

(7.29)

, .
(7.29) ,
, . .

(* 2); (7.14) (7.27),
(

(7.30)

tij , ( / = 1 , 2).
(7.29) (7.30)
-&dl=2m.
/

(7.31)

181


Lv,
(7.32)
2, ( v = l , 2 , . . . , ),
=
nv L v ; cov , Lv. (7.32) Cv, (7.20).
63.
. . , ,
.
,
,

q
.
\ 2
,

2).
. 29
;
, dx\, dx2 (. 29). 3 ,
;
_

J,

dx

2
-qdx1dx2

= 0.


-(7.33)
\
\
, , 0 = 0.
(7.34)

182

, (7.34) . o=
= , (7.15) (7.33).
= (7.33),
\

k .

(7.35)
, ,
.
o = const,

= const.


t
, . . =
5-. k
,
0 _

t = -?x

.

v, , , . . D = v . ,
k

v = u u du> =3 !

,
>dw = Mk

Mk=Dx,

183

v = 2D,
--*-..

(7.36,

,
, , -

.

. ,
= , (7.15) (7.33),
:
1)
Lo ;
2)
, , uv kCv (C v ,
);
3) q, . ,
.
= 0 (7.32),
k

nv Lv; cov , Lv.


(7.37) ,

- Qi = qi%.

(/.)

,
L v , Lv.
, (7.38)

.
184

,
(. 30), . .
(\, 2),
.

.

, , .
.

,

, -

. 30

. 31

, . ,
, (.
30). ,
, , ; , , .

,
. .
L,
(. 31), -
/. , L == (/). -

185

,

- _ \
1(1)

'

, 0 = 0,
(7.39)

= \>.--.
(
,
=-^-.

(7.40)

" (7.26)

(Di , ; \ .
, L 72
\.

(7.41)

I
(7.41) , L,
(7.41)
Mk = 2pxC1w,
(7.42)

, (7.32)
=^W/=2o>.

(7.43)

\ (7.42) (7.43),
Mk=Ji^i

dl

(7.44) .
186

{ 1 )

(7.44)

(7.39) (7.42)
26 (

.
. . , , .
3. v(x\, x2)
-+=^,
\
% YO

(7-45)

.

> = 0.

(7.46)

, (7.46)
.
v = k4>,
(7.15) (7.45). = / (7.45) (7.15);
___
k=

-^-

64.

F(z) z=Xi + ix2,
( 2)
ty(x\, x2),
if (z ) = <p + /!'.
(7.47)
F(z), , ,
.
(7.11) ,
F(z),
F{t) + F~Jt) = tt-\-C4t

(7.48)
187

t ; C v ,
, .

(7.49)
(7.2)
/ <
<
Vdxi
d<f

\
I

di/

, , =
2

. <?
2

,
dxi


(7.9),

J[
/ 0 = (xi2+X22)du>,

=\>. / j cp (x1dx1

-\-x2dx2)],

/ . (7.47) ,
Xidxi+x2dx2=
d{tt),
D=v.\Iu-^-\{F{t)-F{t))d{ti

,
(7.51)
Lo, Lu ..., Lm,
, .

65.

.

188

) . ( 2)

fl2 ' 42
(* 2), ,

( * 2 ) = ( ^ - + - | - ) ,

(7.52)

.
, (\, 2) ; ,

(7.53) (7.14), CT3I



31

X,.
1

) , (. 32). h
(* 2) . ,
,

(* x2) = Ax2[{x2-h) + Y^x1] \{x2-h)-fbxb

(7.54)

. ,
(*1, 2)
. , = .

[XV 2) = -^-2 [(2 - hf - \].

189

(7.14)

) (. 33).

, ,

<\+4

2) =

{+ *2

si = -/trh

*-?>!(1-/2>)
. 33

, ( 2) (7.15). , = 1/2.
,

(7.14)
( 4

, - ^ [ (

190

4+

4Y

1 -

2
1+

2 I

) .
, 1|(* 2), =

1/9

*?\

; 2= \\-\-2).
i|)(ii, *)

2

a + Y^2--^D q(xv x2),


. .

q{xx, x2)
q(a,x2)

= 0,

q{xv

b)=x\-a2.

(7.56)

q(x\, x2)

q (xv ) = 2 ch ( M cos (p^,).

(7.57)

=0

(7.57) (7.56),

=0

. . . . . .

(-1)")"

chgn +

t_/oi.

( 0

l l )) ^

cos(2+l)

,.


(7.12).
) . S , -

191

,
Z-o R, L\ ; (. 34). (7.48)

m Lo,

(7.58)

(7.59)

Lo tt = R R2, (7.58)

F(t)+TJT) = O /.;

(7.60)

Lt tt :

L\
t e

F(t)+F(t) =
. 34

(7.61)

do =

(7.62)
z

k=l


Lo, L\.
.
F(z) (7.58)
(7.59),
t e

*=1

4 =1

192

ft = l

ft-0

<7

64)

, (7.63),

4=1

v=0

ft-1
v

1 = (l) Cft+,_i.
v n = k + v,
( f

- *

ABC (. 35).
,

ft -1

=1

'/.

(7.66)

(7.63) (7.65), =
+ = 0 ( = 1 , 2, . . . )

(7.68)


, (7.64),

193

\"

(. 36). ,
(7.69;

. 36

. 35

(7.70)
,

t e

(7.71)

=0

k-

(7.64)

=1

te

A0 = -f-

t e

>,! 14=-

* = ( = 1 . 2, 3
ei = 1 = 0 = 2, 3, 4,...
194

(7.72)
(7.73)

, (7.68),
(7.73)
,

, ,
.
(7.68) (7.73) (7.72) \.
. (7.68) (7.73) ,

(7.74)

/7?=0,2, e//?=0,6
1
1
2
1 = -0,262167- - /^; 2 = -0,157831- " ;? ;
2
2
= - 0,250176. - /? ; ^=0,131084^2;
*=0,125-10~ 2 ^; *=0,125- "4/?2.

9S

(7.72) Ci= 0,446929 R .



100%

t~R, tiR, t= R Lo

t=e+r

tt + Q
l = e L\ :
1,490%, 1,012%, 0,249%, 0,132%,
-6,7%. , ,
.
(7.50) , \,
(. 37).
, , , .
. , LQ L\

. 37
L

[-

d(lt)=dR2

= 0, d{Ft) =

(7.51)

(7.69)

D= 1,559 ]iR\

t=*_

= 0,641 ^ - .

Afft .
196

66. ,

/ ,
,
, .
. - . 3
, }
(. 38). .

.
*
-. ,
(7.75,)

( 2 2 : = 1 2 : =

- ){\ 3 );

(7.76)

<1 . , , , .
, <1 0

J a3ifi?(o

P=0,

) = 0, J (^

=0,

(7.77)

-x3)=O.

(7.78)

(7.76) (7.78); a, b
(7.79|

al 22 + 12 -f eS2 = I,
197

/, /22, /i2, Si S 2
\, 2,
.
(7.79)

122

112

$2

S I = JC2C, S 2 = A:IC

- 2.

(7.81)

\, 2
.
(7.75) (7.76) , Fj=O
31

" =0,
ox3

dxi

^
= 0,
ox3
, + <?)=0.

dx2

(7.82)

(7.83)

(7.82) , o 3 i 2 3, , .
(7.83)

] +"i"l 3 2 -Y p ( b *>+ e x * ) ] = 0 -

l)

{7M)

, %( 2),
1

fly

2 V

)'
(7.85)

, (7.85) (7.84) .
,
( 2). (7.75), (7.76) (7.85)
198

.
,

) =

+ ^

bZ=-^L-(bx1ax2)

2C.

+ V

1+V

(7.86)

1 +V

, .

11~1~2/2= 0 L.
(7.87)
(7.85), (6.27), (7.87) %(\, %) L
* % ( 7 . 8 8 )
(7.86), (7.88) ;
( 2) :
= + ,
(7.89)
f , .
(7.86) (7.88),
(7.86), (7.88) :
=-2,
(7.90)
- = 0 L,
01

(7.91)
,)

Z..

, .
, [(7.86), (7.88)] (7.90)

199

(7.91) ,
.
L

= 0,
(7.92)
i

,) L

dl

^\l.
dl

(7.93)

, L (7.93) . , (7.93)
, (7.79),

= f \[(bxl + ex2)] dx,+ [-(ax\ + ex$[ dx2\ =


L

= - 2 J [axx-\rbx2 + e)dw=-2(aS2

+ bS1~l) = 0.

(7.94)

,
L (7.88) . (7.94) .
, 31 <2 3 = 1 (7.77). ,

---

-\-\-\--\-


(7.88), (7.79),

200


j a32rfw = 0.

(7.77) (7.89)
. , (7.85),
031

032,

i
P

~2~

j\/[

,
x2-axi)xlx2d*.
L

(7.95)

(7.95) (7 88), (7.,89),

W
J

)2 >cjx^d-

.
:

+ ^X l

dx2
di

j ioldl\ .

(7. 96)
201

3 = 0
j + | (2 \) xxx2d^ + j Qdl
L
-

=-

(7.97)

\ l

^ \ x

^.]/.

(7.98)


, Si = S 2 = /i2==0. , (7.80)
==
; = = 0. .
67.
(4.50) , (7.75),
(7.76) (7.85),
vP

{7M)

(1 ++ V)
v) fP
(1

OX

(I

2 i

e32 =^T-E>
[ - J L . + bxa + eXtj .
(3.27)
3
(U, =

1 / 2

.\ \

2 \ \

2 j

(3.26)
dxi

Xh coi - -
3
, .
, ,
= > J
3

202

1+v

, , ,
, . (7.100),
,

(7.101)

(7.101) (7.96),

+ [ (2 - ) 21 + \ Qdl\

(7.102)

, ,
, , 3,
(7.102). 3 )
, ,
20,

- {2 ) x^du [ Q.dl.

(7.103)

, ,
, 2. , , , Xi,

1 _|_v

* "

\ ( 2 a,Xi) ^> + Qtdl,

(7.104)

Q. =
(7.104) W*
1

2 v
=

1+v

< . - )
*

(7.105)

203


S2 ^/22

(7.107)

\=\, 2=2
.
,
, ,
. ,
, . , , , (7.104) (7.103),
<J>(JCI, x2). ? ;

_ w)

> = (

V \ dl.
/

(7.108)

(7.90), (7.91) (7.92),


(7.108)

( - 2) + 2
J

1+ v J

=-[w

dl.

(7.10)

(7.13), (7.10)
2

dxi

dx2

(7.110)

dx2

(6.27),

dl

dl

(7.111)

(7.111) (7.109) ,
(7.91)

204

dl

dl

(7.112)
/ = j

L
L
2
{[(bxl-{-ex2)f]clx1-\-[-{ax i-\-ex1)<?]dx2}.

/ = 2 i (ax1Jrbx2-\-e)9dw

(7.110) ;
\

/=

| fl [(^ +
22)) ]
]

d
ex,)] |
d [(aJaJcf +
+ ex,)

, L = 0, , . ,
/ = 2 j {axx -\- bx2 -j- ) ? -|- J (bx2 ,) x^dm.

(7.113)

(7.112) (7.113) (7.109), (7.103),

(7.114)

-a{xli-x2c)\^d^.
(7.104)

=
=

i [^ -\- b,x2 -\- e,) <?dw

- - ~ f \ (, - ) -,(2-

2)] .

(,7.115)

1 + J
205

, , . , <, , (7.110).
* (Xi0, 20)

{)

*. {\ - 1) - a, (2 - 2)] 0(0 - 2

[*, ( -

-1

(z)dw-\

-1
v

0 & 2)} 0(0 ^

+ i

[b { xlc) a [\ - 2)

ft-i

:
F(z)
, \, 2
, Lk, \, 2
, , Lh, Ck , (7.20).
(, , ), (*, , *)
(7.80), (7.107).
, , Lo R, L\
(. 34). F{z) (7.62).
= = 0, 1,288 R-*.
, D, ]= 0,1170 7?, 2 = 0.

* . . , . . ,
. . , 29, 10, 1973 .

206

68.

0[ 2 , , , , \
. , ,
.
(7.80)

=
(7.91),
*'=

\,

*2,

(7-116)

(1 + V) / 2 2

J ^ ^ 44 H
^ aLL ..
dl

/22

dl

(7.117)

, W
Q(xu x2) = W(xlt x2) + f(x2),
(7.118)
f(x2) 2.
(7.118) (7.117), L

f(x2) ,
, , , L
- ^ - = 0.

(7.120)

, (7.120) L

Q = 0.
(7.121)
, , , (7.120) ,

ai \ .

207

.
, (7.118), Q

Q(Xl, x2) = W(xv x2)+-2-xJ-*


/
\ 3 \

1 .
J

(7.123)

(7.123) (7.116),
(7.124)

\Q = nx2,

=-=-

1-

\ 1+ V

/22

(7.125)

(7.124)

(7.121).
(7.126) (7.124).

1 '

bV

(7.127)

Q, (7.123) W

(7.85) , %=^,
2

,2

\ * I

= -

(7.76)

33

'

//

1 \ -^3/"

/7 11
V

O\J)

/22


,
ai3 - 208

, =0,
\.
jci = 0
(7.131)

, . . v = 0,5, (7.131) (7.132)


.
, .
,
.

VIII
.


,
. .
69.
okr, uk, , *, ekT , , pF', 7 V pF ", ".

pF',

T ,

*.

&"',

Tnh' = Gh/tir ,

(2.24)
A12=l='krekrdx.
/7", , \
dft

210

(8.1)

2\ ,
12 ,

(8.2)

(4.61) (8.1) (8.2)


(8.3)

21=.

. ,
, , ,
.

70.

, &-
(8.4)

,
* =, + (3.26)


A(emh + 6emh)
,
de3i
2

2 ~ 2 22-\

22

8^31
2

31

))

88.8)
.

(emk) . ,

211

, (8.8)
(8.9)

.[K(bQf + 2^emkbekm].

(8.9), (4.36), ,
, -.
(4.20) (8.7), (8.8)

\ (8.10)
**^=-,

(8.11)

V , V = 4
dxk

(8.8), (8.9), (8.11),


(8.12)
.
,
div humTm=bumdivTm+Tm.Vbum,

(8.13)

( ),
j Tm Vbumdx = J div Tmdx - j div Tmdx.

(8.14)


j div bumTmdx = J

to^a^rfo).

(8.15)

k\ nk
.
(8.5) (8.15)

(2.27)

Tmdx = J
212

-PFmbumdx.

, (8.12) (8.14)

(8.16)
^ ,
,
, . , ,
, = 0
Tnh, , , , (8.16)

//? - j" PFmumdt - j </ = - L j [* + 2^bem]tbel!m) dx (8.17)

8/7 = e,

/7 = # - j pFmumdx - j Tnmumd

/? , : j pFmumdx ;

J Tnmumdu>

; ;
- .
(8.17) : ,
,
, , .
71.

, .
.

213

. + . ,
,
, . .


-^^1=0.

(8.18)


+ 6ffTOft) ,

A(amh+

(8.19)
(8.19),
(8.9), , bamk, -.
(4.27),
(8.19)

, (8.13),
(8.20)

bTm-Vum=uiv(uJTJ-umdivbTm.
(8.18) (8.20),

, (8.19)

- 1 .


(4.27) (4.50), , 6ahr-

,
(8-21)
amh + bamh ,
.
, , 67* n = 0.
, (8.21)

, . , ,

8/?*= ,
(8.22)

1 umTnmd(o

; R* .
, - , , R*
.
(8.22) : ,
,
, ,
.
72. -
.
.
,
, R*.
.
, Ck, k=l, 2, 3, 4, ...
.
-

215

Cft.

, . .

= 0 - ^ - = 0

(k=\,

2, 3, 4...).

k = l, 2, 3 , . . . ,

= 0
= 0

, . ,
,
, . . ,

.
cft.
. , = 22= = 6 =
= ei2=0, 31 = 1/2 32=2/2, (4.36)

.
(7.14)

/ \21 ,
\dxj

,
l


,
,

. . + J [1+22] dx,dx2 U, = e . (8.23)

(7.1) :=0 i = 2 = 0 ;
= i = 2, u2=xx,\a, (2.22),
, 22 = = \2 = 0, 3 = 7Vii=03i
2 = 2- (8.23)

2t6

2 f dxldx2~V.x f
J

J\

CO

(JO^L+li^


2jj.t2a J (5>dxldx2 2 j

(xldx2-\-x2dxl),

/ , .
,

*
a \

(xldx2-{-x2dxl).

(7.16) / O = c o n s t , ,
;

"

(8

-24)

2 2.
,
\= 2= Xi 2,
\ 2, . .
= (\ 2) (\ 2 ] ( -f-c2x\-f-C3JC2+ 4;?2+ . . . )

=

Cl

(\ - 2) (xl - 2).

(8.25)

(8.25) (8.24),

{4? [] (xl - 2 ) 2 + {xi - b2)2xl]

~ , (\ - ) (xl - 2 ))

dxxdx2,

6 4

217

=0,

C l =

_ _ ! _ _

(8.26)

(7.19)

= 2[it <&dxldx2 = 2 ^ t (xl b2) (xl 2) dx1dx2= 32

b3c3c^x.

f t

<fi

(8.27)

&, ( 6 > ) ,

=-
0

"'"

(8.28)

\ (8.27) (8.28),

Mk

(8.26) (8.27)


D = 2,222 4 = 0,563 Afft/3,
1> = 2,250|64 =0,600 /3;
1,2% 6,2%.

= (xl - V) (xl - 2) ( d + 2-\- \).

+ 4 (6662 + 2) + 2 (84 2 + 6062) ^ + * (842 + 60 2 ) c t c 3


+ 12622 (2 + 2 ) 2 - 525^! - 105* 2 c x - 105c 2 c 3 ].

218


140(2 + 2 ) 1 + * 2 ( 2 8 2 + 20* 2 ) 2 + 2(28&2
(842+60&2) + ft2 (1322 + 20ft2) 2 + 122 (2 + 2) 3 = 105,
c/b l
525

1295
1

221662 '

443262

=0,626-^.
0,18% +4,3%.
, . , ,
, .
, .
73.

71 72 : , , ,
.
, .

, .
,
8/=0,
(8.29)
/ ,

219

_L(jk*_4-W
2 \

)
dXk

(8.31)

*
da r

oftr=a ftr , ( = ), <4. = 2oAr, ( ))


(
)

(8.32)

0,


<,

(8.33)

<>.

(8.34)

,
Tnk, ( , .

s

1 / duk

\1

L2 U*r
)\
(8.29) (8.30)

1 I

2 { "" <:

- f
,

, = = + ,

k,

dxr

22Q

, &=0 .

,
,
,
, . . (8.31), (8.32) (8.33), (8.34).
74.

, ,
, , (3.17).

.

,
(3.24)
^

,
/ 7 .

^ t e * - J Tnkbukd>=0.

(8.36)

(8.35),

'

dxj

,

dxk

bah .
(8.37)

PFkbuk - Tvkbukdu=0.

(8.38)

221

( -

39

,
1

\ 5 8
dx
\ sakb
dx \ pFbbiib \ 7\ft8b0fu)=0.
2 J

' 2 J

J
J
1
Z
T
C
O

2 J

,
(5 8 ) dx

dsan

I f
\

2 J

btiadx 4

1
\

{Subbtiaj dx

2 J

=0
~T T
I ~dltbtladx ~T1 ?FkbUkdx
\
O ) ^^ -

(8.39),

(8

-4)

(8.41)

IX


,
.
, . . ,
.
75.

, (5.7). , ,
, ,
/"
, .
, .

-
.

(9.1)

V .
,
'.
(9.2)
(5.7)
rotrota = v divu ,

(X + 2p.)vdivtt [j.rotrotM + p/ 7 =0.

(9.3)

(9.1)
V div=VA<p,

rot rot = rot rot (v<p + rot <J>) = rot (rot rot 4) =
= rot (V div <J ) rot .
223

(9.2) (9.3),

V [(+2) ? +] + rot [ + ' ,


(==

Lq.

(9-4)

, (9.3) (9.4), , ,

f*2* lt

(9.5)
(9.6)

*()=

t=[(x1 ^ i ) 2 + (X2~X2)2jr(x3~x3)2]'/2

' (' ', ) { 2, 3), ij);
Ti, (. 39); ( )
( )
(/-)=-
4

(9.7)

(9.8)
,
F
(9.2). ,
div rot ^ = 0 (9.2)

. 39

divF=dlvV,

rot F= rot rot W

div W=0
\

224

2 J '

'2

(9.9)


(9.9);

^ ] '

"

(90)

\.
, %
( = 0,
dx'k

(9.10) (9.7). ,
(9.9)

4 J I


(9.8).
(9.3)

= ( + -) + ,

(9.11)

- ; ; if .
(9.11) rot rot
Fotrot = V d i v A, rot V = 0,
225


rot rot = (V div <J> <!0
d i W = A;

(-)=- + 2<11,

(9.12)

(9.11)
div = + - < 2 + ) div <|<.

(9.13)

(9.12), (9.13) rot rot = 5 (V divi|> ) (9.3),


.5] V div
,
(9.14)

(9.14)
2( + 2 , ) = _

= 1,
?

(9.15)

(9.15) (9.14),
( =

./?.

(9.16)

, (9.3)
(9.11), ij> (9.15) (9.16).
if. , ,
,
. . .
, . , , (9.11) if = 0,

= .

226

(9.17)
(9.14)

;
(9.14)
, (9.17) ,
.
(9.17) ,
div = div = =.
, (9.17) .
(4.35) (9.17)

^ .
(9.18)
76.



F3, xs.
( ), =
1
*1
= + , , F = ; (9.7) (9.8) 2
3

(9.19) (9.4),
4
| ) = *3 >
\ j

8 (X + 2|i) r

,
Y (W ) =

***** ,

8( + 2[)/-

227

(9.1),
I s

\3

23

I X -\- OJJ. 1 | I

/\ ){\\

8.( + 2) L
/^
\ ^3 ' + ( /- ,/J
(9.20),
, .
(9.20) :
=

\2

22

[ [ )

X+,xJ'

23

[ \ ) ^ X + ^ J

=

(9.17),

2 =

3=

\,

(9.22)

(9.18)

+ -^

2
2
22

=
)

2( + )2 / '

(9.23)

'

, ,
, - , (2.22) (9.23), , cos (, ) = -*-,

(9.24)

228


> 0 , >0.
(9.24) ,
, ,
\ % ,
3
= 2 - ^ ("?)=
, , , 3
/?8=-4|

(9.25)

,
, , 3 F3 =
= 2/?3= 8(.
77.

, >0,
, [2 ,
.
.
(9.3) (9.20)
(9.22).
8( + 2)
(X +

rt^8

i"

r(x +

^2

8( + 2() L /-3
^ + !* <
(9.3) ,
.
/" ,
3 = 0 ,
. . 3 = 31 = 2 = 0;

= 3 3 1 = 2=0,

(9.27)


(9.28)

229

(9.21) (9.23), (9.27)


8i=-1*1

131
3 [ 8 (X + 2)
32

8 (X +

F 4-=0.
(9.29)

2(.)
, F3 (9.28) (9.29),
__ _2_( + 2()
'

^ (9.26),

(9.30) , .
\2, 3 = 0,

Y
tti= 4 (X + ) 2'

*
/"2

4 (X + |)

4[ (X +

= V \-\-\.

()

(9.31)

F 3 (9.21) (9.23) ,
Oll

230

~ " ~ 2/- [ ^7"/ ~ +

33

2rt/-a
o

_
12

23
2=

23 I
^
. x ^ (* 3 + 2)
25 ' ^ 2 (X + |) /- (

2/- L \ r I

X+(xJ

2( + ()

2 I ^ 1 1
2 L \ r J
2 (X + (x) /-3
) ' X ++ixj
^J
<7(g, TI) ,
\2 . d\d"(\
dl

(9.30)

(9.32)

\, d \ \, 2, 3
, , 2, 3.
3 0x1X2
(9.32),
= 9

(>11)

dtd4,

(9.33)

6 = ^ - b i .
78.

, 1 2 ,

Xix2x3. 2 ,
, 3<'\ (2) (. 40).

231


(9.34)

xf)=f2{xl,

SX) = /I(A:I, X2),

(9.34)
( )
1

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

1>

Mi 2 ,
0*1*2, , ,
:

==

0,0

0,0
1

Q
1

0.0

0,0

0,0

0,0

(1+ 2 )*1 2 + (Bi + B2)x22 + (Hi-{-H2)xiX2, { 2,


* 2 ,
, \ + 2
. , = \+2, B = Bi + B2,
= \ -\- \.

(9.36)

,
.
])
R\( /?2<'>
2
2
, #i< > #2< >
. ,

1
/\

232

1
I

(9.36) ,
,
\2, .
, , \2 ,
.
,
. \2 . ,
, \2. (9.36) , .
,
3(!) * ( 2 ) ,
,
, 3(1) <2) .
(1) (2)
,
0*1*2 3(1) *(21-
,
( (1) +" (2) )- ,
? ) = .

(9.37)


(9.36) (9.37),
(9.38)

,
. q(l, )); , . . , .
(9.38) ' (9.33),
= (a - Ax\ - Bxl) (flx + 62) -\
8, = -

' +2 "

4| (*! + ()

62=

X2 +

4jlfX2 (X2 + (X2)

x lt

X2)

(9.39)
-yn-

;
, .
233

, q(l, \), , . (9.39)



<7(> ) .
, (9.39), . , ,
2

2 ~

J2

'

[(2 + X) (*2 + ) ( +

, , (9.39) , 3
(-), ,
. , --0,

\ b2
= nab lim (cp) f
?-1
+l
J [(o8 + X)(*2 + X)X]V.

dx

(9.40)

q{%, r\) ,

. .
-J-75-

(9-41)

, ,
, ,
q(l, ) . ,
, . .
4

234

= nablim(cp).
3

(9.42)

(9.41) (9.42)

(),

(9.40)

(( 6 + 1 ) +
J

V462

,
X

(9.44)

)X]V

(9.45)

f
,
. , 1- 2- .
, . ==(
1
], Ri
/?2 . , ,
(9.44) (9.45) = ( ); , (9.44)

%a2tg2q>,

2 Ui

/?2/
(9.47)

. .
.
235

(9.43) (9.46)

^ ^

- ( S

T 2

+ ) ).

(9-48)

/2

-+ ^-j.

(9.49)


Ri = Rt = R,

, = <?2 = 9.

(9.47) (9.49)
2R


= ),


(02 = 0)

q(l,, )
(9.48).
79.

, ,
(
) .
, , 3 , ,
.
, , $.
, (3.29),

3
).

236

(9.50)

(9.50) \ v;
_

"

(i+v)(l-2v)L

"

I "

I du3 I

"" "*" 8 J '


(9.51)

-2v)L dr
_
3

dur

, ur

~ ( 1 + v) (1 - 2v) L ^

, lv

du3 1

dx3 J '

2 (1 + v) \ 3

,= 1 1 . _ * * _ ,

(9.52)

1+ v

(9.51)

1
*

(, 3)~

dxl

(9.53) (2.30),

2 ^

'

(9.53)
(5.37). ,
,
.
, ,

237

. (9.54) . ,

i^

i^

J!i

(9.55)

(9.54).

* = ()$,
(9.56)
(9.55) : ()
r

dr*

a0

dr

(9.57)

,
(9.57) = 0,
,
\
+

(9

.58)

22
22-42 22.42-62
(9.58)
(ikr) I0(ikr); (9.56)
* = ClI0(ikr)

sin kx3.

(9.59)

(ikr)

l\ (ikr). ,

2 ( ) = IQ(ikr)=

ikrlx(ikr).

dr

, Io(ikr)
(9.57), , 2 ()
dr2

dr2

dr

, (9.54)

** = 2/&/ (ikr) sin kxb.


(9.60)
, (9.59) (9.60),

238

= [cj u{ikr)-\- c2ikrl ^{ikr)] sin kx3.

(9.61)

(9.52),
; ,

= [ ( ) + cih ] c o s kxv
(9.62)
= [ (r) + C2h ] sin kx3,
i|)i(r), ('), ^(), $4() , Io(tkr) h(ikr), .
(9.62)
= [ A (R) + 2' (/?)] cos kxz,

(9.63)

k, c\, C2
, . ,
, .

pncos
qn sin
,

k=-^-

(L ), (9.63)

' () + Cafe () = - / .
(9.64)
\ . (9.54)
= [c3f0(ikr)-\-cjkrl^ikr)]

cos&Cg,

(9.65)

, 4, k ,
/?,, sin
qn cos
, (9.61) (9.65)
,
.
, .
, , .
-
.
.

23?

,

+ c t e t + - ^ J M ' < l > = 0 .
R dR

S Y

R2

<ty ~ R2 W)


L+_LJL\<D=o
dR?

OR

9.6)

'
(9.67)


(#. ) = /?(1>).

(9.68)

.
(9.67) (9.68),
0.
civ/*

(9.69)

av/


(9.69)

T)=COST|)


>=0,

(9.70)


()=: 1 1 1 +2 1 1 ~ 2 +"- 4 + + ( .
(9.70),

2(/- 1)(2 2 + 3)

,
( ) = 1 _ {-\)

2(2 1)

,
^

(-!)(-2)(-3)
2-4(2 1)(2 3)

"I
""J

(9.68). ,

= 0, 1, 2,..., (9.67):

240

(9.71)

A
44 =
= 4A[xi
4[xi

-\ (+1) +
\xl

, ... . , , (9.66).
/? (^) (9.67),
, +2{) (9.66).
,
[ dR2*

R dR

R2

(9.66), , , Rn<>n(ty) (9.67),

ty

R2

)
2

# ^ R2
2

, (9.71) /? = +: (9.66),
(9.67)
=0(

(9.72)
3

- 3 (2 - 2;3)(2 + xl).
(. 41).
) (9.71) (9.72) (, ^ 3 )

(, 3 )= 3 (2*!-2.)+-* + 2.*:).

(9.73)

(9.53),

241

(9.74)

,
(9.73)

Zh
.
3 3 ,
41

( = 7' =.
) (9.71) (9.72)

(,

3)=4(843

(9.53)
<=9643 + 4b4 (14v 1) 3,
(8 -7v) x3

(9.74,)

964464(87 v) = 0 ,

=/-=.

o,r = 2

6 4 , .

, , .

1

56(1

, .

242

) (9.71) (9.72),
6

(, 3) = 6 (16*5 - 120x5^+901* - 5 ) +
3

+ 6 (8\ - \6xir* - 21 \*+ )+4

(8 - 241 + <).


= 6 (320x11- 72023) + 6 [64 (2 + 1)
+ (504 - 48 22v) r2x3] + 96 4 ^ 3 .
3 3 = 6 ( - 640^^+960 2 3 ) + &6 {[ - 960 + 320 22 (2 - v)J xl+
+ [384-48-22 (2-v)] r2x3} - 19243,

+ (432-12-22v)/-3]+96a4r.
3 3
<'=, , 6, 6, 4 .

3 3 = 0 x3 = h,

^ = ~ ^ '

==0 = h>
.
, , be, flu b. ,
_

"

2 + v -^

3 ,=/?
3

3 (3 + ) 23

V
"

32

43
8

A3

4 h
v

3 :3 1

8
2/

J'
(9.75)

'

a r r , .
,
(9.75)
, &4 ,
=

= | arx3dx3=0.
(9.76)
-

243


__3_ 2 -
8
5

3(3
32

x3 . 3(3+v)
' 32 A3
(9.77)

(9.76) ,
, an-,
2 +v

A3

,

, - ,
, .
Xj

~
.
(. 42) , . 42

.
.
, , =$=0, , ,
3. =3 = 0 = ^(, 3),
(3.29)
r

_ \
?

<< ^ & ">

(%

~2 ^

ef\

(9.78)

(9.78) ;

(9.79)

, <
, (2.30)
? . daf3
2(

24

(9.80)

(( &) = 0.

(9.80)
2

(, 3), , .
(3.40) (9.79)

\
(9.81)

* )

,
1

= 0.

(9.82)

,
(9.82) . ,
(9.82).

. ,
,
0, (. 42), , . .
i, JC3) = 0 .

(9.83^

. 42
cos (, ) = - ^ - ;

COS(*,JC3)=--^-,

dl

(9.84)

dl

dl .
(9.81) (9.84) (9.83),


dl

dx3

dr

dl

'

dl

= 0 = .
245

=
=2

.)

^ = 2 ~

), 3]-(0,

3)}.
(9.85)

(. 43),
(9.86)

cos a.

. 43

, , (9.86), .
(9.87)
, , .

(, -) =const. (9.87) (9.82),
=

= 3.

,
(, 3) =

V* +
(9.85)
=

2 (2 3 cos a + cos3 )

(9.81)
-
246

/"2
(

80.
,

, 7V , . .
. (5.13) (5.15)

(9.88)

J-(r2*L)=0t
dr \
=

dr J
=,

(9.89)

= r = b.
(9.88), (9.89)

(9.90)

= + ,


,
(2.31)
- rr _

darr

dr

'

.2

= 0.

==0
=0 ur=ur(r),
=

(9.91)

(3.32) -

, =^ = -^~, e9r=e^=er^=0.

(9.92)

(9.92) (4.56),

?f--p7',

(9.93)

<V ^ ? = + = 0.

(9.93) (9.91),
diur
dr2

, 2 dur
* rr ~~~dr
dr

2ur _
dT
^ ^i~~^
i ^ dr

'
247

g=

a,
1

d (

dT

dr

,
(9.94)
=()

,=S-[T + 5 - -

(9.90),

33

"1 .

/ \

- T j + ,1r + -?-. (9.95)

(9.95) (9.93),

+
2/-

'

/-

/-

+ C 1l +

/-2

Ci : -=0
= =.

81.
; , .
, , , , .
.
.
F , ,
(10.1)
( 2, 3)
t, t.
(10.2)
A<f.
10.3)
(5.5) (10.1), (10.2), (10.3) ,

[ g

]0.

(10.4)

, (10.4) ,

^-,
|U=-4.

(.6)
(10.7)

, , ,
(10.2), (5.5),

24?

(10.6) (10.7),
, .
, ,
. ,
. .
. V = 0 , , t = t0, =
= 0 .
(10.7) . , i|>=0
; (10.2) , = rota = 0 .
, , , , . . . . , = 0
, , . .

.
(10.6), , . ,
, , ( ), \.
. = 0 , ,
t=t0, =0. = 0 = rotif. . , diva =divrot = 0 .
, ,
. , , . ' %.

,
. , , -
.
.
1. . , tf , \ t. (10.6)

2

2 df

<? /->

fug
250

, .

(10.8) , \ \, , .
, (10.8), (10.2)

xl + clt).

(10.9)

(10.9) , , t
\.
one
\, , . .

,
rih. / , , . , . I
1= (k=l, 2, 3),
(10.2)
(v = l, 2, 3).

cxt)

2. . ,
q>
t. $
. .
(10.6)
I/

L/

JL

/ *

J ^

~^5 ^~"~^2' ~

Irxr(f)=0
= / (

(10.10)
(10.10) ,
, , .

251

, . < t (, ty, <p)

(10.11) ,
,
( ).
, , , , . , , .

, . ,
, , 0. (10.11) ^0,

--0 , .
/, (10.11), p=p(r0, t).
, (10.11) = 0. . ,
,
, . , (10.11) , .
3. . ; <=0,
1,
\ t. (10.7)
2

>3

, \.

i=3==0-

2== /'(-1

4)-

\ .
, , 2,
, (
).
252

, ,
,

0.
(3.27)

1 = 2 =0,

^s=f"{x1-c2t),

. . , 82.
. , \ ,
2 (. 44). ,
. (10.6) (10.7), 3 ( ), -
, ,
3 = 0 21 = 22 = 0. 2 = 0
2

2 1

(10.12)

.

(10.13)
q . , (5, ( ), , , (10.13) (10.6), (10.7) (10.12).
(10.13) (10.6) (10.7),

(10.14)

(10.13) (10.2)
2 = ( ~ > i
, , $.
253

=
ul={igA ^B)e-l9^-ef>,
2 = - ( +

'^^.

(10.15)

-)A + 2i \[\\
4 )

4
,, = .":/ ;

. 44

. 45

(10.12), -

(10.16)


. , R

< 7 )

254

; ,
q, 2/\.

, 2<2. , = %
/?=1. , = 0 R = 0, a R' = 2 ( 1 Y ) < 0 .
, (10.17)

k=<
1 (. 45). ,
2
[0, 1] ( = 0,
, ). , X=\i, . .

(10.16)

D .

fo g-cur, _(2

/ ( - f ) ('

L_ \ -, | etq(Xl~ct)

- f

,
,
, ;
,

=Dy

1 -Lf

COS^(Xi ^),
(10.18)

_ | 2 ^ - ^ e - P ' . l sin

q(Xl-ct).

[ (10.14)],
, q,
(10.18) , , .
255

*2=0 (10.18)

----.

cosq(Xl-ct),
(10.19)

, .
.
. ,
, , ,
,
. ,
,
.
83.

, , ,., , *. ,
2
2<.2.

(10.20)

\ , 2
(. 46).
2=
21 = 22=2=0. 2 =
22 = 1 2 = 2 3 = 0 ,

*
22~~ 22

jj

*
19^~ 12

(10.21)

__*

/1Q \

*
2^~ 23

/ 1A OQ\
I lU.^OI

( , ).
, , 2, ,
.
(5.5)
, *

3. ,
. 46
, , div = 0.
356

(5.5) ( )
&3

&> ^_ 1

\ "*" \

&3

d*ul _

&

'

1 2*3

2 2

(10.21), (10.22) (10.23) , :


2=
-^-=0,

(10.25)

2=0

duo

u3

ji-3- = | _ .
2
2

u3=u3,

(10.26)

,
t , . .

~ -

(10.27)

^ ; , 2 < < * 2 , (10.20).


(10.27) (10.24),

'
(10.28)

f(x2)=

A sm(aqx2)-\-Bc6s(aqx2),

(10.29)

f*(*2) Ci = 0,
/9{) = 9*:

(10.30)

(10.26)
= ,

^-^-.

(10.31)

(10.27) (10.25) (10.29),


A cos (aqH) -j- sin (aqH)=0,

257

(10.31)
-sL.

(10.32)

(10.28) , 2,
*2, (10.32) qH, /^, u*/u.
, (10.32) . \ = qH, .
\=qH - (aqH) ,
, | = | , (10.32)
. (10.32).

, = [cos(aqx 2 ) - ^ - sin (aqx2)\
L
-
J
, \ . , , . ,
(10.32), . . .

. , , .,
. ,

. , , , .

XI

84.

,
, . ;
,
, . , , . { 2 , .

, :
1)
; 2) ; 3) .
w ,
2 , \ 2.
, \$
2, . 47, 48. , , ,
,

,
.

1, = X,3

ow

dxi

2 2 = - * 3

dw

/ -f # 1,

(11.1]

(11.1), (3.26)
e22=-x3,
dx
l

e12=-x3

. (11.2)
oxidx2

-259

1)
(.)
;

2) 33
(11.2)

22

dx\

+v

(11.4)

dx

Ex3

. 48

2 , Mi2=M2i
Qu Q2 , , 3 2 (. 49),

/2
/2

-1/2

U 3

'

_{/2

/2

M12=M2i=

-/2

3,

f a2xXzdxz,
/2
ft/2
Q 2 = 32^3-

(-5)

-/2

, (11.3) O3i = 2jj,e3i = 0,


3 2=2 3 2 = 0,
Qi Q2 ( ), 0,
,
2 \2.
260

, 022 0i 2
(11.5),
dx\

(11.6)
5x\
cfiw

Ma=D{\\) D = -

Eh*
12(1 v2)

,
,

\ *2# (. 50). , , ,

\ 2 .

,

. 49

dXlQ1dx2JrdX2Q2dx1

pdx1dx2=0,

dXlM2dxx

-f-

Q2dxxdx2=0,

dX2M21dXi dXlM1dx2

Q^x^Xx=0.

dXlMndx2

dXk
xh.
\

=0,

(11.7)

= 0,

(11.8)
(11.9)

(11.6) (.8) (11.9),


Qi=-D-r- (-- + dxi

Q2=-D

[*

dxi

(11.10)
261

Qi Q 2 (11.7),

+ 2

t/^iii/

(11.11)

.
,
(11.11).

X,

Q,

8 5 .


; *i 2 .
. . ;, = 0 ,
,
,
dw

=0,

.-

= 0 .

(11.12)

. - . Xi = 0
,

=0,
.-

dxl
"2
X

*1

\ = 0 = 0,
dw

2
262

-,=0

dxl

=0.

, -

=0,

=0.

(11.13)

jr.-O

. . = , ,
, ,
12 Q,
-Mik=e=0,

2|*,-=0,

Ql|Xl.e=0.

(11.14)

, , . (11.14) . ,
w, (11.11),
, , 2 Qu
. ,
(11.14)
(11.11) .51
.
= dx2 (. 51). ,
dx2, MVzdx2; , 12 dx2
; . 51 .
dx2 (Ml2+dx,
Mx2)dx2
M12+dx, M12,
. , ,
12
Q[=^2.
.
-
,

.
, (11.14)

(11.15)

263

(11.6) (11.10)
(11.15) M1\XI=Q=0

= 0,
-,-0

(11.16)

=0.


,
. 52 53. ; ; Qn
\2, Q\, Q2 , . 52 53,

. 52

. 53
2

Mn=M1cos a-\-M2sin a

M12sin

2a,

*1* S in 2,

(11.17)

Qn=Qi cos a + Q 2 sin a.


(11.18)


=0,

=0.

,
.
=0,
Qa
-=0,

264

. 51.

(11.19)

86.


(, <).
,

cp = a r c t g ,

r*=x\-\-xl

(11-20)

(.21)

, (11.11)
L L L ^ = J Z _ .

/-2 <

/-2 ' ' 2 )[2

(.22)


, w . (11.22)
1

d2

|
r2 ~

)( d2
dr ) \ dr2

I 1
' r

)
dr j

P
D

, ,
Mrv. , , .
, \ ,
Mr, Mv MT<f ,
\, 2, Mi2 (. 54). ,
(11.6), (11.20)
< = 0,
\
\ ^

9=0

(*^^L

(11.23)

^)
2

(11.10)
l

\\

J L J ! \ l
/-2

^ ) ]
d<f 1\ * ' ' /-2 d<f

(.24)
(11.25)
265

dw

' ~

=0;

(11.26)

,
=

(11.27)

=0,

=0.

(11.28)

1=

. 54

(11.22)
w0 - (11.22); W\

f^

- + - ) ( + - + - ) ^ = 0.

(.29)


?i 2 ) (r)siti ?.

(11.30)

i?o(O)(r), , .
(11.29),

fe = 0, 1, 2. = 0 :
/?0) = + 2 + In r + D 0 r 2 In ,
266

(.31)

n = 1

/?<*> = [) + BPi* + [*> -1+>{*> 1 ,

(11.32)

^ = = < * ) + 4* ) - + ^ ) "+ 2 + )^)+2.

(11.33)

^:2
A(nk), B{n\ {) D(nk)
.

(=1,2) -

87.


, 1) , 2) .

(11.30)

Wo
' / V *

i=JLt

lv

(.34)

(11.22); :
64D

/? 0 ( 0 ) ( ).
(11.31), 0 = 0 ;

(11.24)

, Qr=.

DQ = 0.

,
(11.35)

J^\

, . 1)
hv

w=0,
/-2

^0.

(11.)


267

2) =

w=0,

=0.

(11.37)

(11.35) (11.36) (11.37) 1)

2 0 -|

i6D

2)
64O
16D

, So,
1):
.9
,4/5 + V 9
= v( 2 2 ) 2
64Z)
I 1+ v
2):
64D

(11.4), 1
_3(3vLj!L
32
v

"

( = 0)
g

_ 3(3 +v)

"
32 A3
, (9.77)
- , 2 + ( _^.
0
: _ : 3(3 + v)
"

32

'

A3

\ A3

, ,
, , ,
. , , v=0,25
.
2
1
2
1 2
1
3, = ; = ; =

20

10

0,94, 3,8 15% .


1. - . . ., , 1959.
2. . . . . - -, 1967.
3. . . . . ., , 1935.
4. . . ^
., , 1965.
5. . . . , 1955.
6. . . . .,
, 1935.
7. - . . , . ., , 1963.
8. . .
. , 1966.
9. . . . , 1958.
10. . . . . ., , 1939.
11. . . . ., , 1966.
12. . . . , , 1968.
13. . . . ., , 1962.
14. . . . ., , 1957.
15. . . . . .
, 1961.
16. . . . . ., , 1937.
17. . . ., , 1932.
18. G r e e n A. E. and Z e r n a W. Theoretical Elasticity at the clarendon
Press, Oxford, 1954.
19. R e i s s n e r E. On a variational theorem in elasticity J. math, and Phys.,
I960, 29, 2, 9095.

3
4
5

I.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

,
7
, . 10

. 13
. 19
. . . . . >
. 21
. .
, -
23

II.

31

7.
8.
9.
10.

. . . .
31
.
33

. 35

36
11.
. 39
12.
39
13.
41
14.
43

III.

15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
( -) .
22.
270

46
46
49
50
51
53
54
56
57

IV.

23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.




-



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. . .

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39.
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.
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.
46.

47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
,
53.
,
54. . . . . .
55.
56. . . .
57. ,
58.

VII.

60
60
62
62
66
66
71
72
73
73
75
75
81
84
86
87
89
9Q
99
99
102
104
106
111
118
123
129
132
133
135
142
142
144
146
150
152
160
164
168
173

59.
173
60.
178
61.
179
62.
181
63.
182
271

64.
65.
66.
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68.


. . .
, . . .

VIII. . . . .
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.

.

75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.

187
188
197
202
207
210
210
211
213
215
219
221
223


223
. . . 227

. 229

231
. .
236

247

X.
81.
82.
83.

249
249
253
256

XI.

259

84. . . . .
85.
86.
87.
-

259
262
265
267
269