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VNIT STUDENTS CHAPTER

Power Line Communications Project Proposal

Introduction This project is based on Power Line Communications. Its main objective is sending some type of signal over a power line, using modulation or another similar method to transmit the signal over the line, where it can be picked up and demodulated or make usable again by some other method. This project was selected because it solves a common problem many people have today, which is sending signals throughout a building without causing mess of wires and which will provide fast and effective fault detection and rectification in case of device failure. Our idea involves replacing the conventional wired up switchboards causing mess of wires and their frequent failure (especially in places like auditorium) with singlet transmitter control panel with full control of all thereby connected devices using single power line cable and thus minimising wiring costs. This is an exciting project because it is something which is very marketable. The objectives of this project would incorporate the following features available to the end user:

Single GUI control panel giving user full access to control of all connected devices to the main power line.

Compatibility with existing homes and wiring. This type of system would require no new wiring, and very little technical knowledge to install, since it would simply involve switching ON the transmitter and plugging in to incoming power supply.

The main product features are as follows:


AVR family micro-controller. Transmitter with Frequency Shift Keying(FSK) All powered from the 230V ac power lines Multiple receiver capability

Design & principle

The block diagram for this system is shown in Figure 1. This shows the signal flow overview for the system. In general, the system can be viewed as a unidirectional system, with communication flow from left to right.

Figure 1. Block Diagram of System

The first block at the left contains the transmitting & control block consisting FSK, Encoders, microcontroller and GUI. The other load blocks indicate the devices connected to the power cable alongwith the receiver block.The receiver block consists of FM demodulator, decoders and relays. Each load(device) will be assigned an unique address.

Verification Measures

The performance of this system will be based on its ability to accurately transmit and receive data. This may be shown as a specified distance requirement, such as being able to transmit over an internal power line distance of, say, 100 or 200 feet. This amount would be determined by the normal maximum distance required to transmit from any point in the house to any other point, the farthest distance away. Other requirements which should be met are the the power handling of the receiver .Appropriate graphs could include a spectral analysis, or FFT of power line signals to make sure there isnt too much noise in the band used to transmit. Also, simulation graphs, showing input and output signals from the uC would verify that the programming is performing correctly, and purposeful data malfunctions to judge system adaptability to errors or data corruption resulting from any power line situation which may commonly occur.

Plan of Action: Phase I: Designing circuitry for transmission and reception networks like extension board, lamps, etc. Phase II: Implementation of above for practical situations like household(in our case hostels) appliances and other device control. Phase III: Interfacing above systems with touch screen GUI. of data bits in small electrical

Schedule

Weeks 23-Jan 30-Jan 13-Feb 20-Feb 27-Feb 6-March 27-March

Deliverables Team formation and introduction for project Accomplish FSK circuitry alongwith its testing Hardware design and testing for Tx & Rx Implementation in practical situation Touch Screen Interfacing with microcontroller. Additional debugging Final demonstration

Components required
1. Microcontroller 2. Transformers 3. VCO 4. Optocouplers 5. Active & Passive elements (opamp, inductors etc) 6. Encoders 7. Decoders 8. Touch Screen

Net funds required : Rs 5000/-