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INVERSE TRIGONOMETRY FUNCTIONS EXERCISE–I

Q 1. (i)

Q.3

Q

4.

, (ii) 1, (iii)

, (iv)

, (v)

, (vi)

(iii)

(v)

Q 2. (i)

1 < x < 4 (3/2 , 2]

, (ii) 1, (iii)

, (iv)

, (v)

(d)

(i)

(iv)

(vi)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(–, sec 2) [1, )

1/3 x 1

x (1/2 , 1/2), x 0

{7/3, 25/9}

D : x ε R

(ii) {1, 1}

(vii)
(−2, 2) − {−1, 0, 1}
(viii)
{xx = 2n π +
[π/4 , π)
 π
2 π
 π 
− 
x
x
= n
π+ π 4 
n ∈ I
;
R :
 −
3
,
3
 2
 
R :
π 
π
0 ,
x ∈ R
R :
 −
,
(iv) D :
2 
2
π
Q 8.
Q.11
π
3
(b)
x = 3
(c) x = 0 ,
, −
1
(f)
x =
2 , y = 1
(g)
x =
Q 19. x = 1 ; y = 2
&
x = 2 ;
y = 7
Q.20
2
5 π
π
π π
π
π
17
4
1 4 π
4
1
1
1
a
1
b
EXERCISE–II
 2n
3
2−
9
1
2
+
2
3
17
5 
π 
π
3
 n
3
π
,n
,
1 
π +
2
4 4
2
2
2
1 + a b
5
5
6
3 3
6
6
3
n
2
3
10
7
2
2
2
4
2
Q5.
6 cos 2 x – 9 2 π ,
so a = 6,

π

4

, n I}

Q5.

R :

D: x

D :

x R

3
, 1
2
(a)
x =
(e)
x =
or
3
57
Q.14
53
− π

Q 6.

Q.12

(d) x =

Q.13

Q

4.

b = –

Q 6.

(a)

(b)

(c) arc cot

(d) arc tan (x + n) arc tan x

(e)

π

4

, (vi) α

Q

Q

7.

9.

Q 12.

(a)

x = n² n + 1

or

x = n

(b)

K = 2 ;

cos

,1

& cos

π

2

4

, 1

x = ab

(c)

Q 10.

x =

720

k =

11

4

Q 14.

(a)

(cot 2 , ) (− ∞ , cot 3)

Q 8. (α 2 + β 2 ) (α + β)
Q.11
X
= Y=
2
3
− a
F
G 2
, 1
(b)
H
(c)
2

1 ,

2
2
 

Q15.

tan

1

2

, cot 1

Q17. [e π/6 , e π ]

Q.19

3π

4

Q16.C 1 is a bijective function, C 2 is many to many correspondence, hence it is not a function

Q 18.(a) D :

[0, 1] ,

Q.20

x (–1, 1)

R : [0, π/2] (b)

1

2

x

1

2

EXERCISE–III

(c)

D :

[1, 1] ,

R :

[0, 2]

Q.1 C

Q.2 π

Q.3 x {1, 0, 1}

Q.4

x =

Q.5

B

Q.7 D

Q.8 A

Q.13

Q.14

{–1, 1}

Q.15 (a) e

Q.17

x

e

x

2

;

(b)

;

(c)

2 1 log

Q.16

x = 1

(i) period of fog is π , period of gof is 2π ; (ii) range of fog is [1 , 1] , range of gof is [tan1, tan1]

 Q.18 (a) π/2 (b) π (c) π/2 (d) 70 π Q.20 ± 1, ± 3, ± 5, ± 15

EXERCISE–II

Q

Q.2

1. f 1 (1) = y (a) – 3/4, (b) 64, (c) 30, (d) 102, (e) 5050

Q.3

Q 4.

(a)

,

(b)

1,

(c) [0, 4),

(d) – 5

15

4

b can be any real number except

Q5. f (x) = 1 – x 2 , D =

x R ; range =(– , 1]

Q.6
6016
Q
11. fog (x) =
x
, 0
fof (x) =
4
− x
, 3
3
+
1
1
3
Q
12.
,
2
2 

Q 9. f (x) = 2 x 2

;

gof (x) =

x

3

x

5

+

1

x

1

x

,

,

,

,

0

1

2

3

<

<

x

x

x

x

<

1

2

3

4

;

1
+ x
log
(
1
1
+
x
x
1
2
)
,
1
x
0
if 0
<
x
1
x
log
x
1
− x
,
− 1
1
2
1
x
1002
,
x
x 0
≤ <
0 x
2
x
1
2
;
gog (x) =
x
g(x) =
,
0
<
x
2
x
4
4
x
,
2
<
x
2
3
x
if x
>
1
3
1
3
+
1
,
Q.13
x = 0 or 5/3
2
2
 Q.14 1002.5 Q.15 5049 Q.17 20 Q 18. (0 , 1) ∪ {1, 2, ,

Q.16

g (x) = 3 + 5 sin(nπ + 2x – 4), n I

12} (12, 13)

Q 19.

f (x) =

sin x + x

π

3

EXERCISE–III

Q.1 (hofog)(x) = h(x 2 ) = x 2 for x R , Hence h is not an identity function , fog is not invertible Q.2 (a) A, (b) B

 Q.3 (fog) (x) = e 3x − 2 ; (gof) (x) = 3 e x − 2 ; Q.4 B Domain of (fog) –1 = range of fog = (0, ∞); Domain of (gof) –1 = range of gof = (− 2, ∞) Q.5 D Q.6 {(1, 1), (2, 3), (3, 4), (4, 2)} ; {(1, 1), (2, 4), (3, 2), (4, 3)} and {(1, 1), (2, 4), (3, 3), (4, 2)} Q.7 (a) B, (b) A, (c) D, (d) A, (e) D Q.8 (a) D ; (b) A Q.9 (a) D , (b) A Q.10 C Q.11 (a) A ; (b) D

Q 1.

(i)

(iv) (– , – 1) [0, )

π

4

,

(v)

(vii)

(1 < x < 1/2) U (x > 1)

π 
 3 π
5
π 
1
,
 (ii)
4 ,
∪ (2, ∞) (iii)
(– ∞ , – 3]
4
4
4
2
1
1
1
 0,
,
(3 − 2π < x < 3 − π) U (3 < x ≤ 4)
(vi)
∪   
100
100
10
1
5
1
+
5
(viii)
,
0
, ∞ 
(ix) (−3, −1] U {0} U [ 1,3 )
2
2
 

(x)

{ 4 } [ 5, )

(xi)

(0 , 1/4) U (3/4 , 1) U {x : x N, x 2}

 (xiii) [– 3,– 2) ∪ [ 3,4) (xiv) φ (xv) 2Kπ < x < (2K + 1)π but x ≠ 1 where K is non−negative integer (xvi) {x 1000 ≤ x < 10000} (xvii) (–2, –1) U (–1, 0) U (1, 2) (xix) (− ∞ , −3) ∪ (−3 , 1] ∪ [4 , ∞) Q 2.

(xii)

1

6

,

π

3

(xviii) (1, 2)

(i) D : x ε R

(iii)

(iv)

R : [0 , 2]

(ii)

D = R

;

range [ –1 , 1 ]

D

D

D :

R

: {xx R ; x ≠ −3 ; x 2}

: R

;

R : (–1, 1)

x (2nπ, (2n + 1)π) {

R : {f(x)f(x) R , f(x) 1/5 ; f(x) 1}

2

(v) D : 1 x 2

2,

+

π

2

,

2

5 π
5 
R :
π 
3 ,
6
]
− [ 3
,

4 2

nπ

+

4

5 π

6 ,

n

I

}

nπ

+

π

6

,

2

nπ

and

(vi)

: log a 2 ; a (0, ) {1} Range is (–, ) – {0}

(vii) D

: [– 4, ) – {5}; R :

0,

1

6

  1

6

,

1

3

5 π

3

,6

Q.4

(a) neither surjective nor injective

(c) neither injective nor surjective

(b) surjective but not injective

Q.5

Q.6

Q.8 (i) (a) odd,

f 3n (x) = x ; Domain = R {0 , 1}

1

Q.7 (a)

2Kπ ≤ x 2Kπ + π where K I

(d) odd,

(b) even, (c) neither odd nor even,

(b) [3/2 , 1] (e) neither odd nor even,

(g) even,

(h) even;

(ii)

−1+
5
1
5
3
+
5
3
5
,
2
,
2
,
2
2

(f) even,

 Q.9 (a) y = log (10 − 10 x ) , − ∞ < x < 1 (b) y = x/3 when − ∞ < x < 0 & y = x when 0 ≤ x < + ∞ Q.10 f −1 (x) = (a − x n ) 1/n Q.12 (a) f(x) = 1 for x < −1 & −x for −1 ≤ x ≤ 0; (b) f(x) = −1 for x < −1 and x for −1 ≤ x ≤ 0

Q.1

Q.2

Q.3

Q.4

Q.5

Q.6

Q.7

Q.8

EXERCISE–III

The number of real solutions of tan 1

(A) zero

(B) one

(C) two

+ sin 1

(D) infinite

x

2 +

x

+ 1

=

π

2

is :

[JEE '99, 2 (out of 200)]

Using the principal values, express the following as a single angle :

3 tan 1

Solve, sin 1

+ 2 tan 1

1

5

+ sin 1

142 5 .

65

+ sin 1

= sin 1 x, where a 2 + b 2 = c 2 , c 0.

[ REE '99, 6 ]

[REE 2000(Mains), 3 out of 100]

Solve the equation:

If sin 1

(A) 1/2

(B) 1

+ cos 1

2

x

Prove that cos tan 1 sin cot 1 x =

2
x
+
1
2
x
+
2

x

4

2

+

x

6

4

(C) – 1/2

[ REE 2001 (Mains), 3 out of 100]

= π

2

for 0 < | x | <

then x equals to

[JEE 2001(screening)] (D) – 1

[JEE 2002 (mains) 5]

Domain of

f (x) =

(A)

1

2

,

1

2

If sin(cot

(A) –

1

2

1

(x

+

1))

=

(B)

1

4

,

1

cos(tan

1

(B) 2

x)

3

4

is

, then x =

a x
π
bx
2
3
 1 
1
x
(
− 1
2
cos
x (x+1)
2
6
x
x
)
+
π
cos
)
=
 x −
− 1
+
c
sin
(2x) +
 2 
c
2
2
4
6
1
1 
1
1 
 −
(C)
,
4
 −
,
(D)
 
4
 
4
2
[JEE 2003 (Screening) 3]
9
(C) 0
(D) 4

[JEE 2004 (Screening)]

Q.10

Q.11

Q.12

Q.13

Q.14

Q.15

Q.16

Q.17

Q.18

If the value of

is equal to

120π , find the value of k.

k

If

where 0 a 1 . Find the relation between X & Y . Express them in terms of ‘a’.

X = cosec . tan 1 . cos . cot 1 . sec . sin 1 a

& Y = sec cot 1 sin tan 1 cosec cos 1 a ;

Find all values of k for which there is a triangle whose angles have measure tan 1

and tan 1

1

2

+ 2k

.

1

, tan 1

2

1

Prove that the equation ,(sin 1 x) 3 + (cos 1 x) 3 = α π 3 has no roots for α < 32 and α >

Solve the following inequalities :

(a) arc cot 2 x 5 arc cot x + 6 > 0

(b) arc sin x > arc cos x

(c)

tan 2 (arc sin x) > 1

Solve the following system of inequations 4 arc tan 2 x – 8arc tanx + 3 < 0 &

4 arc cotx – arc cot 2 x – 3 > 0

+ k

,

(ii) cos

sin 1 x

y

Consider the two equations in x ;

The sets

X 1 : the solution set of equation (i)

(i) sin

= 1

= 0

 

 

X 1 , X 2 [1, 1]

;

Y 1 , Y 2 X 2 :

I {0} are such that the solution set of equation (ii)

1

2

 

Lim

7

1

  

Y 1 : the set of all integral values of y for which equation (i) possess a solution

cos

8

x n

cos

1

1

+

(k

1)k(k

+

1)(k

+

2)

Y 2 : the set of all integral values of y for which equation (ii) possess a solution

y

n →∞

k

=

2

k(k

+

1)

Let : C 1 be the correspondence : X 1 Y 1 such that x C 1 y for x X 1 , y Y 1 & (x , y) satisfy (i).

C 2 be the correspondence : X 2 Y 2 such that x C 2 y for x X 2 , y Y 2 & (x , y) satisfy (ii). State with reasons if C 1 & C 2 are functions ? If yes, state whether they are bijjective or into?

e

cos

1

(

sin

(

x +

π

3

))

, g(x) = cosec 1

4

2 cosx

Given the functions f(x) =

defined only for those values of x, which are common to the domains of the functions f(x) & g(x). Calculate the range of the function h(x).

& the function h(x) = f(x)

3

(a)

If the functions f(x) = sin 1

2 x 1 + x

2

their domain & range .

2

& g(x) = cos 1 1

x

1 +

x

2

are identical functions, then compute

(b) If the functions f(x) = sin 1 (3x 4x 3 ) & g(x) = 3 sin 1 x are equal functions, then compute the maximum range of x.

Q.19

Q.20

, , ( Ð 2)(3 Ð 7) = 2, .

Ð1 ( ) + Ð1 ( ) + Ð1 ( ).

Solve for x :

 

sin 1

 

sin

 

2x

2

+ 4

1

+ x

2

  

 

  

< π – 3.

Q.1

Q.2

Q.3

Q.4

Q.5

Q.6

Q.7

Q.8

Q.9

Prove that: (a) tan

(b) cos 1

EXERCISE–II

= 2 tan 1

  

 π
1
a 
2b
1
+ tan
cos
=
4
2
b
 
a
x
y 
a
b
tan
. tan
(c) 2 tan −1
2
2 
a
+
b

. tan x 2

= cos 1

b

+ x

a

cos

cos

a

b

+ x

If y = tan 1

1

+

2

x

1

2

x

1

+

2

x

+

1

2

x

prove that x² = sin 2y.

If u = cot 1

cos2θ

tan 1

cos2 θ then prove that sin u = tan 2 θ.

If α = 2 arc tan

1 + x

1 x

&

β = arc sin

1 x

1 + x

2

2

value of α + β will be if x > 1.

for 0 < x < 1 , then prove that α + β = π, what the

1 ,

1

2

If x

a cos 1 x + bπ , where a and b are rational numbers.

then express the function f (x) = sin 1 (3x – 4x 3 ) + cos 1 (4x 3 – 3x) in the form of

Find the sum of the series:

(a)

n
n
− 1
x
x
x
2
2
23
1
1
1
1
x
− 1
1
1
1
1
1
+ sin −1
cos
3
 π
x
1
+
cos
y
+
β
a 
1
a
b
n
(
+
n +
cos
2
2
2
1)
2
x
x
x
x
x
9
2
2
32
36
18
8
x
+ 1
+ x + 1
+
+
+
+
7
5
3
1
x +
x +
x +
3
7
13
1 + cos
x
cos
y
4
2
b
n − 1
2
2
+
2
n −
1
1
+ 2

+ tan 1

sin −1 1 2 + sin −1
tan −1 1 3 + tan −1

+

+

(b)

(c)

(d)

+ tan 1

cot 1 7 + cot 1 13 + cot 1 21 + cot 1 31 +

tan 1

+ tan 1

to n terms.

+ tan 1

(e)

tan 1

+ tan 1

+ tan 1

+ tan 1

+

to n terms.

Solve the following

(a) cot 1 x + cot 1 (n² x + 1) = cot 1 (n 1)

(b)

sec 1

sec 1

= sec 1 b sec 1 a

a 1;

(c)

tan 1

+ tan 1

= tan 1

Express

cosec 2

1

2

tan

1

β

α

+

α

3

2

1

sec 2

2

tan

1

b 1,

a b.

α

as an integral polynomial in α & β.

β

Find the integral values of K for which the system of equations ;

arc

(

arc

cos

sin

x

y

+

(

arc

sin

y

)

2

)

2 . (

arc

cos

x

)

=

K π

2

=

4

4 possesses solutions & find those solutions.

π

16

Q.10

If arc sinx + arc siny + arc sinz = π then prove that :

(x, y, z > 0)

Q.11

Q.12

Q.13

Q.14

Q.15

Q.16

Q.17

Q.18

Q.19

Q.20

 (a) (b) x 4 + y 4 + z 4 + 4 x 2 y 2 z 2 = 2 (x 2 y 2 + y 2 z 2 + z 2 x 2 )

If a > b > c > 0 then find the value of : cot 1

ab

a

+ 1

b

+ cot 1

bc

+ 1

b

c

+ cot 1

 

 1   
 ca +
 c − a

.

Solve the following equations / system of equations:

(a)

sin 1 x + sin 1 2x = π

3

(c)

tan 1 (x1) + tan 1 (x) + tan 1 (x+1) = tan 1 (3x)

(b) tan 1

(d)

sin 1

1 5

+ 1 4x

tan 1

1 +

+ cos 1 x = π

4

= tan 1 2

x

2

(e) cos 1

+ tan 1

2

x

2 π

=

x

2

1

3

(f) sin 1 x + sin 1 y = 2 3 π & cos 1 x cos 1 y =

(g)

2 tan 1 x = cos 1

cos 1

(a > 0, b > 0).

Let l 1 be the line 4x + 3y = 3 and l 2 be the line y = 8x. L 1 is the line formed by reflecting l 1 across the line y = x and L 2 is the line formed by reflecting l 2 across the x-axis. If θ is the acute angle between

L 1 and L 2 such that tan θ =

, where a and b are coprime then find (a + b).

Let y = sin –1 (sin 8) – tan –1 (tan 10) + cos –1 (cos 12) – sec –1 (sec 9) + cot –1 (cot 6) – cosec –1 (cosec 7).
π
a
2
2
1
2
If y simplifies to aπ + b then find (a – b).
1
1
− a
− b
x
− 1
π 
π
π 
x
 36 
1
2
x
+
33 π 
2
2
y
1
y
+
z
1
46
z
π
=
2xyz
13
π 
 0,
∈  −
1
,
1
1
1
sin
b
3
1 + 2x
2
2
sin
+
cos
cos
+
tan
tan
+
cot
1
1
2
+ a
+ b
x
+ 1
85
2
2
2
7 
7 
8 
13
π
Show that :
=
7
 4 
 8 
Let α = sin –1
, β = cos –1
and γ = tan –1
, find (α + β + γ) and hence prove that
 
5
15 

(i) cot α = cot α ,

(ii)

tanα·tanβ = 1

Prove that : sin cot 1 tan cos 1 x = sin cosec 1 cot tan 1 x = x

where x (0,1]

If sin 2 x + sin 2 y < 1 for all x, y

R then prove that sin 1 (tanx . tany)

Find all the positive integral solutions of, tan 1 x + cos 1

y
3
= sin −1
2
10
1
+
y

.

.

Let f (x) = cot 1 (x 2 + 4x + α 2 α) be a function defined R

values of α for which f (x) is onto.

then find the complete set of real

c

Q.4

Q.5

Q.6

Q.7

Q.8

Q.9

Find the domain of definition the following functions. ( Read the symbols [*] and {*} as greatest integers and fractional part functions respectively.)

(i) f(x) = arc cos
(iii)
f (x) =
1 − sin x
(iv)
f(x) =
log
1
− 4 x
2 )
5 (
(v)
f (x) =
− 1
+ cos

+

cos

1

(

1

3

2 x

5

+

{ })

x

log

(ii)

, where {x} is the fractional part of x .

6

(

2

x

)

3

− +

sin

1

(

log

2

x

)

(vi)

f (x) = log 10 (1 log 7 (x 2 5 x + 13)) + cos 1

3

2 + sin

9 πx

2

(vii) f(x) =

e

sin

1

(

x

2

)

+

tan

1

x

 

2

1

l n
(
x
[
x
]
)
  +

(viii) f(x) =

sin(cos x)

+ ln (2 cos 2 x + 3 cos x + 1) + e

cos

1

2
sin x +
1
2
2 sin x

Find the domain and range of the following functions . (Read the symbols [*] and {*} as greatest integers and fractional part functions respectively.)

(i)

(iii)

f (x) = cot 1 (2x x²)

f(x) = cos 1

2
2
x
+
1
2
x
+ 1
(ii) f (x) = sec −1 (log 3 tan x + log tan x 3)
1
2
(iv)
f (x) =
y
2 x
2
tan
log
(
5x
2
2
8x
+
4
)
x
 x − 
2 mn
1
2.xy
3
4
1 + x
−1
y
sin
cos(sin x)
+
sin
log
(
4
− x
)
2
b
cos
α +
10
=
sin
α
1 + x
5
2
2
2
2
2
x
 m
− n
a
ab
2
b

Find the solution set of the equation, 3 cos 1 x = sin 1

Prove that:

(a)

(b) 2 tan 1 (cosec tan 1 x tan cot 1 x) = tan 1 x

sin 1 cos (sin 1 x) + cos 1 sin (cos 1 x) = π

2 ,

2
2
1
x
4
x
1
)
   (
|
x |
≤ 1

(x 0)

.

(c)

(d)

tan 1

n
q
< 1 ;
m
p
+ tan −1
N
< 1 and
M

p

2 pq

2

q

2

< 1

= tan 1

M

2 MN

2

N

2

   where M = mp nq, N = np + mq,

tan (tan 1 x + tan 1 y + tan 1 z) = cot (cot 1 x + cot 1 y + cot 1 z)

Find the simplest value of, arc cos x + arc cos

 x
1 
2
+
3
3 x
 2
2 

,

x

1

2 , 1

If cos 1 x

a

+ cos 1

= α then prove that

.

11. (a) y = cosec 1 (cosec x),

= x

x ε R { nπ , n ε I },

y is periodic with period 2 π

12. (a) y = sec 1 (sec x) ,

= x

y is periodic with period 2π ;

11. (b)

y = cosec (cosec 1 x) , x

=

x ≥ 1 ,y ≥ 1, y is aperiodic

12. (b) y = sec (sec 1 x) , = x x ≥ 1 ; y ≥ 1], y is aperiodic

π
π
x ∈ R –
π
y ∈ 
(2
n −
1)
n ∈I
0 ,
,
  
 
2
 
2
2
π
16
7
3
π
1
6
2
+
π
 5 
1
3
π
3 
7 
36
1
1
y ∈
1
1
1
 sin
cos
,
0
+ cot
cos
0
,
+
+
sin
25
63
13
2
2
2
2
3
2
3
 13 
5
2
25 
325
EXERCISE–I
Q.1
Find the following
1
 π
 − 1  
π 
− 1
1
1
(i) tan
cos
+ tan
 − 1 
− sin
(ii) sin
(iii) cos −1
cos 7
2
3
  2 
6 
 3  
π 
3
(iv) tan −1
(v)
cos tan −
1
  tan 2
(vi) tan
3
4 
Q.2
Find the following :
 
3
π
3
π
π
3
− 1
1
(i)
sin
− sin
(ii) cos
 cos
+
(iii) tan −1
 tan
(iv) cos −1
 cos
2
2
2
6
 
 
4
3sin 2 α
 tan
α
1 3
(v)
sin
cos −
(vi) tan −1
+ tan −1
where − π
< α <
 
5
5
+
3cos 2
α
4
2

Q.3

Prove that:

(a)

(c)

(d)

 2 cos −1 + cot −1 + cos −1 = π π arc cos − arc cos = 6

(b)

Solve the inequality: (arc sec x) 2 – 6(arc sec x) + 8 > 0

4

π

3

= π

7. (a)

y = sin 1 (sin x) , x R ,

Periodic with period

2 π

,

7.(b)

y = sin (sin 1 x) ,

= x x [1 , 1] , y [1 , 1] , y is aperiodic

8. (a)

y = cos 1 (cos x), x R, y [0, π], periodic with period 2 π

8. (b)
y = cos (cos −1 x) ,

= x

= x x [1 , 1] , y [1 , 1], y is aperiodic

y = tan −1 (tan x) ,
x
=
π
x ∈ R −
(2
n −
1)
n ∈I
2
y = tan (tan −1 x) ,
x ∈ R ,

= x

9.

(a)

y R

, y is aperiodic

y

π

2

,

9. (b)

π

2

,

y

periodic with period π

π

2

,

π

2

,

10. (a) y = cot 1 (cot x) ,

= x

x R {n π} ,

y (0 , π)

,