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Draft European resolution on Syria The Security Council, Expressing grave concern at the situation in Syria and condem

m ning the violence and use of force, Welcoming the Secretary-General's statements articulating continued concerns abo ut the on-going violence and humanitarian needs, and calling for an independent investigation of all killings during recent demonstrations, Welcoming also the G8 statement of 27 May 2011, and other regional and bilateral diplomatic efforts to address the deteriorating situation in Syria, Welcoming further Human Rights Council resolution A/HRC/RES/S-16/1 of 29 April 2 011, including the decision to request the Office of the High Commissioner for H uman Rights to dispatch a mission to Syria to investigate all alleged violations of international human rights law and to establish the facts and circumstances of such violations and of the crimes perpetrated, with a view to avoiding impuni ty and ensuring full accountability, Considering that the widespread and systematic attacks currently taking place in Syria by the authorities against its people may amount to crimes against humani ty, Expressing concern at the reports of shortages of medical supplies to treat the wounded, caused partly by deliberate prevention of such supplies by the Governme nt of Syria, and at the reports of numerous civilians trying to flee the violenc e, Echoing the Secretary-General's concern at the humanitarian impact of the violen ce on a number of Syrian towns, and fully supporting the UN's humanitarian asses sment mission to Syria, Recalling the Syrian authorities' responsibility to protect its population, and to allow unhindered and sustained access for humanitarian aid and humanitarian o rganisations, Underlining the need to respect the freedoms of peaceful assembly and of express ion, including freedom of the media and access for international media, Stressing that the only solution to the current crisis in Syria is through an in clusive and Syrian-led political process, noting the stated intention of the Gov ernment of Syria to take steps for reform, regretting the lack of progress in im plementation, and stressing the need for the Syrian Government to implement refo rms fully, Stressing also the need to hold to account those responsible for attacks, includ ing by forces under the control of the Government of Syria, on peaceful proteste rs and other individuals, Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence and territori al integrity of Syria, Concerned by the continuing deterioration of the situation in Syria and the pote ntial for further escalation of the violence, Further concerned by the risks to region l peace and stability posed by the deteriorating situation in Syria, and mindful of its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and se curity under the Charter of the United Nations, 1. Condemns the systematic violation o human rights, including the killings, arbitrary detentions, disappearances, and torture of peaceful demonstrators, human rights defenders and journalists by th e Syrian authorities, and violence against security forces, and expresses deep r egret at the deaths of hundreds of people; 2. Demands an immediate end to the violence and for steps to address the legitimate aspirations of the population, and call s upon all sides to act with utmost restraint, respect human rights law and inte rnational humanitarian law, and refrain from reprisals; 3. Calls upon the Syrian authorities to: (a) immediately lift the siege of affected towns, including Jisr al-Shughour and Deraa, restore medical, fuel and electricity supplies and communications, and a llow immediate, unfettered and sustained access for international human rights m onitors and humanitarian agencies and workers; (b) implement reforms aimed at allowing genuine political participation, inclusi ve dialogue and effective exercise of fundamental freedoms, immediately release all prisoners of conscience and arbitrarily detained persons, and immediately li ft restrictions on all forms of media; and;

(c) launch a credible and impartial investigation in accordance with its interna tional obligations and hold to account those responsible for attacks against pea ceful demonstrators, including by forces under the control of the Syrian Governm ent, and co-operate fully with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rig hts mission as set forth in Human Rights Council resolution A/HRC/RES/S-16/1 of 29 April 2011; 4. Calls upon all States to exercise vigilance and prevent the direct or indirec t supply, sale or transfer to Syria of arms and related materiel of all types; 5. Requests the Secretary-General to report on implementation of this resolution within 14 days of its adoption, and every 30 days thereafter; 6. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.