Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 106

C. H.

Byrnn
Bpeuena anrnnncxoro rnarona:
aenn1t ypoxon c npomeccnonantnmu
pene1n1opou
OT ABTOPA
Monx tnmnx n ntnemnnx yuennxon moxno pasnennrt na nne xareropnn. Hepnax +ro
mxontnnxn (xax npannno, crapmexnaccnnxn, roronxmnecx nocrynart na axyntrert
nnocrpanntx xstxon), nropax nmnn nspocnte, otuno yunnmne anrnncxn xstx n
mxone, sauacrym n n nncrnryre, a renept, n cnny pasnnuntx npnunn, pemnnmne
nosononnrt cnon snannx.
Hnrepecno, uro mnorne ns nnx onanann npnnnuntm sanacom cnon, ymenn nepenecrn c
anrnncxoro na pyccxn xstx nonontno cnoxnte rexcrt, no nor cxasart no-anrnncxn
camoe npocroe npennoxenne es omnox, xax npannno, ne mornn.
Onna ns npnunn +roro ntxcnxnact na nepnom xe sanxrnn: nonnoe nesnanne npemenntx
opm anrnncxoro rnarona. H +ro npnrom, uro mxontnnxn nmemr n nenenm no 2-3 ypoxa
anrnncxoro xstxa n mxone, a mnorne ns nspocntx yunnnct na saountx xypcax, sannmannct
camocroxrentno no pasnnuntm yuennxam n camoyunrenxm.
B uem xe neno? Houemy cront naxnax n nonce ne rpynnax rema anrnncxo rpammarnxn rax
nnoxo ycnannaercx?
Kax penernrop x nonxen tn nmert npocro n +exrnnnt meron oyuennx npemenam
anrnncxoro rnarona.
Bect npentnymn ontr npenonanannx yexnan, uro oyuart rpammarnuecxnm npemenam
moxno rontxo cpannnnax nx (nor yx noncrnny: nce nosnaercx n cpannennn) n, rnannoe,
opnenrnpyx yuennxa ne na mexannuecxoe sayunnanne cnon n npannn, a pacxptnart nepen
nnm nornxy +roro ynnnnrentno npocroro n ouent nornunoro xnnennx anrnncxo
rpammarnxn.
ncnpoonan mnoro napnanron. Ha mo nsrnxn, ror, xoropt cocrannn ocnony +roro
noconx, oxasancx camtm +exrnnntm. On nanan cronponenrnt pesyntrar: sa 8-10
sanxrn nmo yuennx tn cnocoen ycnonrt nce npemennte opmt anrnncxoro rnarona
(or 8-nernero mantunxa no 60-nerne xenmnnt, ntnrpanme rpnn-xapry n yesxanme n
CBA).
Hanemct, uro +rn 9 ypoxon nomoryr n mxontnnxam, n rem, xro nsyuaer anrnncxn xstx
camocroxrentno, nancerna paspemnrt nnx cex nponemy npemen anrnncxoro rnarona.
KAK PABOTATL C HOCOBHEM
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Hocne roro, xax Bt nnnmarentno nsyunre conepxanne ypoxa, (npounran ero, moxer trt,
nna nnn rpn pasa), nyxno nepenecrn na anrnncxn xstx xonrpontnte npennoxennx, a
sarem cpannnrt cno nepenon c monm.
Kaxnym omnxy, cnxsannym c npemenno opmo rnarona, neoxonnmo npoanannsnponart
n ocosnanno ncnpannrt, nanx coornercrnymmn marepnan n conepxannn ypoxa. Tontxo
nocne +roro moxno nepexonnrt x cnenymmemy sanxrnm.
B xonne noconx ecrt cnonnax rannna npemen anrnncxoro rnarona. nacroxrentno
pexomennym Bam naueprnrt cnom raxym xe, rontxo noontme, n sanonnxrt ee no mepe
nsyuennx xaxnoro nonoro npemenn. Korna Bt nnecere n cnom rannny nce 12 npemen,
nonectre ee y cnoero paouero crona, n uepes nonrona ona nancerna sanxcnpyercx n Bame
namxrn.
Ypoxn noc1poenm 1axnu opasou:
I. Conepxanne ypoxa.
II. Konrpontnte npennoxennx nnx nepenona na anrnncxn xstx.
III. Mo nepenon +rnx xe npennoxenn, c xoroptm Bt ynere cpannnnart cno napnanr.
IV. Pononnnrentnt rpammarnuecxn marepnan, rpeymmn npocroro mexannuecxoro
sanomnnannx.
V. Cnonapt ypoxa.
YPOK 1
Hpexne ncero nsrnxnnre na cnonnym rannny n xonne noconx. Kax nnnnre, n anrnncxom
xstxe ecrt uertpe rpynnt rpammarnuecxnx npemen, n n xaxno npemenno rpynne nmeercx
nacroxmee, npomenmee n ynymee npemx, ro ecrt, n ornnune or pyccxoro xstxa, rnaron
xoroporo nmeer rontxo rpn npemenn (nacroxmee, npomenmee n ynymee), y anrnncxoro
rnarona 4 nacroxmnx, 4 npomenmnx n 4 ynymnx npemenn. Kaxnoe ns nnx ntnonnxer n
peun onpenenennym ynxnnm. Bor c +rnm nam n npencronr pasopartcx.
Ha +rom ypoxe mt paccmorpnm nna rpammarnuecxnx npemenn: Present Indefinite Tense 1

Hepenoa n 1pancxpnnnnm ncex cnon Bm nanae1e n cnonape ypoxa.


(nacroxmee neonpenenennoe npemx). Present Continuous Tense (nacroxmee
npononxennoe npemx).
Onnnmn ns nepntx anrnncxnx rnaronon, c xoroptmn snaxomnrcx nmo nsyuammn
anrnncxn xstx, xnnxmrcx rnaront to have, to be.
nanemct, Bt snaere, xax onn cnpxramrcx (r. e. nsmenxmrcx) n nacroxmem
neonpenenennom npemenn, xax opasymr nonpocnrentnte n orpnnarentnte npennoxennx. H
nce xe, npexne uem npncrynnrt x nsyuennm nepntx nnyx rpammarnuecxnx npemen, xparxo
nonropnm nce +ro.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Cnpnaenne rnarona to[2]2

Hac1nna to nnnne1cn npnsnaxou nnmnnn1nna. Hnmnnn1nnou nasmnae1cn nauantnan, ncxoanan mopua
rnarona, o1neuamman na nonpoc H1o aena1t? (H1o caena1t?). Huenno o1 nee opasym1cn nce
oc1antnme mopum rnarona.


have n Present Indefinite

Paccmorpnm necxontxo npennoxenn:
1. I have a pen.
Ecrt nna napnanra nepenona nonontx anrnncxnx npennoxenn na pyccxn xstx:
a) B u+em pv:rv (ooc)oeui nepeeoo).
b) V +eu ecmi pv:ra.
(Bropo napnanr, xoneuno, onee ynorpenm. B nantnemem mt ynem nontsonartcx nm).
He has a book.
V ueeo ecmi ruuea.
2. My brother has many friends.
V +oeeo opama +uoeo opv;e[3]3

Oopamume euu+auue: e pvccro+ npeo)oreuuu +orem omcvmcmeoeami e)aeo); e
aue)ucro+ omo ueeo;+oruo.


[3arpimi].
B +rom npennoxennn nonnexamee my brother moxno samennrt nnuntm mecronmennem
he, nmenno no+romy rnaron to have cronr n opme 3-ro nnna en. uncna.
3. They have a big house.
V uux ecmi oo)iuo oo+.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
4. My friends have a big house.
V +oux opv;e ecmi oo)iuo oo+.
Honnexamee my friends samenxercx nnuntm mecronmennem they,no+romy rnaron to
have cronr n opme 3-ro nnna mnoxecrnennoro uncna(have).
B pasronopno peun n nacroxmem neonpenenennom npemenn n snauennn nmert uacro
ynorpenxercx cnonocoueranne have got:
I have got a pen. V +eu ecmi pv:ra.
Pasronopnt napnanr: I've got a pen.
Tenept ncnounnu cnpnaenne rnarona to be n Present Indefinite Tense

I am a student. B cmvoeum(ra).
He is a doctor. Ou epa:.
They are workers. Ouu paoo:ue.
Kax nnnnre, n nonontx pyccxnx npennoxennxx rnaron-cnxsxa ecrt ne ynorpenxercx.
Eme nna npennoxennx:
This is a pen.
Jmo pv:ra.
These are pens.
Jmo pv:ru.
Cmorpnre, xax nnrepecno: uncno cymecrnnrentnoro, croxmero n xonne npennoxennx, nnnxer
n na opmy rnarona-cnxsxn to be (ennncrnennoe uncno snaunr is; mnoxecrnennoe
snaunr are) n na opmy yxasarentnoro mecronmennx +ro (This nnx ennncrnennoro
uncna;These nnx mnoxecrnennoro).
Paccmorpnm nna npennoxennx:
1. He has many friends.
V ueeo +uoeo opv;e.
2. He is a doctor.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Ou epa:.
B oonx pyccxnx npennoxennxx rnaront orcyrcrnymr, n anrnncxnx xe onn nonxnt trt
ncerna.
He cnxsano nn +ro c ocoennocrtm nocrpoennx nonpocnrentntx npennoxenn n pyccxom n
anrnncxom xstxax?
Bent nnx roro, urot +rn nna pyccxne yrnepnnrentnte npennoxennx npenparnrt n
nonpocnrentnte, nocrarouno na nnctme nmecro rouxn nocrannrt nonpocnrentnt snax, a
npn nponsnecennn nomenxrt yrnepnnrentnym nnronannm na nonpocnrentnym
(nncxonxmym na nocxonxmym). Hopxnox cnon npn +rom ne nsmenxercx:
V ueeo +uoeo opv;e. V ueeo +uoeo opv;e?
Ou epa:. Ou epa:?
Ho nnx anrnncxnx npennoxenn +roro nenocrarouno: nent nonpocnrentnte npennoxennx c
rnaronamn to have n to be opasymrcx meronom nnnepcnn, ro ecrt rnaron-cxasyemoe
crannrcx nepen nonnexamnm:
He has many friends. Has[4]4

Inaron to have uoae1 opasonmna1t nonpocn1entnme npeanoaennn n c nouomtm
ncnouora1entnoro rnarona. O +1ou no n1opou ypoxe.


he many friends?
He is a doctor. Is he a doctor?
This is your pen. Is this your pen?
Jmo meo pv:ra. Jmo meo pv:ra?
These are his books. Are these his books?
Jmo eeo ruueu. Jmo eeo ruueu?
What have you in your bag?
Umo v eac e nopmde)e?
Where is your room?
Ioe eaua ro+uama?
Orpnnarentnte npennoxennx c rnaronom to be opasymrcx npn nomomn orpnnarentno
uacrnnt not, xoropax crannrcx nocne rnarona.
I am not a student.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

B ue cmvoeum(ra).
He is not a teacher.
Ou ue v:ume)i.
These are not their books.
Jmo ue ux ruueu.
Orpnnarentnte npennoxennx c rnaronom to have opasymrcx nnymx cnocoamn.
1. C nomomtm orpnnarentno uacrnnt not:
a) n xparxnx orpnnarentntx ornerax:
Have you a dog? No. I have not.
V eac ecmi cooara? Hem.
b) ecnn nepen cymecrnnrentntm cronr aprnxnt, uncnnrentnoe nnn neonpenenennoe
mecronmenne (many, much, any, enough):
I have not a pen.
V +eu uem pv:ru.
We have not many books.
V uac ue +uoeo ruue.
He has not any time.
V ueeo uem epe+euu.
2. C nomomtm orpnnarentnoro mecronmennx no, npnuem n +rom cnyuae nepen
cymecrnnrentntm ne ynorpenxercx nn aprnxnt, nn xaxoe-nno npyroe xapaxrepnsymmee
ero cnono:
I have no book.
V +eu uem ruueu.
I have no books.
V +eu uem ruue.
He has no time.
V ueeo uem epe+euu.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
A renept nepexonnm nenocpencrnenno x paccmorpennm nnyx rpammarnuecxnx npemen:
Present Indefinite Tense. Hacroxmee neonpenenennoe npemx;
Present Continuous Tense. Hacroxmee npononxennoe npemx.
Mt rontxo uro ncnomnnnn, xax n nacroxmem neonpenenennom npemenn (Present Indefinite)
cnpxramrcx rnaront to have n to be, a renept nocmorpnm, uro nponcxonnr co ncemn
ocrantntmn cmtcnontmn rnaronamn npn cnpxxennn n +rom rpammarnuecxom npemenn. B
xauecrne nx npencrannrenx nostmem rnaron to read :umami.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to read n Present Indefinite[5]5

O ocoennoc1nx cnpnaennn nexo1opmx rnaronon n aononnn1entnou rpauua1nuecxou ua1epnane.




Oparnre nnnmanne: pyccxn rnaron npn cnpxxennn n nacroxmem npemenn nsmenxer cnoe
oxonuanne n xaxnom nnne, anrnncxn xe rnaron nsmenxercx rontxo n 3-m nnne
ennncrnennoro uncna, npnnnmax oxonuanne -s (reads)[6]6

Bcnounn1e: rnaronm to have n to be 1oae saxanunnam1cn na yxny -sn 3-u nnne
eannc1nennoro uncna:
He has a dog. He is a student.



Mt yxe ronopnnn o rom, uro xaxnoe rpammarnuecxoe npemx ntnonnxer n peun
onpenenennym ynxnnm. Tax nor, anrnncxn rnaron ynorpenxercx n opme Present
Indefinite nnx ntpaxennx otunoro, perynxpno nonropxmmerocx necrnnx, a raxxe nnx
xoncrarannn axra.
I go to the Institute every day. (perynxpno nonropxmmeecx necrnne)
B xorv e uucmumvm raroi oeui.
Usually he gets up at 7 o'clock. (perynxpno nonropxmmeecx necrnne)
Ooi:uo ou ecmaem e 7 :acoe.
My sister studies at the University. (xoncrarannx axra)
Mo cecmpa v:umc e Vuueepcumeme.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
They live in London. (xoncrarannx axra)
Ouu ruevm e Houooue.
The sun rises in the East. (xoncrarannx axra)
Co)uue noouu+aemc ua Bocmore.
C opmo Present Indefinite uacro ynorpenxmrcx cnonocouerannx: as a rule (rar
npaeu)o), every day, every morning, every week n r. n., a raxxe napeunx neonpenenennoro
npemenn: usually (ooi:uo),always (eceeoa),often (:acmo) n np.
Hpexne uem npncrynart x paccmorpennm npemenn Present Continuous, neoxonnmo
ncnomnnrt raxym uacrt peun, xax npnuacrne.
Hpnuacrne +ro ocoax necnpxraemax opma rnarona, nmemmax npnsnaxn rnarona n
npnnararentnoro. B cnxsn co npemenem Present Continuous mt ynem ronopnrt o
npnuacrnn nacroxmero npemenn, xoropoe nastnaercx Hpnuacrne I (no-anrnncxn Participle
I).
Pyccxne npnuacrnx nacroxmero npemenn (Hpnuacrnx I) opasymrcx n ocnonnom
npnannennem x ocnone rnarona cynxca -vu, -mu:
:umami :umamuu
uepami uepamuu
uomu uovuu.
Bor cmorpnre, n cnonocouerannn :umamuu +a)i:ur npnuacrne:umamuu no-nepntx,
yxastnaer na ro, uro nenaer mantunx: unraer (+ro npnsnax rnarona), a no-nroptx,
xapaxrepnsyer cymecrnnrentnoe+a)i:ur, orneuax, xax n nce npnnararentnte, na nonpoc
xaxo? (ontmo, manentxn, unrammn), a +ro yxe npnsnax npnnararentnoro.
Anrnncxne npnuacrnx nacroxmero npemenn (Participle I) opasymrcx npnannennem x
ocnone rnarona cynxca - ing:
to read reading[7]7

Hn1an1e n aononnn1entnou rpauua1nuecxou ua1epnane o ocoennoc1nx
opasonannn Participle I nexo1opmun rnaronaun.



to play playing
to go going
uepamuu +a)i:ur a playing boy
uepamua oeeo:ra a playing girl
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
uepamuue oemu playing children[8]8

Hn1an1e n aononnn1entnou rpauua1nuecxou ua1epnane o ocoennoc1nx
opasonannn unoaec1nennoro uncna nexo1opmun cymec1nn1entnmun.



Oparnre nnnmanne: anrnncxne npnuacrnx nacroxmero npemenn, n ornnune or pyccxnx, ne
nsmenxmrcx nn no ponam, nn no uncnam.
A renept paccmorpnm npemx Present Continuous. Pasranxa +roro npemenn, xax n ncex
npyrnx rpammarnuecxnx npemen, xpoercx n ero nasnannn.
Hpnnararentnoe continuous (o)ume)iui, npooo)reuui) opasonano or rnarona to
continue (npooo)rami).
Anrnncxne rnaront ynorpenxmrcx n opme Present Continuous Tensennx ntpaxennx
necrnnx, nponcxonxmero (npononxammerocx) n nannt momenr, n momenr peun.
Opasyercx Present Continuous npn nomomn ncnomorarentnoro rnaronato be (n
opme Present Indefinite) n npnuacrnx nacroxmero npemenn cmtcnonoro rnarona (Participle
I).
Cnpnaenne rnarona to read n Present Continuous

Panare paccmorpnm cnenymmne npennoxennx:
1. B :umam raroi oeui.
2. B :umam. (e omeem ua eonpoc: Umo mi ce:ac oe)aeui?)
He sanymtnaxct o rom, xaxoe necrnne ntpaxaer pyccxn rnaron unrart perynxpno-
nonropxmmeecx (xax n nepnom npennoxennn) nnn nponcxonxmee n nannt momenr (xax no
nropom), mt ynorpenxem ero n opme nacroxmero npemenn (xoropax n pyccxom xstxe
onna): unram.
Ho npn nepenone +rnx npennoxenn na anrnncxn xstx mt oxsant +ro yunrtnart.
Ho+romy nepnoe npennoxenne mt nepenenem rax:
1.I read every day.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Tax xax n nannom cnyuae anrnncxn rnaron to read ntpaxaer perynxpno-nonropxmmeecx
necrnne (na uro yxastnaer ocroxrentcrno npemenn: every day), mt n nepenenn ero n
opme Present Indefinite(read).
2. Bo nropom npennoxennn rnaron ntpaxaer necrnne, nponcxonxmee n nannt momenr n,
cnenonarentno, na anrnncxn xstx on nonxen trt nepenenen n opme Present
Continuous (am reading). To ecrt na nonpoc: uro rt nenaemt? (ceuac, n nannt momenr)
no-anrnncxn nenosmoxno ornernrt: I read, a rontxo: I am reading. unram. (r. e.: ecrt
unrammn).
Panare nonpono pasepem eme nna npennoxennx, n onnom ns xoroptx rnaron to go cronr
n opme Present Indefinite, a n npyrom n Present Continuous.
1. My father goes to the factory every morning.
Mo omeu xooum ua daopurv rarooe vmpo.
Inaron to go ynorpenen n Present Indefinite, rax xax on ntpaxaer perynxpno
nonropxmmeecx necrnne (every morning), npn +rom on cronr n opme 3-ro nnna en. uncna
(goes), noromy uro nonnexamee father moxer trt sameneno mecronmennem 3-ro nnna en.
uncna he.
2. He is going to the factory.
Ou uoem ua daopurv, (ceuac, mt nnnnm ero nnymnm)
Tax xax cotrne nponcxonnr n nannt momenr, na namnx rnasax, rnaronto go ynorpenen n
opme Present Continuous. Honnexamnm n npennoxennn xnnxercx mecronmenne he,
no+romy ncnomorarentnt rnaron to be cronr n opme 3-ro nnna en. uncna (is), a cmtcnono
rnaronto go npnnxn opmy npnuacrnx nacroxmero npemenn (going).
to do oe)ami
As a rule she does her homework after dinner.
Kar npaeu)o, oua oe)aem oo+auuee ;aoauue noc)e ooeoa.
Inaron cronr n opme Present Indefinite, r. x. ntpaxaer otunoe, nonropxmmeecx
necrnne.
She is still doing her homework.
Oua ece eue oe)aem oo+auuee ;aoauue.
Inaron cronr n opme Present Continuous, rax xax ntpaxaer necrnne, nponcxonxmee n
nannt momenr.
to write nucami
They write dictations every week. (Present Indefinite)
Ouu nuuvm ourmaumi rarovm ueoe)m.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Look! They are writing a dictation. (Present Continuous)
Hoc+ompume! Ouu nuuvm ourmaum.
uopma Present Continuous ntpaxaer ne rontxo necrnne, nponcxonxmee n nannt momenr,
no n necrnne, npononxammeecx n reuenne onee nnnrentnoro npemenn, nxnmuammero
raxxe n momenr peun. 3ro npemx moxno onpenennrt ntpaxennem n nocnennee npemx.
Hpnuem necrnne ne oxsarentno nonxno nponcxonnrt es nepeptnon.
Ecnn, nanpnmep, necxontxo mecxnen romy nasan nt nauann nsyuart anrnncxn xstx,
nocnxmax cnonm sanxrnxm rontxo necxontxo uacon n nenenm, ro paccxastnax xomy-nno o
+rom, nt moxere cxasart:
I am learning English. (to learn v:umi, u;v:ami)
B v:v aue)ucru ;ir. Hexoropte rnaront ne ynorpenxmrcx no npemenn Continuous:
to love (nmnrt), to like (npannrtcx), to want (xorert), to wish (xenart), to know (snart), to
see (nnnert), to understand (nonnmart) n nexoropte npyrne.
I see him. (Present Indefinite)
B eurv eeo.
(Hecmorpx na ro, uro x nnxy ero ceuac, r. e. necrnne nponcxonnr n nannt momenr, mt ne
ronopnm I am seeing him, r. x. rnaron to see ne ynorpenxercx n opme Continuous).
I know this man. (Present Indefinite)
She loves me. (Present Indefinite)
Oua )moum +eu.
They want to buy this book.
Ouu xomm rvnumi omv ruuev.
II. Kon1pontnme npeanoaennn ann cauoc1on1entnoro nepenoaa
1. V menx ecrt pyuxa n nna xapannama.
2. 3ro mox xnnra.
3. 3ro ee yuennxn.
4. V nac ecrt par? Pa. V menx nna para.
5. On yunrent? Pa.
6. Onn crynenrt? Her. Onn paoune.
7. Onn nrpamr n yron xaxnoe nocxpecente.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
8. Hocmorpnre! Onn nrpamr n yron.
9. Otuno ona nnmer nna nnn rpn nnctma n nenenm.
10. Ona nnmer nnctmo. Panare nonoxnem ee.
11. Mo par nenaer sapxnxy xaxnoe yrpo.
12. Ona nenaer sapxnxy. (ceuac)
13. xouy noxasart nam cnom xnaprnpy.
14. On ncerna oxnnaer menx oxono moero noma.
15. nonxen nnrn. On xner menx.
III. Hepenoa xon1pontnmx npeanoaennn (ann cpannennn c Bamnu)
1. I have a pen and two pencils.
2. This is my book.
3. These are her textbooks.
4. Have you (got) a brother? Yes, I have. I have two brothers.
5. Is he a teacher? Yes, he is.
6. Are they students? No, they are not. They are workers.
7. They play football every Sunday.
8. Look! They are playing football.
9. Usually she writes two or three letters a week.

10. She is writing a letter. Let's wait for her.
11. My brother does his morning exercises every morning.
12. He is doing his morning exercises.
13. I want to show you my flat.
14. He always waits for me near my house.
15. I am to go. He is waiting for me.
IV. Bononnn1entnmn rpauua1nuecxnn ua1epnan
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
1. Ocoennocrn opasonannx opmt 3-ro nnna en. uncna n Present Indefinite y nexoroptx
rnaronon.
Vrnepnnrentnax opma Present Indefinite connanaer c opmo nnnnnrnna es
uacrnnt to. Tontxo n 3-m nnne ennncrnennoro uncna noannxercx oxonuanne -s nnn -es x
nnnnnrnny.
Fontmnncrno rnaronon npnnnmaer oxonuanne -s.
Oxonuanne -es noannxercx n cnenymmnx cnyuaxx:
a) ecnn nnnnnrnn saxanunnaercx na y, xoropo npenmecrnyer cornacnax; n +rom cnyuae y
nsmenxercx na i nepen -es:
to study he studies
b) ecnn nnnnnrnn saxanunnaercx na -s, -ss, -ch, -tch, -x: to teach he teaches
c) n rnaronax to do n to go:
to do he does
to go he goes
Oxonuanne -s (-es) nponsnocnrcx: [s] nocne rnyxnx cornacntx; [z] nocne snonxnx
cornacntx n nocne rnacntx; [iz] nocne snyxon [s, z,], r. e nocne mnnxmnx.
2. Hpnuacrne I, nnn npnuacrne nacroxmero npemenn, opasyercx npnannennem oxonuannx -
ing x ocnone rnarona:
to go going
to study studying.
Ho ecrt nexoropte ocoennocrn n opasonannn Participle I:
1) Ecnn rnaron oxanunnaercx na nemoe -e, ro ono orpactnaercx:
to write writing;
to live living.
2) B onnocnoxnom rnarone c xparxo rnacno xoneunax cornacnax ynnannaercx:
to sit sitting; to run running.
3) Ecnn ocnona rnarona saxanunnaercx na -ie, ro -ie menxercx na y nepen oxonuannem -ing:
to lie lying;
to tie tying.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
CAOBAPL K YPOKY 1
present ['preznt] uacmouee epe+
indefinite [in'definit] ueonpeoe)euui
tense [tens] epe+ (epa++am.)
time [taim] epe+ (mervuee)
What is the time? - Komopi :ac?
continuous [kn'tinjus] uenpepieui, o)ume)iui, npooo)reuui
to continue [kn'tinju:] npooo)rami
to have [hv] u+emi
to be [bi:] oimi
a pen [pen] pv:ra
a book [buk] ruuea
my [mai] +o (+o, +oe, +ou)
a brother ['brA] opam
many ['meni] +uoeo (o) uc:uc)e+ix cvuecmeume)iuix)
a friend [frend] opve
big [big] oo)iuo
a house [haus] oo+
a student ['stju:dnt] cmvoeum
a doctor ['dokt] epa:, oormop
a worker ['w:k] paoo:u
this [is] omo (o) eo. :uc)a)
these [i:z] omo (o) +u. :uc)a)
your [jo:] eau, meo
what [wot] :mo? raro?
a bag [bg] cv+ra, nopmde)i
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
where [wc] eoe? rvoa?
a room [rum] ro+uama
a teacher [ti:t] v:ume)i
their [c] ux (npumrame)iuoe +ecmou+euue)
a dog [dog] cooara
any ['eni] uuraro (e ompuu. npeo).); raro-uuovoi (e eonp. npeo).)
to read [ri:d] :umami
to do [du:] 1) oe)ami; 2) vnompeo)emc e ra:ecmee ecno+oeame)iuoeo e)aeo)a e ompuu.
u eonpocum, npeo)oreuux Present u Past Indefinite
to go [gou] uomu, exami
to study ['stAdi] v:umic
institute ['institju:t] uucmumvm
every ['evri] raroi
a day ['dei] oeui
usually [ju:uli] ooi:uo
to get up [,get'Ap] ecmaeami
it's two o'clock [its tu: 'klok] oea :aca
a sister ['sist] cecmpa
University [ju:ni'v:siti] vuueepcumem
to live [liv] rumi
London ['lAndn] Houoou
sun [sAn] co)uue
to rise [raiz] noouu+ami(c), ecmaeami
East [i:st] Bocmor
as [z] rar
a rule [ru:l] npaeu)o
morning ['mo:nin] vmpo
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
always ['o:lwz] eceeoa
often ['o:fn] :acmo
participle ['pu:tisipl] npu:acmue
a girl [g:l] oeeo:ra
a child [taild] peoeuor
children ['tildrn] oemu
father ['fu:] omeu
a factory ['fktri] daopura
her [h:] ee (npumrame)iuoe +ecmou+euue)
homework ['houmw:k] oo+auu paooma, oo+auuee ;aoauue
after ['u:ft] noc)e
dinner ['din] ooeo
still [stil] ece eue
to learn [l:n] v:umi, u;v:ami
to write [rait] nucami
a dictation [dik'tein] ourmaum
a week [wi:k] ueoe)
to look (at) [luk] c+ompemi (ua)
English ['ingli] aue)ucru ;ir
to love [lAv] )moumi
to like [laik] upaeumic, )moumi
to want [wont] xomemi
to wish [wi] re)ami, xomemi
to know [nou] ;uami
to see [si:] euoemi
to understand |And'stnd] nouu+ami
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
him [him] eeo, e+v ()u:uoe +ecmou+euue he e ooermuo+ naoere omee:aem ua eonpoc:
roeo? ro+v?)
man [mn] :e)oeer, +vr:uua
me [mi:] +eu, +ue ()u:uoe +ecmou+euue I e ooermuo+ naoere)
to buy [bai] norvnami
a pencil ['pensl] rapauoau
a textbook [tekstbuk] v:eouur
a worker ['w:k] paoo:u
to play [plei] uepami
to play football [plei 'futbo:l] uepami e dvmoo)
Sunday ['sAndi] eocrpeceuie
three |0ri:] mpu
a letter [let] nuci+o
let's [lets] oaea, oaeame (noopoouee oo omo+ eipareuuu e :emeepmo+ vpore)
to wait (for) [weit] oruoami
morning exercises ['mo:nin 'ekssaiz] vmpeuu ;apora (ooc)oeuo: vmpeuuue
vnparueuu)
to show |ou] nora;ami
a flat [flt] reapmupa
near [ni] oro)o, eo;)e
to listen (to) [lisn] c)vuami
radio ['reidiou] paouo

YPOK 2
Opasonanne nonpocn1entnmx n o1pnna1entnmx npeanoaennn n Present
Indefinite n Present Continuous.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Ha nepnom ypoxe mt ronopnnn o rom, uro rnaront to have n to beopasymr nonpocnrentnte
npennoxennx nyrem nnnepcnn: rnaron-cxasyemoe crannrcx nepen nonnexamnm. 3ro
cnpanennnno n nnx monantntx rnaronon:
Have you (got) a flat?
V eac ecmi reapmupa?
Are you a doctor?
Bm epau?
Can I help you?
Moev ea+ no+o:i?
May I come in?
Moruo +ue eomu?
Bce ocrantnte rnaront (no ncex rpammarnuecxnx npemenax) opasymr nonpocnrentnte
npennoxennx rontxo c nomomtm ncnomorarentnoro rnarona. Hmenno on n crannrcx nepen
nonnexamnm n nonpocnrentnom npennoxennn.
Cnepna o opasonannn nonpocnrentntx npennoxenn n Present Continuous.
Kax nt snaere, +ro rpammarnuecxoe npemx crponrcx npn nomomn ncnomorarentnoro
rnarona to be n Participle I cmtcnonoro rnarona.
Ouennnno, uro ecnn y npemenn Present Continuous ecrt cno ncnomorarentnt rnaron, ro
on n yner yuacrnonart n opasonannn nonpocnrentntx npennoxenn, cranonxct nepen
nonnexamnm:
She is reading. Is she reading? Yes, she is.
Oua :umaem. Oua :umaem? ua.
They are playing football. Are they playing football? Yes, they are.
Ouu uepamm e dvmoo) Ouu uepamm e dvmoo)? ua.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to read n Present Continuous n nonpocn1entnon mopue.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

What is she doing?
Umo oua oe)aem?
Is she cooking dinner? Yes, she is.
Oua eomoeum ooeo? ua.
What are you doing?
Umo mi oe)aeui?
Are you doing your homework?
Ti oe)aeui oo+auuee ;aoauue?
Yes, I am. I am trying to learn a poem by heart.
ua. B nimamci v:umi ua na+mi cmuxomeopeuue.
Where are you going to?
Kvoa ei uoeme?
Are you going home? Yes, I am.
Bi uoeme oo+o? ua.
Orpnnarentnte npennoxennx n Present Continuous opasymrcx npn nomomn
orpnnarentno uacrnnt not, xoropax crannrcx nocne ncnomorarentnoro rnarona:
She is not cooking dinner, she is laying the table.
Oua ue eomoeum ooeo, oua uarpieaem ua cmo).
I am not doing my homework, I am writing a letter.
B ue oe)am oo+auuee ;aoauue, nuuv nuci+o.
They are not reading a text, they are listening to their teacher.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Ouu ue :umamm mercm, ouu c)vuamm ceoeeo v:ume).
A renept noronopnm o opasonannn nonpocnrentntx npennoxenn nPresent Indefinite
Tense.
Bt snaere, uro yrnepnnrentnte npennoxennx n Present Indefiniteopasymrcx rontxo npn
nomomn cmtcnonoro rnarona:
I often work in the library.
B :acmo paoomam e ouo)uomere.
He lives in Moscow.
Ou rueem e Mocree.
Ho nent n nauane ypoxa x yrnepxnan, uro nce rnaront (xpome to have, to be n monantntx)
opasymr nonpocnrentnte npennoxennx npn nomomn ncnomorarentntx rnaronon, npnuem
no ncex rpammarnuecxnx npemenax. 3ro yrnepxnenne ocraercx n cnne. Hpocro sa nenmennem
n Present Indefinite cnoero cocrnennoro ncnomorarentnoro rnarona, nonpocnrentnte
npennoxennx n +rom rpammarnuecxom npemenn opasymrcx c nomomtm ncxyccrnenno
nnenennoro ncnomorarentnoro rnarona do (does) (ocnonnoe snauenne +roro
rnarona: oe)ami). Hmenno +ror rnaron n crannrcx nepen nonnexamnm n nonpocnrentntx
npennoxennxx:
They work at the factory. Do they work at the factory? Yes, they do.
Ouu paoomamm ua daopure. Ouu paoomamm ua daopure? ua.
I live in London. Do you live in London? Yes, I do.
B ruev e Houooue. Bi rueeme e Houooue? ua.
Ecnn nonnexamee n npennoxennn cronr n 3-m nnne ennncrnennoro uncna (he, she, my
brother, his sister n r. n.), ro n nonpocnrentnom npennoxennn nmenno ncnomorarentnt
rnaron do cornacyercx c nonnexamnm, npnnnmax oxonuanne -es (does) nmecro cmtcnonoro
rnarona:
He lives in Kiev. Does he live in Kiev? Yes, he does.
Ou rueem e Kueee. Ou rueem e Kueee? ua.
My sister goes to school every morning.
Mo cecmpa xooum e uro)v rarooe vmpo.
Does your sister go to school every morning? Yes, she does.
Teo cecmpa xooum e uro)v rarooe vmpo? ua.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to go n Present Indefinite n nonpocn1entnon mopue.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

Do you read much? Yes, I do.
Ti +uoeo :umaeui? ua.
Are you reading? No, I am not. I am writing.
Ti :umaeui? (ce:ac) Hem. B nuuv.
Does he work at the factory? Yes, he does.
Ou paoomaem ua ;aeooe? ua.
Is he working? Yes, he is. He is doing his room.
Ou paoomaem? ua. Ou voupaem ceom ro+uamv.
When do you get up? Usually I get up at 7 o'clock.
Koeoa ei ecmaeme? Ooi:uo ecmam e 7 :acoe.
When does your brother get up[9]9

Hn1an1e n aononnn1entnou rpauua1nuecxou ua1epnane nnmopuannm o 1nnax
nonpocn1entnmx npeanoaennn.


? He gets up very early.
Koeoa ecmaem meo opam? Ou ecmaem o:eui pauo.
Orpnnarentnte npennoxennx n Present Indefinite opasymrcx npn nomomn
uacrnnt not, xoropax crannrcx nocne ncnomorarentnoro rnaronado (does):
I do not[10]10

Pasronopnme napnan1m: do not = don't; does not = doesn't


go to the Institute every day.
B ue xorv e uucmumvm raroi oeui.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
He does not live in London.
Ou ue rueem e Houooue.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to like n Present Indefinite n o1pnna1entnon mopue.

I don't know this man.
B ue ;uam omoeo :e)oeera.
He doesn't know my sister.
Ou ue ;uaem +om cecmpv.
Honropxx na nepnom ypoxe rnaron to have, mt paccmarpnnann ero n xauecrne
camocroxrentnoro rnarona co snauennem nmert, onanart:
I have a good friend.
V +eu ecmi xopouu opve.
My friend has many English books.
V +oeeo opvea +uoeo aue)ucrux ruue.
B +rom snauennn rnaron to have penxo ynorpenxercx n opmeContinuous n cnocoen
opasontnart nonpocnrentnte npennoxennx es ncnomorarentnoro rnarona[11]11

Xorx, n ornnune or rnarona to be, nonpocnrentnte n orpnnarentnte npennoxennx c
rnaronom to have n snauennn HMETI moryr crponrtcx n npn nomomn ncnomorarentnoro
rnarona do (does):
Have you (got) a big family? No, I have not. Do you have a big family? No, I do not.


Onnaxo rnaron to have nxonnr n cocran mnornx ntpaxenn, n xoroptx on yrpaunnaer cnoe
snauenne nmert:
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
to have breakfast ;aemparami;
to have dinner ooeoami;
to have a rest omoixami;
to have a shower npuuu+ami ovu;
to have a bath npuuu+ami eauuv;
to have a look (at) noc+ompemi ua u op.
H n raxom cnyuae rnaron to have ynorpenxercx n opme Continuous, xax n xaxnt
camocroxrentnt cmtcnono rnaron, a n opme Present Indefinite n nonpocnrentntx n
orpnnarentntx npennoxennxx rpeyer ncnomorarentnoro rnarona do (does):
As a rule they have breakfast at 8 o'clock.
Kar npaeu)o, ouu ;aemparamm e 8 :acoe.
When do they have breakfast?
Koeoa ouu ;aemparamm?
They do not have breakfast at 8 o'clock.
Ouu ue ;aemparamm e 8 :acoe.
Wait a minute. They are having breakfast.
Hoooroume +uuvmrv. Ouu ;aemparamm.
Are they having breakfast? No, they are not.
Ouu ;aemparamm? Hem.
They are not having breakfast. They are washing up.
Ouu ue ;aemparamm. Ouu +omm nocvov.
Paccmorpnm eme necxontxo npennoxenn:
Do you always do your homework after supper? Yes, I do.
Ti eceeoa oe)aeui oo+auuee ;aoauue noc)e vruua? ua.
B +rom nonpocnrentnom npennoxennn cmtcnono rnaron to do oe)ami(croxmn nocne
nonnexamero you), xax n ncxxn npyro camocroxrentnt rnaron n opme Present
Indefinite opasyer nonpocnrentnym opmy npn nomomn ncnomorarentnoro
rnarona do(croxmero, xax n nonoxeno, nepen nonnexamnm).

Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Are you doing your homework? Yes, I am.
Ti oe)aeui oo+auuee ;aoauue? (ce:ac) ua.
Inaron to do cronr n opme Present Continuous, rax xax ntpaxaer necrnne, nponcxonxmee
n momenr peun.
Panee necxontxo nonpocnrentntx npennoxenn c rnaronamn, xoropte ne ynorpenxmrcx n
opme Continuous:
Do you know her sister? No, I do not.
Bi ;uaeme eeo cecmpv? Hem.
Does he want to go to the cinema? Yes, he does.
Ou xo:em nomu e ruuo? ua.
Do you like such weather? No, I do not. I don't like the rainy weather.
Bi )moume marvm noeoov? Hem. B ue )mo)m ooro)uevm noeoov.
II. Kon1pontnme npeanoaennn ann nepenoaa
1. Korna nt noxnrect cnart? Kax npannno, x noxyct cnart ouent nosnno.
2. Bt noxnrect cnart? Pa. ouent ycran.
3. Korna ona otuno ncraer? Otuno ona ncraer n 7 uacon.
4. Hocmorpn. Ona ncraer? Her. Ona nce eme cnnr.
5. Bam npannrcx nam ropon? Pa.
6. Bamemy pary npannrcx nam ropon? Pa.
7. Kyna on xonnr nocne sanxrn? ne snam.
8. Kyna on nner? nymam, on nner nomo.
9. Ine rno par? On pasronapnnaer c yunrenem.
10. uro onn nenamr? Onn cmorpxr renennsop.
11. Mt uacro cnymaem panno.
12. uro onn nenamr? Onn cnymamr panno.
13. nnxy necxontxnx mantunxon, unrammnx xnnrn.
14. On unraer cnnmxom mnoro.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
15. Bam par nmnr unrart? Pa.
III. Hepenoa xon1pontnmx npeanoaennn (ann cpannennn c Bamnu)
1. When do you go to bed? As a rule I go to bed very late.
2. Are you going to bed? Yes, I am. I am very tired.
3. When does she usually get up? Usually she gets up at 7 o'clock.
4. Look! Is she getting up? No, she is not. She is still sleeping.
5. Do you like our town? Yes, I do.
6. Does your brother like our town? Yes, he does.
7. Where does he go after his classes? I don't know.
8. Where is he going to? I think he is going home.
9. Where is your brother? He is talking to the teacher.
10. What are they doing? They are watching TV.
11. We often listen to the radio.
12. What are they doing? They are listening to the radio.
13. I see some boys reading the books.
14. He reads too much.
15. Does you brother like to read? Yes, he does.
IV. Bononnn1entnmn rpauua1nuecxnn ua1epnan
Tnnm nonpocn1entnmx npeanoaennn
1. Omnn nonpoc xo ncemy npennoxennm, nmeer oparnt nopxnox cnon, r. e. cxasyemoe
(ncnomorarentnt rnaron, ecnn on rpeyercx) cronr nepen nonnexamnm.
Are you a student?
Do you love her?
Hponsnocxrcx nocxonxmnm ronom.
2. Ant1epna1nnnmn nonpoc (c comsom or nnn) crponrcx na ase omero, nonropxx ero
no or, a nocne or nner antrepnarnna c nncxonxmnm ronom:
Are you a pupil or a student?
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
3. Cnennantnme nonpocm x nropocrenenntm unenam npennoxennx crpoxrcx na ase
omero, nepen rnaronom (ncnomorarentntm, ecnn on ecrt) crannrcx nonpocnrentnoe
cnono (what, when, where, why, how many, how much n r. n.). Hponsnocnrcx c
nncxonxmnm ronom.
Where do you live?
What are you doing?
4. Bonpoc x noaneaameuy crponrcx na ase yrnepnnrentnoro npennoxennx, no n nem
nonnexamee samenxercx nonpocnrentntm cnonom(who, what):
Who is a student?
Who are students?
What is beautiful?
5. Pasaenn1entnmn nonpoc (c xnocrnxom) cocronr ns 2-x uacre. Hepnax ero uacrt +ro
yrnepnnrentnoe nnn orpnnarentnoe npennoxenne, nropax ero uacrt cocronr ns
ncnomorarentnoro rnarona n npornnononoxno rnannomy npennoxennm opme n
nonnexamero, ntpaxennoro mecronmennem. Hnronannx xnocrnxa nocxonxmax nnn
nncxonxmax.
Pete lives in Sumy, doesnt he?
Bonpoct rnna:
What is he?
What are you?
Who is he?
Who are you?
Korna nac nnrepecyer nmx, mt sanaem nonpoc: Who are you? n nonyuaem orner: I am Pete
Brown.
Korna nac nnrepecyer pon sanxrn coecennnxa, mt cnpamnnaem: What are you? n
ysnaem: I am a student.
CAOBAPL K YPOKY 2
a flat [flt] reapmupa
can [kn] +o:i, oimi e cocmouuu
may [mei] +o:i, u+emi eo;+oruocmi
to help [help] no+oeami
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
to come in [kAm in] exooumi
to cook dinner [kuk 'din] eomoeumi ooeo
to try [trai] nonpoooeami, nimamic
to learn [l:n] v:umi(c)
heart [hu:t] cepoue
to learn by heart [l:n bai hu:t] v:umi uau;vcmi
to lay (on) [lei] r)acmi, no)orumi
to lay the table [lei 'teibl] uarpimi ua cmo)
to listen to ['lisn tu] c)vuami
library ['laibrri] ouo)uomera
early [:li] pauo
to wash [wo] +imi(c)
to wash up [wo Ap] +imi nocvov
such [sAt] maro
weather ['we] noeooa
rain [rein] ooroi
rainy ['reini] ooro)uei
to go to bed [gou tu bed] uomu cnami
to be tired [bi: 'taid] oimi vcma)i+
still [stil] ece eue
to sleep [sli:p] cnami
to think |0ink] ov+ami
to talk (to, with) [to:k] pa;eoeapueami (c)
to watch TV [wot ti: vi:] c+ompemi me)eeu;op
radio ['reidiou] paouo
some ['sAm] uecro)iro
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
too [tu:] c)uuro+
much [mAt] +uoeo (o) ueuc:uc)u+ix cvuecmeume)iuix
YPOK 3
Ha +rom ypoxe mt ynem pasnpart nna npomenmnx npemenn:
Past Indefinite Tense (npomenmee neonpenenennoe npemx).
Past Continuous Tense (npomenmee npononxennoe npemx).
urot xax cnenyer pasopartcx n rom, xorna nyxno npnmenxrt Past Indefinite, a xorna Past
Continuous, neoxonnmo ncnomnnrt o rom, uro pyccxne rnaront, xpome xareropnn npemenn,
nmemr eme xareropnm nnna. Bor nouemy xaxnt pyccxn rnaron nmeer nne opmt
npomenmero npemenn:
1) opmy npomenmero npemenn conepmennoro nnna, xoropax ntpaxaer yxe conepmnnmeecx
necrnne n orneuaer na nonpoc uro cnenan?: nanncan, npounran, noxpacnn, cnenan;
2) opmy npomenmero npemenn neconepmennoro nnna, xoropax ntpaxaer necrnne,
conepmanmeecx n xaxo-ro momenr n npomnom, n orneuaer na nonpoc: uro nenan?: xpacnn,
nncan, unran, nenan.
Pasepem nna npennoxennx.
1. B npo:uma) omv ruuev e npou)o+ eoov.
Pyccxn rnaron npounran cronr n opme npomenmero npemenn n conepmennom nnne,
nepenaer yxe conepmnnmeecx necrnne n orneuaer na nonpoc: uro cnenan?.
2. B :uma) ruuev, roeoa omeu npuue) c paoomi. Inaron unran cronr n opme
npomenmero npemenn n neconepmennom nnne, nepenaer ne conepmennoe, a conepmanmeecx
necrnne n orneuaer na nonpoc: uro nenan?.
A nor rnaron npnmen cronr n opme npomenmero npemenn conepmennoro nnna, nepenaer
conepmnnmeecx necrnne n orneuaer na nonpoc: uro cnenan?.
Bcnomnnnn? Tax nor, pyccxne rnaront n opme npomenmero npemenn conepmennoro nnna
coornercrnymr opme Past Indefinite anrnncxnx rnaronon, a pyccxne rnaront n opme
npomenmero npemenn neconepmennoro nnna coornercrnymr opme Past
Continuous nnn Past Indefinite (uame Past Continuous) anrnncxnx rnaronon, uro sanncnr
or cmtcna npennoxennx.
Anrnncxne rnaront ynorpenxmrcx n opme Past Indefinite nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx,
xoropoe nponsomno (conepmnnoct) n xaxo-ro momenr npemenn n npomnom.
Ho cnocoy opasonannx opmt Past Indefinite anrnncxne rnaront nenxrcx na
crannaprnte n necrannaprnte (npannntnte n nenpannntnte).
Crannaprnte rnaront opasymr opmy Past Indefinite no crannapry: npn nomomn
cynxca -ed:
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
to work worked[12]12

O ocoennoc1nx opasonannn mopum Past Indefinite npannntnmun rnaronaun
un1an1e n aononnn1entnou rpauua1nuecxou ua1epnane.



to look looked
to like liked
I like your house. (Present Indefinite)
Mue upaeumc eau oo+.
I liked your house. (Past Indefinite)
Mue noupaeu)c eau oo+.
uopma Past Indefinite onnnaxona nnx ncex nnn n uncen.
Cnpnaenne c1anaap1noro rnarona to work n Past Indefinite.

I work at the factory. (Present Indefinite)
B paoomam ua daopure.
I worked at the factory last year. (Past Indefinite)
B paooma) ua daopure e npou)o+ eoov.
She always looks at me. (Present Indefinite)
Oua eceeoa c+ompum ua +eu.
She looked at me. (Past Indefinite)
Oua noc+ompe)a ua +eu.
Hecrannaprnte rnaront opasymr opmy Past Indefinite ne no omemy npannny, xaxnt ns
nnx nmeer cnom ocoym opmy Past Indefinite, xoropym neoxonnmo ntyunrt (rannna
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
necrannaprntx rnaronon nana n xonne noconx). uncno +rnx rnaronon nenennxo (oxono
nnyxcor), no ornocxrcx onn x uncny nanonee ynorpenmtx.
Btxcnnrt, xnnxercx nn rnaron crannaprntm nnn necrannaprntm npocro: ecnn ero ner n
coornercrnymme rannne, snaunr rnaron npannntnt n opasyer opmy Past Indefinite no
crannapry, c nomomtm cynxca -ed.
Hepntmn mt rpannnnonno paccmorpnm opmt Past Indefinitenenpannntntx rnaronon to
have n to be.
Infinitive Past Indefinite
to have (u+emi) had (u+e))
Cnpnaenne rnarona to have n Past Indefinite

I have a car. (Present Indefinite)
V +eu ecmi +auuua.
I had a car. (Past Indefinite)
V +eu oi)a +auuua.
My brother has many friends. (Present Indefinite)
V +oeeo opama +uoeo opv;e.
My brother had many friends. (Past Indefinite)
V +oeeo opama oi)o +uoeo opv;e.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to be n Past Indefinite[13]13

Opa1n1e nnnuanne: rnaron to be nuee1 ane mopum Past Indefinite: ann eannc1nennoro (was) n ann
unoaec1nennoro uncna (were).



Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

I am a student. (Present Indefinite)
B cmvoeum.
I was a student. (Past Indefinite)
B oi) cmvoeumo+.
They are at home. (Present Indefinite)
Ouu oo+a.
They were at home. (Past Indefinite)
Ouu oi)u oo+a.
Hpnnenem necxontxo npennoxenn c nenpannntntmn rnaronamn:
Infinitive Past Indefinite
to come (npuxooumi) came
As a rule he comes home very late.
Kar npaeu)o, ou npuxooum oo+o o:eui no;ouo.
(rnaron to come cronr n opme Present Indefinite, r. x. ntpaxaer otunoe, nonropxmmeecx
necrnne).
Yesterday he came home rather early.
B:epa ou npuue) oo+o ooeo)iuo pauo.
(rnaron to come cronr n opme Past Indefinite, r. x. ntpaxaer necrnne, nponsomenmee n
npomnom).

Infinitive Past Indefinite
to see (euoemi) saw
He sees the children playing football.
Ou euoum oeme, uepamuux e dvmoo).
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
(necmorpx na ro, uro rnaron to see ntpaxaer necrnne, nponcxonxmee n momenr peun, on
cronr n opme Present Indefinite, r. x. ne ynorpenxercx n opme Continuous).
He saw the children playing football.
Ou veuoe) oeme, uepamuux e dvmoo).
(rnaron to see cronr n opme Past Indefinite, r. x. ntpaxaer necrnne, nponsomenmee n
npomnom).
C opmo Past Indefinite uacro ynorpenxmrcx cnenymmne cnona n
cnonocouerannx: yesterday nuepa, the day before yesterday nosanuepa,last week na
npomno nenene, last month (year) n npomnom mecxne (rony), two days ago nna nnx
nasan, in 1997 n 1997 r. n r. n.
Infinitive Past Indefinite
to go (uomu, exami) went (noue), noexa))
We go to the South every summer. (Present Indefinite)
Mi. e;ou+ ua me rarooe )emo.
We went to the South last summer. (Past Indefinite)
Hpou)i+ )emo+ +i e;ou)u ua me.
Infinitive Past Indefinite
to do (oe)ami) did
As a rule I do my homework after dinner. (Present Indefinite)
Kar npaeu)o, oe)am oo+auuee ;aoauue noc)e ooeoa.
I did my homework the day before yesterday. (Past Indefinite)
B coe)a) oo+auuee ;aoauue no;ae:epa.
A renept paccmorpnm npemx Past Continuous.
B nauane ypoxa mt ronopnnn, uro pyccxne rnaront n opme npomenmero npemenn
neconepmennoro nnna (unran, nncan, men, r. e. nenan, a ne cnenan uro-nno) coornercrnymr
anrnncxnm rnaronam n opme Past Continuous. Taxnm opasom, mt moxem cxasart, uro
rnaront anrnncxoro xstxa ynorpenxmrcx n opme Past Continuous nnx ntpaxennx
necrnnx, nponcxonnnmero n onpenenennt momenr nnn nepnon npemenn n npomnom.
Past Continuous opasyercx npn nomomn ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to be (n opme Past
Indefinite: was, were) n Hpnuacrnx I cmtcnonoro rnarona.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to write n Past Continuous.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

Hepenenem na anrnncxn xstx nna npennoxennx:
Infinitive Past Indefinite
to write (nucami) wrote
1. B:epa e 5 :acoe nuca) nuci+o.
Pyccxn rnaron nncart cronr n opme npomenmero npemenn neconepmennoro nnna,
orneuaer na nonpoc uro nenan?, a snaunr on coornercrnyer anrnncxomy rnarony to
write n opme Past Continuous(was writing):
I was writing a letter at 5 o'clock yesterday.
(Pocnonno: B:epa e 5 :acoe oi) nuuvuu nuci+o).
2. B:epa uanuca) nuci+o ceoe+v opvev.
Pyccxn rnaron nncart cronr n opme npomenmero npemenn conepmennoro nnna
(nanncan), orneuaer na nonpoc uro cnenan? n osnauaer necrnne yxe conepmennoe.
Ho+romy, nepenonx nannoe npennoxenne na anrnncxn xstx, mt nocrannm rnaron to
write n opmyPast Indefinite (wrote):
Yesterday I wrote a letter to my friend.
Bor eme nna npennoxennx:
Infinitive Past Indefinite
to work (paoomami) worked
1. B:epa paooma) e ouo)uomere.
2. B:epa paooma) e ouo)uomere c 2 oo 4 :acoe.
B oonx npennoxennxx pyccxn rnaron paorart cronr n opme npomenmero npemenn
neconepmennoro nnna (paoran), no n nepnom npennoxennn on npocro nnopmnpyer o rom,
uro necrnne nponsomno n npomnom, npn +rom rnaron paoran moxno samennrt opmo
conepmennoro nnna nopaoran. Ho+romy n nepnom npennoxennn anrnncxn rnaron to
work mt nocrannm n opmy Past Indefinite:
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Yesterday I worked in the library.
A no nropom npennoxennn yxasano npemx, n reuenne xoroporo conepmanoct (npononxanoct)
necrnne n npomnom, no+romy rnaron to write yner croxrt n opme Past Continuous:
I was working in the library from two till four o'clock yesterday.
B npennoxennn c rnaronom, croxmnm n opme Past Continuous, xax npannno, yxastnaercx
momenr nnn orpesox npemenn, n reuenne xoroporo conepmanoct necrnne: at 5 o'clock, from
3 till 5 o'clock, at this time (nomo epe+), the whole day n r. n.
Infinitive Past Indefinite
to rain (uomu (o ooroe)) rained
It rained yesterday. (Past Indefinite)
B:epa ue) ooroi.
It was raining the whole day yesterday. (Past Continuous)
B:epa ue)i oeui ue) ooroi.
Infinitive-Past Indefinite
to play (uepami) played
Two days ago I played tennis with our dean. (Past Indefinite)
uea ou ua;ao uepa) (ciepa)) e meuuuc c uauu+ oerauo+.
We were playing tennis from 10 till 12 o'clock. (Past Continuous)
Mi uepa)u (oi)u uepamuue) e meuuuc c 10 oo 12 :acoe.
A renept nepenenem na anrnncxn xstx npennoxenne, nannoe n nauane ypoxa:
B :uma) ruuev, roeoa omeu npuue) c paoomi. Pyccxn rnaron unran orneuaer na nonpoc
uro nenan?, r. e. cronr n opme npomenmero npemenn neconepmennoro nnna, ntpaxax
necrnne, conepmanmeecx n npomnom. On coornercrnyer opme Past
Continuous anrnncxoro rnarona to read. Inaron npnmen orneuaer na nonpoc uro
cnenan?, r. e. cronr n opme npomenmero npemenn conepmennoro nnna n coornercrnyer
opme Past Indefinite anrnncxoro rnarona to come:
I was reading a book when my father came from work.
Taxnm opasom, npemx conepmennx necrnnx moxer trt oosnaueno npyrnm necrnnem,
xoropoe otuno ntpaxeno opmo Past Indefinite, ecnn necrnne xparxoe (xax n
npentnymem npnmepe), n opmo Past Continuous, ecnn napannentnoe necrnne nmeer
nnnrentnt xapaxrep:
B :uma) ruuev, e mo epe+ rar +a+a eomoeu)a ooeo.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
I was reading a book while my mother was cooking supper.
A renept pasepem npennoxennx c rnaronom to do n 4-x nsyuenntx namn npemenax.
Infinitive Past Indefinite
to do (oe)ami) did (coe)a))
to do a room voupami ro+uamv
1. She does her room every other day.
Inaron to do cronr n opme Present Indefinite, rax xax ntpaxaer perynxpno nonropxmmeecx
necrnne.
Honnexamnm npennoxennx xnnxercx nnunoe mecronmenne 3-ro nnna en.
uncna (she), no+romy rnaron cronr n coornercrnymme opme (does).
Oua voupaem ceom ro+uamv :epe; oeui.
2. She is doing her room. (B orner na nonpoc: What is she doing?)
Inaron to do ynorpenen n opme Present Continuous, r. x. ntpaxaer necrnne,
nponcxonxmee n momenr peun. C nonnexamnm she cornacyercx ncnomorarentnt rnaron to
be, croxmn n opme 3-ro nnna en. uncna nacroxmero neonpenenennoro npemenn.
Oua voupaem ceom ro+uamv.
3. She did her room yesterday.
Inaron to do cronr n opme Past Indefinite, rax xax ntpaxaer necrnne, conepmennoe n
npomnom. Ha pyccxn xstx mt nepenenem ero rnaronom n opme npomenmero npemenn
conepmennoro nnna.
Oua vopa)a ceom ro+uamv e:epa.
4. She was doing her room when mother came home.
Inaron to do ynorpenen opme Past Continuous, r. x. ntpaxaer necrnne, nponcxonnnmee
n onpenenennt momenr npemenn n npomnom.
Oua voupa)a ceom ro+uamv, roeoa +a+a npuu)a oo+o.
Opasonanne nonpocnrentntx n orpnnarentntx npennoxenn n Past Indefinite n Past
Continuous.
Tpannnnonno naunem c rnaronon to be n to have.
Tax xe, xax n n opme Present Indefinite, +rn nna rnarona, croxmne n Past Indefinite, ne
nyxnamrcx no ncnomorarentnom rnarone npn opasonannn nonpocnrentntx npennoxenn:
He was a student. Was he a student?
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Ou oi) cmvoeumo+. Ou oi) cmvoeumo+?
I was in London last year. Were you in London last year?
B npou)o+ eoov oi) e Houooue. Bi oi)u e Houooue e npou)o+ eoov?
Cnpnaenne rnarona to be n Past Indefinite n nonpocn1entnon mopue.

He had a dog. Had he a dog?
V ueeo oi)a cooara. V ueeo oi)a cooara?
I had much free time yesterday. Had you much free time yesterday?
B:epa v +eu oi)o +uoeo ceoooouoeo epe+euu. V meo e:epa oi)o +uoeo ceoooouoeo
epe+euu?
Cnpnaenne rnarona to have n Past Indefinite n nonpocn1entnon mopue.

Orpnnarentnte npennoxennx c rnaronamn to be n to have n opme Past
Indefinite opasymrcx rax xe, xax n n Present Indefinite: uacrnna notcrannrcx nocne
rnarona.
He was not a doctor. They were not students.
Ou ue oi) oormopo+. Ouu ue oi)u cmvoeuma+u.
He had not a dog. I had no time.
V ueeo ue oi)o cooaru. V +eu ue oi)o epe+euu.
Tenept o rom, xax nce ocrantnte rnaront opasymr nonpocnrentnte n orpnnarentnte
npennoxennx n Past Indefinite.
Bsrnxnnre na cnonnym rannny rpammarnuecxnx npemen, nannym n xonne noconx: rontxo n
nnyx rpammarnuecxnx npemenax ns nnenannarn yrnepnnrentnte npennoxennx crpoxrcx es
ncnomorarentnoro rnarona: nPresent Indefinite n Past Indefinite.
Usually I come home at 5 o'clock.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Ooi:uo npuxorv oo+o e 5 :acoe.
Yesterday I came home at 7 o'clock.
B:epa npuue) oo+o e 7 :acoe.
Taxnm opasom, rontxo n +rnx nnyx rpammarnuecxnx npemenax nonpocnrentnte n
orpnnarentnte npennoxennx opasymrcx npn nomomn ncxyccrnennoro ncnomorarentnoro
rnarona do: n Present Indefinite do, does; n Past Indefinite did.
1. When do you usually get up? Usually I get up at 7 o'clock. (Present Indefinite)
Koeoa ei ooi:uo ecmaeme? Ooi:uo ecmam e 7 :acoe.
When did you get up yesterday? Yesterday I got up at half past six (Past Indefinite).
Koeoa ei ecma)u e:epa? B:epa ecma) e no)ceoi+oeo.
2. Do you often see her? Yes, I do. I see her three times a week. (Present Indefinite)
Ti :acmo euouui ee? ua. B eurv ee mpu pa;a e ueoe)m.
Did you see her yesterday? Yes, I did. I saw her yesterday (Past Indefinite).
Ti euoe) ee e:epa? ua. B euoe) ee e:epa.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to come n Past Indefinite n nonpocn1entnon mopue.

When did he come? He came two days ago.
Koeoa ou npuexa)? Ou npuexa) oea ou ua;ao.
Orpnnarentnte npennoxennx c rnaronamn n opme Past Indefiniteopasymrcx npn nomomn
uacrnnt not, xoropax crannrcx nocne ncnomorarentnoro rnarona did:
I did not[14]14

B pasronopnon peun: didn't.


meet her yesterday.
B ue ecmpe:a) ee e:epa.
We didn't write a dictation on Monday.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Mi ue nuca)u ourmaum e noueoe)iuur.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to like n Past Indefinite n o1pnna1entnon mopue.

I didn't like his new flat.
Mue ue noupaeu)aci eeo uoea reapmupa.
Bonpocnrentnte npennoxennx c rnaronamn n opme Past Continuousopasymrcx npn
nomomn cocrnennoro ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to be(n opme Past Indefinite: was, were),
xoropt crannrcx nepen nonnexamnm:
1) to take an examination coaeami or;a+eu.
He was taking his examination at twelve o'clock yesterday.
B:epa e 12 :acoe ou coaea) or;a+eu.
Was he taking his examination at twelve o'clock yesterday? Yes, he was.
Coaea) )u ou or;a+eu e:epa e 12 :acoe? ua.
2) to sleep cnami
They were sleeping when I came home.
Ouu cna)u, roeoa npuue) oo+o.
Were they sleeping when you came home? Yes, they were.
Ouu cna)u, roeoa ei npuu)u oo+o? ua.
What were they doing when you came home? They were sleeping.
Umo ouu oe)a)u, roeoa ei npuu)u oo+o? Ouu cna)u.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to read n Past Continuous n nonpocn1entnon mopue.

Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Orpnnarentnte npennoxennx n opme Past Continuous opasymrcx npn nomomn
uacrnnt not, xoropax crannrcx nocne ncnomorarentnoro rnarona:
He was not taking his exam at twelve o'clock yesterday.
B:epa e 12 :acoe ou ue coaea) or;a+eu.
They were not sleeping when I came home.
Ouu ue cna)u, roeoa npuue) oo+o.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to write n Past Continuous n o1pnna1entnon mopue.


II. Kon1pontnme npeanoaennn ann nepenoaa
1. cnenan nomamnee sananne nna nnx nasan.
2. nenan nomamnee sananne, xorna mama npnmna c paort.
3. Ona npouna +ry xnnry n npomnom rony.
4. Ona unrana xnnry, xorna sasnonnn reneon.
5. On npnnxn nym, nosanrpaxan n nomen na paory.
6. npnnnman nym n ro npemx, xax mama roronnna sanrpax.
7. Korna rt cnenan nomamnee sananne? cnenan ero nuepa.
8. uro rt nenan, xorna oren npnmen nomo? nenan nomamnee sananne.
9. Tt uacro nrpaemt n yron? Pa. nrpam n yron no nocxpecentxm.
10. uro onn nenamr? Onn nrpamr n yron.
11. Tt nuepa nrpan n yron? Her. Buepa x ne nrpan n yron.
12. uro rt nenan nuepa n 10 uacon? nrpan n yron c 10 no 12 uacon.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
13. Korna rt nnnen ee? nnnen ee nosanuepa.
14. Tt tn noma nuepa n 5 uacon? Pa.
15. H uro xe rt nenan? roronnn yxnn.
III. Hepenoa xon1pontnmx npeanoaennn (ann cpannennn c Bamnu)
1. I did my homework two days ago.
2. I was doing my homework when mother came from work.
3. She read this book last year.
4. She was reading a book when the telephone rang.
5. He took a shower, had breakfast and went to work.
6. I was taking a shower while mother was cooking breakfast.
7. When did you do your homework? I did it yesterday.
8. What were you doing when father came home? I was doing my homework.
9. Do you often play football? Yes, I do. I play football on Sundays.
10. What are they doing? They are playing football.
11. Did you play football yesterday? No, I didn't. I didn't play football yesterday.
12. What were you doing at 10 o'clock yesterday? I was playing football from 10 till 12
o'clock.
13. When did you see her? I saw her the day before yesterday.
14. Were you at home at 5 o'clock yesterday? Yes, I was. And what were you doing? I
was cooking supper.
IV. Bononnn1entnmn rpauua1nuecxnn ua1epnan
Crannaprnte rnaront opasymr Past Indefinite npn nomomn cynxca -ed, xoropt
npnannxercx x ocnone rnarona. Hpn +rom nano yunrtnart cnenymmee:
1) n onnocnoxntx rnaronax c xparxo rnacno xoneunax cornacnax ynnannaercx:
to stop stopped
2) y rnaronon, ocnona xoroptx oxanunnaercx na -y c npenmecrnymme cornacno,
yxna y menxercx na i + ed:
to study studied
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
no: to play played
3) nemax yxna -e n ocnone rnarona ornanaer: to live lived
Cynxc -ed nponsnocnrcx no-pasnomy n sanncnmocrn or onernuecxnx ycnonn:
1) [d] nocne snonxnx cornacntx (xpome d) n rnacntx:
played [pleid], sobbed [sobt];
2) [t] nocne rnyxnx cornacntx: asked [o:skt];
3)[id] nocne t n d: wanted [wontid].
CAOBAPL K YPOKY 3
to look (at) [luk] c+ompemi (ua)
a car [ku:] +auuua
to be at home [bi: t houm] oimi oo+a
late [leit] no;ouo
yesterday ['jestdi] e:epa
rather ['ru:] ooeo)iuo
early [:li] pauo
to see [si:] euoemi
last [lu:st] noc)eouu
month [mAn0] +ecu
ago ['gou] mo+v ua;ao
south [sau0] me
summer ['sAm] )emo
a library ['laibrri] ouo)uomera
to rain [rein] uomu (o ooroe)
whole [houl] ue)i, eeci
our ['au] uau (npumrame)iuoe +ecmou+euue)
a dean [di:n] oerau
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
while [wail] nora, e mo epe+ rar
other ['A] opveo, uuo
every other day ['evri 'A dei] :epe; oeui
half [hu:f] no)oeuua
past [pu:st] noc)e
it is past two [it iz pu:st tu:] menepi mpemu :ac
to meet [mi:t] ecmpe:ami(c)
a dictation [dik'tein] ourmaum
an examination [ig,zmi'nein] or;a+eu
exam [ig'zm] (pa;eoe.) or;a+eu
to sleep [sli:p] cnami
a telephone ['telifoun] me)edou
to ring [rin] ;eouumi
to take a shower [teik 'au] npuuu+ami ovu
(to have a shower) [hv 'au] npuuu+ami ovu
to have breakfast [hv 'brekfst] ;aemparami
to cook breakfast [kuk 'brekfst] eomoeumi ;aempar
a day before yesterday [dei bi'fo: jestdi] no;ae:epa
YPOK 4
Ha +rom ypoxe mt paccmorpnm nna ynymnx npemenn:
Future Indefinite Tense (ynymee neonpenenennoe npemx).
Future Continuous Tense (ynymee npononxennoe npemx).
Future Indefinite cnyxnr nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, xoropoe nponsoner n ynymem. Ono
opasyercx npn nomomn ncnomorarentntx rnarononshall (nnx 1-ro nnna ennncrnennoro n
mnoxecrnennoro uncna) n will (nnx ocrantntx nnn n uncen), xoropte cranxrcx nepen
nnnnnrnnom cmtcnonoro rnarona (es uacrnnt to).
Cnpnaenne rnarona to be n Future Indefinite.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

I am twenty five. (Present Indefinite)
Mue 25 )em.
Last month I was twenty five. (Past Indefinite)
B npou)o+ +ecue +ue oi)o 25 )em.
Next month I shall be twenty five. (Future Indefinite)
B ovovue+ +ecue +ue ovoem (ucno)uumc) 25 )em.
They are at home. (Present Indefinite)
Ouu oo+a.
They were at home. (Past Indefinite)
Ouu oi)u oo+a.
They will be at home. (Future Indefinite)
Ouu ovovm oo+a.
to have u+emi.
I have a dog. (Present Indefinite)
V +eu ecmi cooara.
I had a dog. (Past Indefinite)
V +eu oi)a cooara.
I shall have a dog. (Future Indefinite)
V +eu ovoem cooara.
to go uomu, exami.
Usually he goes to[15]15

B aononnn1entnou rpauua1nuecxou ua1epnane un1an1e nnmopuannm o npeanorax n
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
comsax.


the library on Sundays. (Present Indefinite)
Ooi:uo ou xooum e ouo)uomerv no eocrpeceui+.
Yesterday he went to the library. (Past Indefinite)
B:epa ou xoou) e ouo)uomerv.
He will go to the library tomorrow. (Future Indefinite)
3aempa ou nooem e ouo)uomerv.
Ecnn c nepntm nnnom ynorpenxercx opma will, ro n raxom cnyuae willosnauaer rnepnoe
oemanne uro-nno cnenart.
I shall do it.
B coe)am omo.
I will do it.
B oo;ame)iuo coe)am omo.
B pasronopno peun shall n will coxpamaercx no 'll:
We shall go to the cinema tomorrow. = We'll go to the cinema tomorrow.
3aempa +i nooe+ e ruuo.
He will come in two days. = He'll come in two days.
Ou npueoem :epe; oea ou.
Pyccxne rnaront n opme ynymero npemenn nmemr xareropnm nnna.
Conepmennt nnn: npounram, nony, nannmy (uro cnenam?)
Heconepmennt nnn: yny unrart, yny xonnrt, yny nncart (uro yny nenart?)
Tax nor, anrnncxn rnaron n opme Future Indefinite moxer nepenonnrtcx na pyccxn
xstx ynymnm npemenem rnarona xax conepmennoro, rax n neconepmennoro nnna:
I shall read the book next week.
B npo:mv omv ruuev ua c)eovmue ueoe)e. (conepmennt nnn)
B ovov :umami omv ruuev ua c)eovmue ueoe)e. (neconepmennt nnn)
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Co npemenem Future Indefinite uacro ynorpenxmrcx cnenymmne ocroxrentcrna
npemenn: tomorrow ;aempa, the day after tomorrow noc)e;aempa, in two days :epe;
oea ou, in a week (month, year) :epe; ueoe)m (+ecu, eoo), next week (month, year) ua
c)eovmue ueoe)e (e c)eovmue+ +ecue, eoov), soon cropo n npyrne.
Bonpocnrentnte npennoxennx n Future Indefinite crpoxrcx npn nomomn cocrnennoro
ncnomorarentnoro rnarona, xoropt crannrcx nepen nonnexamnm:
Will he come?
Ou npuoem?
When will he come?
Koeoa ou npuoem?
Cnpnaenne rnarona to come n Future Indefinite n nonpocn1entnon mopue.

Bcnomorarentnt rnaron shall, ynorpenennt n nonpocnrentnom npennoxennn c nepntm
nnnom ennncrnennoro uncna ntpaxaer npennoxenne uro-nno cnenart:
Shall I open the window?
Omrpimi oruo?
Shall I stay here?
Mue ocmamic ;oeci?
Vnorpenennt nepen mecronmennem we, rnaron shall osnauaer npennoxenne uro-nno
cnenart nmecre:

Shall we go and see this film?
Morem, nooe+ noc+ompu+ omom du)i+?
(Btpaxenne Let's c nnnnnrnnom xnnxercx onee pemnrentntm npennoxennem cnenart
uro-nno nmecre:
Let's go and see this film.
uaea nooe+ noc+ompu+ omom du)i+.)
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Orpnnarentnte npennoxennx c rnaronamn n opme Future Indefiniteopasyercx npn
nomomn uacrnnt not, xoropax crannrcx nocne ncnomorarentnoro rnarona.
Cnpnaenne rnarona to go n Future Indefinite n o1pnna1entnon mopue.

I shall not go to the cinema tomorrow.
3aempa ue noov e ruuo.
(B pasronopno peun shall not coxpamaercx no shan't [o:nt])
We shan't read this book.
Mi ue ovoe+ :umami omv ruuev.
He will not come.
Ou ue npueoem.
(Will not coxpamaercx no won't [vunt])
They won't return here.
Ouu ue eepuvmc cmoa.
uopma Future Continuous ynorpenxercx nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, xoropoe yner
nponcxonnrt n onpenenennt momenr nnn orpesox npemenn n ynymem[16]16

Pnx cpannennx npournre eme pas, xorna ynorpenxercx Future Indefinite.


Future Continuous opasyercx npn nomomn ncnomorarentntx rnarononshall (nnx nepnoro
nnna ennncrnennoro n mnoxecrnennoro uncna) n will(nnx ocrantntx nnn n uncen), xoropte
cranxrcx nepen nnnnnrnnom ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to be (es to) + npnuacrne
nacroxmero npemenn cmtcnonoro rnarona (Participle I).
Cnpnaenne rnarona to work n Future Continuous.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

Paccmorpnm nna npennoxennx:
1. 3aempa ovov paoomami e ouo)uomere.
2. 3aempa ovov paoomami e ouo)uomere c 2 oo 6 :acoe. B oonx npennoxennxx pyccxn
rnaron ynorpenen n opme ynymero npemenn neconepmennoro nnna. Ho na anrnncxn
xstx on nonxen trt nepenenen n nepnom cnyuae n opme Future Indefinite, r. x.
npennoxenne npocro nnopmnpyer o rom, uro necrnne cocronrcx n ynymem; a no nropom
n opme Future Continuous, r. x. npennoxenne coomaer o cotrnn, xoropoe yner
nponcxonnrt n ynymem n onpenenennt orpesox npemenn (c 2 no 6 uacon):
1. Tomorrow I shall work in the library.
2. Tomorrow I shall be working in the library from two till six o'clock. ( ovov
paoomamuu)
Eme necxontxo npnmepon:
1. We shall ski on Sunday. (Future Indefinite)
B eocrpeceuie +i ovoe+ ramamic (noramae+c) ua )irax.
We shall be skiing the whole day on Sunday. (Future Continuous)
B eocrpeceuie +i ovoe+ ramamic ua )irax eeci oeui.
2. He will make a report on this topic in two days. (Future Indefinite)
Ou ovoem oe)ami (coe)aem) oor)ao ua omv me+v :epe; 2 ou.
He will be making a report from two till three o'clock. (Future Continuous)
Ou ovoem oe)ami oor)ao c 2 oo 3 :acoe.
B nonpocnrentntx npennoxennxx c rnaronom n opme Future
Continuous ncnomorarentnt rnaron shall nnn will crannrcx nepen nonnexamnm (rax xe,
xax n n Future Indefinite):
Will he be working in the library from two till six tomorrow? (Future Continuous)
Ou ;aempa ovoem paoomami e ouo)uomere c 2 oo 6?
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Will he work in the library tomorrow? (Future Indefinite)
Ou ;aempa ovoem paoomami e ouo)uomere?
B orpnnarentntx npennoxennxx uacrnna not crannrcx nocne ncnomorarentnoro
rnarona shall nnn will:
He will not be working in the library from two till six tomorrow. (Future Continuous)
3aempa c 2 oo 6 ou ue ovoem paoomami e ouo)uomere.
He will not work in the library tomorrow. (Future Indefinite)
3aempa ou ue ovoem paoomami e ouo)uomere.
uacro nnx oosnauennx nnxamero sannannponannoro necrnnx ncnontsyercx Present
Continuous Tense[17]17

Kax npannno, c rnaronaun to go, to come, to start, to leave n 1. n.


3nect connanenne c pyccxnm xstxom: pyccxn rnaron n opme nacroxmero
npemenn raxxe moxer ncnontsonartcx nnx ntpaxennx ynymero necrnnx.
Paccmorpnm cnenymmym cnryannm.
Ponycrnm, uro ntnemnnm neuepom Bt nonxnt exart, nanpnmep, n Knen. Fnner yxe xynnen,
noesnxa oxsarentno cocronrcx. Coomax o +rom cnoemy npnxrenm, Bt moxere cxasart
rax:
1. Ceeoou ee:epo+ noeov e Kuee. (rnaron exart cronr n opme ynymero npemenn)
nnn rax:
2. Ceeoou ee:epo+ eov e Kuee. (rnaron cronr n opme nacroxmero npemenn)
Hepenonnm:
1. I shall leave for Kiev tonight. (rnaron to leave cronr n opme Future Indefinite)
2. I am leaving for Kiev tonight. (Present Continuous rnarona to leave)
Eme necxontxo npnmepon:
1. We are going to the cinema tonight.
Ceeoou ee:epo+ +i uoe+ e ruuo.
2. The train is starting in a 10 minutes.
Hoe;o omnpae)emc :epe; 10 +uuvm.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
3. I am coming in a moment.
B ce:ac npuov.
Hrax, nnx ntpaxennx ynymero necrnnx n namem pacnopxxennn ecrt rpn rpammarnuecxnx
npemenn:
Future Indefinite,
Future Continuous,
Present Continuous (nnx ntpaxennx nnxamero sannannponannoro necrnnx).
Ho ynymee necrnne moxer nepenanartcx eme n c nomomtm ntpaxennx:
to be going to do smth[18]18

smth something (umo-mo, umo-uuo).


cooupamic coe)ami :mo-)uoo
I am going to write a letter.
B cooupamci uanucami nuci+o.
They are going to visit me.
Ouu cooupammc uaeecmumi +eu.
What are you going to do tonight?
Umo Bi cooupaemeci oe)ami ceeoou ee:epo+?
I am not going to ring him up.
B ue cooupamci ;eouumi e+v.
Tenept necxontxo cnon o raxom xnnennn anrnncxo rpammarnxn, xoroporo ner n pyccxom
xstxe: n anrnncxnx npnnarountx npennoxennxx ycnonnx n npemenn opma ynymero
npemenn rnarona samenxercx opmo nacroxmero npemenn.
I shall go to the theatre if I buy a ticket.
B noov e meamp, ec)u rvn)m ou)em (m. e. npu vc)oeuu, :mo rvn)m ou)em).
B pyccxom npnnarounom npennoxennn rnaron cronr n opme ynymero npemenn (rvn)m), a n
anrnncxom n opme Present Indefinite (buy).
B npnnarountx npennoxennxx npemenn n ycnonnx ynorpenxmrcx cnenymmne
comst: if (ec)u), unless (ec)u ue), when (roeoa), before (oo moeo, rar), after (noc)e moeo,
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
rar), as soon as (rar mo)iro), till (nora),until (oo mex nop, nora ue). Hpnnarounoe
npennoxenne moxer croxrt xax na nepnom, rax n na nropom mecre:
I shall do the work in time if he helps me.
B coe)am paoomv eoepe+, ec)u ou no+orem +ue.
She will stay at home if it rains.
Oua ocmauemc oo+a, ec)u ovoem ooroi.
Inaron-cxasyemoe rnannoro npennoxennx moxer croxrt n opme nonennrentnoro
naxnonennx:
When you come to Moscow, ring me up.
Ho;eouu +ue, roeoa npueoeui e Mocrev.
II. Kon1pontnme npeanoaennn ann nepenoaa
1. yny xnart rex noma.
2. yny xnart rex noma n 5 uacon.
3. 3anrpa on yner cnanart +xsamen.
4. 3anrpa n nnenannart uacon on yner cnanart +xsamen.
5. Korna on npnener? On npnener uepes nenenm.
6. On conpaercx npnesxart? Pa.
7. uro rt ynemt nenart sanrpa?
8. uro rt ynemt nenart sanrpa n +ro npemx?
9. Mne unrart nnn nepenonnrt rexcr?
10. Mt nonem n xnno, ecnn y nac yner npemx.
11. On yner sanrpaxart c 9 no 10 uacon sanrpa.
12. Moxer nosanrpaxaem?
13. uro rt conpaemtcx nenart neuepom? ne snam.
14. Korna rt ynnnnmt cnom cecrpy? 3anrpa.
15. Hpocrnre, no x ne npnny. V menx ner npemenn.
III. Hepenoa xon1pontnmx npeanoaennn (ann cpannennn c Bamnu)
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
1. I shall wait for you at home.
2. I shall be waiting for you at home at 5 o'clock.
3. He will take his exam tomorrow.
4. He'll be taking his exam at twelve o'clock tomorrow.
5. When will he come? He'll come in a week.
6. Is he going to come? Yes, he is.
7. What will you do tomorrow?
8. What will you be doing at this time tomorrow?
9. Shall I read or translate the text?
10. We'll go to the cinema if we have time.
11. He'll be having breakfast from 9 till 10 tomorrow.
12. Shall we have breakfast?
13. What are you going to do in the evening? I don't know.
14. When will you see your sister? Tomorrow.
15. Sorry, but I won't come. I have no time.
IV. Bononnn1entnmn rpauua1nuecxnn ua1epnan
Hpennorn (the prepositions) +ro cnyxente cnona, xoropte croxr nepen
cymecrnnrentntmn nnn mecronmennxmn. Ocnonnte npennorn n anrnncxom xstxe
cnenymmne:

1) on ua, e (eoe?) The pen is the desk.
in e (eoe?) The pen is in bag.
at ;a, v, e (eoe?) The boy was at the table (at school, at the door).
by oro)o, v (eoe?) There is a sofa by the window.
above uao (eoe?) There was a picture above the table.
under noo (eoe?) There is a ball under my table.
behind ;a, c;aou (eoe?) There are many apple-trees behind our house.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
below euu;v (eoe?) The sentence is written below.
near oro)o (eoe?) The car is near the house.
in front of nepeo (eoe?) There is a garden in front of the house.
between +erov (eoe?) There is a sofa between the windows.
to r, e (rvoa?) He likes to go to the park.
into e, euvmpi (rvoa?) Put your book into your bag.
out of u; (omrvoa?) Take the book out of the bag.
from om (omrvoa?) She comes home from school at 2 o'clock.
Bce ntmeyxasannte npennorn moxno nasnart npennoramn mecra.

2) Cnenymmne npennorn moxno nasnart npennoramn npemenn:
at e He comes home at 5 o'clock
in uepes He'll come in two days.
on c ou+u, oama+u He'll come on Sunday.
3) Hpennorn, ntpaxammne re snauennx, xoropte n pyccxom xstxe nepenamrcx
oxonuannxmn xocnenntx nanexe:
of ponnrentnt nanex This is a bag of my sister.
to narentnt nanex He gave a pen to my sister.
by, with rnopnrentnt nanex The story is written by Dovlatov. I write with a pen.
about npennoxnt nanex He told me about his family.

Coms (the conjunction) cnyxenoe cnono, xoropoe cnyxnr nnx cnxsn cnon n npennoxennn
nnn nnx cnxsn npocrtx npennoxenn n cnoxnom. Ocnonnte comst cnenymmne:
and u, a Baf and Kate went to school.
but uo I shall do it, but not now.
or u)u Have you got a brother or a sister.

Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
if ec)u If you are ready, let's go.
when roeoa He was sleeping when I came home.
after noc)e moeo, rar After he had dinner he went for a walk.
before oo moeo, rar Before she entered the University she had worked at our factory.
while e mo epe+, rar While playing football he broke his leg.
till-until oo mex nop, nora I shall wait till (until) he comes home.
since c mex nop, rar We have been friends since we went to school.
because nomo+v :mo I like this story because it is funny.
in order that o) moeo, :mooiI put on my coat in order that I may be warm.
though xom He plays football well though he is a little boy yet.
than :e+ This story is more interesting than that one.
as as mar re, rar (maro re, rar) This boy is as tall as that one.
not so as ue maro, rar (ue mar, rar) It is not so cold today as if was yesterday.
as if (as though) rar ovomo He behaved as if he didn't remember me.
whether (if) )u I didn't know whether (if) I can help you.
CAOBAPL K YPOKY 4
future ['fju:t] ovovuee (epe+)
shall |el] ecno+oeame)iui e)aeo)
will [wil] ecno+oeame)iui e)aeo)
tomorrow [t'morou] ;aempa
cinema ['sinim] ruuo, ruuomeamp
to open ['oupn] omrpieami(c)
a window ['windou] oruo
to stay [stei] ocmaeamic
here [hi] ;oeci
to return [ri't:n] eo;epauamic
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
from [from] c, om
till [til] oo
to ski [ski] xooumi ua )irax
a report [ri'po:t] oor)ao
to make a report [meik ri'po:t] oe)ami oor)ao
topic ['topik] me+a
to leave (for) [li:v] ve;rami, nepee;rami
moment ['moumnt] +o+eum, +ue
something ['sAm0in] :mo-mo, :mo-uuovoi
to visit ['vizit] noceuami
tonight [t'nait] ceeoou ee:epo+
to ring up [rin Ap] ;eouumi (no me)edouv)
theatre ['0it] meamp
to buy [bai] norvnami
a ticket ['tikit] ou)em
tell (about) [tel] paccra;ieami (o)
YPOK 5
Present Perfect Tense
Hac1onmee conepmennoe npeun
Hpexne uem npncrynnrt x paccmorpennm npemenn Present Perfect, nam npnnercx eme pas
oparnrtcx x npnuacrnxm.
O npnuacrnxx nacroxmero npemenn (Hpnuacrne I Participle I) mt ronopnnn n cnxsn c
npemenamn rpynnt Continuous.
Tenept noronopnm o npnuacrnxx npomenmero npemenn (Hpnuacrne II Participle
II), xoropte yuacrnymr n opasonannn npemen rpynnt Perfect.
B pyccxom xstxe npnuacrnx npomenmero npemenn nmemr xareropnm sanora, r. e. tnamr:
a) npnuacrnx npomenmero npemenn necrnnrentnoro sanora;
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
b) npnuacrnx npomenmero npemenn crpanarentnoro sanora. Paccmorpnm necxontxo
npennoxenn:
Ma)i:ur, uanucaeuu omo co:uueuue, +uoeo :umaem.
Hanucaeuu npnuacrne npomenmero npemenn necrnnrentnoro sanora (mantunx cam
nanncan counnenne, on tn ncnonnnrenem necrnnx, on necrnonan, nor nouemy
necrnnrentnt sanor).
uurmaum, uanucauui +a)i:uro+, )era) ua cmo)e v:ume).
Hanucauui npnuacrne npomenmero npemenn crpanarentnoro sanora
(npnuacrne uanucauui ornocnrcx x cymecrnnrentnomy ourmaum. uurmaum tn
oexrom necrnnx, on tn naccnnen, ero nanncan mantunx, no+romy
npnuacrne uanucauui ornocnrcx x naccnnnomy sanory).
B ;uam :e)oeera, npo:umaeueeo ece omu ruueu.
Hpo:umaeueeo npnuacrne npomenmero npemenn necrnnrentnoro sanora (ou unran,
r. e. necrnonan).
Bce ruueu, npo:umauuie +ou+ opamo+, )era)u ua eeo cmo)e.
Hpo:umauuie npnuacrne npomenmero npemenn crpanarentnoro sanora (nx, xnnrn,
unran par; camn no cee onn tnn naccnnnt).
Bcnomnnnn? Tenept nepenem x anrnncxnm npnuacrnxm. B ornnune or pyccxoro, n
anrnncxom xstxe ner opmt npnuacrn npomenmero npemenn necrnnrentnoro sanora,
no+romy ooport c nonontmn npnuacrnxmn moryr trt nepenenent na anrnncxn xstx
rontxo c nomomtm npnnarountx npennoxenn c rnaronom n opme Past Indefinite:
Ma)i:ur, uanucaeuu omo co:uueuue, +uoeo :umaem.
The boy who wrote this composition reads much.
B ;uam :e)oeera, npo:umaeueeo ece omu ruueu.
I know the man who read all these books.
Ma)i:ur, npuexaeuu e:epa e Mocrev, +o opam.
The boy, who came to Moscow yesterday, is my brother.
A nor npnuacrnx npomenmero npemenn crpanarentnoro sanora (Hpnuacrne II Participle II)
moryr trt opasonant or nmoro anrnncxoro rnarona[19]19

Kpome monantntx.


Hpnuem npannntnte rnaront opasymr Hpnuacrne II rouno rax xe, xax n
opmy Past Indefinite: npnannennem x ocnone rnarona cynxca -ed:
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

uopma npnuacrn npomenmero npemenn (Hpnuacrne II Participle II) or necrannaprntx
rnaronon nana n rannne (+ro rpertx opma rnarona):

B npennoxennn Hpnuacrne II ntnonnxer ynxnnm onpenenennx, r. e. ono noxcnxer,
xapaxrepnsyer cnono, ronopx o ero xauecrnax nnn cnocrnax. Hpnuacrne II moxer croxrt:
a) nepen cymecrnnrentntm:
the written letter uanucauuoe nuci+o;
the broken window pa;oumoe oruo;
b) nocne cymecrnnrentnoro:
The book written by my friend is very interesting.
Kuuea, uanucauua +ou+ opveo+, o:eui uumepecua.
We admired the picture painted by that student.
Mi )mooea)uci rapmuuo, uanucauuo me+ cmvoeumo+.
A renept nepexonnm x nsyuennm npemenn Present Perfect.
Mt yxe ronopnnn, uro nasnanne xaxnoro rpammarnuecxoro npemenn orpaxaer re ynxnnn,
xoropte nannoe npemx ntnonnxer n peun. Ha nepnt nsrnxn, n nasnannn Present
Perfect ecrt nexoe npornnopeune:Perfect nepenonnrcx xax conepmennoe, snaunr, +ro
npemx nepenaer yxe conepmnnmeecx necrnne; no nent conepmnnmnecx necrnnx otuno
cnxstnamr c npomenmnm npemenem, nouemy xe rorna Present, r. e. nacroxmee?
Peno snect nor n uem. V pyccxnx rnaronon nnx nepenaun necrnnx, conepmennoro n
npomnom, ecrt rontxo onna opma npomenmero npemenn (conepmennoro nnna):
Ou npuexa) e:epa.
Ou npuexa).
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Anrnncxne xe rnaront nnx nepenaun necrnnx, conepmennoro n npomnom, nmemr
necxontxo npemenntx opm. Onny ns nnx mt yxe ntyunnn +ro Past
Indefinite (npomenmee neonpenenennoe npemx); a nropax Present Perfect (nacroxmee
conepmennoe).
Bo 2 ypoxe mt yxe ronopnnn o rom, xorna ynorpenxercx opma Past Indefinite, n rorna,
cpannnnax ee c Past Continuous, mt nenann axnenr na rom, uro Past Indefinite ntpaxaer
necrnne, xoropoe nponsomno, a Past Continuous necrnne, xoropoe nponcxonnno n
npomnom.
Tenept mt eme pas nannm onpenenenne npemenn Past Indefinite, cocpenorounn nnnmanne na
rom, uro ornnuaer ero or npemenn Present Perfect.
Hrax, anrnncxn rnaron ynorpenxercx n opme Past Indefinite Tensennx ntpaxennx
necrnnx, xoropoe nponsomno n xaxo-ro momenr npemenn n npomnom. Hpn +rom n
npennoxennn, xax npannno, npncyrcrnyer ocroxrentcrno npemenn, yxastnammne na ro,
KOIPA nponsomno necrnne.
uopma Present Perfect Tense raxxe ynorpenxercx nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, xoropoe
conepmnnoct n npomnom, no pesyntrar +roro necrnnx nmeer nenocpencrnennoe ornomenne
x nacroxmemy momenry n n npennoxennn c rnaronom, croxmnm n opme Present
Perfect, nnxorna ne yxastnaercx npemx conepmennx necrnnx, r. x. n ronopxmero n
cnymammero nnrepecyer rontxo axr conepmennx (nnn ne conepmennx) necrnnx, a ne ro,
xorna ono conepmnnoct.
uopma Present Perfect opasyercx ns ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to have + Participle
II (Hpnuacrne II) cmtcnonoro rnarona.
Tenept nepenenem na anrnncxn xstx npnnenennte ntme npennoxennx:
Ou npuexa) e:epa.
Ou npuexa).
Hnnnnrnn to come
opma Past Indefinite came
opma Participle II come
B oonx pyccxnx npennoxennxx rnaron cronr n onno n ro xe opme npomenmero
npemenn conepmennoro nnna; no n nepnom npennoxennn nmeercx ocroxrentcrno npemenn,
yxastnammee na ro, KOIPA nponsomno necrnne (nuepa), snaunr, pyccxn rnaron
HPHEXAH mt nepenenem opmo Past Indefinite: came.
1. He came yesterday.
Hpexne, uem nepenecrn nropoe npennoxenne, npencrannm cee cnenymmym cnryannm:
necxontxo uenonex oxnnamr npnesna cnoero ronapnma, onnn ns nnx nocmorpen n oxno n
ynnnen roro, xoro nce xnyr. On nonopaunnaercx x cnonm npystxm n ronopnr: On npnexan.
B +rom npennoxennn ner ocroxrentcrna npemenn, nnxoro ne nnrepecyer, KOIPA on
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
npnexan, naxen cam axr roro, uro cotrne conepmnnoct. Ho+romy no nropom npennoxennn
pyccxn rnaron npnexan mt nepenenem npyro opmo Present Perfect:
2. He has come.
Hepenenem eme nna npennoxennx:
1. uea ou ua;ao uanuca) nuci+o ceoe+v opamv.
2. B uanuca) nuci+o. Bo;i+ume eeo, nora)vcma.
Hnnnnrnn to write
opma Past Indefinite wrote
opma Participle II written
B nepnom npennoxennn ocroxrentcrnom npemenn (nna nnx nasan) oosnaueno npemx
conepmennx necrnnx, ner nnxaxo cnxsn c nacroxmnm, no+romy pyccxn rnaron nanncan
mt nepenenem n opmePast Indefinite:
1. I wrote a[20]20

B aononnn1entnou rpauua1nuecxou ua1epnane un1an1e nnmopuannm o ap1nxnnx.


letter to my brother two days ago.
Bropoe npennoxenne rontxo nnopmnpyer nac o axre conepmennx necrnnx. Pesyntrar
+roro necrnnx nannno: nor nnctmo, nostmnre ero
2. I have written a letter. Take it, please.
Hnnnnrnn to see
opma Past Indefinite saw
opma Participle II seen
I saw this film last year. (Past Indefinite)
B euoe) omom du)i+ e npou)o+ eoov.
I shall not go to the cinema. I have already seen this film. (Present Perfect)
B ue noov e ruuo. B vre euoe) omom du)i+. (ue earuo, KOIuA, eareu darm)
Panare nonropnm napeunx n ocroxrentcrna npemenn, otuno ynorpenxemte co
npemenem Past Indefinite (yxastnammne na ro, KOIPA nponsomno cotrne):
yesterday ['jestdi] e:epa;
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
the day before yesterday [dei bi'fo: 'jestdi] no;ae:epa;
last week [lu:st wi:k] ua npou)o ueoe)e;
last year [lu:st j:] e npou)o+ eoov;
last night [lu:st nait] npou)o uo:im;
a week ago [wi:k 'gou] ueoe)m ua;ao
n r.n.
A nor c Present Perfect ynorpenxmrcx cnenymmne napeunx n ocroxrentnte cnona.
3anomnnre nx:
already [o:l'redi] vre
just [dAst] mo)iro :mo
never ['nev] uuroeoa
ever ['ev] roeoa-)uoo
since [sins] c mex nop, rar
yet [jet] eue (e ompuuame)iuix npeo)oreuux)
yet [jet] vre (e eonpocume)iuix npeo)oreuux)
always ['o:lwz] eceeoa
often ['o:fn] :acmo
today [t'dei] ceeoou
this month [is mAn0] e omo+ +ecue
this week [is wi:k] ua omo ueoe)e
this year [is j:] e omo+ eoov
lately ['leitli] ueoaeuo, e noc)eouee epe+
recently ['ri:sntli] ueoaeuo, ua oux
Hpn +rom nano snart, uro:
1) napeunx already, just, never, ever croxr, xax npannno, mexny ncnomorarentntm
rnaronom to have n Participle II;
2) already n nonpocnrentntx npennoxennxx ntpaxaer ynnnnenne;
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
3) napeunx yet, lately, recently cranxrcx n xonne npennoxennx;
4) since (coms n npennor) cronr nepen cnonom nnn npennoxennem, x xoropomy on ornocnrcx.
We translated this text last week. (Past Indefinite)
Mi nepeee)u omom mercm ua npou)o ueoe)e.
We have already translated this text.
Mi vre nepeee)u omom mercm. (+i u+ee+ omom mercm nepeeeoeuui+, omo darm)
B nonpocnrentntx npennoxennxx c rnaronom n opme Present Perfectncnomorarentnt
rnaron to have crannrcx nepen nonnexamnm:
Have you read this book? Yes. I have.
Bi :uma)u omv ruuev? ua.
Has she written a letter yet? No. She has not.
Oua vre uanuca)a nuci+o? Hem.
B orpnnarentntx npennoxennxx orpnnanne not (nnn napeune never)cronr nocne
ncnomorarentnoro rnarona:
I have not[haven't] read this book.
B ue :uma) omv ruuev.
I have never seen this film.
B uuroeoa ue euoe) omom du)i+.
Hepenenem na anrnncxn xstx necxontxo nonpocnrentntx npennoxenn:
1. Koeoa ou npuue)?
2. Ou vre npuue)?
B +rnx nonpocnrentntx npennoxennxx pyccxn rnaron cronr n onno n ro xe opme
npomenmero npemenn conepmennoro nnna (npnmen), no n nepnom npennoxennn
cnpamnnammero nnrepecyer npemx conepmennx cotrnx, snaunr, anrnncxn rnaron
nonxen croxrt n opme Past Indefinite:
1. When did he come?
Bo nropom xe npennoxennn cnpamnnammero nnrepecyer rontxo onno: nponsomno +ro
cotrne nnn ner (npn +rom n npennoxennn nmeercx napeune yet (yxe)), snaunr,
anrnncxn rnaron nonxen croxrt n opmePresent Perfect:
2. Has he come yet?
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Eme necxontxo npnmepon:
When did you graduate from the Institute?
Koeoa ei ;arou:u)u uucmumvm?
Have you graduated from the Institute yet?
Bi vre orou:u)u uucmumvm?
Have you ever been to[Opa1n1e nnnuanne: c Present Perfect rnarona to be
yno1penne1cn npeanor to.] Paris?
Bi roeoa-uuovoi oi)u e Hapure? When were you in Paris? Koeoa ei oi)u e Hapure? I
have never been to Paris.
B uuroeoa ue oi) e Hapure. I was in Paris last year.
B oi) e Hapure e npou)o+ eoov
Cnenyer nomnnrt, uro nmenno opma Past Indefinite ynorpenxercx n nonecrnonannn, n
paccxase o rom, uro tno. H n +rom cnyuae n npennoxennn c rnaronom, croxmnm n Past
Indefinite, moryr orcyrcrnonart otunte nnx +roro rpammarnuecxoro npemenn
ocroxrentcrna npemenn (yesterday, two days ago etc.), r. x. paccxas o xaxnx-nno cotrnxx
cam no cee ornocnr nac x npomnomy, ne cnxsannomy c nacroxmnm. Bor paccxas o rom, uro
nponsomno c Bamn nuepa:
I met her near the cinema. We bought two tickets and entered the hall.
B ecmpemu) ee oro)o ruuomeampa. Mi rvnu)u oea ou)ema u eou)u e xo)).

II. Kon1pontnme npeanoaennn ann nepenoaa
1. Buepa x nocnan nnctmo cnonm ponnrenxm.
2. rontxo uro nocnan nnctmo cnonm ponnrenxm.
3. On cnenan nomamnee sananne nosanuepa.
4. On yxe cnenan nomamnee sananne.
5. B npomnom rony mo par ne naneman nac.
6. Mo par ne naneman nac c Honoro rona.
7. Tt nanncan nnctmo? Pa.
8. Korna rt nanncan nnctmo? nanncan ero nuepa.
9. On rontxo uro npnmen nomo.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
10. On npnmen nomo n 6 uacon.
11. Bt xorna-nnynt tnn n Knene? Pa.
12. Korna nt tnn n Knene? tn ram 2 nnx nasan.
13. Ona eme ne npnmna.
14. Buepa ona ne npnmna n mxony.
15. nnxorna ne tn n Hapnxe.
III. Hepenoa xon1pontnmx npeanoaennn (ann cpannennn c Bamnu)
1. Yesterday I sent a letter to my parents.
2. I have just sent a letter to my parents.
3. He did his homework the day before yesterday.
4. He has already done his homework.
5. My brother didn't visit us last year.
6. My brother has not visited us since the New Year.
7. Have you written a letter? Yes, I have.
8. When did you write a letter? I wrote it yesterday.
9. He has just come home.
10. He came home at 6 o'clock.
11. Have you ever been to Kiev? Yes, I have.
12. When were you in Kiev? I was there two days ago.
13. She has not come yet.
14. She didn't come to school yesterday.
15. I have never been to Paris.
IV. Bononnn1entnmn rpauua1nuecxnn ua1epnan
Heonpenenennt aprnxnt a (an) nponsomen or uncnnrentnoro one onnn, no+romy on
ynorpenxercx rontxo nepen cymecrnnrentntmn n ennncrnennom uncne, ecnn peut nner o
npenmere noome, neonpenenennom, xaxom-ro, nmom:
Give me a pen. ua +ue (rarvm-uuovoi) pv:rv.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Heonpenenennt aprnxnt ynorpenxercx rontxo nepen ncuncnxemtmn cymecrnnrentntmn,
a raxxe n nexoroptx ycrounntx cnonocouerannxx:
to have a good time xopouo npoeooumi epe+;
once upon a time roeoa-mo, oaeuo;
for a long time e me:euue oo)eoeo epe+euu;
for how long a time? e me:euue raroeo epe+euu?
what a beautiful day! raro nperpacui oeui!
a few uecro)iro (c uc:uc)e+i+u cvuecmeume)iui+u);
a little ue+uoeo (c ueuc:uc)e+i+u cvuecmeume)iui+u);
He has a few English books.
We have a little money.
Onpenenennt aprnxnt the nponsomen or mecronmennx this (that) +ror (ror). Hmenno rax
ero moxno nepenecrn na pyccxn xstx. On crannrcx nepen cymecrnnrentntmn,
oosnauammnmn npenmer nsnecrnt, onpenenennt.
This is the book I want to read.
Jmo ma ruuea, romopvm xo:v npo:umami.
O +rom npenmere yxe mna peut nnn xe nonpasymenaercx nsnecrnt npenmer:
Where are the students?
Once upon a time there was a boy. The boy grew up

Onpeaenennmn ap1nxnt 1axae yno1penne1cn:

1. Ecnn npenmer xaxnm-ro opasom ntnenxercx ns pxna cee nonontx (n npennoxennn ecrt
yxastnammee na +ro orpannuenne):
Do you know the way to the station?
I like the garden near my house.

2. B ocroxrentcrnenntx ooporax:
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
in the morning, at the afternoon n r. n.

3. Ecnn npenmer ennncrnennt n cnoem pone:
the sun, the moon.

4. Hepen nasnannxmn uacre cnera:
the North, the West.

5. Hepen nopxnxontmn uncnnrentntmn:
the first, the second.

6. Hepen npnnararentntmn n npenocxonno crenenn:
January is the coldest winter month.

7. Hepen nasnannxmn ncex nonoemon:
the Volga, the Black Sea.

8. Hepen nasnannxmn ropntx nene:
the Carpathian mountains.

9. C nasnannxmn nnocrpanntx raser n xypnanon:
the Guardian, the Telegraph;
no: Izwestia.

10. C nasnannxmn rocynapcrnenntx yupexnenn n oprannsann:
the United Nations Organization.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

11. C nmenamn cocrnenntmn rpannnnonno:
the USA, The Congo.

12. B cnonocouerannxx:
the same mom re ca+i;
the next ovovuu;
the following c)eovmuu.

Ap1nxnn ne yno1pennm1cn n cneaymmnx cnyuanx:

1) Ecnn cymecrnnrentnoe cronr no mnoxecrnennom uncne, a n ennncrnennom uncne na +rom
mecre tn t aprnxnt. Hpn nepenone moxno noannrt cnono noome:
I like apples.

2) Hepen nencuncnxemtmn cymecrnnrentntmn (oosnauammnmn nemecrna n nonxrnx;
nocnennne nastnamrcx acrpaxrntmn cymecrnnrentntmn):
I have money. History is very interesting.

3) Ecnn nepen cymecrnnrentntmn cronr nnunoe mecronmenne:
My sister, his brother.

4) Hepen cymecrnnrentntmn, oosnauammnmn rpanest:
breakfast, dinner.

5) Hepen nasnannem npemen rona:
in winter, in summer.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

6) Hepen nasnannxmn uacre cyrox:
morning, night, sunset, sunrise;
no: in the morning; a warm summer day.

7) C nasnannxmn ynnnepcnreron, a+ponopron, xenesnonopoxntx crannn:
Kiev University, London Airport, Victoria Station.

8) Hepen nmenamn cocrnenntmn:
Pete is my brother.
CAOBAPL K YPOKY 5
perfect ['p:fikt] coeepueuui, nepdermui (epa+.)
composition [,komp'zin] co:uueuue
much [mAt] +uoeo (o) ueuc:uc)e+ix cvuecmeume)iuix)
to graduate from ['grdjueit from] orou:umi v:eouoe ;aeeoeuue
to send [send] noci)ami
parents ['pcrnts] pooume)u
to visit ['vizit] uaeeuami
YPOK 6
Ha +rom ypoxe mt paccmorpnm nna npemenn rpynnt Perfect: Past Perfect n Future Perfect.
Bt nomnnre, uro opma Present Perfect opasyercx npn nomomn ncnomorarentnoro
rnarona to have (n nacroxmem neonpenenennom npemenn: have, has) n Participle
II cmtcnonoro rnarona. He rpynno noranartcx, uro Past Perfect opasyercx ns
ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to have (n npomenmem neonpenenennom
npemenn: had) n Participle IIcmtcnonoro rnarona.
Cnpnaenne rnaronon n Past Perfect.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

Hpexne uem copmynnponart npannno o rom, n xaxnx cnyuaxx ynorpenxercx opma Past
Perfect, nepenenem na anrnncxn xstx 2 npennoxennx.
Koeoa npuue) oo+o, +a+a eomoeu)a ooeo.
B npnnarounom npennoxennn rnaron npnmen cronr n opme npomenmero npemenn
conepmennoro nnna (uro cnenan?), r. e. ntpaxaer necrnne, xoropoe nponsomno n npomnom,
n snaunr, mt nepenenem ero na anrnncxn xstx n opme Past Indefinite (came). B rnannom
npennoxennn rnaron roronnna cronr n opme npomenmero npemenn neconepmennoro
nnna
(orneuaer na nonpoc: uro nenana?), r. e. ntpaxaer necrnne, xoropoe nponcxonnno n
npomnom n onpenenennt momenr npemenn, n snaunr, mt nepenenem +ror rnaron n
opme Past Continuous:
When I came home mother was cooking dinner.
A renept nsmennm cnryannm:
Koeoa npuue) oo+o, +a+a vre npueomoeu)a ooeo.
B +rom npennoxennn oa pyccxnx rnarona npnmen, npnroronnna croxr n opme
npomenmero npemenn conepmennoro nnna, no rontxo onnn ns nnx npnmen moxno
nepenecrn na anrnncxn xstx n opme Past Indefinite; rnaron npnroronnna moxer trt
nepenenen rontxo n opmePast Perfect, r. x. nmenno +ro rpammarnuecxoe npemx ntpaxaer
necrnne, xoropoe conepmnnoct panee npyroro npomenmero necrnnx:
When I came home mother had already cooked dinner.
Taxnm opasom, ecnn n npennoxennn ecrt nna (nnn ontme) npomntx necrnnx, ro
opma Past Perfect ntpaxaer ro ns nnx, xoropoe nponsomno panee npyroro.
Past Perfect ynorpenxercx n cnoxnononunnenntx npennoxennxx, xax npannno, c comsamn:
after noc)e moeo, rar (e npuoamo:uo+ npeo)oreuuu);
before oo moeo, rar (e e)aeuo+ npeo)oreuuu).
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
to pass the examination coami or;a+eu
My brother went to Moscow after he had passed his examination.
Mo opam noexa) e Mocrev noc)e moeo, rar coa) or;a+eu.(cnepea coa) or;a+eu, a nomo+
noexa))
He had read the book before he saw the film.
Ou npo:uma) ruuev oo moeo, rar noc+ompe) du)i+.
B npocrtx npennoxennxx (c onnnm npomntm cotrnem) Past Perfectntpaxaer necrnne,
saxonunnmeecx x onpenenennomy momenry n npomnom, n +ror momenr oosnauaercx
ocroxrentcrnom npemenn c npennorom by:
She had come home by 9 o'clock.
Oua npuu)a oo+o r 9 :aca+.
to be over ;arau:ueamic
The meeting had been over by 5 o'clock.
Coopauue ;arou:u)oci r 5 :aca+.
Hponepnm cex eme pas, nepenenem npennoxenne:
B uanuca) co:uueuue nperoe, :e+ pooume)u npuu)u c paoomi.
To ecrt, x yxe nmen cnoe counnenne nanncanntm, n rontxo norom npnmnn ponnrenn; x
conepmnn cnoe necrnne pantme, uem onn, n no+romy rnaron nanncan nonxen trt
nepenenen n opme Past Perfect:

I had written a composition before my parents came from their work.
(uoc)oeuo: B u+e) co:uueuue uanucauui+, roeoa pooume)u npuu)u c paoomi)
Heoxonnmo nomnnrt o rom, uro n nonecrnonannn nnx ntpaxennx pxna nocnenonarentno
conepmanmnxcx necrnn ncnontsyercx opma rontxoPast Indefinite:
We went to the table, sat down and began writing[B aononnn1entnou rpauua1nuecxou
ua1epnane un1an1e nnmopuannm o repynann.].
Ou noooue) r cmo)v, ce) u cma) nucami.
Bonpocnrentnte npennoxennx c rnaronom n opme Past Perfectopasymrcx rax:
ncnomorarentnt rnaron (had) crannrcx nnepenn nonnexamero:
Had you returned home before the rain began?
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Bi eepuv)uci oo+o oo moeo, rar ua:a)c ooroi?
Had he finished his work by Saturday?
Ou ;arou:u) paoomv r cvooome? Orpnnarentnte npennoxennx opasymrcx npn nomomn
orpnnannx not, xoropoe crannrcx nocne ncnomorarentnoro rnarona:
He had not done his homework before his parents returned home.
Ou ue coe)a) oo+auuee ;aoauue oo moeo, rar pooume)u eepuv)uci oo+o.
Tenept Future Perfect Tense (ynymee conepmennoe npemx).
3ro rpammarnuecxoe npemx ntnonnxer n peun re xe ynxnnn, uro n Past Perfect, rontxo no
ornomennm x ynymemy.
uopma Future Perfect ncnontsyercx rorna, xorna xorxr nonuepxnyrt, uro xaxoe-nno
necrnne saxonunrcx (yner conepmenntm) x onpenenennomy momenry npemenn n ynymem.
Bpemx Future Perfect opasyercx npn nomomn ncnomorarentntx rnaronon shall (nnx 1-ro
nnna en. n mn. uncna) n will (nnx ncex ocrantntx nnn n uncen), nanee ncnomorarentnt
rnaron have n npnuacrne npomenmero npemenn cmtcnonoro rnarona (Participle II).
Cnpnaenne rnaronon n Future Perfect

to finish ;arau:ueami
shall B pasronopno peun uame ncero ynorpenxercx coxpamennax opma 'll.
will B pasronopno peun uame ncero ynorpenxercx coxpamennax opma'll.
I shall have finished my work by 5 o'clock.
B ;arou:v ceom paoomv r 5 :aca+. (m. e. r 5 :aca+ ovov u+emi ceom paoomv ;arou:euuo)
He will have read the book before he sees the film.
Ou npo:mem ruuev oo moeo, rar veuoum du)i+.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Taxnm opasom, ecnn npemena Future Indefinite n Future Continuousntpaxamr necrnnx,
xoropte ynyr nponcxonnrt n ynymem, ro Future Perfect ntpaxaer necrnnx, xoropte
sanepmarcx x onpenenennomy momenry npemenn n ynymem:
I shall write my report tomorrow. (Future Indefinite)
3aempa ovov nucami ceo oor)ao. ( uanuuv oor)ao ;aempa)
Tomorrow I shall be writing my report the whole morning. (Future Continuous)
3aempa ece vmpo ovov nucami ceo oor)ao.
I shall have written my report by 5 o'clock. (Future Perfect)
B uanuuv ceo oor)ao r 5 :aca+.
B nonpocnrentntx npennoxennxx (n opme Future Perfect)ncnomorarentnte
rnaront shall nnn will cranxrcx nepen nonnexamnm, a n orpnnarentntx uacrnna not cronr
nocne +rnx rnaronon:
Will you have finished your work by August?
Bi ;arou:ume ceom paoomv r aeevcmv? (uoc)oeuo: Bi ovoeme u+emi eauv paoomv
;arou:euuo r aeevcmv?)
I shall not have finished my work by August.
B ue ;arou:v ceom paoomv r aeevcmv.
II. Koumpououme npeuoxeuua ua nepeeoa
1. yxe nanncan nnctmo, xorna cecrpa nepnynact c paort.
2. nanncan nnctmo x 6 uacam.
3. On ne saxonunn paory x 5 uacam.
4. Hocne roro, xax x nonyunn renerpammy, x noexan ncrpeuart ee.
5. Ona npnner nomo x 6 uacam.
6. Ona npnner nomo n 6 uacon.
7. Tt cnenan nomamnee sananne no roro, xax ponnrenn npnmnn nomo?
8. Tt cnenaemt nomamnee sananne no roro, xax ponnrenn npnnyr nomo?
9. Tt cnenan nomamnee sananne?
10. Korna rt cnenan nomamnee sananne?
11. On cxasan, uro nnnen +ror nntm.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
12. Hocne roro, xax on cnan +xsament, on noexan nanecrnrt ponnrene.
13. nanemct, uro nt ne saynere menx x xonny rona.
14. nanemct, uro nt ne saynere menx.
15. Hpexne, uem nocrynnrt n ynnnepcnrer, ona paorana na name apnxe.
III. Hepenoa xon1pontnmx npeanoaennn (ann cpannennn c Bamnu)
1. I had already written my letter when my sister returned from her work.
2. I had written my letter by 6 o'clock.
3. He hadn't finished his work y 5 o'clock.
4. After I had got the telegram I went to meet her.
5. She will have come home by 6 o'clock.
6. She will come home at 6 o'clock.
7. Had you done your homework before your parents came home?
8. Will you have done your homework before your parents come home?
9. Have you done your homework?
10. When did you do your homework?
11. He said (that) he had seen this film.
12. After he had passed his exams he went to visit his parents.
13. I hope you will not have forgotten me by the end of the year.
14. I hope you will not forget me.
15. Before she entered the University she had worked at our factory.
IV. Bononnn1entnmn rpauua1nuecxnn ua1epnan
Iepynnn (The Gerund) nennunax opma rnarona, xoropax nastnaer necrnne. On
opasyercx nyrem npnannennx oxonuannx -ing x ocnone rnarona.
Ocoennocrt nanncannx:
to write writing;
to run running;
to lie lying.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Hpocro repynnn ntpaxaer necrnne:
a) onnonpemennoe co cxasyemtm npennoxennx: I like reading
nnn
b) npenmecrnymmee cxasyemomy nocne rnaronon: remember, thank, excuse, forget;
nocne npennoron: after, before, without, since, on etc:
I remember running to the river in summer.
B no+um, rar oeea) )emo+ r pere.
On coming home I turned on the TV-set.
Hpuo oo+o, er)m:u) me)eeu;op.
Hepexrnt repynnn ntpaxaer necrnne, npenmecrnymmee cxasyemomy; on opasyercx
ns having + III opma ocnonnoro rnarona(Participle II):
I am sure of having seen her yesterday.
B veepeu, :mo euoe) ee e:epa.
Haccnnnt repynnn nastnaer necrnne, xoropoe ncntrtnaer na cee nonnexamee; on
opasyercx ns being + Participle II:
I like being invited to their house.
B )mo)m, roeoa ouu npue)auamm +eu r ceoe.
Hocne rnaronon to need, to want, to require, worth (cmoum) necrnne, ncntrtnaemoe
nonnexamnm, ntpaxaercx npocrtm repynnnem:
This film is worth seeing.
Jmom du)i+ cmoum noc+ompemi.
Iepynann yno1penne1cn:
1) xax nononnenne nocne cnon: enjoy, excuse, forgive, give up, fear of, remember, hate,
dislike, approve of, speak of, think of, be tired of, agree to, look forward to, depend on,
insist on, rely on, prevent from, feel like, look like, be sorry for, thank for:
She enjoyed being at the sea.
E o:eui noupaeu)oci ua +ope.

Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
2) xax ocroxrentcrno nocne npennoron: after, before, on, upon, in, at, by, without, for, in
spite of, instead of:
She thanked me for helping him.
Oua noo)aeooapu)a +eu ;a mo, :mo no+oe e.
Instead of stopping the rain increased.
B+ecmo moeo, :mooi ocmauoeumic, ooroi cma) eue cu)iuee (vcu)u)c).

3) xax uacrt cocrannoro rnarontnoro cxasyemoro nocne rnaronon: begin, continue, stop,
finish, go on, keep on:
She kept on talking.
Oua npooo)ra)a pa;eoeapueami.

4) xax onpenenenne nocne cnon: idea, thought, chance, hope, importance:
I liked the thought staying with you.
Mue noupaeu)aci +ic)i noeocmumi v eac.
CAOBAPL K YPOKY 6
to sit down [sit daun] caoumic
to begin [bi'gin] ua:uuami
to return [ri't:n] eo;epauamic
to finish ['fini] ;arau:ueami
a report [ri'po:t] oor)ao
tomorrow [t'morou] ;aempa
August ['o:gst] aeevcm
to get [get] no)v:ami
telegram ['teligrm] me)eepa++a
to meet [mi: t] ecmpe:ami
parents ['pcrnts] pooume)u
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
to forget [f'get] ;aoieami
to enter ['ent] exooumi, nocmvnami (e v:eouoe ;aeeoeuue)
YPOK 7
Hrax, Bam ocranoct sanonnnrt nocnennmm xononxy n Bame rannne rpammarnuecxnx
npemen.
Ha +rom ypoxe mt paccmorpnm nce rpn npemenn rpynnt Perfect Continuous.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
(nac1onmee conepmennoe npoaonaennoe npeun)
Panare nepenenem na anrnncxn xstx rpn npennoxennx:
1. B paoomam ua daopure.
2. B paoomam, (e omeem ua eonpoc: Umo mi ce:ac oe)aeui?)
3. B paoomam ua daopure vre 5 )em.
Bo ncex rpex npennoxennxx pyccxn rnaron cronr n opme nacroxmero npemenn. Ho npn
nepenone na anrnncxn xstx mt nonxnt yunrtnart, uro n nepnom npennoxennn rnaron
paoram npocro xoncrarnpyer axr, no+romy anrnncxn rnaron to work mt nepenenem n
opme Present Indefinite:
1. I work at the factory.
Bo nropom npennoxennn rnaron paoram ntpaxaer necrnne, nporexammee n momenr
peun, n, cnenonarentno, anrnncxn rnaron to work mt nocrannm n opmy Present
Continuous:
2. I am working (now).
A nor nnx roro, urot npannntno nepenecrn rperte npennoxenne, anrnncxn rnaron to
work neoxonnmo nocrannrt n opmy Present Perfect Continuous. 3ro rpammarnuecxoe
npemx ntnonnxer n peun nne ynxnnn, ceuac mt paccmorpnm nepnym.
uopma Present Perfect Continuous ynorpenxercx nnx ntpaxennx nnnrentnoro necrnnx,
nauanmerocx n npomnom n npononxammerocx n nacroxmee npemx. Hpn +rom n npennoxennn
oxsarentno npncyrcrnyer ocroxrentcrno npemenn, yxastnammee na ro, xax nonro
nporexaer necrnne.
Bpemx Present Perfect Continuous opasyercx npn nomomn ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to
be n opme Present Perfect (have been; has been) n npnuacrnx nacroxmero npemenn
cmtcnonoro rnarona (Participle I).
3. B paoomam ua daopure vre 5 )em.
I have been working at the factory for 5 year.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Hpennor for otuno crannrcx nepen ocroxrentcrnom npemenn, yxastnammnm na ro, KAK
POHIO npononxaercx necrnne.
Cnpnaenne rnaronon n Present Perfect Continuous.

to work paoomami
Hepenenem eme rpn npennoxennx:
1. Ou npuuu+aem ovu rarooe vmpo.
2. Ou npuuu+aem ovu. (e omeem ua eonpoc: Umo ou ce:ac oe)aem?)
3. Ou npuuu+aem ovu vre no):aca.
1. He takes a shower every morning.
(rnaron ntpaxaer perynxpno nonropxmmeecx necrnne, no+romy on cronr n opme Present
Indefinite: takes).
2. He is taking a shower.
(rnaron ntpaxaer necrnne, nponcxonxmee n nannt momenr, no+romy on cronr n
opme Present Continuous: is taking).
3. He has been taking a shower for half an hour.
(rnaron ntpaxaer necrnne, nauanmeecx n npomnom n nce eme npononxammeecx, npn +rom n
npennoxennn ecrt ocroxrentcrno npemenn, yxastnammee na ro, KAK POHIO
npononxaercx nannoe necrnne (half an hour), nor nouemy on cronr n opme Present
Perfect Continuous: has been taking).
Hrax, ynorpenxx npemx Present Perfect Continuous nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, nauanmerocx
n npomnom n npononxammerocx n nacroxmee npemx, mt opamaem nnnmanne nmenno na
npemx, n reuenne xoroporo nponcxonnr necrnne; npn +rom anrnncxn rnaron, croxmn n
+rom rpammarnuecxom npemenn, nepenonnrcx na pyccxn xstx opmo nacroxmero npemenn:
to stew mvuumi (+co)
The meat has been stewing for two hours.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

Mco mvuumc e me:euue 2 :acoe.
Ho ronopx: The meat is still stewing (Mco ece eue mvuumc),ronopxmn npocro
nxcnpyer axr nponcxonxmero n nannt momenr necrnnx.
Mt yxe ronopnnn o npennore for (e me:euue), no c Present Perfect Continuous uacro
ynorpenxercx n npennor since (c), xoropt crannrcx nepen ocroxrentcrnom npemenn,
noxastnammnm, c xaxoro momenra n npomnom nauanoct necrnne, xoropoe nce eme
npononxaercx.
Cpannnre:
I have been living here since 1998.
B ruev ;oeci c 1998 eooa.
I have been living here for two years.
B ruev ;oeci oea eooa.
Hpn opasonannn nonpocnrentno opmt nepnt ncnomorarentnt rnaron crannrcx nepen
nonnexamnm:
Have you been working at this factory for 5 year?
Bi paoomaeme ua omo daopure 5 )em?
Has he been living here since 1998?
Ou rueem ;oeci c 1998?
How long have you been living here?
Kar oaeuo ei ;oeci rueeme?
I've been living here for 5 year.
B ruev ;oeci 5 )em.
Hpn opasonannn orpnnarentno opmt uacrnna not crannrcx nocne nepnoro
ncnomorarentnoro rnarona.
He has not been working here since 1997.
Bpemx Present Perfect Continuous ntnonnxer n peun n nropym ynxnnm: ono ntpaxaer
necrnne, nauanmeecx n npomnom n npononxammeecx no momenra peun, no yxe
oxonunnmeecx. H n +rom snauennn npemx Present Perfect Continuous neoxonnmo
conocrannxrt co npemenem Present Perfect.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Oa +rn rpammarnuecxne npemenn ntpaxamr cnxst npomnoro c nacroxmnm. Ho ecnn Present
Perfect xonnenrpnpyer nnnmanne na pesyntrare necrnnx, ro Present Perfect Continuous
na camom necrnnn. Hmenno no+romy anrnncxn rnaron n opme Present
Perfectnepenonnrcx na pyccxn xstx rnaronom n opme npomenmero npemenn
conepmennoro nnna, a rnaron n opme Present Perfect Continuousnepenonnrcx na pyccxn
xstx rnaronom npomenmero npemenn neconepmennoro nnna.
Hpencrantre cee cnenymmym cnryannm: ctn ouent nosnno nosnpamaercx ns mxont, n
mama, ncrpeuax ero, cnpamnnaer:
What have you been doing?
Umo mi oe)a)? (oo oauuoeo +o+euma)
Ona xouer snart, nouemy ctn rax nosnno nepnyncx ns mxont, uem on tn sanxr, uro ero ram
sanepxano. Ee ne nnrepecyer pesyntrar +rnx necrnn. Ecnn t ona cnpocnna:
What have you done today? ro ecrt, ecnn t ona ynorpenna opmyPresent Perfect (a
ne Present Perfect Continuous), +ro osnauano t:
Umo mi ceeoou coe)a)? (r. e. uem rt moxemt noxnacrartcx?) H n raxom cnyuae nce
nnnmanne cocpenoraunnanoct t na pesyntrare necrnnx.
Ctn orneuaer:
I have been talking to my teacher.
(Pasronopnt napnanr: Ive been talking)
B pa;eoeapuea) co ceou+ v:ume)e+.
Ecnn t n cnoem ornere on ynorpenn rnaron to talk n opme Present Perfect, rorna na
pyccxn xstx ero nano tno t nepenecrn rnaronom conepmennoro nnna:
I have talked to my teacher.
(Pasronopnt napnanr: Ive talked)
B noeoeopu) co ceou+ v:ume)e+.
They have been living here for 10 years.
Ouu ruevm ;oeci 10 )em. (u ruevm oo cux nop)
They have lived here for 10 years.
Ouu nporu)u ;oeci 10 )em.
Bt snaere, uro nexoropte anrnncxne rnaront ne ynorpenxmrcx n opme Continuous.
Hanpnmep, rnaron to be ynorpenxercx n opmeContinuous rontxo n xauecrne
ncnomorarentnoro rnarona. Ho+romy nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, nauanmerocx n npomnom n
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
npononxammerocx n nannt momenr, c raxnmn rnaronamn ynorpenxercx opma Present
Perfect nmecro Present Perfect Continuous:
We have been here since 5 o'clock.
Mi ;oeci c 5 :acoe.
Ho: We have been waiting for you since 5 o'clock.
Mi oruoae+ eac c 5 :acoe.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense. (Hpomenmee conepmennoe npononxennoe npemx) Cnepna
ncnomnnm npemx Past Perfect:
I had already written my composition when they came.
B vre uanuca) co:uueuue, roeoa ouu npuu)u.
B +rom npennoxennn rnaron to write, ynorpenennt n opme Past Perfect, ntpaxaer
necrnne, conepmnnmeecx panee npyroro npomenmero necrnnx. uopma Past
Perfect xonnenrpnpyer name nnnmanne rontxo na pesyntrare necrnnx n nepenonnrcx na
pyccxn xstx rnaronom npomenmero npemenn conepmennoro nnna: nanncan (uro cnenan?).
Tenept paccmorpnm cnenymmee npennoxenne:
B nuca) co:uueuue vre 2 :aca, roeoa ouu npuu)u.
Inaron nncan moxno nepenecrn na anrnncxn xstx rontxo npn nomomn npemenn Past
Perfect Continuous, xoropoe ynorpenxercx nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, nauanmerocx n
onpenenennt momenr n npomnom n npononxanmerocx n reuenne onpenenennoro nepnona
npemenn no nauana npyroro necrnnx, ntpaxennoro rnaronom n Past Indefinite:
I had been writing my composition for two hours when they came.
B +rom npennoxennn npemx Past Perfect Continuous, n xoropom ynorpenen rnaron to
write, xonnenrpnpyer name nnnmanne ne na pesyntrare necrnnx, a na rom, KAK POHIO
ono npononxanoct no nauana npyroro necrnnx n npomnom. Anrnncxn rnaron n
opme Past Perfect Continuous nepenonnrcx na pyccxn xstx rnaronom npomenmero
npemenn neconepmennoro nnna: nncan (uro nenan?).
Past Perfect Continuous opasyercx npn nomomn ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to be n
opme Past Perfect (had been) n Participle I cmtcnonoro rnarona.
Cnpnaenne rnaronon n Past Perfect Continuous.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

I had been doing my homework for 3 hours when my sister returned from her work. (Past
Perfect Continuous) B oe)a) oo+auuee ;aoauue 3 :aca, roeoa +o cecmpa eepuv)aci c
paoomi.
Cpannnre:
I had already done my homework when my sister returned from her work. (Past Perfect)
B vre coe)a) oo+auuee ;aoauue, roeoa +o cecmpa eepuv)aci c paoomi.
B opasonannn nonpocnrentntx n orpnnarentntx npennoxenn ner nnuero nonoro:
How long had she been working before her friend came?
Kar oo)eo oua paooma)a oo moeo, rar npuu)a ee noopvea?
He hadn't been learning English for 5 years before he entered the University.
Ou ue v:u) aue)ucru ;ir e me:euue 5 )em oo nocmvn)euu e Vuueepcumem.
Future Perfect Continuous Tense
(ynymee conepmennoe npononxennoe npemx)
3ro rpammarnuecxoe npemx mt ynem cpannnnart c Future Perfect Tense.
Hanemct, Bt nomnnre, uro Future Perfect oosnauaer necrnne, xoropoe saxonunrcx x
onpenenennomy momenry n ynymem. Bce nnnmanne npn +rom cocpenoroueno na pesyntrare
necrnnx:
I shall have read the book by Monday.
B npo:mv omv ruuev oo noueoe)iuura.
He will have finished his work by two o'clock.
Ou ;arou:um ceom paoomv r 2 :aca+.
Hcnontsyx xe npemx Future Perfect Continuous, mt opamaem nnnmanne na camo necrnne,
a ne na ero pesyntrar.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Hpn +rom moxno yner n onpenenennt momenr n ynymem nocmorpert n npomnoe n
ysnart, uro nannoe necrnne npononxaercx c onpenenennoro momenra, n, xpome roro, moxno
onpenennrt, xax nonro ono npononxaercx.
uopma Future Perfect Continuous opasyercx npn nomomn ncnomorarentntx
rnaronon shall nnn will, rnarona to be n opme Present Perfect (have been) n Participle
I cmtcnonoro rnarona.
Cnpnaenne rnaronon n mopue Future Perfect Continuous

to work - paoomami
By the end of the year I shall have been working at the Institute for 5 years.
K rouuv eooa ucno)uumc 5 )em, rar paoomam e omo+ uucmumvme. ( ovov
paoomamuu+)
By the New Year she will have been working with us for 3 years.
K Hoeo+v eoov ucno)uumc 3 eooa, rar oua paoomaem c ua+u.
Hpn opasonannn nonpocnrentno opmt nepnt ncnomorarentnt rnaron crannrcx nepen
nonnexamnm, npn opasonannn orpnnarentno opmt uacrnna not crannrcx nocne nepnoro
ncnomorarentnoro rnarona.
Hs camoro nasnannx npemen rpynnt Perfect Continuous moxno cnenart ntnon, uro xax
opmt npononxennoro nnna (Continuous) onn ntpaxamr necrnne n nponecce ero
conepmennx; xax opmt nepexrnte (Perfect)onn ntpaxamr necrnne, nauaroe no momenra
ntcxastnannx.
I have been waiting for her for two hours. (Present Perfect Continuous)
B rov ee vre 2 :aca.
B +rom npennoxennn ronopxmn coomaer o rom, uro on ne rontxo xner ee ceuac, n
nannt momenr, no uro on nauan xnart sa nna uaca no +roro momenra, uro cocroxnne
oxnnannx nauanoct n npomnom n npononxaercx ceuac.
Cpannnre:
I am waiting for her. (Present Continuous)
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
B rov ee. (e oauui +o+eum)
Tenept cpannnm Past Continuous n Past Perfect Continuous:
He was working when his sister rang him up. (Past Continuous)
Ou paooma), roeoa no;eouu)a eeo cecmpa.
He had been working for an hour when his sister rang him up. (Past Perfect Continuous)
Ou paooma) vre :ac, roeoa no;eouu)a eeo cecmpa.
Tenept Future Continuous n Future Perfect Continuous:
I'll be working at my report from 10 till 12 tomorrow.
3aempa ovov paoomami uao ceou+ oor)aoo+ c 10 oo 12.
By the end of the week I'll have been working at my report for 10 days.
K rouuv ueoe)u ovoem vre 10 oue, rar paoomam uao ceou+ oor)aoo+.

II. Kon1pontnme npeanoaennn ann nepenoaa
1. Hocnemn! Ona oxnnaer rex.
2. Ona oxnnaer rex yxe 2 uaca.
3. Mox cecrpa xnner n Knene.
4. Mox cecrpa xnner n Knene c 1990 rona.
5. On paoran na namem sanone 10 ner.
6. Bt xnnere n Mocxne? Pa.
7. Kax nonro nt xnnere n Mocxne? xnny snect 5 ner.
8. paoran n reuenne 2 uacon no roro, xax ona npnmna.
9. On npenonanan n mxone 5 ner no roro, xax nepeexan n Mocxny.
10. K xonny rona ncnonnnrcx 10 ner, xax mt xnnem n +rom nome.
A 1enept ann non1opennn ncex 12 npeuen nepeneaeu npeanoaennn c rnaronaun to read n to write.
1. Tt mnoro unraemt? Pa. unram xaxnt nent.
2. uro rt nenaemt? unram.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
3. npouen +ry xnnry na npomno nenene.
4. unran, xorna onn nomnn n xomnary.
5. npoury +ry xnnry.
6. 3anrpa x yny unrart nect neuep.
7. yxe unran +ry xnnry.
8. On cxasan, uro npouen +ry xnnry eme n nercrne.
9. npoury nam noxnan no nonenentnnxa.
10. On unraer nnctmo yxe nonuaca.
11. Ona unrana crartm nonuaca, xorna onn npnmnn.
12. K nonomy rony ncnonnnrcx 2 rona, xax on unraer +ry xnnry.

1. Onn nncann counnenne, xorna nnpexrop mxont nomen n xnacc.
2. Tt uacro nnmemt nnctma? Pa.
3. Onn yxe nanncann counnenne.
4. oxsarentno nannmy ree nnctmo.
5. nannmy cno noxnan no nocxpecentx.
6. K xonny rona ncnonnnrcx 5 ner, xax on nnmer nncceprannm.
7. Onn nnmyr counnenne yxe 2 uaca.
8. Onn nncann counnenne yxe 2 uaca, xorna nnpexrop mxont nomen n xnacc.
9. uro ona nenaer? Ona nnmer counnenne.
10. Ona cxasana, uro yxe nanncana counnenne.
11. B nocxpecente, c 5 no 7 uacon, x yny nncart noxnan.
12. On nanncan nnctmo nna nnx nasan.
III. Hepenoa xon1pontnmx npeanoaennn (ann cpannennn c Bamnu)
1. Hurry up! She is waiting for you.
2. She has been waiting for you for two hours.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
3. My sister lives in Kiev.
4. My sister has been living in Kiev since 1990.
5. He has been working at our factory for 10 years.
6. Do you live in Moscow? Yes. I do.
7. How long have you been living in Moscow? I've been living here for 5 years.
8. I had been working for two hours when she came.
9. He had been teaching at school for 5 years before he moved to Moscow.
10. By the end of the year we'll have been living in this house for 10 years.

1. Do you read much? Yes, I do. I read every day.
2. What are you doing? I am reading.
3. I read this book last week.
4. I was reading when they entered the room.
5. I shall read this book.
6. I'll be reading the whole evening tomorrow.
7. I have already read this book.
8. He said he had read this book when a child.
9. I'll have read your report by Monday.
10. He has been reading a letter for half an hour.
11. She had been reading an article for half an hour when they came.
12. By the New Year he'll have been reading this book for two years.

1. They were writing a composition when the headmaster entered the classroom.
2. Do you often write letters? Yes, I do.
3. They have already written a composition.
4. I will write you a letter.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
5. I'll have written my report by Sunday.
6. By the end of the year he'll have been writing his thesis for 5 years.
7. They have been writing a composition for 2 hours.
8. They had been writing a composition for 2 hours when the headmaster entered the
classroom.
9. What is she doing? She is writing a composition.
10. She said that she had already written a composition.
11. I'll be writing my report from 5 till on Sunday.
12. He wrote a letter two days ago.
CAOBAPL K YPOKY 7
to stew [stju:] mvuumi (+co)
still [stil] ece eue
since [sins] c
how [hau] rar
long [lon] oo)eo
how long? [hau lon] rar oo)eo?
to hurry (up) ['hAri] moponumic
to move [mu:v] nepee;rami
head master [hed 'mu:st] oupermop uro)i
thesis ['0i:sis] ouccepmauu
YPOK 8
C1paaa1entnmn (naccnnnmn) sanor (Passive Voice)
Hrax, rnannoe nosann. Ecnn marepnan npentnymnx cemn ypoxon nonxr n ycnoen, Bam ne
cnoxno yner nponecrn napannenn mexny opmamn necrnnrentnoro (active) n
naccnnnoro (passive) sanoron.
Passive Voice (crpanarentnt sanor) oosnauaer, uro nonnexamee ne ntnonnxer necrnne,
a ncntrtnaer na cee necrnne npyroro npenmera.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Crpanarentnt sanor opasyercx ns ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to be n coornercrnymmem
npemenn n Participle II cmtcnonoro rnarona.
to discuss[B aononnn1entnou rpauua1nuecxou ua1epnane un1an1e nnmopuannm o
nnmnnn1nne.] oocvroami (crpanarentnt sanor).

Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON

Hpennorn by n with n Passive Voice.
The letter is written by my brother. (by nepen ncnonnnrenem necrnnx)
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Huci+o uanucauo +ou+ opamo+. (re+?)
The letter is written with a pen. (with nepen nncrpymenrom necrnnx)
Huci+o uanucauo pv:ro. (:e+?)
B nonpocnrentntx npennoxennxx ncnomorarentnt rnaron to be crannrcx nepen
nonnexamnm:
Is this work finished? Yes, it is.
Jma paooma ;arou:eua? ua.
B orpnnarentntx uacrnna not crannrcx nocne ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to be:
The work is not finished yet.
Paooma eue ue orou:eua.
Bnnmarentno npournre cnenymmne napt npennoxenn.
Hnnnnrnn to read [ri:d]
Past Indefinite read [red]
Participle II read [red]
(:umami)
Present Indefinite
1. They often read this book. (Active Voice)
Ouu :acmo :umamm omv ruuev.
This book is often read. (Passive Voice)
Jmv ruuev :acmo :umamm.
Past Indefinite
2. They read this book yesterday. (Active Voice)
Ouu npo:)u omv ruuev e:epa.
This book was read yesterday. (Passive Voice)
Jmv ruuev npo:)u e:epa. (Jma ruuea oi)a npo:umaua e:epa)
Future Indefinite
3. They will read this book tomorrow. (Active Voice)
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Ouu npo:mvm omv ruuev.
The book will be read tomorrow. (Passive Voice)
Jmv ruuev npo:mvm ;aempa. (Kuuea ovoem npo:umaua ;aempa)
Present Continuous
4. They are reading it now. (Active Voice)
Ouu :umamm ee ce:ac.
It is being read now. (Passive Voice)
Ee :umamm ce:ac.
Past Continuous
5. He was reading a book when they came. (Active Voice)
Ou :uma) omv ruuev, roeoa ouu npuu)u.
The book was being read when they came. (Passive Voice)
Kuuev :uma)u, roeoa ouu npuu)u.
Present Perfect
6. They have already read this book. (Active Voice)
Ouu vre :uma)u omv ruuev.
The book has already been read. (Passive Voice)
Jma ruuea vre npo:umaua.
Past Perfect
7. They had read it by two o'clock. (Active Voice)
K oev+ :aca+ ouu npo:)u ee.
It had been read by two o'clock. (Passive Voice)
Oua oi)a npo:umaua r oev+ :aca+.
Future Perfect
8. They will have read it by Sunday. (Active Voice)
Ouu npo:mvm ee r eocrpeceuim.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
It will have been read by Sunday. (Passive Voice)
Ee npo:mvm r eocrpeceuim.
Hpounrare eme necxontxo npnmepon:
Hnnnnrnn to bring
Past Indefinite brought
Participle II brought
(npuuocumi)
She brought these letters yesterday.
Oua npuuec)a omu nuci+a e:epa.
The letters were brought yesterday.
Jmu nuci+a npuuec)u e:epa.
Hnnnnrnn to build
Past Indefinite built
Participle II built
(cmpoumi)
They will build their house next year.
Ouu nocmpom ceo oo+ e c)eovmue+ eoov.
The house will be built next year.
uo+ ovoem nocmpoeu e c)eovmue+ eoov.
Hnnnnrnn to break
Past Indefinite broke
Participle II broken
(pa;oueami)
When did you break the cup?
Koeoa mi pa;ou) :aurv?
When was the cup broken?
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Koeoa oi)a pa;ouma oma :aura?
Hnnnnrnn to send
Past Indefinite sent
Participle II sent
(noci)ami)
When will you send the letter?
Koeoa mi omnpaeuui nuci+o?

When will the letter be sent?
Koeoa nuci+o ovoem omnpae)euo?
Hnnnnrnn to show
Past Indefinite showed
Participle II shown
(nora;ieami)
He showed them the way to the station.
Ou nora;a) u+ oopoev r cmauuuu.
He was shown the way to the station.
E+v nora;a)u oopoev r cmauuuu.
Hnmnnn1nn to write
Past Indefinite wrote
Participle II written
(nucami)
He has written a letter.
Ou uanuca) nuci+o.
The letter has been written by him.
Huci+o uanucauo u+.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Hnmnnn1nn to ask
Past Indefinite asked
Participle II asked
(cnpauueami, npocumi)
Yesterday I asked my class-mate to help me.
B:epa nonpocu) ceoeeo oouor)accuura no+o:i +ue.
Yesterday I was asked to help my class-mate.
B:epa +eu nonpocu)u no+o:i +oe+v oouor)accuurv.
II. Kon1pontnme npeanoaennn ann cauoc1on1entnoro nepenoaa
1. nan e xonnepr.
2. Mne nann xonnepr.
3. On nepenen +ry ntecy na pyccxn xstx n npomnom rony.
4. 3ra nteca nepenenena na pyccxn xstx n npomnom rony.
5. Innnxa counnnn onepy Hnan Cycannn.
6. Onepa Hnan Cycannn tna nanncana Innnxo.
7. Poxrop ocmorpen ero.
8. On tn ocmorpen noxropom.
9. npnrnacnn mnoro rocre.
10. Menx npnrnacnnn na neuepnnxy.
11. Mt ncrpernm nenerannm sanrpa.
12. Penerannm ncrperxr sanrpa. (Penerannx yner ncrpeuena)
III. Hepenoa xon1pontnmx npeanoaennn ann cpannennn c Bamnun
1. I gave her an envelope.
2. I was given an envelope.
3. He translated this play into Russian last year.
4. This play was translated into Russian last year.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
5. Glinka composed the opera Ivan Susanin.
6. The opera Ivan Susanin was composed by Glinka.
7. The doctor has examined him.
8. He has been examined by the doctor.
9. I invited many quests.
10. I was invited to the party.
11. We shall meet the delegation tomorrow.
12. The delegation will be met tomorrow.
IV. Bononnn1entnmn rpauua1nuecxnn ua1epnan
Huquuumue +ro nennunax opma rnarona, xoropax noxastnaer necrnne. Orneuaer na
nonpoc: uro nenart? uro cnenart? Hpnsnaxom nnnnnrnna xnnxercx uacrnna to, croxmax
nepen rnaronom.
He likes to read.
Ou )moum :umami.
1. Indefinite Infinitive (neonpenenennt nnnnnrnn) opma, n xoropo rnaron naercx n
cnonape. Pecrnne, ntpaxennoe nm, onnonpemennoe c necrnnem rnarona-cxasyemoro:
I want to speak to him.
B xo:v noeoeopumi c uu+.
2. Passive Indefinite (naccnnnt nnnnnrnn):
to be + Participle II cmtcnonoro rnarona nastnaer necrnne, xoropoe ncntrtnaer nnno
nnn npenmer, ntpaxennte nonnexamnm:
I am glad to be invited by him.
B pao, :mo ou npue)auaem +eu.
3. Perfect Infinitive (nepexrnt nnnnnrnn):
to have + Participle II ocnonnoro rnarona ntpaxaer necrnne, npenmecrnymmee rnarony-
cxasyemomy:
He is glad to have spoken to her.
Ou pao, :mo (vre) noeoeopu) c ue.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
4. Continuous Infinitive (npononxennt nnnnnrnn): to be + Participle I cmtcnonoro
rnarona ntpaxaer necrnne, nnxmeecx n ro xe npemx, uro n necrnne rnarona-cxasyemoro:
He seemed to be looking for something.
Ka;a)oci, :mo ou :mo-mo ucra).
5. Perfect-passive Infinitive (nepexrno-naccnnnt nnnnnrnn):
to have been + Participle II cmtcnonoro rnarona ntpaxaer necrnne, ncntrtnaemoe
nonnexamnm, n npenmecrnyer necrnnm rnarona-cxasyemoro:
The house appeared to have been repaired recently.
Ora;a)oci, :mo oo+ oi) ueoaeuo ompe+oumupoeau.
6. Perfect continuous Infinitive (nepexrno-npononxnrentnnt nnnnnrnn):
to have been + Participle I cmtcnonoro rnarona ntpaxaer necrnne, xoropoe nauanoct no
necrnnx rnarona-cxasyemoro n nce eme npononxaercx:
They seem to have been reading this book for a long time.
Karemc, :mo ouu vre oaeuo :umamm omv ruuev.
CAOBAPL K YPOKY 8
Passive ['psiv] naccueui; cmpaoame)iui
to discuss [dis'kAs] oocvroami
article |u:tikl] cmami
to bring [brin] npuuocumi
to build [bild] cmpoumi
to break ['breik] pa;oueami, )o+ami
a cup [kAp] :aura
to send [send] noci)ami, omnpae)mi
classmate ['klu:smeit] oouor)accuur
YPOK 9
Cornaconanne npeuen (Sequence of Tenses)
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Hononoro xnnennx n pyccxo rpammarnxe ner. Hpannno cornaconannx npemen rnacnr, uro
ecnn cxasyemoe rnannoro npennoxennx cronr n npomenmem npemenn, ro cxasyemoe
npnnarounoro npennoxennx ncerna yner croxrt n onnom ns npomenmnx npemen.
Hs ntmecxasannoro cnenyer, uro no-nepntx, npannno cornaconannx npemen conmnaercx
rontxo n npnnarountx nononnnrentntx npennoxennxx, a no-nroptx, ecnn cxasyemoe
rnannoro npennoxennx cronr n nacroxmem nnn ynymem npemenn, ro npannno cornaconannx
npemen ne necrnyer, n cxasyemoe npnnarounoro npennoxennx ynorpenxercx n nmom
npemenn, xoropoe rpeyercx no cmtcny:
I think (that[coms that uoae1 ne yno1penn1tcn.]) he is right. B ov+am, (:mo) ou npae.
I think that he was right. B ov+am, ou oi) npae.
I think he will be right. B ov+am, ou ovoem npae.
I shall ask him where she is now. B cnpouv eeo, eoe oua ce:ac.
I shall ask him where she was yesterday. B cnpouv eeo, eoe oua oi)a e:epa.
I shall ask him she will be at 2 o'clock. B cnpouv eeo, eoe oua ovoem e 2 :aca.
Hrax, npannno cornaconannx npemen ncrynaer n cnny rontxo rorna, xorna rnaron-cxasyemoe
rnannoro npennoxennx cronr n npomenmem npemenn. B +rom cnyuae cxasyemoe
npnnarounoro npennoxennx ncerna yner croxrt n onnom ns npomenmnx npemen.
Cymecrnymr rpn npemenntx coornomennx:
I. Pecrnnx, ntpaxennte cxasyemtmn rnannoro n npnnarounoro npennoxenn, xnnxmrcx
onnonpemenntmn. Hpn +rom n nononnnrentnom npnnarounom npennoxennnPresent
Indefinite nsmenxercx na Past Indefinite, Present Continuous na Past Continuous.
Paccmorpnm npocroe nonecrnonarentnoe npennoxenne c rnaronom n opme Present
Indefinite:
He lives in London.
Ou rueem e Houooue.
Ecnn mt cnenaem +ro npennoxenne npnnarountm npn rnannom npennoxennn, rnaron-
cxasyemoe xoroporo cronr n npomenmem npemenn, ro cxasyemoe pyccxoro npnnarounoro
coxpannr opmy nacroxmero npemenn, a cxasyemoe anrnncxoro npnnarounoro, nonunnxxct
npannny cornaconannx npemen, nsmennr opmy Present Indefinite na Past Indefinite:
(Past Ind.) He said (Past Ind.) that he lived in London.
(Hpou. ep.) Ou cra;a), (Hacm. ep.) :mo rueem e Houooue.
Eme necxontxo npnmepon:
1. My brother is reading. (Present Continuous)
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Mo opam :umaem, (ce:ac)
Ho: (Past Ind.) I saw (Past Cont.) that my brother was reading.
(Hpom. np.) B veuoe), (Hacr. np.) :mo +o opam :umaem.
2. She likes Moscow. (Present Indefinite)
E upaeumc Mocrea.
Ho: She said that she liked Moscow. Oua cra;a)a, :mo e upaeumc Mocrea.
3. She is sleeping. (Present Continuous) Oua cnum.
Ho: I knew that she was sleeping.
B ;ua), :mo oua cnum.
Hpannno cornaconannx npemen ne npnmenxercx, ecnn npnnarounoe npennoxenne
nnopmnpyer o omensnecrntx axrax:
The teacher said that the sun rises in the East.
V:ume)i cra;a), :mo co)uue ecmaem ua Bocmore.

II. Pecrnne, ntpaxennoe cxasyemtm npnnarounoro npennoxennx, npenmecrnyer necrnnm
rnannoro, npn +rom n nononnnrentnom npnnarounom npennoxennn Present Perfect n Past
Indefinite nsmenxmrcx na Past Perfect.
He came on Monday.
Ou npuexa) e noueoe)iuur.
Ho: I heard that he had come on Monday.
B c)iua), :mo ou npuexa) e:epa.
He has bought a new flat.
Ou rvnu) uoevm reapmupv.
Ho: He said that he had bought a new flat.
Ou cra;a), :mo rvnu) uoevm reapmupv.
B +rom cnyuae mt npocro conmnaem npannno ynorpenennx npemenn Past Perfect: ono
oosnauaer npomenmee cotrne, conepmnnmeecx panee npyroro npomenmero cotrnx:
Pete said that he had already seen the film.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Hemp cra;a), :mo ou vre euoe) omom du)i+.

III. Pecrnne npnnarounoro npennoxennx conepmaercx nosxe necrnnx n rnannom
npennoxennn. B +rom cnyuae:
1. Future Indefinite uenne1cn na Future Indefinite-in-the-Past (ynymee neonpenenennoe n
npomnom)
2. Future Continuous na Future Continuous-in-the-Past (ynymee npononxennoe n
npomnom)
3. Future Perfect na Future Perfect-in-the-Past (ynymee conepmennoe n npomnom)
4. Future Perfect Continuous na Future Perfect Continuous-in-the-Past (ynymee
conepmennoe npononxennoe n npomnom).

Bce npemena Future-in-the-Past opasymrcx nyrem mexannuecxo sament ncnomorarentntx
rnaronon:
Shall na should.
Will na would.
1. He will write his report in the library. I knew that he would write his report in the
library.
(Future Indefinite) (Future Indefinite-in-the-Past).
Ou ovoem nucami oor)ao e ouo)uomere. B ;ua), :mo ou ovoem nucami oor)ao e
ouo)uomere.
2. He will be writing his report in the library from 10 till 12 o'clock. I knew that he would
be writing his report in the library.
(Future Continuous) (Future Continuous-in-the-Past)
Ou ovoem nucami oor)ao e ouo)uomere c 10 oo 12 :acoe. B ;ua), :mo ou ovoem nucami
oor)ao e ouo)uomere c 10 oo 12 :acoe.
3. He will have written his report by Monday. He said that he would have written his
report by Monday.
(Future Indefinite) (Future Perfect-in-the-Past)
Ou uanuuem oor)ao r noueoe)iuurv. Ou cra;a), :mo uanuuem oor)ao r noueoe)iuurv.
4. By Monday he will have been writing his report for 5 days. I was said that by Monday
he would have been writing his report for 5 days.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
(Future Perfect Continuous) (Future Perfect Continuous in-the-Past)
K noueoe)iuurv ucno)uumc vre 5 oue, rar ou nuuem oor)ao. Mue cra;a)u, :mo r
noueoe)iuurv ucno)uumc vre 5 oue, rar ou nuuem oor)ao.
II. Kon1pontnme npeanoaennn
1. On ronopnr, uro unraer nce mon crartn.
2. On cxasan, uro unraer nce mon crartn.
3. tn ynepen, uro on unraer moe nnctmo.
4. On cxasan, uro npouen nce mon crartn.
5. On cxasan, uro npourer mo noxnan.
6. On cxasan, uro yner unrart mo noxnan nect nent.
7. On nooeman, uro npourer mo noxnan x nocxpecentm.
8. E cxasann, uro x nocxpecentm ncnonnnrcx nenenx, xax on unraer ee crartm.
9. tn ynepen, uro on peercx n nanno.
10. On cxasan, uro satn sanecrn uact.
11. oxncx, uro pasyxy cnom manentxym cecrpy.
12. Vunrent cxasan yuennxam, uro nona samepsaer npn 0C rpanycon.
13. On cxasan, uro +ro cnyunnoct c nnm 5 nne nasan.
14. snan, uro ona noxnrcx cnart n 10 uacon.
15. snam, uro n npomnom rony on tn n Honnone.
III. Hepenoa xon1pontnmx npeanoaennn ann cpannennn c Bamnun
1. He says that he reads all my articles.
2. He said that he read all my articles. (to read read read)
3. I was sure that he was reading my letter.
4. He said that he had read all my articles.
5. He said that he would read my report.
6. He said that he would be reading my report the whole day.
7. He promised that he would have read my report by Sunday.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
8. She was said that by Sunday he would have been reading her article for a week.

9. I was sure that he was shaving in the bathroom.
10. He said that he had forgotten to wind his watch.
11. I was afraid that I should wake my sister.
12. The teacher told his pupils that water freezes at 0 degrees centigrade.
13. He said that it had happened to him 5 days ago.
14. I knew that she went to bed at 10 o'clock.
15. I know that he was in London last year.
CAOBAPL K YPOKY 9
to think |0ink] ov+ami
to be right [bi: rait] oimi npaei+
to hear [hi] c)iuami
to buy [bai] norvnami
all [o:l] eeci, ec, ec, ece
article ['u:tikl] cmami
to be sure [bi: u] oimi veepeuui+
to promise ['promis] ooeuami
to shave |eiv] opumic
bathroom ['bu:0rum] eauua (ro+uama)
to forget [f'get] ;aoieami
to wind [waind] ;aeooumi (:aci)
watch [wot] uapv:uie :aci
to freeze ['fri:z] ;a+ep;ami
zero ['zirou] uv)i
degree [di'gri:] epaovc
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
centigrade ['sentigreid] cmoepaovcui, pa;oe)euui ua cmo epaovcoe
centigrade thermometer ['sentigreid 0'momit] mep+o+emp He)icu (mep+o+emp co
cmoepaovcuo ura)o)
to happen [hpn] c)v:amic, npoucxooumi
HPHAOEHHR
Present (nac1onmee)
Indefinite (neonpeaenennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx otunoro, perynxpno nonropxmmerocx necrnnx.
Opasye1cn: ns nnnnnrnna cmtcnonoro rnarona (es to); n 3-m n. en. uncna oxonuanne-
s (rnaront to have n to be nmemr ocote opmt cnpxxennx).
Bonpocn1entnme n o1pnna1entnme npennoxennx opasymrcx npn nomomn
ncnomorarentnoro rnarona do (does):
He reads much.
Does he read much?
He does not read much.
Continuous (npoaonaennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, nponcxonxmero n nannt momenr, n momenr
peun.
Opasye1cn: ns ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to be + npnuacrne nacroxmero npemenn
cmtcnonoro rnarona (npnuacrne I).
B nonpocn1entnmx npennoxennxx ncnomorarentnt rnaron crannrcx nepen nonnexamnm.
B o1pnna1entnmx uacrnna not crannrcx nocne ncnomorar. rnarona.
He is reading.
Is he reading?
He is not reading.
Perfect (conepmennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx conepmennoro (nnn eme conepmammerocx) necrnnx,
pesyntrar xoroporo cnxsan c nacroxmnm.
Opasye1cn: ns ncnomorarentnoro rnarona have (has) + npnuacrne npomenmero npemenn
cmtcnonoro rnarona (npnuacrne II).
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
B nonpocn1entnmx npennoxennxx ncnomorarentnt rnaron crannrcx nepen nonnexamnm.
B o1pnna1entnmx uacrnna not crannrcx nocne ncnomorarentnoro rnarona.
He has already come.
Has he come?
He has not come yet.
Perfect-Continuous (conepmennoe npoaonaennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, nauanmerocx n npomnom n npononxammerocx n
nacroxmee npemx.
Opasye1cn: ns ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to be + n opme Present Perfect (have been; has
been) + npnuacrne I cmtcnonoro rnarona.
B nonpocn1entnmx npennoxennxx ncnomorarentnt rnaron have nnn has crannrcx nepen
nonnexamnm.
B o1pnna1entnmx uacrnna not crannrcx nocne nepnoro ncnomorarentnoro rnarona.
He has been working here for 5 years.
Has he been working here for 5 years?
He has not been working here for 5 years?

Past (npomnoe)
Indefinite (neonpeaenennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, nponsomenmero n npomnom.
Ho cnocoy opasonannx Past Indefinite anrnncxne rnaront nenxrcx na crannaprnte n
necrannaprnte.
Bonpocn1entnme n o1pnna1entnme npennoxennx opasymrcx npn nomomn
ncnomorarentnoro rnarona do n opme (did):
He came yesterday.
Did he come yesterday?
He did not come yesterday.
Continuous (npoaonaennoe)
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, nponcxonnnmero n onpenenennt momenr
npemenn n npomnom.
Opasye1cn: ns ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to be n opme Past Indefinite (was, were) +
npnuacrne I cmtcnonoro rnarona.
Bonpocn1entnme n o1pnna1entnme npennoxennx opasymrcx rax xe, xax n n Present
Continuous:
He was reading when they came.
Was he reading when they came?
he was not reading when they came.
Perfect (conepmennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, saxonunnmerocx panee npyroro necrnnx nnn
onpenenennoro momenra n npomnom.
Opasye1cn: ns ncnomorarentnoro rnarona have n opme Past Indefinite (had) + npnuacrne
II cmtcnonoro rnarona.
Bonpocn1entnme n o1pnna1entnme npennoxennx opasymrcx rax xe, xax n n Present
Perfect:
He had finished his work by 6 o'clock.
Had he finished his work by 6 o'clock?
He had not finished his work by 6 o'clock.
Perfect-Continuous (conepmennoe-npoaonaennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, nauanmerocx n onpenenennt momenr n
npomnom n npononxanmerocx xaxoe-ro npemx no nauana npyroro necrnnx.
Opasye1cn: ns ncnomorarentnoro rnarona to be n opme Past Perfect (had been) +
npnuacrne I cmtcnonoro rnarona.
Bonpocn1entnme n o1pnna1entnme npennoxennx opasymrcx rax xe, xax n n Present
Perfect Continuous:
He had been working here for 5 years when the war broke out.
Future (yaymee)
Indefinite (neonpeaenennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, xoropoe nponsoner n ynymem.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Opasye1cn: ns ncnomorarentntx rnaronon shall (nnx 1-ro nnna en. n mn. uncna) n will (nnx
ocrantntx nnn n uncen).
B nonpocn1entnmx npennoxennxx ncnomorarentnt rnaron shall nwill crannrcx nepen
nonnexamnm.
B o1pnna1entnmx uacrnna not crannrcx nocne ncnomorarentnoro rnarona.
He will come tomorrow.
Will he come tomorrow?
He will not come tomorrow?
Continuous (npoaonaennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, xoropoe yner nponcxonnrt n onpenenennt
momenr npemenn n ynymem.
Opasye1cn: ns ncnomorarentntx rnaronon shall nnn will, xoropte cranxrcx nepen
ncnomorarentntm rnaronom to be (es to) + Hpnuacrne I cmtcnonoro rnarona.
B nonpocn1entnmx npennoxennxx nepnt ncnomorarentnt rnaron crannrcx nepen
nonnexamnm.
B o1pnna1entnmx not crannrcx nocne nepnoro ncnomorarentnoro rnarona:
He will be working here from 10 all 12 tomorrow.
Will he be working here from 10 all 12 tomorrow?
He will not be working here from 10 all 12 tomorrow?
Perfect (conepmennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, xoropoe sanepmnrcx x onpenenennomy momenry
npemenn n ynymem.
Opasye1cn: ns ncnomorarentntx rnaronon shall nnn will + cmtcnono rnaron n
opme Present Perfect.
B nonpocn1entnmx npennoxennxx ncnomorarentnt rnaron shall nnnwill crannrcx nepen
nonnexamnm.
B o1pnna1entnmx uacrnna not crannrcx nocne +rnx rnaronon:
He will have finished his work by Monday.
Will he have finished his work by Monday?
He will not have finished his work be Monday.
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
Perfect-Continuous (conepmennoe-npoaonaennoe)
Yno1penne1cn: nnx ntpaxennx necrnnx, xoropoe, nauanmnct n onpenenennt momenr,
nce eme yner npononxartcx n xaxo-ro momenr npemenn n ynymem.
Opasye1cn: ns ncnomorarentntx rnaronon shall nnn will + rnaron to be(n opme Present
Perfect) + Hpnuacrne I cmtcnonoro rnarona.
Bonpocn1entnme n o1pnna1entnme npennoxennx opasymrcx ananornuno npyrnm Future
Tenses:
By the end of the year he will have been working here for 2 years.
TABAHHA HEHPABHALHLX IAAIOAOB
Hnmnnn1nn opma Past Indefinite opma Participle II
be (am, is, are) was, were been
become became become
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
build built built
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
do did done
drink drank drunk
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
keep kept kept
know knew known
lay laid laid
leave left left
learn learnt learnt
lose lost lost
make made made
meet met met
put put put
read read read
rids rode ridden
run run run
say said said
see saw seen
send sent sent
show showed shown
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
stand stood stood
Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON
swim swam swum
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
write wrote written

Aefop penakfupoeauun u nynukauuu kuuru : PRESSI unu HERSON