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4.

7 MBDR
This section describes the feature WRFD-020402 Measurement based Direct Retry.

4.7.1 Overview of the MBDR Algorithm


When an RAB is set up, the DRD algorithm uses the blind handover procedure to achieve load balancing and service steering. In this situation, if the current cell and the DRD target cell cover different areas, the UE DRD may fail. After the Measurement Based Directed Retry (MBDR) function is implemented, inter-frequency or inter-RAT measurement is performed. This ensures good signal quality of the DRD target cell. With this function, the success rate of inter-frequency or inter-RAT DRD can be ensured even if the current cell and the DRD target cell cover different areas. The UE access delay, however, is increased. Note that the MBDR algorithm cannot be used with other non-periodic DRD algorithms simultaneously. When the MBDR algorithm is enabled, other non-periodic DRD algorithms are automatically disabled.

4.7.2 MBDR Algorithm Switches


The MBDR algorithm switches are InterFreqActiveType and InterRatActiveType. They specify whether a type of service can use MBDR.

The following types of service support inter-frequency MBDR:


CS CS PS PS

AMR non-AMR R99 HSPA

Only CS AMR services support inter-RAT MBDR.

4.7.3 Procedure for the MBDR Algorithm


Overview
After an RRC connection setup, the RNC determines whether to establish services in inter-frequency or inter-RAT cells based on the current cell load and the type of services to be established. If required, the RNC sends the UE an inter-frequency or inter-RAT measurement control message, instructing the UE to measure the signal quality of the target cell. If the signal quality of the target cell meets the specified requirements, the RNC establishes services in the target cell. Otherwise, the RNC attempts to establish services in the current cell. The procedure for the inter-frequency MBDR algorithm is as follows: 1. After an RRC connection setup, the MBDR algorithm triggers the measurement of an interfrequency MBDR cell if the corresponding MBDR algorithm switch is turned on and the current cell load exceeds the MBDR congestion decision threshold.

2. The RNC sends the UE an inter-frequency measurement control message, instructing the UE to measure the signal quality of the inter-frequency MBDR cell. If the signal quality of the interfrequency MBDR cell meets the specified requirements, the RNC establishes services in this cell.

If several inter-frequency MBDR cells are qualified, the RNC prioritizes these cells and establishes services in the cell with the highest priority. 3. If services are established successfully, the RAB is set up successfully. Otherwise, the RNC attempts to establish services in the cell with the second highest priority. The procedure for the inter-RAT MBDR algorithm is similar to that for the inter-frequency MBDR algorithm.

Trigger Conditions of MBDR


After an RRC connection setup, if the MBDR algorithm switch for the service type to which this RAB belongs is turned on, the RNC triggers MBDR when either of the following conditions is met:

The uplink admission control switch NBMUlCacAlgoSelSwitch is not set to ALGORITHM_OFF, and the cell is in the MBDR congestion state, that is, the formula {Uplink admission threshold MBDR congestion decision threshold Current cell load factor Uplink admission threshold } is fulfilled. The downlink admission control switch NBMDlCacAlgoSelSwitch is not set to ALGORITHM_OFF, and the cell is in the MBDR congestion state, that is, the formula {Downlink admission threshold MBDR congestion decision threshold Current cell load factor Downlink admission threshold } is fulfilled. The uplink admission threshold is specified by the UlNonCtrlThdForAMR, UlNonCtrlThdForNonAMR, or UlNonCtrlThdForOther parameter. The downlink admission threshold is specified by the DlConvAMRThd, DlConvNonAMRThd, or DlOtherThd parameter. The MBDR congestion decision threshold is specified by the InterFreqUlMbdrTrigThreshold, InterFreqDlMbdrTrigThreshold, InterRatUlMbdrTrigThreshold, or InterRatDlMbdrTrigThreshold parameter. The current cell load factor indicates the percentage of the used cell capacity to the total cell capacity. The current cell load factor in both uplink and downlink is calculated by the RNC according to the cell load measurement results reported by the NodeB. For details, see the Load Control Parameter Description.

In the above two formulas:

In the case of inter-RAT MBDR, the RNC triggers MBDR for only a certain percentage of UEs that meet the trigger conditions. This percentage is specified by the UserPercentage parameter.

MBDR Target Cell Selection


After MBDR is triggered, the RNC starts target cell selection. If the current cell has only one MBDR neighboring cell, the RNC sends the UE a measurement request, instructing the UE to measure the signal quality of this neighboring cell. If the measured signal quality meets the specified requirements, the RNC establishes services in this neighboring cell. If service establishment fails, the RNC establishes services in the current cell. If the current cell has more than one MBDR neighboring cell, the following procedure is triggered: 1. The RNC sends the UE a measurement request, instructing the UE to measure the signal quality of all the MBDR neighboring cells. 2. According to the measurement results, the RNC selects the neighboring cells that meet the specified requirements as target cells. Note that the neighboring cell in the MBDR congestion state can not be selected as target cell.

If If

only one neighboring cell meets the specified requirements, the RNC establishes services in this neighboring cell. more than one neighboring cell meets the specified requirements, the RNC prioritizes these cells based on the value of the MBDRPrio parameter and then establishes services in the cell with the highest priority. If these cells have the same priority, the RNC randomly selects one of them and then establishes services in this cell. A smaller value of MBDRPrio indicates a higher priority.

3. If services fail to be established in the cell with the highest priority, the RNC attempts to establish services in the cell with the second highest priority. If service establishment still fails, the RNC tries the neighboring cell with the third highest priority. By this analogy, the RNC establishes services in the current cell only after the number of attempts exceeds the value of the MaxAttNum parameter or after the RNC tries all the target cells.
MBDR neighboring cells are specified by the MBDRFlag parameter.

Measurement Control Items


After MBDR is triggered, the RNC sends the UE a measurement control message, instructing the UE to measure the signal quality of the target cell. After measurement, the UE reports the measurement results to the RNC. The parameters associated with measurement control items, for example, the measurement report mode and trigger threshold, can be configured by running the ADD CELLMBDRINTERFREQ or ADD CELLMBDRINTERRAT command. In the case of inter-frequency MBDR, you can:

Set the InterFreqReportMode parameter to PERIODICAL_REPORTING or EVENT_TRIGGER.


If

the InterFreqReportMode parameter is set to PERIODICAL_REPORTING, the UE reports measurement results to the RNC at an interval of PrdReportInterval. Then, the RNC determines whether the signal quality of this inter-frequency cell meets the specified requirements according to the measurement results and the tigger conditions. the InterFreqReportMode parameter is set to EVENT_TRIGGER, the UE sends the RNC a measurement report (indicating that the signal quality of the inter-frequency cell meets the interfrequency handover requirements) when the signal quality of the inter-frequency cell is higher than the trigger threshold for the period specified by TrigTime2C.

If

Set the InterFreqMeasQuantity parameter to Ec/No, RSCP, or BOTH.

The InterFreqMeasQuantity parameter cannot be set to BOTH if the InterFreqReportMode parameter is set to EVENT_TRIGGER.
If

the InterFreqMeasQuantity parameter is set to Ec/No, the Ec/No value of the target cell must reach the inter-frequency handover trigger threshold, which is specified by the HOThdEcN0 parameter. the InterFreqMeasQuantity parameter is set to RSCP, the RSCP value of the target cell must reach the inter-frequency handover trigger threshold, which is specified by the HOThdRscp parameter. the InterFreqMeasQuantity parameter is set to BOTH, both the Ec/No and RSCP values of the target cell must reach the corresponding inter-frequency handover trigger threshold.

If

If

In the case of inter-RAT MBDR, you can set the InterRatReportMode parameter to PERIODICAL_REPORTING or EVENT_TRIGGER.

If the InterRatReportMode parameter is set to PERIODICAL_REPORTING, the UE reports measurement results to the RNC at an interval of InterRATPeriodReportInterval. Then, the RNC compares the measurement results with InterRATHOThd to determine whether the signal quality of this inter-RAT cell meets the specified requirements. If the InterRatReportMode parameter is set to EVENT_TRIGGER, the UE sends the RNC a measurement report (indicating that the signal quality of the inter-RAT cell meets the inter-RAT handover requirements) when the signal quality of the inter-RAT cell is higher than the trigger threshold for the period specified by TrigTime3C.

The measurement mechanism for inter-frequency or inter-RAT MBDR is the same as that for handover. For details about the measurement mechanism, see the Handover Parameter Description.