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SULIT 4531

4531
Fizik
September
2008

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA


SEKOLAH MENENGAH
NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2008

PHYSICS

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

Peraturan pemarkahan ini mengandungi halaman bercetak

4531
2
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2008
KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

PHYSICS

PAPER MARKS
Paper 1 50
Paper 2 100
Paper 3 40
Total 190

Jumlah markah diskalakan kepada 100%

PHYSICS
Paper 1

1 B 26 D
2 D 27 C
3 B 28 A
4 B 29 D
5 C 30 C
6 B 31 C
7 D 32 B
8 B 33 B
9 C 34 C
10 A 35 A
11 A 36 A
12 D 37 C
13 B 38 D
14 B 39 D
15 C 40 D
16 A 41 A
17 B 42 C
18 D 43 C
19 B 44 A
20 A 45 C
21 A 46 A
22 C 47 A
23 D 48 C
24 D 49 C
25 A 50 D
3
PHYSICS
Paper 2
SECTION A
MARK
NO. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

1 (a) State the sensitivity of the metre rule correctly


- 0.1 cm 1

(b) (i) State the diameter of five ball bearings correctly


- 3.0 cm 1

(ii) State the diameter of one ball bearing correctly


- 0.6 cm 1

(c) State the instrument correctly


- Vernier callipers 1 4

2(a) (i) State the meaning of acceleration correctly


- Rate of change of velocity 1

(ii) Mark the point correctly


- X at the point (5, 30) 1

(b) Show the substitution correctly


Error!(10 + 30) 2 1
Answer with correct unit
40 m 1

(c) Sketch the graph correctly


- Curve of the same shape but higher gradient 1 5

3(a) State the principle correctly


- Pascal’s principle 1

(b) (i) Answer with correct unit


2.5 N cm-2 // 2.5 x 104 N m-2 1

(ii) Compare the pressure correctly


- same pressure 1

(iii) Show the substitution correctly


2.5 x 5 1
Answer with correct unit
12.5 N 1

(c) State the reason correctly


- Liquid cannot be compressed easily 1 6
NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARK
4
SUB TOTAL

4(a) Name the principle correctly


- Thermionic emission 1

(b) (i) Describe the motion correctly


- Uniform acceleration 1

(ii) Describe the motion correctly


- Uniform velocity 1

(c) (i) State the correct answer


- Alternating current 1

(ii) Calculate the period correctly


T = 3 x 0.02 = 0.06 s 1
State the frequency and unit correctly
f = Error! Error!= Error!= 16.7 Hz
1

(iii) Sketch the waveform correctly


- Sinusoidal with one complete cycle 1 7

5(a) (i) Name the force correctly


- Gravitational force / Gravity / Weight 1

(ii) Name the type of motion correctly


- Free fall 1

(b) (i) Compare the force on the coconuts correctly


- In Diagram 5.1, the force is higher/greater // vice 1
versa

(ii) Compare the change in momentum correctly


- The change in momentum is the same for both 1
diagrams.

(iii) Compare the time of impact between the coconuts


and their landing ground correctly
- In Diagram 5.1, the time of impact is shorter // vice 1
versa

(c) Relate the force and the time of impact correctly


- The shorter the time of impact, the greater the force 1

(d) Name the force correctly


Impulsive force 1

(e) State the field event correctly


- High jump / Long jump / Triple jump 1 8

NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARK


5
SUB TOTAL
6(a) (i) State the happening of the wave correctly
Wave diffracts / spreads to a bigger area 1
(ii) State the change to the amplitude of the wave and
the reason correctly
-Amplitude of the waves decrease 1
-Energy decreases 1
(iii) State the phenomenon correctly
Diffraction 1
(iv) State the change to the speed of the wave correctly
Unchanged / same 1

(b) (i) State the correct situation at P


Vibrates/Oscillates 1
(ii) State the correct situation at Q
Stationary 1

(c) Name the phenomenon correctly


reflection 1 8

7(a) (i) State the meaning of heat correctly


- The energy transferred from a hot object to a cold
object // the energy transfer because of the difference
in temperature 1
(ii) Explain how the heat is removed correctly
- The temperature of the forehead is higher than the
temperature of the pad 1
- Heat is transferred from the forehead to the pad 1

(b) Show the temperature change correctly


36 – 15 1
Show the correct substitution
Q = 30 × 4.3 × (36 – 15) 1
Answer with correct unit
2709 J 1

(c) Give suggestion 1 correctly


- Increase the mass of the gel 1
Give reason 1 correctly
- The heat removed increases with the mass of the gel //
the heat removed is directly proportional to the mass 1
Give suggestion 2 correctly
- Use a gel with higher specific heat capacity 1
Give reason 2 correctly
- The heat removed increases with the specific heat
capacity of the gel // the heat removed is directly
proportional to the specific heat capacity of the gel 1 10

NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARK


6
SUB TOTAL

8(a) State the law correctly


- current flowing through a conductor is directly
proportional to the potential difference across its ends
(provided that its temperature and the other physical
conditions remain constant) 1

(b) (i) State that the Ohm’s law is not obeyed


- Ohm’s law is not obeyed 1

(ii) State the reason correctly


- The resistance of the conductor is extremely high 1

(iii) Show the method to obtained the current


- From the graph, when V = 2.0 V, I = 4.6 x10-3 A 1
Correct answers with unit
R = Error!
= Error!
= 434.8 Ω

(c) (i) Match the answers correctly


- X with K 1
- Y with M 1
- Z with L 1

(ii) Give the reasons correctly


- Gradient of the graph represents the effective
resistance of the circuit 1
- Series circuit has higher resistance // Parallel circuit
has lower resistance 1

(iii) Show the method correctly


R = Gradient of graph P = Error!
1
Answer with correct unit
= 3Ω 1 12

SECTION B
7
MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
9(a) (i) State the light phenomenon correctly
- Total internal reflection 1 1

(ii) State the function of objective lens correctly


- used to produce a real, inverted and magnified image // 1
intermediate image

State the function of eyepiece correctly


- as a magnifying glass 1 2

(iii) State two advantages of using fibre optics correctly


- can carry large amount of data/information 1
- transmit signals with very little loss 1
- can transmit large amount of signals at one time
- very much thinner and lighter 2

(b) (i) Compare the size of object and the size of image
correctly
- in diagram 9.2/9.3 the size of object is equal to the size 1
of image

(ii) Compare the object distance and the image distance


correctly
- in diagram 9.2/9.3 the object distance is equal to the 1 2
image distance

(c) (i) Compare the focal lengths correctly


- Focal length of lens X is shorter than the focal length 1
of Y

(ii) Compare the thickness of lens correctly


- Lens X is thicker than lens Y 1

(iii) Relate the focal length to the thickness correctly


- The thicker the lens, the shorter the focal length 1 3

(d) (i) Draw the ray diagram of a compound microscope


correctly
T R Eye
Object
Fo Fe

Image2
8

- R as an eye piece and T as an objective lens 1


- Fe and Fo are not overlapped 1
- Light rays to form first image 1
- First image formed shown 1
- Light rays to form final image 1
- Final image formed shown 1

State the characteristics of final image correctly


Virtual, magnified and inverted
(Any two) 2 8

(ii) Suggestion on the modification to produce bigger


image
By using more powerful // shorter focal length lenses 1

Suggestion on modification to produce brighter


image
By using a plane mirror near the object to reflect more 1 2
rays / a lamp near the object/ Objective lens of bigger
diameter
20

10(a) State the meaning correctly


- Isotopes of an element are atoms having the same
proton number but different neutron number. 1 1

(b) (i) State the use correctly


- to detect radioactive radiations 1

(ii) State the use correctly


- to record the radiations detected by the G-M tube 1 2

(c) Describe the happenings correctly


- The isotopes emit radioactive radiations 1
- The original nucleus changes into a different nucleus 1

Name the process correctly


- Radioactive decay (disintegration) 1 3

(d) State the meaning for nuclear fission correctly


- The splitting of a heavy nucleus into two lighter nuclei 1

State the meaning for nuclear fusion correctly


- The combining of two lighter nuclei to form a heavy
nucleus 1
9
State there is a mass defect after reaction
- The resulting nucleus (nuclei) formed has a smaller
mass than the original nucleus (nuclei) 1
State energy released due to mass defect
- The mass defect caused energy to be released (resulting
in a more stable nucleus /nuclei) 1 4

(e) (i) State how the radioisotope is used


- The fertilizer that contains a radioisotope of one of the
elements is injected into the soil/plant 1
State a waiting time
- Wait for a few days for the fertilizer to be absorbed 1
State the use of the detectors
- Use the G-M tube and ratemeter to detect the
radiations 1
State how the analysis is done
- The locations of where the fertilizer has gone to are
located and analysed 1 4

(ii) State a suitable choice of half-life


- The half-life should be a few days long 1
State a reason for the choice of half-life
- This allows time for the fertilizer to be absorbed // the
effect of the radiation to be minimised 1
State the suitable choice of radiations
- The radiation emitted should be beta // gamma
radiations 1
State a reason for the choice of radiations
- This enables the radiations to penetrate the plant tissue
(so that it can be detected) 1
State a suitable choice for the detector
- The detector should be able to detect beta // gamma
radiations 1
State a reason for the choice of detector
- This enables the radiation to be detected 1 6
20
10
SECTION C

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

11(a) (i) State the meaning correctly


- Archimedes’ principle states that the buoyant force
on an object immersed in a fluid is equal to the
weight of fluid displaced by the object. 1 1

(ii) Explain why a balloon filled with helium gas rises up


in the air correctly
- The balloon acted by two forces: Upthrust and the
weight of the balloon 1
- The density of helium gas is less than the density of
surrounding air 1
- Upthrust equals to the weight of the air displaced by
the ballloon 1
- Upthrust is higher than the weight of the balloon 1 4

(b) M1 States a suitable size of the balloon


- Large balloon 1

M2 State the reason for M1 correctly


- To produce bigger buoyant / upthrust // Increase the
volume of the air displaced 1

M3 State a suitable number of the burner


- Use 2 burners // Many burners 1

M4 State the reason for M3 correctly


- To produce bigger flame // heat up the gas in the
balloon faster 1

M5 State a suitable type of fabric of the balloon


- Synthetic nylon 1

M6 State the reason for M5 correctly


- Light-weight, strong and air-proof material 1

M7 State a suitable temperature of the air in the


balloon
- High temperature of the air in the balloon 1

M8 State the reason for M7 correctly


- Reduce the density /weight of the air in the balloon 1

M9 Choose the most suitable hot air balloon


Hot air balloon Q is chosen 1

M10 State the reason correctly


Large balloon, use 2 burners / many burners, use
synthetic nylon and has high temperature of the air in
the balloon // or combination of the reasons 1 10
11
(c) (i) Giving a correct equation
Weight = buoyant force / weight of the water displaced 1

Substitute the equation correctly


m x 10 = (10 x 2 x 10-6) x 1000 x 10 1

Correct answer with unit


m = 0.02 kg /20 g 1

(ii) Show a correct substitution


20 = (12 x 2) ρ 1

Correct answer with unit


ρ = 0.83 g cm-3 1 5
20

12(a) Defines correctly


- Current that flows in one direction 1 1

(b) State that the magnets produce a magnetic field


- The (magnadur) magnets produce a magnetic field / 1
diagram

State that the current in the wire produces a


magnetic field

- The current in the wire produces a magnetic field / 1


diagram

State that the two fields combine to form a resultant


catapult field
- The two magnetic fields interact/combine to form a
resultant / catapult field / diagram 1

Diagram showing the catapult field and the force


labelled

S N

1 4
(c) M1 State a suitable density
- Low density material 1

M2 State the reason for M1 correctly


- Coil has smaller mass / lighter 1
12
M3 State a suitable number of turns
- High number of turns 1

M4 State the reason for M3 correctly


- Larger force acting on the coil / higher electromagnetic
field strength 1

M5 State a suitable strength of magnet


- High strength magnets 1

M6 State the reason for M5 correctly


- Larger force acting on the coil 1

M7 State a suitable number of segments


- More segments 1

M8 State the reason for M7 correctly


- Coil rotates smoothly 1

M9 Choose the most suitable motor


- Motor R 1

M10 State the reason correctly


- Lowest density, high number of turns, high strength
magnets and commutator splits into the most number
of segments 1 10

(d) (i) Correct expression or answer


3 x 8 // 24 (J) 1

(ii) Correct expression


24
(e.c.f.)
5 1

Answer with correct unit


4.8 W 1

(iii) Correct expression


4.8 4.8
× 100 // (e.c.f.)
1
12 12

Correct answer
40% // 0.4 1 5

20
13
PHYSICS
Paper 3

SECTION A

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

1(a) (i) State the manipulated variable correctly


- Time 1 1

(ii) State the responding variable correctly


- Temperature // Increase in temperature 1 1

(iii) State the constant variable correctly


- Mass of the water, power of the heater 1 1

(b) State the value of θ0 within the acceptable range


θ0 = 25 oC 1 1

(c) (i) Record the readings of θ correctly


All five readings of θ correct 1 1

(ii) Tabulate the results for t, θ and ∆θ correctly

t/s θ / oC ∆θ / oC
20 32 7
40 39 14
60 46 21
80 53 28
100 60 35

Give a tick (9) based on the following:


A y Columns t, θ and ∆θ
9
B y Correct units for t, θ and ∆θ 9
C y All 5 values of θ correct 9
D y All 5 values of ∆θ correct 99
[Note : 3 or 4 values of ∆θ correct : 9]
E y All values of θ and ∆θ
written as whole numbers or
consistent to 0.5 oC. 9

Marks awarded :
Number of 9 Marks
69 5
59 4
3-49 3
29 2
19 1

5 5
14
(d) Draw a complete graph of ∆θ against t

Give a tick (9) based on the following:


A y ∆θ at the y-axis, t at the x-axis 9
B y Correct units at both axes 9
C y Uniform scale at both axes 9
D y 5 points plotted correctly 99
[Note : 4 points plotted correctly : 9]
E y Line of best fit is drawn 9
F y Minimum size of graph 5 x 4 big squares 9
(Big square : 2 cm x 2 cm)
(From the origin to the last point)

Marks awarded :
Number of 9 Marks
79 5
5-6 9 4
3-4 9 3
29 2
19 1 5 5
(e) State the correct relationship between ∆θ and t
∆θ is directly proportional to t 1
16

2(a) (i) State the correct relationship


1
f α // f is inversely proportional to x
x 1 1
(ii) Determine the value of 1 correctly
x
1
= 0.5 1
x
1
Draw the intrapolation line from = 0.5 to the
x
given line and from the given line to the f axis 1

State the value of f within the acceptable range


380 Hz Æ 400 Hz 1 3

(iii) Calculate the gradient of the graph, m, and state the


value of m within the acceptable range
-Draw a sufficiently large triangle 1

-Correct substitution (Follow candidate’s triangle) 1

-State the value/answer with correct unit


770 Hz m to 790 Hz m // 770 m s-1 to 790 m s-1 1 3

(b) State the correct expression


axf
v= 1 1
D
15
(c) Calculate the value of the velocity and state the
value within the acceptable range
-Correct substitution
1.2 × (770) 1.2 × (790) 1
v= to
2.8 2.8

-State the value of velocity with correct unit


330 to 339 m s-1 1 2

(d) State two correct precautions


- Carry out the experiment in an open space 1
- Position of the eyes must be align with the scale on the 1
metre rule
- Place the two speakers closer (so that the value of x is 1
big enough to be measured)
Max 2 2

12

SECTION B

MARK
NO MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL

3 (a) State a suitable inference


The force applied affects the acceleration of an object. 1 1
(b) State a relevant hypothesis
The greater the force, the greater the acceleration 1 1
(c) Describe a complete and suitable experimental
framework
(i) State the aim of experiment 1
To investigate the relationship between the force and
acceleration of a trolley
(ii) State the manipulated variable and the responding
variable
Manipulated variable : Force 1
Responding variable : Acceleration 1

States the constant variable


Fixed variable : Mass of the trolley
(iii) List out the important apparatus and materials
Trolley, 5 rubber bands, friction compensated track, 1
ticker timer, ticker tape, a.c. power supply, ruler
(iv) State a functionable arrangement of the apparatus 1

Ticker tape timer Rubber band


Trolley
Pull
Ticker tape
Track
16
(v) State the method of controlling the manipulated variable
The ticker timer was switched on and the trolley pulled 1
by 1 rubber band stretched to a certain length.
(vi) State the method of measuring the responding variable
The acceleration of the trolley was calculated from the 1
ticker tape obtained
(vii) State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5
sets of results 1
Steps 5 and 6 were repeated with 2, 3, 4 and 5 rubber
bands stretched to the same length
(viii) Tabulate the data

Force, F /Number of Acceleration, a / cm s–2


rubber bands
1
2
3
4
5 1

(ix) State how data will be analysed


The graph of acceleration, a against force, F was drawn. 1 10
12

4 (a) State a suitable inference 1 1


The current affects the strength of the magnetic field of
an electromagnet

(b) State a relevant hypothesis


The greater the current, the stronger the magnetic field
1 1
(c) Describe a complete and suitable experimental
framework
(i) State the aim of experiment
To investigate the relationship between the current and
the strength of the magnetic field of an electromagnet.
1
(ii) State the manipulated variable and the responding
variable
Manipulated variable : current
Responding variable : strength of the magnetic field
1
States the constant variable
The number of turns of the coil
1
(iii) List out the important apparatus and materials
D.c. power supply, ammeter, rheostat, petri dish and
retort stand with clamp, paper clips, soft iron rod,
insulated copper wire, and connecting wires. 1

(iv) State a functionable arrangement of the apparatus 1

(v) State the method of controlling the manipulated variable


The current was switched on. The rheostat was adjusted
to obtain a current of 0.5 A 1
17
(vi) State the method of measuring the responding variable
The number of paper clips, N attracted to the soft iron
rod was counted
1
(vii) State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5
sets of results
The procedure was repeated for the values of current, I
= 1.0 A, 1.5 A, 2.0 A and 2.5 A 1

(viii) Tabulate the data

Current, I / A Number of pins attracted, N


0.5
1.0
1.5
1
2.0
2.5

(ix) State how data will be analysed


A graph of N against I is drawn 1 10

12

END OF MARK SCHEME

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