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About the case: The case deals with the dependency Child Mortality (CM) with respect to other

factors like Female Literacy Rate (FLFP), Per Capita GNP (PNGP) and Total Fertility Rate (TFR). The data has been taken for 64 countries. Objective: The motive of analyzing the data is to find out the dependency of the Child Mortality with respect to other given variables. That is, either the other factors are affecting the CM or not, and if they are, then to which extent. Whether it is fully dependent on the given factors or there may be some other factors which may be affecting the CM. Process: In SPSS, the CM is categorized as dependent variable and FLR and PNGP are declared as independent variables. Equation: CM=263.864-2.39FLR+ u 1. Taking only FLR as Independent Variable:

Regression
Variables Entered/Removedb Variables Model 1 Entered FLRa Variables Removed

Method . Enter

a. All requested variables entered. b. Dependent Variable: CM

Model Summary Std. Error of the Estimate 44.024

Adjusted R Model 1 R .818a R Square .670 Square .664

Model Summary Change Statistics

Model

R Square Change 1 .670 F Change 125.645 df1 1 df2 62

Sig. F Change .000

a. Predictors: (Constant), FLR

ANOVAb Sig. .000a

Model 1 Regression Residual Total

Sum of Squares 243515.049 120162.951 363678.000

df 1 62 63

Mean Square 243515.049 1938.112

F 125.645

a. Predictors: (Constant), FLR b. Dependent Variable: CM

Coefficientsa Unstandardized Coefficients Std. Error 12.225 .213

Model

B 1 (Constant) FLR 263.864 -2.390

Coefficientsa Standardized Model Coefficients Beta 1 (Constant) FLR -.818 21.584 -11.209 .000 .000 t Sig.

95.0% Confidence Interval for B Upper Bound 288.301 -1.964

Lower Bound 239.426 -2.817

a. Dependent Variable: CM

Analysis: Since t value of FLR is -11.209, it means that its significance level is 99%. Also R square is .670, which means that value of dependent variable(CM) is ifluenced 67% by the factor FLR.

2. Taking FLR and PGNP both as Independent Variables Regression


Variables Entered/Removedb Variables Model 1 Entered PNGP, FLRa Variables Removed

Method . Enter

a. All requested variables entered. b. Dependent Variable: CM

Model Summary Std. Error of the Estimate 41.748

Adjusted R Model 1 R .841a R Square .708 Square .698

Model Summary Change Statistics R Square Change 1 .708 F Change 73.833 df1 2 df2 61

Model

Sig. F Change .000

a. Predictors: (Constant), PNGP, FLR

ANOVAb Sig. .000a

Model 1 Regression Residual Total

Sum of Squares 257362.373 106315.627 363678.000

df 2 61 63

Mean Square 128681.187 1742.879

F 73.833

a. Predictors: (Constant), PNGP, FLR b. Dependent Variable: CM

Coefficientsa Unstandardized Coefficients Std. Error 11.593 .210 .002

Model

B 1 (Constant) FLR PNGP 263.642 -2.232 -.006

Coefficientsa Standardized Model Coefficients Beta 1 (Constant) FLR PNGP -.764 -.203 22.741 -10.629 -2.819 .000 .000 .006 t Sig.

95.0% Confidence Interval for B Upper Bound 286.824 -1.812 -.002

Lower Bound 240.460 -2.651 -.010

a. Dependent Variable: CM

Equation: CM=263.64 2.232FLR -0.006PGNP+ u Analysis: Since t value of FLR is -10.629 and of PNGP is -2.819, it means that its significance level is 99% for FLR and 95% for PNGP. Also R square is .708, which is more than the adjusted R square (.698).It means that value of dependent variable(CM) is influenced 70.8% by the factors FLR and PNGP. This shows that the another variable PNGP is also positively dependent on the CM.