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Oklahoma History Test 1: Chapters 1 9 1.

. Archeologists were excited to find a painted bison skull together with bison bones and a spearpoint from these Paleoindian hunters at an excavation in Harper County. ________________ (1 pt.) 2. List three facts about the Spiro Mounds archeological site. (6 pts.)

3. Indicate whether the following statements about the Wichitas, Oklahoma's First People, are true (T) or false (F). (5 pts.) ___a. The tribe lived primarily in tepees made from bison hides. ___b. While they hunted bison and other small game, the Wichitas were primarily farmers. ___c. The Wichita had a matrilineal society. ___d. The Ghost Dance was their most sacred ceremony. ___e. The Wichitas were heavily tattooed. 4. Beginning in the 1740s, these fearsome Plains Indians negotiated a lasting peace with the Wichitas, trading hides, horses, and captives to the Wichitas for corn, squash, and French guns. ____________________ (1 pt.) 5. These warlike peoples raided Wichita villages for furs, horses, and captives to trade to the French for guns. __________________ (1 pt.) 6. During his search for the Seven Cities of Cibola, this Spanish explorer traveled across Oklahoma to Southeastern Kansas and claimed the region as Quivira for the King of Spain. _________________________ (1pt.) 7. In 1682, this French explorer traveled down the Mississippi River and claimed all land drained by the river and its tributaries for the King of France.____________________ (1 pt.)

8. Compare and contrast French and Spanish exploration of Oklahoma. (6 pts.)

9. Who were the coureurs de bois? (2 pts.)

10. Oklahoma changed hands several times during the 18th and 19th centuries. Briefly describe each of the following transactions. (6 pts.) a. Treaty of Paris (1763)

b. Treaty of San Ildefonso (1800)

c. Louisiana Purchase (1803)

11. Accounts from this 1806 American expedition into Oklahoma included reports of salt-encrusted prairies, lead mines, French trappers, a waterfall on the Arkansas River, and enough deer, buffaloes, and elk . . . to feed all of the Indians in the United States for one hundred years. ________________________ (1 pt.) 12.This explorer mistakenly believed he was following the Red River to its confluence with the Arkansas only to discover it was instead the more northerly Canadian River. _______________________ (1 pt.)

13. Match the American explorer with his impression of Oklahoma. (3 pts.) ___a. ___b. ___c. (1) (2) (3) Thomas Nuttall Maj. Stephen Long George Silbey a wide sandy desert an inexhaustible store [of salt]. . . waiting to enter the channels of commerce plains enameled with such an uncommon variety of flowers of vivid tints possessing all the brilliancy of tropical productions

14. Who was A. P. Chouteau? (2 pts.)

15. What was the first U.S. fort built in Oklahoma? (1 pt.)

16.Col. Hugh Glenn and William Becknell are remembered for establishing American trade with which former Spanish settlement? (1 pt.) 17.Indicate which of the Five Civilized Tribes is associated with each of the following persons/places/events. (5 pts.) ________________ a. The Red Sticks ________________ b. New Echota ________________ c. Osceola ________________ d. Indian Removal Act of 1830 ________________ e. Treaty at Doaksville 18. Describe slavery as practiced by the Seminoles. (2 pts.)

19. Label the following on the attached map. (10 pts.) a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. Creek Nation Choctaw Nation Chickasaw Nation Cherokee Nation Seminole Nation Fort Smith Fort Gibson Arkansas River Canadian River Red River

20.Give three (3) reasons why the Five Civilized Tribes signed treaties with the Confederacy during the Civil War. (6 pts.)

21.Indicate to which tribe(s) each of the following statements applies. (5 pts.) a. Unanimously supported the Confederacy ______________, _______________ b. Deeply divided on the war ________________, ___________________ c. Opposition from traditionalists within the tribe _________________ 22. In late 1861, seven thousand pro-Union Creeks and Seminoles fled to this state. _____________________ (1 pt.) 23.The Battle of ____________ _________________ was the largest Civil War engagement fought in Indian Territory. When and where did it take place, and who won? (4 pts.)