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Asian Development Bank Viet Nam Urban Program

Hubert Jenny, Principal Urban Development Specialist Urban and Water Division Viet Nam Resident Mission hjenny@adb.org
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VIET NAM URBAN


SWOT ANALYSIS

VISION Long Term Public-Private-Civil Society (CDS)

Municipal Finance: Lack local revenues; reliance central budget

COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES / STRENGTHS

Poor linkage between SEDP, Spatial Planning and Sector Plans

STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES

OPPORTUNITIES THREATS
New legal framework in urban Climate Change and Sea Level Rise

Local Development Investment Fund

Governance

ADB Urban Program Viet Nam


From Street Lights & Street Curbs Projects to: City Comprehensive Socioeconomic Development Projects: Thanh Hoa (2009); Viet Tri / Dong Dan & Hung Yen (2011); Ha Tinh / Buon Ma Thuot / Tam Ky (2013) Link Planning (CDS) with Investment Infrastructure Gaps = Investment Institutional Bottlenecks = Technical Assistance Urban Environment & Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Coastal Cities Dong Hoi and Hoi An (2013) Supporting City Climate Change Action Plan Carbon Footprint & Water Footprint - Biomimicry New Generation Urban Projects to include in ongoing operations: Municipal Finance (LDIF); Regional Context & Rural Urban Linkage; 3 Competitive, Green and Livable Cities

Planning Haiphong City Becoming Eco2 City Responds to Climate Change and Sea Level Rise
Dr. Nguyen Van Thanh, Chairman, Haiphong Peoples Council S.R Vietnam

BACKGROUND: Hai Phong Coastal City, Viet Nam

North-East Coast: 102 km to Hanoi and 200 km China Seaport : Main Gate Northern Provinces GMS Corridor 3rd city: 1,500 km2 - Population: 1.85 M: 4,000 km2 sea surface.

126 km sea dyke.


416 km dyke.
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A biosphere Reserve with National Park

IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND SEA LEVEL RISE

CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION


Apply science and technology, make efficient use of energy, increase using renewable energy. Raise awareness for climate change & environment.

Cooperate in managing coastal ecosystems.


Strengthen local and international cooperation. Set up Conservation & Sustainable Development Plans Refuse to license investment projects discharging toxic. Carry out forest plantation and protection, and

biodiversity conservation.
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CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION


Establish Steering Committee flood prevention, forest

fire prevention, plan erratic weather evolution.


Plant mangroves against waves, sands, storms. Build and reinforce dyke system and road system. Help residents to change their livelihoods to reduce the climate change impacts

Change crop seeds and harvests suitable with the


weather change. Improve irrigation systems.

Protect aquatic resources, coral reefs. Build water reservoirs to reduce flood in raining season, prevent droughts and forest fires
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MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION TO CC /SLR: POLICIES


Create sustainable development policies on climate change and sea level rise: Rearrange Institutions Set up comprehensive solutions on: Health protection,

water resource protection, adaptation in agriculture,


forestry and biodiversity. Apply new technologies in all aspects of production

and life: reduce greenhouse gas emissions, recycle


waste to create energy, use CDM, etc. Issue legislation documents to protect environment. Improve level of education, training and awareness to effectively react for country/city benefits
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PLANNING ECO2 CITY: REQUIREMENTS


Becoming a Modern city through sustainable

development, harmonizing economic development &


environmental protection. Gradually becoming Centre: industry, port logistic, tourism services, finance & trade in South-East Asia. Comprehensive spatial development between rural and urban areas, social infrastructure system, protection of environment. Promotion of typical features of Haiphong: a city with

mountains,

rivers

and

sea

and

Conservation

of
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historical relics, cultural values, natural beauty spots.

ECO2 CITY MODEL IN HAIPHONG


Ability to contribute to economical development:

investment attraction, jobs creation, incomes increase.


Ability to respond to social requirements: urban

services, entertainments, poverty elimination, care of social matters, cultural activities, reduction social evils Planning/construction of urban with centres: Creation

of conveniences to let people easily access urban


services (school, hospital, trade centre, railway/bus station, park, entertainment, telecommunication, etc.) Planning and construction of more green areas, parks to create friendly environment.
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ECO2 CITY MODEL IN HAIPHONG

Friendly transport system to users and environment. Use green technology: Solar, Wind, Reuse, Recycle waste for energy, Reduce discharge, etc.

Protection Eco-system: forest, sea, nature, etc.

Protection
lakes,

and

preservation
Wastewater

of

water

resources.
before

Minimized intervention to springs). discharge.

water resources (rivers, treatment

12 Protection underground water: toxics and fertilizers.

ECO2 CITY MODEL IN HAIPHONG


Administration Offices Legislation documents, policies

Approach to the develop.

Planning Office

Environment

Career recreation

Tourism
International Cooperation

Use of resources

Incomes

Links in Eco2 City


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ECO2 CITY MODEL IN HAIPHONG


(Balancing)

ENVIRON.

SOCIOECONOMIC Respond to sustain. dev.

Protect environment - a basic

Satisfactory to community

Harmonize national and regional benefits

Necessity to build up Eco2 City indicators set


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CONCLUSIONS
Eco2 City Model in Haiphong: Why needed? Urban now facing problems:
Reduction of urban and public service quality. Lack of accommodation for workers and students. Degraded infrastructure in low income areas. Increased traffic congestion. Reduction of water and air quality.

Lack of green areas and spaces.


Overloaded medical and educational facilities
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CONCLUSIONS
Eco2 City Model in Haiphong: Implementation
Socialization and increase urban service quality. Improve / upgrade infrastructure in residential areas. Construct houses for workers and students. Support household economic development.

Create jobs and reduce poverty.


Flexibly to manage urban and use urban indicators set. Protect environment sustainably. Build up green and clean city. Carry out social policies
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THANK YOU!

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