You are on page 1of 12


Steel is an essential material for society and an essential material for sustainable development for people to satisfy their needs and aspirations. Steel is a material used to build the foundations of society. Steel is used in providing transportation such as automobiles and railroads, building shelters from small shacks to large multifamily dwellings,delivery energy like electricity and natural gas,producing food like tractors and hoes,supplying water with pumps and pipelines,and enabling health care with medical equipment. It is common today to talk about the iron and steel industryas if it was a single entity,but historically they were separate products.the steel industry is often considered to be an indicator of economic progress,because of the critical role played by steel in infrastructural and overall economic development. World steel industry Steel,the recycled material is one of the top products in the manufacturing sector of the world. The Asian countries have their respective dominance in the production of the steel all over the world.India being one among the fastest growing economies of the world has been considered as one of the potential global steel hub internationally.over the years,particularly after the adoption of the liberalization policies all over the world,the world steel industry is growing very fast. Steel industry is a booming industry in the whole world. The increasing demand for it was mainly generated by the development projects that has been going on along the world,especially the infrastructural works and real estate projectsthat has been on the boom around the developing countries. Steel industry was till recently dominated by the united states of America but this scenario is changing with a rapid pace with the Indian steel companies on an acquisition spree. In the last one year, the world has two big M&A deals to take place: The mittal steel, listed in Holland, has acquired the worlds largest steel company called arcelor steel to become the worlds largest producer of ste el named arcelor-mittal. Tata steel of india or TISCO has acquired the worlds fifth largest steel company, corus, with the highest ever stock price.

The main demand creators for steel industry are automobile industry, construction industry, infrastructure industry, oil and gas industry, and container industry. In the year 2004, the global steel production has made a record level by crossing the 1000 million tones. Among the top producers in the steel production, china ranked 1 in the world. Production of steel in the 25 European union countries was at 16.3 mmt in January 2005. Production in Italy increased by 11.5 per cent in comparison to the same month in 2004. Italy produced 2.5 mmt of crude steel in January 2005. Austria produced 646000 metric tones. In Russia it increased by 4.0 per cent to reach at 5.5 mmt in January. In case of North America region particularly in Mexico it was 1.5 mmt of crude steel in January 2005,up by 8.0 per cent compared to the same month in 2004. Production in the united state s was 8.3 mmt. Brazil had produced 2.6 mmt of crude steel in January 2005. In south America region it was 3.7 mmt for January 2005. According to rating made by the world steel dynamics, Indian HR products are categorized in the tier II category quality of products. Both EU and japan have ranked the top. USA and south korea comes as like india.
Industry structure/Profile

The industry classification based on product categories can be divided into the following.
Iron core

National mineral development corpor ation(NMDC), kudremuth iron core co(KIOCI) and sesagoa (sesa) are the major merchant producers of iron ore. SAIL and Tata steel have their capative iron ore mines.
Pig iron KIOCL.Sesagoa and ushaispat.Aprt from them there are many mini blast furnace(MBF) pig iron producers and even integrated steel plants like SAIL and RINL produce a significant amount of pig iron. Sponge iron

Essar steel, ispat industries, vikramispat industries and jindalvjaynagar(JVSL) are the major producers of hot rolled coils(HR S). SAIL, Tata steel, Ispat industries, jindal group of companies, uttam steel and bhushan steel are the big producers of colr rolled coils/sheets(CRC) and galvanized sheet(GP/GC).
Long products

RINL, SAIL and Tata steel are the major producers of long pro ducts.
Alloy steel products

Mukund, Mahindra ugine (Musco) and kalyani carpenter are some of the largest producers of allay steel in the country, which is primarly used, in automotive and engineering applications. Based on the routes of production, the ind ustry can be classified into the following categories.
Integrated producers

SAIL, RINL, Tata steel and JVSL are the largest primary steel producers.
Secondary producers

Essar steel, Ispat industries and loyds steel are the largest producers of steel through the secondary route.
India steel industry

India is the fifth largest producer of steel in the world. India steel industry has grown by leaps and bounds, especially in recent times with Indian firms buying steel companies overseas. The scope for steel industry will continue will to grow reasonably in the coming years with huge demands for stainless steel in the construction of new airports and metro rail projects. The government is planning a massive enhancement of the steel production capacity of india with the modernization of the existing steel plants.
Industry statistics

Government targets to increase the production capacity from 56 million tones annually to 124 MT in the first phase which will come to an end by 2011-12. Currently with a production of 56 million tones India accounts for over 7% of the total steel produced globally, while it accounts to about 5% of global steel consumption. The steel sector in india grew by 5.3%in may 2009. Globally

india is the only country to post a positive overall growth in the production of crude steel at 1.01% for a period of January -march in 2009.

About 50% of the steel produced in india is exported. Indias export of steel during april-december 2008 was 64.4 MT as against 9.7 MT in December 2007. In February 2009, steel export increased by 17% to 12.6 MT from 10.8 MT in the same month last year. The governments decision to reduce export duty on iron ore lumps from 15% to 5% has given a major boost to the export of steel.

Power shortage hampers the production of steel Use of outdated process for production Lags behind in the production of stainless steel Deficiency of raw materials required by the industry Labor productivity is low. It is 144 tons per worker per year against 600 tons in western Europe as per estimates. Inadequate shipment capacity and transport structure

There are many strong points of the industry that makes it one of the leading names in the global steel industry. The rate of labor wage in india is among one of the lowest in the world thereby making large scale production feasible. The boom witnessed in the automobile industry has ensured that the demand for steel is increased gradually and will continue to do so in the near future. Ther is huge manpower in india which is another reason why steel production in india is high and the industry is doin pretty well both nationally and internationally.

Numerous steel companies some major projects in the pipeline to invest in india steel industry. Steel companies have enmarked more than 100 million USD for the setting up of sponge iron units in koppal and bellary in Karnataka. As per investment commission of india more than 30 billion USD are in the pipeline for investment over the next five years.

Company profile

Introduction of the organization and scope of integrated system Agni steel pvt ltd was established in 19.10.1989 in ingurpanchayat , perungudi, and erode district with the aim of manufacturing quality of mild steel ingots and TMT bars. Mr.M.chinnaswami, a well experienced entrepreneur of these products, is currently the chairman of the firm, ably supported by Mr.R.Krishnamurthy, managing director and Mr.K.thangavel, executive director in the day to day operations and policy decision with the brand name, agni, the organization has established a commendable position in the secondary steel market. A well established network of dealers, distributors and business associates and of course, the product quality has agni to achieve tremendous success in creating its brand image, enhance its market share and maintaining the patronage of the customers. Motivated by ITS success, ITS second unit, a steel rerolling mill of 80 tons per day capacity has established and commenced production from march 1995. The ingot unit has been honoured with the reliable ISI certification from the BEURO OF INDIAN STANDARDS for ITS production M.S.INGOTS with IS14650. Agni has also put up a wind power generating machine with 750 KW capacity in thirunelveli district. The output of million units per annum is being capacity consumed. In the year 2001, AGNI STEEL PRIVATE LIMITED, was honoured with the reliable ISI certification form the BUERO OF INDIAN STANDARDS for ITS product C.T.D bars and rods with IS-1786 Subsequently in 2003, the 3 ton induction furnace unit was upgraded to 5 ton induction furnace unit manufacturing ingots which commenced production in march 2003. Further based on the demand, an installed and commenced production during march 2005 thereby taking the total capacity to produce 36000 tons per annum .

Even the rolling mill was upgrading from 80 tons per day to 110 tons per day during june 2001. On branding our product the demand of our rods increased and to adhere latest technology, agni created facilities to manufacture TMT rods from September 2006. In December 2008, an additional 15 ton furnace and a concast facility been installedto produce high quality billets to be rolled into TMT steel rods. Now after modernization Agni has the capacity to roll out nearly 50000 metric tons per annum. Agni steel rods pass through stringent quality control tests to ensure excellent quality and strength of the rods. The range of products are from 6MM,8MM,10MM, 12MM, 16MM, 20MM, 25MM & 32MM rods.
AGNI IS THE FIRST COMPANY IN PRIVATE SECTOR TO HOLD THREE INDIAN STANDARDS CERTIFICATES IN THE STEEL INDUSTRY. As a step towards backward integration, in 2006, Agni has put up a 100 ton per day sponge iron manufacturing plant to partly meet ISI raw material requirements to manufacture billet ingots. Projects are in the initial stages to triple the capacity to provide 36000 tons of sponge iron.

With the integrated, composite manufa cturing facilities, agni is capable to deliver international quality steel rods and meet diverse needs with aplomb. Presently agni has the capacity to supply approximately 4000 metric tons of ISI certified steel rods on a monthly basis to the demands of the market. Agni has installed and maintains a fully equipped manufacturing plant and quality assurance facility in its premises. All supporting facilities like ranes, tanks, handling devices test equipments are also provide to the sincere and dedicated work force. Agni is manufacturing the following products as its ingur works 1. mild steel billet ingots 2.various sizes of cold treated deformed bars.

The management and employees of agni have understood the need of projecting our environment. This commitment has lead agni to contribute too many social and environmental protection activities, like advertisement through hoardings, social forestry activities and medical campus for the public and so on. To substantiate this policy, agni has designed, implemented and is manufacturing an INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEM comprising of ISO 9001:2008 QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM and ISO 14001:2004 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS.

Definition QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM All the quality terminologies used in these manual and subsequent levels of documentation shall conform to the ISO 9001:2008 quality management systems fundamentals vocabulary. MANAGEMENT COMMITMENT The management of agni is committed to comply with the customers requirements. Legal requirements and interested parties requirements. The importance of communication methods to the personal working for and behalf of agni. The statutory requirements are compiled in the LEGAL REGISTERED. Periodic review of legal and regulatory requirements are assessed through various modes like personnel discussion with concerned authorities, websites, circulars, from regular bodies, news papers,etc. OM & MR are responsible for periodic review and updating of these requirements. The top management framed the quality & environment policy of agni through a statement. The statement of quality & environment policy is communicated through displays at various locations in and outside the premises of the organization to ensure effective communication to all including public. The strategiesan plans to ensure agnis success have been identified and drafted as objectivies and targets. From objectivies and targets measurabl e objectivies have been identified for relevant functions and levels and communicated.
Audit committee

The audit committee comprising of sri.M.chinnaswami, sri.R.Krishnamurthy and sri.K.Thangavel was reconstituted and at present sri.M.chinnaswami, sri.R.Krishnamurthy, sri.S.jaikumar are emebers of the committee.

Mr.M.Jayaram statutory auditors of the company retire at the conclusion of the annual general meeting and are eligible for reappointment.
Plant location

Departments 1. engineering 2. manufacturing 1. allows 2. milting 3. rolling mill 4. cooling 5. quality control 6. storing 3. administration 4. security 1. time office 5. purchasing 1. storing 6. sales department 1. marketing department 2. loading 7. transporting 8. accounts

sponge iron

agnis high-tech sponge iron factory has added a unique dimension to the manufacture of rods. The pursuit for precision involves a judicious mix of iron ore and coal in proper proportions as well as maintaining the right temperature in the kiln where the two raw materials are heated. With the process of oxidation and the successive formation of the spongy texture, high -quality sponge iron is produced. Melticulous screening, testing and storage of the sponge iron further ensure that it has the right properties to be the raw material for the manufacture of ingots. With the exclusive sponge iron factory producing the requisite raw material, AGNI is able to guarantee assured quality in the subsequent processes as well, leading to a high-grade finished product.
Rolling mill

AGNI have a state-of-the-art rolling mill with 17 roughing stand 3 nos., 12 intermediate stand 4 Nos., continuous stand 6 Nos., flying shear with modern cooling bed for the production of world -class steel bars from billets manufactured in-house. The chemical composition of the billets is such that it imparts both strength as well as usability to the bars. Each meter length of the bars is sealed with the AGNI mark, an evidence of the fine quality. The hi -end technology employed at the severe chemical and physical tests prescribed by the bureau of indainstandards(BIS).

AGNIs high quality thermo quality mechanically treated (TMT) bars are manufactured using the most contemporary technology available worldwide and supervised by metallurgists and engineers. Through the DRI process, the basic steel is produced from virgin iron ore. The salient features of the rolling mill, and the intermediate mill, besides the most modern TMT facilities.
Green power

Agni, is committed to a clean and green environment, one that will be cherished by the generations to come. Agni aim to power their community by providing their children a beautiful world where they value life at its best, breathe the air of a better future and relish the splendour of growing with fun. By investing in wind power, agni place special emphasis on environmental and ecological

issues and therefore fulfil our resposnsibility as a corporate devoted to making the world a better place.

A series of scrupulous tests are executed on the products to meet the high quality standards that, at AGNI, deligently pursue.
y The universal testing machine is utilised for analysis of proof stress, ultimate stress and elongation. y The other tests conducted in the universal testing machine are bend and rebend tests. y Transverse cracks, surface characters, cup and cone formations are closely scrutinized using the image analyser. y A microstructure analysis is performed for every cast billet ingot. Chemical properties

our technically qualified lab technicians run continual checks on the following parameters

Note: for guaranteed weldability, carbon equivalent (CE)not to exceed 0.42% CE=C+Mn/6 Over the years, agnis products have been renowned for the distinct advantages they offer.
y Better fatigue strength

y y y y y y y y y y

Built-in high creep resistance through adequate cold working 100% welding friendly Suitability to both compression and tension reinforcement High tensile strength Excellent malleability characterstics to enable bendability and re bendability The thermo-mechanical treatment makes sure the rods are corrosion -free Fire-resistance and retention of strength even at very high temperatures Especially useful in earthquake-prone zones due to seismic-resistant properties The pattern of ribs is so designed to ensure a strong bond between the rod and the adjoining concrete Almost 15%-20% savings in steel consumption, further leading to reduced cost of construction.



y To study the effectiveness of training program conducted in rolling mill (production department) at AGNI STEEL PVT LTD.

Secondary objectives:
y To understand the need of training in AGNI STEEL. y To understand the various factors that influences the design of training program. y To study about the various training methods used in the organization. y To study the perception of employees about the training program conducted in the organization.


This report intend to study the effectiveness of training programmes at AGNI STEEL PVT LTD. Various factors are examined, in order to get a realistic interpretation on the satisfaction level. And this study also gives scope to enhance the competency of the workforce, a nd it will result in increased morale. The study is based on measuring the effectiveness of training programmes conducting in AGNI STEEL PVT LTD, ERODE. As in any other company AGNI STEEL also conducts various training practices has been conducted and set by the department and a survey was conducts to know the employees perception and the companys dedication towards training programmes.