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PROTECTION

ANIMALS PROTECT THEMSELVES FROM DANGER AND ENEMIES

HAVE HARD SHELLS OR SPINES,HARD SCALES

* HAVE HORNS

To stay alive,animals have to protect themselves from danger Animals cannot produce their own food so they need to look for food and may compete with others for food Animals also need to protect themselves from human being who may hunt them. Therefore, animals have their special characteristics and behaviours to survive and protect themselves from danger and enemies.

1. animals such as tortoise,crab,and garden snail are covered by a hard shell to protect themselves from enemies 2.Porcupines,starfish,and porcupine fish have spines on the surface of their bodies. The spines can injure enemies that attack these animals. 3.for example,porcupines will raise their spines as a warning when their enemies go near them. 4. Pangolin and crocodiles are covered with hard scales in their body. This special characteristics will protect them from danger. 5. the bodies of bear,elephant and rhinoceros are covered by thick skin to prevent them from serious injury if they are bitten by their enemies.
* HAVE A BAD SMELL

1. usually ___________ such as goat,deer and rrhinoceros have strong and sharp horns to defend themselves against enemies. 2.they can use their horns to attack or injure their enemies
* HAVE SHARP CLAWS

1. _____________ such as eagles,tigers,and lions have sharp claws to hunt or kill other animals for food. 2. these animals have soft pads under their feet so that they can creep up their victims quietly without being detected.
* HAVE A BODY SHAPE OR COLOUR THAT MATCHES THE SURROUNDINGS

SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ANIMALS

(a) hard shells or spines ,hard scales and thick skin (b)_________________ (c)__________________ (d)_____________________ (f)____________________________________ ______________________________________

1.some animals have body shape or colour that matches their surroundings 2.in this way,it easier for these animals to hide from their enemies. 3. for example,stick insects have a long and thin body that looks like a stick or twig. The colour of their bodies is also similar to the colour of twigs. Science Std 4 || Miss Erina

1. some animals let out bad smell to drive away their enemies 2. Examples of animals that produce a bad smell are bed bug and skunk.

4. another examples is the leaf insects. These animals have green body parts that look like leaves.
* HAVE A GOOD EYESIGHT AND HEARING

LIVING IN GROUPS

* SPURT OUT A BLACK INK

1. wild animals such as bulls ,wolves and buffaloes live and move from one place to another in groups. 2. this will allow them to defend themselves together when they are in danger.
* HIDE IN A HARD SHELL

1.octopus and cuttlefish will release black ink that will darken the water around them 2. this enables them to escaped from their enemies.
* CURL UP ITS BODY

1. eagles have good eyesight and rabbits have good hearing . these characteristics help that animals to detect their animals earlier.
SPECIAL BEHAVIOURS OF ANIMALS

Some animals behave in special ways to protect themselves from enemies.these includes : (a) ___________________ (b)____________________ (c)___________________________ (d)__________________________ (e)___________________________ (f)___________________________ (g)__________________________ (h)__________________________

1.__________ and garden ___________are examples of animals that hide in a hard shell to protect themselves from enemies.
* PRETEND TO BE DEAD

1.milipede and pangolin curl up their bodies to protect themselves from danger.

ANIMALS PROTECT THEMSELVES FROM EXTREME WEATHER.


1.animals live in many habitats. Different animals live in different habitats. 2. some of the habitats may be hot or cold in temperature. 3. in order to survive, animals have to protect themselves from extreme weather. 4. the special characteristics : (a)__________________________ (b)___________________________

1. when animals such as millipede and beetle are in danger , they will pretend to be dead.
* PRODUCE POISONOUS STINGS

1. scorpion ,bees and cobras release poisons when they are being attacked.
* BREAK OFF ITS TAIL TO ESCAPE

1. ________can break off its tail when its enemies disturb or attack it.
*HIDE IN UNDERGROUND HOLES

(c)____________________________ 1. examples : rats and rabbits Science Std 4 || Miss Erina

(d)_______________________ (e)_______________________ (f)________________________

cause difficulties to to these animals to find food 3. so , these animals will migrate to ensure they will not die because of the cold weather or hunger. WALLOWING IN MUD OR WATER 1.examples : buffalo,rhinoceros,hippopotamus. 2.during hot days, these animals wallow in the mud to cool down their bodies 3. it also help these aminals to reduce loss of water from their bodies. * HAVE HUMPS 1. example : __________ 2. this animals stores food and water in the humps to enable them to survive in desserts. *HIBERNATION

3. they will hibernate by either sleeping for a long time or becoming unactive than usual 4. they depend only on their stored fats to survive.
PLANTS PROTECT THEMSELVES FRO M DANGER AND ENEMIES.

HAVE THICK FUR

1. examples : polar bear and sheep 2. their bodies are covered with thick fur to keep their bodies warm when the weather is very cold. * HAVE THICK LAYERS OF FAT UNDER THE SKIN 1. usually animals live in a very cold habitat sucah as penguin,polar bear and dolphin have a thick layer of fat under their skin. 2. the function of the thick layer of fat is to prevent the loss of heat from their bodies. * MIGRATING 1.some animals migrate to warmer regions before the beginning of the cold season 2. for example, in winter, the habitat of swallows will be very cold. This situation will

SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PLANTS: (a)______________________ (b)_______________________ (c)_______________________ (d)_______________________ (e)________________________ (f)________________________ * HAVE THICK AND HARD SKIN 1. examples : coconut and rubber plants.

1.during winter, bears, squirrels and snakes will hibernate 2.these animals cannot find their food and water easily in their habitats during winter

2. these plants produce fruits with thick and hard skin so that they are not easily destroyed by enemies. 3.this characteristics makes it difficult for animals to chew or eat the fruits. Science Std 4 || Miss Erina

* HAVE THORN AND SPINES 1. some fruits have thorns or spines on their leaves,stems or the fruit themselves. 2. examples : durian covered with sharp torns.these thorns can injure the enemies that try to touch them. 3. other examples : cactus plant,rattan plant, rose plant. * POISONOUS Examples : mushroom,yam,fungus
y

* HAVE FINE HAIR 1. some plants have fine hair in their fruits,stems, or leaves. 2.examples : bamboo,sugar cane,lallang grass. 3, this fine hair can cause itchiness in the plants enemies.

HAVE A BAD SMELL

1.Examples : petai plant,lantana flower 2. the bad smell keeps animals and humans from going near to the plants. * LATEX 1.Examples : jackfruit,cempedak,papaya and rubber trees produce latex in their stems,leaves or fruits. 2. latex can cause irritation to the enemies .therefore this will keep away animals taht want to eat their fruits.

Science Std 4 || Miss Erina

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