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PHILIPPINES- is the country we live in. It lies in the southeastern part of ASIA. 300,000 sq.km.

- total land area of the Phils.

ASIA the largest continent Four Primary Directions North upper portion of the map South lower portion of the map East right side of the map West left side of the map The sun rises at the EAST The sunsets at the WEST Secondary Directions NE Northeast NW Northwest SW Southwest SE Southwest Compass instrument to find the right direction. y Its arrow is always pointing to the north. y Bodies of water surrounds the Philippines East Pacific Ocean West South China Sea South Celebes Sea North Bashi Channel Continent is a big part of the worlds land. 7 continents of the world: 1. Asia 2. Africa 3. Antartica 4. Australia 5. North America 6. South America 7. Europe ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations Members of ASEAN: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Indonesia Malaysia Singapore Thailand Taiwan 6. Philippines 7. Laos 8. Brunei 9. Mayanmar 10. Cambodia

GLOBE the exact model or representation of the world.

- Small replica of our world. - circular in shape - important tool in studying the earths surface. Parts of the Globe

1. Poles- the ends of the globe. -North pole is farther in the north - South pole is farther in the south. 2. Equator an imaginary line that runs horizontally at the middle of the globe. It divides the `globe into the northern and southern hemispheres 3. Hemisphere the vertical or horizontal half of the globe. There are 4 hemisphere of the globe the `northern hemisphere, the southern hemisphere, the eastern hemisphere and the western hemisphere.
4. Lines of Latitude are horizontal lines that surround the Globe. 5. Lines of Longitude lines running from north south from the equator. Lines that lie from the top to the bottom. 6. Prime meridian the vertical line at zero degree longitude. 7. Earths Grid helps us find the exact location of a place Map Map a flat picture or illustration representing the surface og the world. Legend it give important information on the maps. Importance of map. Kinds of Maps 1. Physical Map shows the different landforms and bodies of water in a certain place. - This maybe the world, a country, a province a town or a barangay. The symbol in the legend serves as guide to the user. 2. Political Map shows the boundaries between places like barangay, towns, cities, provinces and regions. - This map has lines or color to easily identify the boundaries. 3. Economic Map show the leading the industries in different provinces, town, regions. 4. Climate Map shows the different types of climate being experience of the different part of the country. Symbols are used to tshow the places which experiences rainy and hot weather for the whole year. Maps are tools for learning. The big and small landforms are seen in the map. We can also find the products of a country. It shows information about the distance from one place to another. Important in finding the location of a place Best tool to use for finding a particular location of a place. Network of lines of latitude and longitude.

5. Ethnic Map shows where are the different ethnic groups in the country. 6. Road Map gives the sketch of the national highways, bridges, and railroads that lead to the connecting roads. The Philippines has 7,107 big and small islands 3 island groups of the Philippines y Luzon biggest island in the Philippines. y Visayas-found in the middle part of the Philippines y Mindanao second largest island of the Philippines The Philippines is an archipelago because it is made up of big and small islands.

10 Big islands of the Philippines Luzon Mindanao Leyte Bohol Cebu Samar Negros Palawan Panay Mindoro

Large islands of Luzon Mindoro Marinduque Masbate Catanduanes Busuanga Tablas Palawan Romblon

Advantage and Disadvantage of an archipelago. Advantages: 1.Good source of food. 2.It is beneficial to the tourism industry. 3. Good harbor can make trading activitiesprosper rapidly. 4. Beaches are of great help to our tourism industry. Disadvantages 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Can make travel difficult Threatens security. The delivery of different government services are hard to accomplish. Different languages or dialects of people cause division and misunderstanding. Some people are engaged in illegal activities.

Our countrys weather and climate. -Weather is the condition of the atmosphere on a specific timeday, and place. The weather in the Phils is based on its two kinds of season. 1. wet or rainy season starts from June and last until November . 2.Dry or sunny season starts from December and last until May. Climate refer to the average weather condition of a place over a long period of time. Type of Climate in the Phils. y Type I y Type II y Type III y Type IV

The different landforms Valley is wide flat land form between hills or mountains. Mountains Mountain is a high lad form Mountain Range is composed of two or more mountains. Hill is a high landform but lower than a mountain. Volcano is a high landform with a crater. An active volcano is expected to erupt and emit lava any time 6. Plain wide and large landform. Many people live in a plain. Central Luzon is the largest plain in the Philippines. 7. Plateu wide and flat landform on top of a mountain. Examples Baguio City and Bukidnon. 8. Peninsula landform that is almost surrounded by water. Examples are Bataan, Bicol, Zamboanga. The Different water forms 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Ocean- biggest water form Sea smaller than ocean Bay is narrower and shallower than the sea Gulf biggest than the bay. Lingayen Gulf, Davao Gulf, Panay Gulf. Lake the water in the lake does not flow. Surrounded by land. Strait a strait is a thin and long body of water in between two landforms. River usually flows towards a lake, bay or sea. We have 421 rivers. Waterfalls- it flows from a high place. Pagsanjan falls, Maria Cristina Falls. Spring comes out from underground. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Our countrys resources and products Natural resources is a source of natural wealth. Three classification of natural resources 1. Inexaustible 2. Irreplacable 3. Replacable Human Resources - through our intelligence, skills and abilities, people produce goods and services for our country. Manmade Resources Machinery and equipment Are manmade resources They make it easier for people to manufacture different materials. Caring for our resources.

Economics the study of production and consumption of goods and services. Production the process of manufacturing product for sale. Distribution selling and deliver goods to retailer. Consumption use of goods and services by consumers. Branches of Economics 1. Microeconomics- deals with small units including individual companies and small group of consumer 2. Macroeconomics- focuses on the general features and processes that make up a national economy and the ways in which different segments of the economy are coonected.