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The University of Texas at Austin College of Liberal Arts Linguistics Research Center Jonathan Slocum, Interim Director :: PCL

5.112, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566 LRC Links: Home | About | Books Online | EIEOL | IE Doc. Center | IE Lexicon | IE Maps | IE Texts | Pub. Indices | SiteMap EIEOL Home IE Families Languages Armenian Baltic Old English Old French Gothic Cl. Greek N.T. Greek Hittite Old Iranian Old Irish Latin Old Norse O.C.S. Sanskrit Tocharian Lesson Resources Introduction Unicode 3 Romanized Help Old Iranian Online Avestan: Base Form Dictionary Jonathan Slocum and Scott L. Harvey This Base Form Dictionary index lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique base form underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each base form a general meaning (if

any) is shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms. A new, experimental feature is being introduced to these EIEOL lessons, namely the addition of pointers to Proto-Indo-European roots identified by Julius Pokorny in his monumental work, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wrterbuch (2 vols. Bern: Franke, 1959-1969 reprinted in 1989). Because Pokorny is becoming increasingly outdated, we may revise these links in the future however, for the time being, this information might prove interesting to those who are curious about Indo-European etymology. Notice of potential error is always welcome. Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Romanized and Unicode 3) in the upper-left margin. <(hapax) krd> hapax kerd 'send' (?) -- 1.134 <-aya> 1 taw vac veriye ayane, a aya ( amata/umeta) hegaya 2 vernam, aiia, aya yena... <-ista-> 1 taw vac vereto, taw vac verihe isene 2 hista 3 wasta 3 superlative moceno (moheno/neweno/darseno) <-tara-> 1 TIRA, ta ra o hegay ra suno= o ta ra suno 2 tarano, o erdishi tarano 3 o idare tarano 4 o daru tara tarano, daeibya tarano [Pokorny 4: ter-, ter- : tr-, tr-, teru :: to cross, get over, etc.] -- 6.111 <-vat-> '...' -<a- negation> ne-ahya mana nisreno , vir-a keno= ne vir keno; e-verezik, , a-uruo=ne uruo <a (ha)> a, : feminin, aya (ha) yena, vernam, <aipi> o aipi ma yeno; a zaf (veshi) aipi suna <aipi> 1 ver herun (ca), api, aipi a aipi vacena 2 a aipi koya

<aiwi> : 1 aipi 2 hada, o aiwi ma yeno, wi yaona moceno (darseno/neweno), a aiwi ma vacena. <aurvaana-> 'adversary' auruuthana, ne urutvana, dushmain, aduuaesh -5.206

<aurvant-> rew-, ruuant/rewant/revunt 'swift, runner, steed' -- [Pokorny 3: er- : or: r- :: to move, set in motion] -<anah-> 'sin' 1 guna, nengaitya, nengaitya virazeno 2 aenah, Nidah, -- [Pokorny 2: ai- :: to close in, drive, harm, overwhelm] -<ava-> yewa, eva, disil 'one, alone' -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, uo- :: other 2.21, 2.98 <aasa-> aeshaha, bori, 'wild' -- borI, keyn aesasa yena, sasha <ama-> 'aeshm, tbish, 2 dIruv, har (XIRAV), anger, fury, wrath' -- [Pokorny 1: eis- :: to move rapidly or violently] -<ama-> o aesm ma re keno 'anger, fury, wrath' a ma ra aeshma; ma re aeshm me kere <aogah->auca/augah/ aishah (eskaish), a kardi ucana -<aor> aora awar (ava/awara/aware) 'down' -- [Pokorny 3: au-, aue, u- :: away from, down] -<aka-> 1 a aka virazana, dir, Xirav (har), mashyo (isoiyo) aka yeno 2 ake =acik <ahu->1 engu 2 angu= zere chi 3 precious 4 ahum (angush), dina <ajyaiti-> 1 a aziyaiti, shi, ajiyati, edizyaiti, 2 ne-jyaiti, viniyo ' <at> o taw, a at (hema, hema, ((he-ma), hew (hen) 2 tashe a-t 'then, but, and, so, thus' -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -<a> atha, yatha, heuta, yeuwata, yeuta 2 atha, aita, 1.171, 3.146, 3.274, 6.106 <ara> athra, atara atar, aitya ra yenoa 'here, there' -<ad> 'hada, ada, ataha, then, thereupon, thus' -<ana-> 'him' -- a na, vernam vernam mohetar (newetar) <anaa-> 'powerless' -- ne-aesha, an-esha yeno, ne aisha yeno,

<anya-> 'other' ainya a ainyaha, o ainyao; -- [Pokorny 2: an- :: other side, there] -<ans> 'attain' o cemaeta ansano (insene)= o caete katilir/ulasir-<apmm> peim/pein, m usyin n suna; apeynim (peim) 'last' -<amavant-> yamauuant, ama (umein), yaman 'strong, powerful, vigorous' -[Pokorny om- :: to proceed energeticallyto firm upo suffer]

<ayah-> aheng, ahenge, ayahe nale ostore, 'metal, iron' -<aym-> 1 aye, vernam numor 2 m usyin n suno, ayen, 'this, that' -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one <ar> 'rise' arene, 1 araedane, arene 2 arahene, bene (berene), o taye deni araehano (beno)-- [Pokorny 3: er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion] -<Armaiti-> name haomaya geni (ceni), 1 armaiti, ar-maiit, dogru, durust kadin 2 hermatii, hermeta ma yena, kandin tanricasi <ava> awar (ava/war 2 vernam, a-va , ava yena, nairika (maki) 'away, down' -- [Pokorny 3: au-, aue, u- :: away from, down] - <ava-> a-va, a vernamo maki (nairika) 'this, that' -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, uo- :: other that (one)] -<avant-> : avant, o kadar bu kadar, hewunt, hevat, yewunt, yavant (=o kadar) 2 a avant vacana 'as much, so much, so long, such' -<avar> aware (war/ava), asagi, a war yena 'down' -<avah-> avengene,rafahane (rafehane), uzune, debazane, yardim etmen, seslemek, 'help, helping

<asan-> 1 si, asi kera 2 asman, asmen 'stone, heaven' -<asita-> ashu, asyeng, esyes, asyengest, rew 'fastest' --

4.393 <asura-> 'weak' -- ,azush, zayif , shyathao, ne-sura, sui niyo <aspa-> ostor (Sasaniyan ra yena), ostor, ustor eso avestaya 'horse' -- [Pokorny ekuo-s :: horse] - <aspna-> aspa- ostor (ustor), patronymic form of aspa- 'horse' -- [Pokorny ekuo s :: horse] -<aspi-> ostor, 'mare' -- [Pokorny ekuo-s :: 5.73 <aa-> rass,1 asah, rast 2 asha, hasa, 'truth' -- [Pokorny 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, and i-base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] - <aavan-> 1 rasaaun, rashaone, 2 hasauuan, hasavan '(in accordance with) Truth' -[Pokorny 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, and i-base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] -<aavant-> rasauuant, rasavant, 'follower of the Truth' -- [Pokorny 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, and i-base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] -

<azi-> = azi: 1 Azi dah-aka, azi= toxim 2 aste taw vac aziyene 'fertile' -- [Pokorny agh- :: animal that may bear young] - 1.202

<ah> :1 hae vengaish 2 aste (reche)taw vac ahane, oxur ho (aho)= oxur ola 2 ver vam, pronam , ah- mai 2 ver ca (herun)<ah-> 'be, become' ahane (ahehen), oxur ho (aho)= oxur ola, raye sima ake ho (aho)!-<ahu-> : 1 angush (ahum) 2 Ahu, Haoma, Ahura (vengin r) <ahu-> 'lord' : Homa, ahuma, Huma (Homa)-<ahura-> 'Ahura, Homa Ahu, Huma (homa).[Pokorny ansu-, nsu- :: demon, spirit] -<ahe> Yes, heya (he) 2 vernam ahe, sima wes ahe, sima re oxur ahe (oxur olalar) sizin icin) 3 aiti/haitya a aiti (haiti) vana (vuna). <ahmat> 'henceforth' - (ahnat) ahn at 2 ondan 3 ver nam hae pancim suesim- , aya ahinat (ahinat) vuna (vana) <> :1 ha (a) vernam vernam nairika (maki), a yena 2 ver ca (herun) o a ma yeno, a suna a dewe ma,(up) to, toward, etc.' -- [Pokorny 1: , :: (a particle he, this, etc

<> manae ne -ahya nisrena vaci (qei) re, hem taw vaci re hem manaya ahyai nisrena taw vaci. (conveys sense of reversal with verbs of motion) -<at> a at, o taw, hema 2 a at= on dan, ona -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one <tar-> 'fire' : ADIR/ATRE -<dna-> I ma adane, a ma adana, retaliate, pit dush (miti) virazeno, maya piti ey adana 2 o a taye deni adana <dra-> 'lowly' 1 adara/cera, nezmin ra 2 hadra, aredra, a keyna aredraya

1.119 <yapta-> 'ayeuwta', mizda, raeya, zengin <rmaiti-> hermaiti ar-maiti, ar-mairi, rash-maiti, rast-mata/manati, dindarey , a ya wayire manaya rastiya, aredra <varna-> wereynena, a ma wereynena,2 nivane, dawt kene<su-> asyeng, rew, rewunt/rewat , -- [Pokorny k-s :: quick(ly)] - <sna-> 1 nazdi 2 asna, yavaun, taviat 3 verezin 3 sedano, asnano, aishana, merem kene,efffective=verezin' -- [Pokorny s[i]dh- : sdh-, and sdh- :: to aim at, strive for] -<zuiti-> 1 vezdin 2 ruen/ruwenin 3 taw vac veriye zuhene azuite tiri 4 zuit ey hui azuit -2.50 <zhu-> azushene, apply -3.341 <hiti-> ana-hita, PIV, pis, hita (=leke) 'defilement, pollution -<i> 'itya, ida 2 atha, hew (hewe) 2 i+ta, vernam thus' -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -<id> ida/itya, atiya, -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)]

<i> ishene (wazane/wazane) 2 isasene (wisene) aramak, desire, wish, search for] --

-- [Pokorny 1: ais- :: to

<-xari> waza-xshatri (aishtri) aisha-xshatri -- isa-aishatre 2.157 ti-> 1 washti/wasti 2 esti 3 aishati (eskaiti) 'sacrifice' -- [Pokorny ik- :: to possess, be capable] -3.6 <uxa-> vengdana/uhane, uxdhane, a uxdhana ma; fermanane, vacene, uxta, vac, a uxdhana ma re/ra 'word, saying' -- [Pokorny ghous- :: to sound, hear] -<ura-> 1 ukhra 2 oxhur 3 ugra 4 XIRA, -<uta> u+ta, aiya ta, uta Xuna farsi, uta u+ta -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, uo- :: other

that (one)] -<utayiti-> a teyeuiti vacena, 'fresh, lasting, enduring' --, a ya teyeuiti yena ma het <upa> up+a, usyin, upair, upa, a upa koya; 'near, up on/to, etc.' -- [Pokorny upo, up, eup, (e)up-s- :: (from) below, under, etc.] -<uparm> upare, upara, upa- vengin r, --

<urua-> 1 weshun, gesti, 2 werusa, vereshiyya 3 urusane (oresene) 4 urushane <urvan-> uruuan, ruh, uruh, Roh, ru/ro' -<urvta-> verenya, umbaz, uruuata, verenya 2 uruuata 3 taw vac verihe ruhene, o hemser dene uruheno 5 o keye wes uruheno, ur+vata 'rule, order, commandment' -[Pokorny 6: uer- :: to speak, talk formally] - <urvza, uruuaza, vewze, -> urvaza, vewze, o govendaya wes vewzeno, -<uvaya-> 'Ubaya, wurni, uvaya (uuaya), wurni, hurdi, udi, --

<ustana-> zedesti useno, zedesti ustena ra vendano, mi zedesti ustane, mi vendatene (tawo veryin/vereto)[Pokorny 1: ten-, tend- :: to extend, span, stretch] --

<erezu-> 1 rass, rasht 2 ENGISTA erezu 'straight, just' -- [Pokorny 1: reg- :: (to make) just, right <r-> 'eresh, rass, rast, right, correct, true' -<rva-> ' ereshua, rashuua. 2 berezuua viniyo -1.120 <rzu-> 1 rass 2 erez, net -- [Pokorny 1: reg- :: (to make) just, right <rji-> rashhe cuweis, weshi (yeush) --

<v> aaware, awar, war (ava) 2 numor yeuuva 3 teyna, aeeua/yeuva (maki/nairika) -2.83

<niti-> en-eiti, aheti, 2 en-eiti 3 ne-neiti 4 ne-yeiti ne-vesaiti/ne-reynaiti viniyo being, lack of freedom' <nman-> 1 anman, mainya 2 amnan ' -<ka-> 1 ka, off course 2 qe ever 3 qey [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] <kainya-> keyna (cheyna), kaina (cheina), 'maiden, girl' -<kan-> Citi, ceza 2 merevaine wazene, 3 a ey kaena, (kayilena)'atonement, punishment' -- [Pokorny 1: kuei-(t-) :: to observe with respect, pay attention to <ka> kota (kata), sera ' -<kad> keyde (chehy), 'when' -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic here] <kayaa-> kaya (koye) da (vIreza) akaya- da (vIraza) category of evil deed -<kar> kar/ gur 2 karane (gurene) <ku> 1 ko, aste aw vac kune (kone), 2 aste taw vac kune 3 kutra 'where' -[Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] - <kud> kuda, kutra 2 ainya mana 'where' -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -<kvi-> kevi KIVi, Kivi yeno, 'title: adherent to the daevic religion' (?) -<khrp-> tanu, kehrpa ma 'form, body, outward appearance' -- [Pokorny 1: (s)kel- :: to cut] -<xratu-> program, vision 1 xratu, xratuye ma esto -<xrawa-> xratwa xeirathwa, xeira , teyeusha (teketwa) 2 xeiratu <xru> 1 xru, 2 srushane , ostori xrushane 'scream, howl' -<xrnar-> xrunar, xru-nar, o ma Xiru keno, piiv keno, pis keno 'man-defiling' ---

<xrdra-> xruzhdra, xrauzdh, 'hard, firm' -- [Pokorny 1: kreu-, kreu- : kr-, kreus-, krus- :: thick (clotting) blood, raw flesh ice, crust] <xrvi-> 1 'xruui, a ma re xruui kena 2 goni (guni) -(memnene ra/mamamne

<xsnu> a xshnuya (memnuna). terevda, xshnu, memnun ra) --

<xara-> idare, mar hegay ro xshano; mar ver ma xshatra keno, ne remeno; aisha (eska), aishatra 2 xsha, sha, aishtra, xshatra (shaitra)=idare <xam> xshamane, visene, virarane 'accept' -<xaya> 'ruling' aishaya 2 xshane, commend <xn> 'know' 1) zuna 2 sinasa <xn-> sinasa 'recognition' (?) -<xvid-> Sit, shiv 'milk' -- [Pokorny suid- :: milk] - <xva> huua houw, hou, houwl 2 huva, 'good, worthy' -<xva-> hua, hu 'self' -- [Pokorny se- :: (reflexive pronoun: one's own)] -<xvatu-> huuaetu (het hue, huuate,) hua hete (kishta), huevapai 'belonging to the family' -- [Pokorny se- :: (reflexive pronoun: one's own)] -<xvathra-> hvaetra, raet, a citi hvaetra rumena 'good breathing, ease, comfort' -[Pokorny ter- :: intestines] -<xvapah-> 1 hvapa, 2 hva (hewn) pah, sevir -<xvafna-> 'hewna , hewn f usyin w/v suna, fir/vi/wir, xshafna/sewna, 1: suep-, sup- :: to sleep] - <xvareiti-> wereiti, ey sami (sumi) wert (werd) -<xvartha-> wereta, wish, werdis -<xvarnah-> hvarena -- [Pokorny suel-, suol-, suul-, suel-, sl- :: sun] - <xviti-> xvi-iti, hou (houwl/houw)- yeiti -- 2 gure -- [Pokorny

<gairi-> gairish, kash, ko (ku),'mountain' -- [Pokorny 3: guer-, guor- :: mountain] -<gao-> 'cow' , ox, gao (nairo), nero -<gaona-> 1 gizik 'hair' 2 gan --- [Pokorny gu-, gu-, g- :: to bend, cur, la vessel]

<gaoman-> gaemon, urvare sitine, shit ci ra yenao, kenger gaomono, kenger ra paemon yeno, shit yeno, paeman 'possessed of milk' -- shite kengeri, paeman (paemun), <gaoa-> gosh/gush -- [Pokorny ghous- :: to sound, hear] -<gad> 1 gadane, jadane, izdhane gaydane, jivane 2 gaidane, jadane -<gan> 1 ganane, janane, -- 2 gaon, gan, cun

<gan-> gan (cun), janer, janar/ziner/zinene/janane ra 'slayer' -<ganya-> 1 gan 2 canya, janya 'slaying, killing, destroying' -<gam> 'go' gamane, yene (yemene) -<gaya-> ganaya, ganin cuweya, 'life' -- [Pokorny gu-, guem- :: to come, go] - <gar> gar, ayase (aya), 'be awake' -<gu> gushene, goshdane, ' -<grz-> gerezdane (d taw vac) , gerezane, gere 2 karaish, <gua-> gush (gosh) 'ear' - <ca> CI_a,: ma cIa pi Cia yene 'and' -- [Pokorny 1: kue :: (enclitic) and] - <carana-> carana, a carana, cherxe vasanga carana. A cherxe vasenga acharnena, tase awka acharnena,awka (awya) yena war, 'moving, feet, support' -- [Pokorny 1: kuel-, kuel- :: to turn 3 gindirik, wheel --

<carkrra-> : care keretre, kerdre, ceyre keretre '(hymns of) praise' -<caman-> Chashm, Chama, CHIM -- [Pokorny kuek-, kuk-, kuek-s- :: to appear, see, show] -<ci> c kene, discriminate 2 ciya kene, tell apart' 2 vernamo ne -arze c -<cit> ct,c,c, vernam ne arez.gives indefinite or emphatic sense -- [Pokorny 1: kue :: (enclitic) and]

<ci> c,ctvernamnearez, -t, indefinite marker -1.148, 1.160 <cirm> cthre: 1 toxm 2 aketre. Ake ra viniyo, 'manifest, clear, visible, plain' -6 <cin> cna,'...' CI-NA china? -- [Pokorny kuene :: (particle: generalization/uncertainty)] -<cisti-> 1 cis- cist 2 taw vac veri, cisene, 'knowledge, thought' -- [Pokorny 1: kuei (t-) :: to observe with respect, pay attention to] -<ct> ct,tahec, vernam ne-arez, '...' -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -<ct> ct, vernam ne arez, ct haitya viniyo, etc.' -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] - <jaiti-> 1 taw vac veriye jaihane/janane, asha-jt/dejt, 3 yeiti, jasaiti 'going/ coming, jasaiti' -<jan> janane, 'smite, slay, destroy' -<jnaya-> maki (nairika) ceneya, (geneya). 'woman' - <jnar-> janer/ganer, 'man-killing' - <jytu-> wesiyatu, wesu, cuweyau, ganayau/cunayatu 'life' -<tbi> tbish, nefret, tiwyi/ters, despice=kuck gorme, diwzhe, ofke, duei- :: to fear] - <ta-> vernamo ne-arez, t-ra, ta-ra, 'he, that, this' --- [Pokorny

<tanu-> 'body' kehrpam, Tanuya ma decena -<tas> tash, tase vaci (qesi), = form, model, 'carve, create, fashion, shape' -<taar-> tashar, a ma re tashana, texte tasana, o ma re kardibya weyna tasano. modelci -<t> vernamo diyim ne -eres,'...' -<tvis-> Tvy,azas/deresh 'violence' hazas (deresh), TIV, TIVISH <tvm-> Tuuem, Tuuen, tashe hirim 'you' -- [Pokorny t :: thou, you] - <wa> twa, hae diyim, 'you' -- [Pokorny t :: thou, you] -<waxa-> thwaxsha ,tnc/dnc, 2 tru/weye kereish, truin, thwaxshane, tey wesene 2 ainya mana tey wexshene=dikat etmek 'zeal, care, nurture' -<warz> thwarezane, tashane, 'carve, fashion, shape, create' -1.11 <wrtar> tashar, modelic, 'Fashioner' -- [Pokorny tuerk- :: to cut] - 2.40 <dan-> 1 diina 2 diin 3 darsane, din 'attitude, intention, insight' -- [Pokorny dhei- : dhi- : dh- :: to look, see, show] - <dava-> 1 daeuua, dew dev 2 daeuua 'divine being' -- [Pokorny 1: dei-, dei-, d-, di- :: to glitter, shine God day, sun

<danhah->: dahi, aishatar/eskatar, hunaric, hunarman, danhaye mainya 'skillful' - [Pokorny 1: dens- :: mental power, manaya mezg/meng to learn] -- , darsane, dars <dafnya-> dafshniya, ve-teket (teush)=, nechar, wardah, ne-aisha (eska), 'powerless' o ma desfsnya keno; o ma ve (be) teket (teush) verdano.-<dab> 1 dab, diwzhane/debaone 2 dabane, piya kene (?) -<darga-> derg, 'long' -- [Pokorny 5: del- :: long] -<dars-> deres, =siddet, tbish, daresh 2 aste taw vac dareshane (dersane) <darsata-> diisata, --

<dah-> 1 gesht, datre 2 dah, datre, miyazdah geshte mainya, <dahyav-> 'country, region, realm' -<d-> aste (reche) dane, thvarshane, dane 'give, put' -<dman-> domon, daman, 2 caye diday, 'dwelling, creation, creatures (pl.)' -<dmi-> domon, daman, deman. doman, domo, creaion, creator 'creation' -<dugdar-> keynaya (cheyna) resata, Digdar, 'daughter' -- [Pokorny dhug(h)ter- :: daughter] -<du-> 1 Mti, draoxt 2 dush-main 2 a perge rezi dush kena 'bad, evil' -- [Pokorny dus- :: bad, evil, foul] -3.303, 5.203 <dud-> duzh-da (peyda)- duzh miyazda= dush-da, mti- da (thvarsha/peyda), 'of bad gifts, maleficent' -- [Pokorny dus- :: Miti, draoxta, dush, 2 drug/DIR, -4.120 <duvarena-> duzh-varena, a duzh (dush/mti) wereynena, i ake (ahra) wereynene 'choosing badly' -- [Pokorny dus- :: bad, evil, foul] <duvarenah-> duzh-vareshnah, dush/mti-vraznahi, 'wrong-doers' -- [Pokorny dus- ] :: bad, evil, foul <djit-> de-Jit asha, o ma deceneno, i asha (rasha) decene, asha (rasha) dect 'violation' (?) -<dbaoman-> diwzhomon, tbish, dewene, diwzhano, i ma diwzhane beguilement, deception' -<drz-> derez, destIk, 'shackle' -- [Pokorny 2: dher-, dher- wesarene, darene we, dherene debazane,old, support] -<draoga-> soira, zur, 2 draoxane, diwzane 'lie, deceive' -- [Pokorny 2: dhreugh- :: to deceive, harm] -<drav-> daura, dare, koli 'wood' -<drigu-> ne-char, nidar/wardar, 'needy, poor' -<drug-> 1 DIR, ahra (har/xrav)2 mti, 'false' --

<druj-> diwzhar, druj, druc, Dir, draog, zyan/rishi (gizike myarishi(zyan)esto rishi 'deceit' -- [Pokorny 2: dhreugh- :: to deceive, harm] -<drgvant-> dreguuant, zurker, oo zur (soira) wayireno 'possessor of the Lie' -<drvatt->: druuatat, dasina, dasuar, weshi 'health, vitality' -<dvaesa-> duuasha/ tbish, 'hatred' -- [Pokorny duei- :: to fear] - <dvafa-> 'duuasha, dvafsha/dvavsha, duuavsh (tbish) esto; dec, viran anguish, endishe <dvar> dvarane, awya duuarana/ piya rew sune, together' -<nada> neide, 'not, nor' neidhi <naman-> 'reverence' namanane, nemengene-<nar-> 'man' ner, 2 merdem (mertem/mashye (isoi) -- [Pokorny 1: ner-(t)-, aner-, ner-? :: vital force man] -<narpi-> nerepi, nerefshe, azalish, ashmi nerefsena/nerepena 'reduction, absence' -<nas> nas: nasanae, vineshene, 2 ainya mana'be lost, disappear' -- [Pokorny nek- :: death, dying corpse] <ni> war, awar, 'down' -- [Pokorny 1: en :: in] -<nitma-> ni-tema, werdi niyas, , werteme 2 war, kem, ni-teme 'lowest' -- [Pokorny 1: en :: in] -<niviti-> nivanane (war-vanane) 2 ni-vaine, dawt kene 'striking down' -<n> 'war, awar, ...' o niyas s(Waryas) uno -<n> nura/nua, nuna, Nika, Inka 'now' -- [Pokorny n- :: now] - <nit> Niit, -- [Pokorny 1: n, n, nei :: (negative particle)] --

<nmna-> nemana, ban, ke (ceh) 'abode, house' - [Pokorny dem-, dem- :: to build

<paiti> o paiti vano 2 patiy (vera) karsi 3 nazdi aipa, piya 'near, toward, with respect to' -<paiti->paytar, server ' -- [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner] -<paityst->pait-yasti, firm, didrengzha/direng 2 kurna, paity esti, , foundation foundation' -'firm

<pairi> paremune, pairi, 'around, among' -- [Pokorny 2a: per- :: to pass over, beyond] -<paurvat-> veurvatat, oncelik -<paouruya-> veouruua ' -- [Pokorny 2a: per- :: to pass over, beyond] -<pa-> rait, ra, 'path, road' -- [Pokorny pent- :: to go, tread, walk way] <paana-> pathana, hira -- [Pokorny 1: pet-, pet-, pet- :: to stretch out (esp. arms)] <param> peram, para, a para suna 'far, away, opposite, across' -<par> apara, para, peyra (peira) ' -- [Pokorny 2a: per- :: to pass over, beyond] -<pitar-> pi, fedri, perd, perder, pi 'father' -- [Pokorny pt(r), genitive ptr-s :: father] -<pia-> pitha, pi PIT 2 2 pi 3 piita poita ' -<pea-> 1 peysa, 2 pesha, Pird 'brought to an end' -<pouru-> firi, pero 'many' -- [Pokorny 1: pel-, pel-, pl- :: to fill, pour town?] --

<pouru-> vouru , verin, vourin, 'wide' -<Pourucist-> name hususi, 'Pouru-chista' --

<pru-> 1 pathane, hira, 2 pird pird 'wide, broad' -- [Pokorny plt-, pld-, plt-, plt-, plt- :: broad, flat, wide spread out] <prs-> pers, peres, 'ask' --

<Feraaotra-> 'ferasha-oshtra', name hususi/hueta 2 fera (vera saoshtra 3 ferasha oshtra -<fraa-> 'shining' , verasha ADIRE ahura Mazda ferasha (werasha), estare verasha, raoxsha <fra> vera, 'forward, toward' -<fraort> veraoret taw vace veryine fraorene, veraoret, viyert viyeret, 2 hadre, ey hui vrewret yeno viniyo -<frajyiti> fra-jyaiti, vera jiiati, cuwayaiti 2 ainya mana, 'life's possibility' - <fratarm>veratare a vertara vacena 2 veratara, vera, patiy 'opposite' -<fradaxt-> fradaxshta, verdaxshta, verdaxshtar, fras daxhsane, ,'guiding, instructive' -<fravai-> veravashi, verwesi, melek, the immortal element in a person, personified as a class of deity -<fravx-> veravaxsha, henseyo tanuya veravaxshano, cucIk, chir (Kir), 'stalk, branch, penis' -<fras> frasane, persene, 2 vrasa vrazane (vareshanae) 'inquire, discuss' 2 peres-as-> frasan 1 peresa 2 veraa, 'question, inquiry' -- [Pokorny 4: perk-, prek-, prk- :: to ask for, request] -<frasparak-> frasparak, versparak, veras-parak , filiz, 'sprout' -<frazanti-> verazant, heyni frazanti, usar, verausar, away heyni verzanti 'progeny, offspring' -<fridi-> veradi, fraidi, veraidai, artma, 2 firiadai, 'growth, prosperity' -<frxnna-> 'concern' fraxshannena, veraxshana verashnenen, dikat etmek, -<fr> fri 'devote' vrinene/wereynene =ciya kene, vicene 2 secmek 2 frinenne aferenene <fsuya-> fsuya, heyfshu 2 cise heyfsuya 'breed (esp. cattle)' -<bavara-> 10000 des hanzara (hazangra) 'ten-thousand' viniyo--

<baaza->

dermun, 'remedy, poison' -- 2 baeshza, viesha viniyo

<baazya-> tase diyim 'generative, curative' -<baoii-> boid, bo, 'smell' -<baa-> baxha, baga, baug, bauxta, =ilahi god, 'god, deity' -<banaya-> bonayan, newes, 'poison, make ill' -<band-> bandane, bend , vashi bandano 'shine' (?) -<bar> bane (bewene/barene) 'bear, carry' -- [Pokorny ati, ato- :: beyond, over] --

<barana-> a bar barana 'carriage, support' -<barri-> tashiyici goturen, geniya (ceniya) owra, 'mother, womb' -- [Pokorny 1: bher- :: to bear, bring, carry] -<barsman-> urvare, fras-pare, (veres perge) baresman, grass bundle used in the Indo-Iranian sacrifice -- [Pokorny 3: bhel-, bhl- :: to grow, spread, swell] -<bara-> barishna, barisna 2 mil/vil viniyo 3 berz/barez/baresh, barezishta 'neck, back' -<barz> berz 'high, exalted, loud' -<barnu-> bereznu, barshnu, bariznu 'high point, peak' -<ba> badha, vai, bawer (pa wer) , tivar viniyo, 'true, reliable' 2 padha, pede 3 badha (qe)/birra/coru=ever (ingilizki)-- a badha (yeuwa) yena? [Pokorny 2: bh, bh :: (an emphatic particle)] -<bu> aste taw vac bune (bane/barene), bune (barane/bune (bene), '

<bud> baodang, aya, ayasa, o ayaso (ayao),, <bna- Ban, bon ke (cheh) > 'ground, base' -<brt> 1 barat (bewet/bard) , 2 va Biret beret, 'cry' (?) va BIret , vayo breno -<brz-> berz (berez/barz) 'be high, elevated' -- [Pokorny bheregh-, bherghos- ::

<brzant-> berezant (berzant), berzent, 'high, elevated, lofty, big, great, clear' -[Pokorny bheregh-, bherghos- :: high, noble mountain <ma-> 1 m,moi,mi, 2 ma maibya -- [Pokorny 1: me- :: (1st person singular oblique pronoun stem)] -<maiyah-> paosh (boom/gec) pa nane, MiiD yahano, o MIDyah pa nuno 'madnessinducing' -<mainyu-> maini, mainya, 'spirit' -<mairita-> mairishano, marene ra yeno, mairane ra yeno, mairi-ishta 3 mairi esta 'knowing/remembering best' -<mairya-> mairya, diwzh/rika, draoxta, -- [Pokorny 2: mel- :: to deceive] -<maa-> maexha, MIZH, dunmun (du) 2 MIZD 'cloud' -- [Pokorny meigh-, also meik- :: to flicker, twinkle mist] -<maa-> Maedaha, sit maedano, miit suno, a ma maedha kena, maednana (MIDnena) 2 MITi ing, false' -<maga-> Mizda, gesht 2 zaot, MAGAVAN 'gift' -<mara-> 1 mathra, mantra, vaci (qesi) sondi 2 mana ra yeno 1 mitra, mtIra , 'mantra, magic formula' -<maa-> MIDa, mad weye kereish, MIDA, serhosh viniyo, i heyvshu/heyvuni madane, Pize, MIDA -- [Pokorny mad- :: to drip fat, glossy, well-fed] wet

<man> manana, mana sima seniya? A manaya hui vana <manah-> manah, menge,1 mezg, 2 manah mana 'mind' -- [Pokorny 3: men- :: to think, mindspiritual activity] <manahya-> manahya, 1 manaibya, 2 mainyahya 'spiritual' -3.317 <mark-> merg aste atw vac merekene (merengene) uin' -<marta-> merda, mereta 'mortal' -- [Pokorny 4: mer-, mer- :: to die] --

<maya-> iso (zana, merdem 'human being' -<maz-> mas, yo o masao, 'large, great' -- [Pokorny meg(h)- : meg(h)- :: big, great] -<mazda-> mazda, dahi 'wise one' -- [Pokorny mendh- :: mendh, mendhane , man dhane- mana virazane, <mazd-> wazada, dathra, dahi, 'wise' -- [Pokorny mendh- :: to direct attention to vivacious] -<mazda-> 'mazda-da mazda vIraza, nin kene, viniyo thing to be considered' -[Pokorny mendh- :: to direct attention to vivacious] <m> ma/me me vac used to express prohibition -- [Pokorny 1: m- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)] -<mi> pisinga mihena, , tirene viniyo 'rob of' -<Mira-> wereye, miitra, mihenene, mini minene, 'Mithra' -<mira-> 'contract, agreement, pact' -- [Pokorny 4: mei- :: to bind, tie] -<mzda->MIZDA, MIZDI, -'wages, prize' -- [Pokorny mizdh- :: fee, pay, reward]

<mou> ashu, rew, asyeng, 2 mesti (?) 'soon' -- [Pokorny moks, Indo-Iranian *moks :: soon] - <mra-> merekha/mirich/miricika, vicik/ vich, 'forest animal, bird' -<mrthyu-> merteyu, merdayu, 'death' -- [Pokorny 4: mer-, mer- :: to die] -<mra-> mathra, matravan, vaci yei tashti, 'formulaic verse, spell, poetic intention' -<mru> Mruonem mruonene, miriciki mruonena, ver baniya 2 zereci mruonene yewmini 'drive, plunge, beat' -<mr> a mruonena ma ra, 'speak, say' -1.106, 3.218, 5.5 <mrc> merencane/merengane, merendane, 'destroy' -<ya-> vernamo vera pe, keyna ya ya yena, waya maya. 'who, what, which' --

<yaoti->hegayoiti, hega- 'pasture' -<yat> 'when' 1 yat ya taw-= o zaman, 2 yet mi yeno - <yaa> yeuwt, zey, 'just as, like' -<yara> yathra, 'where, in order to' -<yad> mI yada berzo, a mI yadat (yatat (ra) berza, 2 yada (key/chey) 'when' -[Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic here] <yam> yamane 1 yemene (yene) I yemene (yene ma 2 'offer' i havadisi yamane -[Pokorny iem- :: to hold] - <yav-> 'yava, yeuwa, duration, period, time of life' -- [Pokorny 2: ieu-, ieu-, ieu g- :: to tie together, yoke] -<yavat> yeuuwat o vaceno yewuway ez vacene 'how long, as long as' - <yavan-> yawva, hada yeushe/weshi 2 yavan yawan 3 yaun, huno 'during life' -[Pokorny 3: ieu- :: young] - <yasna-> 1 tashe taw vac yasane 2 yasna , yesene 3 ayasene, 'sacrifice, offering, hymn' -- [Pokorny iag- :: to venerate, worship] - <yaz> yazane , dua kene, 'sacrifice, offer' -<yazu-> yazu, cenc, yaun, hun 2 ainya mana , 'youngest' -<yh-> 1 hec viniyo , 2 yahane, intikam viniyo, <yuj> yujane, o tayi yujano, , I nire gay yujane 'join, unite, yoke' -- [Pokorny 2: ieu-, ieu-, ieu-g- :: to tie together, yoke] - <ym-> Yushem. Yushma, SIMA, 'you' -- [Pokorny 1: iu- :: you (plural)] - <yesnya-> yesnene, yesene, yazene, 'sacrifice, worship' -- [Pokorny iag- :: to venerate, worship] -<yez> yesi (yezi) yeuwt 2 chimke 3 yazi, <yma-> 'twin', i yema bene hega, ubi zewinc -- [Pokorny iem- :: to hold] -

<rai-> raye, zengin 2, rin 3 charixe ey raehane 'radiance, wealth, splendor' -<raa-> raetha (tawo veriho), i cay sekera raehane; arye raenano 2 a raehena ey; a ey raenana 'rush upon, mix with' -<raocah-> roc, rosht, 'light' -- [Pokorny leuk- :: to light, shine to see] <raod> raodane, pere vashi raodane , varedane, (filizlemek, yetisirler) -<raj-> raJI, tari , tema, temeng viniyo, 'darkness' -<ratu-> 'judgement, model, plan' -<raa-> 1 arava, vasanga, 2 rahane, o keye hui rahane ,i arye rahane, 'chariot' -[Pokorny ret(h)- :: to roll, run] -<raah-> rasha, rishi, defect, risha, gizik rasha/rishah, zyan, zyana, damage' 2 dirvi -[Pokorny rekh- :: to harm, injure] - <rta-> mizda,miyazda, gesht, 'gift' 2 vasanga rata rata yena 3 rata: taw vac veriye raehane ,ey hui rata a Avesta -<rthma-> a hui gureya rahana, ey gureye huiya raheto, rehatare (retare) guri yeno -<r> vine ratema, rahane, a hui rahena Avesta, 'adhere' -<rda-> radane, kam ma re radano, kam (kum) gure (kare) key (chey) radano 'provider' -- [Pokorny 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, and i-base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] <rman-> rama, haxshti 'peace, tranquility' -- [Pokorny rem-, rem- :: to rest to support] <ru>, ru, ro, ro ruheno 2 royeno, 'flow' awya ruhena-<ruma-> uruthma, vash ruyeno (royeno) , 'growth, increase' -<rud> jivane, rudane, bermene -<rma-> RIMI, hazas, TIVYi,

<vada-> vadane, I ma re peru vaedane , yew vaedano, yewna ey ayasano -<vaayana-> vaedhayana, icad kene, vine vaeda, 'attainment, discovery, acquisition' vine vaeda-<vana-> vaena, vinene, 'see, observe, look' -<vam- vimi, iki ub (udi) 2 ma viniyo > 'we' -- [Pokorny 1: u-, uei- :: we two (dual), we (plural)] -<vaah-> vish, zair/zeir 2 adr vaeshano, 'poison' -- [Pokorny 3: ueis- :: to flow (away) poison] <vak> vac, zerec vak vak wanano (wuneno) 'say, speak, declare' -- [Pokorny ueku- :: to speak] - <vaxra-> vaxedhra, vaxedrane, communicate, vaxane, vaxedrane, vacane, vakane, <vax> vaxshane, vash vaxshano (uxshano/weyseno) -<vaxaya-> vindete taw vac veri, vaxshiya -<vacah-> vac (qese) , vaceh vac ma re! -- [Pokorny ueku- :: to speak] - <vat-> taw vac veriye vahane, m vat, vahane -<vadman->vdmun,vdman v (?) 'possessed of speech' -<van> 1 vanane, 2 vane 3 astaro vanano, 4 a kay m ra vanana -<vanta-> vunta, vanata, taw vac verihe/vereto vanane 'praise, homage' -<vafu-> vavu, 1 texmin 2 vafu/vav 3 Vfe keno, 'prophecy, teaching, solemn words' -- vafane, vace berzi <vayu-> 1 va 2 hava 'air, wind' (?) -<vayoi> veyoi, vax vax, vay vay, dec -- [Pokorny uai :: woe wolf <vayxana-> vayxana, vaxana, vana, retorik vana 'assembly-speaking, rhetorically skilled'

<var> VIRENENE, wereynane, [Pokorny 2: uel-, ulei-, ul(i)- :: to choose, want, wish] -<varav-> hiraye, verine, 'wide, broad' -<varz-> VIRAZ (VIRAS/VIRASH) 'work, perform' -- [Pokorny 2: uerg-, ureg- :: to do, be effective] -<varak-> vershek, rech, versege vena/dari 'root, tree' -<vas> Ginci/vestri vaseno hui ra 'be clothed, swathed' -<vas> vasane/wazane, a wasana (wazena) 'desire, wish' -<vasiti->1 vaseiti, raiti, reynaiti 2 vaseine, weyseiniye 3 refaiti, 'liberty, prosperity' -<vaz> vazamene, vadane, (d-fiil), wezewene (zewecene) 'marry' -<vahma-> vahmane, berz kene, 'glorification, praise' -<vahmaya-> vahmanaya, vindete taw vac veri ya yi a-taw vaco verin, 'worthy of praise' -<vahya-> houwahya, houwehya, howunghaya, houwlehyah, 'better' -- [Pokorny usu- :: good] - <v> va, a va va, va vaco, 2 a we (kawe) mI vana, 'indeed, for, etc.' -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, uo- :: other that (one)] - <vc-> vac, 'voice' -<vdya-> vadane, vadarane 2 vadane, ton kene, 2 vadane vaedanae, saglamak, 'destroy' -- [Pokorny 1: uedh- :: to hit, push] - <vra-> var, varish, varun, 2 vara taw vac veri, a-taw vac veri, 'rain' -<vstar-> tase vas, vashtri, hegaye vasi 2 heyvestar viniyo, yoo heyvesa -<vstrya-> hegaye vasi 2 tashe vas (vash) 'herdsman pasture' <vi> 1 vi- (Ve) = apart, 2 vi, vdnumor,3vibero,isna(wasna)'wide,

apart' -- [Pokorny 1: u- :: apart, separate from, in two both] <vid> 1 vidane, vidvane, 2 vidane (vinane 3 vidane, d-taw vace vinene, i vistrayu vidane 'see, know, obtain' -- [Pokorny 2: u(e)id- :: to know, see] - <vis> visene, hendane, a ey hegaya visena, 'find' -<vispa-> vispi be (bere) hegay, 'everyone/thing, all' -- [Pokorny 1: u- :: apart, separate from, in two both] -<vi-> vizh, vizh, vish, asiret, 'clan' -<vcia-> Vcidha, vicitha, yargilama, karar, ra'decision, judgement' -<vcira-> 'discerning' -- vicrene (r-fiil), vicinene viniyo <vspa-> vispi, pero, vspi biya ma re both] vispi sayu biya ma re! 'all, every' -[Pokorny 1: u- :: apart, separate from, in two

<Vtspa-> 'Vishtaspa' -<vzxvanca>vzxvan ca vi-zxvan 2 viz-yaom/hya) ca 'in every direction' (?) -<verz-> 1 verez, (tirki etki) 2 verezene, vrazene, 'perform an action' -<vohu-> howuho, howung, houwl 'good' -- [Pokorny usu- :: good] - <vrra-> 1 veretre, 2 varathre hire routi varatre piy ro 'attack, victory' -[Pokorny 5: uer- :: to close, cover, shut to guard, save] <vrn-> verenene, wereynene, 'choose' -<vrz> vraze,(varsh)/vrash), 'do, make, perform' -<vrzyah-> verezahyah, 'working, productive' -<vyna-> vyana, 1 viyanane, vinaya vinane ra, insight, perception' -- [Pokorny 3: uei-, uei- : u- :: to go for, pursue, reach towards, wish strong]

<saoyant-> saoshyant, seveknaish, 'giving power savior (?)' <saxvr-> sahvar, sehvar, sehvun, sond, dua, estaomi, 'invocation, poetically formulated vow' -<sah> senghane, sanhane, present, 'sunmak''announce, proclaim' -<sac> sacane, vir kene 2 snane, sixsane, seshkene, musene, 'learn, understand' -<sata-> se (sa)=100 'hundred' -<sand> sandane 1 a govendaya hui sandana 2 insene 2 sandane, sandane ma , darsanene, mocene 3 avishane, <sar-> 1 ser, merevain, allance viniyo 2 sarane, tie, pishane 'protection, alliance' -[Pokorny ker-, kr- :: to cook] - <sarea-> teas ca, tewir, vas sareda sareda esto, kerdho-, kerdh :: line, row herd] 'kind, sort, species' -- [Pokorny

<sava-> seva, I ma re seva kene 'benefit, salvation' -<sxvan-> sehvun, sehvun, dokrin, SINANEs, talimat, ferman, , museish 2 'doctrine, teaching, instruction' -- [Pokorny ks-, ks- :: to teach, show the way] - <ssn-> sesnane, sesene, seskene, sInane, musene, musnane, 'teaching' -[Pokorny ks-, ks- :: to teach, show the way] - <sca-> suca, maye ma sac ra sucane, suca 2 SICA doy, ra mir virazene, 'light, pure, clear' -<sra-> sui, 'strong, powerful' -- [Pokorny 1: keu-, keu- : k-, ku- :: to swell] - <sknda-> I ma skendane, shikene, merenda, vimana, 'destruction' -- [Pokorny (s)k(h)ed-, (s)k(h)e-n-d- :: to crush, split to pieces] -<staota-> yestaota, deyra yeseisi (izheishi), taw vaco veri (verete) yesene (yezene), 'hymn, song of praise' -<stavana-> yestauuana, taw vaco veri 'praising, being praised' --

<st> hista, taw vace veriye hisene 2 esta remain' --

<stu> yestu 2 estu, 3 estaomi, 'praise, laud, extol, celebrate' -<stiti-> yestuiti, taw vac veriye yesene (yesuhene) 'song of praise, prayer' -[Pokorny 2: steu- :: to praise (aloud)] -<stra-> vestra, vesrehene, zedesti usrene, (usene), zedsti ustra vaceno, 2 estra, 'spread-out' (?) -<spaxti-> vinaish, 'vision' -<spayara-> 1 spayatra, spayene, seveyane,i piya spayane/seveyene 2 o sevayatra vaceno 'atonement, prosperity' -<spas- spau-> svasane, sevesene, i inu hegaya sevesene (sehene/isehene), (?) 'perceive' -- [Pokorny spek- :: to spy on, watch] - <Spitma-> spi-tama 'Spitama' (clan name of Zarathustra) -<spnta-> sevunta, seva- 'beneficent, holy, sacred' -- [Pokorny kuen- :: to celebrate saint] <sprd-> keyred, speredeno, (keyreno),spered, 'zeal' -- [Pokorny sp(h)erd(h)-, (s)p(h)red(h)-, nasalized sp(h)rend(h)- :: to rush, spring running] <sravas-> saruuas, numdar (namadar), 'fame' -<srvay-> sra-vay, ey ma ra ju deyra wesi sravayat 2 deyr sravayane, 'cause to be heard' -<sru> srune, esene, (heshene), <sru> 'hear, listen' -<ava-> 1 shauuane, shune,, 2 sioaonane 'drive forth, set in motion' -<i> nishene, shiaone,, weshiene, hadishene, hadane, 'dwell' -<yaoana-> siiaonane, hereket kene, 'act, deed' -- [Pokorny ki- :: to move, set in motion] -<zairi-> zerd, zair, 'yellow' ---

<zaora-> name taw vac zaonane, zaot-, zot'libations' -- [Pokorny 1: gheu- :: to pour] -<zan> zihane zadrane (ziyene) --

<zam-> zemin (har/hard) chemche, angush, dina, 'earth, ground' -- [Pokorny ghem-, ghom-, genitive-ablative gh()m-s :: earth, ground] -<Zarautra-> 'Zarathustra' -- [Pokorny 3: ues- :: to dampen wet] -<zarautri-> 'descendent of Zarathustra' (?) -- [Pokorny 3: ues- :: to dampen wet] -<zava-> zauuane, zaonene, zbane, zavane, -<zasta-> 'zedest, des/zes, dest, hand' -- [Pokorny ghesto- :: arm, hand] - zahya-> zahya, zehya, azush, shatayah, 'weakened' -<z> ezane (herzane/hershane) a hegaya vashi ro engistre ezena (harzena), 'abandon, relinquish' -<z> zanane, a kay ra zanana, hanana, 'conquer, win, come in first' -<zvar-> dinc/tinc, piyet, teyeush (teket), asyenger 'strength, vitality, vigor' -[Pokorny geu-, geu-, also geu- :: to hurry, promote] - <zi> zi, wai 2 zi ainya mana, 'for, indeed' -- [Pokorny ghe-, gho- :: (an enclitic (emphatic?) particle)] -<zrazdita-> a zerazdana huni (yauni/cenci, zerazdat, zerazdisht, 2 zerazdana, 'most believing' -<ha-> ha, 1 nairka 2 ha ner viniyo '(s)he, this' -- [Pokorny so(s), s :: (demonstrative stem) he, she] -<ha-> 'you' -<haiya-> aiti, a aiti vana 'true, real' -- [Pokorny es- :: to be] -<hacat-> 1 hacat, taw vac veriye haecane, '...' -

<haoma-> 1 urvara (uruara) 2 Haoma plant whose juice was used as a ritual intoxicant -<hak> hakane, hacane, 'instigate, strive for' -- with instrumental 'go after, follow, partake of' -<haxti-> 'thigh' 1 kor, 2 xti -- [Pokorny (s)keng- :: to hobble lame, slanted] <hahu-> hanghush, suni kar, 2 urutvare'profit, harvest' -<haca-> hacane 'follow, accompany' (?) -<hac> ha ca, a mI ha ca suna hega 'from, out of' -- [Pokorny 1: seku- :: to follow] -<hara> tey, teyetra, hetra, 'together, at the same place/time' -- [Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] -<had> 1 hada 2 hada camaeta vano 'together with' -- [Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] -<ham> 'ham, piya 2 ham, ha, yew, together' -- [Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] -<hamra> hameretha, ham-areta, hamarene, 'enemy' -- [Pokorny 3: er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion] -<harait-> hara hara berza 2 taw vac veriye haraini, haurane, a meyu harana, ay meyi hauraiti. name of a mountain -- [Pokorny 2: ser- :: to guard, protect, shelter, watch over] -<havana-> havana 2 hewana, hewuna, 'pressing stone' -<haza-> hazas, eziyet, 'power, violence, oppression' -<hazaoa-> ha- zaosha, hama zaoshane, 'like-minded' -<hazara-> 1000=hazar, hazangra, hazana, hanzar 2 ainya mana hazere 'thousand' -[Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] -<hi> vernam hi 2 hi, vasho hi beno ke (che) 3 hiya, he, vai viniyo -<hita-> hitaye estor (aspa) 'team of horses' --

<hiy-> hishane, vashi hishaene 2 hisane isene, gozlemek'bind, tie up' -<hizu-> zu, zun 'tongue' -- [Pokorny dngh, dnghu :: tongue] - <hu> vohu, howung, huv, howung/houwl, 'well, good, beautiful' -- [Pokorny su-, s- :: good, well] -<huxara-> hu xhsatra (aishatra) 2 hu -idare 'good rule' -<hudah-> hu- dah (dahi, hu-daeng, hu (houw)-mizdah, miyazdah, 'of good gifts, beneficent' -<hudnu-> 'hu-danu howung danu blessed' -<hudma-> hudma, sirirn, 'sweetness' -<humzdra-> hu-mazdra, howung mazdra, xshnin/hasar 'careful, good to see' -<huiti-> hus-shiti, howung weshiti, 'good dwelling, comfort, safety' -<huna-> anghush, hu-shena (seva), howung shena, 'profitable' - <hiti-> taw vac veriho (vereto), hunene, a nuni kirengey ra hununa/dewsnena, 'pressure' -<hm> '...' a hem Avesta zunena hem Zazaki zunena-<hm> hem, pe, hada, 'together, with' - <hyat> 1 hiiat, aat 2 hiyat vernam vera pe 'if, so, when' - <hyat> yeuwt, zey chimke 'as, since, because' -<hva-> 'huua, hu vernam , this' -- [Pokorny se- :: (reflexive pronoun: one's own)] -<hvahaoya-> 'hva-anghuva, howung anghoya, angush (ahum/dina) good existence' -<hvar-> 'sun' huar, hveng =gunes--

The University of Texas at Austin College of Liberal Arts Linguistics Research Center

The University of Texas at Austin College of Liberal Arts Linguistics Research Center

Jonathan Slocum, Interim Director :: PCL Jonathan Slocum, Interim Director :: PCL 5.112, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, 5.112, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566 TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566 LRC Links: Home | About | Books Online | LRC Links: Home | About | Books Online | EIEOL | IE Doc. Center | IE Lexicon | IE EIEOL | IE Doc. Center | IE Lexicon | IE Maps | IE Texts | Pub. Indices | SiteMap Maps | IE Texts | Pub. Indices | SiteMap EIEOL Home IE Families EIEOL Home IE Families

Languages Armenian Baltic Old English Old French Gothic Cl. Greek N.T. Greek Hittite Old Iranian Old Irish Latin Old Norse O.C.S. Sanskrit Tocharian

Languages Armenian Baltic Old English Old French Gothic Cl. Greek N.T. Greek Hittite Old Iranian Old Irish Latin Old Norse O.C.S. Sanskrit Tocharian

Lesson

Lesson

Resources Introduction Unicode 3 Romanized Help Old Iranian Online Avestan: Base Form Dictionary Jonathan Slocum and Scott L. Harvey This Base Form Dictionary index lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique base form underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each base form a general meaning (if any) is shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms. A new, experimental feature is being introduced to these EIEOL lessons, namely the addition of pointers to Proto-IndoEuropean roots identified by Julius Pokorny in his monumental work, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wrterbuch (2 vols. Bern: Franke, 19591969 reprinted in 1989). Because Pokorny is becoming increasingly outdated, we may revise these links in the future however, for the time being, this information might prove interesting to those who are curious about Indo-European etymology. Notice of potential error is always welcome.

Resources Introduction Unicode 3 Romanized Help Old Iranian Online Avestan: Base Form Dictionary Jonathan Slocum and Scott L. Harvey This Base Form Dictionary index lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique base form underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each base form a general meaning (if any) is shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms. A new, experimental feature is being introduced to these EIEOL lessons, namely the addition of pointers to Proto-IndoEuropean roots identified by Julius Pokorny in his monumental work, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wrterbuch (2 vols. Bern: Franke, 19591969 reprinted in 1989). Because Pokorny is becoming increasingly outdated, we may revise these links in the future however, for the time being, this information might prove interesting to those who are curious about Indo-European etymology. Notice of potential error is always welcome.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Romanized and Unicode 3) in the upper-left margin. <(hapax) krd> 'send' (?) -1.134 <-aya> '...' -4.34

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (Romanized and Unicode 3) in the upper-left margin. <(hapax) krd> 'send' (?) -- 1.134 <-aya> ' taw vac veri= ayane,2 vernam, aya yena...' -- 4.34 <-ista-> indicates superlative -1 wasta 2 ista, hista taw vac vereto1.130, 3.5, 3.151, 3.427, 4.48, 4.156, 4.160, 4.174, 4.185, 4.187, 4.230, 5.82, 5.133 <-tara-> 'more, better' TIRA, ta ra o hegay ra suno= o ta ra suno 2 tarano, o erdishi tarano 3 o idare tarano 4 o daru tarano, daeibya tarano [Pokorny 4: ter-, ter- : tr-, tr-, teru- :: to cross, get over, etc.] -- 6.111 <-vat-> '...' -a- negation, ne-ahya mana nisreno , vir-a keno= ne vir keno

<-ista-> indicates superlative -1.130, 3.5, 3.151, 3.427, 4.48, 4.156, 4.160, 4.174, 4.185, 4.187, 4.230, 5.82, 5.133

<-tara-> 'more, better' -- [Pokorny 4: ter-, ter- : tr-, tr-, teru- :: to cross, get over, etc.] -6.111 <-vat-> '...' -2.172, 3.191 <a> 'no, none' -4.354, 5.180 <a-> 'he, this' -2.6, 4.115 <a-> (privative) -- [Pokorny 1: n, n, nei :: (negative particle)] -1.104 <aipi> 'toward, approaching' -[Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near] --

a (ha), a, : feminin, aya (ha) yena, vernam, aipi: o aipi ma yeno aipi, ver herun (ca), api, aipi a aipi vacena 2 a aipi koya 2.172, 3.191 1.104 1.160, 4.450 <aiwi> : 1 aipi 2 hada, o aiwi ma yeno, wi yaona moceno (darseno/neweno),

1.160, 4.450

a aiwi ma vacena.

<aiwi> 'toward, with respect to' -<aurvaana-> 'adversary' auruuthana, ne [Pokorny ebhi? : obhi : bhi :: around, from, urutvana, dushmain, aduuaesh -(up) to, etc.] -5.81, 5.91, 5.103 <aurvaana-> 'adversary' -5.206 <aurvant-> rew-, ruuant/rewant/revunt 'swift, runner, steed' -- [Pokorny 3: er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion] -6.68, 6.177, 6.183 <anah-> 'sin' 1 guna, nengaitya, nengaitya virazeno 2 aenah, Nidah, -- [Pokorny 2: ai- :: to close in, drive, harm, overwhelm] -4.299 <ava-> yewa, eva, disil

5.206 <aurvant-> 'swift, runner, steed' -[Pokorny 3: er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion] -6.68, 6.177, 6.183 <anah-> 'sin' -- [Pokorny 2: ai- :: to close in, drive, harm, overwhelm] -4.299

<ava-> 'one, alone' -- [Pokorny 4: au-, 'one, alone' -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, u- : u-, uo- :: other uo- :: other that (one)] -2.21, 2.98 <aasa-> 'wild' -3.450 <ama-> 'anger, fury, wrath' -[Pokorny 1: eis- :: to move rapidly or violently] -1.24, 1.91, 4.240 <ama-> 'anger, fury, wrath' -6.160 that (one)] -2.21, 2.98 <aasa-> 'wild' -- borI, keyn aesasa yena, sasha 3.450 <ama-> 'aeshm, tbish, 2 dIruv, har (XIRAV), anger, fury, wrath' -- [Pokorny 1: eis- :: to move rapidly or violently] -1.24, 1.91, 4.240 <ama-> aesm ma re keno 'anger, fury, wrath' -6.160

<aogah-> 'power, strength' -- [Pokorny <aogah->auca/augah/ aishah (eskaish), a aueg-, ug-, aug-, ug- :: to increase, kardi ucana magnify] -2.184, 6.23 <aor> 'down' -- [Pokorny 3: au-, aue, u- :: away from, down] - 3.354 -2.184, 6.23 <aor> aora awar (ava/awara/aware)

'down' -- [Pokorny 3: au-, aue, u- :: away from, down] -<aka-> 'bad, evil, wicked' -- [Pokorny 2: ank-, ang- :: to bend, bow] -4.107, 4.156, 4.174, 4.230 <ahu-> 'existence, life' -- [Pokorny ansu-, nsu- :: demon, spirit] -3.242, 4.148, 4.244 <ajyaiti-> 'death' -4.144 <at> 'then, but, and, so, thus' - [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -4.107, 4.156, 4.174, 4.230 <ahu-> engu 2 angu= zere chi, 2 precious 4 ahum (angush 3.242, 4.148, 4.244 <ajyaiti-> : ajiyati, edizyaiti, 2 ne-jyaiti, viniyo ' 4.144 3.354 <aka-> mashyo (isoiyo) aka yeno 2 ake =acik

1.184, 2.5, 2.35, 2.136, 2.228, 3.57, <at> o taw, a at (hema, hema, ((he-ma), 3.178, 3.327, 3.370, 4.5, 4.87, 4.128, 4.158, hew (hen) 2 tashe a-t 4.239, 4.266, 4.294, 4.307, 4.336, 4.392, 4.449 <a> 'so, thus, likewise' -- [Pokorny ant-s :: front, brow] -1.42, 1.171, 3.146, 3.274, 6.106 <ara> 'here, there' -'then, but, and, so, thus' -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -1.184, 2.5, 2.35, 2.136, 2.228, 3.57, 3.178, 3.327, 3.370, 4.5, 4.87, 4.128, 4.158, 4.239, 4.266, 4.294, 4.307, 4.336, 4.392, 4.449 <a> atha, yatha, heuta, yeuwata, yeuta 2 atha, aita, 1.171, 3.146, 3.274, 6.106 <ara> athra, atara atar, aitya ra yenoa 'here, there' -6.201, 6.215 <ad> 'hada, ada, ataha, then, thereupon, thus' -1.54, 4.378 <ana-> 'him' -- a na, vernam 3.315, 3.383 <anaa-> 'powerless' -- ne-aesha

6.201, 6.215 <ad> 'then, thereupon, thus' -1.54, 4.378 <ana-> 'him' -3.315, 3.383 <anaa-> 'powerless' -2.141 <anya-> 'other' -- [Pokorny 2: an- :: other side, there] --

1.41, 3.255, 3.256, 6.158 <ans> 'attain' -3.304 <apmm> 'last' - 3.374, 4.147 <amavant-> 'strong, powerful, vigorous' -- [Pokorny om- :: to proceed energetically to firm up to suffer] -5.129

2.141 <anya-> 'other' -- [Pokorny 2: an- :: other side, there] -1.41, 3.255, 3.256, 6.158 <ans> 'attain' o cemaeta ansano= o caete katilir/ulasir-3.304 <apmm> peim/pein, m usyin n suna

apeynim (peim) 'last' -3.374, 4.147 <amavant-> yamauuant, ama (umein), yaman 'strong, powerful, vigorous' -[Pokorny om- :: to proceed energetically to firm up to suffer] -5.129 <ayah-> aheng, ahenge, ayahe nale ostore, 'metal, iron' -4.284

<ayah-> 'metal, iron' -4.284 <aym-> 'this, that' -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -1.100, 2.81, 2.92, 2.182, 2.210, 3.229, 3.241, 3.271, 3.298, 3.331, 3.410, 3.422, 3.464, 4.75, 4.169, 4.211, 4.217, 4.253, 4.279, 4.296, 4.321, 4.341 <ar> 'rise' -- [Pokorny 3: er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion] -3.421 <Armaiti-> name of a goddess = 'righteousness, devotion, piety' --

<aym-> 1 aye, vernam numor 2 m usyin n suno, ayen, 'this, that' -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -1.100, 2.81, 2.92, 2.182, 2.210, 3.229, 3.241, 3.271, 3.298, 3.331, 3.410, 3.422, 3.464, 4.75, 4.169, 4.211, 4.217, 4.253, 4.279, 4.296, 4.321, 4.341 <ar> 'rise' arene, 1 araedane, arene 2 arahene, bene (berene), o taye deni araehano (beno)-- [Pokorny 3: er- : or- : r:: to move, set in motion] -3.421

3.152

<ava> 'away, down' -- [Pokorny 3: au-, aue, u- :: away from, down] -

4.380, 4.382

<Armaiti-> name of a goddess = 'righteousness, devotion, piety' -- 1 armaiti, ar-maiit, dogru, durust kadin 2 hermatii, hermeta ma yena, kandin tanricasi 3.152 <ava> awar (ava/war 2 vernam, a-va , ava yena, nairika (maki) 'away, down' -- [Pokorny 3: au-, aue, u :: away from, down] -4.380, 4.382 <ava-> a-va, a vernamo maki (nairika) 'this, that' -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, uo :: other that (one)] -1.114, 2.195 <avant-> : avant, o kadar bu kadar, hewunt, hevat, yewunt, yavant (=o kadar) 2 a avant vacana 'as much, so much, so long, such' -5.21, 5.23, 5.46 <avar> aware (war/ava), asagi, a war yena 'down' -2.254 <avah-> avengene, auzune, debazane, yardim etmen, seslemek, 'help, helping' -- [Pokorny 7: au-, au-, aui- :: to like, help] - 2.173 <asan-> 1 si, asi kera 2 asman, asmen 'stone, heaven' -4.188 <asita-> ashu, asyeng, esyes, asyengest, rew 'fastest' -4.393

<ava-> 'this, that' -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, uo- :: other that (one)] -1.114, 2.195 <avant-> 'as much, so much, so long, such' -5.21, 5.23, 5.46

<avar> 'down' -2.254 <avah-> 'help, helping' -- [Pokorny 7: au-, au-, aui- :: to like, help] -

2.173 <asan-> 'stone, heaven' -4.188 <asita-> 'fastest' -4.393 <asura-> 'weak' -2.153 <aspa-> 'horse' -- [Pokorny ekuo-s :: horse] -5.194 <aspna-> patronymic form of aspa'horse' -- [Pokorny ekuo-s :: horse] - 3.112

<aspi-> 'mare' -- [Pokorny ekuo-s :: horse] -5.73

<asura-> 'weak' -- ,azush, zayif , shyathao, ne-sura, sui niyo 2.153

<aa-> 'truth' -- [Pokorny 1: ar-, <aspa-> ostor (Sasaniyan rayena), ostor, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, and i- ustor eso avestaya 'horse' -- [Pokorny base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] - ekuo-s :: horse] - 1.58, 1.101, 2.26, 2.54, 2.114, 2.186, 2.224, 3.28, 3.134, 3.253, 3.314, 3.451, 4.33, 4.183, 4.258, 4.325, 4.355, 4.407, 6.168 5.194

<aavan-> '(in accordance with) Truth' -- <aspna-> aspa- ostor (ustor), patronymic [Pokorny 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base form of aspa- 'horse' -- [Pokorny ekuo ar-, r-, and i-base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] s :: horse] - -3.187, 3.188, 3.461, 4.159, 6.62 <aavant-> 'follower of the Truth' -[Pokorny 3.112 <aspi-> ostor, 'mare' -- [Pokorny ekuo-s :: 5.73 <aa-> rass,1 asah, rast 2 asha, hasa, 'truth' -- [Pokorny 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, and i-base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] -1.58, 1.101, 2.26, 2.54, 2.114, 2.186, 2.224, 3.28, 3.134, 3.253, 3.314, 3.451, 4.33, 4.183, 4.258, 4.325, 4.355, 4.407, 6.168 <aavan-> 1 rasaaun, rashaone, 2 hasauuan, hasavan '(in accordance with) Truth' -- [Pokorny 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, and i-base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] -3.187, 3.188, 3.461, 4.159, 6.62 <aavant-> rasauuant, rasavant, 'follower of the Truth' -- [Pokorny 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, and i-base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] -

horse] --

4.448, 5.47, 5.59, 5.65, 5.92 <azi-> = azi: Azi dah-aka, azi= toxim 2 aste taw vac aziyene 'fertile' -- [Pokorny agh- :: animal that may bear young] -1.202 <azm-> : ez, az, e, vernamo veryin -[Pokorny eg-, eg(h)om, eg :: I (pronoun)] -1.10, 1.13, 1.23, 1.38, 1.43, 1.172, 2.93, 2.97, 2.111, 2.209, 2.229, 2.253, 2.255, 4.338, 4.354, 5.16, 5.26, 6.85, 6.107 <ah> : hae vengaish 2 aste atw vac ahane, 2 ver vam, pronam , ah- mai 2 ver ca (herun)1.187 <ah-> 'be, become' ahane (ahehen), oxur ho (aho)= oxur ola, raye sima ake ho

(aho)!-1.128, 1.173, 2.168, 3.262, 3.330, 3.373, 3.387, 3.429, 4.146, 4.282, 4.339, 4.369, 4.452, 5.62, 6.123 <ahu-> : 1 angush (ahum) 2 Ahu, 3.318, 4.344, 6.12 <ahu-> 'lord' : Homa, ahuma, Huma (Homa)-2.22 <ahura-> 'Ahura, Homa Ahu, Huma (homa). [Pokorny ansu-, nsu- :: demon, spirit] -1.88, 1.170, 1.190, 2.8, 2.51, 2.183, 2.251, 3.30, 3.99, 3.203, 3.462, 4.21, 4.199, 4.323, 4.353, 5.6, 5.28, 5.87 <ahe> yes, heya (he) 2 vernam ahe 3 aiti/haitya a aiti (haiti) vana (vuna). 5.111 <ahmat> 'henceforth' - (ahnat) ahn at 2 ondan 3 ver nam hae pancim suesim6.135 <> : o a ma yeno, a suna a dewe ma, ver ca (herun). 2 vernam nairika (maki), a yena '(up) to, toward, etc.' -- [Pokorny 1: , :: (a particle he, this, etc.)] -1.22, 1.27, 1.191, 2.155, 2.242, 3.33, 3.72, 3.207, 3.316, 3.384, 4.49, 4.218, 4.281, 4.354, 4.395, 6.222 <> (conveys sense of reversal with verbs of motion) -3.297

<at> a at, o taw, hema 2 a at= on dan, ona -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -5.10, 5.18, 6.163, 6.199, 6.214 <tar-> 'fire' : ADIR/ATRE -5.85 <dna-> I ma adane, a ma adana, retaliate, 2 o a taye deni adana 4.285 <dra-> 'lowly' 1 adara, mnzme ra 2 hadra, aredra, a keyna aredraya 1.119 <yapta-> 'ayeuwta, mizda, raeya, zengin 3.20 <rmaiti-> hermaiti ar-maiti, gorev, rastmata/manati 'devotion, piety' -4.270 <varna-> wereynena, a ma wereynena,2 nivane, dawt kene4.59 <su-> asyeng, rew, rewunt/rewat , -[Pokorny k-s :: quick(ly)] - 5.73 <sna-> 1 nazdi 2 asna, yavaun, taviat 3 verezin 3 sedano, asnano, aishana, merem kene, ffective' -- [Pokorny s[i]dh- : sdh-, and sdh- :: to aim at, strive for] -5.98 <zuiti-> vezdin 2 ruen 3 taw vac veriye zuhene azuite tiri 4 zuit ey hui azuit -2.50

<zhu-> azushene, apply -3.341 <hiti-> ana-hita, pIv, pis, 'defilement, pollution -6.138 <i> 'itya, ida 2 atha, hew (hewe) 2 i+ta, vernam thus' -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -3.270 <id> ida/itya, atiya, -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -2.94 <i> ishene (wazane) 2 isasene (wisene) aramak, -- [Pokorny 1: ais- :: to desire, wish, search for] -4.8 <-xari> waza-xshatri (aisahtri) aisha-xshatri -2.157 ti-> 1 washti 2 esti 3 aishati 'sacrifice' -[Pokorny ik- :: to possess, be capable] -3.6 <uxa-> vengdana/uhane, command, vac, a uxdhana ma re/ra 'word, saying' -[Pokorny ghous- :: to sound, hear] -3.48, 3.61 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, <ura-> ukhra 1 oxhur 2 ugra 3 XIRA, -and i-base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] - 4.448, 5.47, 5.59, 5.65, 5.92 <azi-> 'fertile' -- [Pokorny agh- :: animal that may bear young] -1.202 <azm-> 'I' -- [Pokorny eg-, eg(h)om, eg :: I (pronoun)] - 1.130 <uta> 'and' , uta u+ta -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, uo- :: other that (one)] -6.70

1.10, 1.13, 1.23, 1.38, 1.43, 1.172, 2.93, <utayiti-> a teyeuiti vacena, 'fresh,

2.97, 2.111, 2.209, 2.229, 2.253, 2.255, 4.338, 4.354, 5.16, 5.26, 6.85, 6.107 <ah> 'energy, zest, zeal' -1.187

lasting, enduring' -4.268 <upa> usyin, upair, upa, 'near, up on/to, etc.' -- [Pokorny upo, up, eup, (e)up-s- :: (from) below, under, etc.] -3.398, 4.227, 6.9, 6.18, 6.141, 6.144 --

<ah-> 'be, become' --

1.128, 1.173, 2.168, 3.262, 3.330, 3.373, <uparm> upare, upara, upa- vengin r, 3.387, 3.429, 4.146, 4.282, 4.339, 4.369, 4.452, 5.62, 6.123 <ahu-> 'existence, life, breath' -3.318, 4.344, 6.12 <ahu-> 'lord' -2.22 <ahura-> 'lord' -- [Pokorny ansu-, nsu- :: demon, spirit] -1.88, 1.170, 1.190, 2.8, 2.51, 2.183, 2.251, 3.30, 3.99, 3.203, 3.462, 4.21, 4.199, 4.323, 4.353, 5.6, 5.28, 5.87 <ahe> 'indeed, certainly' -2.67 6.14

<urua-> weshun, gesti, 2 werusa, vereshiyya 3 urusane (oresene) 4 urushane

<urvan-> uruuan, ruh, uruh, Roh, ru/ro' -1.7, 1.200, 2.138

<urvta-> verenya, uruuata, verenya 2 uruuata 3 taw vac verihe ruhene, o hemser dene uruheno 5 o keye wes uruheno 'rule, order, commandment' -- [Pokorny 6: uer- :: to speak, talk formally] - 4.421 <urvza, uruuaza, vewze, -> urvaza, vewze, o govendaya wes vewzeno, -4.38 <uvaya-> 'Ubaya, wurni, uvaya (uuaya), wurni, hurdi, udi, -5.60

5.111 <ahmat> 'henceforth' - 6.135 <> '(up) to, toward, etc.' -- [Pokorny 1: , :: (a particle he, this, etc.)] -1.22, 1.27, 1.191, 2.155, 2.242, 3.33, 3.72, 3.207, 3.316, 3.384, 4.49, 4.218, 4.281, 4.354, 4.395, 6.222

<> (conveys sense of reversal with verbs <ustana-> zedesti useno, zedesti ustenisn of motion) -vendano 3.297

<at> 'then, thereupon, therefore, and, but' [Pokorny 1: ten-, tend- :: to extend, span, -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one stretch] -this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -5.10, 5.18, 6.163, 6.199, 6.214 1.186 <erezu-> rass, rasht 2 ENGISTA erezu 'straight, just' -- [Pokorny 1: reg- :: (to make) just, right king] -3.95 <r-> 'eresh, rass, rast, right, correct, true' -4.117, 4.213, 5.160, 5.172 <rva-> ' ereshua, rashuua, lofty' -1.120

<tar-> 'fire' -5.85 <dna-> 'portion, forging together, retaliation' -4.285 <dra-> 'lowly' -1.119

<yapta-> 'riches, bounty, boon, spoils' -- <rzu-> 'straight' -- [Pokorny 1: reg- :: (to make) just, right 3.20 <rmaiti-> 'devotion, piety' -4.270 <varna-> 'invitation, choice' -4.59 <su-> 'swift' -- [Pokorny k-s :: quick(ly)] -5.73 <sna-> 'successful, effective' -[Pokorny s[i]dh- : sdh-, and sdh- :: to aim at, strive for] -5.98 <zuiti-> 'fat, butter' -2.50 <zhu-> 'propulsion implement' -3.341 <hiti-> 'defilement, pollution -king] -5.82 <rji-> rashhe cuwe, weshi (yeush) -1.215, 3.480 <v> 2.83 <niti-> en-eiti, aheti, 2 en-eiti 3 ne neiti eing, lack of freedom' -aaware, awar, war (ava) --

4.435 <nman-> 1 anman, mainya 2 amnan ' -4.271 <ka-> 1 ka, off course 2 ever -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -1.9, 1.12, 1.85, 2.77

6.138 <i> 'thus' -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -3.270

<kainya-> 'maiden, girl' -3.217 <kan-> Citi, ceza , 'atonement, punishment' -- [Pokorny 1: kuei-(t-) :: to observe with respect, pay attention to] -4.297 <ka> kota (kata), sera ' -1.59 <kad> keyde (chehy), 'when' -[Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic here] -2.165 <kayaa-> kaya (koye) da (vIreza) aka da (vIraza) category of evil deed -5.45 <kar> kar/ gur 2 karane (gurene) 4.343, 6.134 <ku> 1 ko 2 aste taw vac kune 3 kutra'where' -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -3.460 <kud> kuda, kutra 2 ainya mana 'where' -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -2.223 <kvi-> kevi KIVi, Kivi yeno, 'title: adherent to the daevic religion' (?) -3.82 <khrp-> tanu, kehrpa ma'form, body, outward appearance' -- [Pokorny 1: (s)kel- :: to cut] --

<id> 'here' -- [Pokorny 3: e-, ei-, i-, fem. - :: one this, etc. (demonstrative particle)] -2.94 <i> 'strive, desire, arrive' -- [Pokorny 1: ais- :: to desire, wish, search for] -4.8 <-xari> 'powerful' -2.157 <ti-> 'sacrifice' -- [Pokorny ik- :: to possess, be capable] -3.6 <uxa-> 'word, saying' -- [Pokorny ghous- :: to sound, hear] -3.48, 3.61

<ura-> 'strong' -1.130

<uta> 'and' -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, uo- :: other that (one)] -6.70 <utayiti-> 'fresh, lasting, enduring' --

4.268 <upa> 'near, up on/to, etc.' -- [Pokorny upo, up, eup, (e)up-s- :: (from) below, under, etc.] -3.398, 4.227, 6.9, 6.18, 6.141, 6.144 <uparm> 'above' -6.14 <urua-> 'emaciated' -2.67 <urvan-> 'soul, self' -1.7, 1.200, 2.138 <urvta-> 'rule, order, commandment' -[Pokorny 6: uer- :: to speak, talk formally] -4.421

4.267, 6.35 <xratu-> program, vision, xeiratu --

6.10, 6.19 <xrawa-> xratwa xeirathwa, xeira , teyeusha (teketwa) -3.150 <xru> 1 xru, 2 srushane , ostori xrushane 'scream, howl' -3.397 <xrnar-> xrunar, xru-nar, o ma Xiru keno, piiv keno, pis keno 'man-defiling' -3.408

<xrdra-> xruzhdra, xrauzdh, 'hard, firm' -- [Pokorny 1: kreu-, kreu- : kr-, kreus-, krus- :: thick (clotting) blood, raw flesh ice, crust] -4.187 <xrvi-> 'xruui, 2 goni (guni) 6.162 --

<urvza-> 'joy, bliss' -4.38 <uvaya-> 'both' -5.60

<ustana-> 'stretched forth' -- [Pokorny <xsnu> terevda, xshnu, memnun 1: ten-, tend- :: to extend, span, stretch] -- (memnene ra) -1.186 <erezu-> 'straight, just' -- [Pokorny 1: reg- :: (to make) just, right king] -3.95 <r-> 'right, correct, true' -4.117, 4.213, 5.160, 5.172 <rva-> 'lofty' -1.120 4.198 <xara-> 'power' aishatra -2.187, 2.227, 3.478, 4.254, 4.310 <xam> xshamane, visene, virarane 'accept' -2.142 <xaya> 'ruling' aishaya 2 xshane, commend 1.73 <xn> 'know' 1) zuna, sinasa

<rzu-> 'straight' -- [Pokorny 1: reg- :: (to make) just, right king] -5.82 <rji-> 'living justly' -1.215, 3.480 <v> 'down' - 2.83 <niti-> 'ill-being, lack of freedom' - 4.435 <nman-> 'spirit, breath' --

2.243 <xn-> 2) sinasa 'recognition' (?) -3.70 <xvid-> Sit, shiv 'milk' -- [Pokorny suid- :: milk] - 2.65 <xva> huua houw, hou, houwl 'good, worthy' -5.58 <xva-> hua, hu 'self' -- [Pokorny se- :: (reflexive pronoun: one's own)] -4.63 <xvatu-> huuaetu (het hue, huuate,) hua hete (kishta), huevapai 'belonging to the family' -- [Pokorny se- :: (reflexive pronoun: one's own)] -3.179 <xvathra-> hvaetra, raet, a citi hvaetra rumena 'good breathing, ease, comfort' -[Pokorny ter- :: intestines] -3.305 <xvapah-> hvapa, 2 hva (hewn) pah -6.182, 6.188 <xvafna-> 'hewna , hewn f usyin w/v suna, fir/vi/wir, xshafna/sewna, -[Pokorny 1: suep-, sup- :: to sleep] - 4.93, 5.180 <xvareiti-> wereiti, ey sami werti -6.121

4.271 <ka-> 'who, what' -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -1.9, 1.12, 1.85, 2.77 <kainya-> 'maiden, girl' -3.217 <kan-> 'atonement, punishment' -[Pokorny 1: kuei-(t-) :: to observe with respect, pay attention to] -4.297 <ka> 'how, in what way' -1.59

<kad> 'when' -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: I- <xvartha-> wereta, wish, werdis -deictic here] -2.165 <kayaa-> category of evil deed -5.45 3.303 <xvarnah-> hvarena -- [Pokorny suel-, suol-, suul-, suel-, sl- :: sun] - 5.113 <xviti-> xvi-iti, hou- yeiti --

<kar> 'do, make' -4.343, 6.134 <ku> 'where' -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -3.460

4.434 <gairi-> gairish, kash, ko (ku), 'mountain' -- [Pokorny 3: guer-, guor- :: mountain] -6.39, 6.41, 6.75

<kud> 'where' -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, <gao-> 'cow' , ox, gao (nairo), nero - fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -2.223 1.6, 1.56, 1.61, 1.76, 1.105, 1.201, 2.64, 2.137, 5.14, 5.77, 5.119, 5.146, 5.149, 5.152, 5.170 <gaona-> 1 gizik 'hair' 2 gan -[Pokorny gu-, gu-, g- :: to bend, curl a vessel] -6.221

<kvi-> 'title: adherent to the daevic religion' (?) -3.82 <khrp-> 'form, body, outward appearance' -- [Pokorny 1: (s)kel- :: to cut] -4.267, 6.35

<gaoman-> gaemon, urvare sitine, shit ci ra yenao, kenger gaomono, kenger ra paemon yeno, shit yeno paeman, 2 'possessed of milk' -6.220 <gaoa-> gosh/gush -- [Pokorny ghous:: to sound, hear] -5.174 <gad> 1 gadane, gaydane2 gaidane 'ask, entreat, 23 jadane/yasene supplicate' -5.196 <gan> 1 ganane, janane, cun 6.21 <gan-> gan (cun), janer, janar 'slayer' --- 2 gaon, gan,

<xratu-> 'will, intention, vision' -6.10, 6.19 <xrawa-> 'power, will, insight' -3.150 <xru> 'scream, howl' -3.397 <xrnar-> 'man-defiling' -3.408 <xrdra-> 'hard, firm' -- [Pokorny 1: kreu-, kreu- : kr-, kreus-, krus- :: thick (clotting) blood, raw flesh ice, crust] -4.187 <xrvi-> 'bloody' --

5.47, 6.111 <ganya-> 1 gan 2 canya, janya 'slaying, killing, destroying' --

6.162 <xsnu> 'satisfy' -4.198 <xara-> 'power' -2.187, 2.227, 3.478, 4.254, 4.310 <xam> 'accept' -2.142 <xaya> 'ruling' -1.73 <xn> 'know' -2.243 <xn-> 'recognition' (?) -3.70 <xvid-> 'milk' -- [Pokorny suid- :: milk] -2.65

6.122 <gam> 'go' gamane, yene (yemene) -1.133, 4.133, 4.227, 4.255, 4.298, 5.138 <gaya-> ganaya, ganin cuweya, 'life' -[Pokorny gu-, guem- :: to come, go] - 4.143 <gar> gar, ayase (aya), 'be awake' -5.181 <gu> gushene, goshdane, ' -2.100 <grz-> gerezdane (d taw vac) , gerezane, 'lament, complain' -1.8 <gua-> gush (gosh) 'ear' - 4.47 <ca> CI_a,: ma cIa pi Cia yene 'and' -[Pokorny 1: kue :: (enclitic) and] - 1.25, 1.28, 1.29, 1.156, 1.157, 1.158, 1.201, 2.38, 2.39, 2.65, 2.114, 2.136, 2.187, 2.200, 2.225, 2.227, 3.42, 3.45, 3.49, 3.57, 3.62, 3.74, 3.82, 3.86, 3.109, 3.135, 3.176, 3.178, 3.226, 3.228, 3.241, 3.327, 3.352, 3.354, 3.395, 3.406, 3.407, 3.408, 3.409, 3.428, 3.467, 4.20, 4.22, 4.34, 4.102, 4.103, 4.107, 4.128, 4.143, 4.144, 4.145, 4.197, 4.253, 4.258, 4.294, 4.336, 4.352, 4.355, 4.407, 4.434, 4.436, 4.447, 5.64, 5.65, 5.113, 5.139, 5.140, 5.156, 5.157, 5.158, 5.159, 5.160, 6.32, 6.33, 6.87, 6.90, 6.93 <carana-> carana, a carana, cherxe vasanga carana. 'moving, feet, support' -- [Pokorny 1: kuel-, kuel- :: to turn wheel neck?] -6.69

<xva> 'good, worthy' -5.58 <xva-> 'self' -- [Pokorny se- :: (reflexive pronoun: one's own)] -4.63 <xvatu-> 'belonging to the family' -[Pokorny se- :: (reflexive pronoun: one's

own)] -3.179 <xvathra-> 'good breathing, ease, comfort' -- [Pokorny ter- :: intestines] -3.305 <carkrra-> : care keretre, kerdre '(hymns of) praise' -2.122 <caman-> Chashm, Chama, CHIM -[Pokorny kuek-, kuk-, kuek-s- :: to appear, see, show] -5.176 <ci> CI kene, discriminate 2 ciya kene, tell apart' -4.118, 4.214 <cit> CI, vernam ne arez. gives indefinite or emphatic sense -[Pokorny 1: kue :: (enclitic) and] - 5.26, 5.47, 6.5, 6.14, 6.113, 6.116, 6.119 <ci> CI, -t, indefinite marker -1.148, 1.160 <cirm> cthre: toxm 2 aketre viniyo, 'manifest, clear, visible, plain' -6.147 <cin> '...' CI-NA -- [Pokorny kuene :: (particle: generalization/uncertainty)] -4.215 <cisti-> 1 cis- cist 2 taw vac veri, cisene, 'knowledge, thought' -- [Pokorny 1: kuei (t-) :: to observe with respect, pay attention to] -4.368

<xvapah-> 'dream-like' -6.182, 6.188 <xvafna-> 'sleep, dream' -- [Pokorny 1: suep-, sup- :: to sleep] - 4.93, 5.180 <xvareiti-> 'nourishment' -6.121 <xvartha-> 'food' -3.303 <xvarnah-> 'glory' -- [Pokorny suel-, suol-, suul-, suel-, sl- :: sun] - 5.113 <xviti-> 'well-being, freedom of movement' -4.434 <gairi-> 'mountain' -- [Pokorny 3: guer-, guor- :: mountain] - 6.39, 6.41, 6.75

<gao-> 'cow' --

1.6, 1.56, 1.61, 1.76, 1.105, 1.201, 2.64, <ct> CIT, hae Ci, vernam ne-arez, '...' - 2.137, 5.14, 5.77, 5.119, 5.146, 5.149, [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: 5.152, 5.170 (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -<gaona-> 'hair' -- [Pokorny gu-, gu-, 4.11

g- :: to bend, curl a vessel] -<ct> CIT, haitya viniyo, etc.' - [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -2.26, 2.209 <jaiti-> 1 taw vac veriye jaihane/janan, asha-JIT, 3 yeiti, jasaiti 'going' -5.202 <jan> Janane, 'smite, slay, destroy' -1.103, 5.50 <jnaya-> ceneya, (geneya). 'woman' - 3.275 <jnar-> janer/ganer, 'man-killing' - 3.407 <jytu-> ganayau/cunayatu 'life' -3.465

6.221 <gaoman-> 'possessed of milk' -6.220 <gaoa-> 'ear' -- [Pokorny ghous- :: to sound, hear] -5.174 <gad> 'ask, entreat, supplicate' -5.196 <gan> 'smite, strike' -6.21 <gan-> 'slayer' -5.47, 6.111

<ganya-> 'slaying, killing, destroying' -- <tbi> tbish, nefret, despice=kuck gorme, diwzhe, ofke, -- [Pokorny duei- :: to fear] - 6.122 <gam> 'go' -1.133, 4.133, 4.227, 4.255, 4.298, 5.138 <gaya-> 'life' -- [Pokorny gu-, guem- :: to come, go] - 4.143 <gar> 'be awake' -5.181 <gu> 'hear' -5.201, 5.207 <ta-> vernamo ne-arez, TI-ra, ta-ra, 'he, that, this' -3.258, 3.369, 3.440, 3.475 <tanu-> 'body' kehrpam, Tanuya ma decena -3.300, 3.452, 4.64, 5.199 <tas> tash, = form, model, 'carve, create, fashion, shape' -1.14, 2.41, 2.53, 5.175, 6.181 <taar-> tashar, a ma re tashana, texte tasana, o ma re kardibya weyna tasano. modelci -1.55 <t> vernamo diyim ne -eres,'...' -3.110

2.100 <grz-> 'lament, complain' -1.8

<gua-> 'ear' - 4.47 <ca> 'and' -- [Pokorny 1: kue :: (enclitic) and] --

<tvis-> 'violence' hazas (deresh), TIV, TIVISH 1.29 <tvm-> Tuuem, Tuuen, tashe hirim 'you' -- [Pokorny t :: thou, you] --

1.25, 1.28, 1.29, 1.156, 1.157, 1.158, 3.136, 4.280, 4.309, 6.6, 6.15, 6.34, 6.60, 1.201, 2.38, 2.39, 2.65, 2.114, 2.136, 2.187, 6.178, 6.184, 6.200, 6.222 2.200, 2.225, 2.227, 3.42, 3.45, 3.49, 3.57, 3.62, 3.74, 3.82, 3.86, 3.109, 3.135, 3.176, 3.178, 3.226, 3.228, 3.241, 3.327, 3.352, 3.354, 3.395, 3.406, 3.407, 3.408, 3.409, 3.428, 3.467, 4.20, 4.22, 4.34, 4.102, 4.103, 4.107, 4.128, 4.143, 4.144, 4.145, 4.197, 4.253, 4.258, 4.294, 4.336, 4.352, 4.355, 4.407, 4.434, 4.436, 4.447, 5.64, 5.65, 5.113, 5.139, 5.140, 5.156, 5.157, 5.158, 5.159, 5.160, 6.32, 6.33, 6.87, 6.90, 6.93 <carana-> 'moving, feet, support' -[Pokorny 1: kuel-, kuel- :: to turn wheel neck?] -<wa> twa, hae diyim, 'you' -[Pokorny t :: thou, you] -2.37, 2.212, 3.149 <waxa-> thwaxsha, thwaxshane, tey wesene 2 ainya mana teywexshene=dikat etmek 'zeal, care, nurture' -1.77 <warz> thwarezane, thasane, 'carve, fashion, shape, create' -1.11 <wrtar> tashar, modelic, 'Fashioner' -- [Pokorny tuerk- :: to cut] - 2.40 <dan-> 1 diina 2 diin 3 darsane, din 'attitude, intention, insight' -- [Pokorny dhei- : dhi- : dh- :: to look, see, show] -3.46, 3.98, 3.204, 3.240, 5.58 <dava-> daeuua, dew dev 2 daeuua 'divine being' -- [Pokorny 1: dei-, dei-, d-, di- :: to glitter, shine day, sun God] --

6.69 <carkrra-> '(hymns of) praise' -2.122 <caman-> 'eye' -- [Pokorny kuek-, kuk-, kuek-s- :: to appear, see, show] - 5.176 <ci> 'discriminate, tell apart' --

4.118, 4.214 <cit> gives indefinite or emphatic sense -- [Pokorny 1: kue :: (enclitic) and] - 5.26, 5.47, 6.5, 6.14, 6.113, 6.116, 6.119 <ci> indefinite marker --

1.148, 1.160 <cirm> 'manifest, clear, visible, plain' -6.147 <cin> '...' -- [Pokorny kuene :: (particle: generalization/uncertainty)] -4.215

1.156, 4.215, 6.124 <danhah->: dahi, aishatar/eskatar, hunarman, danhaye mainya 'skillful' -[Pokorny 1: dens- :: mental power to learn] -5.155 <dafnya-> dafshniya, ve-teket (teush)=, nechar, wardah, ne-aisha (eska), 'powerless' -3.386

<cisti-> 'knowledge, thought' -[Pokorny 1: kuei-(t-) :: to observe with respect, pay attention to] -4.368 <ct> '...' -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -4.11 <ct> 'indeed, verily, etc.' -- [Pokorny kuo-, kue-, fem. ku, kuei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)] -2.26, 2.209 <jaiti-> 'going' -5.202 <jan> 'smite, slay, destroy' -1.103, 5.50 <jnaya-> 'woman' - 3.275 <jnar-> 'man-killing' - 3.407 <jytu-> 'life' --

<dab> 1 dab, diwzhane/debaone 2 dabane, piya kene (?) -3.44

<darga-> 'long' -- [Pokorny 5: del- :: long] -4.437

<dars-> deres, =siddet, tbish, daresh 2 aste taw vac dareshane (dersane) 1.28 <darsata-> diisata, -4.37 <dah-> gesht, 2 dah, datre, miyazdah geshte mainya, 3.94 <dahyav-> 'country, region, realm' -5.39 <d-> aste (reche) dane, thvarshane, dane 'give, put' -1.72, 1.76, 1.205, 2.82, 2.127, 2.171, 2.185, 2.201, 3.19, 3.101, 3.137, 3.202, 3.231, 3.411, 3.481, 4.135, 4.269, 4.326,

4.425, 5.15, 5.20, 5.74, 5.84, 5.97, 6.179, 6.185, 6.187 3.465 <tbi> 'hate, despise' -- [Pokorny duei- :: to fear] - 5.201, 5.207 <ta-> 'he, that, this' -3.258, 3.369, 3.440, 3.475 <dman-> domon, daman, 2 caye diday, 'dwelling, creation, creatures (pl.)' -5.132 <dmi->: doman, domo, creaion, creator 'creation' -6.179, 6.185 <dugdar-> keynaya (cheyna) resata, Digdar, 'daughter' -- [Pokorny dhug(h)ter- :: daughter] -3.122 <du-> 1 Miti, draoxt 2 dush-main 2'bad, evil' -- [Pokorny dus- :: bad, evil, foul] -3.303, 5.203 <dud-> duzh-da- duzh miyazda= dushda, MITi da, 'of bad gifts, maleficent' -[Pokorny dus- :: Miti, draoxta, dush, 2 drug/DIR, -4.120 <duvarena-> duzh-varena, a duzh (dush) wereynena, ake (ahra) wereynene 'choosing badly' -- [Pokorny dus- :: bad, evil, foul] -3.437 <duvarenah-> duzh-vareshnah, 'wrongdoers' -- [Pokorny dus- :: bad, evil, foul] -3.385 <djit-> de-Jit asha, o ma deceneno, 'violation' (?) -3.314, 3.451

<tanu-> 'body' -3.300, 3.452, 4.64, 5.199

<tas> 'carve, create, fashion, shape' -1.14, 2.41, 2.53, 5.175, 6.181

<taar-> 'carver, fashioner, shaper, creator' -1.55 <t> '...' -3.110 <tvis-> 'violence' --

1.29 <tvm-> 'you' -- [Pokorny t :: thou, you] -3.136, 4.280, 4.309, 6.6, 6.15, 6.34, 6.60, 6.178, 6.184, 6.200, 6.222

<wa> 'you' -- [Pokorny t :: thou, you] <dbaoman-> diwzhanoman, diwzhano, -'beguilement, deception' --

2.37, 2.212, 3.149 <waxa-> 'zeal, care, nurture' --

4.218 <drz-> derez, destIk, 'shackle' -[Pokorny 2: dher-, dher- wesarene, darene we, dherene debazane,old, support] -3.425 <draoga-> soira, zur, 2 draoxane, diwzane 'lie, deceive' -- [Pokorny 2: dhreugh- :: to deceive, harm] -5.81, 5.91, 5.103 <drav-> daura, dare, koli'wood' -6.162 <drigu-> ne-char, nidar/wardar, 'needy, poor' -3.482 <drug-> DIR,2 Miti,'false' -5.41 <druj-> diwzhar, druj, druc, Dir, draog, zyan 'deceit' -- [Pokorny 2: dhreugh- :: to deceive, harm] -3.283, 3.296, 4.328, 4.381 <drgvant-> dreguuant, zurker, oo zur (soira) wayireno 'possessor of the Lie' -1.90, 1.219, 3.313, 3.357, 4.157, 4.173, 4.438, 5.54, 5.64 <drvatt->: druuatat, dasina, dasuar, weshi 'health, vitality' -5.198 <dvaesa-> duuasha/ tbish, 'hatred' -[Pokorny duei- :: to fear] - 1.104 <dvafa-> 'duuasha, dvafsha/dvavsha, dec, viran anguish, endishe -3.423

1.77 <warz> 'carve, fashion, shape, create' -1.11 <wrtar> 'Fashioner' -- [Pokorny tuerk- :: to cut] - 2.40 <dan-> 'attitude, intention, insight' -[Pokorny dhei- : dhi- : dh- :: to look, see, show] -3.46, 3.98, 3.204, 3.240, 5.58 <dava-> 'divine being' -- [Pokorny 1: dei-, dei-, d-, di- :: to glitter, shine day, sun God] --

1.156, 4.215, 6.124 <danhah-> 'skillful' -- [Pokorny 1: dens- :: mental power to learn] -5.155 <dafnya-> 'powerless' -3.386 <dab> 'fit together' (?) -3.44 <darga-> 'long' -- [Pokorny 5: del- :: long] -4.437

<dars-> 'wantoness, rage, fury' -1.28 <darsata-> 'visible, beautiful to see' -4.37 <dah-> 'gift' -3.94 <dahyav-> 'country, region, realm' --

<dvar> dvarane, duuarane/ piya rew sune, together' -4.241 <nada> 'not, nor' neidhi 2.24 <naman-> 'reverence' namanane, nemengene-5.140 <nar-> 'man' ner, 2 merdem (mertem/mashye (isoi) -- [Pokorny 1: ner(t)-, aner-, ner-? :: vital force man] -2.152, 3.273, 4.61, 4.62, 6.22 <narpi-> nerepi, nerefshe, azalish, ashmi nerefsena/nerepena

5.39 <d-> 'give, put' -1.72, 1.76, 1.205, 2.82, 2.127, 2.171, 2.185, 2.201, 3.19, 3.101, 3.137, 3.202, 3.231, 3.411, 3.481, 4.135, 4.269, 4.326, 4.425, 5.15, 5.20, 5.74, 5.84, 5.97, 6.179, 6.185, 6.187 <dman-> 'dwelling, creation, creatures (pl.)' -5.132 <dmi-> 'creation' --

'reduction, absence' -3.441 <nas> nas: nasanae, vineshene, 2 ainya mana'be lost, disappear' -- [Pokorny nek :: death, dying corpse] -3.304, 3.358, 6.132 <ni> war, awar, 'down' -- [Pokorny 1: en :: in] -6.21, 6.187 <nitma-> nitem, werdi niyas, , werteme 2 war, kem, ni-teme 'lowest' -- [Pokorny 1: en :: in] -6.113, 6.116, 6.119 <niviti-> nivanane (war-vanane) 2 nivaine, dawt kene'striking down' --

6.179, 6.185 <dugdar-> 'daughter' -- [Pokorny dhug(h)ter- :: daughter] -3.122 <du-> 'bad, evil' -- [Pokorny dus- :: bad, evil, foul] -3.303, 5.203

<dud-> 'of bad gifts, maleficent' -[Pokorny dus- :: bad, evil, foul] -4.120

<duvarena-> 'choosing badly' -[Pokorny dus- :: bad, evil, foul] -3.437 <duvarenah-> 'wrong-doers' -[Pokorny dus- :: bad, evil, foul] -3.385 <djit-> 'violation' (?) -3.314, 3.451 <dbaoman-> 'beguilement, deception' -4.218

5.204 <n> 'war, awar, ...' -3.165 <n> nuna, Nika, Inka 'now' -[Pokorny n- :: now] - 2.252 <nit> Niit, -- [Pokorny 1: n, n, nei :: (negative particle)] -1.37, 1.102, 1.115, 1.214, 1.217, 2.20, 4.119, 4.212, 5.80, 5.90, 5.102 <nmna-> nemana, ban, ke (ceh) 'abode, house' -- [Pokorny dem-, dem- :: to build house] -6.137 <paiti> o paiti vano 2 patiy karsi 3 nazdi aipa, piya 'near, toward, with respect to' -1.106, 2.243, 4.79, 5.193, 5.202, 6.38, 6.76, 6.88, 6.91, 6.94, 6.190 <paiti->paytar, ' -- [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner] -3.176 <paityst->pait-yasti, firm, didrengzha/direng 2 kurna, paity esti, , foundation 'firm foundation' -3.132 <pairi> paremune, pairi,'around, among' -- [Pokorny 2a: per- :: to pass over, beyond] -1.148, 1.220, 5.138

<drz-> 'shackle' -- [Pokorny 2: dher-, dher- :: to hold, support] -3.425 <draoga-> 'lie, deceive' -- [Pokorny 2: dhreugh- :: to deceive, harm] -5.81, 5.91, 5.103 <drav-> 'wood' -6.162 <drigu-> 'needy, poor' --

3.482 <drug-> 'false' --

5.41

<druj-> 'deceit' -- [Pokorny 2: dhreugh- <paurvat-> veurvatat, oncelik -:: to deceive, harm] -3.283, 3.296, 4.328, 4.381 <drgvant-> 'possessor of the Lie' -6.216 <paouruya-> veouruua ' -- [Pokorny 2a:

per- :: to pass over, beyond] -1.90, 1.219, 3.313, 3.357, 4.157, 4.173, 4.438, 5.54, 5.64 <drvatt-> 'health, vitality' -5.198 <dvaesa-> 'hatred' -- [Pokorny duei- :: to fear] -1.104 2.214, 4.90, 4.134, 4.286 <pa-> rait, ra, 'path, road' -- [Pokorny pent- :: to go, tread, walk way] -3.96, 5.83 <paana-> pathana, hira -- [Pokorny 1: pet-, pet-, pet- :: to stretch out (esp. arms)] -6.56 <param> peram, para, a para suna 'far, away, opposite, across' -6.58 <par> apara, para, peyra (peira) ' -[Pokorny 2a: per- :: to pass over, beyond] -3.301, 3.352, 3.359, 4.72 <pitar-> pi, fedri, perd, perder, pi 'father' -- [Pokorny pt(r), genitive ptr-s :: father] -3.167 <pia-> pitha, pi PIT 2 2 pi 3 piita poita ' -3.299 <pea-> 1 peysa, 2 pesha, Pird 'brought to an end' -3.452 <pouru-> firi, pero 'many' -- [Pokorny 1: pel-, pel-, pl- :: to fill, pour full town?] -6.217 <pouru-> vouru 'wide' --

<dvafa-> 'distress, ruin, pain, anguish' -3.423 <dvar> 'rush together' -4.241

<nada> 'not, nor' -2.24

<naman-> 'reverence' -5.140 <nar-> 'man' -- [Pokorny 1: ner-(t)-, aner-, ner-? :: vital force man] -2.152, 3.273, 4.61, 4.62, 6.22 <narpi-> 'reduction, absence' -3.441 <nas> 'be lost, disappear' -- [Pokorny nek- :: death, dying corpse] -3.304, 3.358, 6.132

<ni> 'down' -- [Pokorny 1: en :: in] -6.21, 6.187 <nitma-> 'lowest' -- [Pokorny 1: en :: in] -6.113, 6.116, 6.119

5.200 <Pourucist-> name hueta, 'Pouru-chista' (?) -3.111 <pru-> 1 pathane, hira, 2 pird pird 'wide, broad' -- [Pokorny plt-, pld-, plt-, plt-, plt- :: broad, flat, wide spread out] -5.178, 6.55 <prs-> pers, peres, 'ask' -1.57, 4.226 <Feraaotra-> 'ferasha-oshtra', name hueta, -3.86

<niviti-> 'striking down' -5.204 <n> '...' -3.165 <n> 'now' -- [Pokorny n- :: now] - 2.252

<nit> 'no, none' -- [Pokorny 1: n, n, <fraa-> 'shining' , verasha - nei :: (negative particle)] -1.37, 1.102, 1.115, 1.214, 1.217, 2.20, 4.119, 4.212, 5.80, 5.90, 5.102 <nmna-> 'abode, house' -- [Pokorny dem-, dem- :: to build house] -6.137 4.342 <fra> vera, 'forward, toward' -5.15, 6.134 <fraort> veraoret taw vace veryine fraorene, veraoret, viyert viyeret, 2 hadre, ey hui vrewret yeno viniyo -3.73, 4.202 <frajyiti> 'life's possibility' - 1.216

<paiti> 'near, toward, with respect to' -1.106, 2.243, 4.79, 5.193, 5.202, 6.38, 6.76, 6.88, 6.91, 6.94, 6.190 <paiti-> 'husband, master' -- [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner] -3.176 <paityst-> 'firm foundation' -3.132

<fratarm>veratare 2 veratara, vera, patiy 'opposite' -6.5 <fradaxt-> fradaxshta, verdaxshta, verdaxshtar, fras daxhsane, ,'guiding, instructive' -6.203

<pairi> 'around, among' -- [Pokorny 2a:

per- :: to pass over, beyond] -1.148, 1.220, 5.138 <fravai-> veravashi, verwesi, melek, the immortal element in a person, personified as a class of deity -5.96 <fravx-> vervaxsha, henseyo tanuay fravaxshana, cucIk, chir (Kir), 'stalk, branch, penis' -6.95 <fras> frasane, persene, 2 vrasa vrazane (vareshanae) 'inquire, discuss' 2 peres-3.148, 5.55 <fras-> frasan 1 peresa 2 veraa, 'question, inquiry' -- [Pokorny 4: perk-, prek-, prk- :: to ask for, request] - 1.206

<paurvat-> 'mountain' -6.216

<paouruya-> 'first, original' -- [Pokorny 2a: per- :: to pass over, beyond] -2.214, 4.90, 4.134, 4.286 <pa-> 'path, road' -- [Pokorny pent- :: to go, tread, walk way] --

3.96, 5.83

<paana-> 'spacious' -- [Pokorny 1: <frasparak-> frasparak, versparak, veraspet-, pet-, pet- :: to stretch out (esp. arms)] parak , filiz, 'sprout' --6.56 <param> 'far, away, opposite, across' -6.92 <frazanti-> verazant, heyni frazanti, usar, verausar, away heyni verzanti 'progeny, offspring' -5.99 <fridi-> veradi, fraidi, veraidai, artma, 2 firiadai, 'growth, prosperity' -3.288 <frxnna-> 'concern' fraxshannena, veraxshana verashnenen, dikat etmek, -2.240 <fr> fri 'devote' vrinene/wereynene =ciya kene, vicene 2 secmek 2 frinenne aferenene 1.189 <fsuya-> fsuya, heyfshu 2 cise heyfsuya

6.58 <par> 'before, beyond, away' -[Pokorny 2a: per- :: to pass over, beyond] -3.301, 3.352, 3.359, 4.72 <pitar-> 'father' -- [Pokorny pt(r), genitive ptr-s :: father] -3.167 <pia-> 'defense' --

3.299 <pea-> 'brought to an end' --

'breed (esp. cattle)' -3.452 <pouru-> 'many' -- [Pokorny 1: pel-, pel-, pl- :: to fill, pour full town?] -6.217 <pouru-> 'wide' -5.200 <Pourucist-> 'Pouruchista' (?) -3.111 <pru-> 'wide, broad' -- [Pokorny plt-, pld-, plt-, plt-, plt- :: broad, flat, wide spread out] -5.178, 6.55 <prs-> 'ask' -1.57, 4.226 <Feraaotra-> 'Frashaostra' -3.86 <fraa-> 'shining' -4.342 <fra> 'forward, toward' -5.15, 6.134 1.218, 2.38 <bavara-> 10000 des hanzara (hazangra) 'ten-thousand' -5.176 <baaza-> dermun, 'remedy, poison' -6.148, 6.223 <baazya-> 'generative, curative' -6.146 <baoii-> boid, bo, 'smell' -6.67 <baa-> baxha, baga, baug, bauxta, =ilahi god, 'god, deity' -6.180, 6.186 <banaya-> bonayan, newes, 'poison, make ill' -4.243 <band-> bandane, bend , vashi bandano 'shine' (?) -3.193 <bar> bane (bewene/barene) 'bear, carry' -- [Pokorny ati, ato- :: beyond, over] -6.206 <barana-> a bar barana 'carriage, support' -4.354 <barri-> tashiyici goturen, 'mother, womb' -- [Pokorny 1: bher- :: to bear, bring, carry] -6.59 <barsman-> urvare, fras-pare, (veres perge) baresman, grass bundle used in the Indo-Iranian sacrifice -- [Pokorny 3: bhel-, bhl- :: to grow, spread, swell] -5.153

<fraort> 'readily' - 3.73, 4.202

<frajyiti> 'life's possibility' -

1.216

<bara-> barishna, barisna 2 mil/vil viniyo 3 berz/barez/baresh, barezishta 'neck, back' -5.192 <barz> berz 'high, exalted, loud' -6.191 <barnu-> bereznu, barshnu, bariznu 'high point, peak' -6.37 <ba> badha, vai, bawer (pa wer) , tivar viniyo, 'true, reliable' 2 padha, pede 3 badha (qe)/birra=ever (ingilizki)-- a badha (yeuwa) yena? [Pokorny 2: bh, bh :: (an emphatic particle)] -6.140, 6.143 <bu> aste taw vac bune (bane/barene), bune (barane/bune (bene), ' 4.366, 4.382, 6.112 <bud> baodang, aya, ayasa, o ayaso (ayao),, 4.78

<fratarm> 'opposite' -6.5 <fradaxt-> 'guiding, instructive' -6.203 <fravai-> the immortal element in a person, personified as a class of deity -5.96

<fravx-> 'stalk, branch, penis' -6.95 <fras> 'inquire, discuss' -3.148, 5.55 <fras-> 'question, inquiry' -- [Pokorny 4: perk-, prek-, prk- :: to ask for, request] -1.206 <frasparak-> 'sprout' -6.92 <frazanti-> 'progeny, offspring' -5.99

<bna- Ban, bon ke (cheh) > 'ground, base' -3.343 <brt> 1 barat (bewet/bard) , 2 va Biret beret, 'cry' (?) va BIret , vayo breno -3.302 <brz-> berz (berez/barz) 'be high, elevated' -- [Pokorny bheregh-, bherghos- :: high, noble mountain] -6.42 <brzant-> berezant (berzant), berzent, 'high, elevated, lofty, big, great, clear' -[Pokorny bheregh-, bherghos- :: high,

<fridi-> 'growth, prosperity' -3.288 <frxnna-> 'concern' --

noble 2.240 <fr> 'devote' -1.189 mountain] -5.177 <ma-> 1 m,moi,mi, 2 ma maibya -[Pokorny 1: me- :: (1st person singular oblique pronoun stem)] -1.199 <maiyah-> paosh pa nane, MiiD yahano, o MIDyah pa nuno 'madness-inducing' -6.159 <mainyu-> maini, mainya, 'spirit' -3.356, 4.89, 4.132, 4.170, 4.184, 5.203 <mairita-> maisrashano, marene ra yeno, 'knowing/remembering best' -1.144 <mairya-> mairya, diwzh/rika, draoxta, -[Pokorny 2: mel- :: to deceive] -5.40 <maa-> maexha, MIZH, dunmun (du) 2 MIZD 'cloud' -- [Pokorny meigh-, also meik- :: to flicker, twinkle mist] -6.32 <maa-> Maedaha, sit maedano, miit suno, a ma maedha kena, maednana (MIDnena) 2 MITi ing, false' -4.370 <maga-> Mizda 2 zaot, MAGAVAN 'gift' -2.242, 3.332, 3.368 <mara-> 'mantra, magic formula' -2.52 <maa-> MIDa, mad weye kereish, MIDA, serhosh viniyo, -- [Pokorny mad- :: to drip wet

<fsuya-> 'breed (esp. cattle)' -1.218, 2.38 <bavara-> 'ten-thousand' -5.176 <baaza-> 'remedy, poison' -6.148, 6.223 <baazya-> 'generative, curative' -6.146 <baoii-> 'smell' -6.67

<baa-> 'god, deity' -6.180, 6.186 <banaya-> 'poison, make ill' --

4.243 <band-> 'shine' (?) -3.193 <bar> 'bear, carry' -- [Pokorny ati, ato- :: beyond, over] -6.206 <barana-> 'carriage, support' --

4.354

<barri-> 'mother, womb' -- [Pokorny 1: bher- :: to bear, bring, carry] -6.59 <barsman-> grass bundle used in the Indo-Iranian sacrifice -- [Pokorny 3: bhel-, bhl- :: to grow, spread, swell] -5.153 <bara-> 'neck, back' --

fat, glossy, well-fed] -6.167 <man> manana, mana sima seniya? A manaya hui vana 2.213 <manah-> manah, menge,1 mezg, 2 manah mana 'mind' -- [Pokorny 3: men- :: to think, mind spiritual activity] -2.79, 2.197, 2.226, 3.60, 3.133, 3.189, 3.193, 3.228, 3.230, 3.245, 4.24, 4.51, 4.102, 4.161, 4.231, 4.256, 4.312, 4.365, 4.398, 6.226 <manahya-> manahya, 1 manaibya, 2 mainyahya 'spiritual' -3.317 <mark-> merg aste atw vac merekene (merengene) uin' -5.37 <marta-> merda, mereta 'mortal' -[Pokorny 4: mer-, mer- :: to die] -2.84, 4.245 <maya-> iso (zana, merdem 'human being' -1.157, 2.230, 4.426 <maz-> mas, yo o masao, 'large, great' -- [Pokorny meg(h)- : meg(h)- :: big, great] -2.241, 3.427, 4.73 <mazda-> mazda, dahi 'wise one' -[Pokorny mendh- :: mendh, mendhane , man dhane- mana virazane, 1.142, 1.204, 2.9, 3.31, 3.71, 3.135, 3.201, 3.476, 4.203, 4.308, 4.352, 4.406, 4.424, 5.7, 5.29, 5.86, 6.71 <mazd-> wazada, dathra, dahi, 'wise' --

5.192 <barz> 'high, exalted, loud' --

6.191 <barnu-> 'high point, peak' -6.37 <ba> 'true, reliable' -- [Pokorny 2: bh, bh :: (an emphatic particle)] - 6.140, 6.143 <bu> 'be, become' -4.366, 4.382, 6.112 <bud> 'be attentive, aware' -4.78

<bna-> 'ground, base' -3.343

<brt> 'cry' (?) --

[Pokorny mendh- :: to direct attention to 3.302 <brz-> 'be high, elevated' -- [Pokorny bheregh-, bherghos- :: high, noble mountain] -vivacious] -2.63, 2.112, 2.211, 2.239 <mazda-> 'mazda-da mazda vIraza, nin kene, viniyo thing to be considered' -[Pokorny mendh- :: to direct attention to vivacious] -4.10

6.42 <brzant-> 'high, elevated, lofty, big, great, clear' -- [Pokorny bheregh-, bherghos- :: high, noble mountain] --

<m> ma/me me vac used to express prohibition -- [Pokorny 1: m- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)] -5.49, 5.52, 5.56

5.177

<ma-> 'my' -- [Pokorny 1: me- :: (1st <mi> pisinga mihena, , tirene viniyo 'rob person singular oblique pronoun stem)] -- of' -1.199 <maiyah-> 'madness-inducing' -6.159 <mainyu-> 'spirit' -3.356, 4.89, 4.132, 4.170, 4.184, 5.203 <mairita-> 'knowing/remembering best' -1.144 3.466 <Mira-> wereye, miitra, mihenene, mini minene, 'Mithra' -5.12, 5.75, 5.118, 5.134, 5.145, 5.148, 5.169 <mira-> 'contract, agreement, pact' -[Pokorny 4: mei- :: to bind, tie] -5.41, 5.48, 5.63, 5.79, 5.89, 5.101 <mzda->MIZDA, MIZDI, 'wages, prize' -- [Pokorny mizdh- :: fee, pay, reward] -3.329

<mairya-> 'false, malicious' -- [Pokorny <mou> ashu, rew, asyeng, 2 mesti (?) 2: mel- :: to deceive] -'soon' -- [Pokorny moks, Indo-Iranian *moks :: soon] - 5.40 <maa-> 'cloud' -- [Pokorny meigh-, also meik- :: to flicker, twinkle mist] -6.32 3.428 <mra-> merekha/mirich/miricika, vicik/ vich, 'forest animal, bird' -6.204 <mrthyu-> merteyu, merdayu, 'death' -- [Pokorny 4: mer-, mer- :: to die] --

<maa-> 'changing, false' -4.370

3.426 <mra-> mathra, matravan, vaci yei tashti, 'formulaic verse, spell, poetic intention' -5.156 <mru> Mruonem mruonene, miriciki mruonena, ver baniya 2 zereci mruonene yewmini 'drive, plunge, beat' -3.353 <mr> a mruonena ma ra, 'speak, say' -1.106, 3.218, 5.5 <mrc> merencane/merengane, merendane, 'destroy' -3.319 <ya-> vernamo vera pe, keyna ya ya yena, waya maya. 'who, what, which' -1.89, 1.117, 1.131, 1.145, 1.158, 2.80, 2.96, 2.140, 2.154, 2.169, 2.198, 3.42, 3.97, 3.166, 3.243, 3.286, 3.463, 3.479, 4.9, 4.35, 4.91, 4.172, 4.186, 4.197, 4.242, 4.324, 4.340, 4.408, 4.423, 5.13, 5.27, 5.53, 5.57, 5.76, 5.78, 5.88, 5.100, 5.189, 6.11, 6.20, 6.34, 6.108, 6.165 <yaoti->hegayoiti, hega- 'pasture' -5.14, 5.77, 5.119, 5.146, 5.149, 5.170 <yat> 'when' 1 yat ya taw-= o zaman, 2 yet mi yeno -5.11

<maga-> 'gift' -2.242, 3.332, 3.368

<mara-> 'mantra, magic formula' -2.52 <maa-> 'intoxication' -- [Pokorny mad- :: to drip wet fat, glossy, well-fed] -6.167 <man> 'know, think' --

2.213 <manah-> 'mind' -- [Pokorny 3: men- :: to think, mind spiritual activity] -2.79, 2.197, 2.226, 3.60, 3.133, 3.189, 3.193, 3.228, 3.230, 3.245, 4.24, 4.51, 4.102, 4.161, 4.231, 4.256, 4.312, 4.365, 4.398, 6.226 <manahya-> 'spiritual' -3.317 <mark-> 'kill, destroy, bring ruin' -5.37

<yaa> yeuwt, zey, 'just as, like' -1.174, 4.145, 4.283, 5.25, 5.43 <yara> yathra, 'where, in order to' -3.355, 4.367, 6.43, 6.65, 6.139, 6.142

<marta-> 'mortal' -- [Pokorny 4: mer-, <yad> mI yada berzo, a mI yadat (yatat

mer- :: to die] -2.84, 4.245 <maya-> 'human being' -1.157, 2.230, 4.426

(ra) berza, 2 yada (key/chey) 'when' -[Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic here] -4.295 <yam> yamane 1 yemene (yene) I yemene (yene ma 2 'offer' i havadisi yamane -- [Pokorny iem- :: to hold] - 3.297 <yav-> 'yava, yeuwa, duration, period, time of life' -- [Pokorny 2: ieu-, ieu-, ieu-g- :: to tie together, yoke] - 3.32, 3.206 <yavat> yeuuwat o vaceno yewuway ez vacene 'how long, as long as' -3.340

<maz-> 'large, great' -- [Pokorny meg(h)- : meg(h)- :: big, great] - 2.241, 3.427, 4.73

<mazda-> 'wise one' -- [Pokorny mendh- :: to direct attention to vivacious] -1.142, 1.204, 2.9, 3.31, 3.71, 3.135, 3.201, 3.476, 4.203, 4.308, 4.352, 4.406, 4.424, 5.7, 5.29, 5.86, 6.71

<mazd-> 'wise' -- [Pokorny mendh- :: <yavan-> yawva, hada yeushe/weshi 2 to direct attention to yavan yawan 3 yaun, huno 'during life' -[Pokorny 3: ieu- :: young] - vivacious] -2.63, 2.112, 2.211, 2.239 2.166 <yasna-> 1 tashe taw vac yasane 2 yasna , yesene 3 ayasene, 'sacrifice, offering, hymn' -- [Pokorny iag- :: to venerate, worship] -3.74, 5.117, 5.144 <yaz> yazane , dua kene, 'sacrifice, offer' -5.115, 5.130, 5.135, 5.142, 5.150, 5.171, 5.190 <yazu-> yazu, cenc, yaun, hun 2 ainya mana , 'youngest' -3.121 <yh-> 1 hec viniyo , 2 yahane, intikam viniyo,

<mazda-> 'thing to be considered' -[Pokorny mendh- :: to direct attention to vivacious] -4.10 <m> used to express prohibition -[Pokorny 1: m- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)] -5.49, 5.52, 5.56 <mi> 'rob of' --

3.466 <Mira-> 'Mithra' --

4.74 <yuj> yujane, o tayi yujano, , I nire gay yujane 'join, unite, yoke' -- [Pokorny 2: ieu-, ieu-, ieu-g- :: to tie together, yoke] -4.394 <ym-> Yushem. Yushma, SIMA, 'you' -- [Pokorny 1: iu- :: you (plural)] - 1.5, 1.40, 2.181, 2.238, 2.256, 3.163, 3.226, 3.254, 3.328, 3.371, 3.477 <yesnya-> yesnene, yesene, yazene, 'sacrifice, worship' -- [Pokorny iag- :: to venerate, worship] -4.22, 5.22

5.12, 5.75, 5.118, 5.134, 5.145, 5.148, 5.169 <mira-> 'contract, agreement, pact' -[Pokorny 4: mei- :: to bind, tie] -5.41, 5.48, 5.63, 5.79, 5.89, 5.101 <mzda-> 'wages, prize' -- [Pokorny mizdh- :: fee, pay, reward] -3.329

<mou> 'soon' -- [Pokorny moks, Indo- <yez> yesi (yezi) yeuwt 2 chimke 3 Iranian *moks :: soon] - yazi, 3.428 <mra-> 'forest animal, bird' -6.204 <mrthyu-> 'death' -- [Pokorny 4: mer-, mer- :: to die] -3.426 <mra-> 'formulaic verse, spell, poetic intention' -5.156 <mru> 'drive, plunge, beat' -3.353 <mr> 'speak, say' -1.106, 3.218, 5.5 <mrc> 'destroy' -3.319 <ya-> 'who, what, which' -1.89, 1.117, 1.131, 1.145, 1.158, 2.80, 3.17 <yma-> 'twin', i yema bene hega, ubi zewinc -- [Pokorny iem- :: to hold] - 4.92 <rai-> raye, zengin 2, rin 3 charixe ey raehane 'radiance, wealth, splendor' -5.112 <raa-> raetha (tawo veriho), i cay sekera raehane 'rush upon, mix with' -6.224 <raocah-> roc, rosht, 'light' -- [Pokorny leuk- :: to light, shine to see] -4.36 <raod> raodane, pere vashi raodane , varedane, (filizlemek, yetisirler) -6.45, 6.66, 6.74, 6.218 <raj-> raJI, tari viniyo, 'darkness' -3.442 <ratu-> 'judgement, model, plan' --

2.96, 2.140, 2.154, 2.169, 2.198, 3.42, 3.97, 3.166, 3.243, 3.286, 3.463, 3.479, 4.9, 4.35, 4.91, 4.172, 4.186, 4.197, 4.242, 4.324, 4.340, 4.408, 4.423, 5.13, 5.27, 5.53, 5.57, 5.76, 5.78, 5.88, 5.100, 5.189, 6.11, 6.20, 6.34, 6.108, 6.165 <yaoti-> 'pasture' -5.14, 5.77, 5.119, 5.146, 5.149, 5.170 1.62, 2.25 <raa-> 1 arava, vasanga, 2 rahane, o keye hui rahane ,i arye rahane, 'chariot' -[Pokorny ret(h)- :: to roll, run] -5.191 <raah-> rasha, rishi, defect, risha, gizik rasha/rishah, zyan, zyana, damage' 2 dirvi -- [Pokorny rekh- :: to harm, injure] - 4.439 <rta-> mizda,miyazda, gesht, 'gift' -2.255 <rthma-> a hui gureya rahana, ey gureye huiya raheto, rehatare (retare) guri yeno -3.285 <r> vine ratema, rahane, a hui rahena Avesta, 'adhere' -3.439 <rda-> radane, kam ma re radano, kam (kum) gure (kare) key (chey) radano 'provider' -- [Pokorny 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, and i-base (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] - 2.143

<yat> 'when' - 5.11

<yaa> 'just as, like' -1.174, 4.145, 4.283, 5.25, 5.43 <yara> 'where, in order to' -3.355, 4.367, 6.43, 6.65, 6.139, 6.142

<yad> 'when' -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: Ideictic here] -4.295 <yam> 'offer' -- [Pokorny iem- :: to hold] -3.297

<yav-> 'duration, period, time of life' -[Pokorny 2: ieu-, ieu-, ieu-g- :: to tie together, yoke] -3.32, 3.206

<rman-> rama, haxshti 'peace, tranquility' -- [Pokorny rem-, rem- :: to rest to support] -2.200, 3.409 <ru>, ru, ro, 2 royeno, 'flow' --

<yavat> 'how long, as long as' - 3.340 <yavan-> 'during life' -- [Pokorny 3:

ieu- :: young] - 2.166 <yasna-> 'sacrifice, offering, hymn' -[Pokorny iag- :: to venerate, worship] - 3.74, 5.117, 5.144 <yaz> 'sacrifice, offer' -5.115, 5.130, 5.135, 5.142, 5.150, 5.171, 5.190 <yazu-> 'youngest' -3.121 <yh-> 'pilgrimage, retribution' -4.74 <yuj> 'join, unite, yoke' -- [Pokorny 2: ieu-, ieu-, ieu-g- :: to tie together, yoke] -4.394 <ym-> 'you' -- [Pokorny 1: iu- :: you (plural)] -1.5, 1.40, 2.181, 2.238, 2.256, 3.163, 3.226, 3.254, 3.328, 3.371, 3.477 <yesnya-> 'sacrifice, worship' -[Pokorny iag- :: to venerate, worship] - 4.22, 5.22 <yez> 'as, because, when' -6.13 <ruma-> uruthma, vash ruyeno, 'growth, increase' -6.72 <rud> jivane, rudane, bermene -2.139 <rma-> RIMI, hazas, TIVYi, 1.26 <vada-> vadane, I ma re peru vaedane , yew vaedano, yewna ey ayasano -2.215 <vaayana-> vaedhayana, icad kene, vine vaeda, 'attainment, discovery, acquisition' -5.178 <vana-> vaena, vinene, 'see, observe, look' -4.49 <vam- vimi, iki ub (udi) 2 ma viniyo > 'we' -- [Pokorny 1: u-, uei- :: we two (dual), we (plural)] -4.76 <vaah-> vish, zaish 2 aDir vaeshano, 'poison' -- [Pokorny 3: ueis- :: to flow (away) poison] -3.438 <vak> vac, zerec vak vak wanano (wuneno) 'say, speak, declare' -- [Pokorny ueku- :: to speak] -2.7, 4.7, 5.160 <vaxra-> vaxedhra, vaxedrane,

3.17 <yma-> 'twin' -- [Pokorny iem- :: to hold] -4.92 <rai-> 'radiance, wealth, splendor' -5.112 <raa-> 'rush upon, mix with' --

communicate, vaxane, vaxedrane, vacane, vakane, 6.224 2.128 <raocah-> 'light' -- [Pokorny leuk- :: to <vax> vaxshane, vash vaxshano light, shine (uxshano/weyseno) -to see] -4.36 <raod> 'grow, sprout' -6.45, 6.66, 6.74, 6.218 <raj-> 'darkness' -3.442 <ratu-> 'judgement, model, plan' -1.62, 2.25 <raa-> 'chariot' -- [Pokorny ret(h)- :: to roll, run] -5.191 <raah-> 'harm, damage' -- [Pokorny rekh- :: to harm, injure] - 4.439 <rta-> 'gift' -2.255 6.104 <vaxaya-> vindete taw vac veri, vaxshiya -6.36 <vacah-> vac (qese) , vaceh vac ma re! -- [Pokorny ueku- :: to speak] - 3.375, 4.103, 5.157, 5.161, 5.172, 6.8, 6.17, 6.86 <vat-> taw vac veriye vahane, MI vat, vahane -2.256 <vadman->VIDMUN, speech' -3.227 <van> 1 vanane, 2 vane 3 astaro vanano, 4 a kay mi ra vanana -3.257 <vanta-> vunta, vanata, taw vac verihe vanane 'praise, homage' -5.139 <vafu-> vavu, 1 texmin 2 vafu/vav 3 Vife keno, 'prophecy, teaching, solemn words' -- vafane, 2.11 <vayu-> 1 va 2 hava 'air, wind' (?) -3.302 <vayoi> veyoi, vax vax, vay vay, dec -[Pokorny uai :: woe wolf] -(?) 'possessed of

<rthma-> 'adhering to' -3.285 <r> 'adhere' -3.439 <rda-> 'provider' -- [Pokorny 1: ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base ar-, r-, and ibase (a)r-, ri- :: to fit, suit] -

2.143 <rman-> 'peace, tranquility' -[Pokorny rem-, rem- :: to rest to support] -2.200, 3.409 <ru> 'flow' --

3.372 <vayxana-> vayxana, vaxana, vana, retorik vana 'assembly-speaking, rhetorically skilled' -5.173 <var> VIRENENE, wereynane, [Pokorny 2: uel-, ulei-, ul(i)- :: to choose, want, wish] -3.165, 4.171 <varav-> hiraye, verine, 'wide, broad' -5.14, 5.77, 5.119, 5.146, 5.149, 5.170 <varz-> VIRAZ (VIRAS/VIRASH) 'work, perform' -- [Pokorny 2: uerg-, ureg- :: to do, be effective] - 3.153 <varak-> vershek, rech, versege vena/dari 'root, tree' -6.89 <vas> Ginci/vestri vaseno hui ra 'be clothed, swathed' -4.189 <vas> vasane/wazane, a wasana (wazena) 'desire, wish' -1.87, 1.176, 2.113, 2.156, 4.453 <vasiti->1 vaseiti, raiti, reynaiti 2 vaseine, weyseiniye 3 refaiti, 'liberty, prosperity' -3.467 <vaz> vazamene, vadane, (d-fiil), wezewene (zewecene) 'marry' -3.216 <vahma-> vahmane, berz kene, 'glorification, praise' -3.72

6.13 <ruma-> 'growth, increase' -6.72 <rud> 'howl, cry out, lament' --

2.139 <rma-> 'bloodlust, violence, chains' -1.26 <vada-> 'provider' -2.215 <vaayana-> 'attainment, discovery, acquisition' -5.178 <vana-> 'see, observe, look' -4.49

<vam-> 'we' -- [Pokorny 1: u-, uei- :: we two (dual), we (plural)] -4.76 <vaah-> 'poison' -- [Pokorny 3: ueis- :: to flow (away) poison] -3.438

<vak> 'say, speak, declare' -- [Pokorny <vahmaya-> vahmanaya, vindete taw vac ueku- :: to speak] - veri ya yi a-taw vaco verin, 'worthy of praise' -2.7, 4.7, 5.160 <vaxra-> 'speech organ' -5.24 <vahya-> houwahya, houwehya, howunghaya, houwlehyah, 'better' -[Pokorny usu- :: good] - 3.483, 4.106 <v> va, a va va, va vaco, 2 a we (kawe) mI vana, 'indeed, for, etc.' -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, uo- :: other that (one)] -1.185 <vc-> vac, 'voice' -2.151 <vdya-> vadane, vadarane 2 vadane, ton kene, 2 vadane vaedanae, saglamak, 'destroy' -- [Pokorny 1: uedh- :: to hit, push] -1.92 <vra-> var, varish, varun, 2 vara taw vac veri, a-taw vac veri, 'rain' -6.33 <vstar-> tase vas, vashtri, hegaye vasi 2 heyvestar viniyo, yoo heyvesa -1.39 <vstrya-> hegaye vasi 2 hae vas 'herdsman pasture' -1.46, 1.75, 2.39, 3.177 <vi> 1 vi- (Ve) = apart, 2 vi, DI, 'wide, apart' -- [Pokorny 1: u- :: apart, separate from, in two both] -3.367, 4.118, 4.214, 6.206, 6.218 <vid> vidane, vidvane, 2 vidane (vinane 3 vidane, i vistrayu vidane

2.128 <vax> 'grow' --

6.104 <vaxaya-> 'cause to grow' -6.36 <vacah-> 'speech, word' -- [Pokorny ueku- :: to speak] - 3.375, 4.103, 5.157, 5.161, 5.172, 6.8, 6.17, 6.86

<vat-> 'like' -2.256 <vadman-> (?) 'possessed of speech' -3.227 <van> 'surpass, overcome' -3.257 <vanta-> 'praise, homage' -5.139 <vafu-> 'prophecy, teaching, solemn words' -2.11 <vayu-> 'air, wind' (?) -3.302

<vayoi> 'woe' -- [Pokorny uai :: woe wolf] -3.372 <vayxana-> 'assembly-speaking, rhetorically skilled' -5.173

'see, know, obtain' -- [Pokorny 2: u(e)id :: to know, see] -1.116, 2.10, 3.168, 3.239, 4.12, 4.313 <vis> visene, hendane, a ey hegaya visena, 'find' -2.23, 2.95 <vispa-> vispi be (bere) hegay, 'everyone/thing, all' -- [Pokorny 1: u- :: apart, separate from, in two both] -3.396 <vi-> vizh, vizh, vish, asiret, 'clan' -3.413

<var> 'choose' -- [Pokorny 2: uel-, ulei-, ul(i)- :: to choose, want, wish] - 3.165, 4.171 <varav-> 'wide, broad' -5.14, 5.77, 5.119, 5.146, 5.149, 5.170

<varz-> 'work, perform' -- [Pokorny 2: <vcia-> Vcidha, vicitha, yargilama, uerg-, ureg- :: to do, be effective] - karar, ra'decision, judgement' -3.153 <varak-> 'root, tree' -6.89 <vas> 'be clothed, swathed' -4.189 4.60 <vcira-> 'discerning' -- vicrene (r-fiil), vicinene 1.169 2 virin viniyo <vspa-> vispi, pero, vspi biya ma re vispi sayu biya ma re! 'all, every' -[Pokorny 1: u- :: apart, separate from, in two both] -3.33, 3.207, 5.38, 6.87, 6.90, 6.93, 6.156 <Vtspa-> 'Vishtaspa' -3.83 <vzxvanca>vzxvan ca 'in every direction' (?) -6.205 <verz-> 1 verez, (tirki etki) 2 verezene, vrazene, 'perform an action' -4.175 <vohu-> howuho, howung, 'good' -[Pokorny usu- :: good] -

<vas> 'desire, wish' -1.87, 1.176, 2.113, 2.156, 4.453 <vasiti-> 'liberty, prosperity' -3.467 <vaz> 'marry' -3.216 <vahma-> 'glorification, praise' -3.72 <vahmaya-> 'worthy of praise' --

5.24

1.45, 2.78, 2.196, 2.225, 3.5, 3.47, 3.131, 3.190, 3.205, 3.244, 4.23, 4.48, 4.160, 4.257, 4.311, 4.397, 4.410, 5.93, 6.225 <vrra-> 1 veretre, 2 varathre hire routi varatre piy ro 'attack, victory' -[Pokorny 5: uer- :: to close, cover, shut to guard, save] -6.111 <vrn-> verenene, wereynene, 'choose' -4.229 <vrz> vraze,(varsh)/vrash), 'do, make, perform' -1.147, 1.159, 6.84 <vrzyah-> verezahyah, 'working, productive' -6.57 <vyna-> vyana, 1 viyanane, vinaya vinane ra, insight, perception' -[Pokorny 3: uei-, uei- : u- :: to go for, pursue, reach towards, wish strong] -2.12 <saoyant-> saoshyant, seveknaish, 'giving power savior (?)' -3.100 <saxvr-> sahvar, sehvar, sond, 'invocation, poetically formulated vow' -1.143 <sah> senghane, sanhane, present, 'sunmak''announce, proclaim' -4.77, 4.322

<vahya-> 'better' -- [Pokorny usu- :: good] -3.483, 4.106 <v> 'indeed, for, etc.' -- [Pokorny 4: au-, u- : u-, uo- :: other that (one)] -1.185 <vc-> 'voice' -2.151 <vdya-> 'destroy' -- [Pokorny 1: uedh- :: to hit, push] - 1.92 <vra-> 'rain' --

6.33 <vstar-> 'herdsman' -1.39 <vstrya-> 'herdsman pasture' -1.46, 1.75, 2.39, 3.177 <vi> 'wide, apart' -- [Pokorny 1: u- :: apart, separate from, in two both] -3.367, 4.118, 4.214, 6.206, 6.218

<vid> 'see, know, obtain' -- [Pokorny 2: <sac> sacane, vir kene 2 snane, sixsane, u(e)id- :: to know, see] - seshkene, musene, 'learn, understand' -1.116, 2.10, 3.168, 3.239, 4.12, 4.313 3.45, 4.422

<vis> 'find' -2.23, 2.95 <vispa-> 'everyone/thing, all' -[Pokorny 1: u- :: apart, separate from, in two both] -3.396

<sata-> se (sa)=100 'hundred' -5.44 <sand> sandane 1 a govendaya hui sandana 2 insene 2 sandane, sandane ma , darsanene, mocene 3 avishane, 1.44 <sar-> 1 ser, merevain, allance viniyo 2 sarane, tie, pishane 'protection, alliance' -[Pokorny ker-, kr- :: to cook] - 1.103, 3.138 <sarea-> teas ca, tewir, vas sareda sareda esto, 'kind, sort, species' -- [Pokorny kerdho-, kerdh :: line, row herd] -6.217 <sava-> seva, I ma re seva kene 'benefit, salvation' -4.447

<vi-> 'clan' -3.413

<vcia-> 'decision, judgement' -4.60 <vcira-> 'discerning' -1.169

<vspa-> 'all, every' -- [Pokorny 1: u- :: <sxvan-> sevun, sehvun, dokrin, apart, separate from, in two SINANEs, talimat, ferman, , museish 2 'doctrine, teaching, instruction' -[Pokorny ks-, ks- :: to teach, show the way] -both] -3.215 3.33, 3.207, 5.38, 6.87, 6.90, 6.93, 6.156 <ssn-> sesnane, sesene, seskene, sInane, musene, musnane, 'teaching' -- [Pokorny ks-, ks- :: to teach, show the way] - <Vtspa-> 'Vishtaspa' -3.83 2.69, 2.99 <sca-> suca, maye ma sac ra sucane, suca 2 SICA doy, ra mir virazene, 'light, pure, clear' -4.50 <sra-> sui, 'strong, powerful' -[Pokorny 1: keu-, keu- : k-, ku- :: to swell] -5.94, 5.131, 5.133, 5.179 <sknda-> I ma skendane, shikene, 'destruction' -- [Pokorny (s)k(h)ed-,

<vzxvanca> 'in every direction' (?) -6.205

<verz-> 'perform an action' -4.175

(s)k(h)e-n-d- :: to crush, split to pieces] -<vohu-> 'good' -- [Pokorny usu- :: good] -4.383

1.45, 2.78, 2.196, 2.225, 3.5, 3.47, 3.131, <staota-> yestaota, deyra yeseisi 3.190, 3.205, 3.244, 4.23, 4.48, 4.160, (izheishi), taw vaco veri (verete) yesene 4.257, 4.311, 4.397, 4.410, 5.93, 6.225 (yezene), 'hymn, song of praise' -<vrra-> 'attack, victory' -- [Pokorny 5: uer- :: to close, cover, shut to guard, save] -6.111 <vrn-> 'choose' -4.229 <vrz> 'do, make, perform' -1.147, 1.159, 6.84 <vrzyah-> 'working, productive' -4.20 <stavana-> yestauuana, taw vaco veri 'praising, being praised' -6.105 <st> hista, taw vace veriye hisene 2 esta remain' -5.191 <stu> yestu 2 estu, 3 estaomi, 'praise, laud, extol, celebrate' -6.9, 6.18, 6.31, 6.40, 6.53, 6.63, 6.110, 6.144 <stiti-> yestuiti, taw vac veriye yesene (yesuhene) 'song of praise, prayer' -[Pokorny 2: steu- :: to praise (aloud)] -6.118 <stra-> vestra, vesrehene, zedesti usrene, (usene), zedsti ustra vaceno, 2 estra, 'spread-out' (?) -4.354 <spaxti-> vinaish, 'vision' -5.200 <spayara-> 1 spayatra, spayene, seveyane,i piya spayane/seveyene 2 o sevayatra vaceno 'atonement, prosperity' -4.384 <spas- spau-> spasspasane, sevesene, I inu hegaya sevesene (sehene/isehene), (?) 'perceive' -- [Pokorny spek- :: to spy on, watch] -3.287

6.57 <vyna-> 'insight, perception' -[Pokorny 3: uei-, uei- : u- :: to go for, pursue, reach towards, wish strong] -2.12 <saoyant-> 'giving power savior (?)' --

3.100 <saxvr-> 'invocation, poetically formulated vow' --

1.143

<sah> 'announce, proclaim' -4.77, 4.322 <sac> 'learn, understand' --

<Spitma-> spi-tama 'Spitama' (clan name of Zarathustra) -2.109, 3.16, 3.85, 3.120, 5.8, 5.17, 5.42, 5.51 <spnta-> sevunta, seva- 'beneficent, holy, sacred' -- [Pokorny kuen- :: to celebrate saint] -2.68, 3.151, 4.185, 5.95, 6.202 <sprd-> keyred, speredeno, (keyreno),spered, 'zeal' -- [Pokorny sp(h)erd(h)-, (s)p(h)red(h)-, nasalized sp(h)rend(h)- :: to rush, spring running] -3.164

3.45, 4.422 <sata-> 'hundred' -5.44

<sand> 'show, seem' -1.44

<sar-> 'protection, alliance' -- [Pokorny <sravas-> saruuas, numdar (namadar), ker-, kr- :: to cook] - 'fame' -1.103, 3.138 <sarea-> 'kind, sort, species' -[Pokorny kerdho-, kerdh :: line, row herd] -6.217 <sava-> 'benefit, salvation' -4.447 <sxvan-> 'doctrine, teaching, instruction' -- [Pokorny ks-, ks- :: to teach, show the way] -3.215 <ssn-> 'teaching' -- [Pokorny ks-, ks- :: to teach, show the way] - 2.69, 2.99 <sca-> 'light, pure, clear' -4.50 4.411 <srvay-> sra-vay 2 deyr sravayane, 'cause to be heard' -2.123 <sru> srune, esene, (heshene), 3.7 <sru> 'hear, listen' -4.46, 4.94, 5.116, 5.143 --

<ava-> 1 shauuane, shune,, 2 sioaonane 'drive forth, set in motion' -1.118 <i> nishene, shiaone,, weshiene, 'dwell' -3.412 <yaoana-> siiaonane, hereket kene, 'act, deed' -- [Pokorny ki- :: to move, set in motion] -3.49, 3.62, 4.104, 4.201, 5.158

<sra-> 'strong, powerful' -- [Pokorny

1: keu-, keu- : k-, ku- :: to swell] - 5.94, 5.131, 5.133, 5.179 <sknda-> 'destruction' -- [Pokorny (s)k(h)ed-, (s)k(h)e-n-d- :: to crush, split to pieces] -4.383 <zairi-> zerd, zair, 'yellow' -6.221

<zaora-> name taw vac zaonane, zaot-, zot'libations' -- [Pokorny 1: gheu- :: to pour] -5.120, 5.136, 5.147, 5.159 <zan> zihane zadrane (ziyene) 6.141 <zam-> zemin (har/hard) chemche, angush, dina, 'earth, ground' -- [Pokorny ghem-, ghom-, genitive-ablative gh()m-s :: earth, ground] -6.54, 6.64 <Zarautra-> 'Zarathustra' -- [Pokorny 3: ues- :: to dampen wet] -2.108, 3.8, 3.123, 5.9 <zarautri-> 'descendent of Zarathustra' (?) -- [Pokorny 3: ues- :: to dampen wet] -3.84 <zava-> zauuane, zaonene, zbane, zavane, -1.132 <zasta-> 'zedest, des/zes, dest, hand' -[Pokorny ghesto- :: arm, hand] - 1.188, 2.172, 4.327 <zahya-> zahya, zehya, azush, shatayah, 'weakened' -3.395 <z> ezane (herzane/hershane) a hegaya --

<staota-> 'hymn, song of praise' -4.20 <stavana-> 'praising, being praised' -6.105 <st> 'stand, stay, remain' --

5.191 <stu> 'praise, laud, extol, celebrate' -6.9, 6.18, 6.31, 6.40, 6.53, 6.63, 6.110, 6.144 <stiti-> 'song of praise, prayer' -[Pokorny 2: steu- :: to praise (aloud)] -6.118 <stra-> 'spread-out' (?) -4.354 <spaxti-> 'vision' -5.200 <spayara-> 'atonement, prosperity' -4.384 <spas- spau-> (?) 'perceive' -[Pokorny spek- :: to spy on, watch] - 3.287 <Spitma-> 'Spitama' (clan name of

Zarathustra) -2.109, 3.16, 3.85, 3.120, 5.8, 5.17, 5.42, 5.51 <spnta-> 'beneficent, holy, sacred' -[Pokorny kuen- :: to celebrate saint] -2.68, 3.151, 4.185, 5.95, 6.202

vashi ezena (harzena), 'abandon, relinquish' -3.367 <z> zanane, a kay ra zanana, hanana, 'conquer, win, come in first' -4.409 <zvar-> dinc/tinc, piyet, teyeush 'strength, vitality, vigor' -- [Pokorny geu-, geu-, also geu- :: to hurry, promote] -5.195

<sprd-> 'zeal' -- [Pokorny sp(h)erd(h)-, (s)p(h)red(h)-, nasalized sp(h)rend(h)- :: to rush, spring running] --

<zi> zi, wai 2 zi ainya mana, 'for, indeed' -- [Pokorny ghe-, gho- :: (an enclitic (emphatic?) particle)] -1.146, 2.36, 3.162, 3.259, 4.379, 5.61, 6.157 <zrazdita-> a zerazdana huni (yauni/cenci zerazdat, zerazdisht, 'most believing' -3.342 <ha-> ha, 1 nairka 2 ha ner viniyo '(s)he, this' -- [Pokorny so(s), s :: (demonstrative stem) he, she] -1.71, 1.86, 1.129, 1.168, 1.175, 2.49, 2.66, 2.110, 2.125, 2.167, 2.170, 3.18, 3.43, 3.58, 3.109, 3.161, 3.260, 3.298, 3.424, 4.6, 4.88, 4.130, 4.337, 4.420, 4.451, 5.19, 5.114, 5.128, 5.137, 5.141, 6.109, 6.164 <ha-> 'you' -1.60 <haiya-> aiti, a aiti vana 'true, real' -[Pokorny es- :: to be] -3.272, 4.200 <hacat-> 1 hacat, taw vac veriye haecane, '...' --

3.164 <sravas-> 'fame' -4.411 <srvay-> 'cause to be heard' -2.123 <sru> 'give' -3.7

<sru> 'hear, listen' -4.46, 4.94, 5.116, 5.143 <ava-> 'drive forth, set in motion' -1.118 <i> 'dwell' --

3.412

3.112

<yaoana-> 'act, deed' -- [Pokorny ki- <haoma-> 1 urvara (uruara) 2 Haoma :: to move, set in motion] -plant whose juice was used as a ritual intoxicant -3.49, 3.62, 4.104, 4.201, 5.158 <zairi-> 'yellow' -5.151, 6.44, 6.61, 6.73, 6.103, 6.114, 6.117, 6.120, 6.145, 6.166, 6.219 <hak> hakane, hacane, 'instigate, strive for' -- with instrumental 'go after, follow, partake of' -6.161, 6.169 <haxti-> 'thigh' 1 kor, 2 xti -[Pokorny (s)keng- :: to hobble lame, slanted] -3.344 <hahu-> hanghush, suni kar, 2 urutvare'profit, harvest' -3.192

6.221 <zaora-> 'libations' -- [Pokorny 1: gheu- :: to pour] - 5.120, 5.136, 5.147, 5.159 <zan> 'bear, give birth' -6.141 <zam-> 'earth, ground' -- [Pokorny ghem-, ghom-, genitive-ablative gh()m s :: earth, ground] -6.54, 6.64 <Zarautra-> 'Zarathustra' -- [Pokorny 3: ues- :: to dampen wet] --

<haca-> hacane 'follow, accompany' (?) -3.59 <hac> ha ca, a mI ha ca suna hega 'from, out of' -- [Pokorny 1: seku- :: to follow] -2.27, 3.29, 3.284, 6.136 <hara> tey, teyetra, hetra, 'together, at the same place/time' -- [Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] -4.364, 5.204, 6.133 <had> 1 hada 2 hada camaeta vano 'together with' -- [Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] -1.74 <ham> 'ham, piya 2 ham, ha, yew, together' -- [Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] --

2.108, 3.8, 3.123, 5.9 <zarautri-> 'descendent of Zarathustra' (?) -- [Pokorny 3: ues- :: to dampen wet] -3.84

<zava-> 'call, request' -1.132

<zasta-> 'hand' -- [Pokorny ghesto- :: arm, hand] -1.188, 2.172, 4.327

6.13 <hamra> hameretha, ham-areta, hamarene, 'enemy' -- [Pokorny 3: er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion] -5.205 <harait-> hara hara berza 2 taw vac veriye haraini, haurane, a meyu harana, ay meyi hauraiti. name of a mountain -[Pokorny 2: ser- :: to guard, protect, shelter, watch over] -6.189 <havana-> havana 2 hewana, hewuna, 'pressing stone' -6.7, 6.16 <haza-> hazas, eziyet, 'power, violence, oppression' -1.25

<zahya-> 'weakened' -3.395

<z> 'abandon, relinquish' -3.367 <z> 'conquer, win, come in first' -4.409 <zvar-> 'strength, vitality, vigor' -[Pokorny geu-, geu-, also geu- :: to hurry, promote] -5.195 <zi> 'for, indeed' -- [Pokorny ghe-, gho:: (an enclitic (emphatic?) particle)] -1.146, 2.36, 3.162, 3.259, 4.379, 5.61, 6.157 <zrazdita-> 'most believing' -3.342 <ha-> '(s)he, this' -- [Pokorny so(s), s :: (demonstrative stem) he, she] --

<hazaoa-> ha- zaosha, hama zaoshane, 'like-minded' -2.55 <hazara-> 1000=hazar, hazangra, hazana, hanzar 2 ainya mana hazere 'thousand' -[Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] -5.174, 6.122 <hi> vernam hi 2 hi, vasho hi beno ke (che) 3 hiya, he, vai viniyo -4.105

1.71, 1.86, 1.129, 1.168, 1.175, 2.49, <hita-> hitaye estor (aspa) 'team of 2.66, 2.110, 2.125, 2.167, 2.170, 3.18, 3.43, horses' -3.58, 3.109, 3.161, 3.260, 3.298, 3.424, 4.6, 4.88, 4.130, 4.337, 4.420, 4.451, 5.19, 5.114, 5.128, 5.137, 5.141, 6.109, 6.164 <ha-> 'you' -1.60 5.197 <hiy-> hishane, vashi hishaene 2 hisane

isene, gozlemek'bind, tie up' -<haiya-> 'true, real' -- [Pokorny es- :: to be] -3.272, 4.200 <hacat-> '...' - 3.112 1.27 <hizu-> zu, zun 'tongue' -- [Pokorny dngh, dnghu :: tongue] - 5.154 <hu> vohu, howung, huv, howung/houwl, 'well, good, beautiful' -- [Pokorny su-, s- :: good, well] -5.175, 6.10, 6.19, 6.58, 6.67, 6.72 <huxara-> hu xhsatra (aishatra) 2 hu -idare 'good rule' -3.406

<haoma-> plant whose juice was used as a ritual intoxicant -5.151, 6.44, 6.61, 6.73, 6.103, 6.114, 6.117, 6.120, 6.145, 6.166, 6.219 <hak> 'instigate, strive for' -- with instrumental 'go after, follow, partake of' -6.161, 6.169

<hudah-> hu- dah (dahi, hu-daeng, hu (houw)mizdah, miyazdah, 'of good gifts, beneficent' -4.116 <hudnu-> 'hu-danu howung danu blessed' -3.153 <hudma-> hudma, sirirn, 'sweetness' -2.126 <humzdra-> hu-mazdra, howung mazdra, xshnin 'careful, good to see' -4.32 <huiti-> hus-shiti, howung weshiti, 'good dwelling, comfort, safety' -2.199, 4.396

<haxti-> 'thigh' -- [Pokorny (s)keng- :: to hobble lame, slanted] -3.344 <hahu-> 'profit, harvest' -3.192 <haca-> 'follow, accompany' (?) -3.59 <hac> 'from, out of' -- [Pokorny 1: seku- :: to follow] - 2.27, 3.29, 3.284, 6.136

<hara> 'together, at the same place/time' <huna-> anghush, hu-shena, howung -- [Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] -shena, 'profitable' -4.364, 5.204, 6.133 <had> 'together with' -- [Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] -1.74 3.261 <hiti-> hunene, a nuni kirengey ra hununa, 'pressure' -6.115

<ham> 'together' -- [Pokorny 2: sem- :: <hm> '...' -one, together] -6.13 <hamra> 'enemy' -- [Pokorny 3: er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion] -5.205 3.466, 4.241 <hm> hem, pe, hada, 'together, with' - 3.147, 4.131

<harait-> name of a mountain -<hyat> hiiat, aat 2 hiyat vernam vera pe [Pokorny 2: ser- :: to guard, protect, shelter, 'if, so, when' -watch over] -6.189 <havana-> 'pressing stone' -6.7, 6.16 1.70, 1.203, 2.124, 4.11, 4.419, 4.436 <hyat> yeuwt, zey chimke 'as, since, because' -4.129, 4.216, 4.228, 4.363

<haza-> 'power, violence, oppression' -- <hva-> 'huua vernam , this' -- [Pokorny se- :: (reflexive pronoun: one's own)] -1.25 <hazaoa-> 'like-minded' -2.55 <hazara-> 'thousand' -- [Pokorny 2: sem- :: one, together] -5.174, 6.122 <hi> 'indeed' -4.105 <hita-> 'team of horses' -5.197 <hiy-> 'bind, tie up' -1.27 <hizu-> 'tongue' -- [Pokorny dngh, dnghu :: tongue] - 5.154 <hu> 'well, good, beautiful' -- [Pokorny su-, s- :: good, well] -5.175, 6.10, 6.19, 6.58, 6.67, 6.72 <huxara-> 'good rule' -3.406 6.216 <hvahaoya-> 'hva-anghuva, howung anghoya, angush good existence' -3.34 <hvar-> 'sun' huar, hveng =gunes--

<hudah-> 'of good gifts, beneficent' -4.116 <hudnu-> 'blessed' -3.153 <hudma-> 'sweetness' -2.126 <humzdra-> 'careful, good to see' -4.32 <huiti-> 'good dwelling, comfort, safety' -2.199, 4.396 <huna-> 'profitable' - 3.261 <hiti-> 'pressure' -6.115 <hm> '...' -3.466, 4.241 <hm> 'together, with' - 3.147, 4.131 <hyat> 'if, so, when' - 1.70, 1.203, 2.124, 4.11, 4.419, 4.436 <hyat> 'as, since, because' -4.129, 4.216, 4.228, 4.363 <hva-> 'this' -- [Pokorny se- :: (reflexive pronoun: one's own)] -6.216 <hvahaoya-> 'good existence' -3.34 <hvar-> 'sun' --