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Coal Mine Methane Project Development Status and Trends for the Methane to Markets EXPO

Developments in India - CMM/CBM


By Prem Sawhney, COO-Clean Coal Business 3rd March 2010

Essar Exploration & Production Ltd.

MethanegasfromCoalbeds
Expelled By-Product Water Methane Carbon Dioxide

Organic Debris Peat

Pressure

Residual Products Coal Methane Heat

Time Time

CoalbedMethane(CBM) Methanecontainedincoalseams.Oftenreferredtoasvirgincoalbed methane,orcoalseamgas.

CoalmineMethane(CMM) CBMthatisreleasedfromthecoalseamsduringcoalmining.

AbandonedMineMethane(AMM) Methanethatcontinuestobereleasedfromclosedandsealedmines. Mayalsobereferredtoascoalminemethanebecausetheliberated methaneisassociatedwithpastcoalminingactivity.

CoalbedMethaneTerminology

Coalbed Methane (CBM)


Coal Seam Methane Coal Seam Gas Virgin Coalbed Methane

Pre-Mine Drainage is CBM Until Coal Mined Through

Ventilation Air Methane Abandoned Mine Methane Gob/Goaf Gas In-Mine Pre-Mine Drainage
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Coal Mine Methane (CMM)

CMM/CBM:ProductionAndUtilization
METHANE EXTRACTION AND RECOVERY GATHERING, COMPRESSION, AND PROCESSING Compression
High High Quality Quality Methane Methane (90%+ CH4) (90%+CH4

METHANE TO MARKETS ExportGasSales

Dehydration

VerticalDegasificationWells
High Quality Quality Methane (95%+ CH4) CH4(95+%)

PowerGeneration
High

GasProcessing

SalesMetering ChemicalFeedstock

InMineWell

Power/HeatGeneration

(30to70%)

Quality Quality Methane Methane (30%-70% CH4)

Low/Medium Low/Medium

TransportationFuel CottageIndustries

GobWells CNGRefuelingStation

DevelopmentsofCBM/CMM/AMMinIndia

Ranks3rd inglobalcoalproduction About15%ofcoalproductionisfromundergroundmines ~24undergroundminesclassifiedasDegreeIII gassymines EstimatedCBMresourcebase:1.5to2trillioncubicmeters 26CBMblocksawarded.Manyunderactiveexplorationandsome movedintodevelopment IndiaCMMemissions: Substantialmethaneemissionsoccurduetominingactivityandget addedtotheatmosphere

Developments of CBM/CMM/AMM in India


Nationalcoalcompany,CILactivelypursuingCMMdevelopmentthrough resourceassessmentandimplementingdemonstrationprojects CMMDemonstrationProjectalreadyinactionatMoonidih &Sudamdih in Jharia Coalfields CMPDIhasinvitedEOIforfiveblocksidentifiedbyCCL&BCCL forCoal MineMethaneinEastBokaro &Jharia Coalfieldsrespectively GlobalEnvironmentFundproject:Demonstratecommercialfeasibilityof utilizingmethanegasrecoveredbefore,during,andaftercoalextraction CMMbeingusedforpowergeneration
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Moonidih CMMProject
DemonstrationProjectimplementedin Jharia CF OccurrenceofHighRankBituminous coal Highverticaldensityofcoalseams Longhistoryofcoalmining LargenumberofoperatingDIIImines Methaneemission>10m3 perTonof coalproduced UtilizationofCBM/CMMatMoonidih Asfuelinelectricalgeneratorsets
GasbasedgeneratoratMoonidih

TargetCoalfieldsforCMMDevelopment

EastBokaro CoalFields Jharia CoalFields

Raniganj CoalFields

WestBokaro CoalFields

SouthKaranpura CoalFields
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ChallengesforCMM/AMMDevelopmentinIndia

Lackofclarityaboutlegalandregulatoryissues Especiallyownershipofthegas Lackoftechnologyandtechnicalknowledge Resourceassessment,technologyselection,formulating feasibilitystudies Lackofpilotprojectstodemonstratesitespecificeconomic recovery&utilization Lackofinfrastructuretoutilizegas Lackoffinancingorcapacitytoobtainfinancing

CBMBlocksinIndia AnOverview
Eastern region presently deprived of natural gas

CBM Blocks of India State


West Bengal Jharkhand Madhya Pradesh Rajasthan Chattisgarh Andhra Pradesh Maharashtra Gujarat

No. of Blocks
4 6 5 4 3 2 1 1

Area (Sq. Km)


1308 1326 2648 3972 1917 1136 503 790

Total estimated CBM potential 70 TCF


SOURCE :DGH, IVth round Biding not included

Total

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13600 10

Essars RaniganjCBMBlockDevelopment
15CBMproductiontestwellsdrilled;gasflow started Projectscope:500wells OGIIPestimatedtobe4.6TCF(bestcase) withrecoverablereserveofabout1TCFas realisticestimateasperreservescertification byNetherland,Sewell&Associates,Inc. (NSAI),Houston,USA CBMsalesastrialproductionplannedbythe Q210&significantproductionisexpectedby Dec10
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GasFlaringattestwellsite

PictorialprogressRaniganj

PC Pumps running at test wells Air Drilling Rig For CBM

Plantation at test well site

Gas flare

Separators installed at test wells

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DevelopmentsinOtherCBMBlocks
SohagpurWest&EastCBMBlockownedbyRelianceIndustriesLimited areindevelopmentphase GEECLoperatedRaniganjSouthblockmovedtodevelopmentphase aftercompletingCBMexplorationintheblock MajorityofONGCoperatedCBMblocksareintheexplorationstage. Fewatthevergeofmovingintodevelopment OtheroperatorssuchasBP,Arrow,Geopetrol,Deep,etcareatvarious stagesofCBMexploration

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PATHFORWARD
Developmentofcoalfieldspecificdatabases&carryingoutassessment ofpotential DelineationofCMM/AMMblocks.Coalproducingcompaniesinpublic andprivatesectorshouldcarveoutareasformethanedrainage Theblockssoformedmaybeallocatedtoexperiencedoperatorsby formingjointventuresthrough: Internationalcompetitivebidding Selectionfromprequalifiedoperators Fiscalterms&conditionscouldbesimilartoCBMExploration& ProductionPolicy

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Thank You !

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