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2006

621.396
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ISBN 5-89368-689-6 -

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210200 ,
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. 4. .: 9 .

ISBN 5-89368-689-6

621.396
32.844
c

, 2006

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1.
. . . . . . . . . .
1.2. . . . . . . . . . .
2. . . . . . . .
2.1.
- . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.1. () .
2.1.2. . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2.
. .
2.2.1. . . . . . . .
2.2.2. - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2.3. () . . .
3.
. . . . . . . . .
3.1. . . . . . . . . .
3.1.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.2. . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.
3.2.1. . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.2. . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6
6
10

12
12
12
13
13
14
15
15
16

20
21
21
23
24
25
25
26
26

4
4.
.
4.1. :
4.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 27
. 27
. 30
. 32

5.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1. . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.1. . . .
5.1.2. , . . .
5.1.3. : , , , . . . . . . . .
5.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.1. : . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.2. : . . . . .
5.2.3. :
5.2.4. : ,

36
36
36
37
39
40
40
41
42
43

6. . .
6.1.
6.2. . . . . . .

44
44
47

7.
7.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2. : , . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.3. . . . . . . . . . . . .

48
48
49
52

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
. . . . . . . . 62
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63



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28

:

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(4.1)

:
F eCl3 + CuCl F eCl2 + CuCl2 ;

(4.2)

, , :
CuCl2 + Cu 2CuCl .

(4.3)

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29
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40 50 C.
Cu2+ + F e Cu + F e2+

(4.5)

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2CuCl + Cl2 2CuCl2 ,

(4.6)

2CuCl + H2 O2 + 2HCl 2CuCl2 + 2H2 O,

(4.7)

30
4CuCl + O2 + 4HCl 4CuCl2 + 2H2 O.

(4.8)

(10 20 /) ()
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pH = 1 2.
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pH .

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4.2.

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31
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(4.11)

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32

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33
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(4.12)

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(4.13)

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7.3.

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(PcbCAM-)1 :
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1
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(http : //www.compitech.ru/html.cgi/arhiv/03_01/stat_158.htm).

53
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, , ,
PcbCAM-.
PcbCAM- ()
, PcbCAD-.
( , ) CAMTastic Altium, CAD- P-CAD Protel
(Altium Designer) . ,
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PcbCAM- CAM-350
Downstream Technologies, CAMMaster Lavenir, ,
GerbTool WISE Software Solutions,
OrCAD.
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CAM 350,
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54
(P-CAD, Protel, OrCAD, Mentor Graphic
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GERBER- DRL- P-CAD 2002
1. pcb- P-CAD 2002.
2. File Gerber Out Gerber-, File - Export - Gerber....
3. Gerber- Setup Output
Files.
4. Gerber- File Extension, : , , , , BRD B
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XOffset YOffset .
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(Pads). Layers, Gerber- , , Gerber-,
, Add. .
, Output File,
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Draw Apertures Size 0,25 , ,

56
Pad/Via holes. , Auto,
( Close).
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Top Bottom.
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13. DRL- Output Files Generate Output Files, DRL-
Exellon. File N/C Drill.
14. P-CAD 2002.

57
GERBER- DRL- PROTEL DXP
1. pcb- Protel DXP.
2. Gerber Setup Gerber-,
File - Fabrication Outputs - Gerber Files.
3. General Units (Millimeters), Format 4:2 (4 , 2 ).
4. Layers , Gerber- . , Protel DXP
Gerber- .
5. Apertures ,
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Coordinate Position Reference to absolute origin.

58
Ok DRL-
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350
1. Gerber- CAM350.
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59
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60
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1. , ..
: . / . . [ .] ; . . . , . . . . :
, 1989. 624 . ISBN 5-256-00292-9.
2. , .. : .
/ . . [ .] ; . . . . . :
. ., 1994. 414 . ISBN 5-06-003277-9.
3. , . .
: . / . . ; . . -. , 2006. 32 . ISBN 5-89368-681-0.
4. , . .
/ . . . . : , 1986. 286 .
5. , . . : /
. . . . : , 2004. 302 . ( ). ISBN 5-94836-026-1.
6. , . . /
. . . . : , 2004. 358 . ( ). ISBN 5-94836-052-0.
7. , .-. .
/ .-. , . ; . . ; . . . . . : , 1990.
276 . ISBN 5-03-001485-3.
8. , . . / . . .
. : . ., 1991. 416 . ISBN 5-06-000711-1.
9. , .-. / .-. , . ; . . ; . . . . . : , 1980. 464 .






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