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Elevator Mechanical Design

a.) traction drive b.) linear induction motor c.) SchindlerMobile

Traction drive elevators




   

Main parts: a.) Suspension means between car and counterweight b.) Driving machine c.) Car d.) Counterweight e.) Buffers

Traction drive


Driving sheave is used for power transmission to the elevator ropes. Traction force is initiated by the friction between ropes and the sheave grooves.

Roping system
  

Application depends on: location of the machine rated load rated speed Concerns with selection of system power consumption efficiency

 

Elevator machines
 

Most of the machines are worm gearing. It is very compact and of very small dimensions for given ratio and transmiitted power. It has a minimum number of moving parts, thus minimizing maintenance and replacement.

Elevator machines
It is sometimes used in combination with a belt drive or a an additional pair of spur gears.

Brakes


 

It must be set in operation automatically in the event of loss of power supply. It stops the car by electromechanical friction. When the machine is fitted with a manual emergency operating device, the brake must enable releasing by hand.

Counterweight


It is used to balance the mass of the car and a portion of the rated load. The mass of the traveling cable also counts if we are dealing with high-rise installations.

Buffers


 

It acts as the final emergency device. Types of butters: a.) energy accumulation type b.) energy dissipation type