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TDA7388A

4 x 42W quad bridge car radio amplifier


Features

High output power capability: 4 x 42W/4 max. 4 x 27W/4 @ 14.4V, 1KHz, 10% Low distortion Low output noise Standby function Mute function Automute at min. supply voltage detection Low external component count: Internally fixed gain (26dB) No external compensation No bootstrap capacitors Clipping detector Offset detector Diagnostic facility for: Out to GND short Out to VS short Thermal shutdown
Flexiwatt27

Fortuitous open gnd Output DC offset detector Reversed battery ESD

Description
The TDA7388A is a new technology class AB audio power amplifier in Flexiwatt 27 package designed for high end car radio applications. Thanks to the fully complementary PNP/NPN output configuration the TDA7388A allows a rail to rail output voltage swing with no need of bootstrap capacitors. The extremely reduced components count allows very compact sets. The TDA7388A is also equipped with Clipping detector and Offset detector features.

Protections

Output short circuit to gnd, to VS, across the load Very inductive loads Overrating chip temperature with soft thermal limiter Load dump voltage

Table 1.

Device summary
Order code TDA7388A Package Flexiwatt27 Packing Tube

October 2008

Rev 2

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www.st.com 1

Contents

TDA7388A

Contents
1 2 Pin connection and test/application diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Electrical specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Electrical characteristic curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Application hints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.1 3.2 3.3 SVR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Input stage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Standby and muting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

4 5

Package information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

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TDA7388A

List of tables

List of tables
Table 1. Table 2. Table 3. Table 4. Table 5. Device summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Thermal data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Document revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

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List of figures

TDA7388A

List of figures
Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 4. Figure 5. Figure 6. Figure 7. Figure 8. Figure 9. Figure 10. Figure 11. Figure 12. Pin connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Standard test and application circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Quiescent current vs. supply voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Output power vs. supply voltage (4 Ohm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Distortion vs. output power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Distortion vs. frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Supply voltage rejection vs. frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Crosstalk vs. frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Output noise vs. source resistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Power dissipation & efficiency vs. output power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 ITU R-ARM frequency response, weighting filter for transient pop. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Flexiwatt27 mechanical data and package dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

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TDA7388A

Pin connection and test/application diagrams

Pin connection and test/application diagrams


Figure 1. Pin connections

27

TAB

OFF.DET

P-GND2

OUT2-

ST-BY

OUT2+

VCC

VCC

MUTE

OUT4-

P-GND4

OUT4+

OUT1-

P-GND1

P-GND3

OUT1+

S-GND

AC-GND

OUT3+

OUT3-

SVR

FLEX27_O

Figure 2.

Standard test and application circuit


OFFSET DETECTOR C8 0.1F C7 2200F Vcc1-2 R1 7 5 10K R2 C9 1F 23 47K C1 C10 1F 12 0.1F Vcc3-4 21 2 10 9 8 OUT1 R4 47K

ST-BY

MUTE

6 3 4 OUT2

IN1

IN2 C2 0.1F IN3 C3 0.1F IN4 C4 0.1F S-GND

13

18 19 OUT3

16

20

22 15 14 17 C5 0.47F C6 47F 11 SVR 26 CD R3 47K CD OUT 1, 27 TAB V 25 24 OUT4

D05AU1614MOD1

TAB

IN1

IN2

IN4

IN3

CD

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Electrical specifications

TDA7388A

2
2.1

Electrical specifications
Absolute maximum ratings
Table 2.
Symbol VS VS (DC) VS (pk) IO Ptot Tj Tstg

Absolute maximum ratings


Parameter Operating supply voltage DC supply voltage Peak supply voltage (t = 50ms) Output peak current: Repetitive (duty cycle 10% at f = 10Hz) Non repetitive (t = 100s) Power dissipation, (Tcase = 70C) Junction temperature Storage temperature Value 18 28 50 4.5 5.5 80 150 55 to 150 Unit V V V A A W C C

2.2

Thermal data
Table 3.
Symbol Rth j-case

Thermal data
Parameter Thermal resistance junction to case max. Value 1 Unit C/W

2.3
Table 4.

Electrical characteristics
Electrical characteristics (VS = 14.4 V; f = 1 kHz; Rg = 600 ; RL = 4 ;Tamb = 25 C; Refer to the test and application diagram (Figure 2), unless otherwise specified.)
Parameter Quiescent current Output offset voltage RL = Play mode -10 -50 25 26 Test condition Min. 100 Typ. 190 Max. 350 100 +10 +50 27 1 THD = 10%; VS = 14.4V VS = 14.4V 25 39 27 42 Unit mA mV mV mV dB dB W W

Symbol Iq1 VOS

dVOS

During mute ON/OFF output offset voltage ITU R-ARM weighted see Figure 11 During St-By ON/OFF output offset voltage Voltage gain Channel gain unbalance Output power Max.output power(1)

Gv Gv Po Po max

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TDA7388A Table 4.

Electrical specifications Electrical characteristics (continued) (VS = 14.4 V; f = 1 kHz; Rg = 600 ; RL = 4 ;Tamb = 25 C; Refer to the test and application diagram (Figure 2), unless otherwise specified.)
Parameter Distortion Output noise Bw = 20 Hz to 20 kHz Supply voltage rejection High cut-off frequency Input Impedance Cross talk Standby current consumption Standby pin current Standby out threshold voltage f = 1 kHz; Po = 4 W f = 10 kHz; Po = 4 W VSt-By = 0 V VSt-By = 1.2 to 2.6V (Amp: on) 2.6 1.2 80 2.6 1.2 6.5 8.5 90 f = 100Hz; Vr = 1Vrms Po = 0.5W 50 100 70 60 70 65 200 100 70 60 20 10 100 Po = 4W "A" Weighted Test condition Min. Typ. 0.04 50 Max. 0.10 70 Unit % V V dB KHz K dB dB A A V V dB V V V V

Symbol THD eNo SVR fch Ri CT ISB Ipin4 VSB out VSB IN AM VM out VM in

Standby in threshold voltage (Amp: off) Mute attenuation Mute out threshold voltage Mute in threshold voltage POref = 4 W (Amp: Play) (Amp: Mute) (Amp: Mute); Att 80 dB; POref = 4 W (Amp: Play); Att < 0.1 dB; PO = 0.5 W VMUTE = 1.2 V (Source current) 5

VAM in

VS automute threshold

7.6

Ipin22

Muting pin current

11

20

Offset detector Voff VOFF LK VOFF SAT Detected diff. output offset VOFF high leakage current VOFF det saturation voltage VSt-by =5V OD off OD on; IOD = 1 mA 300 1.4 2 2.6 10 V A mV

Clipping detector CDLK CDSAT CDTHD Clip det high leakage current CD Off Clip det sat voltage Clip det THD level DC On; ICD = 1 mA 300 0.2 10 A mV %

1. Saturated square wave output.

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Electrical specifications

TDA7388A

2.4
Figure 3.

Electrical characteristic curves


Quiescent current vs. supply voltage Figure 4. Output power vs. supply voltage (4 Ohm)

Id (mA) 200 190 180 170 160 150 140 8 10 12 Vs (V) 14 16 18


AC00531

Po (W) 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 8 9 10 11 12 13 Vs (V) 14 15 16 17 18
AC00532

Vin = 0 RL = 4

RL= 4 f= 1 KHz

THD = 10%

THD = 1%

Figure 5.

Distortion vs. output power

Figure 6.

Distortion vs. frequency

10

THD (%) Vs = 14.4V RL = 4

10

THD (%) Vs = 14.4V RL = 4 Po = 4W

1 f = 10 KHz 0.1 f = 1 KHz

0.1

0.01 0.1

1 Po (W)

10

100
AC00533

0.01 10

100

1000 f (Hz)

10000

100000
AC00534

Figure 7.

Supply voltage rejection vs. frequency

Figure 8.

Crosstalk vs. frequency

100 90 80 70 60

SVR (dB)

100 90 80 70 60

SVR (dB)

50 40 30 20 10 100 1000 f (Hz) 10000 100000


AC00535

Rg = 600 Vripple = 1 Vrms

50 40 30 10

RL = 4 Po = 4W Rg = 600

100

1000 f (Hz)

10000

100000
AC00536

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TDA7388A

Electrical specifications

Figure 9.

Output noise vs. source resistance Figure 10. Power dissipation & efficiency vs. output power
80 70 60 50 22-22K Hz lin 40 Pdiss 30 "A" wgtd 20 10 0 30 20 10 0 24 Pdiss (W) Vs = 13.2V RL = 4 x 4 f = 1 KHz (%) 80 70 60 50 40

180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 1

En (V) Vs = 14.4V RL = 4

10

100 Rg ()

1000

10000
AC00537

10

12 Po (W)

14

16

18

20

22

Figure 11. ITU R-ARM frequency response, weighting filter for transient pop
10 0 Output attenuation (dB)

-10 -20

-30 -40

-50 10 100 1000 Hz 10000 100000


AC00343

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Application hints

TDA7388A

Application hints
Ref. to the circuit of Figure 2.

3.1

SVR
Besides its contribution to the ripple rejection, the SVR capacitor governs the turn ON/OFF time sequence and, consequently, plays an essential role in the pop optimization during ON/OFF transients. To conveniently serve both needs, its minimum recommended value is 10F.

3.2

Input stage
The TDA7388As inputs are ground-compatible and can stand very high input signals ( 8Vpk) without any performances degradation. If the standard value for the input capacitors (0.1F) is adopted, the low frequency cut-off will amount to 16 Hz.

3.3

Standby and muting


Standby and muting facilities are both 3.3V CMOS-compatible. If unused, a straight connection to VS of their respective pins would be admissible. Conventional/low-power transistors can be employed to drive muting and stand-by pins in absence of true CMOS ports or microprocessors. R-C cells have always to be used in order to smooth down the transitions for preventing any audible transient noises. Since a DC current of about 10A normally flows out of pin 23, the maximum allowable muting-series resistance (R2) is 70K, which is sufficiently high to permit a muting capacitor reasonably small (about 1F). If R2 is higher than recommended, the involved risk will be that the voltage at pin 23 may rise to above the 1.5V threshold voltage and the device will consequently fail to turn OFF when the mute line is brought down. About the stand-by, the time constant to be assigned in order to obtain a virtually pop-free transition has to be slower than 2.5V/ms.

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TDA7388A

Package information

Package information
In order to meet environmental requirements, ST (also) offers these devices in ECOPACK packages. ECOPACK packages are lead-free. The category of second Level Interconnect is marked on the package and on the inner box label, in compliance with JEDEC Standard JESD97. The maximum ratings related to soldering conditions are also marked on the inner box label. ECOPACK is an ST trademark. ECOPACK specifications are available at: www.st.com. Figure 12. Flexiwatt27 mechanical data and package dimensions
DIM. A B C D E F (1) G G1 H (2) H1 H2 H3 L (2) L1 L2 (2) L3 L4 L5 M M1 N O R R1 R2 R3 R4 V V1 V2 V3 MIN. 4.45 1.80 0.75 0.37 0.80 25.75 28.90 mm TYP. 4.50 1.90 1.40 0.90 0.39 1.00 26.00 29.23 17.00 12.80 0.80 22.47 18.97 15.70 7.85 5 3.5 4.00 4.00 2.20 2 1.70 0.5 0.3 1.25 0.50 MAX. 4.65 2.00 1.05 0.42 0.57 1.20 26.25 29.30 MIN. 0.175 0.070 0.029 0.014 0.031 1.014 1.139 inch TYP. 0.177 0.074 0.055 0.035 0.015 0.040 1.023 1.150 0.669 0.503 0.031 0.884 0.747 0.618 0.309 0.197 0.138 0.157 0.157 0.086 0.079 0.067 0.02 0.12 0.049 0.019 MAX. 0.183 0.079 0.041 0.016 0.022 0.047 1.033 1.153

OUTLINE AND MECHANICAL DATA

22.07 18.57 15.50 7.70

22.87 19.37 15.90 7.95

0.869 0.731 0.610 0.303

0.904 0.762 0.626 0.313

3.70 3.60

4.30 4.40

0.145 0.142

0.169 0.173

5 (Typ.) 3 (Typ.) 20 (Typ.) 45 (Typ.)

Flexiwatt27 (vertical)

(1): dam-bar protusion not included (2): molding protusion included

V C B V H H1 H3 O H2 R3 R4 V1
N

V3

L4

R2 R L L1

L2

L3

V1

V2

R2 L5 G G1 F

R1 R1 R1 E
FLEX27ME

Pin 1

M1
7139011

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Revision history

TDA7388A

Revision history
Table 5.
Date 06-Dec-2007 15-Oct-2008

Document revision history


Revision 1 2 Initial release. Document status promoted from preliminary data to datasheet. Updated Table 3: Thermal data on page 6. Changes

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TDA7388A

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