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JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI MELAKA PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2008 PHYSICS PAPER 1

SKEMA JAWAPAN

1 B 6 11 D D 16 26 B 21 C D 31 D 36
1
B
6 11
D
D
16 26
B
21 C
D
31
D
36 46
C 41
A
A
2
A
7 12
C
B
17 27
A
22 A
D
32
A
37 47
A 42
D
C
3
B
8 13
A
B
18 28
A
23 A
A
33
C
38 48
A 43
D
C
4
C
9 14
C
B
19 29
C
24 C
D
34
D
39 49
B 44
A
B
5
B
10
D
15
D
20
C
25
B
30
B
35
C
40
B
45
A
50
E

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN MELAKA 2008 MARKING SCHEME : PAPER 2

1(a)

Racet

1

(b)

The ratchet knob prevents over tightening // avoid extra pressure

1

(c)

1 st

: 1.5 + 0.35 = 1.85 mm

1

2 nd : 1.85 – (- 0.02) = 1.87 mm

1

   

TOTAL

4

2(a)(i)

Bernoulli’s principle

1

(a)(ii)

Y

1

(b)

The air moves with a high speed

1

(c)

1 st : The atmospheric pressure which is higher pushes the liquid up through the narrow tube.

1

2 nd : The jet air will force the liquid to be sprayed as fine spray liquid

1

   

TOTAL

5

3(a)

Velocity = displacement Time

1

(b)

 

Region AB

1

(c)(i)

a

= 10 – 0 10 – 0 = 1 ms -2

1

1

(c)(ii)

s

= ½ (10)(10) + (10)(10)

1

 

= 150 m

1

   

TOTAL

6

4(a)(i)

 

α / β / γ

1

(a)(ii)

1 st : The radioactive emission enters the tube through the mica window

1

2 nd :ionizes the neon gas.

rd : The electron and positive ion are attracted towards the anode and cathode respectively thus produces a pulse of current. Any two marks

3

2

(b)

Background readings // natural radioactivity in the ground, bricks or buildings and

1

 

cosmic radiation.

 

(c)

1 st : show on the graph

2

2 nd : half life = 4 hours

(d)

Industries : smoke detectors / detect thickness of papers / detect leaks in underground pipe water Medicine : radioactive tracers/ sterilization,/cancer treatment

1

 

TOTAL

7

5(a)

Attraction force

1

(b)(i)

same magnitude // opposite direction

1

(b)(ii)

Same forces / equal in magnitudes // opposite direction

1

(c)(i)

Zero

1

(c)(ii)

Equal

1

(d)(i)

1 st : The nett force is zero, the object is stationary

1

2 nd : The nett force is zero, moves with uniform velocity

1

(d)(ii)

Equilibrium of forces

1

 

TOTAL

8

6(a)

Heat is a form of energy

1

6(b)(i)

Diagram 6.2 is higher // vice versa

1

(b)(ii)

The temperature in Diagram 6.2 is higher // vice versa

1

(b)(iii)

Volume

1

(b)(iv)

When volume is higher, the temperature is higher // directly proportional

1

(c)

Charles Law

1

(c)(i)

θ = absolute zero

1

(c)(ii)

Volume of air is zero // the air molecules is at rest //kinetic energy is zero

1

 

TOTAL

8

7(a)(i)

Transverse wave // mechanical wave

1

(a)(ii)

The gap is bigger than the wavelength

1

(b)

1 st : smaller amplitude

 

2

2 nd : same wavelength

(c)(i)

1 st : made of concrete

 

2

2 nd : because concrete is strong

(c)(ii)

1 st : make many holes on the wall

2

2 nd : diffraction // spread of energy

(d)

1 st : The water is shallow

2

2 nd : load and unload by using small boats

   

TOTAL

10

8(a)

Power = the rate of work done / the rate of energy transformed @ P = W

1

 

T

State the meaning of symbols

(b)(i)

1 st : R 2 is located at the base terminal

1

2 nd : to limit the base current

1

(b)(ii)

1 st : R 1 and LDR are in series

1

2 nd : to function as potential divider

1

(b)(iii)

1 st : the collector terminal is connected to positive terminal of the battery

1

2 nd : reverse bias

 

1

(c)

Circuit K

 

1

(d)

Light controlled switch/ switches on the bulb at night, switches off the bulb at daytime.

1

(e)(i)

5 V

 

1

(e)(ii)

V R Y =

Ry ( Rx +

x V

 

Ry)

1

1

1000

6

R 1000

 

R = 6000 – 1000 = 5000 Ω

1

   

TOTAL

12

9(a)(i)

Magnetic field is a region of magnetic force.

1

(a)(ii)

st :

1 The direction of the magnetic field on the left coil is counter/anti clockwise, /diagram

1

nd :

2 The direction of the magnetic field on the right coil is clockwise // diagram

1

field on the right coil is clockwise // diagram 1 r d : 3 As the

rd :

3 As the result the magnetic fields in the middle of the coil are in the same direction, upward. So the magnetic field will be stronger in the middle

1

(b)(i)

1 st : Both diagram 9.2 and diagram 9.3 have the same pattern of the magnetic field,ie, circular with the wire in the middle

1

2 nd : The direction of the magnetic field for Diagram 9.2 is clockwise, while in Diagram9.3 is counter clockwise/ anti-clockwise.

1

(b)(ii)

The pattern of the magnetic field in Diagram 9.4 is not uniform compared to Diagram 9.2 and Diagram 9.3

1

(b)(iii)

The resultant force acting on the left wire is downward while the resultant force acting on the right wire is upward / opposite to each other.

1

(b)(iv)

1 st :

Instrument which uses the same principle is electrical motor.

1

2 nd : The electric motor has 2 forces acting on the opposite side caused by the

1

counter react between a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field/ diagram

a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field/ diagram (c)(i) 1 s t : The shape

(c)(i)

1 st : The shape of the magnet is cylindrical

1

2 nd : It will produce uniform magnetic field

1

(c)(ii)

1 st : The coil is placed surrounding/fit to the magnet and it is attached to a cone

1

2 nd : to increase the effectiveness of the counter react between the magnetic fields

1

.

 
   
 

(c)(iii)

1 st : The cone is made from a light material / paper

2

2 nd : It can easily vibrate

(c)(iv)

1 st : Type of electrical supply is alternate current power supply

2

2 nd : The audio signal varies with the current.

(c)(v)

1 st : material used for the body of the loudspeaker is metal / wood

 

2 nd : to ensure the loudspeaker is strong

2

 

TOTAL

20

10(a)(i)

Real image is an image which can be seen on a screen.

1

(a)(ii)

1 st : the object distance in diagram 10.1 is longer than diagram 10.2

 

2 nd : the image distance in diagram 10.2 is longer than diagram 10.1

3 rd : the size of the image in diagram 10.2 is larger

5

4 th : the longer the image distance, the bigger the size of the image

5 th : The smaller the object distance the larger the size of the image / the object distance is inversely proportional to size of the image.

(b)

1 st : The convex lens with its holder is aimed at a distant object like a tree.

 

2 nd : Adjust a screen until you see a very sharp and clear image of the distant object.

3 rd :When parallel light rays from a distant object pass through a convex lens, they will converge to a point called focal point/ label on a diagram

4

4 th : Measure the distance between the convex lens and screen./ label on a diagram

(c)(i)

1 st : draws the objective and eyepiece lenses.

 

2 nd : correct label of objective and eyepiece

3 rd : label f O and f e correctly

6

4 th : draw the correct position for the object ( f o < u 1 < 2f o )

5 th : draw ray diagrams to show the position of image 1

6 th : draw ray diagrams to show the final image

 
   
 

(c)(ii)

1 st : Use a concave mirror

2

2 nd : converge light to the microscope.

(c)(iii)

1 st :

Decrease the object distance / decrease the focal length of the eyepiece lens /

 

decrease the focal length of the objective lens.

2

2

nd : increase the magnification factor.

   

TOTAL

20

11(a)(i)

“240 V, 80 W” means the bulb transforms energy of 80 J/s if connected to 240 V power supply.

1

(a)(ii)

1 st : the resistance of metal Z is constant / The resistance of metal Y is increasing

 

2 nd : The suitable material to be used as filament of the bulb is metal Y

4

3 rd : resistance increases as the temperature increases

4 th : the higher the resistance the brighter the bulb.

(b)(i)

1 st : The cross-sectional area is small

 

2 nd : because it can release more heat/ resistance is higher

3 rd : Melting point is high

8

4 th :

so it cannot be melt easily at high temperature.

5 th : The specific heat capacity is low

6 th :

so it can release heat in a shorter time

7 th : length of the heating element is long

8 th : it can be shaped as a coil and release more heat.

(b)(ii)

1 st : The best heating element is L

 

2 nd : It has a small cross-sectional area, high melting point, low specific heat capacity and long.

2

(c)

(i)

1

1

1

1

 

R

3

3

R  

1.5

 

1

(c)

(ii)

I

2

6

3

2A

/

 

V =

(

2

2

1

)6

4

V

1

   

V

2

4

2

1

P =

I

2

R

2

(2) (2)

/

P =

 

 

R

 

2

 

1

 

=

8 W

   

TOTAL

20

12(a)

Buoyant force is an upward force resulting from an object being wholly or partially immerse in fluid.

1

(b)

1 st : When the ballast tank is filled with water,

 

2 nd : The buoyant force is smaller than the weight of the submarine. It will sink/submerges

4

3 rd : When the ballast tank is filled with air / when the water pumps out,

4 th : the buoyant force is larger than the weight of the submarine, and it will float.

(c)

1 st : Horizontal cross section: front side is narrow and pointed

1

2 nd : reduce the water resistance

 

1

3 rd : The hull material is made of aluminium

1

4 th : It is lighter and strong

 

1

5 th : Hull ability : hydrodynamic

 

1

6 th : The ability to withstand shock waves, weather collisions and groundings.

1

7 th : Fuel used is diesel

 

1

8 th : The cost is cheaper

1

9 th : The best watercraft is Q

 

1

10

th : because the horizontal cross section of front side is narrow and pointed, the hull material is made of aluminium, the hull ability is hydrodynamic and the fuel used is diesel.

1

(d)(i)

W = mg

 

1

 

=

(200) (10) = 2000 N

 

1

(d)(ii)

W (boat) + W(load) = ρVg

   

2000

 

1

 

+ W = (1000) (4) (10) W = 38 000 N m = 3,800 kg

1

1

   

TOTAL

20

   

END OF MARKING SCHEME

 

Marking Scheme K3 Fizik Peperiksaan Percubaan SPM 2008

No

1

(a)

(i)

 

(ii)

(iii)

 

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Marking Criteria

Mark

Mass//m

 

1

Temperature// θ 2 //Δθ

 

1

Type of liquid// time

1

 

m/g

1/m/g -1

θ

2 / 0 C

Δθ/ 0 C

 

50

0.020

46.0

 

16.0

 

100

0.010

38.0

 

8.0

 

150

0.007

35.5

 

5.5

 

200

0.005

34.0

 

4.0

 

250

0.004

33.0

 

3.0

1. label for all the quantities

 

1

2. state the unit for m, 1/m, θ 2 and Δθ

 

1

3. all value for 1/m correct

 

1

4. all

value

for θ 2 correct

1

5. all value for Δθ correct

1

6.

value

for 1/m, θ 2, and Δθ consistent

decimal point

1

 

Total 6

1.

Δθ at axis-y and at 1/m axis-x

 

2

correct unit for both axes

 

3.

suitable scale – both axes start from zero and uniform scale

4.

all the values plotted correctly 5 or 4 values plotted correctly

 

√ √

5.

best straight line

 

6.

size – min scale (10 x 8 ) cm

 

7

ticks

5

5-6 ticks

 

4

3-4 ticks

3

2 ticks

2

1 tick

1

 

Total 5

Δθ is directly proportional to

1

 

1

m

Stir the water constantly// position of the eye

perpendicular to the scale of thermometer

1

No

2

(a)

(i)

 

(ii)

 

(b)

(i)

 

(ii)

 

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

A 1

A 2

I B =

0

I c = 0

Marking Criteria

I B is directly proportional to I C

Show on the graph

64 mA

Draw a large triangle min (4 x 5) cm

Correct substitution (follow student’s triangle)

80 x 10 -3 0.5 x 10 -6

State the answer without unit

1.6 x 10 5

1. Eyes must be perpendicular to the scale of ammeter

2. Switch off the circuit when not taking any reading

Total 16

Mark

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Total 12

No

No Marking Criteria The length of catapult rubber depends on the force The bigger the force,

Marking Criteria

The length of catapult rubber depends on the force

The bigger the force, the longer the extension of the catapult rubber To investigate the relationship between the force and extension of a spring

Manipulated variable : Force Responding variable : Extension

Constant variable

: Length of the spring//diameter of the spring //type of spring

Spring, retort stand, ruler, slotted weight

State a functionable arrangement of the apparatus

Measure the initial length of the spring, l 1 Put one slotted mass, 20 g/m 1 at the end of the spring.

Measure the length of the spring, l 2 Calculate extension of the spring, x = l 2 l 1

Repeat the experiment for the mass 40 g, 60 g, 80 g, 100 g. (Repeat at least 4 times)

Tabulate the data

Force(N)/Mass(g)

Force(N)/Mass(g) Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)
Force(N)/Mass(g) Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)
Force(N)/Mass(g) Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)
Force(N)/Mass(g) Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)
Force(N)/Mass(g) Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)

Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)

Force(N)/Mass(g) Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)
Force(N)/Mass(g) Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)
Force(N)/Mass(g) Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)
Force(N)/Mass(g) Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)
Force(N)/Mass(g) Extension(cm)/Length of the spring (cm)

Plot graph of extension /length of spring against force/mass//graph Extension (cm)

of the spring (cm) Plot graph of extension /length of spring against force/mass//graph Extension (cm) Mark
of the spring (cm) Plot graph of extension /length of spring against force/mass//graph Extension (cm) Mark

Mark

Total

12

Force(N)

Force(N)

Force(N)

No

No Marking Criteria The amount of lifted scrap metal depends on the current The higher the

Marking Criteria

The amount of lifted scrap metal depends on the current The higher the current, the stronger the electromagnetism. To investigate the relationship between the current and the electromagnetism.

Manipulated variable : Current Responding variable : Electromagnetism

Constant variable

Copper wire, soft iron, ammater, rheostat, batteries, pins/paper

clips

: Number of turns

State a functionable arrangement of the apparatus

of turns State a functionable arrangement of the apparatus Adjust the rheostat to supply a current,

Adjust the rheostat to supply a current, I 1 / 0.1A

Count the number of pins/paper clips attract by the electromagnet

Adjust the rheostat for 4 different current 0.2A, 0.3A, 0.4A and 0.5A.(Repeat at least 4 times) Tabulate the data

Current(A)

Current(A) Number of pins/paper clips
Current(A) Number of pins/paper clips
Current(A) Number of pins/paper clips
Current(A) Number of pins/paper clips
Current(A) Number of pins/paper clips

Number of pins/paper clips

Current(A) Number of pins/paper clips
Current(A) Number of pins/paper clips
Current(A) Number of pins/paper clips
Current(A) Number of pins/paper clips
Current(A) Number of pins/paper clips

Plot graph of number of pins against current // graph Number of pins

Number of pins/paper clips Plot graph of number of pins against current // graph Number of
Number of pins/paper clips Plot graph of number of pins against current // graph Number of

Mark

Total

12

Current(A)

Current(A)

Current(A)

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