Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

# JPNS SPM TRIAL 2008

## Answer P1 (Physics Paper 1)

1 A 11 C 21 B 31 B 41 B

2 D 12 C 22 C 32 A/B 42 C

3 D 13 D 23 B 33 A 43 A

4 D 14 C 24 C 34 A 44 A

5 C 15 C 25 Bonus 35 B 45 A

6 B 16 D 26 A 36 A 46 C

7 A 17 C 27 D 37 A 47 C

8 C 18 B 28 C 38 C 48 B

9 D 19 B 29 A 39 A 49 A

10 B 20 D 30 D 40 B 50 B
TRIAL JPNS PHYSICS ANSWER PAPER 2
SECTION A

Number Mark
1.(a) (i) base quantity is a quantity that cannot be defined in any other physical 1
quantity
(ii) ms-2 1
(b) Base quantity - time / displacement 1
Derived quantity - velocity / acceleration
Scalar quantity – time 1
Vector quantity - displacement / acceleration
Total 4

Number Mark
2.(a) Convex mirror 1
(b) Convex mirror has a wider view than a plane mirror. 1
(c)(i) 2

Note :
Draw two incident rays and each of them reflected at the 1 mark
correct path.
Shows image formed behind the mirror and the position in 1 mark
front of F.

## (ii) Virtual ,upright and diminished. (any of two combination) 1

Total 5
Number Mark
3(a) Step-down transformer 1
(b) A.u. power supply, Vp can produce a changing magnetic field that 1
induces an alternating e.m.f in the secondary coil, Vs.
(c) Using a formula , Np = Vp
Ns Vs
Np = 240V
Ns 12V 1

Np : Ns = 20 : 1 1
(d)(i) Bulb will not light up 1
(ii) Because transformer cannot function using direct current/ 1
cannot produce change in magnetic flux
Total 6

Number Mark
4(a) W = mg
= (50)(10)
= 500 N 1
(b)(i) Increase 1
(ii) Decrease 1
(iii) Stationary / at 500N 1
(c) No resultant force/acceleration zero 1
(d) R = (46)(10)
= 460 N
mg-R = ma
500 – 460 = 50a 1
a = 0.8 ms-2 1
Total 7
Number Mark
5(a) Quantity of heat required to increase the temperature of 1 kg of material 2
through a temperature of 1 oC
(b) (i) Energy output = power x time
= 3 x 103 x 3.5 x 60 1
= 6.3 x 105 J with unit 1
(ii) Energy required to raise the temperature of water,
Q = mcθ
= 1.7 x 4.2 x103 x (100 -20) 1
= 5.71 x 105 J with unit 1

## (iii) Energy required to boil away water,

Q = ml
= 0.23 x 2.3 x 105 1
= 5.29 x 105 J with unit 1

Total 8

Number Mark
6 (a)(i) An electromagnetic waves is the vibration of electric and magnetic field 1
(ii) Can travel through vacuum 1
Speed of light
Transverse waves
(b) P : X-ray 1
Application : Radiotherapy for the treatment of cancer 1
S : Microwaves 1
Application : Waves received by telephone and television signals from 1
satellite
(c) λ = v/f
= 3x 108
3.2 x 103 1
= 9.375x104m 1
Total 8
Number Mark
7(a)(i) Function – for safety purpose/To ensure the maximum weight limit 1
(ii) F = mg
= 7500 x 10 1
= 7.5 x 104 N 1
(iii) The mark should be higher than the sea water level 1

(iv) 1. density of sea water is denser than the density of river water. 2
2. the volume of water displaced increased when density of liquid decrease

## (b)(i) Upthrust = Weight 1

(ii) Accelerates upwards or moves upwards 1
(iii) 1. the weight of the air balloon is decreased 2
2. buoyant force /upthrust higher than weight
3. the balloon experiences the unbalanced force.
Total 10

Number Mark
8(a) (i) npn transistor 1

## (ii) as a switch/automatic switch 1

amplifier 1
(b) to limit the current to the transistor 1
(c)( i) VP increase 1
Because resistance at P is higher 1
(ii) the transistor will switch on the relay switch 1
Ib will flow through the transistor and Ic will increase 1
(d) 10,000 x 6 = 2
10,000+ S 1
Resistance, S = 20 000 Ω 1
OR
RS = VS
1000 + RS 6
RS = 20 000 Ω

## (e) The bulb will not light up 1

because it needs higher voltage/current to light up. 1
Total 12
SECTION B
Number Mark
9 (a) (i) Temperature is a measurement of the average kinetic energy of the atoms or 1
molecules in the substance.
Or
Temperature is a measurement of degree of hotness of an object.
(ii) 1. The kettle is hotter than the ice block / The ice block is colder than the kettle. 1

2. The hand feels hot when it touches the hot kettle / The hand feels cold when 1
it touches the ice block.

3. Diagram 9.1 shows heat flows from the kettle towards the hand while 1
Diagram 9.2 shows the heat flows from the hand towards the ice.

4. The heat will flow from a hotter object towards a colder object. 1

## 2. The temperature of the sea increases slower than of the land. 1

3. The air above the land is warmer than the air above the sea / 1
Density of air above the land is lower than the density of air above the sea.

## 5. Air from the sea moves towards the land. 1

Modification Explanation
1.Use the fluorescent lamp not Fluorescent lamp use less power and 2
a filament bulb economic (consume less power) compare
to filament bulb
2. Bigger cover with white Less reflection on eyes and absorb less 2
colour heat energy and good heat reflector
3. Use the adjustable stand The height of the lamp can be adjusted 2
Or portable Can be used anywhere
4. Connect with the earth wire Avoid short circuit and damage on the 2
bulb
5. Use an energy saver lamp Produce same brightness with less power 2
consumption

Total 20

Number Mark
10(a)(i)

## 1. Bulbs are connected in parallel – 1m

2. Switch and battery are connected in series – 1m
3. Correct symbols for all components – 1m
(ii) When the bulb is connected to a power supply of 1.5V, it will produce 3J of 1
energy in 1 second.
(iii) The brightness of bulb A is the same as bulb B 1
(iv) I = P/V
= 6/1.5 1
= 4A 1
(v) Energy = Pt
= 6 x 3600 1
= 21 600 J 1
Or
Energy = VIt
= 1.5 x 4 x 3600
= 21 600 J
(b)
Modification Explanation
Resistance of wire is low to prevent power loss due to heat 2
Melting point is high to prevent the wire from melting 2
Density wire is low to reduce the mass of wire / too heavy 2
Rate of rusting is low to prevent it from rusting easily 2
Rate of expansion of wire to prevent lengthening of wire 2

Total 20
Number Mark
11(a) Pressure is defined as the force acting normally per unit area/
Pressure = Force
Area
(b) 1. When the small piston is pulled up, the hydraulic oil is drawn from the
reservoir into the small piston
2. When the small piston is pushed down , the hydraulic oil is exerted with
force and experienced a pressure
3. The pressure is transmitted uniformly from the small piston to the big
piston.
4. The forced produced raised the big piston / The system can convert a small
input force into a bigger output force.

(c)
Characteristics Reason

## Has higher boiling point So that liquid not easily boiling/ 2

Has higher specific heat capacity So that it can’t be easily become hot 2

## Has lower density So the hydraulic jack is not heavy 2

Has lower rate of vaporisation Volume of liquid will not easily vaporise 2

## Liquid L is chosen Reasons: L has higher boiling point, higher 2

specific heat capacity, lower density and
lower rate of vaporisation

## (d) (i) Weight = mass x acceleration of gravity

W = mg
W = 60 x 10 1
W = 600 N 1
(ii) Pressure = Force
Area
A = F = 600 N
P 500 Pa 1
= 1.2 m2 1
Minimum area of each snow shoe = 1.2 = 0.6 m2 1
2

Total 20
Number Mark
12(a) Reflection of waves 1
(b) (i)
Transverse waves Longitudinal waves 2
Can travel without medium Needs medium to travel
Have long wavelength Have short wavelength
(any two comparisons)

(ii) The distance between the water molecules is closer compared to air molecules. 1
Thus, the sound energy can be transferred faster. 1

## Type of waves - longitudinal Because sonar is a sound waves 2

which is a longitudinal wave
High frequency Has high energy / can penetrate 2
deeper into the sea
High speed Can travel faster 2

## High penetrating power Can penetrate through medium easily 2

The most suitable waves is S Because the waves is longitudinal ,
high frequency , high penetrating 2
power and has high speed.

(d)(i) d = vt
2
= 1500 x1 1
2x 15
= 50 m 1
(ii) To detect the depth of seabed 2
To detect the position of crude oil or sunken ship
To detect the condition of baby in the womb.
Total 20

Number Mark
1(a) i. Real depth,H 1
ii. Apparent depth,h 1
iii.Optical density of glass block 1
or Refractive index of glass block
or Type of medium
(b) Tabulate H and h and show H as the manipulated variable and h as
the responding variable.

H/cm h/cm
2.0 1.3
3.0 2.0
4.0 2.7
5.0 3.3
6.0 4.0
Give one (1) mark for each of the following : 5
1. Show column for H and h respectively.
2. State the unit for H and h correctly.
3. State the value H up to 1 d.p
4. Show the reading of h correctly up to 1 d.p
5. Show consistency of all data up to 1 d.p.
(c) Draw a graph of h against H
Give one (1) mark for each of the following : 7
1. Show h at y-axis and H at x-axis.
2. State the correct unit for both axis.
3. Show uniform scale for both axis.
4. Show all data plotted correctly: 5 correct – 2m
3-4 correct – 1m
5. Draw a smooth and best fit straight line on the graph.
6. The minimum size of the graph at least 5 x 4 squares (10
cm x 8 cm) starting from the first point to the last point.
(d) i. State the relationship between h and H correctly.
(Based on the student’s graph) 1
h is directly proportional to H
TOTAL 16

Number Mark
2 (a)(i) Show the extrapolation on the graph
1
1
R is directly propotional to 1
A
(ii) Show on the graph R = 1.6 Ω 1
1 1
When R = 1.6 Ω, = 0.90 mm-2
A
Hence, A = 1.1 mm2 1

## (iii) Gradient of the graph 1

- draw triangle on graph
1
= 1.8 – 0
1.02 - 0 1
= 1.76 Ωmm2

(b)(i) l
R =
A

## Hence, resistivity ρ = gradient

l 1
= 1.76 Ωmm2 1
150 mm
= 1.17 x 10-2 Ωmm 1
OR = 1.17 x 10-5 Ωm

## (vii) -Use small value of current to avoid the wire from 1

getting too hot easily/
-Make sure the all the connections all the tightly
connected/
-Switch off the circuit if no reading is taken to avoid
wire from getting too hot

TOTAL 12
Number Mark
3 (a) The volume of the snack pack influenced by / effected by / depends
on the atmospheric pressure of the surrounding. 1

(b) For a fixed mass and at constant temperature of a gas, its volume 1
will increase when the pressure decreases.
or
The volume of a gas increases when the pressure decreases.

## (c)(i) To investigate the relationship between the volume and the 1

pressure of a gas at fixed mass and temperature.

## (ii) Manipulated variable :Volume of a gas, V 1

Responding variable :Gas pressure,P
Constant variable :Gas temperature,T / mass of a gas,m 1

(iii) Bourdon gauge, a syringe with volume scale and rubber tube 1

(iv)
1

(v)
1. The piston of the syringe is pressed down slowly until the volume
of air inside is 120 cm3. 1

2. The pressure of the air in the syringe is read from the Bourdon
gauge. 1

## 3. The experiment is repeated with volume of air inside the syringe

at 100 cm3, 80 cm3 , 60 cm3 , 40 cm3 and 20 cm3. 1

120 1
100
80
60
40
20

## (vii) Pressure, P/Pa

1

Volume, V/cm3

TOTAL 12

Number Mark
4 (a) The strength of the magnetic field depends on the current flows in 1
the wire.
(b) The greater the magnitude of current, the stronger the magnetic 1
field.
(c) (i) To investigate the relationship between the current flows in the wire 1
and the strength of the magnetic field of an electromagnet.
(ii) Manipulated variable : the current in the solenoid 1
Responding variable : the strength of the magnetic field.
Fixed variable : number of turns of coils/the type of
core used/distance between the end
of the soft iron rod and pins in 1
the petri dish.
.
(iii) D.C power supply, ammeter, rheostat, petri dish, retort stand with 1
clamp, a box of pins, soft iron rod, insulated copper wire and
connecting wires.

## (iv) Set up the apparatus as shown in the figure.

1

(v) Start the experiment with 0.2A of current. Turn on the switch. Bring 1
the Petri dish of drawing pins near the lower end of the rod.

(vi) Count the number of pins attracted to the rod. Turn the switch off 1
the to allow the pins to fall back into the petri dish.
Repeat the experiment by varying the current with 0.3A, 0.4A, 0.5A 1
and 0,6A.

(vii)
Current/A Number of pins attracted
0.2 1
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
(viii)
Number of pins attracted
1

Current

TOTAL 12