Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 8

4. Question 3: Melaka 09

 1. Question 2:Perak 07 (a)(i) 70 o C (a)(ii) 0 (b) (a) More responsive to heat (c) Q = mcθ = 0.2 x 400 x 20 (i) = 1600 J (a) The fine and uniform tube (d) 3 o C (ii) allows a movement of the liquid to be observed sensitivity Easily / higher 5. Question 5: Johor 07 (b) 15 mm/1.5 cm 5(a) The quantity of heat energy required to increase the temperature of 1 kg of the substance by 1 º or 1 K (i) (b) θº = 150 - 15 x 100 (ii) 190 - 15 77.2 0 C = (b)(i) The temperature of the soup in the metal pot > the clay pot. 2. Question 3:Melaka Midyear 09 (b)(ii) The specific heat capacity of the metal pot < the clay pot. (a) (i) Kelvin, K (a)(ii) To obtain two fix points high and low (a)(iii) Opaque / easy to see/ does not stick (b)(iii) -An object with a lower value of specific heat capacity will increase temperature faster when heated by same amount of energy. -The pot that has a lower specific heat capacity requires less heat to increase the temperature. (b) (i) 20.0 cm (b)(ii) 84.5 o C 4.2 SPECIFIC HEAT CAPACITY (b)(iv) The lower the specific heat capacity, the higher the increase in temperature. 3. Question 3: Trengganu 07 (c)(i) The temperature of the soup in the metal pot < the temperature the clay (a) There is no net flow of heat between two objects and they have same temperature (c)(ii) An object with a lower value of specific heat capacity cools faster due to its lower amount of heat stored. (b) 45 0 C (c) The heat from block P transfer to the water Until the rate of heat transfer between P and water become equal (d) Q = mcӨ

=

=

0.3 x 900 x 55 14 850 J  FIZIKMOZAC 2010

6. Question 8: SBP 08

the heat removed is directly proportional to the mass

 (a) Energy transfer from higher  Use a gel with higher  The heat removed increases temperature body to lower temperature // type of energy that flow (b)(i) 80 specific heat capacity with the specific heat capacity of the gel // the 2 heat removed is directly = 40 °C per minute (ii) 100 -20 proportional to the specific heat capacity of the gel.

7

= 80

7

= 11.43 °C per minute

-

4.3 SPECIFIC LATENT HEAT

8. Question 5: Teknik 07

 (c) Iron (a) To find the amount of ice that - the rate of change of has melted due to the heat temperature is higher from the surroundings. (d) C iron = 50 x 2 x 60 0.25 x 80 (b) Both have the same reading. Latent heat of fusion. = 300 J kg-1 °C -1 C Al = 50 x 8 x 60 (c) (i) 20.0 g (ii) 200.0 g 0.25 80 (iii) 180.0 g = 1200 J kg-1 °C -1 (iv) Q = m l (e) A P t = m l - it has lowest specific heat l = 200 x 5 x 60 capacity // easily to get hot 0.18 = 3.33 x 10 5 J kg -1 7. Question 7:Kedah 08

(a)(i) The energy transferred from a

hot object to a cold object // the energy transfer because of the difference in temperature (ii) The temperature of the forehead is higher than the temperature of the pad. Heat is transferred from the forehead to the pad

 (b) 36 – 15 Q = 30 x 43 x (36-15) = 2709 J (c)

Increase the mass of the gel

The heat removed increases with the mass of the gel //

9. Question 6: Johor 08

 (a) Heat from the surrounding Heat from the metal plate (b) Solid to liquid (c) (i) Specific latent heat of fusion

(c)(ii) Heat absorbed is used to overcome the forces of attraction between the molecules of the ice

(d)

(e)

L

6.72 10

x

3

J

20 10

x

3

kg

3.36 10

x

5

J kg

1

Condensation of water vapour on cool surface  FIZIKMOZAC 2010

10. Question 7: Kedah 07

 (a) Quantity of heat required to change 1 kg of a substance from solid to liquid without any change in temperature (b) (i) Cup B (ii) The ice is exposed to the surroundings The ice absorb heat from the surroundings (c) Heat released = 0.5 x 4500 x (75.5 -25)

= 113,625 J

(d)(i) (m i x 3.36 x 10 5 ) + [m i x 4200 (25 – 0) = 113,625 m i = 0.26 kg (d)(ii) No heat loss from the coffee to surroundings

11. Question 8: SBP Mid 08

 (a) the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of substance by 1 o C. (b) Low specific heat capacity. (i) The temperature increased faster. (b) Black painted cooper (ii) Good heat absorber. (b) Low rate of corrosion. (iii) Not easily break. (c) Material R (d) Energy = Power x time = 500 x 120 = 60000 J (e) Energy = mcθ 60000 = 1 x 4200 x θ θ = 14.28 o C

4.4 GAS LAWS 12. Question 1: Trengganu 08

 (a) Bourdon Gauge (b) Pressure
 (c) Increase (d) Pressure Law

13. Question 5: MRSM 08

 (a) Bourdon Gauge (b) (i) The volume of gas in Diagram 5.1 is larger than in Diagram 5.2. (ii) The pressure in Diagram 5.1 is smaller than in Diagram 5.2 (iii) The temperature does not change (c) Graph P inversely proportional to V (d) Boyle’s law (e) The number of gas molecules per unit volume decreases as the volume decreases / gas molecules are closer to each other The gas molecules collide with the wall of the gas container more frequently. 14. Question 6: Melaka Mid 08 (a) The reading of the Bourdon (i) Gauge in Diagram6.2 is higher than in Diagram 6.1 (a) Pressure (ii) (b) Temperature (c) Temperature is directly (i) proportional to pressure (c) Pressure Law (ii) (c) Volume (iii) (d)  When the temperature increases, the kinetic energy of gas molecules increases,  The gas molecules will collide more frequently with the wall of the container, so the pressure will increase.  FIZIKMOZAC 2010

15. Question 6: Melaka 08

 (a) Heat is a form of energy (b) Diagram 6.2 is higher // vice (i) versa (b) The temperature in Diagram 6.2 (ii) is higher (b) Volume (iii) (b) When volume is higher, the (iv) temperature is higher // directly proportional (c) Charles Law (d) θ = absolute zero (i) (d) Volume of air is zero // the air (ii) molecules is at rest //kinetic energy is zero 16. Question 7: SBP Mid 08 (a) Decreased (i) (a) Increased (ii) (b) When the volume is decreased, the air pressure is increased (c) Mass of the air trapped. (d) Boyle’s Law (e) Use a bigger piston Use a thicker rubber piston. (f) P = P atm + P water (i) = 10 + 0.5 = 10.5 m water (f) P 1 V 1 = P 2 V 2 (ii) V 1 = P 2 V 2 P 1 = 10.5 x 0.5 10 = 0.525 cm 3

17. Question 7: SBP 07

 (a) Increase (i) (a) Pressure (ii) (b) Pressure Law (c) T 2 = P 2 T 1 = 230 x 300 P 1 200 345 K // = 72 °C = (d) Wider surface area (i) The pressure exerted on road (ii) is reduced (d) Thick tire thread (iii) (iv) To give better grip to the road 18. Conceptual: SBP 07 (a) Heat is the quantity of energy that is transformed from one hot object to a cold object (b)

1. Figure 9.1 shows a situation where a solid changes into liquid / Figure 9.2 shows a situation where a liquid change into gas

2. Both processes have a change in the state of matter.

3. Both processes require heat.

4. The heat absorbed is not to raise the temperature, to overcome the force between the molecule particles during the physical change.

5. Concept involved is Latent Heat  FIZIKMOZAC 2010

19. Conceptual: Negeri 9 08

  The kettle is hotter than the ice block / The ice block is colder than the kettle.  The hand feels hot when it touches the hot kettle / The hand feels cold when it touches the ice block.  Diagram 9.1 shows heat flows from the kettle towards the hand while Diagram 9.2 shows the heat flows from the hand towards the ice.  The heat will flow from a hotter object towards a colder object. 20. Understanding: Johor 08  Put the thermometer in melting ice , mark the lower part of mercury thread,l 0  Place the same thermometer in the boiling water, mark the top part of the mercury thread, l 100  Divide the length between the two marks inti 100 equal divisions  Each division is now equal to 1 o C 21. Understanding: SBP 08 (a) Temperature is the measure of the degree of hotness of an object. (b)  Thermometer is placed in the mouth of patient,  Heat is transferred from patient’s body to the thermometer.  Thermal equilibrium between the thermometer and patient’s body is reached  The thermometer and the patient’s body are at the same temperature. The thermometer reading shows the temperature of the patient’s body.

22. Understanding: Negeri 9 08

  Sea has higher specific heat capacity than land.  The temperature of the sea increases slower than of the land.  The air above the land is warmer than the air above the sea / Density of air above the land is lower than the density of air above the sea.  The warm air above the land rises up.  Air from the sea moves towards the land. 23. Understanding: SBP 07 i 1. Water evaporates from the skin when we sweat. 2. For water to evaporate it use heat from the body ii 1. Steam condenses to form water so, 2. Large latent heat of vaporization of steam is released by steam. 24. Understanding: Melaka 08 (a) Volume = area x height (b)  pressure of air is inversely proportional to the volume of air  the pressure inside the air bubbles is equal to the water pressure which is high at the bottom  so the volume of air bubbles is small.  as air bubble goes up to the  FIZIKMOZAC 2010 surface, the pressure decreases., so the volume of air bubbles increases.

25. Qualitative problem: SBP 07

 Suggestion Explanation Use insulator behind the absorber panel To prevent the loss of heat energy Use an absorber panel which is painted black. A black surface is a good absorber of radiation so it will absorb heat faster The pipe inside the plate must be made of metal Metal is a good heat conductor, so it will transmit heat to water easily Pipe embedded in plate must be long Longer pipe will enlarge surface area will absorbs heat faster A storage tank must be place at a higher level To give higher pressure Use glass cover on the top of the panel To trap heat energy. (energy is radiated in, but cannot radiate out again).

26. Qualitative: Negeri 9 08

 Modification Explanation Use the fluorescent lamp Fluorescent lamp use less power and economic (consume less power) compare to filament bulb not a filament bulb Bigger cover Less reflection on eyes and absorb less heat energy and good heat reflector with white colour Use the The height of the lamp can be adjusted Can be used anywhere adjustable stand Or portable Connect with the earth wire Avoid short circuit and damage on the bulb Use an energy saver lamp Produce same brightness with less power consumption

27. Making Decision: Melaka 08

 safety valve is needed to releases extra steam so that the pressure is the cooker does not reach a dangerous stage Thickness of the pot is high to withstand high pressure specific heat capacity of the pot is low heats up quickly and food will be cooked faster specific heat capacity of the handle is high heats up slowly and can be held with bare hands  FIZIKMOZAC 2010

K is chosen because it has a safety

valve, high thickness, low specific heat capacity of the pot, high specific heat capacity of the handle

28. Making Decision: Johor 08

 Characteristics reason Specific heat capacity is low Faster to get hot Melting point is high Does not melt easily Good conductor of heat The heat can be lost easily Rate of The shape of the fin unchanged expansion is moderate The most suitable because specific is P heat capacity is low, melting point is high, conductor heat is good, rate of expansion is moderate (c) Q= mcθ = 0.5 x 450 x 10 = 2250 J (d) Energy lost = 10 x 2250 = 22500 J

29. Making Decision: SBP 08

 Characteristics Reason Low specific heat capacity of ice cream box Easy get cold // becomes cool quickly Smaller size of ice cream box Easier to carry // easy to become cool Plastic PVC Poor conductor of heat Bright colour of outer box Does not absorb heat from surrounding
 quickly R is chosen because Low specific heat capacity of ice cream box, Smaller size of ice cream box, Plastic PVC, Bright color of outer box

30. Quantitative problem: SBP 08

(a)

Pt

L

=

m = 0.1 x 10 3 x 156

0.05

= 312000 J kg -1

(b)

t = 72 s (from graph)

c = Pt m θ

= 0.1 x 10 3 x 72 0.05 x 140 = 1028.57 J kg -1 °C

31. Quantitative problem: Melaka 08

P 1 = 75 cm Hg,

P 2 = 75 + 3 = 78 cm Hg

P 1 V 1 = P 2 V 2

(75)(10) = (78) (V)

V 2 = 9.62 cm

V 1 = 10 cm

32. Melaka 09 (a) (i) Heat is a form of energy. (a)(ii) The heat energy absorbed is used to overcome the forces of attraction between the molecules without increases in the kinetic energy. Temperature directly proportional to the kinetic energy  FIZIKMOZAC 2010 (b)(i) The amount of heat required to convert a unit mass / 1 kg of liquid into gas without change in temperature.

 (b)(ii)  The specific latent heat of water vaporization is very high energy.  When the steam is condensed  the hot water droplets drops on the fish  caused the fish to cook faster
 Characteristic Explanation High specific the handle will not heated. heat capacity High melting the handle will not melt easily. point Low density the handle is lighter and easy to handle. Shape of the handle is slim easy to stir the food R is the most suitable material as it has a relatively low density, high melting point, high specific heat capacity and slim  FIZIKMOZAC 2010