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Northern Renaissance, the Reformation, and Baroque 1517 1522 1534 1545-1563 1558-1603 1588 1620 1643-1715 Luther

proposes his 95 Theses First circumnavigation of the Earth Church of England separates from Roman Church Council of Trent Elizabeth I in power in England England defeats the Spanish Armada Mayflower lands in New World Louis XIV rules France

Areas of study: Spain, Germany, Flanders, Italy, and England Terms: Scumbling-the application of a fine layer of paint with a very dry brush. It is sometimes described as a glaze effect, but rather than the pigments being dispersed in a transparent medium, scumbling creates a fine mesh of opaque pigment (used by Rembrandt) Rococo Art and Architecture-domesticated from the Baroque style-decorative style was gay, ornamental, and freea style to glamorize the wealthy and noble classes. Present in France, Italy, Holland, Germany, and Austria, and England, it also spread to America and other colonies. Rubenesque- in reference to the figures of the ethereal women painted by Flemish painter Rubens. They strayed from the classical female figure in their roundness and robust figures. Baroque Architecture (1600-1750) Baroque Architecture began in Rome and spread to Germany, Flanders, Holland, and Spain. The original meaning of the term Baroque is "irregular, contoured, or grotesque" and in part, reflects Baroque compositions, which typically involve gestural rendering, multi-curved arrangements, and a quality of superreality or romantic mysticism. The Baroque style is flamboyant, which relates to a historical era involved with the divine right of kings, the "Period of Absolutism," and counter revolution for the Catholic Church. The beginnings of art to serve to nobility are here, but Baroque Art also embodied the genre art of the common man. Rococo Architecture (1700-1789) Rococo Art was a domesticated from of the Baroque style-it was decorative, gay, ornamental and free--a style to glorify and glamorize the wealthy and noble classes. Present in France, Italy, Holland, Germany, Austria, and England, it also spread to America and other colonies. Baroque - An architecture of flamboyance and swaggering excess that characterized the 17th century. Taking as a starting point the elements of classicism, Baroque architects gave their buildings an unprecedented elaboration, creating particularly dramatic spatially complex interiors heighten by ornamentation and by the use of bold lighting effects. From the French transileteration Portugese word, barlocco, irregular pearl shape-round and unpredictable shape

In the 16th and 17th centuries, there is a splintering of the Catholic Church into various branches of Christianity-Lutheran, Presbyterian, Protestant, etc. Europe sees a tremendous amount of exploration by all major countries-to the New World and the Asian continents. With this exploration comes new commerce/trade and wealth into most major cities, especially port cities. The paintings are now painted in larger proportions to reflect the subject matter. Religious subject matter still plays a role, but not as it did during the Renaissance.

Northern Renaissance (Germany and Flanders)


Durer o o Bosch Brueghel 4 Horseman of the Apocalypse* woodcut Self-Portrait* oil on wood panel Garden of Earthly Delights* Hunters in the Snow* oil on wood panel triptych oil on wood panel 1497-1498 1500 1505-1515 1565

Peter Paul Rubens o o o Descent from the Cross Lion Hunt Arrival of Marie De Medici oil on panel oil on canvas oil on canvas 1612-1614 1617-1618 1622-1624

Spain
El Greco o o Velazquez o o Waterseller* Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor)* oil on canvas oil on canvas 1619 1656 Burial of Count Orgaz* View of Toledo* oil on canvas oil on canvas 1586 1610

Italian Baroque
Caravaggio o o Calling of St. Matthew* Entombment* oil on canvas oil on canvas 1599-1600 1603-1604

Baroque/Mannerist Architecture
Bernini o o o St. Peters (Rome) Colonnade Square and View Plan of Piazza and church 1506/1657-1667

Borromini o o o o o

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane Nave facing altar Engraving of faade Interior-Dome and upper levels Lantern and Bell tower Exterior Facade

1638-1641

FRANCE
LeBrun o o Versailles Plan Hall of Mirrors 1660s-1670s

ENGLAND
Wren o o o o St. Pauls Plan and Section Faade View of Dome Lantern 1675-1710

GERMANY AND AUSTRIA


Neumann o o o o Vierzehnheiligen (Vierze for short) Plan and Section Faade Interior Pier 1743-1772

*Images that can be found in Stokstad and most textbooks. Your first quiz will be next week and will include the information from tonights class. Change in the schedule for next week, we will focus on the Dutch Republic. The lesson will take place after the quiz. The quiz will be at the start of class.