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ACT ONE Scene 1 If you were directing this scene, what choices would you make with regard

to such things as the setting, props, lighting, sound effects, costumes and acting? i. If I were directing this scene, I would set it in a grave yard that is haunted, doomed and gloomy or in a wilderness that is pitch black and obscured, with heavy rain and thunder and daunting animals roaming around them with bats hovering around them. I would make them look and wear costumes that would make them look vicious and iniquitous and act as malicious as they look.

The last two line of the scene seem paradoxical. What do you think they mean? i. This paradox is a major theme eased throughout the play and shows: the conflicting distinction between good and evil, the chaos and disruption of the natural order and also that, not everything appears as it seems.

To be effective, an opening scene must accomplish a variety of purpose. What different functions are served by this first scene? Explain. i. The opening scene to Shakespeares Macbeth is short but effective; it plays a very essential role in the play. It indicates that the play begins with a storm, and mortal supernatural forces immediately appear in the form of the three witches. It establishes a murky mood that defuses the entire play.

ACT ONE Scene 2 Although Macbeth does not appear in this scene, we learn a great deal about him. What impressions do we get of Macbeth? Draw as complete a character sketch of Macbeth as you can, based on what people say about him. What do we learn of Duncans character in this scene? i. Our impression of the Scottish General Macbeth fought with great courage, bravery, devotion, and nobility against the antagonist. He is the doer of great deeds, the possessor of great power and strength but we also come to know that Macbeth is very ambitious and is described as a tyrant by others for his ambition. And that Macbeth was heroic. We also learn that Duncan is very proud of him and praises Macbeth's courage, he is also a very compassionate and lavish king, and he venerates Macbeth highly.

The bleeding Sergeant utilizes a number of comparisons to describe the progress of the battle. Choose at least two metaphors which you consider to be especially effective and explain fully the comparisons drawn. Explain why you think the metaphors are effective. i. "As sparrows, eagles, or the hare, the lion." the soldier is speaking of Macbeth and Banquo. Just as an eagle easily defeats the sparrow or the lion easily defeats the hare, Macbeth and Banquo defeated their opponents. This is exposing one as an eagle and the other as a lion. Either way, there was no competition between Macbeth and Banquo and their enemies. It is intended to show the characters of Macbeth and Banquo and how brutal they really are, just as the lion and the eagle are fierce animals, whereas the sparrow and the hare are very puny. They can easily be killed.


"As cannons over-charged with double cracks" they fought the new enemy with twice as much force as before they were like cannons loaded with double ammunition. These two metaphors are most affective for they show the strength of our two brave captains. And, the fact that it shows this in few words that the power of Macbeth and Banquo is a concentrated power, a sort of small quantity that provides big power.

ACT ONE Scene 3 Compare the reactions of Macbeth and Banquo to the witches. J. Dover Wilson believes that Banquo is more interested in the witches themselves than is Macbeth, who seems more interested in the prophecies. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this point of view? i. I agree with the point of view of J. Dover Wilson that Macbeth is more interested in the prophesies which the witches declare, whereas Banquo is more interested in the witches themselves, because Macbeth lets ambition corrupt him immediately upon learning that he has become the new Thane of Cawdor. The fact that one of the witches' prophecies comes true makes him hungry for the rest. His lines: "Glamis and Thane of Cawdor! The greatest is behind." He then questions Banquo about those prophecies for his children. Macbeth assumes that since he is excited about potentially becoming king, Banquo must be excited about his line becoming kings.
Banquo, however, is very distrusting of the witches' because they are evil beings. He won't put much interest into what they have said just yet because he's concerned about the effects.

In line 52, Banquo asks Macbeth why he is startled and seems to fear things that sound so fair. Macbeth has just received excellent news. What could he be thinking that would cause him to react the way he does? i. Macbeth is startled by the things said by the witches because His rank and nobility are of great value, and he seems to be fit for his status. But his encounter with the witches awakens in him a deep impatient ambition. Immediately after the first prophecy of being Thane of Cawdor becomes true the "unpleasant image" of the murder of King Duncan in order to become king himself crosses his mind. He is not totally cold and merely ambitious as shown by his terror of the murder image, which thoroughly defies his loyalty.

If you were directing this play, how would you have Macbeth play this particular episode? i. If I were directing this play I would have not let Macbeth play this particular episode, because his ambition takes control over him and starts to control him, especially when the witches told him the three prophecies and two came true and the third is to become king, which even raised his ambition swiftly.

By the end of the scene, Macbeth decides not to kill Duncan and to wait for chances to crown him. What does this emphasize about Macbeths character? Why is it important to establish this early in the play? i. Macbeth decides that he should not kill Duncan and that he should wait for chance to crown him. This tells us that Macbeth is not wanting to do nothing mindless to become king he wants it to tumble between his palms by luck just how he did not do anything to become Thane of Cawdor, so he thought that he would let being king just come rather than chasing after the title. This is important to be established earl in the play to show that Macbeth is devoted and adores the king.

ACT ONE Scene 4 DUNCAN ... Only I have left to say, More is thy due than more than all can pay. And Macbeth responds: MACBETH The service and the loyalty I owe, In doing it, pays itself. Your highness' part is to receive our duties; and our duties are to your throne and state children and servants, which do but what they should, by doing everything Safe toward your love and honour. Basically, Macbeth tells Duncan that it's his honour and duty to look after Duncan and his family with service and loyalty. Macbeth shows himself to the king as dedicated to Duncan's service, and not intending anything fickle against the king. But Duncan then names his eldest son as his heir to the throne, which puts a barrier in the way of Macbeth's ambitions to the Scottish throne. Macbeth hints at his ambitions as being dark. The contrast between Macbeth's revelation of his true intentions, and Duncan's high opinion of him, makes for a strong dramatic irony at the close of the scene.

Duncan is basically a kind and generous King. However, he can be seen as having at least one major shortcoming. What is it? Provide evidence from this scene to support your answer. i. This is that he faiths people too quickly without knowing much about the person. Like when he trusts Macdonwald even though he betrayed him. "Theres no art to find the minds construction in the face. He was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust." And when he is thanking Macbeth on his arrival from the battle field. "Only I have left to say, more is thy due than
more than all can pay." Also when he says that he will go and visit Macbeth he does not meditate twice about going, he puts his confidence in Macbeth.

When Duncan Praises Macbeth and Banquo, he relies almost entirely on imagery related to farming and harvesting. What conclusion about Duncans character and attitudes can we thereby draw? i. Both Macbeth and Banquo giving humble and loyal replies to their king. The imagery at this point within the scene largely refers to growth and fertility. The king clearly sees Macbeth as a potential successor: I own begun to plant thee, and will grind / to make thee full of growing (2829). The metaphor is continued by Banquo, who promises the king that, if he too is allowed to grow surrounded by the kings favour, he will dedicate the harvest to Duncan. We can tell that Duncan is trusting Banquo and Macbeth and he is relying on them and putting all his faith in them with loyalty.

ACT ONE Scene 5

The opening sentence in Macbeths letter makes it very clear how he feels about the weird sisters. What is his opinion of them? Would he feel this way if he believed they were indeed witches and instruments of darkness?

The three witches are so intellectual they use their intelligence to destroy the folks; they have mystical knowledge. Macbeth would not feel this way if he believed and saw that they were witches and "instruments of darkness", he would apprehend that they are witches and that they are trying to banquet anxiety around as usual. But the fact that they gave prophecies which he got interested in, he is hungrier to meet the witches.

We see from Lady Macbeth's speech that Macbeth is very kind and she says:" Thy nature is
too full o' th' milk of human kindness". And we see that Macbeth is ambitious as said by his wife: "And you want to be powerful, and you dont lack ambition, but you dont have the

mean streak that these things call for." From what I have understood of Macbeth's character I would agree with Lady Macbeth. That Macbeth is parsimonious and very motivated and wants to be powerful. The witches have two faces they act friendly and appear to like Macbeth and Banquo but really they are plotting a obliteration for them but they are not aware of that. Macbeth shows Duncan love and loyalty after he comes back from battle and verse vice but actually Macbeths ambition is to be king and getting rid of Duncan. Also when Duncan says that Malcolm will be king after him, Macbeths ambition rises and he is full with anger but he does not show signs of him being angry and ambitious. And when Duncan comes to Macbeths castle he shows devotion and joy to have him in his place but he does not know of the scheme that is happening alongside.

ACT ONE Scene 6 Show how the opening dialogue between Duncan and Banquo depends on dramatic Irony for its effects.
i. The castle is pleasant, and the air is light and sweet to their gentle senses. Banquo continues the conversation by saying that in his experience he has noticed that where the martlet (birds that they see) dwells the air smells "wooingly," and, "Where they must breed and haunt, I have observed,/the air is delicate." Their first impressions of the castle on this visit, of course, couldn't be more wrong. For most of the play Macbeth's castle will be metaphorically compared to hell. Words like pleasant, sweetly, gentle, wooingly, and delicate do not belong in a description of Macbeth's castle. Because the audience already knows this (we have already seen and heard Macbeth, as well as Lady Macbeth, plotting the king's assassination), the scene is dramatically ironic. The audience knows something the characters do not. That is dramatic irony. Where is the thane of Cawdor? Where do you think Macbeth is as his wife greets the king at the gate? What is Macbeth thinking and feeling?


While King Duncan is having supper in Macbeth's castle, Macbeth steps out to think about the plan; he is anticipating how it would be finest to have the killing done quickly and then thinking of the consequences he will have to face if he murdered Duncan. He is also feeling indeterminate about his unfaithful intentions and the reasons why he should not carry out the act.

ACT ONE Scene 7

Macbeth had more reasons for not killing King Duncan than for carrying out the killing. For example, he owed the King respect as the beneficiary of honours and titles; and as cousin, host, and subject. Killing the King disrespected Duncan's position as sponsor, cousin, guest, and king. Additionally, the King was beloved and respected by the people of Scotland. Finally, Macbeth had managed to gain the esteem of important people who wouldn't be impressed with king-killing. There was only one reason that Macbeth could offer himself in favour of the murder. That sole reason was his raging, uncontrolled ambition.

Lady Macbeth tricks Macbeth into killing Duncan by using here cunning and tricky words. She makes Macbeth think that he has to kill Duncan for his benefit. Lady Macbeth deceives him into thinking that only he would gain more power, and it wouldn't benefit her. Lady Macbeth counters Macbeths arguments by saying that he needs to muster up all of his courage, and just follow here directions. Lady Macbeth plans the whole thing out, and influences Macbeth to go along with her plan. That Lady Macbeth has mechanism over Macbeth and she is a very ominous woman who dictates her husband through a stimulus speech and she is unfailing in here deeds and very prosperous. The last few lines of this scene echo the last few words of Act one, Scene one, because Macbeth tells his wife to go and 'pretend' to be a friendly compere with a amusing face but actually she has an malicious heart and immoral objectives.

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