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Question no. 01 - 15 : Choose the best answer based on the following readings.

D.

it was the only way that the Great Spirit had of communicating with them

TEXT Sequoyah was a young Cherokee Indian, son of white trader and an Indian squaw. At an early age, he became fascinated by “the talking leaf”, an expression that he used to describe the white man’s written records. Although many believe this “talking leaf” to be a gift from the Great Spirit, Sequoyah refused to accept that theory. Like other Indians of the period, he was illiterate, but his determination to remedy the situation led to the invention of the unique eighty-six-character alphabet based on the sound patterns that he heard. His family and friends thought he mad, but while recuperating from a hunting accident, he deligently and independently set out to create a form of communication for his own people and other Indians. In 1821, after twelve years of work, he had succesfully developed a written language that would enable thousands of Indians to read and write. Sequoyah’s desire to preserve words and events for later generations has caused him to be remembered among the important inventors. The giant redwood trees of California, called “sequoias” in his honor, will further imprint his name in history.

01.

What is the most important reason that Sequoyah will be remembered?

A.

California redwoods were named in his honor

 

B.

He was illiterate

 

C.

He created a unique alphabet

 

D.

He recovered from his madness and helped humankind

02.

How

did

Sequoyah’s

family

react

to

his

idea

of

developing his own “talking leaf”?

 

A. They arranged for his hunting accident

 

B. They thought he was crazy

 

C. They decided to help him

D. They asked him to teach them to read and write

 

03.

What prompted Sequoyah to develop his alphabet?

A. People were writing things about him that he couldn’t read

B. He wanted to become famous

 

C. After his hunting accident, he needed something to keep him busy

D. He wanted the history of his people preserved for future generations

04.

It is implied that Sequoyah called the written records “the talking leaf” because

A. they played music

B. when he observed white people reading, they seemed to understand what was written

C. he was going mad, and he thought the leaves were talking to him

05. Sequoyah could best be described as

A. determined

C.

backwards

B. mad

D.

meek

06. What is the best title for the passage?

A. Sequoyah’s Determination to Preserve the Cherokee Language

B. The Origin of the Cherokee Language

C. Sequoyah’s Madness Leads to a New Language

D. The Origin of the “Sequoia” Trees in California

07. All of the following are true EXCEPT

A. Sequoyah developed a form of writing with the help of Cherokee tribe

B. Sequoyah was a very observant young man

C. Sequoyah spent twelve years developing his alphabet

D. Sequoyah was honored by having some trees named after him

TEXT

Glands manufacture and secrete necessary substances. Exocrine glands secrete their products through ducts, but endocrine glands, or ductless glands, release their products directly into the bloodstream. One important endocrine gland is the thyroid gland. It is in the neck and has two lobes, one on each side of the windpipe. The thyroid gland collects iodine from the blood and produces thyroxine, an important hormone, which it stores in an inactive form. When thyroxine is needed by the body, the thyroid gland secretes it directly into the bloodstream. Thyroxine is combined in the body cells with other chemicals and affects many functions of the body. The thyroid gland may be underactive or overactive, resulting in problems. An underactive thyroid causes hypothyroidism, while overactive one causes hyperthyroidism. The former problem, called myxedema in adults and cretinism in children, causes the growth process to slow down. A cretin’s body and mind do not grow to their full potential. Hyperthyrpoidism, on the other hand, results in extreme nervousness, an increase in heart action, and other problems. Either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism may result in goiter, or an enlarge thyroid gland. A goiter will appear when the body is not getting enough iodine. Goiter is less common today, since most people use iodized salt.

08. The thyroid gland is called an endocrine gland because it

A. has ducts

B. has lobes

C. secretes directly into the bloodstream

D. is located in the neck

09. A cretin is

A. a child with hyperthyroidism

B. an adult with an underperforming thyroid gland

C.

a young person with hypothyroidism

D. an extremely irritable child

a

myxedema?

A. Sluggishness

B. Hyperactivity

C. Overproduction of thyroxine

D. Perspiration

10. Which

of

the

following

is

probable

result

of

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