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CHILD PROTECTION against ELECTRONIC WASTE

By: Kristine Athena M. Nedamo, ECE

AGENDA:

What is Electronic Waste (E-Waste)? The Threats of Electronic Wastes Effects of E-Waste on Children Child Protection: A Basic RIGHT Laws on Electronic Wastes

What is Electronic Waste (E-waste)? (E

E-waste refers to electronic products nearing the end of their "useful life." Computers, televisions, VCRs, stereos, copiers, and fax machines are common electronic products. Many of these products can be reused, refurbished, or recycled.

The Threats of Electronic Wastes:


Improper Electronic Waste Storage Environment Degradation (Air, Water and Gas) Health Risks, exposure to hazardous elements

Improper E-waste Management: EMajor Players/Sector Category


Households/Commercial Business/Institutions

E-Waste Management Practice


still resort to dumping as a common mode of garbage disposal even electronic wastes (Data from WACS Mandaue & Cebu) Households keep obsolete or defective appliances and gadgets Waste pickers collects, sells & disposes garbage ewastes MRF of Lapu-Lapu City is now operational none to low protection in handling e-waste Most industries enters into lease contracts on IT & Telecommunication suppliers/service providers including upgrading & disposal at most every 2 years Industries in Cebu classify e-wastes under hazardous scraps and contracted with Buyers/Contractors Generally, scrap buyers conduct site dismantling but with minimum awareness on risk/hazard of specific waste Classifies dismantled wastes into plastics, metals, saleable to non-saleable

Industry Generators

Scrap Buyers/ Contractors/ Repairers/ Refurbishers/ Recyclers (Data is based on mixed e-waste with IT & Telecommunication equipment topped the list followed by HH equipment and Consumer Goods)

Environment Degradation(Land, Air & Water)

Health Risks:
ELEMENT Lead USE in Wireless Technology Used primarily in soldering of circuit boards and other device components Harmful EFFECTS Extremely harmful to the human body; damages both the central and peripheral nervous systems; can cause seizures, retardation, high blood pressure, damage to the kidneys and liver; adversely affects child development Long term exposure can be carcinogenic, especially for the lungs. Extreme exposure can lead to a potentially fatal condition known as Acute Beryllium Disease Arsenic is a notoriously potent poison; causes severe damage to the digestive tract

Beryllium

Forms significant portions of electrical connectors and battery contacts Used in some integrated circuits and semiconductors

Arsenic

Health Risks:
ELEMENT Mercury USE in Wireless Technology Can be found to a degree in batteries and circuit boards Harmful EFFECTS Attacks the central nervous and endocrine systems; harmful to mouth, teeth and gums; poses risk in the neurological development of unborn fetuses

Antimony

Used in production of Toxic to humans in ways diodes and batteries. Pure similar to arsenic; fatal in large form used in semiconductor doses production Used in soldering, semiconductors and chip resistors Potentially carcinogenic; Repeated exposure can damage the lungs, kidneys and liver

Cadmium

Effects of E-Waste on Children: ECollects and sells some of e-wastes for less value and at great risk to their health. Wide range of effects on childrens development and behavior When exposed to small amounts of lead children may become inattentive, hyperactive and irritable, have problems with reading, learning, delayed growth and loss of hearing which can lead to permanent brain damage and even death.

Child Protection: A Basic Right


UN

Convention on the Rights of the Child Article 4 (Protection of rights): Governments have a responsibility to take all available measures to make sure childrens rights are respected, protected and fulfilled. They must help families protect childrens rights and create an environment where they can grow and reach their potential at high standards.

Child Protection: A Basic Right


UN Convention on the Rights of the Child Article 6 (Survival and development): - Children have the right to live. Governments should ensure that children survive and develop healthily.

Laws on Electronic Waste:


Republic Act (RA) 6969: Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control of 1990

DAO 92-29: The Implementing 92Rules and Regulations

provides for the regulation of all chemical substances that may pose threat to public health and the environment whether through import, manufacture, sale, use, distribution, and disposal provides for the regulation of all hazardous wastes from generation, transport, storage, reuse/recycling, treatment and disposal

Sources:

Geri Geronimo R. Saez, REGIONAL WORSHOP ON E-WASTE MANAGEMENT, Osaka, Japan, 6-9 July 2010 http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/electronics/whatisewaste/ http://www.recyclingforcharities.com/environmental-effects-of-e-waste.php MH Wong, Croucher Institute for Environmental Sciences, and Department of Biology Hong Kong Baptist University http://www.ghanadot.com/news.ghanadot.kunateh.041809d.html http://www.unicef.org/crc/files/Rights_overview.pdf

THANK YOU!