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3- Dimensional Coordinate Geometry

1

1. The angle between the planes,

2x + 3y + z = 0, is :

 
 

3x - 4y + 5z = 0 & 2x - y - 2z

= 5, is

(A)

(0, 1, - 2)

(B)

(1, 2, 3)

 

π

 

π

 

(A)

3

(B)

2

(C)

(1, 9, 25)

(D)

(C)

π

(D)

None of these

8.

Which of the following set of points arre non-collinear ?

 

6

 

(A)

(1, - 1, 1), (- 1, 1, 1), (0, 0, 1)

2. If

α, β, γ be the angles which a line

(B)

(1, 2, 3), (3, 2, 1), (2, 2, 2)

 

makes with the co-ordinate axes, then sin 2 α + sin 2 β + sin 2 γ =

(C)

(D)

(2, 4, 3), (4, 3, 2), (3, 2, 4)

(2, 0, 1), (3, 2, 2), (5, 6, 4)

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(A)

(C)

2

3

(B)

(D)

1

None of these

3. The point at which the line joining

- 5)

the points (2, - 3,

intersects the plane, 2x + y + z = 7 is

1)

& (3,

- 4,

(A)

(C)

(1, 2, 7)

(- 1, 2, 7)

(B)

(D)

(1, - 2, 7)

(1, - 2, - 7)

4. All the points on the x - axis have :

(A)

(C)

x = 0

x = 0, y = 0

(B)

(D)

y = 0

y = 0, x = 0

5. Distance between the points (1, 3, 2)

and (2, 1, 3) is :

(A)

(C)

12

between the points (1, 3, 2) and (2, 1, 3) is : (A) (C) 12 6

6

(B)

(D)

6

12

6. The direction cosines of the line,

x = y = z

(A)

1

3
3

,

are :

1

3

,

1

3

(B)

1

3

,

1

3

,

1

3

9.

10.

11

1

,

If a straight line in space is equally

inclined to the co-ordinate axes, the

cosine of the angle of inclination to

any one of the axes is :

(A)

(C)

1

3

1

3

(B)

(D)

1

2

1

2

The equation of the st. line passing

through (1, 2, 3) and perpendicular

11

to the plane

,

x + 2y - 5z = 0 is :

9

25

11

(A)

(B)

(C)

x

1

x

1

x+

1

1

1

1

=

=

=

y

y

y

2

2

2

2

+ 2

2

z 3

=

=

=

5

z

3

z + 3

+ 5

5

 

(C)

5 ,

5 ,

13 ,

10

(D)

x+

1

=

y

+ 2

=

z

5

 

1

1

1

1

2

3

 

(D)

11.

Equation,

ax 2 + by 2 + cz 2 + 2 fyz +

, , 13 10 5
,
,
13
10
5

7. The point of intersection of the line

2 gzx + 2 hxy + 2 ux + 2 vy + 2 wz + d = 0 represents a sphere, if :

 

1

=

z

+

2

(A)

a = b = c

(B)

f = g = h = 0

 

x

=

y

(C)

v = u = w

1

2

3

and the plane,

(D)

a = b = c

&

f = g = h = 0

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2

 

x

1

=

y

2

=

z

+1

is the equation

18. Distance of the point (2, 3, 4) from

12. If,

 

the plane, 3x - 6y + 2z + 11 = 0 is

 

m

n

of the line through (1, 2, - 1) and (- 1, 0, 1), then (l, m, n) is :

(A)

1

(B)

2

(C)

3

(D)

0

(A)

 

(- 1, 0, 1)

(B)

(1, 1, - 1)

19. The point of intersection of lines,

 

(C)

(1, 2, - 1)

(D)

(0, 1, 0)

 

x

4

=

y

1

=

z

& x

1

=

y

2

=

z

3

13. A point moves so that the sum of its

5

2

1

2

3

4

distances from the points (4, 0, 0) and

is :

(- 4, 0, 0)

remains 10 . The locus

of

(A)

(1, 1, 1)

(B) (1, 1, 1)

 

the point is :

 

(C)

(1, 1, 1)

(D)

(1, 1, 1)

   

2

25 z

2

225

 

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(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

9 x 2 - 25 y

9 x 2 + 25 y

9 x 2 + 25 y

9 x 2 + 25 y

2

2

2

+

- 25 z

+

+

2

25 z

25 z

2

2

=

=

225

=

+ 225 = 0

225

14. The value of k for which the planes

3x 6y 2z = 7 and 2x + y kz = 5

are perpendicular to each other is :

(A)

(C)

0

2

(B)

(D)

1

3

15. + y + z + 2 = 0

x

together with

x

(A)

(C)

+ y + z + 3 = 0 represents in space

(B)

(D)

None of these

A line

A plane

A point

16. The distance between the planes,

x + 2y + 3z + 7 = 0 & 2x + 4y + 6z + 7 = 0

is

:

(A)

(B)

7

2

(C)

7
7

(D)

7

20.

21.

2

7

2

22.

If 4x + 4y + kz = 0 is the equation of

the plane through the origin that

contains the line,

x

2

1

=

y

+ 1

3

=

z

4

,

then k =

(A)

(C)

xy - plane divides the line joining the

points (2, 4, 5) and (- 4, 3, - 2) in the

ratio :

1

5

(B)

(D)

3

7

(A)

(C)

3

1

: 5

: 3

(B)

(D)

5 : 2 3 : 4

B (- 1,

1) are

given, then the co-ordinates of P

If

and

A (1,

2,

- 1)

0,

which divides AB externally in the

ratio 1 : 2, are :

(A)

(C)

1

3

1

(1, 4, - 1)

(3, 4, - 3)

(B)

(3, 4, - 3)

(D) None of these

 

2

2

2

3

17. The equation of the plane through

(1, 2, 3) and parallel to the plane 2x + 3y 4z is :

(A)

2x + 3y + 4z = 4

23. The equation of

yz - plane is :

 
 

(A)

x = 0

(B)

y = 0

 

(C)

z = 0

(D)

x + y + z = 0

 

(B)

 

2x + 3y + 4z + 4 = 0

24. Points (- 2, 4, 7), (3, - 6, - 8) and (1, - 2, - 2) are :

 

(C)

2x - 3y + 4z + 4 = 0

(D)

2x + 3y - 4z + 4 = 0

 

QUEST TUTORIALS Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439

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3

(A)

Collinear

30. The equation of a plane which passes

(B)

Vertices of an equilateral triangle

through (2, 3, 1) & is normal to the

(C)

Vertices of an isosceles triangle

(D)

None of these

line joining the points (3, 4, - 1) & (2, - 1, 5) is given by :

25. The angle between the planes,

2x y + z = 0 and x + y + 2z = 7 is

(A)

150º

(B)

270º

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

x + 5y - 6z + 19 = 0

x - 5y + 6z - 19 = 0

x + 5y + 6z + 19 = 0

x - 5y - 6z - 10 = 0

 

(C)

330º

(D)

60º

26. The direction ratios of the line joining the points (4, 3, 5) & (- 2, 1, 8) are

31. line,

The

x

3

2

=

y

3

=

z

4

is

4

5

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(A)

(C)

6

7

2,

,

2

7

,

3

7

4, 13

(B)

(D)

6, 2, 3

None of these

27. The projection of any line on co-

ordinate axes be respectively 3, 4, 5

then its length is :

(A)

(C)

12

5

2

(B)

(D)

50

None of these

28. The co-ordinates of a point which is

equidistant from the points (0, 0, 0),

(a, 0, 0), (0, b, 0) & (0, 0, c) are given

by :

(A)

a

2

,

b

2

,

c

2

(B)

a

2

,

b

2

,

c

2

a

b

c

(D)

a

2

,

b

2

,

c

2

2

29. The angle between the lines whose

direction cosines satisfy the equations l + m + n = 0, l 2 + m 2 n 2 = 0 is given by

(C)

2

,

2

,

32.

π

3

33.

34.

parallel to the plane :

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

3x + 4y + 5z = 7

2x + y - 2z = 0

x + y - z = 2

2x + 3y + 4z = 0

The equation of the plane passing

through the points (2, 2, 1) & (9, 3, 6)

and perpendicular to the plane,

2x + 6y + 6z = 1, is :

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

3x + 4y + 5z = 9

3x + 4y + 5z = 0

3x + 4y 5z = 9

None of these

The length & foot of the perpendicular

from the point (7, 14, 5) to the plane,

2x + 4y - z = 2, are :

21 , (3, 2, 8)

(C)

(D)

The equation of the plane passing

(A)

21

21

3

, (1, 2, 8)

(B) 3

3

21

, (1, 2, 8)

, (1, 2, 8)

(A)

2 3 π

 

(B)

π

through the intersection of the planes x + y + z = 6 & 2x + 3y + 4z + 5 = 0

6

and the point (1, 1, 1), is :

 
 

5 6 π

(A)

20x + 23y + 26z - 69 = 0

 

(C)

(D)

(B)

20x + 23y + 26z + 69 = 0

 

(C)

23x + 20y + 26z + 69 = 0

(D)

None of these

QUEST TUTORIALS Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439

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4

35. The equation of hte plane which

40. The

length

and

foot

of

the

contains the line of intersection of the

perpendicular from the point (2,1,5)

planes

x + 2y + 3z 4 = 0 & 2x + y z

11

y

+ 2

z

+ 8

to the line, x

10

=

4

 

=

are

11

+ 5 = 0 and which is perpendicular to the plane, 5x + 3y 6z + 8 = 0, is :

(A)

(B)

(C)

33x + 50y + 45z - 41 = 0

33x + 45y + 50z + 41 = 0

45x + 45y + 50z - 41 = 0

(A)

(C)

+ 45z - 41 = 0 33x + 45y + 50z + 41 = 0 45x

14 , (1, 2, 3)

+ 45z - 41 = 0 33x + 45y + 50z + 41 = 0 45x

14 , (1, 2, 3)

(B)

1 4 , (1, − 2, 3) (D) None of these

14 , (1, 2, 3)

(D) None of these

(D)

33x + 45y + 50z - 41 = 0

36. The equation of the plane through the

three points (1, 1, 1), (1, 1, 1) and

41. The distance of the point, (1, 5, 10) from the point of intersection of the line,

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(- 7, - 3, - 5), is :

(A) 3x 4z + 1 = 0 (B) 3x 4y + 1 = 0

(D) None of these

37. The equation of the plane which is

(C)

3x + 4y + 1 = 0

parallel to the line,

+ 1

7

the point (0, 0, 0) & (3, - 1, 2), is :

x

1

4

=

y

+ 3

4

=

z

& passes through

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

x + 19y + 11z = 0

x - 19y - 11z = 0

x - 19y + 11z = 0

None of these

38. The ratio in which the plane,

x 2y + 3z = 17 divides the line joining

the points (- 2, 4, 7) & (3, - 5, 8) is

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

2x - 4y + 3z - 8 = 0

2x - 4y - 3z + 8 = 0

2x + 4y + 3z + 8 = 0

None of these

39. The point where the line,

42.

43.

x

3

2

=

y

+ 1

4

=

z

2

12

and the plane,

x - y + z = 5, is :

(A)

(C)

The equation of the line passing

through (1, 2, 3) and parallel to the

planes, x y + 2z = 0 & 3x + y + z = 6, is

10

12

(B)

(D)

11

13

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

x

1

3

3

x

x

1

1

3

=

=

=

y

y

y

2

5

5

5

2

2

=

=

=

z

3

4

1

4

z 1

4

z

None of these

The projection of the line segment

joining the points (1, 0, 3) & (2, 5, 1)

on the line whose direction ratios are 6, 2, 3, is :

x

1

y

2

z

+ 3

2

=

3

=

4

meets the plane

(A)

10

(B)

22

2x + 4y - z = 1, is :

7

7

(A)

(3,

- 1, 1)

(B)

(3, 1, 1)

18

(C)

(1, 1, 3)

(D)

(1, 3, 1)

(C)

7

(D)

None of these

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5

47. The lines,

x = ay + b,

z = cy + d and

44. The equations of the line passing through the point (1, 2, - 4) and perpendicular to the two lines,

x = ay + b, z = cy + dare perpendicular to each other, if :

 

x

8

y

+ 19

z

10

and

(A)

(C)

aa+ cc= 1

ac + ac= 1

(B)

(D)

aa+ cc= 1

ac + ac= 1

1

=

16

=

7

 

48. The equation of straight line passing

 

x

15

=

y

+ 29

z 5

=

will be :

through the points (a, b, c) (a - b, b - c, c - a) is :

and

3

8

5

(A)

x

1

y

2

z

+ 4

(A)

x a

a b

=

y

b

b

c

=

z

c

2

=

3

=

6

c

a

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(B)

(C)

(D)

x

1

2

x

3

1

=

=

y

y

2

3

2

2

=

=

z

z

+ 4

8

+ 4

8

None of these

45. The distance of the point (1, - 2, 3)

from the plane x y + z = 5 measured

parallel to the line,

x

2

(A)

(C)

1

7

6

(B)

(D)

=

6

7

y

3

=

z

6

,

is :

None of these

46. The angle between the line,

x+

3

1

=

y

1

2

=

z

2

4

and the plane,

2x + y - 3z + 4 = 0, is :

x

2

49.

a

x

a

a

=

b

a

50.

51.

(B)

(C)

x

b

a

=

y

c

b

=

z

a

c

(D)

Distance between parallel planes,

2x - 2y + z + 3 = 0

4x - 4y + 2z + 5 = 0, is :

and

1

3

2

y

=

b

(A)

2

(C)

b

=

2

3

1

6

z

c

=

c

b

y

b

c

z

c

2

c

a

(B)

(D)

The number of st. lines that are

equally inclined to the three

dimensional co-ordinate axes, is :

(A)

(C)

If the given planes, ax + by + cz + d = 0

2

6

(B)

(D)

4

8

 

(A)

sin 1

4

406 
406

(B)

sin 1

4

406 
406

and ax + by + cz + d= 0 be mutually

perpendicular, then :

 

sin 1

14

4

29 
29 

a

b

c

 

(C)

(D)

None of these

(A)

a

a

= b =

b

c

c

 

(B)

a

+ ′ +

b

c

= 0

QUEST TUTORIALS Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439

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6

 

(C)

(D)

aa + bb + cc + dd = 0

aa + bb + cc = 0

(C)

xa

=

y

b

=

z

c

52.

The angle between the lines,

1

0

0

2x = 3y = - z & 6x = - y = - 4z, is :

(D)

xa

=

y

b

=

z

c

(A)

 

(B)

30º

0

0

1

(C)

45º

(D)

90º

53.

A

line makes the angle

α,

β,

γ

with

58.

If

line

x

x

1

=

y

m

y

1

=

z

n

z

1

is

54.

55.

56.

57.

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three dimensional co-ordinate axes respectively, then, cos 2α + cos 2β + cos 2γ =

(A)

- 2

1

(B)

(D)

- 1

2

(C)

Perpendicular distance of the point

(3, 4, 5) from the

(A)

(C)

The ratio in which the line joining the

points (a, b, c) & (a, c, b) is

divided by the xy-plane, is :

y-axis, is :

(B)

(D)

5

41

is divided by the xy-plane, is : y-axis, is : (B) (D) 5 41 4 3

4

34

(A)

(C)

A

O

C

the faces OAB and ABC will be :

a : b

c

: a

(B)

(D)

b : c

c : b

tetrahedron has vertices at

(0, 0, 0), A (1, 2, 1), B (2, 1, 3) and

(- 1, 1, 2) . Then the angle between

(A)

cos -1

19

35

(B) cos

-1

17

31

(C)

The equation of straight line passing

30º

(D)

90º

parallel to the plane, ax + by + cz + d = 0, then :

a

59.

b

=

60.

m

61.

(A)

(B)

al + bm + cn = 0

b

(C)

a

None of these

c

+

m

+

n

= 0

(D)

If θ is the angle between the lines AB

and CD, then projection of line

segment AB on line CD, is :

(A)

CD cos θ

=

If the planes, 3x 2y + 2z + 17 = 0

=

(C)

AB sin θ

c

n

AB tan θ

+

3y

kz

(B)

(D)

AB cos θ

&

are mutually

4x

prependicular, then

25

k

=

(A)

(C)

If the direction cosines of a line are

3

9

(B)

(D)

- 3

- 6

1

c

,

1

c

,

1

c

, then :

through the point (a, b, c) and parallel

(A)

c > 0

(B)

c = ±

3
3
 

to

z - axis, is :

(C)

0 < c < 1

(D)

c > 2

 

(A)

xa

=

y

b

=

z

c

62.

The plane XOZ divides the join of

 
 

1

1

0

(1, - 1, 5) & (2, 3, 4) in the ratio λ : 1,

 

xa

y

b

z

c

then λ is :

(B)

0

=

1

=

1

(A)

- 3

(B)

3

 

(C)

- 1/3

(D)

1/3

 

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7

63. The equation of the plane which

bisects the line joining (2, 3, 4) and (6, 7, 8) is :

68. The cosine of the angle between any two diagonals of a cube is :

1

(A)

x + y + z - 15 = 0

(A)

1 3

(B)

2

(B)

x - y + z - 15 = 0

(C)

x - y - z - 15 = 0

2

 

1

(D)

x + y + z + 15 = 0

(C)

3

(D)

3
3
 

69. The equation of a plane which cuts

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64. The plane ax + by + cz = 1 meets the co-ordinate axes in A, B and C . The centroid of the triangle is :

(A)

(C)

(3a, 3b, 3c)

3

a

,

3

b

,

3

c

(B)

a

3

(D)

1

3 a

,

,

b

3

1

3 b

,

,

c

3

1

3c

65. The perpendicular distance of the

point (2, 4, - 1) from the line,

x+

1

5

(A)

(C)

3

7

=

y

+ 3

4

=

x 6

9

(B)

(D)

is :

5

9

66. The co-ordinates of a point P are

(3, 12, 4) with respect to origin O,

then the direction cosines of OP are

(A)

(C)

3, 12, 4

3

13
13

,

1

13

,

2

13

(B)

(D)

1

4

3

13

,

,

1

,

3

12

13

1

2

,

4

13

equal intercepts of unit length on the axes, is :

70.

71.

(A)

(C)

x + y + z = 0

x + y z = 1

(B)

(D)

x + y + z = 1

x

a

+

y

a

+

z

a

= 1

The direction cosines of the normal

to the plane, x + 2y 3z + 4 = 0, are

(A)

1

14

,

2

14

,

3

14

(B)

1

14

,

2

14

,

3

14

(C)

(D)

1

14

1

14

,

,

2

14

,

2

14

,

3

14

3

14

The equation of the plane through

(2, 3, 4) and parallel to the plane,

x + 2y + 4z = 5 is :

(A)

x + 2y + 4z = 10

67. The direction ratios of the diagonals of a cube which joins the origin to the opposite corner are (when the 3

(B)

(C)

(D)

x + 2y + 4z = 3

x + y + 2z = 2

x + 2y + 4z = 24

 

concurrent edges of the cube are co- ordinate axes) :

72.

The angle between two lines,

 
 

2

2

2

x+

1

=

y

+ 3

z 4

=

& x

4

=

y

+ 4

=

z

+ 1

(A)

3
3

,

3
3

,

3
3

(B)

1, 1, 1

2

is :

2

1

1

2

2

(C)

2, 2, 1

(D)

1, 2, 3

QUEST TUTORIALS Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439

Entrance Exams ,Engineering colleges in india, Placement details of IITs and NITs

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8

 

8

 

(A)

(C)

cos -1

cos -1

1

9

3

9

(B)

(D)

cos -1

cos -1

ANSWERS

2

9

4

9

1. B

2. A

3. B

4. D

5. C

6. A

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7. D

13.

19.

25.

31.

37.

43.

49.

55.

61.

67.

8. C

26. B

32. C

14. A

A

D

B

38. C

44. A

50. B

56. A

62. D

AB68. A

B

D

C

B

B

C

20. C

9. C

15. D

21. B

27. C

33. D

39. A

45. A

51. D

57. D

63. A

69. B

10. A

16. A

22. B

28. A

34. A

40. C

46. B

52. D

58. B

64. D

70. AD71. D

11. D

17. D

23. A

29. D

35. D

41. D

47. B

53. B

59. B

65. C

12.B

18.A

24.A

30.A

36.A

42.A

48.B

54.A

60.A

66.D

72.D

QUEST TUTORIALS Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439

Entrance Exams ,Engineering colleges in india, Placement details of IITs and NITs