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PVEng Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd. ASME Calculations - CRN Assistance - Vessel Design - Finite
PVEng
Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd.
ASME Calculations - CRN Assistance - Vessel Design - Finite Element Analysis
Design Conditions
Code: ASME VIII-1
Finite Element Analysis Report - VIII-1
Year: 2007
Addenda: 2009
File: PVEfea-4472.0
MAWP: 1500
psi
MEAWP: 0
psi
Desc: Tri-Clamp FEA
Dwg: PVEdwg-4472.0
Max. Temp.:
500
°F
Date:
August 16, 2010
MDMT: -40
°F
MDMT Press.:
1500
psi
Min. Thk. (UG-16b): 0.0625
in
Corrosion Allowance:
0
in
Hydrotest: 2201
Impact Testing: None
Impact Exemption: UHA-51(d)
Radiography: None
psi
UG-22 Loadings Considered
Internal Press.: Yes
External Press.: No
Vessel Weight: No
Weight of Attachments: No
Attachment of Internals: No
Attachment of Externals: No
Cyclic or Dynamic Reactions: No
Wind Loading: No
Seismic Loading: No
Fluid Impact Shock Reactions: No
Temperature Gradients: No
Differential Thermal Expansion: No
Abnormal Pressures: No
Hydrotest Loads: No
Author: Cameron Moore
Reviewer: Laurence Brundrett
Conclusion: The Tri-Clamp meets VIII-2 design rules
using VIII-1 allowable stresses and is acceptable.
www.pveng.com
info@pveng.com
Phone 519-880-9808
Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd.
120 Randall Drive, Suite B
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, N2V 1C6

Table of Contents

23-Aug-10

Page 2 of 2

 

Description

Page

Description

Page

Cover

1

Reaction Area

11

Table of Contents

2

Reaction Forces

12

Executive Summary

3

Displacement

13

Stress Limits

4

Stress

14

Model

5

Clamp Stress

15

Mesh

6

Ferrule Stress

16

Error

7

Stress Linearization

17

Restraints

8

Bolt Stress

18

Loads

9

Component Cycle Life

19

Bolt Loads

10

 

Revision(s)

 

Rev

 

Description

 

Date

By

0

Release

16-Aug-10

CBM

Executive Summary ver 4.00

Page 3 of 20

Goal:

The Tri-Clamp will be used under ASME VIII-1 service. This product cannot be calculated to code rules due to the complexity of its geometry. Instead the rules of ASME VIII-2 are used with ASME VIII-1 allowable stresses to determine its acceptability.

Summary Conclusions:

Materials Material strength properties used in this report are obtained from ASME IID, Table 1A, and are suitable for VIII-1 components. The rules of ASME VIII-2 are used to set the stress limits.

Model Information The model used in the analysis represents 1/2 of the Tri-Clamp due to symmetry. A global mesh size of 0.09375" has been applied using 3D tetrahedral solid elements. The mesh size results in a reported error of less than 5%.

Restraints & Loads A symmetry restraint is applied to compensate for the use of a 1/2 model. A single point on the clamp is fixed to prevent rigid body motion in all directions. Internal pressure is applied up to the pressure boundary and bolt loads simulated with a "bolt connector" feature. The resulting reaction forces closely match the theoretical reaction forces. The model is in balance and may be used for displacement and stress analysis.

Results Through the FEA we found a 0.0009" maximum displacement as acceptable. A 22,817 psi peak stress results in an infinite cycle life. All general areas are within the allowable stress limits.

Analysis Conclusion:

The Tri-Clamp meets VIII-2 design rules using VIII-1 allowable stresses and is acceptable.

1

Material Stress Limits ver 4.01 ASME VIII-2 Fig 5.1

Page 4 of 20

2

Material Input Chart:

3

500

Temperature [ºF]

4

Material 1

Material 2

Bolting 3

Material 4

5

Material =

SA-182 F316L

SA-403 316L

SA-193 B7

   

6

Application =

Clamps/Ferrules

Pipe Caps

Bolts

 

7

Sm [psi] =

14,800

14,800

25,000

 

8

Sy [psi] =

16,400

16,400

88,500

 

9

E1 =

1.0

1.0

1.0

 

10

E2 =

1.0

1.0

1.0

 

11

E [psi] =

25,900,000

25,900,000

27,400,000

 

12

v =

0.30

0.30

0.30

 

13

Coef [/˚F]=

       

14

Cond [btu/hr-ft-˚F]=

       

16

Pm [psi] =

14,800

14,800

50,000

 

17

Pl [psi] =

22,200

22,200

0

 

18

Pl+Pb [psi] =

22,200

22,200

75,000

 

19

Pl+Pb+Q [psi] =

44,400

44,400

0

 

20

Material 5

Material 6

Material 7

Bolting 8

21

Material =

         

22

Application =

       

23

Sm [psi] =

       

24

Sy [psi] =

       

25

E1 =

       

26

E2 =

       

27

E [psi] =

       

28

v =

       

29

Coef [/˚F]=

       

30

Cond [btu/hr-ft-˚F]=

       

32

Pm [psi] =

       

33

Pl [psi] =

       

34

Pl+Pb [psi] =

       

35

Pl+Pb+Q [psi] =

       

36

Comments

 

37

Variable Descriptions: VIII-2 5.13

 

38

Sm (basic allowable)

E (modulus of elasticity) - IID Table TM-1 v (Poison's ratio) - IID Table PRD Coef (coefficient of thermal expansion) - IID Table TE-1

39

E1 (weld efficiency)

40

E2 (casting efficiency)

41

Cond (Thermal Conductivity) - IID Table TCD

 

42

Stress Limit Equations: VIII-2 Figure 5.1

43

Pm =

E1*E2*Sm~~general primary membrane stress intensity limit

 

44

Pl =

1.5*E1*E2*Sm~~local membrane stress intensity limit

45

Pl+Pb =

1.5*E1*E2*Sm~~primary membrane + primary bending stress intensity limit

 

46

Pl+Pb+Q =

Max(3*E1*E2*Sm,2*E1*E2*Sy)~~primary + secondary stress intensity

47

Pl+Pb+Q+F = Use fatigue curves~~peak stress intensity limit

 

48

Comments:

49

(1) Sy material property is not required, more conservative Pl+Pb+Q limits might be computed without it.

 

50

(2) The thermal expansion and conductivity coefficients are only required for studies including thermal stresses

51

(3) Refer to VIII-2 5.15 Figure 5.1 and following for the Pm, Pl, Q and F stress limits

 

52

(4) Refer to VIII-2 5.14 Table 5.6 for the correct application of the calculated stress limits

53

(5) Use IID tables 5A and 5B for Sm for VIII-2 studies

 

54

(6) Use IID tables 1A and 1B for Sm values (S) for VIII-1 studies

 

55

(7) Use B31.1 Table A for Sm values for B31.1 studies

56

(8) Use B31.3 Table A for Sm values for B31.3 studies

1

Model

Page 5 of 20

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33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

Fig-A An exploded view of the Tri-Clamp assembly.

The clamp, ferrules and bolts will be analyzed in this report.

Refer to drawing PVEdwg-4472.0 for details.

in this report. Refer to drawing PVEdwg-4472.0 for details. Fig-B Due to symmetry, a half model

Fig-B Due to symmetry, a half model will be analyzed. Ferrules have been capped to simulate loads

caused by a closed loop system. The nuts and bolts have been replaced by a "bolt connector" feature.

1

Mesh

Page 6 of 20

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Fig-A A view of the mesh applied to the model. A global mesh size of 0.09375" is used with second order tetrahedral solid elements.

is used with second order tetrahedral solid elements. Fig-B A view of the mesh on the

Fig-B A view of the mesh on the opposite side of the assembly. "No Penetration" contact sets are applied

between the two clamp faces and the ferrule to clamp interaction. The caps are treated as bonded to the ferrules.

1

Error

Page 7 of 20

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Fig-A A view of Error plot, capped at 5% error

No general areas are observed in excess of 5% . Error results are acceptable, the mesh selected is appropriate.

in excess of 5% . Error results are acceptable, the mesh selected is appropriate. Fig-B An

Fig-B An alternative view of Fig-A.

1

Restraints

Page 8 of 20

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Fig-A A view of the symmetry restraint applied. This condition restrains the

sectioned faces to the "XY" plane wile permitting movement in the "X" & "Y" directions. This restraint

compensates for the use of a half model and provides results identical to a full model.

a half model and provides results identical to a full model. Fig-B A close-up of Fig-A.

Fig-B A close-up of Fig-A.

A point is restrained from translation in the Y and X directions. The model is now restrained from rigid body motion in all directions.

1

Loads

Page 9 of 20

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Fig-A 1,500 psi is applied to all internal faces up to the pressure boundary.

48 49 50 51 52 Fig-A 1,500 psi is applied to all internal faces up to

Fig-B A close-up of Fig-A.

1

Bolt Loads

Page 10 of 20

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Fig-A Simulated bolt connectors are applied to the clamp. This simulates a bolt using beam elements rather

than including the bolt in the model. An axial preload of 1,262 lb has been applied. Refer to the bolt results page for the preload calculation.

Refer to the bolt results page for the preload calculation. Fig-B A "No Penetration" contact set

Fig-B A "No Penetration" contact set is applied. A friction factor of 0.7 for steel on steel is incorporated.

1

Reaction Area

Page 11 of 20

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Fig-A The reaction normal to the XY plane is measured. This area is used to compute the reaction force acting in the Z-direction.

to compute the reaction force acting in the Z-direction. Fig-B The reaction area measured in the

Fig-B The reaction area measured in the Z-direction is 6.977 sq. in. This area will be multiplied by the

design pressure to determine the reaction force in the Z-direction.

1

Reaction Forces ver 4.08

Page 12 of 20

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3 8 39 4 0 41 42 43 4 4 45 46 4 7 48 4

View showing Global Reaction Forces from analysis 'X' = -0.00158 lb, 'Y' = 0.0078 lb, 'Z' = 10467 lb

Calculated Reaction Forces = Analysis Reaction Forces within 2% Model is balanced, results are valid.

1,500

P [psi] - Pressure

X Axis: reaction forces on the YZ plane caused by loads in the X direction

0.000

XArea [in2] - Pressurized area on YZ plane

0.0

XForce [lbs] - Added force in the X direction

-0.002

XReaction [lbs] - Reaction force in X direction reported by FEA program

 

TReactionX [lbs] = XArea*P+XForce ~~ Theoretical X reaction force

0*1500+0 =

0

Y Axis: reaction forces on the XZ plane caused by loads in the Y direction

 

0.000

YArea [in2] - Pressurized area on XZ plane

0.0

YForce [lbs] - Added force in the Y direction

0.008

YReaction [lbs] - Reaction force in Y direction reported by FEA program

 

TReactionY [lbs] = YArea*P+YForce ~~ Theoretical Y reaction force

0*1500+0

=

0

Z Axis: reaction forces on the XY plane caused by loads in the Z direction

 

6.977

ZArea [in2] - Pressurized area on XY plane

0.0

ZForce [lbs] - Added force in the Z direction

10467.000

ZReaction [lbs] - Reaction force in Z direction reported by FEA program

 

TReactionZ [lbs] = ZArea*P+ZForce ~~ Theoretical Z reaction force

6.977*1500+0 =

10,466

Resultant of reaction forces in X, Y and Z:

 

TResultant [lbs] = sqrt(TReactionX^2+TReactionY^2+TReactionZ^2) ~~ Theoretical resultant SQRT(0^2+0^2+10466^2) =

 

10,466

Resultant [lbs] = sqrt(XReaction^2+YReaction^2+ZReaction^2) ~~ Actual resultant SQRT(-0.002^2+0.008^2+10467^2) =

100*(10466-10467)/10467 =

10,467 0.0
10,467
0.0

Error [%] = 100*(TResultant-Resultant)/Resultant

CheckError = abs(Error)<2 ~~ Error should be less than 2%

ABS(0)<2 = Acceptable

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Displacement

Page 13 of 20

Axial Elongation Radial Expansion
Axial Elongation
Radial Expansion

Fig-A A view of the displacement plot with superimposed original geometry. Results are magnified 500x.

The ferrules elongate axially and displace radially outward. The clamps rotate about the center due to the pulling force of the ferrules.

Joint separation
Joint separation

Fig-B A alternate view of Fig-A. The maximum displacement is 0.0009". Note the clamp displacement in

the bolt head region and joint separation begins to occur. The displacement direction is as expected and the magnitude is acceptable.

1

Stress

Page 14 of 20

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Fig-A A view of the stress plot (von Mises) capped at the primary general membrane allowable of 14,800 psi.

at the primary general membrane allowable of 14,800 psi. Fig-B A sectioned view of Fig-A. `A

Fig-B A sectioned view of Fig-A.

`A peak stress of 22,817 psi is located on the clamp face in contact with the ferrule. This stress will be used to determine the cycle life of the design.

1

Stress

Page 15 of 20

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Fig-A A view of the clamp only stress plot (von Mises) capped at the primary general membrane allowable of 14,800 psi.

at the primary general membrane allowable of 14,800 psi. Fig-B An "ISO Clipped" view of Fig-A

Fig-B An "ISO Clipped" view of Fig-A capped at 14,800 psi.

The only stresses in excess of 14,800 psi are in peak areas. A fatigue life will be based on the maximum peak stress.

1

Stress

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Fig-A A view of the ferrule only stress plot (von Mises) capped at the primary general membrane allowable of 14,800 psi.

at the primary general membrane allowable of 14,800 psi. Fig-B An "ISO Clipped" view of Fig-A

Fig-B An "ISO Clipped" view of Fig-A capped at 14,800 psi.

Stresses in the hub region in excess of 14,800 psi will be further analyzed through a stress linearization study on the following page.

1

Stress Linearization ver 2.37

Page 17 of 20

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Stress Classification Line
Stress Classification Line

Fig-A The stress classification line is taken through the ferrule hub. The membrane stress is 2,692 psi

and the membrane plus bending stress is 13,376 psi. These stresses are within the allowable limits and are acceptable.

25,000 von Mises with all Components 28 Sn 29 20,000 30 St 31 15,000 Sh
25,000
von Mises with all Components
28
Sn
29
20,000
30
St
31
15,000
Sh
32
10,000
Tnt
33
Tnh
34
5,000
35
Tth
36
0
von Mises
37
0.00
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.14
Pm
-5,000
38
Pm+Pb
39
-10,000
Peak
40
41
-15,000
42
Distance i to j
43
Stress Check:
44
General
Stress Classification
45
SA-182 F316L
Material
46
Allowed
Actual
Check
47
14,800
2,692
Acceptable
48
Pm [psi] =
=
11,727
49
Pb [psi]
Pl+Pb [psi] =
22,200
13,376
Acceptable
50
Peak [psi] =
17,123
51
4 nodes found on the stress classification line
0.1533 units long - cubic spline interpolated to 71
equally spaced nodes.
Stress

1

Bolt Stress ver 4.10

Page 18 of 20

Stress (psi)

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Tri Clamp Bolt

Description

Inputs:

Preload + Operating

Load type

UNC

Bolt Type

1/4

Dia [in] Nominal Bolt Size (UNC)

25,000

Sm [psi] Allowable Bolt Stress

J:\4000-4999\4400-4499\4472 PVE Tri Clamp\bolt data.csv

File Location

RDia [in] = PVELookup("BoltDia","Lookup","Root Dia",Dia) ~~ Root Diameter

HDia [in] = PVELookup("BoltDia","Lookup","AF",Dia) ~~ Head Diameter

0.189 0.438 = 0.028
0.189
0.438
= 0.028
45,000 90,000 1,262
45,000
90,000
1,262

A [in^2]

=

(π*RDia^2)/4 ~~cross sectional area

(3.142*0.189^2)/4

2*0.9*25000

Spl1 [psi] = 2*0.9*Sm ~~ bolt preload stress

Spl2 [psi] = 45000/(SQRT(Dia)) ~~bolt preload stress per App. S

PL [lb] =

= 45000/(SQRT(0)) =

if(Spl2<(2*Sm),Spl2*A,Spl1*A) ~~bolt preload force used for fea IF(90000<(2*25000),90000*0.028,45000*0.028) =

Bolt Stresses - All Connectors

80000

 

70000

 

60000

50000

 

Pm60000 50000  

40000

 

Pm+Pb40000  

 

Pm-Pb 

30000

 

Max Conn

20000

 

Sm

2 x Sm
2 x Sm

2 x Sm

10000

0

 

3 x Sm

1

Connector

All connectors are below the allowables

2

Type

X

Y

Z

Resultant

Connector

 

SF (lb)

0.00

0.00

-0.09

0.09

 

Shear Force

AF (lb)

0.00

1293.90

4.87

1293.90

Axial Force

BM (lb-in)

-1.58

0.00

0.00

1.58

Counterbore with Nut-

Bend Moment

Shear Stress: Maximum Stressed Connector

SSx [psi] = SSy [psi] =

SFx/A

SFy/A

SSz [psi] = SFz/A

0/0.028 = 0 0/0.028 = 0 -0.09/0.028 = -3

39

Axial Stress: Maximum Stressed Connector

40

SAx [psi] =

AFx/A

41

SAy [psi] =

AFy/A

42

SAz [psi] = AFz/A

43

Von Mises - Average Stress Across Bolt: Maximum Stressed Connector

0/0.028 = 0 1293.9/0.028 = 46,120 4.87/0.028 = 174

44

σ [psi] =

SQRT(((SAx-SAy)^2+(SAy-SAz)^2+(SAz-SAx)^2+6*(SSx^2+SSy^2+SSz^2))/2)

45

SQRT(((0-46120)^2+(46120-174)^2+(174-0)^2+6*(0^2+0^2+-3^2))/2) =

46,033

46

Checkσ = σ<= 2*Sm ~~ ASME Section VIII-2 5.7.2(a)

46033<= 2*25000 =

Acceptable

47

Bending Stress: Maximum Stressed Connector

 

48

M [lb-in] =

1.58

= 2*(0.189/2)/((3.142*(0.189/2)^4)/4) =

2

49

SB [psi] = M*(RDia/2)/((π*(RDia/2)^4)/4)

2,381

50

PmPb [psi] =

Max(abs(σ+SB),abs(σ-SB))

51

MAX(ABS(46033+2381),ABS(46033-2381)) =

48414

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Cycle Life ver 5.10

Page

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45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 Cycle Life ver 5.10 Page 19 of 20

Fig-A The 22,817 psi peak stress is used to determine the cycle life. An equivalent alternating stress of

12,465 psi is calculated which results in an infinite cycle life.

Stress Ranking

2.50E+04 2.00E+04 1.50E+04 1.00E+04 5.00E+03 0.00E+00 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000
2.50E+04
2.00E+04
1.50E+04
1.00E+04
5.00E+03
0.00E+00
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
Stress Differential

Rank

The above chart represents the top differential von Mises stresses. These stresses are determined according to the

equations listed in ASMIE VIII-2 5.5.3.2. Stresses converging to infinity tend to lie at discontinuities and are not used for cycle

life calculations.

9287

ΔSpk [psi] =

Node - first node of a consecutive set

vlookup(nodeselect,stressresult,2,False)

vlookup(nodeselect,stressresult,2,FALSE) =

Not Linearized

Table3.F.4CurveA

Stress result

Material coefficient table

.

22,817

Series 3xx High Alloy Steels, Ni-Cr-Fe Alloy, Ni-Fe-Cr Alloy, and Ni-Cu Alloy for temperatures not exceeding 800°F

Sa <= 28.2ksi, Curve A - Areas not heat, affected (Pl+Pb+Q) range <= 27.2ksi

Cycle Life ver 5.10

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Inputs: VIII-2, 5.5.3

1.00

14,800

16,400

500

25,900,000

Kf - fatigue strength reduction factor

Sa [psi] - material allowable

Sy [psi] - material yield strength

Tav [°F] - average cycle temperature

Et [psi] - modulus of elasticity at Tav

Alternating Equivalent Stress: VIII-2, 5.5.3.2

Sps [psi] =

max(3*Sa,2*Sy)

MAX(3*14

44,400

Kek =

if(ΔSpk<=Sps,1,"Linearize")

1.00

Kek =

if(Sn1k <= Sps, 1,"ERROR")

1.00

Saltk =

(Kf*Kek*ΔSpk)/2

(1*1*2281

11,408

EG [psi] =

PVELookup("EgTable","Lookup","Eg","CL_Fig511022A")

28,300,000

Se [psi] =

Saltk*EG/Et

11408*283

12,465

Cycles =

PVELookup("CL_Fig511022A","CycleLifeLookup",Se)

100,000,000,000

Stress vs. Cycles 100,000 10,000 PVELookup("","CycleLifeLookup",Se) 1,000 Stress 1.0E+00 1.0E+01
Stress vs. Cycles
100,000
10,000
PVELookup("","CycleLifeLookup",Se)
1,000
Stress
1.0E+00
1.0E+01
1.0E+02
1.0E+03
1.0E+04
1.0E+05
1.0E+06
1.0E+07
1.0E+08
1.0E+09
1.0E+10
1.0E+11

Cycles