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IN THE MIDST OF HARDSHIP An Overview

Theme:

* facing life’s adversity *accepting, with positive outlook, circumstances that can’t be changed *the power of love & the power of nature

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Setting:

early morning (dawn), aftermath of flood; village

Mood & Atmosphere:

*thoughtful & sombre *acceptance of one’s fate - contented with life

Point of view:

3rd person (pronoun ‘they’),

the persona observes what he sees in the family in a flood-ridden village.

Moral Values:

*be positive when facing problems * be grateful & contented with what you have *remain hopeful in the midst of hardship

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Language & Style:

*3 stanzas-different lengths *no fixed rhyme scheme *written in free verse(translated from bm) *repetition of ‘they’ & ‘their’ (observation) *Imagery

Tone:

*appreciation & admiration-

the couple’s courage in dealing with problems & not be troubled by them

*acceptance-

accept the fate of being in poverty & the need to face hardship without complaints *symphathetic & empathetic tone *poems ends on humorous note (contented)

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Literary Devices:

* Imagery

- soaky clothes torn

- limbs marked by scratches

- their legs full of wounds

- horrendous floods

-bloated carcasses -albino

*Symbols - horrendous flood (obstacles in life) - bloated carcasses (death & decay) - albino buffalo ( treasured & valued)

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Arrangement of words *Stanza, form & rhyme scheme - 3 stanzas (2 of same length with 7 lines each, 1 shorter stanza of 4 lines. - free verse

*Contrast -1st stanza:

line 1-5: detail the family’s physical state after spending a day & night wading through floodwater. line 6-7: in spite their injuries, they do not show sadness or sign of losing hopes.

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

The sounds of words

*Assonance

soaky

clothes the stove

approached

*Onomatopoeia

without

a sigh

*Alliteration but brows between bloated

Comprehension Questions:

1) In stanza 1, to whom does the word ‘they’ specifically refer to? 2) Briefly describe how the people are suffering while out in the rain. 3) What does the last line of the stanza 1, ‘there was not a sign of despair’ tell you about the people? 4) What word or phrase tells you that they are used to this hardship and do not consider it a problem? 5) What do you think is the people’s attitude towards life? 6) Describe in one sentence man’s relationship with Nature as shown in the poem. 7) The poet uses the element of contrast again in stanza 2 & 3. Describe it. 8) When faced with hard times, do you face it the same way the family in the poem does? What is your own attitude towards hard times?

Wednesday, February 9, 2011