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XAT - Paper 2006 Questions (Memory based)

x
1. Given f(x) = 2 then f(x) is:
x −1
a. increasing at x > 1 b. decreasing at x < – 1
c. symmetric about y - axis d. None of these

2. ABCD is a square with side equal to 1. P is the mid point of side AB. A point Q is taken on the side
BC such that in the triangle ∆DPQ the angle PDQ is 45°, The area of the triangle PBQ is given by
1 1 1 1
a. b. c. d.
4 8 6 12

3. If f(x) = x4 – 6x 2; at which of the following values of x; is f(x) increasing:-


a. at x = – 6 b. at x = 1 c. at x = – 1 d. None of these

Directions for questions 4 and 5: There are seven dishes, Rohu, Kingfish, Pomphret Indian, Behet, “L”,
Hilsa. These dishes are served in a particular order only, as per the following rules:-

I: Kingfish will be served at 5th or at 6th and H will be served at 2nd position.
II: Exactly one dish will be served between Pomphret
III: L was served sometime before Pomphret
IV: Rohu was served sometime before Kingfish.

4. Which of the following is the correct order in which the seven dishes were served?
a. Behet, Hilsa, Rohu, Pomphret, Kingfish, Indian, L
b. L, Hilsa, Pomphret, Rohu, Indian, Behet, Kingfish
c. Hilsa, Behet, Lohu, Pomphret, Indian, Kingfish, L
d. Rohu, Hilsa, Indian, L, Pomphret, Kingfish, Behet

5. If Kingfish is served at 5th position then which of the following is correct:-


a. Indian can be served before Kingfish
b. Rohu, Pomphret one served consecutively
c. Behet must be served just after the Kingfish
d. Behet must be served in the end only

Directions for 6 and 7: There were seven persons A, B, C, D, E, F & G which were involved in a prize -
winning competition of, in all, 14 lakhs rupees. The highest money a person got was Rs. 3.5 lakhs. No two
persons got the same amount. E got 2 lakhs. B got more money than A. Everybody got some non-zero
amount. For every competitor the difference with the next higher competitor was same as the difference
with the next lower competitor. The difference in the amount of A & B was least. The difference in the
amount of F and D was not least. E has as many competitors who won more money than him as who won
lesser amounts of money than him.

6. Which of the following is a correct ascending order of amount distribution:-


a. ABCDEFG b. ABCEDFG c. CABEDGF d. CGFEDBA

XAT – QA Page 1
7. Given that A and C have the minimal difference then which of the following is correct?
a. A has won Rs. 3.5 lakhs b. C has won Rs. 3.5 lakhs
c. G has won Rs. 3.5 lakhs d. F has won Rs. 3.5 lakhs
2
c c
8. If a2 + b2 = c 2 then the minimum value of  +  is:
a b
(a, b, c are any real numbers)
a. 0 b. 16 c. 4 d. None

9. A function f(x, y) is defined for non-negative integers


I. f(0,0) = 0
II. f(2x, 2y) = f(2x + 1, 2y + 1) = f(x, y)
III. f(2x + 1, 2y) = f(2x, 2y + 1) = f(x, y) + 1
What is the value of f(11, 5)
a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4

10. If f(a, b) = 3; the minimum value of a + b is:


a. 2 b. 5 c. 4 d. 7

Directions for questions 11 to 12: If the sum of rows, sum of columns and sum of the diagonals are
equal in the following table, then:

y x y−2
y − 1 y +1 − − −
−−− −−− −−−

11. If x = 10; y = ??
a. 5 b. 10 c. 6 d. 15

12. If the sum of any of the rows, column or diagonals is 21, then x is
a. 5 b. 11 c. Can’t be determined

Direction for questions 13 to 16: Each question is followed by two statements I and II. Mark the answer
as
a. if the question can be answered by any one of the statements alone, but cannot be answered by
using the other statement alone.
b. if the question can be answered by using either statement alone.
c. if the question can be answered by using both the statements together, but cannot be answered
by using either statement alone.
d. if the question cannot be answered even by using both statements together.

13. Is (x – y)2 a factor of f(x, y) ?


I. (x – y) is a factor of f(x, y)
II: f(x, y) is symmetric i.e. f(x, y) = f(y, x)

Page 2 XAT – QA
14. A, B, C, D, E, F & G are seven persons such that weight of F > G; Weight of A, B, C > F. Weight
of D > Weight of E. Who is the lightest in weight ?
I: F > E
II: E > F

15. AP and BQ are perpendicular to PQ. AQ and BP intersect at points S and ST is perpendicular to
PQ. Find the value of ST if AP = 6 cm & BQ = 4.5 cm
I: PQ = 8 cm
II: PS = 6 cm

16. ABCD is a parallelogram. E & F are the mid-points of BC & CD respectively. AC & BD meet at S. AE
& AF cut BD at P & Q respectively. Find the value of PQ.
I: BS = 6 cm
II: AD = 4 cm

17. For what value of l; W shall be maximum ?


W = l 2(30 – l)(2l + 1)–2
a. 3 b. 4 c. 5 d. 6

18. y = e0.08t where, t is in years. In how many years, the value of y will become 4 times it’s initial value
(given, ln 2 = 0.691)
a. 25 years b. 20 years c. 15 years d. 17 years

19. If a C2 = b; what is the value of bC2 ?


a. 3. a+1C2 b. 3. a+1C4 c. 3. b+1C4 d. 3. b+1C2

20. x and y are two products of a company. “x” is the number of units produced of higher quality product,
per day. Whereas “y” is the number of units of lower quality product produced per day. The profit in
selling a higher quality product is double than that in selling the lower quality product. For any given
( 98 − x )
day y = . Find the no. of units of higher quality product so as to give the maximum profit
x
a. 7 units b. 13 units c. 10 units d. 12 units

21. Given x1 = 5; x2 = 25 & xn+y = gcd (x n+1, xn) + xn; gcd = greater common divisor. Then the least
common multiple of x19 and x20 is:-
a. 2560 b. 1280 c. 5120 d. None of these

22. How many natural numbers are there for which the remainder is 41 when the dividend is 1997 ?
a. 5 b. 12 c. 10 d. 6

XAT – QA Page 3
23. If f(x) is a function and g(x) is one other function such that;
g(x) = f ( x)
then g(x) is:-
a. one - one if f(x) is one - one b. onto, if f(x) is onto
c. continuous function d. continuous & differentiable function

24. x and y are non - negative real numbers such that, x 2 + xy + y 2 = 1, what is the minimum value of x 3y
+ xy 3 ?
a. 16 b. 0 c. 4 d. 2

25. There are 9 elements f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m & n which need to be divided among 3 sets, A, B & C. Atleast
one element in A & C and at least 2 elements in B. The sets could have the constituents:
(I) i ∈ B
(II) if g∈ A than k ∈ C
(III) f & g are not in the same set
(IV) #(A) = #(C) ; # (n) ≡ no. of elements
(a) A {i, j, f}; B {l, m, n}; C {g, k, h} b. A {k, j}; B {g, i, m, l, n}; C { f, h}
c. A {f, g, h}; B {i, j, k, l, m}; C {n} d. All are possible

A
26.
60°
O

B C
ABC is a triangle. “O” is the incentre and ∠A = 60°, AD is perpendicular on BO & AE is perpendicular
AD AE
on CO. What is the value of +
BO CO
1 3
a. 3 b. c. d. 2 3
3 2

abc
27.
( )
If a, b, c are distinct real numbers from 1 to 9. The minimum value of a + b + c is:

a. 9 b. 10 c. 1 d. 11

28. The length of a swimming pool is 10 m & it’s width is 6 m. Water is 0.8 m deep at the shallow end
& it is 2.5 m at the deep end. It is to be filled by a water source supplying water at a rate 90 l/min.
The total time taken to file the pool is:
a. 18.6 hrs b. 18 hrs c. 18.33 hrs d. 19 hrs

Page 4 XAT – QA
 1 1  1 1
29. y =  x −  +  − x  ; then x = ? (x, y are real numbers)
 x2 x 2
a. 1 b. 2 c. both a. & b. d. does not exist

30. There are 3 categories of people in a city: Well, Infected & Carriers in 3 different age groups:
below 15 yrs; 15 yrs to 35 yrs; above 35 yrs of age. Following tables are given. What is the no. of
females “carriers”. Given that:-

Age Male Female


< 15 200, 000 150, 000
15 - 35 100, 000 80, 000
> 35 400, 000 420, 000

Condition < 15 15 - 35 > 35


Well 0.6 0.2 0.4
Infected 0.3 0.7 0.2
Carriers 0.1 0.1 0.4
(i) Amongst people below 15 yrs. of age, there are no. male carriers
(ii) Above the age of 35, only females carry the disease.
(iii) Between the age 15 to 35; female carries is twice that of male carrier.
a. 12,900 b. 13,500 c. 3,600 d. None of these

Direction for questions 31- 32: There are 20 items of which 5 are defective. Two item are selected at
random, A is an event of selecting first defective item, B is an event of selecting second defective.

31. Which of the following is correct?


a. A & B are independent events
b. A & B are dependent events
c. A & B are mutually exclusive and exhaustive events
d. A & B are mutually exclusive and equally likely event

32. Which of the following is correct ?


B A
a. P(A). > P(B). b. P(A). < P(B). c. P(A). = P(B). d. P   = P  
A B

1
33. P(x) is a polynomial of degree 998. P ( K ) = for K is integral varying from 1 to 999. Find the value
K
of P (1001).
1 1
a. 1 b. 1001 c. d. (1001!)
1001

XAT – QA Page 5
Answers and Explanations
1 b 11 a 21 d 31 a
2 c 12 b 22 b 32 a
3 c 13 d 23 b 33 a
4 d 14 a 24 a
5 d 15 b 25 b
6 c 16 c 26 a
7 d 17 d 27 c
8 a 18 a 28 c
9 c 19 a 29 a
10 d 20 a 30 a

x
1. b f (x ) =
x2 − 1 Qc
In ∆DQC ⇒ tan α = = (1 − x)

( x2 − 1).1− x (2x) = − ( x2 + 1)
DC
Obviously (θ + α ) = 90° – 45° = 45°
f′ ( x ) =
( x2 − 1) ( x2 − 1)
2 2
tan θ + tan α
∴ tan (θ + α ) = 1 − tanθ tanα

Clearly, f′ ( x ) < 0 for all values of x 1


+ (1 − x)
⇒ f(x) is a decreasing function, through its domain so 2
answer is (b) or tan 45° = 1− x 
1−  
As for symmetry about Y - axis: - If any function f(x)  2 
is such that f(–x) = f(x) or in other words if the
expression of function f(x) does not change after “x” 3 − 2x
is replaced by “–x” everywhere, it will be symmetrical or 1 =
1+ x
about the Y - axis. But in this case f(x) ≠ f(–x)
2
2. c or x =
3
1 1 2 1
D C ∴ Area of ∆PBQ = 2 × 2 × 3 = 6
α
(1—x)
45°
θ 3. c f(x) = x 4 – 6x 2
1 Q’
X ( )(
f′ ( x ) = 4x 3 − 12x = 4x. x − 2 3 x +2 3 )
A P B ( (
f′ ( x ) = 4 ( x −0 ) x − −2 3 )) (x − 2 3 )
1 1
2 2 f (x) is f (x) is f (x) is f (x) is
decreasing increasing decreasing increasing
Let BQ = x; Cq = (1 – x)
–2 3 O 2 3
AP 1
In ∆APD ⇒ tanθ = =
PD 2
So, among the given options f(x) is increasing at x = –
1

Page 6 XAT – QA
4. d Keeping the rules under consideration; we have only 7. d We have 2 blocks to arrange on either side of E
the following cases:-
C A B ... E ...
Kingfishat5th position fixedorder D,G,F
orF,G,D
Case- I: – 
Hilsaat2nd position Clearly (a), (b) & (c) are not possible. (d) is possible.
Case IA: - LHRPKIB
Case IB: RHLIKPB 8. a Given that: a, b & c are all real nos. Let’s take
a = 1; b = – 1; c = 2
Kingfishat6th position 2 2
c c  2 1 1
Case II:-  ⇒  +  =c  + 
Hilsaat2nd position a b  a b
Case IIA:- LHPRIKB 2 1 1
Case IIB:- LHIRPKB = c  + 
 + 1 − 1
Case IIC:- RHILPKB
= c 2 × (zero)
the above orders explain the answer of both Qs. 4 &
Q5. 2
c c 
a + b = 0
5. d Please see explanation. of Q4; In any of the possible  
cases; Behet is served in the end only. ≡ zero

6. c The one who gets the highest amount, has Rs. 3.5 9. c f(11, 5) = f(2 × 5 + 1, 2 × 2+1)
lakhs in prize, out of the total 14 lakhs.
As; for every competitor the difference in money with (
= f(5, 2) = f 2.2 + 1, 2.1 )
the next higher competitor was same as the difference = f(2, 1) + 1
with the next lower competitor; the amount received
by all A, B, C, D, E, F & G are in A.P. (
= f 2.1,2.0 + 1 + 1 )
Let h; be the highest amount won by one of A, B, C, D,
E, F, G & l; the lowest. It is also clear that E receives an = (f(1, 0) + 1) + 1
amount which is equal to the middle term of the A.P. = f(1, 0) + 2
taking “d” as the common difference; then we have 2
equations.
(
= f 2.0 + 1,2.0 + 2 )
h = l + (7 – 1)d = (f(0, 0) + 1) + 2
= f(0, 0) + 3
h = l + 6d =0+3

or 3.5 = l + 6d ...(1) f (11,5 ) = 3

2.0 = l + 3d ...(2) 10. d f(0, 7) = f(0, 3) + 1


Solving (1) & (2); we get = f(0, 1) + 1 + 1
= f(0, 0) + 1 + 1 + 1
l = 0.5lakhs  = 0 + (3)
 =3
& d = 0.5lakhs 
So, the amounts received by the seven persons in 11. a As the sum of rows; columns & diagonal are equal;
ascending order are:- we can fill in the blanks, in terms of “x & y” as below:-
0.5,1.0,1.5,2.0,2.5,3.0,3.5 (Rs. in lakhs)
y x y−2
We know that E, gets Rs. 2 lakhs. Also; in any possible y −1 y + 1 x− 2
ascending order we will get first A & then B, and they
x − 1 y − 3 y+ 2
are consecutive (the difference being the least). We
also have to take case that, D & F (order not sure; in Further (y + x + y – 2) = y – 2 + x – 2 + y + 2
an ascending order list) must not come consecutively.
Only (c) satisfies the constraints. ⇒ x =y +5
So, if x = 10; y = 5

XAT – QA Page 7
12. b From Q 11; we have one equation 15. b The question can be answered, using either statement
ALONE
x =y +5
& as sum of a row (= sum of column = sum of diagonal) B
is given 21; then

x + 2y = 23 A
S 4.5
Solving these 2 equation we get
6 cm
y = 6 ; & x = 11
P T Q
13. d Using both I & II, we can answer (YES or NO) to the 8 cm
question.
I:- (x – y) is a factor f(x, y) Statement I (alone):
then f(x, y) = (x – y) g(x, y) ...(1) PQ=8cmforright∆APQ; AQ = 10 cm
but that does not mean that f(x, y) can also be written ∆ASP : ∆QSB (AAA Similarly)
as:
AS AP 6 4
f(x, y) = (x – y)2.h(x, y) ⇒ = = =
So, I alone is insufficient QS BQ 4.5 3
II:- f(x, y) is symmetric i.e. f(x, y) = f(y, x)
f(x, y) is symmetric does not necessarily tell us that it 10 − QS 4 30
or = ⇒ QS =
has a factor of even - degrees of (x – y) but if I & II QS 3 7
collectively are taken; then for f(x, y) to be symmetric;
Now in similar triangle ∆APQ & ∆STQ
(x – y) must come EVEN number of times in the f(x, y)
i.e. (x – y)2, (x – y)4, or (x – y)6 etc. So that (x –y)2 is a 30
factor. ST SQ 3 ST 3 18
= = 7 = ⇒ = ⇒ ST =
AP AQ 10 7 6 7 7
14. a II: Statement alone, answers that (G) is the lightest of
them all. Statement II (alone) where only PS = 6 cm is given
In similar as ∆APS & ∆QBS, we get
Statement I :- A, B,
> F G – (1) B
C
D>E – (2)
F>E – statement - I
A
S 9/2
A, B, C > F > G D&F > E but
& 6 m
6c
We are clueless about E Vs G so can’t answer for
who is the lighest. P T Q
StatementII E > F gives us this:
PS AP 6 6 × 2 4 9
= = = = ⇒ BS =
A, B, C BS BQ 9 Q 3 2
>F>G 2
D>E
now, in similar As ∆APS & ∆QBS, we get
ST PS PS 6 14
So (G) is the lightest. = = = =
BQ PB PS + BS 6 + 9 7
2

4 9 4 18
ST = BQ × = × = = ST
7 2 7 7

Page 8 XAT – QA
16. c Work - backwards through options 20. a x1 = 5
(a)= l = 3; w = 4.959 x 2 = 25
(b) ; l = 4; w = 5.135 & x n+2 = gcd (xn+1, x n) + x n
(c) l = 5; w = 5.165 So we can find the value of other terms as well.
(d) ; l = 6; w = 5.112 e.g. x 3 = gcd (x2, x 1) + x 1 = gcd(25, 5) + a
Clearly, (c) is the answer. =5+5

17. d Initial value of y = y (at t = 0) = e(0) = 1 x 3 = 10


for y to become 4 times y(0); let t be the time required, So, we can get the series as below
then we must have:- x 1, x 2, x 3 ..........x 19, x 20,......
4 × 1 = e0.08 × t 5, 25, 10, 30, 20, 40, 40, 80, 80, 160, 160, 320, 320,
or 4 = e0.08 t 640, 640, 1280, 1280, 2560, 2560, 5120, 5120, ...
taking logarithms of both the RHS & the LHS. Clearly, the LCM of x 19 & x 20 is
loge(4) = loge(e0.08t ) = 2560
or ln(4) = (0.08 t)
or 2 × (ln 2) = 0.08 t c
or 2 × (0.691) = 0.08 × t
d
a y
⇒ t = 17.27years 21. d
r
18. a As all the options are given one can check & verify
We have a relation:- d = a × c + r
Let’s take a = 5, ⇒ b = 10;
Only (a) satisfies. So, we should have 2 numbers a & b such that:-
1997 = a × b + 41
19. a higher quality = “x” or ab = (1997 – 41) = 1956
lower quality = “y”
ab = 1956
inselling"x − type" ≡ ( 2K ) x  ab = 1956 = 23 × 31 × 1631
Profits:  ...(1)
inselling"y − type" ≡ ( K ) y  The no. of different (a & b); satisfying above is given
by:-

also y =
98 − x
...(2)
( 2 −1 )(1 + 1)( 1+ 1)
x =6
2
Profit, P per day = P = (2K)x + (K)y
 98 − x 
P = K[2x + y] = K 2x + 
 x 

 98 − x 
P = K 2x + 
 x 

dp
For profit to be maximum:- =0
dx

dp  98 
= K 2 − 
dx  x2 

For P to be maximum, x =7 (& correspondingly;

y = 13

XAT – QA Page 9
22. b Correct answer is (b). 24. a It can be solved by I statement alone
Options:
(a) When f(x) is one-one g(x) will become many-one D F C
as g(x) for x < 0; will be same for g(x); x > 0 at
corresponding points. For example, consider f(x) = x; Q S
E
& g(x) = f ( x ) = x
P
f (x) A B
Consider ∆ABC BS is median to AC,
+h AE is median to BC
⇒ P is the centroid
(– h, o)
x 1
(h,o) ⇒ PS = × (PS) = 2 cm
3
–h PS = 2 cm
Similarly QS = 2 cm (consider ∆ACD)
⇒ PQ = 2 + 2 = 4 cm

25. b I:- “i” must always be with set B


h (+ h) II:- Whenever g is an element of A; then K must be an
(– h) element of C.
(– h)
⇒ this doesn’t mean that g can’t be an element of C.
x f (x) III:- f & g together can’t be in the same set.
one - one

f (x) A
26. a
(o, h) (o, h) E 60°
D
(– h, o) (h,o)
x
h h
B C
Let all the angles be 60°, then ABC will be an equilateral
h triangle (figure can be drawn like below)
(h)
–h
A
Many - one
E D
(b) A function f(x) from set A → B is onto if for at least
one element in a ∈ A we have no mapping to b ∈ B.
O
If f(x) is any such function; g(x) will also be an onto
function only. (c) & (d) can’t be commented as we
don’t have the sufficient into on f(x) to comment on B C
them. x units
or
1 units
x=0 
23. b Choose;  gives0
&y = 1 AD AE
+
BO CO

1 1
= 2 + 2
 1  1
 
 3 3
1
= 2× × 3 = 3
2

Page 10 XAT – QA
27. c Minimum value is given by 30. a
a =1 31. a A & B are independent events.
abc 1× 2× 3 6
b = 2sothat = = =1
a + b + c 1 + 2+ 3 6
c =3 5
32. a P(A) =
20
28. c
4
2.5 m P(B) =
19
0.8 m

33.a Here P(x) = a998x 998 + a997 x997 + a996 x996 + ...
m
10
6m + a1x + a0
But xP(x) = 1 for k = 1, 2, ...., 999
Water required = {10 × 6 × 2.5}
Now x a998 x + a997x 997 + ...a1x + a0  = 1
998

 1 
− 6 ×  × (10 ) × ( 2.5 − 0.8 ) 
 2  ⇒ a998x 999 + a997 x998 + ... + a1x 2 + ao x− 1= 0
= 99 m3
⇒ a998  ( x − 1)( x − 2) ( x − 3 ) ...( x− 999)  = 0
99m3
time required = 1
90lt/min Product of roots = 1 × 2 × 3 × ....× 999 = a
998
timerequired = 18.33hrs ( Q x P(x) – 1 = 0)
⇒ a998 [(x – 1) (X – 2) (x – 3 ) ... (x – 999)]
1 1 = x P(x) – 1
 12  1 2 Putting x = 1001
29. a y = x −  +  − x 
 x x  1
as x & y are real nos.

999!
(1000 × 999 × ... × 2 ) = 1001P(1001) – 1
we must have ⇒ 1000 + 1 = 1001 P(1001)
⇒ P(1001) = 1
1 
x− ≥ 0
x

0
1
−x≥
x 

solving simultaneously we get x = 1

XAT – QA Page 11