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60

CHAPTER VIII

OTHER GENERAL INDICATORS

Total population by rural and urban areas and total labour force by gender, National Population Census 1960-2001

Thousand persons

 

Total

   

of which:

 

Total

 

of which:

 
     

Labour

   

Population

 

Urban

 

Rural

Force

Men

Women

     

Habitants

%

 

Habitants

%

 

Number

%

Number

%

1960

20

013

(1)

14

758

73.7

 

5

252

26.3

7

424

5 809

78.2

1

615

21.8

1970

23

364

(2)

18

797

78.4

 

5

165

21.6

9

011

6 722

74.6

2

288

25.4

1980

27

949

(1)

23

192

83.0

 

4

754

17.0

9

989

7 249

72.6

2

739

27.4

1991

32

615

 

28

436

87.2

 

4

179

12.8

13

202

8 423

63.8

4

778

36.2

2001

36

260

 

32

380

89.3

 

3

879

10.7

15

264

9 025

59.1

6

238

40.9

1. Excluding the Antarctic sector, Malvinas Islands and South Atlantic Islands.

2. Estimates from INDEC (1989), Estudios Nº15, “Estimaciones y proyecciones de población 1950-2025”.

Source: Demography analysis of the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC),

Gross Domestic Product (GDP), market prices, 2002-2006

Millions current pesos

 

GDP

2002

312

580

2003

375

909

2004

447

643

2005

531

939

2006

654

413

Source: Direction of National Accounts, Ministry of Economy and Production.

61

Exports and imports of Argentina, 2002-2006 Millions USD

50 000 45 000 40 000 35 000 30 000 25 000 20 000 15
50
000
45
000
40
000
35
000
30
000
25
000
20
000
15
000
10
000
5 000
0
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
Exports
Imports

62

Exports and imports of Argentina by main products, 2006 Percentage share in national total

Exports

Others Mineral 20% products 19% Chemicals 6% Transport Vegetable equipment products 10% Oils and 14%
Others
Mineral
20%
products
19%
Chemicals
6%
Transport
Vegetable
equipment
products
10%
Oils and
14%
Live
fats
Food
animals
8%
15%
8%

Imports

Others 15% Mineral Machinery products and electrical 7% materials 30% Manufacture s of metals 7%
Others
15%
Mineral
Machinery
products
and electrical
7%
materials
30%
Manufacture
s of metals
7%
Plastics and
Transport
rubber
Chemicals
equipment
7%
16%
18%

63

Exports from Argentina by product, 2002-2006 (Common Customs Tariff Nomenclature of MERCOSUR)

Millions USD

COMMON NOMENCLATURE OF MERCOSUR

 

EXPORTS

 
 

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

TOTAL

25 453.5

29 138.3

34 135.7

39 722.6

45 902.2

Live animals

1

591.6

1

929.8

2

514.8

3

028.5

3

630.6

Vegetable products

4

213.2

5

160.0

5

493.4

6

449.7

6

296.7

Oils and fats

2

083.8

2

831.5

3

155.6

3

290.7

3

888.3

Food

3

900.1

4

805.4

5

442.7

5

948.0

7

029.7

Mineral products

4

973.3

5

633.1

6

581.6

7

636.8

8

735.3

Chemicals

1

463.5

1

675.2

2

146.9

2

453.8

2

801.7

Plastics and rubber

 

807.0

 

855.9

1

128.0

1

403.3

1

528.0

Hides and skins

 

759.2

 

793.6

 

939.4

 

949.4

1

036.2

Wood and charcoal

 

141.2

 

197.0

 

277.1

 

278.5

 

318.5

Paper

 

332.9

 

388.9

 

483.6

 

494.9

 

581.1

Textile materials

 

383.2

 

377.5

 

462.8

 

486.6

 

492.0

Footwear, umbrellas and others

 

13.2

 

18.7

 

21.4

 

30.4

 

34.0

Non-metallic mineral manufactures

 

94.2

 

102.0

 

124.5

 

144.4

 

166.1

Manufactures of metals

1

593.8

1

545.6

1

706.7

2

318.7

2

475.6

Machinery and electrical materials

 

937.5

 

861.0

1

057.8

1

324.1

1

560.2

Transport equipment

1

712.2

1

631.6

2

102.5

2

987.8

4

382.0

Photographic and optical instruments

 

86.7

 

83.3

 

127.5

 

168.0

 

184.7

Others 1

 

366.9

 

350.2

 

369.4

 

329.0

 

761.5

1. Exclude special transactions. Source: National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC).

64

Imports to Argentina by product, 2002-2006 (Common Customs Tariff Nomenclature of MERCOSUR)

Millions USD

COMMON NOMENCLATURE

 

IMPORTS

 

OF MERCOSUR

2002

 

2003

2004

2005

2006

TOTAL

8 928.5

13 756.6

22 207.1

28 438.5

33 914.9

Life animals

56.3

 

111.9

 

103.6

 

116.0

 

119.1

Vegetal products

182.0

 

266.1

 

387.6

 

402.7

 

418.4

Oils and fats

17.9

 

33.2

 

39.9

 

36.0

 

35.0

Food

216.9

 

248.2

 

307.7

 

364.3

 

426.0

Mineral products

627.6

 

733.8

1

251.2

1

951.9

2

232.8

Chemicals

2 3

513.7

 

270.2

4

232.8

4

644.7

5

336.5

Plastics and rubber

750.3

1

235.2

1

639.7

2

073.3

2

324.5

Hides and skins

35.4

 

41.4

 

71.7

 

84.4

 

118.4

Wood and charcoal

43.4

 

76.2

 

111.7

 

123.1

 

146.6

Paper

365.8

 

482.4

 

663.4

 

802.5

 

872.3

Textile materials

253.1

 

611.9

 

761.3

 

911.5

1

067.4

Footwear, umbrellas and others

30.0

 

100.5

 

155.0

 

196.7

 

260.2

Non-metallic mineral manufactures

89.0

 

142.6

 

207.9

 

254.9

 

331.2

Manufactures of metals

590.7

 

809.9

1

462.9

1

987.2

2

315.9

Machinery and electrical materials

1 3

878.7

 

377.8

6

361.1

8

508.3

10 449.4

Transport equipment

950.6

1

669.8

3

615.6

4

867.5

6

042.3

Photographic and optical instruments

213.1

 

353.8

 

517.0

 

672.9

 

831.7

Others 1

114.0

 

191.7

 

317.0

 

440.6

 

587.2

1. Exclude special transactions. Source: National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC).

65

Manufacturing trade by technological intensity, 2001-2006 (International Standard Industrial Classification ISIC Rev.3)

High-tech Millions USD 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001
High-tech
Millions USD
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
-20000
-10000
0
10000
20000
Import
Export
Medium-low-
Medium-high-
Low-tech
tech
tech
High-tech

66

Manufacturing trade by industry and technological intensity, 2002-2006 (International Standard Industrial Classification ISIC Rev.3)

Millions USD

High-technology manufacturing

Manufacturing sectors

2002

2003

 

2004

 

2005

 

2006

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Total

1 741.1

670.3

2 653.5

716.7

4 896.6

721.2

6 065.7

811.4

7 246.0

1 188.0

Aerospace

185.1

80.5

74.2

175.4

 

509.7

26.0

 

462.4

50.7

 

602.6

259.6

Pharmaceuticals

930.2

376.2

1 182.8

368.3

1

384.8

463.9

1

425.2

472.3

1

623.1

573.4

Computers, office machinery

193.1

40.9

474.0

21.0

 

748.8

20.7

1

005.7

23.6

1

185.4

26.9

Electronics, communications

219.9

89.1

572.7

70.7

1

742.9

86.2

2

509.4

100.0

3

016.4

145.0

Scientific instruments

212.8

83.6

349.8

81.3

 

510.4

124.4

 

663.0

164.8

 

818.5

183.1

Medium-high-technology manufacturing

Manufacturing sectors

2002

 

2003

 

2004

 

2005

 

2006

 

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Total

3 846.2

3 784.0

6 077.1

3 851.0

9 928.5

5 146.2

12 721.1

6 607.1

15 440.0

8 157.3

Electrical machinery

372.0

 

162.2

519.8

146.5

 

832.0

 

189.2

1

084.9

 

241.1

1

454.4

 

279.3

Motor vehicles

704.4

1

574.3

1 481.4

1 3

419.5

 

001.0

2

037.1

4

088.0

2

862.6

5

069.1

3

994.5

Chemicals excl. pharm.

1 925.8

1

557.4

2 645.9

1 3

809.2

 

604.0

2

342.9

4

204.7

2

764.5

4

742.6

3

006.0

Other transport equipment

28.9

 

15.4

39.0

11.5

 

91.6

 

15.8

 

203.4

 

23.3

 

328.0

 

31.0

Non-electrical machinery

815.1

 

474.7

1 391.0

464.3

2

399.9

 

561.2

3 139.9

 

715.6

3

845.9

 

846.5

67

Medium-low-technology manufacturing

Manufacturing sectors

2002

2003

2004

2005

 

2006

 

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Total

1 565.9

6 239.0

2 198.2

6 946.8

3 535.6

7 935.8

4 883.4

9 377.3

5 664.3

10 387.6

Petroleum refineries & products

440.7

4 220.9

485.3

4 931.7

930.2

5 678.0

1 430.3

6

284.0

1 631.8

6

936.9

Rubber and plastic products

406.8

320.1

675.7

340.8

882.2

444.1

1 087.3

 

594.6

1 295.0

 

715.0

Non-metallic mineral products

91.4

103.5

146.7

117.2

213.9

140.1

262.5

 

166.3

342.0

 

194.5

Shipbuilding

32.3

25.1

71.0

23.3

36.1

13.0

112.5

 

30.9

42.6

 

79.2

Ferrous metals

488.6

1 508.9

669.2

1 493.7

1 204.7

1 599.2

1 671.4

2

236.2

1 968.9

2

396.6

Fabricated metal products

106.1

60.5

150.3

40.1

268.5

61.4

319.3

 

65.3

384.0

 

65.4

Low-technology manufacturing

Manufacturing sectors

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Total

1 259.4

9 369.2

1 986.4

11 669.9

2 621.8

13 530.7

3 160.9

14 981.2

3 703.8

17 992.9

Wood and furniture

170.0

137.3

176.0

250.9

292.9

164.0

397.0

177.0

537.4

594.3

Paper printing

408.8

472.1

558.1

584.5

774.5

760.8

925.6

774.1

1 018.8

896.2

Food, beverages and tobacco

389.7

8 291.5

528.9

10 359.1

609.5

12 005.4

690.7

13 382.3

767.1

15 833.5

Textile and clothing

290.9

468.3

723.4

475.4

944.9

600.5

1 147.6

647.8

1 380.5

668.9

A-

68