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Simulation Models of Triple Switched Reluctance Motors Parallel Drive System

Hao Chen, Fengfeng Zhuang, Xiuli Ju


China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China

Abstract The structure and principles of the triple


II. STRUCTURE OF SYSTEM AND PRINCIPLES
Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive system was
described. The developed simulation models for the triple The triple Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive
Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive system were system is made up of the triple four-phase 8/6 structure
presented. The simulated rotor speed curves, the simulated Switched reluctance motor, the triple four-phase
phase current waveform and simulated electromagnetic
torque waveform were also presented. asymmetric bridge power converter in parallel and the
controller. There are eight stator poles and six rotor poles
I. INTRODUCTION
in the motor. There are only centralized coils in the stator,
and there is no winding, no magnet and no brush in the
In some industry applications for the large power rotor. There is a rotor position detector fixed to the case of
electrical drive, the double motors parallel drive, the triple the motor that is made up of the slotted disk coaxial with
motors parallel drive, and the multiple motors parallel the rotor and the transducers. The photograph of the one
drive could be adopted to enhance the reliability, save Switched Reluctance motor was shown in Fig. 1.
space and make the distribution of the drive reasonably.
The Switched Reluctance motor drive is a novel electrical
drive. The Switched Reluctance motor drive has the soft
mechanical properties [1]. It contributes to balance the
loads and synchronize the rotor speeds while the double
Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive [2], the triple
Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive or the multiple
Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive [3] were
developed.
The Switched Reluctance motor drive has the high
capability of fault tolerance since each phase is
independent in magnetic paths and in circuit. The
capability of fault tolerance in the four-phase Switched
Reluctance motor drive is higher than that in the three-
phase Switched Reluctance motor drive since the number
of phase in the four-phase Switched Reluctance motor
drive is bigger than that in the three-phase Switched
Reluctance motor drive [4]. There are commonly four-
phase 8/6 structure Switched Reluctance motor and four-
phase 16/12 structure Switched Reluctance motor [5].
Considering the manufactural technique and capability of
fault tolerance, the four-phase 8/6 structure Switched Fig. 1. Photograph of the Switched Reluctance motor.
Reluctance motor with the four-phase asymmetric bridge
power converter is the choice for the triple Switched There are eight main switches and eight flywheel
Reluctance motors parallel drive system. diodes in the main circuit of the four-phase asymmetric
MATLAB-SIMULINK simulation platform is an bridge power converter. The photograph of the one unit
effective tool for the analysis of the motor drive. In the four-phase asymmetric bridge power converter was
paper, the developed simulation models for the triple shown in Fig. 2.
Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive system were The amplitude of the phase current, the turn-on angle
presented. of the main switches and the turn-off angle of the main
switches in the power converter could be used for the
The authors would like to thank for the project supported in part by the
electromagnetic torque control and the rotor speed control.
Higher College or University of Jiangsu Province High & New In the system, the phase current chopping control (CCC)
Technology Industry Development Project (JH03-002), the 333 could be implemented within the low rotor speed range
Engineering Training Programme Foundation for New Century Science from 100 rlmin to 500 rlmin, and the angle position
& Technology Leaders of Jiangsu Province Grant No. 2003-16, the control strategy (APC) could be implemented within the
Indigo Blue Engineering Training Programme Foundation for Middle-
Young Academic Leaders by the Education Department of Jiangsu high rotor speed range from 500 rlmin to 1500 rlmin.
Province Grant No. [2002]60 and International Cooperation Project of Within the low rotor speed range from 100 rlmin to 500
Jiangsu Province Grant No. BZ2005015. rlmin, the turn-on angle of the main switches and the turn-

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off angle of the main switches in the power converter are
fixed. While the measured amplitude of the phase current
is bigger that the limit, the main switches in the power
converter are turned off a certain time, and then the main
switches are turned on. If the amplitude of the phase
current is still bigger than the limit, the main switches are
turned off the certain time again, and then the main
switches are turned on again, and so on. The balance of
the loads and the synchronization of the rotor speeds in
the triple Switched Reluctance motors could be
implemented by regulating the limit of the current
chopping, and the PID algorithm could be adopted.
Within the high rotor speed range from 500 rlmin to 1500 Fig. 2. Photograph of the one unit power converter.
rlmin, the turn-off angle of the main switches in the
power converter is fixed at the optimum range, the III. SIMULATION MODELS
balance of the loads and the synchronization of the rotor
speeds in the triple Switched Reluctance motors could be The simulation models for the triple Switched
implemented by regulating the turn-on angle of the main Reluctance motors parallel drive system developed by the
switches in the power converter, and the PID algorithm MATLAB-SIMULINK platform was based on the
could also be adopted. nonlinear model of the electrical network of the power
converter main circuit integrated with the two dimensions
finite element model of the Switched Reluctance motor,
which was shown in Fig. 3.

Fig. 3. Simulation models for the triple Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive system.

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In the simulation model, "Xon" is the turn-on angle of "SRAM3" are the triple Switched Reluctance motors,
the main switches in the power converter, "X' is the rotor respectively.
position, "W' is the angular speed of the motor, "TLJ", The simulation model for one unit Switched
"TL2", and "TL3" are the loads for the triple Switched Reluctance motor was shown in Fig. 4. Where, "Ta",
Reluctance motors, respectively, "Tel" are the "Ib", "Tc", and "Td' are the electromagnetic torque in
electromagnetic torque for the triple Switched Reluctance each phase, respectively, "Te" is the incorporated
motors, respectively, "f' is the inertia movement of the electromagnetic torque, "Us" is the supplied voltage of
motor, "D" is the viscous coefficient of friction, "ni", the phase windings, "Xoff' is the turn-off angle of the
"n2", and "n3" are the rotor speed for the triple Switched main switches in the power converter, "Im" is the limit of
Reluctance motors, respectively, "SRMJ", "SRJM2", and the current chopping, "Ia", "Ib", "Ic", and "Id' are the
phase current in each phase, respectively.

Fig. 4. Simulation model for one unit Switched Reluctance motor.

The simulation model of phase current calculation and


electromagnetic torque calculation module was shown in IV. SIMULATION RESULTS
Fig. 5. Where, "Position Conversion" is used to convert
the absolute rotor position of each phase as the relative A triple Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive
rotor position within one rotor period, "Current system with the triple four-phase 8/6 structure Switched
Hysteresis" is used to implement the phase current reluctance motor and the triple four-phase asymmetric
bridge power converter in parallel was simulated by the
chopping control, "i" is phase current, "a0 / 8i" and developed simulation models. The DC supply voltage of
" 0 VL / ao" could be obtained by the magnetization the prototype system is DC 132 V. At the operational
curves of the Switched Reluctance motor, "R" is the phase condition of CCC, the turn-on angle of the main switches
resistance. in the power converter was fixed at 00 (0° is the rotor

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position that the axis of the rotor slot is aligned with that the loads were 1. 60N.m x 3. The simulated phase current
of the stator pole of the conducted phase), and the turn-off waveform in the triple Switched Reluctance motors were
angle of the main switches in the power converter was given in Fig. 7, respectively. The given rotor speed of the
fixed at 30°. At the operational condition of APC, the triple Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive system is
turn-off angle of the main switches in the power converter 807 rlmin, the simulated rotor speed curves were given in
was fixed at 22.50. Fig. 8, while the loads 1. 60N. m x 3 was added suddenly,
The simulated rotor speed curves were given in Fig. 6, and the simulated phase current waveform in the triple
while the given rotor speed of the triple Switched Switched Reluctance motors were given in Fig. 9,
Reluctance motors parallel drive system is 300 rlmin, and respectively.

Pd suian C rrlOh

Fig. 5. Simulation model of phase current and electromagnetic torque calculation module.

1 2r

1- motor 1: the load was 1. 44 N. m Ordinate: 2.0 A, Abscissa: 0. 01 s


2- motor2: the load was 1. 60 N.m a) motor 1
3- motor 3: the load was 1. 76 N. m
Ordinate: 50 rlmin, Abscissa: 0. 05 s
Fig. 6. Simulated rotor speed curves.

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1

Ordinate: 2.0 A, Abscissa: 0.01 s Ordinate: 1.OA, Abscissa: 0.01 s


b) motor 2 a) motor 1

Ordinate: 2.0 A, Abscissa: 0. 01 s Ordinate: 5.0 A, Abscissa: 0. 01 s


c) motor 3 b) motor 2

Fig. 7. Simulated phase current waveform.

Ordinate: 5. 0 A, Abscissa: 0. 005 s


1- motor 1: the load was 1. 44 N. m c) motor 3
2- motor2: the load was 1. 60 N.m
3- motor 3: the load was 1. 76 N. m Fig. 9. Simulated phase current waveform.
Ordinate: 5 rlmin, Abscissa: 0. 01 s
Fig. 8. Simulated rotor speed curves.

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V. CONCLUSION REFERENCES
The simulation models for the triple Switched [1] H. Chen, D. Zhang and G. Xie, "Study of the mechanical properties
for the switched reluctance motor drive," Journal of China
Reluctance motors parallel drive system had been University of Mining & Technology, vol.30, no.5, pp. 458-462,
developed by the MATLAB-SIMULINK platform. It was Sept. 2001.
based on the nonlinear model of the electrical network of [2] H. Chen, "The parallel drive system of the double switched
the power converter main circuit integrated with the two reluctance motors based on fuzzy logic," in Proc. of 35th Annual
IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, Aachen, Germany,
dimensions finite element model of the Switched June 2004, pp.3306-3310.
Reluctance motor. It provides with an applied and [3] H. Chen, D. Zhang, F. Xiao and T. Su, "The Multiple Electrical
effective tool for the design and analysis of the triple Machines System of the Switched Reluctance Drive," in Proc. of
IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, Vol.1,
Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive system. The Bangkok, Thailand, Dec. 2002, pp. 610-613.
choice of the control algorithm, the optimization in [4] H. Chen, J. Jiang, C. Zhang and G. Xie, "Analysis of the four-phase
structure parameters and control parameters for the switched reluctance motor drive under the lacking one phase fault
condition," in Proc. of IEEE 5th Asia-Pacific Conference on Circuit
balance of the loads and the synchronization of the rotor and Systems, Tianjin, China, Dec. 2000, pp. 304-308.
speeds in the triple Switched Reluctance motors could be [5] H. Chen, D. Zhang, T. Su and F. Xiao, "A four-phase 16/12
made based on the simulation models. The developed structure switched reluctance motor drive system," in Proc. of IEEE
International Conference on Industrial Technology, Vol. 1,
simulation models could be extended for the multiple Bangkok, Thailand, Dec. 2002, pp. 600-603.
Switched Reluctance motors parallel drive system.

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