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.

,.

. . .

spmih vecim, raise wi-w-i dabmtee~esgqd*


Fbdly, how did C

m 4Iac.i4

itmmgttemptbregulafethe

resource, its m e ? An imlporWhilemanynqpd-~

sthelailbaad*

s ~ of tnmcy, or perhaps Juan de Zirate Chac6nfs & e


b t e and recover his own encomiemh r& d such an endeavor, and thus discouraged orbs a cam&m~ from investing the time and the resources.

Wma&kw-

qp& @]mf hdia.m 356

has suggested, the Spanish conquest o dm f *me of h most dynamic mavemeats of p q d a e

.w.~

Whih no wmk

611 c

o l d New G m

colonial period, the growth & REe welfare and prosperity of their &&e fields and harvested their fruits. h b m &amhe, convents and monasteries, brid$es,

were addressed i Spain, and in 1564, n And& Venero de Leiva, received ofkid
risingly, given the rehtiveb weak

was never enforced." attempted t reach a co o Granada's e n c o m e h ~

bk who made the atduous journey did so in adkb mmk, a d mantas in the mining areas. T e p d h , QT h &l8em, were thea used to help meet their cmmm&fs
rsd &b%ty of Muiaca cornunities i " that &e overall number of in Tunja and i ViUa de n

159% d h:.lfminisestor of indios r n i t a y ~ ~ ~ondb, x jupn klPmoms, Catillo, and Amador Phez set rnfa mrnr'epfda of Iguaque to retrieve s o m Mm h v e served in Villa de Leivas alquiler g e d . en were met by Wars's ad Camiflo, as well as the local priest, Antolrio the reason for their visit and o f d a d the Ltmdi;ms who were required to save the Villa i Leiva. Cadb k

it as a thteat to the stability, and o his excmkndandaf0 a f Perhaps k d q h h the d t y of the

The Chwn's second major

i some pueblos, tho lack of d m n

n. i

with their wives and children) shodd be seat

e tbreat of the mita, more than

le

fol. %a,
m-

e 1 . por desthwi6n de ca m kjas, F=, ~ a t AGNC, ,

de sw
JL

Fw

dC%-hlwota+mpmtsctor~- lo
Arm R. .

K r m ~ ~ i e . p o r * ~ ~ ~ ~ d @
a -

--

w e

fled to other regions. , plsbb of OCELvita, told Rodrlgua that htrhr & cvrpitanfa were a few old men; he t d d d @bbrln ladresistance to the mitu) that bhe grormg atagi m l y had been sent t La9 Lab nevg m t m d o oftheir
d d t ev e wb -

eoth the uIqui/er gmoral and the mita p w d (o b ; l ' b Qar m indhm in early colonial Tunja. However, -c ) l n of tbae policiea should not be overemphae~. m ( b ~ o a , u p ratd be wrong t assume that either policy played n rok i & o . &wm of Muiau o~mmunities.~ total number of Wm i*dr~ The im aaha the rniro or the olquiler general represented on$ a w I, pwti#a of the province's overall population, In addition to the I n d h d o served in the alquiler, the tots] n u m b pmM.11~ sever exceeded more than a few hundred per year! swh as these, then, one wonders why migration a ummon feature of early colonial Tunja. It d ~ u l d recognized that the mov be s Eastem Highlands was not entirely ample, it was common for Muisclt

h~

l there is evidence t Baggest that SW& ~ , a

ImdthatthiswasagrOwing~0flcefnamorrg6

i~S@in~hi~hthep@a~~&*

r k

the precise ma%amts t &om e one region or town to


-ever

the stability of Muisca caciccxzgos and,

stability ofthe entire colony. In 1569, the thoindividual caciques and encornen subjects whom they discovered living in o k

ed as far away as Quito, Eethe vast majority of the missing Indians

for example,

Pow-

iego de Ri&als eampigil provsd tam; less than ten years law, the C r m a p

k 1
chos
s w

simply
mabus played sol

&

281 ofthcm whirl w ~ & j h l m i ffam Chi ~;


ti,"-8

BPUV-s-i.-iq rc(lld.aot~less~trily~cb*&~*w~-evm--

receive a s s sil b mcomnderos, some of whom bad &o r lsrtrJaregr W m t In&-. For aemrple, P* J

k w

him to ignore his f d n s and to nat rei mig Cbiramita who were said t have o r i g b t d o ofT a When Valtima refused the reqoEIt @ @,& Indim i question, MaIchah od n him io the church until he changed

Plld captahs had diff1cuIty sephtimg


,andmanyldleadnsalJotoraedto

por Jusepe de Valtl

rning to Tinjach or remainink


thpt she return).
ydpe de Valtierra, juez de comisic U F a d o Caciques c hdios, leg. 3, 4 r0 ds Valtima, juez de camisio~. ~ . - J do Caciques e hdios, leg. 3, no. 367 b V & h a jucz de comisibn jmisdicl Mipun e hdios, leg. 3, no.36,fols comisi6n, jWisdicci0n de Vdtierra, juez d me Indi0s, leg. 3, no.36, folm 790r

LwlJ"

i the pueblo. Sao e x p l d to n

Vgw

away, ten or twehre bohius in the rmddte J

-- - -.=s@Wel?cr, d U s ~ b j e c t s l o - ~ ~ = ~ 1 m frOm Bqack &@#&& acSrr to uphold Enriqumk origbpl ad-7s local f ~ the r e v & , r ~w~ t view the relocation pw o rm of Enriquez's assip d &-&G h a of Crown officials in the regioa. h @ with the resgumdo of Nobsa, the assignment g bad chosen a poo~ \ocatim for the h&am t o hgimeza and Tibasosa botb refused t move o d e n c i a ' s president was forced C ~ I W ~

$*

U L b -

'

'''@'ia econdmic4 6748.

Feturned to their old pueblos,

at the inhabibants

at Gmvitebas had not 4

who h& little n m ** ' axmomic realities, a180 cwleELgd w . ~ ~ ~ r v d o The d system. w-o f makes ell of these theories highly conj-, hf internal conflict. F c-~c, a dc during his 1635-1636 general i s ~ l & nm ~ tha( lands in Samacti had been complacty wnpod by am, leaving Indians from C h a w withnu aag Fdermore, the visitador reported that the catl exclusive access to the best lamb in tle y mcases, I dm who retuned from their ni y m in mines found that their old l I a & d p;~l &&&rdiesbhdlnmd~*- v..dala .

ld competition between a -

m s influence and resources could help him rec trusnt Indians who disappeared fiom his emumi&, SpDlsb t m c ~ ~ ~ r and Muisca caciques and o s , bm recognized the risk posed by uncontrdkd the benefits of athacling migrants), and it wouM
'a's hidims against excessive

thnrt T#s Tndian be&ebroleb~

report, Emit, T*@h, . 1~t041,

in A w l w

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