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ili

CORNELL UNIVERSITY
LIBRARY

THIS

BOOK

IS

THE GIFT OF

John

P.

Young

RETURN TO ALBERT
R.

MANN
Y.

LIBRARY

ITHACA, N.

ILLUSTRATIONS
OF

THE BRITISH FLORA

Cornell University Library

The
tine

original of

tliis

bool<

is in

Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright

restrictions in
text.

the United States on the use of the

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924001674492

ILLUSTEATIONS
OF

THE BEITISH FLOEA


A SERIES OF

WOOD ENGRAVINGS, WITH


OF

DISSECTIONS,

JSritisb

plants

DRAWN BY

W.

H.

FITCH,

F.L.S.,

WITH ADDITIONS BY

W.
FORMING

G.

SMITH,

F.L.S.

AN ILLUSTRATED COMPANION

TO BENTHAM'S

HANEEOOK

OF THE BRITISH FLORA AND OTHER FLORAS.

FOURTH REVISED EDITION.


(SECOND ISSUE.)

6,

LONDON: L. REEVE & CO., Ltd., HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT .GARDEN.


1919.

QK

/]

^.<9

By

GEORGE BENTHAM,
BRITISH FLORA
With an introduction on

F.R.S.
;

HANDBOOK OF THE
in,

a description
or naturalized

of the Flowering Plants and Ferns indigenous


the British Isles.

to,

the Outlines of

and an analytical Key to the Nat'jral Orders and anomalous Genera for students and beginners. Sixth revised edition. Edited by Sir J. D. Hooker, C.B., G.C.S.I., F.R.S. Price 12s. pp. hxx + 584. Botany
in special reference to local Floras,

By

F.

TOWNSEND,

M.A.,

F.L.S.

FLORA OF HAMPSHIRE, including


localities of the less

the Isle of Wight, with

enlarged
Price

with

common species. Second edition, coloured map and 2 plates, pp. xxxviii

greatly

658.

iSj-.

PREFACE.

illustrations contained in this volume were drawn, with the few exceptions presently referred to, by W. H. P'itch, F.L.S. for the original illustrated edition of Bentham's " Handbook of British Flora." Since that edition was exhausted they have been issued separately, forming a companion volume to the " Handbook " and to other general, county and local Floras. Additional wood engravings executed by W. G. Smith, F.L.S., have been incorporated from time to time illustrating additions to the Flora. The arrangement in the present edition follows that of the latest edition of Bentham's " Handbook,'' edited by Sir Joseph Hooker, but some new features have been introduced with the object of

The

increasing

its

usefulness.

In place of the bare list of Natural Orders given in previous editions, the moi-e extended "Arrangement of Natural Orders," with some of their distinguishing characters, is reproduced from the " Handbook," and this is preceded by descriptions of the

main

divisions of classification.

Those who have not made a

may obtain from these a general conception of the main principles upon which the arrangement of the Natural Orders or Families is based. But until a knowledge of the subject is acquired by practical observation, the "Analytical Key to the Natural Orders and anomalous genera" provided in the " Handbook" will be of more service in identifying
previous study of systematic botany
the Families to which plants are assigned, for the reason that this " Analytical Key " is constructed from the more easily observed
characters, which are not necessarily those which determine the

systematic arrangement.

In the body of the work the scientific names of the plants as in the latest edition of the " Handbook " are given first in larger type. To these are now added in small type many of the synonyms from other Floras and more recent Lists. Limitation of space in the case of the larger woodcuts has made it necessary to

adopted

adopt a contracted form of indicating the

specific

name where

it is

vi

PREFACE.
is

repeated as a synonym, as

usual with generic

names

and as

this

used by many who are inexperienced in the ways of scientific nomenclature, it may be well to mention that in such cases the termination of the specific name, being an adjective, may be changed to make it agree in gender with another generic or substantive name. Thus the Lesser Hawkbit when it is assigned to the genus Leontodon is named Leontodon hirtus, but when it is included under the genus Thrincia it becomes Ihrincia hirta.

volume

is

The English names are also now added to each illustration, and are followed by an indication of tlie colour of the flower except where it is white, cream, or only tinged with colour.
B. signifies Blue.
Br.
,,

P. signifies Purple.

Brown.
Green.
Lilac.

Pk.
R. Y.

,,
,,

Pink.

G.
Li.

,,

Red, Orange, or Crimson.


Yellow.

Although the illustrations are necessarily small and not intended be coloured, many persons have found it of interest to do so, perhaps as a record of their observation and identification of the plants themselves. So far as it has been possible in the present abnormal circumstances, a paper suitable for colouring has been used in this edition of the work.
to
Tuly, 1919.

CLASSIFICATION.
TABLE OF CLASSES.
Class I. DICOTYLEDONS.
Stem, when perennial, consisting of a pith in the centre, ot one or more concentric circles containing fibrous tissue, and of bark on the outside. Seeds with two cotyledons, the young stem in germination proceeding from between the two lobes of the embryo, or from the notch in its summit. These characters are all that can be said to bj2 constant to separate Dicotyledons from Monocotyledons, They are, however, in most cases very difficult to observe, and yet the distinction is essential, for these two great classes have each their peculiar aspect, which, after a very little habit, the botanist will in most cases recogn'se at a glance. The nerves of the leaves are branched

and

netted,

and the parts of the flower are usually


Handbook,''
p. i).

in fours

or

fives {see the "

Families

i.-lxxiv.

Class II. MONOCOTYLEDONS.

Stem not

distinguishable into pith, wood, and bark, but con-

sisting of bundles of fibres, irregularly

imbedded

in cellular tissue.

Seeds with one cotyledon, the embryo imdivided, the young stem being developed from a sheath-like cavity on one side. Besides these positive characters, ATonocotylcdons may be
generally

known by

their simple, entire, alternate

or radical

leaves, with siniple parallel veins, the base usually encircling or

sheathing the stem or the base of the next leaf; and the parts of
the flower are most frequently in threes, the calyx and corolla, when present, being generally similar in appearance, forming a single perianth of 6 parts (see the " Handbook," p. 418).

Families Ixxv.-lxxxix,

Class III. VASCULAR

CRYPTOGAMS.
neither stamens, nor
pistils,

No

real flowers, that

is,

nor true

consisting of minute. granules, called Spores, variously enclosed in Spore-cases, or embedded within
seeds, the fructification

the substance of the plant. The few British Cryptogains which are included in the present volume have all of them roots, and stems or rootstocks as in flowering plants, and in a few the leaves are somewhat similar {see the " Handbook," p. 547)-

Families xc.-xciv.

viii

CLASSIFICATION.
Sub-Classes of Class
I.

DICOTYLEDONS.

Sub-class
distinct

I.

Thalamiflorae.

Petals

from the calyx, and fi-om each other, seldom wanting. Stamens usually hypogynous, or nearly so (for exceptions
see p. ix).

Families i-xxi

Sub -class

2.

Calyciflorae.

Petals
/

usually distinct,

and stamens perigynous


Families xxii-xxxviii

or epigynous (for exceptions see p. xi)

Sub -class

3.

Monopetalae.

Petals

united (at least at the base) into a single corolla (for exceptions see p. xii).

Families xxxix-lx

Sub -class
rianth

really or

none

(for

Peapparently simple or exceptions see p. xiv)


4.

Monochlamydae.

Families Ixi-lwiv

NATURAL ORDERS.
ARRANGEMENT OF THE NATURAL ORDERS THE PRESENT WORK.
The
in the

IN

following recapitulation of the Natural Orders represented British Isles is merely intended as a table of contents, showing the order in which the families follow each other in the present work ; at the same time attention is called to one or two of the most striking, the most important, or the easiest observed features of each one. These characters are, however, general, not always without exception, and sometimes specially applicable to British genera only.

Class I. DICOTYLEDONS.
In the germination of the seed .the plumula arises between two (rarely more) lobes or cotyledons of the embryo, or from a terminal notch. The vascular tissue of the stem forms a ring or rings between the bark and pith. The nerves of the leaf are branched and netted (see also Arum, Tamils, z.wA Paris in Monocotyledons). The parts of the flower are usually in fours or fives.
Sub-class 1. Thalamiflorae. Petals distinct from the calyx, and from each other, seldom wanting. Stamens usually hypogynous, Exceptions. The calyx or corolla is absent in some or nearly so.

Kanunculacece, Cmci/erce, Violacece, Caryophyllacece. The petals cohere more or less in some Fmnariacece, Polygalacece, Poriulacece, The stamens are epigynous or periTamariscinece, Malvacea. gynous in Nymphaacea and some Caryophyllacea.
*

Ovary apocarpous.
I.

RanunculacEjE
BerberidE/E

(figs.

1-32).

Petals definite.

Stamens

indefinite.

Perianth and stamens in twos or Anthers opening by recurved valves. Aquatic plants with indefinite III. Nymph^ACE^ (figs. 34-5). petals and stamens, the inner petals passing gradually into the outer stamens.
II.
(fig.

33).

threes, or their multiples.

}c

NATURAL ORDERS.
Ovary syncarpous.
IV.

**

Placentas parietal {except in Polygalaceae).


(figs.

Papaverace^
Stamens

36-44).

Perianth regular, in twos or

fours.

indefinite.
(figs.

V.

FUMARIACE^

45-7).

Periantli very irregular, in twos

or fours.

Stamens 6, in two sets. VI. CRUCiFERiE (figs. 48-113). Stamens 6, of which 2 shorter.
VII.

Sepals and petals 4 each.


Petals small, unequal, some Capsule open at the lop

Resedace^
is ripe.

(figs.

14-6).

divided. before it

Stamens few, but


ClSTACE^.
(figs.

indefinite.

Sepals 3, equal, or with 117-20). Petals 5, regular. Stamens indefinite. the anthers on the IX. VlOLACE^ (figs. 121-6). Stamens 5 inner face of very short broad filaments, usually united in a ring.

VIII.

additional small ones.

Capsule 3-valved. StaPerianth very irregular. X. POLYGALACE^ (fig. 127). Capsule mens 8, in two parcels petals united with them.
;

2-celled.

XI.

Frankeniace^

(fig.

128).

As

in Caryophyllacete, except

the parietal placentas.

*** Ovary syncarpous.

Placentas axile.

XII. CARYOPHYLLACEyE (figs. 129-73). Leaves opposite, entire. Flowers regular. Stamens definite. Capsule i-celled, with a free
central placenta.

XIII. PORTULACE/E
only 2 sepals

(figs.

174-5).

As

in

Caryophyllacese, but

and

or

more

petals.

XIV. Tamariscine^
scale-like leaves.

(fig. 176).

Flowers regular.

Shrubs with alternate green Capsule i-celled. Seeds with


Pink family, CaryoFlowers

tuft

of wool.

(figs. 177-8). As in the phyllacece, but the capsule divided into cells.

XV. ElatinacE/B

XVI. Hypericine^E
regular.

(figs.

179-89).

Leaves opposite.

Sepals imbricate. or bundles.

Stamens

indefinite, in 3 or 5 clusters

distinct.

XVII. LiNACEiE (figs. 190-4). Leaves entire. Petals convolute, Stamens definite. Capsule separating into carpels without
Petals

leaving a central axisi

XVIII. Malvace^ (figs. 195-200). Sepals valvate. convolute, adhering at the base to the staminal tube. indefinite, monadelphus, with i-celled anthers.
free.

Stamens
Petals

XIX. TlLlACE^ (fig. 201). Trees. Stamens indefinite. XX. GeraniacE/E (figs. 202-20).

Sepals valvate.

Petals convolute or very

Natural orders.
irregular.

cells

Stamens definite. Capsule with several round a persistent central axis.

and lobes

XXI. AcERACE^ (genus or tribe of Sapindacece, figs. 221-2). Trees. Leaves opposite. Stamens definite, but seldom isomerous. Fruit separating into 2 (rarely 3) winged nuts.
Sub-class 2. Calyciflorae. Petals usually distinct, and stamens perigynous or epigynous. Exceptions. The petals are absent in some Kosacece, Uiiagracea:, Lyihariea, Saxifragacece, Haloragece, and Loraiithaceas. The petals cohere more or less in some Aquifoliacece, Ciicurbitacece and Crassnlacea. The stamens are hypogynous in some Saxifragacea:, in Droseracea, and are epipetalous in some Crassulacece.

Stamens and petals mostly perigyiious


Ciicurbitacece,

{except in the Crassulacece,

and

Ribesiacece families').
(fig.

XXII. AquifOLIACE/K
flowers.

223).

Petals shortly united at the base.

Shrubs or trees with small Stamens alternating

No disli. Ovary syncarpous, fi'ee. XXIII. Celastrace^ (fig. 224). Shrubs or trees, with small regular green flowers. Stamens alternating with the petals, on a
with them.
disk lining the base of the calyx.

XXIV. RhamnacE/E
stamens are opposite the

(figs.

225-6).

As

in Celastraceae,

but the

sinall

concave or scale-like petals.

XXV. Papilionace/E, a tribe of Leguminos^ (figs. 227-97). Flowers very irregular, papilionaceous. Stamens 10, all, or 9 of them, coinbined. Ovary of one carpel. XXVI. RoSACE/E (figs. 298-341). Flowers regular; Stamens indefinite. Ovary (at least when >oung) apocarpous.
XXVII. Onagrace^
Stamens
definite.
(figs.

342-54).

Perianth in twos or fours.


style.

Ovary

inferior.

One

XXVIII. Lytharie^ (figs- 355-7)- Stamens usually definite, Ovary inserted with the petals at the top of the calyx-tube. syncarpous within the base of the tube. One style. Lower leaves opposite.

XXIX. CuburbitacEjE
Flowers unisexual.

(fig.

358).

Climbers with tendrils.

Ovary inferior. XXX. Crassulacece (figs. 359-71). Leaves succulent. Sepals, petals, stamens of one or two rows, and free carpels, all isomerous. XXXI. RibesiacEjE (figs. 372-5). Shrubs. Flowers regular. Stamens definite. Ovary inferior. Placentas parietal. One style. Flowers regular. XXXII. SaxifragacE/E (figs. 376-91). Stamens definite. Ovaiy syncarpous at the base, but a separate
style for

each carpel.

xll

NATURAL ORDERS,
XXXIII. DrosErace^
covered

leaves

Herbs with radical (figs. 392-4). Flowers regular. with long glandular hairs. Stamens definite. Placentas parietal. Styles distinct. XXXIV. Halorage^. (figs. 395-7). Aquatic herbs with very Stamens small flowers. Calyx-lobes and petals 4, 2, or none. Ovary inferior. Styles or stigmas distinct. definite.
** Petals

and stamens epigynous

{>-ound an epigynoics disk).

XXXV. UmbellifeR/E
XXXVI. Araliace^
succulent.

(figs.

398-456).

Leaves

alternate.

Fruit dry, separating from the axis into seed-like carpels.

Fruit Leaves alternate. and not separating. XXXVIL LORANTHACE* (fig. 458). Parasites. Stamens on, or opposite to the petals. Leaves usually opposite. Ovary
(fig.

457).

Carpels often more than

2,

-celled.

XXXVin. CoRNACEiE
Stamens alternate with the

(figs.

petals.

459-60). Leaves usually opposite. Style one.

Sub-class 3. Monopetalae. Petals united (at least at the basej into a single corolla. The petals are' absent in some Primnlacecc and Oleacece, and are free in some Ericacece and Plumbaginecs.
(

Corolla epigytious, bearing' the stamens.

XXXIX. CaprifoliacEjE
stipules.

(figs.

461-9).

Leaves opposite.

No

Ovary 2 or more celled. XL. Stellate, a tribe of Rubiace^ (figs. 470-83). Stipules like the leaves in appearance, and forming whorls with them round the stem. Ovary 2-celled, with I seed in each cell. XLI. Valeriane^ (figs. 484-91). Stamens fewer than the lobes of the corolla. Ovary and fruit i-seeded. XLII. Dipsace/e (figs. 492-6). Florets in compact heads or spikes. Stamens isomerous. Anthers free. Ovary and fruit
I

-seeded.

XLIII. CoMPOSlTiE (figs. 497-611). Florets incompact heads. Stamens isomerous. Anthers united in a ring round the style. Ovary and fruit i-seeded.
(2)

Stamens free from

the corolla.

XLIV. Campanulace^ (figs. 612-25). Herbs. Stamens as many as the corolla-lobes. Anthers opening longitudinally. XLV. Ericace^ (figs. 626-48). Shrubs. Stamens usually twice as many as the corolla-lobes. Anthers opening in pores or
cross-valves.

NATURAL ORDERS.
(3)

xiii

Corolla hypogyiiotis, bearing the stamens.


*

Placenta free central.


(figs.

XLVI. PrimulacEjE
opposite the corolla-lobes.

649-63).

Stamens isomerous and


irregular.

XLVI I. Lentibulace/E (figs. 664-9). Corolla very Stamens fewer than the lobes, and alternate with them.
** Placentas parietal, or in the axial angle of the
[a]

cells,

Corolla regular, or nearly

so.

XLVIII. OleacE/E (figs. 670-1). Trees or shrubs. Stamens alternating with the 2 ovary-cells, and having no constant relation to the corolla-lobes.
2,

XLIX. APOCVNACEiE (tigs. 672-3). Corolla contorted. Stamens isomerous. Ovary of 2 carpels, usually distinct, whilst the styles are united at the top. Corolla conL. GENTnN'A(JE/ (figs. 674-84). Bitter plants. torted. Stamens isomerous. Placentas parietal, rarely meeting in the axis. Stamens LI. PolemoniacEjE (fig. 685). Corolla contorted. isomerous. Ovary 3-celled, with sevei'al seeds. LIL ConvolvulacEjE (figs. 686-91). Corolla plaited. Stamens isomerous. Ovary 2- or 3-celled, with 2 (rarely i) ovules in each, often separated by an additional false partition. LIIL Boragine^ (figs. 692-712). Stamens isomerous. Ovary 2- or 4-lobed, with one ovule in each lobe. LIV. SOLANACE* (figs. 713-7)- Stamens isomerous. Corolla Ovary 2-celled, with several -ovules in each plaited or imbricate.
cell. ib)

Corolla irregular.
the lobes.

Stamens

less

or 3 less than

LV. OrobanchacE/E

(figs.

718-25).

Leafless

parasites.

Placentas parietal, or rarely meeting in the axis.

LVL SCROPHULARINE^E
several ovules in each
cell.

(figs.

726-76).

Ovary

2-celled,

with
ovule

LVIL Labiate
in

(figs.

777-821).
(fig.

Ovary 4-lobed, with Ovary

each
I

lobe.

LVin. Verbenace^
with
ovule in each
***
cell.

822).

entire, 2- or 4-celled,

Anomalous families.
(figs.

LIX. PlumbaginEvE
ovule, but several styles.

823-7).

Ovary with

eel!

and

xiv

NATURAL ORDERS.
LX. PLANTAGlNEiE
(figs.

828-33).

Corolla scarious.

Stamens

isomerous.
Sub-class 4. simple or none.
bracece.

Monochlamyda. Perianth
Exxeptions.

Petals

really or apparently are present in some Jllece-

double.

Perianth small, rarely LXI. Illecebrace;e (figs, 834-8). Ovary with i cell and ovule, but 2 or 3 styles or strgmas. Leaves usually opposite, with scarious stipules. small; Perianth LXII. Chenopodiace^ (figs. 839-57). stamens opposite to its lobes. Ovary with i cell and ovule, but 2 No stipules. or more styles or stigmas. LXI 1 1. POLYGONACE.4: (figs. 858-79). Perianth small. Ovary with I cell and ovule, but 2 or more styles or stigmas. Stipules
sheathing.

LXIV. ThymeleaCE^

(figs.

880-1).

Stamens inserted
its

in the

tube of the perianth, and usually double the number of Ovary free, with I pendulous ovule. One style.

lobes.

LXV. EL.5;AGNACE/e
leaves.

(fig.

882).

Shrubs or

trees,

with scurfy

Flowers mostly unisexual.


i

Ovary

free in the

bottom

of

the perianth-tube, with

erect ovule.
(fig.

LXVL

SantA'LACE/e

883).

Perianth-lobes

valvate.

Ovary inferior, i-celled, with 2 or 4 pendulous ovules. Spike simple. LXVII. Aristolochiace* (fig. 884). Perianth irregular, or Stamens 6 or 12. Ovary inferior, 3- or 6-celled, with 3-lobed. numerous ovules.

LXVIIL Euphorbiace^ (figs. 885-99). Flower unisexual. Fruit separating into 3 (rarely 2 or more) carpels, leaving a persistent axis, each carpel containing I or 2 pendulous seeds.
LXIX. Empetrace^
in the ovules
(fig.

900).

Differs

from Euphorbiaceae

and seeds

erect.

LXX. Ceratophyllum and Callitriche (figs. 901-2). Anomalous aquatic genera. Perianth none. Ovary with I or 4 cells, and i seed in each. LXXL Urticace/E (figs. 903-7). Flowers unisexual, small and green. Stamens opposite the perianth divisions (usually 4). Ovary free, with a single ovule, and 2 (rarely i) styles or stigmas.

LXXIL ULMACEiE (figs.

the stamens opposite the lobes. ovule in each cell.

908-9). Trees. Flowers often bisexual, Ovary free, 2-celled, with 1 erect

LXXIIL AmentacEjE (figs. 910-35). Trees or shrubs. Flowers unisexual, the males in catkins with an imperfect perianth,
or none at
or
all.

Fruit of the females


(figs.

-celled.

LXXIV. Conifer"^
scale-like

leaves.

Trees or shrubs with stiff 936-8). Flowers unisexual, the males in catkins

NATURAL ORDERS.
without perianth. Ovules and seeds any ovary or pericarp.
in the

xv

females not enclosed in

Class II. MONOCOTYLEDONS.


is developed from a sheath-like cavity on one side of the embryo. The -vascular tissue of the stem occurs in scattered bundles amongst the cellular. The nerves of the leaves are more or less parallel (except in Aroidea, Diofcoridea^ Paris, and in some Liliace(E). The parts of the flower are usually in twos or threes.

In germination the plumule

Perianth none, or of i, small sepals or

bracts.

LXXV. TyphacE/E
mixed

Flowers unisexual, inter939-43). with bracts in dense heads or spikes. Fruit a dry nut.
(figs

LXXVI. AroidEjE (figs. 944-5). Flowers unisexual, often intermixed with bracts in dense heads or spikes, mostly in a spatha. Fruits usually succulent. No distinct stem. LXXVII. LemnacEjE (figs. 946-50). Flowers (very scarce) on the edge of the small leaf-like floating
fronds.

LXXVIII. NatadE/B
plants.

Floating or submerged (figs. 951-71). Flowers distinct or in loose spikes. Stamens i, 2, or 4.


or
4.

Ovaries

i, 2,

** Perianth wholly or partially petal-like.

Ovary apocarpous.

LXXIX. AlismacE^
the group.

(figs.

972-7)

the only British family of

*** Perianth wholly or partially petal-like.


(figs.

Ovary

inferior.

Floating or stib978-So). LXXX. Hydrocharide^ merged plants. Flowers usually unisexual. Perianth regular, with

a slender tube.

LXXXI. OrCHIDACE^
lar.

(figs.

9S1-1016).

Anther
3.

2-celled,

combined

vviih the style in

Perianth very irreguan axile column.

LXXXII. IriDE/E
stamens
Perianth of 6 divisions.
unisexual.

Leaves often

(1017-23). Like the Amaryllis family, but in two opposite rows.


(figs.

LXXXII I. AMARVLLIDE^
LXXXIV. DIOSCORIDE^
**** Perianth regular.

1024-7).

Terrestrial plants.
plants.

Stamens
(fig.

6.

1028).

Twining

Flowers

Perianth regular, of 6 divisions.

Ovary syncarpous,
(figs.

superior.

LXXXV. LiLiACE^

1029-59).

Perianth petal-like.

xvi

NATURAL ORDERS.
LXXXVI. JUNCACE^
Perianth stiff, or calyx(figs. 1060-81). Capsule 3-celled, with several seeds, or i erect seed in each
Perianth calyx-like. Eriocauleje (fig. 1082). Ovary with I pendulous ovule in ea<A cell.

like.
cell.

LXXXVI I.

Flowers unisexual.

***** Perianth mdimentary or none, replaced by chaffy scales or


bracts enclosing th^ flowers.

Leaf-sheaths (figs. 1083-1157). flower in the axil of one bract. LXXXIX. Graminete (figs. 1 158-1258). Leaf-shcaths split open opposite the blade. Each flower enclosed in two bracts.
entire.

LXXXVI II. Cyperace^


Each

Class III.VASCULAR

CRYPTOGAMS.
pistils.

No

true flowers

that

is,

no stamens or

Spores of one form only, 1259-63). in closed capsules, in the axils of the leaves, or of the bracts of a terminal spike, or in the base of the leaves.

XC. LvCOPODIACEiE

(figs.

XCI. Selaginellace^
spike.

(figs.

1264-6).

in closed capsules in the axils of the leaves, or of the bracts of

Spores of two forms, a

Spores in minute cases XCII. Marsileace^E (fig. 1267). enclosed in globular or ovoid utricles (or involucres) placed on the
rootstock.

XCIII. EquisetacEjE
whorled branches.
or spikes.

(figs.

1268-77).

Stems

Spores under peltate

-scales, in

jointed, with terminal heads

XCIV.

clustered on the

FiLICES (figs. 1 278-1 3 1 5). Spores back or margin of the fronds.

in

minute cases

For an Analytical Key to the above Natural Orders ana anomalous genera, see the " Handbook of the British Flora," p. Ixiii.

ILLUSTRATIONS

BRITISH FLORA
Class
Sub-class

I.

Dicotyledons.
Thalamiflor.-e.

I.

I.

RANUNCULACE^.

Clematis Vitalba, L. Old Man's Beard.

2.

Thalictrum alpinum, L.
Alpitie Thalictrum

Traveller's Joy,

I.

RANUNCULACE^E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

3.

Thalictrum minus, L.
Lesser T,

4.

Thalictrum flavum, L.

Meadow Rne ;

1'.

5.

Anemone

Pulsatilla, L.

6.

Anemone nemorosa, L.
U'ood A.

PasqnC'Hovjer; P.

I.

T/ialamiJionr]

I.

RANUXCULACE^.

7.

Adonis

auliimnalis, L.

Myosurus minimus, L.
;

Pheasant^ s Ere

R.

Mousetail; V.

9.

Ranunculus

aquatilis,

L.

10.

Ranunculus hederaceus, L.
Ivy J!.

R. heterophyllus,

Web.

I.

RANUNCULACE/E.

[F.

Dicotyledons

II.

Ranunculus Lingua, L.
Great Spcarwort ; Y.

Ranunculus Flammula, L.

L esscr Spcar^vcrt ;

} '.

13.

Ranunculus ophioglossifolius,
Vill.
Snaketo7igite R.
;

14.

Ranunculus Ficavia, L.
;

I'igivort R., Lesser Celandine

3'.

V.

I.

Thalamiflom'\

1.

RANUNCULACE^,

15.

Ranunculus

sceleratus,

L.

16.

Ranunculus auiicomus, L.

Celery-leaved R.; Y.

Wood R.,

Goldilocks;

17.

Ranunculus

acris,

L.
:

Meadow R.

V.

iS.

Ranunculus repens, L.
Creeping R.
;

Ig.
}'.

Ranunculus

flabellatus, Desf.

Fine-leaved R.

Y,

1.

RANUNCULACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

20.

Ranunculus bulbosus, L.
Bulbous R., Y.

21.

Ranunculus hirsulus, Curt.


R. Sardous, Cr., parvulus, L.

Hairy R.

Y.

22.

Ranunculus

paivifloius,

Xi.
;

23.
Y.

Ranunculus arvensis, L.

Small-Jlmvered R.

CtmR.;

Y.

I.

Thalamiflom'\

I.

RANUNCULACE/E.

24. Caltha palusti'is, L.

25. Trollius euiop.'sus, L.


1
'.

Marsh Marigold ;

Globeflower ;

}'.

26.

Helleboius

viricUs,

L.

27. liellebonis fcetidus, L.


Settcr-tvort ; Y.

Bears-Joot; G.

I.

RANUNCULACE.*.

[I.

Dkotykdons'

28. Aquilegia vulgaris, L.

29.

Delphinium Ajacis, L.
Larkspur ;
B., J!., IV.

Colmnlune ; B.

30

Aconitum Napellus, L.
Mojikshood, U^ol/sdajie ; B,

31.

Actxa

spicata, L.

Batieherry,

Ihrh

ChrisioJ'ltc

I.

Thalamioral

I,

RANUNCULACE^.

II,

BERBERIDE^,

3?.

Pneonia

officinalis,

L.

133.

Berberis vulgaris, L.
Barberry; Y,

\raojiy; R.

HI.

XYMPH/EACE^.

34.

Nymphsea

alba, L.

35.

Nuphar

luteuni,
lutea, L.

Sm.

Castalia speciosa, Sai., alba., Gre.

Nymphsea

White IVaterlily

Yello7u IVaterlily.

j6

iV.

PAPAVERACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

36.

Papaver somniferum, L.
Opium Poppy,

37.

Papaver Rhceas, L.
Field Poppy; R.

38.

Papaver dubiiim, L.
Long-headed Poppy ;
li.

39.

Papaver hybridum, L.
Polish Pop/'y; R.

I.

Thalamifiorce\

IV.

PAPAVERACE.^i

40. Papaver

Argemone, L,_
Pale Pofty. R.

41.

Meconopsis cambrica, Vig.


Welsh Peppy; Y.

42.

Chelidonium majus, L.
Celandine
;

43. Rceraeria hybrida,


V,

DC.
;

E. violacea, Med.
Riiemeria

P.

12

IV.

PAPAVERAC^^.

v.

IfUMARlACE^.

[1.

Dicotyledons

44.

Glaucium luteum. Scop.


G, flavum, Cr.

45-

Fumaria

officinalis,

L.

Fniniio7y,
;

Horticd 01- Sea Poppy

Y.

46. Corydalis lutea,

DC.
Corydal.

47. Corydalis claviciilata,


Capnoides
cl.,

DC.

Capnoides lutea, Gaert.

Dr.

Vdlow

Cliuibing CorytUl.

I.

Thalamiflont]

VI.

CKUCIFER^,

48. Matthiola incana, Br.


Stock, CilUflowcr ; P.

49. Matthiola sinuata, Br.

Sea Stock ; P.

50.

Cheiranthus Cheiri, L.
Wallflimier; Y.-R.

51.

Barbarea vulgaris, Br.


B. lyrata, Asch.

Winiercress, Yellow Rocket.

VI.

CRUCIFER^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

52.

Nasturtium
off.,
,

officinale, Br.

53.

Nastuitium sylvestre, Br.


syl.,

Radicula

Gro. licum, R. & B.

Nasturtium aqua,,,_,

Radicula pinnata, IMcEn.,

Dr.
;

,..

Creeping IVatcrcrcss

Y.

54. Nasturtium palustre,

DC.
Y.

55.

Nasturtium ampliibium, Br.


;

Radicula pa., Moen.

Armorica am., Pet.

Radicula am.. Dr.


;

Marsk Watercress ;

Great Watercress

Y,

I.

7'halainiflora]

VI.

CRUCIFER^.

15

56. Arabis perfoliata,

Lam.

57.

Arabis Turiita, L.
Toiver Rockcress^ To7vercress.

A. glabra, Bernh. Glabrous Rockcress, Tower Mustard.

58.

Arabis hirsuta, Br.


Hairy Rockcress.

59. Arabis alpina, L.

Alpine Rockcress.

i6

VI.

CRUCIFER^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

60. Arabia

cili.ita,

Br.

Frhiged Rockcrcss.

63. Arabis petrsea,

Lam.

Northern Rockcress.

61. Avabis Thaliana, L.

Sisymbrium Th., Hook.


TluilccrcsSy Wallcress.

62. Arabis sUicta,

Huds.

64. Cavdaniine amara, L.

A. scabra, All. Bristol Rockcress.

Large

Bittercress,

I.

Thalamiflorce]

VI.

CRUCIFER.^I.

17

65. Cardamine pratensis, L. Meadow Bittercress, Ladies' Sviock^


CilcboO'floiver.

66.

Cardamine impatiens, L.
Kfarroxu-leaved Bittercress.

67.

Cardamine

hirsuta,

L.

68.

Cardamine

bnlbifera, Br.

Hairy

Bittercress.

Dentaria bulb., L.
Coralroot.

i8

VI.

CRUCIFER^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

69. Hesperis matronalis, L.


Daniels Vioh-t
;

70. Sisj'rabrium officinale, Scoji.


P.

Hedge Mustard; Y.

71.

Sisymbrium

Iiin,

L.
I
'.

72.

Sisymbrium Sophia, L.
h'tixu'eed
:

London Rocvri;

I*.

I.

I'halamifloraPi

VI.

CRUCIFER^^,

19

73.

AUiaria

officinalis,

Andr.

74.

Erysimum

cheiranthoicles, L.
Treacle

Sisymbrium

Alliaria, Scop.

Mustard; V.

Garlic- Mjcsiard, Sauce-alone.

75.

Erysimum

orienlale, Br.
Hare^s-ear.

76. Erassica tenuifolia, Eoiss.


Diplotaxis leu., DC. IFall B., Rocket; Y.

C 2

VI.

CRUCIFER.^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

77.

Brassica muralis, Boiss.


Diplolaxis mu.,

78. Brassica monensis,


Isle
;
]
'.

Huds.

DC.
Saitd B.

of Man B.; Y.

79. Brassica oleracea, L.

80. Brassica campestris, L.


I
'.

Cabbage ;

Field B.l Y.

I.

ThalamiJloi-(c\

VI.

CRUCIFER^.

8i. Brassica alba, Boiss.


Sinapis
al.,

82. Brassica Sinapis, Vis.


B. arvensis, Kun. Sinap's ar., L., Sinapistrum, Boiss.
;

L.

Cultivated Mustard;

Charlock,

Wild Mustard; Y.

83. Brassica nigra,


Sinapis
ni.,

Koch.

84..

Brassica adpressa, Boiss.


;

L.

B, incana, L.

Sinapis

in.,

L.

Black Mustard; V,

Hoary B,;

VI.

CRUCIFERzE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

85. Cocblearia armoracia, L.

86. Coclilearia officinalis, L.


Scurvy-^rass.

Aimoiacia rusticana, Rupp. Horseradish.

87.

Alyssum calycinum, L.
A. alyssoides, L.

Alyssum maritimum, L.
Stuect
\
'.

Small A.;

T/ialamiflonc\

VI.

CRUCIFER/li:.

23

Draba

aizoicles,

L.
Ycllmu D.

91.

Draba

incana, L.

Hoary D.

90.

Draba

hiria, L.

-D. rupesLiis, Br.

Rack D.

93.

Draba

verna, L.

92.

Draba

muralis, L.
;///

Erophila vulgaris,

DC,

Mey. Whitlow Grass.


ver.,

^.

24

VI.

CRUCIFEKtE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

94. Ccimelinn. saliva, Cr.

95.

Subularia aquatica, L.

Gold of rUasuj-e ; V.

A wlwort.

^''

96. TlilasBi arvense, L.

97. Thlaspi perfolialum,

I,.

Mithridate Mustard.

rerfoliate Paniyiycss.

I.

Thalamiflora]

VI.

CRUCIFERyE.

25

Thlasjji alpcstre, L.

99. Teesdalia nudicaulis, Br.


Teesdalia.

A Ipine Pcnnycress.

100.

Iberis amara,

L.
Catidytnft,

loi. Ilutchinsia pelrrea, Br.

BHter

Rock H.

26

VI.

CRUCIFER/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

I02. Capsella Biirsa-pasloris, Mieii.

103,

Lepidium campestre, Br.


iilit/iridate Pcpperu'ort,

Bursa pastoris, Web.


Skfp/icr<Vs-piirse.

104.

Lepidium SmiUiii, Hook.


L. heterophyllum, Benth.

105.

Lepidium Draba, L.
Hoary
Cress,

SnUtlis Cress,

VI.

CRUCIFERy^i.

27

106.

Lepidium

latifolium, L.
Dittait-der,

107.

Lepidium ruderale, L.
Narrow-leaved Cress.

108. Senebiera Coronopus, Poir.

109. Senebiera didyma, Pers.


S. pinnatifida,

Coronopus procumbens,
iM.

Gil., verrucarius,

DC. Coronopus
;

&

STJuine-cress, ]Vartcress.

di., Sm. Lesser S.

28

VI.

CRUCIFERiE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

lo.

Isatis tinctoria,

L.
]
'.

III. Cakile niaritima, Scop.

Dyer's IVoad;

S7a Rocket,

112.

Crambe

manliiiia, L.
Scakale.

113. Raphainis Raphanistrum, L. Wild Radish^ Jointed or J J 7i/fv Charlock,

I.

Thalamiflorm]

VII.

RESEDACEyE.

29

114.

Reseda

luteola, L.
Rocliet.

Weld, Yellmv Weed, Dyer's

115. Reseda lutea, L.


Cut-leaved Mignonette ; Y.

116.

Reseda

alba, L.

R. frudculosa, L.

Wild Mignonette.

VIII,

CISTACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

II7.

Heliantliemum guttatum, Mill.


Spotted Rockrpse I Y.

Ii8.

Helianthemum
H,

caniun,

Dun.
I
',

inarifolium, Mill.

Hoary Rockrosc ;

19.

Helianlhemum

vulgare, GL"eit.
Mill.

120.

rielianlliemum polifolium,
jMill.

H. Chamjccisliis,

Cojmtioii Rockrose; V,

irUitc Rmkr.^sc.

I.

Thalaimfora\

IX.

VlfiLACE^.

31

121, Viola pakislris, L.

Maysh

Violet.

122. Viola odbrata, L.


Szveet Violet,

124. Viola arenaria,


V. rupestris, Schm.

DC.

SttJid VioUl.

125. Viola canina, L.


JDog Violet.

123.

Viola biita, L.
Hairy
Violet,

32

IX.

VIOLACE/E.

X.

POLYGALACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

126. Viola tricolor, L.

127. Polygala vulgaris, L.


or Y.

Heartsease ; P.,

//'.,

Milkwort ; B.

XI.

FRANKENIACE^.

XII.

CARYOPHYLLACE^.

128.

Frankenia

l:evis,

L.

129. Dianthus pvolifer, L.

Sea-heath; Ph.

Tunica

pr..

Scop.
Proliferous Pijtk.

I.

Thalamiflora:]

XII.

CARYOPHYLLACli.K.

33

130. Dianthus Armeria, L. Deptford Pink.

131. Diaiilhus deltoides, L. Maiden Fink.

132. Dianthus csesius,

Sm.

L. 133. Saponaria officinalis,


Soapyjori.

glaucus, Huds. D. gianianopolitanus,Vill., ^ Pinlc-

Cheddar

34

XII.

CARYOPHYLLACEiE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

134. Silene acaulis, L.

135.

Silene Cucubalus,
S. latifolia,

Wib.
Caiupio7i,

Dwarfs., Mass Cmnpion; P.

R.

&

B.

136. Silene Otites,

Sm.
;

137. Silene nutans, L.


G,

Spanish S.

Nottingham Catchfly.

I.

Thalamiflora\

XII.

CARYOPHYLLACE/E

138. Silene gallica, L.


Sinall-Jlowered S.

139.

Silene conica, L.
Striated S.; Pk.

140. Silene noctiflora, L.


Night'fioujering S.

141. Lychnis vespertina, Sib.


L. alba, Mill.

white Lychnis, D 2

36

XII.

CARYOPHYLLACE.E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

142. Lychnis diurna, Sib.


L. dioicaj L.

143. Lychnis Githago, Scop. Githago segetum, Desf.

Red Lychnis.

Cam

Cockle; R.

144.

Lychnis Flos-cuculi, L. Ragged Robin i\R.

145. Lychnis Viscaria, L. Viscid Lychnis I R.

I.

Thalamiflora:-\

XIT.

CARVOPHYLLACE.E.

37

146.

Lychnis alpina, L.
Alpine Lychnis; Pk.

147.

Sagina procumbens, L.
Procii>nbe?it Pearhvort.

148. Sagina Linntei, Presl.


S. saginofdes,

149.

Sagina nodosa,

Feiizl.

Dalla T.

Kjwtted PeariiL'ort.

Alpine Pearlioori.

38

Xrr.

CARYOPHYLLACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

150. Arenaria Cherleri, Benth.


A. sedoides, Kit.
;

151. Arenaria verna, L. Minuartia


ver., Hiern.

Cherlsria ss., L.

Cyphel.

Ver^iai Sandwort.

152. Arenaria uliginosa, Schl.


Minuartia
stricta, Hiern.

153. Arenaria tenuifolia, L.


Minuartia leptophylla, Gro.

Bog Sand%vori,

Fine-leaved Sandwort.

t.

Thdkmijtora]

Xtl.

CARYOPHVLLACE/E.

39

154.

Arenaria peploides, L. Honckenya


pep., Ehr.

155. Arenaria serpyllifolia, L.

Thyme leaved Saiidivort.

Sea ritrslajw.

156.

Arenaria

ciliata,

L.

157. Arenaria trinervia, L.

F7'inged Sajidivort.

Tkree-nerved Sandwort.

40

XII.

CARYOPMYLLACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledo72S

15S.

iMcencliia erecta,
Ehr. & G.
,

Sm.
q-i

159.

H(tlo?;teiim

uml cllalnm, L.
J Iolosiemu

M.

(iimternelh, FenzL, ev., C.

Cerastium

M^7ic hit

r6o.

CeraBlinm vulgaUim, L.
Movse-car Chickivced.

161.

Cerastiiim arvensc,

I,.

C. gloiiierntum, Th., viscosiim, L.

Field Cfrnst.

1.

1 halamiflora]

XII.

CARYOPHYLLACE/T!.

4t

%
162. Cerastium .ilpinum, L.

*'

163. Cerastium trigynum, Vili.


C. lapponicum, Cr., carastoides, Urit.

Alpine Ccrnst.

StanvoH

Ccrast.

164.

Stellaria

aqualica, Sc.

765.

Stellaria

Malachiiim aq., Fr.

nemorum, L. Wood Stanvort,

Water Stanvort.

42

Xil.

dARYOPttVLLACE/E.

[I.

DHotytedoni

l66.

Stellaria media, Vill.


ChicKwt'ed.

167.

Stellaria uliginosa,
*

Muvr.
Stai^woj-i.

168.

Stellaria graminea, L.

169. Stellaria palustris, Ehr.

Lesser Stiichwort.

Marsk Sfarwort.

:.

Thalamiflor<2\

XIl.

CARYOPHYLLACEiE,

43

170. Slellaria Holoslea, L.

171. Spergularia rubrn, Pers,


Alsine ru., Cr.

Great Stanvort, Stitchiuort.

Sa7tdspurry ; Pk.

172. Speigula aivensis, L.


Cor7i SPurry.

173. Polycarpon tetraphyllmn, L.


Four-leaved Polycarp.

44

XIII.

PORTULACE^.

[I.

Dicotykaons

174.

Claytonia perfoliata, Don.


Perfoliate Claytojiia.

175.

Montia fontana, L.
ISlhilcs,

Water Chickwced.

XIV.

TAMARISCINE^.

-XV.

ELATINACE/E.

176.

Tamavix
T. anglica,

gallica, L.

177. Elaline liexaiidra,

DC.

Webb.
Taniarisc ; Pk.

SiX'Siamciied U'nfcrpepper; R,

I.

rhalami- XV.
florai]

ELATINACE/E.

XVI. HYPERICINE/E. 45

178. Elatine Hydropiper, L.


Eight-stametied Water^epper; R.

179.

Hypericum calycinum,

I,.
;

Large-fltnuered H.

Y.

180.

Hypericum Androsaemum, L.
Tutsan; Y.

181.

Hypericum perforatum, L.
St. John's-wort ; Y,

XVI.

HYPERICINE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

182.

Hypericum dubium, Leers.


H. macuktum,
Cr.
;

183.

Hypericum quadrangulum, L.
Square-stalked H.
;

Y.

Imperforate H.

Y.

184.

Hypericum humifusum, L.
Trailing H.; Y.

185.

Hypericum

linavifolium, Vahl.

Flax-leaved

Y.

I.

Thalamifloru:]

XVI.

HYPERICINE^.

47

l86.

Hypericum pulchrum, L.
Slender H.; Y-

187.

Hypericum hirsutum, L.
Hairy H.;
Y-

188.

Hypericum montanum, L.
Mountain H. ; Y.

189.

Hypericum

elodes, L.

Marsh H.

Y.

XVII.

LINACE.E.

[I.

Diiotyledojis

190.

Linum

usitatissimum, L.
Flax, Linseed; B.

191.

Linum

perenne, L.
Perennial Flax ; B.

192.

Linum

angustifolium,

Huds.

193.

Linum

catharticum, L.
Cathartic Flax.

Pale Flax; B.

1.

Thalnmi- XVII. LINAGE.?!.


florce\

XVllI.

MALVACEAE.

49

194. Radiola Millegrana, Sni.

R.

linoides.

Roth.
Allseed.

195. Lavatera arborea, L. Tree Mallmv; R.

196.

Malva

rotundifolia, L.

197.
B.

Malva

sylvestris,

L.

Dwarf Mallow ;

Mallow; P.

50

XVIII.

MALVACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledom

198.

Malva moschata, L. Mnsk Mallow ; R.

igg. AltliEea officinalis, L.

Marsh Mallow; H.

XIX. TILIACE^.

200. AUlisea liirsuta, L. Hispid A.; B.

201. Tilia euiopEea, L.


Lime-tree ; G.

I.

TAa/amifiorcE]

XX.

GKRANIACE^.

5"

202. Geranium sanguineum, L.


l-r-cd

203.
G.

Geranium phfeum, L.
D7isky G.
;

204. Geranium sylvalicuni, L.


Il'oi'/iG.
;

205.
P.

Geranium

prater.se,

L.

Mcadtnv G, ; P. E 2

S2

X.\.

GKRANlACE/l';.

[I-

IHcotyledi'in

206. Geraniiim pyrenaicuin,Burm.f.


G. pcrcnne, Huds.

.207.

Geranium Robertianum, L.
Hcrb-Robirt; P.

Momiiain G.

P.

20S.

Geranium lucidum, L.
Shhiiiis G.
:

209.
P.

Geranium mol'e,
Dove

1..
;

s-fpoi G-

P.

I.

Thal,iiiiiJlora'\

XX.

GEK ANIACE/E,

2IO. Geranium pusillum,

[,.
,

211.
I'.

Geranium rotundifolium,
Round-leaved G.
;

I..
/'.

Small-Jloiuered C.

?I2.

Geranium diEseclum,

I..
',

213. Geranium columhinuni, L.


P.
Loiig'Stalbrd G.
.

(lut-leayed G,

54

XX.

GERANIACE/^i.

;2I4. Eroclium cicuUrium, L'Her.

215.

Eiodium moschaUim, L'Her


Miisk E.
;

/'.

Krodiitm

P.

316. Erodiiim maritinium, L'Her.

217. Oxalis Acelosella, L.


Wood^sorrel,

Sea E,

P,

I.

Thalamiflor(i\

XX.

GERANIACE^

55

II

218. Oxalis corniculata, L.


Procumbejit O.
;

219. Impatiens Noli-me-tangere, L.


Y,

Yellow Balsam, Touch-me-iiot.

XXI,

ACERACE^.

220. Impaliens fulva, Nutt.


I, biflora,

221. Acer campeslre, L.


'e

Walt. Orajtge Balsam

G.

XXI. ACERACEyE.

XXII. AQUIFOLIACE/^E.
[I.

Dicotyledons

322. Acer Pseudo-platanus, L.

223. Ilex Aquifolium, L.


G.

Sycamore

Holly.

XXIII.

CELASTRACE/E.

XXIV.,

RHAMNACE/E.

224..

Euonymus

europstus, L.
Spindlc-ti-ec
;

'2.2.'^.

Rhamnus

catharlicus, L.

G,

^uckfhont

C.

XXIV.
2.

RHAMNACE^.

XXV. PAPILIONACE/K.

57

CaiyciJiorLc]

226. Rhaninus Frangula^ L.

227. Ulex eiiropiEUs, L.


I

Alder

BuclciliOT^i

G.

Furze, Gorse,

Whin

'.

228.

Ulex nanus, Forst.


U. minor, Roth.

ii<).

Genista linctoria, L,
Dyer's G., GreeniJ^eed ;
)'.

Divar/ FiiT^e ; Y.

58

XXV.

PAPILIONACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

230. Genista pilosa, L.

231. Genista anglica, L.


Needle
G.,

Hairy G. ; V.

Petty

Whin ;

Y.

232. Cytisus scoparius, Linlc.

233. Ononis arvensis, L.

SavQthammis sc, Koch.,

vulgaris,

Wimm.

Restharrow

Pk,

Broom ; Y.

2.

Calyciflorce-]

XXV.

PAPILIONACEyE.

59

234. Ononis reclinata, L.

235.
;

Medicago

falcata, L.
Sickle

Small

O.

Pk.

M.;

236. Medicago sativa, L.


Lncer^i
;

237. Medicago lupulina, L.


P.

Black M.,

Nonsmh ;

Y.

6o

XXV.

PAPILIONACE/E.

[I.

Dkolyledons

238.

MecUcago denticulaU, Willd. Toothed M.; V.

239.

MecUcago maculata,
M.
arabica,

Willrl.

Huds.
Spotted M., V.

240.

Medicago minima, Lam.

241. Melilotus officinalis, Wilhl.

M.

altissiala,

Th.
Mfliloi;
!

2.

Cal)iiflont-\

XXV.

rAPlLlONACF.i:.

242. Melilotus arvensis, Wallr.

243. Mrlilolus alba, Desr.

M.

ofTicinnrs, Desr.

Pelirpierreana,

Hay.
;

White M.

Field

iM.

V.

244. Trigonella purpurascens,

Lam.
;

T. ornithopodioides, DC. Birds-foot T.

245. Trifoliiim incarnatum, L. Crimson Clover.

Y.

62

XXV.

PAPILIONACE/E

[I.

Dicotykaons

246. Trifolium aivense, L.


Hare's-foot Clover

247. Trifolium stellatum, L. Starry Cloven

248. Trifolium ochroleucum, Hiids.


SitlpJnir Clover.

249. Trifolium pratense,

I,.'

Red or Purple

Clover.

2.

Calyci/loraf]

XXV.

PAPILIONACE^E.

63

250. Trifolium medium, L.

251. Trifolium maritimum, Huds.


T. squamosum, L.

Zigzag or Meadow Clover; P.

Sea Clover; Pk.

252. Trifolium striatum, L.

253. Trifolium Bocconi, Savi.

Knotted Clover ;

Boccoiie's Clover ;

R.

64

XXV.

PAPILIONACE/Ii.

[I.

Dieolyledons

254. Trifoliutn scabrum, L.

255. Trifoliura slriclum, L.

Rough

Clover.

Upright Clover; R.

256. Trifolium glomeraluni, L.


Cluster cd Clover ; Pic.

257- Trifolium suffocatum, L.


Sujfocatcd Chwcr.

2.

Calyciflor<e\

XXV.

PAPILIOXACE/E.

65

258. Trifoliiim resupinatum, L.

259. Tiifoliiim subterraneum, L.


Sitbierrajiean Cioz'er.

Reversed Clover: Pk.

260. Trifolium fragiferum, L. Strawberry Clover; Pk.

261. Trifolium repens, L.

White or Dutch Clover. F

66

XX\'.

PAPILIONACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

262. Trifolium hybridum, L.


Alsike Clover; Pk.

263. Trifolium procumbens, L.

Hop

Clover; Y.

264. Trifolium minus, Relh.


T, dubium, Sibth.

265. Trifolium filiforme, L.


Slender Clover ; V,

Lesser Clover; V,

2.

Caiyciflorce]

XXV.

PAPILIONACE^.

67

266. Lotus corniculatus, L.


Bird's-foot Trefoil
;

267. Lotus angustissimus, L.


V.

Slender L.

V.

268. Anthyllis Vulneraria, L.


Kid?tey Vetch, Lady^ s-fingers ; Y,-R,

269. Astragalus danicus, Retz.


A. hypoglottis,

DCPurple

F 2

68

XXV.

PAPILIONACE.E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

270

Astragalus alpinus, L. AltineA.-.P.

271. Astragalus glycyphyllos, L. Milkvetch ; Y

272. Oxytropis campestris,

DC.

273. Oxytropis uralensis,

DC.

Yellmi) O.

Pm-jile O.

2.

Calyciflora]

,XXV.

PAPIIJONACEA*:.

69

274. Ornithopus ebracteatus, Brot.


0. piniiatus. Dr.
;

275* Ornilhopus perpiisillus, L.


Birds-foot;

Arthrolobium

eb.,

DC.
Y.

Sand Bird's-foot ;

276. Hjppocrepis comosaj L.


.

277. Onobrychis sativa,


Y. O.
vicisefolia,

Lam.

Hippocrcpis

Scop.

Sainfoin; Pk.

70

XXV.

PAPILIONACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

278. Vicia liirsuta, S.F.Gr.

279. Vicia tetrasperma, Moen.


V. gemella, Cr.

Hairy Vetch,

Tai-e ; B.

Slender Vetch; B.

280. Vicia Cracca, L.


Tufted Vetch
;

281.
P.

Vicia sylvaticu, L.

Wood

Vetch,

2.

Cafyci/loraf]

XXV.

PAPILIONACE^.

71

282. Vicia Orobus,

DC.

283. Vicia sepium, L.

UprHght Vetch.

Bush Vetch

P.

284, Vicia lutea, L.

285. Vicia saliva; L.


Vetch,

YMn"

Vetch;

72

XXV.

PAPILIOMACE/K.

[I-

Vkolykdons

2S6. Vicia lathyroides, L. String Vetch


;

287, Vicia bithynica, L.


P.

Bithynian Vetch

F.

288. Lathyrus Nissolia,

I,.

2S9. Latliyrus Apluico,


]

I,.

Grass Vetchling; R,

'cUmv

'ctchling

2.

Calyciflorce\

XXV.

PAPILIONACE^.

73

2go. Lathyrns hirsutus, L.

291. Lathyrus pratensis, L.

Rough Pea ; R.

Meadow Pea ;

Y.

292. Lathyrus tuberosus, L.

293. Lathyrus sylvestris, L.


;

Eatth Nut Pea

P.

Everlastijig Pea ; P.

74

XXV.

PAPILIONACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

294. Lathyrus palustris, L.


!

295. Lathyrus maritimus, Bigel.

Pen ; P.

Sea Pea ; P,

296. Lathyrus macrorrhizus,


L. inontanus, Bernh.

Wiinm.
;

297. Lathyrus niger,

Wimm.

5/w!- Pea; P.

T^llierous J'c'a

P,

2.

Calyciflora]

XXVI.

ROSACEA.

75

298. Prunus spinosa,


P. communiSj

_L.

299. Prunus Cerasus, L.

Huds.

Wild Cherry.

Blackthorn^ Sloe,

300. Prunus PaduSj L.


Birdcherry.

301. Spirtea salicifolia, L.

Willmu

S.

Pk.

76

XXVI.

ROSACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

302. Spiraea Ulmaria, L.

303. Spirsa Filipendula, L.

Meadow-sweet.

Dropwort.

304,

Dryas octopetala, L.
White D.

305.

Geum uibanum,

L.

Aveiis, Herh-Be7ineti Y,

2,

Calyciflorcel

XXVI.

ROSACE^;.

77

306.

Geum

rivale,

L.

307.

Rubus

Idieus, L.
'

[Water Avejis ;

Raspberry.

308.

Rubus

fruticosus, L.

309.

Rubus

cffisius,

L.
Dewberry.

Bramble, Blackberry.

XXVI.

ROSACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

310.

Rubus

saxatilis,

L.
Stone R.

311.

Rubus ChamEemorus, L.
Cloudberry,

312. Fragaria vesca, L. Strawberry.

313. Potentilla Fragariastrum, Elir.


P.
sterilis,

Gar.

Strawberry-leaved P.

i..

Calyciflortf\

XXVI.

ROSACEA.

79

314. PotentiUa reptans, L.


atquefiil; Y.

Tormentilla, Neck. S'S- PotenliUa


P. sUvestris, Neck., erecta,

Hampe.

Tonnetttil ; Y.

316. Potentilla argentea, L. Hoary P.; Y.

317. Potentilla verna, L. Spring P.; V.

8o

XXVI.

ROSACEiE.

f[r.

Dicotyledons

318. Potentilk Sibbaldi, Hall.


Sibbaldia procumbens, L.

f.

319. Potentilla fruticosa, L.

ShnMy

P.

Y.

Siibaldia; Y.

320. Potentilla anserina, L.


Silver-viced ; Y.

321.

Potentilla vupeslris, L.

Rock P.

2.

Catyciflorcc-\

XXVI.

ROSACE.Ii.

81

322. Potenlilla palustris, Scop.

323. Alchemilla vulgaris, L.

Comarum pa.,

L.

Lady s-jnaitilc ;

G.

Marsh P.; P.

324. Alchemilla alpina, L.


Alpi7ieA.; G.

325. Alchemilla arvensis, Scop.


Parsley Pierc; G.

82

XXVI.

ROSACEA.

[I.

Dicotyledons

326. Sanguisorba officinalis, L. Poterium


off.,

327. Poterium Sanguisorba, L.

Hook. f. Great Buriict ; P.

Salad Burnet.

328.

Agrimonia EupaLoria, L. Agrimony K.


;

320. Rosa pimpinellifolia, L.


R. spinosissima, L.
Burtiet, Scotch

2.

Calyciflora]

XXVI.

ROSACEA.

83

330.
-

Rosa

villosa,

L.

331.

Rosa

rubigiuosa, L.

R. tomentosa, Sm.

R. micrantha, Sm.

Downy R.

Sweetbriar ; Pk.

332. Rosa canina, L.

333.

Rosa

arvensis, Hiids.

DogR,

Field R.

84

XXVI.

ROSACEA.

[I.

Dicotyledons

334. Pyrus communis, L.


Penr-tree.

335. Pyrus Malus, L.


Crab-apple.

336.

Pyrus Aria, Ehr.


Beam-tree.

337.

Pyrus torminalis, Ehr.

Wild

Servtce-trce.

2.

Calycifiorce\

XXVI.

ROSACEA.

85

338. Pyrus Aucuparia, Gcert.


Rowaii'treet

339- Crat^gus Oxyacantha, L.


flawthor?/.

Mountain Ash.

May,

Whitethorji.

340. Cotoneaster vulgaris, Lindl.


C. integerrima,

341. Mespilus germanica, L.

Med,
Cotofteastci

Pyrus

ger.,

Hook,

f.

Medlar.

86

XXVII.

ONAGRACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

342. Epilobium angustifolium, L.

343. Epilobium hirsutum, L.

French Willow, Rose-bay ; R.

Great Willow-herb, Codlins-aiidCream ; R,

344. Epilobium parvilloruiii, Schr.

345. Epilobium

montanum, L.
;

Hoaiy E.; R.

Broad-leaved E.

Pk.

2.

Calycifloraf\

XXVII.

ONAGRACE/E.

87

346. Epilobium roseum, Schr.

347. Epilobium tetragonum, L.

PaleE.; Pk.

Square E.

Pk.

348. Epilobium palustre, L. Marsh E. ; Pk.

349.

Epilobium alsinefolium,
Chick-meed E.

Vill.
;

Pk.

XKVII.

ONAGRACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

350.

Epilobium alpinum, L.
AlfineE.; Pk.

351. Oenothera biennis, L.


EvuTjiiig

Primrose ; Y.

352.

Ludwigia

palustris, Ell.

353. Circffia lutetiana, L.


Eftchaiiter's NiglltsJlttde.

L. apetala, Walt.

Marsh L,

2. Calyci-

XXVII.

ONAGRACE.K.

XXVIII.

LYTHRARIE^.

flor(e\

354. Circrea alpina, L. Alpine

355.
C.

Ly thrum

Salicaria, L.

Purple Looseslrije.

356.

Lythrum hyssopifolium, L.
Hyssop L.
;

357. Peplis Portula, L.

P.

Water

P-urslane.

90

XXIX.

CUCURRITACE/E.

XXX

CRASSULACE^.
[I.

Dicotyledons

358. Bryonia dioica, Jacq.

359. Tillsea muscosa, L.

Mossy

7".

360. Cotyledon Umbilicus, L.


Pcjniywort^ Navchv07-i ; G.

361.

Sedum Rhodiola, DC.


;

S. ro.seum, Scop. Roseyoot, Midsiunmer-jiicti

K., P.

2.

Calyciflonc-\

XXX.-_CRASSULACE/F..

91

362. Sediim Telephium, L.


Orpine, Livelong', P,

363.

Sedum anglicum, Huds.


Miiglish S.

364.

Sedum dasyphyllum,

L.

365.

Sedum album,

L.
White S.

Thick-leaved S.

92

XXX.

CRASSULACE/?^:.

[I.

Dicoiykdons

366.

Sedum

villosum, L.

367.
;

Sedum

acre, L.
Wall-fejipcr; V.

Hairy

S.

R.

368.

Sedum

sexangulare, L.
Tasteless S.; V.

369.

Sedmn

rupestre, L.

Rocks.;

r.

2.

CalyciJlorce\

XXX.

CRASSULACEA-:.

93

370. Sediim reflexum, L. Reflexed-leavedS.

Y.

371. Semperviviim tectorum, L. Houseleek ; Pk.

XXXT.

RIBESIACE^.

372. Ribes Grossularia, L.


Gooseberry
;

G.

373. Ribes rubrum, L. Red and White Cutrani.

94

XXXI.

RIBESIACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

374. Ribes alpinum, L. Mountahi Currant.

375. Ribes nigrum, \,. Black Currant.

XXXII.

SAXIFRAGACE/E.

376. Saxifraga opposilifolia, L,

377-

Saxifraga aizoides, L.
Yellow Saxtfra-gc.

Purple Saxifrage.

2.

Calyciflorce\

XXXII.

SAXIFRAGACE^.

95

378. Saxifraga Hirculus, L.

379. Saxifraga hjpnoides, L.


Y.

Marsh Saxifrage ;

Cut-leaved Saxifrage.

380. Saxifraga caespitosa, L.

381. Saxifraga graniiUta, L.

Tufted Saxifrage.

Meadow

Saxifrage.

96

XXXII.

SAXIFRAGACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

382. Saxifraga cernua, L.

383. Saxifraga rivularis, L.

Drooling Saxifrage.

Brook Saxifrage.

384. Saxifraga tridactylites, L.


Rue-leaved Saxifrage,

385. Saxifmga nivalis, L.


Alpine Saxifrage,

2.

Calyciflorce\

XXXII.

SAXIFRAGACE/E.

97

386. Saxifraga stellaris, L.

387. Saxifraga umbrosa, L.


Lotidoti Pride, Si. Patrick's

Star Saxifrage,

Cabbage ; Pk.

388. Saxifraga

Geum, L.

Kidney Saxifrage ; Pk.

389. Chrysosplenium oppositifolium, L.


Golden Saxifrage
;

V.

XXXII.

SAXIFRAGACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

390. Chrysosplenium alternifolium, L.

391. Parnassia palustris, L.

Grass of Pm-nassus.
i'.

A liemate-leaz'cd C.
XXXIir.

DROSERACE^.

392. Drosera rotund i folia, L.

393. Drosera longifoliaj L.

D. intermedia, Hay,
Oblong Siindezv.

XXXin. DROSERACE^Ti.
2.

XXXIV.

HALORAGE^.

99

Calyciflorce\

394. Drosera anglica, Huds.


English Sundeiv.

395,

MyriophyUum

spicatum, L.

Spiked Water-Milfoil.

396.

MyriophyUum verticillatum,L.
WJwrled Water- Milfoil.

397. Hippuris vulgaris, L.


Marestail.

XXXV.

UMBELLIFER/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

398.

Hydrocotyle vulgaris, L.

399. Sanicula eurnixxa, L.


Sanicle.

Marsh Penny-wort.

IVhitc-rct.

400. Astrantia major, L.


Asirantia.

401.

Eryngium maritimuni, L.
S.;i

Holly

B.

2.

Calydfloric\

XXXV.
V-^.^

UMBELLIFER^.
%^l^._^^^*^^

%>.

402.

Eryngium campestre, L.
Field Eryvgo ; B.

403. Cicula virosa, L.


C(nvbajie,

Water Hemlock,

404. Apiiim graveolens, L.


Celery.

405.

Apium

nodiflorum, Reich.

Procnmhsnt A,

XXXV.

UMBELLIFER/E.

[T.

Dicotyledons

406.

Apium inundatnm,

Reich.
Lessc?-

407. Sison

Amomumj

L.

Hedge

J)".,

Bastard Stone Parsley.

408. Tiinia vulgaris,


T. glauca, Reich.
;

DC.
gl.,

409.

^gopodium

Podagraria, L.

Apinella

O.K.
Tn'jiia^

Goniwecd, Bisho^weed, Herb Gerard.

2,

Calycifiorce]

XXXV.

UMBELLIFER^.

103

410.

Carum Petroselinum,B. &H. f.


Petroselinum sativum, HofT.

411.

Carum segelum,

B.

&

H.f.

PetToselinum seg., Koch.

Parsley; V.

Com

C,

412.

Carum

verticillatum,

Koch.

413.

Carum

Carvi, L.

IVIiarled C.

Caraway.

104

XXXV.

UMBELLIFER.E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

4.14.

Carum Bulbocastanum, Koch.


Tiiheroits C.

415.

Sium

latifolium, L.

Water Parsnip.

416.

Sium
S.

angustifoliuni, L.

417. Pimpinella Saxifraga, L.

erectum, Huds.

Bunut
Lesser S,

Saxifrage.

2.

Calyciflora]

XXXV.

UMBELLIFER/li.

105

418. Pimpinella magna, L.


P. major,

419.

Bupleurum rotund ifolium, L.


Hare^s-ear,

Huds.
Greater P.; Fk.

Throw-wax ; V.

420. Bupleurum aristatiim, Bartl.


B. opacum, Lange. Narrow Buplever', V.

421. Bupleurum temiissimum, L.


Slender BnpUver; Y.

io6

XXXV.

UMBELLIFER/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

422.

Bupleurum falcatum, L.
^^Falcate Bitplever ; Y,

423. CEnanthe fistulosa, L.

Water Dropwori.

424, GLnaiithe pimpinelloides, L.


Parstcy
ffi,

425. CEnanthe ciocata, L,

^emtock (E\

2.

Calycifiora\

XXXV.

UMBELLIFER.E.

107

426. CEnanlhe Phellandrium,


Oi. aquadca, Poir.

Lam.

427. Jilhusa Cynapium, L.


Fool's Parsley,

Fine-leaved CE,

428. Foeniculum vulgare, Gx-rt.


F. officinale, All.

429. Seseli Libanotis, Koch.

MoufUain S.
Fennel; V.

io8

XXXV.

UMBELLIFER^,

[I

Dicotyledons

430. Ligusticum scoticum, L.


Haloscias sc, Fr.

431. Silaus pratensis, Bes-.


S, flavescens,

Bernh.

Scotch Lavage.

Pcpf>er Saxifrage ; Y,

i,li.

Meum

Spignel

athamanticum, Jacq. Mew, Baldmoney ; Pk.

433.

Chrithmum marilimum, L.
Sam0ii?-e.

2.

Calyciflone']

XXXV

UMBELLIFER/E

109

434. Angelica sylvestiis, L.


/rZ/rf

435. Peucedanum officinale, L.


'Hog's Fennel, Sidphur-weed.

^ ngelica.

436.

Peucedanum palustre, Moen. Ho^s Fennel, Milk Parsley.

437.

Peucedanum Ostruthium, Koch.


Master-ivort.

no

XXXV.

UMBELLIFERiE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

438. Pastinaca sativa, L.

Peucedanum

sa.,

B,

&

H.f.
;

439. Heracleum Sphondylium, L. Ccw Parsidp^ Hogiveed


V.

Parsnip

440. Tordylium

maximum, L.
Hart-ivort
;

441. Scandix Pecten, L.


Shepherd's needle, Venus' s covih.

Pk.

2.

CalycifloriE-\

XXXV.

UMBELLIFER^.

Ul

442. Myrrhis odorata, Scop.


S7ueei Cicely.

443.

Conopodium denudatum,
Koch.
;

C. majus, Lor.

Carum flexuosum,

Fr.

Earthnut, Pignut.

AAA. ChEeiophyllura temulum, L. Rou^n ClurvU.

445- Choerophyllum sylvestre, L.


Anthriscus sy.,

H^^^

^^^^

.^

XXXV.

UMBELLIFER^-.

[I.

Dicotyleaons

446. Choerophyllum Anthriscus,

447. Caucalis nodosa,


Torilis no., L.
I

Sm.

Lam,
Anthriscus vulgaris, Bernh., Scandix, Beck.

\Ktloited C.

Burr

CJiervil.

448. Caucalis Anthriscus, Huds.

449. Caucalis arvenis, Huds.


C. infesta, Curt.
;

Hedge Parslev,

Torilis in., Spr.

SJ'readifig C.

^.

Cafycijlone]

XXXV.

UMBELLIFEK.E.

"3

450. Caucalis daucoides, L.

451. Caucalis latifolia, L.


Broail C.

Small C.

452. Daiicus Carota, L.


Carrot.

453.

Conium maculatum, L.
Hemlock.

114

XXXV.

UMBELLIFERyE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

454.
P.

Physospermum cornubiense, DC.


Spr.
;

455.

Smyrnium

Oliisatrum, L.

commutaUim,

Danaa

cor.,

Burn,

Alexanders; K.

Cornish PkysospeTitt.

XXXVI. ARALIACE/E.

457- Hedera Helix, L. Ivv ; G.

XXXVII. LORANTHACE.E.
2.

XXXVIII.

CORNACE^.

iiS

Calycifloral

458.

Viscum album, L.
Mistletoe.

459. Cornus suecica, L.

Dwarf Cortiel ;

P.

XXXIX. CAPRIFOLIACE^.
[3.

Monopetalm

460. Cornus sanguinea, L.

461.

Adoxa

Moscliatellma, L.
Moscatel ; G.
I

ii6

XXXIX.

CAPRIFOLIACE.K.

[I.

Dicotyledons

Aja2.

Sambucus

nigra, L. Elder.

463.

Sambucus Ebulus, L. Dwarf Elder, Da7tev}0rf.

464.

Viburnum Lantana, L.
Wayfaring Tree.

465.

Viburnum Opulus, L.
Guelder Rose.

3.

Monopetala']

XXXIX.

CAPRIFOLIACE.C.

117

466. Loniceva Periclymenum, L.


Honeysuckle, U'oodliinc
;

cfil.

Lonicera Caprifolium, L.
Perfoliate Hojieysuikle
;

Y.

468. Lonicera Xylosteum, L. Fly Honeysuckle.

469. Linnoea borealis, Gion.

Lmncea; Pk,

n8

XL.

STELLATiE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

\la, Rubia peregrina, L.

471. Galium Cruciata, Scop.


G.
Crossivorty

Madder;

Maywori

472. Galium verum, L.


Ladies^ hedstraw:
]'.

473. Galium palustre, L.

Marsh

a.

3.

Mo7iopeialce-\

}iL.

STELLATE.

119

474. Galium uliginosum, L.

S7vamp G.

475. Galium saxatile, L. G. hercynicum, Weig.

Heath

G.

476.

Galium Mollugo, L.
Hedge
G.

477- Galium anglicum, Huds.


iJ'Vi//

G.

120

XL.

STELLAT/Ti.

[I.

Dicotyledons

478. Galium boveale, L.


Northeill G.

479.

Galium Aparinc, L.
CleaveTS, Goose-grass.

Galium

tiicoine, Willi.

4S1. Aspevula odoiala, L.


]\^oodruff.

Corn G.

3.

Monopetald\

XL.

STELLATE.

482. Asperula cynanchica, L.


\Sq71v1a11cy1vort.

483. Sherardia aivensi?, L.


Field Madder; B.

XLI.

\'ALERIANE.'E.

484. Centranthus ruber,

DC.
Valei-iait.

485. Valeriana dioi^a, L.

Red

Marsh

J'alej-ta?i

R.

122

XLi.

VALfiRIANE/E.

[1.

dicotyledons

Valeriana

officinalis,

L.

Valerian, All-heal.

487. Valeriana pyrenaica, L. Pyrenemt Valerian.

488

^'alerianella olitoiia, Poll.


Cornsalad, LainVs-letUice.

489. ^'alerianeUa cavinata, Lois. Keeled Cornsalad.

3.

Monopetala\

XLl.

VALERIANE^E.

in

493. Valerianella Auricula,


V. rimosa. East.

DC.

491. Valerianella dentata, Poll.

Narrow-fnated Comsalad,

Sharp-fruited Comsalad.

XLII.

DIPSACE/E.

492. Dipsacus sylvestris, L.

493. Dipsacus pilosus, L.

Wild Teasel; P.

Small

Teasel.

124

XLII.

DIPSACE^.

[I,

Dicotyledons

494. Scabiosa succisa, L.


De-viVs-Ut; B.

495. Scabiosa Columbaria, L.

Small Scabious

B.

XLIII.

COMPOSITE.

496. Scabiosa arvensis, L.


Knautia
ar.
,

497, Eupatoriura cannabinum, L.

Coult.
;

fjemp Agrimony ; P,
P.

Field Scabious

3-

Monopetalcci

XLIII.

COMPOSIT.-E.

125

498. Aster Tripolium, L. Sea Aster; P.

499. Aster Linosyris, Bernh.


Goldilocks
;

Y.

500. Erigeron acris, L. Fleahane; P.

501. Erigeron alpinus, L.

A Ipine E. or Fleabaiie ;

P.

126

XLIIf.

COMPOSITE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

502. Erigeron canadensis, L.


Canadiajt E. or Fleabaiie.

503. Solidago Virga-aurea, L.


Galdenrod ; V.

504. Bellis perennis, L.


\Daisy,

505.

Filago germanica, L.

Cudweed: Y.

3.

Monopetalcc]

XLIII.

COMPOSITE.

127

506. Filago minima, Willd.


Field F.; Y.

507. Filago gallica, Huds.

Narrow

F.

Y.

508.

Gnaphalium luteo-album, L.
Jersey Cudweed; Y.

509.

Gnaphalium sylvaticum, L. Wood Cudweed; Br.

128

XLIII.

COMPOSURE.

[r,

Dicotyledons

510. Gnaphaliiim supinum, L.

511.

Dwarf Cudweed ;

Br,

Gnaphalium uliginosum, L. Marsh C^tduueed V.


:

512. Antennaria dioica, Br.

513.

Antennark margaritacea,
Anaphalis ma., C.B.Cl.

Br.

Mountain Everlasting, Cafs-ear.

Fcarl Antennaria.

3.

Motiopelahe]

XLIII.

COMPOSITE,.

129

514. Inula Helenium, L.


Elecampattc ; Y.

515, Inula salicina, L.


WiltoW'lenved I.; Y.

516. Inula criihmoiJes, L.


Coldeji

517. Inula Conyza,


I.-squaiTOsa, Bern.

DC.

Samphire; Y.

Floicghmaii s Spike7iard ; Y.

130

XLIII.

COMPOSITE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

518. Inula dysenterica, L.


Pulicaria dy., Gsert.

519. Inula Pulicaria, L.


Pulicaria vulgaris, Gasrt.

Flcabime I.; Y.

Small Fleabaiie ; Y.

320,

Xanthium Strumarium, L.
Bnruieed ; G,

521, Bidens ceinua^

]..

Bur-Marigold ; Y.

3.

Monopetal(E\

XLIII.

COMPOSIT.E.

131

522. Bidens tripartita, L.


Three-clefi B.; Y.

523.

Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum, L.
Ox-eye Daisy.

524.

ChrysaDthemum segetum, L.
Corn Marig-old: Y.

525.

Chrysanthemum Parthenium,
Pers.
Matricaria Fa., L.

Feverfew.

XLTII.

COMPOSIT.E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

1526.

Matricaria inodora,

I..

527. Matricaria Chatnomilla, L.

ScejUless Matricnty.

Wild

Chauioinile.

528.CAnthemis Cotula,

529.

A.ntlieinis arvensis,

L.

Fetid Chamomile, Stink Mayweed.

Com

Chamomile,

3. MotiPpelala]

XLIII.

COMPOSlTyE.

'33

53-

Anthemis

nobilis,

L.

531.

Anlhemis

tincloria, L.

CJtatno/fiiie.

YcUp^u Ckniiiojuilc.

532. Achillea Ptarmica, L.


Sjieezewo} t.

533. Acliillea Miilefolium, L.


Milfoil,

Yarrow.

'34

XLin.

COMPOSITE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

534. Diotis raaritima, Cass.


D. candidissima, Desf.
Cotton

535.

Tanacetum vulgare, L.
Tavsy; Y.^

Weed; Y.

536. Artemisia canipestris, L.


Field A., r.

537. Artemisia maritima,

I,.

Sea A.; Y.

3.

Monopetal<e'\

XLIII.

COMPOSITE.

I3S

53S. Artemisia vulgaris, L.

539. Artemisia Absinthium, L.

Worminoody AbsitUh; Y,

540. Tussilago Farfara, L.


Coltsfoot; Y,

541. Tussilago Fetasiies, I.


Petasites vulgaris, Desf., officinalis, Muen.j

ovatus, Hill.

Bnttcrh.r; P,

136

XLIII.

COMPOSIT/li.

[I.

Dicotyledons

542.

Senecio vulgaris,

1,.

543. Senecio viacosus, L.


Viscous S.z
1
'.

Groimdscl ; Y.

544.

Senecio sylvalicus, L.
ll'oixiS.;
1'.

545. Senecio squalidus, L.


Sgjialid S.
;

]^

3.

Mompeta'A

>fLIII.

COMPOSITE.

137

546. Senecio aquaticus,

Huds. Waters.;

L. 547. Senecio Jacol)a:a, Rasnvori S.


Y.

L. 548. Senecio cnicifolius,


l^arf07V'letived S.
,

paludosus, 549. Senecio


V.

1,.

FcnS.;

Y.

138

XLIII.

COMPOSITiE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

550. Senecio saracenicus, L.


Broad-leaved

551. Senecio paluslris,


}'.

DC.
;

/i/ars/i S.

y.

552. Senecio campestris,


S. inlegrifoli.i, Clairv.

DC.
:

553.

Doionicum

Pardalianclies,
I.t'opaj-ds-lmiie
;

I..
1',

Field S.

V.

3.

Monofetaliey

XLIII.

COMPOSIT.*.

139

554.

Doronicum plantagineum, L.
Plantain D.
;

V.

555. Arctium Lappa, L. Burdock: P,

556. Serratula tinctoria, L. Saivwort

557. Saussurea alpina,


;

P.

DC. A Ifine S.

P.

40

XLIII.

COMPOSITE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

558. CavcUius Maiianus, L.


Silybvim Ma., Gairt.

559. Carduus nutans, L.


M?is/i Thistle; P.
/'.

Milk Thistle;

560. CarcUuis acanthoides, L.


C. crispus, L.

561,'

Carduus pycnoceplialus, L.
Slender
Tliistle,

Welted Thistle ; P.

Moiiotelalte]

XLIII.'^COMPOSIT/ir.

141

562. Carduus lanceolatus, L.


Cnicus
la.,

563. Carduus palustris, L.


Cnicus pa., Hoff.
;

Hoff.

Cirsium

Scop. S^car Thistle; P.


la.,

Cirsium pa.. Scop.

Marsh

Thistle; P.

564. Cnicus

Carduus
ar., Hoff.
;

arvensis, Curt.
Cirsium ar.. Scop, CreefingT-htstle; P.

L. 565. Carduus exiophorus,


Cnicus
cr.,

Hoff.

Cirsiuin er

Scop.

Woolly Thistle; P.

142

XLIII.

COMPOSITE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

566. Carduus heterophylliis, L.


Cnicus he., Willd.
;

567. Carduus tuberosus, L.


Cnicus
tu., Hoff.
;

Cirsium he., Hill,

Cirsium

tu., All.

Melancholy Thistle ; P.

Tuberous Thistle; P.

568. Carduus pratensis,


Cnicus
pr., Willd.
;

Huds.
Thistle; P.

569. Carduus acaulis, L.


Cnicus ac, HofF.
;

Cirsium britannicum Scop,

Cirsium" ac,

Web.
;

Meadow

Dwarf

Thistle

P.

3.

Moiiopetalic]

XLIII.

COMPOSIT/E.

143

570

Onopordon Acantliium, L.
Scotch or Cotton Thistle ; P,

571. Carlina vulgaris, L.


Carliiie ; P.

572. Centaurea nigra, L.

573- Centaurea Scabiosa, L.


Greater C.
;

Knapweed^ Hardheads ; P.

P.

144

XLIII.

COi.TOSIT^.

fl.

Ditotyledoiis

574. Centaurea. Cyanus, L.


Bluebottle, Cornflower ; P.

575- Centaurea aspera, L.


GiLcrtisey C.
;

576. Centaurea Calcitrapa, L.

577.

Centaurea

solstitialis,

L.

Star Thistle; P.

Yelloiu C.

3.

Moiiopetalic]

XLIII.

COMPOSIT/E.

145

578.

Tragopogon

pratensis, L.

579.

Tragopogon

porrifolius, L.

Meadozu Salsify, Vellcnv Goat' s-henrd.

Purple Salsify.

580.

Helminlhia echioides, Gfert.


Picris ec, L.

581.

Picris liieracioides, L.
HaTult70ced P.;
1
'.

OX'toiigne ; Y.

146

XLIII.

COMPOSIT/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

582.

Leontodon

hispidus, L.

583. Leontodon autumnalis, L.

Hawkliit ; V.

A iditmiial Haiukbit ;

Y.

584.

Leontodon

liirliis,

L.
Roth.
V.

585.

Hypochoeiis glabra, L.
Glabrous Hypoclnxre ; Y.

L. nudicaulis,

Banks; Tlirincia
Lesser

hi.,

HawkbU ;

3-

MonopetaUe]

XLIII.

CO-MPJSIT-K

147

586. Ilypoclioeiis radicata,

X.

5S7. Hypochceris maculala, L.


Spotted HypocJuere
;

Cafs-ear; Y.

Y.

58S. Lactuca miiralis, Fres.

589. Lactuca Scariola, L.


L. S^rrio'a, L.

Wall Lettuce; Y.

PHcMy

Lettitce

V.

L Z

XLIIT.

COMPOSlT/!i.

[I.

Dicotykdofis

590. Lactuca saligna, L.


JVillow Lettuce
;

591. Lactuca alpina, Benlb.


Y.

Mulgedium

al.,

I^ss.

Alpine Lettuce ; B.

592. Sonchus arvensis, L.


Co-}-?!

593. Soncluis palnstris,


;

I^.
;

So'wthistlc

V.

Ma rsk So-zoi Instil'

'.

3-

Mon-jpelal<\

XLIII.

COMPOSIT^E.

149

594. Sonchus oleraceus, L.


ScwtliUtle; Y.

595. Turaxacimi Dens-leonis, Desf.


T.
officiniile,

Web.,

viilgare, Schr.

Dandelion; Y.

596. Crepis taraxacifolia, Tli.

597. Crepis foelida, L.


Y.

BenkcdC;

Fetid

C:

Y.

150

XLIII.

COMrOSIT.E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

S98. Crepis virens, L.


C. capillaris, Wallr.
Siiiooi/t C. ;

557. Crepis biennis, L.

Rough
V.

C;

Y.

C. succisKjfolia,

600. Crepis hieracioidcs, Jacq. Tausc, mollis, Asch.

601. Crepis paludosa, Moen.

Hawkweed C,
'

Harsh
Y.

C.

}'.

3-

Monopetalit'l

XLIII.

COMPOSIT.E,

151

602. Hieracium Pilosella, L.


Moitse-ear Haivkiveed; Y.

603. Hieracium alpinum, L.

A ipine Ha-wkweed ;

}
'.

604. Hieracium murorum, L.

605. Hieracium cerinthoides, L.


V.

Wall Hauuhiveed ;

H. angUcum,

Fries.

Hotieywoit Haivkweed; Y.

152

XLIII.

COMPOSIT/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

^^?iiteT?Ss

606..

Hieracium umbellalum L. 1 U/iibdlate Hmvhwecd;


,

Coy. Hieracium sabaudum. L.


".

H.

boreale, Fr.

Savoy Haivkweed; Y.

608. Hieracium prenanlhoideSjVill. Prenauth Hawkweed 1


;

609. Cicho]ium Intybus, L.


Succory, Chicoty ; B.
.

3.

Monopetaiiel

XLIII.

COMPOSITyE.

6io, Arnoseris pusilla, Goert.


A. minima, Link.

6ii. Lnpsana ccmmiinis, L.


Nippieivort
; i
'.

LaniUs or Swine's Succory ; Y.

XLIV.

CAMPANULACEAi,

612. Lobelia Dortmanna, L.

613. Lobelia urens, L.


Ac-rid L.
;

Water L.; B,

B.

154

XLIV.

CAMPANULACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

614. Jasione monlana, L.


Sheep' S'bit; B.

615.

Phyteuma orbicnlare,"L.
Round-headed Rampioit
;

B.

3i6.

Phyteuma spicatum, L.
Spiked Ratnpion ; B.

617.

Campanula glomerala, L.
Clustered C.
;

B.

3.

Monopdala-]

XLIV.

OAMPANULACE.E.

155

8.

Campanula Traclielium, L.
Neit'e-leaved C.
;

619.

Campanula

lalifolia,

L.
;

B.

Giant C.

B.

620.

Campanula rapunculoides, L.
Creeping C.
;

621.

B.

Campanula Rapunculus, L. Rampion, Ramps ; B,


'

156

XLIV.

CAMPANULACE/E.

[r.

Dicotyledons

622.

Campanula

paluin, L.
C.
;

623.
/'.

Campanula

rolundirolia, L.

Spreading

Harebell; B.

624.

Campanula hederacea, L.
he.,

625.

Campanula
DC.
;

l.ybrida,

L.
B.

Wahlenb^rgia

Reich. hj.,Dr.

Cerviciiia

Spjciiiaria hy.,

Legousia hy., Del.

Corn
Ivy c.
;

C.

r.

3.

MonopetaIa\

XL\-.

ERICACE^.

157

626. Vaccinium MyrlilUis,

I,.

627. Vaccinium uliginosuni, L.

Dithcrry, Blaeberry, JV/io tlehcrry.

Bog]

623. Vaccinium Viiis-idtea, L.

629. Vaccinium Oxycoccos, L.


Oxj'cocciis quadripetalus, Gil.
Cre.fiherry
;

Red

Wlwrt'cberry, Covjbeiry

Pk.

Pk.

158

XLV.

ERICACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledoiis

630. Arbutus Unedo, L.


Arbntus, Strawherry-tTce.

631. Aiclostaphylos Uva-ursi, Spr.


BcaThcrry.

632. Arctostaphylos alpina,

Spi'.

633.

Andromeda

polifolia,

L.
;

Black Bcai-bcryy.

McushA.

Pk.

3-

MonoJ>etalie\

XLV.

ERICACE^.

159

634. Loiseleuria procumbens, Desv.


Azalea
pr., L.

635. Menziesia polifolia,


Dabeocia
po.,

Sm.

Don., cantabrica, R.
St. Dabeoc's

&

B.

Loiseleuria; R.

Boretta ca., O.K.

Heath;

PI;.

636. Menziesia casrulea,


Phyllodoce

Sm.
,

637. Erica cinerea, L.


Bell Heather
;

taxifolia, Sal., cserulea, Bab. Bryanthus ta., A. Gr., cae., Dip.

P.

Bine M.

i6o

XLV.

ERICACEyE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

638. Erica Tetralix, L.


Cross-leaved Heather ; P.

639. Erica

ciliaris,

L.

Ciliated HeatJicr ] R.

640. Erica carnea, L.


E. incditcn-anea, L.
Meditei-raiteafi Heatlier ;

641. Erica vagans, L.


Cornisti

Hcatlur; Pk.

R.

3.

Monopetal<E\

XLV.

ERICACE^.

l6l

642. Calluna vulganV, Sal.


C. Erica,

643. Pyrola uniflora, L.


iMoneses grandiflora, Sal., un., A. Gr.
Oiie-flowercd Wintergreett.

DC.
Ling; Pk.

644.

Pyrola rotundifolia, L.
Larger Wintergreeit.

645

Pyrola media, Sw.


Intermediate Wintergreen.

62

XLV.

ERICACEAE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

646. Pyrola minor,

I^.

647. Pyrola secunda, L.


Serrated Wiittergrecti,

Wintergreen.

XLVI.

PRIMULACE^.

<CS^5Si

648.

Monotropa HypoiDithys, L.
multiflora, Scop,,
3

649. Ilottonia palustris, L.


]\'ater riotel, Fmtherfoil.

Hypopithys

Mon,,

Ci-,

'eUow Bi.rd's-ncst.

3.

MoiwpetaU-\

XLVI.

PRIMULACl';.]-:.

163

650. Priinula vulgaris, Huds.


P. acaulis, L.
,

651. Primula veris, L.


Cowslip
;

Primrose: Y.

652. Primula farinosa, L.


Bird's-eye

653. Cyclamen europasum, L.

Primrose ;

i.

C. hederaefoUum, Willd.
Cycla7/ie7i,

Sowbread ; R,

64

XLVI.

PRIMULACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

654. Lysimachia vulgaris, L.


Loosestrife; Y.

655. Lysimachia ihyrsiflora, L. Tufted L.; Y.


.

656. Lysimachia Nummularia, L.


Mojtcyiuort, Creeping Jeimy; Y,

657. Lysimachia

nemorum, L. WoodL.;

Y.

3-

Monofetala]

XLVI.

PRIMULACE^.

155

658. Trientalis europEea, L.


Trientnle.

659. Glaux maritima, L. Sea Milktimt, Blnck Saltwort ; Pk.

660. Anagallis arvensis, L. Phnperndt Shepherd's or Poor Man's Weather-glass ; B.y R.

661. Anagallis tenella, L.


Boff Pivtperncl ; Pk.

66

XI.VI.

PRIMULACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

662. Centunculus minimus, L.


Cliajfweed ; P/i

663. Siimolus Valeranl-, L.


Erookiueed.

XLVII.

LENTIRULACEyE.

664. ringuicula vulgaris, L.


Biitterwort; r.

665. Pinguicula alpinti,

Ij.

Alpine Bittte^nvori ^ Y.

3.

Monopeiala\

XLVII.

LENTIBULACE^.

167

666. Pingiiicula lusitanica, L.


Pale BiMerivrrt ; Y.

667. Utiicuiaiia vulgaris, L.


Bladderwo7-t
;

'.

668. Uliicularia minor, L.


Lesser Bladdcr-uoTi ; Y,

669.

Ulriculana intermedia, Hay.


Ifitenncdiate Biaddct-iVOrt
;
1
'.

168

XLVIII.

OLEACEiE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

670. Fraxinus excelsior, L. Ash.

671. Ligustrum vulgare, L.


Privet.

XLIX.

APOCYNACE/E.

672. Vinca major, L.


Periwinkle ; B.

673. Vinca minor, L.


Lesser Periwinkle ; B.

3.

Monopetalce\

L.

GENtlANACE/E.

tSg

674. Cicendia filifonnis, Reich.


Microcala
fi.,

675. Cicendia pusilla, Gris.

Link.

Dwarf C;
;
]
'.

Y.

Slender C.

676. Erythrjea Centaurium, Pers.


Centaurium umbellatum,
Gil.
;

677. Genliana Pneumonanthe, L.

Marsh
Pk.

Getltian; .

Cetitaury

lyo

L.

GENTIANACE^.

[1.

Dicotyledons

678. Gentiana vevna, L.

679. Gentiana nivalis, L.


;

Spring Geutiatt

B.

Small Gentiav

B.

680. Gentiana Amarella, L.


AliUmni. Gentian
;

681. Gentiana campestiis, L.


B. Field
Gc7ttiaii
;

B.

3.

Mompetala\

L.

GENTIANACEvii.

71

682. Chlora perfoliata, L.


Blackstonia pe., Hiids.
Yellmvivoi-i.

683. Meiiyanthes Irifoliata, L.


Bvckheaii,

Marsh

Trefoil.

LI.

POLEMONIACE/E.

684.

Limnanthemum nymphasoides,
,

685.

Polemonium

creiuleum, L.

L. peltatuin,

Gmel.

'-.T
;

R,

&

B.

Nymphoides pe., Liimumth; Y.

Greek Valerian^ Jacob's Ladder; B,

172

LIl.

CONVOLVULACE^.

[I.

iJicotyledons

686. Convolvulus avvensis, L.


Lesser Bmdweed.

687. Convolvulus sepium, L.


Calystegia
se.,

Br.

Volvulus

se.,

Med.

Bivdiueed,

688. Convolvulus Soldanella, L.


Calystegia So., Br,
;

9.

Cuscuta europoea, L.
Greater Dodder,

Volvulus So., Jung.

Sea Bindweed ] Pk.

3.

Monopaala:-\

LII.

CONVOLVULACE^.

173

690. Cuscula Epilinum, Weih.

691. Cuscuta

Epilhymum, L.
Lesser Dodder.

Flax Dodder,

LIII.

BORAGINE.E.

692.

Echium

vulgare, L.
Viper's Bugloss
;

693.
B.

Echium plantagineum, L.
Purple E.

174

LIII.

BORAGINE.-T-:.

[I.

Dicalykdons

694. Pulmonaria officinalis, L.

695. Mertensia maritima,

Don.
;

Lungwort I B.

Pneumaria ma.,

Hill.

Sea Meriejtsia

B.

696.

Lithospermum arvense,
Corji Groinwell,

I/.

697.

Lithospermum

officinale,

L.

Bastard Aikan^t,

Gromiuell,

3.

RTotiopdaliE]

LIII.

BORAGINE.E,

'75

Lilhospermum purpureoca^ruleum, L.
Creeping CrOJHiueU ; B.

699. Myosolis palustris, With.

M,

scorpioides, L.

Water Forgei-ine-jwt ; B.

700. Myosotis sylvatica, Hoff.

yoi, Myosotis arvensis, Hoff.


Field Forget-ine-7iot ; B.

Wood Forgei'jne-not ; B^

176

LIII.

BORAGINEyE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

702. Myosotis collina, Hoff.

703, Myosotis versicolor, Pers.


B.

Early Forget-me-not ;

Changing Forget-me-not ; B,

704,

Anchusa

officinalis,

L.

705. Anclnisa sempervirens, L.


Green Alkanet; B,

Alkanet; B.

3.

Monofetalal

LIU.

EORAGINE^.

177

706. Lycopsis arvensis, L.

707.

Symphytum

officinale,

L.

Anchusa

ar., Bieb.

Small Bugloss ; B.

Cojnjrey I P.

708.

Symphytum tuberosum, L.
Titherous Com/rey ; P.

709. Borago officinalis, L.

Borage ; B.

178

LIII.

BORAGINE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

710.

Asperugo procunibens, L.
MndivorP: B.

711.

Cynoglossum

officinale,

L.

Hoimds-tongiie' R,

LIV.

SOLANACE.E.

712. Cynoglossum

monlanum, Lam.

713- Datura Stramonium, L.


Thorn-apple

Green Hotmd's-toitgjfe ; P.

3.

Monopetalce\

LIV.

SOLANACEA.

79

714. Hyoscyanius niger, L.


Hetiliane ; V.

715.

Solanum Dulcamara, L.
Bittersweet^ Nightshade l B,

716.

Solanum nigrum, L.
Black S'

717. Atropa Belladonna, L. Dwale, Belladomia, Deadly Nightshade; B.

i8o

LV.

OROBANCHACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

718.

Orobanche major, L.
Great Broomrape ; G.

719.

Orobanche caryophyllacea, Sm.


Clove-scented Broomra^e ; Br*

720.

Orobanche rubra, L. Red Broomrape.

721.

Orobanche

elatior, Sutt.

O. major, L.

Tall Broontrape

G,

3. Monopetal<z]

LV.

OROBANCHACE/E.

iSr

722. Orobanche minor, L.


^Lesser Broonirape I Br,

723.

Orobanche

casrulea, Vill.

O. purpurea, Jacq,

Bine Broomrape

'J2i,.

Orobanche ramosa, L.
Branched Broomrape ; B.

725. Lathreea squamaria, L.


Tooihwort,

8s

LVI.

SCROPIIULARINE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

726. Vovbascura Thapsus, L. Great Mnllein ; Y.

727.

Verbascum Blattana, L.
Moth Mullein ; Y.

728.

Verbascum virgatum, With.


Twiggy Mnllein ; Y.

729.

Verbascum nigrum, L. Dark Mullein ;

Y.

3.

Monopelahc\

LVI.

SCROPHULARINF-.F.,

J83

730.

Verbascum Lychnitis, L.
Wliite Mullein.

731.

Verbascum pulverulentum,
Vill.

Hoary Mullein

V.

732. Antirrhinum raajus, L,

Snapdragon I R.

733. Antirrhinum Oroiitium, L. Lesser Snapdragon; R.

LVI.

SCKOPIIULARINEyE.

[I.

Dicotyledons

'

734. Linaria vulgaris, Mill.

735. Linaria repens, Ait.


;

Toadflax

V.

Pale L.

736. Linaria Pelisseriana, Mill.


Pelisser^s

737. Linaria supina, Desf.


P.

L.

Siipme L.

Y.

3.

Monopetahc-]

LVI.

SCROPHULARINEyE.

i8S

73S. Linaria minor, Desf.


L. viscida,
ftloen.

739. Linaria C) lubalaria, Mill. Ivy L. ; Li.

Lesser L,,; P.

740. Linaria spuria, Mill. Round-leaved L.;

741. Linaria Elatine, Desf.

Pointed L.;

86

LVI.

SCROPHULARINE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

742. Scrophularia nodosa, L.


Figinart
;

743. Scrophularia aquatica, L.


P.

Water

.9. ;

P.

744. Scrophularia Scorodonia, L.


Balift-tcnved S,
;

745.

Scrophularia vernalis, L.
\ 'ellfnv

P,

S,

3.

Monopelal<x\

LVI.

SCROPHULARINE.E.

187

746.

Mimulus
M.

luteus, Willd.

Langsdorffii,

Don.
Yellow
31.
;

747. Limosella aquatica, L. Limosel; R.


Y.

748, Sibthorpia europsa, L.


Sibthorpia.
;

Y.

L. 749, Digitalis purpurea, Foxglove; P,

LVI.

SCROPHULARINE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

750. Veronica spicala, L. Spiked Speedwell ; B.

751. Veronica saxatilis, L.


V. fruticanSj Jacq.

Rock Speedwell ; B.

752. Veronica alpina, L,


Alpine Speedwell ; B,

753. Veronica serpyllifolia, L.


ThyiitC'leaved Speedwell ; B,

3.

Monopetali2\

'

LVI.

SCROPHULARINE^.

1S9

754. Veronica officinalis, L.


Speedwell ; B,

755. Veronica Anagallis, L.

Water Speedwell ; B.

756. Veronica Beccabunga, L.


Bi'ookllme ; B.

757. Veronica scutellata, L.

Marsh Speedwell ; B.

igo

LVI.

SCROPHULARINE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

758. Veronica montana, L.

759. Veronica Cliamaedrys, L.


B.

Momttam Speedwell l

GevDjmider Speedwell I B.

760, Veronica liederaefolia, L.

761. Veronica agrestis, L.


Prociimlevt Speedwell; B.

Ivy speedwell ; B.

3. Monopetalcel

LVI.

SCROPHULARINE/E.

191

762.

Veronica Buxbaumii, Ten.


V, Touriiefortii, Gmel.
Bnxliain>i s Speedweli
:

763. Veronica arvensis, L.


Weil) Sfeedioell; B.

B.

764. Veronica verna, L.

765. Veronica tiiphyllos, L.

Vernal Speedwell ; B.

Fingered Speedwell ; B.

192

LVI.

SCROPHULARINE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

766. Bartsia alpina, L.


Alpine B.
;

767. Bartsia viscosa, L.


P.
Eufragia
vj.,

Gris.

VucidB.;

V.

768. Bartsia Odontites, Huds.


Odontites rubra, Gil.

769. Euphrasia officinalis, L.


Eyehrigltt.

XedB.

MoiippelaW]

LVI.

SCROPIIULARINE^.

193

770- Rliinanthus Crista-galli, L.


Rattle: V.

771. Pedicularis palustris, L.

Red Rattle.

772. Pedicularis sylvatica, L.

'773.

Melam]3yrum

cristatum, L.
;

LoHsewort; R.

C?-ested Cinvw/ieat

V.

Ui\

LVI.

SCROrilUI-ARINEJ;,

[I.

Dicolykdons

774.

Melampyrum

arvense, L.

775.

Melampyium

piatense,, L.

Purple Coimvhcat.

Cowtohcat

LVII.

LA.15IAT/E.

776.

Melampyium

sylvaticum, L.
;

777. Salvia pralensis, L.

Sfnall-Jltni'crcti Cmviv/ieai

V.

Meadow <Sa^'e ;

A.

3-

.^fi>nop:laltc\

LVII.

J.AHIAT.i;

'95

778. Salvia Verbenaca, L.

779.
/>'.

Lycopus

eiiropfeus, L.
Gipsyiijori

Sage;

780.

Mentha

sylvestris,

L.

781.

Mentha

rotundifolia, L.

^J. longifolia,

Huds.

Ro7ind-leaved Mint ; Pk.

Horse Mint; Li,

196

LVII.

LABIAT.li.

[I.

Dicotyledons

2.

Mentha
M.

viiidis,

L.

7S3.

Mentlia piperita, Huds.


Pepper Mint ; Li.

spicata, L,
Speci7-

Mini ; L i.

784.

Mentha

aqiiatica,

L.

785.

Mentha

saliva,

L.

IVater Mini : Li.

M.

vevticilliito,

Huds.
Li.

Whorled Mint;

3.

Moiiopetahc\

LVir.

LABIAT/E.

'97

786. Mentl.a arvensis, L.

7S7.
;

Mentha

rulegiiim, L.
PetiriyToynl
;

Com Hint Li

Li.

7S8.

Thymus

Serpyllum, L.

789.

Origanum

vulgare, L.
Mctrjornvi ; P.

Wild

Thyiiie; P.

198

LVII.

LABIAT/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

790. Calamintlia Acinos, Claiv.


Clinopodium Ac, O.K.
:

791. Calaraintha officinalis, ilcen.


Clinopodium CalaC. montana, Lam. mintha, O.K. ; SatureiaCa., Sch.
;

SatureiaAc, Sch.
;

Field Calaini/ii, Basil- Tiiyinc

F.

Calamhit ; P,

792. Calamintlia Clinopodium,

793.

Nepeta Gleclioma, Benth.


N. hedeiacea, Trev.
Gjviiiid-h'v
,'

Benth.
Hcilgc

Clinopodium vulgare, L. Cnlnitiiiii, ]Vilil Basil ; F.

B,

3.

MonofelalaP^

LVll.

I-ABIAT/1'.

199

704. Ncpela Cilaria, L.


Cainthft
;

791;.

Prunella vulgaris, L.
Sclf-hi-al ; P.

B.

L. 796. Scutellaria galeiiculala,


Skullcnji; n.

797. Scutellaria minor, L. Lesser SkuUcap ; Vb.

200

LVII.

LASIAT^.

[I.

bkoiykdoM

798. Melittis Melissophyllum, L.

7gg.

Manubiura

vulgare, L.
IforeJwiwd.

Balm:

I'k.

800. Stachys Betonica, Benlh.


S. officinalis, Ti-ev.

801.

Stachys germanica, L.

Betotiy

P.

3.

Monopetalce\

LVIl.

LABlAT^.

23t

802. Slacliys sylvatica, L.

803. Stachys palustris, L.


;

Hedge

S.

/'.

Marsh

S.

P.

804. Slachys arvensis, L. Field S.;\P.

805. Galeopsis

Ladanum, L.
RedG.; P.

202

LVIt.

LABIAt^.

i[I.

Dicotvtedons

806. Galeopsis ochroleuca,


G. dubia. Leers.

Lam.
1
;
',

807. Galeopsis Tetrahit, L.


Hemf-fietile
;

P.

Downy G.

808. Ballota nigra, L.

5.

Leonmus

Cardiacn,

T^.

Black Horehoimd ; P.

MonopetaIce\

LVII.

LABIAT/i:;.

203

810. Lamiiim amplcxicaule, L.

Si

I.

Lamivim purpureum, L.
AVrt' Dcad~iiettle.

///W, R.

5i2.

Lamium album,
f<^/'z'c

L,

313.

Lamium maculatum,

L.

Dead-7iettlc.

Spotted Dead-7iettle,

204

LVII.

LABiAT.^i.

[I.

Dicotyledons

314.

Lamium Galeobdolon,
Yelloii)

Cr.

Si 5.

Teucrium Scorodonia, L.
Wood-sas-e ; Y.

Archmi i'l'l.

816. Teuci'ium Scoidium, L.

817.
K.

Water Germander ;

Teucrium Botrys, L. C nt-Ieaved Germander ; K,

3.

Mcnopetalcc\

II.

LABIATJ-.

205

5l8.

Teuciiiim Chamajdrys, L.
\Wall Gerjnander ,\ 1\

Sic.

Ajuga

reptans, L.
Cree^tTjg- Bugle
;

B.

820.

Ajuga genevensis, L.
A, pyramidalis, L.

821.

Ajuga

Cliauisepitys, Schr.

Yellow Bngle, Ground Pine,

Erect Bugle ; B.

2o6

LVIIl

VKRi;r.NACK.l'.

LIX. rLUMl!AGINE/i:.
[I.

Dicolykdmis

822. Verbena officinalis,

\-,.

S2J. Siatice

Limonium, L.
;

iLimonium Milgaye, Mil!. Sea Lavtntdcr

/'.

824. Stalice auiicula:folia, Valil.


Limoniuin occidentaie, O.K.
.'^.

825. Siatice veticulata, L.


bsllidifoHji,

Gou.

Limoniuiu

re.,

Mill.

Rocks.

P.

Matted S.

3.

JA'//-/,V,7/,fl

LIX.

rLUMBAGIXE.K,

207

^^.J?f

S26. Armeria vulgaris, Willd.


Statice inniitiina, Hill.

S27.

Armeria plantaginea, Willd.


Statice pi.. All.

TArif^,

Sua

I'iiilt.

[P/antntii Thrift

Pk.

LX.

PLANTAGINEA.

828. Plantago major, L.


Greater Plantain,

829. Plantago media, L.

Hoary Plantain.

20S

LX.

PLANTAGINE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

830. Plantago lanceolata, L.

31.

Plantago maritima, L.
Sea Plantain.

Ribwort Plantain.

832. Plantago Coronopus, L.


Bjicks-horn Plantain,

833. Littorella lacustris, L.


L, juncea, Berg., imifloraj Asch.
Littorel,

4.

Monochlamydtx'\

LXI.

ILLFXEBRACE^E.

209

834. Corrigiola littoralis, L.


Stra^vot-t.

835.

Heniiaria glabra, L.
KiiJ'tnrC'-i^'orl
;

C,

836. lUecebrum vetlicillatum, L.


Illeccbnun.

S37. Scleranthus annuiis,

I..
;
i',.

Aiifiual Knaivel

210

LXI.

ILLECEBRACE.K.

LXlI.

CHENOPODIACE^
[I.

Dicotyledons

Scleranthiis perennis, L.
Perenjiial

Salicornia herbacea, L.
G.

Kvawcl

D/arsh Samphire, Giasswort.

840. SuEeda fiiiticosa, Forsk.


Lerchl:i obtiisifolia, St.
;

841.

SuKda maridnia, Dum.


O.K.
;

Dondiafr., Tir, Shrnliby S.

Lerchi.T mn,,

Dondra

m.T,,

Dr.
;

th-ilaci;t}is S.

G.

4-

Monochlamyda]

LXIf.

CIIENOPODIACE.F..

842. Salsola Kali,

I,.

843.

Chenopodium Vulvaria, L.
Stinkiug Goasc/ool.

Prkldji Sn/tiuoyt.

Chenopodium polyspermum, L.
Mniiy-sri-ded Goosejoot,

S45,

Chenopodium album, L.
White
(

ill

LXII.

CHENOPODIACE^..

[I.

Dicotyledons

846. Chenopodiiim glaiicum, L.


Glaucojts Gooscfoot,

847. Chenoiiodium rubrum, L.

Red Goosefoot.

Chenopodiiim

lubicuiii,

I,.

849.

Chenopodium

iiiurale,

L.

UJ>iigIit Giwsrfoot,

Xrtllr- 'cnvei/ Goosefoot

4.

Monochlaviyda'\

LXII.

CHENOPODIACE^.

2>3

850.

ChenopocUum hybridum, L.
Maplc-lcaved Coosi'foot.

851.

Chenopodium BonusHenricus, L.

Good King He7iryf Allgood.

852. Beta maritima, L,

853. Atriplex portulacoides, L.


Obione
po.,

Wild Beet.

Moq.
Sea
Pt(l'sla7ie,

214

LXII.

ClIENOPOUIACE/]-:.

[I.

Dicolykdmis

S54. Atriplex peJunculata, L.


Obioiie pe.,

855. Atriplex hoitensis, L.

Moq.
Stalked Orackc.

Garden Oraclw.

856. Alriplcx paliila, L,


OracJic.

S57. AUiplex rosea,

'L.

Frosted Orache.

4.

Moiiochlamyd,i\

LXIII.

POLVGOXACE/E.

215

S58. Riimex aquaticHs, L.


R. dumesticus. Halt.
Sinootli-Jnittcii

859. Rimicx crispus, L.


Curled Dock.

Dock.

860.

Rumex

obtusifoliu^, L.

S61. Runiexiryilidlapatluini, Iliids.

Broad Dock.

Water Dock,

2l6

LXIII.

I'ULVGONACE.K.

[I.

Dkolyledons

862. Riimex conglomeratus, Muir.


Clustcnd-.D'Kk.

863.

Rumex

sanguineus, L.
Rrd-vehted Dock.

864.

Kiimcx

pulclicr,

L.

S65.

Ruiiicx niarilimus,;^L.
Golden Dock.

Fiddle l^ofk.

4.

MoiwchlamyJic]

LXIII.

I'fiLYGONACE^.

217

866. Riiinex. Acelosa, L.

567.

Rumex

Acetosella, L.
S/tcep~sorri
/.

868. Oxyria lenifonnis,


0. digj'na, Hill.

Cam.

869.

Polygonum

aviculaie,

I..

Kiiotweed, Ktioigrass.

Kidney SorrcL

2lS

LXIII.

POLYGONACE/E.

[I.

Dicotyledons

870.

rolygomim maiitimuin, L.
Sea F.

871.

Polygonum Convolvulus, L.
Black Bindwccil.

72.

Polygonum dumetoium, L.
Copse r.

873.

Polygonum viviparum, L.

V iviparous

P,

4.

Mimochhimydic']

LXIII.

I'tlLYGONACETE.

219

S74.

Polygonum

Bisloila, L.

875-

Polygonum

ampliibiuui, L.
Aii,pl,ibknis P.

Bistort, Snakciuced.

S76,

Polygonum

Persicaiia, L.
Persicaria,

S77.

Polygonum lapathifolium, L.
Pale

LXIII.

POLYGONACEi*;.

[I.

Dicotyledons

878.

Polygonum Hydropiper, L.
Waic'rpepJ>cr.

879.

Polygonum minus, Huds.


Slender F.

LXIV.

THYMELEACEJ-:.

880.

Daphne Mezercum,

L.
:

SSi.
P,

Daphne Laureola, L.
Spurge Laurel ;

I\lrzf!r('?t

4.

Mono- LXV.
chlaniydce\

EL^AGNACE^E.

LXVI.

SANTALACE/?5:.

221

882.

Hippophae rhamnoides, L.
SalltnU'tJiom. Sea Buckthorn
:

883.

Thesium linophyllum, L.
T. hlimifusum,

G.

DC.

Bastard ToadJIax.

LXVII.

ARISTOLOCHIACE^.

LXVIII. EUPHORBIACE.'E.

884.

Asarum europseum, L.
Asarabacca ; Br.

885. Euphorbia Peplis, L.


Purple Spurge ; G.

LXVIII.

EUPHORBIACE-'TT..

[I.

Dkoiylcdoiis

Euphorbia Helioscopia, L. Sun spurge ; G.

887. Euphorbia platyphyllos, L.

Broad Spvrgc

G.

888. Euphorbia hiberna, L.


I}-i.s/i

889. Euphorbia pllosa,


;

T>.

Spwgr

G.

Hairy Spurge ;

G,

4.

MoiiochlainydcE'\

LXVIII.

KUPHORBIACK.l'

890. Euphorbia Pepliis, L.


Petty Sfiurge ; G.

91,

Euphorbia exiguaj L.
Diuarf spurge ; G.

892. Euphorbia Lathyris, L.

53.

Euphorbia

segetalis, L.

Caper SpvrgrV, G,

K, portl.indica, L.

rorilond Sp7trge ; G.

224

LXVIII.

EUPHORBIACE^.

''

[I.

Dicotyledons

894. Euphorbia Paralias, L.

895. Euphorbia Esula, L.


(7.

Sea Spurge;

Leafy Spurge ; G.

896. Eupliorbia amygdaloides,


//

I>.

897. Mercurialis perenni?, L.


JMg's Meniiry ; O.

'ood

Spurge ; G.

4.

.^h<iwchlainydde'\

LXVIII.

EUPHORBIACE/E.

225

Mercunalis annua, L.
Aittinal

99.

Buxus sempervirens, L.
i>x: G.

Mercnry ;

LXIX.

EMPETRACE^.

LXX. CALLITRICHINE^.

900.

Empetrum nigrum, L.
Crowberry.
-,
,

9ol. Ceratophyllum demeisum, L.


Horjiwort.

225

LXX.

CALLITRICHINE^.

LXXI. URTICACE^.
[I.

Dicotyledons

ih,^,:^^h

902. Callitriche aquatica,


C. verna, L.

Sm.

903.

Urtica urens, L.

Small Nettle; G.

Callitriche, ]Vater Starwoj-t.

904.

Urlica pilulifera, L.
Kojiian Nettle
;

905. Urlica dioica, L.


G,

Comttwji Nettle

G.

4.

Monochlamydce'\

LXXl.

URTICACE^.

227

906. Parietaria officinalis, L.


P. ramiflora, Moen.

907,
G.

Humulus Lupulus, L.
Hop;
G.

n'all Pellitory

LXXII.

ULMACE^.

908.

Ulmus montana, Sm.


U. glabra, Huds.
Scotch or

909. Ulirus campestris,

Sm.
Elm.

Wych Elm,

Q 2

428

LXXIlI.

AMENTACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

910. Myrica Gale, L. Sweet Gale.

911. Alnus glutinosa, L.


A. rotundifolia. Mill.
Alder.

Jl

\!^
912. Betula alba, L.
Birch.

913. Betula nana, L.

Dwarf Birch.

4.

Monochlamyda\

LXXIIl.

AMENTACE^.

229

1914.

Carpinus Betulus, L.
Horfiheam,

915. Corylus Avellana, L.

Hazel or Nut.

gt6. Fagus sylvatica,

I..

917. Quercus Robur, L.


Beech,

British Oak.

230

LXXIII.

AMENTACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

918. Salix pentandra, L.

919. Salix

fragilis,

L.

Bay Willow.

Crack Willow.

920. Salix alba, L.

921. Salix amygdalina, L.


S. triandra,

White Willow.

L.
ll'i'llaw

Almond or French

4-

Monochlamyda\

LXXIII.

AMENTACE/E.

231

922. Salix purpurea, L.


Purple Willow.

923. Salix viminalis, L.


Osier.

924. Salix Caprea,

925. Salix

aurita,

L.

Sallow.

Round-eared Willffw.

232

LXXIir.

AMENTACE^';.

[I.

Dicotyledons

926. Salix phylicifolia, L.


Tea-leaved Willow.

927. Salix repeiis, L.


Creeping Willow,

928. Salix I^apponum, L.


I)oivn)'

929. Salix lanata, L.


Woolly Willo^v.

Willow,

4.

Monochlamydm\

LXXIII.

AMENTACE^.

233

q30. Salix Myrsinites, L. Whortle Willow.

931. Salix reticulata, L.


RetkJilaic Willow.

932. Salix herbacea, L. jpwarf Willo7v,

933. Populus alba, L.


W/life Poplar,

Aide.

234

LXXIII.

AMENTACE^.

[I.

Dicotyledons

934. Populus tremula, L.


Aspeji.

935. Populus nigra, L. Black or Italian Poplar,

LXXIV.

CONIFERS.

936. Pinus sylvestris, L.


Scotch rinc.

937. -Juniperus

communis, L.
Jmiipcr,

4.

Mono-

LXXIV. CONIFERS.

LXXV. TYPHACE^.
[II.

235

chlamyda]

.Monocotyledons

938.

Taxus baccata, L.
Yirw
;

939.
G.

Typha

latifolia,

L.

Great Reedmace, Cafs-tait ; V.

940.

Typha

angusti folia, L.
X^esser

941. Sparganium ramosum, Huds.


S,

Rc^dmacc ; Y,

erectum, L,
B^ir-rced.

2.36

LXXV.

TYPHACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

942. Sparganium simplex, Huds.

943. Sparganium

minimum, Fr.
Small
S.

Simfle

S.

S. natans, L.

LXXVI.

AROIDE^.

944.

Arum maculatum,
Cjtckoo-pitU,
;

L.
V,, P.

945. Acorns Cahnus, L.


S-wect Flag, Szucr^ Scn'^e.

IViilr Robin, Lo!-ds-<md-Lndies

11.

Monocotyledons-]

LXXVII.

LEMNACE^E,

237

946.

Lemna

trisulca,

L.
947.

Lemna

minor, L.
Lesser Duckweed.

Ivy-leaved Duckiveed.

Lemna

gibba, L.
Gibbous Duckweed.

LXXVIIL

NAIADE/E.

949.

Lemna

polyrrhiza, L.
Greater Duckiveed.

'-c^-oo 3:;ca

950.

Lemna

arrhiza, L.

95

r.

Zostera marina, L.

Wolffiaar., Wim., Michelii, Schl.

Rootless Ducliweed.

238

LXXVIII.

NAIADEiE.

[II.

Monocotyledons

952. Zostera nana, Roth.

953- Naias

flexilis,

Rostk.

Dwarf Grass-wrack.

Slender Naiad,

954. Naias marina, L.


Holly-leaved Naiad,

955. Naias graminea, Del.


Grassy Naiad.

II.

Monocotyledons]

LXX'VIII.

NAIADES.

239

956. Zannichellia palustris, L.


Hor7ied Po7idweed.

957.

Ruppia marilima, L. SeaR.

958,

Potamogeton natans, L.
Broad Pondweed.

959. Potamogeton heterophyllus, Schr.


P. gramineus, L. Vart07is-leaved Pondweed.

240

LXXVIII.

NAIADE^i.

[II.

Monocotyledons

960.

Potamogeton

lucens, L.

961. Polamogetonprcelongus, Wulf.

Shining Pmdweed.

Zog Pondmeed.

962. Potamogeton perfoliatus, L.


Perfoliate Pondwced.

963. Potamogeton crispus, L.


Curly Pojtdiveed.

II.

Monocotyledons']

LXXVIII.

NAIADES,.

241

964. Potamogeton densus, L. Opposite Pondweed.

965. Potamogeton obtusifolius,

M.&K.

Ohtuse Pondiveed.

966. Potamogeton acutifolius, L. Acute Pondiveed.

967. Potamogeton pusillus, L, Slender Pondiveed^

242

LXXVIII.

NAIADES.

[II.

Monocotyledons

968. Potaraogeton pectinatus, L.


Fejiiiel Potidweed,

969. Scheuchzeria palustris, L.

Marsh

S.

970. Triglocliin palustre, L. Marsh Arrow-grass,

971. Triglochin moritimum, L.

Sea

A rrow-grass.

II.

Monocotyledojisl

LXXIX.

ALISMACE.^i.

243

972.

Butomus umbellatus, L.
Flowering Rush ; R,

973. Sagittaria'sagittifolia, L.

A rrowhsad.

974. Alisma Plantago, L. Water Plantain; R.

975. Alisma rauunculoides, L. Echinodorus Ra., Eng.


Lesser Water Plantain ;

244

LXXIX.

ALISMACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

976. Alisma natans, L.


Floating Water Plantaiti.

977.

Damasonium

stellatimi, Pers.
Mill.

D. Alisma,

LXXX.

HYDROCHARIDEtE.

978. Elodea canadensis, Mich,


Anacharis Alsinastrum, Bab.

979. Hydrocharis Moisus-ranse, L.


Froghit.

Water-thyme,

LXXX. HYDROCHARIDE^.
II.

LXXXI. ORCHIDACE^.

245

Monocotyledons]

980. Stratiotes aloides, L.


Water-soldier.

Si.

Malaxis paludosa, Sw.

Bog

Orchis ; G.

982. Liparis Loeselii, Rich. Tivo-leaved L.

983. Corallorhiza innata, Br.


;

C.

C. trifida, Chat.

Spurless Coralroot ; G.

LXXXI.

ORCHIDACE/E.

[11.

Monocotyledons

9S4. Epipactis latifolia, Sw.


Helleborine
la.
;

985. Epipactis palustris,


Helleborine longifolia
;
;

Sw.
Br.

R,

&

Br.

R.

&

Broad E.

G,

Marsh E.

986. Cephalanthera pallens, Rich.


C. grandiflora, Bab., Damasoniuin, Dr.

987. Ceplialanthera ensifolia, Rich.


C. longifolia Fr

White II,Uchric.

Narrmv Helhlmhu:

II.

Monocotyledons\

LXXXI.

ORCHIDACE/E.

247

Cephalanthera rubra,

Kicli.

9S9. Listera ovata, Br.

Red HellcboHne.

Twayhlade I G.

990. Listera corclata, Br.


Lesser Tivayblade
;

991. Neottia Nidus-avis, L.


G.

Birds-iiest Orchis

Br

248

LXXXI.

ORCHIDACEjE.

[II.

Monocotyledons

992.

Epipognm aphyllum, Sw.


E. Gmelini, Rich.
Leafless E.

993- Spiianthes autumnalis, Rich. S. spiralis, Kocb.

Lady's Tresses.

995. Spiranthes Romanzoviana, Cliam. 994. Spiranlhes EEstivalis, Rich. Droopivg Lady's TressesSninmer Lady's Tresses,

II.

Moi,ocotykdons-\

LXXXl.

ORCMIDACE.li.

249

996. Goodyera repens, Br.

997. Orchis Morio, L.


Greeyi-whtged O.
;

Peramium

repens, Sal.

P.

Creephig G.

998. Orchis militaris, L.

999. Orchis ustulata, L.


;

MUUary

O.

P.

Dwarf 0.

P.

250

LXXXI.

ORCHIDACEtE.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1000. Orchis mascula,

I>.

1001. Orchis laxiflora,


,

Lam.
;

Early

0.

P.

Loose O.

R.

1002. Orchis maculata,

I..
:

1003, Orchis latifolia, L.


P/c.

Shotted O.

Marsh

O.

Pk.

II.

Mofwcolyledons']

LXXXI.

ORCHIDACE.4i.

251

1004. Orchis hircina, Scop.

1005. Orchis pyramidalis, L.


;

Lizard

O,

G.

Pyramidal O. ; R.

1006. Habenaria bifolia, Br.


B7itterfly

1007. Habenaria conopsea, L.

H.

Gymnadenia

CO., Br.

Fragrant

R.

252

LXXXI.

ORCHIDACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1008. Habenaria intacta, Benlh.


Neotinea
in.,

1009. Habenaria albida, Br.

Reich.

Gymnadenia

al., Ricli.

Dcvse-spfki?tf

H.

Pk.

loio. Habenaria viridis, Br.


Grcn, H., Frog Orchis; G.

roii. Aceras anthvopophora, Br.


^/a,. Orchis; G.

II.

Monocotyhdms\

LXXXI.

ORCHIDACEtE.

I0I2.

Herminium Monorchis, Br. Musk Orchis; G.

1013. Ophrys apifera, Huds.

Bee O.

Pk.

1014. Ophrys aranifera, Huds.


O. sphegodes, Mill.

1015. Ophrys rauscifera, Huds.

Fly O.
;

Br.

Spider O.

Br.

254

LXXXI. ORCHIDACEiE.

LXXXII. IRIDE/E.

[II.

Mono-

cotyledons

loi5. Cypripedium Calceolus, L.

Lady^s Slipper ; V.

1017. Iris Pseudacorus, L. YelloTxi I., Yellow Flag,

1018. Iris foetidissima, L.


Gladdo7t^ Roasibeef-plaitt
;

10:9. Gladiolus communis, L.


V,
G.
illyricus,

Koch.
Gladiolus: R.

II.

Monocotyledons']

LXXXII.

IRIDE,.

25s

1020.

Sisyrinchiura angustifolium, Mill. Blue-eyed Grass.

1021.

Romulea CoIumniE,

S.

&

Romulea; B.

1022. Crocus vernus, All.


Spriitg or Purple

1023. Crocus nudiflorus,

Sm.
;

Autumjial C.

256

LXXXIII.

AMARYLLIDE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1024. Narcissus Pseudo-narcissus, L.


Daffodil,

1025. Narcissus biflorus, Curt.

Lent Lily ; Y.

Primrose Peerless.

1026. Galanthus nivalis, L.


Snoivdyop.

1027.

Leucoium sestivum, L. Summer Sttffivjlakc,

II. Monocotyledons']

LXXXIV.

DIOSCORIDE^.

257

1028.

Tamus communis, L.
Black Bryony ; G.

1029.

Paris quadrifolia, L.

Herb-Paris ; G.

LXXXV. LILIACE^.

low. Polygonatum
All.

verticillatum,

1031. Polygonatum multiflorum, All.


Solomon-Seal.
S

Whorled Solomon-Seal.

258

I.XXXV.

LILIACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1032. Polygonatum ofEcinale, All.


P. sigiluin, Lep.

1033. Convallaria majalis, L.


Lily of the Valley.

Angular

Soloino7i-Sciil.

1034.

Maianthemum
birolium, Sch.
;

Convallaria, Roth.
Unifolium
bi.,

1035. Asparagus officinalis, L.


A. maritimus,
.Mill.

M.

Dr.

May Lily.

Asparagus.

II.

Mouocotyledons-\

LXXXV.

I.ILIACE/E.

259

1036. Ruscus aculeatus, L.


Butcfier's

1037. Fritillaria Meleagris, L.


Stiake^ s-head ;

Broom.

R.

1038.

TuUpa

sylvestris,

L.
Y.

1039. Lloydia serotina, Reich.


L. alpina, Sal.
Moiitiiain

WUd Ttdit;

26o

LXXXV. LILIACE^.

[11.

Monocotyledons

1040.

Gagea

lutea,

Ker.
Yellow G.

1041. Oinithogalumumbellatum,L.

G. fascicularis, Sal.

Star of Bethlehem.

1042. Ornithogalum nutans, L.


Drooping O.

1043. Ornithogalumpyrenaicum,L.

Spiked 0.

ir.

Monocotyledons\

LXXXV.

LILIACE^.

261

1044. Scilla verna, Huds.


Spriji-g Squill ;

1045. Scilla autumnalis, L.


B.

Antuvinal Squill; B.

1046. Scilla nutans,


S. non-scripta,

Sm.

1047. Muscari racemosum, Mill.

L. &. H. ; Endymion nu., Dum., non-sc. Gar. ; Hyacinthus Blnehell. non-sc, L.

Grape Hyacinth ; B.

262

LXXXV. LILIACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1048. Allium

Ampeloprasum, L.
Wild Lily; P.

1049. Allium, Scorodoprasum, L.


Sa?id

L ily ;

/*,

1050. Allium oleiaceiim, L.


Field Lily; Br.

105

1.

Allium Schoeiioprasum, L.
Chives; P.

II.

Monocotyledons'\

LXXXV. LILIACE^.

261

1052. Allium sphoerocephahim, L.

1053. Allium vineale, L.


Croiv Gcirlic
;

Romid-headed Lily ; P.

P.

1054. Allium ursinum, L.


RfiJfisons.

1055. Allium triquetrum, L.


Triquetrous Lily.

264

LXXXV. LILIACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1056. Simethis bicolor, Kun.


S. planifolia,

1057. Nartheciumossifragura, Huds.

Pubilaria

bi.,

G. Raf., pi., Dr. G.


:

&

^'g
'

<"'

Lancashire Asplwdel; Y.

Variegated S,

105S, Tofield'a palustris, Hiids.


Scott isli Asphodel ; G.

1059. Colchicum autiimnale, L.

Meado7u Sajffron ;

ri.

!\To7wcotyledous-\

LXXXVI.

JUNCACE/E.

265

1060. Juncus communis,


J. effusus, L.

Mey.

106 1. Juncus glaucus, Ehr.


J. inflexus, L.

HardRitsk.

1062. Juncus filiformis, L.

1063. Juncus balticus, Willd.


Baltic Rush,

Thread Rush,

266

LXXXVI. JUNCACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons"

1064. Juncus articulalus, L.


yointed
R-iish,

1065. Juncus obtusiflorus, Ehr.


J. subnodulosus, Schr.

Obtuse RnJi.

1066. Juncus compiessus, Jacq.


Round-frnitcd Riisli,

1067. Juncus tenuis, Willd.


Slciuhr
Riisli.

II.

Monocotyledo7is\

LXXXVI. JUNCACE/E.

267

1068. Juncus squarrosus, L.

1069. Juncus bufonius, L.


ToiLii

Heath Rush.

Rush.

1070. Juncus pygniEeus, Rich.


J. niutabilis,

1071. Juncus capilatus, Weig.


CapiiiiU Rush.

Lam. Divarf Rush.

26S

LXXXVI. JUNCACE^.

[11.

Monocotyledons

1072. Juncus maritimus,

Sm.
Riisk,

1073. Juncus acutuB, L.

Sea

Sharp

R-jish.

1074. Juncus trifidus, L.

1075. Juncus casfaneus,

Sm.

Highland Rush.

CJwstjtut Rusk.

II.

MonocotyUdofisI

LXXXVI.

UNCACE.-E.

269

1076. Jiincus biglumis, L.


Tivo-Jlowered Riish.

1077. Luzula pilosa, Willd.


L. venialis,

DC.

Juncoides

pi,,

Mor.

Hairy Woodrush.

1078. Luzula sylvatica. Gaud.


L. maxima,

1079. Luzula arcuata.


Juncoides
ar.,

Hook,

DC.

Juncoides

sy.,

Huds.

Sw.

Great Woodrush

Curved Woodrush,

270

LXXXVI. JUNCACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1080. Luzula campestris, Br.


Jiincoides ca.,

loSi. Luziila spicata,


Jiincoides sp., Mo*-.

DC.

Mor.

Field Woodrush,

Spiked Woodrush.

r.XXXVII.

ERIOCAULE.E.

LXXXVm. CYPERACE^.

1082. Eriocaulon septangulare,

With.
Jointed E.

1083. Cyperus longus, L.


Galitigale,

II.

Monocotyledons-]

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE,4':.

1084. Cyperus fuscus, L.


Browit C.

1085. Schoenus nigricans, L. Bog-ntsh

1086, Schoenus ferrugineus, L.


J*erruginojts S.

1087.

Cladium Mariscus, Br.


C. jamaicense, Cr.

Prickly C.

272

LXXXVIII.

CVPERACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1088.

Rhynchospora

fusca,

L.

1089.

Rhynchospora

alba, Vahl.

Browjt Breaksedgc.

White BreaJisedge.

1090. Blysmus compressiis, Panz.


Scirpus CO., Pers.

1091.

Blysmus

rufus,

Link.

Scirpus ru., Wahl.

II.

MoHccotykdons'\

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE^.

273

1092. Scirpus acicnlaris, L.


Eleocharis ac, Br.

1093. Scirpus parvulus, R.


S.'nanijs, Spr.

&

S.

NeedU S.

1094. Scirpns palnstris, L.


Eleocharis pa., Br.

I095- Scirpus multicaulis,


Eleocharis mu., Br.

Sm.

Creeping S.

Many-sialked S.

274

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledojis

1096. Scirpiis paucifloriis, Ligh.


Fe^v-Jiowered S.

1097. Scirpus coespitosus, L.


Tufted

1098. Scirpus fluitans,

I,.

1099. Scirpus setaceus, L.


Bristle S.

Flcatittg S.

II.

Mofwcotyledons\

LXXXVIII.

CVPERACE/E.

275

iioo. Sciipus Savii, S.


S.

& M.
Savis
S.

iioi, Scirpus Iloloschoenus, L.


Clustered S.

cernus, Vahl., filiformis, Savi,

llo2. Scirpus pungens, Vahl.


S. americaniis, Pers.

103. Scirpus triqueter, L. Triangular S.

Sharp

S.

276

l.XXXVIII.

CVPERACE/E.

[II.

Monocotyledons

iio(. Scirpus lacustiis, L.

105. Scirpus maiitimus, L.

Lake
I

S.

Sea

S.

106.

Scirpus sylvalicus, L.
tVood S.

H07. Eriophorum alpinum, L.


Alfine Coitoiisedge.

II.

MonocotyUdons'\

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE.E.

277

1108.

Eriophorum vaginatum, L.
Sheathing Coitottsedge.

1109.

Eriophorum polystachion, L.
E. angustifolium, Roth. Cottonscdge,

1 1

10. Kobresia caricina, Willd.

1 1 11

Carex

dioica,

L.
(7.

K.

bipartita, Dalla T.

^i(Vc(ous

278

LXXXVIII.

CYPEl^ACE^.

[II.

MorocoiyMoiis

1112. Caiex pulicaris, L.


Flea C.

11:3- Carex rupestris, All.


R"':''

J 1

14,

Carex

pauciflora, Ligh.

1115. C;irex leporina, L.

Pcw-Jlowcd C,

Oval

C.

II.

A/miocotykdotts}

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE.-E.

279

1 1

16.

Carex lagopina, Wahl.


C. Lachenalii, Schk.
Hare's-foot C.

117.

Carex elongata, L.
Elongated

1 1

18.

Carex echinata, Murr.


Star-lieaded C.

1 1

19.

Carex canescens, L.
Whitish C.

28o

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE^.

[II.

Monccotykdons

1 1

20

Carex remota, L.
Remote
C.

121,

Caiex

axillaris,

Good.
Axillary C.

H22. Carex

panicu'lata,

L.

123. Carex vulpina, L.

Panicled C.

Fox

C.

II.

Moiiocotyledons'\

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE/E.

281

124. Carex muricata, L.


Prickly C.

125. Carex arenaria, L.


Saiid C.

1126. Carex divisa, Huds.

H27. Carex

incurva, Ligli.

Divided C.

Cun'fd C.

2S2

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE/*;.

[II.

Monocotyledons

128. Carex saxatilis, L,

129.

Carex cKf pitosa, L.


Tn/ted C.

Russet C.

130. Carex acuta, L.


C. gracilis. Curt.

Ii3r. Caiex alpina, S\Y.


C. Halleri, Gunn.

Acute C.

Alpine C.

II.

Monocotyledons']

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE^
\

28.;

[132.
C.

Carex Biixbaumii, Wahl.


polygama, Schk.
Buxbauiii' s C,

133.

Carex

atrata, L.
/ac/i C.

fiisca. All.,

34.

Carex humilis, Leip.

1135. Carex digitata, L.


FiJigered C.

284

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE^.

[II.

MonocolyUdons

1 _C.

136.

Carex prsecox, Jacq.


Vernal
C.

137. Carex montana, L.

verna, Cha., caryophyllei, Lat.

Mountain

C.

1138, Carex pilulifera, L,


Fill-headed C,

U39.

Carejf tomentosa, L.

ir.

Monorolykdms-]

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE/E.

285

140.

Carex

filiformis,

L.

1141.

Canx

hiria,

C. lasiocarpn, Ehr.

L. Hairy

C.

Slender C.

142.

Carex pallescens, L.
Pale C.

143. Carex extensa,

Good.

Long-lireKied C.

286

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

144.

Carex

flava,

L.
Yellow- C.

[I45.

Carex

distans, L.

Distant C,

146.

Carex punclala, Good.


Doited C.

147.

Carex panicea, L.
Catttatiofi-e-i-ass,

II.

Monocotyledofis]

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE^.

287

114S. Carex capillaris, L.


Capiliary C.

149.

Carex limosa, L.

Mud C.

50.

Carex glauca, Murr.


C. flacca, Schr.

51

Carex

sylvatica,

Huds.
fVoadC.

Glaucous C.

28S

LXXXVIII.

CYPERACE/E.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1 1

52.

Carex

strigosa,

Huds.

1153. Carex Pseudo-cyperus, L.


Cypents-like C.

Thin-spiked C.

1154. Carex pendula, Huds.


Pendulous C,

1155. Carex anipullacea, Good.


C. rostrat.% Stok., inllata,

Huds.
Bottle C.

II

!\rnrcotyledons\

LXXXVIII.

C VPERACE/IC.

1156. Carex vesicaria, L. Bladder

157.

Carex paludosa, GooJ.


C. acutiformis, Ehr.

C.

Marsh

C.

LXXXIX.

GRAMIXE.E.

158. Leersia or3-zoicles, Sw. Homalocenchrus or.. Poll.


'

1159. Miliuin effiisum, L. Spreading

Leersia.

250

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE.-Ti.

[11.

Monocotyledons

1160. Panicvim sanguinale, L.

1161.

Panicum glabrum, Gaud.


;

Fingered P.

P. lincare, Kro.

Digitaria humifusa, Pers.

Glabrous P.

162.

Panicum

verticillatum, L.

163.

Panicum
S^taiia

glaiicuni, L.

Setaria ve., Beau.

gl.,

Roiigh P.

Beau. Glaucous P.

II.

Monocotyledons']

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE^

164.

Panicum
Setaria
vi.,

viridcj L.

165.

Panicum

Cius-gallij L.

Eeau.

Echinochloa Cr.-ga., Eeau.

Green P.

Cockspur P.

166

Hierochloeborealis,R.&S.
;

H. odorata, Wahl.

bevastana od., Scot.

ng^. Anthoxanthum odoratum, L.


Ver?ial Grass.

Nortnent

\T

jt

zt j Iioly^rass.

U 2

292

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE/E.

[II.

Monocotyledons

168. Plialaiis canariensis, L.


Cajtary Grass.

1169. Digraphis arundinacea, Trln.


Phalaris
ai',,

L,

Reed

Grass.

1 1

70.

Plilcum pratensc, L.
Timothy
Gviiss^ Ctifs-iall.

171.

Plileum alpimim, L.
.Mpinc P.

II.

Monocotyledons]

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE.t.

293

172.

Phleum

Boe'.imeri, Schr.

73.

Phleum asperum, Jaiq.


P. paniculatLiiii, Huds.l

P. phalaroides, Ko:l., pbleoides, Simo.

B(Eliiners P.

Rough

r.

74.

Phleum arenarium, L.
Sand P.

1175. Alopecurus agrestis, L.


A. myosuroides, Huds.

Slender Foxtail

294

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

176.

Alopecurus pratensis, L.
Meadcnv Foxtail.

H77' Alopecurus

geniculalus, L.

Marsh

Fo.itail.

T178. Alopecurus alpinus


Alpine

Sm.
Fo.iiail,

79.

Mibora verna, Adans.


l,W. minima, Desv.^
,

'.

-'

F*'"''^

Mibora.

U. MoHocotyMons\

LXXXIX.

CRAMINE/^E.

295

180.

Lagurus

ovati;s,

L.

Ii8i.''

Polypogon monspeliensis,
fDesf.

Har/c-iail.

Ainiual Beardgrass.

1182.

Polypogon

littoralis,

S 111.

183. Agroslis alba, L.


Fiorin-grass,

Perc7mial Beard^rass.

290

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE^.

[11.

Monocotylcdam

11S4

Agrostis canina, L.
Bejit-grass.

185. Agrostis setacea, Curt.


Bristle

186. Agrostis Spica-venti, L.

nS;. Gastridiumlendigerum, Gaud.


G. australe, Beau.
Nits:rass,

Apera

Sp.-ve.,

Adans.
Silky A.

U.'-Monocoiy/ei/om']

LXXXIX.

GRAMIXE.K

1188. Psamraa arenciria, Beau.


Amniophila arundinacea, Host., aren., Link.

11S9. Calamagrostis Epigeios, Rotli. ]Vood Sviallreed.

MaTUjn^ Sea Matwced.

II90. Calamagroslis lanceolata, Roth. 1191. Calamagrostis stricta, Nutt. C. canescens, Dr. C. neglecta, Gaert. Deyeuxiane., Kim. Pnrfile Smallreed. Nar7'OW Sviallreed
;

298

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE.E.

[II.

Monocotyledons

192.

Calamagrostis-stvigosa, Hart. Deyeuyia St., Kun.

193. Aira csespitosa, L. Dcschampsia cse.. Beau.

Hairy Smallreed.

TnftcdA.

1194. Aira'flexuos.i, L. Deschainpsia 11., E.;aii. W.ivy A,

1195.

Aim

canescens, L.
;

Coryn.-^p]ioi us ca., ga., Bern.

Beau.

Weingaerlneria

Cray A.

II.

RhmocotyU-Jos\

LXXXIX.

GKAMINK:.].

299

196.

Aiva prcecox, L.
Early

197. Aira caryophyllea, L.


Hair-grass.

198.

Avena

faliia,

L.

1199. A\ciia pvalens-is, L.


Oat.

Wild

Perennial Oat.

300

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE.-E.

[II.

Monocotyhilons

1200.
Tiisetum

Avena
fl.,

flavescens, L.

Beau., pratense, Peis.

I20I. Arrhenalherum avenaceum, lieau


A.
elatiis, !M.

Yellow Oat.

&

K.
False Oat.

1202.

Holcus lanatus, L.
Woolly
//.

1203.

Holcus mollis, L.
Salt H.

II.

Movocotyledom'l

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE/l':.

1204.

Cynodon Daclylon,
Capriola Da., O.K.

Pers.

1205. Spartina stricta,

Sm.

Cordgr.iss.

Creeping C.

1206. Lepturus incurvatus, Trin.


I/,

1207. Nardus stricia, T

filiformis, Trin.

Maigrass.

Curved L.

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE^.

[II.

1208.

Elymus

arenarius, L.
Lyiiic^rass,

1209.

Hordeum

sylvalicum, Huds.
;

H. EiiropECum,

All.

Elymus

eu., L.

]Vood Barley.

2 10.

Hordeum

ratense, Iluds.

121

1.

Hordeum murinum,

H. nodosum, L.

L. Wall Barley.

Meadmv

Barley^

11.

Monocoiykdons\

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE^.

1212.

Hordeum maritimum, With.


H. manQum, Huds.
Sea Barley.

1213.

Agropyrum
Triticum

repens, Beau.
L.

re.,

Conch or Quitch.

1214.

Agropyrum caninum. Beau.


Triticum
ca., L.

121

5.

Lolium perenncj L.
Ryegrass.

Wheat-grass.

304

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE/P.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1216.

Lolium teraulentum, L.
Dar?icl.

1217. BiachyiroJiiim sylvalicum, Beau.


Slciidev Fahe-bronic.

1218.

Brachypodium

pinnatiira,

L.

1219. Brouius cvectus,

Huds.

Heath

Falsc-hroinc,

Up7-igJit Bronte.

II.

Monocotyledons^

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE^.

305

1220.

Bromus

asper,

Murr.

<3

I22I.

Bromus

sterilis,

L.

B, ramosus, Huds.J xr-s

Barre?i Brome.

Hairy Brome

/.'I222.

Bromus maximus, Desf.


B. rigens, L.

\Z2.i,

Bromus

madritensis, L.

Compact Brome.
Great Brotne.

36

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE^.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1224.

Bromus

aivensis, L.

'1225.

Bromus
Festuca

giganteus, L.
Tall Brome.

Field Brome.

gi., Vill.

1226. Festuca ovina, L.


Slieefs Fescue.

1227. Festuca elatior, L.


F. arundinacea, Schr.

Meadow Fescue.

II.

Monocotyledons]

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE/E

122S. FesLuca sylvatica, Vill.

112.^.

Festuca Mytiros, L.
Rat's-tail Fesctie.

Reed Fesctie.

1230. Festuca uniglumis, Sol. F. membranacea, Dr. One-glumed Fesctie.

1231. Dactylis glomerata, L.


Cock's-faot Grass,

:!0S

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE/I-;.

[II.

Monocotyledons

IZJ2. C^'iiosiirus cristatus, L.


Crested Dox's-tail.

1233. Cynosurus'echinatus, L.

Rough Do^s-tail.

1234. Briza media, L.


QMakegrass.

1235. Briza minor, L.

Lesser Quakegrass.

II.

Monocotyledons]

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE/E

1236.

Poa

aquatica, L.

Glyceria aq., Sm.

1237.

Poa fluitans, Scop. Glycsria fl., Br.


FloatingP.

1238.

Poa maiitima,
:

Glyceria ma,, Wahl. ma., Lind.

Hucis. Schrochloa Sea P.

1233. Poa distans, L. Glyceiia di., Wahl. ; Sclerochloa di., Bab. ReflexrdP.

JtO

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE/E.

[II.

Monocotyledons

1240.

Poa procumbens, Curt.


Dum.,
rupestris,

1241.
Festuca
;

Poa
Kun.
;

rigida, L.
Sclerochloa
ri,,

Glyceriapr.,

E.S.M.

ri.,

L.

Sclerocllloa pr., Beau.

Hard P.

Procumbent P.

1242,

Poa

loliacea, lluds.
lo.,

1243.

Po^ annua, L.
Atiriltai P.

Sclerochloa

Wood?.

Daniel P.

It.

MonocotyledonsX

LXXXIK.

GRAMINEiE.

3"

1244.

Poa compressa, L.
Flattened P.

1245.

Poa

pratensis, L.

Meadav] P.

1246.

Poa

trivialis,

L.

1247.

Roil^hish P,

Poa memoralis, L. Wood P.

312

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE^.,

[II.

Monocotyledons

1248.

Poalaxa, Heb
IVariy P.

1249. Poa- alpina, L.

Alpine p.

1250.

Poa bulbosa, L.
Bulbous P.

125

1.

Calabrosa aquatica, Beau. Wain' Catahi-ose

II.

Monocotyledons]

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE/E.

313

1252. Molinia cserulea, Moen.

1253. Melica nutans, L.


Mouiiiain
Ulelich-.

M.

varia, Schr.

P-urplelM.

1254. Melica uniflora, L.

1255. Triodia decumbens, Beau.


Sieglingiade.j Bern.

WmiI Mclick.

Decumbent T.

314

LXXXIX.

GRAMINE^.

[II.

Monocotyleaotis

1256. Koeleria cristata, Pcrs. K. gracilis, Pers. Crested K.

1257. Sesleria coerulea, Aid.


Blue S.

XC. LICOPODIACE/E.
[III.

Cryptogams

1258.
Piii-a,e;mites

Arundo Phragmites,
communis,

L.-

259. Lycopodium clavatum, L.


Chihuwss.

Lain.

Trin., vulgaris, Citiiimon Need.

III.

Cryptogami\

XC.

LYCOPODIACE/li.

315

1260.

Lycopodium annotiniim, L.
luterT^iptcd Chihnoss.

1261.

Lycopodium

ali^inum, L.

Alpine Cl-uhmoss.

1262.

Lycopodium Selago, L.
Fir Chihjiwss.

1263.

Lycopodium inundalum, L.
Marsh Chflmoss,

3i6

XCI*

SELAGINELLACE/I';.

[III.

Cryptogams

1264. Selaginella selaginoides,

1265. Isoetes lacustris, L.


SQuillivoit.

Gray.
'IS.

spinulosa, 'A. Er.

Lesser Chlbm^^^

l^ XCII.

MARSILEACE..

1266. Isoetes Hystrix, Dnr.


Qidtlwort.

1267.

Pilularia globulifera, L.

Fillwor t.

III.

Cryptogams-\

XCIII.

EQUISETACE.E.

317

1268. Equiselum Teltnateia, Ehr.


E. maximum, Lam.
I'Great E.

1269. Equiselum arvense, L.


Fields,, Horsetail.

1270. Equiselum sylvaticum, L.

127 1. Equiselum praler.se, Ehr.

Wood E.

Shady E.

3i8

XCIII.

EQUISETACEA<;.

[III.

Cryptogan

1272. Equisetum limosum, L.


S^nooth^E.

1273. Equisetum littorale, ICiiU.

Boz E.

1274. Equisetum palustre, L.

1275. Equisetum hyemale, L.

Marsh E.

Rough

., Ptitch Rusk.

III.

Cryptogams'l

XCIII.

EQUISETACE/E.

319

1276. Equisetum trachyodon, A.Br.

1277. Equisetvm vaiiegatum, Schl.


Variegated E.

Long E.

XCIV. -^FILICES.

1278. Ophioglossum vulgatum, L.


Adder' s-iongue.

1279. Botrychium Lunaria,

Sw.

Mooiiwort.

XCIV.

FILICE?.

[III.

Cryptogams

1280

Osmunda

regalis,

L.

1281.

Polypodium vulgare, L.
Co7nino7L P.

Ferti Royal,

1282.

Polypodium Phegopteris,:L.
Beech Ferji.

1283.

Polypodium

alpestre,

Hop.

Phegopteris polypodioides, Fde.?

Alpine

III.

C>yptogafns\

XCIV.

FILICES.

12S4. Poly podium Dryopteris, L.


Phegopteris Dr.,
Fi5e.

1285. Allosorus crispiis, Bern.

Cryptogram me

cr.,

Br.

Oak Ferji.

Rock Bracken, Parsley Ferv

1286. Grammitis leptophylla, S\v.

12S7. Aspidium Lonchitis,


Polystichum Lo., Roth.

Sw.
FiTJi.

Gymnogramme Icr, Desv.


Small G,

Holly

XCIV.

FIUCES.

[III.

C7yptogaj)is

128S. Aspidium aculeatum, S\v.


Polystichiim ac, Roth.

1289.

Aspiuium Thelypteris,
Marsh

S\v.

Nephi'odiuiii, Lastrea or Dryopteris

Th.

Prickly ShieLifn?/

Shieldfern

1290.

Aspidium Oieopteris, Sw.


or Dryopteris
(

1291. Aspidium Filix-mas, S\v.


Nephrodiurti, Lastrea or Dryoplevis
\"\.

Nephvodium, Lastrea

tr.

Mountain

Shicldji rn

III.

cryptogams']

XCIV.

FILICES

1292. Aspidium cristatum, Sw. Nephrodium, Lastrea or Diyopteris cr.


Crested Shieldferu.

1293. Aspidium spinulosum,

Sw.
sp.

Nephrcdiiim, Lastrea or Dryopteris

Broad Skieldjer?i.

1294. Aspidium rigidum, Sw. Nephrodium, Lastrea


or Dryopteris
ri.

1295. Asplenium Filix-foemina, Bern. Athyrium Fi., -Bern.

Rigid Shieldfern.

Lady Pern.

324

XCIV.

FILICES.

[III.

Cryptogams

Asplenium fontanum, Bevn.


Rock
SJilecfiitiori.

1297. Aspleiiiiim lanceolatimi, Iluds.


Lajiccchitr SpleejnvorT.

1298.

Asplenium marinum, L.
Sea Spleemuori.

1299. Asplenium Trichomanes, L.


Spleniwort.

III.

Oj//,-i',7w]

XCIV.

FILICES

1300. Aspleniiim viride, Hud?.

Crcvn Splccinuort.

1301. Asplenium Adiaiitumnigrum,- L.

Black Sptcenivort.

1302. Asplenium Ruta-muraria, L.


U'all-Rtte.

1303-

Asplenium germanicuiii,Weis.
German Spleenwort.

326

XCIV.

FILICES.

[III.

Cryptogams

1304. Aspleniutn septentrionale,


Hofif.

1305. Scolopendrium vulgare,


Phyllitis Scolopendrium, Gre.

Sm.

Forked Spleenivort.

Harfs-tonguc.

1306. Ceterach officinarum, Desv. Asplenium Ceterach, L.


Ceterach.

1307.

Blechnum Spicant, Roth.


Lomaria
Sp., Desv,

Blechnum,

III.

Cryptogams]

XCIV.

KILICES.

327

1308. Pteris aquiliiia, L. Bracken

1309

Adiantum

CapillusVeneris, L.

Maid^nltair.

1310. Cystopteris

fragilis,

Bern.

,1311. Cystopleris montana, Bern.

Brittle Bladderjern.

MoHntain Bladderfern.

!28

XCIV.

FILICES.

[III.

Cryfiogams

1312.

Woodsia

ilvensis, Br.
At/line

[1313. Trichomanes radicans, Sw.

W.

Bristle Fern.

3 14.

Hymenophyllum
Tinihridge

1315.

Hymenophyllum

tunbridgense, L.

unilaterale, Willd.

Filmy Fent,

H, Wilsoni, Hook., peltatum, Desv.

Filmy Fern,

33

INDEX.

Baslard Alkanet

332

INDEX.

INDEX.
FIG.

333
FIG.
I

Goldenrod Golden Samphire Golden Saxifrage


. .

503 516 389 Goldilocks 16, 449 Good King Henry 851 Goodyera 996! Gooseberry 372 Goosefoot 843-50 Goosegrass 479; Gorse 227
.

Hedge

Parsley

Helianthemum
Heliocharis, Eliocharis.

117-20
]

st'd

Helleborine Helleborus

Goulweed
. .

Graminese Grammitis 1286 Grape Hyacinth 1047 Grass Fam. 1 158-1258 Grass-of-Parnassus 391 Grasswrack 951-2 Great Burnet 326 Great Willow-herb 343 Greek Valerian 685 Greenweed 229 Cromwell 696-S Ground Iv)' 793 Ground Pine , 821 Groundsel 542 Guelder Rose 465 Gymnadenia 1007, 1009 Gymnogramma 1286
.

409 158-1258

984-8 26-7 Helminlhia 580 Helosciadium 405-6 Hemlock 403. 453 Hemp Agrimony 497 Hemp-nettle 807 Henbane 714 Henbit 810 Heracleum 439 Herb-Bennet 305 Herb-Chribtopher. 31 Herb-Gerard 409 Herb-Paris 1029 Herb-Robert 207
. .

Hyacinth Hyacinthus HydrocharidcjE Hydrocharis Hydrocotyle


. . . .

1046-7 1046 978-80 979 398 Hymenophyllum 1313-S Hyoscyamus 714 Hypericinese 179-89 Hypericum 179-89 Hypochoeris 585-7 Hypopithys 648
.
.

Iberis
Ilex

llicinese

lUecebraceae Illecebrum Impatiens Inula .


IridejE
Iris
.

Herminium
Herniaria Hespei is
.

1012

Hieracium Hierochloe Hippocrepis Hippophse Hippuris Hog's Fennel


. . . .

83s 69 602-8 1 166 276 882

223 223 834-8 836 219-20 514-9 1017-23 1017-8


.
. .

I^atis

no

Isnardia
Isoetes . Isolepis

352 1265-6

1098-1 101
10,

Ivy

457. 793
.

Habenaria
Hairgrass Haloragese Haloscias

1006-10

Hairbell, or Harebell

623 1197 395-7 430 Hardheads 572 Harebell ... 623 Hare's-ear 75, 419 Hare's-foot Clover 246
. . .

....
. .
. . .

Hare's-tail

.1180
1305
.

Hart's-longue

Hartwort

. .

Hawkbit

440 582-4

Hawk's-beard
.

596-601 602-8 Hawkweed Hawthorn 339 Hazel . 915 126 Heartsease 128, 635-41 Heath Hedera 457 Hedge Mustard 70
.

397 435 Hogweed 439 Holcus. 1202-3 Holly 223, 401 Holly Fern 1287 Holosteum 159 Holygrass 1166 Homalocenchrus 1158 Honckenya 154 Honeysuckle: 466-8 Honeywort 605 Hop 907 Hordeum 1209-12 Horehound 799. S08 Hornbeam 914 Homwort 901 Horse ^lint 780 Horseradish 85 Horsetail 1269 Hottonia 649 Hound's-torgue 71 1-2 Houseleek 371 Humulus 907 Hutchinsia loi

Jacob's
.

Ladder

685

. . Jasione . 614 Jointed Charlock 113 1060-81 Juncacese . Juncoides . 1077-81


. . .

Juncus

.
.

Juniperus

1060-76 937
.

Kale

79

Kidney Vetch Knappia

268

"79
572 496 837-8 869 869 IIIO 1256 88 79

Knapweed
Knautia

Knawell
Knotgrass
.
.

Knotweed
Kobresia
Koeleria

.
.

. .

Koeniga Kohlrabbi

LABIATiE
Lactuca

. .

. .

Ladies' Bedstraw

777-821 588-91 . 472

334

INDEX.

Lady Fern

336

INDEX.
Saxifrage
376-

337

338

INDEX,

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