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234 Set 1 Physical Properties

Section III: Problems 8. A stream consisting of 50% methane, 10% ethane, 20% propane, 20% n-butane (mole
percent) at 95 °F and 300 psia with molar flow rate of 150 kmole/hr enters to a separator.
The operating temperature and pressure are 80 °F and 250 psia, respectively. Use Peng-
Robinson equation of state to::
 Calculate the dew point pressure at 40 °C.
 Calculate the bubble point pressure at 40 °C.
 Calculate the dew point temperature at 30 kg/cm2.
 Calculate the bubble point temperature at 30 kg/cm2.
 Plot molar flow rate of ethane in outlet gas vs. the vessel temperature.
 Plot molar flow rate of ethane in outlet gas vs. the vessel pressure.
Set 1 9. Consider an equimolar stream of methane, ethane, propane, n-butane and i-butane at 50°C
and 25 psia. Calculate pressure and temperature in which vapor fraction is 47% and 69%,
Physical Properties respectively. Use the Adjust function.

10. A stream of 50 % methane, 10 % ethane, 20 % propane and 20 % n-butane (mole percent)


at 95 °F and 300 psia is fed to a separator. The operating pressure and temperature are
250 psia and 80 °F, respectively. Calculate an operating pressure in which 90 % of
ethane is recovered in the gas outlet stream.

11. An equimolar stream of water and methanol at 25 °C and 1 atm with molar flow rate of
100 kmole/hr is fed to an adiabatic separator.
 Calculate the temperature of the inlet stream at which the molar flow rate of water
1. Consider an equimolar stream of water and ammonia at 25 °C and 1 atm with the molar in the liquid outlet is 40 kmole/hr. Use the Adjust function.
flow rate of 100 kmole/hr. Calculate all properties of this stream.  Solve the problem to recover 65 % of water in the liquid outlet.
2. Plot T-xy diagram for ethanol-benzene mixture at 1 atm using a proper physical property 12. A feed stream consisting of 7% methane, 91% ethane and the rest in propane (mole) is
model. Is there any azeotrope point? If yes, estimate its properties. available:
 Determine the bubble and dew points at 3.4 MPa for a feed containing.
3. Plot P-xy diagram for the water and 1-propanol system at 30 and 70 °C using a proper  Calculate the temperature of the flash drum so that 50% (mole) of the initial
physical property model. mixture at 3.4 MPa is liquefied? What will be the compositions of liquid and gas
stream leaving the separator?
4. Plot T-xy diagram for the n-heptane and n-octane mixture at 4 barg using a proper
 Plot the T-xy for a mixture of methane-ethane at 3.4 MPa. What will be the
physical property model.
equilibrium composition for an equimolar feed at -40qC?
5. Plot P-xy diagram for the methanol and water mixture at 60 °C using a proper physical
13. Two hundred cubic centimeters of an acetone-water mixture that contains 10% (wt)
property model.
acetone is mixed with 400 cm3 of chloroform at 25 qC and the phases are then allowed to
6. Plot P-xy diagram for the heptane-butanone system at 50 °C using a proper physical settle.
property model. Is there any azeotrope point? If so, estimate its properties.  What percentage of the acetone is transferred from water to chloroform?
 What would be the phase fractions and compositions?
7. A mixture of ammonia and water in vapor phase saturated at 250 psia and containing 80
wt% ammonia, is passed through a condenser at a flow rate of 10000 lb/hr, where heat is 14. Plot the viscosity and surface tension of the n-hexane and cyclo-hexane system vs. n-
removed at the rate of 5.8u106 Btu/hr. Its effluent is expanded to a pressure of 150 psia hexane mole fraction.
and fed into a flash drum. Neglect the heat loss from the equipment to the surrounding
and the pressure drop in the condenser. It is desired to determine the composition of the
liquid stream leaving the separator.