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ASM Ready Reference: Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals Data Book (#06333G)

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ASM Ready Reference

Electrical and Magnetic


Properties of Metals
Prepared under the direction of the
ASM International Materials Properties Database Committee
Charles Moosbrugger, Technical Editor
Fran Cverna, Manager, Center for Materials Data

ASM International
Materials Park, Ohio 44073-0002
www.asminternational.org

2000 ASM International. All Rights Reserved.


ASM Ready Reference: Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals Data Book (#06333G)

www.asminternational.org

Copyright 2000
by
ASM International
All rights reserved

No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any
means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the written permission of the copyright owner.

First printing, December 2000

Great care is taken in the compilation and production of this book, but it should be made clear that NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE GIVEN IN CONNECTION WITH
THIS PUBLICATION. Although this information is believed to be accurate by ASM, ASM cannot guarantee that
favorable results will be obtained from the use of this publication alone. This publication is intended for use by persons having technical skill, at their sole discretion and risk. Since the conditions of product or material use are outside of ASMs control, ASM assumes no liability or obligation in connection with any use of this information. No
claim of any kind, whether as to products or information in this publication, and whether or not based on negligence, shall be greater in amount than the purchase price of this product or publication in respect of which damages
are claimed. THE REMEDY HEREBY PROVIDED SHALL BE THE EXCLUSIVE AND SOLE REMEDY OF
BUYER, AND IN NO EVENT SHALL EITHER PARTY BE LIABLE FOR SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHETHER OR NOT CAUSED BY OR RESULTING FROM THE NEGLIGENCE
OF SUCH PARTY. As with any material, evaluation of the material under end-use conditions prior to specification is essential. Therefore, specific testing under actual conditions is recommended.
Nothing contained in this book shall be construed as a grant of any right of manufacture, sale, use, or reproduction, in connection with any method, process, apparatus, product, composition, or system, whether or not covered
by letters patent, copyright, or trademark, and nothing contained in this book shall be construed as a defense
against any alleged infringement of letters patent, copyright, or trademark, or as a defense against liability for such
infringement.
Comments, criticisms, and suggestions are invited, and should be forwarded to ASM International.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


ASM ready reference electrical and magnetic properties of metals / prepared under the direction of the ASM
International Materials Properties Database Committee; ASM International staff, Charles Moosbrugger,
technical editor; Fran Cverna, manager, Center for Material Data.
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
1. MetalsElectric properties. 2. MetalsMagnetic properties. I. Title: Electrical and magnetic properties of
metals. II. ASM International. Materials Properties Database Committee.
TA459.A79 2000
620.1697dc21
00-046881

ISBN: 0-87170-690-3
SAN: 204-7586

ASM International
Materials Park, OH 44073-0002
www.asminternational.org

Printed in the United States of America

2000 ASM International. All Rights Reserved.


ASM Ready Reference: Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals Data Book (#06333G)

Contributors and Reviewers


J. Gilbert Kaufman
Kaufman Associates, Ltd.

Paul J. Sikorsky
The Trane Company

Stephen R. Crosby
Stanley Tools

Howard W. Sizek
Special Metals Corporation

ASM International Materials Properties


Database Committee, 20002001
Bruce E. Boardman, Chair
Deere & Company

Barry Hindin
Battelle Memorial Institute

Paul J. Sikorsky, Vice Chair


The Trane Company

Gorden Lippa
North Star Casteel

J. Gilbert Kaufman, Past Chair


Kaufman Associates, Ltd.

Guiri L. Nash
Electromotive Division
General Motors Corporation

Samir K. Banerji
Caterpillar, Inc.

Charles A. Parker
Honeywell Aircraft Landing Systems

David L. Bourell
University of Texas at Austin

Howard W. Sizek
Special Metals Corporation

Steven A. Bradley
UOP

Jason M. Smith
University of Kentucky

Bryan R. Cope
American Spring Wire Corporation

John E. Smugeresky
Sandia National Laboratories

Stephen R. Crosby
Stanley Tools

Gary A. Volk
Illinois Central College

Earl (Bob) Eaton


GM Powertrain
General Motors Corporation

Jack H. Westbrook
Brookline Technologie

iii

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2000 ASM International. All Rights Reserved.


ASM Ready Reference: Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals Data Book (#06333G)

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Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

Table 6.2
Table 6.3
Table 6.4

Materials Groups in Tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii


Part 1

Electrical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Part 2

Chapter 1 Introduction to Electrical Properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3


Chapter 2 High Conductivity Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of
High Conductivity Material Families. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High
Conductivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Table 2.3a Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of
High Conductivity Aluminum Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Table 2.3b Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of
High Conductivity Copper Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High
Conductivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Table 2.5 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of
High Conductivity Material Families. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Table 2.6 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of High
Conductivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Table 2.7 Relative Resistivity at Extreme Temperatures of High
Conductivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Chapter 3 Higher Resistivity Materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Table 3.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of
Higher Resistivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of
Higher Resistivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of
Higher Resistivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Table 3.4 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of Higher
Resistivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Chapter 4 Solders and Fusible Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Table 4.1 Volume Conductivity of Solders and Fusible Links . 147
Table 4.2 Volume Resistivity of Solders and Fusible Links. . . 150
Table 4.3 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of Solders and
Fusible Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Chapter 5 Contact Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of
Contact Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Table 5.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of
Contact Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Table 5.3 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of
Contact Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Chapter 6 Superconductivity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Table 6.1 Volume Resistivity at Low and Superconducting
Temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180

Critical Temperature for Superconductors . . . . . . . . 186


Critical Fields of Superconductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Critical Current Density for Superconductors . . . . . 190

Magnetic Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

Chapter 7 Introduction to Magnetic Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193


Chapter 8 Magnetically Soft Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
Table 8.1 Relative Permeability (r) of Magnetically Soft
Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Table 8.2 Coercive Force (Hc) of Magnetically Soft
Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Table 8.3 Peak Induction (Bm, Bmax) Magnetically Soft
Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Table 8.4 Residual Induction (Br) Magnetically Soft
Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Table 8.5 Curie Temperature (Tc) of Magnetically Soft
Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Table 8.6 Core Loss (Pc) of Magnetically Soft Materials
Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225
Table 8.7 Hysteresis Loss (Wh) of Magnetically Soft
Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Chapter 9 Magnetically Hard Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
Table 9.1 Coercive Force (Hc) of Magnetically Hard Material
Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
Table 9.2 Peak Induction (Bm, Bmax) of Magnetically
Hard Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Table 9.3 Residual Induction (Br) of Magnetically
Hard Materials Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254
Table 9.4 Curie Temperature (Tc) of Magnetically
Hard Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Table 9.5 Energy Product (BdHd) of Magnetically
Hard Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Chapter 10 Paramagnetic and Diamagnetic Materials . . . . . . . . . . . 263
Table 10.1 Relative Permeability (r) of Paramagnetic and
Diamagnetic Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264
Table 10.2 Susceptibility () of Paramagnetic and
Diamagnetic Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Table 10.3 Mass Susceptibility () of Paramagnetic and
Diamagnetic Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Part 3

Appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271

Table A.1 Material Hierarchy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273


Table A.2 Abbreviations Used in Qualifiers and Notes . . . . . . 280
Table A.3 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
Table A.4 Sizes of round wire in the American Gauge (AWG)
system and the properties of solid annealed copper wire
(ASTM B 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

iv

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ASM Ready Reference: Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals Data Book (#06333G)

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Preface
because there is no documented quality control process in place. It is,
therefore, not listed on each record. If the value was derived from the
information given in the source, such as conductivity is derived from
resistivity, or if units were converted, a d follows the value. Unit
conversions that are merely a change in the value by a power of 10 are not
labeled as derived. Values without the d are those most directly
attributable to the source. A value can be established by definition or by
specification. There is still latitude as to how strictly the standard controls
the material. It may be a mandatory or nonmandatory requirement, or one
that is at the mutual consent of the buyer and seller.

This book is designed to serve the needs of the engineering and


technical communities for high-quality and comprehensive information
regarding specific electrical and magnetic properties of metals.
In 1997, the ASM International Materials Properties Database
Committee sponsored and reviewed the ASM Ready Reference: Properties
& Units for Engineering Alloys. The Committee recognized the need for
consistency and equivalency when integrating materials properties data
from multiple sources into printed or electronic reference publications.
This second book in the Ready Reference series applies the principles of
the first book to selected electrical and magnetic properties of metals. The
materials are sorted by a common materials hierarchy, and their property
values are given in a consistent system of International Standard (SI) and
customary units. The quality of the data and source of the data also are
listed to enable the user to assess the data.
The book chapters are broad categories of materials application:
conductors, higher-resistance materials, permanent magnet materials, and
so on. Materials properties significant to a specific application are listed in
each chapter. Each chapter begins with a brief explanation of the related
properties, derivation, and conversion of the units used within, along with
a discussion of other units that the reader may encounter. We trust this
will be of benefit to the reader already familiar with the basics of
electricity and magnetism. We do not attempt to present a textbook on
electricity and magnetism in these brief introductions but seek to clarify
possibly confusing terminology.
The chapters naturally lend themselves to a division according to
materials groups as well. Materials commonly used for the application are
found in the appropriate chapter.
The data tables in each chapter have the materials sorted by the material
hierarchy. The complete hierarchy for materials found in this book is
given in Table A.1 of the Appendix. The Materials Groups in Tables,
which follows, lists the materials groups found in each chapter. As with
the classification systems for materials in general use, the hierarchy is
predominantly based on composition, but there are subdivisions that are
application based.

The parameter for which the value is valid is listed: Some properties

Limitations on the Use and Interpretation of Data


This book is intended to provide the materials engineer, scientist, or
other specialist with a comparative listing of materials and their magnetic
and electrical properties, to aid in the materials selection process. Just as
most of the sources listed bear the caveat not for design, the compilation
of this data requires the same warning. Great effort has been expended to
ensure that the source material has been faithfully duplicated, but ASM
International has no formal program whereby the validity of the data can
be ensured. The source references allow further investigation by the
reader. It is the readers responsibility to take the prudent engineering and
quality assurance steps necessary to ensure that any material selected
meets the design requirements.

Significant Figures

Data Format

Individual sources have listed values to varied significant figures in


the same data sets. The significant figures in values with trailing zeros
(50,000), cannot be determined without more information. ASTM standards
list sufficient decimal places to improve the accuracy of conversion and
reconversion of the data. They stress that this does not imply the need to
test the material to an accuracy beyond what the specification or the
referenced test specification demands. For this reason, although the value
has been listed to the same number of significant figures as the original
when no derivation was required, no comparison should be made as to the
precision of the values based on the significant figures shown. Values
shown as derived have at least as many significant figures as the
original source. Because the conversion calculations were done in mass,
significant figures were added to some values to ensure that all had
sufficient significant figures to preserve the original accuracy.

Data entries include the following:

Material name: Trade name, generic alloy, element, or description as


assigned by a standards organization

Temper: As stated
UNS number: If assigned
Property values in the preferred (SI) and alternate (customary) units:

have multiple parameters, such as magnetic properties having both


field strength and frequency.
Notes: May include product forms, sizes, or processing information
for which the value applies. Common uses of the alloy may be listed.

The units used are those designated in ASM Ready Reference: Properties & Units for Engineering Alloys. SI is the International System
of Units (modernized metric system). The customary units are either
English (lb, in.) units, or cgs-emu (gauss, oersted), depending which is
the most prevalent alternative to the International Standard.
Qualifier for the value: This is the qualifier as stated in the source of
the data, such as typical, nominal, or maximum. The most often used
abbreviations are listed on the bottom of the page. The complete list is
given in Table A.2 in the Appendix.

Availability of Materials
Because it is often useful to have a source of data for historical
materials, obsolete materials and materials listed by former trade names
are included in the alloy field. No attempt was made to verify the
commercial availability of materials. If a source has identified a

Often, the source document will list the data as not for design, for
information only. Not for design is applicable to all values listed
v

2000 ASM International. All Rights Reserved.


ASM Ready Reference: Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals Data Book (#06333G)

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be a dynamic creation, under constant revision. We at ASM International,


who have the dissemination of materials information at the core of our
vision statement, would ask that qualified parties contribute material data
to the Society for the betterment of the technical community. Your
suggestions, corrections, and comments are also welcome. They can be
directed to the addresses found on the title page.

designation as obsolete, this has been noted (Woldmans Engineering


Alloys, 9th ed., ASM International, 2000, offers this information).

Call for Future Action


Gil Kaufman, committee member, stated that the lack of
comprehensive sources of accurate data that make this book valuable
makes compiling the data for the book difficult. A material database must

Charles Moosbrugger
August 2000

vi

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ASM Ready Reference: Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals Data Book (#06333G)

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Materials Groups in Tables


Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High
Conductivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High


Conductivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Sintered Powder Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Welding filler copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Palladium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Thermostat Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Table 2.5 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of
High Conductivity Material Families. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Iridium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Osmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Palladium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Rhodium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Ruthenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High


Conductivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Iridium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Osmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Palladium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Rhodium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Ruthenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Thermostat Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Table 2.6 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of High Conductivity


Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Table 2.3a Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High


Conductivity Aluminum Material Families. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Palladium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92

Table 2.3b Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High


Conductivity Copper Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Table 3.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher


Resistivity Material Families. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Iridium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Osmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Palladium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Rhodium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Ruthenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Table 2.7 Relative Resistivity at Extreme Temperatures of High
Conductivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92

vii

2000 ASM International. All Rights Reserved.


ASM Ready Reference: Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals Data Book (#06333G)
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Magnesium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Low Expansion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Electrical Resistance Nickel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Magnetically Soft Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Molybdenum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Rhenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Tantalum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Alloy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Carbon Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Cast Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Zinc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher
Resistivity Material Families. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Actinide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Plutonium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Uranium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Carbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Graphite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Cast Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Ductile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Gray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Ceramic Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Lanthanide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Dysprosium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Erbium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Europium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Gadolinium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Holmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Lutetium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Neodymium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Praseodymium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Samarium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Terbium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Thulium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Ytterbium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Magnesium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Low Expansion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

www.asminternational.org

Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Antimony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Barium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Calcium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Manganese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Potassium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Scandium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Sodium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Strontium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Technetium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Thallium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Electrical Resistance Nickel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Magnetically Soft Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Miscellaneous Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Rare Earth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Cerium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Lanthanum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Thorium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Yttrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Beryllium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Chromium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Halfnium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Molybdenum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Rhenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Tantalum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Vanadium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Zirconium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Silicon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Carbide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Alloy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Carbon Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Cast Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Zinc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of
Higher Resistivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Actinide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Neptunium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Plutonium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Uranium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Lanthanide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Dysprosium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Erbium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Europium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Holmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Lutetium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Neodymium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Praseodymium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Samarium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Terbium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
viii

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Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Beryllium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Chromium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Halfnium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Molybdenum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Rhenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Tantalum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Vanadium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Zirconium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Alloy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Zinc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

Thulium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Magnesium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Antimony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Barium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Calcium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Manganese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Potassium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Scandium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Sodium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Strontium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Technetium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Magnetically Soft Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Rare Earth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Cerium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Lanthanum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Thorium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Yttrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Beryllium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Chromium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Halfnium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Molybdenum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Rhenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Tantalum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Vanadium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Zirconium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Alloy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Carbon Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Zinc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

Table 4.1 Volume Conductivity of Solders and Fusible Links. . . . 147


Low melting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Bismuth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Indium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Mercury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Tin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Table 4.2 Volume Resistivity of Solders and Fusible Links . . . . . 151
Low Melting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Bismuth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Cadmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Cesium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Gallium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Indium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Lithium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Mercury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Rubidium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Tin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

Table 3.4 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of


Higher Resistivity Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Actinide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Uranium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Magnesium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Low Expansion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Antimony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Calcium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Sodium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Thallium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Electrical Resistance Nickel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Magnetically Soft Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

Table 4.3 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of


Solders and Fusible Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Low Melting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Bismuth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Cadmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Cesium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Indium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Lithium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Rubidium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Tin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient
Temperature of Contact Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
ix

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Table 6.1 Volume Resistivity at Low and


Superconducting
Temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180

Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Palladium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Molybdenum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Tantalum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Low Melting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Cesium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Lithium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Rubidium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Magnesium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Barium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Calcium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Manganese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Potassium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Sodium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Strontium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Palladium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Rare Earth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Cerium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Lanthanum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Thorium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Beryllium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Chromium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Halfnium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Molybdenum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Tantalum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Vanadium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Zirconium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Zinc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185

Table 5.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient


Temperature of Contact Materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Iridium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Osmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Palladium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Rhodium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Ruthenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Beryllium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Chromium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Halfnium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Molybdenum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Rhenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Tantalum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Vanadium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
Zirconium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
Table 5.3 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of
Contact Materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

Table 6.2 Critical Temperature for Superconductors . . . . . . . . . 186

Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Iridium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Osmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Palladium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Rhodium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Ruthenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Beryllium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Chromium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Halfnium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Molybdenum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Rhenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Tantalum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Vanadium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Zirconium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178

Actinide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Protactinium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Uranium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Lanthanide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Lutetium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Low Melting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Bismuth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Cadmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Gallium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Indium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Mercury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Tin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Antimony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Arsenic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Barium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Germanium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Phosphorus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Technetium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
x

2000 ASM International. All Rights Reserved.


ASM Ready Reference: Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals Data Book (#06333G)

www.asminternational.org

Magnetically Soft Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210


Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Alloy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Carbon Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211

Thallium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Iridium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Osmium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Ruthenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Rare Earth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Lanthanum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Thorium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Yttrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Beryllium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Halfnium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Molybdenum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Rehenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Tantalum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Vanadium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Zirconium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Zinc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

Table 8.3 Peak Induction (Bm, B max) Magnetically


Soft Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Alloy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Table 8.4 Residual Induction (Br) of Magnetically
Soft Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Magnetically Soft Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Alloy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Carbon Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221

Table 6.3 Critical Fields of Superconductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189


Low Melting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Rare Earth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Yttrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Vanadium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Table 6.4 Critical Current Density for Superconductors. . . . . . . 190
Low Melting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Rare Earth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Yttrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

Table 8.5 Curie Temperature (Tc) of Magnetically


Soft Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222

Table 8.1 Relative Permeability (r) of Magnetically


Soft Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222


Low Expansion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Magnetically Soft Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Miscellaneous Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Alloy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224

Cast Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197


Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203
Magnetically Soft Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Alloy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Carbon Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Cast Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206

Table 8.6 Core Loss (Pc) of Magnetically


Soft Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
Magnetically Soft Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

Table 8.2 Coercive Force (Hc) of Magnetically


Soft Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Cast Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Unclassified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210

Table 8.7 Hysteresis Loss (Wh) of Magnetically


Soft Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
xi

2000 ASM International. All Rights Reserved.


ASM Ready Reference: Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals Data Book (#06333G)

www.asminternational.org

Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266

Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Table 9.1 Coercive Force (Hc) of Magnetically Hard
Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
Cast Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
Ceramic Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252

Table 10.2 Susceptibility () Paramagnetic and


Diamagnetic Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Cast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Copper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Lanthanide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Neodymium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Praseodymium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Low Melting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Bismuth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Cesium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Indium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Lithium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Tin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Magnesium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Wrought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Antimony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Calcium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Manganese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Phosphorus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Silicon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Sodium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Palladium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Silver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Rare Earth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Lanthanum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Beryllium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Chromium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Molybdenum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Rhenium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Tantalum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Vanadium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Zirconium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Zinc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270

Table 9.2 Peak Induction (B m , B max) of Magnetically


Hard Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Table 9.3 Residual Induction (Br) of Magnetically
Hard Materials Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254
Ceramic Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254
Magnetically Soft Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254
Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Tungsten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Alloy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Wrought Stainless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257
Table 9.4 Curie Temperature (Tc) of Magnetically
Hard Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Ceramic Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Table 9.5 Energy Product (BdHd) of Magnetically
Hard Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Ceramic Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Permanent Magnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Noble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Refractory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Cobalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Table 10.1 Relative Permeability (r) Paramagnetic and
Diamagnetic Material Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264

xii

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ASM Ready Reference Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals


Charles Moosbrugger, editor, p3-5
DOI: 10.1361/empm2000p003

Copyright 2000 ASM International


All rights reserved.
www.asminternational.org

Chapter 1

Introduction to Electrical Properties


ONE OF THE PRIME CHARACTERISTICS of a material that distinguishes it as a
metal is its ability to conduct heat and electricity. A majority of the elements are classified as
metals. These elements are found on the left
side of the periodic table (Fig. 1.1).
The elements on the border, such as carbon,
have metal-like and nonmetal-like properties.
Graphite and graphite composites have been included in this book because of their significant
roles as contact materials.
Metallic atoms tend to lose electrons in their
outer shell, so the substance can be thought to
exist as a matrix of positive ions in an electron
gas. These free electrons have the ability to
move in an ordered manner, which we perceive
as an electrical current. The greater the mean
free path of the electrons is, the more conductive the substance will be. An increase in the
motion of the atoms is indicated by its temperature increase. Typically, metallic solids have a
diminished ability to carry current as their temperature increases. Their resistance is said to
have increased. In this book, conductance and
resistance refer to the electrical conductance
and resistance, unless specifically stated as
thermal resistance and thermal conductance.
The tables in Part 1 use the following units:

Property

International
Standard (SI)
Abbreviation
unit

Volume conductivity
Weight conductivity

v
w

Volume resistivity
Weight resistivity
Thermal coefficient
of resistivity

v
w
/

Customary
unit

106 /m %IACS
S m2/g mile2/lb,
%IACSweight
m circular-mil/ft
g/m2 lb/mile2
C1
F1

Definitions
Circular Mil. As round wire was so important to the electrical and communications industries at their inception, it is natural that units
reflecting them were adopted in the customary
system. Because the radial dimension of a wire

is much smaller than its axial dimension,


unit of resistivity used the circular mil to
press the cross-sectional area and feet to
press length.
A circular mil is the area of a circle 1
(0.001 in.) in diameter (d). This area is:

the
exexmil

1 circular mil = r2 = (0.001/2)2 = 7.854 107 in.2

where the radius (r) = d/2.


Circular mils were considered convenient
because the area in circular mils equals the
square of the diameter in mils.
Conductance (G) is defined as the reciprocal of resistance: G = 1/R.
The reciprocal of an ohm () had been called
a mho, but is now called a siemen (S). A specimen
with 1 resistance has a conductance of 1 S.
Conductivity. All readers of this book have
the concept of what resistivity and conductivity
are. Resistivity and conductivity are inverses of
each other. Definitions of such basic terms tend
to be self reflexive, often using the terms of resistance and impedance in the definition. Material conductivity is a factor such that the conduction-current density is equal to the
electric-field intensity in the material multiplied by the conductivity (Ref 1).
Implicit in this definition is the fact that material conductivity is a property of the material
itself; it is a constant multiplier relating the
electric field (voltage) to the current density
(current per unit area), and it is independent of
the shape of the material.
The reciprocal of resistivity is conductivity:
= 1/

The conductivity, as with resistivity, can be either volume or weight based. The preferred SI
units of conductivity are 106 S/m. In customary
units, the conductivity of a metal is commonly
compared with that of the International Annealed Copper Standard (%IACS), and its conductivity is then expressed as %IACS (Ref 2).
This comparison is made at 20 C (68 F).

Conductivity, ac. For time-varying electric


fields, the current will vary as well. The ability
of materials to conduct alternating current (ac)
is dependent on the frequency of that current,
the shape of the conductor, and its proximity to
other conductors. In this book, the conductivity
and resistivity are non-time-varying direct current (dc).
An ohm () is the unit of resistance (and impedance) in the SI system and the customary
system such that a conductor with 1 resistance and a constant current of 1 ampere (A)
will have a potential of 1 V between its ends.
Resistance is the more tangible unit than resistivity. Resistance can be measured in ohms directly with instruments. It is also what is observable through physical effects such as the
temperature rise of the conductor or voltage
drop through the conductor.
%IACS. In customary units, the conductivity
of a metal is commonly compared with that of
the IACS (100% soft copper), and its conductivity is then expressed as %IACS (Ref 2). This
comparison is made at 20 C (68 F). A 100.0%
conductivity sample has a resistivity of
0.017241 m (10.371 circular-mil/ft) at
20 C (68 F).
Resistivity is an intrinsic property of the material itself, independent of the size and shape
of the conductor. The resistivity can be expressed on a volume basis or a weight (mass)
basis. This allows for a direct comparison of
materials.
Resistivity, Volume. In ASTM B 193-95,
Standard Test Method for Resistivity of Electrical Conductor Materials (Ref 3), resistivity
is defined as the electrical resistance of a body
of unit length and unit cross-sectional area or
unit weight.
Resistance is expressed in ohms (). Volume resistivity is expressed in ohms for a
theoretical conductor of unit length and crosssectional area, in units of mm2/m in SI units,
and in circular-mil/ft in customary units:

v = (A/L)R

(Eq 1.1)

Fig. 1.1

Periodic table of the elements

4 / Electrical Properties

Introduction to Electrical Properties / 5


where v is volume resistivity, A is the unit
cross section, L is the unit length, and R is the
resistance in ohms.
The units of length squared over length can be
simplified so the volume resistivity is expressed
as mm2/m equals 106 m or m in the
SI system.
An expression of resistivity that is sometimes
encountered is or of a cubic centimeter,
abbreviated as /cm3. It actually represents a
cube of the material having edges 1 cm long. The
cross-sectional area of the cube face is 1 cm2.
An electrical potential (V) is set up between
two opposite faces. The resistance is measured
across the 1 cm length so the resistivity is:
v = (A/L)R

The values of the thermal coefficient (A)


can be used to determine the resistivity (B) of
a material at temperature TB, given the resistivity (A) at temperature TA using the formula:
B = A [1 + A (TB TA)]

The thermal coefficient (A) is defined over a


temperature range for which the linear approximation is valid. Care must be taken not to use a
value of a thermal coefficient beyond its region
of validity.
Using Volume Resistivity Values to Determine Resistance. The volume resistivity values
found in the tables can be used to find the resistance of an object with known volume in the
following manner. Solving Eq 1.1 for R:

v = (1 cm2/1 cm)
R = (L/A)v

v = cm = 0.01 m

Resistivity, Weight. Weight resistivity (w)


can be expressed as:

Following are two examples of determining resistance:

Example 1. Given a 9 m length of wire with 2


w = (W/L1L2)R

(Eq 1.2)

where W is weight (or mass) of the test specimen in grams for SI and pounds for customary
units; L1 is the gage length used to determine
the resistance, R, in meters or miles; L2 is the
specimen length in meters or miles; and R is the
resistance in ohms.
For weight resistivity, it was natural to think
in terms of the pounds of metal per mile of cable, so the units are lb/mile2 (Ref 2). This leads
to a large difference between the magnitude of
the values in the SI and customary systems.
Weight resistivity is useful to compare materials for applications where weight is a factor,
such as transmission lines and in aircraft.
The thermal coefficient of resistivity ()
given in the tables is defined as the slope or
fractional change in resistivity per unit change
in temperature:
= / per C or F

The units of are C1 in the SI system and


F1 in the alternate system.

mm2 cross-sectional area, for a material at


20 C with = 0.05 m, the resistance at 20
C is:
R = [(9 m)/(2 mm2 106 m2/mm2)] 0.05 m

Using unit analysis, the length units cancel


and

Common wire gages and areas are given in


Table A.3 in the Appendix.
Note that these are dc resistances at specific
temperatures. Alternating current resistances
depend on the geometry of the conductor, proximity to other conductors, and the frequency of
the alternating current. This book focuses on
materials properties; an engineering textbook
should be consulted for ac resistances.
The data tables are constructed starting with
the units as given by the source. If the source
units correspond to the units presented previously, the qualifier of the source, if given, is
noted behind the value. If a conversion more
complex than a change in the power of 10 was
needed, the value is followed by a d to indicate that the value was derived from the source
in addition to any other qualifier. In the tables,
conductivities have been derived from sources
where only the resistivity is given. The reverse
has not been done; that is, resistivity has not
been derived from conductivity.
Another temperature coefficient of resistance
is found in literature that has units of per
degree K or R. This allows for the resistance
to be found by multiplying the factor by the
absolute temperature. Again, the factor is
given for a particular temperature or temperature range. This coefficient is not reported in
this book. Checking the units of the coefficients will ensure that the desired coefficient is
being used.

R = 0.225

Example 2. Given a 12 gage wire (80.81 mils


diam and 6530 circular-mil area), 50 ft long,
made of a material with = 50 circular-mil/ft at 68 F, the resistance can be estimated as:
R = (50 ft/6530 circular-mil) 50 circular-mil/ft
R = 0.383

Since and the length are known to only one


significant figure, R = 0.4 is sufficiently accurate.

REFERENCES
1. IEEE Standard Dictionary of Electrical and
Electronic Terms, Std 100-1977, American
National Standards Institute/Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers
(ANSI/IEEE), 1977
2. ASM Ready Reference: Properties & Units
for Engineering Alloys, ASM International,
1997, p 100
3. Standard Test Method for Resistivity of
Electrical Conductor Materials, B 193-95,
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, ASTM,
1995

ASM Ready Reference Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals


Charles Moosbrugger, editor, p6-92
DOI: 10.1361/empm2000p006

Copyright 2000 ASM International


All rights reserved.
www.asminternational.org

Chapter 2

High Conductivity Materials


THE MATERIALS MOST OFTEN SELECTED for their ability to conduct electricity
are found in this chapter. Aluminum alloys and
copper alloys are used for the bulk of conductor
applications. Most electric power transmissions
use copper or aluminum because of their combination of conductivity and low cost. On applications where other concerns predominate,
noble metals are the conductors of choice. For
the sake of consistency, all noble metals are

listed in this section, even though they vary in


resistivity by a factor of over six, from palladium to silver.
Silver is the highest-conductivity material.
Because of its cost, it can be used in small
quantities in the form of conductive coatings on
glass and plastic as well as plating on copper to
take advantage of its high conductivity. Gold
likewise is selected as a plating material for
connectors and contacts.

Rhodium and palladium are used as conductors on printed circuit boards. Platinum has
uses in spark plugs, resistance temperature detectors, high-temperature resistors, and
high-temperature wiring. Of the noble metals,
osmium forms a toxic oxide at room temperature in an atmosphere containing oxygen, so it
is not readily usable. Because of its hardness, it
can be used for electrical contacts.

High Conductivity Materials / 7

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Aluminum, Cast, 1xx.x Commercially Pure Aluminum


100.1 (A01001)
31 min,d
100.1 (A01001)
32 t,d
150.1 (A01501)
33 min,d
150.1 (A01501)
34 t,d
170.1 (A01701)
34 min,d
170.1 (A01701)
35 t,d

54 min
56 t
57 min
59 t
59 min
60 t

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Aluminum, Cast, 2xx.x Aluminum Copper


201.0-T43 (A02010)
19 to 20 t,d
201.0-T6 (A02010)
19 to 20 t,d
201.0-T6 (A02010)
16 to 19 t,d
201.0-T6 (A02010)
16 to 19 t,d
201.0-T7 (A02010)
19 to 20 t,d
204.0-T4 (A02040)
17 t,d
204.0-T6 (A02040)
19.7 t,d
204.0-T6 (A02040)
19.7 t,d
206.0-T4 (A02060)
17 t,d
208.0-F (A02080)
18 t,d
208.0-O (A02080)
22 t,d
208.0-T6 (A02080)
18 t,d
208.0-T7 (A02080)
18 t,d
222.0-F (A02220)
19.7 t,d
222.0-O (A02220)
24 t,d
222.0-T61 (A02220)
19 t,d
224.0-T62 (A02240)
17 t,d
224.0-T72 (A02240)
17 t,d
238.0-F (A02380)
15 t,d
238.0-F (A02380)
15 t,d
240.0-F (A02400)
13 t,d
242.0-O (A02420)
26 t,d
242.0-T21 (A02420)
26 t,d
242.0-T571 (A02420)
19.7 t,d
242.0-T571 (A02420)
19.7 t,d
242.0-T571 (A02420)
19.7 t,d
242.0-T61 (A02420)
19 t,d
242.0-T61 (A02420)
19.7 t,d
242.0-T77 (A02420)
22 t,d
242.0-T77 (A02420)
22 t,d
295.0-T4 (A02950)
20.3 t,d
295.0-T4 (A02950)
20.3 t,d
295.0-T6 (A02950)
20.3 t,d
295.0-T6 (A02950)
20.3 t,d
295.0-T62 (A02950)
21 t,d
295.0-T62 (A02950)
20.3 t,d
296.0-T4 (A02960)
19 t,d
296.0-T6 (A02960)
19 t,d
296.0-T62 (A02960)
19 t,d
296.0-T7 (A02960)
19 t,d

32 to 34 t
32 to 34 t
27 to 32 t
27 to 32 t
32 to 34 t
29 t
34 t
34 t
30 t
31 t
38 t
31 t
31 t
34 t
41 t
33 t
30 t
30 t
25 t
25 t
23 t
44 t
44 t
34 t
34 t
34 t
33 t
34 t
38 t
38 t
35 t
35 t
35 t
35 t
37 t
35 t
33 t
33 t
33 t
33 t

RT
RT
RT

Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

20

Notes

Reference

9
9
9
9
9
9
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Sand cast
68

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
20

68
RT

20

68
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

20

Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Obsolete
Obsolete
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete
Sand cast, obsolete
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Permanent mold, obsolete
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast

68
RT
RT

20

Sand cast
Sand cast
68

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Sand cast
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Permanent mold

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

7
7
5
10
5
9
9
9
9
5
5
7
7
5
5
5
5
7
7
5
5
5
10
5
10
2
5
7
5
5
5
10
6
7
10
5
5
5
5
7

8 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Aluminum, Cast, 3xx.x Aluminum Silicon plus Copper or Magnesium


Alcan 143
16 u,d
27 u
Alcan 164
13 u,d
23 u
308.0 (A03080)
21 t,d
37 t
308.0-F (A03080)
21 t,d
37 t
308.0-F (A03080)
21 t,d
37 t
319.0-F (A03190)
16 t,d
27 t
319.0-F (A03190)
16 t,d
28 t
324.0-F (A03240)
19.7 t,d
34 t
328.0-F (A03280)
17 t,d
30 t
332.0-T5 (A03320)
15 t,d
26 t
333.0-F (A03330)
15 t,d
26 t
333.0-T5 (A03330)
17 t,d
29 t
333.0-T6 (A03330)
17 t,d
29 t
333.0-T7 (A03330)
20.3 t,d
35 t
336.0-T551 (A03360)
17 t,d
29 t
336.0-T551 (A03360)
17 t,d
29 t
354.0-F (A03540)
19 t,d
32 t
354.0-T61 (A03540)
19 t,d
32 t
354.0-T61 (A03540)
19 t,d
32 t
355.0-T51 (A03550)
25 t,d
43 t
355.0-T6 (A03550)
23 t,d
39 t
355.0-T6 (A03550)
21 t,d
36 t
355.0-T61 (A03550)
23 t,d
39 t
355.0-T61 (A03550)
21 t,d
37 t
355.0-T62 (A03550)
22 t,d
38 t
355.0-T7 (A03550)
24 t,d
42 t
355.0-T7 (A03550)
24 t,d
42 t
355.0-T71 (A03550)
23 t,d
39 t
355.0-T71 (A03550)
23 t,d
39 t
355.0-T71 (A03550)
23 t,d
39 t
356.0-T51 (A03560)
25 t,d
43 t
356.0-T51 (A03560)
25 t,d
43 t
356.0-T6 (A03560)
24 t,d
41 t
356.0-T6 (A03560)
23 t,d
39 t
356.0-T7 (A03560)
23 t,d
40 t
356.0-T7 (A03560)
23 t,d
40 t
356.0-T7 (A03560)
25 t,d
43 t
357.0-F (A03570)
23 t,d
39 t
357.0-F (A03570)
23 t,d
39 t
357.0-T6 (A03570)
23 t,d
39 t
358.0-T6 (A03580)
23 t,d
39 t
359.0-T6 (A03590)
20.3 t,d
35 t
359.0-T61 (A03590)
20.3 t,d
35 t
360.0 (A03600)
16 t,d
28 t
360.0 (A03600)
17 t,d
30 t
360.0-F (A03600)
21 t,d
37 t
364.0-F (A03640)
17 t,d
30 t
380.0 (A03800)
16 t,d
27 t

Temperature
oC
oF

20
20
20

68
68
68
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

20

Notes

Reference

Die casting
Die casting
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Permanent mold, obsolete
Obsolete
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Permanent mold

68
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

20

68
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

20

Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast

68
RT
RT
RT
RT

Die cast
Die cast

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

66
66
10
5
9
5
5
5
6
5
5
5
5
5
10
5
5
7
6
5
5
5
10
5
6
5
7
2
6
7
7
5
5
5
5
7
6
7
6
5
5
5
2
10
4
5
5
4

High Conductivity Materials / 9

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Aluminum, Cast, 3xx.x Aluminum Silicon plus Copper or Magnesium


380.0-F (A03800)
13 t,d
23 t
380.0-F (A03800)
16 t,d
27 t
383.0 (A03830)
13 t,d
23 t
383.0-F (A03830)
13 t,d
23 t
384.0 (A03840)
13 t,d
22 t
384.0-F (A03840)
13 t,d
23 t
384.0-F (A03840)
13 t,d
23 t
390.0-F (A03900)
15 t,d
25 t
390.0-T5 (A03900)
14 t,d
24 t
392.0-F (A03920)
13 t,d
22 t
A356.0-T51 (A13560)
25 t,d
43 t
A356.0-T6 (A13560)
23 t,d
39 t
A356.0-T6 (A13560)
23 t,d
40 t
A356.0-T6 (A13560)
24 t,d
41 t
A356.0-T61 (A13560)
23 t,d
39 t
A356.0-T61 (A13560)
23 t,d
39 t
A356.0-T7 (A13560)
23 t,d
40 t
A357.0-T6 (A13570)
23 t,d
40 t
A357.0-T61 (A13570)
23 t,d
39 t
A360.0 (A13600)
17 t,d
29 t
A360.0 (A13600)
17 t,d
30 t
A360.0-F (A13600)
17 t,d
29 t
A360.0-F (A13600)
21 t,d
37 t
A380.0 (A13800)
13 t,d
23 t
A380.0-F (A13800)
16 t,d
27 t
A390.0-F (A13900)
16 t,d
27 t
A390.0-T5 (A13900)
15 t,d
25 t
A390.0-T5 (A13900)
15 t,d
25 t
B390.0 (A23900)
16 t,d
27 t
C355.0-T6 (A33550)
21 t,d
36 t
C355.0-T61 (A33550)
23 t,d
39 t
C355.0-T61 (A33550)
21 t,d
37 t
C355.0-T61 (A33550)
23 t,d
39 t
Aluminum, Cast, 4xx.x Aluminum Silicon
Alcan 135
22.6 to 24.9 u,d
413.0 (A04130)
18 t,d
413.0-F (A04130)
23 t,d
413.0-F (A04130)
39 t,d
443.0-F (A04430)
21 t,d
443.0-F (A04430)
21 t,d
443.0-F (A04430)
21 t,d
443.0-F (A04430)
21 t,d
443.0-F (A04430)
21 t,d
443.0-F (A04430)
24 t,d
443.0-F (A04430)
21 t,d
443.0-O (A04430)
24 t,d
A413.0 (A14130)
18 t,d
A413.0-F (A14130)
18 t,d

39 to 43 u
31 t
39 t
68 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
41 t
37 t
42 t
31 t
31 t

Temperature
oC
oF

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
20
20

Sand cast

RT
68
RT
RT
20

68
RT
RT
RT

20

Reference

Sand cast
Die cast

68
68

20

Notes

Sand cast
Die cast
Die cast
Die cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast

68
RT
RT
RT
RT

20
20

Sand cast
Die cast
Die cast
68
68

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
20

Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
68

RT
RT
RT
20

68
RT

20

68
RT

20

68
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Sand, permanent mold casting


Die cast
Die cast
Sand cast
Die cast
Die cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

2
5
4
2
4
2
5
5
5
5
10
10
5
10
7
6
10
5
6
4
10
2
5
4
5
10
10
2
4
2
7
2
5
66
4
9
5
10
5
10
5
10
9
7
5
4
2

10 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Aluminum, Cast, 4xx.x Aluminum Silicon


A413.0-F (A14130)
23 t,d
A443.0-F (A14430)
21 t,d
A443.0-F (A14430)
21 t,d
A443.0-F (A14430)
21 t,d
A444.0-F (A14440)
24 t,d
A444.0-F (A14440)
24 t,d
A444.0-T4 (A14440)
24 t,d
B443.0-F (A24430)
21 t,d
B443.0-F (A24430)
21 t,d
B443.0-F (A24430)
21 t,d
B443.0-F (A24430)
21 t,d
B443.0-F (A24430)
21 t,d
B443.0-F (A24430)
21 t,d
C443.0 (A34430)
21 t,d
C443.0-F (A34430)
21 t,d
C443.0-F (A34430)
21 t,d
C443.0-F (A34430)
21 t,d
C443.0-F (A34430)
21 t,d

39 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
41 t
41 t
41 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t

Aluminum, Cast, 5xx.x Aluminum Magnesium


511.0-F (A05110)
21 t,d
512.0-F (A05120)
22 t,d
513.0-F (A05130)
19.7 t,d
514.0-F (A05140)
20.3 t,d
518.0 (A05180)
14 t,d
518.0 (A05180)
15 t,d
518.0-F (A05180)
14 t,d
520.0-T4 (A05200)
12 t,d
520.0-T4 (A05200)
12 t,d
535.0 (A05350)
13 t,d
535.0-F (A05350)
13 t,d
535.0-F (A05350)
13 t,d
535.0-T5 (A05350)
13 t,d
A535.0 (A15350)
13 t,d
A535.0-F (A15350)
13 t,d
B535.0 (A25350)
13 t,d
B535.0-F (A25350)
14 t,d

36 t
38 t
34 t
35 t
24 t
25 t
24 t
21 t
21 t
23 t
23 t
23 t
23 t
23 t
23 t
23 t
24 t

Aluminum, Cast, 7xx.x Aluminum Zinc


Alcan 432
20.3 u,d
705.0-F (A07050)
15 t,d
705.0-T5 (A07050)
15 t,d
707.0-F (A07070)
15 t,d
707.0-T5 (A07070)
15 t,d
710.0-F (A07100)
20.3 t,d
710.0-T5 (A07100)
20.3 t,d
711.0-F (A07100)
23 t,d
712.0 (A07120)
20.3 t,d
712.0-F (A07120)
23 t,d
712.0-T5 (A07120)
23 t,d

35 u
25 t
25 t
25 t
25 t
35 t
35 t
40 t
35 t
40 t
40 t

Temperature
oC
oF

RT
20
20
20

68

Die cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Die cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Die cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold

68
68
68

Sand cast
Die cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast

68
68
68
RT
RT
RT

20

68
RT
RT

20

68
RT

20
RT
RT
20
20
20
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
20

Notes

Reference

Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
68

RT
RT
20
20

Die cast
Sand cast
68
68

RT
RT
RT
20

Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
68

RT
20

Die cast
68

RT
20

Sand cast
68

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
20

Sand casting
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold

68
RT
RT

Sand cast
Sand cast

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

5
10
10
10
5
2
7
10
7
2
10
6
10
4
2
10
10
10
5
5
5
5
4
10
5
5
10
10
5
7
7
10
5
10
5
66
5
2
5
2
5
7
5
10
5
7

High Conductivity Materials / 11

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Aluminum, Cast, 7xx.x Aluminum Zinc


713.0 (A07130)
20.3 t,d
713.0-F (A07130)
21 t,d
713.0-T5 (A07130)
21 t,d
771.0 (A07710)
16 t,d
771.0-F (A07710)
21 t,d
771.0-T5 (A07710)
21 t,d
771.0-T51 (A07710)
21 t,d
771.0-T52 (A07710)
21 t,d
771.0-T53 (A07710)
21 t,d
771.0-T6 (A07710)
21 t,d
771.0-T71 (A07710)
21 t,d

35 t
37 t
37 t
27 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t
37 t

Aluminum, Cast, 8xx.x Aluminum Tin


850.0-T5 (A0850)
850.0-T5 (A08500)
851.0-T5 (A08510)
851.0-T5 (A08510)
852.0-T5 (A08520)
852.0-T5 (A08520)

47 t
47 t
43 t
43 t
45 t
45 t

27 t,d
27 t,d
25 t,d
25 t,d
26 t,d
26 t,d

Aluminum, Sintered Powder Aluminum, 2xx.x Aluminum Copper


201AB-T4
19 t,d
32 e

Temperature
oC
oF

20

20

Sand cast
Sand cast
68

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast

20

68

20.3 t,d

35 e

20

68

201AB-T61

22 t,d

38 e

20

68

MD-22-T6
MD-24-T6

21 t,d
19 t,d

36 t
32 t

RT
RT
20

68

601AB-T6

24 t,d

41 e

20

68

601AB-T61

26 t,d

44 e

20

68

602AB-T4

26 t,d

44 e

20

68

602AB-T6

27 t,d

47 e

20

68

602AB-T61

28 t,d

49 e

20

68

MD-69-T6
MD-76-T6

23 t,d
15 t,d

39 t
25 t

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


Al (99.996%)
37.67 u,d
64.95 u
EC-H19
36 u,d
62 u
EC-O
36 u,d
62 u
1050-O (A91050)
35.6 t,d
61.3 t
1050-O (A91050)
35.6 t,d
61.3 t
1060-H18 (A91060)
35 t,d
61 t

RT
RT
20
20
20
20
20
20

Reference

68
RT
RT

201AB-T6

Aluminum, Sintered Powder Aluminum, 6xx.x Aluminum Magnesium


601AB-T4
22 t,d
38 e

Notes

Sintered P/M. Determimed with FM-103


Magnatester
Sintered P/M. Determimed with FM-103
Magnatester
Sintered P/M. Determimed with FM-103
Magnatester
Sintered P/M
Sintered P/M
Sintered P/M. Determimed with FM-103
Magnatester
Sintered P/M. Determimed with FM-103
Magnatester
Sintered P/M. Determimed with FM-103
Magnatester
Sintered P/M. Determimed with FM-103
Magnatester
Sintered P/M. Determimed with FM-103
Magnatester
Sintered P/M. Determimed with FM-103
Magnatester
Sintered P/M
Sintered P/M

68
68
68
68
68
68

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

10
5
7
10
6
7
7
7
7
7
7
6
5
6
5
6
5
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
65
65
65
8
8
1

12 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


1060-H18 (A91060)
35 t
60 t,d
1060-O (A91060)
36 t,d
62 t
1060-O (A91060)
36 t
62 t,d
1100 (A91100)
5.2 t,d
9t
1100-H18 (A91100)
33 t
57 t,d
1100-H18 (A91100)
33 t,d
57 t
1100-O (A91100)
34 t
59 t,d
1100-O (A91100)
34 t,d
59 t
1145-H18 (A91145)
35 t,d
60 t
1145-O (A91145)
35 t,d
61 t
1199-O (A91199)
37.4 t,d
64.5 t
1350-All (A91350)
36 t
62 t,d
1350-All (A91350)
36 t,d
62 t
1350-H1x (A91350)
35.4 t,d
61.0 t
1350-O (A91350)
35.8 t,d
61.8 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Aluminum, Wrought, 2xxx Aluminum Copper


Alcoa 2090
10 to 11 t,d
2011-T3 (A92011)
23 t,d
2011-T3 (A92011)
23 t
2011-T4 (A92011)
23 t,d
2011-T8 (A92011)
26 t,d
2011-T8 (A92011)
26 t,d
2011-T8 (A92011)
26 t
2014-O (A92014)
29 t
2014-O (A92014)
29 t,d
2014-T3 (A92014)
19.7 t,d
2014-T4 (A92014)
20 t
2014-T4 (A92014)
19.7 t,d
2014-T451 (A92014)
19.7 t,d
2014-T6 (A92014)
23 t,d
2014-T6 (A92014)
23 t
2014-T651 (A92014)
23 t,d
2014-T652 (A92014)
23 t,d
2017-O (A92017)
29 t,d
2017-O (A92017)
29 t
2017-T4 (A92017)
20 t
2017-T4 (A92017)
19.7 t,d
2018-T61 (A92018)
23 t
2018-T61 (A92018)
23 t,d
2024-O (A92024)
29 t,d
2024-O (A92024)
29 t
2024-T3 (A92024)
17 t
2024-T3 (A92024)
17 t,d
2024-T361 (A92024)
17 t,d
2024-T361 (A92024)
17 t
2024-T4 (A92024)
17 t
2024-T4 (A92024)
17 t,d
2024-T6 (A92024)
22 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

17 to 19 t
39 t
40 t,d
39 t
45 t
45 t
45 t,d
50 t,d
50 t
34 t
34 t,d
34 t
34 t
40 t
40 t,d
40 t
40 t
50 t
50 t,d
34 t,d
34 t
40 t,d
40 t
50 t
50 t,d
29 t,d
30 t
30 t
29 t,d
29 t,d
30 t
38 t,d

Notes

Reference

Obsolete, EC Grade
Obsolete, EC Grade
Obsolete, EC Grade
Obsolete, EC Grade
Aerospace sheet plate extrusion

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

3
1
3
59
3
1
3
1
8
8
8
3
1
8
8
66
1
3
8
8
1
3
3
1
8
3
1
8
1
3
8
8
1
3
3
1
3
1
1
3
3
1
1
3
3
1
3

High Conductivity Materials / 13

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Aluminum, Wrought, 2xxx Aluminum Copper


2024-T6 (A92024)
22 t,d
2024-T81 (A92024)
22 t
2024-T81 (A92024)
22 t,d
2024-T861 (A92024)
22 t
2024-T861 (A92024)
22 t,d
2025-T6 (A92025)
23 t,d
2025-T6 (A92025)
23 t
2036-O (A92036)
30.2 t,d
2036-T4 (A92036)
24 t,d
2036-T4 (A92036)
24 t
Alcoa 2036-T4 (A92036)
23.8 u,d
2038-T4 (A92038)
23 t,d
2048-T851 (A92048)
24 t,d
2090 (A92090)
10 to 11 t,d
2091 (A92091)
10 to 11 t,d
2117-T4 (A92117)
23 t,d
2117-T4 (A92117)
23 t
2124-O (A92124)
29 t,d
2124-T851 (A92124)
22 t
2124-T851 (A92124)
22 t,d
2218-T61 (A92218)
22 t,d
2218-T72 (A92218)
23 t
2218-T72 (A92218)
23 t,d
2219-O (A92219)
26 t
2219-O (A92219)
26 t,d
2219-T31 (A92219)
16 t
2219-T31 (A92219)
16 t,d
2219-T351 (A92219)
16 t,d
2219-T37 (A92219)
16 t,d
2219-T37 (A92219)
16 t
2219-T6 (A92219)
17 t
2219-T6 (A92219)
17 t,d
2219-T62 (A92219)
17 t,d
2219-T81 (A92219)
17 t
2219-T81 (A92219)
17 t,d
2219-T851 (A92219)
17 t,d
2219-T87 (A92219)
17 t,d
2219-T87 (A92219)
17 t
2319-O (A92319)
26 t,d
2618-T6 (A92618)
21 t,d
2618-T6 (A92618)
21 t
2618-T61 (A92618)
21 t,d

38 t
38 t,d
38 t
38 t,d
38 t
40 t
40 t,d
52 t
41 t
41 t,d
41.0 u,d
40 t
42 t
17 to 19 t
17 to 19 t
40 t
40 t,d
50 t
38 t,d
38 t
38 t
40 t,d
40 t
45 t,d
44 t
28 t,d
28 t
28 t
28 t
28 t,d
29 t,d
30 t
30 t
29 t,d
30 t
30 t
30 t
29 t,d
44 t
37 t
36 t,d
37 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Aluminum, Wrought, 3xxx Aluminum Manganese


3003 (A93003)
29 t,d
3003-H12 (A93003)
24 t
3003-H12 (A93003)
24 t,d
3003-H14 (A93003)
24 t
3003-H14 (A93003)
24 t,d

50 t
41 t,d
42 t
41 t,d
41 t

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Notes

Reference

Auto body sheet

Al-Li alloy
Al-Li alloy

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

1
3
1
3
1
1
3
8
1
3
66
54
8
11
11
1
3
8
3
1
8
3
1
3
1
3
1
8
1
3
3
1
8
3
1
8
1
3
8
1
3
8
59
3
1
3
1

14 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 3xxx Aluminum Manganese


3003-H18 (A93003)
23 t
3003-H18 (A93003)
23 t,d
3003-O (A93003)
29 t,d
3003-O (A93003)
29 t
3004-All (A93004)
24 t,d
3004-All (A93004)
24 t
3004-O (A93004)
24 t,d
3105-All (A93105)
26 t,d
3105-All (A93105)
26 t
3105-O (A93105)
26 t,d

40 t,d
40 t
50 t
50 t,d
42 t
41 t,d
42 t
45 t
45 t,d
45 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Aluminum, Wrought, 4xxx Aluminum Silicon


Alcan B33S
21.5 to 27.8 u,d
4032-O (A94032)
23 t
4032-O (A94032)
23 t,d
4032-T6 (A94032)
20.3 t,d
4032-T6 (A94032)
20 t
4043-O (A94043)
24 t,d
4043-O (A94043)
24 t
4045-All (A94045)
26 t
4045-All (A94045)
26 t,d
4343-All (A94343)
24 t,d
4343-All (A94343)
27 t

37 to 48 u
40 t,d
40 t
35 t
34 t,d
42 t
41 t,d
45 t,d
45 t
42 t
47 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Extrusion ingots

66
3
1
1
3
1
3
3
1
1
3

Aluminum, Wrought, 5xxx Aluminum Magnesium


Alcan 57S-Annealed
20.3 u,d
5005-All (A95005)
30.2 t,d
5005-All (A95005)
30 t
5005-H38 (A95005)
30.2 t,d
5005-O (A95005)
30.2 t,d
5050-All (A95050)
29 t
5050-All (A95050)
29 t,d
5050-H38 (A95050)
29 t,d
5050-O (A95050)
29 t,d
5052 (A95052)
34.2 t,d
5052-All (A95052)
20 t
5052-All (A95052)
20.3 t,d
5052-H38 (A95052)
20.3 u,d
5052-H38 (A95052)
20.3 t,d
5052-O (A95052)
20.3 u,d
5052-O (A95052)
20.3 t,d
5056-H38 (A95056)
15.7 u,d
5056-H38 (A95056)
16 t,d
5056-H38 (A95056)
16 t
5056-O (A95056)
17 t
5056-O (A95056)
17 t,d
5083-All (A95083)
17 t,d
5083-O (A95083)
17 t
5083-O (A95083)
17 t,d
5086-All (A95086)
18 t

35 u
52 t
52 t,d
52 t
52 t
50 t,d
50 t
50 t
50 t
59 t
34 t,d
35 t
35 u
35 t
35 u
35 t
27 u
27 t
28 t,d
29 t,d
29 t
29 t
29 t,d
29 t
31 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Sheet, plate, tube, wire, rod, bar

66
1
3
8
8
3
1
8
8
59
3
1
65
8
65
8
65
1
3
3
1
8
3
1
3

3
1
1
3
1
3
8
1
3
8

Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete

Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 15

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Aluminum, Wrought, 5xxx Aluminum Magnesium


5086-All (A95086)
18 t,d
5154-All (A95154)
19 t
5154-All (A95154)
19 t,d
5182 (A95182)
18 t,d
Alcoa 5182 (A95182)
18 u,d
5252-All (A95252)
20 t
5252-All (A95252)
20.3 t,d
5254-All (A95254)
19 t
5254-All (A95254)
19 t,d
5356-O (A95356)
17 t
5356-O (A95356)
17 t,d
5454-All (A95454)
19.7 t,d
5454-O (A95454)
20 t
5454-O (A95454)
19.7 t,d
Alcoa 5454-All (A95454)
19.7 t,ave,d
5454-H38 (A95456)
19.7 t,d
5454-H38 (A95456)
20 t
5456-All (A95456)
17 t,d
5456-O (A95456)
17 t
5456-O (A95456)
17 t,d
5457-All (A95457)
27 t,d
5457-All (A95457)
27 t
5652-All (A95652)
20 t
5652-All (A95652)
20.3 t,d
5657-All (A95657)
31 t
5657-All (A95657)
31 t,d

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

31 t
33 t,d
32 t
31 t
31 u
34 t,d
35 t
33 t,d
32 t
29 t,d
29 t
34 t
34 t,d
34 t
34 t,ave
34 t
34 t,d
29 t
29 t,d
29 t
46 t
47 t,d
34 t,d
35 t
53 t,d
54 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


6005-T1 (A96005)
27 t,d
47 t
6005-T1 (A96005)
27 t
47 t,d
6005-T5 (A96005)
28 t,d
49 t
6005-T5 (A96005)
28 t
48 t,d
6009-All (A96009)
26 t,d
44 t
6009-O (A96009)
31 t,d
54 t
6009-T4 (A96009)
26 t,d
44 t
6009-T6 (A96009)
27 t,d
47 t
Alcoa 6009-O (A96009)
25.6 u,d
44.1 u,d
Alcoa 6009-T4 (A96009)
25.4 u,d
43.8 u,d
Alcoa 6009-T6 (A96009)
27.5 u,d
47.5 u,d
6010-All (A96010)
23 t,d
39 t
6010-O (A96010)
31 t,d
53 t
6010-T4 (A96010)
23 t,d
39 t
6010-T6 (A96010)
26 t,d
44 t
Alcoa 6010-O (A96010)
30.8 u,d
53.0 u,d
Alcoa 6010-T4 (A96010)
22.6 u,d
39.0 u,d
Alcoa 6010-T6 (A96010)
25.5 u,d
44.0 u,d
6053-O (A96053)
26 t
45 t,d
6053-O (A96053)
26 t,d
45 t
6053-T4 (A96053)
23 t
40 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Notes

Reference

Auto body sheet

Obsolete
Obsolete

Auto

Obsolete
Obsolete

Auto body sheet


Auto body sheet
Auto body sheet

Auto body sheet


Auto body sheet
Auto body sheet

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

1
3
1
8
66
3
1
3
1
3
1
8
3
1
66
1
3
8
3
1
1
3
3
1
3
1
1
3
1
3
54
8
8
8
66
66
66
54
8
8
8
66
66
66
3
1
3

16 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


6053-T4 (A96053)
23 t,d
40 t
6053-T6 (A96053)
24 t
41 t,d
6053-T6 (A96053)
24 t,d
42 t
6061-O (A96061)
27 t
47 t,d
6061-O (A96061)
27 t,d
47 t
6061-T4 (A96061)
23 t
40 t,d
6061-T4 (A96061)
23 t,d
40 t
6061-T6 (A96061)
25 t,d
43 t
6061-T6 (A96061)
25 t
43 t,d
6063-O (A96063)
34 t
59 t,d
6063-O (A96063)
34 t,d
58 t
6063-T1 (A96063)
29 t
50 t,d
6063-T1 (A96063)
29 t,d
50 t
6063-T5 (A96063)
32 t
55 t,d
6063-T5 (A96063)
32 t,d
55 t
6063-T6 (A96063)
31 t
53 t,d
6063-T6 (A96063)
31 t,d
53 t
6063-T83 (A96063)
31 t
53 t,d
6063-T83 (A96063)
31 t,d
53 t
6066-O (A96066)
23 t
40 t,d
6066-O (A96066)
23 t,d
40 t
6066-T6 (A96066)
21 t
36 t,d
6066-T6 (A96066)
21 t,d
37 t
6070-T6 (A96070)
26 t,d
44 t
6070-T6 (A96070)
26 t
45 t,d
6101-T6 (A96101)
32 u,d
56 u
6101-T6 (A96101)
33 t
57 t,d
6101-T6 (A96101)
33 t,d
57 t
6101-T61 (A96101)
34 t
59 t,d
6101-T61 (A96101)
34 t,d
59 t
6101-T63 (A96101)
34 t,d
58 t
6101-T63 (A96101)
34 t
59 t,d
6101-T64 (A96101)
35 t
60 t,d
6101-T64 (A96101)
35 t,d
60 t
6101-T65 (A96101)
34 t,d
58 t
6101-T65 (A96101)
34 t
59 t,d
6105-T1 (A96105)
27 t
47 t,d
6105-T1 (A96105)
27 t,d
46 t
6105-T5 (A96105)
29 t
50 t,d
6105-T5 (A96105)
29 t,d
50 t
6111-T4 (A96111)
23 t,d
40 t
6111-T6 (A96111)
26 t,d
45 t
6151-O (A96151)
31 t,d
54 t
6151-O (A96151)
31 t
53 t,d
6151-T4 (A96151)
24 t
41 t,d
6151-T4 (A96151)
24 t,d
42 t
6151-T6 (A96151)
26 t
45 t,d
6151-T6 (A96151)
26 t,d
45 t

Temperature
oC
oF

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

Notes

Reference

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

1
3
1
3
1
3
1
1
3
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
1
3
65
3
1
3
1
1
3
3
1
1
3
3
1
3
1
54
54
1
3
3
1
3
1

High Conductivity Materials / 17

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


6201-T81 (A96201)
31 t
53 t,d
6201-T81 (A96201)
31 t,d
54 t
6205-T1 (A96205)
26 t,d
45 t
6205-T5 (A96205)
28 t,d
49 t
6262-T9 (A96262)
26 t
45 t,d
6262-T9 (A96262)
26 t,d
44 t
6351-T6 (A96351)
27 t,d
46 t
6351-T6 (A96351)
27 t
47 t,d
6463-T1 (A96463)
29 t
50 t,d
6463-T1 (A96463)
29 t,d
50 t
6463-T5 (A96463)
32 t
55 t,d
6463-T5 (A96463)
32 t,d
55 t
6463-T6 (A96463)
31 t
53 t,d
6463-T6 (A96463)
31 t,d
53 t
6951-O (A96951)
32 t
55 t,d
6951-O (A96951)
32 t,d
56 t
6951-T6 (A96951)
30 t
52 t,d
6951-T6 (A96951)
30.2 t,d
52 t
Aluminum, Wrought, 7xxx Aluminum Zinc
Alcan 74S-T4
19.01 u,d
Alcan 74S-T6
20.82 u,d
Alcoa 7021-T61
25 u,d
Alcoa 7029-T5
24 u,d
Alcoa 7029-T6
24 u,d
Alcoa 7129-T5
24 u,d
Alcoa 7129-T6
24 u,d
Aluminum X7005-Annealed
25 u,d
Aluminum X7005-Annealed and age
22 u,d
Hardened
7005-O (A97005)
25 t,d
7005-T53 (A97005)
22 t,d
7005-T5351 (A97005)
22 t,d
7005-T6 (A97005)
20.3 t,d
7005-T63 (A97005)
22 t,d
7005-T6351 (A97005)
22 t,d
7021-T61 (A97021)
25 t,d
7029-T5 (A97029)
24 t,d
7029-T6 (A97029)
24 t,d
7039 (A97039)
19 to 23 t,d
7049 (A97049)
23 t,d
7049-T73 (A97049)
23 t,d
7049-T73 (A97049)
23 t
7050-O (A97050)
27 t,d
7050-T736 (A97050)
23.5 t,d
7050-T73651 (A97050)
23.5 t,d
7050-T74 (A97050)
24 t
7050-T74 (A97050)
24 t,d
7050-T76 (A97050)
22.9 t,d

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

3
1
8
8
3
1
1
3
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

32.77 u
35.90 u
43 u
42 u
42 u
42 u
42 u
43 u
38 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

66
66
66
66
66
66
66
66
66

43 t
38
38 t
35 t
38 t
38 t
43 t
42 t
42 t
32 to 40 t
40 t
40 t
40 t,d
47 t
40.5 t
40.5 t
41 t,d
41 t
39.5 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Auto bumper
Auto bumper
Auto bumper
Auto bumper
Auto bumper
Sheet, extrusion, plate, tube
Sheet, extrusion, plate, tube

T74 previously T73 and T736


T74 previously T73 and T736

T74 previously T73 and T736


T74 previously T73 and T736

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

8
8
8
8
8
8
54
54
54
8
8
1
3
8
8
8
3
1
8

18 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 7xxx Aluminum Zinc


7050-T7651 (A97050)
22.9 t,d
7072-O (A97072)
34 t,d
7072-O (A97072)
34 t
7075-T6 (A97075)
19 t
7075-T6 (A97075)
19 t,d
7075-T62 (A97075)
19 t,d
7075-T651 (A97075)
19 t,d
7075-T652 (A97075)
19 t,d
7075-T73 (A97075)
23 t,d
7075-T7351 (A97075)
23 t,d
7075-T7352 (A97075)
23 t,d
7075-T76 (A97075)
22.3 t,d
7075-T7651 (A97075)
22.3 t,d
7076 (A97076)
20.3 t,d
7116-T5 (A97116)
27 t,d
7129-T5 (A97129)
24 t,d
7129-T6 (A97129)
24 t,d
7175-O (A97175)
27 t,d
7175-T66 (A97175)
21 t,d
7175-T736 (A97175)
23 t,d
7175-T74 (A97175)
23 t
7175-T7652 (A97175)
23 t,d
7178-O (A97178)
27 t,d
7178-T6 (A97178)
18 t,d
7178-T6 (A97178)
19 t,d
7178-T6 (A97178)
18 t
7178-T651 (A97178)
19 t,d
7178-T76 (A97178)
23 t,d
7178-T7651 (A97178)
23 t,d
7475-O (A97475)
27 t,d
7475-T61 (A97475)
21 t,d
7475-T61 (A97475)
20 t
7475-T651 (A97475)
21 t,d
7475-T651 (A97475)
20 t
7475-T7351 (A97475)
24 t
7475-T7351 (A97475)
24 t,d
7475-T76 (A97475)
23 t
7475-T761 (A97475)
23 t,d
7475-T761 (A97475)
23 t
7475-T7651 (A97475)
23 t,d

39.5 t
59 t
59 t,d
33 t,d
33 t
33 t
33 t
33 t
40 t
40 t
40 t
38.5 t
38.5 t
35 t
46 t
42 t
42 t
46 t
36 t
40 t
40 t,d
40 t
46 t
31 t
32 t
31 t,d
32 t
39 t
39 t
46 t
36 t
34 t,d
36 t
34 t,d
41 t,d
42 t
40 t,d
40 t
40 t,d
40 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

8
1
3
3
1
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
54
54
54
8
8
8
3
8
8
1
8
3
8
8
8
8
8
3
8
3
3
8
3
8
3
8

Aluminum, Wrought, 8xxx Aluminum-Other Elements


8017-H12 (A98017)
34 t
8017-H212 (A98017)
35 t
8017-H212 (A98017)
35 t,d
8017-H22 (A98017)
34 t
8030-H221 (A98030)
35 t,d
8030-H221 (A98030)
35 t
8090 (A98090)
10 to 11 t,d

59 t,d
60 t,d
61 t
59 t,d
61 t
60 t,d
17 to 19 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

3
3
1
3
1
3
11

Al-Li alloy

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 19

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Aluminum, Wrought, 8xxx Aluminum-Other Elements


8176-H24 (A98176)
35 t,d
61 t
8176-H24 (A98176)
35 t
60 t,d

20
20

68
68

Copper, Cast, Aluminum Bronze


Ampco Metal 12
Ampco Metal 16
Ampco Metal 18
Ampco Metal 20
Ampco Metal 21

Notes

Reference

1
3

7.5 u,d
7.5 u,d
7.5 u,d
6.4 u,d
5.8 u,d

13 u
13 u
13 u
11 u
10.0 u

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Ampcoloy 495

2 u,d

3u

20

68

Atlantic 25
Aur-O-Met 57-Annealed
Elkaloy D
Elkaloy D110
Elkaloy D120
Elkaloy D130
ASTM B148 C95200 (C95200)
C95200 (C95200)
ASTM B148 C95300 (C95300)
C95300 (C95300)
ASTM B148 C95400 (C95400)
ASTM B148 C95400HT (C95400)
C95400-As cast (C95400)
C95400-TQ50 (C95400)
Continuous Cast Aluminum Bronze
(C95400)
ASTM B148 C95410 (C95410)
ASTM B148 C95410HT (C95410)
ASTM B148 C95500 (C95500)
ASTM B148 C95500HT (C95500)
C95500-As cast (C95500)
C95500-TQ50 (C95500)
ASTM B148 C95600 (C95600)
ASTM B148 C95700 (C95700)
C95700-Annealed, fast cooled
(C95700)
C95700-As cast (C95700)
ASTM B148 C95800 (C95800)
C95800 (C95800)

5.2 approx,d
7.0 u,d
10 t,d
7 t,d
6 t,d
5 t,d
7.07 t,d
7.0 u,d
8.9 t,d
7.5 u,d
7.54 t,d
7.19 t,d
7.5 u,d
7.5 u,d
7.5 nom,d

9 approx
12 u
18 t
12 t
10 t
9t
12.2 t
12 u
15.3 t
13 u
13.0 t
12.4 t
13 u
13 u
13 nom

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Sand casting
Casting
Sand casting
Casting
Sand casting
Sand casting
Casting
Casting
Continuous cast

66
66
58
58
58
58
22
16
22
16
22
22
16
16
66

7.54 t,d
5.9 t,d
5.1 t,d
4.9 t,d
4.93 u,d
4.93 u,d
4.9 t,d
1.8 t,d
1.8 u,d

13.0 t
10.2 t
8.8 t
8.4 t
8.5 u
8.5 u
8.5 t
3.1 t
3.1 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Sand casting
Sand casting
Sand casting
Sand casting
Sand casting
Sand casting
Sand casting
Sand casting
Sand casting

22
22
22
22
16
16
22
22
16

1.8 u,d
4.1 t,d
4.1 u,d

3.1 u
7.0 t
7.1 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

Sand casting
Sand casting
Sand casting

16
22
16

10.4 u,d
26 to 29 u,d
26 to 29 u,d
26 to 29 u,d
12 to 14.5 u,d

18 u
45 to 50 u
45 to 50 u
45 to 50 u
20 to 25 u

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Contact blades, switches, soldering iron tips


Switches, contacts
Switches, contacts

66
66
66
66
66

12 to 14.5 u,d

20 to 25 u

20

68

Copper, Cast, Beryllium Copper


Belmont 4977-Heat treated
Berylco 10Cr-Annealed and hardened
Brush Casting 10C (C82000)
Brush Casting 3C (C82000)
Brush Casting 165C-Age hardened
(C82400)
Brush Casting 165CT-Age hardened
(C82400)

Sand and centrifugal casting


Sand and centrifugal casting
Sand and centrifugal casting, extrusions
Sand and centrifugal casting
Sand casting, centrifugal casting, and wrought
stock
Sand and centrifugal casting, bar, rod, forging,
sheet, strip, plate, and welding wire
Plaster-mold and planar investment castings
Die casting

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

66
66
66
66
66
66

66

20 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Copper, Cast, Beryllium Copper
C82400-Age hardened (C82400)
Brush Casting 20CT (C82500)
Brush Casting 20C (C82500)
Brush Casting 21C-Age hardened
(C82510)
Brush Casting 245C-Age hardened
(C82600)
Brush Casting 245CT-Age hardened
(C82600)
C82600-Age hardened (C82600)
Brush Casting 275C (C82800)
Brush Casting 275CT (C82800)

10

S/m

Notes

Reference

14.5 u,d
10.4 to 14.5 u,d
10.4 to 14.5 u,d
10.4 to 14.5 u,d

25 u
18 to 25 u
18 to 25 u
18 to 25 u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

16
66
66
66

10.4 to 13 u,d

18 to 23 u

20

68

66

10.4 to 13 u,d

18 to 23 u

20

68

66

11 u,d
10 to 13 u,d
10 to 13 u,d

19 u
17 to 23 u
17 to 23 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

92 u

20

68

12 t,d
41 t,d
49 t,d
23 to 29 u,d
46 u,d

20 t
70 t
85 t
40 to 50 u
80 u

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

24 to 28 u,d

42 to 48 u

20

68

27.8 t,d
27.8 u,d
27.8 u,d
27.8 t,d
27.8 u,d
27.8 t,d
11.6 u,d
11.6 t,d
10.4 t,d
10 u,d

48 t
48 u
48 u
48 t
48 u
48 t
20 u
20 t
18 t
18 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy

81
16
16
81
16
81
16
81
81
16

12.4 t
15.0 t
15 u
10.1 t
10.1 u
11.6 t
11.6 t
11.5 u
9.0 t
9.0 t
9u
10.0 t
10 u
10.0 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Casting
Sand Casting
Casting
Casting
Sand Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting

22
22
16
22
16
22
22
16
22
22
16
22
16
22

Copper, Cast, Commercially Pure Copper


C81100 (C81100)
53.4 u,d
Copper, Cast, High Copper
CMW 73
C81400-Heat treated (C81400)
C81500-Heat treated (C81500)
C81500-Heat treated (C81500)
C81500-Precipitation hardened
(C81500)
C81540-Precipitation hardened
(C81540)
C81800-Heat treated (C81800)
C81800-Heat treated (C81800)
C82000-Heat treated (C82000)
C82000-Heat treated (C82000)
C82200-Heat treated (C82200)
C82200-Heat treated (C82200)
C82500-Heat treated (C82500)
C82500-Heat treated (C82500)
C82800-Heat treated (C82800)
C82800-Heat treated (C82800)

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Copper, Cast, High Leaded Tin Bronze Copper


ASTM B584 C93200 (C93200)
7.19 t,d
ASTM B584 C93500 (C93500)
8.70 t,d
C93500 (C93500)
8.7 u,d
ASTM B584 C93700 (C93700)
5.9 t,d
C93700 (C93700)
5.9 u,d
ASTM B584 C93800 (C93800)
6.73 t,d
ASTM B66 C93800 (C93800)
6.73 t,d
C93800 (C93800)
6.67 u,d
ASTM B584 C94300 (C94300)
5.2 t,d
ASTM B66 C94300 (C94300)
5.2 t,d
C94300 (C94300)
5.2 u,d
ASTM B66 C94400 (C94400)
5.8 t,d
C94400 (C94400)
5.8 u,d
ASTM B66 C94500 (C94500)
5.8 t,d

Castings
Castings

16
66
66
16

Cu-Be
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy. Solution heat treated

58
81
81
16
65
65

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 21

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Cast, Leaded Manganese Bronze


ASTM B584 C86400 (C86400)
11.2 t,d
ASTM B584 C86700 (C86700)
9.7 t,d

19.3 t
16.7 t

20
20

68
68

Sand Casting
Sand Casting

22
22

Copper, Cast, Leaded Red Brass


ASTM B584 C83450 (C83450)
ASTM B584 C83600 (C83600)
ASTM B62 C83600 (C83600)
C83600 (C83600)
ASTM B584 C83800 (C83800)
C83800 (C83800)

11.6 t,d
8.8 t,d
8.70 t,d
8.7 u,d
8.9 t,d
8.7 u,d

20.0 t
15.1 t
15.0 t
15 u
15.3 t
15 u

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Casting
Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting

22
22
22
16
22
16

Copper, Cast, Leaded Tin Bronze


ASTM B584 C87610 (C87610)
ASTM B584 C92200 (C92200)
C92200 (C92200)
ASTM B584 C92300 (C92300)
ASTM B584 C92600 (C92600)
C93900 (C93900)

3.5 t,d
8.29 t,d
8.29 u,d
7.13 t,d
5.8 t,d
6.67 u,d

6.1 t
14.3 t
14.3 u
12.3 t
10.0 t
11.5 u

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting

22
22
16
22
22
16

Copper, Cast, Leaded Tin Bronze Copper


Bearium Metal B-10
5.3 ave,d
Bearium Metal B-4
8.56 ave,d
Bearium Metal B-8
6.03 ave,d
Bunting Alloy 72
6.3 to 7.0
approx,d
ASTM B61 C92200 (C92200)
8.29 t,d

9.1 ave
14.8 ave
10.4 ave
11 to 12
approx
14.3 t

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

66
66
66
66

20

68

Sand and centrifugal castings


Sand and centrifugal castings
Sand and centrifugal castings
Sand, centrifugal, continous and investment
castings
Casting

Copper, Cast, Leaded Yellow Brass


ASTM B584 C85200 (C85200)
C85200 (C85200)
ASTM B584 C85400 (C85400)
C85400 (C85400)
ASTM B584 C85700 (C85700)
C85700 (C85700)
ASTM B176 C85800 (C85800)
C85800 (C85800)

10.8 t,d
10.8 u,d
11.4 t,d
11.4 u,d
12.6 t,d
12.8 u,d
12.8 t,d
12.8 u,d

18.6 t
18.6 u
19.6 t
19.6 u
21.8 t
22 u
22.0 t
22 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Die casting
Die casting

22
16
22
16
22
16
22
16

Copper, Cast, Manganese Bronze


Atlantic 31
Atlantic 8A
C86100 (C86100)
ASTM B584 C86200 (C86200)
C86200 (C86200)
ASTM B22 C86300 (C86300)
ASTM B584 C86300 (C86300)
C86300 (C86300)
ASTM B584 C86500 (C86500)
C86500 (C86500)

5 approx,d
15 approx,d
4.35 u,d
4.3 t,d
4.35 u,d
4.6 t,d
4.6 t,d
5.2 u,d
11.9 t,d
11.9 u,d

8 approx
25 approx
7.5 u
7.4 t
7.5 u
8.0 t
8.0 t
9u
20.5 t
20.5 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Plaster-mold and planar investment castings


Plaster-mold and planar investment castings
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Casting
Sand Casting
Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting

66
66
16
22
16
22
22
16
22
16

Copper, Cast, Nickel Silver


ASTM B584 C97300 (C97300)
ASTM B584 C97600 (C97600)
ASTM B584 C97800 (C97800)

3.4 t,d
2.8 t,d
2.6 t,d

5.9 t
4.8 t
4.5 t

20
20
20

68
68
68

Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting

22
22
22

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

22

22 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Copper, Cast, Nickel Tin Bronze
ASTM B584 C94700 (C94700)
ASTM B584 C94700(HT) (C94700)
C94700-Precipitation hardened
(C94700)
ASTM B584 C94800 (C94800)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

6.67 t,d
8.56 t,d
8.7 u,d

11.5 t
14.8 t
15 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

Sand Casting
Sand Casting

22
22
65

6.96 t,d

12.0 t

20

68

Sand Casting

22

Copper, Cast, Phosphor Bronze


Bunting No. 156

5.9 u,d

10.1 u

20

68

Centrifugal, chill or sand casting

66

Copper, Cast, Semi-Red Brass


ASTM B584 C84400 (C84400)
C84400 (C84400)
ASTM B584 C84800 (C84800)
C84800 (C84800)

9.7 t,d
9.51 u,d
9.5 t,d
9.51 u,d

16.8 t
16.4 u
16.4 t
16.4 u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting

22
16
22
16

Copper, Cast, Silicon Brass


ASTM B584 C87400 (C87400)
ASTM B584 C87500 (C87500)
C87500 (C87500)
ASTM B584 C87600 (C87600)

3.9 t,d
3.5 t,d
3.89 u,d
4.6 t,d

6.7 t
6.1 t
6.7 u
8.0 t

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting
Sand Casting

22
22
16
22

Copper, Cast, Silicon Bronze


Atlantic 13B
ASTM B176 C87800 (C87800)
C87800 (C87800)

3 approx,d
3.8 t,d
3.89 u,d

6 approx
6.5 t
6.7 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

Plaster-mold and planar investment castings


Die casting
Die casting

66
22
16

Copper, Cast, Silicon Copper


ASTM B584 C87300 (C87300)
C87300 (C87300)

3.5 t,d
3.89 u,d

6.1 t
6.7 u

20
20

68
68

Sand Casting
Sand Casting

22
16

Copper, Cast, Tin Bronze


ASTM B584 C90300 (C90300)
ASTM B22 C90500 (C90500)
ASTM B584 C90500 (C90500)
C90500 (C90500)
C90700 (C90700)
ASTM B22 C91100 (C91100)
ASTM B22 C91300 (C91300)
C91700 (C91700)

7.19 t,d
6.32 t,d
6.32 t,d
6.4 u,d
5.57 u,d
4.9 t,d
4.1 t,d
5.8 u,d

12.4 t
10.9 t
10.9 t
11 u
9.6 u
8.5 t
7.0 t
10 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Sand Casting
Casting
Sand Casting
Casting

22
22
22
16
16
22
22
16

Casting
Casting

Copper, Cast, Unclassified


CMW 3
C99400-Precipitation hardened
(C99400)
ASTM B176 C99700 (C99700)

46 t,d
9.9 u,d

80 t
17 u

20
20

68
68

Cu-Cr

58
65

1.7 t,d

3.0 t

20

68

Die casting

22

Copper, Cast, Unclassified Bronze


Asarco Bronwite

11.2 u,d

2.0 u

20

68

Sand casting, permanent mold casting, die


casting, investment cast, and ingot

66

28 min,as spec
30 nom
61 nom
60 min,as spec

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Cable shielding, CCS or CAS


Cable shielding, CCS or CAS
Cable shielding, CCS or CAS
Cable shielding, CCS or CAS

51
51
51
51

Copper, Miscellaneous, Copper-Clad Steel


ASTM B624 16/68/16
16 min,d
ASTM B624 16/68/16
17 nom,d
ASTM B624 33.3/33.3/33.3
35 nom,d
ASTM B624 33.3/33.3/33.3
35 min,d

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 23

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Miscellaneous, Instrument and Control


67Cu5Ni27Mn
1.04 u,d
70Cu20Ni10Mn
2.1 u,d
83Cu13Mn4Ni(manganin)
2.0 u,d
85Cu10Mn4Ni(shunt manganin)
2.6 u,d
87Cu13Mn(manganin)
2.0 u,d

1.8 u
3.6 u
3.5 u
4.5 u
3.5 u

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65

Copper, Miscellaneous, Thermocouple


55Cu45Ni(constantan)
2.0 u,d
78Cu22Ni
3.3 u,d
89Cu11Ni
6.4 u,d
94Cu6Ni
9.9 u,d
98Cu2Ni
20.3 u,d

3.5 u
5.7 u
11 u
17 u
35 u

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65

Copper, Welding filler copper


Ampcotrode 182
Copper-trode

31 u,d
23 u,d

53 u
40 u

20
20

68
68

Weld filler for high conductivity

66
66

Copper, Wrought, Aluminum Bronze


Alronze
Ambraloy 901
Ambraloy 917
Ambraloy 928-Annealed
Ampco Metal 8
Ampcoloy 45
Bridgeport 712-Soft
Copper No. 630
Coronze 638

6.09 u,d
9.9 u,d
4.35 u,d
8.70 u,d
8.1 u,d
5.2 u,d
7.0 u,d
4.35 u,d
6 u,d

10.5 u
17.0 u
7.5 u
15.0 u
14 u
9u
12 u
7.5 u
10 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Strip, electrical contacts


Sheet, strip, plate, wire, rod, bar, and tube
Rod, bar, plate, and die pressed forgings
Sheet, strip, plate, rod, bar and wire
Rolled plate, sheet, extrusion
Extruded and forged bar
Strip, tube, rod, and wire
Bar, rod, plate, sheet, and tube
Sheet, strip, wire, welded tube produced from
strip

66
66
66
66
66
66
66
66
66

9.9 t,d
8.7 u,d
7.0 t,d
8.12 t,d
7.0 t,d
7.0 t,d
5.8 t,d
5.2 t,d
4.0 t,d
6 fio
8.7 t,d

17 t
15 u
12 t
14 t
12 t
12 t
10 t
9t
7t
10 fio
15 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

17 to 21 u
22 u
20 to 60 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

C60800 (C60800)
Ambraloy 610-Annealed (C61000)
C61300 (C61300)
C61400 (C61400)
C62300 (C62300)
C62400 (C62400)
C62500 (C62500)
C63000 (C63000)
C63200 (C63200)
ASTM B422 C63800 (C63800)
C63800 (C63800)

Copper, Wrought, Beryllium Copper


2Be + Ni or Co
9.9 to 12.2 u,d
Berylco 33-25-Precipitation hardened 13 u,d
Brush 10
11.6 to 25 u,d
Brush 190
Brush M25-Precipitation hardened

11.6 to 16.2 u,d


12.8 to 14.5 u,d

20 to 28 u
22 to 25 u

20
20

68
68

CMW 100
CMW 73
Copper No. 170
Copper No. 172-Heat treated

28 t,d
13 t,d
12.8 to 17.4 u,d
16 to 19 u,d

48 t
23 t
22 to 30 u
28 to 33 u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Rod, wire

Sheet and strip

Contact material
Rod, wire, tube
Billet, forging, casting, ingot, rod, bar, plate,
wire, strip, and fabricated shapes
Strip
Rod and bar, connectors, electrical and
electronic components
Cu-Be
Strip
Strip, wire, rod

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

15
66
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
44
59
65
66
66
66
66
58
58
66
66

24 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Copper, Wrought, Beryllium Copper
C17000-As cast (C17000)
C17000-Cast and aged (C17000)
C17000-Precipitation hardened
(C17000)
C17000-TB00 (C17000)
C17000-TB00 (C17000)
C17000-TB00 (C17000)
C17000-TB00 (C17000)
C17000-TD01 (C17000)
C17000-TD02 (C17000)
C17000-TD04 (C17000)
C17000-TD04 (C17000)
C17000-TD04 (C17000)
C17000-TD04 (C17000)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

9.3 to 13 t,d
10.4 to 13 t,d
12.8 u,d

16 to 22 t
18 to 23 t
22 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

Billet
Billet

15
15
65

10 to 11 t,d
7.5 to 10 t,d
10 to 11 t,d
10 to 11 t,d
9.3 to 10.4 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d

17 to 19 t
13 to 18 t
17 to 19 t
17 to 19 t
16 to 18 t
15 to 17 t
15 to 17 t
15 to 17 t
15 to 17 t
15 to 17 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

C17000-TF00 (C17000)
C17000-TF00 (C17000)
C17000-TF00 (C17000)
C17000-TF00 (C17000)
C17000-TH04 (C17000)

13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
10.4 to 14.5 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d

22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
18 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

C17000-TH04 (C17000)
C17000-TH04 (C17000)
C17000-THxx (C17000)
C17000-TMxx (C17000)
Wellman Alloy 165HT-TH04
(C17000)
Wellman Alloy 165A-TB00 (C17000)
Wellman Alloy 165AT-TF00 (C17000)
Wellman Alloy 165H-TD04 (C17000)
Brushform 290 (C17200)
C17200-Age hardened (C17200)
C17200-As cast (C17200)
C17200-Cast and aged (C17200)
C17200-M20 (C17200)
C17200-Precipitation hardened
(C17200)
C17200-TB00 (C17200)
C17200-TB00 (C17200)
C17200-TB00 (C17200)
C17200-TB00 (C17200)
C17200-TB00 (C17200)
C17200-TD01 (C17200)
C17200-TD02 (C17200)
C17200-TD04 (C17200)
C17200-TD04 (C17200)
C17200-TD04 (C17200)
C17200-TF00 (C17200)
C17200-TF00 (C17200)

13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
12 to 19 t,d
12.8 to 16.2 t,d

22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
20 to 33 t
22 to 28 t

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Forging
Billet
Strip
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Strip
Strip
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, t < 10 mm (0.375 in.)
Strip
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, t > 25 mm (1 in.)
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, 10 mm (0.375 in.) <= t <
25 mm (1 in.)
Strip
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Billet
Forging
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, 10 mm (0.375 in.) <= t <
25 mm (1 in.)
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, t > 25 mm (1 in.)
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, t < 10 mm (0.375 in.)
Strip
Strip
Rod, bar

8.7 to 11 t,d
13 to 16 t,d
8.7 to 11 t,d
10 to 15 emp,d
12.8 t,d
9.3 to 13 t,d
10.4 to 13 t,d
9.9 t,d
12.8 u,d

15 to 19 t
22 to 28 t
15 to 19 t
17 to 26 emp
22 t
16 to 22 t
18 to 23 t
17 t
22 u

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

10 to 11 t,d
10 to 11 t,d
7.5 to 10 t,d
10 to 11 t,d
10 to 11 t,d
9.3 to 10.4 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
13 to 9 t,d

17 to 19 t
17 to 19 t
13 to 18 t
17 to 19 t
17 to 19 t
16 to 18 t
15 to 17 t
15 to 17 t
15 to 17 t
15 to 17 t
22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

RT
RT
RT

Bar, plate
Bar, plate
Bar, plate
Current carrying springs
Billet
Billet

Strip
Wire
Billet
Forging
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Strip
Strip
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Strip
Wire
Wire
Strip

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
13
13
13
13
66
59
15
15
59
65
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

High Conductivity Materials / 25

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Copper, Wrought, Beryllium Copper
C17200-TF00 (C17200)
C17200-TF00 (C17200)
C17200-TF00 (C17200)
C17200-TH04 (C17200)
C17200-TH04 (C17200)
C17200-Thermal hardening (C17200)
C17200-THxx (C17200)
C17200-TMxx (C17200)
Olin 172-Heat treated (C17200)
Olin 172-Mill hardened (C17200)
Olin 172-Precipitation hardened
(C17200)
Wellman Alloy 25A-TB00 (C17200)
Wellman Alloy 25AT-TF00 (C17200)
Wellman Alloy 25H-TD04 (C17200)
Wellman Alloy 25HT-TH04 (C17200)
C17300-As cast (C17300)
C17300-Cast and aged (C17300)
C17300-Precipitation hardened
(C17300)
C17300-TB00 (C17300)
C17300-TB00 (C17300)
C17300-TB00 (C17300)
C17300-TB00 (C17300)
C17300-TB00 (C17300)
C17300-TD01 (C17300)
C17300-TD02 (C17300)
C17300-TD04 (C17300)
C17300-TD04 (C17300)
C17300-TD04 (C17300)
C17300-TF00 (C17300)
C17300-TF00 (C17300)
C17300-TF00 (C17300)
C17300-TF00 (C17300)
C17300-TF00 (C17300)
C17300-TH04 (C17300)
C17300-TH04 (C17300)
C17300-THxx (C17300)
C17300-TMxx (C17300)
Wellman Alloy M25A-TB00 (C17300)
Wellman Alloy M25AT-TF00
(C17300)
Wellman Alloy M25H-TD04 (C17300)
Wellman Alloy M25HT-TH04
(C17300)
Brush Alloy 174 (C17410)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
10.4 to 14.5 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
13 u,d
13 to 15 t,d
12 to 16 t,d
12.8 min,d
9.9 min,d
9.9 to 17.4 u,d

22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
18 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
22 u
22 to 25 t
20 to 28 t
22 min
17 min
17 to 30 u

8.7 to 11 t,d
13 to 16 t,d
8.7 to 11 t,d
13 to 16 t,d
9.3 to 13 t,d
10.4 to 13 t,d
12.8 u,d

15 to 19 t
22 to 28 t
15 to 19 t
22 to 28 t
16 to 22 t
18 to 23 t
22 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

10 to 11 t,d
10 to 11 t,d
10 to 11 t,d
7.5 to 10 t,d
10 to 11 t,d
9.3 to 10.4 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
8.7 to 10 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
10.4 to 14.5 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
13 to 15 t,d
12 to 16 t,d
8.7 to 11.0 t,d
12.8 to 16.2 t,d

17 to 19 t
17 to 19 t
17 to 19 t
13 to 18 t
17 to 19 t
16 to 18 t
15 to 17 t
15 to 17 t
15 to 17 t
15 to 17 t
22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
18 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
22 to 25 t
20 to 28 t
15 to 19 t
22 to 28 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

8.7 to 11.0 t,d


12.8 to 16.2 t,d

15 to 19 t
22 to 28 t

26.1 u

45 u

ASTM B441 C17500-TB00 (C17500) 12 min,d


ASTM B441 C17500-TD04 (C17500) 12 min,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Notes

Reference

Forging
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Billet
Wire
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Electrical connector
Strip
Strip
Contact bridges, bolts, screws
Contact bridges, bolts, screws
Contact bridges, bolts, screws

15
15
15
15
15
17
15
15
66
66
66

Bar, plate
Bar, plate
Bar, plate
Bar, plate
Billet
Billet

13
13
13
13
15
15
65

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes


Wire
Strip
Billet
Forging
Strip
Strip
Strip
Wire
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Strip
Forging
Billet
Wire
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Wire
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Strip
Strip
Rod, bar
Rod, bar

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
13
13

20
20

68
68

Rod, bar
Rod, bar

13
13

20

68

66

20 min,as spec 20
20 min,as spec 20

68
68

For computer connectors, automotive contact


materials, and appliances
Rod and bar
Rod and bar

RT
RT
RT
RT

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

45
45

26 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Copper, Wrought, Beryllium Copper
ASTM B441 C17500-TF00 (C17500)
ASTM B441 C17500-TH04 (C17500)
ASTM B534 C17500-TF00 (C17500)
ASTM B534 C17500-TH02 (C17500)
ASTM B534 C17500-TH04 (C17500)
ASTM B534 C17500-TM02 (C17500)
C17500-H04 (C17500)
C17500-H04 (C17500)
C17500-HTC (C17500)
C17500-HTC (C17500)
C17500-Precipitation hardened
(C17500)
C17500-TB00 (C17500)
C17500-TB00 (C17500)
C17500-TB00 (C17500)
C17500-TF00 (C17500)
C17500-TF00 (C17500)
C17500-TF00 (C17500)
C17500-TH04 (C17500)
C17500-TH04 (C17500)
Olin 175-Precipitation hardened
(C17500)
Wellman Alloy 10A-TB00 (C17500)
Wellman Alloy 10AT-TF00 (C17500)
Wellman Alloy 10H-TD04 (C17500)
Wellman Alloy 10HT-TH04 (C17500)
ASTM B441 C17510-TB00 (C17510)
ASTM B441 C17510-TD04 (C17510)
ASTM B441 C17510-TF00 (C17510)
ASTM B441 C17510-TH04 (C17510)
ASTM B534 C17500-TM04 (C17510)
ASTM B534 C17510-TF00 (C17510)
ASTM B534 C17510-TH02 (C17510)
ASTM B534 C17510-TH04 (C17510)
ASTM B534 C17510-TM02 (C17510)
ASTM B534 C17510-TM04 (C17510)
Olin 17510-Precipitation hardened
(C17510)
Olin 17510-TF00 (C17510)
Olin 17510-TH04 (C17510)
Wellman Alloy 3A-TB00 (C17510)
Wellman Alloy 3AT-TF00 (C17510)
Wellman Alloy 3H-TD04 (C17510)
Wellman Alloy 3HT-TH04 (C17510)
Berylco 7 (C17530)
C17600-As cast (C17600)
C17600-Cast and aged (C17600)
C17600-H04 (C17600)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

26 min,d
28 min,d
26 min,d
28 min,d
28 min,d
29 min,d
12 to 17 t,d
12 to 17 t,d
35 t,min,d
26 to 35 t,d
28 u,d

45 min,as spec
48 min,as spec
45 min as spec
48 min as spec
48 min as spec
50 min as spec
20 to 30 t
20 to 30 t
60 t,min
45 to 60 t
48 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Rod and bar


Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Strip
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Strip
Strip

45
45
49
49
49
49
15
15
15
15
65

12 to 17 t,d
12 to 17 t,d
12 to 17 t,d
26 to 35 t,d
26 to 35 t,d
26 to 35 t,d
29 to 35 t,d
29 to 35 t,d
26.1 to 34.8 u,d

20 to 30 t
20 to 30 t
20 to 30 t
45 to 60 t
45 to 60 t
45 to 60 t
50 to 60 t
50 to 60 t
45 to 60 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes


Strip
Forging
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Strip
Forging
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Strip
Fuse clips, springs, switches, connectors

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
66

11.6 to 17.4 t,d


26.1 to 34.8 t,d
11.6 to 17.4 t,d
27.8 to 34.8 t,d
12 min,d
12 min,d
26 min,d
28 min,d
29 min,d
26 min,d
28 min,d
28 min,d
29 min,d
29 min,d
26.1 to 34.8 u,d

20 to 30 t
45 to 60 t
20 to 30 t
48 to 60 t
20 min,as spec
20 min,as spec
45 min,as spec
48 min,as spec
50 min as spec
45 min as spec
48 min as spec
48 min as spec
50 min as spec
50 min as spec
45 to 60 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Rod, bar
Rod, bar
Rod, bar
Rod, bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Rod and bar
Fuse clips, switch parts, electrical connectors

13
13
13
13
45
45
45
45
49
49
49
49
49
49
66

26.1 min,d
27.8 min,d
11.6 to 17.4 t,d
26.1 to 34.8 t,d
11.6 to 17.4 t,d
27.8 to 34.8 t,d
22 u,d
19 to 21 t,d
23 to 29 t,d
12 to 17 t,d

45 min
48 min
20 to 30 t
45 to 60 t
20 to 30 t
48 to 60 t
38 u
32 to 37 t
40 to 50 t
20 to 30 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Fuse clips, switch parts, electrical connectors


Fuse clips, switch parts, electrical connectors
Rod, bar
Rod, bar
Rod, bar
Rod, bar

66
66
13
13
13
13
66
15
15
15

Billet
Billet
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 27

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Beryllium Copper


C17600-Precipitation hardened
(C17600)
C17600-TB00 (C17600)
C17600-TB00 (C17600)
C17600-TB00 (C17600)
C17600-TF00 (C17600)
C17600-TF00 (C17600)
C17600-TF00 (C17600)
C17600-TH04 (C17600)

28 u,d

48 u

20

68

12 to 17 t,d
12 to 17 t,d
13 to 16 t,d
29 to 35 t,d
26 to 35 t,d
29 to 35 t,d
29 to 35 t,d

20 to 30 t
20 to 30 t
22 to 28 t
50 to 60 t
45 to 60 t
50 to 60 t
50 to 60 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Forging
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Billet
Forging
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes
Billet
Rod, bar, plate, tubing, all sizes

15
15
15
15
15
15
15

Copper, Wrought, Brass


Bridgeport 54-Annealed
Bridgeport 77-Annealed
Anaconda 210-Annealed (C21000)
C21000 (C21000)
Anaconda 220-Annealed (C22000)
C22000 (C22000)
C22000 (C22000)
Anaconda 230-Soft annealed (C23000)
C23000 (C23000)
C23000 (C23000)
C24000 (C24000)
C24000-O61 (C24000)
Anaconda 260-Annealed (C26000)
C26000 (C26000)
C26000-Hardened by rolling (C26000)
C26000-O61 (C26000)
Anaconda 268-Annealed (C26800)
Anaconda 280-Annealed (C28000)

13 u,d
16 u,d
32 u,d
11.6 t,d
24.9 u,d
29 t,d
25.5 t,d
21 u,d
32.5 t,d
21.5 t,d
25.5 t,d
18.6 t,d
16 u,d
21.5 t,d
16 u,d
16.2 t,d
15 u,d
16.5 u,d

23 u
28 u
56 u
20 t
43.0 u
50 t
44 t
37 u
56 t
37 t
44 t
32 t
28 u
37 t
28 u
28 t
26 u
28.4 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Tube
Tube and pipe
Electrical equipment and connectors

66
66
66
59
66
59
15
66
59
15
59
15
66
59
17
15
66
66

23.20 min,d

40.00 min

20

68

78

31.90 min,d

55.00 min

20

68

78

46.40 min,d

80.00 min

20

68

78

6.96 u,d
8.7 u,d
23 min,d

12.0 u
20
15 u
20
40 min,as spec 20

68
68
68

Extrusion and forging


FM-103 Magnatester
Cable shielding

66
12
51

90 approx
96.16 min

20
20

68
68

Ingot, billet, forging


1.024 mm (0.0403 in.) <= d < 08.255 mm
(0.325 in.)
8.255 mm (0.325 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460
in.)
Electrolytic cathode

66
75

1.024 mm (0.0403 in.) <= d < 08.255 mm


(0.325 in.)

76

Copper, Wrought, Bronze


ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
40
ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
55
ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
80
Bohnolloy R-57-Annealed
Bronze (5% Sn)
ASTM B624 C22000 (C22000)

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


Ampcoloy 910-Annealed
52 approx,d
ASTM B1 Hard-Drawn Copper Wire
55.77 min,d
ASTM B1 Hard-Drawn Copper Wire

56.35 min,d

97.16 min

20

68

ASTM B115 Grade 2

58.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B2 Medium-HardDrawn
Copper Wire

56.06 min,d

100.0 min,as
spec
96.66 min

20

68

65

Sheet, strip, plate, wire, rod, bar, and tube


Annealed
Cable grips, connectors
Annealed

Lamp sockets
Electrical connector
Clips, lamp sockets
Muntz metal, sheet, extruded shapes, plate, rod,
bar, and tube

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

75
31

28 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B2 Medium-HardDrawn
56.64 min,d
Copper Wire
ASTM B272-H04
56.35 min,d

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

97.66 min

20

68

97.16 min,as
spec
100.00 min,as
spec
100.00 min

20

Reference

76

68

8.255 mm (0.325 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460


in.)
Flat wire, strip

20

68

Flat wire, strip

38

20

68
68

54.03 min,d

939.51 max,as 20
spec
93.15 min
20

68

54.61 min,d

94.16 min

20

68

55.77 min,d

96.16 min

20

68

56.64 min,d

97.66 min

20

68

ASTM B272-O61

58.000 min,d

ASTM B3 Soft or Annealed Copper


Wire
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B451

58.000 min,d

56.35 min,d

97.16 min

20

68

54.35 min,d

20

ASTM B451

55.77 min,d

ASTM B47 Copper Trolly Wire


ASTM B47 Copper Trolly Wire

56.35 min,d
0.15775 max

CDA Copper 109-Annealed

58 min,d

93.70 min,as
spec
96.16 min,as
spec
97.16 min
900.77 max,as
spec
100 min

Chase 14310-Annealed
Chase Tellurium Copper-Annealed
ASTM B152 C10100-Hxx (C10100)

49 min,d
52 u,d
56.93 min,d

ASTM B152 C10100-O60 (C10100)

58.58 min,d

ASTM B170 Grade 1 (C10100)

58.6 min,d

ASTM B187 C10100-O60 (C10100)


ASTM B188 C10100-O60 (C10100)
ASTM B188 C10100-O60 (C10100)
ASTM B447 C10100-H58 (C10100)

58.58 min,d
58.58 min,d
56.03 min,d
56.93 min,d

ASTM B447 C10100-O61 (C10100)

58.58 min,d

ASTM B49 C10100 (C10100)

58.58 max,as
spec
56.93 min,d
56.93 min,d
56.93 min,d
58.58 min,d
58.58 min,d
58.58 min,d

ASTM B75 C10100-H55 (C10100)


ASTM B75 C10100-H58 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10100-H80 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10100-O50 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10100-O60 (C10100)
ASTM F68 (C10100)

Notes

0.16454 max

85 min
90 u
98.16 min,as
spec
101.00 min,as
spec
101 min,as
spec
101.0 min,c
101.0 min,c
96.60 min,c
98.16 min,as
spec
101.00 min,as
spec
101.00 min,as
spec
98.16 min,c
98.16 min,c
98.16 min,c
101.00 min,c
101.00 min,c
101.0 min,as
spec

38

77
79

68

0.076 mm (0.0030 in.) <= d < 0.282 mm


(0.0111 in.)
0.076 mm (0.0030 in.) <= d < 0.282 mm
(0.0111 in.)
0.282 mm (0.0111 in.) <= d < 0.511 mm
(0.0201 in.)
0.511 mm (0.0201 in.) <= d < 2.616 mm (0.103
in.)
7.366 mm (0.290 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460
in.)
2.616 mm (0.103 in.) <= d < 7.366 mm (0.290
in.)
1/2 oz/ft**2

20

68

All weights except 1/2 oz/ft**2

47

20
20

68
68

20

68

20
20
20

79
79
79
79
79
47

80
80

68
68
68

Bus bars, conductors cable shielding,


waveguides, heatsinks, lead frames
Strip and sheet
Rod, bar, wire, and extruded shapes
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar

66
66
33

20

68

Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar

33

20

68

34

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Oxygen free electrolytic wire bars, billets, and


cakes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4 in.)
Welded tube

36
37
37
46

20

68

Welded tube

46

20

68

Redraw rod, OFE. Test to ASTM B 193

25

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
For electron devices

30
30
30
30
30
53

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

66

High Conductivity Materials / 29

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B152 C10200-Hxx (C10200)
56.35 min,d

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

ASTM B152 C10200-O60 (C10200)

58.000 min,d

ASTM B170 Grade 2 (C10200)

58 min,d

ASTM B187 C10200-H04 (C10200)

56.49 min,d

97.16 min,as
spec
100.00 min,as
spec
100 min,as
spec
97.40 min,c

20

68

Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar

33

20

68

Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar

33

20

68

ASTM B187 C10200-H04 (C10200)

57.07 min,d

98.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C10200-O60 (C10200)


ASTM B188 C10200-H80 (C10200)

58.00 min,d
56.03 min,d

100.0 min,c
96.60 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C10200-H80 (C10200)

56.72 min,d

97.80 min,c

20

68

ASTM B188 C10200-H80 (C10200)


ASTM B188 C10200-H80 (C10200)

56.49 min,d
56.49 min,d

97.40 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C10200-H80 (C10200)


ASTM B188 C10200-O60 (C10200)
ASTM B372 C10200 (C10200)

57.07 min,d
58.00 min,d
56.49 min,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

ASTM B447 C10200-H58 (C10200)

56.49 min,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

ASTM B447 C10200-O61 (C10200)

58.000 min,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

ASTM B49 C10200 (C10200)

20

68

Redraw rod, OF. Test to ASTM B 193

25

ASTM B75 C10200-H55 (C10200)


ASTM B75 C10200-H58 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-H80 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-O50 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-O60 (C10200)
C10200, bare-H00 (C10200)
C10200, tinned-H04 (C10200)
C10200, tinned-O61 (C10200)
C10200, tinned-O61 (C10200)
OFCA (C10200)
ASTM B187 C10300-H04 (C10300)
ASTM B187 C10300-O60 (C10300)
ASTM B188 C10300-H80 (C10300)
ASTM B188 C10300-O60 (C10300)
ASTM B372 C10300 (C10300)

58.000 max,as
spec
56.49 min,d
56.49 min,d
56.49 min,d
58.000 min,d
58.000 min,d
58.6 t,d
57 t,d
57 t,d
58.6 t,d
58.6 t,d
56.93 min,d
56.93 min,d
55.77 min,d
56.93 min,d
55.77 min,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.50 mm (0.02 in.)
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.50 mm (0.02 in.)
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Seamless waveguide tube

30
30
30
30
30
14
14
14
14
59
36
36
37
37
40

ASTM B379 C10300 (C10300)

56.93 min,d

20

68

Phosphorized shapes

41

ASTM B447 C10300-H58 (C10300)

55.77 min,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

ASTM B447 C10300-O61 (C10300)

56.93 min,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

ASTM B75 C10300-H55 (C10300)

55.77 min,d

98.40 min,c
100.0 min,c
97.40 min,if
spec
97.40 min,as
spec
100.00 min,as
spec
100.00 min,as
spec
97.40 min,c
97.40 min,c
97.40 min,c
100.00 min,c
100.00 min,c
101 t
99 t
99 t
101 t
101 t
98.16 min,c
98.16 min,c
96.16 min,c
98.16 min,c
96.16 min,if
spec
98.16 min,as
spec
96.16 min,as
spec
98.16 min,as
spec
96.16 min,c

Oxygen free electrolytic wire bars, billets, and


cakes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Seamless waveguide tube

34

20

68

37
37
40

20

68

Seamless tube

30

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

36

36

36
37
37
37
37

30 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B75 C10300-H58 (C10300)
55.77 min,d
ASTM B75 C10300-H80 (C10300)
55.77 min,d
ASTM B75 C10300-O50 (C10300)
56.93 min,d
ASTM B75 C10300-O60 (C10300)
56.93 min,d
ASTM B187 C10400-H04 (C10400)
56.49 min,d

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

96.16 min,c
96.16 min,c
98.16 min,c
98.16 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

ASTM B187 C10400-H04 (C10400)

57.07 min,d

98.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C10400-O60 (C10400)


ASTM B188 C10400-H80 (C10400)

58.00 min,d
56.72 min,d

100.0 min,c
97.80 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C10400-H80 (C10400)

56.03 min,d

96.60 min,c

20

68

ASTM B188 C10400-H80 (C10400)


ASTM B188 C10400-H80 (C10400)

57.07 min,d
56.49 min,d

98.40 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C10400-H80 (C10400)


ASTM B188 C10400-O60 (C10400)
ASTM B187 C10500-H04 (C10500)

56.49 min,d
58.00 min,d
56.49 min,d

97.40 min,c
100.0 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20
20

68
68
68

ASTM B187 C10500-H04 (C10500)

57.07 min,d

98.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C10500-O60 (C10500)


ASTM B188 C10500-H80 (C10500)

58.00 min,d
56.72 min,d

100.0 min,c
97.80 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C10500-H80 (C10500)

56.03 min,d

96.60 min,c

20

68

ASTM B188 C10500-H80 (C10500)


ASTM B188 C10500-H80 (C10500)

57.07 min,d
56.49 min,d

98.40 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C10500-H80 (C10500)


ASTM B188 C10500-O60 (C10500)
ASTM B187 C10700-H04 (C10700)

56.49 min,d
58.00 min,d
56.49 min,d

97.40 min,c
100.0 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20
20

68
68
68

ASTM B187 C10700-H04 (C10700)

57.07 min,d

98.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C10700-O60 (C10700)


ASTM B188 C10700-H80 (C10700)

58.00 min,d
56.03 min,d

100.0 min,c
96.60 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C10700-H80 (C10700)


ASTM B188 C10700-H80 (C10700)

57.07 min,d
56.72 min,d

98.40 min,c
97.80 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C10700-H80 (C10700)


ASTM B188 C10700-H80 (C10700)

56.49 min,d
56.49 min,d

97.40 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C10700-O60 (C10700)


ASTM B379 C10800 (C10800)

58.00 min,d
52 min,d

100.0 min,c
20
90 min,as spec 20

68
68

Notes

Reference

Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Phosphorized shapes

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

30
30
30
30
36

36

36
37
37
37
37
37
37
36

36

36
37
37
37
37
37
37
36

36

36
37
37
37
37
37
37
41

High Conductivity Materials / 31

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B187 C10920-H04 (C10920)
56.49 min,d

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

97.40 min,c

20

68

Notes

Reference

ASTM B187 C10920-H04 (C10920)

57.07 min,d

98.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C10920-O60 (C10920)


ASTM B188 C11000-H80 (C10920)
ASTM B188 C11000-H80 (C10920)

58.00 min,d
57.07 min,d
56.72 min,d

100.0 min,c
98.40 min,c
97.80 min,c

20
20
20

68
68
68

ASTM B188 C11000-H80 (C10920)

56.03 min,d

96.60 min,c

20

68

ASTM B188 C11000-H80 (C10920)

56.49 min,d

97.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B188 C11000-H80 (C10920)


ASTM B188 C11000-O60 (C10920)
ASTM B187 C10930-H04 (C10930)

56.49 min,d
58.00 min,d
56.49 min,d

97.40 min,c
100.0 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20
20

68
68
68

ASTM B187 C10930-H04 (C10930)

57.07 min,d

98.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C10930-O60 (C10930)


ASTM B188 C11300-H80 (C10930)
ASTM B188 C11300-H80 (C10930)

58.00 min,d
57.07 min,d
56.49 min,d

100.0 min,c
98.40 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20
20

68
68
68

ASTM B188 C11300-H80 (C10930)


ASTM B188 C11300-H80 (C10930)

56.49 min,d
56.03 min,d

97.40 min,c
96.60 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C11300-H80 (C10930)

56.72 min,d

97.80 min,c

20

68

ASTM B188 C11300-O60 (C10930)


ASTM B187 C10940-H04 (C10940)

58.00 min,d
57.07 min,d

100.0 min,c
98.40 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B187 C10940-H04 (C10940)

56.49 min,d

97.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C10940-O60 (C10940)


ASTM B188 C11400-H80 (C10940)
ASTM B188 C11400-H80 (C10940)

58.00 min,d
56.49 min,d
56.49 min,d

100.0 min,c
97.40 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20
20

68
68
68

ASTM B188 C11400-H80 (C10940)


ASTM B188 C11400-H80 (C10940)

57.07 min,d
56.03 min,d

98.40 min,c
96.60 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B188 C11400-H80 (C10940)

56.72 min,d

97.80 min,c

20

68

ASTM B188 C11400-O60 (C10940)


ASTM B152 C11000-Hxx (C11000)

58.00 min,d
56.35 min,d

20
20

68
68

ASTM B152 C11000-O60 (C11000)

58.000 min,d

100.0 min,c
97.16 min,as
spec
100.00 min,as
spec

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),


bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar

20

68

Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

36

36

36
37
37
37
37
37
37
36

36

36
37
37
37
37
37
37
36

36

36
37
37
37
37
37
37
33
33

32 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B187 C11000-H04 (C11000)
57.07 min,d

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

20

68

Reference

ASTM B187 C11000-H04 (C11000)

56.49 min,d

97.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C11000-O60 (C11000)


ASTM B188 C11600-H80 (C11000)
ASTM B188 C11600-H80 (C11000)

58.00 min,d
56.49 min,d
56.72 min,d

100.0 min,c
97.40 min,c
97.80 min,c

20
20
20

68
68
68

ASTM B188 C11600-H80 (C11000)

56.49 min,d

97.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B188 C11600-H80 (C11000)

56.03 min,d

96.60 min,c

20

68

ASTM B188 C11600-H80 (C11000)


ASTM B188 C11600-O60 (C11000)
ASTM B447 C11000-H58 (C11000)

57.07 min,d
58.00 min,d
56.35 min,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

ASTM B447 C11000-O61 (C11000)

58.000 min,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

ASTM B49 C11000 (C11000)

20

68

Redraw rod, ETP. Test to ASTM B 193

25

ASTM B5 ETP (C11000)

58.000 max,as
spec
58.00 min,d

20

68

56.64 min,d

20

68

ASTM B5 ETP (C11000)

56.64 min,d

20

68

Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for electical use. Test


to ASTM B 193
Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for nonelectical use.
Test to ASTM B 193
Ingots, ingot bars. Test to ASTM B 193

23

ASTM B5 ETP (C11000)

23

ASTM B624 C11000 (C11000)

58.000 min,d

20

68

Cable shielding

51

C11000, Ag plated-O61 (C11000)


C11000, bare-O61 (C11000)
C11000, tinned-O61 (C11000)
C11000, tinned-O61 (C11000)
ETP (C11000)
ASTM B5 FRHC (C11020)

58.6 t,d
58.6 t,d
58.6 t,d
57 t,d
58 t,d
56.64 min,d

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.50 mm (0.02 in.)


Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.50 mm (0.02 in.)
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.50 mm (0.02 in.)
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)

14
14
14
14
59
23

ASTM B5 FRHC (C11020)

56.64 min,d

20

68

58.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B623 FRHC (C11020)

56.64 min,d

20

68

Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for nonelectical use.


Test to ASTM B 193
Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for electical use. Test
to ASTM B 193
For nonelectrical use

23

ASTM B5 FRHC (C11020)

ASTM B623 FRHC (C11020)

56.64 min,d

20

68

Ingot, ingot bars

50

ASTM B623 FRHC (C11020)

58.00 min,d

20

68

Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for electical use

50

ASTM B49 C11040 (C11040)

58.000 max,as
spec
57.07 min,d

98.40 min,c
100.0 min,c
97.16 min,as
spec
100.00 min,as
spec
100.00 min,as
spec
100.0 min,as
spec
97.66 min,as
spec
97.66 min,as
spec
100.00 min,as
spec
101 t
101 t
101 t
99 t
100 t
97.66 min,as
spec
97.66 min,as
spec
100.0 min,as
spec
97.66 min,as
spec
97.66 min,as
spec
100.0 min,as
spec
100.00 min,as
spec
98.40 min,c

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d


<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.)
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.)
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Welded tube

20

68

Redraw rod, ETP. Test to ASTM B 193

25

20

68

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d


<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes

36

ASTM B187 C11300-H04 (C11300)

98.40 min,c

Notes

Ingots, ingot bars. Test to ASTM B 193

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

36

36

36
37
37
37
37
37
37
46

23

23
50

High Conductivity Materials / 33

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B187 C11300-H04 (C11300)
56.49 min,d

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

97.40 min,c

20

68

Notes

Reference

ASTM B187 C11300-O60 (C11300)


ASTM B188 C12000-H80 (C11300)
ASTM B188 C12000-O60 (C11300)
ASTM B187 C11400-H04 (C11400)

58.00 min,d
51.04 min,d
52.2 min,d
56.49 min,d

100.0 min,c
88.0 min,c
90.0 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

ASTM B187 C11400-H04 (C11400)

57.07 min,d

98.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C11400-O60 (C11400)


ASTM B187 C11500-H04 (C11500)

58.00 min,d
56.49 min,d

100.0 min,c
97.40 min,c

20
20

68
68

ASTM B187 C11500-H04 (C11500)

57.07 min,d

98.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C11500-O60 (C11500)


ASTM B187 C11600-H04 (C11600)

58.00 min,d
56.49 min,d

100.0 min,c
97.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C11600-H04 (C11600)

57.07 min,d

98.40 min,c

20

68

ASTM B187 C11600-O60 (C11600)


C11600-H00 (C11600)
ASTM B152 C12000-Hxx (C12000)
ASTM B152 C12000-Oxx (C12000)
ASTM B372 C12000 (C12000)
ASTM B447 C12000-H58 (C12000)

58.00 min,d
57 t,d
51 min,d
52 min,d
51 min,d
51.04 min,d

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

ASTM B447 C12000-O61 (C12000)

52.20 min,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

ASTM B75 C12000-H55 (C12000)


ASTM B75 C12000-H58 (C12000)
ASTM B75 C12000-H80 (C12000)
ASTM B75 C12000-O50 (C12000)
ASTM B75 C12000-O60 (C12000)
C12000, tinned-O61 (C12000)
Anaconda 122-Annealed (C12200)

51 min,d
51 min,d
51 min,d
52 min,d
52 min,d
57 t,d
49 u,d

100.0 min,c
98 t
88 min,as spec
90 min,as spec
88 min,if spec
88.00 min,as
spec
90.00 min,as
spec
88 min,c
88 min,c
88 min,c
90 min,c
90 min,c
98 t
85 u

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),


bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.50 mm (0.02 in.)
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar
Seamless waveguide tube
Welded tube

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

30
30
30
30
30
14
66

C13400-H00 (C13400)
C13400, tinned-H00 (C13400)
C13700, tinned-H00 (C13700)
ASTM B301 C14500 (C14500)

57 t,d
57 t,d
57 t,d
49.3 min,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

ASTM B301 C14520 (C14520)

43.5 min,d

20

68

Free-cutting rod and bar

39

C14530 (C14530)
ASTM B301 C14700 (C14700)

56 t,d
52.2 min,d

98 t
98 t
99 t
85.0 min,as
spec
75.0 min,as
spec
96 t
90.0 min,as
spec

Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Seamless tube
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)
Sheet, strip, plate, wire, rod, bar, pipe, tube,
extruded shapes and wrought plating anodes
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.50 mm (0.02 in.)
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)
Free-cutting rod and bar

20
20

68
68

Free-cutting rod and bar

59
39

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

36

36
37
37
36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
14
33
33
40
46

14
14
14
39

34 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


C15000-Precipitation hardened
50 to 55 u,d
(C15000)
C15000, tinned-H00 (C15000)
54 t,d
C15000, tinned-H04 (C15000)
52 t,d
C15100 (C15100)
55 min,d
ZHC (C15100)
55 t,d
C15500 (C15500)
49.9 t,d
C15500 (C15500)
50 min,d
CR 155-Precipitation heat treated
55 u,d
(C15500)
C15500, bare-H00 (C15511)
54.4 t,d
Anaconda 182-Age hardened
46 u,d
(C18200)
Anaconda 182-Solution annealed
23 u,d
(C18200)
Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel
Bridgeport 520-Soft
CDA 710
Copper No. 774
Cunife II
Dickalloy-Precipitation hardened
ASTM B422 C70250-TM00 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TM02 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TM03 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TR02 (C70250)
C70250 (C70250)
C70250 (C70250)
C70250 (C70250)
C70260 (C70260)
Anaconda 706-Annealed (C70600)
Carlson 90 10 CuNi (C70600)
ASTM B624 C71000 (C71000)
C71500 (C71500)
C71900-Spinodal-hardened (C71900)
C71900-Spinodal-hardened (C71900)
ASTM B422 C72400 (C72400)
C72500 (C72500)
C72500-Hardened by rolling (C72500)
C72650 (C72650)
C72650 (C72650)
C72700-Spinodal mill hardened
(C72700)
C72800-Spinodal heat treated
(C72800)
C72900-Spinodal as rolled (C72900)
C72900-Spinodal mill hardened
(C72900)
C72900-Spinodal mill hardened
(C72900)
C72900-Spinodal-hardened (C72900)

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

87 to 95 u

20

68

65

93 t
90 t
95 min
95 t
86 t
86 min
94 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

93.8 t
80 u

20
20

68
68

40 u

20

68

4 u,d
3.8 u,d
6 u,d
5.3 u,d
11.6 to 14.5 u,d
23 fio
23 fio
20 fio
23 fio
23 min,d
20.3 t,d
23 min,d
20.3 t,d
5 u,d
5.23 u,d
3 min,d
2.7 t,d
2.3 u,d
2.55 t,d
6 fio
6.4 t,d
6.4 u,d
8.1 to 8.7 u,d
8.1 to 8.7 u,d
5.8 to 9.3 u,d

6.5 u
6.5 u
10 u
9.2 u
20 to 25 u
40 fio
40 fio
35 fio
40 fio
40 min
35 t
40 min
35 t
9.2 u
9.02 u,d
6 min,as spec
4.6 t
4u
4.4 t
10 fio
11 t
11 u
14 to 15 u
14 to 15 u
10 to 16 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

6.26 u,d

10.8 u

20

68

4.5 t,d
4.5 t,d

7.8 t
7.8 t

20
20

68
68

59
59

4.5 t,d

7.8 t

20

68

89

4.5 t,d

7.8 t

20

68

59

Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)


Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)
Lead frame alloy

Lead frame alloy


Electric motor commutators, heat-sink washers,
hookup wire
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.50 mm (0.02 in.)
Resistance welding electrodes, seam welding
wheels, cable connectors, current carrying shafts
Resistance welding electrodes, seam welding
wheels, cable connectors, current carrying shafts
Tube, wire, and strip
Bar, rod, tube, pipe, plated, sheet, strip, and wire
Bar, rod, extrusion, forging
Wire and strip
Strip for electronic switches
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Lead frame alloy
Connector
Connector
Sheet, strip, plate, tube, rod, and bar
Plate
Cable shielding

Sheet and strip, obsolete


Electrical connector
Electrical contact springs
Electrical contact springs
Electrical contact springs
Bar, rod, strip, sheet, pipe, plate, tube,
extrusions, wire, forging

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

14
14
20
59
59
20
66
14
66
66

66
66
66
66
66
44
44
44
44
20
59
89
59
66
66
51
59
65
15
44
59
17
66
89
89
66

High Conductivity Materials / 35

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel
C72900-Spinodal-hardened (C72900)

10

S/m

Notes

Reference

7.8 u

20

68

Copper, Wrought, Copper Silicon Tin


C65400-Hardened by rolling (C65400) 4 u,d

7u

20

68

Electrical connector

17

Copper, Wrought, Copper Zinc


15Zn
20Zn
35Zn
35Zn
Alcoloy 688-Light annealed
Alcoloy 688-Soft annealed
Alcoloy 688-Spring temper
Ambraloy 687-Annealed
Anaconda 226-Annealed
Brimcolloy 100
Brimcolloy 200
Brimcolloy 300
Chamet Bronze Type A-Annealed
Chamet Bronze Type B-Annealed
Chase 69000-Annealed

21.5 u,d
18.6 u,d
15.7 u,d
15.7 u,d
10.4 u,d
11.3 u,d
9.63 u,d
13.1 to 13.3 u,d
23 u,d
16 u,d
15 u,d
14 u,d
15 u,d
15 u,d
10.4 u,d

37 u
32 u
27 u
27 u
17.9 u
19.4 u
16.6 u
22.6 to 23 u
40 u
27 u
26 u
24 u
26 u
26 u
18 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
12
66
66
66
66
66
66
66
66
66
66
66

17 min,d
17 min,d
7.5 t,d
9.63 t,d
10 t,d

30 min,as spec
30 min,as spec
13 t
16.6 t
18 t

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material. FM-103 Magnatester
Sheet, strip, welded tube
Sheet, strip, welded tube
Sheet, strip, welded tube
Tube
Sheet, strip, plate and wire
Strip
Strip
Strip
Wire
Drawn bar and rod
Bellows connectors, circuit breakers, clips,
springs, wiring devices
Cable shielding
Cable shielding

52 min,d
52 min,d
52 min,d
52 min,d
52 min,d
52 min,d
55 min,d

90 min,as spec
90 min,as spec
90 min,as spec
90 min,as spec
90 min,as spec
90 min,as spec
95 min,as spec

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Sheet and strip


Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip

52
52
52
52
52
52
52

49 min,d
38 u,d

85 min
65 u

20
20

68
68

20
66

49 t,d
49 t,d
49 t,d
24 to 28 u,d

85 t
85 t
85 t
42 to 48 u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Lead frame alloy


Electrical components such as springs, contacts,
connections, terminals, transistor bases, lead
frames
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.50 mm (0.02 in.)
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)
Stressed relaxed wire, d = 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)

46 u,d

80 u

20

68

65

46 u,d

80 u

20

68

65

ASTM B624 C66400 (C66400)


ASTM B624 C66410 (C66410)
C68800 (C68800)
C68800-H08 (C68800)
C68800-O61 (C68800)
Copper, Wrought, Copper Zirconium
ASTM B747 C15100-H01 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H02 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H03 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H04 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H06 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H08 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-OS015
(C15100)
Copper, Wrought, High Copper
CCZ
Copper No. 194-Annealed

C16200-H04 (C16200)
C16200, tinned-H00 (C16200)
C16200, tinned-H04 (C16200)
C18000-Precipitation hardened
(C18000)
C18200-Precipitation hardened
(C18200)
C18400-Precipitation hardened
(C18400)

4.5 u,d

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

17

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

51
51
59
15
15

14
14
14
65

36 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Copper, Wrought, High Copper
C18500-Precipitation hardened
(C18500)
ASTM B301 C18700 (C18700)
C19010 (C19010)
Wellman Alloy 1915A-TB00 (C19150)
Wellman Alloy 1915AT-TF00
(C19150)
Wellman Alloy 1915H-TD04
(C19150)
Wellman Alloy 1915HT-TH04
(C19150)
ASTM B465 C19200-H01 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H02 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H03 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H04 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H06 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H08 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H10 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H14 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O50 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O60 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O61 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O62 (C19200)
C19210 (C19210)
ASTM B465 C19400-H01 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H02 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H03 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H04 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H06 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H08 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H10 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H14 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O50 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O60 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O61 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O62 (C19400)
ASTM B624 C19400 (C19400)
C19400 (C19400)
C19400 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19500-H01 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H02 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H03 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H04 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H06 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H08 (C19500)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

46 u,d

80 u

20

68

65

52.2 min,d

20

68

Free-cutting rod and bar

39

35 min,d
31.9 t,d
31.9 t,d

90.0 min,as
spec
60 min
55 t
55 t

20
20
20

68
68
68

Lead frame alloy


Rod, bar
Rod, bar

20
13
13

31.9 t,d

55 t

20

68

Rod, bar

13

31.9 t,d

55 t

20

68

Rod, bar

13

35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
38 min,d
38 min,d
38 min,d
38 min,d
49 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
35 min,d
37.7 to 43.5
min,d
37.7 to 43.5
min,d
37.7 to 43.5
min,d
37.7 to 43.5
min,d
35 min,d
34.8 t,d
38 min,d
26 min,d
26 min,d
26 min,d
26 min,d
26 min,d
26 min,d

60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
65 min as spec
65 min as spec
65 min as spec
65 min as spec
85 min
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
60 min as spec
65 to 75 as
spec
65 to 75 as
spec
65 to 75 as
spec
65 to 75 as
spec
60 min,as spec
60 t
65 min
45 min as spec
45 min as spec
45 min as spec
45 min as spec
45 min as spec
45 min as spec

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar


Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Lead frame alloy
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
20
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Cable shielding

51
59
20
48
48
48
48
48
48

Lead frame alloy


Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 37

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, High Copper


ASTM B465 C19500-H10 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H14 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O50 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O60 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O61 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O62 (C19500)
C19500 (C19500)
C19500 (C19500)
C19700 (C19700)
C19700 (C19700)

26 min,d
26 min,d
29 min,d
29 min,d
29 min,d
29 min,d
29.0 t,d
29 min,d
46 t,d
46 min,d

45 min as spec
45 min as spec
50 min as spec
50 min as spec
50 min as spec
50 min as spec
50 t
50 min
80 t
80 min

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar


Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

Copper, Wrought, Leaded Brass


Copper No. 385-Annealed
Anaconda 330-Annealed (C33000)
Anaconda 360-Annealed (C36000)
C37700 (C37700)

16 u,d
15 u,d
15 u,d
15.7 t,d

28 u
26 u
26 u
27 t

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Rod, shape, extrusion, and forging


Tube
Wire, rod, bar, and extruded shapes

66
66
66
15

Copper, Wrought, Leaded Copper


Anaconda 1870-Annealed
Brush 1915 (C19150)

56 nom,d
31.9 u

96 nom
55 u

20
20

68
68

Current carrying studs, connectors, solder tips


Machined electrical contact

66
66

Copper, Wrought, Nickel Silver


C73500 (C73500)
C75200 (C75200)
C76200 (C76200)
C77000 (C77000)

5.8 t,d
10.4 t,d
4.6 t,d
3.5 t,d

10 t
18 t
8t
6t

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Copper, Wrought, Phosphor Bronze


1.25Sn + P
5Sn + P
8Sn + P
Anaconda (A) 5090-Annealed
Anaconda (A) 510-Annealed
Anaconda (C) 521-Annealed
CDA Alloy 544
Chase 444 Bronze-Annealed
Anaconda (E) 505-Annealed (C50500)
WRM 5058 (C50580)
C50710 (C50710)
C50715 (C50715)
Brush Phosphor Bronze (C51000)
C51000 (C51000)
C51000-Hardened by rolling (C51000)
C51100 (C51100)
C51900 (C51900)
C52100 (C52100)

28 u,d
10.4 u,d
7.5 u,d
12 u,d
8.7 u,d
7.0 u,d
10 u,d
10.4 u,d
25 u,d
23.8 u,d
17 min,d
20.3 min,d
8.7 u,d
16.2 t,d
8.7 u,d
16.2 t,d
8.7 t,d
12 t,d

48 u
18 u
13 u
20 u
15 u
12 u
17 u
18 u
43 u
41 u
30 min
35 min
15 u
28 t
15 u
28 t
15 t
20 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Electrical terminals
Bar, rod, sheet, strip, plate, wire, and tube
Heavy duty springs
Rod, bar, rolled flat products, strip, wire
Rod, strip, rolled flat products
Sheet, strip, tube
Lead frames, contact springs, fuse clips
Lead frame alloy
Lead frame alloy
Electronic and precision instrument parts

25.5 to 15.1
range,d
25.5 to 15.1
range,d

44 to 26 range
spec
44 to 26 range
spec

20

68

Rod and bar

42

20

68

Wire

43

Copper, Wrought, Silicon Bronze


ASTM B411 C64700-TF00 (C64700)
ASTM B412 C64700 (C64700)

Lead frame alloy


Lead frame alloy

48
48
48
48
48
48
59
20
59
20

59
59
59
59

Electrical connector

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65
65
65
66
66
66
66
66
66
66
20
20
66
59
17
59
59
59

38 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Copper, Wrought, Sintered Powder Metal


C15715-Annealed (C15715)
53.76 u,d

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

92.68 u,d

20

68

54 u

92 u

20

68

51.6 u

89 u

20

68

45.26 u,d
45 u,d

78.04 u,d
78 u

20
20

68
68

Copper, Wrought, Tin Brass


Olin C663
C42200-Annealed (C42200)
C42500-Hardened by rolling (C42500)
TMI Luballoy X (C42500)
Anaconda 443-Annealed (C44300)

14.5 u,d
18 u,d
16 u,d
19 t,d
15 u,d

25 u
31 u
28 u
32 t
25 u

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Connectors, dispersion/solution strengthened


Flats for fuse clips, contact springs, connectors
Electrical connector

Copper, Wrought, Unclassified


0.04 oxide
Berylco 10-52
CMW 3

58.0 u,d
12 min,d
49 t,d

100 u
20 min
85 t

20
20
20

68
68
68

Contact material
Rod, welding rod, electrical connectors
Cu-Cr, forging minor dim <= 19 mm (0.75 in.).
Forging minor dim <= 19 mm (0.75 in.)

Noble, Gold, Commercially Pure Gold


CMW Pure Gold
42 t,d

73 t

20

68

58

Noble, Gold, Electrical Contact


41.7Au32.5Cu18.8Ni7Zn
69Au25Ag6Pt
72.5Au14Cu8.5Pt4Ag1Zn
75Au25Ag
90Au10Cu
CMW Elkonium 70
CMW Elkonium 72
CMW Elkonium 76
Gold

2.6 u,d
6.4 u,d
6 u,d
9.3 u,d
9.3 u,d
8 t,d
6 t,d
8 t,d
44 u,d

4.5 u
11 u
10 u
16 u
16 u
14 t
11 t
14 t
75 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65
58
58
58
65

Noble, Gold, Solder


80Au20Sn
88Au12Ge

2.8 t,d
3.5 t,d

4.8 t
6.0 t

20
20

68
68

Noble, Palladium, Electrical Contact


35Pd30Ag14Cu10Pt10Au1Zn
45Pd30Ag20Au5Pt
50Pd50Ag
60Pd40Ag
60Pd40Cu
60Pd40Cu
70Pd30Ag
72Pd26Ag2Ni
90Pd10Ru
95.5Pd4.5
CMW Elkonium 40
CMW Elkonium 405

2.9 u,d
2.6 u,d
3.2 u,d
2.3 u,d
2.9 u,d
0.70 u,d
2.5 u,d
2.3 u,d
3.8 u,d
4.1 u,d
9 t,d
3 t,d

5u
4.5 u
5.5 u
4.0 u
5u
1.2 u
4.3 u
4u
6.5 u
7u
16 t
6t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

C15715-Precipitation heat treated


(C15715)
C15720-Annealed (C15720)
C15760-Annealed (C15760)
C15760-Precipitation heat treated
(C15760)

Lamp leads, commutators, brush springs,


switches, lead frame
Lamp leads, commutators, brush springs,
switches, lead frame
Lamp leads, commutators, amortisseur bars,
switches, lead frame
Welding rods and wheels, soldering gun tips
Welding rods and wheels, soldering gun tips

Sheet, strip, plate, tube, rod, and bar

Solder
Solder

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

66
66
66
66
66

66
66
17
59
66
65
66
58

19
19
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
58
58

High Conductivity Materials / 39

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Noble, Palladium, Electrical Contact


CMW Elkonium 42

2 t,d

4t

20

68

Noble, Palladium, Unclassified


Pd

9.3 u,d

16 u

20

68

Noble, Platinum, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkonium 30
9 t,d

15 t

20

68

58

Noble, Platinum, Electrical Contact


65Pt35Ir
70Pt30Ir
75Pt25Ir
80Pt20Ir
86Pt14Ru
89Pt11Ru
90Pt10Ir
90Pt10Ru
95Pt5Ir
95Pt5Ru
96Pt4W
CMW Elkonium 301
CMW Elkonium 302
CMW Elkonium 305
CMW Elkonium 306
CMW Elkonium 32
CMW Elkonium 33
CMW Elkonium 331
CMW Elkonium 34

2.9 u,d
2.9 u,d
3.2 u,d
3.2 u,d
2.0 u,d
2.3 u,d
4.1 u,d
2.3 u,d
5.2 u,d
3.2 u,d
2.9 u,d
3 t,d
2 t,d
3 t,d
2 t,d
3 t,d
2 t,d
2 t,d
2 t,d

5u
5u
5.5 u
5.6 u
3.5 u
4u
7u
4u
9u
5.5 u
5u
6t
4t
5t
4t
5t
4t
4t
4t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Noble, Platinum, Unclassified


Pt
Pt

9.3 u,d
9.3 u,d

16 u
16 u

20
20

68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

65
65

Noble, Silver, Commercially Pure


CMW Fine Silver
Fine silver

60 t,d
61.5 u,d

104 t
106 u

20
20

68
68

Contact material

58
65

Noble, Silver, Electrical Contact


AgNiCon 2
AgNiCon 3
AgNiCon 4
AgNiCon 6
AgNiCon 8
CMW D1058
CMW D158F
CMW D57F
CMW D58
CMW D581F
CMW D582F
CMW D583F

51 u,d
48 u,d
45 u,d
41 u,d
36.8 u,d
20 t,d
57 t,d
52 t,d
32 t,d
59 t,d
60 t,d
58 t,d

88 u
83 u
78 u
70 u
63.5 u
35 t
99 t
90 t
55 t
102 t
103 t
100 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

P/M
P/M
P/M
P/M
P/M

66
66
66
66
66
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Cadmium


85Ag15Cd

20.3 u,d

35 u

20

68

Contact material

65

58
Pure metal, R depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65

40 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Noble, Silver, Silver Cadmium


CMW D154F
CMW D154X
CMW D155F
CMW D155X
CMW D355F
CMW D54
CMW D54F
CMW D54X
CMW D55
CMW D55F
CMW D55X
CMW Elkonium 17
CMW Elkonium 18
CMW Elkonium 217

44 t,d
42 t,d
41 t,d
39 t,d
39 t,d
44 t,d
48 t,d
44 t,d
32 t,d
42 t,d
41 t,d
18 t,d
25 t,d
20 t,d

75 t
73 t
70 t
68 t
68 t
75 t
82 t
75 t
55 t
72 t
70 t
31 t
43 t
35 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Noble, Silver, Silver Copper


72Ag26Cu2Ni
72Ag28Cu
90Ag10Cu
92.5Ag7.5Cu
CMW Coin Silver
CMW Elkonium 1
CMW Elkonium 22
CMW Elkonium 23
CMW Elkonium 73

35 u,d
50 u,d
49 u,d
49 u,d
48 t,d
44 t,d
49 t,d
56 t,d
52 t,d

60 u
87 u
85 u
85 u
83 t
75 t
84 t
97 t
90 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
65
65
65
58
58
58
58
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Gold


90Ag10Au
CMW Elkonium 71

23.0 u,d
23 t,d

40 u
40 t

20
20

68
68

Contact material

65
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Nickel


CMW D50
CMW D505F
CMW D50F
CMW D510F
CMW D56

39 t,d
55 t,d
46 t,d
50 t,d
32 t,d

67 t
95 t
80 t
87 t
55 t

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Noble, Silver, Silver Palladium


60Ag40Pd
70Ag30Pd
90Ag10Pd
97Ag3Pd
CMW Elkonium 45
CMW Elkonium 46

4.6 u,d
7.0 u,d
17.4 u,d
35 u,d
34 t,d
46 t,d

8u
12 u
30 u
60 u
58 t
79 t

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
65
65
65
58
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Platinum


97Ag3Pt
CMW Elkonium 36

29 u,d
26 t,d

50 u
45 t

20
20

68
68

Contact material

65
58

Noble, Silver, Unclassified


CMW Elkonium 28
CMW Elkonium 63

6 t,d
44 t,d

10 t
75 t

20
20

68
68

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

58
58
58
58
58

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

58
58

High Conductivity Materials / 41

Table 2.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Thermostat Metals, Unclassified, Unclassified


66.5Fe22Ni8.5Cr
1.9 u,d
67Ni30Cu1.4Fe1Mn
2.0 u,d
72Mn18Cu10Ni
0.87 u,d
75Fe22Ni3Cr
1.7 u,d
75Fe22Ni3Cr
7.0 u,d

3.3 u
3.5 u
1.5 u
3u
12 u

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65

Unclassified
AL 4750
Armco 48
K75
KLF-125

3.6 u
3.6 u
75 min
35 min

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

65
65
20
20

2.1 u,d
2.1 u,d
44 min,d
20.3 min,d

Lead frame alloy


Lead frame alloy

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

42 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Cast, 2xx.x Aluminum Copper


201.0-T6 (A02010)

0.054 to 0.064 t

204.0-T4 (A02040)
206.0-T6 (A02060)

0.0421 t
0.054 to 0.064 t

206.0-T7 (A02060)

0.050 to 0.054 t

208.0-F (A02080)
208.0-O (A02080)
242.0-T21 (A02420)
242.0-T571 (A02420)
242.0-T61 (A02420)
242.0-T77 (A02420)
295.0-T4 (A02950)
295.0-T62 (A02950)
296.0-T4 (A02960)
296.0-T6 (A02960)
A206.0-T6 (A12060)

0.0556 t
0.0454 t
0.0392 t
0.0507 t
0.0522 t
0.0454 t
0.0493 t
0.0493 t
0.0522 t
0.0522 t
0.054 to 0.064 t

A206.0-T7 (A12060)

0.050 to 0.054 t

32.48 to 38.50
t,d
25.32 t,d
32.48 to 38.50
t,d
30.07 to 32.48
t,d
33.45 t,d
27.31 t,d
23.58 t,d
30.50 t,d
31.40 t,d
27.31 t,d
29.66 t,d
29.66 t,d
31.40 t,d
31.40 t,d
32.48 to 38.50
t,d
30.07 to 32.48
t,d

20

68

10

20
20

68
68

20

68

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

20

68

10

28.03 t,d
38.44 t,d
35.79 t,d
24.12 t,d
26.59 t,d
28.81 t,d
26.59 t,d
24.66 t,d
24.12 t,d
26.59 t,d
25.32 t,d
25.93 t,d
37.05 t,d
39.10 t,d
24.12 t,d
25.32 t,d
26.59 t,d
25.93 t,d
39.10 t,d
24.12 t,d
26.59 t,d
28.81 t,d
26.59 t,d
24.66 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

33.45 t,d
28.03 t,d

20
20

68
68

Sand cast

10
10

Sand cast

8
10
10

Obsolete
Obsolete
Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

Aluminum, Cast, 3xx.x Aluminum Silicon plus Copper or Magnesium


308.0 (A03080)
319.0 (A03190)
336.0-T551 (A03360)
355.0-T51 (A03550)
355.0-T6 (A03550)
355.0-T6 (A03550)
355.0-T61 (A03550)
355.0-T7 (A03550)
356.0-T51 (A03560)
356.0-T6 (A03560)
356.0-T6 (A03560)
356.0-T7 (A03560)
360.0 (A03600)
380.0 (A03800)
A356.0-T51 (A13560)
A356.0-T6 (A13560)
A356.0-T6 (A13560)
A356.0-T7 (A13560)
A380.0 (A13800)
C355.0-T51 (A33550)
C355.0-T6 (A33550)
C355.0-T6 (A33550)
C355.0-T61 (A33550)
C355.0-T7 (A33550)

0.0466 t
0.0639 t
0.0595 t
0.0401 t
0.0442 t
0.0479 t
0.0442 t
0.0410 t
0.0401 t
0.0442 t
0.0421 t
0.0431 t
0.0616 t
0.065 t
0.0401 t
0.0421 t
0.0442 t
0.0431 t
0.065 t
0.0401 t
0.0442 t
0.0479 t
0.0442 t
0.0410 t

Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast

Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Sand cast

Aluminum, Cast, 4xx.x Aluminum Silicon


413.0 (A04130)
443.0-F (A04430)

0.0556 t
0.0466 t

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 43

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Cast, 4xx.x Aluminum Silicon


443.0-F (A04430)
443.0-F (A04430)
443.0-O (A04430)
443.0-O (A04430)
A413.0 (A14130)
A443.0-F (A14430)
A443.0-F (A14430)
A443.0-F (A14430)
A443.0-O (A14430)
A443.0-O (A14430)
B443.0-F (A24430)
B443.0-F (A24430)
B443.0-F (A24430)
B443.0-O (A24430)
B443.0-O (A24430)
C443.0-F (A34430)
C443.0-F (A34430)
C443.0-F (A34430)
C443.0-O (A34430)
C443.0-O (A34430)

0.0466 t
0.0466 t
0.0410 t
0.0410 t
0.0556 t
0.0466 t
0.0466 t
0.0466 t
0.0410 t
0.0410 t
0.0466 t
0.0466 t
0.0466 t
0.0410 t
0.0410 t
0.0466 t
0.0466 t
0.0466 t
0.0410 t
0.0410 t

28.03 t,d
28.03 t,d
24.66 t,d
24.66 t,d
33.45 t,d
28.03 t,d
28.03 t,d
28.03 t,d
24.66 t,d
24.66 t,d
28.03 t,d
28.03 t,d
28.03 t,d
24.66 t,d
24.66 t,d
28.03 t,d
28.03 t,d
28.03 t,d
24.66 t,d
24.66 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Permanent mold
Die cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast

0.0821 t
0.075 t
0.075 t
0.075 t

49.39 t,d
45.11 t,d
45.11 t,d
45.11 t,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

10
10
10
10

0.0493 t

29.66 t,d

20

68

10

0.0367 t

22.08 t,d

20

68

10

27
20
20
25
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

80.6
68
68
77
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Die cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Die cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Die cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast
Permanent mold
Sand cast

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

Aluminum, Cast, 5xx.x Aluminum Magnesium


520.0-T4 (A05200)
535.0 (A05350)
A535.0 (A15350)
B535.0 (A25350)
Aluminum, Cast, 7xx.x Aluminum Zinc
712.0 (A07120)
Aluminum, Cast, 8xx.x Aluminum Tin
850.0 (A0850)

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al (99.996%)
EC-H19
EC-O
1050-O (A91050)
1050-O (A91050)
1060-H18 (A91060)
1060-H18 (A91060)
1060-H18 (A91060)
1060-O (A91060)
1060-O (A91060)
1060-O (A91060)
1100-H18 (A91100)

0.02733 u
0.02709 u
0.0267 u
0.0261 u
0.0260 u
0.0265 u
0.028 u
0.028 u
0.0281 t
0.0281 t
0.029 t
0.0283 t
0.028 t
0.028 t
0.028 t
0.0278 t
0.030 t

16.44 u,d
16.30 u,d
16.06 u,d
15.70 u,d
15.64 u,d
15.9 u,d
16.8 u,d
16.8 u,d
16.90 t,d
16.90 t,d
17.4 t,d
17.02 t,d
17 t
17 t
16.8 t,d
16.72 t,d
18 t

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

18
18
18
18
18
65
65
65
8
8
3
8
1
1
3
8
1

44 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


1100-H18 (A91100)
1100-H18 (A91100)
1100-O (A91100)
1100-O (A91100)
1100-O (A91100)
1145-H18 (A91145)
1145-O (A91145)
1199-O (A91199)
1350-All (A91350)
1350-All (A91350)
1350-H1x (A91350)
1350-O (A91350)

0.0302 t
0.030 t
0.030 t
0.029 t
0.0292 t
0.0287 t
0.0283 t
0.0267 t
0.028 t
0.028 t
0.0282 t
0.0279 t

18.17 t,d
18.0 t,d
18 t
17.4 t,d
17.56 t,d
17.26 t,d
17.02 t,d
16.06 t,d
17 t
16.8 t,d
16.96 t,d
16.78 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

26.47 t,d
27 t
25.9 t,d
26.47 t,d
23 t
22.86 t,d
22.9 t,d
20.5 t,d
21 t
30.68 t,d
31 t
30.1 t,d
30.68 t,d
25.9 t,d
26 t
25.87 t,d
25.87 t,d
21 t
20.5 t,d
31 t
30.1 t,d
26 t
25.9 t,d
20.45 t,d
21 t
20.5 t,d
35.5 t,d
34.29 t,d
35 t
34.29 t,d
34.29 t,d
35.5 t,d
35 t
34.29 t,d
34.29 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Obsolete, EC Grade
Obsolete, EC Grade
Obsolete, EC Grade
Obsolete, EC Grade

8
3
1
3
8
8
8
8
1
3
8
8

Aluminum, Wrought, 2xxx Aluminum Copper


2011-T3 (A92011)
2011-T3 (A92011)
2011-T3 (A92011)
2011-T4 (A92011)
2011-T8 (A92011)
2011-T8 (A92011)
2011-T8 (A92011)
2014-O (A92014)
2014-O (A92014)
2014-T3 (A92014)
2014-T4 (A92014)
2014-T4 (A92014)
2014-T451 (A92014)
2014-T6 (A92014)
2014-T6 (A92014)
2014-T651 (A92014)
2014-T652 (A92014)
2017-O (A92017)
2017-O (A92017)
2017-T4 (A92017)
2017-T4 (A92017)
2018-T61 (A92018)
2018-T61 (A92018)
2024-O (A92024)
2024-O (A92024)
2024-O (A92024)
2024-T3 (A92024)
2024-T3 (A92024)
2024-T3 (A92024)
2024-T351 (A92024)
2024-T36 (A92024)
2024-T361 (A92024)
2024-T361 (A92024)
2024-T361 (A92024)
2024-T4 (A92024)

0.044 t
0.045 t
0.043 t
0.044 t
0.038 t
0.038 t
0.038 t
0.034 t
0.035 t
0.051 t
0.0515 t
0.050 t
0.051 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.035 t
0.034 t
0.0515 t
0.050 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.034 t
0.035 t
0.034 t
0.059 t
0.057 t
0.058 t
0.057 t
0.057 t
0.059 t
0.058 t
0.057 t
0.057 t

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

8
1
3
8
1
8
3
3
1
8
1
3
8
3
1
8
8
1
3
1
3
1
3
8
1
3
3
8
1
8
8
3
1
8
8

High Conductivity Materials / 45

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 2xxx Aluminum Copper


2024-T4 (A92024)
2024-T4 (A92024)
2024-T6 (A92024)
2024-T6 (A92024)
2024-T81 (A92024)
2024-T81 (A92024)
2024-T861 (A92024)
2024-T861 (A92024)
2024-T861 (A92024)
2025-T6 (A92025)
2025-T6 (A92025)
2036-O (A92036)
2036-T4 (A92036)
2036-T4 (A92036)
Alcoa 2036-O (A92036)
Alcoa 2036-O (A92036)
Alcoa 2036-T4 (A92036)
2038-T4 (A92038)
2048-T851 (A92048)
2117-T4 (A92117)
2117-T4 (A92117)
2124-O (A92124)
2124-T851 (A92124)
2124-T851 (A92124)
2218-T61 (A92218)
2218-T72 (A92218)
2218-T72 (A92218)
2219-O (A92219)
2219-O (A92219)
2219-O (A92219)
2219-T31 (A92219)
2219-T31 (A92219)
2219-T351 (A92219)
2219-T37 (A92219)
2219-T37 (A92219)
2219-T6 (A92219)
2219-T6 (A92219)
2219-T62 (A92219)
2219-T81 (A92219)
2219-T81 (A92219)
2219-T81 (A92219)
2219-T851 (A92219)
2219-T87 (A92219)
2219-T87 (A92219)
2219-T87 (A92219)
2319-O (A92319)
2618-T6 (A92618)
2618-T6 (A92618)

0.058 t
0.059 t
0.045 t
0.045 t
0.045 t
0.045 t
0.045 t
0.045 t
0.045 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.0332 t
0.0415 t
0.042 t
0.0332 u
30.1 u,d
0.0421 u
0.043 t
0.040 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.0345 t
0.045 t
0.045 t
0.045 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.038 t
0.040 t
0.039 t
0.062 t
0.0615 t
0.057 t
0.0615 t
0.062 t
0.059 t
0.058 t
0.062 t
0.058 t
0.059 t
0.057 t
0.057 t
0.057 t
0.058 t
0.059 t
0.039 t
0.048 t
0.0465 t

35 t
35.5 t,d
27.1 t,d
27 t
27.1 t,d
27 t
27.1 t,d
27 t
27.07 t,d
25.9 t,d
26 t
19.97 t,d
25 t
25.3 t,d
20.0 u,d
51.9 u,d
25.3 u,d
25.9 t,d
24.06 t,d
26 t
25.9 t,d
20.75 t,d
27.1 t,d
27 t
27.07 t,d
25.9 t,d
26 t
22.9 t,d
24 t
23.46 t,d
37.3 t,d
37 t
34.29 t,d
37 t
37.3 t,d
35.5 t,d
35 t
37.29 t,d
35 t
35.5 t,d
34.29 t,d
34.29 t,d
34.29 t,d
35 t
35.5 t,d
23.46 t,d
28.9 t,d
28 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Auto body sheet


Auto body sheet
Auto body sheet

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

1
3
3
1
3
1
3
1
8
3
1
8
1
3
66
66
66
54
8
1
3
8
3
1
8
3
1
3
1
8
3
1
8
1
3
3
1
8
1
3
8
8
8
1
3
8
3
1

46 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 2xxx Aluminum Copper


2618-T61 (A92618)

0.047 t

28.27 t,d

20

68

25.3 t,d
25 t
25.3 t,d
25 t
25.9 t,d
26 t
21 t
20.5 t,d
25 t
25.3 t,d
24.66 t,d
23 t
22.9 t,d
23.04 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

3
1
3
1
3
1
1
3
1
3
8
1
3
8

25.93 t,d
26 t
25.9 t,d
30 t
28.81 t,d
30.1 t,d
25 t
24.7 t,d
23 t
22.9 t,d
22.3 t,d
25 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

8
1
3
1
8
3
1
3
1
3
3
1

19.9 t,d
20 t
19.97 t,d
19.97 t,d
21 t
20.5 t,d
20.45 t,d
20.45 t,d
30 t
30.1 t,d
29.66 t,d
29.7 u,d
29.7 u,d
29.66 t,d
37.3 t,d
38.50 t,d
38 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

3
1
8
8
1
3
8
8
1
3
8
65
65
8
3
8
1

Aluminum, Wrought, 3xxx Aluminum Manganese


3003-H12 (A93003)
3003-H12 (A93003)
3003-H14 (A93003)
3003-H14 (A93003)
3003-H18 (A93003)
3003-H18 (A93003)
3003-O (A93003)
3003-O (A93003)
3004-All (A93004)
3004-All (A93004)
3004-O (A93004)
3105-All (A93105)
3105-All (A93105)
3105-O (A93105)

0.042 t
0.0415 t
0.042 t
0.0415 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.035 t
0.034 t
0.0415 t
0.042 t
0.041 t
0.038 t
0.038 t
0.0383 t

Aluminum, Wrought, 4xxx Aluminum Silicon


4032-O (A94032)
4032-O (A94032)
4032-O (A94032)
4032-T6 (A94032)
4032-T6 (A94032)
4032-T6 (A94032)
4043-O (A94043)
4043-O (A94043)
4045-All (A94045)
4045-All (A94045)
4343-All (A94343)
4343-All (A94343)

0.0431 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.050 t
0.0479 t
0.050 t
0.0415 t
0.041 t
0.038 t
0.038 t
0.037 t
0.0415 t

Aluminum, Wrought, 5xxx Aluminum Magnesium


5005-All (A95005)
5005-All (A95005)
5005-H38 (A95005)
5005-O (A95005)
5050-All (A95050)
5050-All (A95050)
5050-H38 (A95050)
5050-O (A95050)
5052-All (A95052)
5052-All (A95052)
5052-H38 (A95052)
5052-H38 (A95052)
5052-O (A95052)
5052-O (A95052)
5056-H38 (A95056)
5056-H38 (A95056)
5056-H38 (A95056)

0.033 t
0.033 t
0.0332 t
0.0332 t
0.035 t
0.034 t
0.034 t
0.034 t
0.050 t
0.050 t
0.0493 t
0.0493 u
0.0493 u
0.0493 t
0.062 t
0.064 t
0.063 t

Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete

Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 47

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 5xxx Aluminum Magnesium


5056-H38 (A95056)
5056-O (A95056)
5056-O (A95056)
5056-O (A95056)
5083 (A95083)
5083-O (A95083)
5083-O (A95083)
5086 (A95086)
5086-All (A95086)
5086-All (A95086)
5154-All (A95154)
5154-All (A95154)
5182 (A95182)
5252-All (A95252)
5252-All (A95252)
5252-All (A95252)
5252-All (A95252)
5254 (A95254)
5254-All (A95254)
5254-All (A95254)
5356-O (A95356)
5356-O (A95356)
5356-O (A95356)
5454-All (A95454)
5454-O (A95454)
5454-O (A95454)
5454-H38 (A95456)
5454-H38 (A95456)
5456-All (A95456)
5456-O (A95456)
5456-O (A95456)
5457-All (A95457)
5457-All (A95457)
5652 (A95652)
5652-All (A95652)
5652-All (A95652)
5657 (A95657)
5657-All (A95657)
5657-All (A95657)

0.064 u
0.059 t
0.059 t
0.060 t
0.0595 t
0.060 t
0.059 t
0.056 t
0.055 t
0.056 t
0.053 t
0.053 t
0.0556 t
0.049 t,ave
0.049 t,ave
0.050 t
0.050 t
0.054 t
0.053 t
0.053 t
0.0594 t
0.059 t
0.060 t
0.051 t,ave
0.0515 t
0.050 t
0.0515 t
0.050 t
0.0595 t,ave
0.059 t
0.060 t
0.038 t
0.037 t
0.049 t
0.050 t
0.050 t
0.032 t
0.0315 t
0.032 t

38.5 u,d
35.49 t,d
35.5 t,d
36 t
35.79 t,d
36 t
35.5 t,d
33.69 t,d
33 t
33.7 t,d
31.9 t,d
32 t
33.45 t,d
29.47 t,d
29.47 t,d
30 t
30.1 t,d
32.48 t,d
31.9 t,d
32 t
35.73 t,d
35.5 t,d
36 t
30.68 t,d
31 t
30.1 t,d
31 t
30.1 t,d
35.79 t,d
35.5 t,d
36 t
23 t
22.3 t,d
29.47 t,d
30 t
30.1 t,d
19.25 t,d
19 t
19.2 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete

Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete

Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete

65
8
3
1
8
1
3
8
1
3
3
1
8
8
8
1
3
8
3
1
8
3
1
8
1
3
1
3
8
3
1
1
3
8
1
3
8
1
3

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


6005-T1 (A96005)
6005-T1 (A96005)
6005-T5 (A96005)
6005-T5 (A96005)
6009-All (A96009)
6009-O (A96009)
6009-T4 (A96009)
6009-T6 (A96009)

0.0365 t
0.037 t
0.036 t
0.035 t
0.039 t
0.0319 t
0.0392 t
0.0367 t

22 t
22.3 t,d
21.7 t,d
21 t
23.5 t,d
19.19 t,d
23.58 t,d
22.08 t,d

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

1
3
3
1
54
8
8
8

48 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


Alcoa 6009-O (A96009)
Alcoa 6009-T4 (A96009)
Alcoa 6009-T6 (A96009)
6010-All (A96010)
6010-O (A96010)
6010-T4 (A96010)
6010-T6 (A96010)
Alcoa 6010-O (A96010)
Alcoa 6010-T4 (A96010)
Alcoa 6010-T6 (A96010)
6053 (A96053)
6053-O (A96053)
6053-O (A96053)
6053-T4 (A96053)
6053-T4 (A96053)
6053-T6 (A96053)
6053-T6 (A96053)
6061-O (A96061)
6061-O (A96061)
6061-T4 (A96061)
6061-T4 (A96061)
6061-T6 (A96061)
6061-T6 (A96061)
6063-O (A96063)
6063-O (A96063)
6063-T1 (A96063)
6063-T1 (A96063)
6063-T5 (A96063)
6063-T5 (A96063)
6063-T6 (A96063)
6063-T6 (A96063)
6063-T83 (A96063)
6063-T83 (A96063)
6066-O (A96066)
6066-O (A96066)
6066-T6 (A96066)
6066-T6 (A96066)
6070 (A96070)
6070-T6 (A96070)
6070-T6 (A96070)
6101-T6 (A96101)
6101-T6 (A96101)
6101-T6 (A96101)
6101-T6 (A96101)
6101-T61 (A96101)
6101-T61 (A96101)
6101-T61 (A96101)
6101-T63 (A96101)

0.0391 u
0.0394 u
0.0363 u
0.044 t
0.0325 t
0.0442 t
0.0392 t
0.0325 u
0.0442 u
0.0392 u
0.0375 t
0.038 t
0.038 t
0.042 t
0.043 t
0.041 t
0.0415 t
0.037 t
0.0365 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.040 t
0.040 t
0.030 t
0.029 t
0.034 t
0.035 t
0.031 t
0.032 t
0.033 t
0.032 t
0.033 t
0.032 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.048 t
0.0465 t
0.039 t
0.038 t
0.040 t
0.031 u
0.030 t
0.0302 t
0.030 t
0.0292 t
0.030 t
0.029 t
0.0297 t

23.5 u,d
23.7 u,d
21.8 u,d
26.5 t,d
19.55 t,d
26.59 t,d
23.58 t,d
19.5 u,d
26.6 u,d
23.6 u,d
22.56 t,d
22.9 t,d
23 t
25.3 t,d
26 t
24.7 t,d
25 t
22.3 t,d
22 t
26 t
25.9 t,d
24 t
24.1 t,d
18 t
17.4 t,d
20.5 t,d
21 t
18.6 t,d
19 t
20 t
19.2 t,d
20 t
19.2 t,d
26 t
25.9 t,d
28.9 t,d
28 t
23.46 t,d
22.9 t,d
24 t
18.6 u,d
18 t
18.17 t,d
18.0 t,d
17.56 t,d
18 t
17.4 t,d
17.87 t,d

19
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

66
66
66
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Auto body sheet


Auto body sheet
Auto body sheet

Auto body sheet


Auto body sheet
Auto body sheet

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

66
66
66
54
8
8
8
66
66
66
8
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
1
3
1
3
1
3
3
1
3
1
1
3
1
3
1
3
3
1
8
3
1
65
1
8
3
8
1
3
8

High Conductivity Materials / 49

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oC
oF
circular-mil/ft

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


6101-T63 (A96101)
6101-T63 (A96101)
6101-T64 (A96101)
6101-T64 (A96101)
6101-T64 (A96101)
6101-T65 (A96101)
6101-T65 (A96101)
6101-T65 (A96101)
6105-T1 (A96105)
6105-T1 (A96105)
6105-T5 (A96105)
6105-T5 (A96105)
6111-T4 (A96111)
6111-T6 (A96111)
6151-O (A96151)
6151-O (A96151)
6151-T4 (A96151)
6151-T4 (A96151)
6151-T6 (A96151)
6151-T6 (A96151)
6201-T81 (A96201)
6201-T81 (A96201)
6205-T1 (A96205)
6205-T5 (A96205)
6262-T9 (A96262)
6262-T9 (A96262)
6262-T9 (A96262)
6351-T6 (A96351)
6351-T6 (A96351)
6463-T1 (A96463)
6463-T1 (A96463)
6463-T1 (A96463)
6463-T5 (A96463)
6463-T5 (A96463)
6463-T5 (A96463)
6463-T6 (A96463)
6463-T6 (A96463)
6463-T6 (A96463)
6951-O (A96951)
6951-O (A96951)
6951-T6 (A96951)
6951-T6 (A96951)

0.030 t
0.029 t
0.0287 t
0.028 t
0.029 t
0.0297 t
0.030 t
0.029 t
0.038 t
0.037 t
0.035 t
0.034 t
0.043 t
0.038 t
0.032 t
0.0315 t
0.042 t
0.0415 t
0.038 t
0.038 t
0.0315 t
0.032 t
0.037 t
0.035 t
0.038 t
0.039 t
0.040 t
0.038 t
0.038 t
0.034 t
0.034 t
0.035 t
0.031 t
0.035 t
0.0315 t
0.032 t
0.033 t
0.033 t
0.0315 t
0.031 t
0.033 t
0.033 t

18 t
17.4 t,d
17.26 t,d
17 t
17.4 t,d
17.87 t,d
18 t
17.4 t,d
23 t
22.3 t,d
21 t
20.5 t,d
25.9 t,d
22.9 t,d
19.2 t,d
19 t
25.3 t,d
25 t
23 t
22.9 t,d
19 t
19.2 t,d
22.26 t,d
21.05 t,d
22.9 t,d
23.46 t,d
24 t
22.9 t,d
23 t
20.5 t,d
20.45 t,d
21 t
18.6 t,d
21.05 t,d
19 t
19.2 t,d
19.85 t,d
20 t
19 t
18.6 t,d
19.9 t,d
20 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

133 u
133 u
133 u
24.12 t,d
27.31 t,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

1
3
8
1
3
8
1
3
1
3
1
3
54
54
3
1
3
1
1
3
1
3
8
8
3
8
1
3
1
3
8
1
3
8
1
3
8
1
1
3
3
1

Aluminum, Wrought, 7xxx Aluminum Zinc


Alcoa 7029-T6
Alcoa 7129-T5
Alcoa 7129-T6
7005-O (A97005)
7005-T53 (A97005)

0.221
0.221
0.221
0.0401 t
0.0454 t

Auto bumper
Auto bumper
Auto bumper

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

66
66
66
8
8

50 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 7xxx Aluminum Zinc


7005-T5351 (A97005)
7005-T6 (A97005)
7005-T63 (A97005)
7005-T6351 (A97005)
7021-T61 (A97021)
7029-T5 (A97029)
7029-T6 (A97029)
7049 (A97049)
7049-T73 (A97049)
7049-T73 (A97049)
7050-O (A97050)
7050-T736 (A97050)
7050-T73651 (A97050)
7050-T74 (A97050)
7050-T74 (A97050)
7050-T76 (A97050)
7050-T7651 (A97050)
7072 (A97072)
7072-O (A97072)
7072-O (A97072)
7075-T6 (A97075)
7075-T6 (A97075)
7075-T62 (A97075)
7075-T651 (A97075)
7075-T652 (A97075)
7075-T73 (A97075)
7075-T7351 (A97075)
7075-T7352 (A97075)
7075-T76 (A97075)
7075-T7651 (A97075)
7116-T5 (A97116)
7129-T5 (A97129)
7129-T6 (A97129)
7175-O (A97175)
7175-T66 (A97175)
7175-T736 (A97175)
7175-T74 (A97175)
7175-T7652 (A97175)
7178-O (A97178)
7178-T6 (A97178)
7178-T6 (A97178)
7178-T6 (A97178)
7178-T651 (A97178)
7178-T76 (A97178)
7178-T7651 (A97178)
7475-O (A97475)
7475-T61 (A97475)
7475-T61 (A97475)

0.0454 t
0.0493 t
0.0454 t
0.0454 t
0.040 t
0.041 t
0.041 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.043 t
0.0367 t
0.0426 t
0.0426 t
0.0415 t
0.042 t
0.0436 t
0.0436 t
0.0287 t
0.029 t
0.030 t
0.0515 t
0.053 t
0.0522 t
0.0522 t
0.0522 t
0.0431 t
0.0431 t
0.0431 t
0.0448 t
0.0448 t
0.037 t
0.041 t
0.041 t
0.0375 t
0.0479 t
0.0431 t
0.043 t
0.0431 t
0.0375 t
0.056 t
0.055 t
0.0539 t
0.0539 t
0.0442 t
0.0442 t
0.0375 t
0.050 t
0.0479 t

27.31 t,d
29.66 t,d
27.31 t,d
27.31 t,d
24.1 t,d
24.7 t,d
24.7 t,d
25.87 t,d
26 t
25.9 t,d
22.08 t,d
25.63 t,d
25.63 t,d
25 t
25.3 t,d
26.23 t,d
26.23 t,d
17.26 t,d
17.4 t,d
18 t
31 t
31.9 t,d
31.40 t,d
31.40 t,d
31.40 t,d
25.93 t,d
25.93 t,d
25.93 t,d
26.95 t,d
26.95 t,d
22.3 t,d
24.7 t,d
24.7 t,d
22.56 t,d
28.81 t,d
25.93 t,d
25.9 t,d
25.93 t,d
22.56 t,d
33.7 t,d
33 t
32.42 t,d
32.42 t,d
26.59 t,d
26.59 t,d
22.56 t,d
30.1 t,d
28.81 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

T74 previously T73 and T736


T74 previously T73 and T736

T74 previously T73 and T736


T74 previously T73 and T736

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

8
8
8
8
54
54
54
8
1
3
8
8
8
1
3
8
8
8
3
1
1
3
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
54
54
54
8
8
8
3
8
8
3
1
8
8
8
8
8
3
8

High Conductivity Materials / 51

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 7xxx Aluminum Zinc


7475-T651 (A97475)
7475-T651 (A97475)
7475-T7351 (A97475)
7475-T7351 (A97475)
7475-T76 (A97475)
7475-T761 (A97475)
7475-T761 (A97475)
7475-T7651 (A97475)

0.050 t
0.0431 t
0.041 t
0.0411 t
0.043 t
0.0479 t
0.043 t
0.0431 t

30.1 t,d
25.93 t,d
24.7 t,d
24.72 t,d
25.9 t,d
28.81 t,d
25.9 t,d
25.93 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

3
8
3
8
3
8
3
8

0.029 t
0.028 t
0.029 t
0.029 t
0.028 t
0.029 t
0.029 t
0.028 t

17.4 t,d
17 t
17.4 t,d
17.4 t,d
17 t
17.4 t,d
17.4 t,d
17 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

3
1
3
3
1
3
3
1

Ampcoloy 495

0.552 u

332 u,d

20

68

Elkaloy D
Elkaloy D110
Elkaloy D120
Elkaloy D130
C95200 (C95200)
C95300 (C95300)
C95400-As cast (C95400)
C95400-TQ50 (C95400)
C95500-As cast (C95500)
C95500-TQ50 (C95500)
C95700-Annealed, fast cooled
(C95700)
C95700-As cast (C95700)
C95800 (C95800)

0.096 t
0.144 t
0.172 t
0.192 t
0.144 u
0.133 u
0.133 u
0.133 u
0.203 u
0.203 u
0.556 u

57.75 t,d
86.62 t,d
103.46 t,d
115.49 t,d
86.6 u,d
80.00 u,d
80.0 u,d
80.0 u,d
122.1 u,d
122.1 u,d
334.5 u,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Sand casting
Sand casting
Sand casting

58
58
58
58
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

0.556 u
0.243 u

334.5 u,d
146.2 u,d

20
20

68
68

Sand casting
Sand casting

16
16

0.034 to 0.038 u 20 to 23 u,d


0.034 to 0.038 u 20 to 23 u,d
0.069 to 0.086 u 42 to 52 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Switches, contacts
Switches, contacts

66
66
66

0.069 to 0.086 u 42 to 52 u,d

20

68

66

0.069 u
0.069 to 0.096 u
0.069 to 0.096 u
0.069 to 0.096 u

41.51 u,d
42 to 58 u,d
42 to 58 u,d
42 to 58 u,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

16
66
66
66

0.075 to 0.096 u 45 to 58 u,d

20

68

66

Aluminum, Wrought, 8xxx Aluminum-Other Elements


8017-H12 (A98017)
8017-H212 (A98017)
8017-H212 (A98017)
8017-H22 (A98017)
8030-H221 (A98030)
8030-H221 (A98030)
8176-H24 (A98176)
8176-H24 (A98176)
Copper, Cast, Aluminum Bronze
Sand and centrifugal casting, bar, rod, forging,
sheet, strip, plate, and welding wire

66

Copper, Cast, Beryllium Copper


Brush Casting 10C (C82000)
Brush Casting 3C (C82000)
Brush Casting 165C-Age hardened
(C82400)
Brush Casting 165CT-Age hardened
(C82400)
C82400-Age hardened (C82400)
Brush Casting 20CT (C82500)
Brush Casting 20C (C82500)
Brush Casting 21C-Age hardened
(C82510)
Brush Casting 245C-Age hardened
(C82600)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

52 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Copper, Cast, Beryllium Copper


Brush Casting 245CT-Age hardened
(C82600)
C82600-Age hardened (C82600)
Brush Casting 275C (C82800)
Brush Casting 275CT (C82800)

0.075 to 0.096 u 45 to 58 u,d

20

68

66

0.0907 u
54.56 u,d
0.075 to 0.101 u 45 to 61 u,d
0.075 to 0.101 u 45 to 61 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Castings
Castings

16
66
66

0.086 t
0.0383 u
0.021 u
0.0395 u
0.0395 u
0.0395 u
0.0862 u
0.0958 u

51.73 t,d
23.04 u,d
12.63 u,d
23.76 u,d
23.76 u,d
23.76 u,d
51.85 u,d
57.63 u,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Cu-Be
Casting alloy. Solution heat treated
Casting alloy. Precipitation hardened
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy
Casting alloy

58
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

0.17 u

102.3 u,d

20

68

Casting

16

0.12 u

72.18 u,d

20

68

Sand Casting

16

0.16 u

96 u,d

20

68

Centrifugal, chill or sand casting

66

0.284 u

170.8 u,d

20

68

Sand Casting

16

0.284 u

170.8 u,d

20

68

Die casting

16

0.18 u

108.3 u,d

20

68

0.0216 t

12.99 t,d

20

68

0.9974 u
0.4888 u
0.4821 u
0.3823 u
0.4821 u

599.97 u,d
294.03 u,d
290.00 u,d
229.97 u,d
290.00 u,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65

0.4987 u
0.2992 u
0.1496 u
0.0993 u
0.0499 u

299.98 u,d
179.98 u,d
89.99 u,d
59.73 u,d
30.0 u,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65

0.101 u,d
0.100 u
0.11 u,d
0.144 u
0.123 u

61 u
60.15 u,d
69 u
86.6 u,d
73.99 u,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Copper, Cast, High Copper


CMW 73
C81500-Heat treated (C81500)
C81500-Heat treated (C81500)
C81800-Heat treated (C81800)
C82000-Heat treated (C82000)
C82200-Heat treated (C82200)
C82500-Heat treated (C82500)
C82800-Heat treated (C82800)

Copper, Cast, High Leaded Tin Bronze Copper


C93700 (C93700)
Copper, Cast, Leaded Tin Bronze
C92200 (C92200)
Copper, Cast, Phosphor Bronze
Bunting No. 156
Copper, Cast, Silicon Brass
C87500 (C87500)
Copper, Cast, Silicon Bronze
C87800 (C87800)
Copper, Cast, Tin Bronze
C90700 (C90700)

16

Copper, Cast, Unclassified


CMW 3

Cu-Cr

58

Copper, Miscellaneous, Instrument and Control


67Cu5Ni27Mn
70Cu20Ni10Mn
83Cu13Mn4Ni(manganin)
85Cu10Mn4Ni(shunt manganin)
87Cu13Mn(manganin)
Copper, Miscellaneous, Thermocouple
55Cu45Ni(constantan)
78Cu22Ni
89Cu11Ni
94Cu6Ni
98Cu2Ni
Copper, Wrought, Aluminum Bronze
Ambraloy 901
C60800 (C60800)
Ambraloy 610-Annealed (C61000)
C61300 (C61300)
C61400 (C61400)

Sheet, strip, plate, wire, rod, bar, and tube


Rod, wire

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

66
15
66
15
15

High Conductivity Materials / 53

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Aluminum Bronze


C62300 (C62300)
C62400 (C62400)
C62500 (C62500)
C63000 (C63000)
C63200 (C63200)

0.144 u
0.144 u
0.172 u
0.192 u
0.246 u

86.6 u,d
86.6 u,d
103.5 u,d
115.5 u,d
148.0 u,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

15
15
15
15
15

20

68

Contact material

65

20
20

68
68

Rod, wire, tube


Rod and bar, connectors, electrical and
electronic components

66
66

Copper, Wrought, Beryllium Copper


2Be + Ni or Co
Berylco 33-25-Precipitation hardened
Brush M25-Precipitation hardened
CMW 100
CMW 73
Copper No. 172-Heat treated

0.096 to 0.115 u 57.7 to 69.2


u,d
0.0768 u,d
46.2 u
0.0768 u,d
46.2 u
0.0359 t
0.0749 t
0.048 to 0.058
u,d
0.0382 u

21.59 t,d
45.05 t,d
29 to 35 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

23.0 u

20

68

For computer connectors, automotive contact


materials, and appliances

66

0.075 u
0.062 u,d
0.0308 u
0.0392 u,d
0.0391 u
0.0466 u
0.047 u
0.054 u
0.0616 u
0.062 u
0.0638 u,d
0.0607 u,d

45 u,d
37 u
18.5 u,d
23.6 u
23.52 u,d
28.0 u,d
28.27 u,d
32.48 u,d
37 u,d
37.29 u,d
38.4 u
36.5 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Tube
Tube and pipe
Electrical equipment and connectors
Sheet, strip, plate, wire, rod, bar, and tube

66
66
66
66
15
66
15
15
66
15
66
66

0.043103 max

25.928 max

20

68

78

0.031348 max

18.857 max

20

68

78

0.021551 max

12.964 max

20

68

78

Ampcoloy 910-Annealed
ASTM B1 Hard-Drawn Copper Wire

0.0186 approx,d 11.2 approx


0.017745 max
10.674 max

20
20

68
68

ASTM B1 Hard-Drawn Copper Wire

0.017930 max

10.785 max

20

68

ASTM B2 Medium-HardDrawn
Copper Wire
ASTM B2 Medium-HardDrawn
Copper Wire
ASTM B3 Soft or Annealed Copper
Wire

0.017654 max

10.619 max

20

68

0.017837 max

10.729 max

20

68

0.017241 max

10.371 max

20

68

Brush Alloy 174 (C17410)

Cu-Be
Strip, wire, rod

58
58
66

Copper, Wrought, Brass


Bridgeport 54-Annealed
Bridgeport 77-Annealed
Anaconda 210-Annealed (C21000)
Anaconda 220-Annealed (C22000)
C22000 (C22000)
Anaconda 230-Soft annealed (C23000)
C23000 (C23000)
C24000-O61 (C24000)
Anaconda 260-Annealed (C26000)
C26000-O61 (C26000)
Anaconda 268-Annealed (C26800)
Anaconda 280-Annealed (C28000)

Cable grips, connectors

Lamp sockets
Clips, lamp sockets
Muntz metal, sheet, extruded shapes, plate, rod,
bar, and tube

Copper, Wrought, Bronze


ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
40
ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
55
ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
80

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


Ingot, billet, forging
8.255 mm (0.325 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460
in.)
1.024 mm (0.0403 in.) <= d < 08.255 mm
(0.325 in.)
8.255 mm (0.325 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460
in.)
1.024 mm (0.0403 in.) <= d < 08.255 mm
(0.325 in.)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

66
75
75
76
76
77

54 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire
ASTM B47 Copper Trolly Wire
CDA Copper 109-Annealed

0.018312 max

11.015 max

20

68

0.282 mm (0.0111 in.) <= d < 0.511 mm


(0.0201 in.)
0.076 mm (0.0030 in.) <= d < 0.282 mm
(0.0111 in.)
0.511 mm (0.0201 in.) <= d < 2.616 mm (0.103
in.)
2.616 mm (0.103 in.) <= d < 7.366 mm (0.290
in.)
7.366 mm (0.290 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460
in.)

0.018508 max

11.133 max

20

68

0.017930 max

10.785 max

20

68

0.017745 max

10.674 max

20

68

0.017654 max

10.619 max

20

68

0.017745 max
0.0171 u,d

10.674 max
10.3 u

20
20

68
68

Chase 14310-Annealed
Cu
Cu
Cu
Anaconda 122-Annealed (C12200)

0.0203 u,d
0.01725 u
0.0158 u
0.0169 u
0.0203 u,d

12.2 u
10.38 u,d
9.50 u,d
10.17 u,d
12.2 u

20
27
25
20
20

68
80.6
77
68
68

C15100 (C15100)
C15500 (C15500)
CR 155-Precipitation heat treated
(C15500)

0.0181 max
0.0199 max
0.0166 u,d

10.89 max,d
11.97 max,d
10.0 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

0.266 u,d
0.2776 u,d
0.18 u
0.0431 max
0.19 u
0.191 u
0.395 u
0.159 u,d

160 u
167 u
108 u,d
25.93 max,d
114 u,d
115 u
237.6 u,d
95.8 u

20
20
25
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
77
68
68
68
68
68

Tube, wire, and strip


Bar, rod, tube, pipe, plated, sheet, strip, and wire
Wire and strip
Lead frame alloy
Sheet, strip, plate, tube, rod, and bar
Plate

15Zn
20Zn
35Zn
Ambraloy 687-Annealed
Anaconda 226-Annealed
Brimcolloy 100
Brimcolloy 200
Brimcolloy 300
Chamet Bronze Type A-Annealed
Chamet Bronze Type B-Annealed
Chase 69000-Annealed

0.047 u
0.054 u
0.064 u
0.0750 u,d
0.0431 u,d
0.0632 u,d
0.0665 u,d
0.0715 u,d
0.066 u,d
0.066 u,d
0.096 u,d

28 u,d
32 u,d
38.5 u,d
45.1 u
25.9 u
38 u
40 u
43 u
40 u
40 u
58 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Tube
Sheet, strip, plate and wire
Strip
Strip
Strip
Wire
Drawn bar and rod
Bellows connectors, circuit breakers, clips,
springs, wiring devices

C68800-H08 (C68800)
C68800-O61 (C68800)

0.104 u
0.096 u

62.6 u,d
57.75 u,d

20
20

68
68

0.0203 max

12.21 max,d

20

68

Bus bars, conductors cable shielding,


waveguides, heatsinks, lead frames
Strip and sheet
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Sheet, strip, plate, wire, rod, bar, pipe, tube,
extruded shapes and wrought plating anodes
Lead frame alloy
Lead frame alloy
Electric motor commutators, heat-sink washers,
hookup wire

79
79
79
79
79
80
66
66
18
18
18
66
20
20
66

Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel


Bridgeport 520-Soft
CDA 710
Cunife II
C70250 (C70250)
Anaconda 706-Annealed (C70600)
Carlson 90 10 CuNi (C70600)
C71900-Spinodal-hardened (C71900)
C72800-Spinodal heat treated
(C72800)

Bar, rod, strip, sheet, pipe, plate, tube,


extrusions, wire, forging

66
66
66
20
66
66
15
66

Copper, Wrought, Copper Zinc


65
65
65
66
66
66
66
66
66
66
66
15
15

Copper, Wrought, High Copper


CCZ

Lead frame alloy

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

20

High Conductivity Materials / 55

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, High Copper


Copper No. 194-Annealed

0.0249 u,d

15 u

20

68

Electrical components such as springs, contacts,


connections, terminals, transistor bases, lead
frames
Lead frame alloy
Lead frame alloy
Lead frame alloy
Lead frame alloy
Lead frame alloy

66

C19010 (C19010)
C19210 (C19210)
C19400 (C19400)
C19500 (C19500)
C19700 (C19700)

0.0287 max
0.0203 max
0.0254 max
0.0344 max
0.0216 max

17.26 max,d
12.21 max,d
15.28 max,d
20.69 max,d
12.99 max,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

0.062 u,d
0.0663 u,d
0.0663 u,d
0.064 u

37 u
39.9 u
39.9 u
38.50 u,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Rod, shape, extrusion, and forging


Tube
Wire, rod, bar, and extruded shapes

66
66
66
15

0.0180 nom,d

10.8 nom

20

68

Current carrying studs, connectors, solder tips

66

0.036 u
0.11 u
0.13 u
0.0002 u,d
0.0575 max
0.0489 max
0.115 u

21.7 u,d
66.2 u,d
78.2 u,d
0.102 u
34.59 max,d
29.41 max,d
69.2 u,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Rod, bar, rolled flat products, strip, wire
Lead frame alloy
Lead frame alloy
Electronic and precision instrument parts

65
65
65
66
20
20
66
66

66

20
20
20
20
20

Copper, Wrought, Leaded Brass


Copper No. 385-Annealed
Anaconda 330-Annealed (C33000)
Anaconda 360-Annealed (C36000)
C37700 (C37700)
Copper, Wrought, Leaded Copper
Anaconda 1870-Annealed
Copper, Wrought, Phosphor Bronze
1.25Sn + P
5Sn + P
8Sn + P
CDA Alloy 544
C50710 (C50710)
C50715 (C50715)
Brush Phosphor Bronze (C51000)

Copper, Wrought, Sintered Powder Metal


C15715-Annealed (C15715)

0.0186 u

11.19 u

20

68

C15720-Annealed (C15720)

0.0194 u

11.68 u

20

68

C15760-Annealed (C15760)

0.0221 u

13.29 u

20

68

Lamp leads, commutators, brush springs,


switches, lead frame
Lamp leads, commutators, amortisseur bars,
switches, lead frame
Welding rods and wheels, soldering gun tips

0.055 u,d
0.0690 u,d

33 u
41.5 u

20
20

68
68

Flats for fuse clips, contact springs, connectors


Sheet, strip, plate, tube, rod, and bar

66
66

0.0172 u
0.0371 u,d
0.0203 t

10.35 u,d
22.3 u
12.21 t,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Contact material
Rod, welding rod, electrical connectors
Cu-Cr, forging minor dim <= 19 mm (0.75 in.).
Forging minor dim <= 19 mm (0.75 in.)

65
66
58

0.0235 t

14.14 t,d

20

68

58

0.39 u
0.15 u
0.17 u
0.108 u
0.108 u
0.125 t
0.157 t

234.6 u,d
90.2 u,d
102.3 u,d
65.0 u,d
65.0 u,d
75.19 t,d
94.44 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65
58
58

66

Copper, Wrought, Tin Brass


C42200-Annealed (C42200)
Anaconda 443-Annealed (C44300)
Copper, Wrought, Unclassified
0.04 oxide
Berylco 10-52
CMW 3
Noble, Gold, Commercially Pure Gold
CMW Pure Gold
Noble, Gold, Electrical Contact
41.7Au32.5Cu18.8Ni7Zn
69Au25Ag6Pt
72.5Au14Cu8.5Pt4Ag1Zn
75Au25Ag
90Au10Cu
CMW Elkonium 70
CMW Elkonium 72

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

56 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Noble, Gold, Electrical Contact


CMW Elkonium 76
Gold

0.127 t
0.0235 u

76.39 t,d
14.1 u,d

20
20

68
68

58
65

0.020 u
0.02271 u
0.022 u

12.03 u,d
13.66 u,d
13.23 u,d

25
27
20

77
80.6
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.050 u
0.051 u
0.0533 u

30.08 u,d
30.68 u,d
32.06 u,d

25
20
27

77
68
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.084 u
0.088 u
0.1059 u

50.53 u,d
52.93 u,d
63.70 u,d

25
20
27

77
68
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.35 u
0.39 u
0.315 u
0.43 u
0.35 u
1.3795 u
0.40 u
0.43 u
0.27 u
0.242 u
0.108 t
0.285 t
0.430 t

210.5 u,d
234.6 u,d
189.48 u,d
258.7 u,d
210.5 u,d
829.81 u,d
240.6 u,d
258.7 u,d
162.4 u,d
145.6 u,d
64.97 t,d
171.44 t,d
258.66 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

0.108 u
0.1080 u
0.108 u
0.1050 u

64.97 u,d
64.97 u,d
65.0 u,d
63.16 u,d

27
20
20
25

80.6
68
68
77

0.113 t

67.97 t,d

20

68

58

0.36 u
0.35 u
0.33 u
0.31 u
0.46 u
0.43 u
0.25 u
0.43 u
0.19 u
0.315 u

216.6 u,d
210.5 u,d
198.5 u,d
186.5 u,d
276.7 u,d
258.7 u,d
150 u,d
258.7 u,d
114.3 u,d
189.5 u,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

Noble, Gold, Unclassified


Au
Au
Au
Noble, Iridium, Unclassified
Ir
Ir
Ir
Noble, Osmium, Unclassified
Os
Os
Os
Noble, Palladium, Electrical Contact
35Pd30Ag14Cu10Pt10Au1Zn
45Pd30Ag20Au5Pt
50Pd50Ag
60Pd40Ag
60Pd40Cu
60Pd40Cu
70Pd30Ag
72Pd26Ag2Ni
90Pd10Ru
95.5Pd4.5
CMW Elkonium 40
CMW Elkonium 405
CMW Elkonium 42

Annealed and quenched

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
58
58
58

Noble, Palladium, Unclassified


Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
65
18

Noble, Platinum, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkonium 30
Noble, Platinum, Electrical Contact
65Pt35Ir
70Pt30Ir
75Pt25Ir
80Pt20Ir
86Pt14Ru
89Pt11Ru
90Pt10Ir
90Pt10Ru
95Pt5Ir
95Pt5Ru

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 57

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Noble, Platinum, Electrical Contact


96Pt4W
CMW Elkonium 301
CMW Elkonium 302
CMW Elkonium 305
CMW Elkonium 306
CMW Elkonium 32
CMW Elkonium 33
CMW Elkonium 331
CMW Elkonium 34

0.36 u
0.285 t
0.430 t
0.345 t
0.430 t
0.315 t
0.430 t
0.429 t
0.430 t

216.6 u,d
171.44 t,d
258.66 t,d
207.53 t,d
258.66 t,d
189.48 t,d
258.66 t,d
258.06 t,d
258.66 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

0.106 u
0.1080 u
0.1064 u
0.104 u
0.106 u

63.8 u,d
64.97 u,d
64.00 u,d
62.56 u,d
63.76 u,d

20
27
20
25
20

68
80.6
68
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

65
18
65
18
18

0.0501 u
0.0440 u
0.0470 u
0.045 u

30.14 u,d
26.47 u,d
28.27 u,d
27.07 u,d

27
25
20
20

80.6
77
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

0.075 u
0.0630 u
0.0770 u

45.11 u,d
37.90 u,d
46.32 u,d

20
25
20

68
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.0166 t
0.0159 u

9.99 t,d
9.56 u,d

20
20

68
68

Contact material

58
65

0.0493 t
0.0174 t
0.0192 t
0.0313 t
0.0169 t
0.0167 t
0.0172 t

29.66 t,d
10.47 t,d
11.55 t,d
18.83 t,d
10.17 t,d
10.05 t,d
10.35 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

0.493 u
0.0230 t
0.0236 t
0.0246 t
0.0254 t
0.0254 t
0.0230 t
0.0210 t
0.0230 t
0.0313 t
0.0239 t

297 u,d
13.84 t,d
14.20 t,d
14.80 t,d
15.28 t,d
15.28 t,d
13.84 t,d
12.63 t,d
13.84 t,d
18.83 t,d
14.38 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Noble, Platinum, Unclassified


Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Noble, Rhodium
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Noble, Ruthenium
Ru
Ru
Ru
Noble, Silver, Commercially Pure
CMW Fine Silver
Fine silver
Noble, Silver, Electrical Contact
CMW D1058
CMW D158F
CMW D57F
CMW D58
CMW D581F
CMW D582F
CMW D583F

58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Cadmium


85Ag15Cd
CMW D154F
CMW D154X
CMW D155F
CMW D155X
CMW D355F
CMW D54
CMW D54F
CMW D54X
CMW D55
CMW D55F

Contact material

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

58 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Noble, Silver, Silver Cadmium


CMW D55X
CMW Elkonium 17
CMW Elkonium 18
CMW Elkonium 217

0.0246 t
0.0556 t
0.0401 t
0.0493 t

14.80 t,d
33.45 t,d
24.12 t,d
29.66 t,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

58
58
58
58

0.029 u
0.02 u
0.02 u
0.02 u
0.0210 t
0.0230 t
0.0205 t
0.0178 t
0.0192 t

17 u,d
12 u,d
12 u,d
12 u,d
12.63 t,d
13.84 t,d
12.33 t,d
10.71 t,d
11.55 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
65
65
65
58
58
58
58
58

0.042 u
4.310E-02 t

25 u,d
25.93 t,d

20
20

68
68

Contact material

65
58

0.0257 t
0.0181 t
0.0216 t
0.0198 t
0.0313 t

15.46 t,d
10.89 t,d
12.99 t,d
11.91 t,d
18.83 t,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

0.23 u
0.143 u
0.053 u
0.029 u
0.0297 t
2.180E-02 t

138 u,d
86.0 u,d
32 u,d
17 u,d
17.87 t,d
13.11 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
65
65
65
58
58

0.035 u
0.0383 t

21 u,d
23.04 t,d

20
20

68
68

Contact material

65
58

0.0163 u
0.0147 u
0.016 u
0.01629 u
0.172 t
0.023 t

9.80 u,d
8.84 u,d
9.62 u,d
9.80 u,d
103.46 t,d
13.84 t,d

20
25
20
27
20
20

68
77
68
80.6
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
58
58

349.97 u,d
339.99 u,d
674.92 u,d
469.98 u,d
94.98 u,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Noble, Silver, Silver Copper


72Ag26Cu2Ni
72Ag28Cu
90Ag10Cu
92.5Ag7.5Cu
CMW Coin Silver
CMW Elkonium 1
CMW Elkonium 22
CMW Elkonium 23
CMW Elkonium 73
Noble, Silver, Silver Gold
90Ag10Au
CMW Elkonium 71
Noble, Silver, Silver Nickel
CMW D50
CMW D505F
CMW D50F
CMW D510F
CMW D56

58
58
58
58
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Palladium


60Ag40Pd
70Ag30Pd
90Ag10Pd
97Ag3Pd
CMW Elkonium 45
CMW Elkonium 46
Noble, Silver, Silver Platinum
97Ag3Pt
CMW Elkonium 36
Noble, Silver, Unclassified
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
CMW Elkonium 28
CMW Elkonium 63

Thermostat Metals, Unclassified, Unclassified


66.5Fe22Ni8.5Cr
67Ni30Cu1.4Fe1Mn
72Mn18Cu10Ni
75Fe22Ni3Cr
75Fe22Ni3Cr

0.5818 u
0.5652 u
1.122 u
0.7813 u
0.1579 u

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65
65
65
65
65

High Conductivity Materials / 59

Table 2.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Unclassified
AL 4750
Armco 48
K75
KLF-125

0.48 u
0.48 u
0.0228 max
0.0489 max

289 u,d
289 u,d
13.71 max,d
29.41 max,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Lead frame alloy


Lead frame alloy

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65
65
20
20

60 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.3a Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Aluminum Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m*

% IACS

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


1060-H18 (A91060)
117 t
201 t
1060-O (A91060)
118 t
204 t
1100-H18 (A91100)
108 t
187 t
1100-O (A91100)
113 t
194 t
1350-All (A91350)
118 t
204 t
Aluminum, Wrought, 2xxx Aluminum Copper
2011-T3 (A92011)
71 t
123 t
2011-T8 (A92011)

82 t

2014-O (A92014)

92 t

2014-T4 (A92014)

63 t

2014-T6 (A92014)

74 t

2017-O (A92017)

92 t

2017-T4 (A92017)

63 t

2018-T61 (A92018)

74 t

2024-O (A92024)

93 t

142 t
159 t
108 t
127 t
159 t
108 t
127 t
160 t
2024-T3 (A92024)

56 t

2024-T361 (A92024)

56 t

2024-T4 (A92024)

56 t

2024-T6 (A92024)

71 t

2024-T81 (A92024)

71 t

2024-T861 (A92024)

71 t

2025-T6 (A92025)

74 t

2036-T4 (A92036)

78 t

96 t
96 t
96 t
122 t
122 t
122 t
128 t

2038-T4 (A92038)
2117-T4 (A92117)

135 t
132 t
75 t

Temperature
oF
oC

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Notes

Reference

3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

Obsolete, EC Grade
Obsolete, EC Grade

3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
54
3

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References. *Ref
3 reports conductivity for equal mass at 20 o C in MS/m, MS/m=0.58 x %IACS.

High Conductivity Materials / 61

Table 2.3a Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Aluminum Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m*

Aluminum, Wrought, 2xxx Aluminum Copper


2117-T4 (A92117)
2124-T851 (A92124)
71 t

% IACS

130 t

73 t

2219-O (A92219)

80 t

2219-T31 (A92219)

57 t

2219-T37 (A92219)

57 t

2219-T6 (A92219)

58 t

2219-T81 (A92219)

58 t

2219-T87 (A92219)

58 t

2618-T6 (A92618)

70 t

1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

158 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

172 t

20
20

68
68

3
1

138 t
88 t
88 t
94 t
94 t
94 t
120 t
Aluminum, Wrought, 3xxx Aluminum Manganese
3003-H12 (A93003)
78 t
137 t
78 t

3003-H18 (A93003)

74 t

3003-O (A93003)

92 t

3004-All (A93004)

79 t

3105-All (A93105)

86 t

134 t
130 t
163 t
137 t
148 t
Aluminum, Wrought, 4xxx Aluminum Silicon
4032-O (A94032)
77 t
132 t
4032-T6 (A94032)

67 t

4043-O (A94043)

81 t

4045-All (A94045)

88 t

4343-All (A94343)

92 t

Reference

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

126 t

3003-H14 (A93003)

Notes

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

122 t
2218-T72 (A92218)

Temperature
oF
oC

116 t
140 t
151 t

Aluminum, Wrought, 5xxx Aluminum Magnesium


5005-All (A95005)
100 t

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References. *Ref
3 reports conductivity for equal mass at 20 o C in MS/m, MS/m=0.58 x %IACS.

62 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.3a Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Aluminum Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m*

% IACS

Aluminum, Wrought, 5xxx Aluminum Magnesium


5050-All (A95050)
96 t

Temperature
oF
oC

180 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


6005-T1 (A96005)
90 t
155 t
6005-T5 (A96005)
93 t
161 t
6009-All (A96009)
83.5 t,d
144 t
6010-All (A96010)
128 t
6053-O (A96053)
86 t
148 t
6053-T4 (A96053)
81 t
132 t
6053-T6 (A96053)
77 t
139 t
6061-O (A96061)
90 t
155 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

165 t
5052-All (A95052)

67 t

5056-H38 (A95056)

53 t

116 t
91 t
5056-O (A95056)

57 t

5083-O (A95083)

57 t

5086-All (A95086)

60 t

5154-All (A95154)

62 t

5252-All (A95252)

67 t

5254-All (A95254)

62 t

98 t
98 t
104 t
107 t
116 t
107 t
5356-O (A95356)

57 t

5454-H38 (A95456)

66 t

5454-O (A95454)

66 t

5456-O (A95456)

57 t

5457-All (A95457)

89 t

5652-All (A95652)

69 t

98 t
113 t
113 t
98 t
153 t
116 t
5657-All (A95657)

104 t

Notes

Reference

Obsolete
Obsolete

3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete

Obsolete
Obsolete

Obsolete
Obsolete

3
1
3
1
54
54
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References. *Ref
3 reports conductivity for equal mass at 20 o C in MS/m, MS/m=0.58 x %IACS.

High Conductivity Materials / 63

Table 2.3a Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Aluminum Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m*

% IACS

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


6061-T4 (A96061)
77 t
132 t
6061-T6 (A96061)
82 t
142 t
6063-O (A96063)
111 t
191 t
6063-T1 (A96063)
96 t
165 t
6063-T5 (A96063)
105 t
181 t
6063-T6 (A96063)
102 t
175 t
6063-T83 (A96063)
102 t
175 t
6066-O (A96066)
77 t
132 t
6066-T6 (A96066)
71 t
122 t
6070-T6 (A96070)
84 t
145 t
6101-T6 (A96101)
109 t
188 t
6101-T61 (A96101)
113 t
194 t
6101-T63 (A96101)
111 t
191 t
6101-T64 (A96101)
115 t
198 t
6101-T65 (A96101)
111 t
191 t
6105-T1 (A96105)
88 t
151 t
6105-T5 (A96105)
96 t
165 t
6111-T4 (A96111)
76 t,d
131 t
6111-T6 (A96111)
85.3 t,d
147 t
6151-O (A96151)
103 t
178 t
6151-T4 (A96151)
80 t
138 t
6151-T6 (A96151)
86 t
148 t
6201-T81 (A96201)
104 t
180 t
6262-T9 (A96262)
84 t
145 t
6351-T6 (A96351)
88 t

Temperature
oF
oC

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Notes

Reference

3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
54
54
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References. *Ref
3 reports conductivity for equal mass at 20 o C in MS/m, MS/m=0.58 x %IACS.

64 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.3a Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Aluminum Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m*

% IACS

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


6351-T6 (A96351)
151 t
6463-T1 (A96463)
96 t
165 t
6463-T5 (A96463)
105 t
181 t
6463-T6 (A96463)
102 t
175 t
6951-O (A96951)
108 t
186 t
6951-T6 (A96951)
100 t
172 t
Aluminum, Wrought, 7xxx Aluminum Zinc
7021-T61 (A97021)
78.3 t,d
7029-T5 (A97029)
77.1 t,d
7029-T6 (A97029)
77.1 t,d
7049-T73 (A97049)
77 t

135 t
133 t
133 t
132 t

7050-T74 (A97050)

78 t

7072-O (A97072)

112 t

7075-T6 (A97075)

61 t

135 t
193 t

7116-T5 (A97116)
7129-T5 (A97129)
7129-T6 (A97129)
7175-T74 (A97175)
7178-T6 (A97178)

85.8 t,d
77.1 t,d
77.1
72 t
57 t

7475-T61 (A97475)
7475-T651 (A97475)
7475-T7351 (A97475)
7475-T76 (A97475)
7475-T761 (A97475)
Alcoa 7021-T61
Alcoa 7029-T5

69 t
69 t
81 t
77 t
77 t

105 t
148 t
133 t
133 t

98 t
119 t,d
119 t,d
140 t,d
133 t,d
133 t,d
135 u
133 u

Aluminum, Wrought, 8xxx Aluminum-Other Elements


8017-H12 (A98017)
113 t
8017-H212 (A98017)
117 t
200 t
8017-H22 (A98017)
8030-H221 (A98030)

113 t
117 t

8176-H24 (A98176)

117 t

201 t
201 t

Temperature
oF
oC

Notes

Reference

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

54
54
54
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
54
54
54
3
3
1
3
3
3
3
3
66
66

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

T74 previously T73 and T736


T74 previously T73 and T736
T74 previously T73 and T736
T74 previously T73 and T736

Auto bumper
Auto bumper

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References. *Ref
3 reports conductivity for equal mass at 20 o C in MS/m, MS/m=0.58 x %IACS.

3
3
1
3
3
1
3
1

High Conductivity Materials / 65

Table 2.3b Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Copper Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

Sm /g

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Aluminum Bronze


ASTM B422 C63800 (C63800)

0.652 min,d

10.00 min,d

20

68

Sheet and strip

44

2.610 min,d

40.00 min,d

20

68

78

3.588 min,d

55.01 min,d

20

68

78

5.219 min,d

80.00 min,d

20

68

78

6.339 min,d

97.16 min,d

20

68

6.274 min,d

96.16 min,d

20

68

ASTM B115 Grade 2


ASTM B152 C10100-Hxx (C10100)

6.524 min,d
6.405 min,d

100.00 min,d
98.17 min,d

20
20

68
68

ASTM B152 C10100-O60 (C10100)

6.589 min,d

101.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B152 C10200-Hxx (C10200)

6.339 min,d

97.16 min,d

20

68

ASTM B152 C10200-O60 (C10200)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B152 C11000-Hxx (C11000)

6.339 min,d

97.16 min,d

20

68

ASTM B152 C11000-O60 (C11000)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B152 C12000-Hxx (C12000)

5.741 min,d

88.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B152 C12000-Oxx (C12000)

5.872 min,d

90.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B170 Grade 1 (C10100)

6.589 min,d

101.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B170 Grade 2 (C10200)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B187 C10100-H04 (C10100)

6.483 min,d

99.37 min,d

20

68

6.416 min,d

98.35 min,d

20

68

6.589 min,d
6.420 min,d

101.00 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d
6.274 min,d
6.405 min,d
6.420 min,d

100.00 min,d
96.16 min,d
98.17 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Copper, Wrought, Bronze


ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
40
ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
55
ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
80

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B1 Hard-Drawn Copper Wire

ASTM B187 C10100-O60 (C10100)


ASTM B187 C10200-H04 (C10200)

ASTM B187 C10200-O60 (C10200)


ASTM B187 C10300-H04 (C10300)
ASTM B187 C10300-O60 (C10300)
ASTM B187 C10400-H04 (C10400)

8.255 mm (0.325 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460


in.). Test ASTM B 193
1.024 mm (0.0403 in.) <= d < 08.255 mm
(0.325 in.). Test ASTM B 193
Electrolytic cathode. Test to ASTM B 193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Oxygen free electrolytic wire bars, billets, and
cakes. Test to ASTM B 193
Oxygen free electrolytic wire bars, billets, and
cakes. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

75
75
31
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
34
34
36

36

36
36

36

36
36
36
36

66 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.3b Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Copper Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

Sm /g

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B187 C10400-H04 (C10400)

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

ASTM B187 C10400-O60 (C10400)


ASTM B187 C10500-H04 (C10500)

6.524 min,d
6.420 min,d

100.00 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d
6.420 min,d

100.00 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d
6.420 min,d

100.00 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d
6.420 min,d

100.00 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d
6.420 min,d

100.00 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d
6.420 min,d

100.00 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d
6.420 min,d

100.00 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B187 C10500-O60 (C10500)


ASTM B187 C10700-H04 (C10700)

ASTM B187 C10700-O60 (C10700)


ASTM B187 C10920-H04 (C10920)

ASTM B187 C10920-O60 (C10920)


ASTM B187 C10930-H04 (C10930)

ASTM B187 C10930-O60 (C10930)


ASTM B187 C10940-H04 (C10940)

ASTM B187 C10940-O60 (C10940)


ASTM B187 C11000-H04 (C11000)

ASTM B187 C11000-O60 (C11000)


ASTM B187 C11300-H04 (C11300)

ASTM B187 C11300-O60 (C11300)

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),


bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36

High Conductivity Materials / 67

Table 2.3b Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Copper Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

Sm 2 /g

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B187 C11400-H04 (C11400)

6.420 min,d

98.40 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d
6.420 min,d

100.00 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d
6.420 min,d

100.00 min,d
98.40 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.524 min,d
6.132 min,d
6.198 min,d
6.589 min,d

100.00 min,d
93.99 min,d
95.00 min,d
101.00 min,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

6.483 min,d

99.37 min,d

20

68

6.443 min,d

98.75 min,d

20

68

6.416 min,d

98.35 min,d

20

68

6.364 min,d

97.55 min,d

20

68

6.303 min,d

96.61 min,d

20

68

6.420 min,d

98.40 min,d

20

68

6.380 min,d

97.80 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.303 min,d

96.61 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C10200-O60 (C10200)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C10300-H80 (C10300)

6.274 min,d

96.16 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C10300-O60 (C10300)

6.405 min,d

98.17 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C10400-H80 (C10400)

6.420 min,d

98.40 min,d

20

68

ASTM B187 C11400-O60 (C11400)


ASTM B187 C11500-H04 (C11500)

ASTM B187 C11500-O60 (C11500)


ASTM B187 C11600-H04 (C11600)

ASTM B187 C11600-O60 (C11600)


ASTM B187 C14420-H04 (C14420)
ASTM B187 C14420-O60 (C14420)
ASTM B188 C10100-O60 (C10100)

ASTM B188 C10200-H80 (C10200)

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d


<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
36
36
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37

68 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.3b Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Copper Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

Sm /g

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B188 C10400-H80 (C10400)

6.380 min,d

97.80 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.303 min,d

96.61 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C10400-O60 (C10400)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C10500-H80 (C10500)

6.420 min,d

98.40 min,d

20

68

6.380 min,d

97.80 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.303 min,d

96.61 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C10500-O60 (C10500)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C10700-H80 (C10700)

6.420 min,d

98.40 min,d

20

68

6.380 min,d

97.80 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.303 min,d

96.61 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C10700-O60 (C10700)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C11000-H80 (C10920)

6.420 min,d

98.40 min,d

20

68

6.380 min,d

97.80 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.303 min,d

96.61 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C11000-O60 (C10920)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C11300-H80 (C10930)

6.420 min,d

98.40 min,d

20

68

6.380 min,d

97.80 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6


in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37

High Conductivity Materials / 69

Table 2.3b Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Copper Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

Sm /g

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B188 C11300-H80 (C10930)

6.303 min,d

96.61 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C11300-O60 (C10930)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C11400-H80 (C10940)

6.420 min,d

98.40 min,d

20

68

6.380 min,d

97.80 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.303 min,d

96.61 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C11400-O60 (C10940)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C11600-H80 (C11000)

6.420 min,d

98.40 min,d

20

68

6.380 min,d

97.80 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.354 min,d

97.40 min,d

20

68

6.303 min,d

96.61 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C11600-O60 (C11000)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C12000-H80 (C11300)

5.741 min,d

88.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B188 C12000-O60 (C11300)

5.872 min,d

90.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B2 Medium-HardDrawn
Copper Wire

6.372 min,d

97.66 min,d

20

68

6.306 min,d

96.66 min,d

20

68

6.339 min,d
6.524 min,d
6.524 min,d

97.16 min,d
100.00 min,d
100.00 min,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

5.545 min,d
4.893 min,d
5.872 min,d
6.372 min,d

85.00 min,d
75.00 min,d
90.00 min,d
97.66 min,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

6.339 min,d

97.16 min,d

20

68

6.274 min,d

96.16 min,d

20

68

6.143 min,d

94.16 min,d

20

68

6.078 min,d

93.15 min,d

20

68

ASTM B272-H04
ASTM B272-O61
ASTM B3 Soft or Annealed Copper
Wire
ASTM B301 C14500 (C14500)
ASTM B301 C14520 (C14520)
ASTM B301 C14700 (C14700)
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire

Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4


in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
8.255 mm (0.325 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460
in.). Test ASTM B 193
1.024 mm (0.0403 in.) <= d < 08.255 mm
(0.325 in.). Test ASTM B 193
Flat wire, strip. Test to ASTM B 193
Flat wire, strip. Test to ASTM B 193

Free-cutting rod and bar


Free-cutting rod and bar
Free-cutting rod and bar
7.366 mm (0.290 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460
in.)
2.616 mm (0.103 in.) <= d < 7.366 mm (0.290
in.)
0.511 mm (0.0201 in.) <= d < 2.616 mm (0.103
in.)
0.282 mm (0.0111 in.) <= d < 0.511 mm
(0.0201 in.)
0.076 mm (0.0030 in.) <= d < 0.282 mm
(0.0111 in.)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
76
76
38
38
77
39
39
39
79
79
79
79
79

70 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.3b Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Copper Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

Sm /g

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B372 C10200 (C10200)
ASTM B372 C10300 (C10300)
ASTM B372 C12000 (C12000)
ASTM B379 C10300 (C10300)
ASTM B379 C10800 (C10800)
ASTM B447 C10100-H58 (C10100)
ASTM B447 C10100-O61 (C10100)
ASTM B447 C10200-H58 (C10200)
ASTM B447 C10200-O61 (C10200)
ASTM B447 C10300-H58 (C10300)
ASTM B447 C10300-O61 (C10300)
ASTM B447 C11000-H58 (C11000)
ASTM B447 C11000-O61 (C11000)
ASTM B447 C12000-H58 (C12000)
ASTM B447 C12000-O61 (C12000)
ASTM B451

6.354 min,d
6.274 min,d
5.741 min,d
6.405 min,d
5.854 min,d
6.405 min,d
6.589 min,d
6.354 min,d
6.524 min,d
6.274 min,d
6.405 min,d
6.339 min,d
6.524 min,d
5.741 min,d
5.872 min,d
6.274 min,d

97.40 min,d
96.16 min,d
88.00 min,d
98.17 min,d
89.73 min,d
98.17 min,d
101.00 min,d
97.40 min,d
100.00 min,d
96.16 min,d
98.17 min,d
97.16 min,d
100.00 min,d
88.00 min,d
90.00 min,d
96.16 min,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

ASTM B47 Copper Trolly Wire


ASTM B49 C10100 (C10100)
ASTM B49 C10200 (C10200)
ASTM B49 C11000 (C11000)
ASTM B49 C11040 (C11040)
ASTM B5 ETP (C11000)

6.113 min,d
6.339 min,d
6.589 min,d
6.524 min,d
6.524 min,d
6.524 min,d
6.524 min,d

93.69 min,d
97.16 min,d
101.00 min,d
100.00 min,d
100.00 min,d
100.00 min,d
100.00 min,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

6.372 min,d

97.66 min,d

20

68

6.372 min,d
6.524 min,d

97.66 min,d
100.00 min,d

20
20

68
68

6.372 min,d
6.372 min,d

97.66 min,d
97.66 min,d

20
20

68
68

ASTM B623 FRHC (C11020)

6.524 min,d

100.00 min,d

20

68

ASTM B75 C10100-H55 (C10100)


ASTM B75 C10100-H58 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10100-H80 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10100-O50 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10100-O60 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10200-H55 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-H58 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-H80 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-O50 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-O60 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10300-H55 (C10300)
ASTM B75 C10300-H58 (C10300)

6.372 min,d
6.372 min,d
6.405 min,d
6.405 min,d
6.405 min,d
6.589 min,d
6.589 min,d
6.354 min,d
6.354 min,d
6.354 min,d
6.524 min,d
6.524 min,d
6.274 min,d
6.274 min,d

97.66 min,d
97.66 min,d
98.17 min,d
98.17 min,d
98.17 min,d
101.00 min,d
101.00 min,d
97.40 min,d
97.40 min,d
97.40 min,d
100.00 min,d
100.00 min,d
96.16 min,d
96.16 min,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

ASTM B5 FRHC (C11020)

Seamless waveguide tube. Test to ASTM B 193


Seamless waveguide tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless waveguide tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Phosphorized shapes. Test to ASTM B 193
Phosphorized shapes. Test to ASTM B 193
Welded tube
Welded tube
Welded tube
Welded tube
Welded tube
Welded tube
Welded tube
Welded tube
Welded tube
Welded tube
All weights except 1/2 oz/ft**2. Test to ASTM
B 193
1/2 oz/ft**2. Test to ASTM B 193
Redraw rod, OFE. Test to ASTM B 193
Redraw rod, OF. Test to ASTM B 193
Redraw rod, ETP. Test to ASTM B 193
Redraw rod, ETP. Test to ASTM B 193
Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for electical use. Test
to ASTM B 193
Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for nonelectical use.
Test to ASTM B 193
Ingots, ingot bars. Test to ASTM B 193
Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for electical use. Test
to ASTM B 193
Ingots, ingot bars. Test to ASTM B 193
Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for nonelectical use.
Test to ASTM B 193
Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for electical use. Test
to ASTM B 193
Ingot, ingot bars. Test to ASTM B 193
For nonelectrical use. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

40
40
40
41
41
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
47
47
80
25
25
25
25
23
23
23
23
23
23
50
50
50
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30

High Conductivity Materials / 71

Table 2.3b Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Copper Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

Sm /g

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B75 C10300-H80 (C10300)
ASTM B75 C10300-O50 (C10300)
ASTM B75 C10300-O60 (C10300)
ASTM B75 C12000-H55 (C12000)
ASTM B75 C12000-H58 (C12000)
ASTM B75 C12000-H80 (C12000)
ASTM B75 C12000-O50 (C12000)
ASTM B75 C12000-O60 (C12000)
ASTM F68 (C10100)

6.274 min,d
6.405 min,d
6.405 min,d
5.741 min,d
5.741 min,d
5.741 min,d
5.872 min,d
5.872 min,d
6.589 min,d

96.16 min,d
98.17 min,d
98.17 min,d
88.00 min,d
88.00 min,d
88.00 min,d
90.00 min,d
90.00 min,d
101.00 min,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193


Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193
For electron devices. Test to ASTM B 193

30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
53

2.372 min,d
2.372 min,d
2.284 min,d
2.372 min,d
0.652 min,d

36.36 min,d
36.36 min,d
35.00 min,d
36.36 min,d
10.00 min,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Sheet and strip


Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip, obsolete

44
44
44
44
44

5.872 min,d
5.872 min,d
5.872 min,d
5.872 min,d
5.872 min,d
5.872 min,d
6.197 min,d

90.00 min,d
90.00 min,d
90.00 min,d
90.00 min,d
90.00 min,d
90.00 min,d
94.99 min,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Sheet and strip


Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip

52
52
52
52
52
52
52

5.872 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
4.241 min,d
4.241 min,d
4.241 min,d
4.241 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d
3.914 min,d

90.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
65.00 min,d
65.00 min,d
65.00 min,d
65.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d
60.00 min,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Free-cutting rod and bar


Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

39
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel


ASTM B422 C70250-TM00 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TM02 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TM03 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TR02 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C72400 (C72400)
Copper, Wrought, Copper Zirconium
ASTM B747 C15100-H01 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H02 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H03 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H04 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H06 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H08 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-OS015
(C15100)
Copper, Wrought, High Copper
ASTM B301 C18700 (C18700)
ASTM B465 C19200-H01 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H02 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H03 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H04 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H06 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H08 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H10 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H14 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O50 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O60 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O61 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O62 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19400-H01 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H02 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H03 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H04 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H06 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H08 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H10 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H14 (C19400)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

72 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.3b Weight Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Copper Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

Sm 2 /g

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, High Copper


ASTM B465 C19400-O50 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O60 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O61 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O62 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19500-H01 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H02 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H03 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H04 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H06 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H08 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H10 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H14 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O50 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O60 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O61 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O62 (C19500)

4.241 to 4.893
min,d
4.241 to 4.893
min,d
4.241 to 4.893
min,d
4.241 to 4.893
min,d
2.926 min,d
2.926 min,d
2.926 min,d
2.926 min,d
2.926 min,d
2.926 min,d
2.926 min,d
2.926 min,d
3.251 min,d
3.251 min,d
3.251 min,d
3.251 min,d

65.00 to 75.00
min,d
65.00 to 75.00
min,d
65.00 to 75.00
min,d
65.00 to 75.00
min,d
44.85 min,d
44.85 min,d
44.85 min,d
44.85 min,d
44.85 min,d
44.85 min,d
44.85 min,d
44.85 min,d
49.83 min,d
49.83 min,d
49.83 min,d
49.83 min,d

1.696 to 2.871
min,d
1.696 to 2.871
min,d

26.00 to 44.45
min,d
26.00 to 44.45
min,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar


Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar
Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

20

68

Rod and bar

42

20

68

Wire. Test to ASTM B 193

43

Copper, Wrought, Silicon Bronze


ASTM B411 C64700-TF00 (C64700)
ASTM B412 C64700 (C64700)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 73

Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

2
g/m

2
lb/mile

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Aluminum Bronze


ASTM B422 C63800 (C63800)

1.5328 fio

8752.29 fio,d

20

68

Sheet and strip

44

0.38320 max

2188 max,as
spec
1591 max,as
spec
1094 max,as
spec

20

68

78

20

68

78

20

68

78

20

68

Copper, Wrought, Bronze


ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
40
ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
55
ASTM B9 Bronze Trolly Wire Alloy
80

0.27868 max
0.19160 max

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B1 Hard-Drawn Copper Wire

0.15775 max

900.77 max,as
spec
910.15 max,as
spec
875.23 max,d

20

68

20

68

891.56 max,d

20

68

866.55 max,d

20

68

900.75 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

900.75 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

994.57 max,d

20

68

972.47 max,d

20

68

866.55 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

880.77 max,d

20

68

0.15585
max,as spec

889.90 max,d

20

68

0.15176
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec

866.55 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15577
max,as spec

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15940
max,as spec
0.15614
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

910.17 max,d
891.56 max,d

0.15940 max
ASTM B115 Grade 2
ASTM B152 C10100-Hxx (C10100)
ASTM B152 C10100-O60 (C10100)
ASTM B152 C10200-Hxx (C10200)
ASTM B152 C10200-O60 (C10200)
ASTM B152 C11000-Hxx (C11000)
ASTM B152 C11000-O60 (C11000)
ASTM B152 C12000-Hxx (C12000)
ASTM B152 C12000-Oxx (C12000)
ASTM B170 Grade 1 (C10100)
ASTM B170 Grade 2 (C10200)
ASTM B187 C10100-H04 (C10100)

ASTM B187 C10100-O60 (C10100)


ASTM B187 C10200-H04 (C10200)

ASTM B187 C10200-O60 (C10200)


ASTM B187 C10300-H04 (C10300)
ASTM B187 C10300-O60 (C10300)

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15614
max,as spec
0.15176
max,as spec
0.15775
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15775
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.17418
max,as spec
0.17031
max,as spec
0.15176
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15425
max,as spec

8.255 mm (0.325 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460


in.). Test ASTM B 193
1.024 mm (0.0403 in.) <= d < 08.255 mm
(0.325 in.). Test ASTM B 193
Electrolytic cathode. Test to ASTM B 193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Sheet, strip, plate, rolled bar. Test to ASTM B
193
Oxygen free electrolytic wire bars, billets, and
cakes. Test to ASTM B 193
Oxygen free electrolytic wire bars, billets, and
cakes. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193

75
75
31
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
33
34
34
36

36

36

68

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),


bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193

36

20

68

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193

36

20

68

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193

36

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

36

36

74 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

g/m

lb/mile

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B187 C10400-H04 (C10400)

ASTM B187 C10400-O60 (C10400)


ASTM B187 C10500-H04 (C10500)

ASTM B187 C10500-O60 (C10500)


ASTM B187 C10700-H04 (C10700)

ASTM B187 C10700-O60 (C10700)


ASTM B187 C10920-H04 (C10920)

ASTM B187 C10920-O60 (C10920)


ASTM B187 C10930-H04 (C10930)

ASTM B187 C10930-O60 (C10930)


ASTM B187 C10940-H04 (C10940)

ASTM B187 C10940-O60 (C10940)


ASTM B187 C11000-H04 (C11000)

ASTM B187 C11000-O60 (C11000)

0.15737
max,as spec

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15577
max,as spec

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15577
max,as spec

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15577
max,as spec

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15577
max,as spec

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15737
max,as spec

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15737
max,as spec

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15737
max,as spec

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),


bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36

High Conductivity Materials / 75

Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

g/m

lb/mile

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B187 C11300-H04 (C11300)

ASTM B187 C11300-O60 (C11300)


ASTM B187 C11400-H04 (C11400)

ASTM B187 C11400-O60 (C11400)


ASTM B187 C11500-H04 (C11500)

ASTM B187 C11500-O60 (C11500)


ASTM B187 C11600-H04 (C11600)

ASTM B187 C11600-O60 (C11600)


ASTM B187 C14420-H04 (C14420)
ASTM B187 C14420-O60 (C14420)
ASTM B188 C10100-O60 (C10100)

ASTM B188 C10200-H80 (C10200)

0.15577
max,as spec

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15737
max,as spec

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15737
max,as spec

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15577
max,as spec

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

0.15737
max,as spec

898.58 max,d

20

68

0.15328
max,as spec
0.16307
max,as spec
0.16135
max,as spec
0.15865
max,as spec
0.15713
max,as spec
0.15521
max,as spec
0.15176
max,as spec
0.15425
max,as spec
0.15585
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15673
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec
0.15865
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

931.13 max,d

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d


<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d
<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193

36

36

36
36

36

36
36

36

36

68

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod 50.8 mm (2 in.) < d


<= 76.2 mm (3 in.), bar > 9.5 mm (3/8 in.)
thick, all shapes, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Rod <= 50.8 mm (2 in.),
bar <= 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick and 102 mm (4
in.) wide, test to ASTM B 193
Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193

36

20

68

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193

36

921.31 max,d

20

68

Bar, bus bar, rod, shps. Test to ASTM B 193

36

905.89 max,d

20

68

37

897.21 max,d

20

68

886.25 max,d

20

68

866.55 max,d

20

68

880.77 max,d

20

68

889.90 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

894.93 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

905.89 max,d

20

68

Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4


in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

36

36

37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37

76 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

g/m

lb/mile

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B188 C10200-H80 (C10200)
ASTM B188 C10200-O60 (C10200)
ASTM B188 C10300-H80 (C10300)
ASTM B188 C10300-O60 (C10300)
ASTM B188 C10400-H80 (C10400)

ASTM B188 C10400-O60 (C10400)


ASTM B188 C10500-H80 (C10500)

ASTM B188 C10500-O60 (C10500)


ASTM B188 C10700-H80 (C10700)

ASTM B188 C10700-O60 (C10700)


ASTM B188 C11000-H80 (C10920)

0.15737
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15940
max,as spec
0.15614
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15673
max,as spec
0.15865
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15865
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec
0.15673
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec
0.15865
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15673
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15673
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec
0.15865
max,as spec

898.58 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

910.17 max,d

20

68

891.56 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

894.93 max,d

20

68

905.89 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

905.89 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

894.93 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

905.89 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

894.93 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

894.93 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

905.89 max,d

20

68

Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4


in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37

High Conductivity Materials / 77

Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

g/m

lb/mile

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B188 C11000-O60 (C10920)
ASTM B188 C11300-H80 (C10930)

ASTM B188 C11300-O60 (C10930)


ASTM B188 C11400-H80 (C10940)

ASTM B188 C11400-O60 (C10940)


ASTM B188 C11600-H80 (C11000)

ASTM B188 C11600-O60 (C11000)


ASTM B188 C12000-H80 (C11300)
ASTM B188 C12000-O60 (C11300)
ASTM B2 Medium-HardDrawn
Copper Wire

0.15328
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec
0.15865
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15673
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15673
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15865
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15673
max,as spec
0.15865
max,as spec
0.15577
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.17418
max,as spec
0.17031
max,as spec
0.15694 max
0.15857 max

ASTM B272-H04
ASTM B272-O61
ASTM B3 Soft or Annealed Copper
Wire
ASTM B301 C14500 (C14500)

0.15775
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15328 max
0.18033
max,as spec

875.23 max,d

20

68

68

Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to


ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t <= 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD > 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim <= 152 mm (6
in.), t > 4.8 mm (3/16 in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Round OD <= 102 mm (4
in.), test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. Rect dim > 152 mm (6 in.),
test to ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
Seamless pipe tube. All types and sizes, test to
ASTM B 193
8.255 mm (0.325 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460
in.). Test ASTM B 193
1.024 mm (0.0403 in.) <= d < 08.255 mm
(0.325 in.). Test ASTM B 193
Flat wire, strip. Test to ASTM B 193

889.45 max,d

20

68

905.89 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

894.93 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

894.93 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

905.89 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

898.58 max,d

20

68

894.93 max,d

20

68

905.89 max,d

20

68

889.45 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

994.57 max,d

20

68

972.47 max,d

20

68

896.15 max,as
spec
905.44 max,as
spec
900.75 max,d

20

68

20

68

20

875.23 max,d
875.20 max,as
spec
1029.68 max,d

37

38

20

68

Flat wire, strip. Test to ASTM B 193

38

20

68

20

68

37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
76
76

77
Free-cutting rod and bar

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

39

78 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

g/m

lb/mile

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B301 C14520 (C14520)
ASTM B301 C14700 (C14700)
ASTM B33 Tinned Soft or Annealed
Copper Wire

0.20437
max,as spec
0.17030
max,as spec
0.15694 max
0.15940 max
0.16279 max
0.15775 max

ASTM B372 C10200 (C10200)


ASTM B372 C10300 (C10300)
ASTM B372 C12000 (C12000)
ASTM B379 C10300 (C10300)
ASTM B379 C10800 (C10800)
ASTM B447 C10100-H58 (C10100)
ASTM B447 C10100-O61 (C10100)
ASTM B447 C10200-H58 (C10200)
ASTM B447 C10200-O61 (C10200)
ASTM B447 C10300-H58 (C10300)
ASTM B447 C10300-O61 (C10300)
ASTM B447 C11000-H58 (C11000)
ASTM B447 C11000-O61 (C11000)
ASTM B447 C12000-H58 (C12000)
ASTM B447 C12000-O61 (C12000)
ASTM B451

ASTM B49 C10100 (C10100)


ASTM B49 C10200 (C10200)
ASTM B49 C11000 (C11000)
ASTM B49 C11040 (C11040)

0.15737 max,if
spec
0.15940 max,if
spec
0.17418 max,if
spec
0.15614
max,as spec
0.17081
max,as spec
0.15614
max,as spec
0.15176
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15940
max,as spec
0.15614
max,as spec
0.15775
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.17418
max,as spec
0.17031
max,as spec
0.16359
max,as spec
0.15940
max,as spec
0.15176
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec

1166.95 max,d

20

68

Free-cutting rod and bar

39

972.41 max,d

20

68

Free-cutting rod and bar

39

896.15 max,as
spec
910.15 max,as
spec
929.52 max,as
spec
900.77 max,as
spec
898.58 max,d

20

68

79

20

68

20

68

20

68

20

68

7.366 mm (0.290 in.) <= d < 11.684 mm (0.460


in.)
0.511 mm (0.0201 in.) <= d < 2.616 mm (0.103
in.)
0.282 mm (0.0111 in.) <= d < 0.511 mm
(0.0201 in.)
2.616 mm (0.103 in.) <= d < 7.366 mm (0.290
in.)
Seamless waveguide tube. Test to ASTM B 193

40

910.17 max,d

20

68

Seamless waveguide tube. Test to ASTM B 193

40

994.57 max,d

20

68

Seamless waveguide tube. Test to ASTM B 193

40

891.56 max,d

20

68

Phosphorized shapes. Test to ASTM B 193

41

975.33 max,d

20

68

Phosphorized shapes. Test to ASTM B 193

41

891.56 max,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

866.55 max,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

898.58 max,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

875.23 max,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

910.17 max,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

891.56 max,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

900.75 max,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

875.23 max,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

994.57 max,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

972.47 max,d

20

68

Welded tube

46

934.10 max,d

20

68

1/2 oz/ft**2. Test to ASTM B 193

47

910.17 max,d

20

68

47

866.55 max,d

20

68

All weights except 1/2 oz/ft**2. Test to ASTM


B 193
Redraw rod, OFE. Test to ASTM B 193

25

875.23 max,d

20

68

Redraw rod, OF. Test to ASTM B 193

25

875.23 max,d

20

68

Redraw rod, ETP. Test to ASTM B 193

25

875.23 max,d

20

68

Redraw rod, ETP. Test to ASTM B 193

25

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

79
79
79

High Conductivity Materials / 79

Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

g/m

lb/mile

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B5 ETP (C11000)

ASTM B5 FRHC (C11020)

ASTM B623 FRHC (C11020)

ASTM B75 C10100-H55 (C10100)


ASTM B75 C10100-H58 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10100-H80 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10100-O50 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10100-O60 (C10100)
ASTM B75 C10200-H55 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-H58 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-H80 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-O50 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10200-O60 (C10200)
ASTM B75 C10300-H55 (C10300)
ASTM B75 C10300-H58 (C10300)
ASTM B75 C10300-H80 (C10300)
ASTM B75 C10300-O50 (C10300)
ASTM B75 C10300-O60 (C10300)
ASTM B75 C12000-H55 (C12000)
ASTM B75 C12000-H58 (C12000)
ASTM B75 C12000-H80 (C12000)

0.15694
max,as spec
0.15694
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15694
max,as spec
0.15694
max,as spec
0.15694
max,as spec
0.15694
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15614
max,as spec
0.15614
max,as spec
0.15614
max,as spec
0.15176
max,as spec
0.15176
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15737
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15328
max,as spec
0.15940
max,as spec
0.15940
max,as spec
0.15940
max,as spec
0.15614
max,as spec
0.15614
max,as spec
0.17418
max,as spec
0.17418
max,as spec
0.17418
max,as spec

896.13 max,d

20

68

896.13 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

875.23 max,d

20

68

896.13 max,d

20

68

896.13 max,d

20

896.13 max,d

Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for nonelectical use.


Test to ASTM B 193
Ingots, ingot bars. Test to ASTM B 193

23
23

68

Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for electical use. Test


to ASTM B 193
Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for electical use. Test
to ASTM B 193
Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for nonelectical use.
Test to ASTM B 193
Ingots, ingot bars. Test to ASTM B 193

23

20

68

Ingot, ingot bars. Test to ASTM B 193

50

896.13 max,d

20

68

For nonelectrical use. Test to ASTM B 193

50

875.23 max,d

20

68

50

891.56 max,d

20

68

Wire bar, cake, slab, billet for electical use. Test


to ASTM B 193
Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

891.56 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

891.56 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

866.55 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

866.55 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

898.58 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

898.58 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

898.58 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

875.23 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

875.23 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

910.17 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

910.17 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

910.17 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

891.56 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

891.56 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

994.57 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

994.57 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

994.57 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

23
23
23

80 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

g/m

lb/mile

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


ASTM B75 C12000-O50 (C12000)
ASTM B75 C12000-O60 (C12000)
ASTM F68 (C10100)

0.17031
max,as spec
0.17031
max,as spec
0.15176
max,as spec

972.47 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

972.47 max,d

20

68

Seamless tube. Test to ASTM B 193

30

866.55 max,d

20

68

For electron devices. Test to ASTM B 193

53

0.4215 fio
0.4215 fio
0.4379 fio
0.4215 fio
1.5328 fio

2406.77 max,d
2406.77 max,d
2500.41 max,d
2406.77 max,d
8752.29 max,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Sheet and strip


Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip, obsolete

44
44
44
44
44

0.17031
max,as spec
0.17031
max,as spec
0.17031
max,as spec
0.17031
max,as spec
0.17031
max,as spec
0.17031
max,as spec
0.16136
max,as spec

972.47 max,d

20

68

Sheet and strip

52

972.47 max,d

20

68

Sheet and strip

52

972.47 max,d

20

68

Sheet and strip

52

972.47 max,d

20

68

Sheet and strip

52

972.47 max,d

20

68

Sheet and strip

52

972.47 max,d

20

68

Sheet and strip

52

921.37 max,d

20

68

Sheet and strip

52

972.41 max,d

20

68

Free-cutting rod and bar

39

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1346.48 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1346.48 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1346.48 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel


ASTM B422 C70250-TM00 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TM02 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TM03 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TR02 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C72400 (C72400)
Copper, Wrought, Copper Zirconium
ASTM B747 C15100-H01 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H02 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H03 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H04 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H06 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-H08 (C15100)
ASTM B747 C15100-OS015
(C15100)
Copper, Wrought, High Copper
ASTM B301 C18700 (C18700)
ASTM B465 C19200-H01 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H02 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H03 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H04 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H06 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H08 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H10 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-H14 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O50 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O60 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19200-O61 (C19200)

0.17030
max,as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.23581 max
as spec
0.23581 max
as spec
0.23581 max
as spec

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 81

Table 2.4 Weight Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

g/m

lb/mile

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, High Copper


ASTM B465 C19200-O62 (C19200)
ASTM B465 C19400-H01 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H02 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H03 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H04 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H06 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H08 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H10 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-H14 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O50 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O60 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O61 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19400-O62 (C19400)
ASTM B465 C19500-H01 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H02 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H03 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H04 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H06 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H08 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H10 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-H14 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O50 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O60 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O61 (C19500)
ASTM B465 C19500-O62 (C19500)

0.23581 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.25547 max
as spec
0.23581 to
0.20437 as spec
0.23581 to
0.20437 as spec
0.23581 to
0.20437 as spec
0.23581 to
0.20437 as spec
0.34175 max
as spec
0.34175 max
as spec
0.34175 max
as spec
0.34175 max
as spec
0.34175 max
as spec
0.34175 max
as spec
0.34175 max
as spec
0.34175 max
as spec
0.30758 max
as spec
0.30758 max
as spec
0.30758 max
as spec
0.30758 max
as spec

1346.48 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1458.73 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1346.48 to
1166.95 max,d
1346.48 to
1166.95 max,d
1346.48 to
1166.95 max,d
1346.48 to
1166.95 max,d
1951.39 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1951.39 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1951.39 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1951.39 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1951.39 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1951.39 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1951.39 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1951.39 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1756.28 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1756.28 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1756.28 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

1756.28 max,d

20

68

Cu-Fe plate, sheet, strip, rolled bar

48

0.34836 to
0.58954 range
0.34836 to
0.58954 range

1969.00 to
3366.27 max,d
1969.00 to
3366.27 max,d

20

68

Rod and bar

42

20

68

Wire. Test to ASTM B 193

43

Copper, Wrought, Silicon Bronze


ASTM B411 C64700-TF00 (C64700)
ASTM B412 C64700 (C64700)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

82 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.5 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


5-9s purity commercial Al-O
5-9s purity commercial Al-O
6-9s purity commercial Al-O
6-9s purity commercial Al-O
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
99.99% Al
99.99% Al
99.99% Al
99.99% Al
99.99% Al
99.99% Al
99.99% Al
99.99% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al

2.20E-03 e
5.7E-05 e
2.20E-03 e
2.3E-05 e
0.0250 e
0.0362 e
0.0478 e
0.0600 e
0.0729 e
0.0863 e
0.1010 e
0.1090 e
0.292 e
0.3065 e
0.3215 e
0.1095 e
0.242 e
0.2475 e
0.2625 e
0.2775 e
6.14E-03 e
3.51E-03 e
2.11E-03 e
1.17E-03 e
8.70E-04 e
7.33E-06 e
2.61E-06 e
9.25E-07 e
9.25E-07 e
1.006E-02 u
4.42E-03 u
2.45E-03 u
9.59E-04 u
2.117E-02 u
1.81E-04 u
7.5E-06 u
1.9E-06 u
1E-06 u
1.587E-02 u
0.0265 u
0.0355 u
0.0387 u
0.0478 u
0.0499 u
0.0599 u
0.0613 u
0.0730 u
0.0735 u

1.32 e,d
3.43E-02 e,d
1.32 e,d
1.38E-02 e,d
15.04 e,d
21.78 e,d
28.75 e,d
36.09 e,d
43.85 e,d
51.91 e,d
60.75 e,d
65.57 e,d
175.65 e,d
184.37 e,d
193.39 e,d
65.87 e,d
145.57 e,d
148.88 e,d
157.90 e,d
166.92 e,d
3.69 e,d
2.11 e,d
1.27 e,d
0.70 e,d
0.523 e,d
4.41E-03 e,d
1.57E-03 e,d
5.564E-04 e,d
5.564E-04 e,d
6.05 u,d
2.66 u,d
1.47 u,d
0.58 u,d
12.73 u,d
0.109 u,d
4.51E-03 u,d
1.14E-03 u,d
6.02E-04 u,d
9.55 u,d
15.94 u,d
21.35 u,d
23.28 u,d
28.75 u,d
30.02 u,d
36.03 u,d
36.87 u,d
43.91 u,d
44.21 u,d

-196
-269.0
-196
-269.0
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
650
1000
1100
1200
660
660
700
800
900
-161.6
-182.84
-195.8
-209.7
-215
-252.8
-259.2
-268.93
-271.5
-123
-173
-193
-213
-23
-233
-253
-263
-272
-73
0
100
127
200
227
300
327
400
427

-321
-452.2
-321
-452.2
32
212
392
572
752
932
1112
1202
1832
2012
2192
1220
1220
1292
1472
1652
-258.9
-297.11
-320.4
-409.5
-355
-423.0
-435.6
-452.07
-456.7
-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-9.4
-387.4
-423.4
-441
-457.6
-99.4
32
212
260.6
392
440.6
572
620.6
752
800.6

Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

High Conductivity Materials / 83

Table 2.5 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


Al
Al

0.0870 u
0.1018 u

52.33 u,d
61.24 u,d

527
627

980.6
1160.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

0.043 u

26 u,d

RT

RT

T74 previously T73 and T736

66

0.057 to 0.10

34 to 61

RT

RT

Contact bridges, bolts, screws

66

0.028 to 0.038

17 to 23

RT

RT

Fuse clips, springs, switches, connectors

66

0.028 to 0.038

17 to 23

RT

RT

Fuse clips, switch parts, electrical connectors

66

0.272
0.330
0.338
0.299
0.304

163.6
198.5
203.3
179.9
182.9

1100
538
649
593
649

2012
1000
1200
1100
1200

Liquid state
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid

15
15
15
15
15

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Phosphorous deoxidized copper
Phosphorous deoxidized copper
Phosphorous deoxidized copper
Phosphorous deoxidized copper
Phosphorous deoxidized copper
Phosphorous deoxidized copper
Oxygen free high conductivity copper. Molten
metal
Oxygen free high conductivity copper. Molten
metal
Oxygen free high conductivity copper. Molten
metal

18
18
94
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
22
22
22
22
22
22
22

Aluminum, Wrought, 7xxx Aluminum Zinc


7049-T73 (A97049)
Copper, Wrought, Beryllium Copper
Olin 172-Precipitation hardened
(C17200)
Olin 175-Precipitation hardened
(C17500)
Olin 17510-Precipitation hardened
(C17510)
Copper, Wrought, Brass
C22000 (C22000)
C22000 (C22000)
C22000 (C22000)
C23000 (C23000)
C23000 (C23000)

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
DHP (C12200)
DHP (C12200)
DHP (C12200)
DHP (C12200)
DHP (C12200)
DHP (C12200)
OFHC

6.99E-03 u
3.48E-03 u
3.48E-03 u
2.15E-03 u
9.71E-04 u
2.39E-04 u
2.8E-05 u
2.0E-05 u
1.046E-02 u
1.543E-02 u
0.2101 u
0.02402 u
0.2342 u
0.0293 u
0.03792 u
0.05262 u
0.06858 u
0.08626 u
0.2245 u
0.229 u
0.233 u
0.2375 u
0.242 u
0.251 ext
0.218 u

4.20 u,d
2.09 u,d
2.09 u,d
1.29 u,d
0.58 u,d
0.14 u,d
1.68E-02 u,d
1.20E-02 u,d
6.29 u,d
9.28 u,d
126.38 u,d
14.45 u,d
140.88 u,d
17.62 u,d
22.81 u,d
31.65 u,d
41.25 u,d
51.89 u,d
135.04 u,d
137.8 u,d
140.2 u,d
142.86 u,d
145.6 u,d
151.0 ext,d
131.1 u,d

-123
-173
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0
1127
127
1327
200
327
527
727
927
1100
1150
1200
1250
1300
1400
1100

-189.4
-279.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
392
620.6
980.6
1340.6
1700
2012
2102
2192
2282
2372
2552
2012

OFHC

0.222 u

133.5 u,d

1150

2102

OFHC

0.2255 u

135.65 u,d

1200

2192

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

22
22

84 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.5 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


OFHC

0.229 u

137.8 u,d

1250

2282

OFHC

0.233 u

140.2 u,d

1300

2372

OFHC

0.2365 u

142.26 u,d

1350

2462

OFHC

0.241 ext

145.0 ext,d

1400

2552

0.294
0.089

177 u
53.5

200
RT

0.068

41

0.0426 u,d
0.0499 u,d
0.0572 u,d
0.0648 u,d
0.0710 u,d

Oxygen free high conductivity copper. Molten


metal
Oxygen free high conductivity copper. Molten
metal
Oxygen free high conductivity copper. Molten
metal
Oxygen free high conductivity copper. Molten
metal

22

392
RT

Bar, rod, tube, pipe, plated, sheet, strip, and wire


Strip for electronic switches

66
66

RT

RT

Connectors, dispersion/solution strengthened

66

25.6 u
30.0 u
34.4 u
39.0 u
42.7 u

100
200
300
400
500

212
392
572
752
932

Rod, welding rod, electrical connectors


Rod, welding rod, electrical connectors
Rod, welding rod, electrical connectors
Rod, welding rod, electrical connectors
Rod, welding rod, electrical connectors

66
66
66
66
66

0.906 d
1.150 d
1.184 d
1.195 d
1.217 d

545
692
712
719
732

31
538
649
732
816

87
1000
1200
1350
1500

Superalloy, precipitation-hardenable
Superalloy, precipitation-hardenable
Superalloy, precipitation-hardenable
Superalloy, precipitation-hardenable
Superalloy, precipitation-hardenable

61
61
61
61
61

1.061E-02 u
6.50E-03 u
4.81E-03 u
3.08E-03 u
1.41E-03 u
3.5E-04 u
2.2E-04 u
1.462E-02 u
2.051E-02 u
0.028 u
0.3108 u
0.03107 u
0.3483 u
0.04875 u
0.068 u
0.06808 u
0.08986 u
0.118 u
0.1149 u

6.38 u,d
3.91 u,d
2.89 u,d
1.85 u,d
0.85 u,d
0.21 u,d
0.13 u,d
8.79 u,d
12.34 u,d
16.84 u,d
186.96 u,d
18.69 u,d
209.51 u,d
29.32 u,d
40.90 u,d
40.95 u,d
54.05 u,d
70.98 u,d
69.12 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0
100
1127
127
1327
327
500
527
727
900
927

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32
212
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
620.6
932
980.6
1340.6
1652
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.0116 u
0.0325 u

6.98 u,d
19.55 u,d

-173
-73

-279.4
-99.4

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

22
22
22

Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel


CDA 710
Dickalloy-Precipitation hardened
Copper, Wrought, Tin Brass
Olin C663
Copper, Wrought, Unclassified
Berylco 10-52
Berylco 10-52
Berylco 10-52
Berylco 10-52
Berylco 10-52
Nickel, Nickel, Iron Nickel Chromium
A286 (S66286)
A286 (S66286)
A286 (S66286)
A286 (S66286)
A286 (S66286)
Noble, Gold, Unclassified
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Au
Noble, Iridium, Unclassified
Ir
Ir

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 85

Table 2.5 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Noble, Iridium, Unclassified


Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir

0.0477 u
0.068 u
0.310 u
0.0739 u
0.370 u
0.483 u
0.544 u
0.602 u
0.112 u
0.151 u
0.153 u
0.201 u
0.251 u

28.69 u,d
40.90 u,d
186.47 u,d
44.45 u,d
222.57 u,d
290.54 u,d
327.23 u,d
362.12 u,d
67.37 u,d
90.83 u,d
92.03 u,d
120.91 u,d
150.98 u,d

0
100
1127
127
1327
1727
1927
2127
327
500
527
727
927

32
212
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
3140.6
3500.6
3860.6
620.6
932
980.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.0195 u
0.0549 u
0.00814 u
0.5210 u
0.1530 u
0.5850 u
0.2260 u
0.3020 u
0.3750 u
0.4510 u

11.73 u,d
33.02 u,d
4.90 u,d
313.40 u,d
92.03 u,d
351.90 u,d
135.95 u,d
181.66 u,d
225.57 u,d
271.29 u,d

-173
-73
0
1127
127
1327
327
527
727
927

-279.4
-99.4
32
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
620.6
980.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

4.800E-02 u
0.0262 u
0.0262 u
1.750E-02 u
9.38E-03 u
3.34E-03 u
5.63E-04 u
2.00E-04 u
0.0688 u
6.880E-02 u
9.780E-02 u
0.138 u
0.40 u
0.1448 u
0.212 u
0.275 u
0.271 u

28.87 u,d
15.76 u,d
15.76 u,d
10.53 u,d
5.64 u,d
2.01 u,d
0.34 u,d
0.12 u,d
41.39 u,d
41.39 u,d
58.83 u,d
83.01 u,d
240.61 u,d
87.10 u,d
127.52 u,d
165.42 u,d
163.01 u,d

-123
-173
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
-73
0
100
1000
127
327
500
527

-189.4
-279.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
-99.4
32
212
1832
260.6
620.6
932
980.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

4.760E-02 u
2.755E-02 u
0.02795 u
1.992E-02 u

28.63 u,d
16.57 u,d
16.81 u,d
11.98 u,d

-123
-173
-173
-193

-189.4
-279.4
-279.4
-315.4

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

Noble, Osmium, Unclassified


Os
Os
Os
Os
Os
Os
Os
Os
Os
Os
Noble, Palladium, Unclassified
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Noble, Platinum, Unclassified
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

86 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.5 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Noble, Platinum, Unclassified


Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt

1.107E-02 u
0.00736 u
4.09E-03 u
4.84E-04 u
2.0E-05 u
6.770E-02 u
0.06884 u
9.600E-02 u
0.136 u
0.431 u
0.4669 u
0.1460 u
0.5180 u
0.554 u
0.5652 u
0.2185 u
0.279 u
0.287 u
0.3510 u
0.4089 u

6.66 u,d
4.43 u,d
2.46 u,d
0.29 u,d
1.20E-02 u,d
40.72 u,d
41.41 u,d
57.75 u,d
81.81 u,d
259.26 u,d
280.85 u,d
87.82 u,d
311.59 u,d
333.25 u,d
339.99 u,d
131.43 u,d
167.83 u,d
172.64 u,d
211.14 u,d
245.97 u,d

-213
-223
-233
-253
-272
-73
-73
0
100
1000
1127
127
1327
1500
1527
327
500
527
727
927

-351.4
-369.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
-99.4
32
212
1832
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
2732
2780.6
620.6
932
980.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.0091 u
0.0295 u
0.062 u
0.311 u
0.0710 u
0.369 u
0.420 u
0.480 u
0.115 u
0.146 u
0.160 u
0.286 u
0.260 u

5.47 u,d
17.75 u,d
37.29 u,d
187.08 u,d
42.71 u,d
221.96 u,d
252.64 u,d
288.73 u,d
69.18 u,d
87.82 u,d
96.24 u,d
172.04 u,d
156.40 u,d

-173
-73
100
1127
127
1327
1527
1727
327
500
527
727
927

-279.4
-99.4
212
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
2780.6
3140.6
620.6
932
980.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.0280 u
0.0755 u
0.0136 u
0.0023 u
0.0595 u
0.0050 u
0.0430 u
0.0669 u
0.4120 u
0.498 u
0.1030 u
0.4760 u
0.610 u

16.84 u,d
45.42 u,d
8.18 u,d
1.38 u,d
35.79 u,d
3.01 u,d
25.87 u,d
40.24 u,d
247.83 u,d
299.56 u,d
61.96 u,d
286.33 u,d
366.93 u,d

-123
-173
-173
-223
-23
-260
-73
0
1127
1200
127
1327
1500

-189.4
-279.4
-279.4
-369.4
-9.4
-436
-99.4
32
2060.6
2192
260.6
2420.6
2732

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Noble, Rhodium
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh
Noble, Ruthenium
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 87

Table 2.5 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of High Conductivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Noble, Ruthenium
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru
Ru

0.1620 u
0.300 u
0.2210 u
0.2830 u
0.393 u
0.3760 u

97.45 u,d
180.46 u,d
132.94 u,d
170.23 u,d
236.40 u,d
226.18 u,d

327
400
527
727
800
927

620.6
752
980.6
1340.6
1472
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18

7.26E-03 u
4.18E-03 u
2.89E-03 u
1.62E-03 u
5.39E-04 u
4.2E-05 u
1.0E-05 u
1.029E-02 u
1.467E-02 u
0.021 u
0.1869 u
0.02241 u
0.2038 u
0.03531 u
0.047 u
0.04912 u
0.06396 u
0.076 u
0.08089 u

4.37 u,d
2.51 u,d
1.74 u,d
0.97 u,d
0.32 u,d
2.53E-02 u,d
6.02E-03 u,d
6.19 u,d
8.82 u,d
12.63 u,d
112.43 u,d
13.48 u,d
122.59 u,d
21.24 u,d
28.27 u,d
29.55 u,d
38.47 u,d
45.72 u,d
48.66 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0
100
1127
127
1327
327
500
527
727
900
927

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32
212
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
620.6
932
980.6
1340.6
1652
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Noble, Silver, Unclassified


Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

88 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.6 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of High Conductivity Material Families


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

oC -1

Aluminum, Cast, 2xx.x Aluminum Copper


204.0-T4 (A02040)
0.00238 t,d

oF -1
0.00132 t,d

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


1050-O (A91050)
0.00356 t,d
0.00198 t,d
1050-O (A91050)
0.00356 t,d
0.00198 t,d
1060-H18 (A91060)
0.00353 t,d
0.00196 t,d
1060-O (A91060)
0.00360 t,d
0.00200 t,d
1100-H18 (A91100)
0.00331 t,d
0.00184 t,d
1100-O (A91100)
0.00342 t,d
0.00190 t,d
1145-H18 (A91145)
0.00348 t,d
0.00193 t,d
1145-O (A91145)
0.00353 t,d
0.00196 t,d
1199-O (A91199)
0.00375 t,d
0.00208 t,d
1350-H1x (A91350)
0.00355 t,d
0.00197 t,d
1350-O (A91350)
0.00358 t,d
0.00199 t,d
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
0.00436 d
0.00242 d
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
0.00315 d
0.00175 d
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
0.00249 d
0.00138 d
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
0.00207 d
0.00115 d
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
0.00178 d
0.00099 d
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
0.00152 d
0.00084 d
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
0.00152 d
0.00084 d
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
0.00161 d
0.00089 d
Al
0.0045 u
0.00250 u,t
Aluminum, Wrought, 2xxx Aluminum Copper
2011-T3 (A92011)
0.00227 t,d
2011-T4 (A92011)
0.00227 t,d
2011-T8 (A92011)
0.00263 t,d
2014-T3 (A92014)
0.00196 t,d
2014-T451 (A92014)
0.00196 t,d
2014-T651 (A92014)
0.00233 t,d
2014-T652 (A92014)
0.00233 t,d
2024-O (A92024)
0.00294 t,d
2024-T3 (A92024)
0.00175 t,d
2024-T351 (A92024)
0.00175 t,d
2024-T36 (A92024)
0.00175 t,d
2024-T361 (A92024)
0.00175 t,d
2024-T4 (A92024)
0.00175 t,d
2024-T861 (A92024)
0.00222 t,d
2036-O (A92036)
0.00301 t,d
2048-T851 (A92048)
0.00250 t,d
2124-O (A92124)
0.00290 t,d
2218-T61 (A92218)
0.00222 t,d
2219-O (A92219)
0.00256 t,d
2219-T351 (A92219)
0.00175 t,d
2219-T62 (A92219)
0.00161 t,d
2219-T81 (A92219)
0.00175 t,d
2219-T851 (A92219)
0.00175 t,d
2219-T87 (A92219)
0.00175 t,d
2319-O (A92319)
0.00256 t,d

0.00126 t,d
0.00126 t,d
0.00146 t,d
0.00109 t,d
0.00109 t,d
0.00129 t,d
0.00129 t,d
0.00163 t,d
0.00097 t,d
0.00097 t,d
0.00097 t,d
0.00097 t,d
0.00097 t,d
0.00123 t,d
0.00167 t,d
0.00139 t,d
0.00161 t,d
0.00123 t,d
0.00142 t,d
0.00097 t,d
0.00089 t,d
0.00097 t,d
0.00097 t,d
0.00097 t,d
0.00142 t,d

Temperature
oC
oF
20

68

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
0
100
200
300
400
600
650
500
0 to
100

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
32
212
392
572
752
1112
1202
932
32 to
212

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Notes

Reference

Sand cast

Obsolete, EC Grade
Obsolete, EC Grade
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Pure metal, R depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
18

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

High Conductivity Materials / 89

Table 2.6 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of High Conductivity Material Families


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

oC -1

oF -1

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 2xxx Aluminum Copper


2618-T61 (A92618)
0.00213 t,d
Alcoa 2036-O (A92036)
0.00301 u,d
Alcoa 2036-T4 (A92036)
0.00238 u,d

0.00118 t,d
0.00167 u,d
0.00132 u,d

20
RT
RT

68
RT
RT

Aluminum, Wrought, 3xxx Aluminum Manganese


3004-O (A93004)
0.00244 t,d
3105-O (A93105)
0.00261 t,d

0.00136 t,d
0.00145 t,d

20
20

68
68

8
8

Aluminum, Wrought, 4xxx Aluminum Silicon


4032-O (A94032)
0.00232 t,d
4032-T6 (A94032)
0.00209 t,d

0.00129 t,d
0.00116 t,d

20
20

68
68

8
8

Aluminum, Wrought, 5xxx Aluminum Magnesium


5005-H38 (A95005)
0.00301 t,d
5005-O (A95005)
0.00301 t,d
5050-H38 (A95050)
0.00294 t,d
5050-O (A95050)
0.00294 t,d
5052-H38 (A95052)
0.00203 t,d
5052-O (A95052)
0.00203 t,d
5056-H38 (A95056)
0.00156 t,d
5056-O (A95056)
0.00169 t,d
5083 (A95083)
0.00168 t,d
5086 (A95086)
0.00179 t,d
5182 (A95182)
0.00180 t,d
5252-All (A95252)
0.00204 t,d
5252-All (A95252)
0.00204 t,d
5254 (A95254)
0.00185 t,d
5356-O (A95356)
0.00168 t,d
5454-All (A95454)
0.00196 t,d
5456-All (A95456)
0.00168 t,d
5652 (A95652)
0.00204 t,d
5657 (A95657)
0.00313 t,d

0.00167 t,d
0.00167 t,d
0.00163 t,d
0.00163 t,d
0.00113 t,d
0.00113 t,d
0.00087 t,d
0.00094 t,d
0.00093 t,d
0.00099 t,d
0.00100 t,d
0.00113 t,d
0.00113 t,d
0.00103 t,d
0.00093 t,d
0.00109 t,d
0.00093 t,d
0.00113 t,d
0.00174 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


6009-O (A96009)
0.00313 t,d
0.00174 t,d
6009-T4 (A96009)
0.00255 t,d
0.00142 t,d
6009-T6 (A96009)
0.00272 t,d
0.00151 t,d
6010-O (A96010)
0.00308 t,d
0.00171 t,d
6010-T4 (A96010)
0.00226 t,d
0.00126 t,d
6010-T6 (A96010)
0.00255 t,d
0.00142 t,d
6053 (A96053)
0.00267 t,d
0.00148 t,d
6070 (A96070)
0.00256 t,d
0.00142 t,d
6101-T6 (A96101)
0.00331 t,d
0.00184 t,d
6101-T61 (A96101)
0.00342 t,d
0.00190 t,d
6101-T63 (A96101)
0.00337 t,d
0.00187 t,d
6101-T64 (A96101)
0.00348 t,d
0.00193 t,d
6101-T65 (A96101)
0.00337 t,d
0.00187 t,d
6205-T1 (A96205)
0.00270 t,d
0.00150 t,d
6205-T5 (A96205)
0.00286 t,d
0.00159 t,d
6262-T9 (A96262)
0.00256 t,d
0.00142 t,d
6463-T1 (A96463)
0.00294 t,d
0.00163 t,d
6463-T5 (A96463)
0.00286 t,d
0.00159 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Auto body sheet


Auto body sheet

Obsolete
Obsolete

Obsolete
Obsolete

Obsolete

Obsolete

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

8
66
66

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

90 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.6 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of High Conductivity Material Families


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

oC -1

oF -1

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 6xxx Aluminum Magnesium Silicon


6463-T6 (A96463)
0.00303 t,d
0.00168 t,d

20

68

Aluminum, Wrought, 7xxx Aluminum Zinc


7005-O (A97005)
0.00249 t,d
7005-T53 (A97005)
0.00220 t,d
7005-T5351 (A97005)
0.00220 t,d
7005-T6 (A97005)
0.00203 t,d
7005-T63 (A97005)
0.00220 t,d
7005-T6351 (A97005)
0.00220 t,d
7049 (A97049)
0.00233 t,d
7050-O (A97050)
0.00272 t,d
7050-T736 (A97050)
0.00235 t,d
7050-T73651 (A97050)
0.00235 t,d
7050-T76 (A97050)
0.00229 t,d
7050-T7651 (A97050)
0.00229 t,d
7072 (A97072)
0.00348 t,d
7075-T62 (A97075)
0.00192 t,d
7075-T651 (A97075)
0.00192 t,d
7075-T652 (A97075)
0.00192 t,d
7075-T73 (A97075)
0.00232 t,d
7075-T7351 (A97075)
0.00232 t,d
7075-T7352 (A97075)
0.00232 t,d
7075-T76 (A97075)
0.00223 t,d
7075-T7651 (A97075)
0.00223 t,d
7175-O (A97175)
0.00267 t,d
7175-T66 (A97175)
0.00209 t,d
7175-T736 (A97175)
0.00232 t,d
7175-T7652 (A97175)
0.00232 t,d
7178-O (A97178)
0.00267 t,d
7178-T6 (A97178)
0.00186 t,d
7178-T651 (A97178)
0.00186 t,d
7178-T76 (A97178)
0.00226 t,d
7178-T7651 (A97178)
0.00226 t,d
7475-O (A97475)
0.00267 t,d
7475-T61 (A97475)
0.00209 t,d
7475-T651 (A97475)
0.00232 t,d
7475-T7351 (A97475)
0.00243 t,d
7475-T761 (A97475)
0.00209 t,d
7475-T7651 (A97475)
0.00232 t,d

0.00138 t,d
0.00122 t,d
0.00122 t,d
0.00113 t,d
0.00122 t,d
0.00122 t,d
0.00129 t,d
0.00151 t,d
0.00131 t,d
0.00131 t,d
0.00127 t,d
0.00127 t,d
0.00193 t,d
0.00107 t,d
0.00107 t,d
0.00107 t,d
0.00129 t,d
0.00129 t,d
0.00129 t,d
0.00124 t,d
0.00124 t,d
0.00148 t,d
0.00116 t,d
0.00129 t,d
0.00129 t,d
0.00148 t,d
0.00103 t,d
0.00103 t,d
0.00126 t,d
0.00126 t,d
0.00148 t,d
0.00116 t,d
0.00129 t,d
0.00135 t,d
0.00116 t,d
0.00129 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

Copper, Wrought, Brass


C24000-O61 (C24000)
C26000-O61 (C26000)

0.00086 d
0.00082 d

20
20

68
68

15
15

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


Cu
0.0043 u

0.00239 u,t

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Gold, Unclassified


Au

0.00222 u,t

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

0.00154 d
0.00148 d

0.0040 u

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

High Conductivity Materials / 91

Table 2.6 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of High Conductivity Material Families


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

oC -1

oF -1

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Noble, Iridium, Unclassified


Ir

0.0045 u

0.00250 u,t

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Osmium, Unclassified


Os

0.0041 u

0.00228 u,t

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Palladium, Unclassified


Pd

0.0042 u

0.00233 u,t

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Platinum, Unclassified


Pt

0.0039 u

0.00217 u,t

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Rhodium
Rh

0.0044 u

0.00244 u,t

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Ruthenium
Ru

0.0041 u

0.00228 u,t

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Silver, Unclassified


Ag

0.0041 u

0.00228 u,t

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

92 / Electrical Properties

Table 2.7 Relative Resistivity at Extreme Temperatures of High Conductivity Material Families
Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
1 def
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
1.448 e
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
1.911 e
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
2.400 e
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
2.915 e
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
3.453 e
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
4.036 e
99.9% Al (0.05% Si)
4.361 e
99.998% Al
0.246 e
99.998% Al
0.140 e
99.998% Al
9.34E-2 e
99.998% Al
4.68E-2 e
99.998% Al
3.48E-2 e
99.998% Al
2.94E-4 e
99.998% Al
1.04E-4 e
99.998% Al
3.69E-5 e
99.998% Al
3.69E-5 e

0
100
200
300
400
500
600
650
-161.6
-182.84
-195.8
-209.7
-215
-252.8
-259.2
-268.93
-271.5

32
212
392
572
752
932
1112
1202
-258.9
-297.11
-320.4
-409.5
-355
-423.0
-435.6
-452.07
-456.7

Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal

Noble, Palladium, Unclassified


Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd

1.0 u
4.25 u
1.5 u
2.8 u
3.8 u

0
1127
127
527
927

32
2060.6
260.6
980.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18

Noble, Platinum, Unclassified


Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt

1.0 u
5.0 u
1.5 u
3.0 u
4.2 u

0
1200
127
527
927

32
2192
260.6
980.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18

Relative Resistivity
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

(Unitless)

Reference

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

ASM Ready Reference Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals


Charles Moosbrugger, editor, p93-145
DOI: 10.1361/empm2000p093

Copyright 2000 ASM International


All rights reserved.
www.asminternational.org

Chapter 3

Higher Resistivity Materials


SOME OF THE MATERIALS found in this
chapter are used for applications where electrical power is transformed into heat or light.
Heating elements require good high-temperature mechanical properties and oxidation resistance at elevated temperatures to satisfy the design requirements. Nickel-chromium, nickelchromium iron, iron-chromium aluminum, and
elements such as tungsten and platinum are
used as heating elements.
Electronic controls and instrumentation make
use of these higher-resistance alloys. Precision
resistors and resistance temperature detectors are
two applications. Thermal stability is an important consideration for precision resistors, so the
thermal coefficient of resistivity should be low.
Copper-nickel alloys, including constantan, and
copper-manganese nickels, called manganins, are
used for precision resistors. Constantan is also
a popular thermocouple material. Nickel-chromium and nickel-chromium alloys also are used.
Precision resistors are wire or ribbon wound.

While it is a characteristic of metals that the


resistance increases with temperature, there are
exceptions to the rule. The precision resistance
alloys having a preceding the temperature coefficient may have an inverse temperature resistance relation. This effect is illustrated by the
positive and negative slopes of the curves in
Fig. 3.1.
For resistance temperature detectors (RTD),
the resistance is directly converted to a temperature reading. A material with a linear coefficient of resistivity over the operating temperature range is desired.
The properties found in the Chapter 3 tables
are identical to those of Chapter 2.
Other higher-resistivity alloys, which are not
used as precision resistors or heating elements,
are included in this chapter. These alloys include all the iron and steel alloys not mentioned
already. Steels and stainless steels are used in
power resistors and load cells.
Variation of resistance with temperature for
precision resistor alloys. The slopes of the
lines correspond to the coefficients of resistivity.

Fig. 3.1

94 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Copper, Miscellaneous, Copper-Clad Steel


ASTM B624 16/68/16
16 min,d
ASTM B624 16/68/16
17 nom,d
ASTM B624 33.3/33.3/33.3
35 min,d
ASTM B624 33.3/33.3/33.3
35 nom,d

28 min,as spec
30 nom
60 min,as spec
61 nom

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Cable shielding, CCS or CAS


Cable shielding, CCS or CAS
Cable shielding, CCS or CAS
Cable shielding, CCS or CAS

51
51
51
51

Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel


Marinel-Precipitation hardened

4.91 u,d

20

68

High strength bolting material

66

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Aluminum


AM100A-F (M10100)
6.67 u,d
AM100A-T4 (M10100)
5.74 u,d
AM100A-T6 (M10100)
7.13 u,d

11.5 u
9.9 u
12.3 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

Casting
Casting
Casting

84
84
84

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Aluminum Zinc


AZ63A-F (M11630)
8.70 u,d
AZ63A-T4 (M11630)
7.13 u,d
AZ63A-T5 (M11630)
8.00 u,d
AZ81A (M11810)
6.96 u,d
AZ91A-F (M11910)
5.86 u,d
AZ91B-F (M11912)
5.86 u,d
AZ91C-F (M11914)
6.67 u,d
AZ91C-T4 (M11914)
5.74 u,d
AZ91C-T6 (M11914)
6.50 u,d
AZ91D-F (M11916)
5.86 u,d
AZ92A-F (M11920)
7.13 u,d
AZ92A-T4 (M11920)
6.09 u,d
AZ92A-T6 (M11920)
7.13 u,d
AZ91E-F (M11921)
6.67 u,d
AZ91E-T4 (M11921)
5.74 u,d
AZ91E-T6 (M11921)
6.50 u,d

15 u
12.3 u
13.8 u
12 u
10.1 u
10.1 u
11.5 u
9.9 u
11.2 u
10.1 u
12.3 u
10.5 u
12.3 u
11.5 u
9.9 u
11.2 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting

84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Rare Earth Zinc


EZ33A (M12330)
14.50 u,d

25 u

20

68

Casting

84

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Silver


EQ21 (M16330)
QE22A (M18220)

25.2 u
25.2 u

20
20

68
68

Casting
Casting

84
84

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Thorium Silver


QH21A
14.62 u,d

25.2 u,d

20

68

Casting

84

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Thorium Zinc


HZ32A-T5 (M13320)
15.37 u,d

26.5 u

20

68

Casting

84

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Thorium Zirconium


HK31A-T6 (M13310)
12.76 u,d

22 u

20

68

Casting

84

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Yttrium Rare Earth


WE54 (M18410)
5.8 u
WE43 (M18430)
6.8 u

10 u,d
12 u,d

20
20

68
68

Casting
Casting

84
84

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Zinc


ZC63 (M16631)

32 u,d

20

68

Casting

84

2.85 u

14.62 u,d
14.62 u,d

18.5 u,d

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 95

Table 3.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Zinc Rare Earth


ZE63A (M16630)
17.92 u,d

30.9 u

20

68

Casting

84

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Zinc Thorium


ZH62A (M16620)
15.37 u,d

26.5 u

20

68

Casting

84

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Zinc Zirconium


ZK51A (M16510)
16.24 u,d

28 u

20

68

Casting

84

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Aluminum Zinc


AZ31B-F,O, H24 (M11311)
10.73 u,d
AZ31C-F,O, H24 (M11312)
10.73 u,d
AZ61A-F (M11610)
6.73 u,d
AZ80A (M11800)
6.15 u,d

18.5 u
18.5 u
11.6 u
10.6 u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Forging, rod, sheet, plate


Forging, rod, sheet, plate, commercial grade
Sheet used for batteries
Extruded

84
84
84
84

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Manganese


M1A (M13100)
20.01 u,d

34.5 u

20

68

Extruded, forgings

84

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Thorium Manganese


HM31A-F (M13312)
15.08 u,d
26 u

20

68

Extruded

84

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Zinc Zirconium


ZK60A-F (M16600)
16.82 u,d
ZK60A-T5 (M16600)
17.40 u,d

29 u
30 u

20
20

68
68

Extruded
Extruded

84
84

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Low Expansion, Iron Nickel


50% Ni Iron-Annealed
2.0 u,d
3.5 u
78% Ni Iron-Annealed
6.4 u,d
11 u
79% Ni Iron(Mo)-Annealed
1.7 u,d
3u

20
20
20

68
68
68

65
65
65

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Low Expansion, Iron Nickel Chromium


35Ni20Cr43.5Fe1.5Si
0.99 u,d
1.7 u
35Ni20Cr45Fe
0.99 u,d
1.7 u
77% Ni Iron(Cu, Cr)-Annealed
1.7 u,d
3u

20
20
20

68
68
68

65
65
65

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
RT

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Electrical Steel


Ingot Iron-Annealed
10.2 u,d
17.5 u
M-14
1.7 to 2.0 u,d
3 to 3.5 u
M-15
1.7 to 2.0 u,d
3 to 3.5 u
M-17
1.7 to 2.0 u,d
3 to 3.5 u
M-19
2.0 to 2.9 u,d
3.5 to 5 u
M-22
2.0 to 2.9 u,d
3.5 to 5 u
M-27
2.0 to 4.4 u,d
3.5 to 7.5 u
M-36
3.2 to 4.4 u,d
5.5 to 7.5 u
M-43
3.5 to 5.2 u,d
6 to 9 u
M-5
1.7 to 2.0 u,d
3 to 3.5 u
M-50
5.5 u,d
9.5 u
M-6
1.7 to 2.0 u,d
3 to 3.5 u
M-7
1.7 to 2.0 u,d
3 to 3.5 u
USS M-19-Fully processed, not
0.52 t
313 t,d
annealed
USS M-19-Fully processed, not
0.52 t
313 t,d
annealed
USS M-19-Fully processed, not
0.52 t
313 t,d
annealed

Electrical

29 Gage (0.0140 in.)

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
69

RT

26 Gage (0.0185 in.)

69

RT

24 Gage (0.0250 in.)

69

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

6112-Titanium-Chapter 3

96 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Electrical Steel


USS M-22-Fully processed, not
0.52 t
313 t,d
annealed
USS M-22-Fully processed, not
0.52 t
313 t,d
annealed
USS M-22-Fully processed, not
0.52 t
313 t,d
annealed
USS M-27-Fully processed, not
0.49 t
295 t,d
annealed
USS M-27-Fully processed, not
0.49 t
295 t,d
annealed
USS M-27-Fully processed, not
0.49 t
295 t,d
annealed
USS M-36-Fully processed, not
0.49 t
295 t,d
annealed
USS M-36-Fully processed, not
0.49 t
295 t,d
annealed
USS M-36-Fully processed, not
0.49 t
295 t,d
annealed
USS M-43-Fully processed, not
0.39 t
235 t,d
annealed
USS M-43-Fully processed, not
0.39 t
235 t,d
annealed
USS M-45-Fully processed, not
0.35 t
211 t,d
annealed
USS M-45-Fully processed, not
0.35 t
211 t,d
annealed
USS M-47-Fully processed, not
0.23 t
138 t,d
annealed
USS M-47-Fully processed, not
0.23 t
138 t,d
annealed
USS Stator B-Fully processed, not
0.23 t
138 t,d
annealed
USS Stator B-Fully processed, not
0.23 t
138 t,d
annealed

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

RT

29 Gage (0.0140 in.)

69

RT

26 Gage (0.0185 in.)

69

RT

24 Gage (0.0250 in.)

69

RT

26 Gage (0.0185 in.)

69

RT

29 Gage (0.0140 in.)

69

RT

24 Gage (0.0250 in.)

69

RT

29 Gage (0.0140 in.)

69

RT

24 Gage (0.0250 in.)

69

RT

26 Gage (0.0185 in.)

69

RT

26 Gage (0.0185 in.)

69

RT

24 Gage (0.0250 in.)

69

RT

26 Gage (0.0185 in.)

69

RT

24 Gage (0.0250 in.)

69

RT

26 Gage (0.0185 in.)

69

RT

24 Gage (0.0250 in.)

69

RT

24 Gage (0.0250 in.)

69

RT

26 Gage (0.0185 in.)

69

65
65
65

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Iron-Cobalt Soft Magnetic


20
2V Permendur-Annealed
2.6 u,d
4.5 u
35Co1Cr-Annealed
5.2 u,d
9u
20
Supermendur-Annealed
2.6 u,d
4.5 u
20

68
68
68

High permeability

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Nickel-Iron Soft Magnetic


20
45 Permalloy
2.1 u,d
3.6 u
High Permaloy 49
2.1 u,d
3.6 u
20

68
68

Obsolete

Obsolete

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Unclassified Magnetically Soft Iron
20
68
16 Alfenol
0.41 u,d
0.7 u
Lowcarbon Iron-Annealed
10.2 u,d
17.5 u
20
68
Sinimax
1.2 u,d
2u
20
68
20
68
Thermenol
0.29 u,d
0.5 u
Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Permanent Magnet, Unclassified
Alnico 1
1.9 u,d
3.3 u
Alnico 2
1.9 u,d
3.3 u
Alnico 3
1.9 u,d
3.3 u
Alnico 4
1.9 u,d
3.3 u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65

Cast
Cast
Cast
Cast

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

6112-Titanium-Chapter 3

65
65

65
65
65
65

Higher Resistivity Materials / 97

Table 3.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Permanent Magnet, Unclassified


Alnico 5
2.0 u,d
3.5 u
Alnico 6
2.0 u,d
3.5 u
Carbon steel (0.65%C)
5.5 u,d
9.5 u
Carbon steel (1%C)
4.6 u,d
8u
Chromium steel (3.5%Cr)
3.5 u,d
6.1 u
Cobalt steel (17%Co)
3.7 u,d
6.3 u
Cobalt steel (36%Co)
3.8 u,d
6.5 u
Comol
2.1 u,d
3.6 u
Cunico
4.4 u,d
7.5 u
Cunife
5.5 u,d
9.5 u
Tungsten steel (6%W)
3.5 u,d
6u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Cast
Cast

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Unclassified


Iron (wrought plate)
9.3 u,d
Iron(99.99%)
10.3 u,d

16 u
17.75 u

20
20

68
68

Plate. FM-103 Magnatester


Pure metal, R depends on purity

12
65

Nickel, Electrical Resistance Nickel, Nickel Chromium


60Ni16Cr22.5Fe1.5Si
0.87 u,d
68Ni20Cr8.5Fe2Si
0.87 u,d
78.5Ni20Cr1.5Si(80-20)
0.93 u,d

1.5 u
1.5 u
1.6 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

Nickel, Magnetically Soft Nickel, Unclassified Magnetically Soft Nickel


4-79 Moly Permalloy
1.7 u,d
3u
Hymu 80
1.7 u,d
3u
Monimax
1.5 u,d
2.5 u
Mumetal
1.7 u,d
3u
Supermalloy
1.7 u,d
3u

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Nickel, Nickel, Commercially Pure


99.8 Ni

23 u

20

68

1.49 u,d

24

75

Superalloy

96

3 min,t,d
3 min,t,d
3 min,t,d
2 min,t,d
2.3 t,d
4.1 t,d

5 min,t
6 min,t
5 min,t
4 min,t
4t
7t

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Cast
Wrought
Wrought
Wrought
Rod, bar
Rod, bar

17
17
17
17
13
13

4.1 t,d

7t

20

68

Rod, bar

13

4.1 t,d

7t

20

68

Rod, bar

13

0.87 u,d
5.2 u,d
0.75 u,d
0.75 u,d
0.87 u,d

1.5 u
9u
1.3 u
1.3 u
1.5 u

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

13.3 u,d

Nickel, Nickel, Iron Nickel Chromium


Hastelloy G-30-Solution strengthened 0.862 u,d
(N06030)
Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Beryllium
42C-Aged
N03360-Aged (N03360)
N03360-Mill hardened (N03360)
N03360-Unaged (N03360)
Wellman (Nibryl)360A-A (N03360)
Wellman (Nibryl)360H1050-H1050
(N03360)
Wellman (Nibryl)360H775-H775
(N03360)
Wellman (Nibryl)360H925-H925
(N03360)
Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Chromium
60Ni16Cr24Fe
71Ni29Fe
75Ni20Cr3Al+Cu or Fe
76Ni17Cr4Si3Mn
80Ni20Cr (N06003)

65
65
65

Obsolete
Magnetic shielding

65
65
65
65
65

65

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65
65
65
65
65

98 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Cobalt, Cobalt Chromium


Haynes Stellite No. 4
1.1 u,d

1.88 u

20

68

Used in dry batteries

66

Refractory, Cobalt, Commercially Pure


Co
15.95 u,d

27.6 u

20

68

Pure metal, R depends on purity

83

Refractory, Molybdenum, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkon 100M
19 t

33 t

20

68

Refractory, Molybdenum, Molybdenum Silver


CMW Elkonite 7065
26 t,d
CMW Elkonite 7165
20 t,d
CMW Elkonite G17
26 t,d
CMW Elkonite G18
32 t,d

44 t
35 t
45 t
55 t

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

58
58
58
58

Refractory, Molybdenum, Unclassified


CMW Thermkon 65M
16 t,d
CMW Thermkon 70M
19 t,d
Mo
19.7 u,d
Mo
19.1 u,d

28 t
32 t
34 u
33.0 u

20
20
20
18

68
68
68
64

Composite
Composite
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

58
58
65
90

Refractory, Niobium
Cabot Columbium
Nb

7.7 u,d
7.7 u,d

13.2 u
13.2 u

25
18

77
64

Unalloyed
Pure metal, R depends on purity

66
90

Refractory, Rhenium
Re

4.7 u,d

8.1 u

18

64

Pure metal, R depends on purity

90

Refractory, Tantalum
Ta
Ta

8.06 u,d
7.5 u,d

13.9 u
13.0 u

20
18

68
64

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

65
90

31 t

20

68

4.3 u

20

68

Tungsten carbide

65

Refractory, Tungsten, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkon 100W
18 t

58

58

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Cobalt


71WC12TiC12TaC4.5Co medium
2.5 u,d
grain
72WC8TiC11.5TaC8.5Co medium
3.0 u,d
grain
75WC25Co medium grain
5.7 u,d
84WC16Co course grain
5.3 u,d
90WC10Co course grain
6.61 u,d
94WC6Co course grain
5.80 u,d
94WC6Co medium grain
4.5 u,d
97WC3Co medium grain
3.1 u,d

5.2 u

20

68

Tungsten carbide

65

9.8 u
9.2 u
11.4 u
10.0 u
7.8 u
5.3 u

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Tungsten carbide
Tungsten carbide
Tungsten carbide
Tungsten carbide
Tungsten carbide
Tungsten carbide

65
65
65
65
65
65

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Copper


CMW Elkonite 10W3
26 t,d
CMW Elkonite 10W53
16 t,d
CMW Elkonite 1W3
31 t,d
CMW Elkonite 2050C
34 t,d
CMW Elkonite 2140C
17 t,d
CMW Elkonite 30W3
24 t,d
CMW Elkonite 3W3
29 t,d
CMW Elkonite 3W53
17 t,d

45 t
28 t
53 t
58 t
30 t
41 t
50 t
30 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 99

Table 3.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Copper


CMW Elkonite 40W3
21 t,d
CMW Elkonite 50W3
20 t,d
CMW Elkonite 5W3
28 t,d
CMW Elkonite TC1O
24 t,d
CMW Elkonite TC20
17 t,d
CMW Elkonite TC5
26 t,d
CMW Elkonite TC53
10 t,d
CMW Thermkon 62
19 t,d
CMW Thermkon 68
20 t,d
CMW Thermkon 76
24 t,d
CMW Thermkon 83
26 t,d

37 t
35 t
48 t
42 t
30 t
45 t
18 t
32 t
35 t
41 t
45 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Nickel


CMW 1000
8.1 t,d
CMW 2000
9.3 t,d
CMW 3000
5.8 t,d
CMW 3950
7.5 t,d

14.0 t
16.0 t
10.0 t
13.0 t

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Silver


CMW Elkonite 1060
CMW Elkonite 2088
CMW Elkonite 20S
CMW Elkonite 20SB
CMW Elkonite 2110
CMW Elkonite 2150
CMW Elkonite 3042
CMW Elkonite 30S
CMW Elkonite 30SB
CMW Elkonite 3150
CMW Elkonite 35S
CMW Elkonite 35SB
CMW Elkonite 4050
CMW Elkonite 40S
CMW Elkonite 40SB
CMW Elkonite 45S
CMW Elkonite 50S
CMW Elkonite G12
CMW Elkonite G13
CMW Elkonite G14

21 t,d
20 t,d
28 t,d
26 t,d
53 t,d
35 t,d
30 t,d
29 t,d
27 t,d
26 t,d
32 t,d
30 t,d
36 t,d
34 t,d
32 t,d
36 t,d
38 t,d
33 t,d
27 t,d
21 t,d

36 t
35 t
49 t
45 t
92 t
60 t
52 t
50 t
47 t
45 t
55 t
51 t
62 t
58 t
55 t
62 t
65 t
57 t
47 t
37 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Refractory, Tungsten, Unclassified


W
W

17.4 u,d
17.4 u,d

30 u
30.0 u

20
18

68
64

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

65
90

Steel, Alloy, Nickel


50% Ni Iron-Annealed
ASTM F15
ASTM F30
K94100 (K94100)
K94610 (K94610)

2.0 u,d
2 min,d
1.5 min,d
29.0 t,d
20.3 t,d

3.5 u
4 min
2.5 min
50 t
35 t

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Composite
Composite
Composite
Composite

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

58
58
58
58

Lead frame alloy, Sealing Alloy


Lead frame alloy, Sealing Alloy

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65
20
20
59
59

100 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Steel, Alloy, Silicon


0.5% Si steel-Annealed
1% Si steel-Annealed
1.75% Si steel-Annealed
2.5 % Si steel-Annealed
3% Si steel-Annealed
3.0% Si steel-Annealed
4% Si steel-Annealed
Grain oriented 3% Si steel-Annealed
Grain oriented 3.0% Si steel-Annealed
Grain oriented 50% Ni iron-Annealed

3.5 u,d
4.4 u,d
2.7 u,d
2.3 u,d
2.0 u,d
2.1 u,d
1.7 u,d
2.0 u,d
2.0 u,d
2.1 u,d

6u
7.5 u
4.6 u
4u
3.5 u
3.6 u
3u
3.5 u
3.5 u
3.6 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Steel, Carbon Steel, Nonresulfurized


1010-Annealed (G10100)
1040 (G10400)

8.41 u,d
1.7 u,d

14.5 u
3u

20
20

68
68

65
65

Steel, Cast Stainless, Heat Resisting


HH (J93503)
HK (J94224)
HT (N08605)

1.5 u,d
1.2 u,d
0.99 u,d

2.5 u
2u
1.7 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

65
65
65

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Austenitic


S30100 (S30100)
302 (S30200)
302 (S30200)
304 (S30400)
S30500 (S30500)
309 (S30900)
310 (S31000)
316 (S31600)
316 (S31600)
317 (S31700)
321 (S32100)
347 (S34700)

2.0 t,d
1.4 t,d
1.7 u,d
1.5 t,d
1.4 t,d
1.5 u,d
1.4 t,d
1.4 t,d
1.5 u,d
1.5 u,d
1.3 t,d
1.5 u,d

3.5 t
2.4 t
3u
2.5 t
2.4 t
2.5 u
2.4 t
2.4 t
2.5 u
2.5 u
2.2 t
2.5 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Ferritic


405 (S40500)
430-Annealed (S43000)
S43000 (S43000)
446-Annealed (S44600)

1.7 u,d
1.7 u,d
1.3 t,d
1.7 u,d

3u
3u
2.3 t
3u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Martensitic


403 (S40300)
410-Annealed (S41000)
416-Annealed (S41600)
443-Annealed (S44300)

1.7 u,d
1.7 u,d
1.7 u,d
1.7 u,d

3u
3u
3u
3u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

1.73 u
1.76 u
2.16 u
6u
2.16 u

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Precipitation Hardening


14-4PH-A (J92240)
1.0 u,d
14-4PH-A (J92240)
1.0 u,d
14-4PH-H1075 (J92240)
1.3 u,d
14-4PH-H1075 (J92240)
3.5 u,d
14-4PH-H900 (J92240)
1.3 u,d

Electrical
Electrical

Electrical

Electrical
Electrical

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

59
59
65
59
59
65
59
59
65
65
59
65

65
65
59
65

Superalloy

Bar
Sheet
Bar
Bar
Bar

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65
65
65
65

64
64
64
65
64

Higher Resistivity Materials / 101

Table 3.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Sheet

64

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Precipitation Hardening


14-4PH-H900 (J92240)
1.3 u,d

2.24 u

20

68

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Unclassified


55Fe37.5Cr7.5Al
72Fe23Cr5Al
72Fe23Cr5Al0.5Co
501 (S50100)

0.70 u,d
0.75 u,d
0.75 u,d
2.6 u,d

1.2 u
1.3 u
1.3 u
4.5 u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65

Unclassified
AL 4750
Armco 48

2.1 u,d
2.1 u,d

3.6 u
3.6 u

20
20

68
68

65
65

Zinc, Cast
Z33520 (Z33520)
Z33531 (Z33531)

16 t,d
15 t,d

27 t
26 t

20
20

68
68

Casting alloy
Casting alloy

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

55
55

102 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Actinide, Plutonium
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu

1.46 u
1.50 u
1.42 u
1.458 u

878.23 u,d
902.30 u,d
854.17 u,d
877.03 u,d

20
25
25
20

68
77
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Alpha phase
Alpha phase
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

0.27 u
0.248 u
0.32 u

162.41 u,d
149.18 u,d
192.49 u,d

20
25
20

68
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Alpha phase

18
18
18

Actinide, Uranium
U
U
U

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


Al (99.996%)

0.02655 t

16.0 t,d

20

68

Resistance alloy

91

9.100 t

5474 t,d

20

68

Heating element. Heating alloy

91

1.02 u
1.0 est
1.0 est
0.58 to 0.87 u

614 u,d
602 e,d
600 e,d
350 to 420 u,d

RT
RT
RT
RT

65
65
65
65

2.4 u
1.0 est
1.4 to1.7 u
1.5 to 1.7 u

1440 u,d
602 e,d
840 to 1020 u
900 to 1020
u,d

RT
RT
RT
RT

65
65
65
65

0.50 u

301 u,d

RT

65

0.53 u
0.80 u

319 u,d
481 u,d

RT
RT

65
65

10E10 approx
10E10 approx
10E10 approx
10E10 approx
10E10 nom
10E10 nom

6E12 approx,d
6E12 approx,d
6E12 approx,d
6E12 approx,d
6E12 nom,t
6E12 nom,t

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Carbon, Graphite
Graphite
Cast Iron, Ductile
High-nickel ductile (20 Ni)
High-nickel ductile (23 Ni)
High-nickel ductile iron
Medium-silicon ductile
Cast Iron, Gray
High-aluminum
High-nickel gray iron
High-nickel gray iron
Nickel-chromium-silicon iron
Cast Iron, Miscellaneous
High-silicon iron
Cast Iron, White
Low-C white iron
Martensitic nickel-chromium iron
Ceramic Permanent Magnet
Bonded Ferrite A
Sintered Ferrite 1
Sintered Ferrite 2
Sintered Ferrite 3
Sintered Ferrite 4
Sintered Ferrite 5

Permanent magnet
Permanent magnet
Permanent magnet
Permanent magnet
Permanent magnet
Permanent magnet

88
88
88
88
88
88

Copper, Miscellaneous, Instrument and Control


83Cu13Mn4Ni(manganin)
85Cu10Mn4Ni(shunt manganin)
87Cu13Mn(manganin)

0.480 t
0.380 t
0.480 t

289 t,d
229 t,d
289 t,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Resistance alloy
Resistance alloy
Resistance alloy

91
91
91

0.525 t
0.500 t
0.500 t
0.300 t
0.150 t
0.100 t

316 t,d
301 t,d
301 t,d
180 t,d
90.2 t,d
60.2 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy


Resistance alloy
Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy
Resistance alloy
Resistance alloy
Resistance alloy

91
91
91
91
91
91

Copper, Miscellaneous, Thermocouple


53Cu44Ni3Mn(constantan)
55Cu45Ni(constantan)
57Cu43Ni(constantan)
78Cu22Ni
89Cu11Ni
94Cu6Ni

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 103

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Copper, Miscellaneous, Thermocouple


98Cu2Ni

0.050 t

30.1 t,d

20

68

Resistance alloy

91

0.01673 t

10.1 t,d

20

68

Resistance alloy

91

0.35 u

211 u,d

20

68

High strength bolting material

66

0.97 u
1.00 u
0.91 u

583.48 u,d
601.53 u,d
547.39 u,d

25
27
20

77
80.6
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.86 u
0.80 u
0.80 u

517.32 u,d
481.22 u,d
481.22 u,d

20
25
27

68
77
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.8100 u
0.86 u
1.1600 u

487.24 u,d
517.32 u,d
697.78 u,d

20
27
25

68
80.6
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

1.3200 u
1.3400 u

794.02 u,d
806.05 u,d

25
20

77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

0.94 u
0.87 u
0.90 u

565.44 u,d
523.33 u,d
541.38 u,d

20
25
27

68
77
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.67 u
0.65 u
0.67 u

403.03 u,d
390.99 u,d
403.03 u,d

20
27
25

68
80.6
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.6400 u
0.68 u
0.6450 u

384.98 u,d
409.04 u,d
387.99 u,d

20
27
25

68
80.6
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.6800 u
0.69 u
0.6600 u

409.04 u,d
415.06 u,d
397.01 u,d

20
27
25

68
80.6
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.9200 u
0.90 u
0.8600 u

553.41 u,d
541.38 u,d
517.32 u,d

20
27
25

68
80.6
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

1.0700 u
1.1600 u
1.17 u

643.64 u,d
697.78 u,d
703.79 u,d

25
20
27

77
68
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


Cu(99.99)
Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel
Marinel-Precipitation hardened
Lanthanide, Dysprosium
Dy
Dy
Dy
Lanthanide, Erbium
Er
Er
Er
Lanthanide, Europium
Eu
Eu
Eu
Lanthanide, Gadolinium
Gd
Gd
Lanthanide, Holmium
Ho
Ho
Ho
Lanthanide, Lutetium
Lu
Lu
Lu
Lanthanide, Neodymium
Nd
Nd
Nd
Lanthanide, Praseodymium
Pr
Pr
Pr
Lanthanide, Samarium
Sm
Sm
Sm
Lanthanide, Terbium
Tb
Tb
Tb

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

104 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Lanthanide, Thulium
Tm
Tm
Tm

0.90 u
1.07 u
0.78 u

541.38 u,d
643.64 u,d
469.19 u,d

20
25
27

68
77
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.29 u
0.28 u

174.44 u,d
168.43 u,d

25
20

77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

90.2 u,d
105.3 u,d
84.2 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Casting
Casting
Casting

84
84
84

69.2 u,d
84.2 u,d
75.2 u,d
8.6 u,d
102.3 u,d
102.3 u,d
90.2 u,d
105.3 u,d
91.1 u,d
102.3 u,d
84.2 u,d
99.3 u,d
84.2 u,d
90.2 u,d
105.3 u,d
91.1 u,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting
Casting

84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84

0.070 u

42.1 u,d

20

68

Casting

84

0.0685 u
0.0685 u

41.2 u,d
41.2 u,d

20
20

68
68

Casting
Casting

84
84

41.2 u,d

20

68

Casting

84

39.1 u,d

20

68

Casting

84

36.7 u,d
36.1 u,d
46.3 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Casting
Casting
Casting

84
84
84

0.173 u
0.148 u

104.1 u,d
89.0 u,d

20
20

68
68

Casting
Casting

84
84

0.054 u

32.5 u,d

20

68

Casting

84

Lanthanide, Ytterbium
Yb
Yb

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Aluminum


AM100A-F (M10100)
AM100A-T4 (M10100)
AM100A-T6 (M10100)

0.150 u
0.175 u
0.140 u

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Aluminum Zinc


AZ63A-F (M11630)
AZ63A-T4 (M11630)
AZ63A-T5 (M11630)
AZ81A (M11810)
AZ91A-F (M11910)
AZ91B-F (M11912)
AZ91C-F (M11914)
AZ91C-T4 (M11914)
AZ91C-T6 (M11914)
AZ91D-F (M11916)
AZ92A-F (M11920)
AZ92A-T4 (M11920)
AZ92A-T6 (M11920)
AZ91E-F (M11921)
AZ91E-T4 (M11921)
AZ91E-T6 (M11921)

0.115 u
0.140 u
0.125 u
0.0143 u
0.170 u
0.170 u
0.150 u
0.175 u
0.1515 u
0.170 u
0.140 u
0.165 u
0.140 u
0.150 u
0.175 u
0.1515 u

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Rare Earth Zinc


EZ33A (M12330)
Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Silver
EQ21 (M16330)
QE22A (M18220)

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Thorium Silver


QH21A

0.0685 u

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Thorium Zinc


HZ32A-T5 (M13320)

0.065 u

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Thorium Zirconium


HK31A-H24 (M13310)
HK31A-O (M13310)
HK31A-T6 (M13310)

0.061 u
0.060 u
0.077 u

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Yttrium Rare Earth


WE54 (M18410)
WE43 (M18430)
Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Zinc
ZC63 (M16631)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 105

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Zinc Rare Earth


ZE41A-T5 (M16410)
ZE63A (M16630)

0.060 u
0.056 u

36.1 u,d
33.7 u,d

20
20

68
68

Casting
Casting

84
84

39.1 u,d

20

68

Casting

84

37.3 u,d

20

68

Casting

84

34.3 u,d

20

68

Casting

84

38.5 u,d
55.3 u,d
55.3 u,d
75.2 u,d
87.2 u,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Rods, bars, shapes


Forging, rod, sheet, plate
Forging, rod, sheet, plate, commercial grade
Sheet used for batteries
Extruded

84
84
84
84
84

30.1 u,d

20

68

Extruded, forgings

84

36.7 u,d
36.1 u,d

20
20

68
68

Sheet, plate
Sheet, plate

84
84

31.3 u,d
30.1 u,d
39.7 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Sheet, plate, forging


Sheet, plate, forging
Extruded

84
84
84

0.054 u

32.5 u,d

20

68

0.0451 u
0.0420 u
0.0451 u

27.13 u,d
25.26 u,d
27.13 u,d

27
20
25

80.6
68
77

289 u,d
96 u,d
349 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Resistance heating alloy. Heating alloy


Resistance alloy

91
91
65
65
65

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Electrical

65
65
65
65
65

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Zinc Thorium


ZH62A (M16620)

0.065 u

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Zinc Zirconium


ZK51A (M16510)

0.062 u

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Zirconium


K1A (M18010)

0.057 u

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Aluminum Zinc


AZ10A-All (M11100)
AZ31B-F,O, H24 (M11311)
AZ31C-F,O, H24 (M11312)
AZ61A-F (M11610)
AZ80A (M11800)

0.064 u
0.092 u
0.092 u
0.125 u
0.145 u

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Manganese


M1A (M13100)

0.050 u

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Thorium


HK31A-H24 (M13310)
HK31A-O (M13310)

0.061 u
0.060 u

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Thorium Manganese


HM21A-H24 (M13210)
HM21A-O (M13210)
HM31A-F (M13312)

0.052 u
0.050 u
0.066 u

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Zinc


ZC71 (M16710)

84

Magnesium, Wrought, Unclassified


Mg
Mg
Mg

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Low Expansion, Iron Nickel


50% Ni Iron-Annealed
78% Ni Iron-Annealed
79% Ni Iron(Mo)-Annealed

0.48 u
0.16 u
0.58 u

65
65
65

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Low Expansion, Iron Nickel Chromium


35Ni20Cr42.5Fe1.5Si1Nb
35Ni20Cr43.5Fe1.5Si
35Ni20Cr43.5Fe1.5Si
35Ni20Cr45Fe
77% Ni Iron(Cu, Cr)-Annealed

1.00 t
1.000 t
1.014 u
1.014 u
0.60 u

602 t,d
602 t,d
609.95 u,d
609.95 u,d
361 u,d

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Electrical Steel


Ingot Iron-Annealed
M-14
M-15
M-17
M-19

0.10 u
0.58 to 0.69 u
0.45 to 0.69 u
0.45 to 0.58 u
0.41 to 0.56 u

60 u,d
350 to 415 u
270 to 415 u
270 to 350 u
250 to 340 u

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

106 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Electrical Steel


M-22
M-27
M-36
M-43
M-5
M-50
M-6
M-7

0.41 to 0.52 u
0.32 to 0.47 u
0.24 to 0.33 u
0.20 to 0.28 u
0.45 to 0.52 u
0.18 u
0.45 to 0.52 u
0.45 to 0.52 u

250 to 310 u,d


190 to 280 u,d
140 to 200 u,d
120 to 170 u,d
270 to 310 u,d
108 u,d
270 to 310 u
270 to 310 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Iron-Cobalt Electrical Steel


Carpenter Hiperco Alloy 27
Carpenter Hiperco Alloy 50
Carpenter Hiperco Alloy 50A
Carpenter Hiperco Alloy 50HS
Carpenter Hiperco Alloy 50HS-Cold
rolled and annealed
Carpenter Hiperco Alloy 50HS-Cold
rolled and annealed
Carpenter Hiperco Alloy 50HS-Cold
rolled and annealed

0.19 t
0.40 t
0.40 t
0.42 t
0.420

114 t
241 t
241 t
253 t
253

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Fe-Co-V, all shapes


Fe-Co-V, all shapes
Fe-Co-V, all shapes
Fe-Co-V, all shapes
Test ring with 503 MPa (73 ksi) yield

57
57
57
57
66

0.420

253

RT

Test ring with 593 MPa (86 ksi) yield

66

0.420

253

RT

Test ring with 683 MPa (99 ksi) yield

66

High permeability

65
65
74
74
66
65

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Iron-Cobalt Soft Magnetic


2V Permendur-Annealed
35Co1Cr-Annealed
ASTM A801/A801M Alloy 1
ASTM A801/A801M Alloy 2
Permendur V
Supermendur-Annealed

0.40 u
0.20 u
0.40 t
0.19 t
0.40 u
0.40 u

241 u,d
120 u,d
240 t,d
114 t,d
241 u,d
241 u,d

68
68

20
20
RT
RT
RT
20

All forms and sizes


All forms and sizes
68

Obsolete

68
68

Obsolete

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Nickel-Iron Soft Magnetic


45 Permalloy
High Permaloy 49
ASTM A753 Type 1 K94490
(K94490)
ASTM A753 Type 2 K94840
(K94840)

0.45 u
0.48 u
0.55 t

271 u,d
289 u,d
330 t,d

0.49 t

294 t,d

20
20
RT

All billet, bar, wire, plate, plate coil: d > 12.7


mm (0.500 in.)
All billet, bar, wire, plate, plate coil: d > 12.7
mm (0.500 in.)

RT

65
65
73
73

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Silicon Core Iron


Carpenter Silicon Core Iron "A"
Carpenter Silicon Core Iron "A-FM"
Carpenter Silicon Core Iron "B"
Carpenter Silicon Core Iron "B-FM"
Carpenter Silicon Core Iron "C"

0.25 t
0.25 t
0.40 t
0.40 t
0.58 t

150 t
150 t
240 t
240 t
350 t

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

All shapes
All shapes
All shapes
All shapes
All shapes

57
57
57
57
57

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Unclassified Magnetically Soft Iron
16 Alfenol
Airmelted magnetic iron-Annealed
Airmelted magnetic iron-Annealed
Airmelted magnetic iron-Annealed
Carpenter Consumet Electrical Iron
Carpenter Electrical Iron
Lowcarbon Iron-Annealed
Sinimax

1.53 u
0.13 t
0.13 t
0.13 t
0.13 t
0.13 t
0.10 u
0.90 u

920 u,d
78 t,d
78 t,d
78 t,d
78 t
78 t,d
60 u,d
541 u,d

20

68
Bar
Strip > 1 mm (0.040 in.)
Bar
Bar, strip, billet
All shapes

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
20
20

68
68

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65
85
85
85
57
57
65
65

Higher Resistivity Materials / 107

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Unclassified Magnetically Soft Iron
Thermenol

1.62 u

974 u,d

20

68

65

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Permanent Magnet, Ductile Permanent Magnet


Carpenter "73" Alloy
Carpenter "83" Alloy
Carpenter Chrominur II
Carpenter P6 Alloy
Carpenter Vicalloy I-Aged for max
energy product

0.29 t
0.27 t
0.75 t
0.33 t
0.63

174 t,d
162 t,d
451 t,d
199 t,d
379 t,d

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

All shapes
All shapes
All shapes
All shapes
All shapes

57
57
57
57
57

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Permanent Magnet, Iron Cobalt


GE Alloy P6

0.30 u

180 u,d

66

RT

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Permanent Magnet, Neodymium Iron Boron


Bonded neodymium
Hotformed neodymium
Hotpressed neodymium
Sintered neodymium

10E06 nom
1.60 nom
1.60 nom
1.60 nom

6.0E08 nom,t
962 nom,t
962 nom,t
962 nom,t

RT
RT
RT
RT

Sintered. Permanent magnet


Sintered. Permanent magnet
Sintered. Permanent magnet
Sintered. Permanent magnet

88
88
88
88

Cast. Permanent magnet


Cast
Cast. Permanent magnet
Cast
Cast. Permanent magnet
Scintered. Permanent magnet
Cast. Permanent magnet
Cast
Cast
Cast. Permanent magnet
Scintered. Permanent magnet
Cast
Cast. Permanent magnet
Scintered. Permanent magnet
Cast. Permanent magnet
Cast. Permanent magnet
Cast
Cast. Permanent magnet
Scintered. Permanent magnet
Cast. Permanent magnet
Cast. Permanent magnet

88
65
88
65
88
88
88
65
65
88
88
65
88
88
88
88
65
88
88
88
88
65
65
88
65
88
65
65
88
65
65

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Permanent Magnet, Unclassified


Alnico 1
Alnico 1
Alnico 12
Alnico 2
Alnico 2
Alnico 2
Alnico 3
Alnico 3
Alnico 4
Alnico 4
Alnico 4
Alnico 5
Alnico 5
Alnico 5
Alnico 5-7
Alnico 5DG
Alnico 6
Alnico 6
Alnico 6
Alnico 7
Alnico 8
Carbon steel (0.65%C)
Carbon steel (1%C)
Chromium steel (3.5%Cr)
Chromium steel (3.5%Cr)
Cobalt steel (17%Co)
Cobalt steel (17%Co)
Cobalt steel (36%Co)
Cobalt steel (36%Co)
Comol
Cunico

0.75 nom
0.75 u
0.62 nom
0.65 u
0.65 nom
0.68 nom
0.60 nom
0.60 u
0.75 u
0.75 nom
0.68 nom
0.47 u
0.47 nom
0.50 nom
0.47 nom
0.47 nom
0.50 u
0.50 nom
0.53 nom
0.58 nom
0.50 nom
0.18 u
0.20 u
0.29 nom
0.29 u
0.28 nom
0.28 u
0.27 u
0.27 nom
0.45 u
0.24 u

451 nom,d
451 u,d
373 nom,d
391 u,d
391 nom,d
409 nom,d
361 nom,d
361 u,d
451 u,d
451 nom,d
409 nom,d
283 u,d
283 nom,d
301 nom,d
283 nom,d
283 nom,d
301 u,d
301 nom,d
319 nom,d
349 nom,d
301 nom,d
108.3 u,d
120 u,d
174 nom,d
174 u,d
168 nom,d
168 u,d
162 u,d
162 nom,d
271 u,d
144 u,d

RT
20

68
RT

20

68
RT
RT
RT

20
20

68
68
RT
RT
68

20
RT
RT
RT
RT
20

68
RT
RT
RT
RT

20
20

68
68
RT

20

Permanent magnet
68
Permanent magnet

RT
20
20

68
68
RT

20
20

Permanent magnet
68
68

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

108 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Permanent Magnet, Unclassified


Cunife
Cunife
Tungsten steel (6%W)
Tungsten steel (6%W)

0.18 u
0.18 nom
0.30 nom
0.30 u

108 u,d
108 nom,d
180 nom,d
180 u,d

0.0980 u
0.1000 u
0.102 u
0.1010 u
0.970 t
0.10 t

20

68
RT
RT

Permanent magnet
Permanent magnet

65
88
88
65

20

68

58.95 u,d
60.15 u,d
61.36 u,d
60.75 u,d
583 t,d
60 t,d

25
20
27
20
20

77
68
80.6
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Resistance alloy
Bar, strip >1mm (0.040 in.). ASTM A 596 test

18
18
18
18
91
85

0.0971 u

58.41 u,d

20

68

Pure metal, R depends on purity

65

0.4010 u
0.3760 u

241.21 u,d
226.18 u,d

20
25

68
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

0.3430 u

206.32 u,d

25

77

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

0.0370 u
0.0345 u

22.26 u,d
20.75 u,d

20
25

68
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

Mn
Mn

1.4400 u
1.442 u

866.20 u,d
867.41 u,d

25
27

77
80.6

18
18

Mn

1.440 u

866.20 u,d

20

68

Mn

1.6000 u

962.45 u,d

20

68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity

0.0747 u
0.0680 u
0.0747 u

44.93 u,d
40.90 u,d
44.93 u,d

27
20
25

80.6
68
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.6600 u
0.64 u
0.52 u

397.01 u,d
384.98 u,d
312.80 u,d

20
20
27

68
68
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.96% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.0493 u
0.0493 u
0.0470 u

29.66 u,d
29.66 u,d
28.27 u,d

25
27
20

77
80.6
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.1350 u
0.1350 u

81.21 u,d
81.21 u,d

25
20

77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

0.185 u
0.204 u

111.28 u,d
122.71 u,d

25
27

77
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Unclassified


Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe(99.94)
Fe, vacuum-melted high purityAnnealed
Iron(99.99%)

RT

Miscellaneous, Antimony
Sb
Sb
Miscellaneous, Barium
Ba
Miscellaneous, Calcium
Ca
Ca
Miscellaneous, Manganese

18
18

Miscellaneous, Potassium
K
K
K
Miscellaneous, Scandium
Sc
Sc
Sc
Miscellaneous, Sodium
Na
Na
Na
Miscellaneous, Strontium
Sr
Sr
Miscellaneous, Technetium
Tc
Tc

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 109

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Miscellaneous, Thallium
Tl
Tl
Tl

0.195 u
0.150 u
0.166 u

117.30 u,d
90.23 u,d
99.85 u,d

20
25
20

68
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

650 t,d
677 t,d
674.92 u,d
714 t,d
701 t,d
699.94 u,d
827 t,d
650 t,d
649.95 u,d
650 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy


Resistance alloy

91
91
65
91
91
65
91
91
65
91

68

Obsolete
Annealed at 1175 C (2150 F)
Annealed at 1175 C (2150 F)
Annealed at 995 C (1750 F)
Annealed at 1175 C (2150 F)
Annealed at 1065 C (1950 F)
Annealed at 1175 C (2150 F)
Annealed at 1175 C (2150 F)
Annealed at 1175 C (2150 F)
All shapes, used for tape recorder heads
Magnetic shielding

Nickel, Electrical Resistance Nickel, Nickel Chromium


37Ni21Cr40Fe2Si
60Ni16Cr22.5Fe1.5Si
60Ni16Cr22.5Fe1.5Si
68.5Ni30Cr1.5Si
68Ni20Cr8.5Fe2Si
68Ni20Cr8.5Fe2Si
72Ni20Cr3Al5Mn
77.5Ni20Cr1.5Si1Nb
78.5Ni20Cr1.5Si(80-20)
78.5Ni20Cr1.5Si(80-20)

1.080 t
1.125 t
1.1220 u
1.187 t
1.165 t
1.1636 u
1.375 t
1.080 t
1.0805 u
1.080 t

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy


Heating alloy
Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy
Resistance heating alloy. Heating alloy
Resistance alloy

Nickel, Magnetically Soft Nickel, Unclassified Magnetically Soft Nickel


4-79 Moly Permalloy
45Ni-Fe-Annealed
45Ni3MoFe-Annealed
49NiFe-Annealed
49NiFe-Annealed
49NiFe-Annealed
75Ni5Cu2CrFe-Annealed
78.5NiFe-Annealed
79Ni4MoFe-Annealed
Carpenter Wear Resistant HyMu 800A
Hymu 80
Monimax
Mumetal
Supermalloy
ASTM A753 Type 3 N14076
(N14076)
ASTM A753 Type 4 N14080
(N14080)

0.58 u
0.50 t
0.65 t
0.47 t
0.47 t
0.47 t
0.56 t
0.16 t
0.59 t
0.625 t
0.58 u
0.82 u
0.60 u
0.65 u
0.60 t

349 u,d
301 t,d
391 t,d
283 t,d
283 t,d
283 t,d
337 t,d
96 t,d
355 t,d
376 t,d
349 u,d
493 u,d
361 u,d
391 u,d
360 t,d

20

0.60 t

360 t,d

RT

1.02 u

614 u,d

RT

Sheet

82

0.61 u

367 u,d

RT

Sheet

82

0.697 u

419 u,d

RT

Sheet

82

0.728 u

438 u,d

RT

Sheet

82

0.0798 u
0.109 u
0.088 u
0.096 d
0.085 u
0.095 u

48.00 u,d
66 u,d
53 u,d
58
51 u,d
57 u,d

Sheet
Sheet
Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire
Sheet
Sheet

65
82
82
61
82
82

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
RT

All billet, bar, wire, plate, plate coil: d > 12.7


mm (0.500 in.)
All billet, bar, wire, plate, plate coil: d > 12.7
mm (0.500 in.)

65
85
85
85
85
85
85
85
85
57
65
65
65
65
73
73

Nickel, Miscellaneous Nickel, Controlled-expansion


NI-SPAN-C alloy 902-Precipitation
hardened (N09902)
INCOLOY alloy 903-Precipitation
hardened (N19903)
INCOLOY alloy 907-Precipitation
hardened (N19907)
INCOLOY alloy 909-Precipitation
hardened (N19909)
Nickel, Nickel, Commercially Pure
99.8 Ni
Nickel 212-Annealed
Nickel 222-Annealed
Nickel 200 (N02200)
Nickel 201-Annealed (N02201)
Nickel 205-Annealed (N02205)

68

20
RT
RT
21

70
RT
RT

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

110 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Sheet
Sheet

82
82
61

Sheet

82

72

Superalloy

61

75

Sheet
Sheet
Sheet
Sheet
Sheet
Superalloy

82
82
82
82
82
96

Nickel, Nickel, Commercially Pure


Nickel 211-Annealed (N02211)
Nickel 270-Annealed (N02270)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301Precipitation hardened (N03301)

0.169 u
0.075 u
0.424 d

102 u,d
45 u,d
255

0.424 u

255 u,d

RT
RT
21

70
RT

Nickel, Nickel, Iron Chromium Aluminum


INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)

1.386 d

833.7

22

1.082 u
1.056 u
1.082 u
0.952 u
0.989 u
1.16 d

651 u,d
635 u,d
651 u,d
573 u,d
595 u,d
698 u,d

0.952 u

573 u,d

RT

Sheet

82

1.13 u

680 u,d

RT

Sheet

82

1.166 u

701 u,d

RT

Sheet

82

0.345 max,t
0.21 t
0.095 u
0.287 max,t
0.345 max,t
0.431 max,t

207.5 max,t,d
126.3 t,d
57 u,d
172.6 max,t,d
207.5 max,t,d
259.3 max,t,d

Cast
Cast
Sheet
Wrought
Wrought
Wrought

17
17
82
17
17
17

1.120 t
1.122 u
0.208 t
0.1995 u
1.333 t
1.3298 u
1.330 t
1.3298 u
1.28 u
1.18 u
1.237
1.139 d
1.25 u

674 t,d
674.92 u,d
125 t,d
120.01 u,d
802 t,d
799.92 u,d
800 t,d
799.92 u,d
770 u,d
710 u,d
744.1 d
685.1
752 u,d

Heating alloy

91
65
91
65
91
65
91
65
82
82
61
61
82

1.16 u
1.112 u
1.03 u
1.19 u
1.193

698 u,d
668.90 u,d
620 u,d
716 u,d
717.6 d

Nickel, Nickel, Iron Nickel Chromium


20Cb3-Annealed
20Mo-4-Annealed
20Mo-6-Annealed
Alloy 556-Annealed
Alloy 800HT-Annealed
Hastelloy G-30-Solution strengthened
(N06030)
INCOLOY alloy 800-Annealed
(N08800)
INCOLOY alloy 825-Annealed
(N08825)
INCOLOY alloy 925-Annealed
(N09925)

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
24

Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Beryllium


42C-Aged
M220C-Aged
Nickel 200-Annealed (N02200)
N03360-Aged (N03360)
N03360-Mill hardened (N03360)
N03360-Unaged (N03360)

68
68

20
20
RT
20
20
20

68
68
68

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Chromium


60Ni16Cr24Fe
60Ni16Cr24Fe
71Ni29Fe
71Ni29Fe
75Ni20Cr3Al+Cu or Fe
75Ni20Cr3Al+Cu or Fe
76Ni17Cr4Si3Mn
76Ni17Cr4Si3Mn
Alloy S-Annealed
Alloy X-Annealed
INCONEL alloy 686
INCONEL Alloy MA758
Alloy 230(a)-Cold rolled and annealed
(N02230)
Alloy HX-Annealed (N06002)
80Ni20Cr (N06003)
Alloy 600-Annealed (N06600)
Alloy 601-Annealed (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)

RT
RT
22
21

Resistance alloy
Resistance alloy
Sheet
Sheet

72
70
RT

Superalloy
Sheet

RT

Sheet

20

68
RT
RT

26

Resistance alloy

Sheet
Sheet
78

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

82
65
82
82
61

Higher Resistivity Materials / 111

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Sheet
Sheet

82
82
61
82
82

Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Chromium


Alloy 617-Annealed (N06617)
Alloy 625-Annealed (N06625)
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)
Alloy 690-Annealed (N06690)
Alloy 718-Precipitation hardened
(N07718)
INCONEL Alloy 725 (N07725)
Alloy X750-Annealed (N07750)
Alloy 751-Annealed (N07751)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
Alloy C276-Annealed (N10276)

1.22 u
1.29 u
1.290 d
1.148 u
1.25 u

734 u,d
776 u,d
776
691 u,d
752 u,d

RT
RT

1.144 d
1.22 u
1.22 u
1.075 d
1.3 u

688.3
734 u,d
734 u,d
646.6
782 u,d

21

1.033 u

621.4 u,d

21

0.412 u
0.547 u
0.489 u
0.51 u
0.615 u

248 u,d
329 u,d
294 u,d
307 u,d
370 u,d

0.58 t
0.62 to 0.63 t
0.58 t
0.62 t

349 t
370 to 380 t
349 t
373 t,d

7.37 u
0.0690 u
0.0620 u
0.080 t

4433.28 u,d
41.51 u,d
37.29 u,d
48.1 t,d

27
20
25
20

0.02350 t

14.1 t,d

20

21

70
RT
RT

Sheet
Sheet
70

Sheet

61
82
82
61
82

Ultra-high strength

66

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Sheet
Sheet
Sheet
Sheet
Sheet

82
82
82
82
82

RT
RT
RT
RT

All shapes
All shapes
All shapes
All shapes

57
57
57
57

80.6
68
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Resistance alloy

18
18
18
91

68

Resistance alloy

91

Permanent magnet

88

Sheet
Sheet

RT
RT
26

78
RT

Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Cobalt


MP35N

70

Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Copper


Alloy 450-Annealed
Alloy 400-Annealed (N04400)
Alloy 401-Annealed (N04401)
Alloy R-405-Annealed (N04405)
Alloy K-500-Precipitation hardened
(N05500)
Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Molybdenum
Carpenter HyMu "80" Alloy
Carpenter HyMu "800"
Carpenter HyRa "80"
Carpenter Vacumet HyMu "800" Alloy
Nickel, Nickel, Unclassified
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni(99.8)
Noble, Gold, Commercially Pure Gold
Au(99.999+)

Noble, Platinum, Platinum Cobalt Permanent Magnet


Platinum cobalt

0.28 nom

168 nom,t

RT

0.105 t

63.2 t,d

20

68

Resistance alloy

91

0.016 t

9.6 t,d

20

68

Resistance alloy

91

0.7500 u
0.8540 u
0.77 u

451.15 u,d
513.71 u,d
463.18 u,d

25
20
27

77
68
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.6200 u
0.5700 u
0.617 u

372.95 u,d
342.87 u,d
371.14 u,d

25
20
27

77
68
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

Noble, Platinum, Unclassified


Pt(99.99+)
Noble, Silver, Unclassified
Ag(99.99)
Rare Earth, Cerium
Ce
Ce
Ce
Rare Earth, Lanthanum
La
La
La

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

112 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Rare Earth, Lanthanum


La

0.565 u

339.86 u,d

20

68

Pure metal, R depends on purity. 98% pure

18

0.14 u
0.142 u

84.21 u,d
85.42 u,d

20
25

68
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

0.667 c
0.5960 u
0.5300 u

401.22 u,d
358.51 u,d
318.81 u,d

27
25
20

80.6
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.0330 u
0.0376 u

19.85 u,d
22.62 u,d

20
25

68
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

0.127 u
0.13 u
0.1320 u
0.1290 u

76.39 u,d
78.20 u,d
79.40 u,d
77.60 u,d

27
20
20
25

80.6
68
68
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

1.011 u,d
0.94 u
0.88 u
0.84 u
0.91 u
0.917 u
0.89

608 u,d
565 u,d
529 u,d
505 u,d
547 u,d
552 u,d
535

68

Composite, tool and die alloy


Wear resistant
Wear resistant
Wear resistant
Wear resistant
Used in dry batteries
High temp corrosion res

66
83
83
83
83
66
66

1.033
1.03 u

621
620 u,d

RT

Work hardened and aged

66
83

0.55 t
0.55 t

331 t,d
331 t,d

RT
RT

Magnet alloy
Magnet alloy

66
66

RT

Permanent magnet

88

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
83
18
18

CoFeV
CoFeV

66
66

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

66
83
83

Rare Earth, Thorium


Th
Th
Rare Earth, Yttrium
Y
Y
Y
Refractory, Beryllium
Be
Be
Refractory, Chromium
Cr
Cr
Cr
Cr
Refractory, Cobalt, Cobalt Chromium
ALX Alloy-Cast
Cobalt Alloy 1-Cast
Cobalt Alloy 12-Cast
Cobalt Alloy 6-Cast
Cobalt Alloy 6B-Wrought
Haynes Stellite No. 4
Conicro 5010W (R30605)

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
20

Refractory, Cobalt, Cobalt Nickel


Carpenter MP35N (R30035)
Cobalt Alloy MP35N (R30035)

21

70

Refractory, Cobalt, Cobalt Rare Earth


INCOR 18
INCOR 21

Refractory, Cobalt, Cobalt Rare Earth Permanent Magnet


Cobalt rare earth 1

0.50 nom

301 nom,t

Refractory, Cobalt, Commercially Pure


Co
Co
Co
Co
Co

0.599 u
0.0634 u
0.0525 u
0.0520 u
0.0568 u

360.32 u,d
38.14 u,d
31.6 u,d
31.28 u,d
34.17 u,d

27
20

80.6
68
RT

25
20

77
68

Refractory, Cobalt, Soft Magnetic Alloy


Covandur-Annealed
Covandur-Unannealed

0.26 u
0.26 u

156 u,d
156 u,d

0.922 u,d
1.01 u
0.89 u

555 u,d
607.5 u,d
535 u,d

RT
RT

Refractory, Cobalt, Superalloy


Colbalt 188
Colbalt 188
Colbalt 25

21

70
RT
RT

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 113

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Cobalt, Superalloy


HS-21
HS-31 (X-40)
UMCo50
UMCo51
Elgiloy (R30003)
Stellite 6 (R30006)
L-605 (R30605)

0.8738 t,d
0.9703 t,d
0.8255 t,d
1.0185 t,d
0.9975 t,d
0.9093 t,d
0.8865 t,d

525.6 t,d
583.7 t,d
496.6 t,d
612.7 t,d
600.0 t,d
547.0 t,d
533.2 t,d

21
21
21
21
21
22
24

70
70
70
70
70
72
75

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

56
56
56
56
56
56
56

0.3400 u
0.322 u
0.355 u

204.52 u,d
193.69 u,d
213.54 u,d

27
20
20

80.6
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

31.28 t,d

20

68

0.0392 t
0.0383 t
0.0313 t

23.58 t,d
23.04 t,d
18.83 t,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

58
58
58

0.052 u
0.052 u
0.0530 u
0.0570 u
0.052 t

31.3 u,d
31.3 u,d
31.88 u,d
34.29 u,d
31.3 t,d

20
20
25
20
20

68
68
77
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Resistance alloy

90
65
18
18
91

0.125 u
0.1600 u
0.16 u
0.146 u
0.1330 u

75.2 u,d
96.24 u,d
96.2 u,d
87.82 u,d
80.00 u,d

25
20
20
20
25

77
68
68
68
77

Unalloyed
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

66
18
90
18
18

0.210 u
0.169 u
0.1988 u
0.187 u
0.193 u
0.193 u

126.32 u,d
101.66 u,d
119.58 u,d
112.49 u,d
116.10 u,d
116 u,d

20
25
27
20
20
20

68
77
80.6
68
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
90

0.1245 u
0.131 u
0.135 u
0.134 u
0.135 u
0.125 t

74.89 u,d
78.80 u,d
81.2 u,d
80.61 u,d
81.21 u,d
75.2 t,d

20
25
20
27
20
20

68
77
68
80.6
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Resistance alloy

65
18
90
18
18
91

33.08 t,d

20

68

Refractory, Halfnium
Hf
Hf
Hf

Refractory, Molybdenum, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkon 100M

0.052 t

58

Refractory, Molybdenum, Molybdenum Silver


CMW Elkonite 7065
CMW Elkonite G17
CMW Elkonite G18
Refractory, Molybdenum, Unclassified
Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo(99.9)
Refractory, Niobium
Cabot Columbium
Nb
Nb
Nb
Nb
Refractory, Rhenium
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Refractory, Tantalum
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta(99.96)

Refractory, Tungsten, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkon 100W

0.055 t

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

58

114 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Copper


CMW Elkonite 10W3
CMW Elkonite 10W53
CMW Elkonite 1W3
CMW Elkonite 2050C
CMW Elkonite 2140C
CMW Elkonite 30W3
CMW Elkonite 3W3
CMW Elkonite 3W53
CMW Elkonite 40W3
CMW Elkonite 50W3
CMW Elkonite 5W3
CMW Elkonite TC1O
CMW Elkonite TC20
CMW Elkonite TC5
CMW Elkonite TC53
CMW Thermkon 62
CMW Thermkon 68
CMW Thermkon 76
CMW Thermkon 83

0.0383 t
0.0616 t
0.0325 t
0.0297 t
0.0575 t
0.0421 t
0.0345 t
0.0575 t
0.0466 t
0.0493 t
0.0359 t
0.0410 t
0.0575 t
0.0383 t
0.0958 t
0.0539 t
0.0492 t
0.0421 t
0.0383 t

23.04 t,d
37.05 t,d
19.55 t,d
17.87 t,d
34.59 t,d
25.32 t,d
20.75 t,d
34.59 t,d
28.03 t,d
29.66 t,d
21.59 t,d
24.66 t,d
34.59 t,d
23.04 t,d
57.63 t,d
32.42 t,d
29.60 t,d
25.32 t,d
23.04 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

0.1230 t
0.1078 t
0.1724 t
0.1330 t

73.99 t,d
64.84 t,d
103.70 t,d
80.00 t,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

0.0475 t
0.0493 t
0.0352 t
0.0383 t
0.0187 t
0.0287 t
0.0322 t
0.0345 t
0.0367 t
0.0383 t
0.0313 t
0.0338 t
0.0278 t
0.0297 t
0.0313 t
0.0278 t
0.0265 t
0.0302 t
0.0367 t
0.0466 t

28.57 t,d
29.66 t,d
21.17 t,d
23.04 t,d
11.25 t,d
17.26 t,d
19.37 t,d
20.75 t,d
22.08 t,d
23.04 t,d
18.83 t,d
20.33 t,d
16.72 t,d
17.87 t,d
18.83 t,d
16.72 t,d
15.94 t,d
18.17 t,d
22.08 t,d
28.03 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

0.053 u

31.9 u,d

20

68

Pure metal, R depends on purity

90

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Composite
Composite
Composite
Composite

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Nickel


CMW 1000
CMW 2000
CMW 3000
CMW 3950

58
58
58
58

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Silver


CMW Elkonite 1060
CMW Elkonite 2088
CMW Elkonite 20S
CMW Elkonite 20SB
CMW Elkonite 2110
CMW Elkonite 2150
CMW Elkonite 3042
CMW Elkonite 30S
CMW Elkonite 30SB
CMW Elkonite 3150
CMW Elkonite 35S
CMW Elkonite 35SB
CMW Elkonite 4050
CMW Elkonite 40S
CMW Elkonite 40SB
CMW Elkonite 45S
CMW Elkonite 50S
CMW Elkonite G12
CMW Elkonite G13
CMW Elkonite G14
Refractory, Tungsten, Unclassified
W

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 115

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Tungsten, Unclassified


W
W
W
W
W
W(99.9)

0.052 u
0.055 u
0.054 u
0.0565 u
0.0545 u
0.055 t

31.28 u,d
33.08 u,d
32.48 u,d
34.0 u,d
32.78 u,d
33.1 t,d

25
20
20
20
27
20

77
68
68
68
80.6
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Resistance alloy

18
18
18
65
18
91

0.201 u
0.248 u
0.1990 u
0.1960 u

120.91 u,d
149.18 u,d
119.70 u,d
117.90 u,d

27
20
25
20

80.6
68
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

0.435 u
0.50 u
0.3890 u
0.4400 u

261.67 u,d
300.77 u,d
234.00 u,d
264.67 u,d

27
20
25
20

80.6
68
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.9% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

0.995 to 1.995 t

599 to 1176
t,d

20

68

Heating element. Heating alloy

91

1.250 t
1.12 t
0.49 t

752 t,d
674 t,d
295 t

20
20

68
68

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy


Heating element. Heating alloy
All shapes

91
91
57

0.210 u
0.228 u

126.3 u,d
137 u,d

20
20

68
68

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

65
65

0.223 u
0.222 u

134.1 u,d
133.5 u,d

20
20

68
68

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

65
65

0.6 to 0.7 u
0.50 u
0.49 max
0.70 max
0.80 t

360 to 420 u,d


301 u,d
295.0 max,d
421.0 max,d
480 t

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
RT

Lead frame alloy, Sealing Alloy


Lead frame alloy, Sealing Alloy
All shapes

65
65
20
20
57

0.80 t

480 t

RT

All shapes

57

0.48 t
0.989 d

290 t
595

21

70

All shapes
Superalloy

57
61

0.248 u

149.2 u,d

20

68

Nearest AISI

65

0.28 u
0.23 u
0.25 t
0.25 t

168 u,d
138 u,d
150 t,d
150 t,d

20
20

68
68

Electrical

65
65
85
85

Refractory, Vanadium
V
V
V
V
Refractory, Zirconium
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Silicon, Carbide
Silicon carbide
Steel, Alloy, Chromium
81Fe15Cr4Al
83.5Fe13Cr3.25Al
Carpenter Chrome Core 8 & 8FM
Alloys
5132# (G51320)
5140# (G51400)

RT

Steel, Alloy, Chromium Molybdenum


4130# (G41300)
4140# (G41400)
Steel, Alloy, Nickel
18Ni250
50% Ni Iron-Annealed
ASTM F15
ASTM F30
Carpenter Temperature Compensator
"32" (Type 1)
Carpenter Temperature Compensator
"32" (Type 2, 3, and 4)
Carpenter "49" Alloy (K94840)
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)

RT

Steel, Alloy, Nickel Chromium Molybdenum


4340# (G43400)
Steel, Alloy, Silicon
0.5% Si steel-Annealed
1% Si steel-Annealed
1% Si steel-Annealed
1% Si steel-Annealed

RT
RT

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

116 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Steel, Alloy, Silicon


1% Si steel, free machining-Annealed
1.75% Si steel-Annealed
2.5 % Si steel-Annealed
2.5 % Si steel-Annealed
2.5 % Si steel, free machiningAnnealed
2.5 % Si steel, free machiningAnnealed
3% Si steel-Annealed
3.0% Si steel-Annealed
4% Si steel-Annealed
4% Si steel-Annealed
Grain oriented 3% Si steel-Annealed
Grain oriented 3.0% Si steel-Annealed
Grain oriented 50% Ni iron-Annealed

0.25 t
0.37 u
0.41 u
0.40 t
0.40 t

150 t,d
223 u,d
247 u,d
241 t,d
241 t,d

RT

0.40 t

241 t,d

0.48 u
0.47 u
0.59 u
0.58 t
0.48 u
0.50 u
0.45 u

289 u,d
283 u,d
355 u,d
349 t,d
289 u,d
301 u,d
271 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Electrical
Electrical

65
65
65
85
65
65
65

0.208 u

125.1 u,d

20

68

Nearest AISI

65

0.130 u
0.142 u
0.12 u
0.13 t
0.169 u
0.56 u
0.171 u
0.180 u

78.2 u,d
85.4 u,d
72 u,d
78 t,d
101.7 u,d
337 u,d
102.9 u,d
108.3 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Nearest AISI

65
65
65
85
65
65
65
65

0.840 u
0.900 u
0.896 u

505.3 u,d
541.4 u,d
539.0 u,d

21
21
21

70
70
70

64
64
64

0.760 u
0.770 u

457.2 u,d
463.2 u,d

21
21

70
70

64
64

0.80 u
0.90 u
1.00 u

481 u,d
541 u,d
602 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

65
65
65

0.780 u
0.760 u

469.2 u,d
457.2 u,d

21
21

70
70

64
64

0.820 u
0.762 u
0.762 u
0.779 u
0.720 u
0.710 u

493.3 u,d
458.4 u,d
458.4 u,d
468.6 u,d
433.1 u,d
427.1 u,d

21
21
21
21
21
21

70
70
70
70
70
70

64
64
64
64
64
64

RT
RT

Bar

85
65
65
85
85

RT

Bar

85

20
20

68
68

20
20
20

68
68
68

Bar
Electrical

Electrical

RT

Steel, Carbon Steel, High-Manganese


1524# (G1524)
Steel, Carbon Steel, Nonresulfurized
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1010-Annealed (G10100)
1010-Annealed (G10100)
1025# (G10250)
1040 (G10400)
1042# (G10420)
1078# (G10780)

RT

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

Steel, Cast Stainless, Austenitic


CH-20 (J93402)
CK-20 (J94202)
CN-7M (N08007)
Steel, Cast Stainless, Ferritic
CB30 (J91803)
CC50 (J92615)
Steel, Cast Stainless, Heat Resisting
HH (J93503)
HK (J94224)
HT (N08605)
Steel, Cast Stainless, Martensitic
CA15 (J91150)
CA40 (J91153)
Steel, Cast Stainless, Unclassified
CF-12M
CF-3 (J92500)
CF-8 (J92600)
CF-20 (J92602)
CF-16F (J92701)
CF-8C (J92710)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 117

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Steel, Cast Stainless, Unclassified


CF-3M (J92900)
CF-8M (J92900)
CG-8M (J93000)
CE-30 (J93423)

0.820 u
0.820 u
0.820 u
0.850 u

493.3 u,d
493.3 u,d
493.3 u,d
511.3 u,d

1.020 t
0.69 t
0.69
0.69 t
0.72 u
0.72 t
0.72
0.72 t
0.72 u
0.72 t
0.72 t
0.72 u
0.72 t
1.8288 t,d
0.72 t
0.72 t
0.72 t
0.72 t
0.78 u
0.78 t
0.78 t
0.77 t
1.9558 t,d
0.74 t
0.74 u
0.74 u
0.74 t
0.74 u
0.74 t
0.79 t
0.72 t
0.75 t
0.73 t
0.73 u
0.79 t

613.6 t,d
415 t,d
415
415 t,d
432 u,d
433 t,d
433
433 t,d
433 u,d
433 t,d
433 t,d
433 u,d
433 t,d
1100.1 t,d
433 t,d
433 t,d
433 t,d
433 t,d
469 u,d
469 t,d
469 t,d
463 t,d
1176.5 t,d
445 t,d
445 u,d
445 u,d
445 t,d
445 u,d
445 t,d
475 t,d
433 t,d
451 t,d
439 t,d
439 u,d
475 t,d

0.85

511

0.57 t

343 t

0.755 t

453 t

21
21
21
21

70
70
70
70

64
64
64
64

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Austenitic


330-Annealed (N08330)
201-Annealed (S20100)
J&L Type 201-Annealed (S20100)
202-Annealed (S20200)
301-Annealed (S30100)
301-Annealed (S30100)
J&L Type 301 (S30100)
302 (S30200)
302 (S30200)
302B-Annealed (S30215)
303-Annealed (S30300)
304 (S30400)
304 (S30400)
304L (S30403)
S30430-Annealed (S30430)
304N-Annealed (S30451)
305-Annealed (S30500)
308-Annealed (S30800)
309 (S30900)
309-Annealed (S30900)
310 (S31000)
314 (S31400)
314 (S31400)
316 (S31600)
316 (S31600)
316-Annealed (S31600)
316N-Annealed (S31651)
317 (S31700)
317-Annealed (S31700)
317L-Annealed (S31703)
321 (S32100)
329-Annealed (S32900)
347 (S34700)
347 (S34700)
384-Annealed (S38400)

RT
RT
21

70

Ingot, slabs, sheet, strip

RT
20

68
RT

21

70
RT
68

20

Superalloy
Superalloy

RT
RT
20

68
RT

20

68

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

RT
RT
RT
RT
20

68
RT
RT
RT
68

20
RT
20
20

68
68

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

RT
20

68
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Superalloy

65
65
66
65
64
65
66
65
65
65
65
64
65
56
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
56
65
65
64
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

68

Superalloy
Superalloy

70

Continuous mill plate, slabs, sheet, strip

66

RT

All shapes

57

RT

All shapes

57

20
RT

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Duplex


J&L Type 2205 (S31803)

21

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Ferritic


Carpenter Chrome Core 12 & 12FM
Alloys
Carpenter Chrome Core 18FM
Solenoid Quality Stainless

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

118 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Ferritic


Carpenter Stainless Type 430FR
Solenoid Quality
405 (S40500)
405-Annealed (S40500)
429-Annealed (S42900)
430-Annealed (S43000)
430-Annealed (S43000)
430F-Annealed (S43020)
Carpenter Stainless Type 430F
Solenoid Quality (S43020)
434-Annealed (S43400)
436-Annealed (S43600)
444-Annealed (S44400)
446-Annealed (S44600)
446-Annealed (S44600)

0.76 t

460 t

0.60 u
0.60 t
0.59 t
0.60 u
0.60 t
0.60 t
0.60 t

361 u,d
361 t,d
355 t,d
361 u,d
361 t,d
361 t,d
361 t

0.60 t
0.60 t
0.62 t
0.67 t
0.61 u

361 t,d
361 t,d
373 t,d
403 t,d
367 u,d

0.57 u
0.57 t
0.57 u
0.70 t
0.57 t
0.57 u
0.7874 t,d
0.55 t
0.72 t
0.60 t
0.60 t
0.68 u

343 u,d
342.9 u,d
343 u,d
421 t,d
343 t,d
343 u,d
473.6 t,d
331 t,d
433 t,d
361 t,d
361 t,d
409 u,d

RT
20

All shapes

57

All shapes

65
65
65
65
65
65
57

68
RT
RT

20

68
RT
RT
RT

65
65
65
65
65

RT
RT
RT
RT
68

20

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Martensitic


403 (S40300)
410 (S41000)
410-Annealed (S41000)
414-Annealed (S41400)
416-Annealed (S41600)
416-Annealed (S41600)
Greek Ascoloy (S41800)
420-Annealed (S42000)
431-Annealed (S43100)
440A-Annealed (S44002)
440C-Annealed (S44004)
443-Annealed (S44300)

20

68
RT

20

68

Superalloy
Superalloy

68
77

Superalloy

RT
RT
20
25
RT
RT
RT
RT
20

68

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Bar
Sheet
Bar
Bar
Bar
Sheet

70
70

70

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

80

Superalloy

65
65
65
65
65
65
56
65
65
65
65
65

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Precipitation Hardening


14-4PH-A (J92240)
14-4PH-A (J92240)
14-4PH-H1075 (J92240)
14-4PH-H1075 (J92240)
14-4PH-H900 (J92240)
14-4PH-H900 (J92240)
PH13-8Mo-Annealed (S13800)
15-5PH-Annealed (S15500)
PH15-7Mo (S15789)
17-4PH (S17400)
17-4PH (S17400)
Stainless W (S17600)
17-7PH (S17700)
17-7PH (S17700)
17-7PH-A (S17700)
17-7PH-CH 900 (S17700)
17-7PH-RH 950 (S17700)
17-7PH-TH 1050 (S17700)
AM-350 (S35000)

0.770 u,d
0.025 u,d
0.285 u
0.800 u,d
1.001 u,d
0.980 u,d
1.02 t
0.77 t
2.1082 t,d
1.9558 t,d
0.80 t
2.1590 t,d
0.83 t
2.1082 t,d
0.800 u,d
0.838 u,d
0.831 u,d
0.826 u,d
2.0015 t,d

463 u,d
15 u,d
171.4 u,d
481 u,d
602 u,d
590 u,d
614 t,d
463 t,d
1268.1 t,d
1176.5 t,d
481 t,d
1298.7 t,d
499 t,d
1268.1 t,d
481 u,d
504 u,d
500 u,d
497 u,d
1204.0 t,d

RT
RT
21
21
RT
21

70
RT

21
RT
RT
RT
RT
27

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

64
64
65
64
64
64
65
65
56
56
65
56
65
56
64
64
64
64
56

Higher Resistivity Materials / 119

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Precipitation Hardening


AM-355 (S35500)

1.9202 t,d

1155.1 t,d

27

80

1.6623 u
1.450 t
1.388 u
1.3548 u
1.350 t
1.390 t
0.40 u

999.9 u
872 t,d
834.92 u,d
814.95 u
812 t,d
836 t,d
241 u,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

0.65 approx
1.6 t
1.67 t
1.7 t
1.8 t
1.6 t
1.573 u
1.85 to 1.9 t
1.97 approx
1.6 u
1.27 u

391 approx
RT
962 t
RT
1005 t
RT
1023 t
RT
1083 t
RT
962 t
RT
946.2 u
20
68
1110 to 1140 t
RT
1185 approx
RT
962 u
RT
764 u
RT

63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63

1.59 t
1.7 t
1.64 t
1.62 t
1.71 t
0.92
1.9 to 2.05 t
1.57 t
1.7 t

956 t
1023 t
987 t
974 t
1029 t
553
1140 to 1230 t
944.40 t
1023 t

63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63

1.48 t
1.4 t
1.4 t
1.56 t
1.35 t
1.6 t

890 t
842 t
842 t
938 t
812 t
962 t

Superalloy

56

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Unclassified


55Fe37.5Cr7.5Al
72.5Fe22Cr5.5Al
72Fe23Cr5Al
72Fe23Cr5Al0.5Co
73.5Fe22Cr4.55Al
73Fe22Cr5Al
501 (S50100)

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy


Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

65
91
65
65
91
91
65

Titanium, Titanium, Alpha


IMI 230
IMI 679
IMI 685
Ti5621S
Timetal 1100
Ti5Al2.5Sn (R54520)
Ti5Al2.5Sn (R54520)
Ti6242Si (R54620)
Ti811 (R54810)
Ti621/0.8 (R56210)
Ti3Al2.5V (R56320)
Titanium, Titanium, Alpha Beta
IMI 550
IMI 551
SP-700
Timetal 62S
Ti5522S (R54560)
Ti8Mn (R56080)
Ti6246 (R56260)
Ti6Al6V2Sn (R56620)
Ti7Al4Mo (R56740)

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Titanium, Titanium, Beta


Ti15-3
Ti15-3
Ti13-11-3 (R58010)
Beta III (R58030)
Timetal 21S (R58210)
Beta C (R58640)

25
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

77

63
63
63
63
63
63

Titanium, Titanium, Commercially Pure


High-Purity Ti
Unalloyed Ti Grade 2 (R50400)
Unalloyed Ti Grade 4 (R50700)
Ti0.2 Pd (Grade 11) (R52250)
Ti0.2 Pd (Grade 7) (R52400)
Ti0.3Mo0.8Ni (Grade 12) (R53400)

0.42 u
0.5 to 0.55 u
0.6 u
0.55 u
0.55 u
0.52 u

253 u
55 to 331 u
361 u
331 u
331 u
313 u

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

63
63
63
63
63
63

0.82 t

493 t

RT

63

Titanium, Titanium, Titanium Nickel


TiNi Shape Memory Alloy (austenite)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

120 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Titanium, Titanium, Titanium Nickel


TiNi Shape Memory Alloy (martensite) 0.76 t

457 t

RT

63

Titanium, Titanium, Unclassified


Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti

0.5400 u
0.65 u
0.54 u
0.3900 u

324.83 u,d
390.99 u,d
324.83 u,d
234.60 u,d

20
27
20
25

68
80.6
68
77

0.48 u
0.48 u

289 u,d
289 u,d

20
20

68
68

0.063694 t
0.065359 t

38.314 t,d
39.315 t,d

20
20

68
68

Casting alloy
Casting alloy

55
55

0.0596 u
0.06 u
0.061 u
0.0545 u

35.85 u,d
36.09 u,d
36.69 u,d
32.78 u,d

20
20
20
25

68
68
68
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.74% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

Unclassified
AL 4750
Armco 48

65
65

Zinc, Cast
Z33520 (Z33520)
Z33531 (Z33531)
Zinc, Miscellaneous
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 121

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Actinide, Neptunium
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np
Np

1.164 u
1.177 u
1.191 u
1.193 u
1.205 u
1.209 u
1.213 u
1.053 u
1.071 u
1.089 u
1.099 u
1.098 u
1.097 u
1.098 u
1.094 u
1.096 u

700.18 u,d
708.00 u,d
716.42 u,d
717.63 u,d
724.84 u,d
727.25 u,d
729.66 u,d
633.41 u,d
644.24 u,d
655.07 u,d
661.08 u,d
660.48 u,d
659.88 u,d
660.48 u,d
658.07 u,d
659.28 u,d

310
334
370
373
425
472
538
600
641
705
771
828
849
873
896
902

590
633.2
698
703.4
797
881.6
1000
1112
1185.8
1301
1419.8
1522.4
1560.2
1603.4
1644.8
1655.6

Alpha phase
Alpha phase
Alpha phase
Alpha phase
Alpha phase
Alpha phase
Alpha phase
Beta phase
Beta phase
Beta phase
Beta phase
Beta phase
Gamma phase
Gamma phase
Gamma phase
Gamma phase

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

1.40 u
1.416 u
1.11 u
1.08 u
1.08 u
1.078 u
1.10 u
1.10 u
1.07 u
1.07 u
1.074 u
1.10 u
1.00 u
1.03 u
1.007 u
1.02 u
1.05 u
1.14 u
1.14 u
1.106 u
1.20 u
1.14 u
1.00 u

842.14 u,d
851.77 u,d
667.70 u,d
649.65 u,d
649.65 u,d
648.45 u,d
661.68 u,d
661.68 u,d
643.64 u,d
643.64 u,d
646.04 u,d
661.68 u,d
601.53 u,d
619.58 u,d
605.74 u,d
613.56 u,d
631.61 u,d
685.74 u,d
685.74 u,d
665.29 u,d
721.84 u,d
685.74 u,d
601.53 u,d

100
100
130
150
200
200
200
220
225
275
300
300
325
360
400
400
470
500
500
500
500
550
725

212
212
163.8
302
392
392
392
428
437
527
572
572
617
680
752
752
878
932
932
932
932
1022
1337

Alpha phase
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Beta phase
Beta phase
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Beta phase
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Gamma phase
Gamma phase
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Gamma phase
Delta phase
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Delta phase
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Epsilon phase
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Epsilon phase
Epsilon phase
Delta phase

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.040 u
0.32 u
0.59 u
0.50 u
0.557 u
0.557 u
0.54 u

24.06 u,d
192.49 u,d
354.90 u,d
300.77 u,d
335.05 u,d
335.05 u,d
324.83 u,d

-150
0
100
300
700
700
800

-238
32
212
572
1292
1292
1472

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Alpha phase
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Beta phase
Gamma phase

18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Actinide, Plutonium
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Pu
Actinide, Uranium
U
U
U
U
U
U
U

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

122 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Actinide, Uranium
U
U

0.557 u
0.557 u

335.05 u,d
335.05 u,d

900
900

1652
1652

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Gamma phase

18
18

0.88 u
1.10 u
1.20 u
1.30 u
1.42 u

529.35 u,d
661.68 u,d
721.84 u,d
781.99 u,d
854.17 u,d

-73
127
227
327
427

-99.4
260.6
440.6
620.6
800.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18

0.60 u
2.04 u
0.96 u
1.11 u
1.26 u
1.40 u
1.52 u
1.62 u
1.72 u
1.90 u

360.92 u,d
1227.12 u,d
577.47 u,d
667.70 u,d
757.93 u,d
842.14 u,d
914.33 u,d
974.48 u,d
1034.63 u,d
1142.91 u,d

-73
1127
127
227
327
427
527
627
727
927

-99.4
2060.6
260.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.84 u
0.81 u
1.02 u
1.20 u
1.40 u
1.59 u
1.79 u
1.86 u
1.93 u

505.29 u,d
487.24 u,d
613.56 u,d
721.84 u,d
842.14 u,d
956.43 u,d
1076.74 u,d
1118.85 u,d
1160.95 u,d

-173
-73
127
227
327
427
527
627
727

-279.4
-99.4
260.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.71 u
1.06 u
1.23 u
1.36 u
1.49 u

427.09 u,d
637.62 u,d
739.88 u,d
818.08 u,d
896.28 u,d

-73
127
227
327
427

-99.4
260.6
440.6
620.6
800.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18

0.20 u
0.46 u
0.83 u
0.98 u
1.14 u
1.27 u
1.40 u
1.50 u
1.60 u
1.74 u

120.31 u,d
276.70 u,d
499.27 u,d
589.50 u,d
685.74 u,d
763.94 u,d
842.14 u,d
902.30 u,d
962.45 u,d
1046.66 u,d

-173
-73
127
227
327
427
527
627
727
927

-279.4
-99.4
260.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Lanthanide, Dysprosium
Dy
Dy
Dy
Dy
Dy
Lanthanide, Erbium
Er
Er
Er
Er
Er
Er
Er
Er
Er
Er
Lanthanide, Europium
Eu
Eu
Eu
Eu
Eu
Eu
Eu
Eu
Eu
Lanthanide, Holmium
Ho
Ho
Ho
Ho
Ho
Lanthanide, Lutetium
Lu
Lu
Lu
Lu
Lu
Lu
Lu
Lu
Lu
Lu

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 123

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Lanthanide, Neodymium
Nd
Nd
Nd
Nd
Nd
Nd
Nd

0.26 u
0.50 u
0.80 u
0.90 u
0.98 u
1.07 u
1.15 u

156.40 u,d
300.77 u,d
481.22 u,d
541.38 u,d
589.50 u,d
643.64 u,d
691.76 u,d

-173
-73
127
227
327
427
527

-279.4
-99.4
260.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.41 u
0.55 u
0.78 u
0.89 u
0.97 u
1.04 u
1.11 u
1.17 u

246.63 u,d
330.84 u,d
469.19 u,d
535.36 u,d
583.48 u,d
625.59 u,d
667.70 u,d
703.79 u,d

-173
-73
127
227
327
427
527
627

-279.4
-99.4
260.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.64 u
0.77 u
1.00 u
1.11 u
1.23 u
1.40 u
1.53 u
1.64 u

384.98 u,d
463.18 u,d
601.53 u,d
667.70 u,d
739.88 u,d
842.14 u,d
920.34 u,d
986.51 u,d

-173
-73
127
227
327
427
527
627

-279.4
-99.4
260.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.87 u
1.28 u
1.37 u
1.47 u
1.56 u
1.69 u
1.70 u
1.76 u
1.84 u

523.33 u,d
769.96 u,d
824.10 u,d
884.25 u,d
938.39 u,d
1016.59 u,d
1022.60 u,d
1058.69 u,d
1106.82 u,d

-73
127
227
327
427
527
627
727
927

-99.4
260.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.42 u
0.61 u
0.93 u
1.04 u
1.16 u

252.64 u,d
366.93 u,d
559.42 u,d
625.59 u,d
697.78 u,d

-173
-73
127
227
327

-279.4
-99.4
260.6
440.6
620.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18

Lanthanide, Praseodymium
Pr
Pr
Pr
Pr
Pr
Pr
Pr
Pr
Lanthanide, Samarium
Sm
Sm
Sm
Sm
Sm
Sm
Sm
Sm
Lanthanide, Terbium
Tb
Tb
Tb
Tb
Tb
Tb
Tb
Tb
Tb
Lanthanide, Thulium
Tm
Tm
Tm
Tm
Tm

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Thorium Manganese


HM31A-F (M13312)
HM31A-F (M13312)
HM31A-F (M13312)

0.097 u
0.115 u
0.079 u

58.3 u,d
69.2 u,d
47.5 u,d

200
316
93

392
600
200

Extruded
Extruded
Extruded

84
84
84

1.840E-02 u

11.07 u,d

-123

-189.4

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Magnesium, Wrought, Unclassified


Mg

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

124 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
. m

Alloy-temper (UNS number)

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Magnesium, Wrought, Unclassified


Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg

0.00908 u
9.10E-03 u
5.57E-03 u
2.61E-03 u
7.4E-04 u
1.23E-04 u
6.2E-05 u
2.750E-02 u
0.0275 u
0.0405 u
0.0560 u
0.0619 u
0.0720 u
0.07865 u
0.0952 u
0.1210 u
0.112 u
0.128 u
0.144 u

5.46 u,d
5.47 u,d
3.35 u,d
1.57 u,d
0.45 u,d
0.07 u,d
0.04 u,d
16.54 u,d
16.54 u,d
24.36 u,d
33.69 u,d
37.23 u,d
43.31 u,d
47.31 u,d
57.27 u,d
72.79 u,d
67.37 u,d
77.00 u,d
86.62 u,d

-173
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
-73
0
100
127
200
227
327
400
427
527
627

-279.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
-99.4
32
212
260.6
392
440.6
620.6
752
800.6
980.6
1160.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Magnetically Soft Iron, Nickel-Iron Soft Magnetic


ASTM A753 Type 1 K94490
(K94490)
ASTM A753 Type 2 K94840
(K94840)

1.60 t

16.0 t

727

1.55 t

15.5 t

727

18.95 u,d
7.22 u,d
7.70 u,d
4.17 u,d
1.63 u,d
0.46 u,d
0.17 u,d
0.14 u,d
31.28 u,d
30.68 u,d
51.55 u,d
88.42 u,d
703.79 u,d
98.65 u,d
733.87 u,d
135.95 u,d
145.57 u,d
201.51 u,d
259.26 u,d
269.49 u,d
352.50 u,d
419.87 u,d
445.13 u,d

-123
-173
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
-73
0
100
1127
127
1327
200
227
327
400
427
527
600
627

1340.6 All billet, bar, wire, plate, plate coil: d > 12.7
mm (0.500 in.)
1340.6 All billet, bar, wire, plate, plate coil: d > 12.7
mm (0.500 in.)

73

-189.4
-279.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
-99.4
32
212
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
392
440.6
620.6
752
800.6
980.6
1112
1160.6

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

73

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Unclassified


Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe
Fe

0.0315 u
0.012 u
0.0128 u
0.00693 u
0.00271 u
7.58E-4 u
2.87E-4 u
2.25E-4 u
0.0520 u
0.051 u
0.0857 u
0.1470 u
1.17 u
0.164 u
1.22 u
0.2260 u
0.242 u
0.335 u
0.4310 u
0.448 u
0.586 u
0.6980 u
0.740 u

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 125

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families

Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Unclassified


Fe
Fe
Fe

0.914 u
1.0550 u
1.119 u

549.80 u,d
634.61 u,d
673.11 u,d

727
800
927

1340.6 Pure metal, R depends on purity


1472
Pure metal, R depends on purity
1700
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.590 u
1.540 u

354.90 u,d
926.36 u,d

100
500

212
932

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

0.143 u
8.850E-02 u
6.830E-02 u
4.860E-02 u
2.910E-02 u
9.40E-03 u
8.1E-04 u
0.202 u
0.302 u

86.02 u,d
53.24 u,d
41.08 u,d
29.23 u,d
17.50 u,d
5.65 u,d
0.49 u,d
121.51 u,d
181.66 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

1.560E-02 u
9.10E-03 u
6.50E-03 u
4.00E-03 u
1.75E-03 u
6.0E-04 u
4.5E-04 u
2.190E-02 u
0.0311 u

9.38 u,d
5.47 u,d
3.91 u,d
2.41 u,d
1.05 u,d
0.36 u,d
0.27 u,d
13.17 u,d
18.71 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Mn

1.359 u

817.48 u,d

-123

-189.4

18

Mn
Mn

1.36 u
1.321 u

818.08 u,d
794.62 u,d

-123
-173

-189.4
-279.4

Mn
Mn
Mn
Mn

1.32 u
1.32 u
1.31 u
1.419 u

794.02 u,d
794.02 u,d
788.00 u,d
853.57 u,d

-173
-193
-213
-23

-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-9.4

Mn
Mn

1.16 u
1.161 u

697.78 u,d
698.38 u,d

-233
-233

-387.4
-387.4

Mn

0.536 u

322.42 u,d

-253

-423.4

Mn
Mn
Mn

0.54 u
0.189 u
0.1884 u

324.83 u,d
113.69 u,d
113.33 u,d

-253
-263
-263

-423.4
-441
-441

Mn
Mn

7.020E-02 u
0.088 u

42.23 u,d
52.93 u,d

-272
-273

-457.6
-459.4

Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=


99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%

Miscellaneous, Antimony
Sb
Sb
Miscellaneous, Barium
Ba
Ba
Ba
Ba
Ba
Ba
Ba
Ba
Ba
Miscellaneous, Calcium
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Miscellaneous, Manganese

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

126 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Miscellaneous, Manganese
Mn

1.391 u

836.73 u,d

-73

-99.4

Mn
Mn
Mn
Mn

1.39 u
1.43 u
1.43 u
1.430 u

836.13 u,d
860.19 u,d
860.19 u,d
860.19 u,d

-73
0
0
0

-99.4
32
32
32

Mn

1.477 u

888.46 u,d

127

260.6

Mn

1.501 u

902.90 u,d

227

440.6

Mn

1.521 u

914.93 u,d

327

620.6

Mn

1.536 u

923.95 u,d

427

800.6

Mn

1.461 u

878.84 u,d

77

171

2.990E-02 u
1.790E-02 u
0.0179 u
9.00E-03 u
0.00689 u
4.80E-03 u
1.17E-03 u
8.0E-06 u
0.0426 u
4.260E-02 u
0.0649 u
1.363 u
0.1718 u
2.014 u,F
3.138 u,F
5.753 u,F
0.2291 u
0.2958 u
0.3731 u
0.4620 u
0.5636 u
0.6794 u
0.9604 u

17.99 u,d
10.77 u,d
10.77 u,d
5.41 u,d
4.14 u,d
2.89 u,d
0.70 u,d
0.00 u,d
25.63 u,d
25.63 u,d
39.04 u,d
819.89 u,d
103.34 u,d
1211.48 u,d
1887.60 u,d
3460.60 u,d
137.81 u,d
177.93 u,d
224.43 u,d
277.91 u,d
339.02 u,d
408.68 u,d
577.71 u,d

-123
-173
-173
-213
-223
-233
-253
-272
-73
-73
0
1127
127
1327
1527
1727
227
327
427
527
627
727
927

-189.4
-279.4
-279.4
-351.4
-369.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
-99.4
32
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
2780.6
3140.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.12 u
0.11 u
0.30 u
2.10 u
0.72 u
1.15 u
0.91 u

72.18 u,d
66.17 u,d
180.46 u,d
1263.21 u,d
433.10 u,d
691.76 u,d
547.39 u,d

-173
-250
-73
1000
127
200
227

-279.4
-418
-99.4
1832
260.6
392
440.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.96% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.96% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.96% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=


99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Very pure, >=
99.99%

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Miscellaneous, Potassium
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
Miscellaneous, Scandium
Sc
Sc
Sc
Sc
Sc
Sc
Sc

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 127

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Miscellaneous, Scandium
Sc
Sc
Sc

1.09 u
1.24 u
1.70 u

655.67 u,d
745.90 u,d
1022.60 u,d

327
427
600

620.6
800.6
1112

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.96% pure

18
18
18

2.030E-02 u
0.01158 u
1.160E-02 u
4.47E-03 u
0.00300 u
1.72E-03 u
1.5E-05 u
9.0E-06 u
0.0289 u
0.0289 u
0.0433 u
0.7644 u
0.1050 u
1.351 u,F
1.844 u,F
0.1436 u
0.1856 u
0.2320 u
0.2838 u
0.3419 u
0.4073 u
0.5645 u

12.21 u,d
6.97 u,d
6.98 u,d
2.69 u,d
1.80 u,d
1.03 u,d
0.01 u,d
0.01 u,d
17.38 u,d
17.38 u,d
26.05 u,d
459.81 u,d
63.16 u,d
812.67 u,d
1109.22 u,d
86.38 u,d
111.64 u,d
139.56 u,d
170.71 u,d
205.66 u,d
245.00 u,d
339.56 u,d

-123
-173
-173
-213
-223
-233
-253
-272
-73
-73
0
1127
127
1527
1727
227
327
427
527
627
727
927

-189.4
-279.4
-279.4
-351.4
-369.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
-99.4
32
2060.6
260.6
2780.6
3140.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

6.840E-02 u
4.580E-02 u
3.640E-02 u
0.17 u
2.680E-02 u
1.700E-02 u
9.20E-03 u
8.00E-03 u
9.040E-02 u
0.20 u
0.123 u
0.60 u
0.94 u

41.14 u,d
27.55 u,d
21.90 u,d
102.26 u,d
16.12 u,d
10.23 u,d
5.53 u,d
4.81 u,d
54.38 u,d
120.31 u,d
73.99 u,d
360.92 u,d
565.44 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-20
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0
0
400
700

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32
32
752
1292

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

-273

-459.4

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

1127
127
127
1527
227

2060.6
260.6
260.6
2780.6
440.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18

Miscellaneous, Sodium
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Miscellaneous, Strontium
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Miscellaneous, Technetium
Tc
Tc
Tc
Tc
Tc
Tc

approaching 0 u approaching 0
u,d
0.592 u
356.11 u,d
0.257 u
154.59 u,d
0.25 u
150.38 u,d
0.650 u
390.99 u,d
0.308 u
185.27 u,d

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

128 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oC
oF

circular-mil/ft

Notes

Reference

Miscellaneous, Technetium
Tc
Tc
Tc
Tc
Tc
Tc
Tc
Tc

0.355 u
0.398 u
0.440 u
0.439 u
0.476 u
0.510 u
0.560 u
0.564 u

213.54 u,d
239.41 u,d
264.67 u,d
264.07 u,d
286.33 u,d
306.78 u,d
336.86 u,d
339.26 u,d

327
427
527
527
627
727
927
927

620.6
800.6
980.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Nickel, Magnetically Soft Nickel, Unclassified Magnetically Soft Nickel


ASTM A753 Type 3 N14076
(N14076)
ASTM A753 Type 4 N14080
(N14080)

0.69 t

6.9 t

727

1340.6 All billet, bar, wire, plate, plate coil: d > 12.7
mm (0.500 in.)
1340.6 All billet, bar, wire, plate, plate coil: d > 12.7
mm (0.500 in.)

73

0.78 t

7.8 t

727

0.670 d

403

1093

2000

61

0.500 d

301

204

400

61

0.530 d

319

316

600

61

0.560 d

337

427

800

61

0.580 d

349

538

1000

61

0.595 d

358

649

1200

61

0.610 d

367

760

1400

61

0.630 d

379

871

1600

61

0.465 d

280

93

200

61

0.650 d

391

982

1800

61

0.537 d
0.188 d
0.273 d
0.339 d
0.379 d
0.412 d
0.447 d
0.480 d
0.126 d
0.509 d

323
113
164
204
228
248
269
289
76
306

1093
204
316
427
538
649
760
871
93
982

2000
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
200
1800

Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire


Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire
Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire
Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire
Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire
Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire
Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire
Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire
Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire
Rod, bar, sheet, strip, pipe, tube, wire

61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61

909.5
833.1
839.1
850
865.6

1093
204
316
427
538

2000
400
600
800
1000

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

61
61
61
61
61

73

Nickel, Nickel, Commercially Pure


DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
DURANICKEL Alloy 301-Aged
(N03301)
Nickel 200 (N02200)
Nickel 200 (N02200)
Nickel 200 (N02200)
Nickel 200 (N02200)
Nickel 200 (N02200)
Nickel 200 (N02200)
Nickel 200 (N02200)
Nickel 200 (N02200)
Nickel 200 (N02200)
Nickel 200 (N02200)

Nickel, Nickel, Iron Chromium Aluminum


INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)
INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)
INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)
INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)
INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)

1.512 d
1.385 d
1.395 d
1.413 d
1.439 d

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 129

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Nickel, Nickel, Iron Chromium Aluminum


INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)
INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)
INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)
INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)
INCOLOY Alloy MA956 (S67956)

1.462 d
1.485 d
1.496 d
1.380 d
1.506 d

879.5
893.3
899.9
830.1
905.9

649
760
871
93
982

1200
1400
1600
200
1800

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

61
61
61
61
61

0.906 d
1.150 d
1.184 d
1.195 d
1.217 d
1.17 d

545
692
712
719
732
704 u,d

31
538
649
732
816
100

87
1000
1200
1350
1500
212

Superalloy, precipitation-hardenable
Superalloy, precipitation-hardenable
Superalloy, precipitation-hardenable
Superalloy, precipitation-hardenable
Superalloy, precipitation-hardenable
Superalloy

61
61
61
61
61
96

1.19 d

716 u,d

200

392

Superalloy

96

1.21 d

728 u,d

300

572

Superalloy

96

1.23 d

740 u,d

400

752

Superalloy

96

1.24 d

746 u,d

500

932

Superalloy

96

1.25 d

752 u,d

600

1112

Superalloy

96

1.212
1.223
1.241
1.250
1.251
1.259
1.251
1.259
1.261
1.267
1.268
1.272
1.285
1.290
1.245
1.258
1.265
1.273
1.296
1.290
1.269
1.237
1.265
1.181 d
1.209 d

729.1 d
735.7 d
746.5 d
751.9 d
752.5 d
757.3 d
752.5 d
757.3 d
758.5 d
762.1 d
762.7 d
765.1 d
773.0 d
776.0 d
748.9 d
756.7 d
760.9 d
765.7 d
779.6 d
776.0 d
763.3 d
744.1 d
760.9 d
710.4
727.1

129
192
309
369
400
446
493
578
635
704
777
831
929
994
204
316
427
538
649
760
871
93
982
204
316

265
378
588
697
752
835
920
1073
1175
1299
1430
1527
1704
1822
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
200
1800
400
600

Nickel, Nickel, Iron Nickel Chromium


A286 (S66286)
A286 (S66286)
A286 (S66286)
A286 (S66286)
A286 (S66286)
Hastelloy G-30-Solution strengthened
(N06030)
Hastelloy G-30-Solution strengthened
(N06030)
Hastelloy G-30-Solution strengthened
(N06030)
Hastelloy G-30-Solution strengthened
(N06030)
Hastelloy G-30-Solution strengthened
(N06030)
Hastelloy G-30-Solution strengthened
(N06030)
Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Chromium
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL Alloy 601 (N06601)
INCONEL alloy 686
INCONEL alloy 686
INCONEL alloy 686
INCONEL alloy 686
INCONEL alloy 686
INCONEL alloy 686
INCONEL alloy 686
INCONEL alloy 686
INCONEL alloy 686
INCONEL Alloy 725 (N07725)
INCONEL Alloy 725 (N07725)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61

130 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Chromium


INCONEL Alloy 725 (N07725)
INCONEL Alloy 725 (N07725)
INCONEL Alloy 725 (N07725)
INCONEL Alloy 725 (N07725)
INCONEL Alloy 725 (N07725)
INCONEL Alloy 725 (N07725)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA754 (N07754)
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONEL Alloy MA758
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)
INCONELAlloy 625 (N06625)

1.232 d
1.261 d
1.266 d
1.290 d
1.304 d
1.157 d
1.174 d
1.194 d
1.100 d
1.114 d
1.127 d
1.142 d
1.142 d
1.138 d
1.142 d
1.085 d
1.157 d
1.205 d
1.211 d
1.215 d
1.153 d
1.162 d
1.169 d
1.173 d
1.179 d
1.185 d
1.192 d
1.204 d
1.203 d
1.199 d
1.196 d
1.195 d
1.196 d
1.197 d
1.198 d
1.144 d
1.201 d
1.340 d
1.340 d
1.350 d
1.360 d
1.380 d
1.380 d
1.370 d
1.360 d
1.320 d
1.350 d

741.3
758.6
761.7
776.1
784.6
696.2
706.2
718.2
661.7
670.1
677.9
686.9
686.9
684.5
686.9
652.7
696
724.9
728.4
730.8
693.5
699
703
705.8
709.2
712.6
716.8
724.4
723.6
721.4
719.6
718.9
719.5
720.1
720.7
688.3
722.6
806
806
812
818
830
830
824
818
794
812

427
538
649
760
871
93
1093
1204
204
316
427
538
649
760
871
93
982
1038
1093
1149
149
204
260
316
371
427
482
538
593
649
704
760
816
871
927
93
982
1093
204
316
427
538
649
760
871
93
982

800
1000
1200
1400
1600
200
2000
2200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
200
1800
1900
2000
2100
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
200
1800
2000
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
200
1800

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61

Higher Resistivity Materials / 131

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Cobalt


MP35N
MP35N
MP35N
MP35N
MP35N
MP35N
MP35N
MP35N

0.986 u
1.011 u
1.078 u
1.104 u
1.129 u
1.154 u
1.179 u
1.051 u

593.1 u,d
608.1 u,d
648.4 u,d
664.1 u,d
679.1 u,d
694.2 u,d
709.2 u,d
632.2 u,d

-184
-73
204
316
427
538
649
93

-300
-100
400
600
800
1000
1200
200

Ultra-high strength
Ultra-high strength
Ultra-high strength
Ultra-high strength
Ultra-high strength
Ultra-high strength
Ultra-high strength
Ultra-high strength

66
66
66
66
66
66
66
66

4.0132 t,d
2.8702 t,d
3.1496 t,d
3.6068 t,d
3.4519 t,d
3.7109 t,d

2414.1 t,d
1726.5 t,d
1894.6 t,d
2169.6 t,d
2076.4 t,d
2232.2 t,d

871
800
800
800
982
982

1600
1472
1472
1472
1800
1800

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

56
56
56
56
56
56

2.210E-02 u
9.60E-03 u
0.98 u
5.45E-03 u
2.42E-03 u
6.8E-04 u
1.40E-04 u
3.2E-05 u
3.91 u
3.670E-02 u
0.0616 u
0.103 u
0.5237 u
0.1191 u
0.158 u
0.1795 u
0.225 u
0.2609 u
0.3202 u
0.3551 u
0.3874 u
0.4176 u
0.455 u
0.4729 u

13.29 u,d
5.77 u,d
589.50 u,d
3.28 u,d
1.46 u,d
0.41 u,d
0.08 u,d
0.02 u,d
2351.98 u,d
22.08 u,d
37.05 u,d
61.96 u,d
315.02 u,d
71.64 u,d
95.04 u,d
107.97 u,d
135.34 u,d
156.94 u,d
192.61 u,d
213.60 u,d
233.03 u,d
251.20 u,d
273.70 u,d
284.46 u,d

-123
-173
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
-73
0
100
1127
127
200
227
300
327
427
527
627
727
900
927

-189.4
-279.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
-99.4
32
212
2060.6
260.6
392
440.6
572
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1652
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.67 u
0.82 u
0.91 u
0.98 u
1.03 u
1.08 u

403.03 u,d
493.26 u,d
547.39 u,d
589.50 u,d
619.58 u,d
649.65 u,d

-73
127
227
327
427
527

-99.4
260.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18

Nickel, Nickel, Superalloy


Alloy 713C
NIMONIC Alloy 75 (N06075)
NIMONIC Alloy 90 (N07090)
NIMONIC Alloy 105
Udimet 500 (N07500)
Udimet700
Nickel, Nickel, Unclassified
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Ni
Rare Earth, Cerium
Ce
Ce
Ce
Ce
Ce
Ce

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

132 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Rare Earth, Cerium


Ce

1.12 u

673.71 u,d

627

1160.6 Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

0.25 u
9.000E-02 u
0.50 u
0.72 u
0.79 u
0.890 u
1.270 u

150.38 u,d
54.14 u,d
300.77 u,d
433.10 u,d
475.21 u,d
535.36 u,d
763.94 u,d

-173
-260
-73
127
227
400
920

-279.4
-436
-99.4
260.6
440.6
752
1688

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity. 98% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 98% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 98% pure

18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.19 u
0.71 u
0.88 u
0.42 u
0.64 u

114.29 u,d
427.09 u,d
529.35 u,d
252.64 u,d
384.98 u,d

0
1200
1700
400
800

32
2192
3092
752
1472

Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.1%pure


Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.9% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.9% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.1% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.1% pure

18
18
18
18
18

2.136 c
0.868 c
2.196 c
1.042 c
1.224 c
1.278 c
1.53 c
1.666 c
1.79 c
2.00 c

1284.87 u,d
522.13 u,d
1320.96 u,d
626.79 u,d
736.27 u,d
768.76 u,d
920.34 u,d
1002.15 u,d
1076.74 u,d
1203.06 u,d

1127
127
1327
227
327
427
527
627
727
927

2060.6
260.6
2420.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

5.10E-03 u
1.33E-03 u
7.5E-04 u
6.7E-04 u
3.67E-04 u
3.36E-04 u
3.32E-04 u
0.0129 u
0.0302 u
0.0530 u
0.1050 u
0.1110 u
0.2180 u
0.2600 u

3.07 u,d
0.80 u,d
0.45 u,d
0.40 u,d
0.22 u,d
0.20 u,d
0.20 u,d
7.76 u,d
18.17 u,d
31.88 u,d
63.16 u,d
66.77 u,d
131.13 u,d
156.40 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0
100
200
300
500
700

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32
212
392
572
932
1292

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

4.500E-02 u
5.00E-03 u
1.600E-02 u
0.118 u
0.077 u

27.07 u,d
3.00 u,d
9.62 u,d
70.98 u,d
46.32 u,d

-123
-173
-173
-23
-73

-189.4
-279.4
-279.4
-9.4
-99.4

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
94
18
18
18

Rare Earth, Lanthanum


La
La
La
La
La
La
La
Rare Earth, Thorium
Th
Th
Th
Th
Th
Rare Earth, Yttrium
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Refractory, Beryllium
Be
Be
Be
Be
Be
Be
Be
Be
Be
Be
Be
Be
Be
Be
Refractory, Chromium
Cr
Cr
Cr
Cr
Cr

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 133

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families

Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Chromium
Cr
Cr
Cr
Cr
Cr
Cr

0.077 u
0.118 u
0.201 u
0.295 u
0.346 u
0.399 u

46.32 u,d
70.98 u,d
120.91 u,d
177.45 u,d
208.13 u,d
240.01 u,d

-73
0
227
427
527
627

-99.4
32
440.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18

0.93

553

100

212

High temp corrosion res

66

0.986
1.154
1.179
1.051
1.104

593
694
709
632
664

-300
1000
1200
200
600

-184
1832
2192
392
1112

9.300E-02 u
0.321 u
0.0930 u
0.7740 u
0.871 u
0.9190 u
0.954 u
0.948 u
0.976 u
0.1388 u
0.1411 u
0.1978 u
0.1987 u
0.2656 u
0.2659 u
0.3205 u
0.4020 u
0.4037 u
0.4956 u
0.5860 u
0.6911 u

55.94 u,d
193.09 u,d
55.94 u,d
465.58 u,d
523.93 u,d
552.81 u,d
573.86 u,d
570.25 u,d
587.09 u,d
83.49 u,d
84.88 u,d
118.98 u,d
119.52 u,d
159.77 u,d
159.95 u,d
192.79 u,d
241.82 u,d
242.84 u,d
298.12 u,d
352.50 u,d
415.72 u,d

-173
-73
100
1000
1127
1200
127
1327
1427
200
227
300
327
400
427
527
600
627
727
800
927

-279.4
-99.4
212
1832
2060.6
2192
260.6
2420.6
2600.6
392
440.6
572
620.6
752
800.6
980.6
1112
1160.6
1340.6
1472
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.1500 u
9.120E-02 u
6.750E-02 u
4.530E-02 u
2.520E-02 u
1.110E-02 u
1.00E-02 u
0.2100 u
0.2100 u
0.3040 u

90.23 u,d
54.86 u,d
40.60 u,d
27.25 u,d
15.16 u,d
6.68 u,d
6.02 u,d
126.32 u,d
126.32 u,d
182.87 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
-73
0

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
-99.4
32

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Refractory, Cobalt, Cobalt Chromium


Conicro 5010W (R30605)
Refractory, Cobalt, Cobalt Nickel
Carpenter MP35N (R30035)
Carpenter MP35N (R30035)
Carpenter MP35N (R30035)
Carpenter MP35N (R30035)
Carpenter MP35N (R30035)

66
66
66
66
66

Refractory, Cobalt, Commercially Pure


Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Co
Refractory, Halfnium
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

134 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
. m

Alloy-temper (UNS number)

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Halfnium
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf
Hf

0.465 u
1.580 u
0.4810 u
1.660 u
1.690 u
1.620 u
1.580 u
0.603 u
0.6310 u
0.7708 u
0.844 u
0.8961 u
1.0190 u
1.1390 u
1.253 u
1.448 u

279.71 u,d
950.42 u,d
289.34 u,d
998.54 u,d
1016.59 u,d
974.48 u,d
950.42 u,d
362.72 u,d
379.57 u,d
463.66 u,d
507.69 u,d
539.03 u,d
612.96 u,d
685.14 u,d
753.72 u,d
871.02 u,d

100
1127
127
1327
1527
1727
1927
200
227
327
400
427
527
627
727
927

212
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
2780.6
3140.6
3500.6
392
440.6
620.6
752
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

1.990E-02 u
8.58E-03 u
2.06E-03 u
4.57E-04 u
2.61E-05 u
7.0E-06 u
0.0313 u
0.0485 u
0.076 u
0.31 u
0.46 u
0.176 u

11.97 u,d
5.16 u,d
1.24 u,d
0.27 u,d
0.02 u,d
0.00 u,d
18.83 u,d
29.17 u,d
45.72 u,d
186.47 u,d
276.70 u,d
105.87 u,d

-123
-173
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0
100
1000
1500
500

-189.4
-279.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32
212
1832
2732
932

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.548 u
0.883 u
0.713 u
0.250 u
0.366 u
0.481 u
0.597 u

330.0 u,d
531.2 u,d
428.89 u,d
150.38 u,d
220.16 u,d
289.34 u,d
359.11 u,d

1027
2027
1000
200
400
600
800

1881
3681
1832
392
752
1112
1472

Unalloyed
Unalloyed
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

66
66
18
18
18
18
18

0.254 u
0.250 u
0.805 u
0.812 u
0.255 u
0.870 u
0.877 u
0.930 u
0.94 u

152.79 u,d
150.38 u,d
484.23 u,d
488.44 u,d
153.39 u,d
523.33 u,d
527.54 u,d
559.42 u,d
565.44 u,d

100
100
1100
1127
127
1300
1327
1500
1527

212
212
2012
2060.6
260.6
2372
2420.6
2732
2780.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Refractory, Molybdenum, Unclassified


Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo
Mo
Refractory, Niobium
Cabot Columbium
Cabot Columbium
Nb
Nb
Nb
Nb
Nb
Refractory, Rhenium
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 135

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Rhenium
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re

0.985 u
1.00 u
1.030 u
1.04 u
1.065 u
1.08 u
0.334 u
1.090 u
1.11 u
1.320 u
1.15 u
1.18 u
0.400 u
0.41 u
0.482 u
0.526 u
0.547 u
0.60 u
0.630 u
0.66 u
0.725 u
0.747 u

592.51 u,d
601.53 u,d
619.58 u,d
625.59 u,d
640.63 u,d
649.65 u,d
200.91 u,d
655.67 u,d
667.70 u,d
794.02 u,d
691.76 u,d
709.81 u,d
240.61 u,d
246.63 u,d
289.94 u,d
316.41 u,d
329.04 u,d
360.92 u,d
378.96 u,d
397.01 u,d
436.11 u,d
449.34 u,d

1700
1727
1900
1927
2100
2127
227
2300
2327
2500
2527
2727
300
327
427
500
527
627
700
727
900
927

3092
3140.6
3452
3500.6
3812
3860.6
440.6
4172
4220.6
4532
4580.6
4940.6
572
620.6
800.6
932
980.6
1160.6
1292
1340.6
1652
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

6.190E-02 u
3.640E-02 u
2.620E-02 u
1.650E-02 u
7.51E-03 u
1.46E-03 u
1.02E-03 u
0.0876 u
0.0866 u
0.1220 u
0.173 u
0.588 u
0.180 u
0.656 u
0.710 u
0.729 u
0.795 u
0.860 u
0.922 u
0.225 u
0.983 u
1.020 u
1.041 u
1.099 u
1.155 u

37.23 u,d
21.90 u,d
15.76 u,d
9.93 u,d
4.52 u,d
0.88 u,d
0.61 u,d
52.69 u,d
52.09 u,d
73.39 u,d
104.06 u,d
353.70 u,d
108.28 u,d
394.60 u,d
427.09 u,d
438.52 u,d
478.22 u,d
517.32 u,d
554.61 u,d
135.34 u,d
591.30 u,d
613.56 u,d
626.19 u,d
661.08 u,d
694.77 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-263
-73
-73
0
100
1127
127
1327
1500
1527
1727
1927
2127
227
2327
2500
2527
2727
2927

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-441
-99.4
-99.4
32
212
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
2732
2780.6
3140.6
3500.6
3860.6
440.6
4220.6
4532
4580.6
4940.6
5300.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Refractory, Tantalum
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

136 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Tantalum
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta

0.269 u
0.312 u
0.350 u
0.353 u
0.395 u
0.435 u
0.513 u

161.81 u,d
187.68 u,d
210.54 u,d
212.34 u,d
237.60 u,d
261.67 u,d
308.59 u,d

327
427
500
527
627
727
927

620.6
800.6
932
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18

2.090E-02 u
1.020E-02 u
2.66E-03 u
5.44E-04 u
1.96E-05 u
1.6E-07 u
0.0318 u
0.0319 u
0.0482 u
0.073 u
0.330 u
0.369 u
0.0784 u
0.435 u
0.502 u
0.571 u
0.640 u
0.650 u
0.710 u
0.103 u
0.781 u
0.853 u
0.926 u
1.00 u
1.000 u
1.07 u
0.129 u
1.15 u
0.156 u
0.180 u
0.185 u
0.214 u
0.244 u
0.305 u

12.57 u,d
6.14 u,d
1.60 u,d
0.33 u,d
0.01 u,d
0.00 u,d
19.13 u,d
19.19 u,d
28.99 u,d
43.91 u,d
198.51 u,d
221.96 u,d
47.16 u,d
261.67 u,d
301.97 u,d
343.47 u,d
384.98 u,d
390.99 u,d
427.09 u,d
61.96 u,d
469.80 u,d
513.11 u,d
557.02 u,d
601.53 u,d
601.53 u,d
643.64 u,d
77.60 u,d
691.76 u,d
93.84 u,d
108.28 u,d
111.28 u,d
128.73 u,d
146.77 u,d
183.47 u,d

-123
-173
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
-73
0
100
1000
1127
127
1327
1527
1727
1927
2000
2127
227
2327
2527
2727
2927
3000
3127
327
3327
427
500
527
627
727
927

-189.4
-279.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
-99.4
32
212
1832
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
2780.6
3140.6
3500.6
3632
3860.6
440.6
4220.6
4580.6
4940.6
5300.6
5432
5660.6
620.6
6020.6
800.6
932
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

8.200E-02 u
4.010E-02 u
2.410E-02 u
1.110E-02 u
3.04E-03 u

49.33 u,d
24.12 u,d
14.50 u,d
6.68 u,d
1.83 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18

Refractory, Tungsten, Unclassified


W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
Refractory, Vanadium
V
V
V
V
V

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 137

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Vanadium
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V

3.90E-04 u
1.45E-04 u
0.124 u
0.127 u
0.181 u
0.315 u
0.821 u
0.271 u
0.911 u
0.999 u
1.088 u,F
1.133 u,F
0.338 u
0.401 u
0.461 u
0.519 u
0.574 u
0.627 u
0.727 u

0.23 u,d
0.09 u,d
74.59 u,d
76.39 u,d
108.88 u,d
189.48 u,d
493.86 u,d
163.01 u,d
547.99 u,d
600.93 u,d
654.47 u,d
681.53 u,d
203.32 u,d
241.21 u,d
277.31 u,d
312.19 u,d
345.28 u,d
377.16 u,d
437.31 u,d

-253
-263
-73
-73
0
100
1127
127
1327
1527
1727
1827
227
327
427
527
627
727
927

-423.4
-441
-99.4
-99.4
32
212
2060.6
260.6
2420.6
2780.6
3140.6
3320.6
440.6
620.6
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.17800 u
9.790E-02 u
6.640E-02 u
0.10 u
3.750E-02 u
1.440E-02 u
3.57E-03 u
2.50E-03 u
0.26300 u
0.268 u
0.38800 u
1.14 u
0.602 u
1.22 u
1.18 u
1.26 u
1.23 u
1.27 u
0.763 u
0.912 u
1.02 u
1.03 u
1.13 u
1.21 u
1.26 u
1.14 u
1.10 u

107.07 u,d
58.89 u,d
39.94 u,d
60.15 u,d
22.56 u,d
8.66 u,d
2.15 u,d
1.50 u,d
158.20 u,d
161.21 u,d
233.39 u,d
685.74 u,d
362.12 u,d
733.87 u,d
709.81 u,d
757.93 u,d
739.88 u,d
763.94 u,d
458.97 u,d
548.60 u,d
613.56 u,d
619.58 u,d
679.73 u,d
727.85 u,d
757.93 u,d
685.74 u,d
661.68 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-200
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
-73
0
1127
127
1300
1327
1500
1527
1727
227
327
400
427
527
627
727
900
927

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-328
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
-99.4
32
2060.6
260.6
2372
2420.6
2732
2780.6
3140.6
440.6
620.6
752
800.6
980.6
1160.6
1340.6
1652
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.9% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.9% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.9% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.9% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.9% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Refractory, Zirconium
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

138 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Steel, Alloy, Chromium


5132# (G51320)
5132# (G51320)
5132# (G51320)
5132# (G51320)
5132# (G51320)
5132# (G51320)
5132# (G51320)
5132# (G51320)
5132# (G51320)
5132# (G51320)
5132# (G51320)
5140# (G51400)
5140# (G51400)
5140# (G51400)
5140# (G51400)

0.259 u
1.177 u
1.205 u
1.230 u
1.251 u
0.330 u
0.517 u
0.778 u
0.934 u
1.106 u
1.145 u
0.281 u
0.352 u
0.530 u
0.785 u

155.8 u,d
708.0 u,d
724.8 u,d
739.9 u,d
753 u,d
198.5 u,d
311.0 u,d
468.0 u,d
561.8 u,d
665.3 u,d
688.8 u,d
169 u,d
211.7 u,d
318.8 u,d
472.2 u,d

100
1000
1100
1200
1300
200
400
600
700
800
900
100
200
400
600

212
1832
2012
2192
2372
392
752
1112
1292
1472
1652
212
392
752
1112

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

0.271 u
1.171 u
1.222 u
0.342 u
0.529 u
0.786 u
1.103 u
0.263 u
0.326 u
0.475 u
0.646 u

163.0 u,d
704.4 u,d
735.1 u,d
205.7 u,d
318 u,d
472.8 u,d
663.5 u,d
158.2 u,d
196.1 u,d
285.7 u,d
388.6 u,d

100
1000
1200
200
400
600
800
100
200
400
600

212
1832
2192
392
752
1112
1472
212
392
752
1112

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

1.310 d
1.092 d
1.134 d
1.170 d
1.200 d
1.240 d
1.260 d
1.280 d
1.031 d
1.290 d

788
657
682
704
722
746
758
770
620
776

1093
204
316
427
538
649
760
871
93
982

2000
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
200
1800

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61
61

0.298 u
0.367 u
0.552 u
0.797 u

179.3 u,d
220.8 u,d
332.0 u,d
479.4 u,d

100
200
400
600

212
392
752
1112

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

65
65
65
65

0.259 u
1.174 u
1.202 u

155.8 u,d
706.2 u,d
723.0 u,d

100
1000
1100

212
1832
2012

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

65
65
65

Steel, Alloy, Chromium Molybdenum


4130# (G41300)
4130# (G41300)
4130# (G41300)
4130# (G41300)
4130# (G41300)
4130# (G41300)
4130# (G41300)
4140# (G41400)
4140# (G41400)
4140# (G41400)
4140# (G41400)
Steel, Alloy, Nickel
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)
INCOLOY alloy 800 (N08800)

Steel, Alloy, Nickel Chromium Molybdenum


4340# (G43400)
4340# (G43400)
4340# (G43400)
4340# (G43400)
Steel, Carbon Steel, High-Manganese
1524# (G1524)
1524# (G1524)
1524# (G1524)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 139

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Steel, Carbon Steel, High-Manganese


1524# (G1524)
1524# (G1524)
1524# (G1524)
1524# (G1524)
1524# (G1524)
1524# (G1524)
1524# (G1524)
1524# (G1524)

1.227 u
1.250 u
0.333 u
0.523 u
0.786 u
0.946 u
1.103 u
1.143 u

738.1 u,d
751.9 u,d
200.3 u,d
314.6 u,d
472.8 u,d
569.0 u,d
663.5 u,d
687.5 u,d

1200
1300
200
400
600
700
800
900

2192
2372
392
752
1112
1292
1472
1652

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

0.178 u
1.160 u
1.189 u
1.216 u
1.241 u
0.252 u
0.448 u
0.725 u
0.898 u
1.073 u
1.124 u
0.190 u
1.165 u
1.193 u
1.220 u
1.244 u
0.263 u
0.458 u
0.734 u
0.905 u
1.081 u
1.130 u
0.219 u
1.167 u
1.194 u
1.219 u
1.239 u
0.292 u
0.487 u
0.758 u
0.925 u
1.094 u
1.136 u
0.221 u
1.179 u
1.207 u
1.230 u
0.296 u
0.493 u

107.1 u,d
697.8 u,d
715.2 u,d
731.5 u,d
746.5 u,d
151.6 u,d
269.5 u,d
436.1 u,d
540.2 u,d
645.4 u,d
676.1 u,d
114.3 u,d
700.8 u,d
717.6 u,d
733.9 u,d
748.3 u,d
158.2 u,d
275.5 u,d
441.5 u,d
544.4 u,d
650.3 u,d
679.7 u,d
131.7 u,d
702.0 u,d
718.2 u,d
733.3 u,d
745.3 u,d
175.6 u,d
292.9 u,d
456.0 u,d
556.4 u,d
658.1 u,d
683.3 u,d
132.9 u,d
709.2 u,d
726.0 u,d
739.9 u,d
178.1 u,d
296.6 u,d

100
1000
1100
1200
1300
200
400
600
700
800
900
100
1000
1100
1200
1300
200
400
600
700
800
900
100
1000
1100
1200
1300
200
400
600
700
800
900
100
1000
1100
1200
200
400

212
1832
2012
2192
2372
392
752
1112
1292
1472
1652
212
1832
2012
2192
2372
392
752
1112
1292
1472
1652
212
1832
2012
2192
2372
392
752
1112
1292
1472
1652
212
1832
2012
2192
392
752

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

Steel, Carbon Steel, Nonresulfurized


1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008# (0.06C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1008#(0.07C) (G10080)
1025# (G10250)
1025# (G10250)
1025# (G10250)
1025# (G10250)
1025# (G10250)
1025# (G10250)
1025# (G10250)
1025# (G10250)
1025# (G10250)
1025# (G10250)
1025# (G10250)
1042# (G10420)
1042# (G10420)
1042# (G10420)
1042# (G10420)
1042# (G10420)
1042# (G10420)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

140 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Steel, Carbon Steel, Nonresulfurized


1042# (G10420)
1042# (G10420)
1042# (G10420)
1042# (G10420)
1078# (G10780)
1078# (G10780)
1078# (G10780)
1078# (G10780)
1078# (G10780)
1078# (G10780)
1078# (G10780)
1078# (G10780)
1078# (G10780)
1078# (G10780)
1078# (G10780)

0.766 u
0.932 u
1.111 u
1.149 u
0.232 u
1.191 u
1.214 u
1.231 u
1.246 u
0.308 u
0.505 u
0.722 u
0.935 u
1.129 u
1.164 u

460.8 u,d
560.6 u,d
668.3 u,d
691.2 u,d
139.6 u,d
716.4 u,d
730.3 u,d
740.5 u,d
749.5 u,d
185.3 u,d
303.8 u,d
434.3 u,d
562.4 u,d
679.1 u,d
700.2 u,d

600
700
800
900
100
1000
1100
1200
1300
200
400
600
700
800
900

1112
1292
1472
1652
212
1832
2012
2192
2372
392
752
1112
1292
1472
1652

0.78 u
0.86 u
1.00 u
1.11 u
1.21 u
1.26 u
2.7686 t,d
0.86 u
0.95 u
1.02 u
1.08 u
1.14 u
2.8956 t,d
1.18 u
1.25 u
0.78 u
2.9464 t,d
3.1496 t,d
2.7940 t,d
0.87 u
0.93 u
0.99 u
1.04 u
1.10 u
0.79 u
2.9718 t,d
2.8194 t,d
1.1887 t,d

469 u,d
516 u,d
602 u,d
668 u,d
727 u,d
758 u,d
1665.4 t,d
517 u,d
571 u,d
614 u,d
650 u,d
686 u,d
1741.8 t,d
710 u,d
752 u,d
469 u,d
1772.3 t,d
1894.6 t,d
1680.7 t,d
523 u,d
559 u,d
596 u,d
626 u,d
662 u,d
475 u,d
1787.6 t,d
1696.0 t,d
715.1 t,d

100
200
400
600
800
900
649
204
316
427
538
649
649
760
871
93
649
649
649
204
316
427
538
649
93
649
649
649

212
392
752
1112
1472
1652
1200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1200
1400
1600
200
1200
1200
1200
400
600
800
1000
1200
200
1200
1200
1200

0.8788 t,d

528.6 t,d

399

750

Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI
Nearest AISI

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Austenitic


301-Annealed (S30100)
301-Annealed (S30100)
301-Annealed (S30100)
301-Annealed (S30100)
301-Annealed (S30100)
301-Annealed (S30100)
302 (S30200)
304 (S30400)
304 (S30400)
304 (S30400)
304 (S30400)
304 (S30400)
304 (S30400)
304 (S30400)
304 (S30400)
304 (S30400)
309S (S30909)
310 (S31000)
316 (S31600)
316-Annealed (S31600)
316-Annealed (S31600)
316-Annealed (S31600)
316-Annealed (S31600)
316-Annealed (S31600)
316-Annealed (S31600)
321 (S32100)
347 (S34700)
A286 (S66286)

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

64
64
64
64
64
64
56
64
64
64
64
64
56
64
64
64
56
56
56
64
64
64
64
64
64
56
56
56

Superalloy

56

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Martensitic


410 (S41000)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 141

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Titanium, Titanium, Alpha


5Al2.5Sn
8Al1Mo1V
Ti5Al2.5Sn (R54520)
Ti5Al2.5Sn (R54520)
Ti5Al2.5Sn (R54520)
Ti679

4.6482 t,d
5.1054 t,d
1.707 u
1.860 u
1.885 u
4.6990 t,d

2796.0 t,d
3071.1 t,d
1026.8 u
1118.8 u
1133.8 u
2826.6 t,d

427
427
200
540
760
427

800
800
392
1000
1400
800

Superalloy
Superalloy

4.3688 t,d
4.7498 t,d
4.6482 t,d
3.5560 t,d
4.5720 t,d
1.675 u
1.469 u
1.501 u
1.610 u
1.563 u
1.331 u
1.366 u
1.490 u

2628.0 t,d
2857.1 t,d
2796.0 t,d
2139.0 t,d
2750.2 t,d
1007.5 u
883.65 u
902.90 u
968.46 u
940.19 u
800.64 u
821.69 u
896.28 u

427
427
427
427
427
0
292.81
348.91
465.6
0
292.81
348.91
465.6

800
800
800
800
800
32
559.1
660.0
870.1
32
559.1
660.0
870.1

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

1.55 t
1.60 t

932 t
962 t

250
540

482
1000

0.20 u
0.46 u
0.70 u
0.83 u
0.88 u
0.88 u
0.98 u
1.14 u
1.19 u
1.19 u
1.27 u
1.40 u
1.52 u
1.52 u
1.50 u
1.60 u
1.65 u
1.65 u
1.74 u

120.31 u,d
276.70 u,d
421.07 u,d
499.27 u,d
529.35 u,d
529.35 u,d
589.50 u,d
685.74 u,d
715.82 u,d
715.82 u,d
763.94 u,d
842.14 u,d
914.33 u,d
914.33 u,d
902.30 u,d
962.45 u,d
992.53 u,d
992.53 u,d
1046.66 u,d

-173
-73
100
127
200
200
227
327
400
400
427
527
600
600
627
727
800
800
927

-279.4
-99.4
212
260.6
392
392
440.6
620.6
752
752
800.6
980.6
1112
1112
1160.6
1340.6
1472
1472
1700

Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure


Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.74% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.74% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.74% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity. 99.74% pure
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity. Pure

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

2.710E-02 u
2.200E-02 u
1.600E-02 u

16.30 u,d
13.23 u,d
9.62 u,d

-123
-160
-173

-189.4
-256
-279.4

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

Superalloy

56
56
63
63
63
56

Titanium, Titanium, Alpha Beta


4Al4Mn
6Al4V
7Al4Mo
8Mn
Ti155a
Ti6Al4V-Annealed (R56400)
Ti6Al4V-Annealed (R56400)
Ti6Al4V-Annealed (R56400)
Ti6Al4V-Annealed (R56400)
Ti6Al4V ELI-Annealed (R56401)
Ti6Al4V ELI-Annealed (R56401)
Ti6Al4V ELI-Annealed (R56401)
Ti6Al4V ELI-Annealed (R56401)

56
56
56
56
56
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63

Titanium, Titanium, Beta


Ti15-3
Ti15-3

63
63

Titanium, Titanium, Unclassified


Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti
Zinc, Miscellaneous
Zn
Zn
Zn

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

142 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.3 Volume Resistivity at High and Low Temperatures of Higher Resistivity Material Families
Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Zinc, Miscellaneous
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Zn

1.150E-02 u
7.15E-03 u
3.06E-03 u
3.87E-04 u
1.00E-04 u
3.830E-02 u
0.0546 u
0.0780 u
0.08 u
0.079 u
0.084 u
0.110 u
0.10 u
0.130 u
0.12 u
0.165 u
0.18 u
0.108 u

6.92 u,d
4.30 u,d
1.84 u,d
0.23 u,d
0.06 u,d
23.04 u,d
32.84 u,d
46.92 u,d
48.12 u,d
47.52 u,d
50.53 u,d
66.17 u,d
60.15 u,d
78.20 u,d
72.18 u,d
99.25 u,d
108.28 u,d
64.97 u,d

-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0
100
100
100
200
200
200
300
300
400
400
500

-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32
212
212
212
392
392
392
572
572
752
752
932

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Higher Resistivity Materials / 143

Table 3.4 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of Higher Resistivity Material Families


Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Actinide, Uranium
U

oC -1

0.0034 u

oF -1

0.00189 u,t

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


Al (99.996%)
0.004290 t 0.002383 t,d

20

68

Resistance alloy

91

Copper, Miscellaneous, Instrument and Control


83Cu13Mn4Ni(manganin)
+/-15E-06 t

+/-8E-06 t,d

15 to 35

59 to 81

Resistance alloy

91

85Cu10Mn4Ni(shunt manganin)

+/-10E-06 t

+/-6E-06 t,d

40 to 60

104 to 140

Resistance alloy

91

87Cu13Mn(manganin)

+/-15E-06 t

+/-8E-06 t,d

15 to 35

59 to 81

Resistance alloy

91

+/-39E-06
t,d

-55 to 105

-67 to 221

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

91

Copper, Miscellaneous, Thermocouple


53Cu44Ni3Mn(constantan)
+/-70E-06 t
55Cu45Ni(constantan)

+/-40E-06 t

+/-22E-06
t,d

-55 to 105

-67 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

57Cu43Ni(constantan)

+/-20E-06 t

+/-11E-06
t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

91

78Cu22Ni

0.000180 t

0.000100 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

89Cu11Ni

0.000450 t

0.000250 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

94Cu6Ni

0.000700 t

0.000389 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

98Cu2Ni

0.001400 t

0.000778 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


Cu(99.99)
0.004270 t

0.002372 t,d

0 to 50

32 to 122

Resistance alloy

91

Magnesium, Cast, Magnesium Zinc Zirconium


ZK51A (M16510)
0.00258 u,d 0.00143 u,d

20

68

Casting

84

Magnesium, Wrought, Magnesium Thorium Manganese


HM31A-F (M13312)
0.00273 u,d 0.00152 u,d

20

68

Extruded

84

Magnesium, Wrought, Unclassified


Mg

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Low Expansion, Iron Nickel Chromium


35Ni20Cr43.5Fe1.5Si
0.000400 t 0.000222 t,d 25 to 105

77 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

Miscellaneous Iron Alloy, Unclassified


Fe
0.0065 u

0.00425 u

0.00236 u,t

0.00361 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

0.005000 t

0.002778 t,d

20

68

Resistance alloy

91

Miscellaneous, Antimony
Sb

0.0051 u

0.00283 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Miscellaneous, Calcium
Ca

0.00457 u

0.00254 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Miscellaneous, Sodium
Na

0.0055 u

0.00306 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Miscellaneous, Thallium
Tl

0.0052 u

0.00289 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Fe(99.94)

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

144 / Electrical Properties

Table 3.4 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of Higher Resistivity Material Families


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

oC -1

oF -1

Nickel, Electrical Resistance Nickel, Nickel Chromium


37Ni21Cr40Fe2Si
0.000300 t 0.000167 t,d

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

20 to 100

68 to 212

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

91

60Ni16Cr22.5Fe1.5Si

0.000150 t

83E-06 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

68.5Ni30Cr1.5Si

90E-06 t

50E-06 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

91

72Ni20Cr3Al5Mn

+/-20E-06 t

+/-11E-06
t,d

-55 to 105

-67 to 221

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

91

78.5Ni20Cr1.5Si(80-20)

80E-06 t

44E-06 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

0 to 930

All shapes, used for tape recorder heads

57

Nickel, Magnetically Soft Nickel, Unclassified Magnetically Soft Nickel


Carpenter Wear Resistant HyMu 800A 0.0011 t
0.0006 t
-17.8 to
499
Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Chromium
71Ni29Fe

0.004300 t

0.002389 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

75Ni20Cr3Al+Cu or Fe

+/-20E-06 t

+/-11E-06
t,d

-55 to 105

-67 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

76Ni17Cr4Si3Mn

+/-20E-06 t

+/-11E-06
t,d

-55 to 105

-67 to 221

Resistance alloy

91

0.0011 t

0.0006 t

-17.8 to
499

0 to 930

All shapes

57

Carpenter HyMu "800"

0.0011 t

0.0006 t

-17.8 to
499

0 to 930

All shapes

57

Carpenter HyRa "80"

0.0011 t

0.0006 t

-20 to 500

0 to 930

All shapes

57

Carpenter Vacumet HyMu "800" Alloy 0.0011 t

0.0006 t

-18 to 500

0 to 930

All shapes

57

0.006000 t

0.003333 t,d

20 to 35

68 to 81

Resistance alloy

91

Noble, Gold, Commercially Pure Gold


Au(99.999+)
0.004000 t

0.002222 t,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Resistance alloy

91

Noble, Platinum, Unclassified


Pt(99.99+)

0.003920 t

0.002178 t,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Resistance alloy

91

Noble, Silver, Unclassified


Ag(99.99)

0.004100 t

0.002278 t,d

20

68

Resistance alloy

91

Refractory, Beryllium
Be

0.0090 u

0.00500 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Chromium
Cr

0.00214 u

0.00119 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Nickel, Nickel, Nickel Molybdenum


Carpenter HyMu "80" Alloy

Nickel, Nickel, Unclassified


Ni(99.8)

Refractory, Cobalt, Commercially Pure


Co
0.0066 u

0.00367 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Co

0.0068 u

0.00378 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Co

0.101 u,d

0.056 u,d

RT

RT

Pure metal, R depends on purity

83

0.0044 u

0.00244 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Halfnium
Hf

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Higher Resistivity Materials / 145

Table 3.4 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of Higher Resistivity Material Families


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

oC -1

Refractory, Molybdenum, Unclassified


Mo
0.0044 u

oF -1

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

0.00244 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

0.003300 t

0.001833 t,d

20

68

Resistance alloy

91

0.00395 u

0.00219 u,t

0 to 600

32 to 1112

Unalloyed

66

0.0026 u

0.00144 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Rhenium
Re

0.0045 u

0.00250 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Tantalum
Ta

0.0035 u

0.00194 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

0.003820 t

0.002122 t,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Resistance alloy

91

0.0048 u

0.00267 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

0.004500 t

0.002500 t,d

20

68

Resistance alloy

91

Refractory, Vanadium
V

0.0039 u

0.00217 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Zirconium
Zr

0.0044 u

0.00244 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Steel, Alloy, Chromium


81Fe15Cr4Al

+/-50E-06 t

+/-28E-06
t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

91

0.00126 t

0.0007 t

0 to 100

32 to 212

All shapes

57

Carpenter Temperature Compensator


"32" (Type 2, 3, and 4)

0.00126 t

0.0007 t

0 to 100

32 to 212

All shapes

57

Carpenter "49" Alloy (K94840)

0.0036 t

0.002 t

-17.8 to
499

0 to 930

All shapes

57

11E-06 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

91

Mo(99.9)
Refractory, Niobium
Cabot Columbium
Nb

Ta(99.96)
Refractory, Tungsten, Unclassified
W
W(99.9)

Steel, Alloy, Nickel


Carpenter Temperature Compensator
"32" (Type 1)

Steel, Wrought Stainless, Unclassified


72.5Fe22Cr5.5Al
20E-06 t
73.5Fe22Cr4.55Al

60E-06 t

33E-06 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

91

73Fe22Cr5Al

40E-06 t

22E-06 t,d

25 to 105

77 to 221

Electrical resistance alloy. Resistance alloy

91

Titanium, Titanium, Unclassified


Ti

0.0038 u

0.00211 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Zinc, Miscellaneous
Zn

0.0042 u

0.00233 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

ASM Ready Reference Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals


Charles Moosbrugger, editor, p146-155
DOI: 10.1361/empm2000p146

Copyright 2000 ASM International


All rights reserved.
www.asminternational.org

Chapter 4

Solders and Fusible Links


SOLDERS AND FUSIBLE LINK MATERIALS share the combination of a relatively
low melting point along with moderately high
conductivity. By definition, soldering is the
process of joining metals by heating them to a
suitable temperature below the solidus temperature of the base metals with a filler metal having a liquidus temperature below 450 C (840
F). When base metals are joined with filler
metals with liquidus above 450 C (840 F) but
below the solidus of the base metals, the process is defined as brazing (Ref 1).
Other definitions relevant to these materials
are as follows:

Liquidus: The lowest temperature at which a


metal is completely liquid.

Melting point: For metals, the melting point


is the temperature at which a pure metal,

compound, or eutectic alloy changes from a


liquid to a solid.
Melting range: The range of temperature for
alloys other than pure metals, compounds, or
eutectic alloys at which they change from a
solid to a liquid, thus between the solidus
and liquidus temperatures.
Solidus: The highest temperature at which
the metal is completely solid. In these tables,
the solidus, liquidus, and melting points are
given as appropriate, along with conductivity and resistivity. When the material is a
pure metal, compound, or eutectic alloy, the
solidus temperature is equal to the liquidus
temperature.

must be given to other circuit elements in proximity to the process that may be susceptible to
the temperature rise.
A fusible link could be any circuit element
designed to melt or vaporize under a specified
overcurrent condition with the intent of protecting other circuit elements. This process can be
achieved by a reduction in cross-sectional area
of the conductor as well as by materials selection. Fusible metal alloys also can be employed
in applications such as fire sprinklers.

Conductors and other circuit elements can be


joined by soldering, brazing, and other more
general welding processes. Due consideration

1. J.R. Davis, ASM Materials Engineering


Dictionary, ASM International, 1992, p 48,
431

REFERENCES

Solders and Fusible Links / 147

Table 4.1 Volume Conductivity of Solders and Fusible LInks


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

4.50 u

20

Notes

Solidus
oC
oF

Liquidus
oC
oF

Melting point
oC
oF
Reference

Low Melting, Bismuth


Indalloy #117

2.61 u,d

68

Indalloy #136

1.41 u,d

2.43 u

20

68

Indalloy #158

2.32 u,d

4.00 u

20

68

Indalloy #255

2.32 u,d

4.00 u

20

68

Indalloy #281

2.61 u,d

4.50 u

20

68

47 u

117 u

58 u

136 u

70 u

158 u

124 u

255 u

138 u

281 u

60 u

140 u

118 u

244 u

143 u

290 u

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

Low Melting, Indium


Indalloy #19

1.91 u,d

3.30 u

20

68

Indalloy #1E

6.79 u,d

11.70 u

20

68

Indalloy #2

7.54 u,d

13.00 u

20

68
149 u

Indalloy #204

5.10 u,d

8.80 u

20

4.06 u,d

7.00 u

154 u

309 u

175 u

347 u

181 u

358 u

68
165 u

Indalloy #205

300 u

20

329 u

68
173 u

Indalloy #290

13.34 u,d

23.00 u

20

68

Indalloy #3

12.82 u,d

22.10 u

20

68
143 u

Indalloy #4

13.92 u,d

24.00 u

20

68

Indalloy #7

3.48 u,d

6.00 u

20

68
184 u

343 u

289 u
237 u

459 u

157 u

314 u

210 u

410 u

363 u

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

Low melting, Lead, Lead Indium


50Pb50In

3.0 t,d

5.1 t

20

68
RT
RT

Indalloy #10

2.67 u,d

4.60 u

20

Solder
Solder
Solder

180 t

2.61 u,d

4.50 u

20

3.19 u,d

5.50 u

20

3.02 u,d

5.20 u

20

260 u

500 u

275 u

527 u

310 u

590 u

464 u

500 u

68
300 u

Indalloy #206

410 t

68
260 u

Indalloy #164

210 t

68
240 u

Indalloy #150

355 t

572 u

68

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

19
19
19
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

148 / Electrical Properties

Table 4.1 Volume Conductivity of Solders and Fusible LInks


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Solidus
oC
oF

Liquidus
oC
oF

Melting point
oC
oF
Reference

Low melting, Lead, Lead Indium


Indalloy #206

197 u

387 u
231 u

60
60

448 u

Low Melting, Lead, Tin Lead


10Sn90Pb
Indalloy #151

4.8 u,d
4.99 u,d

8.2 u
8.60 u

20
20

68
68

Solder
287 u

Indalloy #159

5.16 u,d

8.90 u

20

5.10 u,d

8.80 u

20

4.93 u,d

8.50 u

296 u

565 u

302 u

576 u

312 u

594 u

299 u

570 u

527 u

68
308 u

Indalloy #228

549 u

68
275 u

Indalloy #171

21
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

20

586 u

68
267 u

513 u

Low Melting, Lead, Unclassified


Indalloy #165

3.48 u,d

6.00 u

20

68
309 u

588 u

60
60

Low Melting, Mercury


Hg

20

68

20

68

Pure metal, R
depends on
purity
Pure metal, R
depends on
purity

-38.87 u -37.97
u,d

18

-38.87 u -37.97
u,d

93

Low Melting, Tin, Commercially Pure Tin


100Sn0Pb

1.4 t,d

2.4 t

20

68
RT

59
59

300 t

572 t

327 t

621 t

240 u

464 u

255 u

491 u

21
59
60
60
60
60
60
60

369 u

60
60
60

420 u

21
21
59
21

Low Melting, Tin, Tin Antimony


95Sn5Sb
97Sn3Sb
Indalloy #133

6.9 u,d

11.9 u

20

68

Solder

RT
6.90 u,d

11.90 u

20

68
235 u

Indalloy #233

3.48 u,d

6.00 u

20

455 u

68
245 u

473 u

Low Melting, Tin, Tin Indium


Indalloy #227

5.68 u,d

9.80 u

20

68
175 u

347 u
187 u

Low Melting, Tin, Tin Lead


50Sn50Pb

6.3 u,d

10.9 u

20

68
RT
RT
RT

Solder
Solder
Solder

183 u
183 t

360 u
361 t
216 u

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Solders and Fusible Links / 149

Table 4.1 Volume Conductivity of Solders and Fusible LInks


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

11.5 u

20

Notes

Solidus
oC
oF

Liquidus
oC
oF

Melting point
oC
oF
Reference

Low Melting, Tin, Tin Lead


50Sn50Pb
60Sn40Pb

RT
6.7 u,d

68
RT
RT
RT
RT

62Sn36Pb2Ag

8.1 t,d

14.0 t

20

68
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

63Sn37Pb

6.7 t,d

11.5 t

20

68
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

95Sn5 Pb
97.5Pb2.5Ag
Indalloy #106(Sn63)

1.7 t,d

2.9 t

20

Solder
Solder

Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder

183 u
183 t

177 u
180 t

183 t
183 t

11.50 u

7.08 u,d

12.20 u

6.90 u,d

11.90 u

367 t
370 u

221 t
185 t
189 u

430 t
365 t
370 u

183 t
191 t

360 t
376 t

179 t

355 t

183 u

361 u

167 u

333 u

360 t
361 t
183 t

360 t

179 u

354 u

68

20

68

20

361 u

68
154 u

Indalloy #Sn62

186 t
188 u
350 u
355 t

Solder
Solder

183 u
Indalloy #9

372 t

360 u
361 t

RT
6.67 u,d

189 t

20

309 u

68

59
21
21
59
59
21
19
21
19
59
19
21
19
19
59
19
19
59
59
59
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

Low melting, Tin, Tin Silver


95Sn5Ag

7.3 t,d

12.6 t

20

68
RT
RT
RT
RT

96.5Sn3.5Ag

8.1 u,d

14 u

20

Solder

68
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Indalloy #121

9.28 u,d

16.00 u

20

Solder
185 t
221 t

365 t
430 t

Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder

232 t
221 u

243 t
245 t

470 t
475 t

240 t
221 u

464 t
430 u

450 t
430 u

Solder

221 u

430 u

221 u

430 u

68

19
59
19
59
19
21
59
21
21
59
21
60
60

Low Melting, Tin, Tin Zinc


60Sn40Zn

RT
RT

250 t

482 t
264 t

508 t

59
59

Low Melting, Tin, Unclassified


Sn

9.0 u,d

15.6 u

20

68

Solder

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

21

150 / Electrical Properties

Table 4.1 Volume Conductivity of Solders and Fusible LInks


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

% IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Solidus
oC
oF

Liquidus
oC
oF

Melting point
oC
oF
Reference

Low Melting, Tin, Unclassified


Sn

RT
RT
RT

Solder
Solder
Solder

232 u

450 u
232 u

232 u

450 u

199 u

390 u

450 u

21
21
21

Low Melting, Tin, Zinc


Indalloy #201

8.70 u,d

15.00 u

20

68

60
60

Noble, Gold, Solder


80Au20Sn

2.8 t,d

4.8 t

20

68
RT
RT
RT

88Au12Ge

3.5 t,d

6.0 t

20

68
RT
RT
RT

Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder

280 t

356 t

535 t
280 t

535 t

356 t

675 t

280 t

535 t

356 t

675 t

675 t

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19

Solders and Fusible Links / 151

Table 4.2 Volume Resistivity of Solders and Fusible LInks


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Solidus
oC
oF

Liquidus
oC
oF

Melting point
oC
oF
Reference

Low Melting, Bismuth


Bi

1.190 u

715.82 u,d

20

68

1.15 u

691.76 u,d

25

77

1.17 u

703.79 u,d

20

68

Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity

18
18
18

Indalloy #117
Indalloy #136
Indalloy #158
Indalloy #255
Indalloy #281

47 u
58 u
70 u
124 u
138 u

117 u
136 u
158 u
255 u
281 u

60
60
60
60
60

Low Melting, Cadmium


Cd

0.0660 u

39.70 u,d

25

77

0.0757 u

45.54 u,d

20

68

0.0730 u

43.91 u,d

20

68

0.2104 u

126.56 u,d

27

80.6

0.2100 u

126.32 u,d

25

77

0.2000 u

120.31 u,d

20

68

0.1365 u

82.11 u,d

25

77

0.1370 u

82.41 u,d

20

68

0.0880 u

52.93 u,d

20

68

0.0800 u

48.12 u,d

25

77

Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity

18
18
18

Low Melting, Cesium


Cs

Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity

18

Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity

18

18
18

Low Melting, Gallium


Ga

18

Low Melting, Indium


In

Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity

18
18

Indalloy #19
Indalloy #1E
Indalloy #2

149 u 300 u

Indalloy #204

165 u 329 u

Indalloy #205

173 u 343 u

Indalloy #290
Indalloy #3
Indalloy #4
Indalloy #7

154 u

309 u

175 u

347 u

181 u

358 u

60 u
118 u

140 u
244 u

143 u

290 u

143 u 289 u
237 u
157 u

459 u
314 u

210 u

410 u

184 u 363 u

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

152 / Electrical Properties

Table 4.2 Volume Resistivity of Solders and Fusible LInks


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Solidus
oC
oF

Liquidus
oC
oF

Melting point
oC
oF
Reference

Low melting, Lead, Lead Indium


50Pb50In

RT
RT

Solder
Solder

180 t 355 t

Indalloy #10

240 u 464 u

Indalloy #150

260 u 500 u

Indalloy #164

300 u 572 u

Indalloy #206

197 u 387 u

210 t

410 t

260 u

500 u

275 u

527 u

310 u

590 u

231 u

448 u

296 u

565 u

302 u

576 u

312 u

594 u

299 u

570 u

19
19
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

Low Melting, Lead, Tin Lead


Indalloy #151

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

287 u 549 u

Indalloy #159

275 u 527 u

Indalloy #171

308 u 586 u

Indalloy #228

267 u 513 u

Low Melting, Lead, Unclassified


Indalloy #165
Pb

309 u
0.211 u

126.92 u,d

25

77

0.193 u

116.10 u,d

25

77

0.206 u

123.92 u,d

20

68

0.213 u

128.13 u,d

27

80.6

0.0929 u

55.88 u,d

20

68

0.0955 u

57.45 u,d

25

77

0.0955 u

57.45 u,d

27

80.6

0.958 u

576.3 u,d

20

68

0.959 u

576.9 u,d

20

68

20

68

20

68

588 u

Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity

60
18
18
18
18

Low Melting, Lithium


Li

Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity

18
18
18

Low Melting, Mercury


Hg

Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity

93
18
-38.87 u -37.97 u,d

18

-38.87 u -37.97 u,d

93

Low Melting, Rubidium


Rb

0.1210 u

72.79 u,d

20

68

0.1332 u

80.12 u,d

27

80.6

Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

18
18

Solders and Fusible Links / 153

Table 4.2 Volume Resistivity of Solders and Fusible LInks


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Solidus
oC
oF

Liquidus
oC
oF

Melting point
oC
oF
Reference

Low Melting, Rubidium


Rb

0.1330 u

80.00 u,d

25

77

Pure metal, R
depends on purity

18

Low Melting, Tin, Commercially Pure Tin


100Sn0Pb

RT

300 t

572 t

59

327 t

621 t

240 u

464 u

255 u

491 u

59
60
60
60
60

187 u

369 u

60
60

Low Melting, Tin, Tin Antimony


97Sn3Sb
Indalloy #133

RT
235 u 455 u

Indalloy #233

245 u 473 u

Low Melting, Tin, Tin Indium


Indalloy #227

175 u 347 u

Low Melting, Tin, Tin Lead


50Sn50Pb

60Sn40Pb

62Sn36Pb2Ag

63Sn37Pb

97.5Pb2.5Ag
Indalloy #106(Sn63)

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Solder
Solder

Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder

Solder
Solder
Solder

183 t 361 t
183 u 360 u
216 u
189 t

420 u
372 t

188 u
186 t

370 u
367 t

189 u
185 t
221 t

370 u
365 t
430 t

183 t
191 t
179 t

360 t
376 t
355 t

183 u

361 u

167 u

333 u

183 t 361 t
183 u 360 u

177 u 350 u
180 t 355 t

183 t 361 t
183 t 360 t
183 t

360 t

179 u

354 u

183 u 361 u

Indalloy #9

154 u 309 u

Indalloy #Sn62

59
21
21
59
59
21
21
59
21
19
21
19
59
59
19
19
19
59
59
60
60
60
60
60

Low melting, Tin, Tin Silver


95Sn5Ag

96.5Sn3.5Ag

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Solder

221 t 430 t
185 t 365 t

Solder
Solder
Solder

243 t
245 t

470 t
475 t

240 t

464 t

232 t 450 t
221 u 430 u
221 u

430 u

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

19
59
59
19
59
21
21
59

154 / Electrical Properties

Table 4.2 Volume Resistivity of Solders and Fusible LInks


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Solidus
oC
oF

Liquidus
oC
oF

Melting point
oC
oF
Reference

Low melting, Tin, Tin Silver


96.5Sn3.5Ag
Indalloy #121

RT

221 u

Solder

430 u
221 u

430 u

21
60

Low Melting, Tin, Tin Zinc


60Sn40Zn

RT
RT

59
59

250 t 482 t
264 t

508 t

Low Melting, Tin, Unclassified


Sn

0.126 u

75.79 u,d

20

68

0.1010 u

60.75 u,d

25

77

0.1260 u

75.79 u,d

20

68
RT
RT
RT

Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Pure metal, R
depends on purity
Solder
232 u 450 u
Solder
232 u
Solder

18
18
18

232 u

450 u

21
21
21

199 u

390 u

60

280 t

535 t

356 t

675 t

450 u

Low Melting, Tin, Zinc


Indalloy #201
Noble, Gold, Solder
80Au20Sn

88Au12Ge

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder
Solder

280 t 535 t
280 t

535 t

356 t 675 t
356 t

675 t

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

19
19
19
19
19
19

Solders and Fusible Links / 155

Table 4.3 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of Solders and Fusible Links


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

oC -1

oF -1

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Low Melting, Bismuth


Bi

0.0046 u

0.00256

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Low Melting, Cadmium


Cd

0.0043 u

0.00239

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Low Melting, Cesium


Cs

0.0048 u

0.00267

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Low Melting, Indium


In

0.0052 u

0.00289

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Low Melting, Lead, Unclassified


Pb

0.0042 u

0.00233

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Low Melting, Lithium


Li

0.00435 u

0.00242

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Low Melting, Rubidium


Rb

0.0048 u

0.00267

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Low Melting, Tin, Unclassified


Sn

0.0046 u

0.00256

0 to
100

32 to
212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

ASM Ready Reference Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals


Charles Moosbrugger, editor, p156-178
DOI: 10.1361/empm2000p156

Copyright 2000 ASM International


All rights reserved.
www.asminternational.org

Chapter 5

Contact Materials
ELECTRICAL CONTACTS complete and
disconnect electrical circuits, or they may allow
for completion of an electrical circuit between
moving parts. The first are called make-orbreak contacts, and the latter are sliding contacts. The materials that make up the contact
may be wrought, cast, powdered metals, composites, plated metals, or films. These materials
are exposed to a variety of stresses depending
on the nature of the circuit. Not only is the
magnitude of the voltage and current a consideration, but the nature of circuit, such as
whether it is ac or dc, inductive, capacitive, or
resistive, must be taken into account. Absence
of any load, very low voltages, and a low-duty
cycle are factors as much as large loads and
high-duty cycles.
Primarily, the same electrical properties that
are desirable in an electrical conductor (i.e.,
low electrical resistivity and good thermal conduction) are desired in contacts. On a microscopic level, the electrical contact is made between a few high points on the surface of the
adjoining parts. The current densities are high,
so the lesser the ohmic heat (I2R) generated is
and the greater the heat conduction away from
these points is, the better for the life and performance of the contact. Increased contact pressure improves the electrical contact by increasing contact area and decreasing surface
coatings and contaminates.
Materials selection must be a compromise
between optimizing the electrical performance
and satisfying the other severe stresses present.
The high temperatures of an electrical usually
require high-melting-point materials (mercury
being the exception). Good mechanical
strength, especially at elevated temperatures, is
required to avoid permanent deformations and

to maintain contact pressures. Chemically


nonreactive materials are necessary to withstand the effects of the electrical arcing and to
resist oxidation that would form a high-resistance coating.
The groups of materials commonly used for
make-or-break contacts and connectors are the
copper contact alloys, hard contacts (tungsten
and molybdenum), noncorroding contacts (noble metals), and miscellaneous contacts such as
graphite, composites, and mercury.
Copper contact alloys are widely available,
economical, good for machining and other
manufacturing processes, and have good electrical and thermal conductivity. Copper is often
silver or nickel plated when oxidation poses a
problem.
The hard contacts have the desirable characteristics of high melting and boiling points that
resist material loss due to arcing, and the mechanical properties to resist wear.
The noble metals are used because of their
high conductivity and resistance to oxidation.
Because of cost, their desirable features can be
utilized in the form of plating and other depositions on less expensive base metals. Silver has
the highest conductivity of all metals. Silver alloys have combinations of properties that make
them desirable as contacts. Silver itself should
not be used for very low voltage contacts (less
than 10 volts dc) because the silver oxide resistance is then detrimental. Gold is most resistant
to oxidation and most other chemicals. It is alloyed to enhance other properties. Platinum and
palladium combine chemical resistance with
good high-temperature characteristics.
The properties of the composite contacts are
dependent on the method of manufacture,

listed in the notes with the following abbreviations:

PSR, press-sinter-re-press
INF, press-sinter-infiltrate
PS, press-sinter
PSE, press-sinter-extrude
IO, internal oxidation
PPSE, preoxidize-press-sinter-extrude
SF, oxidized from one direction

Sliding contacts require low friction and reasonable wear characteristics. In motors and
generators, the contact is composed of a conductive slip ring of a material such as brass, and
the sliding brushes are composed of
metal-graphite. Most brushes are copper based,
but silver, tungsten, molydenum, platinum, palladium, and gold are used (Ref 1).
Connectors are contacts that are designed to
make and break the circuit under no-load conditions. Materials for spring-type connectors
require electrical properties and wear properties as do sliding contacts. Bolted connectors
can be made of the parent conductor and improved for corrosion resistance with plating.
Silver is used on copper, and aluminum uses a
combination of copper and silver or tin. Wire
and cable connectors must have selected yield
strength to allow for crimping, but not relax.
REFERENCES
1. Y.-S. Shen, P. Lattari, J. Gardner, and H.
Wiegard, Electrical Contact Materials,
Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys
and Special-Purpose Materials, Vol 2, ASM
Handbook, ASM International, 1990

Contact Materials / 157

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

%IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Copper, Cast, Aluminum Bronze


Elkaloy D
Elkaloy D110
Elkaloy D120
Elkaloy D130
C95400-TQ50 (C95400)

10 t,d
7 t,d
6 t,d
5 t,d
5.8 u,d

18 t
12 t
10 t
9t
10 u

20
20
20
20

Copper, Cast, High Copper


CMW 73

12 t,d

20 t

20

Copper, Cast, Unclassified


CMW 3

46 t,d

80 t

20

Copper, Miscellaneous, Copper-Graphite


Copper-graphite 30-70
0.063 u,d
Copper-graphite 30-70
1.2 u,d
Copper-graphite 36-64
1.7 u,d
Copper-graphite 40-60
2.3 u,d
Copper-graphite 40-60
1.5 u,d
Copper-graphite 50-50
0.48 u,d
Copper-graphite 50-50
3.5 u,d
Copper-graphite 50-50
0.42 u,d
Copper-graphite 62-38
1.7 u,d
Copper-graphite 65-35
1.7 u,d
Copper-graphite 75-25
0.30 u,d
Copper-graphite 92-8
23.8 u,d
Copper-graphite 95-5
19.7 u,d
Copper-graphite 96-4
24.4 u,d
Copper, Wrought, Beryllium Copper
2Be + Ni or Co
CMW 100
CMW 73
Olin 172-Heat treated (C17200)
Olin 172-Mill hardened (C17200)
Olin 172-Precipitation hardened
(C17200)
Olin 175-Precipitation hardened
(C17500)
Olin 17510-Precipitation hardened
(C17510)
Olin 17510-TF00 (C17510)
Olin 17510-TH04 (C17510)

Reference

68
68
68
68
Casting

58
58
58
58
92

68

Cu-Be

58

68

Cu-Cr

58

Brush contact, 2.60 g/cm**3


Brush contact, 2.50 g/cm**3
Brush contact
Brush contact, 2.75 g/cm**3
Brush contact, 2.75 g/cm**3
Brush contact, 3.18 g/cm**3
Brush contact, 2.97 g/cm**3
Brush contact, 3.09 g/cm**3
Brush contact
Brush contact
Brush contact
Brush contact
Brush contact
Brush contact

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Contact material

RT

0.11 u
2u
3u
4u
2.5 u
0.83 u
6u
0.73 u
3u
3u
0.51 u
41 u
34 u
42 u

Notes

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

9.9 to 12.2 u,d


28 t,d
13 t,d
12.8 min,d
9.9 min,d
9.9 to 17.4 u,d

17 to 21 u
48 t
23 t
22 min
17 min
17 to 30 u

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Cu-Be
Contact bridges, bolts, screws
Contact bridges, bolts, screws
Contact bridges, bolts, screws

65
58
58
66
66
66

26.1 to 34.8 u,d

45 to 60 u

20

68

Fuse clips, springs, switches, connectors

66

26.1 to 34.8 u,d

45 to 60 u

20

68

Fuse clips, switch parts, electrical connectors

66

26.1 min,d
27.8 min,d

45 min
48 min

20
20

68
68

Fuse clips, switch parts, electrical connectors


Fuse clips, switch parts, electrical connectors

66
66

Copper, Wrought, Bronze


Bronze (5% Sn)

8.7 u,d

15 u

20

68

Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel


Dickalloy-Precipitation hardened
ASTM B422 C70250-TM00 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TM02 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TM03 (C70250)
ASTM B422 C70250-TR02 (C70250)

11.6 to 14.5 u,d


23 fio
23 fio
20 fio
23 fio

20 to 25 u
40 fio
40 fio
35 fio
40 fio

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

12

Strip for electronic switches


Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip
Sheet and strip

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

66
44
44
44
44

158 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel
C70250 (C70250)
C70250 (C70250)
C70250 (C70250)
C72650 (C72650)
C72650 (C72650)
C72700-Spinodal mill hardened
(C72700)
C72900-Spinodal as rolled (C72900)
C72900-Spinodal mill hardened
(C72900)
C72900-Spinodal mill hardened
(C72900)
C72900-Spinodal-hardened (C72900)
C72900-Spinodal-hardened (C72900)

10

S/m

%IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

23 min,d
20.3 t,d
23 min,d
8.1 to 8.7 u,d
8.1 to 8.7 u,d
5.8 to 9.3 u,d

40 min
35 t
40 min
14 to 15 u
14 to 15 u
10 to 16 u

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

4.5 t,d
4.5 t,d

7.8 t
7.8 t

20
20

68
68

59
59

4.5 t,d

7.8 t

20

68

89

4.5 t,d
4.5 u,d

7.8 t
7.8 u

20
20

68
68

59
17

Copper, Wrought, Copper Zinc


15Zn
20Zn
35Zn
35Zn

21.5 u,d
18.6 u,d
15.7 u,d
15.7 u,d

37 u
32 u
27 u
27 u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
65
12
65

Copper, Wrought, Phosphor Bronze


1.25Sn + P
5Sn + P
8Sn + P
WRM 5058 (C50580)

28 u,d
10.4 u,d
7.5 u,d
23.8 u,d

48 u
18 u
13 u
41 u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Lead frames, contact springs, fuse clips

65
65
65
66

Copper, Wrought, Tin Brass


Olin C663

14.5 u,d

25 u

20

68

Connectors, dispersion/solution strengthened

66

Copper, Wrought, Unclassified


0.04 oxide
CMW 3

58.0 u,d
49 t,d

100 u
85 t

20
20

68
68

Contact material
Cu-Cr, forging minor dim <= 19 mm (0.75 in.)

65
58

Noble, Gold, Commercially Pure Gold


CMW Pure Gold
42 t,d

73 t

20

68

58

Noble, Gold, Electrical Contact


41.7Au32.5Cu18.8Ni7Zn
69Au25Ag6Pt
69Au25Ag6Pt
71.5Au14.5Cu8.5Pt4Ag1Zn
71Au5Ag9Pt15Cu
72.5Au14Cu8.5Pt4Ag1Zn
72Au26.2Ag1.8Ni
75Au25Ag
75Au25Ag
90Au10Cu
90Au10Cu
99Au
CMW Elkonium 70
CMW Elkonium 72

4.5 u
10 u
11 u
11 u
8u
10 u
14 u
16 u
17 u
16 u
16 u
74 u
14 t
11 t

20

68

65
92
65
92
92
65
92
65
92
65
92
92
58
58

2.6 u,d
5.8 u,d
6.4 u,d
6.4 u,d
4.6 u,d
6 u,d
8.1 u,d
9.3 u,d
9.9 u,d
9.3 u,d
9.3 u,d
42.9 u,d
8 t,d
6 t,d

Connector
Connector
Lead frame alloy
Electrical contact springs
Electrical contact springs
Electrical contact springs

RT
20

68
RT
RT

20

Electrical contact
Electrical contact
68

RT
20

Electrical contact
68

RT
20

68
RT
RT

20
20

Electrical contact
68
68

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

89
59
20
89
66
89

Contact Materials / 159

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

%IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Noble, Gold, Electrical Contact


CMW Elkonium 76
Gold

8 t,d
44 u,d

14 t
75 u

20
20

68
68

58
65

Noble, Palladium, Electrical Contact


35Pd30Ag14Cu10Pt10Au1Zn
45Pd30Ag20Au5Pt
50Pd50Ag
60Pd40Ag
60Pd40Cu
60Pd40Cu
70Pd30Ag
72Pd26Ag2Ni
90Pd10Ru
95.5Pd4.5
CMW Elkonium 40
CMW Elkonium 405
CMW Elkonium 42

2.9 u,d
2.6 u,d
3.2 u,d
2.3 u,d
0.70 u,d
2.9 u,d
2.5 u,d
2.3 u,d
3.8 u,d
4.1 u,d
9 t,d
3 t,d
2 t,d

5u
4.5 u
5.5 u
4.0 u
1.2 u
5u
4.3 u
4u
6.5 u
7u
16 t
6t
4t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
58
58
58

Noble, Palladium, Unclassified


Pd

9.3 u,d

16 u

20

68

Noble, Platinum, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkonium 30
9 t,d

15 t

20

68

58

Noble, Platinum, Electrical Contact


65Pt35Ir
70Pt30Ir
75Pt25Ir
80Pt20Ir
86Pt14Ru
89Pt11Ru
90Pt10Ir
90Pt10Ru
95Pt5Ir
95Pt5Ru
96Pt4W
CMW Elkonium 301
CMW Elkonium 302
CMW Elkonium 305
CMW Elkonium 306
CMW Elkonium 32
CMW Elkonium 33
CMW Elkonium 331
CMW Elkonium 34

2.9 u,d
2.9 u,d
3.2 u,d
3.2 u,d
2.0 u,d
2.3 u,d
4.1 u,d
2.3 u,d
5.2 u,d
3.2 u,d
2.9 u,d
3 t,d
2 t,d
3 t,d
2 t,d
3 t,d
2 t,d
2 t,d
2 t,d

5u
5u
5.5 u
5.6 u
3.5 u
4u
7u
4u
9u
5.5 u
5u
6t
4t
5t
4t
5t
4t
4t
4t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Noble, Platinum, Unclassified


Pt
Pt

9.3 u,d
9.3 u,d

16 u
16 u

20
20

68
68

Noble, Silver, Commercially Pure


CMW Fine Silver

60 t,d

104 t

20

68

Pure metal, R depends on purity

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65

65
65

58

160 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

%IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Noble, Silver, Commercially Pure


Fine silver

61.5 u,d

106 u

Noble, Silver, Electrical Contact


60Ag23Pd12Cu5Ni
75Ag24.5Cu0.5Ni
77Ag22.6Cd0.4Ni
86.8Ag5.5Cd0.2Ni7.5Cu
99.47Ag0.18Mg0.2Ni0.15Cu
99.55Ag0.25Mg0.2Ni
99Ag1Pd
Ag(99.9)
AgNiCon 2
AgNiCon 3
AgNiCon 4
AgNiCon 6
AgNiCon 8
CMW D1058
CMW D158F
CMW D57F
CMW D58
CMW D581F
CMW D582F
CMW D583F
Silver-graphite 50-50
Silver-graphite 75-20
Silver-graphite 85-3
Silver-graphite 90-10

6.4 u,d
43.5 u,d
18.0 u,d
24.9 u,d
43.5 u,d
40.6 u,d
45.8 u,d
60.3 u,d
51 u,d
48 u,d
45 u,d
41 u,d
36.8 u,d
20 t,d
57 t,d
52 t,d
32 t,d
59 t,d
60 t,d
58 t,d
1.2 u,d
7.0 u,d
26.1 u,d
24.4 u,d

11 u
75 u
31 u
43 u
75 u
70 u
79 u
104 u
88 u
83 u
78 u
70 u
63.5 u
35 t
99 t
90 t
55 t
102 t
103 t
100 t
2u
12 u
45 u
42 u

Noble, Silver, Silver Cadmium


85Ag15Cd
85Ag15Cd
CMW D154F
CMW D154X
CMW D155F
CMW D155X
CMW D355F
CMW D54
CMW D54F
CMW D54X
CMW D55
CMW D55F
CMW D55X
CMW Elkonium 17
CMW Elkonium 18
CMW Elkonium 217

20.3 u,d
20.3 u,d
44 t,d
42 t,d
41 t,d
39 t,d
39 t,d
44 t,d
48 t,d
44 t,d
32 t,d
42 t,d
41 t,d
18 t,d
25 t,d
20 t,d

35 u
35 u
75 t
73 t
70 t
68 t
68 t
75 t
82 t
75 t
55 t
72 t
70 t
31 t
43 t
35 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

60 u

20

68

Noble, Silver, Silver Cadmium Oxide Composite


75Ag-25CdO
34.8 u,d

20

68

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

Notes

Reference

Contact material

Electrical contact

Electrical contact
Electrical contact
Electrical contact
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

RT
RT
RT
RT

P/M
P/M
P/M
P/M
P/M

Brush contact
Brush contact
Brush contact
Brush contact

68
RT

65

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
66
66
66
66
66
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
92
92
92
92

Contact material
Contact material

65
92
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

PPSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,


truck controls, contactors, circuit breakers,
governor relays

92

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Contact Materials / 161

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Noble, Silver, Silver Cadmium Oxide Composite


80Ag-20CdO
39.4 u,d

%IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

68 u

20

68

83Ag-17CdO

40.6 u,d

70 u

20

68

83Ag-17CdO

36.0 u,d

62 u

20

68

85Ag-15CdO

31.9 to 43.5 u,d

55 to 75 u

20

68

85Ag-15CdO
85Ag-15CdO

37.7 u,d
31.9 to 43.5 u,d

65 u
55 to 75 u

20
20

68
68

85Ag-15CdO
86.5Ag-13.5CdO

41.8 u,d
43.5 u,d

72 u
75 u

20
20

68
68

86.7Ag-13.3CdO

39.4 u,d

68 u

20

68

87Ag-13CdO

24.9 u,d

43 u

20

68

88Ag-12CdO

47.0 u,d

81 u

20

68

90Ag-10CdO

43.5 u,d

75 u

20

68

90Ag-10CdO

47.6 u,d

82 u

20

68

90Ag-10CdO

41.8 to 49.3 u,d

72 to 85 u

20

68

90Ag-10CdO

48.7 to 50.5 u,d

84 to 87 u

20

68

95Ag-5CdO

46.4 u,d

80 u

20

68

Notes

Reference

PPSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,


truck controls, contactors, circuit breakers,
governor relays
PPSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
truck controls, contactors, circuit breakers,
governor relays
IO, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays, truck
controls, contactors, circuit breakers, governor
relays
PSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
IO, pressure and temperature controls
PSR, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
PPSE, pressure and temperature controls
PPSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
IO, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
Aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
PSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
IO, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
PPSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
PSR, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
PSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
IO, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

92

92

92

92

92
92

92
92

92

92

92

92

92

92

92

92

162 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Noble, Silver, Silver Cadmium Oxide Composite


95Ag-5CdO
46.4 to 52.2 u,d

%IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

80 to 90 u

20

68

Notes

Reference

PSR, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,


automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
PSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
PPSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
PSE, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays
PSR, aircraft circuit breakers, aircraft relays,
automotive relays, truck controls, snap switches,
contactors, motor controllers, circuit breakers,
governor relays

92

95Ag-5CdO

53.4 u,d

92 u

20

68

95Ag-5CdO

49.3 u,d

85 u

20

68

97.5Ag-2.5CdO

55.1 u,d

95 u

20

68

97.5Ag-2.5CdO

49.3 u,d

85 u

20

68

Noble, Silver, Silver Complex Composite


25Ag-50Fe-25Cu -PSR
12.2 u,d
88Ag-10Ni-2C
40.6 u,d

21 u
70 u

20
20

68
68

PSR, circuit breakers


PSR, sliding contacts

92
92

Noble, Silver, Silver Copper


72Ag26Cu2Ni
72Ag28Cu
72Ag28Cu
90Ag10Cu
90Ag10Cu
92.5Ag7.5Cu
92.5Ag7.5Cu
CMW Coin Silver
CMW Elkonium 1
CMW Elkonium 22
CMW Elkonium 23
CMW Elkonium 73

35 u,d
48.7 u,d
50 u,d
49.3 u,d
49 u,d
51.0 u,d
49 u,d
48 t,d
44 t,d
49 t,d
56 t,d
52 t,d

60 u
84 u
87 u
85 u
85 u
88 u
85 u
83 t
75 t
84 t
97 t
90 t

20

68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
92
65
92
65
92
65
58
58
58
58
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Gold


90Ag10Au
90Ag10Au
CMW Elkonium 71

23.2 u,d
23.0 u,d
23 t,d

40 u
40 u
40 t

20
20

68
68

Contact material
Contact material

92
65
58

43 to 53 u
50 to 57 u

20
20

68
68

PSR, electrical brush


PSR, mate with other contact materials in circuit
breakers
PSR, mate with other contact materials in circuit
breakers
PSE, mate with other contact materials in circuit
breakers
PSE, mate with other contact materials in circuit
breakers

92
92

Noble, Silver, Silver Graphite Composite


90Ag10C
24.9 to 30.7 u,d
93Ag7C
29.0 to 33.1 u,d

RT
20

68
RT

20

68
RT

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

RT

95Ag5C

31.9 to 36.0 u,d

55 to 62 u

20

68

95Ag5C

43.5 u,d

75 u

20

68

96Ag4C

45.8 u,d

79 u

20

68

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

92

92

92

92

92
92
92

Contact Materials / 163

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Noble, Silver, Silver Graphite Composite


97Ag3C
31.9 to 36.0 u,d

Temperature
oC
oF

%IACS

55 to 62 u

20

68

Notes

Reference

PSR, mate with other contact materials in circuit


breakers
PSE, mate with other contact materials in circuit
breakers
PSR, mate with other contact materials in circuit
breakers
PSR, mate with other contact materials in circuit
breakers
PSR, automotive regulators, low voltage makebreak contacts, sliding contacts
PSR, automotive regulators, low voltage makebreak contacts, sliding contacts
PSR, automotive regulators, low voltage makebreak contacts, sliding contacts
PSR, automotive regulators, low voltage makebreak contacts, sliding contacts

92

97Ag3C

49.9 u,d

86 u

20

68

98.5Ag1.5C

56.3 u,d

97 u

20

68

98Ag2C

47.6 to 52.2 u,d

82 to 90 u

20

68

99.25Ag0.75C

52.2 to 58.0 u,d

90 to 100 u

20

68

99.5Ag0.5C

53.4 to 59.2 u,d

92 to 102 u

20

68

99.75Ag0.25C

55.1 to 59.7 u,d

95 to 103 u

20

68

99Ag1C

50.5 to 57.4 u,d

87 to 99 u

20

68

50.5 to 53.4 u,d

87 to 92 u

20

68

PSR, wall switches, thermostat controls

92

27 to 30
28 to 31
28 to 32
31 to 34
35 to 45
40 to 45

u
u
u
u
u
u

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

INF, semiconducting material


INF, arcing contacts, heavy duty
INF, arcing contacts, heavy duty
INF, air circuit breakers, low-erosion arcing tips
INF, air circuit breakers, low-erosion arcing tips
INF, aircraft switches, breaker arcing tips,
electric razors, air/oil-circuit breakers
INF, aircraft switches, breaker arcing tips,
electric razors, air/oil-circuit breakers
PSR, aircraft switches, breaker arcing tips,
electric razors, air/oil-circuit breakers
INF, air/oil-circuit breakers, arcing tips, traffic
signal relays, home circuit breakers
INF, air/oil-circuit breakers, arcing tips, traffic
signal relays, home circuit breakers
PSR, air/oil-circuit breakers, arcing tips, traffic
signal relays, home circuit breakers
PSR, automatic circuit protectors, starting
switches
PSR, automatic circuit protectors, starting
switches
PSR, light/medium duty, automotive circuit
breakers
PSR, light/medium duty, automotive circuit
breakers
PSR, light/medium duty, automotive circuit
breakers
PSR, air conditioner control

92
92
92
92
92
92

Noble, Silver, Silver Iron Composite


90Ag10Fe

Noble, Silver, Silver Molybdenum Composite


10Ag90Mo
15.7 to 17.4 u,d
15Ag85Mo
16.2 to 18.0 u,d
20Ag80Mo
16.2 to 18.6 u,d
25Ag75Mo
18.0 to 19.7 u,d
30Ag70Mo
20.3 to 26.1 u,d
35Ag65Mo
23.2 to 26.1 u,d
40Ag60Mo

24.4 to 28.4 u,d

42 to 49 u

20

68

40Ag60Mo

26.1 u,d

45 u

20

68

45Ag55Mo

25.5 to 33.6 u,d

44 to 58 u

20

68

50Ag50Mo

26.1 to 30.2 u,d

45 to 52 u

20

68

50Ag50Mo

29.0 u,d

50 u

20

68

60Ag40Mo

31.9 to 36.0 u,d

55 to 62 u

20

68

65Ag35Mo

31.9 to 37.1 u,d

55 to 64 u

20

68

70Ag30Mo

32.5 to 34.8 u,d

56 to 60 u

20

68

75Ag25Mo

33.6 to 35.4 u,d

58 to 61 u

20

68

80Ag20Mo

34.2 to 36.0 u,d

59 to 62 u

20

68

90Ag10Mo

37.7 to 39.4 u,d

65 to 68 u

20

68

39 t,d
55 t,d
46 t,d
50 t,d

67 t
95 t
80 t
87 t

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Noble, Silver, Silver Nickel


CMW D50
CMW D505F
CMW D50F
CMW D510F

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

92
92
92
92
92
92
92

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

58
58
58
58

164 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Temperature
oC
oF

%IACS

Notes

Reference

Noble, Silver, Silver Nickel


CMW D56

32 t,d

55 t

20

68

Noble, Silver, Silver Nickel Composite


20Ag80Ni
25Ag75Ni
30Ag70Ni
35Ag65Ni
40Ag60Ni
40Ag60Ni
45Ag55Ni
50Ag50Ni
55Ag45Ni
60Ag40Ni
60Ag40Ni
65Ag35Ni
70Ag30Ni
75Ag25Ni
80Ag20Ni
85Ag15Ni
90Ag10Ni
95Ag5Ni
99.7Ag0.3Ni

12.2 u,d
13.9 u,d
15.7 u,d
17.4 u,d
23.2 u,d
18.6 u,d
20.3 u,d
22.0 u,d
23.8 u,d
34.8 u,d
25.5 to 27.3 u,d
28.4 u,d
31.9 to 32.5 u,d
34.2 u,d
36.5 to 43.5 u,d
38.3 to 46.4 u,d
43.5 to 52.2 u,d
46.4 to 55.1 u,d
58.0 u,d

21 u
24 u
27 u
30 u
40 u
32 u
35 u
38 u
41 u
60 u
44 to 47
49 u
55 to 56
59 u
63 to 75
66 to 80
75 to 90
80 to 95
100 u

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

PSR, transformer protectors, contactors, relays


PSR, transformer protectors, contactors, relays
PSR, transformer protectors, contactors, relays
PSR, transformer protectors, contactors, relays
PSE, transformer protectors, contactors, relays
PSR, circuit breakers
PSR, circuit breakers
PSR, circuit breakers
PSR, circuit breakers, disconnect switches
PSE, circuit breakers, disconnect switches
PSR, circuit breakers, disconnect switches
PSR, circuit breakers, disconnect switches
PSR, circuit breakers, disconnect switches
PSR, circuit breakers, disconnect switches
PSR, circuit breakers, disconnect switches
PSR, circuit breakers
PSR, low rating line starters
PSR, appliance switches

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Noble, Silver, Silver Palladium


60Ag40Pd
70Ag30Pd
90Ag10Pd
90Ag10Pd
97Ag3Pd
97Ag3Pd
CMW Elkonium 45
CMW Elkonium 46

4.6 u,d
7.0 u,d
15.7 u,d
17.4 u,d
35 u,d
33.6 u,d
34 t,d
46 t,d

8u
12 u
27 u
30 u
60 u
58 u
58 t
79 t

20
20

68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
65
92
65
65
92
58
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Platinum


97Ag3Pt
97Ag3Pt
CMW Elkonium 36

29 u,d
26.1 u,d
26 t,d

50 u
45 u
45 t

20

Contact material
Contact material

20

68

65
92
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Tin Oxide Composite


88Ag12SnO2
41.8 u,d

72 u

20

68

PSE, low-voltage motor contactors and switches


rated to 10A. Low-voltage circuit breakers rated
to 100A
PSE, light switches, relays, motor vehicle
switches
PSE, light switches, relays, motor vehicle
switches

92

u
u
u
u
u
u

RT
20
20

68
68
RT

20
20

58

68
68

68
RT

90Ag10SnO2

47.6 u,d

82 u

20

68

92Ag8SnO2

51.0 u,d

88 u

20

68

Noble, Silver, Silver Zinc Oxide Composite


92Ag8ZnO
44.7 u,d

77 u

20

68

PSE, low-voltage circuit breakers rated to 200A

92

Noble, Silver, Tungsten Silver Carbide Composite


65Ag35WC
31.9 to 34.8 u,d

55 to 60 u

20

68

INF, aircraft contactors, lighting relays, lowvoltage switches, circuit breakers

92

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

92
92

Contact Materials / 165

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Noble, Silver, Unclassified
CMW Elkonium 28
CMW Elkonium 63

10

S/m

6 t,d
44 t,d

%IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

10 t
75 t

20
20

68
68

Refractory, Cobalt, Commercially Pure


Co
15.95 u,d

27.6 u

20

68

Refractory, Molybdenum, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkon 100M
19 t

33 t

20

68

Refractory, Molybdenum, Molybdenum Silver


CMW Elkonite 7065
26 t,d
CMW Elkonite 7165
20 t,d
CMW Elkonite G17
26 t,d
CMW Elkonite G18
32 t,d

44 t
35 t
45 t
55 t

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

58
58
58
58

Refractory, Molybdenum, Unclassified


CMW Thermkon 65M
16 t,d
CMW Thermkon 70M
19 t,d
Mo
19.7 u,d

28 t
32 t
34 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

Composite
Composite
Pure metal, R depends on purity

58
58
65

Refractory, Tantalum
Ta

13.9 u

20

68

Pure metal, R depends on purity

65

31 t

20

68

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Carbide Copper Composite


30Cu
17.4 u,d
30 u

20

68

8.06 u,d

Refractory, Tungsten, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkon 100W
18 t

58
58

Pure metal, R depends on purity

83

58

58

INF, arcing contacts in oil switches, wiping


shoes in power transformers
INF, arcing contacts in oil switches, wiping
shoes in power transformers
INF, arcing contacts in oil switches, wiping
shoes in power transformers

92

44Cu

24.9 u,d

43 u

20

68

92

50Cu

24.4 to 27.3 u,d

42 to 47 u

20

68

4.3 u

20

68

Tungsten carbide

65

92

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Cobalt


71WC12TiC12TaC4.5Co medium
2.5 u,d
grain
72WC8TiC11.5TaC8.5Co medium
3.0 u,d
grain
75WC25Co medium grain
5.7 u,d
84WC16Co course grain
5.3 u,d
90WC10Co course grain
6.61 u,d
94WC6Co course grain
5.80 u,d
94WC6Co medium grain
4.5 u,d
97WC3Co medium grain
3.1 u,d

5.2 u

20

68

Tungsten carbide

65

9.8 u
9.2 u
11.4 u
10.0 u
7.8 u
5.3 u

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Tungsten carbide
Tungsten carbide
Tungsten carbide
Tungsten carbide
Tungsten carbide
Tungsten carbide

65
65
65
65
65
65

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Copper


CMW Elkonite 10W3
26 t,d
CMW Elkonite 10W53
16 t,d
CMW Elkonite 1W3
31 t,d
CMW Elkonite 2050C
34 t,d
CMW Elkonite 2140C
17 t,d
CMW Elkonite 30W3
24 t,d
CMW Elkonite 3W3
29 t,d
CMW Elkonite 3W53
17 t,d

45 t
28 t
53 t
58 t
30 t
41 t
50 t
30 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

166 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

%IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Copper


CMW Elkonite 40W3
21 t,d
CMW Elkonite 50W3
20 t,d
CMW Elkonite 5W3
28 t,d
CMW Elkonite TC1O
24 t,d
CMW Elkonite TC20
17 t,d
CMW Elkonite TC5
26 t,d
CMW Elkonite TC53
10 t,d
CMW Thermkon 62
19 t,d
CMW Thermkon 68
20 t,d
CMW Thermkon 76
24 t,d
CMW Thermkon 83
26 t,d

37 t
35 t
48 t
42 t
30 t
45 t
18 t
32 t
35 t
41 t
45 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Composite
Composite
Composite
Composite

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Copper Composite


10.4Cu89.6W
17.4 u,d

30 u

20

68

92

92
92
92
92
92
92

92
92
92

13.4Cu86.6W

19.1 u,d

33 u

20

68

15Cu85W

11.6 u,d

20 u

20

68

20Cu80W

17.4 to 23.2 u,d

30 to 40 u

20

68

25Cu75W

19.1 to 27.8 u,d

33 to 48 u

20

68

26Cu74W

26.7 u,d

46 u

20

68

30Cu70W

20.9 to 29.6 u,d

36 to 51 u

20

68

32Cu68W

29.0 u,d

50 u

20

68

35Cu65W

31.3 u,d

54 u

20

68

40Cu60W

24.4 to 33.0 u,d

42 to 57 u

20

68

44Cu56W
50Cu50W
60Cu40W
65Cu35W
70Cu30W
75Cu25W

31.9 u,d
26.1 to 36.5 u,d
39.4 u,d
41.8 u,d
44.0 u,d
29.0 to 45.8 u,d

55 u
45 to 63 u
68 u
72 u
76 u
50 to 79 u

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

INF, vacuum switches, arcing tips, oil-circuit


breakers
INF, vacuum switches, arcing tips, oil-circuit
breakers
PSR, vacuum switches, arcing tips, oil-circuit
breakers
INF, vacuum switches, arcing tips, oil-circuit
breakers
INF, vacuum switches, arcing tips, oil-circuit
breakers
INF, circuit breaker runners, arcing tips, tap
change arcing tips
INF, circuit breaker runners, arcing tips, tap
change arcing tips
INF, oil-circuit breakers, reclosing devices,
arcing tips, tap change arcing tips, contactors
INF, oil-circuit breakers, reclosing devices,
arcing tips, tap change arcing tips, contactors
INF, oil-circuit breakers, reclosing devices,
arcing tips, tap change arcing tips, contactors
INF, oil-circuit breakers, arcing tips
INF, oil-circuit breakers, arcing tips
Oil-circuit breakers, arcing tips
Vacuum interrupter
Current-carrying contacts
PSR, current-carrying contacts

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Graphite Silver Composite


45Ag50W5C
21.5 to 24.9 u,d 37 to 43 u
46Ag53W1C
31.9 u,d
55 u
48Ag51.75W0.25C
37.7 u,d
65 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

PSR, circuit breakers, arcing tips


PSR, circuit breakers, arcing tips
PSR, circuit breakers, arcing tips

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Nickel


CMW 1000
8.1 t,d
CMW 2000
9.3 t,d
CMW 3000
5.8 t,d
CMW 3950
7.5 t,d

14.0 t
16.0 t
10.0 t
13.0 t

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Silver


CMW Elkonite 1060
21 t,d

36 t

20

68

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

58
58
58
58

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

58

Contact Materials / 167

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)
Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Silver
CMW Elkonite 2088
CMW Elkonite 20S
CMW Elkonite 20SB
CMW Elkonite 2110
CMW Elkonite 2150
CMW Elkonite 3042
CMW Elkonite 30S
CMW Elkonite 30SB
CMW Elkonite 3150
CMW Elkonite 35S
CMW Elkonite 35SB
CMW Elkonite 4050
CMW Elkonite 40S
CMW Elkonite 40SB
CMW Elkonite 45S
CMW Elkonite 50S
CMW Elkonite G12
CMW Elkonite G13
CMW Elkonite G14

10

S/m

20 t,d
28 t,d
26 t,d
53 t,d
35 t,d
30 t,d
29 t,d
27 t,d
26 t,d
32 t,d
30 t,d
36 t,d
34 t,d
32 t,d
36 t,d
38 t,d
33 t,d
27 t,d
21 t,d

Temperature
oC
oF

%IACS

Notes

Reference

35 t
49 t
45 t
92 t
60 t
52 t
50 t
47 t
45 t
55 t
51 t
62 t
58 t
55 t
62 t
65 t
57 t
47 t
37 t

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Silver Carbide Composite


20Ag80WC
11.0 u,d
19 u

20

68

PSR, suppression of tungstate formation in lowvoltage and high-voltage circuit breakers


INF, semiconducting material
INF, heavy-duty circuit breakers
INF, heavy-duty circuit breakers
INF, aircraft contactors, lighting relays, lowvoltage switches, circuit breakers
PSR, aircraft contactors, lighting relays, lowvoltage switches, circuit breakers
PSR, aircraft contactors, lighting relays, lowvoltage switches, circuit breakers
PSR, aircraft contactors, lighting relays, lowvoltage switches, circuit breakers

92

35Ag65WC
38Ag62WC
40Ag60WC
50Ag50WC

17.4 to 21.5 u,d


20.3 to 22.0 u,d
23.2 to 27.3 u,d
24.9 to 30.2 u,d

30 to 37
35 to 38
40 to 47
43 to 52

u
u
u
u

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

58Ag42WC

29.0 to 31.9 u,d

50 to 55 u

20

68

60Ag40WC

26.7 to 31.9 u,d

46 to 55 u

20

68

65Ag35WC

29.0 to 34.8 u,d

50 to 60 u

20

68

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Silver Composite


10Ag90W
16.8 to 20.3 u,d
15Ag85W
18.6 to 23.8 u,d
20Ag80W
20.3 to 23.2 u,d

29 to 35 u
32 to 41 u
35 to 40 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

25Ag75W

23.2 to 29.0 u,d

40 to 50 u

20

68

27.5Ag72.5W

28.4 u,d

49 u

20

68

30Ag70W

23.2 to 29.0 u,d

40 to 50 u

20

68

35Ag65W

26.1 to 30.7 u,d

45 to 53 u

20

68

35Ag65W
35Ag65W
60Ag40W

27.3 to 29.0 u,d


27.3 to 29.0 u,d
34.8 to 37.7 u,d

47 to 50 u
47 to 50 u
60 to 65 u

20
20
20

68
68
68

PSR, semiconducting material


INF, motor governors
INF, motor starters, aircraft equipment, circuit
breakers, contactors, computers, arcing tips
INF, motor starters, aircraft equipment, circuit
breakers, contactors, computers, arcing tips
INF, motor starters, aircraft equipment, circuit
breakers, contactors, computers, arcing tips
INF, motor starters, aircraft equipment, circuit
breakers, contactors, computers, arcing tips
INF, automotive starting switches, circuit
breakers
PS, automotive starting switches, circuit breakers
PS, automotive starting switches, circuit breakers
PSR, current-carrying contacts in circuit
breakers, light-duty contactors

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

92
92
92
92
92
92
92

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

168 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.1 Volume Conductivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

10

S/m

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Silver Composite


65Ag35W
39.4 u,d

%IACS

Temperature
oC
oF

68 u

20

68

70Ag30W

41.8 to 46.4 u,d

72 to 80 u

20

68

80Ag20W

46.4 to 49.3 u,d

80 to 85 u

20

68

85Ag15W

49.3 to 52.2 u,d

85 to 90 u

20

68

90Ag10W

52.2 to 55.1 u,d

90 to 95 u

20

68

17.4 u,d

30 u

20

68

Refractory, Tungsten, Unclassified


W

Notes

Reference

PSR, current-carrying contacts in circuit


breakers, light-duty contactors
PSR, current-carrying contacts in circuit
breakers, light-duty contactors
PSR, current-carrying contacts in circuit
breakers, light-duty contactors
PSR, current-carrying contacts in circuit
breakers, light-duty contactors
PSR, controls, automatic circuit protectors, wall
switches

92

Pure metal, R depends on purity

65

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

92
92
92
92

Contact Materials / 169

Table 5.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Copper, Cast, Aluminum Bronze


Elkaloy D
Elkaloy D110
Elkaloy D120
Elkaloy D130

0.096 t
0.144 t
0.172 t
0.192 t

57.75 t,d
86.62 t,d
103.46 t,d
115.49 t,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Copper, Cast, High Copper


CMW 73

0.086 t

51.73 t,d

20

68

Cu-Be

58

Copper, Cast, Unclassified


CMW 3

0.0216 t

12.99 t,d

20

68

Cu-Cr

58

20

68

Contact material

65

20
20

68
68
RT

Cu-Be
Contact bridges, bolts, screws

58
58
66

RT

Fuse clips, springs, switches, connectors

66

RT

Fuse clips, switch parts, electrical connectors

66

Copper, Wrought, Beryllium Copper


2Be + Ni or Co
0.096 to 0.115 u 57.7 to 69.2
u,d
CMW 100
0.0359 t
21.59 t,d
CMW 73
0.0749 t
45.05 t,d
Olin 172-Precipitation hardened
0.057 to 0.10
34 to 61
(C17200)
Olin 175-Precipitation hardened
0.028 to 0.038
17 to 23
(C17500)
Olin 17510-Precipitation hardened
0.028 to 0.038
17 to 23
(C17510)

58
58
58
58

Copper, Wrought, Copper Nickel


Dickalloy-Precipitation hardened
C70250 (C70250)

0.089
0.0431 max

53.5
25.93 max,d

20

68

Strip for electronic switches


Lead frame alloy

66
20

Copper, Wrought, Copper Zinc


15Zn
20Zn
35Zn

0.047 u
0.054 u
0.064 u

28 u,d
32 u,d
38.5 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
65
65

Copper, Wrought, Phosphor Bronze


1.25Sn + P
5Sn + P
8Sn + P

0.036 u
0.11 u
0.13 u

21.7 u,d
66.2 u,d
78.2 u,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
65
65

Copper, Wrought, Tin Brass


Olin C663

0.068

41

Connectors, dispersion/solution strengthened

66

Copper, Wrought, Unclassified


0.04 oxide
CMW 3

0.0172 u
0.0203 t

10.35 u,d
12.21 t,d

20
20

68
68

Contact material
Cu-Cr, forging minor dim <= 19 mm (0.75 in.)

65
58

Noble, Gold, Commercially Pure Gold


CMW Pure Gold
0.0235 t

14.14 t,d

20

68

58

Noble, Gold, Electrical Contact


41.7Au32.5Cu18.8Ni7Zn
69Au25Ag6Pt
72.5Au14Cu8.5Pt4Ag1Zn
75Au25Ag
90Au10Cu
CMW Elkonium 70
CMW Elkonium 72

234.6 u,d
90.2 u,d
102.3 u,d
65.0 u,d
65.0 u,d
75.19 t,d
94.44 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65
58
58

0.39 u
0.15 u
0.17 u
0.108 u
0.108 u
0.125 t
0.157 t

RT

RT

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

170 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

Noble, Gold, Electrical Contact


CMW Elkonium 76
Gold

0.127 t
0.0235 u

76.39 t,d
14.1 u,d

20
20

68
68

Noble, Gold, Unclassified


Au
Au
Au

0.020 u
0.022 u
0.02271 u

12.03 u,d
13.23 u,d
13.66 u,d

25
20
27

77
68
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

Noble, Iridium, Unclassified


Ir
Ir
Ir

0.050 u
0.051 u
0.0533 u

30.08 u,d
30.68 u,d
32.06 u,d

25
20
27

77
68
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

Noble, Osmium, Unclassified


Os
Os
Os

0.084 u
0.1059 u
0.088 u

50.53 u,d
63.70 u,d
52.93 u,d

25
27
20

77
80.6
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

Noble, Palladium, Electrical Contact


35Pd30Ag14Cu10Pt10Au1Zn
45Pd30Ag20Au5Pt
50Pd50Ag
60Pd40Ag
60Pd40Cu
60Pd40Cu
70Pd30Ag
72Pd26Ag2Ni
90Pd10Ru
95.5Pd4.5
CMW Elkonium 40
CMW Elkonium 405
CMW Elkonium 42

0.35 u
0.39 u
0.315 u
0.43 u
0.35 u
1.3795 u
0.40 u
0.43 u
0.27 u
0.242 u
0.108 t
0.285 t
0.430 t

210.5 u,d
234.6 u,d
189.48 u,d
258.7 u,d
210.5 u,d
829.81 u,d
240.6 u,d
258.7 u,d
162.4 u,d
145.6 u,d
64.97 t,d
171.44 t,d
258.66 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Noble, Palladium, Unclassified


Pd
Pd
Pd
Pd

0.108 u
0.1080 u
0.108 u
0.1050 u

64.97 u,d
64.97 u,d
65.0 u,d
63.16 u,d

27
20
20
25

80.6
68
68
77

Noble, Platinum, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkonium 30
0.113 t

67.97 t,d

20

68

58

Noble, Platinum, Electrical Contact


65Pt35Ir
70Pt30Ir
75Pt25Ir
80Pt20Ir
86Pt14Ru
89Pt11Ru
90Pt10Ir
90Pt10Ru
95Pt5Ir

216.6 u,d
210.5 u,d
198.5 u,d
186.5 u,d
276.7 u,d
258.7 u,d
150 u,d
258.7 u,d
114.3 u,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

0.36 u
0.35 u
0.33 u
0.31 u
0.46 u
0.43 u
0.25 u
0.43 u
0.19 u

Notes

Reference

58
65

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
58
58
58

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

18
18
65
18

Contact Materials / 171

Table 5.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Noble, Platinum, Electrical Contact


95Pt5Ru
96Pt4W
CMW Elkonium 301
CMW Elkonium 302
CMW Elkonium 305
CMW Elkonium 306
CMW Elkonium 32
CMW Elkonium 33
CMW Elkonium 331
CMW Elkonium 34

0.315 u
0.36 u
0.285 t
0.430 t
0.345 t
0.430 t
0.315 t
0.430 t
0.429 t
0.430 t

189.5 u,d
216.6 u,d
171.44 t,d
258.66 t,d
207.53 t,d
258.66 t,d
189.48 t,d
258.66 t,d
258.06 t,d
258.66 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Noble, Platinum, Unclassified


Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt
Pt

0.1064 u
0.1080 u
0.106 u
0.106 u
0.104 u

64.00 u,d
64.97 u,d
63.8 u,d
63.76 u,d
62.56 u,d

20
27
20
20
25

68
80.6
68
68
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

65
18
65
18
18

Noble, Rhodium
Rh
Rh
Rh
Rh

0.045 u
0.0440 u
0.0470 u
0.0501 u

27.07 u,d
26.47 u,d
28.27 u,d
30.14 u,d

20
25
20
27

68
77
68
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

Noble, Ruthenium
Ru
Ru
Ru

0.0630 u
0.0770 u
0.075 u

37.90 u,d
46.32 u,d
45.11 u,d

25
20
20

77
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

Noble, Silver, Commercially Pure


CMW Fine Silver
Fine silver

0.0166 t
0.0159 u

9.99 t,d
9.56 u,d

20
20

68
68

Contact material

58
65

Noble, Silver, Electrical Contact


CMW D1058
CMW D158F
CMW D57F
CMW D58
CMW D581F
CMW D582F
CMW D583F

0.0493 t
0.0174 t
0.0192 t
0.0313 t
0.0169 t
0.0167 t
0.0172 t

29.66 t,d
10.47 t,d
11.55 t,d
18.83 t,d
10.17 t,d
10.05 t,d
10.35 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Noble, Silver, Silver Cadmium


85Ag15Cd
CMW D154F
CMW D154X
CMW D155F
CMW D155X
CMW D355F
CMW D54
CMW D54F

0.493 u
0.0230 t
0.0236 t
0.0246 t
0.0254 t
0.0254 t
0.0230 t
0.0210 t

297 u,d
13.84 t,d
14.20 t,d
14.80 t,d
15.28 t,d
15.28 t,d
13.84 t,d
12.63 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

65
65
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Contact material

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

65
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

172 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Noble, Silver, Silver Cadmium


CMW D54X
CMW D55
CMW D55F
CMW D55X
CMW Elkonium 17
CMW Elkonium 18
CMW Elkonium 217

0.0230 t
0.0313 t
0.0239 t
0.0246 t
0.0556 t
0.0401 t
0.0493 t

13.84 t,d
18.83 t,d
14.38 t,d
14.80 t,d
33.45 t,d
24.12 t,d
29.66 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Noble, Silver, Silver Copper


72Ag26Cu2Ni
72Ag28Cu
90Ag10Cu
92.5Ag7.5Cu
CMW Coin Silver
CMW Elkonium 1
CMW Elkonium 22
CMW Elkonium 23
CMW Elkonium 73

0.029 u
0.02 u
0.02 u
0.02 u
0.0210 t
0.0230 t
0.0205 t
0.0178 t
0.0192 t

17 u,d
12 u,d
12 u,d
12 u,d
12.63 t,d
13.84 t,d
12.33 t,d
10.71 t,d
11.55 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
65
65
65
58
58
58
58
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Gold


90Ag10Au
CMW Elkonium 71

0.042 u
4.310E-02 t

25 u,d
25.93 t,d

20
20

68
68

Contact material

65
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Nickel


CMW D50
CMW D505F
CMW D50F
CMW D510F
CMW D56

0.0257 t
0.0181 t
0.0216 t
0.0198 t
0.0313 t

15.46 t,d
10.89 t,d
12.99 t,d
11.91 t,d
18.83 t,d

20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68

Noble, Silver, Silver Palladium


60Ag40Pd
70Ag30Pd
90Ag10Pd
97Ag3Pd
CMW Elkonium 45
CMW Elkonium 46

0.23 u
0.143 u
0.053 u
0.029 u
0.0297 t
2.180E-02 t

138 u,d
86.0 u,d
32 u,d
17 u,d
17.87 t,d
13.11 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68

Contact material
Contact material
Contact material
Contact material

65
65
65
65
58
58

Noble, Silver, Silver Platinum


97Ag3Pt
CMW Elkonium 36

0.035 u
0.0383 t

21 u,d
23.04 t,d

20
20

68
68

Contact material

65
58

Noble, Silver, Unclassified


Ag
Ag
Ag
Ag
CMW Elkonium 28
CMW Elkonium 63

0.0163 u
0.0147 u
0.01629 u
0.016 u
0.172 t
0.023 t

9.80 u,d
8.84 u,d
9.80 u,d
9.62 u,d
103.46 t,d
13.84 t,d

20
25
27
20
20
20

68
77
80.6
68
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
58
58

Refractory, Beryllium
Be

0.0376 u

22.62 u,d

25

77

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

58
58
58
58
58
58
58

58
58
58
58
58

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Contact Materials / 173

Table 5.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Beryllium
Be

0.0330 u

19.85 u,d

20

68

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Chromium
Cr
Cr
Cr
Cr

0.13 u
0.1290 u
0.127 u
0.1320 u

78.20 u,d
77.60 u,d
76.39 u,d
79.40 u,d

20
25
27
20

68
77
80.6
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

Refractory, Cobalt, Cobalt Nickel


Cobalt Alloy MP35N (R30035)

1.03 u

620 u,d

83

RT

Refractory, Cobalt, Commercially Pure


Co
0.0634 u
Co
0.0520 u
Co
0.0568 u
Co
0.599 u
Co
0.0525 u

38.14 u,d
31.28 u,d
34.17 u,d
360.32 u,d
31.6 u,d

Refractory, Cobalt, Superalloy


Colbalt 188
Colbalt 188
Colbalt 25
HS-21
HS-31 (X-40)
UMCo50
UMCo51
Elgiloy (R30003)
Stellite 6 (R30006)
L-605 (R30605)

1.01 u
0.922 u,d
0.89 u
0.8738 t,d
0.9703 t,d
0.8255 t,d
1.0185 t,d
0.9975 t,d
0.9093 t,d
0.8865 t,d

607.5 u,d
555 u,d
535 u,d
525.6 t,d
583.7 t,d
496.6 t,d
612.7 t,d
600.0 t,d
547.0 t,d
533.2 t,d

21
21
21
21
21
22
24

Refractory, Halfnium
Hf
Hf
Hf

0.355 u
0.3400 u
0.322 u

213.54 u,d
204.52 u,d
193.69 u,d

Refractory, Molybdenum, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkon 100M
0.052 t

20
25
20
27

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
83

70
70
70
70
70
72
75

Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy
Superalloy

83
66
83
56
56
56
56
56
56
56

20
27
20

68
80.6
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

31.28 t,d

20

68

Refractory, Molybdenum, Molybdenum Silver


CMW Elkonite 7065
0.0392 t
CMW Elkonite G17
0.0383 t
CMW Elkonite G18
0.0313 t

23.58 t,d
23.04 t,d
18.83 t,d

20
20
20

68
68
68

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

58
58
58

Refractory, Molybdenum, Unclassified


Mo
0.0570 u
Mo
0.0530 u
Mo
0.052 u

34.29 u,d
31.88 u,d
31.3 u,d

20
25
20

68
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
65

Refractory, Niobium
Nb
Nb
Nb

87.82 u,d
80.00 u,d
96.24 u,d

20
25
20

68
77
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18

0.146 u
0.1330 u
0.1600 u

68
77
68
80.6
RT

RT
21

70
RT

58

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

174 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Rhenium
Re
Re
Re
Re
Re

0.187 u
0.1988 u
0.169 u
0.210 u
0.193 u

112.49 u,d
119.58 u,d
101.66 u,d
126.32 u,d
116.10 u,d

20
27
25
20
20

68
80.6
77
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18

Refractory, Tantalum
Ta
Ta
Ta
Ta

0.134 u
0.135 u
0.1245 u
0.131 u

80.61 u,d
81.21 u,d
74.89 u,d
78.80 u,d

27
20
20
25

80.6
68
68
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
65
18

Refractory, Tungsten, Commercially Pure


CMW Elkon 100W
0.055 t

33.08 t,d

20

68

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Copper


CMW Elkonite 10W3
0.0383 t
CMW Elkonite 10W53
0.0616 t
CMW Elkonite 1W3
0.0325 t
CMW Elkonite 2050C
0.0297 t
CMW Elkonite 2140C
0.0575 t
CMW Elkonite 30W3
0.0421 t
CMW Elkonite 3W3
0.0345 t
CMW Elkonite 3W53
0.0575 t
CMW Elkonite 40W3
0.0466 t
CMW Elkonite 50W3
0.0493 t
CMW Elkonite 5W3
0.0359 t
CMW Elkonite TC1O
0.0410 t
CMW Elkonite TC20
0.0575 t
CMW Elkonite TC5
0.0383 t
CMW Elkonite TC53
0.0958 t
CMW Thermkon 62
0.0539 t
CMW Thermkon 68
0.0492 t
CMW Thermkon 76
0.0421 t
CMW Thermkon 83
0.0383 t

23.04 t,d
37.05 t,d
19.55 t,d
17.87 t,d
34.59 t,d
25.32 t,d
20.75 t,d
34.59 t,d
28.03 t,d
29.66 t,d
21.59 t,d
24.66 t,d
34.59 t,d
23.04 t,d
57.63 t,d
32.42 t,d
29.60 t,d
25.32 t,d
23.04 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Nickel


CMW 1000
0.1230 t
CMW 2000
0.1078 t
CMW 3000
0.1724 t
CMW 3950
0.1330 t

73.99 t,d
64.84 t,d
103.70 t,d
80.00 t,d

20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Silver


CMW Elkonite 1060
CMW Elkonite 2088
CMW Elkonite 20S
CMW Elkonite 20SB
CMW Elkonite 2110
CMW Elkonite 2150
CMW Elkonite 3042
CMW Elkonite 30S

28.57 t,d
29.66 t,d
21.17 t,d
23.04 t,d
11.25 t,d
17.26 t,d
19.37 t,d
20.75 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

0.0475 t
0.0493 t
0.0352 t
0.0383 t
0.0187 t
0.0287 t
0.0322 t
0.0345 t

58

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Composite
Composite
Composite
Composite

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

58
58
58
58

Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Contact Materials / 175

Table 5.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Notes

Reference

Refractory, Tungsten, Tungsten Silver


CMW Elkonite 30SB
CMW Elkonite 3150
CMW Elkonite 35S
CMW Elkonite 35SB
CMW Elkonite 4050
CMW Elkonite 40S
CMW Elkonite 40SB
CMW Elkonite 45S
CMW Elkonite 50S
CMW Elkonite G12
CMW Elkonite G13
CMW Elkonite G14

0.0367 t
0.0383 t
0.0313 t
0.0338 t
0.0278 t
0.0297 t
0.0313 t
0.0278 t
0.0265 t
0.0302 t
0.0367 t
0.0466 t

22.08 t,d
23.04 t,d
18.83 t,d
20.33 t,d
16.72 t,d
17.87 t,d
18.83 t,d
16.72 t,d
15.94 t,d
18.17 t,d
22.08 t,d
28.03 t,d

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68
68

Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Repress
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate
Press-Sinter-Infiltrate

58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58
58

Refractory, Tungsten, Unclassified


W
W
W
W
W

0.0545 u
0.052 u
0.055 u
0.0565 u
0.054 u

32.78 u,d
31.28 u,d
33.08 u,d
34.0 u,d
32.48 u,d

27
25
20
20
20

80.6
77
68
68
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
65
18

Refractory, Vanadium
V
V
V
V

0.1990 u
0.1960 u
0.201 u
0.248 u

119.70 u,d
117.90 u,d
120.91 u,d
149.18 u,d

25
20
27
20

77
68
80.6
68

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

Refractory, Zirconium
Zr
Zr
Zr
Zr

0.50 u
0.435 u
0.4400 u
0.3890 u

300.77 u,d
261.67 u,d
264.67 u,d
234.00 u,d

20
27
20
25

68
80.6
68
77

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18

Titanium, Titanium, Alpha


IMI 230
IMI 679
IMI 685
Ti5621S
Timetal 1100
Ti5Al2.5Sn (R54520)
Ti5Al2.5Sn (R54520)
Ti6242Si (R54620)
Ti811 (R54810)
Ti621/0.8 (R56210)
Ti3Al2.5V (R56320)

0.65 approx
1.6 t
1.67 t
1.7 t
1.8 t
1.573 u
1.6 t
1.85 to 1.9 t
1.97 approx
1.6 u
1.27 u

391 approx
RT
962 t
RT
1005 t
RT
1023 t
RT
1083 t
RT
946.2 u
20
68
962 t
RT
1110 to 1140 t
RT
1185 approx
RT
962 u
RT
764 u
RT

63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63

Titanium, Titanium, Alpha Beta


IMI 550
IMI 551
SP-700
Timetal 62S
Ti5522S (R54560)

1.59 t
1.7 t
1.64 t
1.62 t
1.71 t

956 t
1023 t
987 t
974 t
1029 t

63
63
63
63
63

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

176 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.2 Volume Resistivity at Ambient Temperature of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

Temperature
oF
circular-mil/ft oC

Titanium, Titanium, Alpha Beta


Ti8Mn (R56080)
Ti6246 (R56260)
Ti6Al6V2Sn (R56620)
Ti7Al4Mo (R56740)

0.92
1.9 to 2.05 t
1.57 t
1.7 t

553
1140 to 1230 t
944.40 t
1023 t

Titanium, Titanium, Beta


Ti15-3
Ti15-3
Ti13-11-3 (R58010)
Beta III (R58030)
Timetal 21S (R58210)
Beta C (R58640)

1.4 t
1.48 t
1.4 t
1.56 t
1.35 t
1.6 t

842 t
890 t
842 t
938 t
812 t
962 t

Notes

Reference

63
63
63
63

RT
RT
RT
RT

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

63
63
63
63
63
63

77

25

Titanium, Titanium, Commercially Pure


High-Purity Ti
0.42 u
Unalloyed Ti Grade 2 (R50400)
0.5 to 0.55 u
Unalloyed Ti Grade 4 (R50700)
0.6 u
Ti0.2 Pd (Grade 11) (R52250)
0.55 u
Ti0.2 Pd (Grade 7) (R52400)
0.55 u
Ti0.3Mo0.8Ni (Grade 12) (R53400)
0.52 u

253 u
55 to 331 u
361 u
331 u
331 u
313 u

RT
RT
RT
RT
RT
RT

63
63
63
63
63
63

Titanium, Titanium, Titanium Nickel


TiNi Shape Memory Alloy (austenite) 0.82 t
TiNi Shape Memory Alloy (martensite) 0.76 t

493 t
457 t

RT
RT

63
63

Titanium, Titanium, Unclassified


Ti
Ti
Ti
Ti

234.60 u,d
324.83 u,d
324.83 u,d
390.99 u,d

0.3900 u
0.54 u
0.5400 u
0.65 u

25
20
20
27

77
68
68
80.6

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

18
18
18
18

Contact Materials / 177

Table 5.3 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

oC -1

oF -1

Temperature
oC
oF

Notes

Reference

Noble, Gold, Unclassified


Au

0.0040 u

0.00222 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Iridium, Unclassified


Ir

0.0045 u

0.00250 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Osmium, Unclassified


Os

0.0041 u

0.00228 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Palladium, Unclassified


Pd

0.0042 u

0.00233 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Platinum, Unclassified


Pt

0.0039 u

0.00217 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Rhodium
Rh

0.0044 u

0.00244 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Ruthenium
Ru

0.0041 u

0.00228 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Noble, Silver, Unclassified


Ag

0.0041 u

0.00228 u,t

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Beryllium
Be

0.0090 u

0.00500 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Chromium
Cr

0.00214 u

0.00119 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Cobalt, Commercially Pure


0.101 u,d
Co

Pure metal, R depends on purity

83

Co

0.0066 u

0.00367 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Co

0.0068 u

0.00378 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

0.0044 u

0.00244 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Molybdenum, Unclassified


0.0044 u
Mo

0.00244 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Niobium
Nb

0.0026 u

0.00144 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Rhenium
Re

0.0045 u

0.00250 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Tantalum
Ta

0.0035 u

0.00194 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Tungsten, Unclassified


0.0048 u
W

0.00267 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Vanadium
V

0.0039 u

0.00217 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Zirconium
Zr

0.0044 u

0.00244 u,d

0 to 100

32 to 212

Pure metal, R depends on purity

18

Refractory, Halfnium
Hf

0.056 u,d

RT

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

178 / Electrical Properties

Table 5.3 Thermal Coefficient of Resistivity of Contact Materials


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

oC -1

Titanium, Titanium, Unclassified


0.0038 u
Ti

oF -1

0.00211 u,d

Temperature
oC
oF

0 to 100

32 to 212

Notes

Reference

Pure metal, R depends on purity

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

18

ASM Ready Reference Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Metals


Charles Moosbrugger, editor, p179-190
DOI: 10.1361/empm2000p179

Copyright 2000 ASM International


All rights reserved.
www.asminternational.org

Chapter 6

Superconductivity
IN 1911, ONNES DISCOVERED that mercury had superconducting properties at approximately 4 K. Superconductivity is the property
of many elements, alloys, and compounds by
virtue of which their electrical resistance vanishes and they become strongly diamagnetic
under appropriate conditions.
Tin and lead were identified as superconductors after mercury. The temperature at which resistance disappears is the critical temperature (Tc).
It usually is expressed only in degrees kelvin (K).
Shortly after the discovery of superconductors, the application creating large magnetic
fields was recognized. Unfortunately, the magnetic field thus created has an adverse effect on
the superconducting nature of the material. The
presence of a critical external field greater than
Hc destroys the superconducting state.
Superconductors are classified as type I and
type II. For type I, usually elements, the superconduction is terminated above Hc. Type II su-

perconductors are perfectly diamagnetic up to


Hc1. A mixed state exists from Hc1 to Hc2. Above
Hc2, the superconduction is terminated. The
higher Hc2 field allows these materials, usually
alloys, to be used for high field applications.
Just as magnets are called hard and soft, these
type II alloys are called hard superconductors.
Linked to the critical temperature and critical
magnetic field strength is the critical current
density (Jc). The superconductive state is stable
only if the temperature, magnetic field strength,
and current density are below their critical values. This interdependence is seen for a niobium
titanium alloy in Fig. 6.1.
Elements that are superconductors and potential superconductors are illustrated in Fig.
6.2. In addition, there are hundreds of alloys
exhibiting superconducting properties.
The residual resistance ratio (RRR) is the ratio of resistivity at room temperature (293 K) to

6
5
4
3
2

1
0
2
K
re,

tu

8
10

6 era
mp
Te

Current density, kA mm2

2
4
6
Fie 8
ld,
T

10
12
14
16

The critical surface for a niobium-titanium alloy. As long as the state of the superconductor
remains within the critical surface, it will be superconducting. The strong interdependence of the three critical
parameters (Tc, Hc2, and Jc) is clearly seen.

Fig. 6.1

Fig. 6.2

Elements with superconducting properties

that at low temperature (4.2 K) and is a


measure of the purity of the material. Degree
of purity influences the mean free path () of
electrons, with higher purity specimens having
higher and, thus, lower resistance. The mean
free path can be comparable to the specimen
size itself at low temperatures.
The RRR is a unitless quantity.

REFERENCES
1. Standard Definitions of Terms Relating to
Superconductors, B 713-82, Annual Book
of ASTM Standards, ASTM
2. W.H. Warrens, Principles of Superconductivity, Properties and Selection: Nonferrous
Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, Vol
2, ASM Handbook, ASM International, 1990

180 / Electrical Properties

Table 6.1 Volume Resistivity at Low and Superconducting Temperatures


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

. m

circular-mil/ft oC

Temperature
oF
Kelvin

Notes

Reference

Aluminum, Wrought, 1xxx Commercially Pure Aluminum


5-9s purity commercial Al-O
5-9s purity commercial Al-O
6-9s purity commercial Al-O
6-9s purity commercial Al-O
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
99.998% Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al

2.20E-03 e
5.7E-05 e
2.20E-03 e
2.3E-05 e
6.14E-03 e
3.51E-03 e
2.11E-03 e
1.17E-03 e
8.70E-04 e
7.33E-06 e
2.61E-06 e
9.25E-07 e
9.25E-07 e
1.006E-02 u
4.42E-03 u
2.45E-03 u
9.59E-04 u
2.117E-02 u
1.81E-04 u
7.5E-06 u
1.9E-06 u
1E-06 u
1.587E-02 u

1.32 e,d
3.43E-02 e,d
1.32 e,d
1.38E-02 e,d
3.69 e,d
2.11 e,d
1.27 e,d
0.70 e,d
0.523 e,d
4.41E-03 e,d
1.57E-03 e,d
5.564E-04 e,d
5.564E-04 e,d
6.05 u,d
2.66 u,d
1.47 u,d
0.58 u,d
12.73 u,d
0.109 u,d
4.51E-03 u,d
1.14E-03 u,d
6.02E-04 u,d
9.55 u,d

-196
-269.0
-196
-269.0
-161.6
-182.84
-195.8
-209.7
-215
-252.8
-259.2
-268.93
-271.5
-123
-173
-193
-213
-23
-233
-253
-263
-272
-73

-321
-452.2
-321
-452.2
-258.9
-297.11
-320.4
-409.5
-355
-423.0
-435.6
-452.07
-456.7
-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-9.4
-387.4
-423.4
-441
-457.6
-99.4

4.66 u,d
4.20 u,d
3.82 u,d
2.95 u,d
2.09 u,d
2.09 u,d
2.10 u,d
1.684 u,d
1.29 u,d
1.293 u,d
0.920 u,d
0.571 u,d
0.58 u,d
0.301 u,d
8.4 u,d
0.14 u,d
0.132 u,d
3.800E-02 u,d
1.500E-02 u,d
1.68E-02 u,d
4.800E-03 u,d
6.000E-04 u,d
1.20E-02 u,d
7.2 u,d

-113
-123
-133
-153
-173
-173
-173
-183
-193
-193
-203
-213
-213
-223
-23
-233
-233
-243
-248
-253
-253
-258
-272
-53

-171
-189.4
-207
-243
-279.4
-279.4
-279.4
-297
-315.4
-315.4
-333
-351.4
-351.4
-369.4
-9.4
-387.4
-387.4
-405
-414
-423.4
-423.4
-432
-457.6
-63

77
4.2
77
4.2
111.6
90.31
77.4
63.5
58
20.4
14
4.22
1.65
150
100
80
60
250
40
20
10
1
200

Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Single crystal
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

160
150
140
120
100
100
100
90
80
80
70
60
60
50
250
40
40
30
25
20
20
15
1
220

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

94
18
94
94
18
94
94
94
18
94
94
94
18
94
94
18
94
94
94
18
94
94
18
94

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu

7.75E-03 u
6.99E-03 u
6.35E-03 u
4.90E-03 u
3.48E-03 u
3.48E-03 u
3.50E-03 u
2.80E-03 u
2.15E-03 u
2.15E-03 u
1.53E-03 u
9.50E-04 u
9.71E-04 u
5.00E-04 u
1.400E-02 u
2.39E-04 u
2.20E-04 u
6.30E-05 u
2.50E-05 u
2.8E-05 u
8.00E-06 u
1.00E-06 u
2.0E-05 u
1.200E-02 u

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Superconductivity / 181

Table 6.1 Volume Resistivity at Low and Superconducting Temperatures


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft oC

Temperature
oF
Kelvin

Notes

Reference

Copper, Wrought, Commercially Pure Copper


Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu

1.060E-02 u
1.046E-02 u
9.20E-03 u
1.543E-02 u

6.38 u,d
6.29 u,d
5.5 u,d
9.28 u,d

-73
-73
-93
0

-100
-99.4
-135
32

200
200
180
273

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

94
18
94
18

8.430E-02 u
5.280E-02 u
3.070E-02 u
1.990E-02 u
8.60E-03 u
2.6E-05 u
0.122 u
0.187 u

50.71 u,d
31.76 u,d
18.47 u,d
11.97 u,d
5.17 u,d
0.02 u,d
73.39 u,d
112.49 u,d

-123
-173
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0

-189.4
-279.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32

150
100
60
40
20
1
200
273

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

3.720E-02 u
1.730E-02 u
3.45E-03 u
7.4E-04 u
1.2E-04 u
5.710E-02 u
8.530E-02 u

22.38 u,d
10.41 u,d
2.08 u,d
0.45 u,d
0.07 u,d
34.35 u,d
51.31 u,d

-123
-173
-213
-233
-253
-73
0

-189.4
-279.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-99.4
32

150
100
60
40
20
200
273

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18

5.270E-02 u
3.360E-02 u
1.940E-02 u
1.210E-02 u
4.44E-03 u
1.31E-04 u
7.490E-02 u
0.115 u

31.70 u,d
20.21 u,d
11.67 u,d
7.28 u,d
2.67 u,d
0.08 u,d
45.05 u,d
69.18 u,d

-123
-173
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0

-189.4
-279.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32

150
100
60
40
20
1
200
273

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

1.840E-02 u
9.10E-03 u
5.57E-03 u
2.61E-03 u
7.4E-04 u
1.23E-04 u
6.2E-05 u
2.750E-02 u

11.07 u,d
5.47 u,d
3.35 u,d
1.57 u,d
0.45 u,d
0.07 u,d
0.04 u,d
16.54 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4

150
100
80
60
40
20
1
200

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

0.143 u
8.850E-02 u
6.830E-02 u
4.860E-02 u
2.910E-02 u
9.40E-03 u
8.1E-04 u

86.02 u,d
53.24 u,d
41.08 u,d
29.23 u,d
17.50 u,d
5.65 u,d
0.49 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6

150
100
80
60
40
20
1

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Low Melting, Cesium


Cs
Cs
Cs
Cs
Cs
Cs
Cs
Cs
Low Melting, Lithium
Li
Li
Li
Li
Li
Li
Li
Low Melting, Rubidium
Rb
Rb
Rb
Rb
Rb
Rb
Rb
Rb
Magnesium, Wrought, Unclassified
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Miscellaneous, Barium
Ba
Ba
Ba
Ba
Ba
Ba
Ba

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

182 / Electrical Properties

Table 6.1 Volume Resistivity at Low and Superconducting Temperatures


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft oC

Temperature
oF
Kelvin

Notes

Reference

Miscellaneous, Barium
Ba
Ba

0.202 u
0.302 u

121.51 u,d
181.66 u,d

-73
0

-99.4
32

200
273

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18

1.560E-02 u
9.10E-03 u
6.50E-03 u
4.00E-03 u
1.75E-03 u
6.0E-04 u
4.5E-04 u
2.190E-02 u

9.38 u,d
5.47 u,d
3.91 u,d
2.41 u,d
1.05 u,d
0.36 u,d
0.27 u,d
13.17 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4

150
100
80
60
40
20
1
200

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

1.36 u
1.32 u
1.32 u
1.31 u
1.16 u
0.54 u
0.189 u
7.020E-02 u
1.39 u

818.08 u,d
794.02 u,d
794.02 u,d
788.00 u,d
697.78 u,d
324.83 u,d
113.69 u,d
42.23 u,d
836.13 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-263
-272
-73

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-441
-457.6
-99.4

150
100
80
60
40
20
10
1
200

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

2.990E-02 u
1.790E-02 u
9.00E-03 u
4.80E-03 u
1.17E-03 u
8.0E-06 u
4.260E-02 u

17.99 u,d
10.77 u,d
5.41 u,d
2.89 u,d
0.70 u,d
0.00 u,d
25.63 u,d

-123
-173
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73

-189.4
-279.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4

150
100
60
40
20
1
200

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18

2.030E-02 u
1.160E-02 u
4.47E-03 u
1.72E-03 u
1.5E-05 u
9.0E-06 u

12.21 u,d
6.98 u,d
2.69 u,d
1.03 u,d
0.01 u,d
0.01 u,d

-123
-173
-213
-233
-253
-272

-189.4
-279.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6

150
100
60
40
20
1

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18

6.840E-02 u
4.580E-02 u
3.640E-02 u
2.680E-02 u
1.700E-02 u
9.20E-03 u
8.00E-03 u
9.040E-02 u
0.123 u

41.14 u,d
27.55 u,d
21.90 u,d
16.12 u,d
10.23 u,d
5.53 u,d
4.81 u,d
54.38 u,d
73.99 u,d

-123
-173
-193
-213
-233
-253
-272
-73
0

-189.4
-279.4
-315.4
-351.4
-387.4
-423.4
-457.6
-99.4
32

150
100
80
60
40
20
1
200
273

Pure metal, R depends on purity


Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity
Pure metal, R depends on purity

18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18

Miscellaneous, Calcium
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Ca
Miscellaneous, Manganese
Mn
Mn
Mn
Mn
Mn
Mn
Mn
Mn
Mn
Miscellaneous, Potassium
K
K
K
K
K
K
K
Miscellaneous, Sodium
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Na
Miscellaneous, Strontium
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr
Sr

RT, room temperature; t, typical; d, derived; u, unstated; min, minimum; max, maximum. See Appendix for other abbreviations and References.

Superconductivity / 183

Table 6.1 Volume Resistivity at Low and Superconducting Temperatures


Alloy-temper (UNS number)

.m

circular-mil/ft oC

Temperature
oF
Kelvin