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2009 H2 Math Promotional Exam

• 1 Find the derivative of

sin

1

2x

+

2x 2
1
4x

,

k 2
1
4x

, where k is a constant to be determined.



1/4

Hence find the exact value of

0 2
1
4x

dx

.



• 2 Let S be the sum of the first 120 terms of an arithmetic progression with first term a and common difference d. Given that the 9 th term is 14 and the sum of the first 40 even-

 numbered terms is S 6 780 , find the value of d.  3 Expand x 2 + 2 x in ascending powers of x up to and including the term in x 5 . State the 2 2 x + 1 range of values of x for which this expansion is valid.  Find, in the simplest form, the coefficient of x 2009 in this expansion. 
• 4 A prism has a regular hexagonal base of side x cm and height y cm. Show that the volume of the prism V, is given by 3
3
2
x
y .
2

Given further that (x + 2y)

• 2 = 3, find the exact value of x such that volume of the prism

is maximum.



[Volume of a prism = Base area

Height.]

• 5 [In this question give all answers correct to 3 decimal places.] x
5
x
Sketch the graphs of y =
and
y =
, stating clearly the equations of
2
1
+
3 x
asymptotes (if any).

x
5
x
Using the graphs, find the range of values of x which satisfy
<
.

2
1 3 x
+
x
5
x
Hence find the range of values of x which satisfy
<
.

2
1 3 x
1
6
A sequence
u , u , u
,K
is defined by
u
= 3 and u
=
u
for all positive integers
1
2
3
1
n
+ 1
n
n
2
n.
Write down the exact values of
u , u , u
. Hence make a conjecture for
u
in the
2
3
4
n
n
1
1
form of a
+
b
, where a and b are constants to be determined.

2

Prove your conjecture using mathematical induction.



7 = n
!(
The n th term of a sequence is given by
u
n
1)
, for all positive integers n where
n
n ≥ 2.
Show that
u
u
=
(
2
n
1
)
!
(
n
2
+
n
2
)
and
n
n
1
N + 1
2
n
(
N
+ 1 !
)
N
(
n
1
)
!
n
+
1
=
.

2
2
n = 2
N + 1
(
)
2
n
1
!
(
Hence find the value of N such that
5
n
10
n
+
10
)
=
163295640.

n = 5

8

2cm A
1
2cm

Diagram 1 A
1
A
2
Diagram 2 A
1
A
2
A
3
Diagram 3
• (i) Show that the areas of the shaded squares A 1 , A 2 , … , A n in the n th diagram form a

9

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

geometric progression.

Show that the total area of the shaded squares in the n th diagram S n is

• 4 1

3



1

4 n

.

Let S be the total shaded area in the n th diagram as n



. Find the value of S.



Find the least value of n for which the difference between S n and S is less than 1%

of S.



A curve C has the following parametric equations

x =

e t 2

k

,

y = t 3

kt , t

¡

,

and k is a fixed positive integer.

(i)

Express

d

y

d

x

in terms of k and t.

(ii)

The tangent to the curve at t =1 intersects the y-axis at y =

3

2

.

(a)

(b)

Show that k = 2 .

Hence find the equation of the normal to the curve at

t =1.







• (c) Deduce the acute angle that the normal to the curve at t =1 makes with the

y-axis.



10 y
O
1

x=1.5 x

y=k

The diagram above shows the curve with equation y = ln(3 2x) .

• (i) By using the substitution y = x , prove that

(ii)

(iii) 0
a
ln(3
2
x
) d
x
=
ln(3
+
2
x
) d
x
, where a > 0.

a
0
Hence show that
3
3 ln(3
+
2
x
) d
x
=
p
ln 3
+
q
,
where p and q are constants to be determined.

R
is the region
bounded by the curve
y = ln(3
2x) , the x-axis
and the
lines
x =1.5 and
y = k , where k < 0. Write down the equation of the curve when it is

translated by 1.5 units in the negative x-direction.



Hence find the value of k if the volume of the solid formed when R is rotated

completely about the line x = 1.5 is 3

32

unit 3 .

11

(a) The plane

1

has Cartesian equation

2x + 2y

3z= 17.

The coordinates of point A is (0, 3, 2).



• (i) Find the position vector of N, the foot of perpendicular from the point A to the plane

1 . (ii)
Hence find the coordinates
of the
point B such that
line
segment AB is
perpendicular to the plane
and the plane
cuts AB internally in the
1
1
ratio of 1 : 3.

(iii)
Find the perpendicular distance from the origin O to the plane
1 .

(iv)
Given thatO ' is the foot of perpendicular from the origin O to the plane
1 ,

(b)
Given that the plane
and the line l are as follows
:
x
+y
3=z
5 ,
3
l
:
r =
0
+
3
,
¡
.
0
4
Find the values of
and
where
(i)
and
l intersect at only one point,
(ii)
and
l
do not intersect.

12
(a)
The graphs of y
= f '(x)
2
and
y
=
f (
x
)
are shown below.
y
y
y = f
(x)
2
y
= f (x)
( 6, 1.5)
( 4,
1.5)
2
x
3
O
2
4
2
O
2
( 4,
1.5)
2
1
(i)
Sketch the graph of
y =
.

f (
x
)
(ii)
Sketch the graph of y = f (x) , indicating clearly any axial intercept,
asymptote and stationary point.

2
2
(b)
Sketch the graph of y
= x
4x , indicating clearly any axial intercept,

x

asymptote and coordinates of turning point(s).

Hence, find the range of values of b such that the graphs by

2

+ 2(x

2

2) =



2b and

y

2

2

= x

4x intersect at least twice, where b > 0 .



End of Paper 