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PM Fundamentals Review Questions

1. Project management is less important for modern software development since most projects are successful and completed on time. a. True b. False 1. The a. b. c. d.

Integration Management Review Questions

project charter is a document issued by: The stakeholders The project manager The customer Senior management

2. Projects can often be optimized for Shortest Schedule, Least Cost, Complete Scope, and Best Quality: a. simultaneously, all four can be achieved by careful scheduling and budget control b. any three of the above can be achieved at a given time, but not all four c. we are not as concerned with optimization, as we are with balance d. none of the above listed can be optimized, software projects are too complex 3. Project sponsors have the greatest influence on quality, time, and cost of the project during the a. Concept phase b. Development phase c. Execution phase d. Close-down phase the scope, 4. A team member makes a change to a software project without letting anyone else know. She claims that it does not affect the schedule, and it enhances the product. The PM should first a. Find out if the customer authorized this change. b. Submit the change to the change control board c. Review the change to understand how it affects scope, cost, time, quality, risk, and customer satisfaction. d. Make sure the change is reflected in the scope management plan. 5. A project manager has been managing a project for six months, and everything is going well. But, now that the project is winding down, change requests are still pouring in. The project is ahead of schedule and on target for costs. Which statement is true? a. The project manager should influence the factors that circumvent change control. b. The project should reject changes whenever possible. c. Changes introduced at any point in the project represent an unacceptable level of risk. d. Changes should be evaluated on the basis of how much value they deliver to the customer. 6. A role of the change control board is to: a. Issue change request b. Represent top management interests in initiating innovation c. Review the impact of change requests on project costs, schedule, and specifications d. Schedule changes e. Identify new areas of project work 2. A project charter is: a. A formal agreement b. Not a project plan c. A communication tool d. All of above 3. The purpose of a project charter is: a. Project planning b. Project authorization c. Communication d. Resource identification


Which of the following statements describes the relationship between project phases and the project life cycle? a. The project lifecycle contains the iterative incremental elements inside a project phase b. Collectively, the project phases are known as the project life cycle c. The project lifecycle is regarded as a sequence of project activities while phases are defined to control the overlapping of activities d. The project lifecycle contains the repetitive elements inside a project phase.

COMP5221:SPM 7. You have just taken control of a project in the middle of execution and need to learn who has approval authority for revisions in scope. Which document provides this information? a. Resource assignment matrix b. Configuration management plan c. Project charter d. Organization chart 8. You are performing a project management audit in your company and find that most of the plans are neither consistent nor up-todate. Which of the following statements is not true? a. Projects should never be executed without a valid, updated and working project plan b. The project plan is secondary because it is only the results that matter c. A great deal of effort is required to develop and update a project plan, but the benefits include less pressure on all stakeholders and a resulting product that will satisfy the requirements d. Poor planning is one of the major reasons for cost and time overruns 9. A key activity in closing out a project is to: a. Disseminate status reports and risk assessments b. Disseminate information to formalize project completion c. Monitor the specific project results to determine if they comply with relevant quality standards d. Transfer all the project records to the project owners 10. At the completion of a project, the project manager will document and archive all project information. This information may be used for future projects in all areas except: a. Estimating durations b. Administering contracts c. Resolving conflicts d. Allocating resources


Scope Management Review Questions

1. Scope management ______ a. Involves controlling the project in terms of its goals b. Involves naming all activities to be performed c. Prepares the project for progress reporting d. b and c e. All of the above 2. All of the following statements are false except: a. The WBS communicates calendar dates for each defined activity b. The WBS illustrates the business need for each defined activity c. The WBS communicates defined activities to project sponsors, senior management, team members and other stakeholders d. The WBS illustrates the responsible functional manager for each defined activity 3. Detailed descriptions of work packages are commonly contained in a. Project charter b. Competitive analysis c. Request for tenders d. WBS dictionaries e. Statement of work 4. Which process is applied to break down the project into smaller, more manageable elements? a. Collect requirements b. Estimate activity durations c. Define scope d. None of the above 5. Control Scope must be integrated control processes except: a. Schedule b. Cost c. Procurement d. Quality with all of the following

6. All of the following assist in determining the impact of a scope change except: a. Project charter b. Baseline c. Performance measurement d. Milestones 7. Reviewing work products and results to ensure that all were completed satisfactorily and formally accepted is part of: a. Risk management b. Quality control c. Change control management d. Verify scope 3 4




If you refuse to change scope/requirements throughout a complicated, risky project and the project is a couple of years long, this will certainly happen: a. You will build something no one wants b. You will be a hero as you have kept scope from creeping c. Your project will be on time and on budget d. You will be made Manager of the year

Time Management Review Questions

1. Which of following is an advantage of using lines of code (LOC) as a size-oriented metric? a. LOC is easily computed. b. LOC is a language dependent measure. c. LOC is a language independent measure. d. LOC can be computed before a design is completed. 2. The size estimate for a software product to be built must be based on a direct measure like LOC. a. True b. False 3. Which of the following are advantages of using function points (FP) as a measure of the functionality delivered by a software application? a. FP is easily computed. b. FP is a language dependent measure. c. FP is a language independent measure. d. FP can be computed before a design is completed. 4. Function points are of no use in developing estimates for objectoriented software. a. True b. False 5. Which of the following is not an advantage of Functional Point Analysis? a. Technology and language independent b. More user oriented c. Can be applied before requirement analysis d. Widely used with accumulated knowledge 6. Backfiring is a process to a. Estimate size b. Convert function points to LOC c. Estimate effort d. Compute function point 7. The size metrics can be used to a. Compute error rates b. Compute productivity of developers c. Estimate development effort d. Track testing progress 8. The only reason an estimate may be unreliable is lack of experience with the application on the part of the estimator. a. True b. False

9. It is critical for your company to offer its products on the Internet to increase its market share. The company has no previous experience in this area, but it believes that knowledge is needed rapidly. As you have shown an interest in the Internet, you are asked to start planning for this project. What is the first step to take when you start planning? a. Identify the risks b. Collect requirements c. Establish a resource plan d. Complete a cost and schedule estimate 10. Which of the following is false about the WBS? a. WBS should focus on the activities that must be performed in the project and should not focus on the deliverables. b. The project team must be involved in developing the WBS. c. As a rule of thumb, each activity of WBS should take less than 80 hours. d. WBS is usually represented in a hierarchical fashion. 11. What is the purpose of the WBS? a. To show which work elements have been assigned to organizational units b. To ensure that all work within a project is identified and defined within a common framework c. To show the organizational structure of a program d. All of the above 12. Which of the following would you expect to see in a work package? a. Duration b. Cost c. Resource d. Quality objectives e. All of the above

COMP5221:SPM 9. Since project estimates are not completely reliable, they can be ignored once a software development project begins. a. True b. False 10. The number of people required for a software project is determined a. after an estimate of the development effort is made. b. by the size of the project budget. c. from an assessment of the technical complexity of the system. d. all of the above

COMP5221:SPM 17. COCOMO estimate uses the following attributes: a. product b. personnel c. project d. hardware 18. Fast tracking means we: a. Speed up the project through paralleling tasks b. Swap one task for another c. Reduce the number of tasks d. Increase investment in critical activities 19. There can be more than one critical path a. True b. False 20. A project schedule completion date will change if: a. The critical path is reduced b. The contingency is used up c. No float time is available d. Project resources are expanded 21. Which of the following techniques is used to control schedule? a. Pareto diagram b. Performance measurement c. Parametric modelling d. Statistical sampling 22. You are the Project Manager for the new ERP system. You identify a dependency that the user interface must be designed and developed before the integration of the various sub-systems can be performed. This is an example of which type of dependency? a. External b. Discretionary c. Soft Logic d. Mandatory

11. When agreement between estimates is poor the cause may often be traced to inadequately defined project scope or inappropriate productivity data. a. True b. False 12. Empirical estimation models are typically based on a. expert judgement based on past project experiences b. refinement of expected value estimation c. regression models derived from historical project data d. trial and error determination of the parameters coefficients 13. Algorithmic cost modeling, analogy are a type of a. Function point method b. Experience-based method c. Mathematical method d. Management method expert judgement and estimate



14. Expert judgement estimation is based on a. Experience of others from many external projects b. Experience of some internal projects and external projects c. Experience of internal projects d. Experience of boss 15. Experience based estimates a. Can be applied to all projects b. Can be applied to projects with high degree of similarity between the new project and old projects c. Can be applied to small projects d. Can be applied to internal projects 16. COCOMO II is an example of a suite of modern empirical estimation models that require sizing information expressed as: a. function points b. lines of code c. object points d. any of the above



Cost Management Review Questions

1. Which of the following is not needed in order to come up with a project estimate? a. WBS b. Risks c. Network diagram d. Change control procedure 2. Which of the following is a key characteristic of the Delphi technique? a. Bottom-up approach b. Top-down approach c. Expert opinion d. Based on historical data 3. Regarding Delphi Technique all of the following statements are true except a. It is a way to reach a consensus of experts b. Experts are identified but participate anonymously while a facilitator solicit ideas c. The experts are encouraged by the facilitator to make direct contact with each other during the assessment process to create a higher number of feedback loops d. The responses are submitted and are then circulated to the experts for further comment. 4. Which of the following is not true about the Delphi technique? a. Individuals participating must know each other for Delphi technique to be successful. b. Delphi technique is most commonly used to obtain expert opinion. c. In Delphi technique participants are generally anonymous. 5. A positive Schedule a. The project is b. The project is c. The project is d. The project is 6. Project a. CPI b. CPI c. CPI d. SPI Variance and negative Cost Variance indicates over budget and ahead of schedule under budget and ahead of schedule over budget and behind schedule under budget and behind schedule

8. Which of the following indicates that the project is doing well? Select the best option. a. A negative Cost Variance b. An SPI of less than one c. A negative schedule variance d. A CPI of greater than one. 9. You are performing Earned Value Reporting for your project. The project's CPI is 0.9 and the budget at completion is One thousand dollars. What is the estimated cost at completion? a. Nine hundred dollars b. One thousand one hundred and eleven dollars c. One thousand dollars d. One thousand and one hundred dollars 10. The planning of the project must include all work to be performed to complete the project, but the planning would not normally include a. Project termination b. Contract changes c. Earned value baseline changes d. Project staffing level changes e. Project material requirements

11. Which of the following is essential for Cost Estimation by Analogy? a. A consensus from different experts. b. A detailed work breakdown structure. c. An understanding of the similarities and differences of the current project with previous ones. d. A good understanding of the acceptable price to the buyer. 12. A team member from development tells you that her work is too creative to provide you with a fixed single estimate for the task. You both decide to use the average time the task has taken for past projects to predict the future. This is an example of a. Parametric estimation b. EAC c. CPA d. Benchmarking 13. The estimate for a task is Optimistic=3 days, Pessimistic=7 days and most likely= 4 days. What is the standard deviation of this task? a. 5/6 b. 2/3 c. 1 d. 5 2/3

costs are over budget when > 1 < 1 < 0 = 1

7. The measure used to forecast project cost at completion is: a. CPI b. SPI c. Earned value d. Actual cost