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# SYLLABUS FOR III SEMESTER B.E. CIVIL / STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING 3CE01/ 3ST01 APPLIED MATHEMATICS- III L: 3 hr.,T:1 hr.

per week

UNIT I Fourier Series: Periodic function and their Fourier expansion, even and odd functions, change of interval, half range expansion. (6) UNIT- II Partial Differential Equation: Partial Differential Equation of first order degree i.e. LaGranges form, Linear homogeneous p.d.e of nth order with constant coefficient method of separation of variables. Applications to simple problems of vibration of strings & beams, elementary concept of double Fourier series & their applications to simple problem of vibration of rectangular membrane. (8) UNIT-III Calculus of Variations: Maxima & Minima of functions, variation & its properties, Eulers equation, functionals dependent on first and second order Derivatives. The Rayleigh Ritz method, simple applications. (6) UNIT- IV Matrices: Inverse of matrix by adjoint method & its use in solving simultaneous equations, rank of a matrix, consistency of system of equation, inverse of matrix by partitions method. Linear dependence, Linear & orthogonal transformations. Characteristics equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors. Reduction to diagonal form, Cayley-Hamiltone Theorem (without proof) statement & verification, Sylvestors theorem, Quadric form transformation of co- ordinates, transformation of forces and couples association of matrices with liner differential equation of second order with constant coefficient. (10) UNIT-V Numerical Methods: Errors in numerical calculation, Errors in series approximation. Rounding of error solutions of algebraic and transcendental equations. Iteration method, Bisection method, False position method, Newton Rapphson method and their convergence, Solution of System of linear equation, Gauss elimination method, Gauss Jordan method, Gauss Seidel method, Crouts method & relaxation method. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equation by Taylors series method, Picard's method, Runge Kutta method, Euler modified method, Milenes Predictor method.

UNIT- VI 6) Introduction to optimization techniques, Linear programming simplex method Text Books: 1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics: Kreyszig 2. Higher Engineering Mathematics : B.S. Grewal 3. Introductory methods of numerical analysis by: S.S. Sastri.

3 CE 2 / 3STO2 UNIT I

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Mechanical properties and uniaxial problems: Types of force distribution, concept of stress and strain, stress strain behavior of ductile and brittle material in uniaxial state of stress. Elastic, plastic and strain hardened zones stress strain relations, elastic constants, relation between elastic constants. Uniaxial loading and deformation of simple cases of statically indeterminate problems under axial loading. Thin walled pressure vessel, cylindrical and spherical subjected to internal pressure UNIT II Axial force, shear forces and bending moment diagram Concept of free body diagram, types of loads determination of axial forces and Bending moment at a section Axial forces and bending moment at a section. Axial forces SF and BM diagram in beams and simple frames differential relation between shear force and bending moment, Relation between load and shear force UNIT III Stresses in beam Bending stresses in simple beam. Assumptions and derivation of simple bending Theory relation between bending moment bending stress and curvature Homogeneous and composite beams. Shear stresses in simple beams, shear flow and shear stress distribution, shear Stress in composite beams. Combine effect of BM and axial force. UNIT IV Torsion of Shaft Torsion of circular sections, assumptions and derivation of relations between torsional moment, shear stresses and angle of twist. Torsional stress in slid and Circular sections, torsion in thin walled hollow section closely coiled helical Springs. Leaf spring.

UNIT V Deflection of Beams Derivation of differential equation of moment curvature relation, differential Equation relating deflection and moment shear and load Deflecting of simple beams by integration. UNIT VI State of stress In Two Dimensions

State of stress in two dimensions, differential equation of equilibrium, transformation of stresses , principal stresses, maximum shear stresses, Mohrs circle, combined bending and torsion, combined effect of Torsion and Shear. Shear flow in thin walled sections, concept of shear center of thin walled section, Unsymmetrical bending. Reference: 1. 2. Strength of Materials ( Vol. 1 & 2) S.P. Timoshenko Strength of Materials Singer.

PRACTICALS (Minimum any Ten Experiments) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Study of strain measuring instruments mechanical, electrical types. Tension test on metals. Hardness test on metals. Torsion test on metals. Impact test metals. Transverse test on beams including deflections. Compression Test on Bricks & Stones. Measurement of static strains using electrical resistance gauges. Verification of S.T. in beams. Shear center. Deflection of springs. Bricks: Absorption Test, Dimension Test, Crushing strength, Efflorescence. Tiles: Flooring Transverse strength, water absorption, Abrasion test. Timber: Moisture content, strength parallel and to grain-transverse strength. Notch Bar Test for toughness of metals.

3 CE03 FLUID MECHNICS I UNIT I 1. Fluids and Their Properties: Definition of fluid. Difference between solids, liquids and gas a fluid properties mass density, specific weight and specific gravity, viscosity, Newtons equation, coefficients of dynamic and kinematic viscosity, Rheological Diagram,Ideal and real fluids. Compressibility and bulk modulus. Surface tension capillarity, pressure inside a bulb and cylindrical jet vapour pressure and cavitation. Effect of pressure and temperature on fluid properties. 2. Fluids Pressure and Its Properties:

Fluid pressure, law of fluid pressure, variation of fluid pressure with depth, pressure and head, Atmospheric pressure and vacuum. Gauge and absolute pressures. Pressure measurement open and differential manometers.

UNIT II 3. Hydrostatics:

Total hydrostatics pressure on plans and curved surface. Center of Pressure. Fluids in relative equilibrium fluid masses subjected to horizontal vertical and inclined acceleration. 4. Buoyancy and Floatation:

Buoyant force and centre of buoyancy. Archimedas principle. Metacentre, its determination by analytical and experimental methods. Stability of floating bodies and three states of equilibrium. UNIT III 5 Fundamentals of Fluid Flow I: Kinematics of Flow:

Velocity its variation with space and time. Steady unsteady, uniform Nonuniform. One two and three dimensional rotation, irrotational flow. Acceleration of fluid particles, Normal and tangential acceleration. Streamline, path line, streak line, Lagrangian and Eularian approaches in fluid flow description. Equation of continuity in Cartesians co-ordinates stream functions, velocity potential and potential flow Relationship between stream function and velocity potential, flow nets circulation, vorticity, source and sink. Free and forced vertices.

UNIT IV 6. Fundamental of Fluid Flow - II: Kinetic of Flow: Poreas influencing motion, Eulers equations of motion, Navier stokes, Reynolds Equation. Bernoullis equation, Assumptions, derivation, limitation and application, Kinetic energy correction factor. Momentum equation, impact of jets, force plates pipe bends and closed conduits, momentum Venturimeter, orifice meter and flow nozzles. 7. Fluid Measurement - I: Velocity measurement: Pitot tube, pitot static tube and Prandtl tube. Discharge measurement, venturimeter, orifice meter and flow nozzles,

UNIT V 8. Fluid Measurement-II Orifice and mouthpieces, orifice: definition types, hydraulic coefficient factors affecting them and their experimental determination. Large orifice and submerged orifices, time for emptying tank by orifice mouth piece: definition and utility, external and mouth piece, running free and running full pressure at vena contracta, coefficient of discharge. 9 Flow measurement and control Notches and weirs: Definition, types, rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal, end contraction coefficient of discharge and its determination. Error in measurement in head. Velocity of approach and its effects, Cippoletti, Broad crested and submerged weirs. UNIT V 10 Dimensional analysis and theory of models: Dimensional analysis: Definition and use, fundaments and derived dimensions, dimension analysis by Raleigh and Bunckinham's PI methods. Similitude geometric, kinematic and dynamic similarities. Predominant force, force ration, dimensionless numbers and their significance. 11 Behaviour of real flows: Viscous flow, laminar and turbulent flow, Renaults apparatus, Critical velocity. Reynoulds Number, simple problems on the determination of laminar and turbulent flow in pipes.

Practicals A minimum of ten practicals from the list given below shall be performed. 1 Determination metacentric height 2 Verification Bernoullis theorem 3 Impact of jets 4 Determination of loss coefficient for pipes, expansion, contraction, bends, elbows etc. 5 Velocity measurement by Pitot tube, pitot static tube, current meter 6 Discharge measurement by venturimeter- determination of meter coefficient 7 Discharge measurement by pipe orifice, determination of Cd 8 Determination of hydraulic coefficient of a sharp edged circular orifice 9 Determination Cd of an external cylindrical mouth piece 10 Flow over a rectangular notch: Determination of Cd 11 Flow over a rectangular notch: Determination of K and in Q-Kh 12 Study of status of flow using Reynolds Apparatus.

3CE04 GEOTECHNICAL ENGG. I UNIT I 1. Introduction: Formation of soil, residual & transported soil, soil, solids generally used in practice such as sand, gravel, organic silt, clay, Bentonite, Hard pan cellche, peat ; loass, black cotton soil etc. 2. Phases of Soil:

Various soil weight & volume inter relationship. Density indices, determining in situ density. UNIT - II

methods of

Index Properties & Their Determination Water content, specific gravity, sieve analysis, particle size distribution curve, sedimentation analysis, Differential and free swell value. Consistence of soil Atterberge limits, determination, soil structures and application. 3.

Classification of Soil: Criteria of classification particle size classification, Textural classification, Unified & I.S. classification system field identification Expansive solid their indentification and related problems.

UNIT III 4. Premebility: Darcvs law & its validity, Discharge & seepage velocity, factors affecting Permeability, Determination of co-efficients of permeability by Laboratory and field methods, permeability of stratified soil. 5. Seepage: Seepage pressure, quick condition, flownets, Laplace equation, method to draw Flownets, characteristics & uses of flownets characteristics & uses of flownets, preliminary problems of discharge estimation or homogeneous soils, Effective Neural and total stresses in soil mass.

UNIT IV 6. Stress Distribution: Stress distribution in soil mass Boussinesque point load, Uniformly loaded rectangular & circular areas, Newmarks charts.

UNIT - V 7. Consolidation: Compression of laterally confined soil Terzaghis* 1 D consolidation theory (formation of Differential equation) determination of coefficient of consolidation, degree of consolidation. Determination of preconsolidation pressure, settlement, rate of settlement.

8.

Compaction: Mechanics of compaction factors affecting compaction standard & modified Tests OMC field compaction equipment quality control.

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UNIT VI 9. Shear Strength : Introduction, Mohrs diagram, Mohr Coloumbs theory, Measurment of Shear strength by direct shear test, triaxial test unconfined compression test, vane shear test, sensitivity. 10. Mechanical Soil Stabilization: Blending of soils, P.I. Concept.

Practical: These shall comprise of ten experiments and terms work to be presented in the form of journal for assessment of sessional and practical examination.

## A. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

List of Experiments: Moisture content. Specific gravity of soil Grain size Analysis ( Sieve Analysis ) Atterbarge Limits Permeability by constant head of falling head. Proctors compection Test. Field Density determination sand replacement method. Field Density determination core cutter method. Unconfined compression test. Direct shear Test. Triaxial Comprassion test ( Demonstration) Strength test on Blend soil. To find F.S.W. and D.F.S. of soil.Identification of swelling Soil.

B. One field visit & its report to be included in journal. SCE05 ENGINEERING GEOLOGY UNIT I 1. Indian Geology:

Principals of stratography & the geologic time scale, Physiographic and tactonic divisions of India, Introduction to the stratography of India. 2. Geomorphology: Geomorphology processes, External and internal agents, Geological action of Wind, glaciars, running water and oceans and the resulting landforms, Geomorphic forms and their consideration in engineering structures.

UNIT II 3. Structural Geology: Deformation of rocks, foldsparts of fold, nomenclature & classification, effects on outcrops, identification joints, Defination, nomenclature and classification. Faults, Terminology nomenclature and classification. Effect on outcrops, Recognition of faults, outliner & inliner, Problems on dip, strikes, thickness and depth of rock strata.

UNIT - III 4. Mineralogy: Defination and classification of minerals, Isomorphism, polymorphism and pseudomorphism, General chemical and physical characters of the following mineral groups, Silica, Feldspar, olivins, Pyraxene, Amphybole Mica, Peilpathoid and clay.

Petrology: Rock cycle Igneous rocks + Magma and formation of igneoous rocks, Textures and structures. Forms and tabular classification of igneous rocks. Sedimentary rocks: Weathering, Soils, soil profile and soil types, Erosion,Transportation and deposition of sediments, Sedimentary Environments, Classification of sedimentary rocks. Matamorphic rocks: Definations & agents of metemorghism Types of metamorphism rocks Zones & grades of metamorphism, metasomatism anataxis.

UNIT IV 5. Engineering Geology: Application of geology to Civil Engineering projects engineering properties of rocks. Engineering considerations of structures of rocks. Rock as a construction meterial building stone, road metal ballest. Surface and sub-surface geotechnical investigation Geological mapping sampling, drilling, photogeology geophysical methods. Application of geology to the location, design and construction of dams and hydraulic structures, bridges, tunnels. UNIT V 6. General Geology: Defination and scopes of geology, Earth in relation to the Universe, gross features and internal structures of the earth. Introduction to continental draft and plate tactonies. Isostasy and deastrophism. (i) Volcanoes and their products (ii) Earthquake Engineering: Earthquake waves, causes and effects, magnitude and intensity earthquakes zones of India, asomic structures.

UNIT VI (iii) Geohydrology: Hydrologic cycle: Occurance and distribution of ground water, Water table and water table maps. Acqucludes, Acquifuges and aoguitards confined and unconfined ground water, springs and gaymeres I, Cprtamce and grapidm water stidoes on Civil Engineering Works Stability of slopes and Landelides causes of lanoslides and their prevention. Environmental aspects of geology.

(iv) (v)

Laboratory Work: 1. Megascopic study of the following minerals: Quarts and its variatias, Opal, Orthelease, Microline, Plaqioclasem nephaline olivine, augite, hornblande muscovite biotote, serpentine, asbastons, chlorite, talezeqlite, gypsum, calcite, dolomite, fluroite, apatite topas, corundum, beryl, tourmaline agrnet, Ryanite, apidote, bauzite, iaterite, clay, coal, magnatite, hematie, limonite, ochre, galene, spheferrite, chalacopyrite, purits, Malachite, azurite, pyrolusite, pailomelene. 2. Magascopic study of the following rocks: (a) Igeous Rocks + Granite, granodiorite, diorite syenite, gabbro, anorthosite periodotite, dunite pagmiatite, aplite, rhyolite, andesite, basalt, pymics obaidian. (b) Sedimentary Rocks: Conglomerate, bareceia, grit arkose, sandstone, greywacks, sphals, Lim stone. (c) Mathamorphic Rocks: slate phylite, Schist,Gneise Ganulite, eclogfte horbblends schist, Amphibolite marble, quartizite. Geological map reading: strike, dip, outcrop, Construction or cross section of simple geological maps depicting structures like Unconfirmity, intrusives, folds, faults etc. and some maps with engineering problems Abut 10 maps.

3.

Field Work: 1. Use of clinometer compass in geological mapping. 2. Local geological fieldwork to identify and interprete geomorphic and geological features. 3. Visits to site of engineering structures to study the bearing of geological features in them. Excursion be conducted under the guidance and supervision of the teaching staff and preliminary report on geological excursion shall be submitted by the students. The report shall be value and the marks shall be included in the sessional marks for practicals. 3CE06 / 3STO6 COMPUTER PROGRAMMING PROGRAMMING IN FORTRAN 95 UNIT I Introduction Introduction to computer flowchart, Fortran character, set coding format, constants and variables, hierarchy of arithmetic operation.Arithmetic expression and statements, relational and logical operator and expressions, Built in functions. Input / output: Format Statements. UNIT II: Control Statement: Type declaration, Subscripted variable, Dimensions, Double Precision, GOTO, IF, DO statement, PAUSE, STOP and END Statements.

UNIT III Advanced Topics: Functions & Subroutines, SUBPROGRAMS. RETURN, COMMON STATEMENT, BLOCK DATA

UNIT IV Advanced topics such as MODULES TYPES, INTERFACE, and POINTERS. File handling.

References: 1. Computers programming with FORTRAN 95 V. Rajaraman. 2. Computers programming with FORTRAN 95, Schaum Series. 3. FORTRAN Manuals from Lahey s and Digital Fortran Compilers.

SYLLABUS FOR V SEMESTER B.E. 5CE01 \ 5ST01 STEEL STRUCTURES (3L +1T+2D) SECTION A UNIT - I 1. Steel as a structural material, various grades of structural steel, properties, various rolled steel sections (including cold formed sections, structural pipe (tube) sections) and their properties. Introduction to I.S. 800,808,816,875 etc. (8) 2. Design of axially loaded members : (a) Tension members, (b) Compression members (9) 3. Design of roof truss : Load assessment for DL, LL and WL. (6) UNIT - II 4. Design of simple built up beams : Laterally restrained and unrestrained, (symmetrical as well as unsymmetrical section). Curtailment of flange plates. (10) SECTION B UNIT - III 5. Design of welded plate girder, concept of gantry girder. (8) 6. Design of single rolled steel section column subjected to axial load and biaxial moment including base design (8) 7. Design of axially loaded built up columns. Laced and battened (Column bases slab base gusseted base moment resistant bases) (9) UNIT - IV 8. Structural Fasteners : A) Behavior of bolted and welded connections (types, Designations, properties, permissible stresses), failure of bolted and welded joints. Strength of bolt and strength of weld. Efficiency of joints. Design of simple bolded and welded connections. Moment resistant bolted and welded connection. (bending and torsion) B) Design of connection Beam to beam, beam to column-framed connection. Term Work Minimum two design assignments based on above topics along with the detailed structural drawings on A2 size sheets. Practical Examination shall be based on the above Practical work.

(6)

5CE02 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING II (3L+11) SECTION A UNIT - I 1. General Aspects of Environmental Engineering System of collection and conveyance of sewage separate and combined systems, patterns of sewage collection systems. Quantity of storm water and sanitary wastewater sewer. Types, Shapes, Hydraulic Design (Capacity, Size, Grade, etc.) (8) UNIT - II 2. Construction of sewer Shoring, Trenching and laying to grade. Sewer materials Sewer Appurtences manhole street inlets, storm water overflows, inverted siphons, flushing and ventilation. House plumbing systems sanitary fitting and appliances, traps, anti-syphonage, inspection chambers and intercepting traps. Sewage pumping location of pumping station and types of pumps. Sewer testing and maintenance. (8) UNIT - III 3. Physical and chemical characteristics of wastewater, significance of BOD, COD, BOD rate constant, Sewage treatment flow sheet, site selection for sewage treatment plant Preliminary and primary treatment Screens, Grit chambers, Primary settling tank (including simple design) (8) SECTION B UNIT - IV 4. Secondary treatment Principle of Biological Treatment Activated sludge process, trickling filter, Methods of disposal disposal on land and in water stream, Sewage farming, self-purification of stream. Sludge digestion, Sludge drying beds. (8) UNIT - V 5. Rural sanitation Pit privy, aqua privy, bio-gas recovery. Septic tank including soak pit, (including design problem) Sullage collection and disposal. (5) 6. Industrial Waste Water Treatment Significance of Industrial Waste Water Treatment, important physical Significance of Industrial Waste Water Treatment, important physical and chemical parameters, unit operations and treatment processes (flow equalization, neutralization, adsorption, chemical and biological treatment etc.) (5) UNIT - V 7. Introduction to air pollution Sources of air pollution an its classification III-effects of air pollutants on man, animal & materials Metrological parameters Methods of air pollution control. (8) Reference Books : 1. B.C. Punmia, Waste Water Engineering - Laxmi Publication 2. S.K. Garg, Environmental Engineering Vol. II Standard Publication 3. G.S. Birdie, Water Supply & Sanitary Engineering 4. M.J. Machghee, Water Supply & Sewage McGraw Hill Publication 5. M.N. Rao & H.V.N. Rao, Air Pollution McGraw Hill Publication 6. C.S. Rao, Environmental Pollution Control Engineering. 5CE02 SURVEYING II (3L+1T+2P) SECTION A UNIT I Tacheometric Surveying (8) Classification, principle of stadia method, theory of Anallatic lens, distance and elevation formulae, tangential method, errors in stadia surveying. Simple, Compound, Reverse Curves, Vertical Curves (8) a) Simple Curves: Elements of simple curves, methods of Curve ranging obstacles in setting out curves. (4) b) Compound Curves: Elements of compound Curves, setting out the curve. (1) c) Reverse Curves: Elements of vertical curves, types, tangent correction, location of highest or lowest point. (1) d) Vertical Curves: Elements of vertical curves, types, tangent correction, location of highest or lowest point. (2)

UNIT I

UNIT III Transition Curves (8) Elements of transition curves, superelevation, length of transition curve, Ideal transition curve, characteristics of transition curve, setting out the transition curve. SECTION-B UNIT IV Geodetic Surveying and Triangulation Adjustment (10) a) Geodatic Surveying: Classification of triangulation survey, intervisibility of stations, field work, reduction to centre, base line measurement, corrections. (7) b) Triangulation Adjustment: Definitions, weighted observations, laws of weights, station adjustment, figure adjustment (triangle only) (3) UNIT V Photographic Surveying (8) Basic definitions, terrestrial and aerial photography, tilt and height displacements, heights from parallax measurements, flight planning, study of phototheodolite and stereoscope. UNIT VI A (8) a) Astronomy: Elements of spherical trigonometry, Naplers rule of circular parts, celestial sphere, astronomical terms. (2) b) Remote Sensing: Introduction, definitions, Remote sensing systems, advantages over conventional system energy Interaction in the atmosphere, Indian remote sensing satellite series and their characteristics (3) c) GIS & GPS: Components of geographical information system (GIS), advantages, function of GIS, Raster and vector data, advantages and disadvantages, global positioning system. (GPS), Introduction, definitions, GPS receivers, antenna, advantages of GPS.

LIST OF PRACTICAL: A) PRACTICALS: Any five Practical out of following: 1) Determination of constants of Tacheometer. 2) Determination of elevation of points by Tacheometric surveying. 3) Determination of elevation of points and horizontal distance between they my Tacheometrical survey. 4) Determination of gradient of given length of road by Tacheometric survey. 5) Setting out of simple circular curve by offsets from chord produced method 6) Setting out of simple circular curve by Rankine method of tangential angle. 7) Setting out of simple transition curve by tangential angle method. 8) Study of stereoscope. B) SURVEY CAMP: On any of the following topics for minimum three days. 1) Road Project 2) Irrigation Project 3) Water Supply Project Reference Books : 1) Surveying & Levelling by B.C. Punmia (Vol. 2 & Vol. 3) 2) Surveying & Levelling by Kanastkar & Kulkarni (Vol.2) 3) Remote sensing & G.I.S. by Dr. M. Anjli Raddy

5CE05 / 5ST05 : BUILDING DESIGN & DRAWING (1L+4D) SECTION A UNIT I 1. Introduction: Importance of Building drawing as Engineers language in construction & costing. UNIT I 2. Method of Drawing: Selection of scales for various drawings. Thickness of line Dimensioning, first angle and third angle method of projection, Abbreviations and conventional representations as per IS 1962. i) Free hand dimensioned sketches stones of various building elements Importance in Civil Engineering. ii - a) Developing working drawings to scale as per IS 1962 from the givens sketch design and general specifications for terraced and pitched roofs. ii - b) Developing submission drawings to scale with location site and block plan complete. UNIT III 3. Designing of Buildings : Introduction: Site requirements, requirements of owner and Building byelaws. Climate and design consideration, orientation, recommendations of CBRI, Roorki and general principles of planning with emphasis on functional planning. Graph paper design (line plans) based on various requirements for residential, public, education and industrial buildings. UNIT IV 4. Two point perspective of Residential building neglecting small elements of building such as plinth offset, chajja projections etc.

SUBMITIONAL WORK : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Working drawing of residential single storied building of terrace and pitched roofs with foundation plan of load bearing structure. (Two assignment) Submission drawing of single storied residential building (framed structure) with access to terrace including all details and statements as per the local bye-laws. (One assignment A1 sheet) Working drawing of multistoried Public / Educational / Health / Community / Industrial building including structural details and layout of services. (One assignment). Two point perspective of the single Residential building neglecting small building elements. (Two assignment pitched & terraced roof) Minimum 30 free hand self-explanatory dimensioned sketches of various building elements in sketchbook. Line plans of various types of buildings e.g. public / educational / industrial / hospital / community on graph papers (04 assignments) Submission drawing of 02 storied residential building framed structure including all details and statements as per the local bye laws. One compulsory field exercise.

5CE05 / 5ST05 : PROJECT MANAGEMENT (3L+1T) SECTION A I] ENGINEERING ECONOMICS UNIT I 1. Nature and scope of Economics and relationship with Engineering (3) 2. Demand analysis: Law of demand, Elasticity of Demand, Demand Resourceing. 3. Production : Meaning and Factors of Production, Law of return, Economics of scale location of industries (5) UNIT II 4. Cost analysis: Fixed and variable cost, Prime and supplementary costs, Average and marginal cost, methods of allocation of overhead costs (5) 5. Money and banking: Functions of money, functions of Commercial and central Banks, Foreign investments (3) 6. Various types of Markets and price determination under these market conditions, scope of Privatisation in India. (4) SECTION B II] Project Planning and Management UNIT III 1. Introduction: Project Management, Types of Projects, Various phases of Project, Project proposal, Components of planning, Objectives of planning, factors effecting planning, organizational setup, establishment of premises and site organization programme. (2) 2. Job Planning: Bar diagrams and bar charts, C.P.M., activity identification computation of activity time, network preparation and analysis. Logical and other constraints, project duration, floats and slacks. Ladder construction. P.E.R.T. : Event identification, event time, network preparation and analysis, precedence network and cost interaction. Optimisation of project cost. Cost slope concept and simple compression calculation. (5) UNIT IV 3. Resource planning, Resource Allocation & Resource leveling Rescurcebased Network (3) 4. System approach, system formation, effectiveness and control, general principles of quality control measurements and achievements (3) 5. Planning for safety construction hazards, safety in construction, industry and at work site. National safety council, Safety organization, accidents, its cost, cause, types and preventions, losses, during natural calamities, floods and fire, and methods to reduce them. (3)

UNIT V 6. Management Information System: System approach to management, Management and systems. Inference Techniques Use of various statistical methods and tests, graphical representation. 7. Material Management: Functions, objectives, purchasing procedures, records, stock taking, inventory control, ABC analysis, storing (3) 8. Equipment Management: Classification of Construction equipments, factors effecting selection, Operation and Maintenance cost, Depreciation and Replacement cost, Economic life, down time cost, cost of owning equipment. (3) UNIT VI 9. Equipments of Major Projects: Excavating machines such as : Power shovels, Drag Line, Buildozer, Scraper, Drilling and Blasting Equipments, Material Transporting and handling equipment such as Cranes, Hoists, conveyer belts, dumpers, cableways, rail system (Size, performance and limitations) (5) 10. Concrete equipments : Different types of mixers vibrators, batch mixing plants, transportation of concrete, concrete pumps and placers. Guniting and its equipment. (4). SELEST REFERENCES BOOKS: 1. Construction Management Peurifoy 2. CPM and PERT L. Srinath 3. Project Management Roy Choudhary 4. Equipment Management Mahesh Verma QUESTION PAPER PATTERN: Section - A : Two questions (14 marks each) are to be solved out of three Section B : Four questions (13 marks each) are to be solved out of six

5CE04 Transportation Engineering I (3L + 1 T + 2P) (Highway & Bridges) SECTION A Highways: Unit 1 1. Development & Planning: Road transport Characteristics , Classification of roads , development plants , network patterns , data collection & Surveys , Principles of alignment , evaluation of plan proposals.(5) 2. Traffic Engineering: 3Es of traffic characteristics , Surveys, Intersection-types , layouts,design principles, Urban traffic , parking ,lighting, Accidents , Traffic control Devices marking, Signs , Singles, Regulations Motor Vehicle Act & Rule . (5) Unit 2 3. Geometric Design: Road , road user & road vehicle characteristics , Factors affecting design standards. Cross Section elements , Stopping & overtaking sight distance overtaking zones.Horizontal alignment Curves , design of super elevation, widening , transition curves, vertical alignments, Design of summit & Valley Curves , I.R.C. Standards for geometric Design, Geometrics of Hill Roads. (7) 4. Pavement Design: Types of Pavements & characteristic , Design parameters , Axel & Wheel load , tyre pressure , ESWL for dual Wheels , repetitions , Group Index & CBR method of flexible pavement design. Analysis of load & temperature stresses of rigid pavement, joints.(5) Unit 3 5. Materials: Subgrade Soil AASHO Classification , group index , Subgrade soil stabilization .CBR , aggregates physical & Mechanical properties & tests Bituminous materials classification sources properties and tests.Cutback & Emulsions ,IRC/IS standards,Introduction to Geotextiles. (5) 6. Construction & Maintenance IRC , MOST specifications for quality & quantity of materials, techniques , tools and plant for the Earthwork , sub base , base and wearing/ surfacing course of flexible pavements with gravel , WEM,stabilized Bituminous & Concrete as Construction materials , Drainage , shoulders, rob-oriculture maintenance & repars , Choce of construction. (5)

SECTION B Bridges General: Unit 4 7. General: Components , classification and identification , Data Collection site selection. Economic Span (3) 8. Hydrology: Estimation of flood , discharge , water way , scour depth , depth of foundation, Afflux , clearance and free board. (5) Unit 5 9. Loads , Forces , Stresses: IRC Specification & code of practices , Critical combinations. (4) 10. Sub Structure: (A) Types of foundation & their choise , estimatikon of BC of foundation strata , Open , Pile and well foundation , pneumatic Caissions , coferdams. (6) (B) Abutment , piers & Wingwalls , Their types general design principles (empirical), choice . (2) Unit 6 11. Super Structure: Different structural forms culverts, caseways, minor and major bridges ,suitability and choise precost post tensioned and segmental construction. Launching , operation system, Bearing , Architecture. (4) 12. Rating and Maintenance: Methods &Tecniques of rating of existing bridges inspection , repairs, maintenance, corrosion-causes and prevention , Aesthetics. (4) Practicals: (A)Every student must carry minimum of 10(Ten) experiments from the following: (a) Subgrade Soil: Classification , group index and rating CBR test(Vide IS:2720) (b) Aggregates: Specific Gravity Water absorption flakiness index , impact, crushing and Abrasion value tests. Petrgraphic identification (Vide IS:2386) (c) Bitumen: Penetration , Softening point , flash point, Ductility , Stripping, Viscosity of Tar & Cutback. (d) Students should be familier with relevant BIS, IRC,MOSt specifications of various materials for different constructions. (B) At least one field visit & its report in journal.

5CE07 / SITE VISITS (3P) Practical hours (College Assessment) Marks : Grade Students should be taken for visit to various Civil Engineering construction sites such as R.C.C. Structures, Steel Structures, Bridges, culverts, Hydraulic structures watertanks, Roadworks, Railways, Watersupply and sanitary work technical Exploration, Maintenance and Rehabilitation works, irrigation systems, Formwork, Reconnaissance and Detailed Surveying & Isvelling etc. Minimum five visits are expected. Students should submit a detailed report on the visit duly approved by the concerned teacher. The Detailed Report should mainly consist of the following : 1. Name of Construction Site with address 2. Nature of construction work and various structural components 3. Nature of ownership, executing and supervising authority 4. Architect and Structural Engineer 5. Architectural concept and Design features 6. Commencement of the work and tentative completion 7. Present Status of work 8. Estimated cost of the work (Money spent till date) 9. Mode of availability of finance 10. Various types of manpower for the work 11. Various safety measures and amenities provided to manpower 12. Various construction equipments for the work 13. Various materials used for the work 14. CPM / PERT of the project 15. Type of inventory control 16. Resource planning implemented 17. Social benefits and implication 18. Safety measures during and posts construction 19. Post Construction maintenance provisions 20. Effect on environmental aspect and sustainable development 21. Various of scaffolding, Formwork, lifting devices. 22. Site of precast units for the work and its mode of transportation 23. Use of local available material like fly-ash, slag, silica-fumes, etc. 24. Causes for delay / faulty construction 25. Cause for Arbitration.

VI SEMESTER B.E. CIVIL 12 6CE01 / 6ST01 Structural Analysis II (3L + 1T + 2P) SECTION A UNIT I 1. Kanis Method applied to symmetrical and unsymmetrical frames with sway (Up to single bay Two storey) UNIT II 2. Approximate method of Structural analsis for multi- storeyed frames with lateral loads (Portal and Cantilever method), Approximate methods for vertical loads i.e. Substitute frame method etc.(Max. three bay three storey) UNIT III 3. Column Analogy method , Application to beams , Calculations of Stiffness factors and carry over factors for non-prismatic method , Analysis of non-prismatic fixed beams. SECTION B UNIT IV 4. a) Introduction to Flexibility Method of structural analysis , influence coefficient , Choise of base determinate structure and redundant forces , compatibility equations. Hand solution of simple beam problems. b) Moment distribution applied to frames with sway (up to single storey two bay) UNIT V 5. strain energy method applied to simple composite structures (Simple problems), Introduction to basic theory of elasticity , Concept of stress , strains, strain displacement relationship , equation of equilibrium , boundary conditions , generalized Hooks low , plane stress and plane strain problems. UNIT VI 6. Theory of photoelasticity applied to beams. Study of various types of strain gauges , Analysis of strains by stain gauges. PRACTICALS: Minimum 10 of the following: 1. To find the slope & deflection of continuous beam . 2. To find the value of Flexural rigidity (EI) for a given beams & compare with theoretical value. 3. To determine the moment required to produce a given rotation at one end of a beam when the other end is pinned , fixed. 4. To study the behavior of different types of struts and to calculate the Eulers Buckling load for each case. 5. To verify Maxwells reciprocal theorem for beam. 6. To measure the strain in the cantilever beam with the help of acoustic strain gauge. 7. Study of various type of strain gauges. 8. Plotting of influence line by making use of Muller Breslau principle. 9. Determination of deflection of Trusses by Willot Mohars Diagram. 10. Determination of material fringe value. 11. Determination of stress in beam by photoelastic method. 12. To find horizontal thrust and to draw the influence line fort horizontal thrust for two hinge arch. 13. To calculate horizontal deflecton at roller end in two hinged arch. 14. To measure the strain in the cantilever beam with the help of electrical resistance strain gauge. 15. To determine horizontal thrust for indeterminate portal frame 16. Study of polariscope

References: 1. C K Wang , Intermediate Structural Analysis 2. S.P. Timoshenko , Theory of Structure 3. jain , Jai Krishna , Plain and Reinforced concrete Astructures , Vol II 4. S P Timoshenko , Theory of Elastcity 5. Rally & Dally , Experimental Stress Analysis

## 3(L) +1(T)+ 2(D)

SECTION A (four question of 10 marks are to be answered out six questions of 10 marks each to be set on Units I to IV) UNIT I 1. Introduction to the Working Stress Method of RCC design .Basic concept in design for flexure , assumptions, design constants.Analysis of the rectangularsection. Balanced , under reinforced and over reinforced sections.Drawback & limitations of Working Stress metod. (3) Prestressed Concrete : Properties of high grade materials , concepts of prestressed concrete , method of prestessing , losses in prestressing .Various systems for prestessing with particular reference to Freyssinet , Magnel Blatton and Giffod Udall system .Analysis of rectangular , T and I section.

2.

UNIT II 3. Introduction to Limit State Design: Concept of probabilistic design and limit state design . Characterstic nvalues , partial safety factors , stress srain relationship stress block parameters , failure criteria, types and properties of reinforcement , limit state of Servicebility and limit state of collapse. Other limit states. Review of IS-456 2000 (2) 4. Limit state of collapse in flexure: Analysis and design of singly reinforced rectangular section. Balanced failure mode , primary tension failre mode and primary compression failure mode. (2) UNIT III 5. limit state of Collapse in Flexure : Analysis & design of the Tee & L- beam section. 6. Limit state of collapse in compression: Analysis & design of short axially loaded column. Columns subjected to uniaxial bending, use of interaction curves. (3) UNIT IV 7. limit state of Collapse in Shear & Bond: Deasign of beam for shear , shear span, post cracking resistance, shear mechanism approach , shear failure modes and collapse loads, interaction of shear , flexure and axial force , Check for bond. 8. Limit State of servisibility: (i) Causes and control of cracking : Crack in plastic concrete at early age , Cracks due to temperature and shrinkage , restrain induced cracks , CraCKS DUE TO LOADING . Needs for crackwidth control. (ii) Moment curvature relationship , deflection control of beams and one way slabs.(no numerical calculations)

SECTION B (Two questions of 20 marks are to be answered out of Three questions of 20 marks each to be set on Units V & VI) UNIT V 9. 10. 11. Design of circular water tank with roof slab/ dome resting on ground by Approximate method / IS code method. (4) Design of rectangular water tank with one way roof slab resting on ground by approximate method / IS code method. (4) Design of Prestressed slab/ rectangular beam. (2)

UNIT VI(With LSM) 12. 13. 14. Design of one way , simply supported , single span and cantilever slabs and continuous slab / beam with IS coefficients. (4) Design of rectangular pad / slopped footing for axial load. Design of Dog Legged and Open Well Starcases (3) (4)

## Practicals: I) II) III) IV) V) VI)

Circular water tank with roof slab/dome resting on ground. Rectangular water tank with one way roof slab resting on ground. Single span prestressed concrete rectangular beam , slab. One way slab, continuous slab. Rectangular pad / slopped footing. Dog- legged / Open well staircase.

6CE03

## GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING II SECTION A

(3L + 1T)

Unit I : GEOTECHNICAL EXPLORATION : Importance and objectives of field exploration , principal methods of subsurface exploration , open pits & shafts , types of boring , number , location and depth of boring for different structures , type of soil samples & samplers. Principles of design of samplers , collection & shipment of samples , boring and sampling record. Standard penetration test, corrections to N values & correlation for obtaining design soil parameters. (6) Unit II : STABILITY OF SLOPES : Causes and types of slope failure , stability analysis of infinite slopes and finite slopes, center of critical slip circle , slices method for homogenous c- soil slopes with pore pressure consideration. Taylors stability numbers & stability charts , meyhods of improving stability of slopes , types, selection and design of graded filters. (7) Unit III : LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE : Earth pressure at rest , active & passive pressure , General & local states of plastic equilibrium in soil. Rankines and Coulombs theories for earth pressure. Effects of surcharge , submergence. Rebhanns criteria for active earth pressure. Graphical construction by Poncelet and Culman for simple cases of wall-soil system for active pressure condition. (8)

SECTION B Unit IV : GROUND IMPROVEMENT : Method of soil stabilization use of admixtures (lime , cement , flyash ) in stabilization. Basic concepts of reinforced earth , use of geosynthetic materials Salient features, function and applications of various geosynthetic materials. Vibroflotation , sand darin installation , preloading. (5) Unit V SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS: Bearing capacity of soils : Terzagis theory , its validity and limitations , bearing capacity factors , types of shear failure in foundation soil , effect of water table on bearing capacity factors , types of shear failure in foundation soil , effect of water table on bearing capacity , correction factors for shape and depth of footings. Bearing capacity estimation from N-value , factors affecting bearing capacity , presumptive bearing capacity. Settlement of shallow foundation : causes of settlement , elastic and consolidation settlement , differential settlement , control of excessive settlement. Proportioning the footing for equal settlement . Plate load test : Procedure , interpretation for bearing capacity and settlement prediction. (8) Unit VI PILE FOUNDATION: Classification of piles , constructional features of cast in situ & pre cast concrete piles. Pile driving methods , effect of pile driving on ground. Load transfer mechanism of axially loaded

piles. Pile capacity by static formula & dynamic formula , pile load test and interpretation of data , group action in piles, spacing of piles in groups , group efficiency , overlapping of stresses. Settlement of pile group by simple approach , negative skin friction and its effect on pile capacity , general feature of under reamed piles. (8) Books :1) Arora K.R. : Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engineering. 2) Punmia B. C. : Soil Mechanics & Foundations 3) Gopal Ranjan & Rao : Basic & Applied Soil Mechanics 4) P Raj : Geotechnical Engineer

6CE-04

FLUID MECHANICS II

(3 L + 1T +2P)

SECTION A Unit I 1. LAMINAR FLOW (03) Steady uniform laminar flow in circular pipes ; Velocity and shear stress distribution ; Hagen Poiseuille equation. 2. BOUNDARY LAYER THEORY : (04) Nominal thickness, displacement thickness , momentum thickness of the boundary layer . Boundary layer along a long thin plate and its characteristics; Laminar boundary layer ; turbulent boundary layer , laminar sublayer : Separation of boundary layer on plane and curved surfaces. 3. REAL , INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUID FLOW AROUND IMMERSED BODIES: (04) In general defination of drag and lift; Flow past plates , cylinders and spheres ; darg on sphere , cylinder and flat plate.

Unit II 4. FLOW THROUGH PIPES: (10) Hydraulically smooth and rough pipes ; Frictional resistance to flow of fluid in smooth and rough pipes ; Nikurades experiment ; Moodys chart , Darcy-Weisbach & Hazen William,s equation for frictional head loss ; Hydraulic gradient and energy gradient : Pipes in series and parallel; Branched pipes ; Sipon; transmission of power through pipes ; Hardy Cross method of pipe networks; Waterhammer pressure head due to sudden closure of valve. Unit III 5. FLOW THROUGH OPEN CHANNEL : (A) GENERAL : (01) Types of channel and their geometrical properties; Types of flow in open channel (B) UNIFORM FLOW:(05) Chezys and Mannings equations ; Hydraulically most efficient rectangular , triangular and trapezoidal sections ; Computations of normal depyh of flow , conveyance of channel , section factor for uniform flow , normal slope and normal discharge. (C) CRITICAL FLOW :(04) Specific energy and its diagram ;alternate depths ; Computations of critical depth section factor for critical flow , critical slope ; normal critical slope ; Specific force and its diagram ; Conditions of critical flow.

SECTION B Unit IV (A) APPLICATIONS OF SPECIFIC ENERGY , GRADUAL TRANSITIONS OF CHANNELS (02) (B) GRADUALLY VARIED FLOW : (05) Dynamic equation for GVF ; Classification and characteristics of surface profilesb; Direct Step method of computing profile length. ( C) RAPIDLY VARIED FLOW : (03) Defination of hydraulic jump ; Equation of hydraulic jump in horizontal rectangular Channel ; Length & height of jump ; Energy loss in jump ; Classifications of jump Unit V 6. HYDRAULIC MODELS : (05) Differnce between model and prototype; Similitude-type of similarities ; Model laws Reynolods model law and Froude model law ; Types of model distorted , undistorted ; Froudes method of determining resistance to partially submerged objects like ship. 7. FLUID MACHINERY: (A) Impact of Jet stationary and moving curved vanes.(02) (B) TURBINES(03) Defination : Gross and net heads; different efficiencies; Classification of turbines; component parts and working principles ; selection of turbines on the basis of head and specific speed. Unit VI 8. Centtrifugal and Reciprocating Pumps (A) CENTRIFUGAL PUMP :(06) Component parts; Working principle ; Static and manometric heads; different efficiencies ; Specific speed; Theoretical aspect of multistage pump , pump in parallel ; Priming devices ; Trouble & remedies ; Main & operating characteristics curves.Selection on basis of operating characteristics. (B) RECIPROCATING PUMPS : (03) Comopnents parts , Working principle , Work done of single & double acting pumps ; Negative slip , Air vessels Working principle and necessity.

PRACTICALS: Minimum TEN practicals , from the list given below shall be performwed: 1. Study of flow around immersed bodies. 2. Determination of Darcy Weisbach friction factor for given pipes. 3. Determination of Mannings or Chezys constant for an open channel. 4. Developing specific energy diagram for an open channel. 5. Study of GVF profiles 6. Study of hydraulic jump in a horizontal rectangular channel. 7. Study of performance of Fransis Turbine. 8. Study of performance of Pelton wheel turbine. 9. Study of performance of Centrifugal pump. 10. Study of pwerformance of reciprocating pump. 11. Design problem on pipe network analysis.

6CE05/6ST06

## COMPUTER APPLICATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING (3 L+1T+4P)

SECTION A Unit I Introduction C-Fundamentals , CHARACTER SET data type constant and variables , Declaration of constants & variables , Expression, Statements , Symbolic constants. Operator and Expression , Arthmetic operator , Unary operator , Relation and Logical operator, Assignment operators , the conditional operator, Library functions. Data input & output Interactive programming preparing & running a complete simple program . Unit II Control Statements Control statement , the WHILE statements , do-while , for nested loop , if else , switch break, continue , goto statement , comma operator. Unit III Advance Topics Functions , Storage class , Arrays , Pointers , structures and Unions , Data files , File Handling , Link list. SECTION B Unit IV 1. Fundamental of Numerical Methods, Interpolation & extrapolation. Numerical Integration ( Simpsons method , Trapezoidal method , Newtons Gauss Quadrature method) , Interactive Computer Program Development Unit V 2. Solution of Linear Algebric Equations , Gauss qudrature method), solution errors. Interactive Computer Progrm Development Unit VI 3. Solution of non Linear Equations (Newton Raphson Schemes) , Initial & Two point boundary value problem , Eulers Runge-kutta Milnes etc, Interactive Computer Program Development Practical : Minimum Sixteen Computer program development min. one from each of the following field using FORTRAN 95 / C LANGUAGE. Atleast two programs on mixed language. Atleast two programs on mixed language i.e. using both FORTRAN95 and C and four programs in any one language . It is recommended to have atleast four programs based on Numericals methods in either Fortran or C and Two assignments in application softwares such as spread sheets , database management programs etc. 1. Engineering Mechanics 2. Strength of material 3. Transportation Engineering 4. Geotechnical Engineering 5. Hydraulic Engineering 6. Irrigation Engineering 7. Surveying 8. Estimating & costing 9. Structural analysis 10. Structural Design 11. Environmental Engineering 12. Matrix algebra , Solution techniques 13. Table generation from IS : 456 14. Earthquake force calculation on structures as per IS : 1893 6CE06 TECHNICAL WRITING (3P)

1. Reading Strategies : Practice in various reading techniques , skimming , scanning , eye reading etc. Active and passive reading and interpreting charts and interpreting charts and diagrams Need and role of reading in technical / Industrial organization. 2. Return Communication : Introduction to technical writing Discourse writing: Definition , Description . Instruction Summary writing cohesive paragraphs. 3. Business Communication : Business correspondence format , tone and massage of business letter prospective / point of view in purposive writing sales letters. 4. Listening & language developments : Barriers to listening : Physical and psychological steps to overcome them listening with a propose active listening and anticipating the speaker precise in note taking steps to improve speakers contribution. 5. Successful speaking techniques : How to improve self expression Need for clear thinking The speech process Fluency and Accuracy in speech Developing persuasive speaking skills Goal oriented group discussion- Formal and public speaking practice.

REFERENCES: 1. Alan Maley and Sandra Moulding , Learning to listen Task for developing listening skills , Cambridge University press , 1981 2. Deborach C. Andrews , Margaret D. Blickle , Technical Writing : Principle and forms , Macmillan 1978 3. Eric. H. Glendinning and Beverly Holmstrom ,m Study reading- A course in reading for academic purposes, Cambridge University Press 1992. 4. John Kirkman , Good style Writing for Science and Technology , E and FN spon , an imprint of champman anf Hall 1992. 5. List hamployoms , Benheasley , study writing , Cambridge University Press, 1987. 6. Louis Trimple , English for Science and Technology A discourse approach , Cambridge University Press 1985. 7. Patric Hanks , Gim Corbett , Business listening tasdks , Cambridge University Press 1986. 8. Sharon Bower , Painless / speaking , Thorsons 1990. 9. Stewart Zimmer and Camp. , College English and communication , Macraw Hill , 1987. 10. Tom Hutchinson , Alan Waters, English for specific purpose, Cambridge University Press 1987.

VII Semester B.E. (Civil) 7CE02 SECTION A (Three questions of 13/14 marks are to be answered out of six questions of 13/14 marks to be set on UNITS I to III) UNIT I 1. Limit state of collapse and flexure: Analysis and design of doubly reinforced rectangular, Tee and L- sections. (4) 2. Limit state of collapse in torsion: Concept of interaction of torsion, shear and flexure. Analysis and design of rectangular section for torsion shear and flexure. (3) 3. Limit state of serviceability: Deflection calculations for beams and one-way slabs. (3) UNIT II 4. Analysis and design for columns subjected to biaxial moments. Design of long columns.(5) 5. Design of isolated footings for uniaxial and biaxial bending for square, rectangular and circular. (5) UNIT III 6. Moment redistribution: Analysis and design of fixed beam, propped cantilever, two-span symmetric continuous beam. (10) SECTION B (Two questions of 20 marks are to be answered out of Three questions of 20 marks to be set on UNITS IV to V) UNIT IV (with LSM) 7. Analysis and design of portal frames (single bay single story) hinged or fixed at base. Design of hinge and design of foundation. (5) 8. Design of combined footing. I ] Rectangular footing II] Strap beam footing. III] Trapezoidal footing. IV] Raft footing. UNIT V (with LSM) 9. Design of RCC Two way slab with various end conditions using IS 456-2000 coefficients.(5) 10. Design of RCC cantilever and counterfort retaining walls. (10) PRACTICALS Practical work shall consist of 1. Design assignments with detailed drawing on A-2 size drawing sheets and detailed calculations in journal. I] Two way slab with various end conditions. II ] Cantilever / Counterfort retaining wall. III] Combined footing. IV] Portal frame. 2. One field visit and its report in the journal. (10) ADVANCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES

**************

7CE01/7ST01

## Structural Analysis III

(4L + 1 T +2 P)

SECTION A UNIT-I 1.Basic concept, Degree of Freedoms, Basic concept of Direct Stiffness Method, Formulation of elemental / local stiffness matrix and global stiffness matrix for plain truss. Transformation Matrix, Assembly of Global/ Structure stiffness matrix up to (8X8). Member load matrix, Assembly of Global / Structure load matrix, Solution to problems with maximum degree of Freedom four. UNIT- II 2. Formulation of elemental / local stiffness matrix and global stiffness matrix for Beam members (without axial deformation) for continuous beams, Transformation matrix Assembly of global/Structure stiffness matrix, Member load matrix due to concentrated load, Uniformly distributed load, Moment assembly of global/ structure load matrix up to(8X8)Solution to problem with maximum degree of freedom four. UNIT III 3. Formulation of elemental /local stiffness matrix and global stiffness matrix for Plane Frame member (With axial deformation), Transformation matrix, Assembly of global / Structure stiffness matrix, Member load matrix due to concentrated loads, Uniformly distributed loads, moments, Assembly of Global /Structure load matrix. Solution to plane frame problems with maximum degree of freedom six, Inclined member problem.

SECTION- B UNIT IV 4.Formulation of element / local stiffness matrix and global stiffness matrix and global stiffness matrix for plane Grid transformation Matrix, Assembly of global/ structure stiffness matrix, Member load matrix due to concentrated loads, uniformly distributed Loads , moments, Assembly of global/ structure load matrix. Solution to problem with maximum degree of freedom six. UNIT V 5. Analysis of Member for temperature loading, initial joint displacement (sinking of support), lack of fit in trusses, trusses with inclined roller, storing of global/ structure stiffness Matrix, full storage , banded storage, band Mininiastion. UNIT VI 6 Introduction to finite Element method , basic concept, discretisation of structure, Rayleigh Ritz member for bar elements (prismatic / Non prismatic) Displacement based Bar elements (prismatic / nonprismatic) and Bean elements (prismatic) Displcement based bar elements (prismatic / Nonprismatic) and Bean element (prismatic), Load Matrix for body forces. Note : There shall be one question with 4 DOF & rest with 3DOF. PRACTICAL: Minimum Eight Problems , on complete syllabus with hand calculations using scientific calculators and also solution to same problems by using available readymade software. (Solution is restricted to four degree of freedom problems and assembly restricted to eight degree of freedom problems. BOOKS: 1. Matrix Method of Structural Analysis Gere and Weaver

2. 3. 4. 5.

Computer analysis of structures Beaufait , Rowen , Headly etal Computer Anaqlysis of Structures Flemmings Computational Structural Mechanics , S Rajasekaran & G Sankarasubramanian Finite Element Method R. D. Cook

7CE03

## IRRIGATION ENGINEERING (3L + 1T+ 2P) SECTION -A

UNIT I 1. GENERAL :( 03) Necessity and importance of irrigation Engineering; Benefits & ill effects of irrigation; Classification of irrigation; General principles of flow, lift, perennial, inundation irrigation systems ; Comparative study of sprinkler and drip irrigation systems. 2. WATER REQUIREMENT CROPS : (07) Suitability of soils for Irrigation ; Standards of irrigation water; PET-R method of crop water requirements ; Depth & frequency of irrigation ; definitions of field capacity, wilting point, available moisture, duty, delta, GCA,CCA, kor depth , base period , outlet factor, capacity factor , time factor, root zone depth: Relation between duty & delta ; Factors affecting duty; Principal crops in India; Crop rotation ; Methods of assessment of irrigation water. UNIT II 3. RESERVOIR PLANNING: (06) Selection of site for Reservoirs: Engineering surveys, Geological and Hydrological investigations; Fixing of LWL, FTL, HFL, TBL; Different storage zones, in reservoirs; Determination of storage capacity by mass curve method; Reservoir sedimentation; life estimation of reservoir by Brunes method; Organization & Administration of irrigation projects. 4. DAMS: (A) GENERAL (01) Classification of Dams as per use, hydraulic design and materials; Factors governing selection of type of Dams. UNIT III (B) GRAVITY DAM: (06) Definition; forces acting on gravity dam; stability requirements; Theoretical & practical profile of gravity dam; Low & High dam; Galleries. (C) EARTHEN DAMS: (06) Types of earthen dam; Description of component parts of earthen dams foundation, cut of trench, rock toe, hearting, central impervious core, pitching and chipping turfing; Seepage through body of earthen dam and drainage arrangements; Failure of earthen dams, plotting of phreatic line for homogeneous earthen dams with horizontal filters; Stability of foundation against shear. SECTION B UNIT- IV 5. SPILLWAYS: (05) Types of spillway with there working operations; General principles of design of ogee spillway; Spillway gates Vertical lift, radial, rolling and drum; Energy dissipation methods d/s of spillways. 6. DIVERSION HEAD WORKS: (07) Component parts of diversion headworks Fish ladder, guide wall, devide all, silt excluder and silt ejector; Causes of failure of weirs on permeable foundation; Blighs Creep theory; dr. khoslas theory for design of wiers on permeable foundations. UNIT V 7. CANALS: (A) GENERAL: (02) Types of canal; Alignment of canal; Cross section of irrigation canals; balancing depth; Schedule of area statistics; Losses in canals (B) CANALS IN ALLUVIAL, SOILS: (05) Kennedys silt theory Design procedure, silt supporting capacity , drawbacks; Laceys silt theory- Defination of initial final and permenent regime channels, Laceys Regime equation, channel design procedure, drawbacks ; Garrets diagram for channel design. (C ) LINED CANALS : (03)

design procesure; Types of lining; relative merits and demerits of canal lining; Economics of canal lining. UNIT VI 8. CANAL STRUCTURES: ( A)CANAL REGULATION WORKS : (03) Only theoretical aspects of location, objects, classification, components and schematic section of Head Regulator, Cross regulators, canal escapes, Canal falls and canal outlets. (B) CROSS DRAINGE WORKS :(02) Only theoretical aspects of location, objects, classification, components and schematic section of aqueducts, siphon aqueducts, super passage, canal siphon, inlets outlets and level crossings. 9. WATER LOGGING AND LAND DRAINAGE : (03) Causes, effects, preventive measures of water logging, Types of drains, Layout of tile drains systems; flow of groundwater to drains. 10. RIVER TRAINING WORKS: (02) Defination; Classification; theoretical aspects of river training works like as Guide banks, Groynes and Spurs, Bank protection. PRACTICALS: Following Design and Drawing should be included (Minimum Five) 1. Reservoir Planning Capacity of reservoir. 2. Life of reservoir. 3. Gravity Dam- Checking of various modes. 4. Earthen Dam Phreatic Line, checking of foundation against shear 5. Design of canals (Lined and Unlined) 6. Design of Lift Irrigation Scheme. 7. Drawing of various canal structures. 8. Site visit to irrigation project Detail report should be submitted. Recommended Books: 1. Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures S.R. Sahastrabudhe 2. Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures Santosh Kumar Garg 3. Irrigation Engineering and Water power Engineering B.C.Punmia 4. Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures K.R. Arora 5. Irrigation Engineering N.N. Basak 6. Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures R.K. Sharma 7. Irrigation Engineering G.L.Asawa 8. Water resource Engineering Principles and Practice C.S. Murty 9. Water Resources and Irrigation Engineering P. N. Modi

7CE04

## MAINTENANCE AND REHABILETATION OF CIVIL

ENGINEERING STRUCTURES

(3L + 1T)

SECTION A UNIT I 1. INTRODUCTION: Deterioration of structures. Definition of maintenance, Need for maintenance of different Civil Engineering structures. Maintenance characteristics that influence maintenance needs. A study of the causes of neglect and poor maintenance of structure. Measure of maintenance. (3) 2. CLASSIFICATION OF MAINTENANCE WORK: Servicing, rectification, replacement, planned, unplanned, preventive, corrective, predictable and avoidable maintenance works. Renovation and Rehabilitation. (3) 3. COMMON MAINTENANCE PROBLEMS: Relating to various Civil Engineering Structures and systems. Technology of maintenance. Area prone to frequent maintenance. Causes that aggravate maintenance work like highrise buildings. Special construction methods, new materials difficult accessibility, Environment etc. (4) UNIT II 4. FACTORS AFFECTING INCIDENCE AND MAGNITUDE OF MAINTENANCE WORK: Over loading, movement of grounds, temperature variations, moisture leakages and dampness, chemical actions and corrosion, growth of trees, earthquake, flood and fire, riots and vandalism. Design defects. Defects in construction and use of materials, choise of materials for durability and maintainability, Design, expose and other factors effecting durability, precautions to increase durability.(5 5. Inspection, Identification and diagnosis of Common defects and failures with Possible causes in buildings, Roads, Bridges, Railway Tracks, Canals and C.D. Works, Tunnels and special Structures like Service Reservoirs, Water supply , Sewerage, Storm water Drains,(5) UNIT III 6. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE: General Site selection, choise of structural systems and materials, specifications & detailing. Buildings Special attention to foundations, Wells, roofs, terraces, floors, doors and windows, plinth, compound walls expansion points staircases to improve maintainability. Pumping and sanitary works. Termite control. External finishes. Roads stabilization techniques, compaction & drainage, shoulders, slope protection, joints in C. C. Pavements, Routine and service maintenance, recycling. Bridges and C.D. Works Repairs, strengthening and rehabilitation. Relabilityrating of existing structures and systems. Service life & expected Road carrying capacity, Service & stability requirements. Future service requirements, loads, fatigue, creep. (10) SECTION B UNIT IV 7. MATERIALS AND TECHNIQUES FOR MAINTENANCE: Materials for repairs like cement, cement grouts, epoxy grouts, mortars and coatings, polymer concrete composites, sealants, membrane overlays, fiber reinforcement concrete, Resin based compounds, emulsions and paints, geotextiles. Techniques like stiffening, linings, guniting protection systems, prestressing, post-tensioning and base isolation technology. Temporary supporting system for Structures like timering, shoring etc. (5) 8. ECONOMICS OF MAINTENANCE: The burden of maintenance work, complexity of the work and the conflicting interests involved. Various economic factors that affect maintenance. Life of structures: Structural life and economic life. Basics of life cycle costing Techniques. (5) UNIT V 9.MAINTENANCE PLANNING: The deeper significance of maintenance as opposed to cosmetic treatments. Broad action plan, palning, Budgeting and controlling the cost of maintenance work. Policy

formulation, standards of maintenance, controlling cost. Planned maintenance. Inspection cycles and condition surveys. Investigation for assessing condition of structures including non-destructive evolution techniques like proof load test, photgrammetric analysis, asets and opt electric motion analysis, bovescopes, fiber optic probes, chain-dragging, acoustic emission and ultrasonic techniques, infrared thermography, high-speed non-contact sensor, sonar and sound penetrating radar techniques. Reliability rating. Maintenance cost records. Maintenance manuals, their function. Contents and types. Difficulties in the way of planned maintenance. (10) UNIT VI 10.MAINTENANCE ORIENTED DESIGNS :Design and its relation to maintenance. Relationship between initial, maintenance and running costs. Cost appraisal techniques. Consideration of maintenance at design stage. Design needs. Importance of feed back. Feed back systems. Information gathering, the design data communication. Interaction amongst designers, contracts. Uses maintenance and researchers. Maintainability, role of design professional. (4) 11.MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT: Need for data. Data relationship of the data base system to management process. Cost data bases and management. Uses of data base. Problems in data collection and use. Setting criteria from data collected, operational assessment. (3) 12.RESEARCH IN TO MAINTENANCE: Importance of research. Areas of research including materials techniques, field equipment and tools for investigation, repairs and monitoring non-destructive evalution techniques. (3) SELECTED REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Building maintenance by Lvor H. Seeley; The Macmillan Press Ltd. 2. Facilities Maintenance and Repair of damaged structures by Karper. A Compilation of technical papers issued by mahaqrastra India Chapter of American Concrete Institute. 3. Building maintenance economics and management, Edited by Alan Speeding, E & F. N. Spon, London. 4. Proceeding of the All India Seminar on Maintenance of Civil Engineering Structuers and systems, Nagpur. 5. Common Building Defects, Diagnosis and Remedy, compiled by National Building agency, Construction press, London & new York. 6. Learning from Failures, Deficiencies in Design. Construction and Service, by R.N. Raikar, Structural Designers and Consultants Pvt. Ltd., New Bombay 7. I.R.C./B.I.S./C.B.R.I. Publication.

7CE05 Elective-I OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING IN C++ (3l+1T) SECTION A UNIT I 1. Programming Design Introduction to problem Definition, Modular Program, Program Composition, Comments, Statements, Flow control, Functions, Modules, Dynamic Memory Management, Program evalution and testing, Program Documentation, Object Oriented formulations.

Data Types: Intrinsic Types, User Defined Data Types, Abstract Data Types. UNIT II 2. Object Oriented Programming Concepts Introduction, Encapsulation, Inheritance, and Polymorphism, Object oriented numerical Calculations, Operator overloading Features of Programming Languages : Comments, Statements and Expression, Flow control, Explicit Loops, Implied Loops, Conditionals, Subprograms, Functions, Global Variables, Exception controls. Interface Prototype.Charecters & strings, User defined data types, Overloading operators, User defined operator, pointers & targes, Pointer type declaratio, Pointer assignment, Using pointer in Expression Pointers and Linked Lists, Accessing External Source Files and Functions, Procedral Applications. UNIT III 3. Object Oriented Methods: Inheritance and Polymorphism Introduction, Example Applications of Inheritance, Polymorphism SECTION B UNIT IV 4. OO Data Structures Data Structures, Stacks, Queues, Linked Lists, File direct (Random) Access Files UNIT V 5. Arrays and Matrices Subscripted Variables: Arrays, Initializing Array Elements, Intrinsic Array Functions, User Defined Operators, Computation with Matrices, multi-file programmes UNIT VI 6. Advanced topics: Templates, Virtual functions, Exceptions Reference: 1. Robert Lofare Object Oriented c ++ 2. Robert Lofare, OOP in Turbo C++ 3. Balagurusamy, OOP with C++ 4. Prata, C++ Primer Plus 5. N barkakati, OOP in C++

7CE05

## UNIT I 1. Comptation of uniform flow.c Computation of critical flow.

2. Theory of gradally varied flow. Analysis of surface profile of gradually varied flow. (05) UNIT II 3. Computation of gradually varied flow, Bresses method, Chews method, Direct step method, standard step method. (10) UNIT III 4. Theory of Hydraulic jump, Location of hydraulic jump, application of hydraulic jump in design of hydraulic jump type stilling basin with horizontal apron (10)

SECTION B UNIT IV 5. Equation of unsteady flow in a pipe line for incompressible fluid. Time of flow establishment. Rigid water column theory of water hammer and comutation of water hammer pressures. (10) UNIT V 6. Equation describing water hammer phenomena when compressibility of fluid and elasticity of pipe is considered, computation of water hammer pressure of frictionless flow in horizontal pipe, for sudden and slow closer of valve, Application of allievis method and charts approximate pressures. Water hammer pressures in pumping systems. Method characteristics. (08) 7. Computation of water hammer pressures in oranched pipe systems and in surge tank system. Various devices, used for protection from water hammer pressures. (03) UNIT VI 8. function of surge tank and different type of surge tanks. Equations governing the flow in the simple surge tank system. Analysis of flow in a simple surge tank system. Computation of maximum surge in a simple surge tank, study of problem of hydraulic stability cin a simple tank system. (10) Recommended Books: 1. Flow through open channels K. G. Ranga Raju 2. Open channel hydraulics Ven Te Chow 3. Flow in open channels K. Subramanya 4. Fluid mechanics Streeter & Wylie 5. Fluid mechanics for Engineers P. N. Chatterjee

7CE05: ELECTIVE I:

## SOIL DYNAMICS SECTION A

(3L + 1T )

UNIT I 1. Elastic properties of soils, applicability of Hookes Law to soils, elastic contants of soil and their determination. Coefficient of elastic uniform compression and shear; cyclic plate load test. (6) UNIT II 2. Theory of vibration, degree of freedom, theory of free & forced vibrations, natural frequency, resonance, effect of soil inertia on forced vertical vibration of foundation, methods/approaches of determining dynamic charecteristic of soil-foundation systems: empirical method, Pauw method, Balkrishna- Nagraj approach, Richerts elastic half space approach. (9) UNIT III 3. Strength & deformation characteristics of soil under dynamic loads, Liquefaction in soil, criteria of liquefaction field and laboratory assessment of liquefaction. (6) SECTION B UNIT IV 4. Residual soil settlement under dynamic loads, damping property of soil, effects of vibration on internal friction, cohesion, viscosity, porosity & permeability; vibroviscous soil resistance. (6) UNIT V 5. Earthquakes soil settlement under dynamic loads, damping property of soil, effects of vibation on internal friction, cohesion, viscosity, porosity & permeability; vibroviscous soil resistance. (6) 6. Propagation of elastic waves in isotropic material, application to dynamic problems, energy transmission from machine foundation in elastic half space. (4) UNIT VI 7. Machine foundation: Special features, resonant frequency of block foundation, permissible amplitudes. Analysis & design of single engine reciprocating machine foundation, methods of decreasing vibrations of foundation., (7) Books : 1. Shamsher Prakash : Soil Dynamics. 2. Barkan , D D: Dynamics of base & foundation 3. Richarts, Hall & Woodes: Vibrations of soils & Foundations. 4. Winterkom H. F. and Fang H : Foundation Engineering handbook

7CE05: ELECTIVE I: AIR POLLUTION AND SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTION A UNIT I 1. Introduction to air pollution : Definition, air pollution episodes, atmosphere and its zones. (4) 2. Classification and sources of air pollutants (2) 3. Effects of air pollutants on man, plants animal & materials (3) UNIT II 4. Meteorology and air pollution: Primary and secondary parameters, atmospheric stability, plume behavior. (5) 5. Air sampling and measurement: ambient air sampling and stack sampling, collection of particulates and gaseous pollutants, methods of estimation. (6) UNIT III 6. Air pollution control methods and equipments: Principle of control methods for particulates and gaseous pollutants, gravity settlers, electrostatic precipitators, bag filters cyclones, wet scrubbers (6) 7. Automobile exhaust: Pollution due to disel and petrol engines, exhaust treatment and abatement. (3) 8. Noise Pollution: Sources, ill effects, control measures. (1) SECTION B UNIT IV 9. Introduction to solid waste management. (2) 10.Sources, quantity and quality: Sources of solid waste, classification and components, physical and chemical characteristics, per capita contribution, sampling and analysis. (8) UNIT V 11. Collection and transportation of solid waste:Method of collection, equipment used for collection and transportation, transfer stations. (7) 12.Solid waste processing : methods of processing, choice of methods, merits and demerits of various methods. (3) UNIT VI 13. Composition of waste: method of composting, factors affecting composting. (4) 14. Sanitary land filling: Site requirements,methods, leachate mangement. (4) 15. Inceneration: Principles of incineration, types of incinerators, advantages and disadvantages. (2) REFERANCE BOOKS 1. M.N. Rao & H.V.N.Rao, Air Pollution, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. 2. C.S. RAO,Environmental Pollution Control Engineering, Wiley Estern Ltd. New Delhi. 3. Stern A. C. , Air pollution Vol I to X 4. A.D. Bhide & Sunderesan B.B., Solid Waste Management in Developing countries, INSDOC, New Delhi. 5. Tohobanoglous, Intgrated Solid Waste Management Engineering Principle and Management Issues. 6. K. V. S. G. Murlikrishna Air Pollution JTNU, Kakinada

7CO5

## Elective I ADVANCED RCC DESIGN SECTION A

(3lL+ 1T)

UNIT-I 1. Design of overhead circular service reservoirs. Analysis of staging by cantilever method. Analysis and design for earthquake as per relevant IS codes. Design of foundation- Annular raft, Full raft. (10) UNIT II 2. Design of highway bridge with IRC loading and equivalent UDL.Slab type, Two/Three girder type. (10) SECTION - B UNIT III 3. Design of building frames upto two bay/two storey, including design of foundation. Using Limit state Method. (10) UNIT IV 4.Design of cylindrical shells by beam theory, advantages, assumptions, ranges of validity and beam analysis. Design of shells with or without edge beam. (10)

7CE06 : Industrial Case Study (2P) The study is expected to prepare Mini project report on the basis of data collected in summer training of 3 /4 Weeks and submit detailed report.

7CE07 : PROJECT AND SEMINAR (3P) This includes preparation of preliminaries for the project work to be under taken in 8th semester. 1. Finalising the title of the project 2. Literature Survey 3. Collection of Datas 4. Scope of the project Each group shall deliver seminar on the work done during the semester. In addition student will deliver one more seminar on the topic finalized by him with the consent of his guide.

SYLLABUS FOR VIII SEMESTER B.E. 8CE01 ESTIMATING & COSTING (3L + 1T + 4P) SECTION-A

Unit I 1. General: Importance of the subject, purpose of quantity estimates, Mode and unit of measurement as per I.S.1200. Methods and Stages of estimates. Item of a work and Description of an item of work, Approximate estimation of Civil Engineering Works. [5] 2. Proposal and Development of Project, Nature of contract between owner and Architect / Engineer, Duties and Liabilities of Architect / Engineer, Architects / Engineers normal professional services, Various important terminology required like Work charged establishment, muster roll, contingencies, cent age charges, measurement book, overheads etc. [7] Unit II 3. Quantity and cost estimates: (a) Methods of detailed estimates, forms used for detailed estimates, Working out the quantities of various materials required for construction of various Civil Engineering Works, Building, Culverts, Hydraulic Structures, Water supply and Sanitary works, road works, retaining walls, water Tanks etc. (b) Earthwork estimates in road (Including hill roads), canals, mass excavation, mass haul curve (c) Detailed estimates of Steel in RCC works, bar bending Schedule [18] SECTION B Unit III 4. Arranging Works : P.W.D. as the construction agency, method of carrying out works, arranging contract works,pretender and contract planning, tender notice, acceptance of tender, essentials of contract, type of contracts, conditions of contract, contract documents, various schedules in the tender document, measurement and payment to contractor, Indian contract law, and the Engineering contract. Land acquisition act, legal aspect of various contract provisions, arbitration. [10] Unit IV 5. Specifications : Purpose and principles of specifications. Writing types of specifications, writing an developing detailed specifications of Important items. [5] 6. Cost Build up : Purpose and principles, Importance of Schedule of rates (DSR) in Cost Estimates : Factors affecting analysis of rates, information from National Building Organization. Task work, factors affecting task work. Market rates, escalation. [5] Unit V 7. Valuation: Purpose of valuation, Factors affecting value of property price and cost, market value, potential value, sentimental value, scrap value, reversionary value etc. Real Estate, Guide edged securities, Net and Gross return, tenure of land, Valuation of land. Free hold and leasehold, sinking fund, depreciation, Capitalised value, methods of valuation, differed annuity. Time cost relationship, Valuation table, Rent fixation. [7] 8. Cost Accounting: Various methods, classification of cost, direct and indirect charges, distribution of overheads, M.A.S.Account issue rates and store account. [3] REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Estimation by Dutta 2. Valuation by Roshan Namavati Question Paper pattern: Section A: One compulsory question on Estimate for 25 marks and one question is to be solved out of the remaining two questions. Section B: Three questions are to be solved out of five questions. PRACTICAL: Term Work: The candidate shall submit 12 experiments in the following:

1. A complete set of contract documents (Including specification along with a building estimate. 2. Detailed estimate of the following: - (Minimum Three) Load bearing Structure, R.C.C. framed structures, Hydraulic Structures, steel structure, culvert, Water supply & sanitary work, roadwork, water tank. 3. Rate analysis of 10 major items of building and 3 items of roadwork. 4. Specification of 10 major items of building and 3 items of road work 5. Site visit to: Study of Schedule of Rates and Comparision with market rates and report by the students. 6. Valuation and rent fixation 7. Earth work of road for one km length 8. Detailed estimate wood work of Doors and windows 9. Calculation of reinforcement in RCC with bar bending schedule. 10. Study of IS-1200 11. Expert lecture by legal advisor on various legal aspect of contracts and report by the students. 12. Expert lecture by accounting of Construction Department(Preferably Govt.) on various accounting methods, materials management etc. and report by thestudents. Practical examination shall consist of written test and viva voce based on the syllabus and sessional work.

8CE02

## TRANSPORTATION ENGG. II (3L + 1T) Section -A (Railways)

Unit I 1. Railways Transportation and its development, Long term operative plans for Indian Railways. Classification of Railways: Lines and their track standards. Railway terminology. Railway Administration & management. (2) 2. Traction and tractive Resistanc, Hauling capacity and Tractive effort of locomotives, Different types of Tractions. (2) Unit II 3. Permanent Way: Alignment Surveys, Requirement, gauges, track section. Coning of Wheels, Stresses in railway track. High speed track. (4) 4. Rail types and functions, selection for rails, Test on rail wear & defects, corrugations and creeps of rails. Rail joints short and long welded panels, sleepers function, types, merits and demerits, sleeper density, Ballast cushion, Ballest section Rail fixtures and fasteners. (4) 5. Geometric design of railway track, Gauge, Gradients speed, super elevation, can deficiency Negative super elevation, curves, length of transition curves, grade compensation. (3) 6. Point of crossing: Left and right hand turnout, design calculations for turnout & Crossover, railway track functions. (4) Unit III 7. Station and Yards: Types, functions facilities & equipment. (3) 8. Railway Signaling and interlocking: Objects of signaling principles of signaling classification and types of signals, control and movement of trains, track circulating. Necessity of interlocking & methods and mechanical devices. (4) 9. Railway track construction, Inspection & modern, techniques of maintenance . (2) 10. Modern Technology related to track & Tradition, Rolling stock, Signaling & Controlling. (2)

Section B(Airports) Unit- IV 1. Development of Air Transportation in India : Comparison with other transportation modes. Aircraft components and characteristics, Airport site selection. Modern aircrafts. (4) 2. Airport obstructions: Zoning laws, Imaginary surfaces, Approach and Turning Zone, clear zone, Vert. Clearance for Highway & Railway. (2) 3. Runway And taxiway design : Windrose, cross wind component, Runway Orientation and configuration. Basic runway length and corrections, runway geometric design standards. Taxiway layout and geometric design standards. Exit Taxiway. (5) Unit V 4. Airport layout. Airport classification: Terminal Area, Aircraft parking and parking system. Unit terminal concept, Aprons, Hangers, International Airports layouts, phase development Helipads, and Heliports. (3) 5. Visual Aids: Airport marking and Lighting for runway, Taxiway and other areas. (2) 6. Air traffic control:Need, Network, control aids, Instrumental landing systems, Advances in Air- traffic control. (4) Unit VI 7. Tunnel alignment Tunnel Surveys, Cross section of Highway & Railway. (2) 8. Tunneling methods in Hard rock and Soft Grounds, Tunnel linning. (5) 9. Drainage, Ventilation and lighting of tunnels. (1) 10. Advances in Tunneling, Tunnel boring Mechanics, Case studies. (2)

8CE03 ELECTIVE II EARTH & EARTH RETAINING STRUCTURES (4L + 1T) SECTION- A Unit I 1. EARTH PRESSURE ON RETAINING WALLS Rankines & Coloumbs earth pressure theories Poncelets and Culmans graphical construction for active and passive pressures. Effects of wall movement, Wall friction, type of slip surface. Wall angle, backfill slope angle, surcharges & line loads on lateral earth pressure. Direction & point of earth force application. (8) Unit- II 2. STABILITY OF EARTH RETAINING STRUCTURES: Types of Walls: gravity, cantilever walls, walls with counter forts and relief shelves, their typical dimensional details. Stability requirements for overtaking, sliding, bearing capacity failure, overall stability against shear failure in backfill & foundation soil, application of geosynthetics in earth retaining structures. (5) Unit III 3. SHEET PILE RETAINING STRUCTURES: Sheet piles walls bulk heads. Types of sheet piles, constructional features cantilever & anchored walls, their suitability. Analysis for design of cantilever walls in cohesion less and cohesive soils, approximate analysis, Analysis for anchord sheet pile with free end & fixed end support condition. Blums citeria. Deadman and anchors: location and design principles. (8) SECTION B Unit IV 4. COMPSCTED EMBANKMENTS: Compaction control in field compaction, consideration of placement moisture content during field compaction, over compaction, effects of compactive effect on compaction of clayey and sandy soil, effects of lifts in deep compaction, correction for excluded grain sizes in laboratory compaction Tests Theories of compaction: water film and lubrication concept, microstructure concept. (8) Unit V 5. STABILITY OF SLOPES: Friction circle methods, factors of safety, stability numbers and use of stability charts, base failure, stability of earth dam slopes, for steady seepage and sudden draw down approximate analysis for plain slip surface, bishops method for slope stability. (6) Unit VI 6. COFFERDAMS: Types, suitability, stability analysis of cellular and diaphragm type cofferdams, TVA method, interlocked stresses. (4) 7. BRACED CUTS: Sheeting and bracing systems in shallow and deep vertical cuts in different types of soils.Failure modes, lateral pressure distribution on sheeting, stability of bottom of excavation. (3) BOOKS : 1. Arora K.R. :Soil mechanics & Foundation Engineering. 2. Punmia B.C. : Soil mechanics & Foundation 3. Gopal Ranjan & Rad .: Basic and applied mechanics. 4. Puruthottarn Raj. : Geotechnical Engineering. 5. B.M.Das.: Principal of Geotechnical Engineering. 6. Winterkom H.F. & Farg H. Foundation Engineering Hard Book.