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Course Name

N-0

Traffic Statistic Problem Analysis


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N-1

Objectives
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Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:


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Know the basic reasons for traffic statistic problem

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Course Name

N-2

Contents
1. Common Traffic Statistic Analysis 2. RRC Connection Failure Problem Analysis 3. RAB Assignment problem analysis 4. Call drop problem analysis 5. Handover problem analysis 6. Traffic problem analysis

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N-3

Coverage Problem Analysis


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Coverage problem
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If the traffic statistic shows most failure caused by RF.RLCRst RF.ULSync or UuNoReply, RF problems should be considered

IOS tracing can help to analysis the poor coverage and overshoot problem

Pilot pollution can be analyzed by CHR (call history record) analysis in Nastar

Missing Neighbor cell list can also be analyzed by CHR analysis in Nastar

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N-4

Interference Problem Analysis


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Interference problem
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Check the RTWP value if the mean RTWP value is over -100dBm, the interference problem should be considered

By Nastar interference analysis function, the internal and external interference may be located

By NodeB RTWP monitor, main and diversity antenna RTWP value can help to analyze interference

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Course Name

N-5

Contents
1. Common Traffic Statistic Analysis 2. RRC Connection Failure Problem Analysis 3. RAB Assignment problem analysis 4. Call drop problem analysis 5. Handover problem analysis 6. Traffic problem analysis

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Course Name

N-6

RRC Connection Failure Analysis


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AAL2 failure
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Iub transmission broken Iub transmission congestion


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Check DL traffic to confirm the problem

RL failure
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CE is not enough
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Check DL CE consumption to confirm the problem

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Course Name

N-7

RRC Connection Failure Analysis


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Power congestion
p

NodeB power is in congestion


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Check TCP value to confirm the problem

CE congestion
p

NodeB CE admission failure


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Check the CE consumption state to confirm the problem

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N-8

RRC Connection Failure Analysis


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Code congestion
p

Due to code congestion, RRC connection failed


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Check the related counter to confirm the proble


OVSF occupation efficiency

Other congestion reason


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CPU consumption too high WFMR capability limitation

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Course Name

N-9

RRC Connection Failure Analysis


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Coverage problem
p

If the traffic statistic shows most failure caused by RF.RLCRst RF.ULSync or UuNoReply, RF problems should be considered

IOS tracing can help to analysis the RF problem

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Course Name

N-10

Contents
1. Common Traffic Statistic Analysis 2. RRC Connection Failure Problem Analysis 3. RAB Assignment problem analysis 4. Call drop problem analysis 5. Handover problem analysis 6. Traffic problem analysis

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Course Name

N-11

RAB Assignment Problem


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TNL failure
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Transport network layer failure Check the transport network layer to confirm the problem

Relocation failure
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When the RNC trigger relocation, CN sends RAN Assignment Request. Then, RNC will not process it

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Course Name

N-12

RAB Assignment Problem


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Power congestion
p

Check the RTWP and TCP to confirm the problem

CE congestion
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Check the CE consumption

Code congestion
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Check the code allocation efficiency If the code allocation efficiency should be higher than 30%

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Course Name

N-13

RAB Assignment Problem


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RIP failure
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Radio interface failure


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Related to coverage problem

Unsupported failure
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Related to UE capability problem


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For example, trigger VP and high data rate service together

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N-14

RAB Assignment Problem


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Invalid parameter
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RNC thinks the parameter from RAB Assignment is invalid


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For example, the MBR (maximum bit rate) or GBR (guaranteed bit rate) is beyond the UE ability

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N-15

RAB Assignment Problem


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Due to RB setup failure


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Physical channel failure


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Usually, it happens from Cell_FACH to Cell_DCH due to DCCC. In this case, RB setup failed due to synchronization failure between UE and NodeB

Cell update failure


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Usually, it happens from Cell_FACH to Cell_DCH due to DCCC In this case, RB setup failed when UE moves to another cell, and trigger cell update

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Course Name

N-16

RAB Assignment Problem


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Due to RB setup failure


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Invalid configuration
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Related to UE problem. UE and network can not interpret the parameter in the same way

Or, the following case can also trigger the failure


If subscriber find the dialed number is wrong, and terminate the call immediately, this could be counted invalid configuration

No reply
n

Coverage problem UE can not receive RB setup from RNC

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Course Name

N-17

Contents
1. Common Traffic Statistic Analysis 2. RRC Connection Failure Problem Analysis 3. RAB Assignment problem analysis 4. Call drop problem analysis 5. Handover problem analysis 6. Traffic problem analysis

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Course Name

N-18

Call Drop Problem Analysis


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OM (operation & maintenance) intervention


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Call drop due to OM


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For example, Engineer executes TRG RABRel

RAB pre-emption
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High priority UE is rejected in admission stage, and then preempt other UE resource.

Check the traffic state to confirm the problem

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N-19

Call Drop Problem Analysis


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UTRAN generated reason


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Equipment abnormal

SRB/TRB reset
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Coverage problem
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Poor coverage, pilot pollution, missing neighbor cell UE sends cell update in DCH due to RL failure

Uplink synchronization failure


p

RNC receives Radio Link failure from NodeB Coverage problem


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Course Name

N-20

Call Drop Problem Analysis


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No reply
p

UE does not response the message of RNC, for example


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RB reconfiguration no reply Active set update no reply

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Course Name

N-21

Contents
1. Common Traffic Statistic Analysis 2. RRC Connection Failure Problem Analysis 3. RAB Assignment problem analysis 4. Call drop problem analysis 5. Handover problem analysis 6. Traffic problem analysis

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Course Name

N-22

Soft Handover Problem Analysis


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SHO percentage is high


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SHO percentage is over 40% Check the SHO parameters Special case
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CN does not send Iu release to RNC. Even the user plane is release, the control plane is still connected.

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Course Name

N-23

Hard Handover Problem Analysis


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Hard handover preparation failure


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NoResAvail
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No radio resources available in target cell, which means target cell is in congestion

Expired
n

No response message from CN Due to transmission problem or improper parameters of CN

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CN/RNCCN/RNC OM

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Course Name

N-24

Hard Handover Problem Analysis


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Hard handover preparation failure


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Relocation Failure in Target CN/RNC or Target System


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Improper CN parameter configuration

Relocation not supported in Target RNC or Target system


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Some handover parameters can not be supported by RNC

Relocation Target not allowed


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Improper MSC parameter configuration

OM intervention

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CN/RNCCN/RNC OM

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Course Name

N-25

Hard Handover Problem Analysis


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Hard handover execution failure


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Configuration Unsupported
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UE compatible problem

Physical Channel Failure


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Coverage problem or high interference

Incompatible simultaneous reconfiguration


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UE compatible problem

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UE

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Course Name

N-26

RAT Handover Problem Analysis


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Inter-RAT handover preparation failure


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Relocation Cancelled
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RNC request relocation to CN, then CN send relocation cancelled UE terminate the call when the RNC send the relocation to CN. Then CN send relocation cancelled.

TRELOCalloc Expiry
n

CN does not response the relocation request CN network parameters and transmission problem
Tracing can be followed to do further analysis

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RAT

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Course Name

N-27

RAT Handover Problem Analysis


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Inter-RAT handover preparation failure


p

Unknown Target RNC


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In proper MSC parameters, for example


Target cell without LAC

No Resource Available
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2G network is in congestion

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RAT

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Course Name

N-28

RAT Handover Problem Analysis


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Inter-RAT handover execution failure


p

Configuration Unsupported
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UE compatible problem

Physical Channel Failure


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2G poor coverage or high interference The 2G parameters from CN is not compatible with BSC

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12GUE 2UEBSC BSCCN MSCSGSN

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Course Name

N-29

Contents
1. Common Traffic Statistic Analysis 2. RRC Connection Failure Problem Analysis 3. RAB Assignment problem analysis 4. Call drop problem analysis 5. Handover problem analysis 6. Traffic problem analysis

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Course Name

N-30

Traffic Problem Analysis


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Uplink CE
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Check the uplink mean and maximum CE consumption


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Close to the maximum configuration of NodeB or not

Downlink CE
p

Check the downlink mean and maximum CE consumption


n

Close to the maximum configuration of NodeB or not

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Course Name

N-31

Traffic Problem Analysis


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Mean TCP
p

Close to the maximum the TCP or not Other traffic counter indicate high traffic or not

Maximum TCP
p

Close to the maximum the TCP or not

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Course Name

N-32

Traffic Problem Analysis


l

Mean RTWP
p

Uplink RTWP value is higher than -100dBm or not

Maximum RTWP
p

Analysis this value with mean RTWP

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Course Name

N-33

Traffic Problem Analysis


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Allocated Spreading Factors


p

Check the spreading code efficiency

Cell Unavailability Duration


p

Transmission interruption
n

Most cases happened due to microwave transmission in bad weather

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Course Name

N-34

Thank you
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